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Nuclear medicine

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					Nuclear medicine
   By: Erin O’Reilly
      Uses of Nuclear medicine
 Nuclear medicine can be used to find broken bones,
  cancer, infections, Blood flow, Internal bleeding,
  blockages, over-active/under-active thyroids, Kidney
  Function, Breathing and Arthritis.

 Nuclear medicine can be used to scan the Brain, Mouth,
  Thyroid, Kidney, bones, Heart, Lungs, liver, spleen and
  the entire body (for tumors). *check next slide for picture*
                  How it’s done
 Radioactive material is either injected into your veins or
  is given orally.
 The material gathers in your organs and begins to emit
  gamma rays.
 Some times the images can be taken hours after getting
  the radioactivity but other times you must wait days or
  weeks.
 A Gamma Camera can detect these rays and gives a
  picture of the organs and blood flow and allows you to
  watch as the organs function as opposed to an X-ray
  with just a still picture.
Picture taken with nuclear medicine
               Is it dangerous?
 The risks are the same as a standard X-ray.
 The does of radioactive material is very small and there
  have been no known long term affects from nuclear
  medicine.
 If you are pregnant it could harm the fetus so it’s best If
  you don’t do it while pregnant.
 In rare cases people will have allergic reactions to the
  radioactive materials.
 There will be minor discomfort from the needle for the
  injection and possibly from lying still for a long period (45
  minutes to an hour)
                   How it began
 Radioactivity was first discovered by Henri Becquerel
  and from there X-rays were discovered.
 Many other discoveries about radioactivity took place
  until a society of Nuclear Medicine was made.
 Dr. Marshall Brucer was the first Chairman of the Oak
  Ridge Institute of Nuclear Studies where they discussed
  the use of Radioactivity in diagnosing medical problems.
 Dr. Brucer describes the first meeting: "About 10 to 15
  persons highly trained in some other branch of science
  tried to learn how to use radioisotopes and had a hell of
  a lot of fun learning."
                  Bibliography
 http://www.orau.org/about/history/brucer.htm
 http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=gennuclear
  &bhcp=1
 http://www.nmimaging.com/_wsn/page3.html
 http://training.seer.cancer.gov/module_abstracting/unit03
  _sec02_part04_page02_illustration.html

				
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