Docstoc

GRAY FOXES

Document Sample
GRAY FOXES Powered By Docstoc
					       GRAY FOXES
           (Urocyon
       cinereoargenteus)



By: Irma Berrones
        &
  Julisa Garcia
Introduction
          Taxonomic Note
   Cinereoargenteus comes from Greek
    words:
        “cinereus” – ash-colored
       “argenteus” – silver

   Urocyon is the genus name also
    derived from Greek words:
       “uro” – tail
       “cyon” - dog
             Taxonomy
   Kingdom - Animalia
   Phylum - Chordata
   Class - Mammalia
   Order - Carnivora
   Family - Canidae
   Genus - Urocyon
   Species - Urocyon cinereoargenteus
             Description
   Small, similar to the red foxes
   Mostly gray with some light red markings on
    its neck, stomach, and legs
   Bushy tail with a black line along the midline
   Common measurements:
        Height – 14-15in
        Body length of 21-30in

        Weighs about 7-13lb.

        Length of tail about 11-16in
                    Range
   Found in deciduous woodlands
   Southern Canada to Venezuela in South
    America
    – Heavily wooded swamps
    – Rough, hilly terrain near streams and lakes
    – Dens can normally be found in rocky outcrops, at
      the base of cliffs, or under large boulders
RANGE
                   Quick Quiz
1. What is the scientific name of the gray fox?
2. What are the colors of the gray fox?
3. Where is the gray fox found?

   Answers:
    – 1. Urocyon cinereoargenteus
    – 2. Mostly gray with some light red
    – 3. Southern Canada to Venezuela in South
      America
Characteristics
      &
   Behavior

 Great ability to Climb trees
 Strong, hooked claws that allow them
  to move quickly up trees
 Jump from branch to branch

 They are in hollow trees, stumps, or
  old woodchuck burrows during the day
                   Diet
   Eat variety of food:
     voles             rodents
     Field mice        rabbits
     various plants    insects
     Shrews            reptiles
     Birds
   Eastern cottontail – most important
    food source to gray foxes
        Reproduction
 Breeding season is in January – March
 Gestation lasts about 53 days

 At 3 months pups start hunting with
  their parents
 Family stays together till autumn when
  young reach sexual maturity
                    Threats
   The gray fox is pray of:
    – Cougars
    – Eagles
    – Wolves
    – Coyotes
    – Humans who kill them for their fur
        Annually   half a million are killed
               Work Cited
Chamberlain, Michael J. 2001. Movements and
  Space Use of Gray Foxes (Urocyon
  cinereoargenteus) Folllowing Mate Loss. The
  American Midland Naturalist. 147:409-419

Cryer, Lauren J. and Mazzotti, Frank J. 1999. Gray
  Fox (urocon cinceroargenteus). Wildlife Ecology
  and Concervation. 31:1-2

Johnson, W.E. 1992. Patagonia’s Little Foxes.
  Natural History. 101 (4):26, 27

Cummings, Wiley. 2002. Common Gray Fox.
  www.rw.ttu.edu/sp_accounts/gray_fox/mortality.htm

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:4
posted:2/11/2012
language:English
pages:14