"Maroon Bells-Snowmass WildernessAspen � Sopris and Gunnison "
This document is part of the Wilderness Interpretation and Education Toolbox on http://www.wilderness.net/toolboxes/ Wilderness Education Plan Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness Aspen – Sopris and Gunnison Ranger District White River National Forest, Colorado, Region 2 February 28, 2005 There is not as much wilderness out there as I wish there were, there is more inside than you think. -David Brower Prepared by: Aurora Palmer and Martha Moran February 2005 Reviewed by: Kai Allen and Beth Boyst February 2005 Approved by: District Rangers Bill Westbrook Aspen-Sopris RD James Dawson Gunnison RD 2/10/2012 The Forest Service and Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness education mission The mission of the US Forest Service is “Caring for the land, and serving people.” The mission of the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness (MBSW) education plan is to allow people of all corners of the world to appreciate the beauty of the Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness and to be so deeply influenced by the solitude and beauty of the Wilderness that it forms an inner appreciation for oneself and the outdoors. Goals of this education plan The Aspen- Sopris Ranger District and the Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness education program seeks to: 1. Expand the public’s appreciation and knowledge of Wilderness through education about wilderness legislation, national forest management, and the human and natural history of its wilderness areas. 2. Manage wilderness recreation to provide high quality experiences with minimal restrictions of visitor activities, except as necessary to protect the biophysical resource and character of the Wilderness. 3. Allow a diverse group of individuals the opportunity to learn about Wilderness i.e. the Roaring Fork Valley’s growing Hispanic population, school children, outfitters, horse users, locals, and tourists. Introduction to Wilderness Program of the Aspen- Sopris Ranger District and Gunnison Ranger District Aspen – Sopris Ranger District on the White River National Forest and Gunnison Ranger District on the GMUG National Forest are stewards of the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness. The Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness was one of five areas in Colorado designated wilderness in the original Wilderness Act of 1964. The Wilderness Act of 1964 was passed “In order to assure that an increasing population, accompanied by expanding settlement and growing mechanization, does not occupy and modify all areas within the United State and its possessions, leaving no lands designated for preservation and protection in their natural condition, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress to secure for the American people of present and future generations the benefits of an enduring resource of wilderness.” (Section 2A). Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness The Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness (MBSW) is renowned for the twin 14,000 ft. peaks known as the Maroon Bells. The MBSW is world-famous for its impressive mountains, sparkling lakes, and colorful flower-splashed meadows. The Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory in Gothic conducts world-class ecological research of mountain ecosystems. The Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness (MBSW) presently comprises 181,512 acres. The MBSW Wilderness is easily accessed by Highway 82 (from the towns of Aspen, Basalt, and El Jebel) on its north and Highway 133 (from the -2- 2/10/2012 towns of Carbondale, Redstone, and Marble) on its west side. Several southern trailheads are accessed by dirt roads of varying difficulty from the town of Crested Butte. Elevations range from about 8,000 feet to well over 14,000 feet. There are six mountain peaks over 14,000 feet, all of which are located in the Elk Mountains. The area is quite steep. Most of the level areas are located in the valley bottoms. The U-shaped valleys are typical of those created by glaciers. This Wilderness has a rich and colorful mining history. The beginnings of the silver boom in these mountains started in 1879 and shortly after mining camps were established at Ashcroft, Gothic, Schofield, Marble, and Crystal. Mines thrived until the early 1890s, when the silver market crashed and a mass exodus left most of the mining towns