creating_a_safety_program by pengxuezhi

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                                       Pre Course Quiz
1.  What is an incident?___________________________________________________________
2.  Power tools must be fitted with guards and safety switches. True or False
3.  Employees attitude may affect safety . True or False
4.  Fall protection is required any time you use a ladder over 6 feet. True or False
5.  Employees are must take personal responsibility for their safety, their co-workers and others on a jobsite. True or False
6.  MSDS’s are required for most chemicals used at a worksite and should be kept locked up in the supervisor’s office for Safety.
    True or False
7. Guard rails should be installed along all open sides and ends of platforms. True or False
8. When setting up goals for safety on a worksite the acceptable number of incidents should be set at___________. (give a
9. If a fatality happens on a jobsite due to negligence, unsafe conditions, etc. Who is usually responsible and held accountable?
    Owner of company, Supervisor, Co-worker. Circle one
10. Safety rules and guidelines and must always be written. True or False
11. It is OSHA’s responsibility to establish and implement a written hazard communication program. True or False
12. Approximately 32 million workers work with or are potentially exposed to chemical hazards. True or False
13. MSDS’s are printed on a mandatory standard OSHA form.
14. PPE is usually an optional step for employees in dealing with hazardous chemicals. True or False
15. HazCom is commonly referred to as Right to know True or False
16. What is a Near Miss?_____________________________Do these need to be reported and investigated? True or False
17. Employers are responsible to pay for all PPE for their employees. True or False
18. Safety Inspections should be conducted on all sites at least yearly. True or False
19. OSHA mandates First aid and CPR training for workers on sites. True or False
20. AHA stands for “All Hands Attention”. True or False
Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program

• Element #1 - Management, Leadership and
  Employee Involvement.
• Element #2, 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard
  Prevention and Control.
• Element #4 – Safety and Health Training and
                ELEMENT #1
  Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement

• Employer and employee involvement and
  communication on workplace-safety and health
  issues are essential.
• Post the company’s written safety and health policy
  for all to see.
• Involve all employees in policy making on safety and
  health issues.
• Everyone must take an active part in Safety Activities.
Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement

    • What is Workplace Safety?
    • Definition: The process of protecting
      employees from work related illness
      and injury. It starts by the
      development of a company
      Environmental, Safety and Health
      Policy statement and implementation
      of a work place safety plan and
  Ac-ci-dent (ak-si-duhnt) noun

1. an unexpected
   and undesirable
     Ac-ci-dent (ak-si-duhnt)

2. an unexpected
   and undesirable event.
accidents can be controlled
Basic Principles of Good Safety Management
          Management Commitment
          Documented Safety Philosophy
          Safety Goals and Objectives
          Committee Organization for Safety
          Line Responsibility for Safety
          Supportive Safety Staff
          Rules and Procedures
          Audits
          Safety Communications
          Safety Training
          Accident Investigations
          Motivation
   Management/Leadership/Employee Involvement

• We must promote the goal of ZERO INCIDENT
  PERFORMANCE through planning.
• Safety Goals must be Communicated- They must be
  Realistic and they need to reflect the Safety Culture
  of your organization.
• Your Safety Culture requires strong commitment
  from the top and Safety must truly be the #1 priority.
  It must become an integral part of your business and
  Safety must become EVERYONE’s responsibility.
    Basic Safety Philosophy
• Every Incident can be avoided.
• No Job is worth getting hurt for.
• Every job will be done safely.
• Incidents can be managed.
• Safety is Everyone’s Responsibility.
• Safety/Best manufacturing practices
• Safety standards, procedures and practices
  must be developed.
• Training- Everyone must understand AND meet
  the requirements.
• Working Safely is a Condition of Employment
   Benefits of a Zero Incident Safety Policy

• Safety standards are communicated to all employees.
• Responsibilities for implementing standards are understood and accepted
• Records will document how standards and Best Management Practices
  are met.
• Internal management control
• Cost Avoidance
• Improved Quality
• Better Productivity
• Team Building
• Unsafe behavior stands out
• Unsafe behavior is Unacceptable
• Safe Work is influenced through peer pressure
• Consistent planning and task execution
           Key Safety Principles

• Working Safely is a condition of employment.
• Each employee is expected to give consideration to
  the prevention of injury to self and co-workers.
• Involvement and thinking of all people in the safety
  process is valued and expected.
• Continual Improvement is the goal.
• Individuals and teams must be recognized for their
  adherence to and advancement of safety.
Maintaining an Incident Free Environment
•   Shared Vision
•   Cultural Alignment
•   Focus on Incident Control
•   Upstream Systems
•   Feedback
•   Maintain the 4 – A’s
•   Cultural Change
•   Commitment
      What a Safety Statement might look like
               (This is an EXERCISE)
It is the intent of XYZ Industries to provide a safe work environment for all our workers
and the wellness of our people, families and communities. We embrace healthy habits
and behaviors. It is also our intent to properly manage any incidents that occur so as to
minimize injury and other forms of loss. A well managed workplace safety program can
benefit our company in countless ways. In order for XYZ Industries to achieve our
goals, we have developed a safety program outlining our policies and procedures
regarding employee health and safety. Each and every individual must become familiar
with the program, follow and enforce the procedures, and become an active
participant in this workplace safety program.

While management (workplace safety officer and safety committee) will be
responsible for developing and organizing this program, its success will depend on the
                involvement of each employee. We look forward to your cooperation
                and participation.
Implementing Your Workplace Safety Program
  Use of Inspections, surveillances, incident reporting, AHA’s
 Investigations, corrective actions, provide Safety leadership
    Workplace Safety Program

• Purpose- To reduce work-related injury & illness

• Content- The program should include any policy,
  procedure, training that protects workers from
  work-related injury and illness while on the job.

• Concerns- Promote & reward safe practices at
  work, reducing injuries & illnesses at work and
  eliminating fatalities at work.
Co-Workers Affect Each other’s Safety

• Employees’ health and safety are affected not
  only by their own actions but by those of their co-
• Senior management must:
Help employees manage hazards associated with
their work (tasks or responsibilities). They must
determine that employees are fit for work. Fitness
involves: drug and alcohol issues, physical and
emotional well being, and fatigue and stress.
    Create Ownership of the program

• Workers need to be involved in the creation and use of
  the workplace safety program for it to succeed.
           For Example:

• Your company is responsible for supplying appropriate
  safety equipment, but employees are responsible for
  wearing personal protective equipment at the appropriate
  time and place.
• Your company should provide training to help employees
  carry out their assignments, but workers are responsible
  for attending this training, asking questions and telling
  supervisors if they do not understand what is being
  Allow for Continuous Improvement

In workplace safety and health, continuous
improvement is about:
• Seeking better ways to work
• Measuring performance
• Reporting against set targets
• Evaluating compliance with procedures,
  standards and regulations
• Understanding the causes of incidents and
  injuries and
• Openly acknowledging and promptly correcting
        Measuring Performance

        Performance can be measured by:
• Reduction in frequency of lost-time injury
• Reduction in frequency of medical
  treatment (beyond first-aid care) injury.
• Reduction in number of sick days used
• Lower workers compensation costs
• Lower medical benefits payments ( doctor’s
  visits, prescription drugs)
   OSHA (29 CFR,1970) covers nearly all

• The general duty clause reads “Each employer
  shall furnish…a place of employment which is
  free from recognized hazards that are causing or
  are likely to cause death or serious physical harm
  to his employees.”
• Need to communicate employees rights under
  the OSHA Act, including the right to file a
  complaint free from discrimination and explain
  the elements of a valid complaint.
      Employees Rights under OSHA Act
– Get training from your employer on chemicals you are exposed to during your work
  and information on how to protect yourself from harm. Employers must establish a
  comprehensive, written hazard communication program (Chemical Hazard
  Communication) Your employer must label chemical containers, make material
  safety data sheets with detailed hazard information available to employees, and train
  you about the health effects of the chemicals you work with and what the employer
  is doing and what you can do to protect yourself from these hazards.

