BUDGET ESTIMATES by zhouwenjuan

VIEWS: 8 PAGES: 212

									     National Aeronautics
and Space Administration




       BUDGET ESTIMATES


                          Volume VI



    PACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATION!; PR OlGIRAMS

     R E S E A R C H AND DEVELOPMENT
     CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES
     ADMINISTRATIVE OPERAT IONS
                              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                  FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                  SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS PROGRAMS

                                                             TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                      VOLUME V I


                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                 Page    No.

Summary Data:

  Research and Development

......Generalets
      .........n
...............ma
 ..............tet                                                                                          ..   RD v

     Summary of r e s e a r c h and development budget p l a n a s
       r e c o n c i l e d t o f i n a n c i n g schedule............................                            SUM 1

     Eudget p l a n by program by c o g n i z a n t office....................                                   SUM 3

     D i s t r i b u t i o n of r e s e a r c h and development budget p l a n by
        i n s t a l l a t i o n and f i s c a l year..................................                           SUM 5


  Con s tr uc t i o rI of Fa c il i t i e s

     General sa.mn.......................
              tteet...........oa.........                                                                        CF ii

     Summary of: c . o n s t r u c t i o n of f a c i l i t i e s budget p l a n a s
       reconciI.ed. t o f i n a n c i n g schedule............................                                   SUM 1

     Summary olfi c . o n s t r u c t i o n of f a c i l i t i e s budget p l a n by budget
       a c t i v i t y showing l o c a t i o n t o t a l s included i n each a c t i v i t y . .                 SUM 2

     Summary clfi c:onstruction of f a c i l i t i e s budget p l a n by l o c a t i o n .                       SUM 4

                               AA
     Geographic: 3.ocation of N S I n s t a l l a t i o n s .                        ....................        SUM 5

  Admini s t r at.i v e O p e r a t i o n s

     Genera.1 s~:at:ement..............................................                                          AC iii

     Summary of o b l i g a t i o n s by i n s t a l l a t i o n . .               ......................        SI'M 1

     Number o f p o s i t i o n s by location...............................                                     SLM 2


                                                                                                             SSA i
                                                                                                          %;e     No   .
                           .............................................
    D i s t r i b u t : L m of budget p l a n by o b j e c t c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
       by it1sti.iLlation                                                                                 SUM 3


               .........................................................
    Computation Iof p e r s o n n e l c o s t s by i n s t a l l a t i o n and f i s c a l
      year..                                                                                              SUN 4


              ........................................................
    Distribut:i-on of p e r s o n n e l p o s i t i o n s by i n s t a l l a t i o n and f i s c a l
      year.                                                                                               SUlI 5

    A n a l y s i s of r e q u i r e m e n t s for p a s s e n g e r - c a r r y i n g motor vehicles'    SUM 6


Research and Development

 PHYSICS AND ,.SrRONO.            ...........................................                             RD 4-1

    Supportin:i; r e s e a r c h and technology
    S o l a r i3bslt.rvatories
                                                    ............................
                                  ...........................................                             RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                               4-3
                                                                                                               4-6
                                      ....................................
    Astronomi8r:al o b s e r v a t o r i e s
                                    .....................................                                 RD   4-9

                  ......................................................
    Geophysical o b s e r v a t o r i e s
    Explorlers
                         ..............................................
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                               4-11
                                                                                                               4-13
    Sounding ifockets
    Data alOIal.ysis .................................................                                    RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                               4-16
                                                                                                               4-18

 LUNAR AN:D PIANETARY E OC T.
                       L r AI
                       .                .................................                                 RD 5-1

                                              ............................
             ......................................................... ..
   Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology                                                              RD    5-2
   Ranger
   SuTVeyOr
              ,
               .....................................................
                     ..................................................
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                                5-5
                                                                                                                5-6

              ........................................................
   Lunar o r b i t e r
   Marine.r
              ........................................................
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                                5-7
                                                                                                                5-9
   Voyager
   Pioneer    ........................................................                                    RD
                                                                                                          RD
                                                                                                                5-10
                                                                                                                5-11

  SUSTAINING IUNIVERSITY P.
          -.--           R
                         O             ....................................                               RD 6-1

   Training     ......................................................
                             ............................................                                 RD 6-2

                .......................................................
   Research f a c i l i t i e s
   Research
                                                                                                          RD 6-3
                                                                                                          RD 6-5

 LAUNCH VEHICLE D.OT
                 EP
                 LN.               .......................................                                RD 7-1


   Centaur development
                                                .............................
                            ............................................
   Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology                                                              RD 7-1
                                                                                                          RD 7 - 2




                                                                                                         SSA ii
                                                                                                Page N o     .
   LAUNCH V E H I $ z : P o . M N
                            E
                         RC E T        .....................................                    RD 8-1

       Scout    ........................................................
                ........................................................                        RD   8-2
       Delta
       Agena    ........................................................
                  .. ...................................................
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                     8-3
                                                                                                     8-4
       Centaur
       Atlas    ........................................................
                       .,                                                                       RD
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                     8-5
                                                                                                     8-6

   BIOSCIENCE.        ....................................................                      RD 9-1

                                                    ...........................
                                                ..............................
       Supporting: r e s e a r c h and technology
       F l i g h t program ( B i o s a t e l l i t e ) . .
                                                                                                RD 9-2
                                                                                                RD 9-5

   METEOROLOGI:(SL SATELLITES
                    .
                    -                 ......................................                    RD 10-1

       Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology    ...........................
                                                    ...........................                 RD   10-2

       Tiros    ...... .................................................
       M e t e o r o l o g i c a l f l i g h t experiments.

                 ........................................................
                            .
                            ,
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                     10-3
                                                                                                     10-4
       Nimbus
       Meteoro1cigic:al sounding r o c k e t s  ..............................                  RD
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                     10-5
                                                                                                     10-7

   COMMUNICATl:(E; SATELLITES         ......................................                    RD 11-1

                                                    ...........................
                                   ........................................
       Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology                                                RD   11-2


                 ... ....................................................
                .....,..
       Echo . . . . . o . e . . . . . . . . ~                                                   RD   11-3
       Relay
       Syncom            .................................................
                                  .
                                  ,



                                                  ............................
       E a r l y grinrit:y g r a d i e n t experiment
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                RD
                                                                                                     11-4
                                                                                                     11-4
                                                                                                RD 11-5

   APPLICATIONS TECHNOLOGY SATELLITES
             -.                                  .............................                  RD 1 2 - 1

      Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology
      Applic.ations technology s a t e l l i t e s
                                                    ...........................
                                                    ...........................                 RD 12-2
                                                                                                RD 12-3

   TECHNOLOGY IPTI[LIZATION       .........................................                     RD 23-1


C o n s t r u c t i o n of F a c i l i t i e s

      Ames Ressiirch Center (Mountain V i e w . C a l i f o r n i a )        .............
                                                                              ............      CF   1

                  .
      Goddard Space F l i g h t Center (Greenbelt. Maryland)

                                                                   .................... ....
      John F F:.mnedy Space Center. NASA (Cocoa Beach. F l o r i d a )
                                                                                                CF
                                                                                                CF
                                                                                                     3
                                                                                                     4

      F a c i l l . t y Planning and Design       .................................
      Wallops S t a t i o n (Wallops I s l a n d . V i r g i n i a )                            CF
                                                                                                CF
                                                                                                     12
                                                                                                     13




                                                                                               SSA iii
                                                                            Page No    .
Administrative Operations

                                 ..................................
   Goddard Space F l i g h t Center
                                       .............................        A0 2-1
   P a c i f i c L,
                    ..............................................
                  aunch Operations Office

                      ............................................
   Wallops S t a t i o n
                                                                            A 0 2-10
                                                                            A 0 2-18
   NASA Headquarters
   North Eastern Office   .........................................
                                ....................................
                                                                            A 0 5-1
                                                                            A 0 5-13
   Western Operations Office
   Special Ar.alysis f o r J e t Propulsion Laboratory.    ..............   A 0 4-15
                                                                            A 0 5-1




                                                                        SSA i v
                        NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AM) SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                         RESEARCH ANI) DEVELOPMENT

                                              GENERAL STATEMENT


         The prograun of r e s e a r c h and development and s u p p o r t i n g a c t i v i t i e s of t h e
N a t i o n a l Aeronarutics and Space A d m i n i s t r a t i o n is d i r e c t e d toward m a i n t a i n i n g
t h e United St.at:es i n a p o s i t i o n of world l e a d e r s h i p i n a e r o n a u t i c s and s p a c e .
The major program elements designed t o achieve t h i s o b j e c t i v e a r e :

       MANNED ;;pPGE FLIGHT: Extended d u r a t i o n and rendezvous f l i g h t s i n
       e a r t h c r b i . t , and l u n a r l a n d i n g and r e t u r n .

       SPACE SQ:NCE          AND APPLICATIONS: A broad program of s c i e n t i f i c
       s t u d y c~fi t:he E a r t h , Moon, Sun, p l a n e t s , stars and i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
       s p a c e , anal t h e development of technology p e r t i n e n t t o a p p l i e d
       uses suic:h as m e t e o r o l o g i c a l and communication s a t e l l i t e s .

       ADVANCEIFBESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY: An e f f o r t r e q u i r e d t o provide
       t h e tec.hncilogica1 base f o r t h e f u t u r e a e r o n a u t i c s and space
       program.

       TRACKINLLRND DATA ACQUISITION: A f u n c t i o n p e r t i n e n t t o the
       s u p p o r t of t h e e x t e n s i v e NASA space f l i g h t program.

MANNED SPACE FLIGHT

         A major p a r t of t h e amount r e q u e s t e d f o r FY 1966 w i l l be a p p l i e d t o t h e
manned space f l i g h t program. The broad o b j e c t i v e s of t h i s program which re-
main unchanged are: t o i n c r e a s e and broaden our c a p a b i l i t y t o s u p p o r t men i n [
space and prcwj.de them with a space o p e r a t i o n ' s c a p a b i l i t y f o r s c i e n t i f i c and
t e c h n o l o g i c a l purposes.     Toward t h i s end t h e r e a r e p r o j e c t s Gemini and
Apollo, a s w e l l a s s t u d i e s and s u p p o r t i n g development needed f o r advanced
manned f l i g h t niissions.           Gemini w i l l f u r n i s h i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e o p e r a t i o n of
two men i n spac:e f o r p e r i o d s of up t o two weeks; and w i l l provide f o r t h e
development of space n a v i g a t i o n , guidance, rendezvous and docking t e c h n i q u e s .
The o b j e c t i v e s of Apollo are developing hardware, o p e r a t i o n a l , and s u p p o r t
systems t o provide a broad n a t i o n a l c a p a b i l i t y f o r a program of space
e x p l o r a t i o n . Ihis program has as a s p e c i f i c g o a l , i n t h i s decade, of a c h i e v i n g
manned f l i g h t t o t h e moon, l u n a r l a n d i n g , l i m i t e d l u n a r e x p l o r a t i o n and t h e
s a f e r e t u r n of the men t o E a r t h . The advanced f l i g h t m i s s i o n a c t i v i t y p r o -
v i d e s i n f o m e t i o n and s u p p o r t i n g developments p e r t i n e n t t o t h e e x t e n s i o n of
t h e c u r r e n t niarined f l i g h t programs.

         I n FY 1966 t h e Gemini program w i l l move i n t o i t s long d u r a t i o n nlanned
f l i g h t phase arid t h e i n i t i a l rendezvous f l i g h t w i l l be undertaken. This
a c t i v i t y w i l l be of d i r e c t s i g n i f i c a n c e t o Apollo. The Apollo program w i l l
be involved i.n e x t e n s i v e ground t e s t a c t i v i t y i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r t h e f i r s t
f l i g h t tests of t h e command and s e r v i c e modules with t h e S a t u r n I B launch

                                                                                                              RD v
v e h i c l e , which will t a k e p l a c e i n FY 1966, and i n p r e p a r a t i o n s f o r latler
f l i g h t tests clf t h e S a t u r n V launch v e h i c l e . I n t h e a r e a of advanced f l i g h t
m i s s i o n s parti.cu.lar a t t e n t i o n w i l l be g i v e n t o d e s i g n s t u d i e s and advanced
component deve lclpment t o extend t h e u s e f u l n e s s of t h e Apollo s p a c e c r a f t                    .
SPACE SCIENCE-gD APPLICATIONS

                                                                                       Y
          A s i g n i f i c a m t p a r t of t h e budget r e q u e s t e d f o r F 1966 w i l l s u p p o r t t h e
space s c i e n c e and a p p l i c a t i o n s program. The o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e s c i e n c e p a r t
of t h e program atre s c i e n t i f i c s t u d i e s of t h e E a r t h , space about t h e E a r t h , t h e
Moon, the p1a.riet.s and i n t e r p l a n e t a r y s p a c e . T h i s program encompasses t h e
f o l l o w i n g types of f l i g h t p r o j e c t s :     Geophysical s a t e l l i t e s , e a r t h o r b i t i n g
solar and a s t r o n o m i c a l o b s e r v a t o r i e s , s o f t l a n d i n g l u n a r probes, lunar o r b i t -
                                                               as
i n g s a t e l l i t e & , probes t o t h e p l a n e t M r and probes i n t o i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
s p a c e . The b i o s a t e l l i t e program, d i r e c t e d toward t h e s t u d y of t h e e f f e c t s of
s p a c e envirorlnierit on b i o l o g i c a l s y s t e m s , w i l l be continued. I n t h e a r e a of
a p p l i c a t i o n s , p r o j e c t s TIROS and Nimbus c o n t i n u e t o r e f l e c t N S s u p p o r t f o r
                                                                                                  AA
t h e on-going o p e r a t i o n a l weather s a t e l l i t e d e v e l o p a e n t f o r t h e Weather Bureau;
i n a d d i t i o n , the! program p r o v i d e s f o r t h e technology r e q u i r e d f o r f u t u r e
o p e r a t i o n a l syst:ems. E f f o r t w i l l a l s o c o n t i n u e i n t h e development of t h e
A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e , which w i l l provide i n f o r m a t i o n r e q u i r e d f o r
t h e d e s i g n and development of f u t u r e communications, m e t e o r o l o g i c a l arld
s c i e n t i f i c : sar:el.lite systems.

ADVANCED R E S E l g H AND TECHNOLOGY

          The advctnced r e s e a r c h and technology e f f o r t c o n s t i t u t e s a c o n t i n u i n g
o v e r a l l progrrun t o s u p p o r t t h e c u r r e n t a e r o n a u t i c s and space programs and t o
a s s u r e t h e s c : i e n t i f i c and e n g i n e e r i n g b a s e s f o r u n d e r t a k i n g f u t u r e programs.
The major p o r t i o n of t h i s work, which looks beyond t h e p r e s e n t programs, is
t o d e v e 1op new knowledge and technologi'cal advancements a p p l i c a b l e t o missions;
of t h e f u t u r e . This program i n c l u d e s e f f o r t i n the f i e l d s of spacecr8i:ft and
launch vehic:le technology, human f a c t o r s , e l e c t r o n i c s , chemical and n u c l e a r
p r o p u l s i o n , tipace power systems and a e r o n a u t i c s i n c l u d i n g s u p e r s o n i c t r a n s    -
port research.

TRACKING AND        DlrA     ACQUISITION

          A w o r l d w i d e network of t r a c k i n g and data a c q u i s i t i o n s t a t i o n s i r k
e s s e n t i a l t o (support t h e broad s p a c e flight program of t h e agency. The
t r a c k i n g and d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n e f f o r t d u r i n g FY 1966, as i n p r i o r y e a r s , w i l l
be d i r e c t e d it13 s u p p o r t t h e planned f l i g h t programs and p r o v i d e , where nec-
e s s a r y , incrciiasad t r a c k i n g and d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n c a p a b i l i t y . P a r t i c u l a r
a t t e n t i o n w i l - 1 be g i v e n t o t h e s u p p o r t of t h e Apollo xnanned space f l i t ; h t
program and ' t o the l a r g e o b s e r v a t o r y class of unmanned s a t e l l i t e s i n t h e
space s c i e n c e program.




                                                                                                                    RD v i
TECHNOLOGY U T I E Z A T I O N

          The technology u t i l i z a t i o n program p r o v i d e s f o r t h e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n ,
e v a l u a t i o n and d i s s e m i n a t i o n t o t h e i n d u s t r i a l community, t e c h n i c a l informa-
t i o n gained from t h e v a r i o u s programs f o r which t h e r e are p o t e n t t a l i n d u s t r i a l
and commercia'l a p p l i c a t i o n s . Included i n t h e program are e f f o r t s t o develop
b e t t e r methods f o r management of l a r g e - s c a l e r e s e a r c h and developnient programs
t o improve our understanding of matters r e l a t e d t o t h e growth of scienlze and
technology programs, and t o t h e t r a n s f e r of t e c h n o l o g i c a l advances and innova-
t i o n s developed i n t h e NASA program t o i n d u s t r y a t l a r g e .

FINANCING
          The F 1966 budget t o s u p p o r t t h e r e s e a r c h and development program, dis-
                Y
cussed i n d e t a i l i n t h i s volume, i s $4,575,900,000.           This compares t o $3 program
                                       Y
t o t a l i n g $4,2h8,632,000 f o r F 1965.

         The program amounts shown f o r F 1964 and F 1965 i n t h i s budget r e f l e c t
                                                 Y              Y
two s i g n i f i c a n t adjustments i n comparison t o t h e amounts a p p r o p r i a t e d €or
                                                           -
t h e s e two f i s c a l y e a r s . These are: 1 C e r t a i n s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s ( p r i n c i p a l l y
housekeeping) a r e now included i n the budget f o r t h e "Administrative
Operations" a p p r o p r i a t i o n ; and 2     -       Y
                                                O f t h e F 1965 a p p r o p r i a t i o n , $72,494,000
has been a p p l i e d t o t h e FY 1964 Apollo program.

     Expenditures f o r t h e c u r r e n t f i s c a l y e a r are e s t i m a t e d a t $3,782,1)00,000
                           Y
and $4,120,0013,000 f o r F 1966.




                                                                                                          RD v i i
                                                                                                                          1.   -


                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                     F
                                       CONSTRUCTION O FACILITIES

                                              GENERAL STATEMENT


     This a p p r o p r i a t i o n provides f o r t h e d e s i g n , c o n s t r u c t i o n , purchase of
equipment, modernization of f a c i l i t i e s , and f o r advanced desigr. of i a c i l i t i e s
planned f o r f u t u r e a u t h o r i z a t i o n . The major program elements may bt! summarized
as follows:

       MA"E1C SPACE FLIGHT: 'These p r o j e c t s w i l l support the A p o l l o space-
       c r a f t and S a t u r n launch v e h i c l e development and t e s t e f f o r t s .
       S p e c i f i c items i n c l i d e d wi.11 provide f o r needed a s t r o n a u t t raiiiing -
       f a c i l i t i e s , engine2ring work areas and augmentation of support
       facilities.

       ---
       SCIENTIFIC          INVESTIGATIONS I N SPACE: P r o j e c t s i n t h i s c a t e g o r y w i l l
       support a c t i v i t i e s i n space s c i e n c e . They w i l l provide f o r needed
       improverents i n t h e t e s t i n g of s p a c e c r a f t and experiments carr.l.ed
       as s p < a c e c r a f t payloads f o r the unmanned l u n a r and p l a n e t a r y e x p l o r a -
       t i o n program, f o r improvements i n o t h e r f a c i l i t i e s f o r unmanned
       s p a c e c r a f t missions and f o r necessary improvements t o launch a-:ea
       f a c i l i t i e s f o r t h e medium c l a s s and small launch v e h i c l e s .


       ---c lvrtlingRESEARCHo ANDand s u p p o r t i n gThesei lestimates
       ADVANCED
       ia            laborat ry
                                  TECHNOLOGY:
                                                         fac ities for
                                                                                 cover projelcts
                                                                                 t h e Elactroinics
        Reaea.rch Center a s we1.1 a s r e s e a r c h f a c i l i t i e s f o r o t h e r
        I n s t a 1.lations.


       ---
       AIRCRA.F? TECHNOLOGY AND SUPPORTING OPERATIONS: E s t i m a t e s f o r ,:hese
       p r o j e c t s i n c l u d e f a c i l i t i e s t o support the advanced a i r c r a f t ~ ~ : ~ g r a m s
       and f a c i l i t i e s f o r t r a c k i n g and data a c q u i s i t i o n .

        The a p p r o p r i a t i o n f o r F 1965 w a s $262,880,500. The same amount was
                                             Y
authorized f o r 1965. $74,700,000 i s requested f o r FY 1366; a clecre4Lse o f
$l88,180,5CO from t h e 1965 a p p r o p r i a t i o n . T o t a l expenditures f o r c o n s t r u c -
t i o n of f a c i l i t i e s a r e estimated t o be $406,000,000 i n FY 1966, a d e c r e a s e of
$118,00O,OCO from the $524,000,000 estimated f o r F 1965.          Y

          The budget r e q u e s t c o n t a i n s $78,000 t o provide f a l l - o u t s h e l t e r s f o r
s e l e c t e d n e w f a c i l i t i e s . The amount has been determined i n c o r i s u l t ' i t i o n
with t h e Dlepairtment of Defense based on DOD p o l i c y and c r i t e r i a .

         The fcmiat f o r r e f l e c t i n g f a l l - o u t s h e l t e r s i n each of the p r o j e c t s i n
t h e budget r e q u e s t v a r i e s , The reason i s t o d i s t i n g u i s h among those
f a c i l i t i e s i n which p r o v i s i o n f o r f a l l - o u t p r o t e c t i o n i s e i t h e r inhlzrent i n
t h e s t r u c t u r e , p r o v i s i o n i s r e q u i r e d , o r , because of p r o h i b i t i v e co:; ts and

                                                                                                         CF ii
hazardous areas p r o v i s i o n f o r f a l l - o u t p r o t e c t i o n would n o t be d e s i r a b l e .

     This vo3.ime c o n t a i n s material i n s u p p o r t of t h e r e q u e s t e d a u t h o r j z a t i o n
and appropria.l:ion f o r FY 1966.




     762-046 0 - 6 5 - 2                                                                           CF iii
                 NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                 ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                        GENERAL STATEMENT

          The A d m i n i s t r a t i v e Operations a p p r o p r i a t i o n provides f o r personnel,
                                                                        AA
t r a v e l , and o t h e r s u p p o r t i n g expenses of N S i n s t a l l a t i o n s i n c l u d i n g
Headquarters engaged i n t h e conduct o f Research and Development progrdms.
These i n s t a l l a t i o n s a r e i n s t i t u t i o n a l l y a d m i n i s t e r e d by t h e A s s o c i a t e
Administrator who h a s prime r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e R&D programs condu-ted
a t each i i n s t e l l a t i o n . The A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r Manned Space F l i g h t
i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e Kennedy Space Center, Manned S p a c e c r a f t C e n t e r , and
t h e Marshall Space F l i g h t Center. Goddard Space F l i g h t Center, t h e P 3 c i f i c
Launch Operations O f f i c e , and Wallops S t a t i o n a r e under t h e i n s t i t u t i m a l
cognizance O E t h e A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r Space Science and A p p l i c a t i o n s .
The A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r Advanced Research and Technology i s i n -
s t i t u t i o n a l l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e Ames Research Center, t h e E l e c t r o n i c s
Research Center, t h e F l i g h t Research Center, Langley Research C e n t e r , t h e
Lewis Research Center, and t h e Space Nuclear P r o p u l s i o n O f f i c e . Headquarters
r e p o r t s d i r e c t l y t o t h e A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r , and t h e Western Operations
O f f i c e r e p o r t s t o t h e Deputy A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r f o r I n d u s t r y A f f a i r s .
I n s t a l l a t i o n d e s c r i p t i o n s and funding requirements a r e grouped i - n t h i s volume
i n accordance w i t h t h e prime m i s s i o n s of the i n s t a l l a t i o n s .

                                                Manpower

         With t h e e x c e p t i o n of an i n c r e a s e of 300 p o s i t i o n s f o r t h e E l e c t r o n i c s
Research Cent:er', t h e r e i s no planned i n c r e a s e i n manpower a t o t h e r N S                   AA
i n s t a l l a t i o n s d u r i n g FY 1966. The f o l l o w i n g t a b u l a t i o n s i n d i c a t e the d i s -
                          AA
t r i b u t i o n of N S personnel by program and t h e numbers of personnel ky c e n t e r :

                                     Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n

                                                                         -
                                                                         1964              -
                                                                                           1965            --
                                                                                                           1966

D i r e c t Persc1nne1 by Program

                e
   Manned S ~ w F l i g h t

      Gemini.     .......................                                1,141             1,402           1,385
      Apo1l.o.    ........................                               8,266             8 ,835          8,857
      Advanced m i s s i o n s .............                               343                343             343
                                                                                          10 ,580
                                                                                                           L-


                                                                         9,750                            10 ,585
                                                                                                          --
   Space Scici!xe and A p p l i c a t i o n s

      Physics ,and astronomy..              .......                      1,234             1,292           1,297
      Lunar and p l a n e t a r y e x p l o r a t i o n .                  296               388             38 2
      S u s t a i n i n g u n i v e r s i t y program..                     68                73              73
                                                                               -
                                                                               1964      -
                                                                                         1965       --
                                                                                                    19156
  Space Scieqn and A p p l i c a t i o n s (cont 'd)

     Launc'h v e h i c l e development          ...........                      340       317          3 14
     Launch v e h i c l e procurement           ...........                      324       346          334
     Bioscience...              ........................                         240       236          239
     Meteorological s a t e l l i t e s . . . . . . . . . . . .                  297       312          306
     Communication s a t e l l i t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 127        76           65
     A p p l i c a t i o n s technology s a t e l l i t e s . . .                 56
                                                                               2,982
                                                                                           103
                                                                                         3,143
                                                                                                     -- L13
                                                                                                    3 , 123
                                                                                                    --
  Advanced Research and Technology
         -.--

     Basic r e s e a r c h . ......................                            1,268      1,259     1,266
     Space ve'liicl e systems            ...............                       1,389      1,366     1,324
     E l e c t r o n i c s systems ..................                            906      1,040     1,325
     Human f a c t o r systems       .................                           2 14       211       219
     Nuclear- e l e c t r i c systems         .............                      529        490       48 9
     Nuclear irockets.        .....................                              530        524       524
     Chemical p r o p u l s i o n  ..................                            42 5       40 9      30 9
     S o l a r and chemical power..               ...........                    275        318       319
     Aeronautics..         ........................                            1,394      1,467     1-
                                                                                                    1 600
                                                                               6.930      7.084     7-
                                                                                                    2 375

  Tracking          a-!inData A c q u i s i t i o n - - - .                      851        802       800


  Technolorn U t i l i z a t i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .                 50        50      --
                                                                                                      50

          Sub- t o t a 1    .   d i r e c t p o s i t ions.          .......   20,563    21,659     21,933
                                                                                                    --
Support P e r s(:) nn e 1

  D i r e c t o r and s t a f f . .   ...................                         472      537          540
  Adm i n i s 1 r a 1 ion.
                :   :           ........................                       4,411     4,432       4,439
   Research arid development s u p p o r t            ......                   5 ,499    5,521       5 ,5 3 3
   NASA-wide s u p p o r t         .....................                       1,039     1,051      --
                                                                                                     1,055


     Sub- tota:l., .support p o s i t i o n s .           ........             11,421    11,541     11.567

            .
  T o t a l permanent p o s i t i o n s . ............                         31,984    3 3 ,200   3 3 ,500

     S u b - t o t a l , o t h e r p o s i t i o n s . . .........                5 15       600    -- 600

  T o t a l , a l l p0:;itions..              .................                32 ,499   33,800     -
                                                                                                    -- -
                                                                                                    34,100




                                                                                                     A0   iv
                                     Personnel Requirements

                                                               1964     -
                                                                        1965       --
                                                                                   1966

Manned Space F l i g h t

  Kennedy Space C e n t e r . . . . . . . . . . . .            1,592     2,045     2,045
  Manned S8pac
             ecr'aft Center.                .......            4,171     4,686     4,686
  Marshall Space F l i g h t Center..            ..            7,502     7,489     7 489
                                                                                   A-
                                                              13,265    14,220    14 220
                                                                                  .-A-
Space Science arid A p p l i c a t i o n s
  Goddard Space F l i g h t Center..      ...                 3,610     3,677      3,677
  P a c i f i c Launch Operations Off i c e                       22         19         19
  Wallops Stat ion.          ................                 - 5 16    -  5 18   --  5 18
                                                              4,148     4.214     --
                                                                                   4,214
Advanced KeselE:h and Technology

  A m e s Research Center.           ...........               2,201     2,185     2,185
  E l e c t r o n i c s Research Center..      ...                 25      250       5 50
  F l i g h t Research Center..           ........               605       605       605
  Langley Research Center.                ........             4,279     4,238     4,238
  Lewis Re.search Center..               .........             4,851     4,815     4,815
  Space Nuclear Propulsion O f f i c e .                          112
                                                              12,073
                                                                            116
                                                                        12;209
                                                                                   --116
                                                                                  12,509
Support inp; Acltivit i e s

  Headquarter':;, NASA..............                           2,091    2,156     2,156
  North E a s t e r n Operations O f f i c e .                     32   - 0 -     - 0 -
  Western Operations O f f i c e . .            .....             375     40 1     --
                                                                                    431
                                                               2 ,498   2 557
                                                                        L         2 557
                                                                                  2   -



   Permanent po s i t i o n s      .............              31,984    33,200    33,530
   Positions, other than
     permanent:      .......................                     5 15      600    --6130

TOTAL........        ......................               ---
                                                              32,499    33,800    34,100
                                                                                  --
                                                                                  --




                                                                                    A0 v
                                   Funding

     The FY 1966 funding request for Administrative Operations is $36.3
million less than the FY 1965 estimate. This decrease is primarily due
to the initial procurement of major automatic data processing equipment
in FY 1965, wtlere the procurement of such equipment was more economical
than continuec rental. The estimate in FY 1966 for the procurement of
additional eqL.ipment is sharply reduced from FY 1965. The object classi-
fication description of resources requested is tabulated below:

      ANALYSIS OF NSOURCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION
            -.--
                                                (Thousands of Dollars)
                                                    -
                                                    1964       -
                                                               1965       --
                                                                          1966

11.    Personnel compensation   .............      288,081    336 ,696   345 ,207
12.    Personnel. benefits.................         20 ,241    23 ,490    24,193
21.    Travel a i transportation of persons
                rd                                  18,536     21,000     21,000
22.    Transport:ation of things    ...........      5 ,400     5 ,675     5,049
23.    Rents , comniunicationsand uti lities   .    47 ,230    53,191     49,556
24,               rd
       Printing,a i reproduction.      .........     4,387      4,683      4,869
25.    Other services   .....................       70 ,952    93,037    LO8 ,023
26.    Supplies a i materials.............
                  rd                                24,203     22 ,968    23,140
31.    Equipmect ...........................        22 ,236    79,152     23,109
32.    Lands ant1 structures   ...............      10,339      5,811      5,235
40.    Insurance c:laims and indemnities..     .         5          18         19


Total   ...................................        511,610    645,72L    -
                                                                         . -
                                                                         609,400
                                                                         -


     Of the $645.7 million shown for FY 1965, $22.5 million is includcd as
the comparative cost of items formerly provided from the Research and
Development appropriation and which are being budgeted as part of the
Administrative Operations request for the first time in FY 1966. In FY 1966,
$24.8 million is requested for these items which are: housekeeping support of
the Merritt Island Launch Area at the Kennedy Space Center, NASA, and at the
White Sands Missile Range; the cost at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory cf the
lease of administrative aircraft and certain contract administration costs.


                    Personnel Compensation and Benefits

     The cost: of providing for personnel compensation and benefits is
              i
estimated to le $9.2 million more in FY 1966 than in FY 1965. This increased
cost is directly related to the increase of 704 manyears of employment:, in
              T
FY 1966 over I 1965. Of this increase, 544 manyears are due to the c:ost of
the full year' for the 1,300 increase in NASA's strength in FY 1965. ' h
                                                                       ?e

                                                                            A 0 vi
balance, o r :,ti0 manyears, i s t h e manyears d e r i v e d from t h e 300 a d d i t i o n a l
p o s i t i o n s p l m n e d f o r t h e E l e c t r o n i c s Research Center i n FY 1966.

                                          Other Costs

         The FI 1966 r e q u e s t f o r t r a v e l and o t h e r s u p p o r t i n g expenses shows a n e t
 r e d u c t i o n of $45.5 m i l l i o n from t h e FY 1965 estimate. This n e t r e d u c t i o n
 i n c l u d e s a d e c r e a s e of approximately $56 m i l l i o n i n t h e procurement oE ADP
 equipment, which is only p a r t i a l l y o f f s e t by i n c r e a s e s i n u t i l i t i e s ,
o t h e r s e r v i c e 3 , and s u p p l i e s and m a t e r i a l s . I n g e n e r a l , t h e s e i n c r e a s e s
a r e t h e rc:su:l.t of a d d i t i o n a l f a c i l i t i e s being completed and becorring
o p e r a t i o n a l , $1 h i g h e r level of average employment, and t h e p a r t i a l r e s t o r a -
t i o n i n F! l!266 of items which were d e f e r r e d i n FY 1965 when NASA absorbed
                 7
t h e c o s t of t h e "Government Employees S a l a r y Reform A c t of 1964", approved
i n August 1964 (PL 88-426).                    The s p e c i f i c i n c r e a s e s a s t h e y r e l a t e t o each
i n s t a l l a t i o n a r e explained i n t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n p r e s e n t a t i o n s containetl i n
t h i s volume.




                                                                                                        A0   vii
                      NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                    FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                       SUMMARY Or RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET PLAN
                              AS RECONCILED TO FINANCING SCHEDULE


                                                 F i s c a l Year      F i s c a l Year      F i s c a l Year
                                                       19 6 4                1965                  1966

Budget k t i-.-v i   tx:
   1.   Manned Space F l i g h t :
          ( a ) Ckmini............               $418,900,000         $308,400,000          $242,100,000
          ( b ) P.p01.10..    ..........        2,272,952,000        2,606,778,000         2,997 ,:.185,000
          ( c ) Pdvanced m i s s i o n
                   studies     ... . .....         21,200,000           26,000,000            10,CIOO ,000

  2.    Scientific: Investigations
          i n SFICK~   :
          ( a ) Elflysics and
                  a E: t r onomy.  .... .
                                        ,         189 ,118,000         182,546,000           2 24,3,00 ,000
          ( b ) L,una,r and p l a n e t a r y
                  exploration..       .. .        267,445,000          28 1,803 ,000         294 ,5 15,000
          ( c ) I3i.oscience..     ......          21,479,000           37,700,000            40,600,000
          ( d ) Launch v e h i c l e
                  development       .....         125,100,000          107 ,900,000           97,500,000

  3.    Space App1.ication.s..      .. ..         100,451,000           73,165,000            94,600,000

  4.    Space Technology ........                 298,692,000          283,600,000           235,500,000

  5.    A i r c r a f t Technology .....           2 1,795 ,000         35,240,000            42,200,000

  6.    Supporting, A c t i v i t i e s :
          ( a ) Tracking and d a t a
                    acquisition..      ...        194,347 ,000         274,750,000           246,200,000
          ( b ) S;u s t a i n i n g
                    university
                    program.........               40,000,000           46,000,000            46,000,000
          ( c ) Tle chnology
                    utilization..    .. .       3,500,000                4,7 50,000       -     5,000,000

           T o t a l Budget   Plan. .... $ 3 .
                                             -974,979.000           $4,268,632,000        $4,575,900.000
                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                       SUMMARY OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET PLAN
                                  AS     RECONCILED TO FINANCING SCHEDULE



                                                    F i s c a l Year     F i s c a l Year       F i s c a l Year
                                                          1964                 1965            -- 1966
Financing:

  Appropriation        ............... $ 3 , 9 2 6 , 0 0 0 , 0 0 0     $4,363,594,000         $4,575,900,000
  Transferred to-
    "Construct i o n of
      f a c i l i t i e s " (77 S t a t .
      439)     ....................                   -20,046,300                     e - -                  ---
    "Admini s t r,at i v e
      Operaticlns" ( 7 7 S t a t .
      439)     ....................                   - 15,685,000                    ---     --             ---
           Appro.pria t i on
             (adjusted)         ..........          3,890,268,700       4,363,594,000          4,575,900,000

  T r a n s f e r r e d tcj "Construction
     of f a c i l i t i e s " i n M 1965               - 1,411,000                    ---                    ---
  P r i o r y e a r funding a p p l i e d     -
     a v a i l a b l e from a d j u s t m e n t s
     t o M 1962 budget p l a n           ....           2 ,785,300                    ---                    ---
  T r a n s f e r s from p r i o r y e a r s
      "Construction of
                                 .....
         f a c i l i t i e s " funds..                 17,293,000                     ---                    ---
  Reprogramin@ t o p r i o r y e a r
     budget p l a n    ...............                 72,494,000         -72,494,000                        ---
  Comparative t r a n s f e r t o
     "Admini s t I a t i v e Operations"               -6,451,000         -22,468,000                        ---
        T o t a l f i n a n c i n g of
           budget p l a n     ........... $3,9 74,979,000              $4,268,632,000         $4,575,300,000




                                                                                                      SUM 2
                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTXATION

                                        FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                          IESEAKCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                         BUDGET PLAN 13Y PROGLAM BY COGNIZAKT OFFICE


 BUDGET
ACTIVITY                                          F 1964-
                                                   Y                  Y
                                                                     F 1965           -
                                                                                     - FY    1966

        FANNED . ; z \ C E   FLIGHT..     ... $2,713,052,000      $2,941,178,000     $3,249,485.000

   la      Gemin.:i.  ................             418,900,000       308,400,000        242,100 ,0C0
   lb      Ap011.0..   ..............            2,272,952,000     2,606,778,000      2,997,385,000
   IC      Aclvan.(:ed m i s s i o n
                        .............
             s t ti cli es                          21,200,000        26,000,000         10 : OGO ,000

        SPACE :2X3NCE AND
          APPL 1CAT. 1ON S
                :              ..........        S746.879.000       $731,486, OGO      $79 7 ,,515.000

   2a     P h y s i c s and astronomy.             148,623 ,000      136,814 ,OOG       172,100,GOO
   2b     Lunar and p l a n e t a r y
              ex11.loi:ati o n .  ........         205,762,000       206 ,150 ,000      215 : 615 ,090
   6b     S u s t a :ining u n i v e r s i t y
              p r CI gram.   ............             ,
                                                    4-0000 ,000       46,000,000         46,000 ,000
   2d     Lalunch v e h i c l e
              deli elopment     .........          111,900,000        96,500,000         63 ,600 ,000
   Jr     La.unc: veh ic 1e
                     h
             p r c i c u ~ement
                           :    .........          129,986,000       154,672,000        194,500,000
   2c     B i.osc: Lerice    ............           21,479,000        28,700,000         3 1 , 5 0 0 , OOG
   3      ME!t ecii:o log i c a 1
              sal:(:ll.ites..    ........           63,177,000        31,200,000         42,700,000
   3      Communicat ions
              s a t:e 1 - t e s
                        1i     ..........            8,413,000         8,055,000            2,800 ,000
   3      A p p l i c a t i o n s techno logy
                              ..........
              sa t:e 1I. i t es                     17,539,000        23,395,000         28,700 ,000

        ADVANCE2)SSEAKCH            AND
          TE:CHNOLOGY         ............       $3 17,201.000     S316.468.000       -$277,700.000

   4       Basic: r e s e a r c h ........         22,653,000         2 1 ,231,000       22,000,000
   4       Space v e h i c l e systems.            45,714,000         44,495,000         35,000,000
   4       E l e c t r o n i c systems.. ..        28,700,000         25,422,000         34 ,400 ,GOO
   4      ELumar, f a c t o r systems..            13,200,000         13,320,000         14,900 ,000
   4      Nu c 1e a r -.e l e c t r i c
             sys t:ems   .............             45 ,963 ,000       42,492,000         27,0OG,OciO
   4      Nuclear-rockets      .......             79,176,000         56 ,73 1,000       58 ,000 ,000
   4                                 .
          Ch.emi.c:al. p r o p u l s i o n . .     46 ,000 ,000       63,792,000         3G,000,000


                                                                                             :ml 3
 BUDGET
ACTIVITY                                            FY 1964                   FY 1965             --    FY 1966

        ADVANCXD RESEARCH ANI)
          ?'EC€ilJOI,OGY (Cont ' (1)        .   a




    4      S o l a - - a n d chemical
              pcimi-. .  . . .. . . . . . . .        $14,000,000              $13,745,000               $ 1 L ,200,000
    5      PLerciiiaut c s i . .. .. . .. . ,         21,795,000               35,240,000                4; ,200,000

    6a TIULCKI.NG AND DATA
           AGQL:LS:LTIOR.,       .. , . . . . ,     $194,347,000            $274,750,000               $24(~,200,00C!,

    6c TEC€D?TOl,OGY U T I L I Z A T I O N ,          $3.500.000               $4.750.000                g1.000 , 0 0 0 ~

         TOTAL ?LAN ,       . . . . . . . . . ..
                                        $3,974,979,000                                            --
                                                                                            S4.57!1.900.00(1
;
?   F u n d s f o i t h e p;ocurement of launch v e h i c l e s a r e s t a t i s t i c a l l y d i : t r i b i i t e c l
    t o unr;ianrWl f l i g h t progiams ( e . g . Physics and Astronomy, Space Vetiicle
    Systems) ,
                                                                                                                         NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                                                                    FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                                                         F
                                                                                          DISTRIBLPTION O RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET PLAN BY INSTALLATION AND FISCAL YEAR

                                                                                                                                   ( I n thousands of d o l l a r s )


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ~~         ~~




                                                                    J.   F.   KENNEDY      wANYEG        b' ARSH A L L        GODDARD      F A C l F I C LAUNCH                     APES     ELECTRONICS     FLIGHT     L ANCLEY         LEWIS     SPACE NUCLEAR                            WESTERN
                  PROGRAM OFFICE                          T:ThL     StACt CtNItR,        Sfn;EC?Aii   S F A C E F?I;HI      hFACt FLIGHT      CFERAlILNS           WPLLOPS        RESEARCH    RESEARCH      RESEARCH    R E S € ARCH    RESEARCH    PROPULSION          H t AUQUARIERS     OPERA1 I O N S
                                                                         NASA              CEUTER         CENTER              CEYIER               OFFICE          ST A I I O N    CENTER      CENTER        CENTER       CENTER         CENTER       O F F 1 CE                             OFFICE



     Vtkice ot Manned Space F l i g h t

                       1964..................          2,713,052         49,881         1,356,036     1,266,424                    206                                                75                                 2,017           2,975                             35,091                 34 7
                       1965..................          2,941,178         48,622         1,397,050     1,437,356                    275                                                75                                 2,900             600                             54,100                 200
                       1966..................          3,249,485         69,345         1,465,040     1,656,600                    500                                               200                                 3,700             300                             53,550                 250

     O f f i c e of Space S ci ence and
        Applications

                      1964..................             746,8 79         1,819              3,256             780           235,148                                              25,843                       44      35,168          197,522                             87.202          160,097
                      1965..................             731,486          4,808              7,254             675           183,408                90            1,390           35,085                       85      59,806          197,323
                      1966..................             797,515          4,225             17,800          13,440           227,712                              4,500           28,305                      100      51,860          196,730                           105,375
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         108,994           132,568
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           247,468

     O f f i c e of Advanced Research and
        Technology

                      1964..................             317,201                              3,702         31,821              8,252                                             14,404              -     8,447      38,741           99,759     60,355                 25,026             26,694
                      1965..................             316,468                              1,750         28,511              8,127                                             17,724        1.873       9,190      32,548          115,825     44,995                 34,322             21,603
                      1966..................             277.700                              3,235         18,035              9,300                                             16,945        5,200      16,530      42,776           61,595     48.900                 33,638             21,546

     O f f i c e of T racki ng and Data
        Acquisition

                      1964..................             194,347                                              2,900           132,817                             5,100                                     1,800        2,450                                              7,210           42,070
                      1965..................             274,750                                              2,000           195,201                             5,450                                     2,200        2,200                                              7,300           59,799
                      1966..................             246,200                                              1,500           173,400                             5,900                                     2,000        2,500                                              7,900           53,000

     O f f i c e of Technologv U t i l i z a t i o n
        and P o l i c y P l anni ng

                      1964..................               3,500                                                                                                                                                                                                            3,500
                      1965..................               4,750                                                                                                                                                                                                            4,750
                      1966..................               5,000                                                                                                                                                                                                            5,000


     T o t a l Budgbt P l a n

                      1964..................           3,974,979         51,700         1,362,994     1,301,925              376,423                               5,100          40,322              -    10,291       78,376         300,256     60,355                158,029           229,208
                      1965..................           4,268,632         53,430         1,406,054     1,468,542              387,011                90             6,840          52,884        1,873      11,475       97,454         313,748     44,995                210,066           214,170
                      1966..................           4,575,900         73,570         1,486,075     1,689.575              410,912                              10,400          45,450        5,200      18,630      100,836         258,625     48,900                205,463           222,264




m
(9




0
*
(9

0
I

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(9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SUM 5
                                                                                                                                          NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                                                                                               FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                                             DISTRIBUTION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT BUDGET PLAN BY INSTALLATION AND FISCAL YEAR

                                                                                                                                                              ( I n thousands of d o l l a r s )



                                                                                                      ~         ~~~             ~~                            _-____                                          -_____                                                             -
                                                                     J. E . KENYEDY     t:,\f!L!r3           '.' A2Sh l L i                 GODDARO             P A C I F I C LAUNCH                 AMES     ELECTRONICS   FLIGHT     LAMGLEY         LEWIS     SPACE NUCLEAR                  WESTERN
                     PROGRAM                           IOTAL         SPACE CENTER,    SFPCkXAFf           S F C l FL 1 ; b . l            SPACE F L l V . 1       PPERATICNS           WALLOPS     RESEARCH    RrSEARP      RESEARCH   R E b t ARCH   RESEARCH     PROPULSION    HEADQUARTERS   OPERATIONS
                                                                           NASA         CEVTER                        CEL!TER                CENTER                 GFFICE             STATION      CENTER      CENTER       CENTER     CEYTER         CENTER        OFFICE                      OFFICEL'

     CMFiG-6     UT MANNED     SPACE       lqha     7?7i?=n52          I!?,??:        :,:5~,5::           3 ,
                                                                                                          L           n"
                                                                                                                      L V U , Ct -LLt
                                                                                                                              3    p
                                                                                                                                                  ^ ^   ~




                                                                                                                                                  LUO                                                   75                                2,017         2,975                        35,091            347
        FLIGKT. TOTAL                      1965     2,941,178          48,622         1,397,050           1,437,356                               275                                                   75                                2,YUU           600                        54,100            200
                                           lYbb     3,249,485          69.345         1,465,040           1,656,600                               500                                                 200                                 3,700           300                        53,550            250


     Gemini                                1964       418,900                           418,900
                                           1965       308,400                           308,050                                                                                                                                                                                          350
                                           1966       242,100                           241,700                                                                                                                                                                                          400

     Ap ol l o                             1964 2,272,952              49,481           933,486           1,257,179                               206                                                  75                                               2,975                        29,293           257
                                           1965 2,606,778              48,172         1,080,800           1,429,406                               275                                                  75                                1,200            600                        46,050           200
                                           1966 2,997,385              68,945         1,221,940           1,651,300                               500                                                 2oc                                2,000            300                        51,950           250

     Advanced mi ssi on s t u d i e s      1964        21,200                 400          3,650                          9,245                                                                                                          2,017                                        5,798               90
                                           1965        26,000                 450          8,200                          7,950                                                                                                          1,700                                        7,700
                                           1966        10,000                 400          1,400                          5,300                                                                                                          1,700                                        1,200


     OFFICE OF SPACE SCIENCE               1964       746,879           1.819             3.256                            780               ,148                                                  25,843                        44    35,168         197,522                      87,202        160,097
       AND APPLICATIONS. TOTAL             1965       731,486           4;808             7;254                            675            183,408                             90       1,390       35,085                        85    59,806         197,323              -      108,994        132,568
                                           1966       797,515           4.225            17,800                         13,440            227,712                                -     4.500       28,305                       100    51.860         196.730              -      105,375        147.468


     P h y s i c s and astronomy           1964       148,623                              1,020                              195         123,753                                                     605                        44      2,333            150                        20,047           476
                                                                                                                                                                                 -
                                           1965
                                           1966
                                                      136,814
                                                      172,100                           .  2,300
                                                                                           2,600
                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                                          107,473
                                                                                                                                          133,585                               -      1,390
                                                                                                                                                                                       4,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1,764
                                                                                                                                                                                                    2,255
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 85
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2,280
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1,730
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     21,168
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     26,660
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      334
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      650
     Lunar and p l a n e t a r y           1964       205,762                             1,867                               505             1,084                                                15,382                              20,146                                         9,521      157,257
       exploration                         1965       206,150                             4,429                               535             1,111                                                16,054                              43,050                                        10,667      130,304
                                           1966       215,615                            14,000                               300               900                                                 8,600                              37,300                                         9,500      145,015
     Sustaining university                 1964       40,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         39,940               60
       program                             1965       46,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         45,965               35
                                           1966       46,000                                                                                                                                                                                                                         45,965               35
     Launch v e h i c l e development      1964       111,900               983                                                                  250                                                                                         115      109,497                         1,055
                                           1965        96,500            1, 783                                                                  925                                                                                         650       91,317                         1,825
                                           1966        63,600            1,050                                         13,000                    550                                                                                         300       47,600                         1,100

     Launch v e h i c l e procurement      1964      129,986               836                                                              23,326                                                                                     11,930         87,875                          6,019
                                           1965      154,672             3,025                                                              19,960
                                                                                                                                            -- - - -                          90                                                       13.106         inh;nnh                        --,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1 9 1;QC
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         .-<
                                           1Q A A    ?pi. 3 - -n n
                                                            c
                                                                -        -,-.<
                                                                         .)   l 7 C
                                                                                                                                            LJ,UL3                                                                                     11,700         149,130                         7,470

     B iosci ence                          1964       21,479                                2 34                                                 250                                                9,856                                                                             9,896        1,243
                                           1965       28,700                                475                                                  250                                               17,267                                                                             9,209        1,499
                                           1966       31,500                              1,000                                                  250                                               17,450                                                                            11,550        1,250
                                          :9
                                          '1                .--
                                                       O2,L::
                                                                                              1 .,L
                                                                                              A d d                                  80     62,346                                                                                           444-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ..                                         172
                                           1965       31.200                                     50                           i 3n          39<575                                                                                           *LU                                      1,035
                                           1966       42,700                                  200                             120           39,720                                                                                           530                                      2,130

N    Communication s a t e l l i t e s    1964          8,413                                                                                7,661                                                                                           200                                        552
                                          1965          8,055                                                                                1.415                                                                                           500                                      6,340
                                          1966          2,800                                                                                1,500                                                                                           yon                                      1,occ
A
d
     A p p l i c a t i o n s technology   1964        17,539                                                                               16,478                                                                                                                                                  1,061
        satellites                        1965        23,395                                                                               22,699                                                                                                                                        300         396
                                          1966        28,700                     -                                                         28,182                                                                                                                                                    518




0
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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  SUM 6
                                                                                                                                  NATIONAL AERONAmICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                                                                                FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                                                    DISTRIBUTION OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMXNT BUDGET PLAN BY INSTALLATION AND FISCAL YEAR

                                                                                                                                          ( I n thousands of d o l l a r s )



                                                                                  J.   F. KENNEDY     MANNED        MARSH A t L         GODDARD         P A C I F I C LAUNCH                  AHES     ELECTRONICS    FLIGHT       LANGLEY        LEWIS         SPACE NUCLEAR                      YESTERN
                      PROGRAM                                      TOTAL          SPACE CENTER,      SPACECRAFT    SPACE FLIGHT        SPACE FLIGHT         OPERATIONS          UALLOPS     RESEARCH    RESEARCH     RESEARCP      RESEARCH     RESEARCH          PROPULS I 0 N   HEADQUARTERS    OPERAT IONS
                                                                                     NASA               CENTER         CENTER             CENTER               OFFICE           STATION      CENTER      CENTER       CENTER        CENTER       CENTER              OFFICE                         OFFICE   lf
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          __
                                                                                                                                            0    ne..
                                                     i964      3i7.Lui                                                  21   (191
                                                                                                                                                                                            14,404                    8,447
                                                     1965      316,468
                                                                                                         ?,7K
                                                                                                         1,750
                                                                                                                       --,e-*

                                                                                                                        28,511
                                                                                                                                            “,L>L

                                                                                                                                            8,127                                                         1,873       s,:sc
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    38,741
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    32,54G         - L3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                -1 1 3-. M---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   99,759          60,355          25,026           26,694
                                                     *n,<
                                                     LI“”
                                                               n-..
                                                               LII.IVV
                                                                           --..                          3.235          18,035              9.300
                                                                                                                                                                                            17,791
                                                                                                                                                                                            16,945        5,200      16,530         42,776        61,595
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   44,YYS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   48,900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   34.322
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   33,638
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21.603
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    21,546


     Basic Research                                  1964          22,653                                                    986                 235                                         1,692                                   1,466         3,464                             7.831           6,979
                                                     1965          21,231                                                    916                 257                                         1,881                            30     1,861         2,234                             8,260           5,792
                                                     1966          22,000                                                    920                 260                                         1,900           200              30     1,920         2,750                             8,220           5,800

     Space v e h i c l e systems                     1964          45,714                                   629        13,569                    878                                         1,942                    1,403         15,257         3,186                             3,282           5,568
                                                     1965          44,495                                   730        16,744                    956                                         2,922                    2,020          9,659         2,326                             5,700           3,438
                                                     1966          35,000                                   855         4,490                    930                                         2,655                    1,180         13,461         1,770                             6,519           3,140
     E l e c t r o n i c systems                     1964          28,700                                1,079           4,644              3,274                                            2,399                    1,072          8,848             463                          4,087            2,834
                                                     1965          25,422                                  475           3,469              2,797                                            3,650        1,873       1,103          6,390             44 5                         2,493            2,727
                                                     1966          34,400                                  880           4,525              3,035                                            3,390        5,000       1,400          9,120             580                          3,270            3,200
     Human f a c t o r systems                       1964          13,200                                1,900               235                    -                                        3,820                    1,342          1,835             137                           3,931
                                                     1965          13,320                                  445               220                                                             4,113                    2,000          3,204             230                           3,108
                                                     1966          14,900                                  900               300                                                             4,680                    1,500          4,450             200                           2,870

     N u c l e a r - e l e c t r i c systems         1964          45,963                                    94              263            1,320                                                                                                41,719                                68 5          1,882
                                                     1965          42,492                                   100              290            1,142                                                                                        400     37,038                              1,186           2,336
                                                     1966          27,000                                   100              400            1,200                                                                                                22,700                              1,000           1,600

     Nuclear r o c k e t s                           1964          79,176                                                7,153                                                                    -                                              11,330           60,355                                 338
                                                     1965          56,731                                                1,280                                                                                                                   10,450           44,995                                   6
                                                     1966          58,000                                                1,300                                                                                                                    7,800           48,900

     Chemical propul si on                           1964          46,000                                                3,542                  375                                                                                  1,144       31,205                             3,194            6,540
                                                     1965          63,792                                                3,592                  550                                                                                  1,480       45,227                             8,760            4,183
                                                     1966          30,000                                   500          5,100                  800                                                                                  1,980        8,095                             8,825            4,700
     S o l a r and chemical power                    1964          14,000                                                1,429              2,170                                              105                                       7 10      6,403                               630           2,553
                                                     1965          13,745                                                2,000              2,425                                              191                                       690       4,309                             1,009           3,121
                                                     1966          14,200                                      -         1,000              3,075                                              170                                       740       5,000                  -          1,109           3,106
     Ae ronaut i cs                                  1964          21,795                                                                                                                    4,446                    4,630          9,481        1,852                              1,386
                                                     1965          35,240                                                                                                                    4,967                    4,037          8,864       13,566                              3,806
                                                     1966          42,200                                                                                                                    4,150                   12,420         11,105       12,700                              1.825                   -
     ~““---
     v i A &Uo
                 __ _. -__----
                 Ut   &MClhAIVCI iUlU                I Y W     194,947                                                   2,900           132,817                               5,100                                  1,800          2,450                                           7.210          42.070
         A
        D TA ACQUISITION                             1965      274,750                                                   2,000           195,201                               5.450                                                 2.200
                                                     1966      246i200                                                   1;500           173;400                       -       5.900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.200
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2.000          2.500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     71900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7.900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    59: 799
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    53.000

                                                                                                                                                                                , .^^
     T r acki ng and d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n   1964      194,347                                                   9 ann           I??,$:?                                -,
                                                                                                                                                                                r   ,1111
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      i,60G          2,450                                           7,210 -        42,070
                                                     1965
                                                     ,n,,
                                                     A,””
                                                               274,750
                                                               A   l
                                                               L.tV,L”V
                                                                       l   A^^
                                                                                                                         2,000
                                                                                                                         1,500
                                                                                                                                         195,201
                                                                                                                                         173,400
                                                                                                                                                                       --           ^”-

                                                                                                                                                                                5.450
                                                                                                                                                                                5,900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      3,mn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2,000
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     9Inn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -,---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     2,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     - __
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     1,YUU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     7,900
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3 Y , 199
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    53,000


     OFFICE OF TECHNOLOGY                            1964              3,500                                                                                                                                                                                                        3,500
       UTILIZATION AND PCn;IrV                       1065              4,750                                                                                                                                                                                                        4,750
       PLANNING                                      1966              5,000                                        I_
                                                                                                                                  -
B
m    Technology u t i l i z a t i o n                1964
                                                     1965
                                                                       3,500
                                                                       4,750
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -         3,500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4,750
                                                     1966              5,000                                                                                                                                                                                                        5,000

n
I
W
     TOTAL BUDGET PLAN                               1964 3,974,979
                                                     1965 4,268,632
                                                                                       51,700
                                                                                       53,430
                                                                                                    1,362,994
                                                                                                    1,406,054
                                                                                                                   1.301.925
                                                                                                                   1,468,542
                                                                                                                                         376.423
                                                                                                                                         387,011                     90
                                                                                                                                                                       -        5,100
                                                                                                                                                                                6,840
                                                                                                                                                                                            40,322
                                                                                                                                                                                            52.884       1.873
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     10,291
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     11.475
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    78,376
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    97.454
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                300,256
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                313,748
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  60,355
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  44,995
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  158,029
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  210,066
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  229,208
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  214,170
0                                                    1966 4.575.900                    73,570       1,486,075      1,689,575             410.912                       -       10.400       45,450       5,200       18,630        100.836      258,625           48,900          205,463         222,264
*
W
0
     -
     l/Amount         f o r Western Operat i ons Office i n c l u d e s funds f o r t h e J e t P r o p u l s i o n La bora tory a s s h a m i n t h e Research and Development program j u s t i f i c a t i o n (VoL, 1 )
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1
N
P-
W
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 SUM 7
                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                        FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                  S M A Y O CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES BUDGET PLAN
                   U MR    F                                                                            AS
                             RECONCILED TO FINANCING SCHEDULE



                                                            F i s c a l Year    F i s c a l Year         F i x a l Year
                                                                  19 64               1965               - 1966             __
           --
           BucJ,et     Activity

1.   Mannec Space F l i g h t . ........                    $496,841,600       $2 1 3 , 4 8 1 , 5 0 0        $2 7,825 ,OO(>
2.   Scientific Investigations
        i n Space     ..................                      16,698,700            5,765,000                  r3,377,000
3.                            ..........
     Space A p p l i c a t i o n s                             3,933,000                       ---                      -- -
4.   Space Technology       ............                      60,944,700          23,812,000              20,435,000
5.   A i r c r z f t Technology.........                       2,585,000           4,452,000                 762 ,000
6.                                   ...
     Suppcrting A c t i v i t i e s . . . .                  134,442,300          15,370,000             -7 ,30 1,O O o
                                                                                                          1                 I




        Tot211 Budget P l a n . .        .......            $715.450.300       $262.880.500

     ---- c i r s :
     F inan
                                ............
        A p ~ r o p r i tai o n .                           $680,000,000       $262,880,500                  $ 7 k ,700 ,000
        T r a n s f e r r e d from (77 S t a t .
           439)   -
            "Research and develop-
               men t  ...................                     20,046,300
           "lrdniinis t r a t i v e
               operations       .............                 13,300,000

                  Appropria t i on
                    (adjusted)          ........             713,346,300        262,880,500                   7 k , 700 ,001:)

        T r a m s f e r r e d from "Research
            a.nd development" i n FY
            1.5165 (77 S t a t . 4 3 9 )      .....            1,779,000
        P r i o r y e a r funding a p p l i e d -
           a v a i . l a b l e from a d j u s t m e n t s
           tcl p r i o r y e a r budget p l a n s                 325,000

             T o t a l f i n a n c i n g of
                budget p l a n      ...........             $715,450.300       $262 -880.500


                                                                                                                    SUM 1
                          NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                        FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

               ---
               SUEIMIiRY OF CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES BUDGET PIAN
     BY BUDGET A C T I V I T Y SHOWING LOCATION TOTALS INCLUDED I N EACH A C T I V I

                                                  F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year
                                                        19 64              1965         ---   19 6m
                                                                                                  t


1.     MANNED SPACE FLIGHT..         ..... $496,841,600              $2 13,48 1,500     -
                                                                                        $27,8211,000


           C e n t e r . HASA.. ........
         John F. Kennedy Space
                                            280,520,300                85,377,200          7,2911,000
         Manned S p a c e c r a f t Center   36,142,000                24,443,000          4 I 40(1,000
         Marsh~all.Space F l i g h t
            Center.. ................        30,08 1,000               14,999,700          4,776,000
         Michoud I ? l a n t . . .........    9,058,000                 6,313,500            300 ,000
         Missi.ssi.ppj. T e s t
            Fac:i11.r:y6  .............. 96,163,300                    54,182,000          2,121.,000
         Va r i c~u Loca t i ons .......
                  s                          44,877,000                28,166,100          6,1321,000
         F a c i 3.i t y P l a n n i n g and
            Design.,   ................                                          ---       2 ,80(1,000

2.     SC1ENTIJ:FICI INVESTIGATIONS
         I N SE'ACEI:. ................           $16,698,700          $5,765,000        - 8 . 3 7 ; ',000
                                                                                         $

         Ames Rezrcrai:ch Center..          ..           96,000                            2 ,745, ,000
         Goddard !:pace F l i g h t
             C e n t e r . . ..............         13,164,500            500,000          2 ,400 ,000
         J e t Propiilsi on L a b o r a t o r y      3,243,200          2,895,000                    ---
         John F. ICenntedy Space
             C e n t e r , NPSA.. ........              170,000         1,741,000          1,300,000
         Vari ou s        Locait i ons .......            5,000                  ---                 ---
         W 1l o p s I3 t e t:i on. ........
           a                                             20,000            629,000         1 ,04O,OOO
         F a c i :ti       P lainning and
             De s i gI.1. ...............
                   tJi7
                                                                                              880,000

3,     SPACE APPI:,CCA1~IONS.          .......      $3,933,000

          Goddard :Spi3c:e F l i g h t
                          ................
            C e r i t e I!:                          3,933,000                                       ---




                                                                                             SUM 2
                                                F i s c a l Year       F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year
                                                    1964                     1965         -     '1.966


                                                                       $23,812,000        -
                                                                                          $20,435,000

       Ames Research Center..
       E1ec:troini.c~ Research
                                  .....           11,464,000              3,100,000

          Center.    ..................            4,820,000            10,050,000              0
                                                                                               1 ,000,000
       Langley Research Center..     ..            9,872,700             3 253,000
                                                                         1,555,000
                                                                                                7,568,000
                                                                                                  867,000
       Lewis liesearch Center......               20,468,000
       Nuclear Rocket Development
          Station..................                4 * 190 * 000                  ---
       Various Locations.         .........
       F a c i l i t y Planning and
                                                  10,135,000              5,854,000

          Desi8n...................                         ---                                2,000,000

5.   AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY.         .........       $2,585,000            $4,452,000        -'$762,000
       A e Research Center.......
         ms                                           20,000              2,630,000
       F l i g h t Research Center.....            2,495,000                      ---
       Langley Research Center....                    70,000              1,322,000
       Lewis Research Center......                          - - e
                                                                            500,OOb
       F a c i si t y P l a n n i n g and
           Design...................                        ---                                   BO,000

6.   SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES........              $134,442,300           $15,370,000        -
                                                                                          $17,301,000

       Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r           84,000             1,29 1,000
       J e t P r o p u l s i o n Laboratory..               ---             725,000
       John F. Kennedy Space Center,
           AA..........
          NS...........                            4,000,000             1,955,000
       Various L,ocations..........              129,803,300            10,279,000
       Wallops Station............                   555 000             1,120,000
       F a c i l i t y P l a n n i n g and
          Desigp....      ...............                   --   -,                ---    ,-   1,740,000


TOTAL PLAN.   ......................            $7 15,450,300         s262.880.502        -$74,700 .OOO




                                                                                               SUM 3
                            NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                          FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

            SllMMliIlY OF CONSTRUCTION O FACILITIES BUDGET PLAN
           --.--                        F                                             BY LOCATION

                                                       F i s c a l Year     F i s c a l Year      F i s c a l Year
              Location
             --.---                                          1964                 1965            -     1966


A m e s Researc:h C e n t e r .     ...........
                                              .
E l e c t r o n i . c s Research C e n t e r . . * .
                                                       $1 1,580,000
                                                          4,820,000
                                                                             $5,730,000
                                                                             10,050,000
                                                                                                    $2,749,000
                                                                                                    LO ,000,000
F 1 gh t Re sea ;rch Cen t e r
    i                                ..........           2,495,000                     ---                   "--
Goddard Spac:e F l i g h t Center.. * .
J e t P r o p u l s i o n Laboratory..
                                              .
                                          .....
                                                         17,181,500
                                                          3,243,200
                                                                               1,791,000
                                                                               3,620,000
                                                                                                     2 ,400,000
                                                                                                              ---
John F. Kennedy Space C e n t e r ,
    NASA......       .....................
Langley Research C e n t e r . .       .......
                                                       284,690,300
                                                         9,942,700
                                                                             89,073,200
                                                                              4 ,575,000
                                                                                                     8,595,000
                                                                                                     8 , 250,000
L e w i s Research C e n t e r . .  .........           20,468,000            2,055,000                  867,000
Manned S p a c e c r a f t Center..    ......
                                            .
M a r s h a l l Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . * .
                                                       .36,142,000
                                                        30,081,000
                                                                             24,443,000
                                                                             14,999,700
                                                                                                     4,400,000
                                                                                                     4 , 776,000
Michoud Plan*:.         ..................
                                        .....
M i s s i s s i p p i 'rest F a c i l i t y . .
                                                         9,058,000
                                                        96,163,300
                                                                              6,313,500
                                                                             54,182,000
                                                                                                         300,000
                                                                                                     2 , 121,000
Nuclear RocL.et Development
    Station..,,      ....................
Various I,oca.i:ions...        ............
                                                          4,190,000
                                                        184,820,300          44,299,100
                                                                                        ---
                                                                                                    21,644,000
                                                                                                              ---
Wallops Stat.:ion..        ...............
F a c i li t y Pla.nning and D e s i g d l ..               575,000           1,749 ,000
                                                                                        ---       -
                                                                                                     1,048,000
                                                                                                     7,500,000

   Total Plan,.         ,   .................          $715,450,300        $262,880,500           $74., 700,000
                                                                                                  I




-
l/Amounts        a p r o p r i a t e d i n f i s c a l year 1964 and 1965 are r e f l e c t e d by l o c a t i o n . .


A geographic     l o c a t i o n of NASA i n s t a l l a t i o n s i s shown on t h e f o l l o w i n i ; page.
1nstallat:ior:i.s :€orwhich c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t s a r e r e q u e s t e d i n the f i s c a l
y e a r 1966 budget are i d e n t i f i e d .