vacant. Rembrandts of the mining era are scattered throughout the Wilderness The Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness receives heavy recreational use, with an estimated 120,000 people visiting annually. The majority of visitation is by day-hikers and overnight backpackers. Hunters are attracted to the area especially during the fall. Permitted commercial uses include horseback riding, fishing, hunting, and hiking. Management issues in Maroon Bells-Snowmass include: ► resource damage from improper travel and camping techniques ► concentrated use and associated impacts at specific locations (Conundrum, Crater Lake, East Maroon, Cathedral Lake, Copper Creek Trail and Copper Lake, Snowmass Lake, American Lake, Thomas Lake, and Capital Lake. ► outfitter/guide practices (excessive group sizes and physical and social impacts caused by improper stock use. ► threats to wildlife (unleashed dogs and overused trails threatens the natural habitat of a variety of species). ► social impacts (crowding at high use-destinations within the Wilderness and loss of solitude). ► Lack of Wilderness ethics, knowledge, and understanding of the Wilderness resource. ► Threat of invasive and noxious weeds. Present Wilderness Education Program for the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness: Maroon Bells RFTA Bus Tour - 26 year partnership in road restriction (1977) to protect the scenic values and minimize pollution and conflicts by providing interpretive bus service from mid June to Labor Day daily and weekends in September. Encourage use of Mass transportation Aspen Highlands Visitor Information Displays - Provide front liner information while operation of ticket sales outlets at Pro Mountain Sports and info displays Maroon Bells Customer Service Technicians Maroon Bells Entrance Station Maroon Bells Scenic Area Interpretation Displays -3- 2/10/2012 Maroon Bells Information Area Contact Station Maroon Bells Amphitheatre Aspen Center for Environmental Studies partnership – Non Profit organization dedicated to educating and interpretation to the Maroon Bells Public – forging intellectual and emotional connections between people and the Maroon Bells, 12 year in partnership and station two naturalists at Maroon Lake seven days a week. 1297 people participated on nature walks 6/14-8/31 and contacted 8,849 at the info desk. White River Interpretive Association Volunteer Wilderness Rangers- Distribute information about White River NF and natural history and education, Volunteer training development and recruitment, Volunteer corps 32, develop Volunteer Ranger Field Guide and summer skill Wilderness Workshop partnership – founded in 1967 it is a non profit local grassroots organization working for the ecological health of the White River National Forest and help the ranger district on several key health of the wilderness monitoring projects in the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness through air and water sampling and invasive weed inventorying. Roaring Fork Outdoor Volunteers - Several key trail volunteer projects in Maroon Valley over past 10 years including National Trails Day 2004 and Maroon Lake trail project Pitkin County - Working with USFS presently on determining local solutions for maintaining public lands specifically for Maroon Bells Scenic Area. RFTA board of directors Required Registration Field contacts by USFS Wilderness Rangers Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory Crested Butte Chamber of Commerce Wilderness Education Issues The primary issues the wilderness program is trying to address through education, referenced in the preceding overviews of the Maroon Bells-Snowmass wilderness, are summarized below: ► resource damage ► high use in semi-primitive locations ► outfitter/guide violations: rangers educate the public on the importance of a regulated permit system for commercial activities of public lands. ► threats to wildlife: rangers rove on highly used trails to focus on the importance of leashed dogs and staying on the designated trails. ► social impacts: rangers educate the public about the importance of solitude in wilderness. ► need to educate the public on wilderness ethics: rangers and Forest Service officials participate in wilderness talks about the importance of keeping the wilderness pristine and unimpacted. -4- 2/10/2012 These topics are important to the Maroon Bells-Snowmass wilderness, but broader wilderness issues are equally important. Specific