– The program must list the hazardous chemicals in each work area, how the
  employer will inform employees of the hazards of non-routine tasks (for example, the
  cleaning of reactor vessels), and hazards associated with chemicals in unlabeled
  pipes and how the employer will inform other employers at a multi-employer worksite
  of the hazards to which their employees may be exposed.

– Get training from your employer on a variety of other health and safety hazards and
  standards that your employer must follow. These include lockout-tagout, bloodborne
  pathogens, confined spaces, construction hazards and a variety of other subjects.
– Access relevant exposure and medical records. (29 CFR 1910.1020)
    Employees Rights under OSHA Act

– Request information from your employer on safety and health hazards in
  your workplace, chemicals used in your workplace, tests your employer
  has done to measure chemical, noise and radiation levels, precautions
  you should take and procedures to be followed if you or other employees
  are involved in an incident or are exposed to hazardous chemicals or
  other toxic substances.

– Request copies of appropriate standards, rules, regulations and
  requirements that your employer should have available at the workplace.

– Review the Log and Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
  (OSHA 300) at a reasonable time and in a reasonable manner or have an
  authorized representative do so for you. (29 CFR 1904.7)

– Access relevant exposure and medical records. (29 CFR 1910.1020)

        Employees Rights under OSHA Act

    – Employers must inform you of the existence, location and availability of your
      medical and exposure records when you first begin employment and at least
      annually thereafter. Employers also must provide these records to you or your
      designated representatives within 15 working days of your request.

       When an employer plans to stop doing business and there is no successor
       employer to receive and maintain these records, the employer must notify you of
       your right of access to records at least 3 months before the employer ceases to do

    – Observe any monitoring or measuring of toxic materials or chemicals, as well as
      harmful physical agents, such as noise, and see the resulting records. If the
      exposure levels are above the OSHA limit, the employer must tell you what will be
      done to reduce the exposure -- the right to observe monitoring exists only where
      monitoring is performed pursuant to a standard that provides employees with the
      right to observe.

         Employees Rights under OSHA Act

     – You may ask your employer to correct hazards even if they are not violations of
       specific OSHA standards. Be sure to keep copies of any requests you make to
       your employer to correct hazards.

•   FILE A COMPLAINT WITH OSHA if you believe that there are either violations of
    OSHA standards or serious workplace hazards.

     – File a complaint and request OSHA to conduct an inspection if you believe serious
       workplace hazards or violations of standards exist in your workplace. You can file
       a complaint online, in writing, by telephone or fax. If you want an OSHA inspector
       to come inspect your workplace, put your complaint in writing and send it to the
       OSHA office nearest you. (OSH Act, Section 8), (29 CFR 1903.11)

     – Request in your written complaint that OSHA keep your name confidential if you do
       not want your employer to know who filed the complaint. (OSH Act, Section 8)

•   BE INVOLVED IN OSHA'S INSPECTION of your workplace.
    Employees Rights under OSHA Act

– Have an authorized employee representative (such as a union
  representative) accompany the OSHA compliance officer during the
  inspection tour. (OSH Act, Section 8), (29 CFR 1903.8)

  The authorized employee representative has a right to accompany an
  OSHA compliance officer (also referred to as a compliance safety and
  health officer (CSHO) or inspector) during an inspection. Under no
  circumstances may the employer choose the workers' representative.

  Where there is no union or employee representative, the OSHA inspector
  must talk confidentially with a reasonable number of workers during the
  course of the investigation.

  Respond to questions from the compliance officer and tell the compliance
  officer about workplace hazards, particularly if there is no authorized
  employee representative accompanying the compliance officer on the
  inspection "walkaround." (OSH Act, Section 8)
          Employees Rights under OSHA Act

     – You and your coworkers have a right to talk privately and confidentially to the
       compliance officer whether or not a workers' representative has been chosen.

        You may point out hazards, describe injuries or illnesses or near misses that
        resulted from those hazards and describe past complaints about hazards. Inform
        the inspector if working conditions are not normal during the inspection. Make sure
        that the inspector is aware if equipment has been shut down, windows opened or
        other conditions changed from normal.

    Find out the results of OSHA inspections and request a review if OSHA decides not to
    issue a citation.

    If health hazards are present in your workplace, a special OSHA health inspection may
    be conducted by an industrial hygienist. This OSHA inspector may take samples to
    measure levels of chemicals or other hazardous materials.

    OSHA will let the employee representative know whether your employer is in
    compliance. The inspector also will gather detailed information about your employer's
    efforts to control health hazards, including results of tests your employer may have
         Employees Rights under OSHA Act

•   GET INVOLVED in any meetings or hearings to discuss any objections your
    employer has to OSHA's citations or to changes in abatement deadlines.

    File a discrimination complaint (under Section 11(c) of the OSH Act) within 30
    days if you are punished or discriminated against for exercising your safety
    and health rights or for refusing to work (not guaranteed by the OSH Act)
    when faced with an imminent danger of death or serious injury and there is
    insufficient time for OSHA to inspect.

     – Contact the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
       (NIOSH) to request a health hazard evaluation if you are concerned
       about toxic effects of a substance in the workplace.
       on new standards.

          Employees Rights under OSHA Act

     – File an appeal of the deadlines that OSHA sets for your employer to correct any
        violation in the citation issued to the employer. Write to the OSHA Area Director
        within 15 working days from the date the employer posts the notice requesting on
        extension of the abatement deadline if you feel the time is too long. (29 CFR

    File a discrimination complaint (under Section 11(c) of the OSH Act) within 30 days if
    you are punished or discriminated against for exercising your safety and health rights
    or for refusing to work (not guaranteed by the OSH Act) when faced with an imminent
    danger of death or serious injury and there is insufficient time for OSHA to inspect.

     – Contact the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) to
       request a health hazard evaluation if you are concerned about toxic effects of a
       substance in the workplace.

•   PROVIDE COMMENTS AND TESTIMONY TO OSHA during rulemaking on new
        Occupational Safety and
        Health Program Includes

  Management Leadership and Employee
       Involvement in S&H Issues

• Your plan should include statements on the value
  of workplace safety and why management is
  committed to it.
• A list of locations where written safety and health
  policies are posted for all employees to see.
• A schedule of when and where regular meetings
  are held that address employee safety and health
• A stipulation that abiding by all safety and health
  rules is a condition of employment.
        Workplace Safety Training

• Staff member training and education about safety
  rules and their responsibilities in the workplace
  will pay off in a safer and healthier workforce.
Remember: the health and safety of employees are
affected not only by their own actions but by those
of co-workers.
• Ensure that everyone in the workplace is properly
  trained: managers, supervisors all full and part
  time and temporary workers.
• Make sure no one does any job that appears
        Workplace Safety Training

• Hold emergency preparedness drills for workers.
  Include nature of drill and expectations for
  employees during the drill.
• Pay close attention to employees learning new
  operations to make sure they have the proper job
  skills and awareness of the hazards.
  Expectations must be provided in the trainings.
• Supervisors and managers must be trained to
  recognize hazards and understand their
  responsibilities. Provide them with guidelines for
  reporting and correcting hazards.
        Workplace Safety Training

Supervisors and managers are:
• Responsible for daily monitoring of workplace
  safety practices.
• Accountable for mentoring, advising and
  counseling staff members who are not performing
  up to written policies and expectations.
• Authorized to recommend a staff member for
  remedial training in a skill or on a machine or in
  attitude, as required.
       Supervisors Responsibilities