                                                                                                     SUS 4
                                              N A S A INSTALLATIONS

                                                                                        *      LEWIS RESEARCH CENTER

 *   AME   iZE                                                   PLUM BROOK
                                                                 STATION (LEWIS)
                                                                                                i
     CENTER                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                          NlCS RESEARCH
PACIFIC LAUNCH
OPERATIONS OFFICE


WESTERN OPNS
OFFICE                                                                                                              *   GODDARD SPACE
                                                                                                                        FLIGHT CENTER

                                                                                                                           WALLOPS STATION
J E T PROPULSION
LABOR A T 0 RY
( CONTRACT0 R )                                                                                                         NASA HEADQUARTERS




       FLIGHT RESEARCH
       CENTER
                                     /.   MANNED
                                                             /     "
                                                                           / /           \      *   KENNEDY SPACECENTER
                                          SPACECRAFT CENTER
                                                                        / I* 1
                                  I
                 N i j C i E A R ROCKET
                                                *   MICHOUD P L A N T
                                                        !MSFC 1        'i.
                                                                                      MARSHALL SPACE
                                                                                      FLIGHT CENTER


                 DEVELOPMENT
                 STATION (NASA-AEC)
                                                        *
                                                                        I
                                                            MISSISSIPPI TEST F A C I L I T Y
                                                                                                     *   I n s t a l l a t i o n s f o r which
                                                                                                         constr-Jction projects a r e
                                                                    (MSFC)                               r e q u e s t e d i n FY 1966 budget.
                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                       FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                       ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                            S M A Y OF OBLIGATIONS BY INSTALLATION
                             U MR


                                                        F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year     I ' i . s c a 1 Year
                                                              19 6 4             1965          --
                                                                                                --       19156

MANNED SPACE :ITLIGHT

  John F. Kennedy Space C e n t e r ,
    NSAA    .........................                   $34 ,959,000       $61 ,616,000         $62,60 7,000
  Manned Sjpacecraf t C e n t e r , .....                68,634,000         9 1,201,000          8 9 , 6 58,000
  M a r s h a l l Space F l i g h t C e n t e r ,       124,443,000        140,458,000          1.37,3137,000

SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS

  Goddard l3pa'::e F l i g h t C e n t e r . .      .     62,466,000         85,923,000            69,501,000
  P a c i f i c 'Launch O p e r a t i o n s
     Office...      ....................                   1,037,000            835,000                 804,000
  Wallops :3 t a t i o n . ..............                  9,715,000         11,442,000              9 ,800,000

ADVANCED RIESE.ARCH AND TECHNOLOGY
           -.--
  Ames Research C e n t e r . .       ........            29,886,000         31,698,000            32,300,000
                                             .
  E l e c t r o n i c s Research C e n t e r . .             730,000          3 ,600,000            7,6?2,000
  F 1i gh t Re se,ar c h Cent e r     ........             9,514,000          9,750,000             9 ,600,000
  Langley :Research C e n t e r . .        .....          52,642,000         57 ,258,000           61,7433,000
  Lewis Research C e n t e r . .  .......                 61,694,000         7 0 , 9 7 1,000       63,8'30,000
  Space Nu12le.ar P r o p u l s i o n
     Office    ......................                      1,472,000          1,725,000              1 , 8 38,000

              ACTIVITIES
SUPPORTING -.--

  Northeastern Office.....,.....                              379 ,000                  -e-                    ---
  Western O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e . .   ...        4,924,000          5,989,000             6 , 3 37,000
  N S He a d qu a r t e r s
   AA                         .............               49 ,115,000        73 ,255,000           56 ,1O3,OOO

     TOTAL.......................                       $511.610 -000      $645.72 1,000       -            -
                                                                                               .$~09,41)0,000




                                                                                                       SllM 1
                             NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                               ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                          NUMBER O POSITIONS BY LOCATION
                                                  F


                                                                    F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year   F i s c a l Year
                                                                          19 6 4             1965               1966

MANNED SPACE FLIGHT

 John F. Kernedy Space C e n t e r ,
   NASA..........................
 Manned S p a c e c r a f t C e n t e r . . . . . . . .
                                                                .       1,625
                                                                        4,277
                                                                                           2,082
                                                                                           4,811
                                                                                                              2,082
                                                                                                              4,811
 M a r s h a l l Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . .        ..            7,679              7,658              7,658

            --
SPACE SCIENCE: AND APPLICATIONS

  Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . .               ...           3,675              3,725              21,725
                                                                                                                  22
  P a c i f i c Launc:h O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e                    22                 22
  Wallops S t a t i . o n . .   ...............                           5 30               530                 530

ADVANCED RESEGXH AND TECHNOLOGY

  A m e s Resea.rcti C e n t e r . .      ..........                    2,204              2,205              2,205
  E l e c t r o n i c s Research C e n t e r . . ...                        25               2 50                 550
  F li gh t Re EX! ai:ch Cent er          ..........                      6 19               6 19                 6 19
  Langley Research C e n t e r . .             .......                  4,330              4,308              f,.,308
  L e w i s Researc:h C e n t e r . .       .........                   4,859              4,847
                                                                                              116
                                                                                                              L , 847
                                                                                                                  116
  Space Nuc ].ear P r o p u l s i o n Off i c e .                          112

           --
SUPPORTING OI?EIUTIONS

                              ..........
  North E:ast:t:rn O f f i c e . .                                         33
                                  .......
  Western Opt: ra t i o n s O f f i c e                                   376                40 6                40 6
  N S Headquai?t e r s
   AA                   ...............                                 2,133              2,221              :: ,221

     TOTAL. .........................                                  32,499            3 3 800




    762-046 0   - 65 - .&                                                                                    SlJM 2
8
0
        8
        0
e       m
        3
        3
        m
        U
    t       o
    a    0
    I   O
        d
        U
h           0
I       O
I       O
        0
        n
        e
L
I
I
        O
        O
        O
                I   11
        N
        c
        U
        .-
                                                                                                          NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION                                .
                                                                                                                        FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                                                 CWlfiATION OF PERSONNEL COSTS BY INSTALLATION AND PISCAL YEAR

                                                                                                                         ( I n t h o u s a n d s of d o l l a r s )


                                                                       J. F. Kw D fEY                  AIRWALL                            Paairic     LIUCH                                           Icc
                                                                                                                                                                                               ILECTRON    Ccialri             LAffiLEV     LhlB       #mar lucctu
                  FISCAL YEAR 1964 ACTUAL                     1011     s p r a r Cr*TcR,              SPACE   FLIOHT                         OPERATIW~            WALLOPS                       PCCEARCII RECEARCM             RECEARCM    nrcEIRcn    hOPUClO*
                                                              I4SA          NASA                        CENTER                                 orr1cr             SlAllM                        CrmEa
                                                                                                                                                                                                            - CENTER            cr*rra      CEhlER           Orrlor
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          ~




     P e r s o n n e l Compensation:
        Permanent p o s i t i o n s
                             -.
        Pay above t h e s t a t e d anniirl r a t e
                                                          $209,440
                                                             ?,??r.
                                                                       $14,468
                                                                              ....
                                                                               11)
                                                                                           $37,237
                                                                                               i69
                                                                                                      $68,967
                                                                                                              5 7h
                                                                                                                       $33,986
                                                                                                                             27c
                                                                                                                                                                $3,586
                                                                                                                                                                        In
                                                                                                                                                                        LO
                                                                                                                                                                             S19; 52R
                                                                                                                                                                                  - 0 4.
                                                                                                                                                                                  1
                                                                                                                                                                                    _      :     $277
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2
                                                                                                                                                                                                            $5,220
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     42
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Am-   A * .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ?>>, 7 0 0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   305
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $42.557
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               361
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             s1: 2.59
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        9
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            T: 2 ? , ? I *0
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 160
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $3,5ji
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         31
        --r*-a     #,->
                   \u=uucr,                                -25.316       -2.904             -7,116     -4.919           -3.059                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                 - 235       -
                                                                                                                                                                             -1.045              --
                                                                                                                                                                                                  !43        -   -?A=
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  &"A         -1,606        -i.950            - 136
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              -              - 1,448                  --498
        N e t cost of permanent p o s i t i o n s         $266,458     $11,677             $30,390    $64,624          $31,197                                  $3,379       $18,64 7            $136       $5,157           $34.665       $40,968           $1,122         $20,961                  $3.084
        Other personnel canpensation                        22,102       1,688               4,101      8,302            1.758                                  -  427           395              -1           502             1,261         2,001            -   3           1.341                   -  2 94
       T o t a l p e r s o n n e l compensation                                                                                                                                                                                                         s1.125
            Reimbursable
            NASA funded
                                                          $280.560
                                                               479
                                                           280,081
                                                                       $13,365
                                                                              ---
                                                                         13,365
                                                                                           334.497
                                                                                               ---
                                                                                            34,497
                                                                                                      $72.926

                                                                                                       72,921
                                                                                                             5
                                                                                                                       $32.955
                                                                                                                           4 74
                                                                                                                        32,401
                                                                                                                                                               $3.806
                                                                                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                                                                                 3,006
                                                                                                                                                                             $19,042
                                                                                                                                                                                  ---
                                                                                                                                                                              19,042
                                                                                                                                                                                                 $137
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                  137
                                                                                                                                                                                                            35,659

                                                                                                                                                                                                              5,659
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---      $35.926
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              35.926
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $42.969
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ---                ---      $22.302
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ___                  ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     33.378

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            42,969            1,125           22,302                  3.378
     T o t a l personnel b e n e f i t s                   $20.262          $868            32.294     34.926           $2.308                                        $268
                                                                              ---              ---            ---                                                             $1,389              slo          $410           $2.654        $3.112
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ---               $82
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ----      $1.678                    $231.
          Reimbursable                                           21                                                          21                                        --_        ---             ---               __-            ---                                              ---                  ---
          NASA funded                                       20,241            068            2,294      4,926            2,287                                         268     1,309                IO              4 10        2,654        3.112                  82          1,678                    231
     Total Personnel Costs
        Reimbursable
        NASA funded
                                                          j300.022
                                                                500
                                                            308,322
                                                                       $14.233
                                                                              ---
                                                                         14,233
                                                                                           336.791
                                                                                               ---
                                                                                            36,791
                                                                                                      377.052

                                                                                                       77,047
                                                                                                             5
                                                                                                                       $35.263
                                                                                                                           495
                                                                                                                                                               $4.074
                                                                                                                                                                       ___   $20.431
                                                                                                                                                                                  ---            $147
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ---       36.069
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---      330.500
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---     346.001
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                _--          $1.207
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            $23.980
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _--                 ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     33.609
                                                                                                                        34,768                                   4,074        20,431              14 7        6,069           30.580        46.081            1,207          23,900                   3,609
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~~          ~                                --
                 FISCAL YEAR 1965 ESTIMATED

     P e r s o n n e l Canpensation:
        Permanent p o s i t i o n s                       $320,264     $19,652             $40,456    $74,262          $36,939                $208             $3.904        $20,220           $2,799       $5,671           837.42L       $43,611           $1,389         $25.652                  $4,077
        Pay above t h e s t a t e d a n n u a l r a t e      1,260           70                 163        298             134                   1                  15            78               10           22                175          173                6               99                     16
        Lapses (deduct)                                     -9.592      -1.556              -2.488     -1.565             -376                 --6               --81            -39            141
                                                                                                                                                                                               -.1            -122            - -216          -219            - -10          -1.272                   --231
       Net c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s         $311,932     $18,166             $42,131    $72,995          $36,697                $203             $3,838        $20,259           $1.398       $5,571           $37,383       $43,565           $1,385         $24.4 79                 $3,862
       Other p e r s o n n e l compensation                 25.277       2.251               5,554      0.352            2,204                 -28               -523            44 1              72        -
                                                                                                                                                                                                             647               1,443         2.045            -   6           1.410                     293
       T o t a l p e r s o n n e l compensation           $337.209     $20.41 7            $47.685    $31.347          $30.901                $231             $4.361        $20,700           $1.470       $6.210           $38.026       $45,610           $1,391         325.09 7                 $4,155
            Reimbursable                                        513           ---              ---          3               510                 ---                    ---        ---              ---              ---            ---          ---               -_-               ---                 ---
            NASA funded                                    336,696       20,417             47.685     81,344           30,391                  231              4,361        20,700            1,470         6.218           38.026        45,610            1,391          25,097                   4,155

     T o t a l personnel b e n e f i t s
         Reimbursable
                                                           323,533
                                                                43
                                                                         $1.364
                                                                              ---              ___
                                                                                            33.164     $5.475
                                                                                                              ---       $2.750
                                                                                                                            43
                                                                                                                                               $6
                                                                                                                                                1
                                                                                                                                                ---               -
                                                                                                                                                                  $313
                                                                                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                                                                                              $1,500
                                                                                                                                                                                  ---            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                 $110
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ---          9432
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              $2.86!
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   _--      $3,314
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ---               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  $109
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---       $1,834
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---                -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       $291
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        _-_
         NASA funded                                        23,490         1,364             3,164      5.475            2,707                    16                   313     1 500              110               432        2,861         3,314                 109          1,834                   291
     r o t a 1 Personnel Costs                            $360,742     921.781             $50.049    $86.822          $41,651                $247             $4,671r       $22.200           $1.580       36.650           $41.687       $40.924       $1.500             527.731                  $4,446
           Re imbur s a b l e                                  556            ---              ---          3              553                  ---                    ---        ---             ---               ---            ---          _--               ---               ---                 ---
           NASA funded                                     360,186       21,781             50.849     86,819           41,098                  24 7             4,674        22 * 200          1.500        6.650            41,6Al        Lfa.021.          -,,--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1 cnn          I-     ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             L , , I > l              4,446


                 FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATED

     P e r s o n n e l Compensation:
        Permanent p o s i t i o n s
                                            l
        Pay above t h e a t o t e d a w ~ e r:te
                                                          $323,702
                                                             1   -0,
                                                                       $19,767
                                                                                --         $44,674    $74.350
                                                                                                            258
                                                                                                                       $36,936 -
                                                                                                                           ._
                                                                                                                                              $211
                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                               53;906        s20.22n
                                                                                                                                                                                   78
                                                                                                                                                                                               $5.716
                                                                                                                                                                                                   22
                                                                                                                                                                                                            cc
                                                                                                                                                                                                            " A 2   .--
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -SI.!.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             $ 3 7 4 24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   175
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           343,610
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               173
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         si,$;;             $25,665                  $4,070 -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         _
                                                             I   Lo-            *I .
                                                                                   >           208                           13 I                                  15                                                                                                   6        ??
                                                                                                                                                                                 - LU -m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          13
        Lapse s (deduc t)                                  -4.050         -_
                                                                           - 300              -511        -SI67            -1   n*
                                                                                                                             _ I L
                                                                                                                                               -                 - -.
                                                                                                                                                                 -01                                                -44            - 80     I_
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                - 90         -3                   -355                --1

       Net cost of permanent p o s i t i o n s            $320.920     $19,542             $44,371    $73,753          $36,881                $211             $3,838        $20,200           $4.211       $5,722           $37,519       $43,693       $1.418             $25,389                  $4,092
N      O t h e r p e r s o n n e l compensation             24,995       2.337              5.626       7.925            2.376                 -23               -523        - -
                                                                                                                                                                               157
                                                                                                                                                                                 44 1                          543            137
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               .7            1.942           -6               1.433                   - 206
P      T o t a i p e r some i compensa t i o n            $345,923     $21,079             349.99 7   $81,670          $39.257                5234             $4,361        $20,729           $4.368                        $30.096       $45.635      $1,424              $26,022
N           Reimbur s a b l e                                    716          ---              ---           3              713                ---                    ---        ---              ---               ---            ---          ---               _-_               ---              j4.370
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ---
            NASA funded                                    345,207       21.879             49,997     81,675           38.544                  234              4,361        20,729            4,368        6,265            30,096        45,635            1,424          26,822                   4,378

     Total personnel b e n e f i t s                       324.243       91.465             $3.320     35.531           $2.766                 $16                $313       31.503              $332          $435           $2.809        $3.338                $1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   11       $1,912                     s304
i
3
       Reimbursable                                               so          ---              ---            ---            50                 ---                   ---        ---              ---               ---            --_          ---               ---              ---                  ---
1
       NASA funded                                          24,193         i.465             3,328      5,531            2,716                   16                   313      1,503              332               435        2,809         3,338                Ill          1,912                    304
10
(0

                                                                                                                                                               $4.674
3
     P o t a l P e r s o n n e l Costs
          Reimbur e a b l e
                                                          $370.166
                                                                766
                                                                       $23.344
                                                                              ---              ---
                                                                                           $53,325    $07.209
                                                                                                             3
                                                                                                                       942,023
                                                                                                                            763                 ---
                                                                                                                                             $250
                                                                                                                                                                      ---    $22.232
                                                                                                                                                                                 ---           $4.700
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ---       $6.700
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ---      $41.705
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---          ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           $40.973      $1,535
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ---       $20.734
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ---                  ---
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     $4.602

*
(0
0

N
r-
(0
          NASA funded                                      369,400       23,344             53,325     87.206           41,260                  250              4.674        22,232           4,700         6.700            41.785
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -48,973           1.535           20,734                   4,682


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SM 4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              U
                                                                                                                                                        NATIONAL AERONAVTICS AND SPACE ADMINIST8ATION

                                                                                                                                                                           tI%AL YEAH lqb6 TSI'IMATES

                                                                                                                               DISTRIBUTION OF PlRSONWL POSITIONS BY INSTALLATIOF AND FIFCAL YEAR



                                                                                               , F. KLV hLDI         WAYNLU          "ARSHhLl                                                                          r f C l R v h l :S
                                                                                               P A C i CENILR,   FhCLCRAFl         ,FlCt f L l S H                                                                     RLSLARCH                                                                                    r: j   .l.L1
                                                                                                  \ S A              CLhlER           Ci\lER                                        LFFlit                              CE:IER                                                                                          llsi
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                __                                 ~- .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -.                 -4
               TOTAL EXCEPTED POSITIONS 1     '                                    -
                                                                                   415                14
                                                                                                      -                 -
                                                                                                                        15                     -
                                                                                                                                               56                     -
                                                                                                                                                                      40             -                          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                26           -                   -t                                       3                               -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          15e     -2
                 General S c k d u l e Positions:
                            GS-16
                            GS-15
                                                                                   4
                                                                               1.612                  51               191                    391
                                                                                                                                                    4
                                                                                                                                                                     isn
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I              -
                                                                                                                                                                                       1                        112              5               15   1            I37                    155         2c                  lh;
                            GS-14                                              2,463                 102               314                    658                    347               4                        14 6             5               29                219                    294         20                  271      5
                            65-13                                              3,677                 74 1
                                                                                                     102
                                                                                                                       596                    94 2
                                                                                                                                              996
                                                                                                                                                                     515               1                        191              1               41   1            304                    836         21                  160      2
                            GS-12                                              3,661                                   560                                           480               3                        153              2               58   ~            357                    512                             123      2
                            GS-11                                              3,179                 206               485                    R75                    467               3                        139                              52                411                    198          3                   7c      I
                            GS-10                                                 21                    I                                           1                                                             2                                                                        12                               4
                            GS-9                                               2,463                  99               196                    422                  391                                          180              1               50   ~            448                    172          2                   70      1
                            GS-8                                                  51                    1                                       4                     8                                                                           2                  2                      9                              22
                            GS-7                                               1,693                      81       141                        288                  221                                          119              1               27                215                    200          2                  146      2
                            GS-6                                                 670                44              54                          ??                  7'1                                          35              1               11                 69                     58          4                  223
                            GS-5                                               1,816               106             246                      3 7n                   ?5C                                          121              3               ?I                179                    12;         li                  214
                            GS-4                                               1,971               150             171                      507                    226                 5                        119              1               25                153                    206         11                  122      R
                            GS-I                                               1,290                91r            219                      402                    103                 1                         59              1                5                155                    149          3                   73      2
                            65-2                                               j
                                                                              l g                __   3          __  5                       68                  ~
                                                                                                                                                                      5              -I      I L L      7                     1             -         1        1         1      A                                    1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    _ 1           -
                                                                              24 I 710           1,487           1,828                    5,969                  3,104                22        254         1,184             25            316            2,672                        3,044        109                1,894     30
                                                                                                 91              308                  u                      266                     -         -
                                                                                                                                                                                               261      791                  -              - i1.571
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            261                                                      -                     39     -
                                                                              11,984              1,592          4,171                    7,502              1,610                    22       516          2,201             25            605 ' 4.279                             4,851            112                2,091     12
                                                                               1
                                                                              5 5                33              2    6               17
                                                                                                                                       7                     6   5                   -         -14      -       1            -              14 5     1                              ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        8            -              ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           42     -1
                                                                              32,499              1,625          4.277                    7,679              3,675                    22        510         2,204             25            619           4,330                     4,859            112                2,113     13
                                                                              -                                  __                __                                                          -        -_                                  __            __
                             F I S C A L ? c i a I*LS E b l I M I I L d

               TOTAL EXCEPTED POSITIONS
                 General Schedule P o s i t i o n s :
                                                                          '        419                15
                                                                                                      -                 -
                                                                                                                        15                     54
                                                                                                                                               -                      -
                                                                                                                                                                      40             -          -1              29
                                                                                                                                                                                                                -            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10              -6                    38
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -                      15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -          -3                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          170                -1
                           GS-16                                                 181                   9                 15                  41                       21                         1               17                               1                 16                    17           1                   19                 1
                           GS-15                                               1,694                  62               222                  190                      190               1         4               97           16                 11                129                   155          16                  184                15
                           GS-14                                               2,707                 108               398                  663                      381               4         8              150           50                 11                222                   119          20                  302                49
                           GS-13                                               4,217                 182               716                1,040                      554               3        27              219           50                 49                318                   517          I1                  207                62
                                            GS-12                              4,024                 369               6 64               1,052                      568               5        42              169           20                 54                372                   490           5                  112                82
                                             GS-11                             1,454                 269               594                  899                      502               1        I1              151           14                 56                421                   398           3                   71                44
                                            GS-10                                  I1                  1                                            1                                            2                5                                                                       12                               10
                           GS-9                                                2,495                 111               479                    412                  380                          21              145             4                40          441                         158                               74                 8
                           GS-8                                                    59                  1                       1                4                    9                                                                                          2                         11                               28                 1
                           GS-7                                                1.591                 116               132                    279                  155                          21        105                    1               20           191                        212           4                  149                 6
                           GS-6                                                   726      ,          47                63                     75                  101                 1         9         34                 11                 16            69                         58           4                  221                11
                           GS-5                                                1,833       ,         141               111                    191                  170                 3        49        110                 18                 22           175                        129          16                  211                65
                           GS-4                                                1,889       ~         193               339                    516                  180                 1        26        106                 14                 24           152                        180           8                   91                19
                           GS-I                                                  999       ,          91               174                    223                  112                            R        52                  2                  8           115                        146           1                                     12
                           cs-2
                           .~                        ~                                              2            I                    69                     -_     18               -         -            6               -               -.            -     8               -  10                -                                      - 1

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                *
                                                                                                                                                                                                            ~



               TOTAL GENEPAL SCHEDLLE POSITIONS                                                  1,929           4,329                    6,055                  3,365               19        249      1,366                 240           336            2.653                1,032                111                                    398
               TOTAL WAGE BOARD POSITIONS                                                           101          __122                e                            272               -         268
                                                                                                                                                                                               -           _
                                                                                                                                                                                                        _ 790                -              263                                                      -                                      -
               TOTAL PERMANENT POSITIONS                                                         2,045           4,686                    7.489                  1,677                19       518      2,185                 250           605           4.218                     4,815            116                                    401
                 OTHER TEMPORARY POSITIONS                                                           37            125                - 169                         48               -1        -12         20                -              -14           -  70                        32                                                   - 5
               GRAND TOTAL POSITIONS    P 1965
                                         I                          -                            2,082           4,811                7,658                      1,725               22        530
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~



                                                                                                                                                                                                        2,205                250            619           4,308
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ~



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    4,847                                                   406
                                                                                                                                                                             .-                ~-
                                                                                                                                                                                                .
                                                                                                                                                                                                .                      .                    ~.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             _~

                             iiic*,      l,"R      IO,.   tiil"*lt.l

               _-..
                  ~.."""
               j i A ' L r      L A r r . L n 3
                                                     """Tm7"..m!/
                                                     .U2ILIY.."
                                                                                                                        --
                                                                                                                        -i J                   -
                                                                                                                                               3-                     -
                                                                                                                                                                       ._
                                                                                                                                                                      i"                        -               2,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                -               11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                -            ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  b                -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   3h                     35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -           -'       !          1bY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -                  -3
                    General Schedule Positi0r.s:
                              GS-16                                              181                   9                15                     41                     21                          1              17                               1                 lh                     17          3       1           3Y                 1
                              GS-15                                            1,724                  62               222                    190                    190               1          4              97            46                11                114                   155          16                  384                15
                              GS-14                                            2,767                 108               198                    663                    381               4          8             150           110                11                222                   319          20                  102                49
                                            ua- LJ                             +,<_I7                ,111              ,>o                ,,"(I13                    33-               3         L,             11u           116                &Y                318                   537          31                  208                h2
                                            65-12                              4,101                 369               664                1,081                      568               5        42              1R2              55              54                372                   490           5                  112                82
                                            GS-11                              1,475                 269               594                  909                      502               1        31              IS?              19              56                421                   398           1                   71                44
                                            GS-10                                 11                      1                                   1                                                  2                5                                                                       12                               10
                                            GS-9                               2,541                 131              479                   413                      180                        71              165                  9       40                    443                   358                               74                 8
                                            GS-8                                  59                   3                I                     4                        9                                                                                             2                    11                               28                 1
                                            GS-7                               1,578                 116              132                   279                      155                         21              72              21              20                IYl                   212           4                  149                 6
                                            GS-6
                                            ^^
                                            "<-,

                                            GS-4
                                                     c                         . 718
                                                                               L _ nlC J
                                                                                   Y Y

                                                                               1,932
                                                                                                      47
                                                                                                     .,.
                                                                                                     L"

                                                                                                     191
                                                                                                           L           ",.
                                                                                                                       61
                                                                                                                       , L L

                                                                                                                       139
                                                                                                                                              ~".
                                                                                                                                             76
                                                                                                                                              1 1 L

                                                                                                                                              528
                                                                                                                                                                     .~"
                                                                                                                                                                     103
                                                                                                                                                                     3 ,I/

                                                                                                                                                                     180
                                                                                                                                                                                       I

                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                U"
                                                                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                                                                                                                                                                 , ^

                                                                                                                                                                                                 26
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 I1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                ...
                                                                                                                                                                                                                I I*

                                                                                                                                                                                                                106
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 21
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 i"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 69
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ..
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    69
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   k,>
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   152
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          58
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          L21
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          180
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      :
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       6

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          221
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          >I>
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           91
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             5:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             39
                                            PF-1                               1   ""Q                                 7 7 ,                   , ,
                                                                                                                                              . I                    1 . q                                       I ,             . I                               ,_-                .., 17"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ..
                                            cs-7                                                                  1
                                                                                                                 ~-                          h9                      18                                         7                ~-         -                                        - 10            -                                      -1


m
                                                                                                                 4,329
                                                                                                                 ~
                                                                                                                    122
                                                                                                                 4.686
                                                                                                                                          6,155

                                                                                                                                          7,489
                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                 3.365
                                                                                                                                                                    272
                                                                                                                                                                 3,677
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1,366
                                                                                                                                                                                                              790
                                                                                                                                                                                                            2,185
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              539

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              550
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            336
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            251
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            605
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          TI657
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          V
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -l
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          4,238
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                *
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,815
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1,012            Ill
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     116
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            19R
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            401
(D
                                                                                                                 ~
                                                                                                                    125
                                                                                                                 i.811
                                                                                                                                      ~
                                                                                                                                          - 169
                                                                                                                                              ,_"
                                                                                                                                          ! , O X
                                                                                                                                                             ~
                                                                                                                                                                     48
                                                                                                                                                                 j.725
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                                                                                                                            i,iOj
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              >>U
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            blY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             70
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          U,JUU
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               __21
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               4,847
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     116
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            - 5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            406
0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -~~-                             ~~~~               ~~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           ~




     */Total     Excepted P o s i t i o n s include two (2) Special Ungraded and twelve (12) P.L.                                   113 positions.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              sun   5
                          NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                         ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS


                                                                      --
             ANALYSIS OF REQUIREMENTS FOR PASSENGER-CARRYING MOTOR VEHICLE:;
             - .
              - -A




         The a p p r a p r i a t i o n language p r o v i d e s f o r t h e purchase of 30 passenger
motor v e h i c l e s , of which 6 are f o r augmentation t o t h e f i s c a l y e a r 1965 ending
i n v e n t o r y and 24 are f o r replacement. A l l v e h i c l e s scheduled f o r replacement
meet, o r w i l l meet, t h e c r i t e r i a e s t a b l i s h e d by t h e General S e r v i c e s
A d m i n i s t r a t i o r f o r replacement of v e h i c l e s due e i t h e r t o a g e , m i l e a g e , a n n u a l
maintenance ccjsts, o r a combination of t h e s e f a c t o r s .

        A summary a n a l y s i s and planned procurement by class of v e h i c l e i n f i s c a l
y e a r 1966 is 2,s f o l l o w s :

                                                 Medium                    Station
                                    Total        Sedans        Sedans      Wagons         AmbulaiE            Buses

On hand J u l y I-, 1965..            183             1           47          113                11               1.1

T o t a l t o be procured :             30           -             7            15                -                8



   (Disposed -. n o t
                      . ....
                          ,
     r e p l a c e d ) , +,           ( )
                                       3             -
                                                     -           122          0                 kl               kl
On hand June .30,1966.                186             1           48          112                11               14




                                                                                                        SUM 6
                                       RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                     FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF       SPA4      SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS                            PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY P O R M
                                                                                                     RGA

PROGRAM OBJEGEVES AND JUSTIFICATION:

          The o b j e c t i v e of t h e P h y s i c s and Astronomy Program i s t o i n c r e a s e our
knowledge of t h e s p a c e environment of t h e E a r t h , t h e Sun and i t s r e l a t i o n -
s h i p s t o t h e E a r t h and t h e i n t e r p l a n e t a r y medium, t h e g e o d e t i c properiAes
of t h e E a r t h , and t h e fundamental p h y s i c a l n a t u r e of t h e u n i v e r s e . To
a c h i e v e t h i s o b j e c t i v e , r e s e a r c h i s c a r r i e d o u t w i t h r e s p e c t t o t h e upper a t -
mosphere and t h e ionosphere, t h e r e g i o n i n c l u d e d i n t h e E a r t h ' s niagnei-ic
f i e l d o r magnetosphere, t h e r e g i o n of i n t e r p l a n e t a r y s p a c e beyond t h e bound-
aries of the magnetosphere, t h e s o l a r r a d i a t i o n s i n t h e s e regions; and t h e i r
i n t e r a c t i o n s with t h e r e g i o n s , t h e Sun and i t s emission of r a d i a t i o n s , s t a r s
and o t h e r c e l e s t i a l b o d i e s , g a l a c t i c and s o l a r cosmic r a y s , and t.he geodesy
of t h e E a r t h . Research i s c a r r i e d on w i t h e x p e r i m e n t a l apparatus; c a r ] - f e d by
b a l l o o n s , a i r p l a n e s , sounding r o c k e t s , e a r t h s a t e l l i t e s , and s p a c e prlibes.

          I n c r e a s e d knowledge of t h e space environment s u r r o u n d i n g the! E a r t h i s
i m p o r t a n t t o t h e c o n t i n u e d advancement of man's e f f o r t s t o u n d e r s t a n d and
c o n t r o l h i s environment. Knowledge of t h e s t r u c t u r e and dynamics; of the up-
p e r atmosphere i s b a s i c t o an improved u n d e r s t a n d i n g of meteorology.                       It i s
a l s o i m p o r t a n t i n u n d e r s t a n d i n g t h e problems of s p a c e c r a f t r e e n t r y . An i m -
proved Understanding of t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of t h e ionosphere w i l l a d r a n c e
r a d i o communications between p o i n t s on t h e s u r f a c e of t h e e a r t h a s w e l l as
communications w i t h s p a c e c r a f t . A more complete u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e c h a r -
a c t e r i s t i c s of t h e r a d i a t i o n b e l t s and t h e e a r t h ' s magnetic f i e l d w i l l h e l p
u s t o u n d e r s t a n d t h e phenomena of t h e atmosphere and i o n o s p h e r e and w i l l a l -
s o p r o v i d e a n improved assessment of t h e r a d i a t i o n hazard t o manned s > a c e
f l i g h t . These s t u d i e s of t h e environment of t h e E a r t h a l s o p r o v i d e a frame
of r e f e r e n c e f o r s t u d i e s of o t h e r p l a n e t s .

         The Sun e x e r t s a dcnninant i n f l u e n c e o v e r t h e e n t i r e s o l a r system. Any
e f f o r t t o u n d e r s t a n d our s p a c e environment o r t o e x p l o r e t h e moon and p l a n e t s
w i t h o u t u n d e r s t a n d i n g t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of t h e sun would be impossible.
The low energy s o l a r plasma and t h e e n e r g e t i c cosmic r a y s e m i t t e d by the Sun
c o n t r o l t h e environments of t h e E a r t h , t h e Moon and t h e o t h e r p l a n e t s . They
a l s o p r o v i d e t h e environment through which man must t r a v e l i n i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
space. The environment c r e a t e d by t h e Sun varies n o t o n l y w i t h t h e e l e v e n
year s o l a r cycle b u t a l s o w i t h t h e i n d i v i d u a l s o l a r f l a r e e v e n t s , , Thl. mech-
anisms which produce t h e s e phenomena are n o t understood. A comprehensive
s t u d y of t h e Sun and i t s i n f l u e n c e i n v o l v e s ground based o b s e r v a t i o n s , ob-
s e r v a t i o n s of t h e Sun's e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n s from above t h e E a r t h ' s
atmospherle, and measurements of t h e p a r t i c l e s , plasma and magnetic f i l z l d s
i n t h e v i c i n i t y of t h e E a r t h and i n i n t e r p l a n e t a r y space.



                                                                                                         RD 4-1
          The Ear1-h i s approximately an o b l a t e s p h e r o i d , b u t i t s s u r f a c e is
n e i t h e r s;motri:h n o r r e g u l a r anti t h e e x t e r i o r shape of t h e E a r t h does r . o t d e f i n e
e x a c t l y t h e d i s t r i b u t i o n of t h e mass i n t h e i n t e r i o r . S a t e l l i t e s prcwide a
unique oppor;cunity t o l e a r n more about t h e s e g e o d e t i c p r o p e r t i e s t h a n can be
l e a r n e d from t h e s u r f a c e of t h e E a r t h . Accurate measurement of s a t e l l i t e
p o s i t i o n s and o r b i t s p e r m i t s t y i n g p o i n t s on t h e s u r f a c e of t h e E a r t h i n t o
a complete wor.Ld g e o d e t i c n e t w i t h an a c c u r a c y n o t p o s s i b l e b e f o r e . The o r -
b i t s of eart.11 s a t e l l i t e s are p e r t u r b e d by i r r e g u l a r i t i e s of t h e d i s t i , i b u t i o n
of mass witki:in t h e E a r t h . A N a t i o n a l G e o d e t i c S a t e l l i t e Program Is rlow i n
p r o g r e s s t o meet t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e Department of Defense, t h e Coast and
                                        AA
Geodetic Sui:vey, and N S f o r g e o d e t i c d a t a and t o p r o v i d e f o r excharlge of
g e o d e t i c d a t a on an i n t e r n a t i o n a l b a s i s .

          From t h e e a r l i e s t days o f r e c o r d e d h i s t o r y man has r a i s e d questj.ons con-
c e r n i n g t h e : s t i z r s and t h e fundamental p h y s i c a l n a t u r e of t h e universt:. While
our own solar system n a t u r a l l y a t t r a c t s t h e preponderance of t h e e f f o r t i n t h e
N S program, space technology a l s o p r o v i d e s a new o p p o r t u n i t y f o r g a i n i n g
  AA
knowledge about t h e r e s t of t h e u n i v e r s e . The a b i l i t y t o p l a c e a s t r o n o m i c a l
instrumenta1::ioii above t h e atmosphere makes i t p o s s i b l e t o view the sl:ars,
n e b u l a e , i n 1 : ; e r s t e l l a r d u s t and g a s , and g a l a x i e s i n wavelengths n o t :rccessib:le
from t h e sui:.Eace of t h e E a r t h .                 It a l s o e l i m i n a t e s t h e d i s t o r t i c n caused by
t h e E a r t h ’ s atmosphere i n t h o s e wavelengths t h a t p e n e t r a t e t h e atmosphere.
I n t h e futui:’ls, deep s p a c e probes w i l l p r e s e n t o p p o r t u n i t i e s t o make d i r e c t
observation:;; oE i n t e r s t e l l a r c o n d i t i o n s i n t h e r e g i o n s beyond t h e pr:.mary
i n f l u e n c e o:li t h e s o l a r wind, These s t u d i e s of t h e rest of t h e u n i v e r s e ,
when conaide!red i n c o n t e x t w i t h s t u d i e s of o u r own s o l a r system, broilden our
o p p o r t u n i t y t o l e a r n about t h e b e h a v i o r of matter and energy and pre:;ent :im-
p o r t a n t cluci!s t o t h e n a t u r e arid e v o l u t i o n of t h e u n i v e r s e .

SUMMARY ( E $ O U R C E S REQUIREMENTS:

                                                          1964                      1965              I   _
                                                                                                              1966

   Supp o r : in:;; r ‘es ear ch and
            i
     technology..         ..............               $17,666,000             $20,100,000               $25,200,000
   Solar observatories..         .......                20,005,000              17,303,000
                                                                                31,210,000
                                                                                                          37,000,000
                                                                                                          32,500,000
   Astronomical o b s e r v a t o r i e s . .           35,608,000
   Geophy:;ic,sl o b s e r v a t o r i e s . .          42,868,000              30,242,000                31 700,000
              ....................
                                                 /.                                                           ~




   Explorers                                            15,526,000              2 1,959,000               25,700,000
                          ..........
   Sounding r o c k e t s . ,
                     ..............
                                                        16,950,000
                                                                  ---           16,000,000                17,000,000
   Data ana1:ysis.                                                                                    -    3 I 000,000

      Total..    .................                    $148,623,000           $136,814,000              $172,,100,000
   Distributic,rtrof Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :

      Manned S p a c e c r a f t Center..           ...    $1,020,000         $2,300,000                     $2,6800 ,000
      Marshall Space F l i g h t Center.                      19 5 ,000           20,000                          20 ,000
      Goddard Space F l i g h t Center..                  123,753 ,000       107,473,000                    133,5,85,000
      J e t Propulsion Laboratory..                 ..        476 , 000          334,000                          650 ,000
      Wallops S1:at:ion..         ............                      ---        1,390 ,000                     4 , 500,000
        ms
      A e Research Center..            .......                605,000          1,764,000                      2 ,255,000
      Flight. Research Center.          ......                  44 ,000           85,000                          100,000
      Langley Fksearch Center..           ....              2,333,000          2,280,000                      1,7 30,000
                                        ......
      L e w i s Research Center..
      NASA Heaclquarters.           ...........                     .
                                                               150,000
                                                           20,047 000          21,168,000
                                                                                          ---                          ---
                                                                                                             26, ti60,OOO

--
BASIS    OF I F ' U N I ~ ~ ~ U I R E M E N T S :

                                  Supporting Research and Technology

                                                             1964                 1965               (- ,
                                                                                                               14 66

                                  .........
   P a r t i c l e s and f i e l d s . .                   $4,173,000          $5,300,000                    $6,4 00,000
   Ionosphere and r a d i o physics..     .                   879,000            1,100,000                    1, LOO, 000
   P l a n e t a r y ai:mmospheres and
       space chexni:; t r y . .
   1nterplanet:ary d u s t and
                               ............                 3,154,000

       cometary physics..
   Solar physrcs..
                                ...........
                           ................                   864,000
                                                            2,420,000
                                                                                1,110,000
                                                                                2,700,000
                                                                                                              1,400,000
                                                                                                              3,,.00,000
   Astronomy a i d geodesy..
   S p a c e c r a f t technology..
                                        ........ 3,007,000
                                        ........          ---                   3,145,000
                                                                                  300,000
                                                                                                                     ,
                                                                                                              3, (100 000
                                                                                                                000,000
   I n t e r d i s c ip Liiiary space
       science.       ...................... 1,666,000
   Manned space s c i e n c e . .     .........
                                                   1,503,000                    2,.145 ,000
                                                                                3,700,000
                                                                                                              1 ,;'oo,ooo
                                                                                                              5,000,000
   Advanced s t x d i e s     ...............             ---                      600,000                       I~00,000

      T o t a l , , .. ....................
                   ,,                            917,666 ,000                $20 ,100,000               - 000
                                                                                                        $25 ,:!OO,

         Th'e o b j e c t i v e s of t h e Physics and Astronomy Supporting Research and
Technology P:r13gram a r e t o p r o v i d e a sound t h e o r e t i c a l b a s e f o r t h i e f 1:i.ght
programs; t o i n i t i a t e development of i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n f o r f u t u r e exper:i-ments;
t o provide lilooratory d a t a a s a b a s i s f o r e v a l u a t i o n of f l i g h t d a t a ; 1 con-          o
                                                                                                                   :
d u c t grourid b a s e d b a l l o o n and a i r c r a f t o b s e r v a t i o n s f o r c o r r e l a t i o n w x t h
f l i g h t progrian r e s u l t s ; and t o p r o v i d e s c i e n t i f i c experiments and s c i e n t i f i c
s u p p o r t f o r ir.he manned space f l i g h t program.

          The I'Y 1365 and FY 1966 programs r e f l e c t a minor r e o r g a n i z a t i o n of t h e
Supporting Research and Technology program. Work i n t h e d i s c i p l i . n e s I J f
P l a n e t a r y Atmospheres, Space Chemistry and P l a n e t a r y Astronomy was t r a n s -
ferred t o t h e Lunar and P l a n e t a r y Program. Work i n t h e d i s c i p l i n e s oE
P a r t i c l e s and F i e l d s , S o l a r P h y s i c s , I n t e r p l a n e t a r y Dust and Cometary P h y s i c s ,
and I n t e r p l a n e t a r y S p a c e c r a f t Technology w a s t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e Physics and
Astronomy Program.

                                                                                                      IRD 4 - 3
                                                P a r t i c l e s and F i e l d s

         Work i.n t h i s area concerns t h e development of new i n s t r u m e n t s f o r
measuring t:he d i r e c t i o n , magnitude and t i m e v a r i a t i o n s of magnetic f i e l d s
and f o r measuring t h e energy, d i r e c t i o n and mass of charged p a r t i c l e s .                    It
a l s o c o n s i s t s of t h e o r e t i c a l r e s e a r c h and'ground and b a l l o o n borne observa-
t i o n s which wi:L1 a i d i n t h e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of s p a c e measurements.              The major
areas of incrc!.;ised emphasis i n FY 1966 w i l l b e r e s e a r c h i n v e r y h i g h e c e r g y
cosmic r a y s an.d development of t i new t y p e of magnetometer based on plasma
resonances which were d i s c o v e r e d by t h e A l o u e t t e s a t e l l i t e . Recently
developed resc:;irch t e c h n i q u e s have made i t p r a c t i c a l t o conduct r e s e a r c h on
h i g h energy pa.-rt:icles i n t h e energy range above 100 b i l l i o n e l e c t r o n vctlts.
Laboratory p a x r i c l e s a c c e l e r a t o r s w i l l n o t be a v a i l a b l e i n t h i s energy range
f o r s e v e r a l y e a r s , b u t by u s i n g b a l l o o n s t o c a r r y s p a r k chambers and cclunters
above t h e ].owe:-c atmosphere, i t i s p o s s i b l e t o s t u d y t h e i n t e r a c t i o n s b6:tweeri
                                 r
h i g h energy cc:~:;m:ic a y s and hydrogen, and t o measure t h e energy and d i r e c t i o n
of t h e h i g h er'tergy p a r t i c l e s . T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n can be expected t o make impor-
t a n t c o n t r i b u t : ions t o t h e s c i e n c e of n u c l e a r p h y s i c s and t o a i d as troncwers
i n t h e i r undei:;timding of cond:it:ions i n i n t e r s t e l l a r and i n t e r g a l a c t i c space.

                                         Ionospheres and Radio P h y s i c s

          Ionosphe:r'3s and Radio Phys.ics i n v o l v e s ground based o b s e r v a t i o n s ,
t h e o r e t i c a l si:Jdies and i n s t r u m e n t development r e l a t i n g t o t h e i o n i z e d
r e g i o n s of thc! atmospheres of t h e e a r t h and o t h e r p l a n e t s and of i n t e r - .
p l a n i t a r y space. The i n c r e a s e d budget i n FY 1966 w i l l p r o v i d e f o r a d d . . t i o n a l
t h e o r e t i c a l a i i d l a b o r a t o r y plasma s t u d i e s and f o r a t t e m p t s t o i n t e r p r e i :
r e c e n t discovc2ries concerning t h e d i u r n a l , s e a s o n a l and l a t i t u d i n a 1 vai-ia-
tions i n the . ; t r ~ c t u r e           and composition of t h e t o p s i d e of t h e ionosphere!.

                              P l a n e t a r y Atinospheres and Space Chemistry

     P l a n e t a r jr Atmospheres and Space Chemistry w a s t r a n s f e r r e d t o t he a n a r
and P l a n e t a r y Program.

                              I n t e r p l a n e t a r y Dust and Cometary P h y s i c s

         I n t e r p l a n e t a r y Dust and Cometary P h y s i c s            i n v o l v e s t h e s t u d y of' e x - r a
t e r r e s t r i a l p a r t i c u l a t e m a t t e r ; i t s behavior,       s t r u c t u r e , compositi.on, i r i g i n s ;
and i t s s i g n i E i c a n c e i n p r o v i d i n g i n f o r m a t i o n   on t h e p h y s i c a l p r o p e r t i 3s of
t h e s o l a r system and t h e galaxy. N e w e f f o r t s                    i n FY 1966 w i l l incl.ude s t u d i e s
of t h e format ion o f a g g r e g a t e s of p a r t i c u l a t e            matter and of t h e conden;ation
p r o c e s s e s of (cometary and i n t e r s t e l l a r gases.

                                                      S o l a r Physics

          S o l a r Ph:ysics i n v o l v e s ground, a i r c r a f t , and b a l l o o n borne o b s e r v 3 t i o n s ;
t h e o r e t i c a l s t u d i e s ; and i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n development r e l a t e d t o o r b i t a l ob-
s e r v a t i o n s of t h e Sun. P r i m a r y emphasis i n F 1966 w i l l be on t h e dev2lop-
                                                                              Y
ment of advanlced i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n c a p a b l e of o b t a i n i n g b e t t e r spac..a 1 and
s p e c t r o s c o p i c r e s o l u t i o n of t h e S u n ' s s t r u c t u r e and a c t i v i t y .
                                                                                                            R D 4-11
                                                Astronomy and Geodesy

          Astronomical r e s e a r c h and technology e f f o r t s i n c l u d e t h e o r e t i c a l
s t u d i e s of s t e l l a r a s t r o p h y s i c s ; l a b o r a t o r y s p e c t r o s c o p y ; r e s e a r c h on D p t i c a l
materials; advanced development of i n s t r u m e n t s ; and ground based, b a l l a o n ,
and a i r c r a f t c b s e r v a t i o n s . Work i s a l s o b e i n g done l e a d i n g t o t h e develop-
ment of e x t r e m e l y p r e c i s e gyroscopes which c o u l d be used i n a z e r o G s a t e l l i t e
f o r tests of E i n s t e i n ' s t h e o r y of r e l a t i v i t y .           T h e o r e t i c a l s t u d i e s i n celes-
t i a l mechanics and geodesy a r e a l s o i n c l u d e d . These e f f o r t s w i l l be c o n t i n u e d
i n F 1966 ano some p r e l i m i n a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s w i l l b e s t a r t e d on o p t i c s and
       Y
subsystems s u i t a b l e f o r a l a r g e o r b i t i n g t e l e s c o p e which would b e e r e c t e d
and maintainec by men i n space.

                                                S p a c e c r a f t Technology

          S t u d i e s of materials and t e c h n i q u e s s u i t a b l e f o r f u t u r e i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
s p a c e c r a f t , wt1ic.h would make c l o s e approaches t o t h e Sun o r o p e r a t e a t
g r e a t d i s t a n c e s from t h e E a r t h , are b e i n g i n i t i a t e d i n F 1965 and w i l l b e
                                                                                        Y
continued i n E'Y 1966. I n a d d i t i o n , work w i l l b e i n i t i a t e d on improved elec-
t r o n i c and power supply components f o r Explorer s a t e l l i t e s .

                                                Manned Space S c i e n c e

          T h i s a r e a i.nvolves t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of s c i e n t i f i c experiments and equip-
ment f o r f l i g h t on manned s p a c e m i s s i o n s , t r a i n i n g of . t h e a s t r o n a u t s i n s p a c e
p h y s i c s and astronomy, and environmental d a t a s u p p o r t f o r t h e Apollo program.

         F i v e experi.ments, making u s e of man's unique v i s u a l and manual c a p a b i l i -
t i e s d u r i n g f l . i g h t t o a c h i e v e t h e d e s i r e d s c i e n t i f i c d a t a , are n e a r i n g r e a d i -
n e s s f o r f l i g , h t d u r i n g c a l e n d a r y e a r s 1965 and 1966 on Gemini m i s s i o n s .                 Devel-
opment of a b o u t 15 a d d i t i o n a l experiments f o r Apollo E a r t h O r b i t a l f l i g h t s
w i l l b e i n i t i a t e d b e f o r e t h e end of FY 1965, w i t h p r i n c i p a l f l i g h t hardware
c o s t s a n t i c i p a t e d i n FY 1966. S t u d i e s are underway t o d e f i n e t h e i n s t r u m e n t a -
t i o n , p r o c e d u r e s and s u p p o r t r e q u i r e m e n t s n e c e s s a r y t o c a r r y o u t more ad-
vanced invest.i.gations on p o t e n t i a l f u t u r e manned s p a c e m i s s i o n s , with t h e
planned level. of e f f o r t i n FY 1966 f o r these a c t i v i t i e s approximately t h e
same as i n FI' 1965.

                      '
                      !
                      (
         During E 1,965 t h e e n l i s t m e n t of promising young s c i e n t i s t s a s a s t r o -
n a u t s w a s act:;.vc?ly i n i t i a t e d . S c i e n t i f i c t r a i n i n g of t h e p r e s e n t a s t r o n a u t s
                                                                                                Y
and t h e new " s c i e n t i s t a s t r o n a u t s " w i l l b e c o n t i n u e d i n F 1966, i n c h d i n g
b o t h c l a s s r o c n i n s t r u c t i o n and t h e p r a c t i c e of i n v e s t i g a t o r y p r o c e d u r e s under
s i m u l a t e d s p a c e environment c o n d i t i o n s .

          Environnitmtal d a t a i s s u p p l i e d f o r t h e Apollo program, i n c l u d i n g informa-
t i o n r e g a r d i n g s o l a r f l a r e s and t h e r e s u l t i n g s o l a r p r o t o n r a d i a t i o n , o t h e r
s p a c e radi.atj.on,, m e t e o r o i d s , and micrometeoroids. T h e o r e t i c a l and l a b o r a t o r y
s t u d i e s a r e conducted t o e v a l u a t e t h e p o t e n t i a l hazard which t h e s e s p a c e
phenomena m a y p r e s e n t t o manned s p a c e f l i g h t .



                                                                                                               ILD 4- 5
                                                   Advanced S t u d i e s

          Advanced S t u d i e s are b e i n g i n i t i a t e d i n FY 1965 t o formulate b a s i c
m i s s i o n requirements and c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s , e x p l o r e the f e a s i b i l i t y of s p e c i f i c
s p a c e c r a f t and ground equipment d e s i g n s , and d e f i n e t h e scope and technical
plans for future projects.

         Studies leading          t o t h e development of s t a n d a r d i z e d modules Ior EKplorer
s p a c e c r a f t a r e under   c o n s i d e r a t i o n . These s t u d i e s , i f s u c c e s s f u l , can be ex-
pected t o r e c u c e t h e      c o s t of f u t u r e m i s s i o n s and i n c r e a s e r e l i a b . L l i t y and
spacecraft lifetime.                FY 1966 s t u d i e s w i l l i n c l u d e f e a s i b i l i t y s x d i e s f o r
E x p l o r e r s t c cclnduct    g r a v i t a t i o n a l and r e l a t i v i t y experiments.

          0bservat.ory s t u d i e s w i l l i n c l u d e t h e development of concept:; f o r manned
o r b i t i n g telc:sc.opes t o be assembled and maintained by men i n space. P r e l i m -
i n a r y s t u d i e s w i l l b e conducted of s e v e r a l t y p e s of i n s t r u m e n t s € o r h i g h l y
d e t a i l e d s t u d i e s of t h e s o l a r s t r u c t u r e and a c t i v i t y , and l a r g e diameter t e l e -
scopes f a r st:uclies of s t a r s and i n t e r s t e l l a r matter.                  I n a d d i t i o n , s t u d i e s of
advanced r a c i . 0 astronomy o b s e r v a t o r i e s are planned.

          S t u d i e s l e a d i n g t o i n t e r p l a n e t a r y , s o l a r and g a l a c t i c probes a r e a l s o
planned f o r I'Y 1965 and FY 1966. These i n c l u d e f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d i e s f o r rela-
t i v e l y small s p a c e c r a f t c a p a b l e of making measurements i n t h e i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
medium t o wi1:hi.n 0.1 a s t r o n o m i c a l u n i t of t h e Sun, and s t u d i e s of the f e a s i -
b i l i t y of launching s p a c e c r a f t t o t h e o u t e r r e a c h e s of t h e s o l a r system t o
                                  -~
m e a s u r e t h e e x t e n t of t h e S u n ' s i n f l u e n c e on i n t e r p l a n e t a r y and g a l a c t i c
space.

                                               Solar Observatories

                                                                1964                  1965                -1966
   O r b i t i n g S o l a r Observatory (OSO) :
      Spacecrs..c't..   ...................      $8,476,000                      $5,624,000                $6,100,000
      Experiment:;.  ..................           5,317,000                       4,279,000                5,300,000

         Subtot..al OSO.. .............. $13,793,000                             $9,903,000               $11,400,000

   Advanced CJ.cb.iting S o l a r
     0bservat:or:y (AOSO) :
     Spacecriii E t . .   .................. $4,705,000                          $5,766,000               $19,200,000
     Expei:imci:nt:s..     .................. 1,472,000                           1,57 1,000                5,900,000
     Ground c) pera t i o n s  ........ ....   , 35,000                              63,000               -   500,000

         Subtot:al AOSO...............                     $6,212,000            $7,400,000               $25: 600,000

         T o t a l 13SO and AOSO
            S p a c e c r a f t and Support..        .. $20,005,000             $17,303,000               $37: 000,000




                                                                                                          RD tt-6
                                                             1964                     1965                -     19 66

   Delta (Launch V e h i c l e
    Procurement Program).                ........         (33,650,000)              ($361,000)             ($1,400,000)

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g launch
         vehicles)            .................. ($23,655,000)                 ($17,664,000)             ($38,400,000)

          The o b j e c t i v e of t h e O r b i t i n g S o l a r O b s e r v a t o r i e s i s t o s u p p o r t t h e
program i n S o l a r P h y s i c s i n NASA by p r o v i d i n g s t a b i l i z e d p l a t f o r m s which
w i l l c a r r y i n t o space s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n t o s t u d y t h e s o l a r u l t r a -
v i o l e t l i g h t , gamma r a y s , and X-rays which are absorbed i n t h e E a r t h ' s a t -
mosphere. The l a s t f l i g h t of t h e p r e s e n t l y planned O r b i t i n g S o l a r Observa-
t o r y (OSO) m i s s i o n s and t h e f i r s t f l i g h t of t h e i n i t i a l Advanced O r b i t i n g
S o l a r Observatory (AOSO) m i s s i o n s are scheduled i n 1969. T h i s w i l l g i v e
r e a s o n a b l e i n s u r a n c e of c o n t i n u o u s coverage of s o l a r phenomena d u r i n g t h e
p e r i o d of maximum s o l a r a c t i v i t y .

          The O S 0 program, which now contemplates a t o t a l of e i g h t m i s s i o n s , w i l l
p r o v i d e s o l a r astronomers w i t h t h e i r f i r s t o p p o r t u n i t y t o s t u d y t h e sun over
long p e r i o d s c f t i m e by p l a c i n g i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n above t h e E a r t h ' s a b s o r b i n g
and o b s c u r i n g atmosphere s o t h a t measurements of s o l a r e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a -
t i o n s can be m.ade.

         The f i r s t s o l a r o b s e r v a t o r y , OSO-I, w a s launched on March 7 , 1962, i n t o
a c i r c u l a r o r b i t of approximately 300 n a u t i c a l m i l e s i n a l t i t u d e a t an i n -
c l i n a t i o n of .33 d e g r e e s t o t h e e q u a t o r by a Delta launch v e h i c l e .

         OSO-I provided o v e r 2,000 hours of o b s e r v a t i o n of t h e s o l a r spectrum
i n t h e u l t r a v i o l e t and X-ray r e g i o n s . These d a t a showed a s y s t e m a t i c varia-
t i o n i n t h e i n t e n s i t y of e m i s s i o n l i n e s of r a d i a t i o n g e n e r a t e d i n t h e high
s o l a r atmosphere w i t h t h e p a s s a g e of a c t i v e r e g i o n s a c r o s s t h e v i s i b l e d i s k
of t h e Sun; e x t r e m e l y r a p i d f l u c t u a t i o n s i n t h e X-ray f l u x e m i t t e d by t h e
Sun; and a d i r e c t c o r r e l a t i o n of t h e t e m p e r a t u r e of t h e E a r t h ' s upper a t -
mosphere w i t h t h e i n t e n s i t y of t h e u l t r a v i o l e t r a d i a t i o n from t h e Sun. These
r e s u l t s p r o v i d e i m p o r t a n t c l u e s f o r t h e s t u d y of s o l a r p r o c e s s e s and w i l l b e
used as a b a s i s f o r t h e d e s i g n of experiments f o r f u t u r e s o l a r o b s e r v a t o r i e s .
The remaining sevenOSOs, each of which w i l l c a r r y d i f f e r e n t i n s t r u m e n t : a t i o n ,
w i l l b e g e n e r a l l y s i m i l a r i n s p a c e c r a f t appearance and c a p a b i l i t y . , Ex?erimenta-
t i o n through the f i f t h m i s s i o n has been s e l e c t e d and t h e s e l e c t i o n p r o - e s s f o r
t h e s i x t h inission i s c u r r e n t l y underway.

           The OS0 s p a c e c r a f t c o n s i s t s of two s e c t i o n s :        t h e upper f a n shape13 sec-
t i o n , whic'h c a r r i e s t h e s o l a r c e l l s f o r s p a c e c r a f t power and s c i e r i t i f i l - i n -
s t r u m e n t a t i o n , c o n t i n u a l l y p o i n t s a t t h e c e n t e r of t h e s o l a r d i s c w i t h an
a c c u r a c y of approximately one minute of arc. Beneath t h i s p o i n t i n g selztion,
and a t t a c h e d t o i t by a s h a f t , i s a n i n e s i d e d wheel which c o n t i n u a l l y ro-
tates t o give t h e s a t e l l i t e i t s s t a b i l i t y . This s e c t i o n carries s c i e n t i f i c
i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n which does n o t need t o be c o n t i n u o u s l y p o i n t e d a t t h e Sun
and c a r r i e s t h e s p a c e c r a f t "housekeeping" components, such as t h e b a t t ? r i e s


      762-046 0   - li5 - 5                                                                                   RD 4-7
and telemcitry system. I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e s p a c e c r a f t ' s a b i l i t y t o p o i n t in-
s t r u m e n t a t i o n a t t h e c e n t e r of t h e s o l a r d i s c , i t h a s t h e c a p a b i l i t y of per-
forming a raste:c s c a n a c r o s s t h e whole d i s c s o t h a t maps of t h e e n t i r e Sun
may be made.

         Managemc.int r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e OS0 p r o j e c t h a s been a s s i g n e d t.0 t h e
Goddard Space F l i g h t Center. The s p a c e c r a f t are b e i n g procured through a
c o n t r a c t w i t l : ~B a l l B r o t h e r s Research C o r p o r a t i o n .

         F 1964 Euinds provided f o r r e b u i l d i n g t h e second o b s e r v a t o r y (OSO-B) ,
          Y
which w a s h e a v i l y damaged i n an a c c i d e n t d u r i n g launch p r e p a r a t i o n s i r t
A p r i l 1964; t o r c o n t i n u i n g work on t h e t h i r d o b s e r v a t o r y (OSO-C), schc:duled
f o r launch i n 1965; and f o r t h e i n i t i a t i o n of hardware development f o r t h e
n e x t o b s e r v a L o r i e s . With FY 1965 funds, t h e s e e f f o r t s are b e i n g c o n t ~ n u e d
as w e l l as tl:ie s t a r t of experiment development f o r t h e s i x t h o b s e r v a t o r y .

        F 1966 funds w i l l p r o v i d e f o r completion of d a t a a n a l y s i s f o r OSO-I
         Y
and f o r a n a l y s i s of d a t a from OSO-B and C. These funds w i l l a l s c proiride
f o r t h e c o n t i n u i n g development of OS0 s p a c e c r a f t and experiments and Cor
t h e f i e l d opci?rations a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e launching of OSO-D.

          The l?Y 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s funding f o r t h i s e i g h t f l i g h t p r o g r a n i n -
c l u d i n g 1iaunc::h v e h i c l e s amounted t o $21,622,000.     Funding requirement:; f o r
F 1967 t o c l m p l e t i o n are e s t i m a t e d t o b e $29,115,000.
 Y

         While OS0 has opened a new era i n s o l a r astronomy, t h e spacecrafr: does
n o t have the c a p a b i l i t y of c a r r y i n g l a r g e i n s t r u m e n t s w i t h h i g h specti:al and
s p a t i a l rctso.tution which i s n e c e s s a r y i n o r d e r t o p r o v i d e d e t a i l e d si:udy of
s p e c i f i c r e g i o n s on t h e Sun. Recognizing t h e s e l i m i t a t i o n s , N S i n i : i a t e d
                                                                                                      AA
s t u d i e s i n 1y62 l e a d i n g t o t h e development of an advanced O r b i t i n g S o l a r
Observatory ( A O S O ) .             T h i s s p a c e c r a f t , which i s i n i t s f i n a l phase of d e s i g n ,
w i l l e n a b l e s c i e n t i s t s t o g a i n a b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e mechianisins of
t h e Sun b:y p r o v i d i n g a s t a b i l i z e d p l a t f o r m which w i l l be a b l e not o n l y t o
look a t t h e whole s o l a r d i s c b u t a l s o t o d i r e c t t h e i n s t r u m e n t s on command
t o s p e c i f i c r e g i o n s of t h e Sun. Because of i t s l a r g e r s i z e , inst.rumeiitation
of g r e a t e r f o c a l l e n g t h can b e c a r r i e d which w i l l p r o v i d e f o r h i g h e r reso-
lution.         I t .is planned t o p l a c e t h e AOSO i n t o a r e t r o g r a d e p o l a r o r b i z which
w i l l e n a b l e t h e s a t e l l i t e t o view t h e Sun c o n t i n u o u s l y f o r up t o n i n e months
at a time.

          The s p a c e c r a f t c o n s i s t s of a c y l i n d r i c a l l y shaped s t r u c t u r e , a t the
base of which a r e e i g h t s o l a r paddles p r o v i d i n g an a v e r a g e o f 300 w a t : s of
power. A t u b e i n t h e c e n t e r of t h e c y l i n d e r i s used t o mount t h e s c i l m t i f i c
payload and a c t s t o m a i n t a i n s p a c e c r a f t r i g i d i t y .       Drawing upon p r e v i w s ex-
p e r i e n c e , many of t h e subsystems, s u c h as t h e t a p e r e c o r d e r s , star t r a c k e r s
and i n e r t i a l c o n t r o l s , w i l l u t i l i z e d e s i g n s developed i n o t h e r o b s e r v a t o r y ~ ' 1
programs.           T h i s w i l l i n c r e a s e AOSO's r e l i a b i l i t y w h i l e r e d u c i n g c o s t . A f i n e
Sun s e n s o r irs b e i n g developed which w i l l e n a b l e AOSO t o p o i n t a t t h e Sun w i t h
p r e c i s i o n t o an o r d e r of magnitude g r e a t e r t h a n OSO. And f i n a l l y , unique i n -
s t r u m e n t s a r e b e i n g developed which a r e expected t o reveal d e t a i l s of s o l a r
phenomena never b e f o r e seen.

                                                                                                          RD 4-8
     Management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e AOSO p r o j e c t h a s been a s s i g n e d t o t h e
Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . The s p a c e c r a f t i s b e i n g developed under a
prime c o n t r a c t w i t h Republic A v i a t i o n C o r p o r a t i o n .

          FY 1964 Eunds provided f o r a Phase I p r o j e c t d e f i n i t i o n and system d e t a i l .
                                                                                      Y
d e s i g n , and .for i n i t i a t i o n of experiment development. F 1965 funds p r o v i d e
f o r t h e c o m p k t i o n of t h i s e f f o r t and f o r i n i t i a t i o n of hardware devel.opment.
F 1966 fundi.11g w i l l a l l o w t h e s t a r t of f u l l - s c a l e f l i g h t u n i t development i n
 Y
a d d i t i o n t o m n t i n u a t i o n of t h e on-going work. It i s p r e s e n t l y p1annc:d t o
p r o c u r e four f l i g h t s p a c e c r a f t w i t h t h e f i r s t AOSO scheduled f o r launch
d u r i n g 1969.

          The FY 196.3 and p r i o r y e a r s funding f o r t h i s f o u r f l i g h t program
amounted to :$l,       700,000. Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r PY 1967 t o completion
i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s a r e e s t i m a t e d t o be $126,510,000.

                                            Astronomical O b s e r v a t o r i e s

                                                                      1964                   1965               -1966
   Spacecraft         ......................                   $25,098,000            $21,890,000             $25,GOO,OOO
   Experiments         .....................                    10.510,O~               9.320 .OOO              6,900.000

       T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support       ...     $35,608,000            $31,210,000             $32,500,000

   A t l a s Agena (Launch Vehicle
      Procurement Program)               ...........             (5,626,000)            (9,039,000)           (15.100.000)

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g Launch
      Vehicles)        ......................                ($41,234,000)           ($40,249,000)           ($47 600,000)
                                                                                                                    )




           Developirent of t h e O r b i t i n g Astronomical Observatory (OAO) was i n i t i a t e d
i n 1960. It i s designed t o p r o v i d e a p r e c i s e l y s t a b i l i z e d o b s e r v a t o r y above
t h e atmosphere f o r a s t r o n o m i c a l o b s e r v a t i o n s i n t h e e x t e n s i v e r e g i o n s of t h e
e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c spectrum which do n o t p e n e t r a t e t h e atmosphere and f o r h i g h
r e s o l u t i o n o b s e r v a t i o n s i n t h e v i s i b l e and o t h e r r e g i o n s of t h e e l e c t r o -
magnetic spectrum which a r e d i s t u r b e d a s t h e y p e n e t r a t e t h e atmosphere. I t
was recognized t h a t t h i s development would r e q u i r e a major advancement of
t h e s t a t e - o f - t h e - a r t , e s p e c i a l l y i n t h e f i e l d s of s t a b i l i z a t i o n iznd c o n t r o l ,
command and d a t a h a n d l i n g , and image t u b e development. The t e c h n i c a l
d i f f i c u l t i e s have been g r e a t ; b u t t h e major development problems have been
s o l v e d , and t h e f i r s t OAO w i l l be launched i n l a t e 1965 o r e a r l y 1966.