topics include: ► the purpose and intent of the Wilderness Act of 1964. ► history of wilderness legislation ► wilderness character, values, philosophy, and ethics ► wilderness management and how it relates to other federal land management objectives and laws. Additionally, wilderness rangers have the opportunity to educate the public on general national forest issues. Certain broader topics include: ► the history of the Forest Service and the role of Wilderness in its multiple use mandate ► specific management issues on the GMUG and White River National Forest ► the issues and roles of other agencies and partners Description of Wilderness Education Staff Consistent Wilderness management has been difficult and challenging during the past five years as a result of wide fluctuations within a generally decreasing budget trend. Reduced budgets for wilderness management translate into less field presence, and an ever-increasing workload for Wilderness managers. The tasks of trail maintenance, monitoring, public education, and restoration of impacted sites is becoming increasingly difficult to accomplish within current budget allocations and wilderness management direction. The employees of the wilderness program on the Aspen Ranger District are supervised by the Wilderness Manager with leadership provided by District Ranger. Presently there is one GS-11 wilderness field manager, who oversees several field staff positions: Wilderness, Trails and Special Areas on the Aspen-Sopris Ranger District (in process of combination). Aspen-Sopris Ranger District field staff in 2004 included: • one permanent-seasonal GS-7 wilderness and trails crew leader • one seasonal GS-5 wilderness/dispersed recreational ranger • two permanent GS-5 VIS to educate visitors about wilderness values before entering the wilderness at the Aspen and Sopris Ranger Stations • two or more temporary student interns • 28 trained White River Interpretive Association (WRIA) wilderness ranger volunteers. Staffing on the Gunnison Ranger District includes the Recreation Staff Officer who supervises the Wilderness/Winter Sports/Wilderness Special Uses Coordinator. Line officer authority lies with the District Ranger. Gunnison Ranger District Field Staff in 2004 included: -5- 2/10/2012 One GS-7 Trails/Wilderness technician (permanent part-time; 30% wilderness) Two seasonal GS-5 Wilderness Rangers (100% Wilderness) Two PFT GS-5 Visitor Services positions located at the Gunnison Ranger District (5% Wilderness). Their primary duties of Wilderness Rangers include: • monitoring trail conditions and the clearing and basic maintenance of some trails • Education and law enforcement efforts aimed at minimizing known or anticipated illegal activities within wilderness • updating maps and other materials to reduce the need for trail signing. • education that conveys appropriate (Leave No Trace) ethics and techniques to the publics Visitor Information Services Visitor Information Services (VIS) has been identified as at least part of the solution to most problems discussed regarding wilderness education. However, it is apparent that the current efforts in VIS are inadequate. The VIS task has always appeared almost insurmountable. In part, this is because of the perceived inexperience of the typical MBSW visitor and the belief that these people were coming from all over the country, making VIS efforts more complex and expensive. Current VIS efforts: VIS efforts have varied greatly from one District to the next and from year to year. Currently the Sopris Ranger District and the Aspen Ranger District are merging offices and one of the permanent- full time VIS employees recently transferred positions within the White River National Forest. There is a vacancy of this position, thus the two districts continue to struggle to relay adequate wilderness education to the public. Once this position has been filled, there will be a meeting regarding the duties and roles of VIS employees. Besides front desk staffing VIS efforts include: trailhead displays on all Districts include a copy of the special orders. The Aspen Districts provide a bulletin board which also displays a topographic map of the area accessed by the trailhead with suggested campsites identified. Symbols indicating that dogs must be leashed and that bikes are prohibited are also displayed. Mandatory registration boxes are provided at all Aspen and Sopris District trailheads with a message requesting that all overnight visitors