     Supervisors Responsibilities

  Communication Standard)
    DOCUMENT ALL TRAINING!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Take an Active part in Safety Activities

• COMPLY WITH Occupational
  Safety & Health STANDARDS


Take an Active part in Safety Activities

• Actively participate in the daily safety
• Supervision should encourage
  employees to lead in regular safety
• Provide input in the development,
  review and suggestions of
  improvements to safe work
  procedures, AHA’s, SOP’s, and in
  incident report investigations,
  corrective actions and lessons
  learned, safety committee.
 Take an Active part in Safety Activities

• Safety must be everyone’s concern. In most small companies
  the role of a workplace safety coordinator can be
  incorporated into someone’s job description. In larger groups
  a safety director, officer or manager is usually in charge of the
  workplace safety program and appoints or sets up a safety
  committee to assist in implementing the safety program.
• Committee’s can be made up of many different people with
  different resources and abilities.
 Take an Active part in Safety Activities

• Encourage employees to lead and participate in the Daily
  Safety Meetings.
• Taking personal actions and working directly with supervisors
  to identify, control, or eliminate potential safety hazards.
• Reporting of all injuries, near misses or accidents immediately.
• Involvement in incident/accident investigations corrective
  actions and sharing Lessons Learned.
         Accident/Incident Investigations
            Today we want to look at:
•   Goals of Accident Investigation
•   Securing the Accident Scene
•   Root-Cause Analysis
•   The importance of Investigative Interviews
•   Assisting in Accident Investigations
•   Reporting Near Misses
•   The Role of Policies, equipment and training
    on Accident Prevention.

• All injuries can be prevented
• Management is responsible for preventing
• Working safely is a condition of
• Training employees to work safely is
  essential and everyone must be involved.
• Prevention of personal injuries is good
  business (and good science!)
Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program

• Element 1 - Management, Leadership and
  Employee Involvement.
• Element 2, 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard
  Prevention and Control.
• Element 4 – Safety and Health Training and
                  Element #2 - Worksite Analysis
•   Analyze all workplace conditions to identify and eliminate existing or potential
•   An outline of the procedure for reporting hazards
•   Perform analysis on a regular and timely basis.
•   Make certain all employees know and understand current hazard analysis for all
    jobs and processes.
•   Focus workplace design on all physical aspects of the work environment, including
    the following:
     –   Size and arrangement of work space
     –   Physical demands of the tasks to be performed
     –   Design of tools and other devices people use

•   The fundamental goal of a workplace design is to improve people’s ability to be
    productive, without error or accident, for extended time periods. Proper
    workplace design improves both safety and productivity.
•   We want to eliminate hazards during the design or planning stages of a project
•   Review incident causes, inspection results to help identify trends
•   Knowledge of Emergency Response Plans and procedures and participation in drills
    Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards
Purpose - Inspection of work areas and audits of safety programs are tools that can be used to
identify problems and hazards before these conditions result in accidents or injuries. Audits also
help to identify the effectiveness of safety program management and can be used as a guide to
assure regulatory compliance and a safe workplace.
•   Management
•   Design and schedule audit and inspection procedures for all work areas, processes and
•   Conduct routine audits and inspections
•   Ensure audits are conducted by employees who understand the various safety programs and
•   Supervisors
•   conduct informal daily safety inspections and ensure all unsafe conditions are corrected
•   conduct documented weekly inspections and ensure all unsafe conditions are corrected
•   All safety deficiencies found during audits and inspections should be corrected as soon as
    possible. Documentation of corrections should be made on the audit or inspection sheet.
    And conditions that present a hazards are to be corrected or controlled immediately.
    Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards
Types of Inspections
•   Supervisor & Management Daily Walk-through: this is an undocumented inspection that is
    made daily prior to startup and shift change to ensure the facility and equipment are in safe
    conditions for Employees. All noted unsafe areas are placed in a safe condition prior to
    Employees working in the area.
•   Weekly Supervisor Inspections are conducted and recorded with a Employee. This
    documented inspection provides a focus to ensure current hazard controls are still effective,
    equipment is in safe condition and safe work practices are in use. Discrepancies are listed on
    the inspection sheet, recorded on work orders for correction. The inspection sheet is
    forwarded to the Safety Manager for review and logging to track discrepancy correction.
•   Monthly Safety Committee Inspection. Each month members of the Safety Committee will
    tour the entire facility with the Safety Manager. This tour is to ensure Safety Committee
    Members are familiar with all areas of the operation. Record of problem areas, committee
    recommendations and deficiencies will be recorded and provided to management.
•   Noise Surveys are conducted at least annually, or whenever facility modifications are made
    that impact the ambient or specific work area noise levels, Noise surveys are conducted by
    qualified persons with calibrated instruments
    Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards
Equipment Inspections
Are conducted to ensure specific safety equipment is in good
working order and will function when needed. Examples and
frequencies are:
•   All construction equipment - Daily prior to use – (use form and file)
•   Sprinkler Inspection - Monthly
•   Boiler Checks- Daily, Weekly , Monthly, Yearly
•   Emergency Lighting Test - Monthly
•   Fire Extinguisher Inspections - Monthly
•   Safety Equipment Inventories - Monthly
•   Emergency Lighting 90 Min. Test - Semiannually
•   Respirator Inspections- Before / After Use (Monthly at a minimum)
•   Hand tools – Daily
•   Scaffolding – Daily
Regularly and thoroughly maintain equipment
                and vehicles.
                                                                  CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT
                                                                  INSPECTION CHECKLIST
                                                                  Boom lift-Scissor-Fork Trucks
        PROJECT/TASK:                                                        COMPANY:

        DATE:                           TIME:                                  M       T     W       Th       F      Sa       Su
                                                                                                   (Circle One)
        Type of Inspection:          (Check One)        Daily              Incoming                Outgoing
        Make/Description:                                              Model:                           I.D. No:
        Inspected By: (Name and Signature)
                                                                Not                         COMMENTS AND ACTION
              EQUIPMENT                      Acceptable
        Operation/Owners Manual
        Brake Lights
        Reverse Signal Alarm
        Horn/Air Horn
        Seat Belt
        Operating Controls
        Fire extinguisher
        Coupling Devices
        Slope Indicator - Alarm
        Loose or missing parts
        Dents and damage
        Drive foreward / reverse
        Harness/ Lanyards/ tie off
        Latches/ doors
        Exhaust Systems
        Hitches and Safety Cables
        Hydraulic Lines/ Air Hoses
        Engine Oil Level
        Hydraulic Oil Level
        Rollover Equipment
       Comments:                                                                        Fuel Level: ¼        ½     ¾   F
                                                                                        Hour Meter:

        Noted deficiencies must be approved by the Superintendent and/or Health and Safety Officer prior to operation.