         The f i r s 8 t OAO (OAO-A) w i l l c o n t a i n t h e broadband u l t r a v i o l e t photometers
and t h e s p e c t r o m e t e r s developed by t h e U n i v e r s i t y of Wisconsin f o r s t u d i e s
o f i n d i v i d u a l 5 , t a r s and n e b u l a e . The f o u r broadband t e l e v i s i o n photometers
being developed by t h e Smithsonian A s t r o p h y s i c a l O b s e r v a t o r i e s t o perform a
sky survey i n t.he u l t r a v i o l e t w i l l n o t be ready f o r t h e f i r s t o b s e r v a t o r y
because of proL)lems encountered i n t h e p r o d u c t i o n of t h e image t u b e s . I n i t s
p l a c e w i l l h e i backup package of a s t r o n o m i c a l i n s t r u m e n t s designed t o conduct
                        t
s o f t X-ray, h.ard X-ray, and gamma r a y surveys of t h e sky. These i n s t r . J m e n t s ,
being developed by t h e Lockheed Research L a b o r a t o r i e s , t h e Goddartl Spa2e
F l i g h t C e n t e r , and t h e Massachusetts I n s t i t u t e of Technology w i l l provide a n
o p p o r t u n i t y t u e x p l o i t r e c e n t important d i s c o v e r i e s of s t e l l a r X-ray slid
gamma r a y s o u r c e s .

         The second OAO, scheduled f o r f l i g h t i n 1966, w i l l c a r r y a f a s t 36 i n c h
                                                                                                           a
Cassegrain r e f l e c t i n g t e l e s c o p e combined w i t h a l a r g e a p e r t u r e spt- c t r o -
photometer.            I t i s designed t o o b t a i n a b s o l u t e s p e c t r o p h o t o m e t r i c data on
s t a r s , n e b u l a € , and g a l a x i e s i n t h e u l t r a v i o l e t r e g i o n of t h e spectrum.

         The t h i r d and f o u r t h o b s e r v a t o r i e s w i l l be launched i n 1967 and 1968;
one c o n s i s t i n g o f t h e p r o t o t y p e s p a c e c r a f t , r e f u r b i s h e d a f t e r completion of
t h e p r o t o t y p e t e s t s , c a r r y i n g t h e Smithsonian and Wisconsin experiments; and
t h e o t h e r a t e l e s c o p e developed by P r i n c e t o n U n i v e r s i t y . The p r o t o t y p e
s p a c e c r a f t has been added t o t h e schedule t o p r o v i d e a f l i g h t o p p o r t u n i t y
f o r t h e Smithsonian experiment which was delayed beyond OAO-A by t h e d i f f i c u l -
t i e s i n producing image t u b e s .

          The Frin(:et:on experiment c o n s i s t s of a 32 inch r e f l e c t i n g t e l e s c c p e
combined w i t h a g r a t i n g s p e c t r o g r a p h . The o b j e c t i v e s a r e t o s t u d y the
composition a n d p h y s i c a l c o n d i t i o n o f t h e c l o u d s of i n t e r s t e l l a r gas brhich
may be t h e bcrginning of s t e l l a r e v o l u t i o n , and t o o b t a i n h i g h d i s p e r s i o n
u l t r a v i o l e t s p e c t r a l s t u d i e s of t h e s t a r s , T h i s o b s e r v a t o r y w i l l a l s c c a r r y
t e l e s c o p e s de-ieloped by t h e U n i v e r s i t y C o l l e g e , London t o s t u d y t h e X - r a y
emission of s1:ars and n e b u l a e ,

        The f i f l r h o b s e r v a t o r y , t o be launched i n 1969, w i l l c a r r y an expt!riment
employing opt. i c s and spectrometry similar t o t h o s e developed f o r e a r 1i.er
spacecraft:.          I t i s probable t h a t g u e s t o b s e r v e r s w i l l propose a tnajor:.ty of
t h e observati.sn,; t o be conducted w i t h t h i s o b s e r v a t o r y . The OAO program
aims t o develsp l o n g - l i v e d , h i g h performance o b s e r v a t o r i e s t h a t w i l l be used
f o r many yeacs i n a v a r i e t y of programs a s ground o b s e r v a t o r i e s a r e used.
Thus, both Uiiited S t a t e s and f o r e i g n astronomers can propose r e l a t i v e ty s h o r t
t e r m viewing programs i n t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l a r e a s o f i n t e r e s t . A s i m i l i j r
observing program, but w i t h a more l i m i t e d number of g u e s t s , i s F1annc.d f o r
t h e f i r s t f o u r OAOs.

     Management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e OAO p r o j e c t has been a s s i g n e d ILO t h e
Goddard Space F l i g h t Center. The s p a c e c r a f t a r e being developed under a
prime c o n t r a c t with Grumman A i r c r a f t Engineering Corporation.

                                Y
         FY 1964 and F 1965 funds p r o v i d e f o r c o n t i n u a t i o n of work on t h 2 f i r s t
t h r e e o b s e r v a t o r i e s and t h e prime experiment f o r t h e f o u r t h o b s e r v a t o r y .
They a l s o p r o v i d e f o r t h e i n i t i a t i o n of t h e procurement of t h e s p a c e c r a f t
f o r t h e f o u r t h o b s e r v a t o r y , F 1966 funds w i l l p r o v i d e f o r t h e c o n t i n u i n g
                                                 Y
development (and procurement of subsequent o b s e r v a t o r i e s , f o r t h e s u p p x t of
OAO-A launch and f o r i n i t i a l OAO-A d a t a a n a l y s i s .




                                                                                                               RD 4-10
      The FY :L'363 and p r i o r y e a r s funding i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s amounted
t o $87,346,,000.    Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r f i v e OAO m i s s i o n s f o r FY 1907 t o
completion ai:(? e s t i m a t e d t o be $86,500,000.

                                             Geophysical O b s e r v a t o r i e s

                                                                    1964                   1965              -'l.966

   Spacecraft         ........................$34,536,000                            $17,017,000            $18,t300,000
   Experiments         .......................  7,452,000                             12,362,000             1 2 ,:!oo ,000
   Ground opeicat ions                                              880.000              863,000             -    '700. 000

      T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support              $42 ,868,000            $30 ,242 ,000          $3 1,'700 ,000

   A t l a s Agena (:Launch V e h i c l e
      Procurement Program)                ............             . .
                                                               ( 6 959 000)            (3,672,000)          (13 ,!i98,000)

   Thor Agena (L,aunch V e h i c l e
     ~ r o c u r e m e n tProgram)        ............ (3y213yOOO)                    J4.454.000)           (     ;302.000)

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g Launch
      Vehicles)        ......................               ($53,040,000)          ($38,368,000) ($46,100,000)

          The O r b i t i n g Geophysical Observatory ( O W ) program was i n i t i a t e d i n 1960
t o meet t h e .need o f a s p a c e c r a f t l a r g e r t h a n t h e Explorer w i t h s t : a b i l i z e d
o r i e n t a t i o n , more experiment power, and h i g h e r d a t a r a t e s t h a t wculd le
u n i q u e l y Icapable of performing many simultaneous , d e t a i l e d , h i g h r e s o Lution
c o r r e l a t i v e measurements of t h e s p a c e environment. S i n c e simultaneou;
o b s e r v a t i o n :if s i g n i f i c a n t phenomena o c c u r r i n g i n t h e E a r t h ' s environment i s
n o t p o s s i b l e from one s a t e l l i t e , two t y p e s o f o r b i t s a r e combined i n 3 two-
f o l d program of c o r r e l a t i v e measurements. Missions p l a c e d i n h i g h l y
e l l i p t i c a l o r b i t s a r e i n t e n d e d t o c o n c e n t r a t e on measurements i n t h e m t e r
r e a c h e s o f t h e magnetosphere and i n t h e i n t e r p l a n e t a r y medium; w h i l e l o w
p o l a r o r b i t s c o n c e n t r a t e on near e a r t h measurements. Together t h e s e OGO
m i s s i o n s r e p r e s e n t a comprehensive, c o h e r e n t approach t o t h e i n v e s t i g s t i o n o f
Earth-Sun r e l a t i o n s h i p s .

          The f i r s t OGO, 00-1, was launched on September 4 , 1964, i n t o t h e h i g h l y
e l l i p t i c a l o r b i t w i t h a n apogee o f 92,721 m i l e s . The m i s s i o n i s o f f i c i a l l y
l i s t e d a s a f a i l u r e because t h e s a t e l l i t e f a i l e d t o s e c u r e t h e planned
s t a b i l i z a t i o n i n o r b i t when t h e h o r i z o n s c a n n e r s f a i l e d t o a c q u i r e t h e e a r t h .
F o r t u n a t e l y , t h e s a t e l l i t e went i n t o a s p i n - s t a b i l i z e d mode i n which t h e s p i n
a x i s i s fixed i n i n e r t i a l space.

        I n t h e r o n t h s s i n c e l a u n c h , t h e apogee of t h e OGO-I o r b i t has r o t a t e d
from a p o i n t w e l l w i t h i n t h e t a i l of t h e magnetosphere t o a p o i n t o u t s i d e
t h e magnetosphere on t h e sunward s i d e . 0 0 - 1 has made measurements of b o t h
t h e magnitude and f l u c t u a t i o n s of magnetic f i e l d s and of t h e f l u x of e n e r g e t i c
and thermal p a r t i c l e s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e magnetosphere, t h e t r a n s i t i o n bound-
a r y , and i n t e r p l a n e t a r y s p a c e . Within t h e magnetosphere, e x t e n s i v e d a t a on


                                                                                                             RD 4-11
t r a p p e d r a d i a t i o n have been o b t a i n e d , p a r t i c u l a r l y w i t h r e g a r d t o e n e r g e t i c
e l e c t r o n s i n a l a r g e energy range. Ion and e l e c t r o n d a t a have been r e c o r d e d
by on-board i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , and e l e c t r o n d e n s i t i e s have been s t u d i e d by t h e
t r a n s m i s s i o n of r a d i o s i g n a l s from d i s t a n c e s e x t e n d i n g t o apogee, Allihough
f u r t h e r e v a l u a t i o n w i l l be r e q u i r e d , p r e l i m i n a r y d a t a i n d i c a t e s t h e e x i s t e n c e
of v e r y low frequency n o i s e a t apogee d i s t a n c e s w i t h i n t h e t a i l of t h e magnet-
osphere and (of unusual s o l a r r a d i o b u r s t s .

         I n s p i t e of t h e mechanical f a i l u r e , OGO-I, h a s demonstrated t h a t a l a r g e
number of s e n s i t i v e s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t s can be o p e r a t e d simult.aneously
aboard a ; s i n g l e s a t e l l i t e t o make a n i n t e g r a t e d s u r v e y of t h e s p a c e eiiviron-
ment. In a d d i t i o n , it has d r a m a t i c a l l y i l l u s t r a t e d t h e importance of
d i a g n o s t i c i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n and e x t e n s i v e command c a p a b i l i t y i n r e s c u i n g
failing satellites.

          The second OGO w i l l be launched i n 1965 i n t o a low a l t i t u d e , nea:
c i r c u l a r p o l a r o r b i t . It w i l l c a r r y twenty experiments t o make r e l a t z d
measurements of t h e E a r t h ' s atmosphere, i o n o s p h e r e , and magnetic f i e l l ;
cosmic ra'dio n o i s e ; t r a p p e d r a d i a t i o n and a u r o r a ; a i r g l o w ; micronieteo r i t e s ;
and s o l a r r a d i a t i o n s . An important a s p e c t of t h i s m i s s i o n i s a comprzhensive
survey of t h e E a r t h ' s magnetic f i e l d . T h i s s u r v e y i s expected t o be a major
c o n t r i b u t i o n t o t h e World Magnetic Survey. M o d i f i c a t i o n s are b e i n g i i c o r p o r a -
t e d i n t o t h i s s p a c e c r a f t , and a d d i t i o n a l t e s t s a r e planned t o a v o i d t i e
d i f f i c u l t i e s experienced w i t h OGO-I and t o p r o v i d e g r e a t e r a s s u r a n c e If t h e
s u c c e s s of this m i s s i o n .

         The t h i r d OGO, t o be launched i n 1966, w i l l c o n t i n u e , i n g e n e r a l , t h e
i n v e s t i g a t i o n s c u r r e n t l y b e i n g conducted by OGO-I, Experiments w i l l 3e
updated by f u n c t i o n a l and o p e r a t i o n a l m o d i f i c a t i o n s based on OGO-I r e s u l t s .
The f o u r t h OGO i s a l s o t o be launched i n 1966 t o c o n t i n u e t h e n e a r e a r t h
s t u d i e s o f t h e second O W .

          The f i f t h OGO, scheduled f o r 1967, w i l l c a r r y a new group of higllly
advanced s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t s . Along w i t h o t h e r s c i e n t i f i c o b j e c t i t e s ,
t h i s m i s s i o n w i l l i n v e s t i g a t e t h e r o l e of e l e c t r o n s i n t h e n e a r e a r t h and
i n t e r p l a n e t a r y medium. Twelve of t h e twenty-two experiments under develop-
ment f o r t h i s f l i g h t w i l l be combined t o s t u d y e l e c t r o n s over t h e c o m ? l e t e
energy range from thermal t o cosmic r a y l e v e l s .

        Experiments f o r t h e s i x t h OGO, which w i l l have a c i r c u l a r p o l a r x b i t ,
a r e t o be s e l e c t e d i n J Y 1965. T h i s o b s e r v a t o r y , which w i l l a l s o be launched
                                 ?
i n 1967, w i l l m k e u s e o f t h e p r o t o t y p e s p a c e c r a f t b u t w i l l have a s e t of
new experiments.

          The s e v e n t h OGO i s planned f o r launch i n t o a h i g h l y e l l i p t i c a l o r b i t i n
1968. Experiments f o r t h i s m i s s i o n w i l l be s e l e c t e d i n FY 1966. A d d i t i o n a l
o b s e r v a t o r i e s i n h i g h l y e l l i p t i c a l and c i r c u l a r p o l a r o r b i t s a r e planned
d u r i n g t h e 1568-1970 time p e r i o d w i t h t h e o b j e c t i v e o f continuous o b s e r v a t i o n
d u r i n g maximum s o l a r a c t i v i t y .



                                                                                                                 RD 4-12
         Management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e OGO p r o j e c t h a s been a s s i g n e d I:O t h e
Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . The s p a c e c r a f t a r e b e i n g developed undec
c o n t r a c t w i t h Space Technology L a b o r a t o r i e s .

          FY 1964 funds provided f o r p r e p a r a t i o n s f o r launching OGO-I and Eor
c o n t i n u a t i o n of t h e development o f t h e second and t h i r d o b s e r v a t o r i e s .
Procurement of t h e Eourth and f i f t h o b s e r v a t o r i e s was a l s o i n i t i a t e d a i t h
FY 1964 funds. Development of t h e experiments f o r t h e f i f t h o b s e r v a t x y
h a s been i n i t i a t e d w i t h FY 1965 funds as w e l l a s t h e i n i t i a l d a t a a n a l y s i s
f o r OGO-I. FY 1966 funds w i l l c o n t i n u e t h e s e e f f o r t s , p r o v i d e f o r suDsequent
o b s e r v a t o r i e s , and f o r launch s u p p o r t and i n i t i a l d a t a a n a l y s i s f o r O I S S B
and C .

      The FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s funding i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s amlmnted
t o $69,23l,OCO.  Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e s e seven OGO m i s s i o n s f o r
 Y
F 1967 and t o completion a r e e s t i m a t e d t o b e $68,450,000.

                                                          Exp l o r er s

                                                                     1964            1965             -1966
                                                                                                        '


   Geop h y s i c a 1. a.nd i n t e r p l a n e t a r y
     explorers'         .......................$13,316,000                     $16,774,000           $15,600,000
   Astronomy exp l o r er s     ...............        ---                       1,100,000             6,100 ,000
   Geodetic exp1,orers              ................             2.210.000       4.085.000            4.,000,000

      Total Explorers             .................$15,526,000                 $21,959,000           $25,700,000

   Scout (Launch V e h i c l e Procurement
     Program)         ........................                  (6,600,000)      (4,296,000)          (7,700,000)

   De 1 a (Laumch V e h i c l e P r o cur ement
       t
     Program)       ,........................(11,750,000)                      (12,350,000)            (9,500,000)

   Thor Agena. (Launch V e h i c l e
     Procurenwnt: Program)                 ............ (2,697.000)            (11,560,000)            (4,100.000)

      Total. (j.ncl.uding launch
        vehic1.e~)         .....................              $36,573,000) ($50,165,000)           ($47,000,000)

          The Exp:loi:er c l a s s o f s a t e l l i t e s has produced a l a r g e p e r c e n t a g e of t h e
s c i e n t i f i . c d a t a a c q u i r e d i n t h e N S program. . E x p l o r e r s s t i l l p r o v i a e t h e
                                                         AA
most e f f i . c i a n t and economical means of accomplishing c e r t a i n s c i e n t i l ' i c
m i s s i o n s , These s m a l l e r s p a c e c r a f t , most o f which can b e launched bjr t h e
r e l a t i v e l y i n e x p e n s i v e Scout and Delta v e h i c l e s , a r e s p e c i f i c a l l y de:,igned
t o accomplish a p a r t i c u l a r s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n . They a r e flown i n
o r b i t s pecuI.:iai: t o t h e t y p e o f i n v e s t i g a t i o n planned.

       The s p a c e c r a f t a r e developed by NASA I n s t a l l a t i o n s , u n i v e r s i t i e : ; , industr}.,
o r c o o p e r a t i n g c o u n t r i e s . Because of t h e i r r e l a t i v e s i m p l i c i t y , t h e y make


                                                                                                      RD 4-13
i t p o s s i b l e f o r s m a l l e r o r g a n i z a t i o n s t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n s p a c e c r a f t de\.elopnent:
e f f o r t s . The:? p r o v i d e a n o p p o r t u n i t y f o r a r e s e a r c h group t o conceivc! an
i d e a f o r s p a c e ::esearch, develop t h e complete system f o r conducting ttie
r e s e a r c h , and complete t h e i n v e s t i g a t i o n w i t h i n a r e l a t i v e l y s h o r t pel iod o f
t i m e . Once L'ie s y s t e m i s developed, i t i s o f t e n used a g a i n f o r a d d i t : . o n a l
i n v e s t i g a t i o n s by t h e same i n v e s t i g a t o r s or o t h e r s .

         Exp1ore::s a r e b e i n g used f o r s t u d i e s of t h e environment o f t h e E a r t h and
s o l a r , t e r r e i 3 t r i a 1 , and i n t e r p l a n e t a r y r e l a t i o n s h i p s ; f o r astronomica:.
o b s e r v a t i o n s ; and f o r g e o d e t i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s .

                               Geophys i c a 1 and I n t e r p l a n e t a r y E x p l o r e r s

          Most of t h e E x p l o r e r s developed have s t u d i e d t h e E a r t h ' s envirornnent
i n c l u d i n g t h e atmosphere, t h e i o n o s p h e r e , t h e r a d i a t i o n b e l t s , arid t h e Earth':;
magnetic f i e l d . A s a r e s u l t o f t h e s e e f f o r t s and o t h e r r e l a t e d i n v e s z i g a -
t i o n s , t h e p i c t u r e o f t h e i n t e r a c t i o n s between s o l a r a c t i v i t y , t h e i n - e r -
p l a n e t a r y medium, and t h e immediate environment of t h e E a r t h i s b e g i n l i n g t o
come i n t o f o c u s .

         By t r a c k i n g E x p l o r e r s and from d i r e c t measurements made by E x p l o r e r s ,
many s o l a r i n t e r a c t i o n s w i t h t h e atmosphere have been d i s c o v e r e d , Ths
atmosphere expands and b u l g e s o u t on t h e d a y s i d e i n a d i r e c t i o n toward t h e
sun. The d e n s i t y i n t h e exosphere i n c r e a s e s n e a r l y t e n t i m e s i n t h e bulge.
The s o l a r r o t a t i o n induces a 2 7 day c y c l e on a t m o s p h e r i c d e n s i t y . The e n t i r e
e x o s p h e r i c atmcsphere expands o u t t o s e v e r a l t i m e s i t s volume a t s o l a r maximum
compared t o s o l a r minimum. S o l a r f l a r e s and geomagnetic storms i n c r e a s e t h e
temperature anc. d e n s i t y o f t h e atmosphere w i t h i n a few hours. The c o n p o s i t i o n
a t s a t e l l i t e a l t i t u d e s i s predominantly t h e atomic s p e c i e s of ox:ygen, hydrogen,
and helium. Helium i s mainly important where t h e atmosphere i s a t h i g h
temperatures.

           Explor€K.s have made s u b s t a n t i a l c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o t h e s t u d y (of t h e E a r t h ' s
ionosphere and i t s r e l a t i o n s h i p t o o t h e r g e o p h y s i c a l phenomena. The
i n s t r u m e n t a t 1.011 on A l o u e t t e has produced d a t a on t h e s p a t i a l d i s t r i b u t i o n and
v e l o c i t i e s o f t:he f r e e e l e c t r o n s i n t h e u p p e r p o r t i o n of t h e i o n o s p h e r e which
could not be o b t a i n e d from ground based o b s e r v a t o r i e s . The observed v e l o c i -
t i e s o f t h e e l e c t r o n s a r e much h i g h e r t h a n t h e v e l o c i t i e s of t h e molecules
i n t h e s u r r o u n d i n g n e u t r a l atmosphere. The composition of t h e i o n i z e d atoms
and mo1ec:ule:; 1.n t h e ionosphere i s observed t o v a r y w i t h l a t i t u d e .

         The spa1:ial and mass d i s t r i b u t i o n and p e n e t r a t i o n p r o b a b i l i t y of micro-
m e t e o r i t e s have been measured from E x p l o r e r s . It was d i s c o v e r e d t h a t near
t h e E a r t h , i t 1 1 extremely high flux o f d u s t p a r t i c l e s e x i s t s which i s more t h a n
1,000 times g r e a t e r t h a n f l u x e s i n i n t e r p l a n e t a r y s p a c e . S e v e r a l du: t streanis
were d e t e c t e d by t h e s a t e l l i t e s . The h i g h impact r a t e o f p a r t i c l e s n e a r t h e
E a r t h has no: been e x p l a i n e d . Experimental p e n e t r a t i o n measurements have
shown t h a t the l i k e l i h o o d of p e n e t r a t i n g a s p a c e v e h i c l e i s much sma!.ler than
many e s t i m a b s s used i n t h e d e s i g n o f manned s p a c e c r a f t and according11.y t h e
weights p r e v i o u s l y b e l i e v e d t o b e r e q u i r e d f o r s h i e l d i n g may be u t i l i . z e d f o r
o t h e r pui:po:jes.

                                                                                                            RD 4-14
          Exp1ore;cs have p r o v i d e d most o f t h e d a t a o b t a i n e d i n t h e s p a c e p;-ogram
on t h e r a d i a t i o n and magnetic environment of t h e E a r t h . They were used t o
d i s c o v e r t h e r a d i a t i o n b e l t s . They have provided d a t a on t h e a r t i f i c i a l
r a d i a t i o n b e l t s c r e a t e d by high a l t i t u d e n u c l e a r e x p l o s i o n s . They have made
d e f i n i t i v e measurements of t h e lower end of t h e energy spectrum of s o t a r
p r o t o n s . They have provided t h e d a t a used t o e s t a b l i s h t h e s h i e l d i n g
r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r t h e Apollo s p a c e c r a f t .

         A p i c t u r e i s beginning t o emerge a b o u t t h e p r o p e r t i e s of t h e s o h r wind
and i t s i n t e r a c t i o n w i t h t h e geomagnetic f i e l d . Two boundaries a r e p roduced
i n t h i s i n t e r a c t i o n . E x p l o r e r s X I 1 and X I V observed one magnetospheric
boundary i3bO.ut 40,000 m i l e s away from t h e E a r t h i n t h e s o l a r d i r e c t i o n .
Explorer X V I I I found a second boundary a t 55,000 m i l e s which c o n s t i t u ' e s a
shock f r o n t (and s e p a r a t e s t h e r e g i o n of t h e u n d i s t u r b e d s o l a r wind from t h e
l a r g e l y d i s o r d e r e d flow produced by t h e i n t e r a c t i o n of t h e s o l a r wind w i t h
t h e E a r t h ' s magnetic f i e l d . The p r o p e r t i e s o f t h i s t r a n s i t i o n r e g i o n a r e
b e i n g measured by E x p l o r e r s X V I I I and XXI.

         The E a r t h ' s magnetic f i e l d i s s w e p t o u t behind t h e E a r t h by t h e i o l a r
wind. E x a l o r e r X V I I I h a s mapped t h i s magnetospheric t a i l o u t t o 130,000
m i l e s , o r more t h a n h a l f t h e d i s t a n c e t o t h e moon. I n d i c a t i o n s a r e t i a t t h i s
t a i l extends w e l l beyond t h e moon and resembles i n many r e s p e c t s t h e t a i l of
a comet.

          E x p l o r e r s have a l s o made o b s e r v a t i o n s of g a l a c t i c cosmic r a y s i n t h e
energy r a n g e from about 20 m i l l i o n t o s e v e r a l hundred m i l l i o n e l e c t r o l i v o l t s .
Only a s m a l l f r a c t i o n of t h e s e cosmic r a y s p e n e t r a t e t h e s o l a r system down
t o t h e E a r t h because t h e i n t e r p l a n e t a r y magnetic f i e l d p r o v i d e s a n e f f e c t i v e
s h i e l d . An a c t u a l c u t - o f f i n t h e f l u x a t t h e lower e n e r g i e s was o b s e r v e d ,
and i n t e n s i t y modulations i n t h e f l u x c a n be r e l a t e d t o t h e v a r i a b l e > r o p e r -
t i e s of t h e s o l a r wind.

          The l e v e l of e f f o r t i n t h i s area i s b e i n g i n c r e a s e d i n FY 1965 and
FY 1966 t o p r o v i d e f o r e x t e n s i o n of t h e e x p l o r a t i o n of t h e magnetospheric
boundary t o i n c l u d e E x p l o r e r s anchored i n a n o r b i t around t h e moon. r h i s
o r b i t w i l l make i t p o s s i b l e f o r t h e s p a c e c r a f t t o remain i n t h e i n t e r ? l a n e t a r y
medium o r i n t h e magnetospheric boundary a r e a a l l of t h e t i m e and t o somplete
a c i r c l e around t h e e a r t h e v e r y twenty-eight days. Atmospheric and i m o s p h e r i c
i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and s t u d i e s of cosmic d u s t w i l l a l s o be c o n t i n u e d , and emphasis
w i l l be p l a c e d on t h e p o l a r and e q u a t o r i a l r e g i o n s and on t h e i n t e r a c t i o n s
w i t h s o l a r r a d i a t i o n and t h e t r a p p e d r a d i a t i o n i n t h e E a r t h ' s magnetic f i e l d .
I n t e r n a t i o n a l c o o p e r a t i v e e f f o r t s i n t h i s a r e a a r e underway w i t h t h e United
Kingdom, Canada , F r a n c e , I t a l y , and t h e European Space Research O s g a n i z a t i o n
(ESRO). (Other n a t i o n s a r e involved i n a c q u i r i n g d a t a and conducting r e s e a r c h
based on s i g r a l s r e c e i v e d from t h e s e s a t e l l i t e s .

                                              Astronomy E x p l o r e r s

         Experiments conducted w i t h sounding r o c k e t s have demonstrated t h e
f e a s i b i l i t y c f conducting a s t r o n o m i c a l o b s e r v a t i o n s i n t h e r a d i o and X-ray


     162-046 0   - 65 -   11                                                                          RD 5-15
r e g i o n s o f t h e e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c spectrum u s i n g s m a l l s p a c e c r a f t . I n t h e r a d i o
r e g i o n , it i:; n e c e s s a r y t o p l a c e t h e s p a c e c r a f t above t h e ionosphere i:o make
measurements i n t h o s e wavelengths which do n o t p e n e t r a t e t h i s i o n i z e d r e g i o n
o f t h e E a r t h ' s apper atmosphere. Development o f a s a t e l l i t e e s p e c i a 1 . y
designed €or t h i s purpose i s b e i n g i n i t i a t e d i n FY 1965. It w i l l be p l a c e d
i n a high a l t i t u d e c i r c u l a r o r b i t t o o p t i m i z e t h e measurements, I n acldition
t o c o n t i n u i n g t n e development of Radio Astronomy Explorers i n FY 1966, i t
i s planned t o i n i t i a t e t h e development of a s m a l l X-ray Astronom] Exp . o r e r
t o e x p l o i c r .:cent d i s c o v e r i e s of s t e l l a r X-ray s o u r c e s .

                                                  Geodetic E x p l o r e r s

       Accu:cate t r a c k i n g of s a t e l l i t e o r b i t s p r o v i d e s d a t a which cen be used
f o r g e o d e t i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s . S a t e l l i t e s developed f o r g e o p h y s i c a l s t i i d i e s
have been eq%,iippedwith r e f l e c t o r s and beacons which f a c i l i t a t e d accu::ate
measurements of p o s i t i o n s .

          The o p t i m i z a t i o n of g e o d e t i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s , however, r e q u i r e s o.:bits
and equipment e s p e c i a l l y s e l e c t e d f o r t h e m i s s i o n . The ANNA s a t e l l i t ( :
launched by t h e Department of Defense was t h e f i r s t s a t e l l i t e e s p e c i a Lly
t a i l o r e d t o t h i s m i s s i o n . B u i l d i n g on t h e ANNA e x p e r i e n c e , a program has
been developed, i n c o o r d i n a t i o n w i t h t h e Department o f Defense arid t h ' ? Coast
and Geodetic Survey, which i n v o l v e s t h e launching of a c t i v e and p a s s i l e
s a t e l l i t e s i n t o o r b i t s s e l e c t e d f o r t h e s e m i s s i o n s . The program i n v o l v e s
p a r t i c i p a t i o n by u n i v e r s i t i e s and o t h e r r e s e a r c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s i n t h e United
S t a t e s and i n c o o p e r a t i n g c o u n t r i e s . A c t i v e s a t e l l i t e s w i l l be 1.aunc'ied i n
1965 and 1966 employing a v a r i e t y of o p t i c a l and e l e c t r o n i c t e c h r i i q u e j .
P a s s i v e s , a t e l l i t e s c o n s i s t i n g of Echo t y p e b a l l o o n s w i t h beacons w i l l be
launched i n t o h i g h a l t i t u d e c i r c u l a r o r b i t s i n 1966 t o supplement: t h e a c t i v e
s a t e l l i t e program. Comparison s t u d i e s a r e planned t o e v a l u a t e t h e v a r i o u s
t e c h n i q u e s eirployed and t o p r o v i d e a check on t h e a c c u r a c y of i n d i v i d i a l
measurements. The program i s planned t o c o n t i n u e w i t h f l i g h t s beyond 1966,
w i t h a d d i t i o n a l a c t i v e s a t e l l i t e s t e n t a t i v e l y s c h e d u l e d . The s p e c i f i :
equipment t o be i n c o r p o r a t e d i n t h e l a t e r m i s s i o n s w i l l be dependent Jpon
t h e r e s u l t s o b t a i n e d from t h e e a r l i e r missions.

                                                    Sounding Rockets

                                                                     1964                    1965              -1966
   Experiments        .....................                   $ 8,797,000             $ 7,790,000             $ 8,200,000
   Rocket development          ..............                     601,000                  644,000                   700,000
                                      ........
   A t t i t u d e c c n t r o l systems                        1,406 ,000              1,098,000                  1,500,000
   Engineering s u p p o r t    .............                     470 ,000                 347 ,000                  500,000
                                .............
   T e s t and e t a l u a t i o n                                100 ,000                 221,000                   200,000
                                    ..........
   Ground i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n                         3,123,000               2 ,800,000                 2,800,000
   gocket procurement          ..............                   2,453,000               3,100.000              3,100,000

      Total      .........................                    $16,950,000             $16,000,000            $~DOO.OOO
                                                                                                               -
                                                                                                               ,




                                                                                                              RD 4,-16
          Sounding r o c k e t s a r e small v e h i c l e s t h a t are p a r t i c u l a r l y w e l l a d a p t e d
f o r s t u d i e s ai: a l t i t u d e s between t h o s e r e a c h e d by b a l l o o n s and t h e pe;,igees
o f low E a r t h !;a.tellites. They a r e used f o r s t u d i e s o f t h e a t m o s p h e r e ,
i o n o s p h e r e , and r a d i a t i o n t h a t r e a c h e s t h e v i c i n i t y o f t h e E a r t h , e i t h e r a s
e n e r g e t i c pai:.ricles o r a s e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c r a d i a t i o n . They s e r v e a s inexpen-
s i v e c a r r i e r : ; t o t e s t i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n b e i n g d e s i g n e d f o r u s e on s a t e l : . i t e s .
The useful-ness o f sounding r o c k e t s , p a r t i c u l a r l y f o r s o l a r and o t h e r
a s t r o n o m i c a l o b s e r v a t i o n s , has been g r e a t l y i n c r e a s e d by t h e developmr!nt of
a t t i t u d e cont.. co 1 systems.

          P r o f i l e s oE a t m o s p h e r i c d e n s i t y and t e m p e r a t u r e have been made wi.th
sounding rocket:; i n v a r i o u s p a r t s o f t h e world and a t f r e q u e n t i n t e r v t i l s f o r
a number of y ~ ? a r s . It has been found t h a t t h e r e i s l i t t l e v a r i a t i o n :.n
atmospheric i..I?mperature and d e n s i t y throughout t h e s o l a r c y c l e a t a l t : . t u d e s
near 60 mile:;.             However, t h e r e a r e l a r g e v a r i a t i o n s i n t e m p e r a t u r e ant1
d e n s i t y i n t h 3 a u r o r a l r e g i o n s and c o n s i d e r a b l e h e a t i n g n e a r 50 miles a l t i t u d e
d u r i n g soltar ( d i s t u r b a n c e s .

         Soundin{; r o c k e t s have been used t o measure t h e amounts o f molecu:l.ar and
atomic oxygen, i3tomic n i t r o g e n , n i t r i c o x i d e , hydrogen and helium a t irarious
l e v e l s o f t h e atmosphere. S t u d i e s have been made o f a i r f l o w and i t s e f f e c t s
on astronomy and a s t r o n a u t s e e i n g .

     The dynainics of t h e i o n o s p h e r i c r e g i o n o f t h e atmosphere have beeqn
measured by vapor r e l e a s e s from sounding r o c k e t s . Turbulence, m i x i n g , extreme
wind s h e a r s , and l a r g e s c a l e motions and g l o b a l p a t t e r n s have been di:;covered.

          Soundinl: r o c k e t s w i t h r e c o v e r y d e v i c e s have been used f o r s u c c e s : ; f u l
r e c o v e r y of ( f i s t of cometary and a s t r o d i a l o r i g i n . N o c t i l u c e n t cloud:;
formed by co:;inic d u s t surrounded by a n i c e condensate have been studiczd i n
Sweden. The composition of v a r i o u s meteor streams h a s been probed.

           Sounding r o c k e t experiments have r e l a t e d t h e c a u s a t i v e s o l a r f l u x t o
t h e resultani: e l e c t r o n d e n s i t i e s i n t h e lower ionosphere. They have :;hown a
r e l a t i o n s h i p between t h e t h i n , d e n s e , s p o r a d i c E l a y e r and wind shear:;.
P r o g r e s s h a s been made i n developing mass s p e c t r o m e t e r s , f o r both i o n ized and
n e u t r a l c o n s t i t u e n t s , and composite payloads a r e b e i n g developed t o measure
a v a r i e t y of parameters from t h e same r o c k e t . The c u r r e n t s i n t h e E xegion
have now beell d i r e c t l y measured w i t h magnetometer p a y l o a d s , launched 110th a t
t h e magnetic equator and a t medium l a t i t u d e s . More such f l i g h t s a r e needed t o
d e f i n e t h i s c u r r e n t system b e t t e r i n t i m e and l a t i t u d e and t o r e l a t e L t t o
t h e dynamics 'of t h e i o n o s p h e r e .

         Sounding r o c k e t s have made important a s t r o n o m i c a l o b s e r v a t i o n s . The
f i r s t s o l a r u l t r a v i o l e t s p e c t r a were o b t a i n e d from sounding r o c k e t s ; :[-ray
emission from t h e sun w a s found w i t h sounding r o c k e t s ; and s t e l l a r X-::ay
s o u r c e s have a l s o been d i s c o v e r e d . U l t r a v i o l e t o b s e r v a t i o n s of t h e p Lanets
Venus, Mars ilnd J u p i t e r have been made.




                                                                                                                 RD 4-17
       Management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r sounding r o c k e t experiments i s a s s i g n e d t o
each p a r t i c i p a t i n g I n s t a l l a t i o n , w i t h NASA Headquarters r e t a i n i n g r e s p o n s i b i l -
i t y f o r managing t h e development of experiments by o t h e r r e s e a r c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s .

          One hundred sounding r o c k e t s were launched i n 1964 from s i t e s i n t h e
United S t a t e : , Canada, P a k i s t a n , I n d i a , Norway, Sweden, and from a converted
Navy a i r c r a f t t r a n s p o r t s h i p . The s h i p b o a r d launchings were conducted a s a
p a r t of a shzkedown c r u i s e f o r a n e x p e d i t i o n planned f o r 1965. T h i s expedi-
t i o n , which i s p a r t of t h e i n t e r n a t i o n a l c o o p e r a t i v e e f f o r t f o r t h e I n t e r -
n a t i o n a l Q u i e t Sun Year, w i l l i n v o l v e launchings through a r e a s o f t h e upper
atmosphere arid ionosphere which cannot be reached by l a n d based r o c k e t s .
The launchings w i l l t a k e p l a c e i n t h e South P a c i f i c Ocean near t h e west c o a s t
of South America near t h e geomagnetic e q u a t o r and s o u t h t o as f a r a s 60
degrees s o u t h l a t i t u d e . O f primary i n t e r e s t on t h i s e x p e d i t i o n       T   w     ibe l   l



s t u d i e s of t h e " e q u a t o r i a l e l e c t r o j e t " , a system of e l e c t r i c a l c u r r e n t s
c i r c u l a t i n g j n t h e ionosphere i n t h e r e g i o n of t h e magnetic e q u a t o r .

          F u t u r e u s e of sounding r o c k e t s i s expected t o f o l l o w t h e p a t t e r n of p a s t
usage. Several. t y p e s of experiments t h a t a r e a l r e a d y begun w i l l be continued.;
such a s measurements i n t h e atmosphere and ionosphere, c o l l e c t i o n of cosmic
d u s t , atmospheric motions and winds observed through chemical r e l e a s e s , and
o b s e r v a t i o n s o f t h e Sun, p l a n e t s , s t a r s , and o t h e r c e l e s t i a l bodies i n t h e
u l t r a v i o l e t , X-ray and r a d i o f r e q u e n c i e s . The r e l a t i v e l y s m a l l c o s t and t h e
comparatively s h o r t lead-time f o r r o c k e t s w i l l c o n t i n u e t h e i r u s e f o r p i o n e e r -
i n g experimerits a s new i d e a s a r e developed by s c i e n t i s t s .

          The d e c r e a s e i n t h e sounding r o c k e t program c o s t s f o r N 1965 i s
p r i m a r i l y th.e r e s u l t of d e c r e a s i n g t h e number of new experiments s t a r t e d .
Emphasis i n IY 1965 i s b e i n g p l a c e d on completion of development e f f c r t s
s t a r t e d i n FY 1.964 and p r i o r y e a r s . FY 1966 funds w i l l p r o v i d e f o r a n
i n c r e a s e d numibar of new experiments i n p r e p a r a t i o n f o r a n expanded program
of s o l a r t e r r e s t r i a l i n v e s t i g a t i o n d u r i n g t h e p e r i o d of t h e a c t i v e sun.

                                                  Data Ana lvs i s

                                                                 1964                  1965                    -1966
                                ..............
   Data c e n t e r o p e r a t i o n                                  ---                   ---               $ 600,000
                                     ..........
   Support of r e s e a r c h t a s k s                                ---                   --I               2.400.000

      Total     .........
                       .....................                           ---                   ---         I -
                                                                                                             $3,000,000

          NASA h a s tihe o b l i g a t i o n t o make a v a i l a b l e t o t h e p u b l i c t h e i n f o r m a t i o n
gained from space e x p l o r a t i o n . The accumulation of d a t a from f l i g h t programs;
p r o v i d e s a pcbol. o f s c i e n t i f i c d a t a t h a t w i l l be u s e f u l t o s c i e n t i s t s ,
p a r t i c u l a r l y a s it p e r m i t s t h e u s e of d a t a from a number of s a t e l l i t e ,
sounding rocket: , and s p a c e probe experiments.

     A s c i e n t i f i c d a t a c e n t e r i s being e s t a b l i s h e d a t Goddard Space E ' l i g h t
Center t o ca.t:al.og t h e s e d a t a and make them a v a i l a b l e t o i n t e r e s t e d r e s e a r c h e r s


                                                                                                               RD 4-18
i n a form wh:Lch can be r e a d i l y used. The i n i t i a l c o n t r a c t f o r o p e r a t i o n of
t h e d a t a c e n t e r w a s funded under t h e FY 1965 Supporting Research and Technolog)
Program. Th:is new p r o j e c t w i l l p r o v i d e f o r c o n t i n u e d o p e r a t i o n of t h e d a t a
c e n t e r arid f o r s u p p o r t o f promising r e s e a r c h p r o p o s a l s t h a t would m a k e u s e
of t h e d a t a r-n s t o r a g e .

          The i n i t i a l a n a l y s i s of d a t a from a f l i g h t experiment i s funded under
t h e f l i g h t pi-o-ject. The experimenter p r e p a r e s a p l a n f o r a n a l y s i s of t h e
d a t a from hi:; experiment. A s t h e d a t a becomes a v a i l a b l e from t h e s p a c e c r a f t ,
i t i s p r o c e s s e d t o p r o v i d e t h e n e c e s s a r y i n f o r m a t i o n t o e s t a b l i s h the
c i r c u m s t a n c e s , such a s t i m e and s p a c e c r a f t p o s i t i o n , under which t h e d a t a was!
t a k e n . The experimenter has a n a g r e e d upon p e r i o d o f e x c l u s i v e u s e c f t h e
d a t a d u r i n g which t i m e he makes t h e i n i t i a l a n a l y s i s and r e d u c e s t h e d a t a t o
a form which h a s s c i e n t i f i c meaning.                 I n some cases arrangements a r e made for
immediate exchange of d a t a between e x p e r i m e n t e r s , so t h a t t h e y may c c l r r e l a t e
t h e r e s u l t s o f simultaneous measurements. A f t e r e x p i r a t i o n of t h e a g r e e d
upon p e r i o d of e x c l u s i v e u s e , t h e d a t a p a s s e s i n t o t h e p u b l i c domain, Mean-
w h i l e , t h e e x p m i m e n t e r p u b l i s h e s t h e r e s u l t s of h i s experiment.

         A f t e r t h e s e i n i t i a l r e s u l t s have been o b t a i n e d , a d d i t i o n a l a n a l y s i s of
t h e s e d a t a w - l l , i n many cases, produce f u r t h e r u s e f u l s c i e n t i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n .
The experimenter o r a n o t h e r i n t e r e s t e d s c i e n t i s t may t h e n propose a r e w
r e s e a r c h t a s k which w i l l i n v o l v e a d d i t i o n a l c o r r e l a t i v e computations and
e v a l u a t i o n . I n t h e p a s t , such e f f o r t s have been funded p r i m a r i l y under t h e
f l i g h t p r o j e c t s ; b u t , beginning i n E'Y 1966, t h e funding o f t h e f l i g h t p r o j e c t s
w i l l include only f i r s t run da t a a n a l y s i s .

          T h i s new approach t o t h e management o f t h e d a t a a n a l y s i s i s expected t o
produce a great.er s c i e n t i f i c r e t u r n f o r t h e investment made i n t h e f l i g h t
program. It w i l l broaden t h e p a r t i c i p a t i o n o f s c i e n t i s t s throughout t h e
n a t i o n and encourage them t o u s e a l l o f t h e a v a i l a b l e i n f o r m a t i o n i n t h e i r
t h e o r e t i c a l s e s e a r c h . Meanwhile, i t w i l l f r e e t h e managers of i n d i v i d u a l
f l i g h t projec:ts from c o n t i n u i n g d a t a reruns on completed f l i g h t s , s i n c e now
t h e i r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r a mission w i l l terminate a f t e r f i r s t run data
a n a l y s i s i s c:onlpleted.

        The r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r o v e r a l l management of t h e Data A n a l y s i s P r o j e c t
                                          AA
w i l l be r e t a i n e d i n t h e N S Headquarters. The Goddard Space F l i g h t Center
h a s been a s s i g n e d r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r management of t h e d a t a c e n t ' e r .




                                                                                                        RD 4-19
                                             RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                            FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF SPACE SCIENCE AND                                     LUNAR AND PLANETARY EXPLORA'rION PROGRAM
  APPLICATIOK S

PROGRAM OBJECgTIJ'ES AND JUSTIFICATION:

         The p r i m a r y o b j e c t i v e of t h e Lunar          and P l a n e t a r y E x p l o r a t i o n program is
t o c a r r y o u t t:ha s c i e n t i f i c e x p l o r a t i o n   of t h e s o l a r system by b o t h unmanned
s p a c e f l i g h t s arid E a r t h based r e s e a r c h .        This requires t h e extension c f space-
c r a f t technoI.ogy v i t a l t o f u t u r e manned               and unmanned m i s s i o n s . The program
s u p p o r t s t h e manned s p a c e f l i g h t e f f o r t       by measuring t h e environment i n s p a c e
and t h e c h a r s c t c x i s t i c s o f t h e Moon and           the planets.

          The prinmry o b j e c t i v e s of t h e l u n a r program a r e t o o b t a i n d a t a or t h e
s t r u c t u r e and topography of t h e l u n a r s u r f a c e , t h e l u n a r environment and t h e
                                                                                                                .
p h y s i c a l , c h m i c a l , g e o d e t i c , and g r a v i t a t i o n a l p r o p e r t i e s of t h e Moor  The
d a t a g a t h e r e d as a r e s u l t of t h e s e i n v e s t i g a t i o n s w i l l be of importance i n
s e e k i n g t o urider:stand t h e o r i g i n of t h e s o l a r system and i n d e t e r m i n i r g
a c c u r a t e l y thc: environment i n which manned s p a c e c r a f t must o p e r a t e , Pnother
o b j e c t i v e o f .Lunar e x p l o r a t i o n i s t o s e a r c h f o r e x t a n t o r e x t i n c t l i f e forms
on t h e Moon, e v i d e n c e of which would c o n t r i b u t e t o t h e o v e r a l l t h e o r y o f t h e
o r i g i n of l i f t . in t h e s o l a r s y s t e m .

          The l.unai: program i n c l u d e s t h r e e t y p e s o f m i s s i o n . The Kanger i t p r o v i d -
i n g i n i t i a l visiial d a t a a b o u t t h e s u r f a c e of t h e Moon. Surveyor missi.ons will.
be aimed i n i t : iaZly a t s e l e c t i n g s u i t a b l e l a n d i n g areas f o r manned f l i $ , h t s .
The Lunar 0rb:itc.r w i l l complement t h e Ranger and Surveyor m i s s i o n s by
p r o v i d i n g d a t a o b t a i n e d from t h e v a n t a g e p o i n t of a n o r b i t i n g spacecr; f t .

          The planet:; p r e s e n t a n i n t e r e s t i n g a t t r a c t i o n because t h e y a l l d j . f f e r
markedly f r o n t h e E a r t h . I n t h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s may l i e c l u e s t o t h e n a t u r e ,
o r i g i n and e v o l u t i o n of t h e s o l a r system. T h e r e f o r e , our o b j e c t i v e i s t o
e x p l o r e t h e ~r l a n e t s , t h e i r moons and o t h e r i n t e r p l a n e t a r y phenomena w i t h
unmanned spacxciraft i n c o n j u n c t i o n w i t h ground based r e s e a r c h . The s u c c e s s -
f u l Mariner Ii.'L f l i g h t added s i g n i f i c a n t l y t o s c i e n t i f i c b o w l e d g e of 1:he
p l a n e t Venus, The p l a n e t Mars i s t h e n e x t o b j e c t i v e . l n e ?lariner I V space-
c r a f t , c u r r e n t l y on a t r a j e c t o r y t h a t w i l l p a s s cllose t o M:-rs, i s e x p t x t e d t o
p r o v i d e iriva:I.uable s c i e n t i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n i n c l u d i n g r e l a t i . e l y close-lip
photographs o f t h e p l a n e t ' s s u r f a c e . During t h e remainder of t h i s decade and
i n t o t h e n e x t , Imphasis w i l l be p l a c e d on t h e unmanned e x i l l o r a t i c n o f Mars.

          The d e f i n i t i o n of t h e next series o f f l i g h t mission. t o Mars i s being
i n i t i a t e d t o melet t h e o p p o r t u n i t i e s i n 1 9 7 1 and. subsequent y e a r s . Thd: space-
c r a f t f o r t h e s e m i s s i o n s would be much l a r g e r and more s o p h i s t i c a t e d 1:han
p r e v i o u s p l a n e t a r y s p a c e c r a f t and would be designed t o perform e x p e r i n e n t s on


                                                                                                          RD 5-1
t h e s u r f a c e and i n o r b i t about t h e p l a n e t . T h i s e f f o r t i s i d e n t i f i e d a s t h e
Voyager Program, and w i l l b e t h e f i r s t program t o c o n c e n t r a t e on s t u d y i n g t h e
e v i d e n c e of t h e e x i s t e n c e and n a t u r e of e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e .

     I n t e r p l a n e t a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s w i l l continue with Pioneer missions
scheduled t o b e g i n t h e l a t t e r p a r t of 1965.

SUMMARY OF KE2;OURCES KEQUIKEMENTS:
                                                                 1964               1965             -15.66

   S u p p o r t i n g r e s e a r c h and
      technology/advanced s t u d i e s            ..... $22 ,000 ,000          $28,749,000          $36 ,E 00 ,000
   Ranger     ..... .......................               30,306,000             15,251,000            1,l.15 ,000
   Surveyor.      ..,....................... 70,704,000                          76,000,000           85,000 ,000
   Lunar o r b i t e r , .. . ... .. .. . . . . . . .... 20,000,000              42,400,000           37 , ( ~ 0 0 , 0 0 0
   Mariner      ...........................               49,152,000
                                                                  ---            21,000,000            3,           000
                ...,.......................
                                                                                                            [loo,


   Voyager                                                                        7 ,750,000          43 ,000 ,000
   Pioneer.,..,,..     .....................              13.600.000             15.000,OOO            8.~~00.000

      T o t a l ...........................             $205,762,000           $206,150.000

   D i s t r i b u t i m o f Program Amount by I n s t a 1la t i o n :

      M a r s h a l l Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . ,  .. $505,000               $535 ,000              $:100,000
      Manned Spacclecraft Center..               . . . . ..  1,867,000            4,429,000           14 ,000 ,000
      Goddard !;?ace F l i g h t C e n t e r . .      ... 1,084,000               1,111,000               1100 ,000
      A m e s I:esearI:h   Center..        .. ........ 15,382,000                16,054,000            8 ,600 ,000
      Langley Research C e n t e r . .         . . . . . .. 20,146,000           43,050,000           37,:~00,000
      NASA Headquarters..             . . .. . . .. . ... 9,521,000
                                            ,                                    10,667,000            9,iiOO,OOO
      Western O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e . .  ..... 157,257,000            130,304,000          145 ,1115 ,000

BASIS OF FUNI2AEQUIREMENTS:

                                    Supportiag Research and Technology

                                                                 1964               1965             -1366

                                           .....
   Lunar and p l a n e t a r y s c i e n c e .                $12,145,000       $12,486,000          $12, ~ 0 0 , 0 0 0
   Advanceld t e c h n i c a l development   ...                4,700,000         7,513,000            7 , 300,000
   Advanced s t u d i e s . . .   ..............                2 ,23 6 ,000      2 ,390 ,000          2 ,300 ,000
                                         .......
   Manned l u n a r s c i e n c e . . . . . .                   2.919.000         6,360,000           15,500,000

      Total.    ..........,.%............
                                        $22,000.000                            $28.749.000           -
                                                                                                     $36,300,000

         Supporting Rese;?;ch and Technology p r o v i d e s t h e c a p a b i l i t y t o c a r r y o u t
v i t a l work a s s o c i a t e a w i t h b u t n o t s p e c i f i c a l l y a p a r t o f c u r r e n t l y approved
f l i g h t missi.-.-?s.



                                                                                                       RD 5-2
            The ,science prcgram p r o v i d e s s c i e n t i f i c d a t a n e c e s s a r y f o r t h e d2sign
and c a l i b - r a t i o n o f f l i g h t experimerits and t h e b a s i c d a t a €or t h e a n a l y s e s and
i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of t h e r e s u l t s of f l i g h t experiments. The program p r o J i d e s
t h e means of e x p l o r i n g new concepts and i d e a s , and o f developing t h o s z o f
h i g h p o t e n t i a l t o t h e s t a g e where t h e y can b e proposed f o r f l i g h t : exp'zriments.
S c i e n t i s t s a t NASA Research C e n t e r s , U n i v e r s i t i e s I n d u s t r i a l Xeaearc'n Labora-
t o r i e s , and o t h e r Government L a b o c a t o r i e s throughout t h e c o u n t r y carry o u t
t h i s program of l a b o r a t o r y , t h e o r e t i c a l , and o b s e r v a t i o n a l r e s e a r c h . The
o b s e r v a t i o n a l program i n o p t i c a l and r a d i o astronomy i s l i m i t e d it0 i n v e s t i -
g a t i o n s o f t h e moon and t h e p l a n e t s and has t h e o b j e c t i v e of s u p p l y i n g
i n f o r m a t i o n e s s e n t i a l t o t h e s c i e n t i f i c f l i g h t program. It a l s o p r o v i d e s
i n f o r m a t i o n e s s e n t i a l t o t h e d e s i g n of s p a c e c r a f t and t h e s e l e c t i o n of
experiments f o r l u n a r and p l a n e t a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s . The most important
problems b e i c g i n v e s t i g a t e d i n t h i s area a r e t h e n a t u r e and b e a r i n g - s t r e n g t h
of t h e l u n a r s u r f a c e . and t h e v a r i a t i o n o f p r e s s u r e w i t h a l t i t u d e i n t h e
P l a r t i a n atmosph.ere. I n c r e a s e d knowledge of l u n a r s u r f a c e c h a r a c t : e r i s t i c s i s
d e s i r a b l e f o r s a f e e x p l o r a t i o n by man, and f o r t h e s u c c e s s f u l p e r f o m m c e of
s o f t l a n d i n g s c i e n t i f i c payloads, The c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of t h e M a r t i a n atmos-
phere have become of major concern i n t h e p a s t y e a r when r e c e n t t:roun3.
observational. investigations indicated t h a t t h e s u r f a c e pressure of t h e
Martian atmos,phere may be one-half o r l e s s o f t h e f o r m e r l y a c c e p t e d v a l u e of
85 m i l l i b a r s . I n t h e 25 t o 80 m i l l i b a r pi-essure r a n g e , t h e e f f i c i e n c y of a n
e n t r y c a p s u l e i n c a r r y i n g u s e f u l s c i e n t i f i c payload d e c r e a s e s d r a s t i c a l l y w i t : h
s m a l l e r atmospl-ieric p r e s s u r e v a l u e s . F u r t h e r s t u d i e s 0 2 t h e M a r t i a n atmos-
p h e r e by a s t r o n o m i c a l s p e c t r o s c o p i c t e c h n i q u e s w i l l be conducted d u r i n g 1965
t o pr0vid.e m c ) r e p r e c i s e v a l u e s and permit t h e d e s i g n of e f f i c i e n t e n t r y
capsules.

         A contr:lbution of knowleclge concerning t h e environment i n which t h e
A ~ o l l oa s t r o n a u t must l u n c t i o n was made by f i e l d s t u d y of t e r r e s t r i a l c o u n t e r -
p a r t s o f lurrar p r o c e s s e s and f ' e a t u r e s , such a s meteor c r a t e r s , and bj,
l a b o r a t o r y E:::p(ximents w i t h l u n a r s u r f a c e s i m u l a t i o n . S t u d i e s were nlade o f
t h e behavior. of p o s s i b l e l u n a r suri'ace m a t e r i a l s under h y p e r v e l o c i t y
bombaidment by meteol-ites and m i c r o m e t e o r i t e s and under c o n d i t i o n s c f wide
t e m p e r a t u r e . t l u c t u a t i o n , solar r a d i a t i o n , low l u n a r g r a v i t y and near vacuum
atmospliere. Topographic and g e o l o g i c maps o f t h e v i s i b l e p o r t i o n s oi' t h e
moon a r e being p r e p a r e d . The e q u a t o r i c a l b e l t , which i n c l u d e s t h e i r l i t i a l
t a r g e t a r e a s f o r Xanger , Surveyor, O r b i t e r , and Apollo, i s scheduled f o r
completion a b o u t mid-year              .
          New o r improved t h e o r i e s , techi-iiques and i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n f o r s c . i e n t i f i c :
observati-on .Ind measurement 01- t h e moon and p l a n e t s , b o t h from t h e E a r t h and
from t h e s p a c e c r a f t a r e developed by t h e s u p p o r t i n g r e s e a r c h program        The
X-ray diJlfractonieter , garmna i n y s p e c t r o m e t e r , n e u t r o n and a l p h a p a r t x l e
s e n s o r s , se.1 ;mimeter, magnetometer, and gas chromatograph a r e arrong i.hose i n
v a r i o u s stai;lzs o f development,

       The Advanced Technica 1 Development Program i s d i z e c t e d p r i n c i p a lly toward
t h e developrrimt of equipment and technology f o r f l y b y , o r b i t i n g , and l a n d i n g


                                                                                                                RD 5-3
m i s s i o n s t o Nars. These m i s s i o n s impose s t r i n g e n t r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r tke
developmer;.'i o f i c l i a b l e equipment t h a t w i l l s u r v i v e t h e r i g o r s o f s t e r i l i z a -
tLon and lonc; t F i w exposure t o deep s p a c e , and w i l l t a k e E u l l e s t a d v a r t a g e
or' t h e improved c a p a b i l i t y o f launch v e h i c l e s t o be a v a i l a b l e a few y c a r s
hence. Iit t h e FY 1965 program, p r i n c i p a l emphasis was i n t h e a r e a s of'
communicatiori:; and guidance anci c o n t r o l . Under FY 1966 funds i-equestc.d,
einphasis cln c:ontriunications will. c o n t i n u e toward a system t h a t w i l l trcEnsmit
l a r g e quantit::le:; of s c i e n t i f i c d a t a over t h e inmense i n t e r p l a n e t a r y d j . s t a n c e s ,
I n c r e a s e d att.ent:ion w i l l b e g i v e n t o l a n d i n g c a p s u l e technology, p a r t i c u l a r l y
t o i n s u r e s a f e p a s s a g e through t h e atmosphere of Mars and Land-ing on j . t s
s u r f a c e . To pexmic t h e r e c o g n i - t i o n and i d e n t i f i c a t i o n of c x t r a t e r r e s t . r i a l
l i f e , p l a n e t a ~ j r l a n d e r s must b e made s t e r i l e . The s t e r i l i z i n g p r o c e d i ~ r e s
r e q u i r e d , &.a:;t-Iically compromise t h e r e l i a b i l i t y a+ operatioix3i :.life o f
much o f t h e ~ : u r i : e i ~stt a t e - o f - t h e - a r t s p a c e c r a f t equipment. FY 1965 arid p r i o r
year Eunds began t h e development of equipment t h a t w i l l o p e r a t e r e l i a b l y
a E t e r s t e r i l ? . . : a a t i o n . Funding i n FY 1966 w i l l c o n t i n u e development ant1 t e s t i n g
of t h e s e iterx; , and i n i t i a t e worlc on o t h e r equipment needed f o r p1anei:ary
landers      .
          T h e adV:JilC(?d s t u d i e s e f f o r t is e s s e n t i a l t o f u t u r e l u n a r and p l a n e t a r y
m i s s i o n p1Lamiing. S t u d i e s of s p a c e f l i g h t mechanics and p l a n e t a r y t r z i j e c t o r -
i e s i d e n t i f y Eavorable launch o p p o r t u n i t i e s and e s t a b l i s h t h e energieri
r e q u i r e d . Cc:mparing t h e s e energy xequirements w i t h launch v e h i c l e pei:fo+mancc
y i e l d s coritr(:bL weights f o r s p a c e c r a f t p l a n n i n g . P r e l i m i n a r y miss i o n . f l i g h t
p r o f i l e s wei-ci! g e n e r a t e d f o r unmanned m i s s i o n s t o t h e Moon, J u p i t e r , Vtmus ,
Mercury, comc:ts and a s t e r o i d s w i t h E 1965 f u n d s , which a l s o provided f o r
                                                               Y
c o n c e p t u a l dtt!si:ns      of s p a c e c r a f t f o r m i s s i o n s t o Mars (Voyager). The FY
1966 e f f o i r t w i l l i n c l u d e a d d i t i o n a l m i s s i o n p r o f i l e s t u d i e s o f J u p i t e i : ,
Mercury, comti!ts and a s t e r o i d s , a s w e l l a s s p a c e c r a f t c o n c e p t u a l ciesigiis f o r
m i s s i o n s t o ' , 7 e n ~ s ,J u p i t e r , Plcrcury, comets and a s t e r o i d s . PrimaLry exlphasis
w i l l be on t h e Venus and J u p i t e r m i s s i o n s e

         The Manlied Lunar S c i e n c e program o b j e c t i v e i s t o maximize t h e s c i e n t i f i c
b e n e f i t s der Lved from man's a b i l i t y t o e x p l o r e t h e moon. It p r o v i d e s tire
s p a c e s c i e n c e a c t i v i t i e s which r e l a t e d i r e c t l y t o t h e manned l u n a r m i ; s i o n s
                             )
of t h e A p ( ~ l 1 1program. The i n i t i a l l u n a r manned m i s s i o n s w i l l uridert(3ke
i n v e s t i g a t i o , i s i n t h e d i s c i p l i n e s o f geology, geochemistry, geopliysic;,
a t m o s p h e i i c i h y s i c s , p a r t i c l e s and f i e l d s , and t h e b i o s c i e n c e s . I n i t i a 1
development if i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and s u p p o r t i n g equipment began i n I'Y 19 54.
Procuxement ( j f t e s t and f l j g h t 1iard:Jare €or t h e e a r l i e s t Apollo r i 1 s s i m s
accouiits Lor most 0 ; t h e u i f i e r e n c e Letween FY 1965 and FY 1966 i e q u i i c n i e n t s .
T h i s Iiardwar e i n c l u d e s both remote s e n s i n g i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n f o r o b s e r v 3 t i o n
o f t h e mom from l u n a r o r b i t and i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n f o r l u n a r s u r f a c e c x ; l o r a r i o i i ,
sample c o l l e c t i o n , and a n a l y s i s .

     Earth            based s u p p o r t Lor Apollo s c i e n c e encompasses t r a i n i n g o E t i e
astconauts            i n t h e g e n e r a l s c i e n t i f i c d i s c i p l i n e s a n d s p e c i f i c experiments i n
which t h e y         w i l l be p a r t i c i p a t i n g , c o r q ~ i l a t i o nof p l a n s o f o v e i a l L s c i e n t i i i c
activities            to be c a r r i e d o u t on each m i s s i o n , testii-g i n v e s t i g a t o i y procedures


      762-046 0   - 65 -   >                                                                                      RD 5-4
                                                    \


and equipinen[: t 3 t r a i n t h e a s t i o n a u t s under t h e simula t e d l u n a r condi :ions,
and development 01f a c i l i t i e s , equipment, and procedures Lor t h e a n a l p i s
o f t h e samples which w i i l be r e t u r n e d from t h e moon.

                                                         Ranger

                                                               1964                  1965             -66
                                                                                                       10

   Spacecraft        ......................               $19,520,000             $8,362,000               $500 OCO
   Expeiiments        .....................                 3,926,000              4,142,000                315 000
   Giound ope i a t i o n s  ...............                6,860,000              2,747,600                       ---
      T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support    ...    $30,306,000           $15,251,000             Sl,i15,G00

   A t las-Agena(Launch Vehicle
      PLocurcment Program)            ...........         (14.863.000)            (.3.136,000)             (200,000)

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g launch
         vehiclcs)      ....................             ($45,169,000)         ($18,387,000)           ($1,615,000)

        T h e ob,:ctive    of t h e two remaining Ranger f l i g h t s i s t o o b t a i n t s l e v i s i o n
pic'rures oE ii:e l u n a r s u r f a c e which w i l l be of b e n e f i t t o both t h e s c i e n t i f i c
progiam and the United S t a t e s maimed l u n a r program. These two itangers w i l l
photograph d i f f e r e n t a r e a s 01 t h e Xoon and under d i f f e r e n t l i g h t ing c 3 n d i t i o n s
t h a n t h o s e of the s u c c e s s f u l Ranger V I I .

     T h e p i c t u r e s o b t a i n e d from Ranger V I 1 provided a f i n a l r e s o l u t i o n more
than 2,000 t i m e s b e t t e r t h a n any p r e v i o u s l y a v a i l a b l e E a r t h based photography.
The p i c t u r e s w h i c h w i l l be a c q u i r e d from t h e two remaining € l i g h ; s a r e
expected t o be of vhe s a m e r e s o l u t i o n a s t h o s e o b t a i n e d From Kanger V I I .

          O v e r a l l management of t h e Ranger Program i s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y o f t h e
OEfize of Spcce S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA Headquarters. P r o : e c t manage-
ment i s t h e i e s p o n s i b i l i t y oE t h e J e t P r o p u l s i o n Laboratory. Design and
r a b r i c a t i o n of t h e s p a c e c r a f t i s a l a b o r a t o r y in-house e f f o r t w h i l e t h e
t e l e v i s i o n system i s procured from t h e A s t r o - E l e c t r o n i c s Divisioil of t h e
Radio Corporation of America.

         FY 1964 funds were used p r i m a r i l y f o r t h e assembly, t e s t , and launching
o f Xangers VI. ; n V I I .
                          Ad              Included i n t h i s were t h e t e s t and rework e f f o r t s
                           r
r e q u i r e d t o c:o~ e c t . f a u l t y e l e c t r o n i c s components ( d i o d e s ) discovered l a t e
i n 1963 on ,:anger V I , a s well a s t h e r e t e s t and r e d e s i g n e f f o r t s t o i n s u r e
a g a i n s t a recurrence of t h e L a i l u r e o f t h e TV s y s t e m on Ranger V I . ? h e FY
1965 funds a1.e beiiig used f o i t h e assembly, t e s t , and launching a f Xangers
C and D a s w e l l a s t h e post-L'light a n a l y s i s of t h e photographic d a t a . The
FY 1966 iuncls wi11 be used plrimarily f o r t h e p o s t - f l i g h t c v a l u a t i o n c f
e n g i n e e r i n g tla1.a ( s p a c e c r a f t ) and t h e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n and a n a l y s i s o f t h e
photographs obt-ained which w i l l d i r e c t l y s u p p o r t both t h e Surveyor urmanned
l u n a r prcigrEri and t h e A p o l l o manned l u n a r program.
          The FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s funding f o r t h i s n i n e - f l i g h t program,
i n c l u d i n g h i i n c h v e h i c l e s , amounted t o $198,616,000. The FY 1966 r e q i e s t
w i l l completc t h e funding f o r Ranger.

