Physical and Cognitive Development Early Childhood

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					Physical and Cognitive
Development Early
Childhood
Chapter 7
Physical Development Early
Childhood
 Slower growth
 Weight- boys slightly larger
 Epiphyses
 Skeletal age
 Primary teeth
 Lymph tissue
Motor Skills for Age 2
   Run
   Kick large ball
   Jump 12 inches
   Navigate stairs alone
   Construct tower of six to eight blocks
   Turn pages of a book singly
   Put on simple clothing
   Hold a glass with one hand
   Spoon
Motor Skills for Age 3
 Stand on one foot
 Hop on both feet
 Ride a tricycle
 Propel a wagon with one foot
 Copy a circle
 Draw a straight line
 Pour from a pitcher
 Catch a ball with arms extended
Motor Skills for Age 4
 Stunts on a tricycle
 Descend a ladder, alternating feet
 Gallop
 Cut on a line with a scissors
 Make crude letters
 Catch ball with elbows in front of the body
 Dress self
 Fork
Motor Skills for Age 5
 Skip
 Hop on one foot for 10 feet
 Copy squares
 Copy letters and numbers
 Throw a ball well
 Fasten buttons that are visible to the eye
 Catch a ball with elbows at the sides
 Knife
Force and Power
 Boys are ahead of girls
Fine Motor Skills
 Girls are ahead
 Gross skills that include balance- skipping
  and hopping
Early Childhood Language
Development
 Phonology
 Morphology
 Syntax
 Pragmatics
Early Childhood Information
Processing
 Attention
 Recall
 Memory strategies
 Scripts
 Metacognition
How Play Enhances Cognitive
Development
 General Cognitive and Social Skills
 Memory
 Language and Literacy
 Reasoning
Types of Preschool
 Child-centered preschools
 Academic preschools
Child-centered Preschool
 Provide variety of activities
 Children select
Academic Preschool
 Teacher in control
 Structure
 Repetition
Quality of child care
 Physical setting
 Group size
 Caregiver/child ratio
 Daily activities
 Interactions among adults and children
 Teacher qualification
 Relationship with parents
 Licensing and Accredations
Piaget’s Preoperational Stage
 Egocentric
 Animistic thinking

				
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posted:2/11/2012
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