      This inspection form is to be filled out at the start of the work shift upon deliveries by the Equipment/Truck Operator to ensure
      that the equipment/truck is safe to operate and is free from apparent damage, which could cause failure while in use. Once
      completed, this form is to be given to the Site Superintendent or Safety Officer to be kept on file on-site. In all cases, consult the
      manufacturer's data to ensure compliance with all inspection criteria, which may not be indicated.
Fire Extinguisher INSPECTIONS
Daily Hand Tool - INSPECTIONS
    Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards
Program Audits are conducted to check the administration of specific safety and
health programs. Program Audits of the following shall be conducted annually.
• Accident Prevention
•   Fire Prevention
•   Material Handling
•   Flammable Material Storage
•   Lockout-Tagout
•   Hazard Communication
•   Personal Protective Equipment
•   Confined Space Entry
•   Asbestos Controls
•   Boiler Safety
•   Bloodborne Pathogens
•   Contractor Safety
•   Electrical Safety
•   Tool Safety
•   Hot Work
•   Respiratory Protection
                    Site Safety Inspections
                                                   CONSTRUCTION SUPERVISOR SAFETY INSPECTION CHECKLIST
Date:                                          Job No.(s):

Location:                                      Crew Member:


                                                                          COMMENTS/CORRECTIVE ACTION

Housekeeping (Garbage, cleanliness, electrical cords, ladders)

Drinking water/ sanitation requirements/first aid kit

Electrical (such as proper grounding, lock & tag and GFCI [good
condition, inspected])

Proper personal protective equipment (PPE)

Walking/working surfaces (tripping hazards, slippery surfaces, floor

Electrical tools (guards in place; good condition, stored properly)

Cranes/ rigging equipment (for example: slings, properly stored and

Excavation (properly sloped or shored; permits; inspections;
barricaded daily)
                 Site Safety Inspections
Flammables/combustibles (fire extinguishers, welding and cutting equipment)

Hot work (Personal Protective Equipment, permit, combustibles, flammables

Material Safety Data Sheets onsite with containers labeled

Scaffold system fully assembled; tags; inspections; fully planked guardrails

Proper barricading/ warning signs (trenches, fuel areas, storage construction sites)

Fire extinguishers (monthly inspection, accessible, on mechanized equipment)

    Identifying and Evaluating Potential Hazards
It is every employees responsibility to be on the lookout for possible hazards. Report
 Slippery floors and walkways – open holes in floors
 Tripping hazards, such as hose links, piping, extension cords, etc.
 Missing (or inoperative) entrance and exit signs and lighting
 Poorly lighted stairs
 Loose handrails or guard rails
 Open, loose or broken windows
 Dangerously piled supplies or equipment (HOUSEKEEPING), OILY RAGS
 Unlocked doors and gates
 Electrical equipment left operating, frayed cords, no LOTO, Panel doors left open, blocked
      access to electrical panels
 Leaks of steam, water, oil other liquids, Roof leaks
 Blocked aisles – Blocked fire doors
 Blocked fire extinguishers, sprinkler heads, Evidence of smoking in non-smoking areas
 Evidence of any equipment running hot or overheating
 Safety devices not operating properly – Warning Signs Not In Place
 Machine, power transmission, or drive guards missing, damaged, loose or improperly placed
     Work Place Analysis thru Hazardous
  Commmunication Identification and Training

The OSHA Standard
 32 million workers work with or are exposed to one or more
  chemical hazards.
 Are an estimated 650,000 existing chemical products and this
  poses a serious problem for exposed workers.
 OSHA issued the Hazard Communication standard 29 CFR
  1910.1200, to address this issue.
 Hazardous Communication standard is based on a simple
  concept; that employees have both a need and a RIGHT TO
  KNOW the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are
  exposed to when working.
        Hazard Communication
                           Safety Training

• OSHA’s Hazard Communication standard gives employees the right
  to know about chemical hazards in the workplace. Employers have
  an obligation to provide employees with training, information,
  Personal Protective Equipment and other safety measures dealing
  with chemical hazards.
• Employees need to remember to:
   o Take training seriously and pay attention
   o Read labels and Material Safety Data Sheets
   o Know where to find the Material Safety Data Sheets
   o Use appropriate Personal Protective Equipment
   o Know correct emergency procedures
   o Use safe work Habits
  Element #3 - Hazard Prevention and Control

• Regularly and thoroughly maintain equipment and
  vehicles. (we just looked at equipment Inspections)
• Ensure that employees know how to use and
  maintain personal protective equipment (PPE)
• Train employees in proper procedures for handling
  specific situations
• Monitoring for air quality, heat stress, noise,
  ergonomics and other job hazards
• Emergency Action Plans and procedures - Fire, life
  safety and first aid issues
Standard Operating Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures

  •   Drug Free workplace
  •   Recognition and Awards
  •   Audits and Surveillances
  •   Incident Reporting & Investigation
  •   Lessons Learned
  •   General Safety SOP’s- Lets discuss
Ensure that employees know how to use and
maintain personal protective equipment (PPE)
         Protecting Employees
       from Workplace Hazards
• Employers must protect employees from hazards
  such as falling objects, harmful substances, and
  noise exposures that can cause injury.
• Employers must:
  – Use all feasible engineering and work practice
     controls to eliminate and reduce hazards.
  – Use personal protective equipment (PPE) if the
     controls don’t eliminate the hazards.
• PPE is the last level of control!
           Engineering Controls

If . . .
• The work environment can be physically
  changed to prevent employee exposure to the
  potential hazard,
Then . . .
• The hazard can be eliminated with an
  engineering control.
  Work Practice/ Administrative Controls

• If . . .
• Employees can change the way they do their
  jobs and the exposure to the potential hazard is
• Then . . .
• The hazard can be eliminated with a work
  practice or administrative control.
• Remember… PPE is the last level of control!
     Examples of PPE

Body Part      Protection
1926 Subpart E, Personal protective and life saving

– 1926.95, Criteria for personal protective
– 1926.96, Occupational foot protection
– 1926.100, Head protection
– 1926.101, Hearing protection
– 1926.102, Eye and face protection
– 1926.103, Respiratory protection
– 1926.104, Safety belts, lifelines, and lanyards
– 1926.105, Safety nets
– 1926.106, Working over or near water

  –  Assess workplace for hazards
  – Provide PPE
  – Determine when to use
  – Provide PPE training for employees and
     instruction in proper use
  - Use PPE in accordance with training
     received and other instructions.
  - Inspect daily and maintain in a clean and
     reliable condition.
   Establishing a PPE Program
• Procedures for selecting, providing, training,
  and using PPE as part of an employer’s routine
   • Assess the workplace to determine if
     hazards are present, or are likely to be
     present, which necessitate the use of PPE
   • Select the proper PPE
   • Train employees who are required to use
     the PPE
Employees required to use PPE must be
trained to know at least the following:
• Why training is necessary?
• When PPE is necessary
• How will it protect them?
  • What are its limitations?
• What type of PPE is necessary?
  • How to properly put on, take off, adjust and
    wear the PPE
• Proper care and
  maintenance of the
   • How to clean and
• How to identify signs
  of wear?
• What is its useful life
  & how is it disposed?
        Who Pays for PPE?
• On November 14, 2007, OSHA
  announced a new rule requiring
  employers to pay for almost all personal
  protective equipment that is required by
  OSHA’s general industry, construction,
  and maritime standards.
• Many employers already pay for
  approximately 95% of the employees
           Who Pays for PPE?
Employee-owner PPE and replacement PPE:
• When an employee provides his/her own PPE, the
  employer must ensure that the equipment is
  adequate to protect the employee from hazards at
  the workplace.
• The employer is required to pay for replacement PPE
  used to comply with OSHA standards.
• However, when an employee has lost or intentionally
  damaged PPE, the employer is not required to pay
  for its replacement.
                PPE Summary
Employers must implement a PPE program where they:
• Assess the workplace for hazards.
• Use engineering and work practice controls to
  eliminate or reduce hazards before using PPE.
• Select appropriate PPE to protect employees from
  hazards that cannot be eliminated.
• Inform employees why the PPE is necessary, how and
  when it must be worn.
• Train employees how to use and care for their PPE,
  including how to recognize deterioration and failure.
• Require employees to wear selected PPE.
Emergency Action Plans and Procedures - Fire, life safety and first aid issues