register. Brochures are available at the Aspen, Sopris, and Gunnison District offices on minimum impact camping, regulations, management concerns, and suggested visitor behavior in specific problem areas. VIS information is also dispensed through contact with Wilderness Rangers, Campground Hosts, and campground recreation technicians. Only the Wilderness Rangers have received adequate orientation in the past to adequately assist in the wilderness VIS program. The biggest challenge facing both districts wilderness program is the lack of funding to support educational actions. It is well proven that the most effective Wilderness education occurs in the field by knowledgeable staff. Consistent under funding translates into an inadequate field presence, consequently limiting field-based education efforts. -6- 2/10/2012 Target Audiences for Wilderness Education *See Appendix A for a complete list of Outfitter/Guide and School Directory Local Governments and their affiliates: Pitkin County, are cooperators in delivering educational messages to tourists, school children, and the general public at the Maroon Bells scenic area. Roaring Fork Transit Authority provides a mandatory bus tour to the Maroon Bells from June to September which presents a comprehensive history of the Maroon Valley and the proper wilderness techniques. Education Institutions: Aspen School District, funds Wilderness Education for all grades by taking students on Outdoor Education Programs, providing buses to wilderness portals, and educating the students the values of wilderness. Colorado Rocky Mountain School, orientates new students by taking them on a 10-day Wilderness backpacking trip and educates students on values and the history. Also incorporates wilderness education through readings and on hands situations. They take wilderness values very seriously and are properly informed. Outward Bound, takes group of kids into the wilderness for extended amounts of time and educates them on the importance of solitude in wilderness. Re-1 School District, Unfortunately, the majority of public schools in the Roaring Fork Valley do not have an adequate wilderness education forum included in their curriculum. Waldorf School of the Roaring Fork, starts teaching students at a young age on the importance of outdoor leadership and wilderness ethics. Aspen Country Day School, participates in a variety of activities for its students. They go on raft and hut trips as well as backpacking for the older kids. They believe that students need to experience the wilderness in order to better understand it. Carbondale Community School, engages kids in Outdoor Education as well as more intense wilderness sessions. They teach their students wilderness ethics while hiking and camping during school field trips. Western State College -7- 2/10/2012 Colorado Mountain College, Karl Oliver, an interpretive specialist at the Aspen District, teaches classes on wilderness values as well as a geological and natural history of the area. Non-Government Organizations and Non-Profit Agencies: White River Interpretive Association: promotes and provides education, interpretation, and stewardship of the natural and cultural resources of the public lands on the White River National Forest. They have many wilderness volunteers working to connect individuals with the Forest. Aspen Center for Environmental Studies: a group of student interns educate the public, school kids, and tourists about the natural history, ecology, and geology of the Maroon Bells, Ashcroft, and local ski areas. All of their activities are hands-on which helps build people’s appreciation for the outdoors and the wilderness. Wilderness Workshop: creates public activities to discuss conservation of the wilderness. They also create wilderness days where the public can go out and experience wilderness and learn about wilderness values and ethics. High Country Citizens Alliance Public: Day hikers Horses Backpackers Photographers Stock users Campers at Silver Bar, Bell, Queen Hunters Anglers Climbers It is important that these groups are properly educated about the wilderness before embarking on their journey. Failure to know proper etiquette can lead to social impacts to semi-primitive and pristine areas. Action Plans for Wilderness Education To consider all the various problems and audiences the wilderness program will monitor the following actions to execute its education plan: Action Plan # 1: High use areas Problem: Levels of