                                                Surveyor Lander

                                                              1964                 1965             -1366

   Spacecraft       .....................                $61,904,000           $64,460,000          $64,370,000
   Experiments      .....................                  3,600,000             6,890,000           15,370,000
   Ground ope.ca t i o n s .   ..............               5,200.000            4.650.000            4,760.000

      T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support..        $70,704,000           $76,000,000          $85,500,000

   Atlas-Centaur (Launch Vehicle
     Procurement Program)            ..........          (32,OGO,OG0) (47,814,060) ( 5 0 , ! t O O , @ O O )

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g launch
         vehicles)     ...................            ($102,704,000)($123,814,000)($136,~00,000)

          The Surveyor s p a c e c r a f t i s b e i n g developed t o accomplish t h e f i r s t s o f t
l a n d i n g s on the Moon. On t h e l u n a r s u r f a c e , t h e s e s p a c e c r a f t w i l l survey
 v a r i o u s 1.antl:ing areas of i n t e r e s t as p o s s i b l e s i t e s f o r l a t e r manned landings
and make measurements t o improve our understanding of t h e n a t u r e of t h e Moon.
Landed S u i v e j o r s vi11 t r a n s m i t t o E a r t h a v a r i e t y of d a t a , s u c h a s high
r e s o l u t i o n t c l e v i s i o n p i c t u r e s of t h e lunar t e r r a i n , measurements of t h e
s u r f a c e t e x t L r e , h a r d n e s s , and o t h e r p h y s i c a l and chemical p r o p e c t i e s , Luuar
s e i s m i c a c t i L - i t y , and t h e m e t e o r i t e environment near t h e s u r f a c e , The
Surveyor m i s s ion r e q u i r e s t h e development of a technology Ear mocc advanced
t h a n t h a t emslcyed i n t h e Mariner I1 and Ranger s p a c e c r a f t . Not only m u s t
Surveyor n a v i g a t e through t h e space between t h e E a r t h arid tlie moon, b u t i L
m u s t land s o f t l y on t h e moon, e s s e n t i a l l y b y backing down a m u l t i - s t a g e
r o c k e t t o a lardin!, 240,000 m i l e s and 66 hours removed from t h e launching
site.

          The p f i m purpose o f Surveyor i s t o p r o v i d e information on lunar s u r f a c e
c h a r a c t e r i s t i . c s . which w i l l a s s u r e t h e h i g h confidence r e q u i r e d b e f o r e manned
landings a r e a t t e m p t e d . A g r e a t d e a l o f s t u d y e f f o r t h a s been expended t o
determine t h e Elest s t r a t e g y by which A p o l l o landing s i t e s can b e v e r i f i e d ,
c o n s i d e r i n g 'i1ot.h t h e s a f e t y a s p e c t s and economics. The c e s u l t s 'Jf t h e s e
s t u d i e s iiidic:at:e t h a t t h e m o s t t i m e l y and economical method f o r s i t e
ve;iZication ir through t h e combined e f l o r t s of t h e Surveyor and t h e Lunar
O r b i t e r . T'rc: o p e r a t i o n a l p l a n c a l l s f o r Surveyor l a n d i n g a t t e m p t s ir;
d i f f e r e n t ~ e i ; k ~ n 7si t E - i " a e r i a l . survey'' of t h e Surveyor 1.anding s i t e s and
                                    ~
surrounding Eii.-c:as b y tlie Lunar O r b i t e r . T h i s combination w i l l p r o v i d e f o r
d e t a i l e d a n a I . y s e s o f s m a l l a r e a s through t h e Surveyors which t h e n car be
extended t o t:he much l a r g e r a r e a coverage o f t h e O r b i t e r photographs




                                                                                                       RD 5-6
          I n aclclit ion t o d i r e c t nl nned f l i g h t s u p p o r t , unmanned s p a c e c r a f t o f f e r
a d i s t i n c t . cornp Lemeiitary funLtion t o t h e manned m i s s i o n s . Many r e g i o n s of
i n t e r e s t on t h e moon (such a s t h e C r a t e r A r i s t a r c h u s where gaseous emj s s i o n s
have beeii ob:eived) a r e l i k e l y t o b e i n a c c e s s i b l e t o man because of t h e
hazards o f l a n d i n g . Landings on t h e b a c k s i d e of t h e moon, f o r example,, would
bz of extremct i n t e r e s t t o o u r t o t a l l u n a r e x p l o r a t i o n program.     SurveJror
l a n d i n g s on t h e b a c k s i d e w i t h a communication l i n k through t h e O i b i t e i would
n o t involve t h e r i s k s which would r e s u l t i f # I manned l a n d i n g were mad(, without:
d i r e c t connnur i c a t i o n t o E a r t h except through a n o r b i t i n g s p a c e c r a f t .
           #


         The O f f ] - c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , N S Headquarters, i s
                                                                                      AA
r e s p o n s i b l e IIar o v e r a l l management o € t' 2 Surveyor Program. 1 l e s F o n s i l ) i l i t y
f o r p r o j e c t 113n3gement i s a s s i g n e d t o t h e J e t P r o p u l s i o n L a b o r a t c r y . The
Suiveyor :;pa : e c r a f t syster i s Iieing developed by t h e Hughes A i r c r a f t 1:ompany.
Major s u b c o n t r a c t o r s a r e Thiokol/Elkton .-?r t h e main r e t r o - r o c k e t , Th Lokol
L e a c t i o n Motors D i v i s i o n f o r t h e v e r n i e r p - 0 p u l s i o n system, and Lyan ISlectron-9
i c s f o r t h e ' i t t i t u d e and v e l o c i t y - s e n s i n g r a d a r s .

          FY 1965 funds a r e being used t o complete s p a c e c r a f t system f'unct ional
t e s t i n g , env -roilmental L e s t i n g (thermal vacuum, shock, and v i b r a t i o n ) ,
m i s s i o n s imu'tation t e s t i n g , f i e l d crew t r a i n i n g by mock o p e r a t i o n s , and t e s t s
o f dynamic: models on Centaur Development f l i g h t                   '.  Program d e f i n j t i o n e f f o r t
and long l e a l time procurements i n t h e s p a c e c r a f t and payload arcbas f o r t h e
follow-on Surveyors a r e a l s o being provided f o r w i t h c u r r e n t year funljs.

          The fun1:is r e q u e s t e d f o r FY 1966 w i l l p r o v i d e f o r t h e completion of ground
based develo;,)nieiit t e s t i n g of t h e b a s i c Surveyor s p a c e c r a f t system and f o r t h e
i n i t i a t i o n o f t e s t f l i g h t s e a r l y i n t h e f i s c a l y e a r . The funding dur.ing
                               r
FY 1963 and ! : ) r i ~ y e a r s f o r t h i s seventeen f l i g h t program, i n c l u d i n g Launch
v e h i c l e s amounted t o $111,641,000. Funding requirements f o r spzicecrilft
and launch ve2hicles from FY 1967 t o completion a r e e s t i m a t e d t o tle about
$290 G O O , 000 ,



                                                 Lunar O r b i t e r

                                                              1964                1965             -1966

  Spacecrar't       .......................                $20,000,000
                                                                       ---
                                                                               $40,600,000         $32,900,000
  Experiments        ......................                                               ---          500, @OO
                           .................
  Ground o p e r 2 . t i o n s                                         ---       1.800.000           3,600,000

     T o t a l S p a c . e c r a f t and Support..   ..    $20,000,000        $42,400,000          $37,000,000

     Atlas-Ageria (Launch Vehicle
      P r o cur err ent P i ogr am)  ...........              (170,000)         (2,335,000)        (22,200,000)

      Tota 1 (inc1,uding launch
        vehicles)        ....................             ($20,170,000)       ($44,735,000)       ($59,200,000)


                                                                                                     RD 5-7
          The Lunxc O r b i t e r w i l l complement t h e Surveyor Lander as p a r t o f t h e
unmanned luna:c xeconnaissance t e a m . The O r b i t e r w i l l t a k e wide area photo-
g r a p h s from a13 o r b i t 30 m i l e s above t h e s u r f a c e w h i l e t h e landed Survc:yor
conducts i t s i n v e s t i g a t i o n s on t h e s u r f a c e of t h e moon i t s e l f . The Lunar
O r b i t e r c a m e r a :system w i l l t a k e h i g h and medium r e s o l u t i o n photograph:;
s i m u l t a n e o u s l y . The medium r e s o l u t i o n photographs p r o v i d e sterecl coverage of
broad a r e a s , x h i l e t h o s e of h i g h r e s o l u t i o n w i l l show d e t a i l comparab:-e t o
t h e f i n a l Ran,ze:r p i c t u r e s b u t of hundreds o f thousands o f t i m e s a s muc:h a r e a .
The combiriat:ion o f such p i c t u r e s w i l l p e r m i t t o p o g r a p h i c mapping o f c o n s i d e r a b l t ?
r e g i o n s o:E t h e l u n a r s u r f a c e . The i n f o r m a t i o n g a i n e d from t h e Orbite:: p h o t -
graphy w i l l 1:)e used t o s c r e e n o u t o b v i o u s l y u n d e s i r a b l e s i t e s f o r Surlreyors,
improving t h e p r o b a b i l i t y of s u c c e s s f u l l a n d i n g s . The O r b i t e r and s u c c e s s      -
f u l l y landed Surveyor can t h e n t e a m t o v e r i f y s u i t a b l e s i t e s f o r ApolLo manned
landings.

         I n a d d i t i o n t o t h e photographs, t h e Lunar O r b i t e r w i l l yielc1,as 4 1 by-
product, i n f o r n a t i o n on t h e l u n a r g r a v i t a t i o n a l f i e l d which w i l l $;reat L           y
b e n e f i t a l l subsequent l u n a r m i s s i o n s . A n a l y s i s o f t h e o r b i t wil-1 h e l p
determine thle mass d i s t r i b u t i o n of t h e moon f a r more p r e c i s e l y t h a n i: i s
known a t p r e s e n t ; c o n s e q u e n t l y , guidance c a l c u l a t i o n s f o r Apollo w i l l be much
improved. The i r r e g u l a r i t i e s i n l u n a r mass d i s t r i b u t i o n t h e s e o r b i t a l
a n a l y s e s w i l l reveal a r e c l o s e l y l i n k e d w i t h q u e s t i o n s o f seismi-c a c t i v i t y
o f t h e moon, i t s r a d i o a c t i v i t y , and t h e c h a r a c t e r o f t h e l u n a r s u r f a c z , which
a r e b a s i c t o any d i s c u s s i o n of t h e o r i g i n o f t h e E a r t h m o o n system. Once t h e
primary plhotographic m i s s i o n of t h e Lunar O r b i t e r h a s been accomplishzd, l a t e r
s p a c e c r a f t may i n c l u d e o t h e r i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , w i t h i n t h e a v a i l a b l e weight and
power, t o make o t h e r measurements i n c i s l u n a r s p a c e .

          P r o j e c t management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y h a s been a s s i g n e d t o Langley Kesearch
Center anfd launch v e h i c l e system management t o Lewis Research C e n t e r . The
prime c o n t r a c t o r f o r d e s i g n , f a b r i c a t i o n and t e s t o f t h e 800 pound, a t t i t u d e
s t a b i l i z e d s p a c e c r a f t i s t h e Boeing Company. Major s u b c o n t r a c t o r s a r e
Eastman Kodak f o r t h e photo subsystem and t h e Radio C o r p o r a t i o n o f America f o r
power and communications.

         C u r r e n t y e a r funds have been devoted t o completing t h e d e s i g n of t h e
s p a c e c r a f t and a l l of t h e i t s subsystems; c o n s t r u c t i o n and t e s t i n g of develop-
mental t e s t models t o v e r i f y t h e d e s i g n d a t a ; f a b r i c a t i o n o f t e s t and f l i g h t
hardware i n accordance w i t h t h e f i n a l d e s i g n ; and assembly of ground t e s t
spacecraft.

           Y
         F 1.966 funds w i l l be used t o assemble t h e f l i g h t s p a c e c r a f t , test and
p r e p a r e them f o r launch, i n s t a l l t h e ground s u p p o r t equipment, t r a i n t h e
launching and o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l , and conduct t h e f i r s t launch.

         F 1963 arid p r i o r y e a r f u n d i n g s f o r a f i v e f l i g h t program, i n c l u d i n g
          Y
launch v e h i c Le:;, amounted t o $10,098,000.               Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r sipace-
c r a f t and launch v e h i c l e s from F 1967 t o completion are e s t i m a t e d tcb be
                                              Y
approximateL:r :j20,000,000.


                                                                                                           RD 5-8
                                                          Mariner

                                                                   1964                    1 9 65            -1966

   Spacecraft..         .....................                 $28,360,000             $14,055,000              $1,250,000
   Experiments.         .....................                   8 ,920,000              2,466,000               1,800,000
   Ground o p e r a t i o n s . ...............                 11,872.000              4.479.000                 750.000

      T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support       ...     $49,152,000             $21,000,000              $3,800,000

   A t l a w Agena (Launch V e h i c l e
      Procuremmt Program)               ...........           (10,550,000)             (2,377,000)                 (200 ,000)

      T o t a l ( i n c l u d i n g launch
         vehicles)       ....................                ($59,702,000)          ($23,377,000)             ($4,000,000)

          Mariner i s t h e U n i t e d S t a t e s program f o r e a r l y f l y b y m i s s i o n s t o Venus
and Mars. I n 1962, Mariner I1 made h i s t o r y a s t h e f i r s t s u c c e s s f u l p l a n e t a r y
m i s s i o n t o Venus. Mariner. I V , which w a s launched i n l a t e November 1964 on a
f l y b y m i s s i o n t o Mars, i s s i m i l a r i n d e s i g n concept t o Mariner I T , a l t h o u g h
i t s technoloE,y i s c o n s i d e r a b l y advanced. Mariner I V i s a 575-pound space-
c r a f t c a r r y i n g i n s t r u m e n t s t o measure micrometeoroid i m p a c t s , magnetic
f i e l d s , and atomic p a r t i c l e s i n space. During i t s c l o s e p a s s by Mars on
J u l y 14, 1 9 6 5 , i t w i l l t a k e a series of TV p i c t u r e s of t h e p l a n e t ' s s u r f a c e .
A l s o , passage of t h e s p a c e c r a f t ' s s i g n a l through t h e M a r t i a n atmosphere w i l l
p r o v i d e a mezscirement o f t h e h e i g h t and d e n s i t y o f t h e atmosphere.

         The J e t P r o p u l s i o n L a b o r a t o r y manages t h e Mariner Program and b u i l t t h e
s p a c e c r a f t in-house.       Lewis Research Center w a s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r procurement
of t h e Atlas-Ag,ena launch v e h i c l e .

                 Y
          The F 1.965 funds covered t h e e x t e n s i v e t e s t i n g and p r e l a u n c h a c t i v i t i e s
r e q u i r e d for Mariner I V and t h e i d e n t i c a l b u t u n s u c c e s s f u l Mariner I11 which
w a s launched i n e a r l y November 1964. The funds a l s o w i l l cover support of t h e
major p a r t c1.E t h e i n - f l i g h t phase of t h e program. T h i s i n c l u d e s a r o l n d t h e
c l o c k moriitci:ririg of t h e s p a c e c r a f t c o n d i t i o n , d i a g n o s i s of problems i nd
e x e r c i s e of t h e command f u n c t i o n when r e q u i r e d , and c o n t i n u i n g analyr i s and
r e p o r t i n g 0 1 t h e w e a l t h of t e l e m e t r y d a t a b e i n g r e c e i v e d .
                   1


      The F I966 funds w i l l c o n t i n u e t h e above s u p p o r t through t h e Msrs
                Y
encounter and p o s t e n c o u n t e r phase and, i n a d d i t i o n , w i l l cover t h e major part:
of e x t e n s i v e p o s t - f l i g h t d a t a a n a l y s i s and t h e p r e p a r a t i o n o f f i n a l i ' e p o r t s .

         F 3.963 arid p r i o r y e a r s f u n d i n g f o r t h i s program, i n c l u d i n g launch
           Y
v e h i c l e s , amounted t o $115,569,000. Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r F 196;' t oY
completion tire e s t i m a t e d t o be $500,000.




                                                                         ,
                                                                                                               RD 5-9
     *


                                                        Voyager

                                                                     -
                                                                     1964              -
                                                                                       1965                   --
                                                                                                              1966

   Spacecraft       ......................                                ---       $7,150,000           $40,000,000
   Experiments       .....................                                ---          200,000             2,000,000
                              ..............
   Ground o p e r a t i o n s .                                           ---          400,OO              1,000,000

         Total...   ......................                                          $7,750,000           -
                                                                                                         $43,000,000

          The d e f i n i t i o n of t h e n e x t series of Mars f l i g h t m i s s i o n s i s b e i n g
i n i t i a t e d to' m e e t t h e 1971 and subsequent o p p o r t u n i t i e s . The s p a c e c r a f t
f o r t h e s e m i s s i o n s are named Voyager and w i l l have t h e primary o b j e c t ive
of o b t a i n i n g d e t a i l e d i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e n a t u r e o f t h e p l a n e t Mars, which
i n c l u d e s t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of i t s atmosphere, meteorology, i t s s u r f a c e
and subsurfac:e c o n d i t i o n s , t r a p p e d r a d i a t i o n b e l t s and most i m p o r t a n t l y ,
i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e n a t u r e of any e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e on t h e p l a n e t . The
secondary o b ' j e c t i v e w i l l b e t o o b t a i n s c i e n t i f i c i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e i n t e r -
p l a n e t a r y m e d i u m e x i s t i n g between E a r t h and Mars.

          Such a niission r e q u i r e s a s p a c e c r a f t c a p a b l e o f c a r r y i n g l a r g e
                                    t
s c i e n t i f i c ~i~iy1.oadso t h e p l a n e t , t e l e m e t e r i n g c o n s i d e r a b l e amounts of
d a t a back. t a e a r t h and having l o n g l i f e i n o r b i t about t h e p l a n e t , and on
t h e p l a n e t a r y s u r f a c e . Conceptual s t u d i e s completed i n FY 1964 i n d i c a t e d
t h e s p a c e c r a f t weight t o meet t h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s would be i n t h e 7,OCO t o
10,000 pound class. Such a s p a c e c r a f t could b e launched by a S a t u r n I B -
Centaur launch v e h i c l e . The s p a c e c r a f t system concept i n d i c a t e d by t h e
s t u d i e s , which would m e e t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of g a t h e r i n g d a t a b o t h i n o r b i t
and on thie €11-arietary s u r f a c e would i n c l u d e t h r e e b a s i c modules: t h e bus-
o r b i t e r modul.e., t h e r e t r o - p r o p u l s i o n module, and t h e c a p s u l e module. The
Voyager s y s t . m w i l l be designed f o r u s e d u r i n g s e v e r a l Mars o p p o r t u n i t i e s ,
t h u s p r o v i d i n g a base f o r a long range s c i e n t i f i c e x p l o r a t i o n program. By
completing the d e f i n i t i o n phase by FY 1966, t h e o p e r a t i o n a l Voyager Zystem
could be latinctled d u r i n g t h e 1971 Mars o p p o r t u n i t y .

         Overall. management o f t h i s program i s t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y of t h e O f f i c e
of Space Scj.ence and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA H e a d q u a r t e r s . The J e t P r o p u l s i o n
L a b o r a t o r y is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r management o f t h e Voyager p r o j e c t i n c l t i d i n g
o v e r a l l spa<:ecraft system i n t e g r a t i o n .

          A p r o j e c t d e f i n i t i o n phase (phase I) i s b e i n g i n i t i a t e d i n FY 1965
and i s t o be completed by t h e end o f FY 1966. A s e p a r a t e i n d u s t r i a l
c o n t r a c t e f f o r t is planned f o r t h e s p a c e c r a f t s y s t e m ( t h e b u s , r e t r o -
p r o p u l s i o n module and o v e r a l l i n t e g r a t i o n ) and a n o t h e r f o r t h e c a p s u l e
system. Sysi-ern d e s i g n , f u n c t i o n a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r a l l subsystems :,, and
s e l e c t e d subsystem development and breadboard t e s t i n g w i l l be accompl.ished
under Phase I. F a b r i c a t i o n and t e s t i n g p l a n s , s c h e d u l e s , and d e t a i l e d
estimates of r e s o u r c e r e q u i r e m e n t s will be g e n e r a t e d by t h i s e f f o r t .
Based on t h e r e s u l t s of Phase I , a d e c i s i o n can be made r e g a r d i n g tht!
i n i t i a t i o n in I Y 1967 of f l i g h t hardware development (Phase 11).

                                                                                                            R:) 5-10
         F 1965 funds a r e being used t o i n i t i a t e t h e s p a c e c r a f t system d z s i g n
           Y
d e f i n i t i o n . This w i l l cover p r e l i m i n a r y d e s i g n of t h e b u s - o r b i t e r module
and t h e r e t r o - p r o p u l s i o n module, p r e l i m i n a r y d e f i n i t i o n of t h e c a p s u l z
module i n t e r f a c e , and p r e l i m i n a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n of t h e c a p s u l e arid s c i e n c e
i n t e g r a t i o n k i t h t h e s p a c e c r a f t . The FY 1966 funds w i l l be used t o c m p l e t e
t h e S p a c e c r a f t System Phase I e f f o r t .

        A f t e r e v a l u a t i o n of Phase I r e s u l t s , t h e t o t a l scope o f t h e program
w i l l be e s t a b l i s h e d s o t h a t Phase 11 c o u l d be i n i t i a t e d i n FY 1967.

                                                         P i one e r

                                                                    1964                   1965              -1966

   Spacecraft.......              ................            $10,805,000             $12,311,000              $5,500,000
   Experiments......              ................              2,744,000               1,424,000               2 ,100,000
   Ground o p e r a t i o n s     ................                 51,000               1,265,000                  400,000

       T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support.. .          $13,600,000             $15,000,000              $8,000,000

   Delta (Launch Vehicle
    Procurement Program).                 ..........            (4,100,000)             (2,900,000)             (5,900,000)

       T o t a l ( i r . c l u d i n g launch
          vehicles)...        .................              ($17,700,000)           ($17,900,000)          ($13,900,000)

          Pioneer m i s s i o n s w i l l measure i n t e r p l a n e t a r y phenomena i n deep s p a c e t o
p r o v i d e simultaneous d a t a w i t h E a r t h s a t e l l i t e s and t o f i l l t i m e gaps i n
m o n i t o r i n g i n deep s p a c e between t h e w i d e l y s e p a r a t e d f l i g h t s of p l a n e t a r y
spacecraft       .
          The Pioneer s p a c e c r a f t w i l l weigh a b o u t 140 pounds and w i l l be launched
by t h e Thrust. Augmented Improved Delta launch v e h i c l e .                           It w i l l be s p i n
s t a b i l i z e d f o r s i m p l i c i t y and r e l i a b i l i t y . The g o a l f o r t h e l i f e t i m e of
t h e m i s s i o n is s i x months o r more. The f i r s t f o u r s p a c e c r a f t w i l l a l t e r n a t e
between missioris toward, and m i s s i o n s away f r m , t h e Sun, approaching as
c l o s e as 75,000,000 m i l e s and going as f a r away as 110,000,000 m i l e s .

         A c r i t i c a l . experiment on t h e s p a c e c r a f t measures t h e e x t r e m e l y low
l e v e l i n t e r p 1 . a n e t a r y magnetic f i e l d .    For t h i s r e a s o n , c o n s i d e r a b l e e f f o r t
i s b e i n g expended t o a s s u r e t h a t t h e s p a c e c r a f t w i l l be as m a g n e t i c a l l y
c l e a n as t h e s t : a t e - o f - t h e - a r t w i l l permit.   Other experiments on t h e f i r s t
t w o f l i g h t s w i l l measure t h e f l u x of atomic p a r t i c l e s coming f r a n t h e Sun,
cosmic r a y s , arid t h e e l e c t r o n d e n s i t y i n space. Measurements of micro-
meteoroid impacts w i l l be added on t h e t h i r d and f o u r t h f l i g h t s .

          The Office! of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r over-
a l l management of t h i s program.                  R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r p r o j e c t management r e s t s
w i t h t h e Arne:: Research C e n t e r , and t h e Space Technology Laboratory i s
b u i l d i n g t h e f o u r s p a c e c r a f t under a f i x e d p r i c e i n c e n t i v e f e e c o n t r a c t .

                                                                                                                 RE 5-11
         The F 1965 funds w i l l c o v e r assembly and t e s t i n g of t h e p r o t o t y p e space-
                Y
c r a f t , and t n e f a b r i c a t i o n , assembly, and i n i t i a l t e s t s f o r t h e f i r s r : two
f l i g h t s p a c e c r . a f t . The FY 1966 funds w i l l c o v e r t h e f i n a l t e s t i n g , ..aunch,
and p o s t launch o p e r a t i o n s f o r t h e f i r s t two f l i g h t s p a c e c r a f t a s we:'.l as t h e
assembly and s t a r t of t e s t i n g f o r t h e t h i r d and f o u r t h s p a c e c r a f t .

      FY :L96:1) and p r i o r y e a r s funding f o r t h i s f o u r f l i g h t program, i n c l u d i n g
launch v e h i c l e s , amounted t o $2,614,000. Funding requirements f o r F'! 1967
t o completion a r e e s t i m a t e d t o be $4,000,000.




    762-046 0   - 65   1;                                                                            :
                                                                                                    I D 5-12
                                                  RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                                  FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE O SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS
        F                                                                   SUSTAINING UNIVERSITY € ROGRAM-
PROGRAM O B J E C g J E S AND JUSTIFICATION:

          The !jus liaining U n i v e r s i t y Program w a s planned and i n i t i a t e d t o sf:rengtheri
u n i v e r s i t y p s r t i c i p a t i o n i n a e r o n a u t i c a l and s p a c e s c i e n c e and e n g i n e e r i n g
endeavors and t o broaden NASA's sponsored r e s e a r c h a c t i v i t i e s . The pi-ogram's
objectives a r e to:                  (1) i n c r e a s e t h e f u t u r e s u p p l y of s c i e n t i s t s and c5ngineers
r e q u i r e d i n space r e l a t e d s c i e n c e and technology; (2) b u i l d l a b o r a t o r ies
u r g e n t l y needed f o r space r e s e a r c h i n s e l e c t e d u n i v e r s i t i e s ; and, ( 3 ) improve
t h e u n i v e r s i t i e s ' r o l e i n s u p p o r t of NASA by encouragement of c r e a t i v i s m u l t i -
d i s c i p l i n a r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s , development of new c a p a b i l i t i e s , and c o n s o l i d a -
t i o n of space c r i e n t e d a c t i v i t i e s . These t h r e e a s p e c t s of the S u s t a i f i i n g
U n i v e r s i t y Program are complementary t o p r o j e c t sponsored r e s e a r c h an3 t o
each o t h e r .

          U n i v e r s i t i e s are t h e t r a d i t i o n a l s o u r c e of b o t h new knowledge and h i g h l y
t r a i n e d manpower. Only through a c a r e f u l l y designed program can t h e supply
of s c i e n t i f i c t a l e n t and t h e development of s i g n i f i c a n t and r e l e v a n t r e s e a r c h
c a p a b i l i t i e s keep pace w i t h t h e demands of t h e n a t i o n a l s p a c e e f f o r t . The
t r a i n i n g aspect: produces s k i l l e d manpower, r e s e a r c h s c i e n t i s t s , t e c h n i c i a n s
and i n s t r u c t or:;.         Adequate f a c i l i t i e s a r e e s s e n t i a l , i f s c i e n t i f i c u r d e r -
t a k i n g s a r e not t o be hampered f u r t h e r by an u n s u i t a b l e environment.
Additionally, hy supporting research a t s e l e c t e d i n s t i t u t i o n s not c u r r e n t l y
p a r t i c i p a t i t i g -in t h e space program, t h e number of u n i v e r s i t i e s and s c i e n t i s t s
involved i n at:acking some o f t h e fundamental problems f a c i n g NASA has grown
s i g n i f i c a n t I '7.

        ---
SUMMARY OF IiESOURCES REQUIREMENTS :

                                                              1964                    1965                -'-966

   Training        ....................                  $19,811,700             $25,000,000              $25,000,000
                                 .........
   R e s e a r ch :Eac i 1i t i e s                       12,000,000              10,000,000                8,000,000
   Research.        ...................                    a,m,300                11,000,000              -13,000,000

      T o t a l . . ...................                  $40,000,000             $46,000,000
                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                          $46,000,000

   D i s t r i b u t i o n of Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :

      J e t Prcpul s i o n
         Laboratory.         .............                   $60,000                  $35,000                 $35,000
      NASA. Headquarters              .........           39,940,000               45,965,000              45,965,000




                                                                                                           RD 6 - 1
BAS I S OF FUND-~QLJIEMENTS:

                                                        Traininq

                                                               1964                     1965               -
                                                                                                           .    1966

   Training      .................                       $19,8L1,700                 $25,000,000           :$25,000,000

          The space program c o n t i n u e s t o p l a c e i n c r e a s i n g l y s e v e r e demands on t h e
s u p p l y of h i g h l y t r a i n e d s c i e n t i s t s and e n g i n e e r s . The demand i s i n two
g e n e r a l d i r e c t:ions : t h o s e t e c h n i c a l p e r s o n n e l r e q u i r e d t o p a r t i c i p a t e
d i r e c t l y i n t h e s o l u t i o n of iiiiniediate problems c o n f r o n t i n g c u r r e n t space
a c t i v i t i e s arid t:hosc r e q u i r e d t o conduct f u t u r e r e s e a r c h , t e a c h new s t u d e n t s
i n o r d e r t o r.ep-.enish t h e manpower p o o l , and e v a l u a t e and o r g a n i z e t h e v a s t
aiilounts o f s c i e n t i f i c d a t a a c q u i r e d through i n c r e a s i n g space e x p e r i n e r t a t i o n .

          The precloctoral r e s e a r c h t r a i n i n g program i s designed t o provide 1,000
persons rc!cej.Jing Ph.D. ‘ s a n n u a l l y . This type of program has been s t r o n g l y
recoilanended t.:r t h e P r e s i d e n t ‘ s S c i e n c e Advisory Coinniittee a s n e c e s s a r j and
r e a s o n a b l e . ‘fie Coilnittee s t a t e d t h a t a s p e c i a l e f f o r t must be made i f t h e
s u p p l y o f h i g h l y t r a i n e d s c i e n t i s t s and e n g i n e e r s i s t o keep pace w i t k t h e
demand. I t w,as f u r t h e r determined t h a t t h e r e a r e adequate nurrbers of
                                 ts
q u a l i f i e d s t ~ ~ l e n a v a i l a b l e who would n o t e n t e r g r a d u a t e r e s e a r c h t r a i n i n g
u n l e s s new o p i i o r t u n i t i e s were made a v a i l a b l e . The Committee recommenced t h a t
t h e n a t i o n a l m t p u t of persons r e c e i v i n g Ph.D.’s should r e a c h a t l e a s t 7,500
a n n u a l l y by i.’ie y e a r 1970. I n 1963 t h e number of persons r e c e i v i n g t h e
Ph . D . degree i n t h e e n g i n e e r i n g , mathematical and p h y s i c a l s c i e n c e s t o t a l l e d
4,250.

          1 , 0 7 1 nc.id s t u d e n t s began t h e i r t h r e e y e a r s of t r a i n i n g under t h e NASA
p r e d o c t o r a l i.)rogram i n September 1964. About 1,275 new s t u d e n t s w i l l b e g i n
t h e i r t h r e e y e a r s of t r a i n i n g i n September 1965. Under t h e proposed budget
f o r FY 19156, about 1,300 new s t u d e n t s would e n t e r t h e program, Since t h i s
program funded s m a l l e r numbers of s t u d e n t s i n previous y e a r s , the NASAL g o a l
of a n o u t p u t of 1,000 Ph.D.’s p e r y e a r w i l l n o t be reached b e f o r e FY L968 o r
FY 1969. I n o r d e r t o e a s e a sudden manpower s h o r t a g e , i t should b e noted
t h a t funds i n j e c t e d a t a l a t e r d a t e w i l l n o t r a p i d l y a c c e l e r a t e t h e a J a i l -
a b i l i t y of s c i e n t i s t s and e n g i n e e r s ,

          Although a l i m i t e d amount o f time h a s e l a p s e d s i n c e t h e f i r s t g r 2 d u a t e
s t u d e n t s comirenced t h e i r s p a c e r e l a t e d t r a i n i n g under t h e Sus t a i r i i n g
U n i v e r s i t y Program, 3% s t u d e n t s have now r e c e i v e d t h e i r Ph.D. d e g r e e s . The
f i e l d s i n which t h e i r d e g r e e s were earned are:                  (a) t h e physical s c i e x e s           -   17;
                                              -
(b) e n g i n e e r i n g d i s c i p l i n e s       9; (c) mathematics         -   8; (d) l i f e s c i e n c a s    -    3;
and (e) Other a r e a s          -     1. S i n c e r e c e i v i n g t h e i r d e g r e e s t h e s t u d e n t s l a v e
commenced t h e f o l l o w i n g a c t i v i t i e s :       (a) u n i v e r s i t y r e s e a r c h andlor t2aching
- 24; (b) p o s t - d o c t o r a l s c h o l a r s h i p s o r F u l b r i g h t f e l l o w s h i p s - li; ( c )
employed i n Government l a b o r a t o r i e s            -    3 ; (d) employed i n i n d u s t r i a l
laboratories         -      6 . Those g r a d u a t e s whose post-Ph.D. employment i n v o l v e s
u n i v e r s i t y r e s e a r c h o r t e a c h i n g have remained w i t h i n t h e u n i v e r s i t y i n o r d e r
t o c o n t i n u e work of a space r e l a t e d n a t u r e , and t o p a r t i c i p a t e i n t h e p r o -
d u c t i o n of h i g h l y t r a i n e d new t a l e n t .
                                                                                                              RD tb-2
          Speci.alj.:sed t r a i n i n g f o r s e l e c t e d s t u d e n t s o f f e r s t h e s t u d e n t s i c e n t i f i -
c a t i o n wit:h NASA's g o a l s and problems and i n v o l v e s them d i r e c t l y i n tke new
programs of t h e space age. I n many cases t h e s t u d e n t s ' p r o f e s s o r s are a l s o
engaged i n space r e s e a r c h a c t i v i t i e s , The s t u d e n t s t h u s have a unique r e l a -
t i o n s h i p w i t 1 1 NASA through c o n t a c t w i t h s c i e n t i s t s and experiments gerlerated
by experienced s e n i o r i n v e s t i g a t o r s . Such c l o s e t i e s w i l l p r o v i d e the
t r a i n e e w i t h a d d i t i o n a l m o t i v a t i o n f o r t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n of s t u d i e s anc
p a r t i c i p a t i o i i i n t h e n a t i o n a l space e f f o r t . A by-product of t h e s e tr;.inee-
s h i p s i s t h e i n c e n t i v e t h e y p r o v i d e t o undergraduates who look forwart t o
s i m i lar p a r t i.Eina t i o n .

          The p r e c l x t o r a l t r a i n i n g g r a n t s are aimed d i r e c t l y a t a l l e v i a t i o n of a
most c r i t i c a l . manpower d e f i c i e n c y . The t r a i n i n g program a l s o include:!
r e l a t e d a c t i - . r i t i e s such as p o s t - d o c t o r a l c o n v e r s i o n of s c i e n t i s t s des:.ring t o
                                       f
e n t e r space ~ - 2 l . s t e d i e l d s , enhancement of t h e u t i l i t y of people possfLssing
unique capab i - l i t i e s , and summer seminars f o r c a r e f u l l y s e l e c t e d s t u d e n t s
with outstanding p o t e n t i a l .

                                               Research F a c i l i t i e s

                                                                1964                     1965                - -
                                                                                                              1066

   Research f a c i l i t i e s    .. . . . . .            $12,000,000              $10,000,000               $8,000,000

          During :he l a s t y e a r , NASA continued t o move forward i n i t s e f f o r t t o
h e l p u n i v e r s i t i e s a c q u i r e t h e r e s e a r c h l a b o r a t o r i e s n e c e s s a r y f o r spa :e
o r i e n t e d work. Twelve more f a c i l i t i e s g r a n t s were awarded t o as many i n s t i -
t u t i o n s which a r e a l r e a d y h e a v i l y committed t o r e s e a r c h and t r a i n i n g i n
s u p p o r t of the n a t i o n a l space program, S i g n i f i c a n t p r o g r e s s w a s made on t h e
d e s i g n and c c n s t r u c t i o n work of t h e f i f t e e n p r i o r y e a r a w a r d s and, as a
r e s u l t , f i v e b u i l d i n g s , r e p r e s e n t i n g over 150,000 s q u a r e f e e t of a d d i t i o n a l
l a b o r a t o r y type s p a c e , w e r e completed and occupied by u n i v e r s i t y s c i e i t i s t s .
When a l l of t h e s e s t r u c t u r e s have been e r e c t e d , over a m i l l i o n square f e e t of
c r i t i c a l l y needed l a b o r a t o r y space w i l l have been added t o the c o u n t r y ' s
u n i v e r s i t i e s where t h e investment i n r e s e a r c h and t r a i n i n g i s s u b s t a n t i a l ,
Without a prcgram 01 t h i s t y p e , a n i n c r e a s i n g nuniber of u n i v e r s i t i e s d i l l be
c o n s t r a i n e d l r o i n accommodating any expanded amount of space o r i e n t e d Ilrork.
This expansion of h i g h q u a l i t y g r a d u a t e r e s e a r c h , and t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of
l a b o r a t o r i e s tcr r;ake i t e f f e c t i v e f o r use i n many d i s c i p l i n e s , i s e s s e n t i a l
t o t h e s u c c e s s f u l accomplishment of NASA's m i s s i o n i n s p a c e . A1 :hough space
o r i e n t e d r e s e a r c h e x t e n d s through many f i e l d s of s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n , i t
has one g e n e r a l requirement. This i s a common need f o r more s o p h i s t i c a t e d
and s p e c i a l i z e c f a c i l i t i e s . Except f o r t h e r e l a t i v e l y few t h e o r i s t s in
t h e i r q u i e t o f f i c e s , most of t h e s c i e n t i s t s doing r e s e a r c h w i t h sa space
o r i e n t a t i o n must have l a b o r a t o r i e s adequate t o house and s e r v i c e t h e i r
equipment. The p a t t e r n followed by u n i v e r s i t i e s i n t h e p a s t , of b u i l d i n g f o r
t h e i n d i b i d u a l departments, h a s r e s u l t e d today i n t h e s i t u a t i o n where i t i s
f r e q u e n t l y c!uit e d i f f i c u l t o r impossible t o l o c a t e s u i t a b l e l a b o r a t o r y space
which w i l l p e r r i i t a n e f f i c i e n t and broad a t t a c k on space research prcblems,



                                                                                                            RD 6,-3
          Examples 0 2 t h e s i g n i f i c a n t achievements which are r e s u l t i n g froni t h i s
program are t.he f a c i l i t i e s completed t o d a t e . The f i r s t completed waE t h e
bio-medical aiinex t o t h e Harvard Cyclotron. These modest s i z e d f a c i l j t i e s of
4,500 g r o s s s q u a r e f e e t a r e e n a b l i n g eminent r e s e a r c h e r s from Harvard and t h e
Massachusetts General H o s p i t a l t o use t h e c y c l o t r o n f o r c l i n i c a l and b i o -
l o g i c a l app1:Lcations.                I n i t i a l l y , twelve i n v e s t i g a t o r s t o g e t h e r w i t h t h e i r
s u p p o r t i n g sf a f E a r e scheduled t o use the f a c i l i t i e s on r e s e a r c h progi.ams
i n v o l v i n g t h e i r r a d i a t i o n of human and animal t i s s u e and organs a s a rieans of
d e t e r m i n i n g sIme of t h e s h i e l d i n g requirements f o r t h e Apollo m i s s i o n                           These
f a c i l i t i e s rc'3resent a r e l a t i v e l y sinall investment which g r e a t l y enhaiices
u n i v e r s i t y s ( : i e n t i s t s ' c a p a b i l i t i e s t o do important s p a c e r e l a t e d restLarch.

          The second completed p r o j e c t involved the a d d i t i o n of two f l o o r s t o the
U n i v e r s i t y O F Minnesota's P h y s i c s B u i l d i n g . The space i s designed foi- r e -
s e a r c h i n thi: f i e l d s of a t m o s p h e r i c , s o l a r , and cosmic r a y p h y s i c s , a . l
s u b j e c t s of ] ) a r t i c u l a r importance t o NASA. The 17,400 g r o s s s q u a r e fc!et of
a r e a w i l l house and s e r v e approximately 50 f a c u l t y members, r e s e a r c h
a s s o c i a t e s , a n d g r a d u a t e s t u d e n t s f o r t h e i r a n a l y t i c a l and e x p e r i m e n t a i l
r e s e a r c h inv:ilving b a l l o o n and r o c k e t f l i g h t experiments and mass spe1:tro-
s c o p i c e x m i r i a t i o n s of p l a n e t a r y and upper atmosphere compositioris                     .
          The .Laboratory f o r Space S c i e n c e s a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y of Chicago w c i s a l s o
completed and occupied i n 1964. These f a c i l i t i e s are q u i t e t y p i c a l oE one of
                                                                                    AA
t h e p r i n c i p a l o b j e c t i v e s of t h e program i n which N S encourages t h e e s t a b -
lishment 'of i n t e r d i s c i p l i n a r y groups t o do space r e s e a r c h . The h u i l d ing
c o n t a i n s 845,DOO s q u a r e f e e t of v a r i o u s types of r e s e a r c h f a c i l i t i e s f 3r
i n v e s t i g a t o r s who were formerly s p r e a d over t h e campus. The U n i v e r s i t y
r e s e a r c h e r s w i l l have t h e r e q u i r e d s p e c i a l i z e d f a c i l i t i e s i n which th2y may
p r e p a r e f l i g h t expeririients and a n a l y z e d a t a obtained from n e a r l y e v e r y
unmanned s c i e n t i f i c space f l i g h t t o d a t e . NASA supported p r e - d o c f c r a l
t r a i n e e s a r e l i k e w i s e p r o f i t i n g from t h i s space o r i e n t e d erivironrient,

          Gther f a c i l i t i e s completed t o d a t e c o x p r i s e the f o l l c w i n g : a 108,000
s q u a r e f o o t P a t e r i a l s Research Center a t R e n s s e l a e r P o l y t e c h n i c C n s t i t u t e
funded by NASA, t h e National Science Foundation, and p r i v a t e don'itions, and
f a c i l i t i e s f o r p r o p u l s i o n s c i e n c e s r e s e a r c h a t P r i n c e t o n Univers i t y .
P r i n c e t o n f a c u l t y neifibers and g r a d u a t e s t u d e n t s are working on c h e m i c a l ,
n u c l e a r , and i o n p r o p u l s i o n and have helped r e s o l v e some of t h e major com-
b u s t i o n i n s t E . b i l i t y problems formerly i n h e r e n t i n l a r g e l i q u i d r o c k e t motors.

         A s can he a s c e r t a i n e d from reviewing t h e f a c i l i t i e s program:; i n p r o c e s s
i n o t h e r a g e n c i e s , none has a program designed t o s e r v e t h e u n i q J e needs of
NASA, nor i s N P S A ' S program f u l f i l l i n g t h e m i s s i o n s of o t h e r a g e n c i e s .
However , the programs i n t o t o are complementary. They are s t r i k i n g e v i d e n c e
of a c o n t i n u i n g n a t i o n a l commitment t o g r a d u a t e r e s e a r c h and e d u c a t i c n a s t h e
key t o o u r riiiti.on's s o c i a l , t e c h n o l o g i c a l , and economic p r o g r e s s . T k e s e
programs a r e h e l p i n g t o meet t h e demands of o u r econony f o r more s k i l l e d
personnel a r d knowledge. The l a b o r a t o r i e s w i l l e n a b l e nany more p r o n i s i n g
young scienti.st:s t o cope w i t h t h e e x p l o s i o n of new knowledge and t o c o n t r i -
b u t e effective1.y i n a world of i n t e l l e c t u a l , p o l i t i c a l , economic, and t e c h -
n o l o g i c a l ccrrip1.exity.      C o n t i n u a t i o n of t h i s e f f o r t w i l l r e q u i r e $8 m i l l i o n i n
FY 1966 t o a c q u i r e approximately 250 thousand s q u a r e f e e t o f laboratciry space.
                                                                                                               RD 6 - 4
                                                         Re s e a r c h

                                                                  1964                     1965                 -1__
                                                                                                                     1!166



          The suppl.)rt of broad progrants of space and a e r o n a u t i c a l r e s e a r c h ,
s p e c i f i c a l Ly t a i l o r e d t o t h e i n d i v i d u a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of each u n i v e r : ; i t y ,
a f f o r d s t h e m:ixinium o p p o r t u n i t y f o r b a l a n c i n g and s t r e n g t h e n i n g e x i s t i i i g
work, and f o r s t i m u l a t i n g t h e development and growth of new i d e a s and l a l e n t .
I n t h i s manner, t h e space program o b t a i n s the most v i g o r o u s , productivt:, and
c r e a t i v e c o n t r i b u t i o n s a u n i v e r s i t y can provide.

          Many of the s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n o l o g i c a l problems f a c i n g NASA r e q l i r e an
understanding oE t h e behavior of l a r g e and complex systems t h a t r e s i s t p i e c e -
meal a t t a c k , <and t h e i r s o l u t i o n demands t h e concerted and coopera1:ive I f f o r t
t h a t u n i v e r s i t i e s can provide by b r i n g i n g t o g e t h e r t h e i r inany s p e c i a l i s t s
from t h e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l and s c i e n t i f i c d i s c i p l i n e s . A d d i t i o n a l - y , by
supporting research a t selected i n s t i t u t i o n s not currently p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n
t h e space pro@,ram,t h e number of u n i v e r s i t i e s a t t a c k i n g some of t h e funda-
mental problems of t h e space program i s p e r m i t t e d t o grow and thus broaden
t h e base of the N a t i o n ' s r e s e a r c h c a p a b i l i t y . By p r o v i d i n g new o p p o r t u n i t i e s
t o t h e s e i n s t i t u t i o n s t o p a r t i c i p a t e , many e x c e l l e n t r e s e a r c h programs have
a l r e a d y emerge'd and new t a l e n t s and s k i l l s have been developed. Through t h i s
p o r t i o n of t h e program, some $ 2 8 m i l l i o n a t 56 i n s t i t u t i o n s w i l l have been
i n v e s t e d through FY 1965 t o o b t a i n r e s u l t s which w i l l h e l p t o determine the
long-range ccnirse of space technology.

          A t urtivei-sj.ties where p r i o r involvement i n space r e s e a r c h has been
m i n i n a l , seve1-a.. p r o j e c t s have developed t o a p o i n t where they have sLcceeded
i n obtaini.ng s u p p o r t on t h e i r i n d i v i d u a l merits , e i t h e r from o t h e r NASA
program o f ' f i c e s o r o t h e r a g e n c i e s . Thus, t h e s e g r a n t s have served t o provide
a b a s i s f o r riew r e s e a r c h e r s and have provided them w i t h an o p p o r t u n i t 3 t o
develop t h e i i work t o a p o i n t where i t can a t t r a c t s u f f i c i e n t a t t e n t i c l n t o
be recognized and independently supported. I n a d d i t i o n , by v i r t u e of t h e
s t a b i l i z e c l , mg-range funding provided under t h e g r a n t , t h e s e schools have
been a b l e t o IioLd and a t t r a c t s t a f f members who might have moved t o o t h e r
i n s t i t u t i o n s ino'ce capable of p r o v i d i n g r e s e a r c h o p p o r t u n i t i e s .                        I




          Reviews D f t h e p u b l i c a t i o n s and p r o g r e s s r e p o r t s by i n t e r e s t e d NLiSA
program oEfil.:"s and t h e s c i e n t i f i c community i n d i c a t e t h a t t h e s~nallei- c h o o l s       s
can be counted upon t o make o u t s t a n d i n g c o n t r i b u t i o n s t o t h e space program i f
g i v e n t h e opl'ortunity t o p a r t i c i p a t e . Examples of such work are m a t e r i a l s
r e s e a r c h a t I:he U n i v e r s i t y of Denver, a s t r o p h y s i c s a t Montana S t a t e College ,
and s t u d i e s ,If t h e p l a n e t J u p i t e r a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y of F l o r i d a . Engineering
r e s e a r c h i n s t r u c t u r e s a t Texas A a l has a t t r a c t e d c o n s i d e r a b l e a t t e n t ion, and
a t William a n d Mary s i g n i f i c a n t p r o g r e s s has been made toward the e v e n t u a l
u t i l i z a t i o n of the 600 megavolt s y n c h r o c y c l o t r o n under c o n s t r u c t j on a: t h e
Langley Research Center f o r fundamental r e s e a r c h i n h i g h energy p h y s i - s .
          A t the Larger i n s t i t u t i o n s , g r a n t s under t h i s program have providttd a
broad base of support t o NASA sponsored r e s e a r c h p r o j e c t s , l e n d i n g add 1-tional
s t r e n g t h and lireadth t o t h e s e p r o j e c t e f f o r t s and p e r m i t t i n g b e t t e r loiig-range
planning 011 tlie part of the i n s t i t u t i o n . A t UCLA, t h i s program providtzd
s u p p o r t f o r t h e development of a p r o j e c t f o r t h e c o l l e c t i o n of meteoroids i n
s p a c e , and has supported t h e d e s i g n and f a b r i c a t i o n of a unique t e s t i n ; ;
chamber f o r s p a c e c r a f t magnetometers. A t t h e C a l i f o r n i a I n s t i t u t e of
Technology, t h e Graduate Research Center of the Southwest , and t h e Uni J e r s i t y
of C a l i f o r n i a a t Berkeley , g r a n t s have supported fundamental r e s e a r c h iqhich
h a s r e s u l t e d in t h e development of new f l i g h t experiment d e s i g n s and new
o p p o r t u n i t i e s f o r t h e i n t e r p r e t a t i o n of d a t a acquired from f l i g h t experiments.
The U n i v e r s i t y of Maryland Computer Center h a s developed new technique 3 i n
programming space s c i e n c e inEormation. The U n i v e r s i t y of Pennsylvania ,
through s u p p o r t provided by t h e S u s t a i n i n g U n i v e r s i t y Program, has c r e s t e d a
unique c a p a b i l i t y i n t h e development of unconventional power s o u r c e s ; t h i s
m u l t i d i s c i p l i r a r y e f f o r t draws upon t h e t a l e n t s and s k i l l s of t h e many
d i s c i p l i n e s w i t h i n t h e u n i v e r s i t y . A t the U n i v e r s i t y o f Washington ( S 2 a t t l e ) ,
a broad m u l t i d i s c i p l i n a r y program of ceramics r e s e a r c h has been i n i t i a t e d .

          I n severa.1 i n s t a n c e s t h e impact of t h e s e g r a n t s upon t h e u n i v e r s i t y has
been e x t e n s i v e . A t W i l l i a m and Mary t h e g r a n t w a s i n s t r u m e n t a l i n s u p p o r t i n g
a new Ph.D. prog,ram i n p h y s i c s , w h i l e a t s e v e r a l o t h e r i n s t i t u t i o n s p a r t i c i -
p a t i o n has r e s u l t e d i n l a r g e matching c o n t r i b u t i o n s from t h e u n i v e r s i t y and
p r i v a t e donors. These are examples of how t h i s broad, f l e x i b l e , and long-
range form of s u p p o r t can s t i m u l a t e t h e s t r e n g t h e n i n g and development of
selected institutions.

          For t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n and o r d e r l y growth of t h i s s p e c i a l purpose r e s e a r c h
i n FY 1966, a.pproximately s i x t y - s i x p r o j e c t s w i l l be supported a t a c c s t of
$13 millicln. F i f t y - s i x of t h e s e g r a n t s w i l l be f o r t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n cf
p r o j e c t s support:ed i n FY 1965, and t h e remainder w i l l be t o u n i v e r s i t i e s
p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n t h i s r e s e a r c h program f o r t h e f i r s t time.




                                                                                                        RD 5-6
                                            RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                          FISCAL, YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF---
           SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS                                                                   _--
                                                                          LAUNCH VEHICLE DEVEIJOPf.ENT PROGRiVl

 RGA
P O R M OBJECTIVES AfSD JUSTIFICATION:
         -.--
          The purpose of t h e launch v e h i c l e development program i s t o e n s u r e t h e
t i m e l y a v a i l a b i l i t y of launch v e h i c l e c a p a b i l i t y t o m e e t m i s s i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s .
Continuing s u r v e i l l a n c e of m i s s i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s e s t a b l i s h e s t h e needs f o r
launch v e h i c l e c o n f i g u r a t i o n , o p e r a t i n g t e c h n i q u e s , and systems 1:echnDlogy.
A s m i s s i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s exceed e x i s t i n g l a u n c h v e h i c l e c a p a b i l i t x e s , neans t o
improve system performance a r e s t u d i e d and d e f i n e d . I f major system levelopmen:
i s r e q u i r e d t o meet new m i s s i o n needs , implementation of t h e developm2nt would
be w i t h i n t h e launch v e h i c l e development program.                          Scout and Delta de-Jelopment
programs, g e n e r a t e d and implemented i n t h i s f a s h i o n , were completed i i FY 1963.
The Centaur v e h i c l e development i s c o n t i n u i n g i n FY 1966 w i t h t h e f i r s t
o p e r a t i o n a l .Elight scheduled f o r c a l e n d a r y e a r 1965.

SUMMARY OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS:
         -.--

                                                                      1964                1965           -
                                                                                                         -    1966

   Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology..                    $3,800,000         $7,100,000          $4,000,000
   Centaur development..           ............... 108,100,000                       89,400,000        -59,60O ,000

      T o t a l . . ............................  $111,900,000                                  $t13,60O
                                                                                    $96,500,000 - - ,000
                                                                                                 -
   D i s t r i b u t i o n of Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :
                 -.--

      John 17. Kennedy Space Center ,NASA.    $983,000                               $1,783,000          $1,050,000
      Marshall Space F l i g h t Center..        ....                        ---                 ---     13,000,000
      Goddaird Space F l i g h t Center..       .....
                                               250 ,000                                 925,000              550,000
      Langley 14eslearch Center..           .........
                                               115,000                                  650,000              300,000
      L e w i s Rersearch Center..        ...........
                                           109,497,000                               91,317,000          47,6OO,OOO
      NASA Headquarters..             ...............
                                             1,055,000                                1,825,000           1,100,000

               ---
BASIS OF IWN) REQUIREMENTS:

                                  Supporting Research and Technology

                                                                      1964                1965           -- 19h6
                                                                                                          -
  Advanced s1:iid:les..          ..................                  $180,000           $925,000         $1,500,000
  F l u i d behav lor s t u d i e s . .............                   480,000                    ---                  ---
  Vehicle subsy:; t e m s t u d i e s . . .........                   316,000          1,475,000             75(1,000
  P r o p u l s i o n rechnology..    ..............                  491,000          2,000,000          1,00(1,000
  Applied mathematics..             ...............                   433,000            100,000             25CI ,000


                                                                                                          RI) 7 - 1
                                                                      1964               1965

   Guidance technology            .................                          ---                ---          500,000
   FLOX......,.........................                            1,900,000          2,600,000         -
      Total.............................                         $3,800,000          $7,100,000         -S4,001),000
                                                                                                         -
          The s u p p o r t i n g r e s e a r c h and technology program p r w i d e s f o r a d v a i c e d
s t u d i e s t o i d e n t i f y new launch v e h i c l e r e q u i r e m e n t s and t o d e t e r m i n e d t e r n a t i v i :
approaches t o s a t i s f y t h e s e r e q u i r e m e n t s . I n a d d i t i o n , e f f o r t s a r e c o n t i n u i n g
t o p r o v i d e ail a v a i l a b l e s o u r c e of d a t a on new technology ( v e h i c l e sub;ystems,
p r o p u l s i o n , c;uidance) and o p e r a t i o n a l t e c h n i q u e s which may be a p p l i e d t o
v e h i c l e impr:ivements o r new v e h i c l e development, as r e q u i r e d , t o meet new
m i s s i o n requirements.

         Fund:; p r w i d e d i n FY 1964 were u t i l i z e d f o r s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g ze.ro gravit:y
f l u i d behaviior phenomena and c r y o g e n i c p r o p e l l a n t systems t o i n c r e a s e t h e
amount of t h r u s t p e r pound of p r o p e l l a n t .

          F 1965 funds a r e s u p p o r t i n g s t u d i e s of a k i c k s t a g e f o r hig,h v e - o c i t y
           Y
missions, s p ~ n         inotor technology and a c o n t i n u a t i o n of t h e FLOX technoLogy
e f f o r t . 11 v e h i c l e p l a n n i n g s t u d y e f f o r t has been i n i t i a t e d t o aEsist i n
i d e n t i f y i n g ,ind d e f i n i n g t h e d a t a r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e program.   O t h e r study
areas includc: s o l i d p r o p u l s i o n a c c u r a c y p r e d i c t i o n , atmospheric c ispe::sion of
t o x i c fumes , an13 f l u o r i n e technology.

      The I'Y 1.966 program w i l l i n c l u d e i n c r e a s e d e f f o r t on t h e kick-st.ige s t u d y
and complemeiiting technology e E f o r t s . Tasks w i l l i n c l u d e guidance and p r o p u l s i o n
technology a i d i n v e s t i g a t i o n oE o t h e r v e h i c l e subsystems. Also, a p p l Led
mathematics ( ! f f o r t s w i l l c o n c e n t r a t e on d e f i n i t i o n and u t i l i z a t i c m of computer
program work i n l a u n c h v e h i c l e p l a n n i n g and technology.

                                               Centaur Development

                                                                      1964               1965          ---- 1906
   Vehicle dew?lopment..            ............... $93,729,000                    $77,320,000 $29,5OO,OOO
   Supporting s e r v i c e s . .   ............... 5,133,000                        3,834,000   1,50O,OOO
                                          .. .......
   Tracking i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n . . ,
                                              .            86,000                      300,000      100,000
   A t l a s boostm-:;.     ............. ....... 4,558,000                          4,250,000                     ---
                                             ......... 1,095,000                                ---
                                              .
                                              ,

   RL-10-A3 en:;iiie development.                                                                                  ---
   Propellants..         .........................      3,499,000                     3,696,000         S ,5OO,OOO
      - -
   RL 10 A3 en:?i n e imp r ov emen t s      .........         ---                              ---    1 3 000,000
                                                                                                      --L


      T o t a l . ..............................     $108,100,000                              $59,6OO,OOO
                                                                                   $89,400,000 - -
                                                                                                 -
          The purpose of t h e Centaur Development P r o j e c t i s t o develop a hi.gh
performance 1. iquid hydrogen f u e l e d launch v e h i c l e f o r N S unmanned l u n a r and
                                                                                AA
p l a n e t a r y mi:i:;ions.   Centaur meets t h e r e q u i r e m e n t f o r a v e h i c l e c a p a b l e of
c a r r y i n g pay1.oatls t o o heavy f o r Atlas-Agena class v e h i c l e s and t o o 1ig;ht t o
w a r r a n t u s e of t h e S a t u r n v e h i c l e s . The f i r s t o p e r a t i o n a l u s e of' Ceni-aur w i l l
be f o r t h e Surveyor m i s s i o n s t o t h e l u n a r s u r f a c e . The Centaur v e h i c t e c o n s i s t s
of a modiEied Atlas b o o s t e r and a high-energy upper s t a g e (Centaur) employing
l i q u i d hydroisen and l i q u i d oxygen p r o p e l l a n t s . The Centaur s t a g e conliains a
l i g h t weight i n e r t i a l guidance subsystem and o t h e r compact, 1ight.weiglit sub-
systems t o p e r m i t maximum payload c a p a c i t y .

         T h i s development p r o j e c t i n c l u d e s d e s i g n , development, f a b r i x a t i o n and
e i g h t f l i g h t t e s t s of t h e Centaur v e h i c l e s u p p o r t e d by a n e x t e n s i v e g.round
t e s t program. Four of t h e s e f l i g h t t e s t s have been completed; t h e reinaining
f o u r f l i g h t ) t e s t s are planned t o d e m o n s t r a t e p r o p e r guidance o p e r a t i o i , d i r e c t :
a s c e n t t o l u n a r impact, t h e o p e r a t i o n a l (production) c o n f i g u r a t i o n , a i d a two-
burn capa'bil i t y . The development program w i l l extend through cal enda.: y e a r 196tJ.

         The ground t e s t program i n c l u d e s such major t e s t s as a f u l l stall: dynamic
s e p a r a t i o n t e s t of t h e Atlas from Centaur, s t a t i c l o a d i n g t e s t s of thlz f u l l
s c a l e A t l a s v e h i c l e , dynamic t e s t s of t h e Atlas/Centaur/Surveyor combination,
s t r u c t u r a l and f a t i g u e t e s t i n g of t h e Centaur t a n k s , and s t a t i c f i r i n ; t e s t s
of t h e t e s t v e h i c l e s i n f l i g h t c o n f i g u r a t i o n .

         General Dynamics, A s t r o n a u t i c s D i v i s i o n , i s t h e prime c o n t r a c t o r f o r t h e
Centaur s t a g e . T h i s s t a g e u s e s RL-10-A3 e n g i n e s developed under c o n t r a c t w i t h
P r a t t and Whitney A i r c r a f t C o r p o r a t i o n , and a guidance subsystem developed by
Minneapolis-Honeywell as a s u b c o n t r a c t o r t o General Dynamics. N S hxs              AA
s u b s e q u e n t l y c o n t r a c t e d d i r e c t l y w i t h Minneapolis-Honeywell f o r t h e g i i d a n c e sui)-
system.

                  AA
         The N S O f f i c e of Space Science and A p p l i c a t i o n s has a s s i g n e d mxnagement:
of t h e Centaur p r o j e c t t o t h e L e w i s Research Center. The RL-10-A3 e n z i n e deve1.op-
ment program i s under t h e d i r e c t i o n of t h e Marshall Space F l i g h t Centzr s i n c e
t h e s e e n g i n e s a r e a l s o used w i t h t h e S a t u r n v e h i c l e , b u t integra1:ion 3f t h e s e
e n g i n e s w i t h t h e Centaur v e h i c l e i s under t h e management of t h e L e w i s Research
Center.

         The Centaur p r o j e c t , i n i t i a t e d i n 1958 by t h e Advanced Research P r o j e c t s
Agency of the Department of Defense and t r a n s f e r r e d t o N S i n 1!)59, mderwent
                                                                                       AA
a r e o r i e n t a t i o n program a f t e r t h e f a i l u r e of t h e f i r s t f l i g h t t e s t on May 8 ,
1962. T h i s r e o r i e n t a t i o n i n c l u d e d g r e a t e r emphasis on ground t e s t i n g p r i o r t o
f l i g h t and a number of d e s i g n and p r o c e d u r e changes t o improve r e l i a b i l i t y and
performance       .
         The second f l i g h t t e s t of t h e Atlas-Centaur v e h i c l e on November 27, 1963,
w a s a complete s u c c e s s .            The t h i r d f l i g h t w a s a l s o s u c c e s s f u l , a l t h o u g h one t e s t
o b j e c t i v e was n o t f u l l y a c h i e v e d because of f a i l u r e of one of t h e h y d r a u l i c
systems i n the Centaur s t a g e . The f o u r t h v e h i c l e w a s launched i n December 1964
and w a s s u c c l e s s f u l , a l t h o u g h a secondary t e s t o b j e c t i v e , a n a t t e m p t t o restari:
t h e e n g i n e s < a f t e r t h e Centaur w a s i n o r b i t , d i d n o t succeed.

      Funding fclr FY 1966 i s f o r c o n t i n u a t i o n of developmental e f f o r t on t h e
Centaur v e h i c l e such as e n g i n e e r i n g and d e s i g n e f f o r t , ground test programs
and f l i g h t t e s t s . I n a d d i t i o n , improvement e f f o r t on t h e EU-10-A3 e n g i n e s ,
                                                                                                              RD 7-3
formerly funded by t h e O f f i c e of Manned Space F l i g h t , has now been in(-luded
i n t h e Centaur development p r o j e c t . RL-10 p r o j e c t h i s t o r y may b e found i n t h e
O f f i c e of Manned Space F l i g h t j u s t i f i c a t i o n , This improvement e f f o r t a l o n g w i t ; i
t h e development of l i g h t weight subsystems, and a n e x t e n s i v e program t o reduce
t h e overall weight of t h e v e h i c l e i s underway t o i n c r e a s e t h e Centaur payload
capacity    .
         Completion of t h e development p r o j e c t i s expected i n F i s c a l Year 1967.
T o t a l p r o j e c t c o s t s are e s t i m a t e d a t $575 m i l l i o n i n c l u d i n g t h e RL-lO-A3
engine improvement program. The c o s t of t h e P r o j e c t through FY 1.964 'gas
$391.7 m i l l i o n .




                                                                                                 RD 7 - 4
                                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                       FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFF ICE O SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICAT IONS
         F                                                                        LAUNCH VEHICLE PROCUREMENT
                                                                                     RGA
                                                                                    PORM
PROGRAM OBJECZ:I\IES AND JUSTIFICATION :

        It i s t h e o b j e c t i v e of t h e Launch V e h i c l e Procurement program t o pro-
v i d e launch v e h i c l e s f o r unmanned space m i s s i o n s . T h i s program inclucres
t h e purchase and a d a p t a t i o n o f v e h i c l e hardware f o r s p e c i f i c m i s s i o n s , t h e
procurement (:I€ t h e n e c e s s a r y s u p p o r t , e n g i n e e r i n g and maintenance , anc, t h e
procurement (:I€ : s e r v i c e s a s s o c i a t e d w i t h t h e launching o f t h e v e h i c l e . The
launch vehic:I.es c u r r e n t l y procured through t h i s program are: S c o u t , I l e l t a ,
Thor-Agena, Atlas-Agena, and A t l a s - C e n t a u r .

          I n prev:i.lms budget submissions funding f o r procurement of t h e s e i r e h i c l e s
was shown as p a r t of t h e c o s t of t h e v a r i o u s f l i g h t p r o j e c t s . I n t h i : ; sub-
m i s s i o n v e h i c l e c o s t s are shown as a non-add n o t a t i o n w i t h t h e specif:.c
m i s s i o n s supported o n l y t o permit an assessment o f t o t a l p r o j e c t c o s t : ; .
S u s t a i n i n g Engineering and Maintenance, p r e v i o u s l y O p e r a t i o n a l V e h i c l e
Support p r e s e n t e d under V e h i c l e Development, i s n o t charged t o t h e p r o j e c t s .
For t h e f irsl: t i m e , however , t o t a l v e h i c l e procurement funding requirczments
a r e p r e s e n t e d as a s e p a r a t e program. T h i s h a s been done t o p r o v i d e a p r e -
s e n t a t i o n t h a t i s more c o n s i s t e n t w i t h a c t u a l procurement p r a c t k e s .

         The f a b r i c a t i o n and a d a p t a t i o n o f v e h i c l e s i s i n i t i a t e d on t h e b a s i s
o f p r o j e c t e d launch r e q u i r e m e n t s t o i n s u r e t h a t a v e h i c l e w i l l be a v a i l a b l e
when each s p a c e c r a f t i s ready f o r launch. Various f a c t o r s are e v a l u a t e d i n
e s t a b l i s h i n g t h e q u a n t i t y of v e h i c l e s t o be procured. These a r e : c u r r e n t
and p r o j e c t e d i n v e n t o r i e s , v e h i c l e s under c o n t r a c t b u t n o t d e l i v e r e d , c u r r e n t
p r o j e c t e d launch s c h e d u l e s , and f u t u r e m i s s i o n a d a p t a t i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s .
Procurement ~ : f v e h i c l e s i s a d j u s t e d t o m a i n t a i n minimum i n v e n t o r i e s ; nowever,
maintenance ~ c fsome i n v e n t o r y i s n e c e s s a r y t o provide t h e f l e x i b i l i t y t o meet
changing r e q u i r e m e n t s .

          I n a d d i t i o n t o o p e r a t i o n a l hardware procurement, a c o n t i n u i n g e n g i n e e r i n g
and maintena.rtce e f f o r t i s n e c e s s a r y t o keep t h e c u r r e n t i n v e n t o r y of launch
v e h i c l e s u p - t o - d a t e and ready t o meet changing s p a c e c r a f t and mission r e q u i r e -
ments. The o b j e c t i v e of t h i s e f f o r t i s t o p r o v i d e c o n t i n u i n g s u p p o r t t o
launch v e h i c 1 . e ~t h a t are o p e r a t i o n a l , b u t c a n b e n e f i t from m o d i f i c a t i o n t o
improve performance and r e l i a b i l i t y . T h i s e f f o r t i s accomplished through
product improvement programs, maintenance of ground s u p p o r t equipment,
v e h i c l e system e n g i n e e r i n g , and o t h e r s u p p o r t i n g s e r v i c e s .




