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Melanoma Diagnosis and Treatments for It

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									Melanoma is one of the leading causes of deaths due to skin diseases
across the world and is regarded as the most dangerous type of skin
cancer. In the past, cases of melanoma were rare but nowadays it is a
disease on the rise. Early detection is extremely important because
reversing or limiting the damage in the latter stages of the disease is
next to impossible. In this article, we discuss on early melanoma
diagnosis and further discuss on the various skin melanoma treatments.
The onset of melanoma basically begins with the normal skin changing into
a darker tinged color or else it develops into a mole. Certain moles
which are present during birth also have a chance of developing into
melanoma.


    Melanoma can appear on the face, neck and arms and in rare cases can
also appear in the mouth, iris of the eye, urinary tract and small
intestine. However people who are exposed to sunlight are the most prone
to contracting melanoma as UV rays tend to have a harmful effect on the
skin. The chances of melanoma occurrence also increases with age and
according to a recent study more than 90 percent people who suffered from
its symptoms were people above the age of 40.         Melanoma is a
killer disease and as explained a late prognosis may prove to be the
person's death knell. So it is essential that melanoma diagnosis be done
at the earliest. These are some of the symptoms that are seen in melanoma
- One half of the abnormal skin shows a marked difference from the other,
the skin no longer retains its smoothness and additionally may appear
grazed. Color changes are the most obvious sign with the affected area
appearing much darker than the unaffected ones. The troubled spot may
also grow disproportionately often to a diameter of 6 mm.        Thus if
you notice any of these suspicious skin markings, do not delay and
contact a reputed skin specialist immediately. Just like any type of
cancer, melanoma cancer can be cured provided the disease is in the early
stages. The medical practitioner will first conduct biopsy, CT scans and
X-ray tests to establish how much the cancer has spread. The skin
melanoma treatment then involves chemotherapy and radiation treatments.
Additionally medications such as interferon or interleukin which boost
the immune system can also be used to treat melanoma.         However for
patients whose melanoma has spread beyond the skin and into the lymph
nodes, treatment is much tougher and often the tumors are known to
reappear. Therefore the best chance of eliminating melanoma lies in
detecting it at the earliest.      The author is a keen follower of the
new developments taking place in skin melanoma treatment and hopes that
his melanoma diagnosis tips prove useful to readers.


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