use meet or exceed capacity as a result of excessive overnight use at Conundrum Hot Springs, Snowmass Lake, Thomas Lakes and Capitol Lake, Copper Lake on weekend days, holidays, and several weeks in July and August. Capacity is met or exceeded in five compartments as a result of excessive day use -8- 2/10/2012 originating from two trailheads. Day use levels are too high at Cathedral Lake particularly on weekends. The excessive day use in the Crater Lake, West Maroon, Bucksin and Willow Lake compartments originates from the single trailhead at Maroon Lake. Also East fork West Maroon Pass, as well as “the Aspen to Crested Butte” hike. Education Strategies and Solutions: In high use areas where visitors exceed capacity as a result of excessive use there are two forms of measures that can be taken, 1) indirect measures, and 2) direct measures. Table 1 illustrates these procedures: Table 1 Indirect Direct Least Restrictive ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬► More Restrictive VIS Only VIS and Mandatory Area Permit Permit System & Registration→ Designated Sites → Registration → Closures → System → Designated Sites A range of methods are possible to reduce visitor use patterns. These vary to the degree in which the visitor is restricted. The methods chosen depend on the severity, timing, and scope of the specific problem(s) being addressed, and on the success of methods already in place. More direct and visitor restrictive methods may be necessary if conditions continue to decline. Improving conditions may allow a move to less restrictive methods to meet wilderness management objectives. Wilderness ranger duties must attempt to remedy specific problems. 1) To reduce the use of problem areas a) Inform visitors of disadvantages of problem areas and advantages of alternative areas. b) Make access more difficult (remove log crossings). c) Eliminate facilities or attractions (hot springs pools). d) Encourage or require length of stay limits. e) Limit numbers of people in problem areas. 2) Modify the location of use within problem areas. a) Discourage or prohibit camping and/or stock use on some sites and/or locations. b) Encourage or permit camping and/or stock use only on certain campsites and/or locations. c) Segregate different kinds of users. 3) Modify timing of use a) Encourage use outside of peak times. b) Discourage of prohibit use when impact potential is high. 4) Modify type of use and visitor behavior a) Discourage or prohibit particularly damaging practices and/or equipment. b) Teach a wilderness ethic c) Encourage or require a party size limit and/or stock limit. d) Discourage or prohibit pets. e) Discourage or prohibit overnight use. 5) Modify visitor expectations -9- 2/10/2012 a) Inform visitors about appropriate wilderness uses. b) Inform visitors about conditions they may encounter in the wilderness. Currently, visitor use in the Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness is managed through VIS efforts, regulations, designated sites, and mandatory registration boxes at each trailhead. Camping is prohibited within 100 feet of all lakes, streams, and trails. Another direct method is camping in designated sites only within ¼ mile of Conundrum Hot Springs and Crater Lake. Camping is permitted at designated sites only at Thomas Lakes although this is not supported by regulations. Action Plan #2: Managing day and overnight use Problem: High use in destination areas and corridor trails Solutions: Action Items for Overnight Use Management Use VIS program to reduce use at Conundrum Hot Springs, Snowmass Lake, and Capitol Lake. Do analysis to reevaluate the capacity in those areas within the next year. Use VIS to redistribute use from Thomas, Geneva, and Avalanche Lakes. The Aspen- Sopris Ranger District could establish and publicize a voluntary one day stay limit within one mile of Conundrum Hot Springs; however, these efforts would never be monitored and enforced due to lack of funding and resource of field presence. Investigate the possible applications, positive and negative effects, of various permit systems for the MBSW. Investigate permit systems for individual compartments as well as wilderness as a whole. Again, if the Aspen Ranger District decided to enforce a permit system to Conundrum Hot Springs the monitoring of the system could be neglected due to lack of funding. Problem: Day use originating from Maroon Lake may be the single most important use and capacity problem. The management