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					Meet the Morphs!
What is a “morph”?
         Morpheme: the smallest word part that has meaning.
         Not to be confused with morphine, which is a drug.
         UNwise
         UNhealthy
         UNplanned
         The “UN” is only two letters, but it completely
         changes the meaning.
         So “un” is a morph.


         Morphs come in three flavors.


         Kevin Sydney, AKA Morph, of the X-Men.
         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:ChangelingC.jpg
                     The first flavor of morphs are called      Prefixes
                                                       • Attach to front of the word.
                                                       • Change meaning.
                                                       • Often show number or size.
                                                       • Often show direction.
                                                       • May have chameleon endings.
                                                       • Sometimes intensive.
                                                       • May be more than one, or none,
                                                         in a word.




http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vacuum_cleaner.jpg
What is a chameleon ending?
A chameleon is a lizard that changes color in order to fit in with his
surroundings.
                                                                                  Prefixes will
                                                                                  sometimes change
                                                                                  their last letter, so
                                                                                  that they fit in
                                                                                  better with the
                                                                                  sound of the next
                                                                                  morph.
                                                                                  For example:
                                                                                  In + Port = IMport
                                                                                  Ad + Tract =
                                                                                  ATtract
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Chameleon_-_Tanzania_-_Usambara_Mountains.jpg
                                                 Intensives
                                                      • Intensive means extreme, to the
                                                        max.
                                                      • Sometimes prefixes don’t
                                                        change meaning, but emphasize
                                                        the meaning instead.
                                                      De + Spoil = Despoil
                                                      • Despoil means to really wreck
                                                        something.
                                                      • “The Vikings despoiled the
                                                        town, so there wasn’t much left.”
          INFLAMMABLE
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hazard_F.svg        • Inflammable means really
                                                        flammable (easy to set on fire).
                                                  Roots
                                                          • Middle of the
                                                            word.
                                                          • Give meaning.
                                                          • Can usually
                                                            stand alone as a
                                                            word (e.g. Port,
                                                            Form, Press).
                                                          • May be more
                                                            than one.
                                                          • Every word has
                                                            at least one.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Koreni-00.JPG
                                                            Suffixes
                                                                       •Attach to end
                                                                        of the word.
                                                                       •Don’t change
                                                                        meaning.
                                                                       •Change part of
                                                                        speech.
                                                                       •Many are
                                                                        people-makers.
                                                                       •May be more
                                                                        than one, or
                                                                        none in a word.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:DRG_bobber_caboose_at_CRM.jpg
                               What are people-makers?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:God2-Sistine_Chapel.png




Many suffixes make verb into someone doing that action or make a noun
into someone using that object.
For example:
                 Guitar + ist =guitarist
                 Teach + er = teacher
                                                            http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:
                                                            HendrixWoodstockSSB.JPG
And now I will show you
my brilliant invention…




                          http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mad_scientist.svg
                              The Morph-O-Meter!
We use the Morph-O-Meter to analyze words and determine how many of each morph are in the
word.
The first window counts prefixes, the second roots, the third does suffixes.
Once we identify the morphs in a word, we can look at what each one
means and begin decoding the meaning of the whole word.
So how many prefixes, roots, suffixes are in this word?


                  Bicyclist
There is one prefix: bi


                  Bicyclist


                          1
There is one root: cycle


                  Bicyclist


                       1   1
There is one suffix: ist
So “bicyclist” has a Morph-O-Meter score of 1-1-1.

                 Bicyclist


                      1               1              1
Let’s try some more words.


                   Cyclops
Cyclops


 0    2   0
Recycle
Recycle


 1    1   0
Pressure
Pressure


 0     1   1
Antidepressant
Antidepressant


    2    1       1
                                  Sources
McNamara, Mary Colgan with Dorothy Colgan, Betsy Johnson, Laura Nanni, and
Bryan Hendrix In A Word Tampa: In A Word LLC, 2002

				
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