•   An emergency response plan is a living document and will be changed as conditions and personnel
    change. It will be the responsibility of the HS manager to update the Emergency plan and to keep the
    material current.
•   This plan provides guidance to employees at the MECT 3&4 site and future buildings concerning
    emergency actions and provides a clear statement of required employee responses during an emergency.
•   The person who discovers an emergency should use any of the following methods for prompt notification:
•   1.      Telephone: (554-4713) or 911 and then (Dave Wells 383-7051 –ECC H&S)
•   2.      Sound blast horn - 3 blasts to notify evacuation to Rally point by the
•   1.      Sheltering-in-place. Sheltering-in-place is the primary protective action in response to most
    hazardous material releases. Notification of sheltering-in-place normally will be announced over the
    emergency notification system. Sheltering-in-place requires employees to:
•   Go indoors immediately.
•   Close all windows and doors.
•   Turn off all sources of outdoor air (fans, air conditioners, ventilation system).
Emergency Action Plans and Procedures - Fire, life safety and first aid issues

In addition to Fires, and medical
emergencies we also need to address:

• Different severe weather conditions –
  Tornadoes, Hurricanes, lightning,
  earthquake, floods, etc.
• Bomb Threats
• Violent Employee or Site Shooter
Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program

• Element 1 - Management, Leadership and
  Employee Involvement.
• Element 2, 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard
  Prevention and Control.
• Element 4 – Safety and Health Training and
  Establishing a Safety and Health Training Program

         Today we are going to look at:
New Employee Orientation – View an actual
 Orientation film
Activity Hazard Analysis for every task performed and
 how to write them.
A Written Safety Program – What it should look like.
Trade or equipment specific safety training.
OSHA 10 -30 hour Training Classes
First Aid /CPR/AED/Blood Borne Pathogen
          New Employee Orientation
Needs to include:
•   Emergency Contacts- emergency plan, evacuation procedures, meeting places
•   When & where daily safety meetings are held
•   Deal w/ Harassment, Fighting, Horseplay – Zero Tolerance- Removal from site
•   Firearms, weapons, drugs or alcohol prohibited & site testing policies
•   Hazard Communications

•   Employee Responsibilities- Report ALL Accidents, no matter how slight - this allows for
    prompt medical attention, and investigation and elimination of the cause that may place
    others in harm's way.
•   Accidents must be reported to Employee's immediate supervisor and ECC personnel.
•   Immediately correct or report any unsafe condition or hazard noted in the workplace.
•   Employees must support the Zero Accident philosophy to assist us to provide an injury free
•   Employees are responsible to ask questions when they do not understand. Lack of knowledge
    is the greatest cause of accidents in the workplace.
•   Report to work "FIT FOR DUTY"
•   Report the use of prescription medication that may have an effect on their ability to safely
    perform tasks or operate equipment.
          New Employee Orientation
Needs to include:
• Personal Protective Equipment Requirements
• Required Work Clothing
• Rigging
• Fall Protection – 100% at all times when there is fall potential of 6 feet or more
• Scaffolding
• Fork Lift, Scissor and Boom Lift Operation requirements
• Ladder Safety
• Electrical Safety
• Housekeeping
• Fire Protection
• Floor Openings
• Overhead Hazards
• Heavy Equipment
• Other Hazards & Controls- No cell phones while operating equipment
• Activity Hazard Analysis
• Quality Control Issues
• Any other site specific rules – Smoking, eating, radios, Phones, visitors
   What have we learned so far?
 Must first establish a Safety Statement, work on developing a Safety
  Culture by following key safety principles, set goals and maintain a
  commitment for maintaining an Incident Free Environment.

 Implementation of the Safety Program involves all workers, from top
  management to all workers and Supervisors are a key component to
  making it work. A supervisor or other individual can be assigned
  Specific responsibilities and can head up a company safety
  committee that works on developing the safety plans and programs.
  The safety committee also reviews all incidents, accidents, near
  misses to determine contributing factors. While focusing on
  determining causes, it must always be remembered that the overall
  GOAL is to prevent similar Accidents from happening again.

 Worksite Analysis are frequently needed and Audits and Inspections
  help us identify issues and corrective actions can be made prior to
  an incident happening. We must develop Standard Operating
  Procedures to give workers a plan to guide their work.
   What have we learned so far?
A big part of the work place analysis comes thru
 education of all workers to the hazards of chemicals and
 is addressed thru training employees on Hazardous
 Communication Standards

Understanding the Hierarchy of controls: Engineering –
 Management – Personal Protective Equipment . We
 have learned that when exposure to hazards cannot be
 engineered out of normal operations and when safe work
 practices and administrative controls don’t provide
 sufficient protection ….then Personal Protective
 Equipment (PPE) may be required to keep our workers

We just looked at the essential need for New Employee
 Safety Orientations.

Most government contracts incorporate by reference
a number of federal acquisition regulation (FAR)
clauses that describe a variety of routine requirements.

The clause that is most significant with respect to
construction safety is FAR clause 52.236-13(c), which
states that "if this contract is for construction or
dismantling, demolition or removal of improvements
with any Department of Defense agency or component,
the contractor shall comply with all pertinent
provisions of the latest version U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers Safety and Health Requirements Manual EM
385-1-1 in effect on the date of the solicitation."

• While many of the requirements of EM 385 closely parallel OSHA's
  requirements, there are 2 notable differences:

  1. Specific requirements for a written site-specific accident prevention

  2. The development of activity hazard analyses that identify potential
  hazards by each phase of a construction project & identify the precautions
  the contractor will take to control those hazards

• These two things will drive and guide all work on a DOD Project.
   Written Accident Prevention Plans
• The accident prevention plan required by EM 385 is not some
  vague, generic document typical of many construction
  companies that lists general safety rules such as prohibiting
  horseplay, or possession of firearms, alcoholic beverages or
  illicit drugs on the job, and mandatory wearing of long-
  sleeved shirts, hard hats and safety glasses.
• Rather, it must be a detailed, site-specific written plan that
  describes the management processes that will be used to
  prevent accidents from occurring on a specific construction
Written Accident Prevention Plans

It is a written plan
that explains how a
contractor intends
to prevent
accidents from
occurring on a
construction project.
Written Accident Prevention Plans

• Unlike OSHA requirements, EM 385 requires that company
  officials responsible for specific aspects of the plan be
• For example, note that element 1, the signature sheet,
  requires the title, signature and phone number of the person
  who prepared the plan, the person who approved the plan
  and any individuals who concurred with the plan.
• Such information would allow DoD contracting officers,
  project managers or safety specialists to identify specific
  company personnel that could answer questions concerning
  the plan or, more importantly, discuss problems concerning its
Written Accident Prevention Plans
• Accident reporting,
  must address who, how
  and when information
  will be provided on
  exposure data such as
  man hours worked that
  can be used to evaluate
  safety performance,
  how major accidents
  will be reported, who
  will conduct accident
  investigations, and how
  and when reports and
  logs will be completed.
Written Accident Prevention Plans

 Vague generic safety
 and health programs
 will not meet the job-
 specific requirements
 of EM 385 1-1
       Conducting An Effective

An introduction
 to the “Five
Step Process”
  of Activity
Analysis (AHA)
     Activity Hazard Analysis

If the accident prevention plan is viewed as the
strategic guide for accident prevention…..

Activity Hazard Analysis might be seen as the
tactical guide.

Section 01.A.09 of EM 385 1-1 states that "activity
hazard analyses shall be prepared by the
contractors performing the work activity."
        Activity Hazard Analysis

Activity hazard
analysis requires
contractors to be
proactive in
identifying hazards
that can be
anticipated and
controlling them
rather than looking
back with 20/20
 Activity Hazard Analysis - Key Terms

• What’s the Job or Activity?
• What are the Hazards?
• What’s an exposure?
• What is Analysis?