                                                                                                             R D 11-1
S M A Y OF R1,SCIURCES REQUIREPIENTS:
 U MR
                                                              19 64                 1965      - 1966                .

  Scout.....       .....................                 $11,500,000            $13,196,000        $11,700,000
  Delta
  Agena
           ..........................
           ..........................
                                                          30,101,000
                                                          54 ,599 ,000
                                                                                 32,650,000
                                                                                 60,040,000
                                                                                                    3C ,700,000
                                                                                                    82 ,300,000
  Centaur...       .....................                  32,000,000             47,814,000         69 , 8 0 0 , OOCl
                                                                                                                ---
  Atlas...      ......................                     1,786,000                972,000    --
                                                                                              --.
     T o t a I.... ......................               $129,986,000           $154,672,000                    . .
  D i s t r i b u t j . o n o f Program Amount b y I n s t a l l a t i o n :

     John F . l(eiinedy Space C e n t e r ,
       NASA.        ......................                  $836,000             $3,025,000         $: ,175,000
     Goddard :$piace F1 i g h t C e n t e r . .           23,326,000             19,960,000         2:) ,025,000
     P a c i f i c Launch O p e r a t i o n s
        O f f i c t . . ....................
                                                                      ---            90,000                     - - ..
     Langley k s e a r c h C e n t e r . .....            11,930,000             13,106,000         1 ,700,000
                                                                                                     1
     L e w i s Rt!sesrch C e n t e r . . ......           87,875,000            106,006,000        145~,130,000
     NASA Henilquarters ............                       6,019,000             12,485,000          :’ ,470,000
       The over a l l m i s s i o n p l a n f o r launches d u r i n g t h i s p e r i o d i s :

                                                             C a1e n d a r       Calendar     Calendar
                                                                Year               Year         Y e x
                                                                19 6 4             1965       _I
                                                                                                1906
                                                                                                -




  Vehic 1

     Scout                                                         8                 6                 3
     Delta                                                         5                 7                 9
     Thor -Agcrna                                                  2                 2                ,+

     Atlas-Agena                                                   6                 4                 3

     Centaur                                                       0                 1                 3

          UD
BASIS OF F N REQUIREMENTS:

                                                    Scout Procurement

                                                               1964                 1965           - 1966           __
  Vehicles      .......................                    $4,900,000            $4,096,000          $ 5 ,7 50 ,000
  Motors.........................                           2,000,000             1,300,000            1,650,000
                              ...........
  L o g i s t i c s and o t h e r .                         1,200,000               300,000               300 ,000
  S u s t a i n i n g , e n g i n e e r i n g and
     maintenz.nce     ..................                    3,400,000             7,500,000        -r, ,000,000

     T o t a l ........................                   $11,500,000           $13,196,000        $11,700,00!)_-
                                                                                                   -
                                                                                               RD 8-2
          The purpose of t h e Scout Procurement program i s t o p r o v i d e a r e l i a b l e ,
r e l a t i v e l y i n e x p e n s i v e v e h i c l e f o r g e n e r a l space r e s e a r c h . I t i s t h e smallest:
of t h e b a s i c N S f a m i l y of launch v e h i c l e s and w i l l meet t h e requireinents f o r
                          AA
a v a r i e t y o f small s i z e d payloads f o r o r b i t a l , probe, and r e e n t r y m i s s i o n s .

         There a r e two launch s i t e s c a p a b l e of launching t h e Scout vehiclie: The
A i r Force Western Test Range i n C a l i f o r n i a , and Wallops I s l a n d , V i r g i n i a .
L o g i s t i c supplort o f t h e s e launch s i t e s h a s been i n t e g r a t e d i n t o a s i n g l e
e f f o r t w i t h i r . t h i s program.

     The f i r s t o p e r a t i o n a l Scout v e h i c l e w a s launched A p r i l 26, :L962. There
have been 24 launches through t h e end of c a l e n d a r y e a r 1964 f o r ia wide v a r i e t y
of NASA, Department of Defense, and Atomic Energy Commission m i s s i o n s .

         The FY 1966 funds f o r Scout Procurement w i l l be a p p l i e d t o e x i s t i n g
procurement act.ions and t o t h e i n i t i a t i o n of new procurements of f i r s t , second,
t h i r d , and f'ourth s t a g e motors t o m e e t FY 1966 launch r e q u i r e m e n t s . Funding
i s a l s o provided f o r a d a p t a t i o n of t h e Scout v e h i c l e t o s a t i s f y s p a c e c r a f t
and m i s s i o n pecmliar r e q u i r e m e n t s .

          To aLdequat:ely p r o v i d e S u s t a i n i n g E n g i n e e r i n g and Maintenance s u p p o r t f o r
Scout m i s s i o n s :, funds are r e q u i r e d f o r improving v e h i c l e system and subsystems
d e f i c i e n c . i e s a s t h e y are d i s c o v e r e d through o p e r a t i o n a l u s e . I n past years,
funds have heen u t i l i z e d f o r n o z z l e r e d e s i g n of t h e f i r s t s t a g e motoz, v e l o c i . t y
c o n t r o l i.mprovement, launch complex s t a n d a r d i z a t i o n , and o t h e r minor improve-
ments.

                 T
          I n E 1.966, funds are r e q u e s t e d f o r upkeep and replacement of p o u n d
s u p p o r t equi:.prnent t o p r o v i d e n e c e s s a r y c a p a b i l i t y f o r adequate grounci. t e s t
and launch o E t h e Scout v e h i c l e system. Funds r e q u e s t e d i n F 1966 vi11       Y
a l s o provide f o r t h e maintenance of t h e two launch complexes a t t h e Wallops
I s l a n d 1aunc:h : s i t e , and t h e launch complex a t t h e Western T e s t Range.                       In
a d d i t i o n , fi.ind;~are r e q u e s t e d f o r adequate s p a r e s and v e h i c l e i n s t r u n i e n t a t i o n
support.

                                                Delta Procurement

                                                                   1964                   1965            -     1966

  Delta s t a g e s   .....................                  $20,930,000           $14,996,000            $2:. ,530,000
  Thor boos liers.       ...................                   4,815,000            10,200,000               :I ,700 ,000
  Propellants        ......................                      326,000               250,000                   2 50 ,000
  T h i r d :sta:i;es..  ...................                     430,000               265,000                   420,000
  Sus tainin:ii e n g i n e e r i n g
     and maintenance.        ...............                    3,600,000             6.939 .OOO          -11,800.0OQl

     Total..     ........................                    $30,101,000           $32,650,000            -
                                                                                                          =I,              -
                                                                                                                          __
                                                                                                                7 0 0 , OOCl




                                                                                                          RE 8 - 3
     The purpose of t h e D e l t a Procurement program i s t o provide ii r e l i a b l e
launch v e h i c l e f o r a w i d e v a r i e t y of medium payload s a t e l l i t e s arid s m a l l
payload space p r o b e s .

        The Off ice. of Space Science and A p p l i c a t i o n s h a s a s s i g n e d managenent
of t h e D e l t a p r o j e c t t o Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . The prime c o n t r s c t o r
f o r t h e Delt,a launch v e h i c l e i s Douglas A i r c r a f t C o r p o r a t i o n . Tltor b 2 o s t e r s
a r e procured through t h e A i r Force.

                                                   Y
         E f f o r t i s underway u s i n g F 1965 funding f o r improvement o f t h e Delta
v e h i c l e t o p r o v i d e i n c r e a s e d payload volume and weight. The improved p e r -
formance w i l l b e o b t a i n e d through improvements i n t h e D e l t a second s t a g e
and u s e of t t r u s t augmentation w i t h t h e Thor b o o s t e r .

         Funds r e q u e s t e d f o r FY 1966 w i l l p r o v i d e f o r launch s e r v i c e s r e q u i r e -
ments f o r the D e l t a v e h i c l e a t t h e E a s t e r n T e s t Range and t o p r o v i d e a new
launch c a p a b i l i t y a t t h e Western Test Range. Launch s e r v i c e s a s s o c i a t e d
w i t h t h e D e l t a launch v e h i c l e are procured on a n annual b a s i s .             Lncluded
i n t h e F 1906 r e q u e s t are funds t o c o n t i n u e procurement of Thor b o o s t e r s ,
             Y
D e l t a second s t a g e s , and X-258 t h i r d s t a g e s t o meet t h e launch s c h e d u l e
requirements f o r t h e Delta v e h i c l e .

        FY 1966 funds f o r S u s t a i n i n g E n g i n e e r i n g and Maintenance w i l l p r o v i d e
f o r launch 5.1.te and range s a f e t y improvements, new s p i n r o c k e t s , supFort
of a Westerr. T e s t Range launch c a p a b i l i t y , m o d i f i c a t i o n of m i s c e l l a n e o u s
t e s t equipmerit:, i n v e s t i g a t i o n of s e p a r a t i o n t e c h n i q u e s , performance s t u d i e s ,
and t e l e m e t r y measurements.

                                               Agena Procurement

                                                                  1964                   1965            --    1966

   Agena procluction.        ................              $14,087,000            $14,708,000            $17,261,000
                                            ....
   Agena m i s s i o n m o d i f i c a t i o n s . .        11,271,000             15,597,000             28,798,000
   Tho r proc 11reme R t    .................                  894,000              4,827,000              3,985,000
   Atlas procurtment         ................               22,057,000             10,211,000             26,091,000
   Prope 1].ant: :j   .......................                   90,000                645 ,000               465,000
   Sus t aininp, erig i n e e r i n g and
                    ...................
     main t:ena.iice.                                          6,200,000            14.052.000           2700,000
      Total............................                    $54.599.000            $60,040,000            -
                                                                                                         $82!,300,000

         I n c:omt:Iination with t h e Thor and A t l a s b o o s t e r s , t h e Agena secortd s t a g e
                                              AA
i s employed e x t e n s i v e l y by N S and t h e A i r Force. The r e s t a r t a b l e /,gena
s t a g e provities c o n s i d e r a b l e L a t i t u d e i n m i s s i o n c a p a b i l i t y among t h e v a r i o u s
e a r t h o r b i t i t t ,and l u n a r o r p l a n e t a r y m i s s i o n s .
          The Agena was developed by t h e A i r Force as a second s t a g e fior u s e i n
i t s programs. E a r l y i n 1960, i t w a s d e c i d e d t o u s e t h e Agena i n combination
w i t h t h e 'Thor and Atlas r a t h e r t h a n develop a s i m i l a r s t a g e . Each Agena
must be modified, however, t o meet m i s s i o n r e q u i r e m e n t s . NASA space inissions
u t i l i z i n g t h e Thor-Agena i n c l u d e t h e P o l a r O r b i t i n g Geophysical O b s e r f a t o r y ,
t h e m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e Nimbus, t h e communications s a t e l l i t e Ech3 11,
and t h e Canadian Topside Sounder, A l o u e t t e . A l l Thor-Agena v e h i c l e s a r e
p r e s e n t l y planned t o be launched from t h e Western T e s t Range i n t o p o l a r o r
near-polar o r b i t s .

         N S u s e s t h e Atlas-Agena f o r i t s unmanned l u n a r and p l a n e t a r y e K -
            AA
p l o r a t i o n m i s s i o n s , such as t h e Ranger and t h e Lunar O r b i t e r p r o j e c t s . The
Atlas-Agena has p l a c e d Mariner s p a c e c r a f t on t r a j e c t o r i e s t o f l y - b y Venus
and Mars. It h a s been used on t h e Kanger p r o j e c t , and w i l l be employed t o
launch h e a v i e r s c i e n t i f i c and a p p l i c a t i o n s s a t e l l i t e s such as t h e Geophysical
O b s e r v a t o r i e s , t h e Astronomical O b s e r v a t o r i e s , and t h e A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology
S a t e l l i t e . 'The Atlas-Agena i s predominantly launched from t h e E a s t e r n T e s t
                                 AA
Range t o s u p p o r t N S m i s s i o n s .

     The O f f i c e of Space Science and A p p l i c a t i o n s h a s a s s i g n e d p r o j e c t
management t c l L e w i s Research C e n t e r . The prime c o n t r a c t o r i s Lockheed
Missiles and Space C o r p o r a t i o n . A t l a s and Thor b o o s t e r s are procured
through t h e Department o f t h e A i r Force.

         Funds r e q u e s t e d for FY 1966 w i l l p r o v i d e f o r c o n t i n u e d procurement o f
t h e b a s i c Agena s t a g e , Atlas and Thor b o o s t e r s , and t h e m o d i f i c a t i o n s
n e c e s s a r y t c l adapt t h e Agena s t a g e s f o r m i s s i o n p e c u l i a r i t i e s . Funding i s
a l s o provided fior c o n t r a c t o r launch s e r v i c e s which i n c l u d e r e c e i p t , assembly,
check-out , arid launch of t h e v e h i c l e s .

         F 1966 S u s t a i n i n g E n g i n e e r i n g and Maintenance funds w i l l p r o v i d e f o r
          Y
t h e conti.nuat:ion of t h e Atlas Improvement p r o j e c t j o i n t l y s u p p o r t e d b y N S            AA
and t h e LWD, t h e development of a s t a n d a r d u n i v e r s a l shroud, m i s c e l l a n e o u s
e n g i n e e r i n g s u p p o r t s e r v i c e s and ground s u p p o r t equipment m o d i f i c a t i c n s a t
t h e Western T e s t Range f o r t h e Thor-Agena and a t t h e - E a s t e r n T e s t Karge for
t h e Atlas-Agena v e h i c l e system.

                                      Centaur Procurement

                                                             1964                  1965           -1966

  V e h i c l e pi:oduction..    .............         $19,151,000           $24,050,000          $28 ,Si 20,000
  System i n t e g r a t i o n ...............           2,443,000             2,038,000            3,S'90,000
  A t l a s prociirement................                 7,156,000            12,598,000           12,i'40,000
  RL-10 e n g i n e procurement. ........                3,100,000             5,800,000            3 ,;.50,000
  Propel1.ant:;. .....................                     150,000             3,328,000            1,flOO ,000
  Sustaining; e n g i n e e r i n g
     and main teiiance ................            ---                                              19 ,4.00,000

     Total............................    $32,000,000                       $47,814,000           -
                                                                                                  $69,800,000


                                                                                                   KD €8-5
          The Centaur v e h i c l e i s a h i g h performance, g e n e r a l - p u r p o s e 1.aunc 1
v e h i c l e f o r use on unmanned l u n a r and p l a n e t a r y m i s s i o n s which a r e beyond
t h e c a p a b i l i t y of t h e Atlas-Agena v e h i c l e . The p r e s e n t procuremc!nt oE
O p e r a t i o n a l ::entaur v e h i c l e s i s programmed t o m e e t t h e launch v e h i c l e
r e q u i r e m e n t s of t h e Surveyor unmanned l u n a r s u r f a c e e x p l o r a t i o n p r o j e I t .
The f i r s t O p e r a t i o n a l Centaur i s scheduled f o r launch i n calendai. y e a r
1965.

          A s i n the Centaur Development p r o j e c t , t h e O f f i c e of Space S c i e n - e and
A p p l i c a t i o n s h a s a s s i g n e d p r o j e c t management t o t h e L e w i s Research C e i t e r ,
and t h e prime c o n t r a c t o r f o r Centaur Procurement i s General Dynaiiics ,
A s t r o n a u t i c s D i v i s i o n , San Diego, C a l i f o r n i a . P r a t t and Whitney A i r c r a f t
C o r p o r a t i o n iof East H a r t f o r d , C o n n e c t i c u t , and West Palm Beach, F l o r i d a , i s
an a s s o c i a t e c o n t r a c t o r f o r t h e f a b r i c a t i o n of t h e 15,000 pound t h r u s t
l i q u i d hydrogen e n g i n e , and Minneapolis-Honeywell of S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l o r i d a ,
i s an a s s o c i a t e c o n t r a c t o r f o r p r o d u c t i o n of t h e Centaur guidance system.

         Funds r e q u e s t e d f o r E71 1966 t o c o n t i n u e Centaur Procurement i n s u p p o r t
o f t h e Surveyor program, p r o v i d e f i n a l increment o f funding f o r Atlas booster:;
f o r t h e f i r s t seven Surveyor v e h i c l e s and an increment on t h e procurement of
t h e n e x t f i v f v e h i c l e s . Funding i s a l s o i n c l u d e d f o r t h e n e c e s s a r y s y s t e m s
i n t e g r a t i o n ctf t h e s e v e h i c l e s w i t h t h e Surveyor s p a c e c r a f t .

          Since tt-e o p e r a t i o n a l v e h i c l e w i l l be launched f o r Surveyor l u n a r
m i s s i o n s , scheduled t o begin i n c a l e n d a r y e a r 1965, S u s t a i n i n g E n g i n e e r i n g
and Maintenance i s i n c l u d e d t o r t h e f i r s t t i m e i n t h i s r e q u e s t . E s t i m a t e s
a r e based o n e x p e r i e n c e gained w i t h o t h e r launch v e h i c l e s i n earLy o p e r -
a t i o n a l u s e . S e r v i c e s i n c l u d e d a r e minor changes o r improvements a s d i s -
covered t o b e n e c e s s a r y through o p e r a t i o n a l u s e , maintenance of ground
support equipment and p r e - f l i g h t and p o s t - f l i g h t e n g i n e e r i n g a n a l y s e s of
performance and r e l i a b i l i t y a s p e c t s of t h e O p e r a t i o n a l C e n t a u r ,

                                           A t 1 as Procurement

                                                               1964              1965         --A-
                                                                                                  1966

  A t l a s Vehicles.     . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. .   $1,786,000        $972,000             -.-I


        This p r o j e c t c o n s i s t s of procurement of Atlas launch v e h i c l e s fclr
unmanned mi::sions.             A t t h e p r e s e n t t i m e , two v e h i c l e s are procured f c r
t h e O f f i c e o f Advanced Research and Technology, Space V e h i c l e System:,
project Fire           P r o j e c t management f o r t h i s p r o j e c t h a s been a s s i g e d
t o t h e Lewis Research C e n t e r          a




     FY 1963 arid p r i o r funding f o r t h i s p r o j e c t amounted t o $ 6 . 4 m i l l i o n .
FY 1965 funcl:,ng w i l l complete t h e procurement o f t h e v e h i c l e s f o r the F i r e
project.




                                                                                                   RD ii-6
           ----
           SUPIMAIU OF        LAUNCH VEHICLE PROCUREMENT FOR UNMANNED PROGRAMs


                                                                    Fiscal      Fiscal        Fiscal
                                                                     Year        Year          Year
                :?ro.j t
        Program/’    ec                              Vehicle         1964        1965          1966

Geophysics a n d Astronomy

                   il3
    Orbiting S l i r Observa-
       tory..  .................                   Delta          $3,650,000    $361,000    < 1,400,OOO
    Orbitirig l!,;t:ronomical
       Ob sei:val::or:y.     ..........            Atlas -Agena    5,626,000   9,039,000 15,100,OOO
    Orbiting (;;eophysical
       0 serva1:. 13ry ...........
         b                                         Atlas-Agena     6,959,000   3,672,000 I 3,598,000
    Orb itirg (;:eo y sic a1
             i        ph
       Ob se i v l : r y...........
              :a:o :                               Thor-Agena      3 ,213 ,000 4,454,000       802,OClO
    Ex p 1orers ................                   scout           6 ,600,000 4,296,000     7 ,70O,000
    Exp 1orers ................                    Delta          11 ,750,000 12 ,350,000   9 ,500,000
    Exp 1ore rs ................                   Thor-Agena      2 ,697,000 11,560,000    4,100,000
Lunar and Pl..anetary
  Exploration

    Ranger ..................                      Atlas-Agena   14,863,000 3,136,000     200 ,OClO
                              .
    Surveyor I.,imder. . . . . . . .               Atlas-Centaur 32,000,000 47,814,000 50,400,000
    Lunar 0 b i : r ..........
            r::e.                                  Atlas-Agena      170,000  2,335,000 ;2,200,000
    Marine I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
           :                                       Atlas-Agena   10,550,000 2,377,000     200,000
    Pioneer. .................                     Delta          4,100,000 2,900,000 5,900,000
B iosciencs

    B iosate 11I:. i
                   e
                   :     ............              Delta                ---    9,000,000    9,100,000

Me teoro1OgiC.ill Sate 11ite s
            .--

    TIROS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delta             3,800,000    1,100,000           -0-
    Nimbus. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thor-Agena          3 ,516,000   6 ,358,000   6 ,200,000
Communications Sate11ites

    Echo 1 : . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Thor-Agena
          1.                                                        805,000         ---           --.-
    Syncom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Delta              3,201,000         ---           -_.-

Applications Technology
. Satellites.

    Appl ica. iclris Technology
            t
      Sate 1.1 1: r? s . . . . . . . . . . . .
              i                                    Atlas-Agena          ---    3,057,000 14,200,000


                                                                                     RD 8-7
                                                                   Fiscal          Fiscal             Fiscal
                                                                    Year            Year               Year
     Program/ I J r o jec t                  --V e h i c l e        19 64           1965              --
                                                                                                       1966

Space Veh.icle Sys terns

  Reentry.. . . . . . . . . . . . .          Scout               $1,000,000      $1,000,000                ---
  FIRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   Atlas                1,786,000         972,000                ---
Nuclear E l e c t:ri.c Systems

  SERT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   Scout                  500,000         400 000     -~
                                                                                               -- -
                                                                                                           ---
Sub-total     ...........................                      $116,786,000    $126,181,000    $160,600,000

S u s t a i n i n g e r g i n e e r i n g and
   maintenance .......................                           13 ,200,000     28,49 1,002     33,900,000

TOTAL.. .............................                          $129,986,000 $154,672,000
                                                                                               -
                                                                                               .j194,500,000
                                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                       FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS                                                        BIOSCIENCE PROGRAM

PROGRAM OBJECZXIJ'ES AND JUSTIFICATION:

          The o b j e c t i v e s of t h e B i o s c i e n c e program are to:         (1) determine t h e lo-
c a t i o n , o r i g i . n , n a t u r e , and l e v e l of development o f e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e ;
(2) e v a l u a t e from a b i o l o g i c a l s t a n d p o i n t t h e o r i g i n and e v o l u t i o n of t h e
s o l a r system to a c q u i r e an u n d e r s t a n d i n g of t h e o r i g i n of t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e ;
(3) determine t h e e f f e c t s of the s p a c e environment on e a r t h organisms w i t h
p a r t i c u l a r emphasis on f a c t o r s which c a n a s s i s t i n p r e d i c t i n g t h e i r e f f e c t s
on man. This program w i l l p r o v i d e a b e t t e r u n d e r s t a n d i n g of l i f e and l i f e
p r o c e s s e s , a s s i s t i n t h e d i s c o v e r y of unique a s p e c t s of t h e s p a c e envjronment
which are p e r t i n e n t t o l i f e i n s p a c e , and develop i n f o r m a t i o n which i s essen-
t i a l t o long d u r a t i o n manned s p a c e f l i g h t , A program of b a s i c and a p p l i e d
r e s e a r c h is b ~ i n g      conducted t o s u p p o r t t h e accomplishment of t h e s e program
objectives.

          I n re1aI:ion t o t h e s e o b j e c t i v e s i t i s noteworthy t h a t t h e N a t i o n a l Acade-
my of S c i e n c e s   -       ( N a t i o n a l Research Council) Summer Study Group reporr: of 1962
p l a c e d s u b s t a n t i a l emphasis on t h e e x o b i o l o g i c a l g o a l of f i n d i n g and e x p l o r i n g
e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e . More r e c e n t l y , t h e Space S c i e n c e Board of' t h e National.
Research Coui:icil recommended t h a t unmanned e x p l o r a t i o n of t h e p l a n e t Ilars, in-,
v o l v i n g b o t h p h y s i c a l and b i o l o g i c a l i n v e s t i g a t i o n s , and express1.y thl. s e a r c h
f o r e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e , b e made t h e primary o b j e c t i v e of t h e Elation's s p a c e
e f f o r t i n t h e t e n t o f i f t e e n y e a r s f o l l o w i n g t h e P r o j e c t Apollo niannej l u n a r
landing.

          I n o r d e r t o e x p e d i t e t h e s e a r c h f o r l i f e on Mars and o t h e r p l a n e t s , two
a c t i o n s were taken. The f i r s t w a s t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t of a s t u d y e f f o r t which
had as i t s o b j e c t i v e t h e p r e l i m i n a r y d e s i g n of an automated biolc:gical e x p e r i -
v t r t system which w i l l p r o v i d e a c a p a b i l i t y f o r d e t e c t i n g and d e s c r i b i n g
p l a n e t a r y l i f e and r e l a t e d environmental f a c t o r s . T h i s system i s i n t e n d e d as
a payload f o r Voyager m i s s i o n s t o Mars. The second management a c t i o n w a s t h e
e s t a b l i s h m e n t of a program t o i n t e g r a t e and e x p e d i t e p l a n e t a r y q u a r a n t i n e
efforts.

          The B i o s a t . e l l i t e program is d i r e c t e d toward t h e s t u d y of t h e b i c l o g i c a l
e f f e c t s of ( a ) w e i g h t l e s s n e s s , ( b ) w e i g h t l e s s n e s s combined w i t h a kncwn
s o u r c e of reitiiation, and ( c ) removal of l i v i n g organisms from t h e 24-hour
c y c l e of thca E a r t h ' s r o t a t i o n .       The b a s i c r e s e a r c h w i t h t h i s E a r t h o x b i t i n g
s a t e l l i t e ! i s expected t o p r o v i d e q u a n t i t a t i v e d a t a which w i l l a s s i s c man i n
a d a p t i n g t o t h e space environment. From over 185 experiments s u b m i t t e d by t h e
s c i e n t i f i c community, 20 have been s e l e c t e d f o r f l i g h t . These have t e e n
packaged int.o 3 i n t e g r a t e d experiment payloads.                             Three s p a c e c r a f t ha\ e been
a s s i g n e d t o t h e s e t h r e e p r i n c i p a l p a y l o a d s , p l u s t h r e e f o r backup, f o r a t o t a l
of s i x pI.anned E l i g h t s .
                                                                                                           RD 9 - 1
 SUMMARY OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS:

                                                                        1964                 1965          -1966
    Supporting ,research and
      techno1og:y.      ....................                     $12,979,000          $12,700,000           $15,500,000
    Biosatellite...         .................                      8,500.000           16,000,000            16,000,000

       Total......        ...................                    $21,479,000          $28,700,000           $31,500,000

    D i s t r i b u t i o n o f Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :
       Manned S p a c e c r a f t Center...     ........             $234,000             $475,000           $1,000,000
       Goddard I:pac:e F l i g h t Center..
       J e t Propt.11.sj.on Laboratory..
                                                  ......
                                                ........              250,000              250,000              250,000
                                                                    1,243,000            1,499,000            1,250,000
       Ames R.essarc:h Center..            .............            9,856,000           17,267,000           17,450,000
       NASA Heaclquarters..           ................              9,896,000            9,209,000           11,550,000
 BASIS OF E'UNII REQUIREMENTS :

                                    S u p p o r t i n p Research and Technolopy

                                                                        1964                 I965                1.966
                                                                                                           - - - ~

    Exobiology.        .......................
    Environmental biology..        ..........                      $5,200,000
                                                                    2,900,000
                                                                                        $4,900,000
                                                                                         2,800,000
                                                                                                             $5,000,000

    Behavioral biology..
    Physicalt bi.ology..
                                .............
                              ...............                       2,100,000
                                                                    1,99 1,000
                                                                                         2,100,000
                                                                                         1,900,000
                                                                                                               2,800,000
                                                                                                               2,100,000
                                                                                                               1,900,000
    Planetary quarantine..              ...........                           ---                  ---         1,000,000
    Automated I:, i o l o g i c a l
      experiment system..............                                         ---                   ---        1:000,000

                                 ...............
    Bioscience i n v e s t i g a t i o n s f o r
      manned m 1 s s ions.                                              788,000           1,000,000        -700,000
                                                                                                            1   ,,,




   . .o
 ....a
..o.l
....etT                                                          $12,979,000          $12,700,000
                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                           $15,500,000

                                                       Exobiology

         The .search f o r e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l l i f e w i l l b e one of t h e prime o b j e c t i v e s
. i n t h e post-.Apollo p e r i o d .            I n managing t h i s p a r t of t h e program, NASA$ C e n t e r s ,
 u n i v e r s i t i e s , and i n d u s t r i a l r e s e a r c h o r g a n i z a t i o n s , are u s i n g t h r e e npproaches:

          1. An <attempt i s b e i n g made t o s y n t h e s i z e s u b s t a n c e s which w i l l have
          c h a r a c t l e r i s t i c s s i m i l a r t o p r i m i t i v e s i n g l e c e l l e d organisms.

          2. The p h y s i c a l environments of t h e p l a n e t s are b e i n g s t u d i e d b y i n -
  ,.      s t r u m e n t s from t h e E a r t h , from h i g h - a l t i t u d e b a l l o o n s , and Erom p l a n e t a r y
          fly-bys.          Such measurements will a s s i s t i n d e f i n i n g t h e p l a n e t a r y ev-
          vironmertts and i n d e t e r m i n i n g whether l i f e as w e know i t could e x i s t on
          t h e p l a n e t s , o r whether t h e c o n d i t i o n s are so s e v e r e t h a t l i v i n g p r o c e s s ~ e s
          a r e p r c h a b l y excluded. T h i s d a t a w i l l a l s o a s s i s t i n t h e d e s i g n of ex-
          p e r i m e n t s a p p r o p r i a t e t o such d i v e r s e environmental c o n d i t i o n s .
                                                                                                           RD 9 - 2
        3 . L i f e d e t e c t i o n experiments are b e i n g designed f o r b o t h urunannlzd and
        mannecd e x p l o r a t i o n . A t p r e s e n t , s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t automated l i f e d e t e c t o r
        i n s t r u m e n t s are b e i n g c o n s t r u c t e d f o r t h e remote d e t e c t i o n of e x t c a -
        t e r r e s t r i a l p l a n e t a r y l i f e u s i n g unmanned landing s p a c e c r a f t ,

         The development of l i f e d e t e c t i o n t e c h n i q u e s and i n s t r u m e n t s i s p r i m a r i l y
c e n t e r e d around t h e development of s p e c i a l i z e d i n s t r u m e n t s which w i l l w a l u -
a t e a s p e c i f i c f a c e t of chemical composition, morphology, or p h y s i o l o g i c a l
processes.             About a dozen l i f e d e t e c t o r i n s t r u m e n t s are being d e v e l o p e j f o r
remote        s a m p l e c o l l e c t i m and d e t e c t i o n of l i f e on Mars. F i e l d t e s t s have
shown t h e Martk 111 G u l l i v e r d e t e c t o r t o be e f f e c t i v e i n environments h x t i l e
t o l i f e , such as t h e d e s e r t , h i g h l y s a l i n e areas, and a mountain t o p , B a l l
B r o t h e r s Rese,arch Corporation, i n c o l l a b o r a t i o n w i t h D r . Wolf V i s h n i a c of t h e
U n i v e r s i t y of Rochester, has r e c e n t l y advanced t h e Wolf T r a p t o an e n g i n e e r i n g
breadboard device.

         An automated b i o l o g i c a l experiment s y s t e m concept i s being st:udie(l a s a
payload f o r t b . e Mars-Voyager mission.          T h i s concept v i s u a l i z e s an i n t e , g r a t e d
s e t of experiments designed f o r a l i f e t i m e of two E a r t h y e a r s ( a p p r o x i n a t e l y
one Martian y e a r ) on t h e s u r f a c e of Mars t o c o l l e c t , d e t e c t , and d e s c r i b e
b i o l o g i c a l a n c chemical evidence of l i f e .

         The P l a n e t a r y Q u a r a n t i n e program, an outgrowth of t h e s t e r i l i z a t i o n
e f f o r t , r e q u i r e s i n c r e a s e d emphasis commencing i n FY 1966. S t e r i l i z a t i o n i s
e s s e n t i a l t o Exobiological i n v e s t i g a t i o n s of t h e p l a n e t s because e a r t h organ-
i s m s might be landed on Mars and have an e x p l o s i v e growth which would i n t e r -
f e r e w i t h subsequent s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s . Another hazard i s t h a t of
p o s s i b l e back contamination of t h e E a r t h a t a l a t e r d a t e . The s t e r i l i z a t i o n
program i n c l u d e s r e s e a r c h t o improve p r e s e n t methods and t o develop new meth-
ods of s t e r i l i z a t i o n compatible w i t h r e l i a b i l i t y . A t t h e p r e s e n t time, cap-
s u l e s of basic:, s i m p l e d e s i g n can b e s t e r i l i z e d b u t f u r t h e r e f f o r t i s r e q u i r e d
f o r complex c a p s u l e s t o d e f i n e t h e e f f e c t of s t e r i l i z a t i o n on r e l i a b i l i t y .
Accomplishment. o f s t e r i l i z a t i o n r e q u i r e s d e t a i l e d s t a n d a r d s , p l a n s , and pro-
cedures f o r c on t.amina t i o n c o n t r o l throughout manufacture, assemb 1y , t e s t i n g ,
launch and l a n d i n g on t h e p l a n e t .

                                              Environmen ta 1 B i o logy

          Resea.rch i s ; b e i n g conducted on t h e b i o l o g i c a l e f f e c t s of t h e s p a c e en-
vironment on l i v i n g e a r t h organisms. A l l known s p a c e f a c t o r s are being
s t u d i e d in. l a b o r a t o r i e s on E a r t h e x c e p t such unique f a c t o r s as w e i g h t l e s s n e s s ,
removal from t:he e f f e c t s of t h e E a r t h ' s r o t a t i o n , and primary cosmic r a d i a t i o n . .
The Biosat.ell.I.tr! program w i l l s t u d y t h e s e unique f a c t o r s i n f l i g h t , and com-
pare t h e r e s u ; - t s w i t h E a r t h based s t u d i e s .

        I n r e 1 a t : i . o ~t o t h e exobiology m i s s i o n , t h e parameters of e x t r a t e r r e s t r i a l ,
                               ~
environment wi- t h i n which given organisms can e x i s t , i s b e i n g d e f i n e d                I n sup-
p o r t of t h i s g o a l , v a r i o u s animals and p l a n t s are b e i n g s u b j e c t e d t o s i m u l a t e d
planetary conditions.



                                                                                                         HD 5-3
         Research w i t h b i o l o g i c a l organisms i s underway t o develop t h e i r a p p l i c a -
t i o n i n space (1) i n bioregenerative a l g a l o r b a c t e r i a l l i f e - s u p p o r t s y s t e m s ,
( 2 ) as t e s t organisms t o d e t e r m i n e t h e b i o l o g i c a l s a f e t y of o t h e r p l a n e t s ,
( 3 ) f o r s t u d y i n g t h e p o t e n t i a l of i n d u c i n g h i b e r n a t i o n o r d e c r e a s e d m e t a b o l i c
a c t i v i t y i n a s t r o n a u t s , and ( 4 ) f o r s t u d y i n g t h e biomedical effeci:s of t h e
s p a c e environment.

          Bed rest s t u d i e s f o r s i m u l a t i n g w e i g h t l e s s n e s s of 2-week and 1-month
p e r i o d s have tleen completed u s i n g human v o l u n t e e r s . Calcium l o s s of up t o
10 p e r c e n t frclm t h e s k e l e t o n ( h e e l bone) w a s determined by X-ray zechniques.
Research by v a r i o u s NASA g r a n t e e s has shown t h a t numerous s p e c i e s of organisms
can s u r v i v e s i m u l a t e d Martian environmental c o n d i t i o n s .

                                                   B e h a v i o r a l Biology

         Research i s b e i n g conducted t o determine t h e e f f e c t of t h e unique space
environment on t h e o r i e n t a t i o n , b e h a v i o r , and b i o l o g i c a l rhythms of v a r i o u s
organisms. N e u r o p h y s i o l o g i c a l , b i o c h e m i c a l , and b e h a v i o r a l a n a l y s e s a r e b e i n g
accomplished t o d e f i n e b r a i n b e h a v i o r a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s of importance t o t h e
organism i n d e a l i n g w i t h stress producing environmental f a c t o r s . Living
systems a r e be inlg s t u d i e d , u s i n g p s y c h o l o g i c a l , p h y s i o l o g i c a l , b i ocherrical
and biophysicarl t e c h n i q u e s , t o determine t h e m o l e c u l a r b a s i s of a c q u i s i t i o n ,
p r o c e s s i n g , st.orage, and r e t r i e v a l of i n f o r m a t i o n .   The e f f e c t s of prclonged
confinement i n Ental1 s p a c e s and o t h e r t y p e s of environments which produce
complex b e h a v i o r a l problems are b e i n g s t u d i e d ,

         Examples of! t h e work underway i n B e h a v i o r a l Biology are:                   (1) i n v e s t i g a -
t o r s a t P r i n c e t o n have designed equipment f o r d e t e c t i n g changes i n temperat.ure
and a c t i v i t y i n s m a l l organisms d u r i n g o r b i t a l f l i g h t ; and ( 2 ) a t t h e Universit:y
of Kentucky Ivkdi.ca1 School, p r i m a t e s are being used t o s t u d y t h e e f f e c t s of
g e o p h y s i c a l f a c t o r s s u c h as g r a v i t y and magnetic f o r c e s on b i o l o g i c a l rhythms,

                                                      P h y s i c a l Biology

        Research is b e i n g conducted i n t o n u t r i t i o n and metabolism as they a f f e c t
energy exchanrg;e w i t h i n l i v i n g organisms exposed t o v a r i o u s s t r e s s e s which rnay
be encountered i n s p a c e f l i g h t . S t u d i e s are a l s o b e i n g conducted on l i v i n g
brganisms whi.c:h a r e u n i q u e l y s u i t a b l e f o r e x p e r i m e n t a l b i o l o g i c a l i n v e s t i g a -
t i o n i n orbit.i.ng v e h i c l e s and p l a n e t a r y probes

          Reseasch i s underway on an a u t o m a t i c e l e c t r o n i c s c a n n i n g d e v i c e , u t i l i z i n g
computer ana1.ysI.s f o r r e c o r d i n g , counting, and a s s o r t i n g chromosomes ir: o r d e r t:o
show anatc1mic:al changes i n blood c e l l s and chromosomes.                      Such changes may b e
i n d i c a t o r s of v a r i o u s environmental stress c o n d i t i o n s b e i n g e x p e r i e n c e d i n
space f 1ig;ht.

          I n t h e a r e a of b i o p h y s i c s , s t u d i e s a r e b e i n g conducted on t h e dyramics of
v a r i o u s p h y s i o l o g i c a l systems, d i r e c t e d toward e x p l a i n i n g t h e a d v e r s e e f f e c t s
encountered b y the: a s t r o n a u t s d u r i n g t h e i r o r b i t a l m i s s i o n s .



                                                                                                                 RD 5-4
                            B i o s c i e n c e I n v e s t i g a t i o n s f o r Manned Missions

          T h i s e f f o r t . i n c l u d e s t h e r e s e a r c h and development n e c e s s a r y t o p r o v i d e
s c i e n t i f i c experiments and a s s o c i a t e d equipment f o r f l i g h t on manned space-
c r a f t . Four experiments f o r t h e Gemini m i s s i o n s are b e i n g p r e p a r e d f o r
f l i g h t during, c a l e n d a r y e a r 1965. The development of an e q u a l number of ex-
p e r i m e n t s will. b e i n i t i a t e d d u r i n g FY 1965 f o r t h e Apollo E a r t h o r b i t a l m i s -
s i o n s . Effort: w i l l be c o n t i n u e d t o d e f i n e t h o s e areas i n which B i o s c i e n c e i n -
v e s t i g a t i o n s niusit be c a r r i e d o u t t o s u p p o r t manned s p a c e m i s s i o n s and i n which
an a s t r o n a u t is n e c e s s a r y as a t e c h n i c i a n o r s c i e n t i s t d u r i n g t h e f l i g h t of
t h e experimen t:.
                                                           s-ry
          The FY 151651 SR&T Advanced S t u d i e s e f f o r t i n c l u d e s i n c r e a s e d 'emphasis on
Exobiology w i t h c o n t i n u i n g r e s e a r c h i n Environmental, B e h a v i o r a l , and P h y s i c a l
Biology.              I n E'Y 1966 t h e emphasis on Exobiology w i l l be c o n t i n u e d w i t h a
follow-on s t u d y e f f o r t on t h e automated b i o l o g i c a l experiment system and t h e
f a b r i c a t i a l n amd t e s t i n g of hardware. Funding w i l l c o n t i n u e i n an e f f a r t t o
develop methods and p r o c e d u r e s f o r e f f e c t i v e l y s t e r i l i z i n g s p a c e c r a f t . The
FY 1966 funds r e q u e s t e d f o r B i o s c i e n c e I n v e s t i g a t i o n s f o r Manned Space M i s -
s i o n s a r e needed t o c o n t i n u e p r e p a r a t i o n of t h e Apollo experiments f o r f l i g h t ,
and t o determine f u t u r e experiment r e q u i r e m e n t s c o n s i s t e n t w i t h e s t e n d e d Apollo
o r Manned O r b i t i n g Laboratory m i s s i o n s .          Support of Gemini experiments will.
c o n t i n u e a t approximately t h e same l e v e l as i n FY 1965.

                                         F l i g h t Program ( B i o s a t e l l i t e , )

                                                                         1964                1965           -1966

                       . .....................
   Spacecrarft.
   Experiment&,,
                 ,


   Ground operiitions.
                       .......................
                               .................
                                               .
       T o t a l Spsicecraf t and O p e r a t i o n s .
                                                                    $5,567,000
                                                                     2,921,000
                                                                        12,000

                                                                    $8,500,000
                                                                                       $11,190,000
                                                                                         4,560,000
                                                                                           250,000

                                                                                        $16,000,000
                                                                                                             -
                                                                                                            $10,200,000
                                                                                                              4,200,000
                                                                                                              1 600,000

                                                                                                            $16,000,000

   D e l t a (Launch Vehicle Procurement
      Program)      .........................                                 (---)      ( 9 000.ooo        (9,100,       ooo:,
      T o t a l (inc luding launch
         vehicles).       .....................                   ($8,500,000) ($25,000,000) ($25,100,000)

          The 8 i o s e . t e l l i t e will c o n s i s t of a s p a c e c r a f t w i t h a r e c o v e r a b l e e x p e r i -
ment c a p s u l e designed t o o r b i t t h e E a r t h f o r p e r i o d s r a n g i n g from 3 t o 30 days,
depending on t h e experiments aboard.                        It w i l l i n v e s t i g a t e t h e e f f e c t s of t h e
unique enviromnents of s p a c e upon lower forms of l i f e , p l a n t s , s m a l l animals,
and p r i m a t e s i n o r d e r t o o b t a i n b a s i c b i o l o g i c a l d a t a , t o determine and
d e l i n e a t e thalsie h a z a r d s which may e x i s t f o r a s t r o n a u t s , and t o d e f i n e t h e
degree of deg,raclation i n human performance d u r i n g long term s p a c e f l i g h t s .

          The stud.y of t h e e f f e c t s of w e i g h t l e s s n e s s w i l l be g i v e n t h e h i g h e s t
p r i o r i t y . Also of importance w i l l be t h e assessment of t h e e f f e c t s of a
known s o u r c e of gamma r a d i a t i o n when combined w i t h w e i g h t l e s s n e s s , The
                                                                                                           RD 9 - 5
specimens w i l l b e s h i e l d e d from most of t h e cosmic r a d i a t i o n , t h e r e b y removing
t h e cosmic e f f e c t as an independent v a r i a b l e i n t h e s e e x p e r i m e n t s , Grlmnd
based r a d i # a t i o n experiments w i l l b e performed employing t h e same types of
specimens a s t h o s e w i t h i n t h e B i o s a t e l l i t e i n o r d e r t o o b t a i n d a t a whi:h ex-
c l u d e s wei,ght Lessness as a v a r i a b l e .

          The experiments used t o e x p l o r e t h e combined e f f e c t s of r a d i a t i o n and
w e i g h t l e s s n e s s were s e l e c t e d because ground based l a b o r a t o r y experiments have
shown t h a t r e s u l t i n g g e n e t i c changes o r damage can b e c o n s i s t e n t l y i n t i r p r e t e d
a s r e s u l t i n g from a s p e c i f i c d o s e of r a d i a t i o n . Examples of t h e experiments
s e l e c t e d are:        t h e T r i b o l i u m o r f l o u r b e e t l e which i n i t s l a r v a l s t a t e i s v e r y
s e n s i t i v e t o r a d i a t i o n so t h a t embryonic development i s a f f e c t e d and wing
d e f e c t s l a t e r occur; t h e g e n e t i c e f f e c t ( l e t h a l m u t a t i o n s ) on Habrobracon
(wasps); and the e f f e c t s of z e r o g r a v i t y on r a d i a t i o n induced dmiige (nuta-
t i o n and chroiz,osome b r e a k i n g ) i n Drosophila ( f r u i t f l i e s ) .                I d e n t i c a l experi-
ments which a r e n o t i r r a d i a t e d w i l l be flown aboard t h e B i o s a t e l l i t e a s
" c o n t r o l s " t o s e p a r a t e t h e e f f e c t of w e i g h t l e s s n e s s from t h e combined e f f e c t s .

          The c i r c a d i a n ( a b o u t a day) rhythms t h a t occur i n a l l l i v i n g c e l l s form
t h e b a s i s f o r o t h e r experiments. Normally t h e s e rhythms f o l l o w t h e l o c a l
l i g h t - d a r k o r t i d a l c y c l e , and i f t h e organism i s removed from it;; n o r n a l
24-hour c y c l e i t r e p h a s e s i t s e l f w i t h t h e new environment v e r y slowly. The
rhythmic chanE,es i n body t e m p e r a t u r e of a s t r a i n of rats w i l l b e examined i n
t h e B i o s a t e l l i t e w h i l e i t i s removed from t h e i m e d i a t e e f f e c t s oE t h e E a r t h ' s
p e r i o d i c r o t a t i o n f o r an o r b i t a l p e r i o d of 2 1 days.

          The most ccmplex system s t u d i e d w i l l be t h a t of t h e p r i m a t e . The e f f e c t s
of w e i g h t l e s s n e s s on i t s c a r d i o v a s c u l a r , s k e l e t a l , and c e n t r a l nervous s y t e m s
w i l l be s t u d i e d d u r i n g o r b i t s of 30 d a y ' s duration.With t h e a i d oE d e e p l y im-
p l a n t e d b r a i n e l e c t r o d e s , t h e animals' sleep-wakefulness c y c l e , r e s p o n s e t o
s t i m u l i , and performance of s i m p l e t a s k s w i l l be s t u d i e d through t h e examina-
t i o n of e l e c t r o e n c e p h a l o g r a m ( b r a i n wave) p a t t e r n s . Venous and a r t . e r i a l
p r e s s u r e s , cardi.ac o u t p u t , e l e c t r o c a r d i o g r a m s and u r i n a r y c o n s t i t u e n t s w i l l
b e s t u d i e d ea d e t e r m i n e t h e e f f e c t of w e i g h t l e s s n e s s on t h e c i r c u l a t o r y system
and metabolism i n g e n e r a l . X-ray examination of t h e animals w i l l he r a d e
p r e - f l i g h t and p o s t - f l i g h t t o d e t e r m i n e i f t h e r e i s a l o s s of calcium from
t h e bones due t o r e l a t i v e immobility i n t h e w e i g h t l e s s s t a t e .

            The r e c o v e r a b l e s p a c e c r a f t i s b e i n g designed by t h e prime c o n t r a c t o r ,
t h e General E l e c t r i c Company, Reentry Systems D i v i s i o n . O v e r a l l management
and d i r e c t i o n of t h e B i o s a t e l l i t e p r o j e c t is t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y oE NASA
Headquarters.              P r o j e c t r e s p o n s i b i l i t y h a s been a s s i g n e d t o t h e Ames Research
Center. Most of t h e i n i t i a l d e s i g n h a s been completed.                             Fabricat:ion of t h e
e x p e r i m e n t a l imodels of t h e h e a t s h i e l d and r e e n t r y c a p s u l e have been completed,
Proof tests of t h e r e c o v e r y p a r a c h u t e , and c a p s u l e and e n v i r o n m e n t a l t e s t s of
t h e e x p e r i m e n t s have commenced. An agreement h a s been n e g o t i a t e d with t h e A i r
Force t o recooer t h e B i o s a t e l l i t e s ( i n c l u d i n g p r i o r t e s t i n g of t h e r e c o v e r y
system) by t h e a e r i a l r e c o v e r y method, w i t h p r o v i s i o n s f o r a back-up
r e c o v e r y f r m th.e water i n t h e e v e n t a e r i a l retrieval i s n o t succlessful.


                                                                                                           RD 9 , - 6
          The FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s funding f o r t h i s s i x f l i g h t program, in-
c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s , amounted t o $1,959,000.                     Funding f o r FY 1964 pro-
v i d e d f o r t h e i n i t i a t i o n of d e s i g n , f a b r i c a t i o n , and t e s t i n g of t h e s3ace-
c r a f t . Funding f o r FY 1965 p r o v i d e s f o r t h e c o n t i n u a t i o n of t h e f a b r i c a t i o n
and t e s t i n g 13f t h e s p a c e c r a f t and i n c r e m e n t a l funding f o r experiment jevelop-
ment. Funding f o r FY 1966 w i l l p r o v i d e c o n t i n u e d funding of t h e s p a c 2 c r a f t
c o n t r a c t , c o n t i n u e d experiment development, and f a b r i c a t i o n of f..ight ready
hardware, anc funding of r e c o v e r y development and o p e r a t i o n s . Funding re-
quirements for FY 1967 t o completion i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s are es :imated
t o b e $20,OOC,COO.
                                        RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                      FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


            1, CE
OFF ICE OF S !4 l SCIENCE AM) APPLICATIONS                          METEOROLOGICAL SATELLITES PROGRAM

P O R M OBJIi=TIVES AND JUSTIFICATION:
 RGA

          The o b j e c t i v e s of t h e M e t e o r o l o g i c a l S a t e l l i t e s Program are:     ( I 1 the
development of advanced meteorological o b s e r v a t i o n t e c h n i q u e s , s e n s o r s , sub-
systems, and i n t e g r a t e d systems f o r s c i e n t i f i c s t u d y of t h e atmosphere and f o r
o b t a i n i n g o l x r a t i o n a l weather s u r v e i l l a n c e and f o r e c a s t i n g data; ( 2 ) to f l i g h t
t e s t and asiiesii promising new t e c h n i q u e s and hardware developments p r i o r t o
commitment t o o p e r a t i o n a l systems; ( 3 ) t o p r o v i d e maximum i n t e r i m o p e r a t i o n a l .
weather obsc:rvation d a t a p r i o r t o t h e a v a i l a b i l i t y of t h e o p e r a t i o n a l satel-
l i t e system;, ( 4 ) t o a s s i s t thc\ Department of Commerce, Weather Bureat w i t h t h e
development of T i r o s O p e r a t i o n a l S a t e l l i t e (TOS) system; and ( 5 ) t o clbtain
m e t e o r o l o g i c a l soundings f o r s c i e n t i f i c and f o r e c a s t i n g purposes.

           The development of advanced hardware and t e c h n i q u e s (1 above) are accom-s
p l i s h e d , for g e n e r a l a p p l i c a t i o n , i n t h e S u p p o r t i n g Research and Technology
project.           S p x i f i c experiments, subsystems, and t e c h n i q u e s are also cievelopedl
i n t h e f l i g h t p r o j e c t s (Meteorological F l i g h t Experiments, T i r o s and N i m b u s )
t o be tes8tecl alLong w i t h t h e g e n e r a l developments produced under SRdT
( 2 above):            Til-os V I 1 and VI11 and T i r o s I (Eye) w i l l p r o v i d e i n t e r i n i weather
s u r v e i l l a n c e ( 3 above).       The d i r e c t implementation costs of t h e TOS Frogram
are funded tiy t h e Department of Comnerce, Weather Bureau which r e i m b u r s e s N S                                  AA
f o r TOS s p a c e c i - a f t procurement and launch o p e r a t i o n s .               P r i o r y e a r T i r o s and
Nimbus progrctms have provided f o r t h e development of t h e s p a c e c r a f t and sensalrs
u t i l i z e d f o r t h e p r e s e n t TOS program and t h e T i r o s p r o j e c t w i l l provide f o r a
c o n t i n u i n g ssyst:ems and technology improvement e f f o r t d i r e c t l y a p p l i c a b l e t o
TOS ( 4 above). Meteorological Soundings is a c o n t i n u i n g e f f o r t w i t h i n t h e
Meteorological S a t e l l i t e Program (5 above).

          E i g h t I'iros s p a c e c r a f t have been launched s i n c e 1960 and t h e launch and
o p e r a t i o n in o r b i t of Nimbus I i n t h e summer of 1964 have c o n t r i b u t e d t o f u l -
f i l l i n g these objectives.               The TfB system, which is t o become o p e r a t i o n a l
d u r i n g 1966, is; being developed from technology g a i n e d from t h e 'riros and
Nimbus p r o j e c t s .      Meteorological Sounding Rockets have provided d a t a i n t h e
r e g i o n from 20 t o 60 miles i n d i c a t i n g i m p o r t a n t temperature and wind v e l o c i t y
                      1
changes n o t p r e v i o u s l y known t o e x i s t .

             ---
S M A Y OF R.E:SCIURCES REQUIREMENTS :
 U MR

                                                                  1964                 1965           -1966

  Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology                  $7,754,000           $7,5OO,OOO          $8,200,000
  Meteorological f l i g h t experiments.                               ..--       1,200,000           4,000,000
  TLros.....c....................or.                         11,506,000            4,100,000           4,800,000
                                                                       1964                 1965            --     1966

                                                                                     $16,000,000           $ 2 2,7013,000
                                                                                       2,400,000                 3,00~3,000

                                                               $63,177,000           $31,200,000

   D i s t r i b u t i o n of Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :

       Manned S p s c e c r a f t Center.
       Marshall Spa.ce F l i g h t Center,...
                                                .......            $135,000
                                                                     80,000
                                                                                            $50,000
                                                                                           120,000
                                                                                                               $200,000
                                                                                                                120,000
       Goddard Space F l i g h t Center...,.
       Langley Research Center.
       NASA Headc~ua~rters........ooo....
                                               . . ..            62,346,000
                                                                    444,000
                                                                    172,000
                                                                                       29,575,000
                                                                                          420,000
                                                                                        1,035,000
                                                                                                             39,720,000
                                                                                                                530,000
                                                                                                              2,130,000

          -.--
BASIS OF FUND RE:QUfREMENTS:

                                  S u p p o r t i n g Research and Technology

                                                                       1964                 1965            .
                                                                                                            -      1966

   Synchronous me! teoro log ica 1 sate 1
        t..r..~.~.
       le.r....o~.
        is........o
                                                         -          $ 2 10,000            $100,000                $100,000

                 .........................
   Meteorological. component develop-
      ment..             wI


   Meteoro1ogic:al. s e n s o r development.
                                                                   2,790,000
                                                                   1,342,000
                                                                                         2,214,000
                                                                                         1,546,000
                                                                                                                 2,000,000
                                                                                                                 1,100,000

       research.    . ....................
   M e t e or0 1og i <:a a t m o 8 p he r i c
                       I.
                       4I

   Advanced syci tams and components   ...                           .
                                                                   2 155,000
                                                                   1,o 10,000
                                                                                         2,420,000
                                                                                           7 20,000
                                                                                                                 ~,3ao,ooo
                                                                                                                 1,500,000
   Applications; for manned space
      missia~ns.o.w,........~..~~~~~~~oo                              247,000               500,000              1,2ao,ooo
      Total    .............................                     $7,754,000            $7,500,000            --
                                                                                                             $8,2010,000

          The o b j e c t i v e s of t h e S u p p o r t i n g Research and Technology e f f o r t E re:
(1) to develctp tiensors, c o n t r o l and power components, and d a t a c o n v e r s i o n
systems tal fac:iI.itate t h e b a s i c a c q u i s i t i o n of meteorological d a t a ; ( 2 1 t o
i n v e s t i g a t . e n e w t e c h n i q u e s and d a t a p r o c e s s i n g systems f o r o b t a i n i n g improve-
ments i n diatei a c c u r a c y and coverage; ( 3 ) to e v a l u a t e d a t a from s a t e l l i t e s and
sounding rock,c!tsr f o r u t i l i z a t i o n i n d e s i g n improvement s t u d i e s ; (4) tcl i n v e s -
t i g a t e new a p p l b c a t i o n s of meteorological systems u s i n g c u r r e n t comporlents;
( 5 ) t o i n c r e a s e t h e r e l i a b i l i t y and l i f e t i m e o f s p a c e c r a f t i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n ;
and ( 6 ) t o dcve1.op equipment f o r t h e o b s e r v a t i o n of e a r t h atmospheric phenom-
e n a from manned o r b i t a l s p a c e c r a f t .

         P r o j e c t d i r e c t i o n is by t h e O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s a t
                              ,
NASA HeadapaIters w i t h implementation b o t h by Headquarters and Goddard Space
F l i g h t Center,,




                                                                                                                 KD 10-2
          Funds were expended i n FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s t o s u p p o r t e f f o r t s i n
such areas a s conducting a f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d y of a synchronous m e t e o r o l o g i c a l
s a t e l l i t e , camera r e s o l u t i o n s t u d i e s f o r t h e e c c e n t r i c and synchronous o r b i t
m i s s i o n s , f o r d e s i g n and development work on telemetry systems and a m p l i f i e r s
f o r m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e s , f o r a p r e p r o t o t y p e model of a d i e l e c t r i c t a p e
camera system, s e n s o r c a l i b r a t i o n , m e t e o r o l o g i c a l d a t a a n a l y s e s , and s t u d i e s
of methods of d a t a handling.                        Funds f o r FY 1964 were u t i l i z e d t o c o n t i n u e
developments p r e v i o u s l y i n i t i a t e d and f o r new s t u d i e s and developments i n
components and systems f o r t h e synchronous m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e e x p e r i -
ments, r o c k e t wind measurements, s f e r i c s studies and f o r s t u d i e s l e a d i n g to
an i n t e r r o g a t i o n , r e c o r d i n g and l o c a t i n g subsystem (IRLS) f o r c o l l e c t i n g
m e t e o r o l o g i c a l and oceanographic d a t a from remote i n s t r u m e n t e d p'latforms.

          FY 1965 f u n d s p r o v i d e f o r developments and s t u d i e s i n i t i a t e d i n p r i o r
y e a r s t o be (continued and i n i t i a t i o n of e f f o r t i n measurement of strato-
s p h e r i c t e m p e r a t u r e s and t h e thermal s t r u c t u r e of t h e atmosphere, and micro-
wave s e n s i n g techniques.                 Also, hardware developments are being i n i t i a t e d f o r
p r e p r o t o t y p e c r y o g e n i c c o o l i n g systems f o r m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s e n s o r s , s t a b i l i z a -
t i o n and c o n t r o l systems components w i t h improved r e l i a b i l i t y anti l o n g e r life.,
and improved s o l a r paddles.                      Funding has also been u t i l i z e d i n F 1965 t o   K
i n i t i a t e advanced r e s e a r c h and development on gyro-magnetic s t a b i l i z a t i o n
systems, l o n g - l i f e e l e c t r o n i c i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , and f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d i e s f o r an
advanced m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e system.

         A p p l i c a t i o n s f o r manned s p a c e m i s s i o n s I n c l u d e t h e s t u d y anti d e v e l o p w n t
of s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s and advanced remote s e n s i n g equipment f o r t h e
o b s e r v a t i o n of atmospheric phenomena from manned o r b i t a l s p a c e c r a f t .                    Several
i n v e s t i g a t i o n s of t h i s type are to be undertaken on manned Gemini f l i g h t s .
S t u d i e s of e x p e r i m e n t s f o r l a t e r manned o r b i t a l s p a c e c r a f t are prograiomed f o r
FY 1965 and FY 1966 to be p r e p a r e d to take f u l l advantage of manned space
f l i g h t m i s s i a n s and c a p a b i l i t i e s .

         I n FY 1966, i n a d d i t i o n t o c o n t i n u i n g most of t h e areas i d e n t i f i e d
above, e f f o r t s w i l l be i n i t i a t e d i n an improved a u t o m a t i c p i c t u r e t a k i n g camern
storage system, a p r e p r o t o t y p e b i - f o l d solar p a d d l e a r r a y , a compatible
ground s t a t i o n f o r an on-board d i g i t a l TV system p r o v i d i n g improved a c c u r a c y
and l o n g e v i t y , a l o n g - l i f e c o n t r o l system, and on a p r e p r o t o t y p e i n t e r r o g a -
t i o n , r e c o r d f n g , and l o c a t i o n subsystem to i n v e s t i g a t e s a t e l l i t e measurement
of t h e atmospheric s t r u c t u r e .              S t u d i e s are a l s o planned o n a u t o m a t i c p a t t e r n
r e c o g n i t i o n €or i n t e r p r e t a t i o n and a n a l y s i s of TV c l o u d p i c t u r e s and on pro-
gram d e f i n i t i o n of advanced m e t e o r o l o g i c a l s a t e l l i t e systems.

                                 Meteorological F l i g h t Experiments

                                                                       1964                  1965             - -
                                                                                                               1966

   M e t e o r o l a g i c a l f l i g h t experiments.                       ---       $1,200,000            $4,0i30,000

         The t i t l e of t h i s p r o j e c t w a s changed s i n c e t h e FY 1965 budget submis-
s i o n from Synchronous M e t e o r o l o g i c a l S a t e l l i t e Experiments t o M e t e o r o l o g i c a l
F l i g h t Experfments because some experiments w i l l be flown i n o t h e r t h a n

                                                                                                              RD 10-3
synchronous o r b i t s .             Meteorological e x p e r i m e n t s w i l l be u n d e r t a k e n on t h e
f i v e A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e s (ATS) t o e x p l o r e t h e t e c h n i q u e s of
o b t a i n i n g c o n t i n u o u s c l o u d c o v e r d a t a , o v e r b o t h f u l l and s e l e c t e d e a r t h
areas, from t h e vantage p o i n t o f f e r e d a t h i g h a l t i t u d e and synchronous
orbits.          The o b j e c t i v e of t h i s e f f o r t is t o p r o v i d e a c a p a b i l i t y f o r moni-
t o r i n g s h o r t - l i v e d s e v e r e storms. The o b s e r v a t i o n s w i l l also p r o v i d e d a t a
on phenomena a s s o c i a t e d d i r e c t l y w i t h energy t r a n s f e r p r o c e s s e s a f f e c t i n g t h e
w e a t h e r , i n c l u d i n g day-night t r a n s i t i o n e f f e c t s .      P r i o r t o t h e f lighl: e x p e r i -
m e n t s , s t u d i e s w i l l be conducted concerning t h e u s e of a l i n e s c a n ciimera or
a camera w i t h image motion compensation f o r use on t h e spin-stahilizc!d ATS
flights.

          The 0f:Eic'e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the
o v e r a l l management of t h i s p r o j e c t . R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r p r o j e c t manal:ement i e
a s s i g n e d t o Gojddard Space F l i g h t Center.

         FY :L96.5 f u n d s are being used t o p r o c u r e and modify h i g h and l o w r e s o l u -
t i o n camera systems, t o p r o c u r e zoom l e n s e s f o r the high r e s o l u t i o n (:amera,
t o provide :F3r ground equipment and i n t e g r a t i o n s u p p o r t f o r the 6,500 m i l e
o r b i t missions (ATS-A).

          I n I:Y 1.966, f u n d s are r e q u i r e d to p r o c u r e h i g h and low r e s o l u t i o n
cameras, i n c l u d i n g image d i s s e c t o r s ( l i n e s c a n ) or image motion compensation
d e v i c e s , and a d d i t i o n a l zoom l e n s e s f o r t h e h i g h r e s o l u t i o n camera f o r the
ATS s p i n - s t x b i l i z e d , synchronous f l i g h t s (ATS B and C ) .



                                                                        1964               1965            -1.966

   Spacecraf 1:
   Ground sup!po:rt.
                    -D

                             ..... . ...... .
                                       ..             0

                                                              e
                                                              .
   TOS i a p r o ~ ~ ~ ~ m ( ~ n t s . . . ~ . . . . . . . . . . . . ~ .
                                                                         $6,724,OOO
                                                                          4,782,000
                                                                              -0-
                                                                                      $1,400,000
                                                                                       1,250,000
                                                                                       1,450,000
                                                                                                              $tboo ,000
                                                                                                             1,1'100,000
                                                                                                            ~ 0 0 , 0 0 0

      Total1 S p a c e c r a f t and Support....                $11,506,000           $4,100,000           $4,(;100,000

   D e 1ta (:Launch Vehicle
      Procurerwn't Program) ,....C......                          (3,800.000)         (1,100,OOO)           -        (---I



          The T i m s p r o j e c t has demonstrated t h e e n g i n e e r i n g and s c i e n t i f f c f e a s i -
b i l i t y of t h e accumulation and d i s s e m i n a t i o n of m e t e o r o l o g i c a l i n f o r o m t i o n
from e a r t h o r b i t i n g satellites. The o b j e c t i v e s of the c o n t i n u i n g T i r o s
r e s e a r c h and development p r o j e c t are:           (1) t o p r o v i d e maximm i n t e r i m opera-
t i o n a l d a t a !Eor use in w e a t h e r a n a l y s i o and f o r e c a s t i n g p r i o r t o a v a l l a b i l i t y
of d a t a from o p e r a t i o n a l systems; ( 2 ) t o p r o v i d e developmental s u p p o r t f o r
t h e TOS s y s t e m ; and ( 3 ) t o p r o v i d e r e s e a r c h and development toward advanced
m e teoro log i c : i i 1 sate 11 te s y s terns.
                                 i


                                                                                                            RD 10-4
          E i g h t ‘Firm s p a c e c r a f t have been s u c c e s s f u l l y launched s i n c e A p r i l 1960,,
The T i r o s series s a t e l l i t e s provided a n average of 190 u s e a b l e c l o u d c o v e r
p i c t u r e s p e r day r e s u l t i n g i n t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of approximately 40 special
storm a d v i s o r i e s p e r month and 15 improvements t o w e a t h e r a n a l y s e s p!r month,,
The n i n t h spscecraf t , T i r o s I (Eye), the s p i n - s t a b i l i z e d t l w h e e l l t c o n f i g u r a -
t i o n , w i l l l x launched i n 1965 t o o b t a i n e a r t h o r i e n t e d p i c t u r e s and p r o v i d e
a c a p a b i l i t y Q:E i n t e r i m o p e r a t i o n a l use by o b t a i n i n g d a i l y global c l o u d cover
data.        This c o n f i g u r a t i o n w i l l be u t i l i z e d f o r t h e Weather Bureau furided
operatioriel s a t e l l i t e system, c a l l e d T i m 8 O p e r a t i o n a l S a t e l l i t e (TDS) System,

     E f f o r t s are underway t o d e v e l o p f l i g h t hardware f o r improvements; to t h e
TQS system, ‘to improve r e l i a b i l i t y and e x t e n d subsystems and component l i f e
and to meet o p e r a t i o n a l d a t a requirements.

          The terrirh and e l e v e n t h Tiros s p a c e c r a f t : w i l l be u t i l i z e d t o p r o v i d e
r e s e a r c h and development d a t a f o r advanced m e t e o r o l o g i c a l S a t e l l i t e 6;yStems
deve 1oprae.nt,

           The t e n t h and e l e v e n t h s p a c e c r a f t are scheduled t o be launched (luring
1966 i n t o a h i g h l y e c c e n t r i c o r b i t w i t h apogee a t approximately synchronous
a l t i t u d e , 7:’he s p a c e c r a f t w i l l be a b l e t o view t h e f u l l d i s c of t h e I:arth and
selected g e q : r a p h i c a l areas f o r p e r i o d s of a p p r o x i m a t e l y t h r e e h o u r s ,

         The Off i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA Headquarters, i s
r e s p o n s i b l e f’or t h e o v e r a l l management of the T i r o s p r o j e c t . Responsibility
for p r o j e c t management: is a s s i g n e d to Guddard Space F l i g h t Center. The major
c o n t r a c t o r i s ; t h e A s t r o - E l e c t r o n i c s D i v i s i o n of RCA.