direction for High Density area is to achieve a Semi-Primitive setting. Currently, bus ridership is to be reduced only if capacities are exceeded for the dispersed and developed recreation setting at the Maroon Lake and Campground Areas. The limiting factor in the Maroon Valley is the adjacent wilderness setting. Solutions: Action Items for Day Use Management Monitor numbers of buses to Maroon Lake. Monitor levels of use at Maroon Lake to determine if and/or when use exceeds meadow capacity. Complete a survey of visitors to Maroon Lake to determine how they were directed to Maroon Valley. Reduce the number of buses per hour, or number of tickets sold per hour if or when Maroon Lake capacity is exceeded. Explore all options to improve accessibility and usability of non wilderness trail option in Maroon Valley to reduce pressure on wilderness trails; require T-Lazy Seven to remove horse manure on the Maroon Creek Trail from the upper parking lot to the East Maroon Portal three times per week during the summer months. Also complete improvements to the scenic trail. Use VIS program to reduce and redistribute day use to areas and times of low use. •Aspen District-promote city and county trails over Forest Service Trails. Promote non-wilderness trails over wilderness options, i.e., Sunnyside, Brush Creek, Ute, Hunter Creek, and Red Rim trails. Do not promote use on trails in Maroon Valley to visitors not already planning to go there. - 10 - 2/10/2012 •Maroon Valley- promote non-wilderness hikes, i.e., Maroon Creek Trail over wilderness options. Promote the East Maroon Trail and Scenic Trail over hikes toward Crater Lake. Discourage hikes to Crater Lake particularly during peak times of 10:00AM to 5:00PM. Create a loop from the Maroon Information Center (MIC) to the Maroon Creek Trail. •Cathedral Lake- Discourage hikes on weekends. Action Plan #3: Outfitter Guides are properly trained and aware of wilderness ethics Problem: The continued existence of illegal outfitters and the inability to adequately administer existing permits. In addition, the Maroon Bells Outfitters have consistently generated complaints from hikers about excessive horse damage and manure on the East Maroon Trail. Solution: Monitor the level of use and resource degradation and visitor conflict on the East Maroon Trail. If necessary, establish a schedule to reduce commercial horse use. Work with Maroon Bells Outfitters to find day ride options outside of maroon Valley in order to reduce conflicts and levels of use on Maroon Valley trails. Adopt a standard of one visit, by the District outfitter-guide administrator, to each camp per season. Also, when possible, use announced and unannounced visits and Wilderness Rangers to exceed this standard. Have Wilderness Rangers or outfitter-guide administrator to bring each outfitter up to speed with Wilderness ethics and values before the start of each season. Action Plan #4: The use of proper and permitted campfires Problem: Currently, campfires are prohibited within 100 feet of lakes, streams, or trails, or within ¼ mile of tree line or above. Campfires are also prohibited within the entire Bear Creek drainage or within ¼ mile of Conundrum Hot Springs, Snowmass Lake, Copper Lake, Geneva Lake, Cathedral Lake, and within ½ mile of Crater Lake. The problem that the Aspen Ranger District faces is the excess of illegal campfires that Wilderness Rangers locate and remove. Illegal campfire rings continue to be a major task of the Wilderness ranges, indicating there is a low public awareness of this problem. Solutions: Maintain and establish signs in all wilderness areas to inform the public of these campfire closures. •Replace existing sign on approach to Crater Lake from West Maroon. Have Ranger at entrance station reiterate the restriction of campfires. •Replace signs on approaches to Copper Lake. •Replace sign on Minnihaha side of Buckskin Pass, and install sign on the Snowmass side of Buckskin Pass. •Establish a new signage at Conundrum Hot Springs. Signs should be placed before arriving to the Hot Springs as well as one around campsites. •Maintain a record of illegal fire rings removed to monitor the effectiveness of closures. •Remove existing rock fire rings at Crater Lake, Capitol Lake, Conundrum Hot Springs, Copper Lake, •Revise bulletin board at Crater Lake to reflect campfire closure. - 11 - 2/10/2012 •Emphasize use of gas stoves and minimum impact campfire techniques in VIS effort. Shoe the method of