• Workers in their first year with
  their employer account for more
  than 50% of disabling claims.
• ( list three possible explanations )
           AHA Purpose
 Effective AHA’s help the employer recognize and
  control hazards and exposures in the workplace.

 How might the employee’s perception of a “hazard”
  differ from that of the employer or supervisor?
Why is an AHA more effective
than walk-around inspections in
reducing accidents in the

Probability is defined as: the
chance that a given event will

We need to determine if Probability of an accident is
low-medium or high and if HIGH- the chances are very
likely that an accident could occur.
          Activity Hazard Analysis
                   STEP 1
• Step One - Watch the work being done

                 What are some effective methods
                 to watch the work being done?
       Activity Hazard Analysis
                STEP 1

• Step One - Watch the work being done

• Why is it
  to involve
  the employee?
   AHA Step Two - Break the job down into steps
COE EM 385-1-1 para 01.A.13.b: Work will not begin until the hazard
analysis for the work activity has been accepted by the Government’s
designated authority and discussed with all engaged in the activity, including
the contractor, subcontractor(s), and Government on-site representative.

                                                                                                     RECOMMENDED CONTROLS
                                                               (Note: Standard PPE required for this activity includes Hard Hat, Safety glasses with side protection, and safety-
                                           POTENTIAL            toe footwear. Additional PPE requirements are listed in this column depending on the hazard. This constitutes
            PRINCIPAL STEPS              SAFETY / HEALTH          the Workplace Hazard Assessment per 29 CFR 1910.132. Additional assessments and PPE selection when
                                            HAZARDS             needed will be documented on a JSA or daily briefing sign-in form and signed by the SSHO in accordance with
                                                                 ECC SOP ESQ 6.1. Hazard assessment and respirator selection for inhalation hazards are documented in the
                                                                                                      site Respiratory Protection Plan.)
                                         Unstable ground
   Visit Site and Identify any hazards   Overhead obstacles            Superintendent will survey before mobilization of the job.
                                         Swing radius
   Check Weather Conditions              Wind strength may
                                         cause loss of load            When wind strength poses a risk, Crane operator will not lift load until satisfied it is safe
                                         control.                       to do so. Maximum wind is 30mph. See ECC H&S for wind gauge if needed.
   Crane Inspection & USACE Testing      Potential defective           Check crane registration and verify crane operators certificates with those submitted
                                         parts and rigging,            Insure rigging crew are competent and know proper crane signals
                                                                       Verify Operators manual, logbook, inspection/maintenance reports, pre-start and daily

                                                                        “Principle Steps” column identify
                                                                        inspections are available and being performed.
                                         personnel                     Review Crane Inspection Checklist (Form 1191-J) in presence of USACE and verify all
                                                                        items prior to signing. Also perform load test.

   Communications                        Confusion
                                                                        “Sequences of Work” Distribution,
                                                                        New third party annual inspection will be performed onsite before load test.
                                                                        Establish clear communication protocols to control lifts (eg: radios clear without

                                                                        etc. Contractor
                                                                        interference, clear line of sight when using hand signals)
                                                                        Only the lead connector, crane operator, raising gang foreman, and superintendent will

   Set Up Crane                          Tip-Over                      “Construction Schedule or
                                                                        have radios to minimize unneeded communication
                                                                        Set up crane on level, well compacted and stable ground
                                                                        Construction Progress Chart” is a
                                         Crushing                       Outriggers must be cribbed and fully extended and secure
                                         Crane Topples                 Always develop a plan and consider what you are lifting
                                         Equipment failure         
                                                                        good guide to identify “Sequences of
                                                                        Keep clear all paths of travel
                                                                       Use of gloves whenever needed and avoid sharp edges
                                                                       Use nylon straps on boom sections to avoid damage
   Establish Exclusion Zones             Crushing, pinching        
                                                                        Counterweight swing area needs to be barricaded with red tape
                                                                        Insure precautions are in place regarding suspended loads over workers
                 AHA Step 3
• Step Three - Describe the hazards in each step
  of the task.
• One of the primary purposes of the AHA is to
  make the job safer.

• The information gathered in this step will be
  valuable in helping to eliminate and/or reduce
  hazards associated with the job, and improve
  the system weaknesses that produced them.
                                                 AHA Step 3
                                                                                                                            RECOMMENDED CONTROLS
                                                                             (Note: Standard PPE required for this activity includes Hard Hat, Safety glasses with side protection, and safety-toe footwear.
                                                      POTENTIAL SAFETY /        Additional PPE requirements are listed in this column depending on the hazard. This constitutes the Workplace Hazard
                          PRINCIPAL STEPS
                                                       HEALTH HAZARDS          Assessment per 29 CFR 1910.132. Additional assessments and PPE selection when needed will be documented on a JSA or
                                                                               daily briefing sign-in form and signed by the SSHO in accordance with ECC SOP ESQ 6.1. Hazard assessment and respirator
                                                                                                 selection for inhalation hazards are documented in the site Respiratory Protection Plan.)

           Slinging, lifting and landing loads    Load shifts, crushing.              Ensure proper rigging is used
                                                                                      Ensure employees are clear of load
                                                                                      Ensure a tag-line is used
                                                                                      Make sure lifting gear (wire rope chokers, nylon straps, shackles) are all of adequate capacity for
                                                                                       loads and that slings and attachments are stored correctly. All rigging equipment must be tagged.
                                                                                       If not tagged, must be taken out of service.

• “Potential
           Any power or electrical work           Contact with or
                                                  Exposure to electricity
                                                                                       GFCI’s are mandatory in the use of any and all electrical tools and/or equipment.
                                                                                       Electric power tools and equipment will be grounded or double insulated.

  Hazard” column                                  Electric shock

                                                                                       Inspect all power tools and electric flexible cords daily prior to use to ensure insulation and plug
                                                                                       connections are intact.
                                                                                       Do not use damaged or defective power tools.

  can have “General                                                                   Power tools with spliced or tapped cords will be tagged “Do Not Use” and removed from site

  Safety” as a
           Deck Installation                      Falls, Pinch Points,                100% Tie off while decking if parapet wall is under 42 inches.
                                                  Drops                      
  potential hazard                                                           
                                                                                       Never walk backwards with deck to avoid falling in the hole
                                                                                       Always keep hands on decking and set down, no “slinging” of deck

  to include minimal
           Grinding                               Eye protection, hand
                                                                                      Use face shield and gloves while grinding to avoid sparks or small pieces of metal from getting in
                                                                                       the eye or striking the face or hand

  PPE . “General
           Operate welding and cutting machines   o         Injury to eyes

                                                                                       Hot work permit required for all spark producing tools daily with fire watch.

