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Personality Temperaments Effect Communication by anamaulida


									Background: Personality temperaments theory was originally devised in
medieval times for understanding human nature. People were looking for
simple ways to understand themselves and others. It was believed that
everyone had various characteristics, which made up their basic
temperament. The initial four basic temperaments were Sanguine, Choleric,
Melancholy, and Phlegmatic. More recently personality traits have become
popular in the business community through the DiSC Profile®. The DiSC
traits, which are based on the ancient temperaments, are Dominance,
Influence, Steadiness and Compliance.Each of the four temperaments has
positive and negative characteristics or strengths and weaknesses. Thus,
the idea is to help people understand themselves and others through
identifying their strengths and weaknesses. Then they can work to enhance
their own strengths and overcome their perceived weaknesses. Despite its
simplicity the four temperaments theory does have an element of truth.
People can easily see themselves because of the universal nature of the
traits, such as friendly, confident, sensitive, dependable, and so on.
Even though these traits are common, when people apply categories to
themselves and others, they have a framework from which to view the
person's behavior.Therefore understanding temperament - your own and
others - makes you better equipped to handle interpersonal relationships
successfully. Studying your own temperament helps you understand your
strengths and weaknesses and why you do some of the things you do.
Understanding another temperament can help you adapt your communication
to theirs or, at the least, understand why you have problems
communicating with them. Determine Your Type: Take a blank piece of paper
and follow these steps: a. Draw a long horizontal line bisected in the
middle by an equally long vertical line. b. You should now have what
looks like a large + covering your formerly blank piece of paper that
creates a four sectioned grid. c. On the left side of the horizontal
line write "introvert" and on the right side of the horizontal line write
"extrovert." d. At the top of the vertical line write "emotion" and at
the bottom write "logic." e. On the horizontal line between introvert and
extrovert place an "X" where you would rate yourself. Are you more
introverted with a few close friends and uncomfortable in crowds? Your
"X" would be far to the left. If you are never uncomfortable in groups
and have too many friends to count then your "X" would be to the far
right of the line. You may not place the mark in the exact middle. f.
Next you will mark the vertical line. How do you make decisions? Do you
read, study the data and keep searching until the correct choice is
obvious? Then place your "X" at the bottom of the vertical line. Or do
you ask friends and acquaintances, while developing your intuitive
choice? If you make your decisions more on how you feel than what you
know, you "X" goes at the top of the vertical line. You may not place the
mark in the exact middle. g. Then draw a straight line connecting the two
"X's," but not extending beyond the two points. h. Your line will be in a
quadrant of the grid… upper left, upper right, lower left, or lower
right. i. Upper left indicates you are a Watcher j. Upper right suggests
you are a Talker k. Lower left means you are a Thinker l. Lower right
points towards a DoerThe Four Types: There are more than four kinds of
people, aren't there? Of course, but everyone from the ancients to modern
psychologists find that people can be grouped into four basic types of
personality. These are: 1. The Talker (Sanguine or Influence): The Talker
is enthusiastic and expressive. He is the talkative storyteller, who is
seen by others as the life of the party. With an appealing personality,
he can be cheerful and effervescent. However, he is also emotional with a
changeable disposition. The Talker is curious and has a tendency to live
in the present. The weakness of the Talker includes being too happy and
coming across as phony to some. He uses his verbal skills to work his way
out of problems and therefore has a tendency to exaggerate and over
elaborate. His restless energy, loud voice and frequent laughter can
scare others off. The Talker is controlled by the circumstances he finds
himself in and prefers complaining to action.Summary: The Talker is a
sociable person. They laugh easily and are creative, enthusiastic, and
always have the energy to start new projects. Talkers love to be popular
and have a lot of friends. They love being at the center of a group,
helping others and are always curious. Talkers tend to rely on their
verbal skills and may under-prepare for work challenges.2. The Doer
(Choleric or Dominance): The Does is dynamic and active. Her strong will
and an almost compulsive need for change, makes her appear confident. She
comes across to others as decisive and not easily discouraged. She has an
attitude that nothing is impossible, which makes her independent and
self-sufficient. Others may see her as a "natural leader" who can run
almost any type of enterprise. The reasons for this are her extreme goal
orientation and her ability to organize well. She looks for practical
solutions and moves quickly in to action. A Doer's weaknesses include her
impatience, impetuousness and inflexibility. Her approach to co-workers
tends to be quick-tempered, bossy and she comes on too strong.
Interpersonally she is unemotional, rarely giving compliments. She won't
quit when loosing and enjoys controversy and arguments.Summary: The Doer
is a strong personality. They are brave and have the ability to be on
their own. Doers are forceful and are readily open to making changes.
They are strong-willed, assertive, goal oriented, well organized, and
don't really seem to need friends.3. The Thinker (Melancholy or
Conscientious): The Thinker is an analytical individual who is serious
and purposeful. Others see him as deep and thoughtful. He can be
talented, artistic and philosophical. As the DiSC profile type suggests,
he is the most conscientious of the types to the point of self-sacrifice.
At work he is orderly and organized. He is detail oriented, persistent
and thorough. His high (almost perfectionistic) standards grate with
colleagues at times. Weaknesses include being too introspective and
failing to listen to others. This is particularly true when an emotional
appeal is being made. The Thinker wants just the facts. Show me the data
is his mantra. In these situations he can appear moody and self-centered.
He tends to have selective hearing when someone is making a point. The
Thinker is often seen as off in another world and distanced from
colleagues.Summary: The Thinker is an analytical, serious, and controlled
individual. Thinkers are perfectionist and love details. Thinkers are
looking for proof before making decisions or acting.4. The Watcher
(Phlegmatic or Steadiness ): The Watcher is the low-key personality.
Others see her as easygoing and relaxed. She is patient, quiet and keeps
her emotions hidden. Although calm, cool and collected, she is
sympathetic and kind. At work she is competent and steady. She often has
administrative ability. Although she avoids conflicts, she is an
excellent mediator. The Watcher is excellent under pressure. The weakness
of a Watcher is her tendency to avoid responsibility. Although she has a
quiet will of iron, she can come across as fearful and worried. Another
false impression she gives is being indecisive and too compromising. The
reality is she is a people oriented individual who, being somewhat shy,
is reticent to assert her views too strongly.Summary: The Watcher is a
peaceful person who is stable, patient, and compassionate toward others.
She does keep calm, when others are confused. She is humble, silent,
controlled, a good listener, and usually happy with her life. She is a
great mediator and easy to get along with.Better CommunicationAnother
value of the four temperaments is the direct and implied ability to
improve communication. For example if you are a Talker trying to convince
a Thinker to approve a project, you know you will need data. The Talker's
routine approach would be to socially overcome objections verbally. The
Thinker is looking for facts. Another example would be a Watcher
attempting to push the same project to a Doer. The Watcher should expect
any perceived weak points to be questioned. Instead of taking it as a
personal rejection, give the Doer a reasoned response. By understanding
the four temperaments in yourself and others you will be better able to
communicate effectively within the team. Maximum effectiveness is
achieved when a team has a variety of temperaments. This assures
projects, problems and possibilities are examined thoroughly and
responses from the team are well rounded.

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