                  Y
          The F 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s f u n d i n g f o r t h e c u r r e n t l y approved 1 1 - f l i g h t
program i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s amounted to $35.1 m i l l i o n .          The FY 1964
fund6 were used t o complete f u n d i n g of the e i g h t h s p a c e c r a f t and for partial
funding of t t r e e a d d i t i o n a l s p a c e c r a f t ( I , K, and L) and r e l a t e d ground
equipment, and o p e r a t i o n s . The FY 1965 f u n d s are t o be u t i l i z e d for the
i n c r e m e n t a l ,funding f o r : (1) t h e T i r o s I, K, and L s p a c e c r a f t arid r e l a t e d
ground equipment; ( 2 ) ground o p e r a t i o n t o s u p p o r t T i r o s VI1 and 11111 i n o r b i t
and Tiros I; and (3) improvements to t h e TDS system.

         FY 1’966 f u n d s w i l l be used to complete f u n d i n g for the K and L space-
c r a f t and r e l a t e d ground equipment, f o r ground s u p p o r t f o r Tiros I a n 3 K,
and f o r c o n t i n u e d e f f o r t i n t h e TOS improvement program.    Funding reqiire-
ments f o r FY 1967 and t o completion are e s t i m a t e d to be $10.2 mil.lion.

                                                     Nimbus

                                                                1964                1965           - -
                                                                                                    11066

   Spacecrctf t ,,
   Expe rim?n t:s.
                   ............... . .....
                    .. . ....... ....   e                $34,1739000
                                                                      ---      $8,700
                                                                                4,100,000
                                                                                                 $10,80(3,000
                                                                                                     6,700,000
   Ground ope r a t tons and s u p p o r t ,                 7,500,000          3,200.000            5,200,000

      Total S p a c e c r a f t and Support,...           $41,673,000         $16,000,000         :j22,700,000

                                                                                                     R D 10-5
                                                                    1964                1965            - -
                                                                                                         1066

   Thor-Agena (Launch Vehicle
     Procurement Program).         ...........                 (3,516,000)         (6,358,000)                    .OOO)


                          ....... .. .. ......
      Total ( i n c l u d i n g launch
          vehicle8 ) .                                     ($45,189 ,OOO)($22,358,OOO) ($28,900 ,OOO)

           The o v e i r d l p r o j e c t o b j e c t i v e s of N i l a h 8 are t o p r o v i d e s e n s o r and sub-
system t e s t i n , $ of equipment p r i o r to i n c l u r i o n i n p r o t o t y p e o p e r a t i o n t r l s y s -
tems and to p r o v i d e d a t a f o r atmospheric r e s e a r c h . Data o b t a i n e d are made
a v a i l a b l e foil- meteorological r e s e a r c h and o p e r a t i o n a l use to t h e Weather
Bureau and olrher domestic and f o r e i g n weather 8eWiCeS.                                    Specific objectives
of Nimbu8 arc.. t o conduct e x p e r i m e n t a t i o n l e a d i n g t o o b t a i n i n g : (1) f u l l global.
daytime c l o u d c o v e r d a t a ; ( 2 ) daytime c l o u d c o v e r d a t a f o r local users;; ( 3 )
i n f r a r e d meaiiiurwents of t h e n i g h t time c l o u d c o v e r ; and (4) o b s e r v a t i o n of
p r e s s u r e , t e m p e r a t u r e , wind and water v a p o r a t several a l t i t u d e 8 o v e r t h e
e n t i r e globe,, The Nimbus r p a c e c r a f t i r l a r g e r t h a n T i r o s or TDS and 1s
o r i e n t e d to irLew t h e e a r t h a t a l l times.               Nimbus p r o v i d e s a b a s i c s a t e l l i t e
system f o r tsrst:Lng a v a r i e t y of 8 u b s y s t e r s , s e n s o r s and ~ n e t e o r o l o g i c a l ex-
periments.,           'Iflie N i m b u s I s p a c e c r a f t w a s s u c c e s s f u l l y launched AuguBt 2 8 , 1964.
Due to a s h o r t second burn of the rigena B v e h i c l e , t h e o r b i t a c h i e v e d w a s much
more e l l i p t i c i i l than d e s i r e d .       A l l syatems o p e r a t e d and t h e s e n s o r s provided
e x c e l l e n t d a t a throughout t h e one nonth active l i f e of t h e s p a c e c r a f t . A
f a i l u r e i n t h e solar a r r a y d r i v e mechanism t e r m i n a t e d u s e f u l o p e r a t i o r .
Three c l o u d piicture-taking e x p e r i m e n t s were flown.                           These i n c l u d e d t h r e e
 v i d i c o n ctimeras f o r g l o b a l daytime c l o u d c o v e r d a t a s a h i g h r e s o l u t i o ~i ~ f r a -    n
red radiometehi: CHRIR) f o r g l o b a l n i g h t tm cloud c o v e r d a t a , and t h e auto-
                                                                    i e
matic p i c t u r e t r a n s m i s s i o n (APT) system for d i r e c t t r a n r a i 8 s i o n of reitl-time
d a y l i g h t c l o u d cover p i c t u r e s t o small local weather 8 t a t i o n s .                     The cametas
t e s t e d have tieen s e l e c t e d f o r o p e r a t i o n a l system use, and methods of a d a p t i n g
t h e ARIR t o operational s p a c e c r a f t are being i n v e s t i g a t e d .

           Nimbus C:,l stcheduled f o r launch i n 1966, w i l l weigh about 900 pounds and
w i l l be a n iqbroved v e r s i o n of the Nimbus I s p a c e c r a f t .                    Modification# w i l l
be made to1 soll.ar a r r a y d r i v e mechanisms and a Thrust-Augmented Thor-Agene B
v e h i c l e will be used to p r o v i d e the a d d i t i o n a l t h r u s t t o l i f t the s p a c e c r a f t
i n t o the planned c i r c u l a r p o l a r o r b i t .                This spacecraft w i l l :   (1) p r o v i d e
a d d i t i o n a l glcibstl r e s e a r c h d a t a from t h e HRIR and v i d i c o n camera; ( 2 ) a c q u i r e
 a d d i t i o n a l lEfetime d a t a on s e n s o r s i n o r b i t ; ( 3 ) p r o v i d e d i r e c t tranrimission of
 r e a l - t i m e da:yli,ght c l o u d c o v e r p i c t u r e s t o local weather s t a t i o n s ; ( 4 1 i n i t i -
a t e experimentatAon w i t h n i g h t t i m e d i r e c t local r e a d o u t of HRIR d a t a through
nPT ground s t a t i o n s ; and ( 5 ) p r o v i d e unique d a t a from the d i g i t a l medium
r e s o l u t i o n i n f r a r e d r a d i o m e t e r (MRIR).          The MRIR experiment will p e r m i t a f u l l
g l o b a l s t u d y lclf t h e e a r t h ' s h e a t b a l a n c e , and r e p r e s e n t s one of the most
s i g n i f i c a n t m e t e o r o l o g i c a l e x p e r i m e n t s so f a r undertaken.

         The c u r r e n t N i m b u 8 program i n c l u d e s t h e development of two a d d i t i o n a l
 s p a c e c r a f t (IYLmbus Band D) which are scheduled f o r launch i n 1967 and 1968,



                                                                                                        :RD 10-6
r e s p e c t i v e l y , , T h i s r e p r e s e n t s a c o n t i n u i n g e f f o r t to d e v e l o p and tectt space
meteorologicxi1 o b s e r v a t o r i e s having adequate power, s t a b i l i z a t i o n a c c u r a c y ,
and f l e x i b i l i t y t o accommodate a v a r i e t y of e x p e r i m e n t s , many of which w i l l
be e v e n t u a l l y a p p l i c a b l e t o the o p e r a t i o n a l programs.                 The developmer t a l
hardware and t e c h n i q u e s i n c l u d e :             (1) e x p e r i m e n t s f o r atmospheric r e s e a r c h
s u c h as am i n t e r f e r o m e t e r and t h e Weather Bureau s p e c t r o m e t e r ; ( 2 ) p r o v i s i o n
f o r t h e on-board r e c o r d i n g of o p e r a t i o n a l APT c l o u d c o v e r d a t a ; ( 3 ) t h e
i n i t i a l e x p e l - i n e n t a t i o n of a s a t e l l i t e i n t e r r o g a t i o n , r e c o r d i n g end l o c a t i n g
subsystem (1'ILLS) ; and (4) a M-watt r a d i o i s o t o p e t h e r m o e l e c t r i c , s e n e r a t o r
(RTG) which oril.1 demonstrate t h e f e a s i b i l i t y of long l i f e power s u p p l i e s for
me t e o r o l o g i c €1 1 sate 11i tea.

          The Office! of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA Headquarters, i s
r e s p o n s i b i l e f o r t h e o v e r a l l management of t h e Nimbus p r o j e c t .    Responsi-
b i l i t y folr p r o j e c t management is a s s i g n e d to t h e Goddard Space F l i g h t Center.
The major c o + i t r a c t o r s are General E l e c t r i c f o r i n t e g r a t i o n and t e a t of the
s p a c e c r a f t arid f o r t h e c o n t r o l s subsystems, and t h e Radio CorporatAon of
America f o r c:amera subsystems.

         FY 1963 arid p r i o r y e a r s funding i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s amounted t o
$60.7 milliort.               The FY 1964 f u n d s w e r e u t i l i z e d t o complete t h e ' Y i m b u s I
s p a c e c r a f t , prowide f o r r e l a t e d ground o p e r a t i o n s and s u p p o r t , and t o i n l t i -
a t e m o d i f i c a t i o n s of t h e c o n t r o l s f o r the N i m b u s B s p a c e c r a f t . Ir'Y 1965
f u n d s are being u t i l i z e d to complete t h e Nimbus C s p a c e c r a f t , i n c r e m e n t a l
funding of the N i m b u s E s p a c e c r a f t , and e x p e r i m e n t s and r e l a t e d 13round
o p e r a t i o n s arid support. F Y 1966 f u n d s are r e q u i r e d f o r f i n a l p r e p a r a t i o n ,
launch, and ground o p e r a t i o n s f o r N i m b u s C, i n c r e m e n t a l funding co c o n t i n u e
the Nimbus B s p a c e c r a f t , e x p e r i m e n t s , ground o p e r a t i o n s , and s u p p o r t e f f o r t s ,
and i n i t i a t e development of the Nimbus D s p a c e c r a f t and experiments.

         Fund€ng r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r FY 1967 to completion, through t h e "D" space-
c r a f t and inlcluding launch v e h i c l e costs are e s t i m a t e d t o be $22,,2 m i l l i o n .

                                    MeteoroloRical Sounding Rockets

                                                                         1964                   1965             1966 .
                                                                                                                 - -
                               .................
   Large m e t e o r o l o g i c a l sounding
       rocket project.
   Deve lopwen t of small me t e o r o l o g i -
                                                                    $1,800,000             $1,920,000            $1,930,000


                                            ........
       c a l stountjing r o c k e t system......
   F i e l d expe timent support..
                                                                         444,000
                                                                                I--
                                                                                                420,000
                                                                                                 60,000               6
                                                                                                                       530,000
                                                                                                                  -30,000
      Total...      .........................                       $2,244,000            $2,400,000
                                                                                                                 -      -
                                                                                                                 $ 3 ,O 30,000

         The o b j e c t i v e s of t h e Large M e t e o r o l o g i c a l Sounding Rocket p r o j e c t are
t o develo$p and improve s e n s o r s and t e c h n i q u e s f o r measuring t h e h a s i c
m e t e o r o l o g i c a l p a r a m e t e r s i n t h e r e g i o n 40 to 60 miles above t h e e a r t h and
t h e e x p l o r a t i o n of the s t r u c t u r e and b e h a v i o r of the atmosphere in t h i s
region.          :Lauiichings from sites a t s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t l a t i t u d e s p r o v i d e d a t a
c o n c e r n i n g tlee magnitude and e x t e n t of t h e dynamic and thermodynamic varia-
t i o n s of t h e atmospheric p r o p e r t i e s i n t h e u p p e r s t r a t o s p h e r e and mesosphere.

         The o b j e c t i v e of t h e Small Meteorological Sounding Rocket p r o j e c t i s t o
develop a r e l i a b l e , s i m p l i f i e d , s e l f - s u f f i c i e n t sounding r o c k e t systeris
( r o c k e t v e h i c l e , s e n s o r s , and data a c q u i s i t i o n ) which w i l l p r o v i d e a c:apabili-
t y f o r r o u t i n e imeasurements of t h e b a s i c m e t e o r o l o g i c a l p a r a m e t e r s i n t h e 20
to 4 m i l e r e g i o n of the a t e o s p h e r e .
       0

         F i e l d experiment s u p p o r t p r o v i d e s f o r c o n d u c t i n g sounding rocket e x p e r i -
ments i n c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h other c o u n t r i e s .     Through t h i s s u p p o r t , datir u s e f u l
t o NASA are r:)bt.ained o v e r t h e territories of c o o p e r a t i n g f o r e i g n c o u n t r i e s on
a c o s t - s h a r i n , g b a s i s , i n v o l v i n g no exchange of funds.         Thus, NASA. may supply
r o c k e t s and t r a i n i n g w h i l e t h e f o r e i g n agency f u r n i s h e s t h e paylolads iind
launching f a c i l i t i e s .

         The Off.tce of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA Headquarters, is
r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e o v e r a l l management of t h e Meteorological Sounding Rockets
project.            R e n p o n s i b i l i t y f o r management of large sounding r o c k e t s is cissigned
t o Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r small sounding r o c k e t s
is a s s i g n e d t o Langley Research Center. Implementation of f i e l d experiment
s u p p o r t i o a:ssi;gned t o Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r and Xallops S t a t i o i i .

           In FY 1953 a n d prior y e a r s , a t o t a l of $1.7 m i l l i o n w a s u t i l i z e d i n
 l a r g e sounding r o c k e t s and $0.2 m i l l i o n i n s m a l l sounding r o c k e t s .                  111
FY 1964, t w e n t y - s i x large sounding r o c k e t s were launched u s i n g t h r e e experi-
ments: acoustic grenade, P i t o t - s t a t i c tube, and sodium vapor.                              These ‘ a u n c h e s
provided measurements of t h e atmosphere and i t s v a r i a t i o n from t h e t r o p i c a l
to s u b a r c t i c r e g i o n s and from season to s e a s o n u s i n g launch sites a t IJallops
S t a t i o n ; Ft. Chiorchill, Canada; Ascension I s l a n d ; and Kronogaard, Sweden.
Also, a b o u t Ill30 small meteorological sounding r o c k e t s were launched w:l.th
v a r i o u s t y p e s oE s e n s o r p a y l o a d s i n c l u d i n g new s e p a r a t i o n and p a r a c h u t e
recovery t k 2 V k C e E .      During FY 1965, approximately f i f t y large sounding r o c k e t
launches are planned.                   The r e s u l t s are e x p e c t e d t o l e a d to the r e f i n e r l e n t of
measurement Irechniques and p r o v i d e more e x t e n s i v e s c i e n t i f i c d a t a .                  A ILso,
f u n d s are beKng u t i l i z e d f o r t h e purchase and f l i g h t t e s t o f a b o u t 100 small
sounding xoclccts, p o s t f l i g h t a n a l y s e s and l a u n c h area s a f e t y s t u d i e s , , I n
F 1966, f u n d s ,are r e q u i r e d to p r o v i d e f o r launch of 45 t o M l a r g e sounding
  Y
r o c k e t s , launch of approximate l y 100 small sounding r o c k ts and payloctds ,
improvement o f r o c k e t systems, procurement of a d d i t i o n a l ground equipriment,
and i n i t i r r t i o i ~of d e s i g n and development e f f o r t on an advanced system,, Also,
f u n d s are r e q u i r e d f o r t h e development of f i e l d experiment p r o j e c t s j o i n t l y
w i t h c o u n t r i e s i n South America, Europe, and A s i a to s t u d y and observe t h e
upper atmosplhere through t h e u s e of s m a l l m e t e o r o l o g i c a l sounding r o c h e t s ,




                                                                                                       RD 10-8
                                                  RESEARCH M D DEVELOPMENT
                                                            V

                                                FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF -.--
          SPACE SCIENCE AND APPLICATIONS                                                                RGA
                                                                              COMMUNICATION SATELLITES P O R M

PROGRAM OBJECl'IJES                 AND JUSTIFICATION:

         The o b j e c t i v e s of t h e Coarmunication S a t e l l i t e s program are t o a s s u r e
t h a t technology r e q u l r e d for e s t a b l i s h m e n t of f u t u r e communications s a t e l l i t e
systems is dcve1.oped; t o s t u d y r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r , and t e c h n i c a l l y a s s e s s , t h e
a p p l i c a b i l i t y of s a t e l l i t e s to t h e f u t u r e needs of communications systems;
and t o f ~ l f i 1 . 1 ~  NASA's r e s p o n s i b i l i t y under t h e Cowmtnications S a t e l l i t e A c t
of 1962.           High frequency r a d i o , used f o r much of t h e p r e s e n t world-wide
conmnunicationn nystem, is n o t LI r e l i a b l e means of communication.                              I n elddition,
n e i t h e r h i g h frequency r a d i o n o r t h e c u r r e n t submarine c a b l e s c a n pro\ ide f o r
t e l e v i s i o n and h i g h speed d a t a transmission.               Communications s a t e l l i t e s offer
t h e p o s s i b i l i t y of microwave comnunication o v e r long d i s t a n c e s by p r o v i d i n g
r e l a y statioriis a t a l t i t u d e s where t h e y can be viewed from widely d i s t a n t
p o i n t s on the, E a r t h ' s s u r f a c e .     Thus, t h e y o f f e r the p o t e n t i a l f o r p r o v i d i n g
a l l t y p e s of telecommunication s e r v i c e s on a world-wide b a s i s .

          There am growing demands for a n improved world-wide n a v i g a t i o n riystem,
and f o r t r a f f i c c o n t r o l , s e a r c h and rescue, and cornaunication s y s t e m t i f o r
a i r c r a f t tind s h l p s , S a t e l l i t e s o f f e r great p o t e n t i a l i n t h i s a r e a .   IWSA,
working j o i n t l y w i t h f i v e o t h e r Government Agencies, w i l l d e t e r m i n e tlre
e x i s t i n g and e s t i m a t e d r e q u i r e m e n t s , the cost e f f e c t i v e n e s s , and t h e poten-
t i a l c a p a b i l i t y of a s a t e l l i t e system t o meet these f u t u r e needs.

SUMMARY OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS:
                                                                             1964          1965         -1966
   Supporting r e s e a r c h and technology.                             $1,637,000    $2,100,000      $2,500,000
   Echo I I . . . . . . ~ . ~ , . . o . . . . C ~ o m ~ r n r n o o o o    1,675,000       220,000                 "--
   Rly.o.....m.......
    ea........m~...~.                                                      2,590,000       525,000           200,000
                                                                                           2 10,000          100,000
   Syncom............,......m.m..m..~.
   E a r l y g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t experiment..                          ..--
                                                                           2.51 1,000
                                                                                         5,000,000                 ---
                                                                          $8,413,000    $8,055,000      $2,800,000
                                                                                                        I_




   D i s t r i b u t i o n of Program Amount by I n s t a l l a t i o n :

      Goddard Space F l i g h t Center......                              $7,661,000    $1,415,000      $1,500,000
      Langley Research Center..........
      NASA Heedquarters.                  ...............                    200,000
                                                                             552,000
                                                                                            300,000
                                                                                         6,340,000
                                                                                                             300,000
                                                                                                          1,000,000




                                                                                                       RD 11-1
BASIS OF FUfJIiIllEQUIREMENTS :

                                  S u p p o r t i n g Research and Technology

                                                                     1964                 1965            -1966
                            ..
   C ~ u n i c a t . L o ~ ~ s , ~ ~ $1,587,000 . ~$1,725,000 ~ $2,100,000~ . ~
   Navigation                   .
                                e
                                      ~ ~ ~ ,
                                         50,000
                                                     ~ ~ ~ ~
                                                      37 5,000
                                                                 ~ . ~ ~
                                                                   400,000                                 -
      Total...,,    ~.~~.........O.......o,,,.                  S1,637,000           92,100,000           -
                                                                                                          $2,,500,000

         The s u p p o r t i n g r e s e a r c h and technology e f f o r t s have been concenl:rated i n
t h r e e areas:: ifdvanced p a s s i v e and a c t i v e communications s a t e l l i t e c o n c e p t s ;
navigation-1::raff i c c o o r d i n a t i o n system f e a s i b i l i t y ; and experimentatd on on
fundamental problems of e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c propagation,


          Althoup;? no a d d i t i o n a l p a s s i v e communication s a t e l l i t e l a u n c h e s are
planned, a modest e f f o r t on materials, s t r u c t u r e s , end e r e c t i o n systcm
development Eo-r advanced p a s s i v e s a t e l l i t e s i s underway and w i l l conl:inue
d u r i n g FH 1966,, E x p l o r a t i o n of p a s s i v e s a t e l l i t e technology i s being; con-
t i n u e d because such s a t e l l i t e s have u n l i m i t e d m u l t i p l e access and frc!quency
response caj:)abLlities, i n h e r e n t long l i f e and h i g h r e l i a b i l i t y .                       Material and
s t r u c t u r e dtvetopment e f f o r t s are d i r e c t e d toward p r o v i d i n g g r e a t l y 1-educed
weight arid iiiore e f f i c i e n t large r e f l e c t i n g areas.                    S t u d i e s are undeiway on
g r a v i t y graclfent s t a b i l i z e d l e n t i c u l a r s t r u c t u r e s and on t h e possible) u t i l i -
z a t i o n of s o l a r p r e s s u r e f o r s a t e l l i t e p e r i o d c o n t r o l .    E r e c t i o n systems are
being stiidicd which u t i l i z e t h e memory c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s of c e r t a i n materials
as a means (.)E r e l i a b l y d e p l o y i n g and e r e c t i n g l i g h t w e i g h t s t r u c t u r e s i n t h e
space envirc')ament,

          1nvestC;pation e f f o r t will c o n t i n u e i n EY 1966 on a c t i v e satelli1:e systennis
c a p a b l e of I fnlting t e r m i n a l s of g r e a t l y reduced s i z e and cost, mlakini; possiblle
communicatiois w i t h over-ocean a i r c r a f t , s h i p s a t sea, and small emei-gency
land s t a t i o n s , Beginning i n FY 1965 and c o n t i n u i n g i n FY 1966, i n v e t ; t i g a t i o r l s
and expeirimi:!nt,sl d e s i g n e f f o r t s w i l l be pursued on Time-Division b 1 l : i p l e x
( T D M ) syt3teas.                                                   D
                        Recent s t u d i e s i n d i c a t e t h a t T M o f f e r s t h e g r e a t e s t p o t e n t i e l
i n m u l t i p l e sceess connnunications w i t h mixed and small size mobile tcirminals,,

        Navligat:fon t r a f f i c c o o r d i n a t i o n B a t e l l i t e s y s ten f e a s i b i l i t y s t t t d i e s
funded i n p r f o r y e a r s c l e a r l y i n d i c a t e d t h a t s a t e l l i t e s c o u l d a s s i s t over-
ocean aircrrrEt and s h i p s a t sea t o o b t a i n more p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n i n f o r m a t i o n
under all1 w m t ' h e r c o n d i t i o n s , and c o u l d a i d air-sea t r a f f i c c o n t r o l , and
coordina1:ion of emergency r e s c u e o p e r a t i o n s o A 8 a r e s u l t , a formal ilgreemenl:
w a s made i n v o l v i n g t h e Departments of Commerce, Defense, I n t e r i o r , and
Treasury., t h e FAA and NASA, whereby an ad hoc J o i n t Navigation S a t e L l i t e
Committee (..INSC) was e s t a b l i s h e d t o determine and e v a l u a t e e x i s t i n g iind f u t u r e
agency requ.1. rernents, a n a l y z e and compare v a r i o u s n a v i g a t i o n - t r a f f i c c o o r d i n a -
t i o n systems (Lnclluding s a t e l l i t e s ) , and recommend a n a t i o n a l prograri p l a n
which w i l l i!wt f o r t h t h e r e q u i r e d f u t u r e e f f o r t .      In FY 1966, studied; w i l l be

                                                                                                           RII 11-2
conducted        i r i t h e n a v i g a t i o n - traf f i c c o n t r o l area t o determine t h e tec:hnology
needed t o       mvet n a t i o n a l program o b j e c t i v e s , and i n v e s t i g a t i o n s w i l l l>e con-
t i n u e d on   pimnising p o s i t i o n - f i x i n g t e c h n i q u e s u t i l i z i n g e x i s t i n g NA:;A satel-
l i t e s and    giwund f a c i l i t i e s .

         F u r t h e r advances i n h i g h e r power communications s a t e l l i t e s are i'oreseen,,
These sat:ell. Ltes would be c a p a b l e of' b r o a d c a s t i n g e i t h e r voice o r t e l e v i s i o n
d i r e c t l y t o c o n v e n t i o n a l home F M radio o r t e l e v i s i o n r e c e i v e r s o f e n l . i r e popu-
lations.          In F Y 1965, m i s s i o n f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d i e s w i l l be i n i t i a t e d on direct:
broadcast. s a t e l l l i t e s c a p a b l e of b r o a d c a s t i n g v o i c e t o F M home r a d i o s , and ad-
vanced m i s s i o n s t u d i e s on TV broadcast s a t e l l i t e s w i l l f o l l o w i n FY 1966.

           I n t h e measurements area, i n v e s t i g a t i o n s i n i t i a t e d on t h e e f f e c t of
s c a t t e r i n l g c i f e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c waves by l o c a l i z e d w e a t h e r c o n d i t i o n s E re
n e a r i n g compI.et:ion,               The r e s u l t s have made i m p o r t a n t c o n t r i b u t i o n s t c the
I n t e r n a t i o n a l Telecommunications Union Conference on Space Communications.
Techniques kave b e r n d e v e l o p d f o r measuring radio r e f l e c t i v i t y c h a r a c t e r i s -
t i c s of largEb i n f l a t a b l e s t r u c t u r e s on t h e ground so t h a t t h e i r p o t e n t i a l u s e -
f u l n e s s i n space can be p r e d i c t e d .              I n FY 1966, t h e s e t e c h n i q u e s w i l l be used
t o make measurements on small segments of new and improved p a s s i v e s a t e l l i t e
materials and 6 , t r u c t u r e s and on advanced a n t e n n a d e s i g n s t o determine t h e i r
ch a r a c t e r i s t i c ~ , .

                                                         Echo 11

                                                                      1964               1965            -1966
   ~pa~ecraf~w...~..w.r~.~e.o..~o...eo                             $660,000                                         "--
                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                 ) . )
                                                                                                I . .



   Ground o p e r a t i o n s and support......                   1,015,000             $ 2 20,000                  -9-




      T o t a l S p , a c e c r a f t and Support.....          $1,675,000              $220,000                    -I-




                                                                 e
   Thor-Agena (Llaunch V e h i c l e
     Procurement Pr~gr~m~....,........                               ( 80 5,000                -
                                                                                              (---I




         The Echo I1 p r o j e c t c o n s i s t e d of d e s i g n , development, launch and evalu-
a t i o n of a 1:35 f o o t l a r g e i n f l a t a b l e p a s s i v e communication s a t e l l i t e . Other
than a low lc?vel e f f o r t i n e x p e r i m e n t s on Echo 11, t h e p r o j e c t was completed
       Y
i n F 1964. FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r funding, i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s , amountel
                            Y
t o $15.1 mil'lion. F 1965 funds a r e b e i n g u t i l i z e d t o s u p p o r t p o s t launch
communicatioms experiments and d a t a a n a l y s i s . No f u n d s f o r FY 1066 a r e r e q u i m l .




                                                                                                         RD 11-3
                                                      R e1ay
                                                                   1964             1965           -1966

                                                                                          ..--                 ---
   Spacecra.f t
              .  et a              000

   Ground olpexations and s u p p o r t        .... .
                                                  a   a         $130,000
                                                               2,460,000          $525,000            $~00,000

                                                            9 2,590,000
          P r o j e c t Iteltay c o n s i s t e d of t h e d e s i g n , development, launch, and cvalu-
a t i o n of t.wo i n t e r m e d i a t e a1 t i t u d e a c t i v e communication satellites.       l'his
p r o j e c t demorist~tated t h e c a p a b i l i t y t o r e l i a b l y and economically perf o m
narrowband and wideband communications, i n c l u d i n g telephone, d i g i t a l E ata and
TV demonstrat' ;oris, between w i d e l y s e p a r a t e d ground s t a t i o n s f o r long F e r i o d s
of time.           In a d d i t i o n , Relay s a t e l l i t e s are equipped t o measure l e v e l s of
r a d i a t i o n i n :he space environment and t h e effe ct s of r a d i a t i o n on c e i t a i n
c r i t i c a l c:omplonctnts.

       Relay I was s u c c e s s f u l l y launched i n December 1962, and Relay T I i n
January 1964,, Ground s t a t i o n s p a r t i c i p a t i n g i n Relay e x p e r i m e n t s w e r e l o c a t e d
in t h e U.     Europe, Japan, and Brazil.

          The Clffice of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s is r e s p o n s i b l e f a r o v e r a l l
management:.          lie:3ponsibility f o r p r o j e c t management is a s s i g n e d to Cadtlard
Space F l i g h t Center.       The major c o n t r a c t o r s were Radio C o r p o r a t i o n of America
f o r spacec:raf t development; Space Technology Laboratories f o r s a t e l 1 i t : e p r e -
l i m i n a r y clesii.gn, systems c o o r d i n a t i o n and p l a n n i n g , t e s t s t a t i o n operrLtion,
and e x p e r h e n t a l review and a n a l y s i s ; P h i l c o C o r p o r a t i o n f o r West Coacit ground
s t a t i o n ; Amex'Lcan Telephone anti Telegraph, and I n t e r n a t i o n a l Telephone' and
Telegraph f o r ground s t a t i o n o p e r a t i o n .

     The I'Y l.963 and p r f o r y e a r s f u n d i n g for t h e t w o launches i n c l u d i n g
launch vehic:l.es amounted t o $37.4 m i l l i o n .                FY 1965 f u n d s are being u l e d f o r
ground sttiti(:m o p e r a t i o n a l s u p p o r t , s p a r e p a r t s , and d a t a r e d u c t i o n arid
analysis.   F'r' 1'366 f u n d s are r e q u i r e d f o r c o n t i n u e d d a t a r e d u c t i o n and
analysis.   Si.1bsequent f i s c a l y e a r f u n d i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s w i l l be minima!. and
determined by t h e u t i l i t y and l i f e t i m e of t h e t w o s a t e l l i t e s in o r b i t , ,
                                                               e




                                                      Syncom

                                                                   1964             1965          .
                                                                                                  -    :,966

                   ......
  S p a c e c r a f t ,,   a
                           .      a   e *e
  Ground o p e r a t i o n and supportr......
                                                      .
                                                      a         $7 25,000
                                                               1,786,000
                                                                                    $50,000
                                                                                    160,000           $100,000
                                                                                                               - --
     To t a l Spiiice c r a f t and Support.      ....      $2,511,000            $210,000            $100,000

  Delta (1,amich Vehicle
   Procurement Program)             ......... .             (3,201,000)
     T o t a l (i,ncl u d i n g launch v e h i c l e s )   ($5,7 12,000)         ($210,000)

                                                                                                   RD 11-4
          P r o j e c t Syncom c o n s i s t e d o f t h e d e s i g n , development, launch, and e v a l u -
a t i o n of oync:Irronous a l t i t u d e active communication s a t e l l i t e s .        T h i s glroject
demonstrated t h e c a p a b i l i t y of r e l f a b l y and economically performing communi-
c a t i o n s experIrments from synchronous o r b i t s i n c l u d i n g t e l e g r a p h , d i g i t a l data
and TV demonslxations.

          Three Syncom s p a c e c r a f t have been launched:           Syncom I i n Februar) 1963
w a s unsucce~s:~iu1.;         Syncom XI i n J u l y 1963 w a s s u c c e s s f u l i n a c h i e v i n g t h e
d e s i r e d i n c l i n e d synchronous o r b i t ; and Syncom 111 w a s s u c c e s s f u l l y leunched
i n t o an eq,uat.orial synchronous ( s t a t i o n a r y ) o r b i t .      Syncoms I1 and 111 con-
t i n u e t o functicm s a t i s f a c t o r i l y .

          The O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s , N S Headquarters, is
                                                                                    AA
r e s p o n s i b l e f c i r o v e r a l l management. R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r p r o j e c t management i s
a s s i g n e d to Glodclard Space F l i g h t Center.          The major c o n t r a c t o r s f o r t t e Syncom
p r o j e c t are Hughes Aircraft Company f o r s p a c e c r a f t development and t e l e m e t r y
and command equipment, and Space Technology L a b o r a t o r i e s f o r range and range-
r a t e equipment..

        The FY 1963 and p r i o r y e a r s f u n d i n g s f o r t h i s 3 f l i g h t program i n c l u d i n g
launch v e h i c l e s amounted t o $25.4 m i l l i o n .              FY 1965 f u n d s are b e i Q g used f o r
ground s t a t i o n l o g i s t i c s s u p p o r t and maintenance; o p e r a t i o n a l s u p p o r t ; and
d a t a r e d u c t i o n and a n a l y s i s . A r e d u c t i o n i n t h e FY 1965 funding was a a d e due
t o t h e elimin6,tion of a f o u r t h Syncom f l i g h t and due t o t r a n s f e r of o p e r a t i o n -
a l s u p p o r t of Syncom I1 and Syncom 111 to t h e Department of Defense (DOD) i n
1965. FY 1966 f u n d s are r e q u i r e d f o r c o n t i n u e d d a t a r e d u c t i o n And a n a l y s i s .
Subsequent f i s c a 1 y e a r f u n d i n g r e q u i r e m e n t s w i l l be minimal and determined by
t h e u t i l i t y arid lifetime of t h e t w o s a t e l l i t e s i n o r b i t .

                                E a r l y G r a v i t y G r a d i e n t Experiment

                                                                   1964                 1965           --   1966



          The E a r l ) Ckavity G r a d i e n t p r o j e c t c o n s i s t s of the d e s i g n , development,
and f l i g h t t e e t i n g of a g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z a t i o n system. The primary
o b j e c t i v e of t h i s e f f o r t is t o demonstrate a g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a ' b l l i z a t i o n
subsystem i n s u p p o r t o f t h e advanced Defense Communication S a t e l l Cte Program
i n t h e n e a r synchronous a l t i t u d e r e g i o n , p r o v i d e d a t a t o s u p p o r t the s e l e c t i o n
o f d e s i g n parameters, and assess t h e f e a s i b i l i t y of g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i -
z a t i o n f o r advanced space systems.

          NASA and DOD e n t e r e d into an agreement whereby t h e iiir F o r c e Space
Systems Comaind will be r e s p o n s i b l e for t h e procurement of f l i g h t hardware,
and w i l l f l i g h t t e s t t h e g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t system as a n i n t e g r a l p a r t of t h e
i n i t i a l Defense Communications S a t e l l i t e f l i g h t s .               N S w i l l c o n t i n u e t o moni-
                                                                                      AA
t o r t h i s e f f o r t and p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l a s s i s t a n c e t o t h e A i r Force,, FY 1965
f u n d s o f $5,000,000 w i l l bt. made a v a i l a b l e t o t h e A i r Force t o c o v e r t h e c o s t s
of t h e s p a c e c r a f t . No FY LO66 f u n d s are r e q u i r e d f o r t h i s projec.:,

       A f l i g h t t e s t is scheduled f o r t h e second q u a r t e r of 1966.
                                                                                                      RD 1 1 - 5
                                         RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                                       FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF SPACE SCIENCE AND &€'PLICATIONS                             APPLICATIONS TECHNOLCIGY SiiTELLITE?!
                                                                         RGA
                                                                        PORM
PROGRAM 0BJli:CTIVES AND JUSTIF LCATION :

          The tii::le o f t h i s program h a s been changed s i n c e t h e FY 1965 budget :Erorn
Advanced Tec: m o l o g i c a l S a t e l Lites t o A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology Sate 1 l i l : e s . The
o b j e c t i v e s kmwever remain t h e same. These o b j e c t i v e s a r e : (1) t o dt!velop
s p a c e c r a f t i:.echnology partici.il.arly s u i t e d f o r space a p p l i c a t i o n s , (2; t o
provide capai)i Lity f o r e x p e r i m e n t a l t e s t i n g o f t e c h n i q u e s and device!: from
v a r i o u s eng:..neering and t e c h n o l o g i c a l d i s c i p l i n e s i n t h e space envirclnmenir ,
p a r t i c u l a r l y i n t h e h i g h e r a:tl.:itude o r b i t s , and (3) t o provide b a s i c techno-
l o g i c a l and :;c:ieritific d a t a m g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z a t i o n i n a 6 , 5 0 0
                                                     i
m i l e o r b i t t;rhic:h may be e x t r a p o l a t e d t o t h e more d i f f i c u l t synchronot s o r b i t s ; .
There i s a tiwed i n t h e Department o f Defense and i n t h e N a t i o n a l A e r c n a u t i c s
and Space Atlrninistration f o r jmproved s p a c e c r a f t technology i n t h e ar'eas o f
s t a b i l i z a t i o n , o r i e n t a t i o n , and s t a t i o n keeping i n t h e synchronous o r b i t .
There i s a requirement f o r o b t a i n i n g e n g i n e e r i n g d a t a on t h e s t a t i o n E r y o r b i t .
( e q u a t o r i . a l sync.hronous orbit:.)' f o r use i n d e s i g n i n g systems f o r that d i s c r e t e
o r b i t w i t h i t s unique f e a t u r e s ; and a l s o a requirement i n b o t h t h e DeFartment
of Defense a i d t h e N a t i o n a l A e r o n a u t i c s and Space A d m i n i s t r a t i o n f o r basic.
i n f o r m a t i o n t:o v a l i d a t e t h e o r e t i c a l c o n c e p t s o f t h e p h y s i c a l parameters
e f f e c t i n g gr.avi.ty g r a d i e n t s t . a b i l i z a t i o n . T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n i s r e q u i r e d i n
such d e t a i l as t o be amenable t o e x t r a p o l a t i o n t o o t h e r a l t i t u d e s and be
c o n v e r t i b l e t.o e n g i n e e r i n g handbook t y p e d a t a f o r u s e i n systems d e s i g n .
It i s t h e purpclse of t h e A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e s program t o
meet t h e s e rc,qc.irements.

SUMMARY OF RE SCURCES REQUIREMENTS :

                                                                      1964                 1965 -        I----
                                                                                                                1966

   Supporting r e s e a r c h
      and technology.        .................                   $2,162,000           $1,700,000           $2,300,000
   A p p l i c a t i o n s technology
      satellites       ......................                    15,377,000           21,695,000                   -
                                                                                                           26,700,000

      T o t a l . ..........................                   $17,539,000          $23,395,000          $28,700,000
                                                                                                         --
  D i s t r i b u t i o n o f Propram Amount b y I n s t a1l a t i o n :
                -.--

      Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . .      ...       $16,478,000          $22,699,000          $28, -82,000
                                           ......
      J e t P:ropi.ilsion L a b o r a t o r y ,                  1,061,000              396,000               j18,OOO
      NASA Heac I gu a r t e r s  ...............                           ---         300,000                        ---



                                                                                                         R D 12-1
BASIS OF FUN:Il REQUIREMENTS :

                                 Supporting Research and Technology

                                                                          1964               1965          .-
                                                                                                           --    ..966

   S p a c e c r a f t p a r t s and subsystem
      elements      ..........................                         $976,000            $750,000         .~1,000,000
   Control      .............................                         1,011,000             650,000            LLOO ,000
   Wave propa(;at ion.       ...................                        175,000             300,000         ____ ~ 0 0 , 0 0 0
                                                                                                               ~

      T o t a l . . . ...........................                    $2,162,000         $1,700,000         ~ ~ 0 0 , 0 0 0
                                                                                                           -

          The objfact ive of t h e App L i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e s Supportirig
r e s e a r c h and 'echnology i s t o sponsor a c o n t i n u i n g e f f o r t of spacecraj't corn-
ponent ancl m:irerials i n v e s t i g n t - i o n s and development ; advanced i n s t r u m c n t a t ion.,
s t a b i l i z a t i o n arid c o n t r o l systems development ; technology e x p e r imerit le a s i -
b i l i t y and de:;ign; and advancaid system s t u d i e s . The work i s b e i n g pel formed
b y various indust r i a l cornpanic.:, , u n i v e r s i t i e s and NASA I n s t a l l a t i o n s .

                               S p a c e c r a f t P a r t s and Subsystem Elements

          I n FY 1966 development e f f o r t s c u r r e n t l y underway on a d v a n c e j space-
c r a f t components and materials w i l l be continued. The e f f o r t t.o i n v e s t i g a t e
m u l t i p l e bear fcrming, e l e c t r o n i c a l l y s t e e r a b l e , s p a c e c r a f t antenna a r r a y
t e c h n i q u e s p r e v i o u s l y i n i t i a t e d h a s begun t o y i e l d v e r y promising r e s u l t s .
I n FY 1966, l s b o r a t o r y models o f t h e most promising a r r a y s w i l l b e developed
f o r experimental purposes t o determine t h e i r p o t e n t i a l f o r space iIppl i c a t i o n s
such as: n u l t i p l e access communications w i t h small mobile t e r m i n a l s , and
d i r e c t b r o a d c a s t s a t e l l i t e s . E f f o r t s w i l l a l s o be continued on m:.llim?ter-
wave componenit i n v e s t i g a t i o n and development f o r h i g h e r frequency commmi-
c a t i o n s s y s t e ns.

                                                         Control

          I n t h e s1)acecraft c o n t r o l s a r e a , p a s s i v e l y damped gravity-gradieni:
s t a b i l i z a t i o n a t t i t u d e c o n t r o l system p a r a m e t r i c s t u d i e s have been r i g o r o u s l y
pursued i n p r i o r f i s c a l y e a r s . These e f f o r t s have provided t h e b a s i s .-or
conceptual de:: igns of s a t e l l i t e s i n i n t e r m e d i a t e a l t i t u d e and synchronous
o r b i t s . I n f:i ;CAI. y e a r s 1964-1.955, development e f f o r t s were i n i t i a t e d on
s t a b i l i z a t i o n components , such ;IS p a s s i v e dampers , e x t e n d a b l e booms ancl
boom deplo~meni: mechanisms , anti on a s s o c i a t e d i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n r e q u i r e d t o
determine t h e ' i t t i t u d e of a g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z e d s p a c e c r a f t . E l f o r t < ;
w i l l be contiriued i n FY 1966 t o o p t i m i z e d e s i g n s and assess t h e perfomlance
of improved s t a b a l i z a t i o n components. These e f f o r t s d i r e c t l y support t h e
flight project.




                                                                                                          R 3 12-2
          I n FY 1.965, mission f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d i e s were i n i t i a t e d in-house on
advanced a p p l i c a t i o n s technology s a t e l l i t e concepts. T h i s e f f o r t w i l l be
augmented w i t h c o n t r a c t u a l s u p p o r t . The s t u d y e f f o r t s are d i r e c t e d toward
a long-li.ved , f u l l y s t a b i l i z e d s p a c e c r a f t having a l a r g e space e r e c t i b l e
antenna which can be p o i n t e d p r e c i s e l y t o s e l e c t e d geographic a r e a s c n e a r t h .
A c t i v e s t a b j L i z a t i o n c o n t r o l systems, as w e l l as h y b r i d g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t
systems w i l l be c o n s i d e r e d . Technology requirements and optimum approaches
w i l l be determined i n t h e s e s t u d i e s .

                                              Wave P r o p a g a t i o n

         I n t h e ,?iillimeter wave p r o p a g a t i o n and technology experimeni: areas,
f e a s i b i l i t y d e s i g n s t u d i e s are being pursued. I n FY 1966, e f f o r t w i l l be
continued on t h e d e s i g n and p r e l i m i n a r y development o f a spaceboirne m i l l i -
meter propagation experiment f o r ATS. The frequency r a n g e , 10 t o 100
Gigacycles p e r second ( G c / s , e q u a l t o a b i l l i o n c y c l e s p e r second), i s
of g r e a t i n t e r e s t because t h e lower frequency bands are v e r y crowded 3s
compared w i t h frequency bands of 10 t o 100 Gc/s. However. l i t t l e i s known t h e
propagation anomalies i n t h i s frequency r a n g e ,

                                A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e s

                                                              1964                    1965             --      1966

   Spacecraft       .....................                $9,832,000             $18,831,000             !j24,130 ,000
                             ............
   O p e r a t i o n a l support                          5,545,000               2,864,000              2-
                                                                                                        - 630,000
                                                                                                            I


      T o t a l S p a c e c r a f t and Support. $15,377,000                    $21,695,000             !;26,7 30,000

   Atlas Agents (Launch Vehicle
     Procurement Program)              .........                   (---)         (3,057,000)            (14,2110,000)

      T o t a l ( i i i c l u d i n g launch
         v e h i c l e ) ...................($15,377,000)                     ($24,752,000)

          The o b j e c t i v e s o f t h e A p p l i c a t i o n s Technology S a t e l l i t e p r o j e c t ,ire (1)
t o d e s i g n , develop, f l i g h t t e s t , and e v a l u a t e a s p a c e c r a f t capable of p e r -
forming comi.inications , m e t e o r o l o g i c a l , g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z a t i o i i ,
s c i e n t i f i c : and Dther t e c h n o l o g i c a l experiments i n a 6,500 m i l e c i r c u l a r
o r b i t , (2:) t i : ) pferform communications, m e t e o r o l o g i c a l , s c i e n t i f i c and o t h e r
tec1inolog:ica:l. experiments u t i l i z i n g a s p i n s t a b i l i z e d s p a c e c r a f t i n slmchro-
nous o r b i t , and ( 3 ) t o perform communications, m e t e o r o l o g i c a l , s c i e n t : . f i c
and o t h e r tec:::inological experiments u t i l i z i n g g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t abil:.zed
s a t e l l i t e s i n synchronous o r b i t . The b a s i c s p a c e c r a f t w i l l weigh about
6.50 pounds. :?iIJe launches a r e scheduled -- one f l i g h t planned f o r 1906 i n
t h e 6,500 mi:.e c i r c u l a r o r b i t p r i m a r i l y t o e v a l u a t e t h e g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t
s t a b i l i z a t : i o r i ~system; two f l i g h t s scheduled f o r 1967 i n t h e synchronous
o r b i t uti.1.izj.iig s p i n s t a b i l i z e d s a t e l l i t e s ; and two f l i g h t s scheduled f o r
                                                                                                                  .
1968 i n S ~ ~ C ~ I : : O I I O U S r b i t u s i n g g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z e d s p a c e c r a f t
                                     o


                                                                                                        RD 12-3
          O f f i c e of Space Science and A p p l i c a t i o n s , NASA Headquarters i s I’espon-
s i b l e f o r o v e r - a l l management. R e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r p r o j e c t management. i s
a s s i g n e d t o Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . The major c o n t r a c t o r s are €.ughes
A i r c r a f t Corn;>auy f o r s p a c e c r a f t development, and General E l e c t r i c C o t ’ p o r a t i o ~ i
f o r g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t s t a b i l i z a t i o n system development.

          Funcling f o r t h i s p r o j e c t commenced i n FY 1964. F 1965 funds a t e b e i n g
                                                                                   Y
u t i l i z e d fol p a r t i a l funding For s p a c e c r a f t and t h e g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t system
development ., conmunication t r a n s m i t t e r s and receivers and f o r s c i e n t i f i c
and t e c h n o l a g i c a l experiments. FY 1966 funds w i l l b e u t i l i z e d t o cor t i n u e
funding f o r s p a c e c r a f t and t h e g r a v i t y g r a d i e n t system, communicatior t e s t .
equipment and f o r s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n o l o g i c a l experiments hardware. The
major pctrticin o f t h e ground s t . a t i o n system development and modific:ations
c o s t s are i n c l u d e d i n t h e O f f i c e o f Tracking and Data A c q u i s i t i o n fund
requirement5             Funding r e q u i r e m e n t s i n c l u d i n g launch v e h i c l e procurenent
f o r F 1 9 6 7 and t o completion of t h i s 5 - f l i g h t program are estimst.ed t o
          Y
be $69 m i l l i o n .




                                                                                              R11 1 2 - 4
                           RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

                          FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


OFFICE OF ASSISTANT ADMINISTRATOR                 TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION PROGRAM
FOR TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION

               VES AND JUSTIFICATION:
PROGRAM 0:BJECTI

     The primary objective of the Technology Utilization Program is to pro-
vide for the sidest practical and appropriate dissemination to industi-y of
information 4.oncerning NASA activities and their results. The NASA pi-ogram
offers U. S. industry unique opportunities to improve existing industi-ial
techniques a i to develop new products and methods. It is the purpose’ of
            id
Technology Utilization to assist in identifying quickly these many opliortuni-
ties and to i.?sure their expeditious dissemination for the benefit of American
industry, ant1 ultimately the individual U. S. citizen. Technology Uti liza-
tion also inc.ludes projects to study and evaluate those factors which will
improve our tiiderstanding of the implications of the space program.

SUMMARY OF R13 SOlJRCES REQUIREMENTS :
                                           1964            1965       --     1966

  Identification: Technology
    searches and surveys..   ......  $1,090,000         $1,300,000     $1,~~00,000
  Evaluation of innovations.....        580,000            700,000        ?OO, 000
  Regiona1 inf onnat ion dis s emi-
    nation piwj~ects.. ...........      950,000          1,850,000         1,!,OO, 000
  Analysis of t lechnology transfer;
    research and development
    managmen t ; the long range
    implicat:i.ons of the space
    program.. ....................      880,000            900,000    U I O O , 000

    Total.... ....................       $3,500,000     $4,750,000    -
                                                                      $5,!~00,000

  Distribution of Program Amount by Inst a 1lation :

    NASA Headquarters.   ..........      $3,500,000     $4,750,000    $ 5 , c~oo,ooo

          TN:
BASIS OF I J 1 l REQUIREMENTS:

     One of t:he important elements of the technology utilization program is
the identification and reporting of new technology resulting from NASP activi-
ties. This i s accomplished primarily by NASA personnel but in certain circm-
stances by specialists from research institutes, universities and industry.
The identification and reporting of new technology also includes 3 state-of-
the-art survey effort. This eifort is organized around broad scientific

                                                                      RD 211-1
a r e a s and d i s c i p l i n e s .     Surveys a r e now underway i n a number of € i e l d s i n c l u d -
i n g i n o r g a n i c c o a t i n g s , t a p e r e c o r d i n g and d a t a p r o c e s s i n g , m i c r o e l e c t r o n i c s ,
a n t e n n a s , anc rriembrane phenomena. To e v a l u a t e r e p o r t e d i n n o v a t i o n s f o r o r i g i -
n a l i t y and p c t e n t i a l v a l u e t o i n d u s t r i a l u s e r s , t h e technology u t i l i z a t i o n
program u t i l i z e s t h e s e r v i c e s of a number of i n d u s t r i a l r e s e a r c h i n s t i t u t i o n s ,
Commercially o r i e n t e d r e p o r t s of t h e s e developments a r e t h e n prepared and
p u b l i s h e d i n a number of formats. I n FY 1966 t h e i d e n t i f i c a t i o n and evalua-
t i o n e f f o r t s w i l l b e pursued a t a b o u t t h e same l e v e l s as FY 1965

          I n a d d i t i s n t o t h e normal method of d i s s e m i n a t i o n v i a 1 i b r a ; r i e s and
m a i l i n g l i s t s , seven p i l o t p r o j e c t s i n r e g i o n a l i n f o r m a t i o n d i s s e m i n a t i o n
a r e b e i n g supported. These d i s s e m i n a t i o n c e n t e r s , i n most i n s t a n c e s , a r e
o p e r a t e d by u n i v e r s i t i e s .      Center p e r s o n n e l review, i n t e r p r e t anti c o n v e r t
new technolo,ey t o t h e i n d u s t r i a l needs of p a r t i c i p a t i n g o r g a n i z a t i o n s . Using
t h e l a t e s t NASA c a p a b i l i t i e s ( p r i n t e d index j o u r n a l s , m i c r o f i c h e , computer
t a p e s and prcgrams, e t c . ) t h e s e c e n t e r s p r o v i d e p e r t i n e n t t e c h n o l o g i c a l
i n f o r m a t i o n cn a s e l e c t i v e b a s i s t o i n d u s t r i a l u s e r s .  The Midwest Research
I n s t i t u t e (MIRI) p i l o t p r o j e c t was i n i t i a t e d i n e a r l y FY 1962. MItI h a s
employed a b,road approach t o d i s s e m i n a t i o n s e r v i n g more t h a n 1000 f i n n s .
From t h i s ex.perience, MRI i s now developing more i n t e n s i v e working r e l a t i o n -
s h i p s w i t h s e l e c t e d firms u s i n g back-up computer s u p p o r t from t h e Aerlspace
Research d!Qplications Center (ARAC) a t I n d i a n a U n i v e r s i t y . The Aeros.Iace
Research A p p l i c a t i o n s Center i s now n e a r i n g t h e end of i t s second yea'c of
o p e r a t i o n . This c e n t e r c h a r g e s companies a membership f e e f o r t h e se,cvices
t h e c e n t e r o f f e r s . The t h r e e primary s e r v i c e s a r e t h e Retrospect:ive j e a r c h
S e r v i c e , .the S e l e c t i v e Dissemination S e r v i c e , and t h e I n d u s t r i a l A p p l i c a t i o n s
S e r v i c e . A l l b u t two of t h e o r i g i n a l 29 member companies have renewel3 t h e i r
memberships .and t h e c e n t e r h a s c o n s i d e r a b l y expanded i t s enrollmrmt i n t h e
second y e a r . During FY 1964, f i v e c e n t e r s i n a d d i t i o n t o MRI and A M I : were
established.               These a r e a t Wayne S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y ( D e t r o i t ) , t h e U n i v e r s i t y
of P i t t s b u r g h , U n i v e r s i t y of Maryland, t h e North C a r o l i n a Science ,and
Technology Research Center and S o u t h e a s t e r n S t a t e College (Durant , Ok lahoma).
A l l seven c e n t e r s a r e p i l o t programs designed t o implement t h o s e elements
a p p r o p r i a t e ' t o t h e i n d u s t r i a l needs of t h e i r r e s p e c t i v e a r e a s .    In adtlition
t o t h e s e seven c e n t e r s , i t i s planned t h a t s e v e r a l new p i l o t programs w i l l
be s t a r t e d w:i.th FY 1966 funds.

          Beginning i n f i s c a l y e a r s 1962 and 1963, a number of u n i v e r s i t . i e : :
r e c e i v e d g r a n t s f o r r e s e a r c h i n t h e management of r e s e a r c h and development.
A t t h e Un:ivei:.sity of C a l i f o r n i a (Berkeley) a n a t t e m p t i s underway t o (!stab-
l i s h a connputlzr s i m u l a t i o n of t h e p r o c e s s of s c i e n t i f i c i n q u i r y i n c l u t l i n g
l i t e r a t u r e starch, i n f o r m a t i o n r e t r i e v a l and analogous reasoning. A t t h e
Massachusetts: I n s t i t u t e of Technology s t u d i e s on complex problem solvj.ng,
i n t e r p e r s o n a l c o n f l i c t , m u l t i p l e t a s k assignments and d e c i s i o n making have
been i n i t i a t e d . Other s t u d i e s underway i n c l u d e r e s e a r c h i n c o n t r a c t irlg
systems arid I:rrocedures, p r o j e c t management, c o s t e s t i m a t i o n and budget ing.

         The :impi:ict of t h e s p a c e program upon t h e n a t i o n a l economy p a r t i c i r l a r l y
w i t h r e s p e c t to its e f f e c t upon t h e d i f f e r e n t geographic, i n d u s t r i a l , and civi.1-
i a n sector's C I : ~ t h e economy; upon n a t i o n a l economic growth; and upon t k e allocai-

                                                                                                                RII 21-2
t i o n of s c i e n t i f i c and e n g i n e e r i n g manpower h a s been s t u d i e d w i t h i n t h e
Technology I J t i l i z a t i o n Program. A s t u d y r e c e n t l y s t a r t e d a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y
of C a l i f o r n i a (Los Angeles) i s a t t e m p t i n g t o a n a l y z e t h e s h i f t i n g geographic
p a t t e r n s of primary f i r s t - t i e r and s e c o n d - t i e r c o n t r a c t i n g . Another s t u d y
funded ai: Wtnshington U n i v e r s i t y (St. Louis) a t t e m p t s t o a n a l y z e t h e n a t i o n a l
impact of al. t e t n a t i v e assumptions concerning t h e l e v e l and compositicin of
govermerita'l. spending streams w i t h p a r t i c u l a r emphasis b e i n g l a i d upon t h e
n a t u r e of t h e e x p e n d i t u r e s .

         NASA e x p e n d i t u r e s have had a major impact on t h e economy of t h e Cape
Kennedy a r e a , e s p e c i a l l y on t h e f u n c t i o n i n g and development of l o c a l govern-
mental u n i t s , s c h o o l boards, p l a n n i n g b o a r d s , and u t i l i t y s e r v i c e s . This
i m p a c t i s being s t u d i e d i n both a n e m p i r i c a l and a q u a l i t a t i v e s e n s e t o l e a r n
t h e t y p e s and magnitude of t h e problems c r e a t e d by t h e s p a c e c e n t e r t u i l d - u p .
I n a n o t h e r c a s e , NASA e x p e n d i t u r e s have s t i m u l a t e d r a p i d growth of a major
s c i e n t i f i.c 1.inboratory i n Boulder, Colorado. Many changes i n t h e ecor omic
base of t:he cmmunity, p o p u l a t i o n , and l o c a l a t t i t u d e s have r e s u l t e d . A
s t u d y now uri,deiway a t t h e U n i v e r s i t y of Colorado w i l l a n a l y z e t h e s e changes
i n consic1eral)lt. depth throughout t h e community.

          It is t o be emphasized t h a t t h e Technology U t i l i z a t i o n Program a t i t s
p r e s e n t s t a g e is s t i l l v e r y much an e x p e r i m e n t a l program.     Future plans,
t h e r e f o r e , cal:L f o r c a r e f u l review of e v e r y phase of t h e p r e s e n t Technology
U t i l i z a t i o n I?rogram i n o r d e r t o determine t h e e f f e c t i v e n e s s of t h e a r r e n t
approaches which a r e b e i n g pumued. F u t u r e p l a n s a l s o c a l l f o r f e a s i b i l i t y
s t u d i e s of t h e numerous a d d i t i o n a l i d e a s g e n e r a t e d by t h e Program, iceas
which o f f e r prcnnising new avenues whereby new s c i e n c e and technology emanat-
i n g from t h e s p a c e program can be more r e a d i l y t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e nor-space
community.




                                                                                                   KD 23-3
                         NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                        CONSTRUCTION OF F A C I L I T I E S

                                        F I S C A L YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                             AMES RESEARCH CENTER



                                                                                         Page No.


               ...............................................
Location p l ~ . n .                                                                      CF I-1

Surmnary......................................................                            CF 1.-2

O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s P r o j e c t :

             Systems e n g i n e e r i n g f a c i l i t y   .........................    CF 1.-3




                                                                                            CF 1
762-046 0   - 65   (Fols. C F 1)




                                      AMES RESEARCH CENTER
                                   FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES
                                                                N-ZW                ADMINlSTRATlON BU L D D G
                                                                h-201               AUDITORIUM
                                      LOCATION PLAN             N-202
                                                                N-203
                                                                                    ADMINLSTRATION BU LDlbG ANNEX
                                                                                    ENGINEERING SERVI(:ES 31ILDING
                                                                h-204               S P A C E TECHNOLOGY BUILDING
                                                                N-205               10- BY 14-INCH SUPI;RSOW: WIND TUNNEL
                                                                N-206               12-FOOT PRESSURE WINK CUNNEL
                                                                N-ZOBA              12-FOOT PRESSURE WINE CUNNEL. AUXILlARIES BUlLDlNG
                                                                h-207               F L U m MECHANICS LABOIMTORY
                                                                h-208               SUPERSONIC F R E E - F L I G H T WIND TUNNEL
                                                                h-209               PRESSURIZED BALLUSTIC RANGE
                                                                h-210               SPACE FLIGHT SIMWLATIOII LABORATORY
                                                                N-211               AIRPLANE HANGAR .AND SIIOP
                                                                h-212              STRUCTURAL FABRICATWN swop
                                                                h-113              INSTRUMENT RESEAF!CH LABORATORY
                                                                h-214               MOOEL FlNlSHlNG SHOP
                                                                h-215               7- BY 10-FOOT WIND T U l i h E L NO. 1
                                                                N-216               7- BY 10-FOOT WINO T U l i h E L NO 2
                                                                N-217               1- BY 3.5-FOOT HlGll SPE€:D WIN6 TUNNEL
                                                                N-218               14-FOOT TRANSONlC W I N 3 TUNNEL
                                                                N-119              ELECTRICAL SERVICES BUILDING
                                                                N-220              TECHNICAL SERVlCE.3 BUILDING
                                                                h-221              40- BY 80-FOOT WIN3 T l N V E L
                                                                h-222              2- BY 2-FOOT TRANSONIC lVMD TUNNEL
                                                                N-223              HYPERVELOCITY BAI.LIS1 I C RANGE
                                                                N-224              ATMDSPHERE ENTRY SIMULATOR
                                                                N-225              SUBSTATION
                                                                N-228              6 - BY & F O O T SUPERSONIC WIND TUNNEL
                                                                N-227              UNITARY PLAN WINE TU!(hELS BUILDING
                                                                N-227A             11-FOOT TRANSONIC WIN]> TUNNEL
                                                                N-227B             9- BY 7 - F O O T SUPERSONIC WlND TUNNEL
                                                                N-227C             8- BY 7-FOOT SUPERSONIC WIND TUNNEL
                                                                N-227D             UNITARY PLAN WINE TU!*ELS             AUXILIARIES BUILDING
                                                                N-228              HYPERVELOCITY AIR F L ( M L ~ B O R A T O R Y
                                                                N-229              3.5-FOOT HYPERSONIC W I N D TUNNEL
                                                                N-22BA             3. 5-FOOT HYPERSONIC WIND TUNNEL AUXILIARIES BUILDING
                                                                N-230              HYPERVELOCITY RESEARCH L A B O R A T ~ R Y
                                                                N-231              HYPERSONIC HELIUM TUP,NEL
                                                                N-232              P I L O T MODEL O F HYPERVI3LOClTY F R E E FLlGHT F A C l L l T Y
                                                                N-239              DATA REDUCTION BI~lbOIV(;
                                                                N-234              GASDYNAMLCS LABORATOEIY
                                                                N-235              CAFETERIA BUILDIN(,
                                                                N-238              BIDSCIENCE LABORA-'ORY
                                                                N-231              HYPERVELOCITY F R E E F - I S H T FACILITY
                                                                N-138              MACH 50 HELlUM TLNNE.,
                                                                Y-239              L I F E SCIENCES RESEARCII LABORATORY
                                                                V-240              SPACE ENVIRONMENl RE.>EARCH FACILITY
                                                                *~nlll~*1~1"*111"111I***ll*IIIIIIIYII.ll,,,,,,,   1*.1
                                                                                                                   11 1
                                                                                                                     1    ~1111111*111111111.1Illllllllll..IIIYIII,~"~"~~",~"~~""~~~~~""~~,~




                                                                   A.
                                                                                                                  --
                                                                            F A C I L I T I E S AUTHORIZED OR UNDER CONSTRUCTION

                                                                           L I F E S C I E N C E S RESEARCH LABORATORY
                                                                   B.      SPACE ENVIRONMENT RESUiRCH F A C I L I T Y
                                                                   C.      SPACE F L I G H T GUIaANCE IIESEARCH F A C I L I T Y
                                                                   D.      STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS LAIIORATORY
                                                                   E.      S A T E L L I T E ATTITUDE CONTROL S Y S T P I S TEST F A C I L I T l
                                                                   F.      F L I G H T SIMULATOR FOR AIWANCED AIRCRAFT (1965)
                                                                   G.      INSTRUMENT BUILDING EXTENSION (1965)
                                                                   H.      ADMINISTRATIVE MANAt:EMI:NT BUILDING (1965)

                                                                            PROPOSED PROJECTS
                                                                                                                  --
                                                                   1.      SPECTROSCOPIC-MEASUREMNrS LABORATORY (1966)
                                                                   2.      SYSTEMS ENGINEERING F A C I L I T Y (1966)
                                                                   3.      SPACE SCIENCES RESEARCt LABORATORY (1966)
                                                                 * * . I II*
                                                                I * ("UII 1   *l*
                                                                             1 ll 1 .
                                                                                   11 11 *
                                                                                        ( 11 *
                                                                                            1 11 .1
                                                                                                1. 1
                                                                              N A T I O N A L AERONAUTICS AND S P A C E ADMINISTRATION


                                                                                                CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES




     I N S T A L L A T I O N MISSION
                                                                                                                         ~~             __
                                                                                                                   NASA P E R S O N N E L   fEnd of Yeor)                      2204       -2
                                                                                                                                          __ - .
                                                                                                                                    ~- - _._ -                    - -
                                                                                                                                                                           1
                                                                                                                                                                                       ~




         L a b o r a t o r y re s e a r c h i n aerodynamics , thermodynamics m a t e r i a l                 saCoNTRACT0R           AND OTHER                                  292?---350             1        378
         s t r u c t u r e s , g u i d a n c e and c o n t r o l , space s c i e n c e s , e n v i r o n -                           TOTALALLPERSONNEL                                                         2583
         mental b i o l o g y , l i f e d e t e c t i o n , l i f e s y n t h e s i s , human f a c t o r s ~ ,                                   LAND                                             NO. ACRES
                                                                                                                                            -




         l i t e s ) ; development of s c i e n t i f i c - e x p e r i m e n t payloads f o r                                                                                         I            - -
         space f l i g h t p r o j e c t s managed a t A m e s and e l s e w h e r e .                                                T O T A L LAND                                                235
                                                                                                                                      TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT
                                                                                                               1   flncludzng?     A-Owned Land) ( a   June 30, 19 6
                                                                                                                                                            if        I
                                                                                                                                                                                           Ir 155,427.0
                                                                                                                                     ______.. -__.   .                -L-
                                                                                                                                                                     I- --
                                                                                                                                                                                                         TOTAL
                                                                                                              COGNIZANT            ' Y 1959  THRU       F Y 1966     :UTURE                YEARS
                                                                                                                                                                                                       A L L YEARS
                                                                                                                OFFICE              C U R R E N T YEAR           (Estimated)     ( E stimrrted)        (Estimated)
                                                                                                                              -


         Systems E n g i n e e r i n g F a c i l i t y                                                             OSSA                        96.0               2,749,O                  ---             2 ,845.0




I   ~~




           A L L OTHER PRGJECTS
                                                                                                                                      48.835.0


         NASA F O R M 1029       ( R E V . NOV 64)   P R E V I O U S E D I T I O N S ARE O B S O L E T E
                                       CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                       FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                      SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FACILITY


AUTHORIZATION LINE ITEM:
        -.--                               h i e s Research C e n t e r

P O R M -.--
 R G A OFFICE, FOR THE PKOJESX:                          O f f i c e o f Space S c i e n c e s and A p p l i c a t i o n s

LOCATION OF PROSECT:                Moffet t F i e l d , S a n t a Clara County, C a l i f o r n i a

        --- A A
COGNIZANT N S INSTALLATION:                          ms
                                                    A e Research Center

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT:
        -.--                                           New

FUNDING :

   FY 1965 ;and P r i o r Years                                     $96 ,000

   FY 1966 Z s t i m a t e                                      2 ,7 4 9 , 0 0 0

   T o t a l Fuiiding Through FY 1'266                         $2,845,000

PROJECT CQS'I' Ef3TIMATE:
        -.--
                                                             U n i t of                             Unit                T o t a:l
                                                             M e as u r e          Quanti t y       -
                                                                                                    cost                c
                                                                                                                       -. o s t
  Land Aqu:i.,;i ~ i o n                                           ---                   ---          I--                    - - -.
  C o n s t r u c ti o n

     S i t e i m p ;rovement                                         LS                         $38,000              38 000
     Roads: , p a r k i n g , walks                                  LS                          7 2 , .LOO          7 2 $100
     Utilities                                                       LS                          91,400             9 1I 400
     Elect riciil d i s t r i b u t i o n                            LS                         1.01,900           101 , 9 00
     Bu i Id i n &                                           Sq. Ft.                               21.61        1 ,2 5 2 , OOCl
     S p e c i a l t i u i l d i n g cons t r u e
        t i o n f c!at.ures                                          LS                         242,800            242,8061

  Equipment                                                                                                       $ 9 4 0 ,* 800

     Packaged c l e a n room                                         LS                          25,900              2 5 !, 9 00
     V i b r a t i o r , a c c e l e r a t i o n and
        shock Equipment                                              LS                         105,700             105,700
     S o 1 r c o cen t r a t o r
          a         m                                                LS                          51,700              51,,700
     Temperature , humidity and
        a l t i t u l d e chamber                                    LS                          41,300              41,300

                                                                                                                  CF 1 - 3
                                                  Unit of                                Unit              Total
                                                  Measure          Quantity             -cost              cost

      Spin t a b 1 e                                      LS                        $77,100             $77,100
      O p t i c s equipment                               LS                         61,600              61,600
      R e a c t i o n - c o n t r o l tester              Ls                         50,600              50,600
      Analog computer                                     LS                        103,000             103,000
      Dig i t a 1 c omp onen t s                          LS                        258,800             258,800
             -
      Pu 1 e code- modu l a t i on
           s
         te1   eme ' t r y equipment                      Ls                        113,400             113,400
      Magnetic and R F s c r e e n room                   LS                         51,700              51,700

   Design                                                                 ---                       I
                                                                                                             ---
                                                                  Subtotal                         $2,739,000

   F a 1l o u t Shle1t er                               ---               ---             --- - $10,000
                                                                  TOTAL                            -
                                                                                                   Q,,
                                                                                                     749,000

PROJECT PIJRPOSE:

          The proposed f a c i l i t y w i l l p r o v i d e l a b o r a t o r y s p a c e and equipmeni: f o r
development, t e s t , e v a l u a t i o n and checkout of f l i g h t hardware ana of itdvanced
s y s t e m s uxide:r* development f o r f u t u r e s p a c e c r a f t .