                                                                                       Obtain fire permit-If not already on existing HOT permit, obtain new fire permit. Follow all

  Safety” should be                               o


                                                                                       conditions of permit (fire watch, fire extinguisher, etc.)
                                                                                       Inspect your equipment and ensure it is working properly and in good condition.
                                                                                       Use proper PPE (eye shields/welding helmets/clothing/gloves)

  identified for                                  o         Inhalation of
                                                                                       Ensure enough ventilation. Use smoke extractors if necessary.
                                                                                       Use barricades/barricade tape to prevent vehicle or pedestrian traffic through work area
                                                                                       Only personnel trained and qualified to operate welding equipment should do so.

  every phase of                                  o

                                                            Starting fire

                                                                             o         Properly dispose of cutting and welding spoils.

  work.                                           o         Pollution to
    Identifying types of hazards
• Acceleration: When we speed up
  or slow down too quickly
• Toxic: Toxic to skin and internal
• Radiation: Non-ionizing - burns,
  Ionizing - destroys tissue.
       Identifying types of hazards
• Ergonomics: Eight risk factors
   – 1. High Frequency;
   – 2. High Duration;
   – 3. High Force;
   – 4. Posture;
   – 5. Point of Operation;
   – 6. Mechanical Pressure;
   – 7. Vibration;
   – 8. Environmental Exposure.
      Identifying types of hazards
• Pressure: Increased pressure in hydraulic
  and pneumatic systems.
• Mechanical: Pinch points, sharp points
  and edges, weight, rotating parts, stability,
  ejected parts and materials, impact.
• Flammability/Fire: In order for combustion
  to take place, the fuel and oxidizer must be
  present in gaseous form.
     Identifying types of hazards
• Biological: Primarily airborne and
  blood borne viruses.
• Violence In The Workplace: Any
  violent act that occurs in the
  workplace and creates a hostile work
  environment that affects employees’
  physical or psychological well-being.
      Identifying types of hazards
• Explosives: Explosions result in large amounts
  of gas, heat, noise, light and over-pressure.
• Electrical Contact: Inadequate insulation,
  broken electrical lines or equipment, lightning
  strike, static discharge etc.
• Chemical Reactions: Chemical reactions can be
  violent, can cause explosions, dispersion of
  materials and emission of heat.
                Accident Types
• Struck-by:
  – A person is forcefully struck by an object. The
    force of contact is provided by the object.
• Struck-against:
  – A person forcefully strikes an object. The
    person provides the force or energy.
• Contact-by:
  – Contact by a substance or material that, by its
    very nature, is harmful and causes injury.
                 Accident Types
• Contact-with:
   – A person comes in contact with a harmful substance
     or material. The person initiates the contact.
• Caught-on:
   – A person or part of his/her clothing or equipment is
     caught on an object that is either moving or
     stationary. This may cause the person to lose
     his/her balance and fall, be pulled into a machine, or
     suffer some other harm.
• Caught-in:
   – A person or part of him/her is trapped, or otherwise
     caught in an opening or enclosure.
                Accident Types
• Caught-between:
   – A person is crushed, pinched or otherwise
     caught between a moving and a stationary
     object, or between two moving objects.
• Fall-to-surface:
   – A person slips or trips and falls to the surface
     he/she is standing or walking on.
• Fall-to-below:
   – A person slips or trips and falls to a level
     below the one he/she was walking or
     standing on.
                   Accident Types
• Over-exertion:
   – A person over-extends or strains himself/herself while
     performing work.
• Bodily reaction:
   – Caused solely from stress imposed by free movement of the
     body or assumption of a strained or unnatural body position.
     A leading source of injury.
• Over-exposure:
   – Over a period of time, a person is exposed to harmful energy
     (noise, heat), lack of energy (cold), or substances (toxic
                          Step 4 – Control Measures

                                                                                      RECOMMENDED CONTROLS
                                                (Note: Standard PPE required for this activity includes Hard Hat, Safety glasses with side protection, and safety-
                              POTENTIAL          toe footwear. Additional PPE requirements are listed in this column depending on the hazard. This constitutes
        PRINCIPAL STEPS     SAFETY / HEALTH        the Workplace Hazard Assessment per 29 CFR 1910.132. Additional assessments and PPE selection when
                               HAZARDS           needed will be documented on a JSA or daily briefing sign-in form and signed by the SSHO in accordance with
                                                  ECC SOP ESQ 6.1. Hazard assessment and respirator selection for inhalation hazards are documented in the
                                                                                       site Respiratory Protection Plan.)
Crane Operations            Avoiding personal           Crane tracks will be on firm, level, graded, and easily drainable ground. Also must
                            injury                       provide red tape in swing radius. All personnel must stay clear of this area.                               It is now time
                                                        Only Trained Personnel are to operate crane (Operator info submitted to USACE)
                                                        Use a Personal Fall Arrest System (PFAS). 100% tie off is the policy of Moore erection
                                                         any time an employee is working at heights of 6 feet or more above the ground surface.
                                                                                                                                                                     to identify
                                                         At no time shall any employee be without some type of fall protection when working at
                                                         these heights.                                                                                              the desired
                                                        Ensure that Daily Inspections are being completed
To help you come up with                                Ensure that any overhead obstructions will not affect the safe operation of the crane.                      control
                                                        Ensure a flagger is provided when necessary
ideas for the best                                      Ensure that ground conditions are appropriate for setting up crane.                                         Measures
                                                        Ensure that crane has a safe path and access when moving on jobsite.
solution ask the following:                             Ensure that all utilities, underground and above, will not affect the safety of crane                        for each

 (a) How can the conditions be
                                                        If and when a lift should become a “CRITICAL LIFT”, all operations must be stopped and
                                                         a Critical Lift Plan must be established and reviewed and signed by the crew and Health
                                                         and Safety department and USACE will be notified and plan submitted, prior to start of
 changed to                                              work.
100% Tie Off / Fall Protection                      
 eliminate the hazard? Falls                        
                                                         All employees follow 100% tie off above 6 feet at all times
                                                         Use of beamers, cheaters, rat lines, static lines, and perimeter cable is acceptable
                                                        All tie off anchors must be rated for 5,000 lbs
                                                        Roofing surfaces will be inspected for slipping surfaces and corrected.
(b) What can the employee do                        
                                                                                            “Recommended Controls” column identify
                                                         All hazards will be eliminated or effective measures in place to avoid them.
                                                        Any damaged portions of roof deck shall be repaired ASAP
to prevent an                                           Any holes 2” or larger must be covered and marked.
accident or eliminate the                           
                                                                                            site specific control measures to be
                                                         Supplies and materials shall not be stored within 10 feet of the edge of the building.

                                                                                           implemented to eliminate or reduce each
                                                         During adverse weather, roofing workers shall suspend work until hazardous conditions
                                                         no longer exist.
                                                                                            hazard identified in the “Potential Hazard”
                                                                                            column to an acceptable level.
          Engineering Controls
• Consist of substitution, isolation,
  ventilation, and equipment modification.
• These controls focus on the source of the
  hazard, unlike other types of controls that
  generally focus on the employee exposed
  to the hazard.
• The basic concept behind engineering
  controls is that, to the extent feasible, the
  work environment and the job itself should
  be designed to eliminate hazards or reduce
  exposure to hazards
      Management Controls
Management controls may result in
a reduction of exposure through
such methods as changing work
habits, improving sanitation and
hygiene practices, or making other
changes in the way the employee
performs the job.
  Personal Protective Equipment
When exposure to hazards cannot be
engineered completely out of normal
operations or maintenance work, and
when safe work practices and
administrative controls cannot provide
sufficient additional protection from
exposure, personal protective clothing
and/or equipment may be required.
Step Five – Safe Operating Procedure
            Equipment To Be Used                       Inspection Requirements                          Training Requirements
Crane                                        Daily                                           Company Approved
Rigging                                      Daily                                           Company Approved
Power Cords, Hand and power tools            Daily                                           Company Approved
Forklift                                     Daily                                           Certified

              Competent Person                                                          Activity
Dale Hegler                                  Foreman

                                        ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSIS
        List the                          Contractor: XYZ Industries
        competent person                                      ACTIVITY
        here                                                                      List training requirements for the phase of work
                                           ROOFING & SHEET                       METAL protection, confined space, HAZCOM,
                                                                                  such as fall
                                                                                  qualified equipment operators, safe use of ladders,
                                                                                  HAZWOPER, etc.
This Activity Hazard Analysis has been reviewed by the following personnel:

Name                                           Date               Name                                              Date

                        List equipment to be
                        used for the phase of
                        work such as crane,
                        backhoe, powder
                        actuated tools, electric
                        saws/drill, etc.
                                    LETS BUILD AN AHA
                                                      ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSIS

                                                             Contractor:        XYZ INDUSTRIES
                Prepared By:           JOHN DOE                              REVIEWED BY:                          DAVE WELLS – ECC 9-23-09

                                   ACTIVITY                                                                        GDA Reviewed By            /   Date

                    CHANGING A TIRE                                                                        Jason Castro 9-23-09
                                                                                                        RECOMMENDED CONTROLS
                                                                  (Note: Standard PPE required for this activity includes Hard Hat, Safety glasses with side protection, and safety-
                                             POTENTIAL             toe footwear. Additional PPE requirements are listed in this column depending on the hazard. This constitutes
         PRINCIPAL STEPS                   SAFETY / HEALTH           the Workplace Hazard Assessment per 29 CFR 1910.132. Additional assessments and PPE selection when
                                              HAZARDS              needed will be documented on a JSA or daily briefing sign-in form and signed by the SSHO in accordance with
                                                                    ECC SOP ESQ 6.1. Hazard assessment and respirator selection for inhalation hazards are documented in the
                                                                                                         site Respiratory Protection Plan.)
Personnel informed of emergency            Worker injuries and    Report all injuries to supervisor Immediately - no matter how minor.
procedures prior to performing any work    exposures
on site.                                                          Report all “Near-Miss” Incidents
All work to be performed will be done in
                                                                  Supervisors must complete a “Report of Injury” and turn into ECC as soon as possible.
accordance with OSHA, EM385 1-1, the
ECC Accident Prevention Plan and
applicable Base, State and Federal                                Injured workers must be escorted to nearby Medical facility.
safety requirements.
                                                                  No Cell Phone use while operating any pieces of equipment or working on ladders or scaffolding
Minimum PPE requirements                   Personal injury
                                                                  At a minimum the following PPE is required at all times (100%) while in the construction area:
                                                                        Hard Hat
                                                                        ANSI approved Safety Glasses w/ Side Shields
                                                                        Leather Work Boots steel or composite, minimum 6” high (No Tennis Shoes)
                                                                        High Visibility Vest
                                                                        Be mindful of site conditions poison ivy, snakes and insects for allergic reactions.
                                                                  * Spill kit must be on site and provided by contractor.
                                                                  Other PPE requirements will be task specific (ie., Hearing Protection, Face Shield, gloves must
                                                                  be worn as needed.)
                                                                  *Requirements also apply to all deliver personnel and vendors / suppliers who are coming on
                    LETS BUILD AN AHA
                                    ACTIVITY HAZARD ANALYSIS

                                   Contractor:          XYZ INDUSTRIES
    Prepared By:     JOHN DOE                        REVIEWED BY:                          DAVE WELLS – ECC 9-23-09

                   ACTIVITY                                                                GDA Reviewed By            /   Date

       CHANGING A TIRE                                                             Jason Castro 9-23-09
                                                                                RECOMMENDED CONTROLS
                                          (Note: Standard PPE required for this activity includes Hard Hat, Safety glasses with side protection, and safety-
                          POTENTIAL        toe footwear. Additional PPE requirements are listed in this column depending on the hazard. This constitutes
PRINCIPAL STEPS         SAFETY / HEALTH      the Workplace Hazard Assessment per 29 CFR 1910.132. Additional assessments and PPE selection when
                           HAZARDS         needed will be documented on a JSA or daily briefing sign-in form and signed by the SSHO in accordance with
                                            ECC SOP ESQ 6.1. Hazard assessment and respirator selection for inhalation hazards are documented in the
                                                                                 site Respiratory Protection Plan.)
     EM 385 vs. OSHA Requirements
• EM 385 includes some more stringent technical
  provisions than CFR 1926.
• In particular, the level of emphasis that EM 385
  places on employee training and job site inspections
  suggests that EM 385 views these two elements as
  being critical for preventing accidents.
• This makes sense because employee training is
  crucial for informing employees of the potential
  hazards to which they are exposed and the
  precautions that should be taken to mitigate those
  hazards, especially those that are not particularly
       EM 385 vs. OSHA Requirements
• EM 385 includes provisions for ongoing training, specifically section
  01.B.03 which requires that "safety meetings shall be conducted to review
  past activities, plan for new or changed operations, review pertinent
  aspects of appropriate activity hazards analyses (by trade), establish safe
  working procedures for anticipated hazards, and provide pertinent safety
  and health training and motivation."
• Meeting must be held at least once a week……….
       EM 385 vs. OSHA Requirements

•   Some other areas of stricter compliance in EM 385 are in areas such as :
     * Confined Space procedures
     * Cumulative Trauma Prevention.
     * Operations of All- Terrain Vehicles
     * Lock-out / Tag-out

• Each project is different and depending on the USACE QA,
  some areas of enforcement may be much stricter than on others, but
   ultimately the EM 385 1-1 must be your guideline
   for site H&S compliance in addition to any OSHA, city, state
   and any other applicable regulations.

• An online copy of EM 385 may be found at
Four Elements Of a Workplace Safety Program

• Element #1 - Management, Leadership and
  Employee Involvement.
• Element #2, 3 – Worksite Analysis and Hazard
  Prevention and Control.
• Element #4 – Safety and Health Training and
        REVIEW: What have we learned about
            developing a Safety Program
 A written APP can benefit our bottom line and the end result will depend on how
  well you implement your APP and manage your programs.
 Management must commit to safety and participate if APP is to get results.
 Written Safety Policy statement to get employee awareness & involvement .
 Displaying the required OSHA posters.
 Recordkeeping- Document everything
 Safety Analysis – Goal is to Eliminate Hazards - AHAs
 Health & Safety Training – Supervisor Key – All must be trained- Orientations
 Safety Inspection
 Immediate Accident Reporting and Accident Investigations
 Program Reviews


•   AHA – Activity Hazard Analysis
•   APP – Accident Prevention Plan
•   BMP - Best management practices
•   PPE – Personal Protective Equipment
•   DOD – Department of Defense
•   OSH – Occupational Safety and Health Program
•   OSHA – Occupational Safety and Health Administration
•   29 CFR – Code of Federal RegulationsHazWoper - 29 CFR 1910.120 - the OSHA / EPA requirement to have all
    employees trained if they will be handling, managing or shipping hazardous wastes.
•   USACE – United States Army Corps of Engineers
•   NFPA – National fire protection axsociation
•   PEL – Permissable exposure limit
•   RMP – Risk Management Plan
•   EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
Power Points – “Creating a Safety program for your small buisness”, Competent person,
confined space entry, office safety, lighting plan, safety orientation in Spanish, eye
safety, basic Electrical safety, Safety Representatives Training, Safety Supervisor training,
Safety Audits, Supervisors and managers responsibilities, Scaffold awareness Training,
LockOut/TagOut standard.

Numerous Safety Forms - SOP’s on LOTO, Fire Protection, Hand and Power tools,
Deficiency tracking log, Assured Grounding Program, ECCO SLIP reporting form,
AHA’s, Equipment inspection forms, daily excavation/trench form, Equipment inspection
stickers, fire extinguisher inspection forms, Crane inspection forms, Equipment operator
qualification forms, Demolition check list, contractors visitor sign in sheet, confined
space Pre-entry check list, HASP compliance agreement form, Safety audits and SITE
INSPECTION PROGRAM INSTRUCTIONS, Focus on 4 Poster, 1st aid log in sheet, Tailgate
meeting sign in sheet, PLAN OF THE DAY FORM, EM 383 1-1 crane critical lift ck. List.

ALSO, Sub-contractors Prequalification Packet for DOD work, Safety Orientation in
English/Spanish, Generic Health and Safety plan, Blank Accident Prevention plan, and A
sub-contractor Packet that needs filled in prior to working on DOD site.

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