The Personal Interest
• Your idea that eventually develops into
a PIP needs to be connected to Society
• The key is to select appropriate
concepts that establish the
relationships of your topic to the
course and ensure that you use these
in your writing.
• What is my topic?
• Can I relate my topic to these fundamental
concepts of Society and Culture: persons,
society, culture, environment and time.
• Which key concepts of a depth study can I
use to help unlock my topic and keep my
PIP tightly related to the course?
• When I’m writing sections of my PIP, am I
integrating the concept I have chosen
smoothly and with understanding?
• Am I demonstrating social and cultural
The Nature of the PIP
• Synthesis of personal experience and
• It should integrate the micro and
macro worlds and be the result of
appropriate research methodologies.
• Flexibility and a willingness to take
• ‘Where can I get a good idea for a topic?’
• Passion needs to evolve as a driving force
behind your research.
– you could find yourself developing a real
interest in a topic as you research it;
– research into the topic could lead you to
discover a fresh direction or an entirely
– keep researching!
Sources and ideas
• Use these sources to help you with ideas:
– personal world;
– an issue that strikes you;
– social issues raised in the Preliminary course;
– social issues arising from films, novels, TV shows,
magazines and/or newspapers;
– inspiration from past PIPs;
– community issues and/or events;
– interests and hobbies;
– future career ideas.
• Research into some topic areas may
involve you in situations that either
put your safety at risk, or expose you
to information that is offensive and
• Objectivity means understanding your
research topic from a viewpoint that
disregards your own values and
perspectives [avoid bias].
• Primary research methodologies
require personal involvement with real
people, not individuals described in
books or journals.
• Social researchers face ethical issues
and an important one that you will
encounter is privacy [knowledge and
• To achieve the Society and Culture
goal of becoming socially and
culturally literate, you must
incorporate a cross-cultural
component. This means that you
should show some knowledge and
understanding of viewpoints other
than your own.
• The cross-cultural perspective needs
to be integrated into the central
material of the project, not just
outlined in your PIP introduction.
• Some examples:
– belief systems
Putting together your PIP
• The process of putting together your
PIP should be documented in a diary
• Buy one NOW!
A ‘GOOD’ PIP
The next step…
1. Defining: what do you want to find out?
2. Locating: where can you find out what you need
3. Selecting: is all the information you have
4. Synthesising: how can you best use your
5. Presenting: within the prescribed format of the
PIP, how can you best convey your information?
6. Evaluating: What have you learned from your PIP?