PROJECT DISSCR LPTION:
          -.---
          The Jiac:i.lity w i l l b e l o c a t e d on r e a l p r o p e r t y a v a i l a b l e through Z L u s e
permit from Lie IJ. S. Navy. The new c o n c r e t e s t r u c t u r e i n c l u d e s a two-story
t e s t area of 0,100 s q u a r e f e e t and a l a b o r a t o r y wing w i t h two s t o r i e s and n
basement. The 1:otal f l o o r area w i l l b e approximately 58,000 s q u a r e fc!et. N o
major sirnulat or:$ o r t e s t chambers a r e i n c l u d e d , b u t equipment a d e q u a t e f o r
components 0 1 srnall-systems t e s t , r e s e a r c h , and development w i l l be provided.
A c l e a n room will b e provided f o r t h e p r e p a r a t i o n of s p a c e c r a f t hardware and
p r e c i s i o n eqii iprient. The v i b r a t i o n system, s m a l l c e n t r i f u g e , and shock
tester wil.l s.Lmulate t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , launch, and f l i g h t l o a d s on t h e f light:
equipment and development models. Heat f l u x e s corresponding t o s o l a r con-
s t a n t s from 1 0 to 100 times t h a t on e a r t h w i l l b e o b t a i n e d through U S E of a
s o l a r c o l l e c t o r . Temperature, humidity and a l t i t u d e chambers w i l l s i m u l a t e
s p a c e c r a f t environments f o r f l i g h t a r t i c l e s . O p t i c a l equipment w i l l t e used
f o r developmcrital work on guidance and a t t i t u d e c o n t r o l systems and ccmpo-
n e n t s . Telenicttl-y t e s t equipment, command and r a n g i n g s i m u l a t i o n equipment,
as w e l l a s ccmipiiter equipment, w i l l be used f o r t h e t e s t i n g and e v a l u a t i o n
of s p a c e c r a f t d a t a systems and f o r development of d a t a coding methods, on-
board d a t a prctcessors, encoders and decoders, and d a t a s t o r a g e syst-ems.




                                                                                                     C F 1-4
PROJECT JlJSTIFICATION:

                                          ms
          E a r l : y i.1 1963 t h e A e Research C e n t e r was a s s i g n e d p r o j e c t niana3ement
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r two i m p o r t a n t f l i g h t programs, t h e P i o n e e r and B i o s a t e l l i t e .
I n o u r e f f o r t s t o broaden t h e b a s e of unmanned s c i e n t i f i c s p a c e I n v e s t i g a t i o n s
t a i l o r e d t o <;upport manned s p a c e f l i g h t , t h e A es Research Center mad(: tempo-
                                                                               m
r a r y housing arrangements for t h e 1.05 e n g i n e e r s and t e c h n i c i a n s c f t h e System::
Engineering I l i v i s i o n and t h e P i o n e e r and B i o s a t e l l i t e p r o j e c t managemcmt team::
i n h a s t i l y c o n s t r u c t e d o f f i c e s p a c e i n s i d e t h e l a r g e a i r p l a n e hangars and
squeezed- iLn I . zmpor-ary q u a r t e r s a t s e v e r a l o t h e r s c a t t e r e d l o c a t i c n s ai-ound
Ames.

           The p r o ~ : ~ ~ Systems E n g i n e e r i n g F a c i l i t y i s designed t o house tliese
                                 ~sed
t e c h n i c a l grmip:; in a contiguous area and p r o v i d e l a b o r a t o r y and t e s t lbay
space f o r Sys t a n s Engineering 1 ) i v i s i o n s u p p o r t f o r bench t e s t i n g and P l i g h t
c e r t i f i c a t i o n o:E s p a c e c r a f t components, subsystems, and experiment:; dciveloped
b o t h in-house ais t h e Ames Research C e n t e r and by c o n t r a c t o r s .                        I t i s planned
t h a t complete f . l i g h t ready s p a c e c r a f t w i l l b e e n v i r o n m e n t a l l y t e s t e d z l t l a r g e r
f a c i l i t . i e s : of t h e c o n t r a c t o r or a t o t h e r NASA C e n t e r s p o s s e s s i n g t h e t o t a l
systems t e s t i n g c a p a b i l i t y .          Hciwever, i t i s e s s e n t i a l t h a t a l i m i t e d c.apabi1-
i t y f o r t h e sria.Ll s c a l e environmental t e s t i n g be developed t o permfit Imes to
do an ef Eect.i.ve p r o j e c t management ,job by p r o v i d i n g t h e t o o l s r e q u i r e c . t o
assure tha.t t:he q u a l i t y and r e 1 , i a b i l i t y of components s e l e c t e d f o r f l i g h t w i l l .
m e e t t h e r i g c ~ r o u ss p a c e f l i g h t : r e q u i r e m e n t s .

ESTIMATED -.-- I'URE: YEAR FUNDING .EOR THIS PROJECT:
           FU'                                                                  None




                                                                                                                     CF '1-5
                         AMES RESEARCH CENTER
                      FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

            SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FACILITY


.   .
1   -   L
             EXISTIK: N A S RUNWAYS
                                     SYSTEMS ENGINEERING FACILITY


                            -t-




                                 i

                            140'

                                 ~




                                 I

              210'           ~




4
I
    ~           ~




                             I                                            +-
1                           -T
i                           20'
                                               J             LI   ,
                                               LAB-OFFICES
                                                                      Y
                                                                      i
                                                                      i
                        I    '
                             I
                            77.5'



                            L
        BASEMENT PLAN

                                         d J
                                        b 'jFIRST FLOOR PLAN
                                                                      7
                                                                           SECOND FLOOR PLAN

                                                                                  --YF
                   NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                            CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                            FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                            GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER


                                                                            Page No.

Location plan   ........................................................    CF 3-1

       ..............................................................
S ~ a r y                                                                   CF 3-3

Office of Space Science and Applications Projects:

 NASA space :;c~.ence data cent:er  .....................................   CF 3-4

 Utility    insta:llation...............................................    C:F 3-9




                                                                            CF 3
         G O D D A R D SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
              FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES
             i0CAiiDiii P i A i i

                                       @   SPACt PROIECTS BUlLOlNG              0 MULTI- PURPOSE BUILDING
                                       0 RfSLLPLh PROJECTS LABORATORY           @   hlULT~-PURf'OSE   BUILDING

                                           CENTR4L FLIGHT CONTROL AN0               METEOROLOGICAL SYSTEMS
                                       @   RING€ OPERATIONS LABORATORY          @   OEVELOPMENT LABORATORY

                                       0 BOILER HOUSE AN0 ELECTRIC SUBSTATION   @   ~                 ~           ~
'\,,                                       INSTRUMENT CONSTRUCTION AN0
   \\L       /
             ,                         @   INSTALLATION LABORATORY              @   DATP INTERPRETATION LABORATORY

                                       0 SPACE SCIENCES LABORATORY                  ADDITION TO CENTRAL HEATING
                                                                                    AND REFRIGERATION P U N T
                                       0 PAYLOAD TESTING FACILITY
                                       0 SATELLITE SYSTEMS LABORATORY
                                       6   GATE HOUSE                                NASA SPACE SCIENCE DATA CENTER
                                       0 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING LABORATORY
                                       0 APPLIEO SCIENCES LABORATORY
                                       @ TRACKING AND TELEMETRY LABORATORY
                                       @ SPACECRAFT OPERATIONS FACILITY
                                       @ LAUNCH PHASE SIMULATOR
                                       0 DEVELOPMENT OPERATIONS BUILDING
                                       @   MULTI-PURPOSE BUILDING
                                       0 MULTI-PURPOSE    BUILDING
   GODDARD     SPACE     FL!GHT CENTER
    F I S C A L Y E A R 1966 E S T I M A T E S


R E M O T E SITE A R E A S
                                                  4
                                                 h
                                                 --e-
                                                  l
                                                                                 N A T I O N A L AERONAUTICS AND S P A C E ADMINISTRATION


4
m
N                                                                                                 CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES
=
*
P


c                                                                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966                 BUDGET ESTIMATES
                                                                                                       ( D o l l a r s i n thousands)
    NASA I U S S A L L A ~m h
                           J                       . ~ ~ G I I ! Z & ! PT C C - D ~ Y C F l C F
                                                                       ?D            n             I   LOCATION OF I N S T A L L A T I O N      1   COUNTY                                      ,   NEAREST C I T Y
                                                   FOR    INS1 A L L A l l U m
    Goddard Space F l i g h t                                                                                                                                                                   I


      Center _ _ _                                 Space S c i . & Appii.                                           -~      IYclLy    LClIIU    ,
                                                                                                                                                i  ____ -?rir.ce- C-enrges
                                                                                                                                                                   -               _       L-
                                                                                                                                                                                                1     G r e e n b e l t . Maryland
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             _
                                                                                                                                                                                         1964 1 F Y 1 9 6 _ 1 F Y 1966
                                                                                                               ~




                                                                                                                                I
    I N S T A L L A T I O N MISS I O N                                                                                                       PERSONNEL STRENGTH
                                                                                                                                                  --           - - -
                                                                                                                                                                                       ~   FY         _5
                                                                                                                                                                                       +61_5-3,725 tI             -
                                                                                                                                              -_
    T h i s Center i s r e s p o n s i l e f o r complete development o f                                                       ~    R   S   O N N E (End of Year)
                                                                                                                                                      L                                 3'
                                                                                                                                                                                       _,         -     - 2,125.-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            t
                                                                                                                                                                               -


    unmanned sounding r o c k e t s and o r b i t i n g s p a c e c r a f t experiments
                                  -
                                                                                                                                    C O N T R A C T O R AND OTHER PERSONNEL            1    1,8927               2,310            2,320
    i n b a s i c and a p p l i e d s c i e n c e .   The work c o v e r s s c i e n t i f i c                                  I
                                                                                                                                                     TOTAL ALL PERSOMNEL               1    5,567          1     6,015            6 ,045
    s a t e l l i t e s , and communications and weather s a t e l l i t e s which
    o r b i t i n c i s l u n a r space ( r e g i o n between t h e e a r t h and t h e
    moon),          I n a d d i t i o n , t h e Center manages N A S A ' s D e l t a r o c k e t
    and t w o world-wide t r a c k i n g , d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n and d a t a
    r e d u c t i o n networks.                                                                                                                      TOTAL LAND                                                       1.182

                                                                                                                              1

                                                                                                                                                                                            I                          II
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                TOTAL
                                                                                                                              COG M I 2 ANT         .Y1959   THRU      FY 1966                FUTURE Y E A R S              ALL YEARS
                                                                                                                                OFFICE               CURRENT YEAR     (Estimatedl               (Estimded)
                                                                                                                                                                                           - .- -                           [Esrimaied)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       ,I       2,120.0
    NASA Space Science Data Center                                                                                                  OSSA                 120.0          2,000.0                 I          -0-
                                                                                                                                                                                                I
    Utility Installations                                                                                                           OSSA                     45.0             400.0             j          -0-         '          445.0




        A L L OTHER PROJECTS



                                                                                  --
                                                                                 --                        I-



     NASA FORM 1029               (REV   NOV 64)      PREVIOUS E D I T I O N S ARE O S S O L E T E
                                 CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                 FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                    AA
                                NASA SPACE SCIENCE D T CENTER


            -.--
AUTHORILA’I’IOM LLNE ITEM:          Goddard Space F l i g h t Center

         ---
PROGRAM OE’FI(.X FOR THE PROJECT:             O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s

LOCATION OF I’XOJECT:          G r e e n b e l t , P r i n c e Georges County, Maryland

COGNIZANT NAS.4 INSTALLATION:             Goddard Space F l i g h t Center

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT:               New

FUNDING:

   FY 1965 and P r i o r Years                      $120,000

   FY 1966 E l s t i m a t e                       2,000,000

   T o t a l Fun’ding Through FY 1966             $2,120,000

PROJECT COST ESTIMATE:

                                                  Unit of                                Unit                Total
                                                  Mea sur e        Quantity              cost
                                                                                         --.               .-c o s t

  Land Ac.qui,:;it:ion                                                     ---
  Construction                                                                                           59 0 , OOC!

    Bui ldinp,                                     Sq. F t .           50 ,000        $25.00        1,250,OOO
    Raised      j   Loor s y s t e m               Sq. F t .            3,000            5.00             15,000
    C i t y wall2.r l i n e s                             LS                          19,500              19,500
    Chi1 Led water l i n e s                              LS                          78,000              7 8,0001
    Stearn 1i-nes                                         LS                          48 ,000             48, 000
    S a n i t a r y and storm l i n e s                   LS                          47,580              47 ,500
    E l e c t r i c a l power and
       cormnui1i c a t i o n s                            LS                          53,000              5 3 ,000
    Roads , v a l k s , p a r k i n g                     LS                          79,000              79 ,000

  Equipmlen t                                                                                           $410, 0OiU

    Data r e t r i e v a l                                LS                         325,000             325 ,000
    Microfilm and r e p r o d u c t i o n                 LS                          85,000              85,000

  Design                                                ---
                                                                                                  c::   3-4
                                                            Unit of                                       Unit               Total
                                                            Measure               Quantity                --o s t
                                                                                                          c                  cost

                  She;. ter*
   F a l l o u t -.---                                              - - e                 ---               --- -                - 0-
                                                                                  TOTAL                             -000,000
*Based on a r e c e n t GSFC f a l l o u t s h e l t e r survey, a d e q u a t e s h e l t e r area:' i n
b u i l d i n g s e x i s t i n g o r under c o n s t r u c t i o n are a v a i l a b l e t o house t h e p r o j e c t e d
p o p u l a t i o n of t h e C e n t e r , however some s h e l t e r i s i n h e r e n t t o t h e s t i u c t u r e
and w i l l be provided w i t h o u t a d d i t i o n a l c o s t .

PROJECT PIJRPOSE:

          The o b j e c t i v e of t h e NASA Data Center i s t h e e f f i c i e n t c o l l e c t i o n and
i n t e r c h a n g e (Jf s c i e n t i f i c d a t a , b o t h i n t e r n a l l y and w i t h t h e s c i e l n t i f L c
community. T h i s p r o j e c t w i l l p r o v i d e t h e f a c i l i t i e s r e q u i r e d f o r t h e c o l -
l e c t i o n , o r g a n i z a t i o n , s t o r a g e , r e t r i e v a l , and d i s s e m i n a t i o n of a l l s c i e n t i f -
i c d a t a r l e s u l t i n g from NASA sponsored experiments i n s p a c e and t h e u p > e r
atmosphere.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION:

          T h i s p r c l j e c t w i l l p r o v i d e f o r t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n of a Space S c i e n c e Data
Center t o be l o c a t e d n o r t h of t h e Applied S c i e n c e s Laboratory, B u i l d i n g No.11
a t t h e Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r . The Data Center w i l l b e a p p r o x i m a t e l y
50,000 s q u a r e f e e t of area c o n s i s t i n g of a ground f l o o r and two a d d i t i o n a l
f l o o r s . The f a c i l i t y w i l l b e of c o n c r e t e and s t e l l c o n s t r u c t i o n having
masonry and s t e e l p a r t i t i o n s and conform t o t h e e x i s t i n g a r c h i t e c t u r a l design
of t h e C e n t e r . Raised f l o o r i n g f o r t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n of cableways for elec-
t r o n i c comput:el-s, d a t a h a n d l i n g equipment and a s s o c i a t e d areas i s r e q u i r e d
f o r effic:ieriI: o p e r a t i o n and low maintenance c o s t s . A i r c o n d i t i o n i n g w i l l b e
i n s t a l l e d t o c o n t r o l t e m p e r a t u r e and humidity i n t h e d a t a h a n d l i n g arid s t o r -
age areas;. Data r e t r i e v a l , m i c r o f i l m and r e p r o d u c t i o n equipment is a l s o in-
cluded i n t h i s p r o j e c t . O f f i c e s , i n c l u d i n g t h o s e set a s i d e f o r studJr and
r e s i d e n t res;.ea:rch p e r s o n n e l , and p a r k i n g f a c i l i t i e s w i l l b e provided f o r ap-
p r o x i m a t e l y 150 p e r s o n n e l . By e x t e n d i n g e x i s t i n g u t i l i t i e s , t h e n e c c s s a r y
e l e c t r i c a l , : h i l l e d water, stream and d r a i n a g e systems w i l l adequate1:r sup-
p o r t t h e proposed f a c i l i t y .

PROJECT .JUS'lCIF ICATION:

      I   The Nalrional A e r o n a u t i c s and Space A d m i n i s t r a t i o n under i t s o r i , g i n a l i m
plementimg a c t i s r e q u i r e d t o e f f e c t t h e w i d e s t p o s s i b l e d i s s e m i n a t i t m of t h e
r e s u l t s of ,311 i t s r e s e a r c h and development p r o j e c t s i n t e r n a l l y and to t h e
s c i e n t i f i c community. Large accumulations of s c i e n t i f i c s a t e l l i t e d a t a have
been and a r e p r e s e n t l y r e s u l t i n g i n s i g n i f i c a n t s p a c e s c i e n c e d i s c o v e r i e s .
However, RO f a c i l i t y has been e s t a b l i s h e d f o r t h e c o n t r o l and u t i l i z a t i o n of
much of t h i s v a l u a b l e and voluminous d a t a . Although s p a c e s c i e n c e experiment
i n f o r m a t i o n i s a v a i l a b l e from v a r i o u s s o u r c e s t o i n t e r e s t e d p e r s o n n e l t h e r e


                                                                                                                    1
                                                                                                                    c:   3-5
i s no s i n g l e s o u r c e e x i s t i n g where t h e i n f o r m a t i o n accumulated from these ex-
periments cart b e u s e d i n c o o p e r a t i o n w i t h i n f o r m a t i o n from o t h e r d a t a c e n t e r s ,
o b s e r v a t o r i e r ; , u n i v e r s i t i e s and e x p e r i m e n t e r s t h e r e b y e f f e c t i v e l y communicat-
i n g t o t h e s < : . i e n t i f i c community and NASA s c i e n t i s t s t h e t o t a l spectrum of t h i s
s c i e n t i f i c : dai-a. T h i s d a t a c e n t r a l i z a t i o n t a s k has been a s s i g n e d by t h e NASA
t o t h e Goddard !$pace F l i g h t Center. It i s t h e r e f o r e n e c e s s a r y t h a t an ap-
p r o p r i a t e f a c . : i l i t y be e s t a b l i s h e d t o p r o v i d e t h e c a p a b i l i t y f o r p r e s e n t and
f o r e s e e a b l e .Eutiire requirements.                   The Space S c i e n c e Data Center propoz;ed h e r e -
i n w i l l servc.! a s a n a t i o n a l r e p o s i t o r y and d i s s e m i n a t i o n p o i n t f o r a l . NASA
sponsored sp,.ice s c i e n c e r e s e a r c h data. T h i s f a c i l i t y w i l l enable t h e ac-
q u i s i t i o n , o r g a n i z a t i o n , s t o r a g e and r e t r i e v a l of t h i s d a t a f o r ciissexiination
i n t e r n a l l y ai:id t o t h e s c i e n t i f i c cormnunity.

ESTIMATED FUTURE YEAR FUNDING FOR THIS PROJECT:                                   None




                                                                                                                CF 3-6
                             GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
                              FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                       NASA SPACE SCIENCE DATA CENTER




                                   PERSPECTIVE




I
U

    Le?cA?!ow   PLAN
                             GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
                              FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                NASA SPACE SCIENCE DATA CENTER



MICROFILM
 STOAA6E


WPLlWTNm


              GROUND FLOOR                                 FIRST FLOOR




  0
  -Y
  w
   I        SECOND FLOOR
  CQ
                                          CONSTRUC~ION OF FACILITIES

                                          FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                               m T Y INSTALLATION


A U T H O R I Z L U J U W E IT :
                              m              Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r

RGA
PORM                     FOR THE PROJECT:                O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and Applica1:ions

                                GT
~ o C A T I O ~ ~ . J ~ R O J E C r e:e n b e l t , P r i n c e Georges County, Maryland

COGNIZAN’J’J@&l-         INSTALLATION:               Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r

     F
TWE O CQl!lSTRlJCTIONPROJECT:                         New

FUNDING :

    F 1965 arid P r i o r Years
     Y                                                       $45,000

    FY 1966 E s ’ t i m a t e                                400 .OOO

    T o t a l Funding Through F 1966
                               Y                            $445,000

PROJECT C O S T . - S W T E :

                                                       Unit of                               Unit             Total
                                                       Measure          Q u a n t it Y       cost             cost

  Land A c w i ! s i t i o n                                                                                    ---
  Const r u c t ; w &                                                                                 !&SO.    000

     Modif:icat:ions t o B u i l d i n g s
      #3 and #lo$ i n c l u d i n g
      a i r **corujit o n i n g and
                          i
      e l e c t r j . ca:L systems                            LS                ---      $150,000       l!iO ,000

  EquiDment                                                                                          =lo.      000

     Diesel generators                                      Each                    2      75,000      150,000
     E l e c t r i c a l . s w i t c h g e a r and
         acce ssclr:ie s                                     LS                 ---      100,000       1 c 0,000
  Desinn                                                     ---
  F a l l o u t S h e l t e r (Not f e a s i b l e )         ---
                                                                                                    CF 3 - 9
             m:
PROJECT PURJ2 L

         T h i s p r o j e c t w i l l provide an i n c r e a s e i n a u x i l i a r y power f o r them
           '
c e n t e r s i n c r e a s i n g Tracking and Data o p e r a t i o n s . This a u x i l i a r y power
w i l l serve L I S b a c k u p during c r i t i c a l mission operations t o preclude
f a i l u r e o f c:omputer, communications, and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g equipment sl ould
t h e prime ccirmercial power f a i l .



          T h i s p r o j e c t p r o v i d e s f o r t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n of two (2) d i e s e l gener-
a t o r s i n t h e basement of t h e C e n t r a l Power P l a n t t o meet i n c r e a s e d c r i t i c a l
power r e q u i r e m e n t s f o r Tracking and Data Computer Systems i n t h e C e n t r a l
F l i g h t C o n t r o l and Range O p e r a t i o n s Laboratory ( B u i l d i n g i#3) and t h e Space-
c r a f t O p e r a t i o n s F a c i l i t y ( B u i l d i n g 1/14). The g e n e r a t o r s w i l l compliment
two (2) e x i s t i n g 300 KW d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s t h a t a r e p r e s e n t l y used f o r
back-up d u r i n g c r i t i c a l missions.                  The proposed g e n e r a t o r s , a s s o c i a t e d
s w i t c h g e a r , (and a u x i l i a r y equipment w i l l be i n s t a l l e d i n space r e s e r v e d
f o r t h i s purpose i n t h e i n i t i a l d e s i g n of t h e power p l a n t .                  Included i n
t h i s p r o j e c t a r e m o d i f i c a t i o n s t o e l e c t r i c a l and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g systems,
i n B u i l d i n g s 3 and 14, which a r e r e q u i r e d t o extend t h e back-up s y s t e n .

PROJECT JuJSTJUCATIOK:

          A t p r e s e n t t h e C e n t e r u s e s two (2) 300 KW d i e s e l g e n e r a t o r s , d u r i n g
c r i t i c a l m i s s i o n s , as back-up power f o r e x i s t i n g computer, communicat ions,
and a i r cond:i. t i o n i n g systems b e i n g o p e r a t e d i n s u p p o r t of t h e mission
During t h e s e t r a c k i n g o p e r a t i o n s , d i e s e l and commercial power i s used t o
o p e r a t e reduii'ctant systems. Thus, i n t h e event of commercial power f a i l u r e ,
t h e back-up s y s terns o p e r a t i n g under d i e s e l power i n s u r e continuous func-
t i o n i n g of tlie v i t a l t r a c k i n g and communications equipment.

          However :, t h e i n c r e a s e i n t h e amount of c r i t i c a l computer and comriuni-
c a t i o n s equipment being i n s t a l l e d i n t h e B u i l d i n g s 3 and 14 complex
r e q u i r e s t:hat: a d d i t i o n a l d i e s e l power and a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g back-up be
provided. A 1:abulation of t h e e x i s t i n g power l o a d s and t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s
f o r t h e ac1dit:ional back-up power is as follows:

                                               EXISTING LOADS

  Manned Space F l i g h t t r a c k i n g computers,
    Building No. 3                                                             150     Kw

   1 Univac 490 s w i t c h i n g s y s t e m                                  100 Kw

   Computer and. communications a i r
     c o n d i t ioni.ng systems

                                      TOTAL
          The Manned Space F l i g h t t r a c k i n g computers (at 150 KW) and t h e
s w i t c h i n g s y s t e m ( a t 100 KW) are f o r e l e c t r o n i c equipment power; t h e
a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g systems ( a t 300 KCW) a r e f o r o p e r a t i o n of c h i l l e d w a t e r
and a i r hanldling u n i t s i n t h e b u i l d i n g t o provide a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g ljack-up.
The two (2) e x i s t i n g 300 Kw d i e s e l u n i t s accommodate t h e s e l o a d s .

     The proposed a d d i t i o n a l d i e s e l u n i t s w i l l meet t h e requirements
imposed by .the f o l l o w i n g new l o a d s :

                                                     NEW LOADS

   S p a c e c r a f t c o n t r o l c e n t e r s ; OGO, OAO, OSO,
      Nimbus /':C i ro s                                                               230     K,W

   Data suppa:, rt computers                                                             75    Kw

   Computer and communication A/C system                                               mJm
                                                TOTAL

          The s p a c e c r a f t c o n t r o l c e n t e r l o a d s r e p r e s e n t t h e r e q u i r e m e n t s of
real time c o n t r o l and command o p e r a t i o n s d u r i n g o p e r a t i o n s of t h e s p x e -
c r a f t noted above.              It a l s o i n c l u d e s l o a d s t o m e e t network communicasion
r e q u i r e m e n t s t o a s s u r e t i m e l y i s s u a n c e of i n s t r u c t i o n s t o t h e v a r i o u ; ;
network sta1::ions.               The Data s u p p o r t computer l o a d s are g e n e r a t e d by '30th
manned and i:inmanned missions.                       The a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g system back-up power
i s n e c e s s a r y t o provide t h e r i g i d environmental r e q u i r e m e n t s nec essa:'ry f o r
t h e e f f i c i e n t o p e r a t i o n of t h e computers.

ESTIMATED-.--FIlT.ZURE YEAR FUNDING FOR THIS PROJECT:                          None
                         NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                         CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                    JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, NASA


                                                                                                      Page No.

Location plar   .......................................................                               CF 4-1

S u ~ a r ............................................................
          y                                                                                           CF 4-2

Office of Maimed Space Flight: Projects:

  RF systems. test facility.                  ........................................                CF 4-3

  Flight crew training building extension..........................                                   CF 4-7

  Extensi.on       :
                   io               ................................
                         the medical facility                                                         CF 4-10

  Utility installations - New area.. ...............................                                  CF 4 . - 1 3

Office of      S p m 3    Science and Applications Project:

  Modification to launch complex 1 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   ....   CF 4-17




                                                                                                      CF 4
JOHN F. KENNEDY SPACE CENTER

     FISCAL   YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES


     L O C A T I O N PLAN




                                    iy
                                    I




                                         CI” 4- 1
                                                                 NATIONAL AERONAUT             ICs A N D S P A C E A D M I N I S T R A T I O N


                                                                                CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES




     t e s t , checkout and launch of NASA space v e h i c l e systems a t                                                           TOTAL ALL PERSONNEL        I   7,422       10,875   I   12,684
                                                                                                                                                                                     NO ACRES




                                                                                                                                     TOTAL LAND                                       92,083
                                                                                                            I                      TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT
                                                                                                                                                                                     298,069.0
                                                                                                            1   (Including   'VASA O w n e d Land) (u I l u n e 10, 164
                                                                                                                                                                        I
                                                                                                                                                                               $
                                                                                                                                                                           - - i _ _ T--
                                             PROJECT LINE ITEM
                                                                                                      '
                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                           COGNIZANT
                                                                                                             OFFICE            1F Y 1959 T N R U
                                                                                                                                    CURRENT Y E A R
                                                                                                                                                           FY 1966
                                                                                                                                                      (Fstrmared)
                                                                                                                                                                        FUTURE YEARS ~
                                                                                                                                                                                           TOTAL
                                                                                                                                                                                         A L L YEARS
                                                                                                                             --1-                                      fFs'lnuned'   1   (tsrrmated)
                      -                                                                               c-        -      -                      -                        -
                                                                                                                                                                               - --+-----
     RF Systems T e s t F a c i l i t y                                                               I         MSF            ,          69.0        1,374.0            -0 -            1,443.0
     F l i g h t C r e w Tra i n i n g Building Extension                                                       MSF                    2,453 .O       1,425.0            -0-             3,878.0
     E x t e n s i o n t o t h e Medical F a c i l i t y                                                        MSF                      390.4          598.0            -0 -              988.4
     U t i l i t y I n s t a l l a t i o n s - N e w Area                                                       MSF            I         220.5        3,898.0            -0 -            4,118.5
     M o d i f i c a t i o n s t o Launch Complex No. 1 7                                                       SSA                       77.0        1,300.0            -0 -            1,377 .O
                                                                                                                               I
n
w
c-
 I
hi



                                                                                           ~




       A L L OTYER PROJECTS
                                                    -   ____     -   -

                                                                                  TOTALS
     NASA FORM 1029       (QFV   Y O V 541      PREV'OUS FDITIOY'    ARE 5 R S O L C T E
                                             CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                             FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                     MODIFICATIONS TO LAUNCH COMPLEX 17


AUTHORIZATION L I N E ITEM:
         -.--                                                                     AA
                                             John F. Kennedy Space C e n t e r , N S

PROGRAM OFFICE FOR THE PROJECT:                           O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and Appli.cations

LOCATION -.--- FROJECT:
          OF                          Cape Kennedy, Brevard County, F l o r i d a

COGNIZANT NASA INSTALLATION:                                                             AA
                                                    John F. Kennedy Space C e n t e r , N S

TYPE OF CONS'I'RUCTION PROJECT:
         -.--                                        Alterations

FUNDING :

    FY 1965 and P r i o r Years                                $77,000

     Y
    F 1966 Estimate                                         1,300,000

                                Y
    T o t a l l?unding Through F 1966                      $1,377,000

PROJECT COST ES'TIMATE :
          .-
         ---

                                                          Unit of
                                                          Measure

  Land Accjuis i t i o n                                        ---
  Cons truc: t ion                                              ---
  Equipmerit                                                                                          $1,300 ,000

     Operational t e l e v i s i o n
        system                                                   LS             ---       $233,000        233,000
     Second s t a g s p r o p e l l a n t
         loading system                                          LS             ---      1,026,000     1,026,000
     A i r condi t i o n i n g f o r
        environnierita 1 e n c l o s u r e                       LS             ---         4 1,000          41,000

  Des i g n                                                     -a-             ---             -- -              ..--
                S
  F a l l o u t -.---h e l t e r (Not f e a s i b l e )         ---             ---             -- - -           None

                                                                          TOTAL                       &io0       ,O E



                                                                                                      CF 4-17
PROJECT PURPOSE :
         -.--
          This p r o j e c t p r o v i d e s f a c i l i t y a l t e r a t i o n s t o improve t h e D e l t a iecond
s t a g e p r o p e l l a n t l o a d i n g system, remote TV m o n i t o r i n g s y s tem, and t h e e n v i r o n -
mental c o n t r : ) l of s e r v i c e a r e a s around t h e v e h i c l e upper s t a g e s and the s p a c e -
craft   .
P ROJECT DES CXIP T I ON :
          -.---
         This p r o j e c t c o n s i s t s of t h e f o l l o w i n g a d d i t i o n s and modifi.catil)ns:

         a.    Second-Stage p r o p e l l a n t l o a d i n g system.
         b.    O p e r a t i o n a l T e l e v i s i o n System on pads 17A and 1 7 B
         c.    A i : r c o n d i t i o n i n g u n i t f o r environmental e n c l o s u r e s .

            The second s t a g e p r o p e l l a n t l o a d i n g s y s t e m c o n s i s t s of two 1,000 g a l l o n
s t o r a g e tank:.;, me f o r t h e o x i d i z e r ( i n h i b i t e d Red Fuming N i t r i c Acid:l and onti
f o r t h e f u e l (Unsymetrical Diemethyl Hydrazine) t o g e t h e r w i t h supply . i n e s ,
v a l v e s , a remote c o n s o l e and flow measuring system.

         The o p e r a t i o n a l t e l e v i s i o n system c o n s i s t s o f :

         a.    S i x 21" TV monitors
        b.     Two 1 7 " TV monitors
        c.     Twe! l.ve TV cameras w i t h weatherproof e n c l o s u r e s
        d.     E i g h t pan t i l t systems
        e.     Ei{;ht zoomar systems
        f.     One c e n t r a l c o n t r o l c o n s o l e
        g.     1nt:erconnecting cab Les and f i x t u r e s , remote camera s e l e c t o r c o n t r o l s ,
               anti! video t r a n s m i s s i o n equipment r e q u i r e d f o r a u s a b l e s y s t c ! m .

            The ope::cai:ional TV system w i l l p r o v i d e remote c o n t r o l from a c e r i t r a l
console l o c a t e d w i t h i n t h e blockhouse w i t h monitors w i t h i n e a s y view of t h e
P r o p u l s i o n Cc:~nsoleo p e r a t o r , t h e Test Conductor, t h e Launch D i r e c t o r , and
T e l e m e t r y T r a c k e r , Weatherproof TV cameras l o c a t e d a t each launcher will scan
propellant: se:rvicing system l i n e s and o p e r a t i o n s , view a l l v e h i c l e anc s p a c e -
c r a f t umbilic;il:; , and observe s p a c e c r a f t t h i r d s t a g e and t h r u s t augmerlted
d e l t a s o l i d r w t o r i n s t a l l a t i o n and o p e r a t i o n s . Two TV cameras having wide
a n g l e l e n s ard e x p l o s i o n proof e n c l o s u r e s w i l l be mounted on e x i s t i n g mounts
on each 1.aunc.h deck. Four TV cameras, having pan, t i l t , and zoom :Len:
f e a t u r e s w i l l . be mounted on ground l e v e l n e a r t h e c o r n e r s of t h e apron of each
l a u n c h e r . P F c t u r e s from t h e launch deck and l a u n c h e r apron cameras w j , l l be
d i s p l a y e d on s i x 21" monitors l o c a t e d i n t h e blockhouse. A s e l e c t o r :witch
w i l l be provided t o s w i t c h front t h e s i x TV cameras of Pad A o r Pad B.                     Also,
two steppi.ng s w i t c h e s (remote c o n t r o l l e d from Hangar AE) w i l l be provided t:o
s t e p through 1:hre.e TV cameras c m each l a u n c h e r f o r remote viewing on e x i s t i n g
monitors i.n Hangar AE , Miss i o n C o n t r o l C e n t e r .




                                                                                                       CF 4-18
            The environmental e n c l o s u r e a i r c o n d i t i o n i n g p r o v i d e s a 40 t o n ziir
c o n d i t i o n i n g m i t and connections t o e x i s t i n g d u c t s t o s u p p l y c o n d i t i o n e d a i r
t o t h e eniriro;unental e n c l o s u r e s u r r o u n d i n g t h e second s t a g e and s p a c e c r a f t
l e v e Is of each g a n t r y . A i r - c o n d i t i o n e d environmental e n c l o s u r e s provi.de con-
t a m i n a t i o n pi:-otection f o r t h e Delta s p a c e launch v e h i c l e guidance and c o n t r o l
area and t o t h e s p a c e c r a f t area.

PROJECT JUS T1[.1?ICATION :

           The s e c m d s t a g e p r o p e l l a n t l o a d i n g s y s t e m i s r e q u i r e d t o r e p l a c e t h e
p r e s e n t system of t r a i l e r s u p p l y which i s manually o p e r a t e d and of i n $u f f i c i e n t
c a p a c i t y (600 g a l l o n s ) f o r t h e Improved Delta. This system w i l l p r o v i d e
a c c u r a t e 1-emo:e c o n t r o l l e d p r o p e l l a n t t r a n s f e r i n a s a f e , e f f i c i e n t manner,

            The ope:rational t e l e v i s i o n system w i l l supplement t h e p r e s e n t s j stem
i n s t a l l e d i n L956 t o s u p p o r t t h e s i n g l e s t a g e Thor m i s s i l e t e s t s and i s
p r e s e n t l y i n a d e q u a t e f o r m u l t i s t a g e v e h i c l e and s p a c e c r a f t o p e r a t i o n s , The
proposed system p r o v i d e s a means of v i s u a l m o n i t o r i n g f o r o v e r a l l f l i g , h t
r e a d i n e s s and i s t h e only means of viewing s t r a t e g i c a r e a s of t h e v e h j c l e and
launcher d u r i n g f u e l i n g and t e r m i n a l countdown. This system w i l l p e r n i i t
i n t e r e s t e d p e i s o n n e l t o view t h e o p e r a t i o n s from a s a f e d i s t a n c e , a l l e v i a t i n g
c o n g e s t i o n on t h e launch pad and d e c r e a s i n g t h e number of people expozed
d u r i n g hazarclous o p e r a t i o n s .

           The ai1 c o n d i t i o n i n g u n i t f o r environmental e n c l o s u r e s i s r e q u i r e d t o
provide a c o r i t r o l l e d environment f o r t h e upper l e v e l s of t h e g a n t r i e s where
s p a c e c r a f t and v e h i c l e guidance checkout are performed. S e n s i t i v e grclund
s u p p o r t equipnent f o r s p a c e c r a f t i s l o c a t e d on t h e s e l e v e l s and needs
p r o t e c t i o n . :$is equipment must be o p e r a t i o n a l ready by June 1966,, 7'he
environmel: t a l c o n t r o l i s now b e i n g provided on a l i m i t e d n o n - i n t e r f e r e n c e
b a s i s by borrowed A i r Force E a s t e r n T e s t Range (AFETR) equipment, AFETR w i l l
n o t commit ccmtinued s u p p o r t .

ESTIMATED -.--
           FU'I'IJRE: YEAR FUNDINGIOR THIS PROJECT:                             None




                                                                                                             CF 4- 19
                                          JOHN F KENNEDY SPACE CENTER, NASA

                                                FISCAL YEAR       16
                                                                   96    ESTIMATES


                                   MODIFICATIONS TO LAUNCH COMPLEX                                  7
                                                                                                NO. 1
                        - ~ I- _
                        1                        I    -   1
                        I   I                    i         I
                              i                  I            i
                                                                                    PROPELLANT    FLUME
                                                                        /
                                                                        ,            a   SKIM   BASIN




                                                                        ,-SERVICE                  STRUCTURE




                                                                              LAUNCH PAD

                                                                                                                                                i
     MOBILE AIR CONDITIONER
                                                                                     FIXED UMBILICAL MAST


                                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                                    6.250    0

                                                                                                                       SCALE IN FEET
                                                                                                                                     6,250




0
Y
                                         NCH CONTRO
                                                                             PLAN VIEW
t-
h,
0




                                                                                                                        p        S I T E PLAN
                                                                                                           -   1
                                   LL=?ALEOUIPMENT
                                               SUPPORT                                                         \h
                                             BUILDING
                                NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                         CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                               WALLOPS STATION

                                                                                      Page N o .

Location plan          ....................................................... CF            12-1

Su~ary....           ......................................................... CF            12-2

Office of Spa.c:e S c i e n c e a n d A p p l i c a t i o n s P r o j e c t s :

   Launch C:ont:rolt b u i l d i n g . .  ......................................... CF 1 2 - 3
   A s s e m b l y s h o p , , .................................................... CF 1 2 - 1 0




         762-046 0   - 15 - 7
                                                                                   C:F 1 2
                                                                     WALLOPS     STATION

                                                          F I S C A L YEA;     1966 E S T I M A T E S

            <<e'
              ,
              ,

                                                             LOCATION                  P U N                                                 ~     -
                                                                                                                                                 nulnii. _ -
                                                                                                                                                 -


              \\




                                   WALLOPS MAINLAND




                                                                   TRANSMITTER BLDG.


                                                                                  BOGUES BAY

                                                                                                                           LEGEND
                                                                                                                  I   EXISTING FACILITIES
                                                                                                                      FACILITIES AUTHORIZED OR UNDER
                                                                                                                      CONSTRUCTION
                                                                                                                      FACILITIES PROPOSED IN 1966 ESTIMATES



     PROTECT ION

                                                                                                                                             SCALE

c3
                                                      ';I    / j     /        -==5+&                      !                         ' ' -O
-Y

r
N
                  u 3tWAbt
                   l
                       NEW SCOUT PAD
                             srsTtM
                                                          \ \ Ii /             L/DYN~>BALANcING
                                                                                            -A
                                                                                             -
                                                                                                        FACI~Y
                                                                                                            T
                                                                                                              b
 I
P                       A      T      L    ~    ~     ~       ~          AND ASSEMBLY SHOP
                                                                         ~

                                                            LLAUNCH
                                                              AREAS 3,4, a 5
                                                          N A T I O N A L AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION


                                                                    CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                                                F I S C A L YEAR 19 66       BUDGET ESTIMATES




                                                                                                                               ~-    -




                                                                                                                     TOTAL LAUD                                       6 ,570.7
                                                                                               t
                                                                                                               TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT                       3   42,978.0
                                                                                                                             of lune 3 0 , 1964
                                                                                                   (Includang NASA-Ouned L a n d ) ( a s                )

                                                                                         ~    COGNIZANT
                                   PROJECT L I N E ITEM
                                                                                         ’      OFFICE
                                                               -     - ~-                                 -




Launch C o n t r o l B u i l d i n g                                                               OSSA          i        30.0                  605.0       -0-   I        635.0
                                                                                                                 I                                                ~




                                                                                                                 I
Assembly Shop                                                                                      OSSA          ’        30.0                  443.0       -0-            473.0

                                                                                                                 1                         I
                                                                                                                                           iI
                                                                                                                 ,
                                                                                                                                           i
                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                 1                         I
                                                                                                                                           I
                                                                                                                                           ,
__                                                                              - - .
  A L L O T H E R PROJECTS
                                            CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                            FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                              LAUNCH CONTROL BUILDING


AUTHORIZATION LINE ITEM:                      Wallops S t a t i o n

PROGRAM OP'FICIS FOR THE PROJECT:                      O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s

LOCATION OF PIIO.JECT:                Wallops I s l a n d , Accomack County, V i r g i n i a

COGNIZANT NA!;A 'LNSTALLATION:                     Wallops S t a t i o n

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT:                       New

FUNDING:

   FY 1965 and P r i o r Years                               $30,000

   JY 1966 E s t i m a t e
   ?                                                         605,000

   T o t a l Funcing Through FY 1966                       $635.000

PROJECT COST,-ESTIMATE:

                                                       Unit of                               Unit               Total
                                                       Measure           Quantity            -
                                                                                             cost               cost

  Land Ac:qui:;il:ion

  Construct ion                                                                                              't267
                                                                                                             3       .OOO

    Grading ;and p i l i n g                                  LS                 ---     $28,900                28,900
    Water a n d isewerage                                     LS                 ---       3,000                 3,000
    E l e c t r i c . 91 d i s t r i b u t i o n              LS                 ---      18,300                 18,300
    Sub-:;ta 1:io.n                                           LS                 ---      12,400                12,400
    Roads and p a r k i n g a r e a s                       LS                   ---      19,700                19,700
    Launch c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g               Sq. Ft.                3,160        58.45               184,700

  Equipment                                                                                                   j338.000

    Cab 1i n g                                                LS                           120,000             120,000
    Trays                                                     LS                            55,000              55,000
    Firing c,ircuits                                          LS                            48,000              48,000
    Checkout. c o n s o l e s                                 LS                            85,000              85,000
    Control systems                                           LS                            30,000              30,000



                                                                                                          CF 12-3
                                                      Unit of                                   Unit               Total
                                                      Measure             Quantity              -
                                                                                                cost               cost



   F a l l o u t She I t e r                                 ---                   ---           ---                     -0-

                                                                          TOTAL                                 $6
                                                                                                                - 0 5 ,0 0 0
PKOJEST PUlWOSE;:

         This p r o j e c t w i l l p r o v i d e a Launch C o n t r o l B u i l d i n g (Blockhouse) f o r
launch Pads Nos. 4 and 5 i n t h e North Launch a r e a t o house t h e sounding
r o c k e t launch c o n t r o l , experiment monitoring c o n s o l e s and p e r s o n n e l trhich a r e
now squeezed. i n t o t h e Scout blockhouse.

PROJECT I)E;(I:IIIl?TION :

          The proposed new f a c i l i t y w i l l p r o v i d e e a r t h covered b l a s t - r e s i E t a n t
space f o r r o = k e t launch c o n t r o l and check-out c o n s o l e s on t h e f i r s t :!loor
and c a b l e t e r m i n a t i o n r a c k s and c o n s o l e i n t e r f a c e equipment i n t h e basement.
The f i r s t f13or w i l l b e a removable t y p e f l o o r system t o a l l o w complete
a c c e s s t o citble t r a y s and equipment i n t h e basement. Space w i l l b e ~ ' r o v i d e d
o u t s i d e of [:he b l a s t p r o t e c t e d a r e a f o r a n o f f i c e , t o i l e t , s t o r ~ g e ,m d
mechanical ,ind e l e c t r i c a l equipment.

         The b l a s t p r o t e c t e d a r e a w i l l c o n s i s t o f two f l o o r l e v e l s a p p r o c i m a t e l y
28 f e e t 'by :34 f e e t , A o n e - s t o r y space w i l l be provided f o r o f f x e s , t o i l e t
and b u i l d i n g equipment approximately 28 feet by 32 f e e t . The f a c i l i t y e l e c -
t r i c a l s u b s t a t i o n w i l l be i n a n . e n c l o s u r e approximately 11 f e e t by 23 f e e t .
The t o t a l a r e a f o r t h e Launch C o n t r o l B u i l d i n g is 3,165 square Eeet.

         A l l p o r t i o n s of t h i s f a c i l i t y w i l l be of c o n c r e t e c o n s t r u c t i o n with a
s t e e l j o i s t framed r o o f , except t h e b l a s t p r o t e c t e d a r e a which will have a
c o n c r e t e roof system w i t h e a r t h cover. A p l a t f o r m w i l l be p r o v i d e d a t o p t h e
e a r t h f i l l f'or a t e l e v i s i o n camera s t a n d .

        Concrete paving and e x t e n s i o n s of e x i s t i n g s t a t i o n u t i l i t i e s sjstems
w i l l support: t h e f a c i l i t y . Control c a b l e s i n above-ground c a b l e t r a y s w i l l
connect t h e launch c o n s o l e s w i t h a s m a l l c a b l e t e r m i n a t i o n c u b i c l e a t Launch
Pad N o . 5 , and w i t h e x i s t i n g t e r m i n a t i o n f a c i l i t i e s a t Launch Pad N c . 4 .

PROJECT JUSTIFICATION :

          T h i s pi:oject i s r e q u i r e d t o r e l i e v e a n overloaded c o n d i t i o n t h a t has
e x i s t e d f o r t h r e e y e a r s i n t h i s a r e a . The n o r t h launch a r e a suppori:s flight:
programs siich a s r a d i o - a t t e n u a t i o n measurements, T r a i l b l a z e r reentr.7 h e a t -
t r a n s f e r e:q?e:ciments , s p a c e n u c l e a r a u x i l i a r y power systems, s o l a r - o r i e n t e d
c o n t r o l sy:i;tems, meteor s i m u l a t i o n , Vector s o l i d - f u e l r o c k e t ccmtro t system!;,

                                                                                                            CI' 12-4
component and system development programs, sounding r o c k e t s , and prob1.s.                                    The
e x i s t i n g launch c o n t r o l b u i l d i n g , which serves f o u r pads and f i v e l a u n c h e r s ,
i s overcrowded on t h e upper l e v e l w i t h two Scout checkout s y s t e m s , a u n i v e r s a l
c o n s o l e , r a d i o a t t e n u a t e measurement c o n s o l e , and a s s o c i a t e d range i n t e r f a c e
equipment. The lower l e v e l i s d e n s e l y packed w i t h c a b l e e n t r a n c e s , t e r m i n a -
t i o n r a c k s , t r a y s , and a launch programmer. The composite NASA/Air Force
Scout launch s c h e d u l e w i l l r e q u i r e a l m o s t continuous u s e of t h e e x i s t i n g
blockhouse, p r e c l u d i n g t h e simultaneous u s e of Pads 4 and 5 f o r the sounding
r o c k e t progran because of t h e s e v e r e overcrowding and c o n g e s t i o n which now
exists.

ESTIMATED FLf.'URE YEAR FUNDING. FOR THIS PROJECT : None




                                                                                                       CF 12-5
            \




.--/-..   -.-.-




                  CF 12-6
                                                                                                  WALLOPS   STATION

                          r B Y P A S S ROAD
                                                                                        FISCAL YEAR     1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                                                            'ROL BU!LD!NG
1          \/+LAUNCH                     CONTROL BLDG.                  b
               1-1 i & -
               I   '
                   E gJ
                    I     .      55'                                    1
                                                                        1
                                                                                              V                                     r
                                                                                                                                    LAUNCH CONTROL BLDG.




                        EXISTING LAUNCH
                                               ,-I
                                               ra-     EXIST. ASSEMBLY
                                                       SHOP N0.6



                                                                    --                   A        I




4
    F
    ~- =
      - -/ - A T L A N T I C
         -  7
    -/-----/-          - CEANO     -
                                                                                     -
                                  LAUNCH FACILITY PLAN
                                          SCALE
                                                        ,   o   ~   o           *
                                                                            o 200'00'
                                                                                                                              I \
                                                            1 BOGUES           BAY       /1                                   \\
                                                                                  CH CONTROL BLDG.




         )JI
        1 L AREAS i a z
         Y; INCH
          A
                   f -l
                   w- -                                                     H
                                                                               -- ~- -
                                                                                     -
                                                                ~ L A U N C AREAS 3.4,a15
                                                                                                                PERSPECTIVE
                                                     ATLANTIC       OCEAN

                               LOCATION PLAN
                                       SCALE
/
,"




     A




         -nsu   1966
                                         CONSTKUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                  ASSEMBLY SHOP


AUTHORIZATION L I N E ITEM:                  Wallops S t a t i o n

PROGRAM OFFICE FOR THE PROJECT:                       O f f i c e of Space Science and App1.ications

LOCATION OF E'ROJECT:                Wallops I s l a n d , Accomack County, V i r g i n i a

COGNIZANT NASA INSTALLATION:                      W 11 s S t a t i o n
                                                   a op

TYPE OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECT:                       New

FUNDING:

     FY 19165 and P r i o r Years                           $30 000

     FY 1966 13s 't i m a t e                               443 ,000

                                Y
     T o t a l Funding Through F ,1966                    S473,OOO

PROJECT COS']; ESTIMATE:
                                                          Unit of                       Unit.       Total
                                                          Measure                       --
                                                                                        cost        cost

  Land A c q u J s i t i o n                                   ---
  C o n s t r u c t ion                                                                         5k43,OOO

     Grading and p i l i n g                                    LS                  $29 ,700       29 ,700
     Water and sewerage                                         Ls                   18,100        18,100
     E l e c t r i c.al d i s t r i b u t i o n                 LS                   15 ,800       15,800
     Sub- s t a.t. i o n                                        LS                   2 1 ,200      21,200
     Roads axid l o a d i n g areas                             s
                                                                L                     13,200       13,200
     A s s emb 1.y si hop                                 Sq. F t .                    53.38      345,000




                                                                                                 1;443y 000




                                                                                                C F 12-10
PROJECT PURPOSE:

          T h i s assembly shop w i l l reduce t h e c o n g e s t i o n and p o t e n t i a l s a f e t y
hazard t b a t now e x i s t s i n t h e North Sounding Rocket assembly area by ;pro-
v i d i n g t h r e e a d d i t i o n a l a i r - c o n d i t i o n e d e x p l o s i v e s a f e assembly bays.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION:

          T h i s p r o j e c t w i l l p r o v i d e a 3 bay assembly b u i l d i n g i n t h e n o r t h launch
area of Wallcps I s l a n d c o n t a i n i n g 6,500 s q u a r e feet of e n v i r o n m e n t a l l y con-
t r o l l e d space f o r t h e assembly and checkout of s o l i d f u e l , m u l t i - s t a g e r o c k e t
systems and payloads. Door and c r a n e c l e a r a n c e s w i l l accommodate l a r g e pay-
l o a d - s t a g e systems such as Wasp t h a t r e q u i r e v e r t i c a l assembly. The b u i l d -
i n g w i l l b e c o n s t r u c t e d of s t r u c t u r a l s t e e l , t r a n s l u c e n t p a n e l s , and 12-inch
t h i c k r e i n f o r c e d c o n c r e t e bay s e p a r a t i o n w a l l s .  U t i l i t y requirements w i l l
be m e t by i n t e r f a c i n g w i t h e x i s t i n g water, sewerage, and power systerrs.

         -.--
PROJECT J~US1::;FI:CATION:

         The exir;t:Lng assembly shop i n t h e North Area is n o t c a p a b l e of Froviding;
t h e r e q u i r e d a i r - c o n d i t i o n e d environment f o r t h e c u r r e n t and planned sound-
i n g r o c k e t t:::<periments s u c h as i o n o s p h e r i c p h y s i c s , e n e r g e t i c p a r t i c l es,
aeronomy, Ti:.aiLblazer, Wasp and SERT; n o r i s i t p o s s i b l e t o assemble and
checkout thc: sounding r o c k e t s i n an e f f i c i e n t manner due t o t h e 1imit.ed
s p a c e availi.tb1e.           It i s planned t h a t t h e sounding r o c k e t s t a g e s w i l l flow
from t h e s t o r a g e magazines t o t h e proposed assembly bays f o r b u i l d u p                             The
completed st:age w i l l then b e t r a n s f e r r e d t o t h e l a r g e bay o r t o t h e c x i s t i n g
shop dependi-ng upon t h e environmental requirements. T h e r e , t h e stagc!s w i l l
be assemblell i n t o t h e completed v e h i c l e and i n t e g r a t e d w i t h t h e payload f o r
f i n a l cornbilled p r e l a u n c h t e s t i n g . The Assembly Shop i s r e q u i r e d t o a i l l e v i a t c !
c o n g e s t i o n t h a t has been a s e r i o u s problem f o r t h r e e y e a r s i n t h e e x i s t i n g
assembly a r e a s , t o p r o v i d e a c o n t r o l l e d environment c a p a b i l i t y for t2mpera-
t u r e and h u n i d i t y s e n s i t i v e f u e l g r a i n s a n d p a y l o a d s , and t o avo:id ex:eeding
t h e e x p l o s i v e s a f e t y r a t i n g of t h e area. Continued o p e r a t i o n wi-th t h e
p r e s e n t f a c i l i t i e s a l o n e w i l l have a d e t r i m e n t a l e f f e c t on v e h i c l e s , pay-
l o a d s , p e r s o n n e l and launch s c h e d u l e s .

ESTIMATED FLTU'RE YEAR FUNDING FOR THIS PROJECT:                             None




                                                                                                         CF 12-11
I
                                                                            WALLOPS       STATION
                                                                       FISCAL YEAR   1966 ESTIMATES

                                                                           ASSEMBLY SHOP


                                                  #+
                                                                                                                         I-
                                                                                                                         I
                                                                                                                                 inn'
                                                                                                                                 I""



                                                                                                                                          -                  I I'




              --
    EXISTING LAUNCH                                        NEW ASSEMBLY                                                                                   .IO'
            7
    PAD N 0 . 5                                            SHOP

                I/--                                                                                                                                      60'
                                                                                     L
      Iin
                EXISTING LAUNCHER
                                                                                      I
                                                                                      I

                                                                                                                    ASSEMBLY SHOP PLAN
                                                                                                                        SCALE
                                                                                                                                O F 20'
                                                                                                                                       I-
                                                                                                                                           SO'
                                                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                                                 75'    0'
                                                                                                                                                       10




                                                                                                                                        ISTING ASSEMBLY




                                                               -
                                                                                                     I
                                    ATLANTIC           OCEAN                                         L1
                                                                                                      -     '
                                                                                                            I




                         L A U N C H FACILITY P L A N

                                                                                                                        \\
                                  SCALE
                                           01
                                          0-                   200   300




                                                                                                                                NEW ASSEMBLY SHOP
                                                                                                                                                        1
w
N
I
+
w


                                                                                                    PERSP ECTIV E
                      LOCATION P L A N
                          SCALE
                                    0     1/2   fMI.
      ,
      -
- -
 I
          CF 12-14
I   I
                     NATIONAL AeRONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                     CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                     FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                   FACILITY PLANNING AND DESIGN


                                                                                      P a g e Nc!.

            ............................................................. 13-11
SI1IllOnary.,                                                          CF

Off ice of t h e A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r (NASA General)

   F a c i l i t y planning and d e s i g n . .   .................................... CF   13-2!
                                                      N A T I O N A L A E R O N A U T I C S AND S P A C E ADMINISTRATION


                                                                  CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES




 All                               , A s s o c i a t e AdminisEraEor
-
I N S T A L L A T ION MISSION


 See J u s t i f i c a t i o n .




                                                                                           r                 TOTAL LAND
                                                                                                             TOTAL CAPITAL INVESTMENT
                                                                                                                                              __



 F a c i l i t y P l a n n i n g and Design
                                                                                       I
                                                                                                         i   $43,937.0                  Not
                                                                                                         I
                                         CONSTRUCTION OF FACILITIES

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES
                                        FACILITY PLANNING AND DESIGN


AUTHORIZATION LINE ITEM:                   F a c i l i t y Planning and Design

 RGA
P O R M OIS?;:              O f f i c e of t h e A s s o c i a t e A d m i n i s t r a t o r (NASA G e n e r a l )

FUNDING:

      Y
     F 196.5 and P r i o r Years                            $43,937,000

     FY 1966 E s t i m a t e                                   7,500,000

    T o t a l Funding Through F 1966
                               Y                            $51,437,000

DESCRIPTION:

         The funds r e q u e s t e d under t h i s i t e m a r e r e q u i r e d f o r advanced f a c i l i t y
p l a n n i n g and. d e s i g n on p r o j e c t s f o r which c o n s t r u c t i o n funds may be
r e q u e s t e d i n . subsequent b u d g e t s .

JUSTIFICATICN:

          Long-range p l a n s i n s e v e r a l program a r e a s must a n t i c i p a t e t h e need f o r
t h e const.ruc:r:ion of f a c i l i t i e s beyond t h e budget year f o r which estimates
a r e being subm:itted. A c o n s i d e r a b l e s a v i n g i n time and a n i n c r e a s e i n t h e
a c c u r a c y of c o n s t r u c t i o n c o s t estimates i s p o s s i b l e w i t h t h e a v a i l a b i . l i t y of
a faci1it:y p l a n n i n g and d e s i g n fund which can be used t o i n i t i a t e tht: d e s i g n
o f h i g h - p r i o r i t y f a c i l i t i e s p r i o r t o t h e enactment o f p r o j e c t a u t h o r : . z a t i o n
and t h e appropr i a t i o n of funds            .
         With t h e s e f u n d s , N S w i l l c o n t i n u e a s a n on-going and c o n t i n u i n g
                                             AA
a c t i v i t y t h e g e n e r a l a c t i v i t y o f f a c i l i t y p l a n n i n g and d e s i g n of' f u t u r e
c o n s t r u c t i o n p r o j e c t s which have n o t as y e t been a u t h o r i z e d o r f o r which
a p p r o p r i a t i o n s have n o t been made. NASA w i l l a l s o c o n t i n u e t o make s p e c i a l
p r o j e c t : s t u d i e s , f e a s i b i l i t y s t u d i e s , and o t h e r s t u d i e s n e c e s s a r y t o develop
and improve o v e r a l l c r i t e r i a and s t a n d a r d s f o r t h e d e s i g n and c o n s t r . x t i o n
of f a c i l i t i e s .




                                                                                                              Clp 13-2
                                          HARRISBURG 4
                                                         .
            i    /'                                          -\
                                          I              .
                                  /
       /                 /   HAGERSTOWN




                WINCHESTER




            I   '*
                              I             /
            I
            \
    LURAY
       \4

\
                     \
    \
GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
   FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES
   LOCATION PLAN
                          0 SPACE PROJECTS BUILDING                @   MULTI-PURWSE BUILDING

                          @     RESEARCH PROJECTS LABORATORY       @ MULTI-PURWE     llL”6

                                CENTRAL FLIGHT CONTROL AN0             METEORMOSICAL SYSTEMS
                                RANGE OPERATIONS UBORATORY         @                BRT Y
                                                                       OEVELOPNENT U O A m


                                INSTRUMENT CONSTRUCTION MO
                          @     INSTALUTION UBORATORY
                          0 SPACE SCIENCES LABORATORY
                          0 PAYLOAO TESTING FAClLIT.(
                          0 SATELLITE SYSTEMS UBORATORY
                          8
                          0
                            I
                                MTE HOUSE
                                ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING UBORATORY
                                APPLIED SUENCES LABORATORY
                                                                       NASA SPACE SCIENCE OATA CENTER



                          @     TRACKING AN0 TELEMETRY UBORATORY
                          6 SPACECRAFT OPERAlIONS FACILITY
                          @     UUNCH PHASE SlMUUTOR
                          0 DEVELOPMENT OPERATIONS BUILDIN
                          @     MULTI-PURPOSE BU1101NG
                          @     MULTI-PURPOSE BUILOING
A0 2-3
                                                                                                                                                                                                       NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ORGANIZATION AND STAFFING CHART

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT     CENTER



                                                                                                  I               STAFFING SUMMARY                   1
                                                                                                      Excepted
                                                                                                      GS-16
                                                                                                      GS-I5
                                                                                                                                     " 6 6
                                                                                                                                     40
                                                                                                                                     21
                                                                                                                                    190
                                                                                                                                               40
                                                                                                                                               21
                                                                                                                                             190
                                                                                                                                                                                                             I         UFFICE Of THE DIRECTOR
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR


                                                                                                      GS-14                         383      383
                                                                                                      A l l o t h e r GS          2,771    2,771
                                                                                                      Wage Board                    272      212
                                                                                                      T o t a l Permanent         3,677    7,677

                                                                                                                                 - 4
                                                                                                                                     ,.e       I "   I




                                                      ASSISTANT DIRECTOR
                                                                                                                                                         I                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1
                                        I Exceoted
                                                      FOR ADMINISTRATION
                                                                                                                                                         I                CHIEF OF
                                                                                                                                                                     TECHNICAL SERVICES
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     TRACKING AND DATA SYSTEMS                                                                                      SCIENCES DII(ECTUK
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              SPACEASSISTANT AND SATELLITE



                                        I
                                          G S- lk
                                          GS-15                            3        3                                                                    I   Excepted
                                                                                                                                                             GS-16                                                                                              Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  - -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           APPLICATIONS




                                                                                                                                                         I
                                         GS-I4                             S        8                                                                        GS-15                                                                                              GS-I6                               2            2                                                         Excepted
                                         A l l o t h e r GS               44       44                                                                        GS-14
                                                                          -        -                                                                                                                                                                            GS-I5                                                                                                                                           -           -
                                        I
                                         Wage Board                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               14          14                                                           GS-16
                                                                          -        -                                                                         A l l other Gs                                                                                     GS-14                             18          18                                                           GS-15                                2          2 -
                                                                                                                                                             Wage Board                                                                                         A11 CtiC:. G S                    5i          51                                                           GS-I4
                                         T.._.l d j
                                         I Y L
                                                                          31       >,                                                                                                                                                                                                              -          -                                                                                                 2          2
                                                                                                                                                         I   Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                Wage Board                        -           -                                                            A l l o t h e r GS                  11         11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            I   Total                             87
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        ~
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              R7
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Wage Board

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               - -.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               -

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               18         18




                                                                                             I
              GS-16
              GS-15
              GS-14


              -...
                     PROGRAM SUPPORT DIVISION

              Excepted



              A l l o t h e r GS
              Waee Board                      -
                                                79


                                                00
                                                        79
                                                        -
                                                        80
                                                                    Excepted
                                                                   GS-16
                                                                   GS-15
                                                                   GS-14
                                                                   A l l other
                                                                   Wage Board
                                                                               FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT




                                                                                  GS
                                                                                     DIVISION
                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                        65


                                                                                                         2
                                                                                                         2
                                                                                                       111
                                                                                                      -- _ -
                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                                 66




                                                                                                                111
                                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                                      .
                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                      2
                                                                                                                            I        FACILITIES ENGINEERING


                                                                                                                                Excepted
                                                                                                                            GS-16
                                                                                                                            GS-15
                                                                                                                            GS-i4
                                                                                                                            All o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                            Waee Board
                                                                                                                                            DIVISION


                                                                                                                                                                     Ij
                                                                                                                                                                      58



                                                                                                                                                                     .",
                                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                                     In-
                                                                                                                                                                                 GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                 GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                 GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                 A l l other GS
                                                                                                                                                                                 ;*be    zuaru
                                                                                                                                                                                                  DIVISION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  6 5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  27
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 227
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 --_
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         27
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        227
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    65-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    LS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             ADVANCED DEVELOPMENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                cs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    A l l other r s
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   DIVISION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    65


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    "5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -- - .
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             66

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             12
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             17
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             nr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             >"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           All -:"e;
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      c3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  DATA SYSTEMS DIVISION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           11
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         2,:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              66




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         -- _ -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      !
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     11

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   i.t>
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   SPACECRAFT INTEGRATION AND

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    SOUNDING ROCKET DIVISION




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              14

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               __
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              ".
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            17: i
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      17-
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       'J
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1            Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             SPACE SCIENCES DIVISION




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            22
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           :$3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - _
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ii
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   163
                                                                   Total                               115      1:5
                                                                                                                            TuLai                            114     174          Total                          261    261         Total                           127     127
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            - _  -         .           Wage B oard
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Total                         280       280
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -   Total                          215      215              Total                               183     183




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               SPACECRAFT SYSTEMS AND PROJECTS



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     '
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             OPERATIONS DIVISION                                              DIVISION                                                                                         SPACECRAFT TECHNOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          DIVISION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     I                                                                                                                               DIVISION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         hxcepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          .,
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ^"
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ..   .-
                                                                                                                                                                                   E       ij                                       GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         14                   cs-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-14

                                                                                                                                                                                   Ibb     166                                     Wage Board                     - -                    Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         - _                  A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           240
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           - --
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     240
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Wage Board


    -
    m
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Total                          252       252
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Total
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           344       344             Total                                 149    149

    N                              I
    0
    4    I            PROCUREMINT D IVT F TON

                                             -
                                             65        -
                                                       66
                                                             I            -      --..
                                                                                       DIVISION                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    I
             Excepted
             GS-16
                                              1
                                              -
                                                        1
                                                        -         Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     NASA COMMUNICATIONS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I           THEORETICAL DIVISION                 I              AERONOMy AND METEOROLOGY
             GS-15
                                             _ _ 1:
                                              4         4         GS-16                                                                                                                                                                                     Excepted                                                                                                                                              DIVISION



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5:I
             GS-14                           15                                                                                                                                                                                                             GS-lb
                                                                  GS-15


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        I
             A l l o t h e r GS             269  269                                                                                                                                                                                                        GS-15                                                                                                                                   Excepted
    tn                                                            GS-14
    w        Wage Boar d                    -- _ -                A l l o t h e r GS                  65        65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            65-14
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            A l l o t h e r GS                 5:                                                                                                   GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GS-15                               42         42
    0
             Total                          289       289         Wage Board                          -
                                                                                                      22        -
                                                                                                                22                                                                                                                                          Wage Board                         --           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            -                                                                                       A l l o t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    GS-14                              155        155

*   *
    w
    0
                                                                  Total                                88       88
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        I   Total                              60           60   I                                                                                  Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      - _
    t                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Total
    N
    W
    -
    t



                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 A 0 2-4
                                         ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                         GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER


MISSION AND ,L:CPABILITIES :

         The Goddard Space F l i g h t Center w a s e s t a b l i s h e d on May 1, 1959. It
i s t h e f i r s t : major United S t a t e s l a b o r a t o r y e s t a b l i s h e d f o r t h e i n v e : , t i -
g a t i o n and p e a c e f u l e x p l o r a t i o n of space.

