Mixed-Methods and Mixed-Model Designs by ewghwehws

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									 Mixed-Methods and
Mixed-Model Designs

      Leslie 9810008m
      Sarbina9810002m
Outline


 Definition and Characteristics
 Importance in Educational and Psychological
  research
 Philosophical Assumptions: Pragmatism, Mixing
  Paradigms, and Transformation
Definition and Characteristics


It uses both qualitative and quantitative
 methods in the design, data collection, and
 analysis.




First, using quantitative analysis, and then
 followed by content analysis of qualitative
 data.
Importance in Educational and Psychological research



 We are able to obtain a more complete picture of
  human behavior and experience.



 You have to provide broader and deeper
  understanding of the issue.
Philosophical Assumptions: Pragmatism, Mixing Paradigms,
and Transformation

 Pragmatic paradigm
      Researcher determines which method to
      use to answer a specific research question.
       e.g., find a problem/ issue and use a
        method for solutions.

     Conduct the study and anticipate the
      results based on researcher’s own values
      and explanations. (the result may match
      their value system)
Philosophical Assumptions: Pragmatism, Mixing Paradigms,
and Transformation



   Transformative paradigm

        Emphasize minority group’s values and
         viewpoints for “social change”.
Mixed-Methods/Models
      Designs Options
Mixed-Methods/Models Designs:
4 options

Pragmatic parallel mixed-methods

Pragmatic sequential mixed-methods

Transformative parallel mixed-methods

Transformative sequential mixed-methods
Pragmatic parallel mixed-methods

 Purpose: To answer researcher’s questions

 Collect quantitative and qualitative data

  simultaneously or with a small time lag.

 No data analysis
Pragmatic sequential mixed-method

 Purpose: To answer researcher’s questions

 Collect and analyze one type of data as a basis

  for another type of data.

  ex: Quantitative        Qualitative

 The second strand of research is to confirm or

  disconfirm the first strand
Transformative parallel mixed-method

 Purpose: To promote social or political change

 Focus on marginalized groups’ opinions

 Collect quantitative and qualitative data

  simultaneously or with a small time lag.

 No data analysis
Transformative sequential mixed-method
 Purpose: To promote social or political change

 Focus on marginalized groups’ opinions

 Collect and analyze one type of data as a basis
  for another type of data.

  ex: Quantitative        Qualitative

 The second strand of research is to confirm or
  disconfirm the first strand
  Questions for Critically
Analyzing Mixed-Methods
               Research
 Inference quality would be termed internal
  validity (quantitative) or trustworthiness
  (qualitative).

 Consistency means the appropriate usage of
  research purpose, questions and methods.

 Need to link the conflicts between quantitative
  and qualitative.

 Need to take demographic factors into account.

  ex: gender/ reading or writing level/ disability
Questions you need to ask
               yourselves
 What are your purposes and questions?

 Do you use the appropriate methods to your
  purposes and questions?

 To what extent do you have to adhere to the
  criteria that define quality for the quantitative
  portion of the study?(ex: internal validity,
  external validity, reliability, objectivity)
 To what extent do you have to adhere to the
  criteria that define quality for the qualitative
  portion of the study?(ex: credibility,
  transferability, dependability, confirmability,
  authenticity, transformative)

 How do you solve conflicts during the process of
  design and implementation of the study?

 What is the limitations for generalization?
 How do you integrate the results from the mixed-
  methods? How do you explain the conflicting
  findings if necessary?

 How do you control and explain the factors of
  gender, language levels, etc?
Thank you for listening

								
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