constructing a pit fire without a rock ring, and explain management’s use of rock fire rings to identify or establish campsites where use is encouraged. •Have Wilderness Rangers patrol high use areas and when illegal fires are discovered and the camper is present, a ticket will be issued. Action Plan #5: Reduce the presence of heavy horse use in high use areas Problem: The public has expressed concern concerns about trail damage and excessive horse manure specifically on the East Maroon Trail and along the Maroon-Snowmass Trail. Damage from poor horsemanship is evident in several areas. Damage to bark and roots of trees from tethering directly to trees, rather than highlining or hobbling, is a common problem. Excessive horse manure on the East Maroon, Snowmass, Avalanche, Copper, and Twin Lake drainages is also a concern. The main causes of the problems associated with horse use are the following: •Lack of knowledge about minimizing horse impacts on the part of the horse user •Lack of knowledge and experience about minimizing horse impacts on the part of the wilderness rangers and outfitter/guides •Lack of suitable terrain in some areas for horse camping. •Lack of understanding and/or acceptance on the part of the general public about the role of horse use in wilderness •The inherent conflict that will occur when hikers use the same trails as horses Solutions: Wilderness Rangers contact all observed horse parties, to promote low impact techniques, and provide information on appropriate camping areas. Collect information on the volume and impact of horse traffic at Conundrum Hot Springs, and Crater Lake. Use VIS effort to reduce impacts from horse users. Develop presentations for trailheads, offices, and for brochures that promote low impact camping techniques and selection of trip routes and camp locations most appropriate to horse use. •Display information on appropriate and inappropriate locations for horse camping at trailheads with heavier horse use (East Maroon, Snowmass, Capitol, Avalanche, and Copper) •Identify and contact local horseman organizations to promote low impact techniques •Stress low impact horse camping techniques in outfitter-guide operations Provide low impact horse-camping training to wilderness rangers and office VIS personnel. Action Plan #6: Inform public of importance of leashed dogs Problem: Unleashed dogs are a significant problem in all of the heavily used areas of the wilderness. Public input has consistently shown a preference for dogs to be leashed in this Wilderness. There has been an overall lack of personnel and commitment to enforce this Special Order. Unleashed dogs detract from the wilderness experience of - 12 - 2/10/2012 others and create conflict with wildlife. Dogs off a leash are a safety concern to individuals on horseback as well as hikers. Solution: Use VIS efforts to publicize the special orders prohibiting unleashed dogs, and requiring leashes, through local media, trailheads, and brochures. Unfortunately, the number of wilderness rangers that are currently employed with the Aspen District cannot monitor every trail, thus there is no accurate way to enforce unleashed dogs. The only way to truly monitor unleashed dogs would be with a large wilderness crew that could spend the majority of their time on trails, writing tickets for unleashed dogs. Action Plan #7: Wilderness ethics and values need to be delivered to the public Problem: An issue that the Aspen/Sopris Ranger District is faced with is the absence of public knowledge on outdoor education and wilderness values. The Aspen District has the resources to present wilderness ethics; however, there are not a sufficient amount of rangers to deliver the educational components of wilderness etiquette. Thus, are forest is blemished with illegal camp rings, manure, litter, human waste, and unleashed dogs. It is the Aspen District’s responsibility to provide an awareness of what wilderness is, so that our visitors respect and comprehend wilderness and its qualities. Solution: Take more of an initiative to educate all visitors of the Maroon Bells- Snowmass Wilderness so that when they leave our wilderness they carry proper ethics to the next wilderness they enter. The tools we have can be utilized in a range of educational practices. Tools: •LNT materials (booklets) •Keep Wilderness Wild Handout on Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wilderness Regulations •Wilderness Box •ACES tours at Maroon Bells, Ashcroft, Ski Areas •Camp fire talks with Smokey Bear •Interpretive talks at Maroon Amphitheater •VIS efforts - 13 - 2/10/2012 Appendix A: Aspen/Sopris Ranger District Outfitter and Guide Directory, 2004-2005. Commercial Guides- Operating in or adjacent to the Maroon Bells Snowmass Wilderness area Permittee Address/Phone/email: Guided Activities, Areas, Seasons Aspen Alpine Guides TMTA mountain bike or hiking hut trips in summer, Scott Messina Winter snowshoeing and skiing, Winter hut trips Braun/TMTA, P.O. Box 12143 Summer rock climbing up Independence Pass, Aspen, CO 81612 Summer mountaineering, summer hiking. (970) 925-6618 firstname.lastname@example.org Aspen Expeditions TMTA/Braun winter hut trips, ice climbing, backcountry skiing/ Dick Jackson snowboarding, summer rock climbing, alpine mountaineering, and P.O. Box 2432 avalanche education. Aspen, CO 81611 (970) 925-7625 www.aspenexpeditions.com Aspen Wilderness Outfitters Summer horse pack trips in the Hunter-Fryingpan Wilderness, Steve and Sandy Rieser Archery hunting in the Hunter-Fryingpan Wilderness. 0554 Valley Road Carbondale, CO 81623 (970) 963-0211 www.aspenwilderness.com Aspen Trout Guides Fishing: backcountry lakes and streams, Fryingpan/Roaring Fork Scott Nichols rivers. P.O. Box 3035 Aspen, CO 81612 (970) 429-0101 W (970) 925-6775 H A.J. Brink Outfitters Overnight horsepacking trips in the Maroon Bells-Snowmass Jim Brink Wilderness. Glendevey Route Colorado Via: Jelm, WY 82063 (970) 435-5707 Avalanche Outfitters Day horseback rides, guided hunting and drop camps, bighorn Mike Schilling sheep hunting. (Redstone area or the Maroon Bells Wilderness). 11382 Highway 133 Carbondale, CO 81623 (970) 963-2942 Blazing Adventures Biking: Ashcroft and Maroon Lake downhill tours, Sunnyside Bob and Laurel Harris mountain biking; Hiking: Aspen area wilderness hikes; - 14 - 2/10/2012 P.O. Box 5068 Jeep Tours: Aspen area 4wd roads; Winter snowshoeing and Snowmass Village, CO 81615 hut ski trips. (970) 923-4544 (This is also Elk Mtn. Guides). www.blazingadventures.com Crystal River Tours Jeep tours of the Crystal River, Marble area. Mario and Christy Villalobos 620 West Park Street Marble, CO 81623 (970) 963-1991 Hawk Creek Outfitters Hunting and Packing services, (Redstone area). Rick Edinger P.O. Box 326 Meeker, CO 81641 (970) 878-5161 OutWest Guides Summer horseback/hunting in the Gary Hubbell Marble area/Raggeds Wilderness; Guided hunting and drop camps 711 West Park Street in the Marble area. Marble, CO 81623 (970) 704-1313 www.outwestguides.net Don DeLise Outfitting Fishing: Fryingpan and Roaring Fork Rivers. Don DeLise P.O. Box 345 Woody Creek, CO 81656 (970) 923-3474 Snowmass Falls Ranch Summer horseback rides in the Maroon Bells Wilderness; Hunting Mat Turnbull, Robert Perry and packing services. (primary use is to Snowmass Lake). 0163 Mt. Sopris Ranch Carbondale, CO 81623 (970) 963-2880 Stajduhar Ranches Guided/Drop hunting services. John Stajduhar P.O. Box 7 Snowmass, CO 81654 (970) 858-3760 Maroon Bells at T Lazy 7 Summer horseback rides in the Maroon Valley, overnight horse- Dan MacEachen back trips; Hunting and packing services. 3125Maroon Creek Road - 15 - 2/10/2012 Aspen, CO 81611 T Lazy 7 Winter Snowmobile Tours 3129 Maroon Creek Road Aspen, CO 81611 tlazy7.com Non-Commercial/Educational Guides 1. Aspen Center for Environmental Studies Year round environmental interpretive tours and special Tom Cardamone field classes. 100 Puppy Smith St Aspen, CO 81611 (970) 925-5756 2. Aspen School District various trips with Middle School students in fall and winter. Mike Taylor 235 High School Road Aspen, CO 81612 (970) 379-7026 3. Colorado Mtn. College rock climbing, backpacking and mountaineering courses, winter Bruce Kime snow courses. 3000 County Road 114 Glenwood Springs, CO 81601 (970) 945-7481 4. CRMS summer/fall/winter trips with students- backpacking, cycling, ski- Darryl Fuller service projects. 1493 County Rd. 106 Carbondale, CO 81623 (970) 963-2562 5. Outward Bound West Summer backpacking/mountaineering courses in the Marble area P.O. Box 1789 of the Maroon Bells-Snowmass wilderness. Leadville, CO 80461 (970) 486-2444 6. Aspen Camp School for the Deaf Backpacking trips in the Maroon Bells-Snowmass Wild. one Tim Blocker week each summer. P.O. Box 1494 Aspen, CO 81612 (970) 923-2511 - 16 - 2/10/2012 7. Camp Pemigawassett Backpacking/service trips on the West side of the Maroon Bells- Fred Fauver Snowmass Wilderness. 46 Middle Jam Road Gorham, ME 04038 (207) 892-3041 - 17 -