          Goddarcl personnel number more t h a n 3,700. While t h e m a j o r i t y a r e a t
t h e Greenbelt. s i t e and a t v a r i o u s c o n t i n e n t a l United S t a t e s i n s t a l l a t i o n s
( e . g . , t h e I r i s t . i t u t e f o r Space S t u d i e s i n New York C i t y ) , o t h e r inembers of'
t h e Goddard team are l o c a t e d throughout t h e world, o p e r a t i n g s a t e l l i t e
t r a c k i n g and communication network s t a t i o n s .

         T h i s I n s t a l l a t i o n i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r : development o f sounding r x k e t s
f o r s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n s ; t h e management o f a p p l i c a t i o n s a t e l l i t e
p r o j e c t s (e.!:. , NIMBUS, TIROS, ECHO, SYNCOM, RELAY and t h e A p p l i c . a t i o x
Techno1og:y S a t e l l i t e ) and s c i e n t i f i c s a t e l l i t e p r o j e c t s ( e . g . , OAO, OGO,
                                                                   AA
OSO, AOSO and E x p l o r e r s ) ; world-wide N S t r a c k i n g and d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n
o p e r a t i o n s ; p r e - f l i g h t t e s t i n g and e v a l u a t i o n of s p a c e c r a f t under sirniilated
f l i g h t condi1:ioins; d e s i g n , development and management o f experiments; space-
c r a f t d e s i g n and c o n s t r u c t i o n ; p r o j e c t management and launch of NASA':: Delta
launch vehic1.e; and launch of Centaur and Atlas-Agena v e h i c l e s on b e h a l f of
 o t h e r NASA Centers.

          Goddard :.s one o f t h e few i n s t a l l a t i o n s i n t h e world capable o f con-
d u c t i n g a f u l ].-range space s c i e n c e experimentation program. This i n v o l v e s
c a r r y i n g a concept from t h e o r e t i c a l work t o experimental design and engine-
e r i n g t o payload f a b r i c a t i o n and assembly, t o a complete t e s t and e v a l u a t i o n
program, t o v e h i c l e launch and s a t e l l i t e t r a c k i n g , d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n and
d a t a r e d u c t i o r . A s an example IMP I w a s designed, b u i l t , t e s t e d , and
launched by Goddard p e r s o n n e l .

     More s a t e l l i t e and sounding r o c k e t launchings than ever b e f o r e we ce
acconiplished i n 1964. Some noteworthy achievements o f t h e Goddarcl f1i::ht
program were:

       Sc.ientif:il~-Satellites                 -  The s u c c e s s f u l o r b i t i n g of n i n e s c i e n . t i f i c :
       s a t e l l i t e s , i n c l u d i n g t h e O r b i t i n g Geophysical Observatory (OGO),
       t h e n a t i o n ' s l a r g e s t and most advanced s c i e n t i f i c s p a c e c r a f t ,
       c o n t r i b u t e d t o a b e t t e r understanding of e a r t h - s u n r e l a t i o n s h i p s
       (OGO, AKI.lSL 11), provided new knowledge on t h e mechanics of t h e
       ionosphere ( E x p l o r e r s XX, X X I ) ; and observed i n d e t a i l t h e e a r t h ' s
       magnetosphe:re ( I M I)              .
                                            ~
        SoundirtLRockets
        -.
         --                       - A d d i t i o n a l knowledge w a s gained from a continued
        s e r i e s OS sounding r o c k e t f l i g h t s - - - s m a l l , inexpensive payloads launched
        i n t o arid above t h e e a r t h ' s atmosphere t o s t u d y space s c i e n z e phenomena
        f o r shclrt p e r i o d s o f time. For example, one Aerobee sounding rocket
        obtained u l t r a v i o l e t s p e c t r a on t h e atmospheres o f Venus and J u p i t e r .

       Meteorological
       -I_.--                S a t e l l i t e s - The second g e n e r a t i o n weather s a t e l l i t e
        N I M B U S I , NASA's f i r s t s a t e l l i t e whose c o n t r o l system always kept t h e
        spacec r a f t looking at: e a r t h , was launched and took v e r y high qu sl i t y
        i n f r a - r e d photographs of t h e e a r t h ' s weather c o n d i t i o n s i n t a t a t
        d a r m e s s . The TIROS V I 1 and V I 1 1 s a t e l l i t e s continued t o t ake (:loud
        cover p i c t u r e s of t h e world f o r u s e by t h e Weather Bureau i n d a i l y
        f o r e c a ; t i n g . These two s a t e l l i t e s have taken over 150,000 p l c t i i r e s .

       Comrnun:i.:ation
       --.--                  Satellites       -   The r e s u l t s of t h e t h r e e s u c c e s ~ u l ..aunches
                                                                                                    f
       of RELAY [ I , ECHO I1 and SYNCOM I11 have moved ahead t h e tirn(eta1)le
       f o r an o p e r a t i o n a l s y s t e m o f i n t e r c o n t i n e n t a l comnlunicatior s a t t ! l l i t e s
       al1owir:L;: c a n c e l l a t i o n o f f u r t h e r p r o j e c t e d launches i n t h e reseilrch
       and devc2lopment s e r i e s , nnd have made i t p o s s i b l e t o proceed wi1:h
       advanced r e s e a r c h i n a p p l i c a t i o n s technology s a t e l l i t e s . R E l A Y I T
       has b e e n used f o r demonst:rations , such as t h e p o l i t i c a l conventions ,
       the nat.I.ona1 e l e c t i o n s and Olympic Games. ECHO I i s s t i l l f u n c t i o n i n g
       as a. radiowave r e f l e c t o r a f t e r almost f o u r y e a r s i n spacc!.. SYNCOM I1:T
       w a s used t:o b r i n g t e l e v i s i o n t r a n s m i s s i o n s o f the Olympic Games from
       Japan t c i t h e United S t a t e s and Europe.

SUPPlARY OF R.E SCURCES REQUIREMENTS:

                                                                 1964          - -
                                                                                1965                -_.
                                                                                                      -    1966

   Number (of P o s i t i o n s , end o f y e a r . .       3,675                        3,725              3,725
   Average Nuxber o f A l l Employees. .              .     3,477                        3,681              3,698
   Administrative O p e r a t i o n s . .     . . . .. . .
                                                      $62,466,000              $85,923,000          $OSl,59 L,OOO

INSTALLAT :ION DE SCRIPT ION :

          The Goddsrd Space F l i g h t Center occupies a main s i t e of 530 &#:.re::
l o c a t e d 1.l; m:i.Le,s n o r t h e a s t o f Washington, D . C . , one m i l e o f f t h e Balt:.more-
Washington Ex:?ressway n e a r Greenbelt , Maryland. Four s e p a r a t e a r e a s 1:otal ing
6.52 a c r e s l o c a t e d w i t h i n two miles o f t h e Center are used f o r the ,antc!nna
t e s t range, rI,ignetic t e s t a r e a , t h e o p t i c a l a n d ground plane f a c i 1 . i t y :
o p e r a t i o n o f ,I STADAN e n g i n e e r i n g and r e a l - t i m e s t a t i o n and o p e r a t i o n of a
manned f l i g h t : network training; f a c i l i t y . The t o t a l c a p i t a l investment
as o f June 3 0 , 1.964 was $ 1 1 8 , 7 3 9 , 0 0 0 .
ANALYSIS E.jg$OURCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:

                                                                         1964              1965         -
                                                                                                       --    19 66

   11.     Persormel Compensation                 ......        $32,481,000       $38,391,000          $38,544,000
   12.     Per scmne 1 B e n e f i t s     ..........             2,287,000         2,707,000          - 2 , 7 16,000
              T o t a l , personnel c o s t s . . . .           $34,768,000       $41,098,000          $41,260,000

   21.    Travel and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
             of E'er sons.        ...............                   2,409,000          2,730,000         2,740,000
   22.                                         ..
          T r a n s p o r t a t i o n of Things..                   1,458,000          1,195,000         1,107,000
   23.    Rents, Communications,
                                      ...........
              and U t i l i t i e s . .                           10,790,000        9,936,000            9,745,000
   24.    P r i n t i n g and Reproduction    ...                    622,000          317,000              34 2,000
   25.    Other S e r v i c e s . . . .    ..........              5,802,000        4,850,000            6,923,000
              S e r v i c e s of o t h e r a g e n c i e s           438,000          334,000              443,000
   26.    Suppl.ies and Materials..       ....                     2,228,000        1,796,000            1,974,000
   31.    E qu iprrnen t   ...................                     3,356,000       23,201,000            4,532,000
   32.    Lands and S t r u c t u r e s . . . . . . . .              595,000          466 ,000             52 5,000
   41.    Grant!; , S u b s i d i e s and
                                   ............
             Con :1 r i bu t i o n s .
   42.    Insurance Claims and
             :Indemn i t i e s  ...............                                               ---
              X0tiitL.m.     ..................                 962,466,000       $85,923,000
                                                                                                       --- ,000
                                                                                                       %9,591.

JUSTIFICAT I O N E Z OBJECT CLASSIFICATION :

                                                   Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n

                                                                                 1964         1965           1906

D i r e c t P e r s o n i d . by Propram

   Space S c i e w c and A p p l i c a t i o n s

     Physics m d astronomy                 ...................                  1,025        1,074          1,086
     Meteorolog,ical s a t e l l i t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .            23 6         24 1           23 5
     Communication s a t e l l i t e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             91             50           40
                                                            .....
     A p p l i c a t i o n s technology s a t e l l i t e s .                      53             95          lo!,
     Lunar and p l a n e t a r y e x p l o r a t i o n  .........                  19             29           25
     Bioscience..............................                                          3           6            6
     Launch v e h i c l e development              ..............                  13             15           15
     Launch v e h i c l e procurement..              ............                  81             86           85




                                                                                                         A 2-7
                                                                                                          0
                                                                           - -
                                                                           1964 1965               --9 t 6
                                                                                                    1

   Advanced R.E'SE a r c h and Technology

      Space v e h i c l e systems..                   ................        40         49            49
      E l e c t r o n i c s systems              ....................         58         64            64
      N u c l e a r - e l e c t r i c systems          ...............         3           5            5
      Chemical p r o p u l s i o n               ....................          7          7             7
      S o l a r anld chemical p o w e r . . . . . .            .........      18         24            24
      Basic research.                       ........................          17         17            17

   Tracking and Data A c q u i s i t i o n                                   677       632           632

   Techno 1    l   z   ,   -   L   i   1i z a t i o n                      - -
                                                                            3 2                               2
                                                                                                              -
      Sub-totaL, d i r e c t p o s i t i o n s . .           ..........    2,344     2,396        2,395
                                                                                                  --- -
Support p e r so nn e 1

   Directoic a i i j , S t a f f . .          .....................            6          6              ;1

                                        ..........................
   Administral:: i o n .
   Research ard development support..                           .......      602
                                                                           6 5 8 -5Y5
                                                                                        680
                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                       680
                                                                                                       591i


           -
      Sub t o t a::.           .                     ..........
                                   support p o s i t ions.                 1,266     1,281        1,26:,

      T o t a l ,, pc!::rmanent p o s i t i o n s .............            3,610    3,677         3,67;'

   Other posit::ions :

      P o s i t i o n s under c o o p e r a t i v e
         t r a i n i n g agreements.                  .................       36         36            3tl
      Other tempoi:ary p o s i t i o n s ,                 .............   - -29    12            ---1;.
Total, all positions..                           .....................     - -
                                                                           3,675 3,725            3,72:,
                                                                                                  --.
P e r sonne 1 req uiremen t s

         The new € , e n e r a t i o n of s a t e l l i t e s w i t h t h e i r complex problems and
experiments a r e making peak demands f o r h i g h l y s k i l l e d s c i e n t i f i c ,
e n g i n e e r i n g and a d m i n i s t r a t i v e s u p p o r t p e r s o n n e l . The changing emphasis
i n work r e q u i r e s t h e reassignment of personnel from p r o j e c t s where t h e
workload i s d e c l i n i n g ( e . g . , RELAY, ECHO, e t c . ) t o a r e a s where t h e work-
load i s i n c r e a s i n g . The requirements generated by t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t
of manned f l i g h t network s t a t i o n s and development o f t h e A p p l i c a t i o n s
Technology S a t e l l i t e w i l l be met as o t h e r p r o j e c t s are phased o u t .

        The FY 1'166 e s t i m a t e o f p e r s o n n e l compensation i s shown on t h e
n e x t page.


                                                                                                   A 0 2-8
            CiviLian personnel b e n e f i t s f o r f i s c a l y e a r s 1965 and 1966 arc? e s t i -
   mated i a t ‘7.4‘36 of t h e n e t c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s . T h i s r e p r e s c m t s t h e
   a c t u a l pen:t:eintage experienced i n FY 1964.

                                                     Personnel Costs

                                                                     1964             1965           I_.
                                                                                                            1966

   T o t a l f’osji.i:ions.. ................                 i        3,675             3,725                 3.725,
      Permanen I .     ......................                          3,610             3,677                 3,677
      Other..      ..........................                             65                48                    48

   Personnel (*pensat i o n :
     Annual c o s t o f permanent
        positions.          ....................  $33,986,000                   $36,939,000          $36,936,000
     Pay above t h e s t a t e d annual r a t e       270,000                       134,000              137,000
     Lapses (:deduct).           ................  -3,059,000                      -376,000          --  192,000
     N e t cost: of permanent p o s i t i o n s . $31,197,000                   $36,697,000           36,881,000
     Other pei:scmnel compensation.. ,              1,758,000 .                   2,204,000          2,376,000

          T o t a l c:onipensation.   ...........                 32.955.000     38,901,000            39 ,,257 .OOO
             NASA funded.      ................                   32,481,000     38,391,000            38,544,000
             Reimbur s ab 1
               .            e  ................                      474,000        510,000                 713,000

   Personnel t b e n e f i t s . . ..............                  2,308,000       2,750,000         2,766,000
     NASA funded. ....................                             2,287,000       2,707,000           2 , 7 16,000
     Reimbursab1.e. ...................                               21,000          43,000                 50,000

   T o t a l pers5,nnel c o s t s . . . . . . . . . . . . .       35,263,000     41,651,000          42,023,000
      NASA func.ed.         ....................                  34,768,000     41,098,000           41,260,000
      Reimbursable.          ...................                     49 5,000       553 000;             763,000

   Average Number of A l l Employees
     (Man Years)          ..................                           3,477             3,681                 3,698

         The e s t i m a t e s f o r G o d d a r l Space F l i g h t Center f o r FY 1966 a r e
$16,332,000. l e s s than i n FY 1965. Exclusive of t h e FY 1965 computer purchase
program of approximately $22 m i l l i o n , t h e FY 1966 e s t i m a t e s r e f l e c t an
o v e r a l l i n c r e a s e of $5,477,000.

          T h i s i n c r e a s e i n c l u d e s $162,000 f o r p e r s o n n e l c o s t s r e l a t e d t o t h e
a d d i t i o n a l 17 man-years of c i v i l s e r v i c e employment, and $1,935,000 f o r
i n c r e a s e d c o n t r a c t o r s e r v i c e s r e l a t e d t o t h e maintenance and o p e r a t i o n of
a d d i t i o n a l f a c i l i t i e s coming i n t o i n i t i a l o p e r a t i o n i n FY’ 1966, ixnd t h e f u l l
y e a r c o s t s oE f a c i l i t i e s placed i n o p e r a t i o n d u r i n g FY 1965.

         The balance of t h e i n c r e a s e , $3,380,000, i s f o r n o n - r e c u r r i n g c o s t s
a s s o c i a t e d with t h e purchase of a d d i t i o n a l computer equipment where s t u d i e s
have i n d i c a t e d t h a t i t i s more economical t o purchase t h i s equipment than
i t i s t o a c q u i r e t h e i t e m s by l e a s e .
                                                                      POiNT ARGUE LLO
   --      E I I S 7 I ) I G ROADS
           L I STING ROADSNIIypRovEDI
           1s CAMlRA $171




                                                                                        ...




       -
‘3 ’




                                        NASA PACIFIC LAUNCH OPERATIONS OFFICE   -
                                                                                -_




                                                                                - __

                                                                            A 0 2-10
                                                                                        ~
LAUNCH COMPLEX 75-1




                      A 0 2-11
                                                                                  NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                             O R G A N I U T I O N AND STAFFING CHART

                                                                                           P A C I F I C UUNCH OPERATIONS OFFICE




I                STAFFING S U W l l Y             I                                                             DIRECTOR                                                       *   R1 SPC~NSIBILIIIES A S S W D AS
                                                                                                                                                                                   CI&LAIERAL Illy FROM P E R S O M I .
                                                                                                                                                                                   *:SIGNED TO M E ADMINISTRAIIUb'
                                                                                           GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                   D1 V IS ION.
     A l l o t h e r GS                                                                    A l l o t h e r GS              -
     Total P e r r n a n e n C

     Total Poaicion9
                                   -.-




                                                                                                                           ~   ~~


                                                                                                                                                                               7-
      TRACKING AND DATA D I V I S I O N

                                        65   e!
                                                      F A C I L I T I E S ENGINEEKING D I V I S I O N
                                                                                                            I                       TECHNICAL PROCRAEls D I V I S I O N

                                                                                                                                                                6s
                                                                                                                                                                -         66
                                                                                                                                                                          -
    GS-14                                1            GS-14                                                                GS-14                                  1        1
    A l l o t h e r GS                  -I   -.       A l l ocher Gs                        3           1                  A l l o t h e r GS                   -
                                                                                                                                                                2          1
    T o m                                2   .
                                                      Total                                 4           4   1
                                                                                                                               Total                              3        3


                                                                                                                                                                                                        A0 2-13
                                          W I N ISTRATI V E OPERATIONS

                                           FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                      PACIFIC LAUNCH OPERATIONS OFFICE


MISSION AND              CJiBILITIES :
     The rniss:~.orio f t h e P a c i f i c Launch O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e c o v e r s t h e fclllowing
areas :

        1.        Representing N S i n i t s w e s t c o a s t r e l a t i o n s h i p s w i t h t h e
                                 AA
                  Deparrtment of Defense range management a g e n c i e s .

        2.        Negot:iating f o r and c o o r d i n a t i n g t h e u s e of r a n g e s e r v i c e s
                  and fiac:ilities.

        3.        Provj.di.ng a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , l o g i s t i c and t e c h n i c a l s u p p o r t
                  f o r N S programs and p r o j e c t s a t t h e DOD w e s t c o a s t r a n g e s .
                         AA

        4.        Provi.ding c e n t r a l c o o r d i n a t i o n of matters p e r t a i n i n g t o
                  supplort requirements developed by f i e l d i n s t a l l a t i o n groups
                  l o c a t e d a t t h e P a c i f i c launch s i t e .

During p a s t months, N S a c t i v i t i e s a t t h e P a c i f i c Missile Range/Western T e s t
                                      AA
Range have i n c l u d e d a number o f major l a u n c h e s , r e c o r d i n g of o n - o r b i t data
from T i r o s and o t h e r s p a c e c r a f t , m e t r i c t r a c k i n g of S a t u r n and Centaur,
manned s p a c e . € l i g h t network s u p p o r t of t h e f i r s t Gemini l a u n c h , and m i s c e l -
laneous s u p p o r t of s e v e r a l minor p r o j e c t s . On August 25, 1964, t h e Ioiio-
s p h e r e E x p l o r i x was launched u t i l i z i n g a Scout Vehicle; on August 28, L964,
t h e f i r s t N i m b u s was launched by a Thor-Agena; and on October 9 , 3.964, t h e
f i r s t s u c c e s s f u l Beacon E x p l o r e r was p l a c e d i n t o an almost nominal. o r b i t by
a Scout. E d u c a t i o n a l l y , t h e P a c i f i c Launch O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e works c l o s e l y
w i t h U n i f i e d School Districts i n t h e t h r e e c o u n t i e s l o c a t e d i n t h i s area as a
                                                                                                             AA
member of t h e Northern C a l i f o r n i a I n d u s t r y - E d u c a t i o n Council p r o v i d i n g N S
p u b l i c a t i o n s , f i l m s , e x h i b i t s , and e d u c a t i o n a l material.

          I n c r e a s e d launch a c t i v i t y u s i n g the Scout, Thor-Agena, and T h r u s t               -
Augmented Thor-Agena is planned.                         I n a d d i t i o n , c u r r e n t p l a n s i n c l u d e extend-
i n g t h e D e l t a Program t o t h e Western T e s t Range.                      S p a c e c r a f t t o be launched
i n c l u d e OGO, :I:SIS-X, Nimbus, Air-Density/INJUN, Pageos, and t h e French FR-1A.
The support: of Glemini, S a t u r n , Centaur, T i r o s , and o t h e r o r b i t i n g s p a c e c r a f t
o r v e h i c l e s w:l.tl c o n t i n u e .

        Geograph:i.ca’Lly, from no o t h e r p o i n t w i t h i n t h e c o n t i n e n t a l United S t a t e s
c a n a v e h i c l e b e launched southward, i n t o a p o l a r o r b i t , w i t h o u t p a s s i n g o v e r
populated areas d u r i n g t h e hazardous l a u n c h i n g and climb o u t s t a g e s , at: l a n d
m a s s does n o t exxist between t h e launch pads and A n t a r c t i c a . The r e l a t ~ v e l y
f l a t t e r r a i n xiieait t h e ocean, w i t h p r o t e c t i v e h i l l s i n l a n d , is i d e a l f o r

     762-046 0   - 65 - 21                                                                                   A 0 2-14
launching l a q e b o o s t e r s , as i t provides b o t h s e c u r i t y c o n t r o l and minimal
danger t o adj,a.cent communities. Launch f a c i l i t i e s i n c l u d e t h e fo:Llowing :

        1.    E x i s t in.g :

              NASA. - Thor-Agena, Thrust-Augmented Thor (TAT),                          Scout,
              Probes

              A i r E'orce ( a v a i l a b l e t o NASA)    - Atlas-Agena         and Thor-Able
              Star

        2.    Planned.:

              NASA.   -   Improved Delta

              A i r E'orce ( a v a i l a b l e t o NASA)    -   Titan I I I C

SUMMARY OF RESOLRCES REQUIREMENTS:

                                                                 1964                 1965           -1966
   Number of Pc,si.tions, end of y e a r .                          22                     22                   22
   Average Num'ber of A l l Employees..                             22                     22                   22
   A d m i n i s t r a t i v e Operations ........          $1,037,000               $835,000             $804,000

INSTALLATION J , E C R I P T I O N :

          The P a c i f i c Launch Operations O f f i c e , e s t a b l i s h e d i n March 1962, is
l o c a t e d a t Vandenberg A i r Force Base, C a l i f o r n i a , approximately 1.50 miles
northwest of Los Angeles.                  P a r t of t h e o r g a n i z a t i o n i s c u r r e n t l y 'located at
P o i n t Mugu, C a l i f o r n i a , a Naval Base approximately 40 miles n o r t h of Los
Angeles. Because of a t r a n s f e r of range r e s p o n s i b i l i t i e s from t h e Navy t o
                                     Y
t h e A i r Force d u r i n g F 1965, personnel a s s i g n e d t o t h e P o i n t Mugii o f f i c e
w i l l t r a n s f e r t o VAFB on o r about March 1, 1965. The p h y s i c a l p l a n t
comprises v a r i o u s f a c i l i t i e s , a l l l o c a t e d on l a n d owned by o t h e r government
agencies, including:                  (1) The S p i n T e s t F a c i l i t y ; (2) t h e NASA/MlD Scout
Launch Pad, i n c l u d i n g t h e NASA Operation Support Building and t h e PMR Probe
Complex (1800 SF of Block House s p a c e a s s i g n e d t o NASA); ( 3 ) 1 / 2 (20,600 SF)
o f t h e E'MR M i s s l e Assembly B u i l d i n g p l u s a 7500 SF N S a d d i t i o n ; ( 4 ) Com-
                                                                                    AA
ponent Storage & Supply B u i l d i n g ; (5) 10,900 SF of t h e PMR Range 1Jsers
Engineering Building a s s i g n e d t o NASA f o r a d m i n i s t r a t i v e space. 'fie NASA
p h y s i c a l p l a n t v a l u e a t Vandenberg A i r Force Base as of June 30, 1964, w a s
$1,865,000.                                                                              1




                                                                                                        A 0 2-15
ANALYSIS OF R5gURCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:

                                                                  1964            1965         -1966
  11.
  12.
          Personnel Compensation..
          Personnel Benefits..........
                                                     ....         $193,000
                                                                    12,000
                                                                                 $231,000
                                                                                   16 .OOO
                                                                                                $234,000
                                                                                               -16.000
             Tota:L, personnel c o s t s . .            ..        $205,000       $247,000       $150,000

  21.     T r a v e l and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
             o f Persons..         ..............                    38,000        50,000            40,000
  22.                                          ..
          T r a n s p o r t a t i o n of Things..                     7,000        12,000            10,000
  23.     Rents, Coimunicat i o n s ,

  24.
                                      ...........
              and I J t i l i t i e s . .
          P r i n t i n g and Reproduction..    .
                                                                   111,000
                                                                     6,000
                                                                                   90,000
                                                                                    8,000
                                                                                                    90,000
                                                                                                     8 ,000
  25.     Other S e r v i c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . .         70,000        166,000         '160,000
             Serviices of o t h e r a g e n c i e s                  94 ,000       74,000           80,000
  26.                                      ....
          S u p p l i e s and M a t e r i a l s . .                141,000
                                                                    55,000
                                                                                   85,000
                                                                                   46,000
                                                                                                    85,000
                                                                                                    46,000
  31.     Equipment...................
  32.                                 ........
          Lands a n d S t r u c t u r e s                          310.000         57,000      -    35,000

             Tota:l.. ....................                     $1,037,000        $835,000        $t!04,000

JUSTIFICATION I& OBJECT CLASSIFICATION :

                                             Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n

                                                                      1964          1965              1966

Direct Persons'&e& by ProPram                                                            ---            ..--
Support P e r s o n g L

  D i r e c t o r and S t a f f  ...............                            3             3                 3
  Administration..  ..................
  Research and development s u p p o r t .
                                                                           10
                                                                            9
                                                                                          7
                                                                                          9
                                                                                                             7
                                                                                                             9

     Sub-total . support positions.. .                                     22            19              19

     T o t a l , pei:rnarient p o s i t i o n s .    ....                  22            19              19



     P o s i t i o n s under c o o p e r a t i v e
        t r a i n i n g . agreements      ..........
     Other temporary p o s i t i o n s .       .....
Total, a l l     p o s i t i o n s . . .............                       22            22          -   22



                                                                                                A0   2-16
Personnel r e c p k e m e n t s

          The mission of t h e P a c i f i c Launch Operations O f f i c e i s t o a d m i n i s t r a -
t i v e l y s u p p o r t t h e NASA m i s s i o n s launched from t h e Western T e s t Range. Re-
quirements f o r personnel remain c o n s t a n t although t h r e e personnel shown as
permanent i n IFY 1964 are r e f l e c t e d a s temporary i n FY 1965 and FY 1966.


                                                 Personnel Costs

                                                                     1964                   1965             -1966
T o t a l Positio!~n................,..                                      22                     22       I_
                                                                                                                           22
   Permanent.......................                                          22                     19                     19
   Other...........................                                          --                      3                      3

Personnel Compensation:
  Annual c o s t of permanent
    positions...     ..................
  Pay abovle t h e s t a t e d annual r a t e
                                                                   $194,000
                                                                      2,000
                                                                                          $208,000
                                                                                               1,000
                                                                                                                  $211,000
                                                                                                                     1,000
  Lapses (dediict)     .................
  Net c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s .
                                                                    -13 .OOO
                                                                    183,000
                                                                                             -6 .OOO
                                                                                            203,000
                                                                                                            -       -1,000
                                                                                                                   211,000
  Other personnel compensation.          ...                         10.000                   28,000        -       23,000

      T o t a l compensation............                             193,000                231,000                 234,000
         N S funded.. ...............
                                                                                                            ___.

           AA                                                        193,000                231,000                 234,000
         Reimbursable................                                       ---                                           ---
Personnel benefits................                                     12.000                 16.000                 16,000
   AA
  N S funded..................,..                                      12,000                 16,000                 16,000
  Reimbursabl,i:....................                                        ---
                               ...........
T o t a l personn@ c o s t s . .                                     205.000                247.000         -250 .OOO
   NASA funded       ......................                          205,000                247,000
                                                                                                   ---       250,000
   Reimbursable.       ...................
Average Numberof A l l Employees
  (Man Years)        ......................                                  22                     22                     22

          The F P 1'366 e s t i m a t e i n c r e a s e r e s u l t s from w i t h i n g r a d e s a l a r y i n c r e a s e s ,
r e d u c t i o n i n llapse s i n c e t h e f u l l complement i s expected t o be on-boar11
d u r i n g t h e enlrire y e a r , o f f s e t by a d e c r e a s e i n compensation f o r temporary
employment and a d e c r e a s e i n overtime requirements.

          The o t h e r requirements f o r t h e P a c i f i c Launch Operations O f f i c e i:i FY
1966 a r e $34,COO l e s s than i n FY 1965. T h i s is due p r i m a r i l y t o LL r e d u c t i o n
of $22,000 i n lands and s t r u c t u r e s , brought about by changes i n requir1:ments
f o r minor c o n s t r u c t i o n . There i s a l s o a r e d u c t i o n of $10,000 i n t:ravet and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n of persons due t o reduced t r a v e l requirements.


                                                                                                                  A 0 2-17
WALLOPS STATION LOCATION
    WALLOPS   STATION




                            SCALE
                        0     In    IYI.
                         I
                        L I

6
A 0 2-20
           ‘0
           e
           rd
           a
           i
           r
           l
           4
            7
           ‘1
           a
           :d
A 0 2-21
                                      5k
                                       0
                                       C:
                                      Iw
                                      0
762-046   <   - 6 5 - 22   A 0 2-22
                                                     NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                           ORGANIZATION AND STAFFING CHART

                                                                         WALLOPS STATION




                                          ~~




            STAFFING S’UMtfARY

Excepted
                              -
                              65
                               1
                                               -
                                               66
                                                1                           DIRECTOR
GS-16                          1                1
GS-15                          4                4                                          -
                                                                                           65     -
                                                                                                  66
GS-14                          8                 8
A l l o t h e r GS;          236               236        Excepted                         1        1
Wage B o a r d               268  - -          268        A l l o t h e r GS               -
                                                                                           4      -
                                                                                                  4
T o t a l Permanent          518               518
                                                           Total                           5        5
   Temporary                  12  -            -12
T o t a l P o s i t ions           530         530




                                   FLIGHT TEST DIVISION
                                                                                                                 -
                                                                                                RANGE ENGINEERING DIVIS ION

                                                          -
                                                          65        -
                                                                    66                                                --5
                                                                                                                      6        -
                                                                                                                               66
                           GS-15                            2        2                     GS-16                        I       1
                           GS-14                            3        3                     GS-15                        1       1
                           A l l o t h e r GS              41       41                     GS-14                        i       4
                                                                                           A l l o t h e r GS
                           Wage B o a r d                - -
                                                         97 97
                                                                                           Wage B o a r d
                                                                                                                      63
                                                                                                                     -- 7     -
                                                                                                                               6Y
                                                                                                                               I
                                                                                                                               !
                           Total                          143      143                     Total                      82       a?
                                                                                                                 v




                                                                   “ 1I
                               ADMINISTRATIVE MANAGEMENT
                                       DIVISION


                       I   GS-15
                           A l l o t h e r GS
                           Wage B o a r d
                                                          65
                                                           1
                                                          88       88
                                                                     1                     GS-14
                                                                                           A l l o t h e r GS         3i
                                                                                                                        I
                                                                                                                               41
                                                                                                                               34


                           Total                         135       135




                                                                                                                    A 0 2-23
                                         ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                         FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                   WALLOPS STAT I O N


MISSION AND CAPABILITIES:

          Wallops I s l a n d was f i r s t e s t a b l i s h e d a s a launch s i t e i n 194!j and d e s i g -
n a t e d a s t h e P i l o t l e s s A i r c r a f t Research S t a t i o n of t h e N a t i o n a l A d v i s x y
Committee € o r Aeronautics.                   I t s e a r l y mission included wind tunnel. and labo-
r a t o r y i n v e s t i g a t i o n s which explored t h e aerodynamic problems of f l i g h t . The
Research S t a t i o n was r e d e s i g n a t e d a s Wallops S t a t i o n when t h e N a t i o n a l
Aeronautics and Space A d m i n i s t r a t i o n was e s t a b l i s h e d i n 1958.

          Wallops S t a t i o n i s one of t h e most a c t i v e launch s i t e s i n t h e world.
There have been, s i n c e 1945, more than 5,000 r e s e a r c h v e h i c l e s launchell
which prov:idecl s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l d a t a r a n g i n g from f l i g h t c . h a r a c t e r i s t i c : s
of a i r c r a f t , launch v e h i c l e s and s p a c e c r a f t t o i n f o r m a t i o n on t h e uppe:: atmos-
phere and t h e space environment. The S t a t i o n h a s t h e a b i l i t y t o launch
v e h i c l e s rang:ihg i n s i z e from t h e s m l l Hasp m e t e o r o l o g i c a l rocket t o 1:he f o u r
s t a g e Scoulr which h a s o r b i t a l c a p a b i l i t y . Wallops launches about 300 irehic'les
a y e a r incllud:i.;ng r e - e n t r y s p a c e c r a f t , sounding r o c k e t s and s c i e n t i f i c : ; a t e l -
l i t e s . P a s t iil:h.ievements i n c l u d e s u c c e s s f u l launches of two s c i e n t i f i c : s a t e l -
l i t e s i n conjunc;tion w i t h t h e United Kingdom; t h e o r b i t i n g of Explorer XXIII,
which i s measi.i.ring micrometeoroid a c t i v i t y i n t h e environment of c u t e r space;
t h e launching of SERT I, t h e f i r s t U.S. t e s t i n space of an e l e c t r i c i o n engine;
and t h e launching of San Marco I f o r t h e I t a l i a n Government.

          The b a s i c mission of Wallops S t a t i o n i s t o p l a n and conduct t h e iritegra-
t i o n , t e s t , checkout and launch of space probes and t o t r a c k , a c q u i r e , r e c o r d ,
reduce and anci:Ly;:e t h e d a t a which i s sought.                    I n a d d i t i o n , Wallops .is respon-
s i b l e f o r c.onclucting recovery o p e r a t i o n s f o r s u b - o r b i t a l launches; a s s ; . s t i n g
and t r a i n i n g f o r e i g n n a t i o n a l s i n launch techniques; a s s i s t i n g i n trac2:ing
and a c q u i r i n g d a t a on s p a c e c r a f t launched from o t h e r f a c i l i t i e s ; providing
p r o j e c t management f o r s p e c i f i c f l i g h t p r o j e c t s ; and providing necessarj' admin-
i s t r a t i o n and management support f o r c a r r y i n g o u t approved programs.

         P r o j e c t management r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r s e v e r a l s c i e n t i f i c s a t e l l i t e s i n
t h e U n i v e r s i t y Explorer c l a s s w i l l be undertaken by Wallops S t a t i o n fox t h e
f i r s t t i m e i n t h e n e a r f u t u r e . T h i s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y w i l l provide WalloFs t h e
unique c a p a b i l i t y of managing a p r o j e c t from i n i t i a l d e s i g n t o t h e u l t i m a t e
launch, t r a c k i n g and d a t a a c q u i s i t i o n phases.
SUMMARY OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS:
               -.-I




                                                                       1964              1965         -1 9 6 6
   Number of P o s i t i o n s , end of year...                        530             530               530
   Average Num'ker of A l l Employees.
   A d m i n i s t r a t i v e Operations..
                                                      .
                                                ........            508
                                                                 $9,715,000
                                                                                       5 24
                                                                                   $11,442,000
                                                                                                         524
                                                                                                      $9,800,000

INSTALLATION CESCRIPTION:

          Wallops S t a t i o n c o n s i s t s of t h r e e s e p a r a t e a r e a s on t h e A t l a n t i c Coast
of V i r g i n i a ' s e a s t e r n shore: The main b a s e ( f o r m e r l y a Naval A i r S t a t i o n ) ,
t h e Wallops I s l a n d Launching s i t e and t h e Wallops mainland. The A d m i n i s t r a t i v e
O f f i c e s , t h e Range C o n t r o l Center, support shops and t h e main t e l e m e t r y b u i l d -
i n g a r e locatled on t h e main base. Wallops I s l a n d i s about seven m i l e s south-
e a s t of t h e m , a i n base and i s connected by a causeway and b r i d g e . The I s l a n d
i s about f i v e m i l e s long and i t s w i d e s t p o i n t i s o n l y one-half m i l e ,                 Located
on t h e I s l a n d a r e r o c k e t s t o r a g e b u i l d i n g s , blockhouses, assembly shops and
t h e launch s i t e s . The Wallops mainland i s a one-half m i l e s t r i p v e s t of t h e
I s l a n d and hOiJSeS t h e r a d a r and o p t i c a l t r a c k i n g s i t e s . Wallops S t a t i o n ,
t o t a l l i n g 6,5151 acres, c o n s i s t s of 2,313 a c r e s on t h e main base, '108 a c r e s
on t h e mainland a r e a , 3,000 a c r e s on t h e i s l a n d , a n d 1 , 1 4 0 a c r e s of unusable
marsh land. T h i s l a n d i s government owned and t h e t o t a l c a p i t a l investment
a s of June 3 0 , 1 9 6 4 was $42,978,000.

ANALYSIS OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:

                                                                1964              1965          - 1966 ~                  -
   11.    Personnel Compensation.....                        $3,806,000        $4,361,000       $4:,361,300
   12.    Personnel Benefits.........                           268 ,000          313 ,000      --A-3 1 3 300

             Tota'l Personnel Costs..                ..      $4,074,000        $4,674,000       $4:, 674,300

   21.    T r a v e l and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n

   22.
              of Persons..        .............
                                              .
          T r a n s p o r t a t i o n of Things..
                                                                140,000
                                                                 65,000
                                                                                  160,000
                                                                                   8 3 ,000
                                                                                                    160 ,300
                                                                                                     83 ,300
   23.    Rents, Communications,

   24.
                                     ..........
             and U t i l i t i e s . .
          P r i n t i n g and Reproduction..
                                                                485,000
                                                                        -
                                                                                   626,000
                                                                                    15,000
                                                                                                     465,300
                                                                                                      15,300
   25.    Other Services.............                           915,000         1,233,000        1:, 633,300
              S e r v i c e s of o t h e r a g e n c i e s       17,000             50,000            50,300
  26.     S u p p l i e s and Materials.. ...                 1,344,000
                                                              1,017,000
                                                                                1 ,234,000
                                                                                2,546,000
                                                                                                 l:,234,300
                                                                                                     760,300
  31.
  32.
          Equipment..................
                                        .....
          Lands and S t r u c t u r e s . .
          G r a n t s , S u b s i d i e s and
                                                              1,658,000            820 ,000          725,300
  41.

  42.     Insurance Claims and
                                 ............
             Clon t :1 ibu t i o n s                                                 1,000             1,300

              Ind emn it i e s ..............
                Total..      ................                $9,715,000       $11,442,000       $ 9 ,-
                                                                                                -8 0 0 , 3 0 0
                                                                                                      -
                                                                                                      A 0 2-25
JUSTIFICATION BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:

                                               Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n

                                                                                               - 1966
Direct Per :somiel by Program

  Space S c i e n c e a n d A p p l i c a t i o n s

    Meteorological s a t e l l i t e s . .
    Physic:; and astronomy..
                                                   ..............
                                               ..................                  19
                                                                                   60
                                                                                         20
                                                                                         66
                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                  66

  Advanced Re:i;'ea:rch and Technology

     Space vehi.(:le systems.
     E l e c t r o n i c s systems..
                                        ...................
                                      ....................
                                                                                   19
                                                                                    8
                                                                                         19
                                                                                          8
                                                                                                  19
                                                                                                   8
     Basic rest?,arch..         .........................
                                             ...............                       12
                                                                                   16
                                                                                         12
                                                                                         17
                                                                                                  12
                                                                                                  17
                           .............................
     S o l a r and chemical parer..
     Aeronautic: s.                                                                17    17       17

  Tracking and Diata Acquisition.............                                  -
                                                                               43       -
                                                                                        42      -
                                                                                                42

        Sub- t o t a ' l , d i r e c t p o s i t i o n s . .   ..........      194      201     201

                    I
Suppor t Pex: so~iiie


  Administratj:.on,,
                                   ......................
  D i r e c t o r and s t a f f . . .
                            ............................
                                                                                 5
                                                                                74
                                                                                          5
                                                                                         65
                                                                                                  5
                                                                                                 65
  Research and development s u p p o r t .                      ..........     -
                                                                               243      -
                                                                                        247     -
                                                                                                247


        Sub- t:ota:l,       support p o s i t i o n s . .        .........     -
                                                                               322      -
                                                                                        317     -
                                                                                                3 17

        Total., permanent p o s i t i o n s . .                ...........     516      518     518

  Other po s i t i.on:! :

     P o s i t i o n s under c o o p e r a t i v e t r a i n i n g
        agree:meril:s,,      ............................
     Other temporary p o s i t i o n s . .     ..............
                                                                                   12
                                                                                    2
                                                                                                  12
                                                                               _c




  Total, a l l positions.            ......................                    -
                                                                               530      -
                                                                                        530     -
                                                                                                530




                                                                                              A 0 2-26
                                             Personnel Costs

                                                                  1964               1965          --      :.966

T o t a l Posi1:ion s
               -.__                                                     530                530      ___.           530
   Permanent:                                                           516                518                     518
   Other                                                                 14                 12                      12

Personnel Coml:len:;ation:
  Annual c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s . .   .
                                                    ...      $3,586,000          $3,904,000         $3,~'04,0~0

                              .................... ....
  Pay above t h e s t a t e d annual r a t e . .
  Lapses (cledu(:t:i..
  Net c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s . .
                                                                 28,000
                                                               -235,000
                                                              3,379,000
                                                                                     15,000
                                                                                    -81,000
                                                                                  3,838,000
                                                                                                         15,000
                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                         81,000
                                                                                                     3,2 38,000
  Other personnel compensation.                ........         427,000             523,000        -- f'23,OOI
      T o t a l compmr;ation..       ...............
                              ....................             3,806,000          4,361,000
                                                                                  4,361,000
                                                                                                              61,000
                                                                                                        4 , C 61,000
         NASA funded..
         Reimhursab1.e.       ....................             3,806,000
                                                                          -                   .
                                                                                              .                      -
Personnel kleneliits..         ...................
  NASA funded..........................
                                                                  268,000
                                                                  268,000
                                                                                     313,000
                                                                                     313,000
                                                                                                   --      213,000
                                                                                                           313,000
  Reimbursable.........................                                    -                  -                      -
T o t a l perso~nne.1.              ................
                              c:osts..
   NASA funded..........................
                                                              4,074,000
                                                              4,074,000
                                                                                  4,674,000
                                                                                  4,674,000
                                                                                                   -Q74,000
                                                                                                    4,674,000
   Reimbursable.........................                                  -                                          -
Average Number of A l l Employees
  (Man year^.................                .........                 508                 524                   524


          The WalloFls S t a t i o n requirements f o r F 1966 a r e $1,642,000 l e s s than i n
                                                                  Y
F 1965. T h i s i s due p r i m a r i l y t o a r e d u c t i o n of $1,786,000 i n equipment and
  Y
$161,000 i n r e n t s , communications and u t i l i t i e s . Both d e c r e a s e s w e r e t h e
r e s u l t of t h e Furchase of a g e n e r a l purpose computer d u r i n g FY 196,.                      The
purchase was funded under equipment i n FY 1965 and r e s u l t e d i n a d e c r e a s e i n
                          Y
r e n t a l during F 1966. There i s a l s o a d e c r e a s e of $95,000 i n l a n d s and
s t r u c t u r e s due t o a r e d u c t i o n i n minor c o n s t r u c t i o n requirements i n FY 1966.
These r e d u c t i o n s a r e o f f s e t by an i n c r e a s e of $400,000 i n o t h e r s e r v i c e s ,
r e q u i r e d f o r i n c r e a s e d maintenance and r e p a i r of aging f a c i l i t i e s ;and t o
cover i n c r e a s e d c o n t r a c t u a l shop support r e l a t e d t o t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n and main-
tenance of s p e c i a l launch equipment.




                                                                                                        . A 0 2-27
                                                                                              NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADNINISTRATION
                   STAFFING SUMMARY
                                       -
                                       63       -
                                                66                                                  ORGANIZATION AND STAFFING CHAR1
                      NASA-Wide
          Excepted                    170     169                                                            NASA HEADQUARTERS
          GS-16                        39      39
          GS-15                       384     384
          GS-14                       302     302
          All other GS              1,242   1,243
          Wage Board                   19       19

          Total                     2,156 2.156
            Temporary                  65     65
                                    --



                                                                                                                                                                                                                   +
          Iota1 Positions           2,221 2,221                                                                                 E
                                                                                                    Exceoted
                                                                                                                                    5                  ' I



                                                      7
                                                                                                    GS-16                           .                  .
                                                                                                    GS-15                           -                      .


         __c_I   LEGISLATIVE AFFAIRS

                                      -
                                      65     -
                                             66                  INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS
                                                                                                    GS-14
                                                                                                    All other GS
                                                                                                    Wage Board
                                                                                                                                r i
                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                    7
                                                                                                                                                       -
                                                                                                                                                       7
                                                                                                                                                                                          I
         Excepted                      3      3                                                     Total                          13              13                             POLICY PLANNING                               TECHNOLOGY UTILIZATION
         GS-16                         -      -                                                                                                                                                   - -
                                                                                                                                                                                                  65 66
         GS-I5                         4      4                                                                                                                        Excepted                    4  4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           65             66
         GS-14                                                                                                                                                                                                             Excepted                         3              5
                                       2      2            GS-15                                                                                                       GS-16                        -        .
         Ail other GS                 20     20            65-14                                                                                                       GS-15                        4    4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           GS-I6                            -              -
         Wage Board                                                                                                                                                                                                        GS-15                           IU             lo
                                     1       2             All other GS                            Excepted                                                            GS-14                        3    3                 GS-14                           li             11
         Total                        30     30
                                                           Wage Board             -      -                                                                             All other Gs
                                                                                                                                                                       wage aoarti
                                                                                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                        13
                                                                                                                                                                                                        -                  All other GS                    53             23
                                                           Total
                                                                                                   GS-15                                                                                          -     -                  Wage Board                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          -               --
                                                                                                   GS-14                       3                   3
                                                                                                   All Other GS            29                     29                   Total                      24    24
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Total                              77             77
                                                                                                   Wage Board              -
                                                                                                                           -                  -
                                                                                                                                              -
                                                                                                   Total                       35                 35
                                                      I
                                I
                                     Excepted
                                    GS-16
                                    GS-15
                                                       I
                                              GENERAL COUNSEL

                                                                                                                       I                                                                      Excepted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 AFFAIRS

                                                                                                                                                                                                                           -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           65      -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            3       3
                                    65-14                                                                                                                                                     GS-16                         -           .
                                    All other GS                                                                                                                                              GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           16      16
                                    Wage Board                                                                                                                                                GS-14
                                                           -       -                                                                                                                          All other GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           73
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   23
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   73
                                    Total                                                            ASSOCIATE ADMINISTRATOR                                                                  Wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       - _
                                                                                                                                                                                              Total                    115        115
                                                                                                 Excepted
                                                                                                 GS-16


     I
                            I                                               I
                                                                                                 GS-15
                                                                                                 GS-14
                                                                                                 All other GS


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   ADMINISTRATION

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        NASA-Wide
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     65          -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 66

                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Excepted                         10         10
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-16                             1              1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-15                           43          43
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-14                           -.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     5"          'C
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     All other C s                  151         1s:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     wage Board
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    -- _ -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Total                          2s5         2%


                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Headquarters operations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Crrnnr^A
                                                                                                                                                                   I                                                 65-16                            -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  I


                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-15                            4     r     ,
                                                                                                                                            TRACKING AND DATA ACUUISITION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     GS-14                            b          6
                                                                                                                   I


                                                                                                                               I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     All other GS                   201         197
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     g a g e Board
                                                                                                                                        Excepted                                                                                                    -1 7 _I7
                                                                                                                                        GS-16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Total                          229         225
-
I-
~"
                                                                                                                               i
                                                                                                                                        GS-15
                                                                                                                                        I   .,
                                                                                                                                             .A

                                                                                                                                        ;;l-ott2er GS

                                                                                                                               I                                        z      z      l
N
                                                                                                                                        Total                           60     60
0
4


                                                      r              ]I                                                                                                               1
I
n
(0

 I
     *   NASA Staffing for:                           I         MANNED SPACE FLIGHT
                                                                                  b5     66
                                                                                                           SPACE SCIENCE AND
                                                                                                                                                           I   I       ADVANCED KESEARCli A M I



0         Defense Supply Agency Contract
          Administration S e r v l c f s Regions
*
v)
,
0

N
c
tn
 -




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             A0 4-1
                                        ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                        FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                AA
                                               N S HEADQUARTERS


                          :
MISSION AND I=,AP,!UILITIES

         The m i s s i o n of t h e H e a d q u a r t e r s o f t h e N a t i o n a l A e r o n a u t i c s and !;pace
A d m i n i s t r a t i o x is t o p l a n and p r o v i d e e x e c u t i v e d i r e c t i o n f o r t h e prol;rams
a u t h o r i z e d by t h e Congress, and t o implement t h e n a t i o n a l o b j e c t i v e s s t a t e d
i n t h e Nat:ion.sl A e r o n a u t i c s and Space A c t o f 1958, as amended. The pi-in-
c i p a l stat:uto::y f u n c t i o n s are :

        1.    To c:onduct r e s e a r c h i n t o , and f o r t h e s o l u t i o n o f , problems
              a f iil-ight w i t h i n and o u t s i d e t h e e a r t h ’ s atmosphere and t o
              d!eval.op, c o n s t r u c t , t e s t , and o p e r a t e a e r o n a u t i c a l and space
              vehic:les f o r r e s e a r c h purposes.

        2.    To cclncluct a c t i v i t i e s r e q u i r e d f o r t h e e x p l o r a t i o n o f space
              w i t h manned and unmanned v e h i c l e s .

       3.     To arra.nge f o r p a r t i c i p a t i o n by t h e s c i e n t i f i c community i n
              p l a n n i n g s c i e n t i f i c measurements and o b s e r v a t i o n s t o be made
              through u s e o f a e r o n a u t i c a l and space v e h i c l e s , and conduct
              o r a r r a n g e f o r t h e conduct of such measurements and obsei-va-
              t ions.

       4.     To p r o v i d e f o r t h e w i d e s t p r a c t i c a b l e and a p p r o p r i a t e dissem-
              i n a t i o n o f i n f o r m a t i o n concerning i t s a c t i v i t i e s and t h e r e s u l t s
              thereo f    .
     The fo1lo.wi:ng o f f i c e s a t H e a d q u a r t e r s assist g e n e r a l management i n
carrying out t h e t e c h n i c a l a s p e c t s of t h i s mission:

       The O f f i c e of Manned Space FliPht:                    -    Responsible f o r a l l N S         AA
       a c t i v j . t i e , s d i r e c t l y i n v o l v i n g manned s p a c e f l i g h t m i s s i o n s .
       Programs .include Gemini                 -         t o develop an o p e r a t i o n a l c a p a b i l i t y
       t o f l y a two-man s p a c e c r a f t i n n e a r - e a r t h o r b i t f o r p e r i o d s up
       t o f o u r t e e n days and to l e a r n new t e c h n i q u e s , i n c l u d i n g
       rendez,vous, docking and e x t r a - v e h i c u l a r a c t i v i t y ; Apollo                   -      to
       develotp i i three-man o p e r a t i o n a l c a p a b i l i t y i n n e a r - e a r t h o r b i t            ~




       i n l u n a r environment, i n c l u d i n g manned l a n d i n g on t h e l u n a r
       s u r f a c e , m c l r e t u r n t o e a r t h ; and Advanced K i s s i o n s - t o
       p l a n a brclal program of e x p l o r a t i o n which w i l l a c h i e v e and
       m a i n t a i n a p o s i t i o n of space l e a d e r s h i p f o r t h e United S t a t e s .




                                                                                                             A 0 4-2
This o f f i c e also has o v e r a l l i n s t i t u t i o n a l responsibility f o r the three
i n s t a l l a t i o n s p r i m a r i l y concerned w i t h t h e manned Space f l i g h t p r o g r a n s ,
These i n s t a l l a t i o n s are: George C . M a r s h a l l Space F l i g h t C e n t e r , , i n -
c l u d i n g M i s s i s s i p p i Test F a c i l i t y , Michoud P l a n t , and a t S l i d e l l where
a computer f a c i l i t y i s l o c a t e d ; t h e Manned S p a c e c r a f t C e n t e r , inc:1 udiiig
N S a c t i v i t i e s a t t h e White Sands Missile Range; and t h e John F.
  AA
Kennedy Space C e n t e r .

The O f f i c e of Space S c i e n c e and A p p l i c a t i o n s           -  Responsible for a l l
  AA
N S programs f o r t h e unmanned s c i e n t i f i c i n v e s t i g a t i o n o f space w i t h
sounding r O C E ; t ? t : j , e a r t h s a t e l l i t e s , and deep space probes t o t h e moon
p l a n e t s and i n t e r p l a n e t a r y space and f o r t h e s c i e n t i f i c experiments
t o be conducted by man i n s p a c e ; f o r r e s e a r c h and development o f u s e -
f u l a p p l i c a t i o n s of space f l i g h t i n t h e areas o f meteorology, communi-
c a t i o n s , navigat.ion, geodesy, and f o r t h e s u p p o r t o f o p e r a t i o n a l s j i s t e m s
u s i n g t h e s e developments; f o r t h e development and procurement o f t h e
l i g h t and medium c l a s s of launch v e h i c l e s up t o and i n c l u d i n g t h e
A t l a s I C e n t a u r ; and f o r t h e s u s t a i n i n g u n i v e r s i t y program.

I n addition t o the foregoing, t h i s Office has o v e r a l l i n s t i t u t i o n a l
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r t h e i n s t a l l a t i o n s p r i m a r i l y involved i n c a r r y i n g
o u t NASA's space s c i e n c e and a p p l i c a t i o n s programs. These i n s t a l -
l a t i o n s a r e : Goddard Space F l i g h t C e n t e r , Wallops S t a t i o n , Pacif:-c
Launch O p e r a t i o n s O f f i c e ; and t h e NASA R e s i d e n t O f f i c e a t JPL, wh:.ch
                               AA
administers t i e N S c o n t r a c t with t h e C a l i f o r n i a I n s t i t u t e of
Technology f o r t h e o p e r a t i o n o f t h e Jet P r o p u l s i o n L a b o r a t o r y .

The O f f i c e o f .4dvanced Research and Technology                            -    Responsible f o r t.he
p l a n n i n g , tlire':tion, e x e c u t i o n , e v a l u a t i o n , documentation, and d i s -
semination of rhe r e s u l t s of a l l NASA r e s e a r c h and technology programs
which are condiic ted p r i m a r i l y t o demonstrate t h e f e a s i b i l i t y o f a
c o n c e p t , st:ruc :uice, component, o r system which may have s p e c i f i c
g e n e r a l a p p l i c a t i o n t o t h e N a t i o n ' s a e r o n a u t i c a l and space o b j e c t i v e s .
T h i s O f f i c e i s a.1so r e s p o n s i b l e f o r c o o r d i n a t i n g NASA's t o t a l program
o f supporti.ng 1:er;earch and technology, which i s r e l a t e d t o c a r r y i n g
o u t t h e specif':.c f l i g h t missioris i n o r d e r t o avoid u n n e c e s s a r y d u p l i -
c a t i o n and t o :.nsure t h a t t h e agency h a s an i n t e g r a t e d and balanced
r e s e a r c h pr ogxarn.

I n addition, t h i s Office has o v e r a l l i n s t i t u t i o n a l r e s p o n s i b i l i t y
f o r t h e r e s e a r c h c e n t e r s p r i m a r i l y i n v o l v e d i n c a r r y i n g o u t NASA's
advanced r e s e a m h programs. These i n s t a l l a t i o n s are: A e Research              ms
C e n t e r , E l e c t r c n i c s Research C e n t e r , F l i g h t Research C e n t e r , Langley
Research C e n t e r , Lewis Research C e n t e r , and t h e Space Nuclear Pro-
pulsion Office.

The O f f i c e of 'Trackinv and Data A c q u i s i t i o n              -
                                                                    Responsible f o r t h e
development, implementation, and o p e r a t i o n of t r a c k i n g , d a t a
a c q u i s i t i o n , communications, and d a t a p r o c e s s i n g f a c i l i t i e s , s y s t e m ,



                                                                                                 A0 4 - 3
         and servicles r e q u i r e d f o r NASA f l i g h t programs. I n a d d i t i o n , t h e
         O f f i c e :is r e s p o n s i b l e f o r t h e agency-wide c o o r d i n a t i o n of t h e
         management of a u t o m a t i c data p r o c e s s i n g .

SUMMARY OF WLSOlJRCES REQUIREMENTS:

                                                                     1964                 1965         - 19f16
                                                                                                      --
   Number of P o s i t i o n s , end o f y e a r .                     2,133                2,221           2,221
   Average Nun~hei: of A l l Employees..                               1,944                2,070             150
                                                                                                            ;I,




  Administ.rat:ilve O p e r a t i o n s :

       NASA H e a d q u a r t e r s .  .............             $49,115,000          $52,668,000     $56,103,000
       J e t Propu.1.s i o n L a b o r a t o r y
           (purcha.se of computers).           .....                        ---        20,587,000                 ---
           Total, Administrative
            Operations             .................             $49,115,000          $73,255,000     $56,103 000
                                                                                                      - :- A
INSTALLATION                  DICRIPT ION :
              AA
     The N S H e a d q u a r t e r s i s l o c a t e d a t 400 Maryland Avenue, S.W..,
Washington, D . C . , and a l s o o c c u p i e s o t h e r b u i l d i n g s i n t h e D i s t r i c t o f
Columbia and nearby V i r g i n i a . Except f o r space leased i n t h e U n i v e r s a l
North B u i l d i n g and a s t o r a g e area i n V i r g i n i a , p e r s o n n e l occupy Governinent-
owned b u i l d i n g s .

ANALYSIS OF RESSIJRCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:

                                                                     1964                 1965         - -
                                                                                                      - 1960
   11.       Personnel Compensation..               ....         $22,302,000          $25,897,000     $26,822 ,,OOO
   12.       Personnel B e n e f i t s . .      ........           1,678,000            1,834,000     >,912.,000  -
                 Tcrtal., p e r s o n n e l c o s t s . .   ..   $23,980,000      $27,731,000         $28,734,000

   21.       T r a v e l and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
                of Persons..          ..............               2,607,000            2,634,000       2,627,000
  22.        Transpoi'tation o f T h i n g s . .   ..                456,000              460,000         281,000
  23.        Rents, Conununications,
                                         ............
                 and U t . i l i t i e s .                         1,969,000            2,058,000       2,218,000
  24.        Printing: and Reproduction..                    .     1,233,000            1,640,000       1,701,000
  25.        Other Services....             ..........            17,747,000           16,767,000      19,875,000
  26.        Supplies' and M a t e r i a l s . . . . . .             566,000              42 1,000        414,000
  31.        Equimert..............                  .....           555,000           21,534,0002/       243,000

  a/       I n c l u d e s $20,587,000 f o r purchase o f ADP equipment f o r t h e Jet
           Propu 1s i o n L a b o r a t o r y , Pasadana , C a l i f o r n i a    .
         762-046 0   - 65   - 23                                                                       A 0 4-4
                                                    1964         1965                 .6
                                                                                     196

     32.   kind and Structures   ....                 1,000             ---                ---
     42.   Insuixnce Claims and
             Indemmnit ies...........                 1,000       10,000             10,000

            Total.   ................                                          -
                                              $49,115,000 $73,255,000 $56,103,000

     The above estimates, other than for personnel compensation and tene-
fits and tr.meI., have been distributed between NASA-wide support functions
with all centers benefiting and for operation of Headquarters. The follow-
ing table shows this comparison by object classification.

                           Analvsis of Fundinp for NASA-wide
                          Support and Headquarters Operations

                                        FY 1965                   FY 1966
      Object                          NASA-wide Hdqrts.         NASA-w ide Hdqrt s              .
      --
       Class                     Total Support Operat.    Total Support Operat.
                                               (In thousands of dollarr7
 22. Transpcsrtation
                        ...
       of T h i n g s . .         $460      $400       $0
                                                       6       $281          $221         $0
                                                                                          6
 23. Rents, Communi-
       cations and
       Utilities.....            2,058       882     1,176    2,218       1,1:L6     1,102
 24. Printing and
       Reproduction..            1,640     1,454       186     1,701      1,5P1         190
 25. Other Services..           16,767    15,592     1,175    19,875     18,646       1,229
 26. Supplies and
       Materials.....              421        30      391       414           2! 3        391
 31. Equ:ipment..
 32. Lands $and Struc-
                       .....    21,534    20,6994     835       243           74          169

       tureo..       .......       ---       ---      ---       ---           --
                                                                              I.          ---
 42, Insnrance Claims
       and 'Lndem-
       nitics..     ......          lo       ---        lo       10     - - -. - --
                                                                         -                 10

           Total.. .......     $42,890   $39,057
                                                                        --
                                                    $3,833 324,742 $21,591 $3,151
                                                                                     --
a/    Includes $20,587,000 for purchase of ADP equipment for the Jet Propul-
      sion Iiaboratory, Pasadena, California.
                OBJECT CLASSIFICATION :
JUSTIFICATIO~~B'Y

                                      Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n

                                                                          1964   -
                                                                                 1965.        1966

Direct Persoqie,L by Program

  Manned Space F l i g h t

    Geminj   .......................................                       73      104        104
    Apollo    .......................................                     286      29 7       297
                           ..........................
    Advanced m i s s i o n s                                               60       60         60

  Space   Sciercc and         Applications

   Biosciencx?      .................................                      23       23         23
                                           ..............
   Sus t ai.ning u n i v e r s i t y program                               68       73         73
   P h y s i c s arid astronomy  ......................                    56       52         52
                                              ............
   Lunar and p l a n e t a r y e x p l o r a t i o n                       54       57         57
   Communicat:ion s a t e l l i t e s...................                   14       10          9
   Launch vehic:le development         .................                   12       13         13
   Meteorological satellites          ..................                   20       20         20
   Launch v e h i c l e procurement    .................
   Applications: technology s a t e l l i t e s  .........                          14
                                                                                     8
                                                                                               14
                                                                                                9
 Advanced Research and Technology

    Nuclear r a c k e t s ............................                     27       28         28
                                     ...................
    N u c l e a r - e l e c t r i c systems                                 4        4          4
                               ........................
    Chemical p r o p u l s i o n                                           21       21         21
    Space v e h i c l e systems    .....................                   44       46         46
                               ........................
    E l e c t r o n i c s systems                                          35       35         35
    Aeronautics       ................................                     22       26         26
    Human f a c t o r systems   .......................                    22       23         23
    Basic r e s e a r c h.............................                     26       27         27
    S o l a r and chemical power     ...................                   10       12         12

 T r a c k i n p anldData A c q u i s i t i o n                            51       60         60

 Technology U t i l i z a t i o n                                         . 1 3 . 13
                                                                          14 .  .
    Sub.tota1.       direct positions                                     959    1.026    1. 026




                                                                                    A 0 4-6
                                                                              1964          1965       1966

Support p e r s o n n e l :

   NASA-wide support              .............................                865          901        905
   A d m i n i s t r a t i o n ................................                267          229      --225
       S u b - t o t a l , support p o s i t i o n s    ................     1,132      1,130        -
                                                                                                     1,130

       T o t a l , permanent p o s i t i o n s ..................            2,091      2,156         2,156

   Other p o----i o n s :
            sit

       P o s i t i o n s under c o o p e r a t i v e t r a i n i n g
          agreements ................................                          ---          ---        ---
       Other temporary p o s i t i o n s       ...................              42      -65          -- 65
Total, a l l       p o s i t i o n s ............................            2,133      2,221        -
                                                                                                     2,221
                                                                                                     --
                                                    Personnel C o s t s

                                                                 1964           1965          - -
                                                                                             - 19613
Total Positions          ..................                         2,133            2,221 ---        2,221
  Permanent..          ....................                         2,091            2,156            2,156
  Other ..........................                                     42               65               65

Personnel Compensation:
  Annual c o s t o f permanent
    po s i t i o n s ...................                     $22,249,000 $25,652,000 $25,645,000
  Pay above t h e s t a t e d annual
    rate. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .        160,000         99,000              99,000
  Lapses ( d e d u c t ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .      -1,448,000     -1,272,000            -355,000
  Net c o s t o f permanent p o s i t i o n s                 20,961,000     24,479,Om       - TY:3@-$DG
  Other peicsonne 1 compensat j on. , .                        1,341,000      1,418,000      --
                                                                                              11   433,000

      T o t a l compensation.           ..........            22,302,000     25,897,000             -
                                                                                              269322,000
         N S fun'ded..
           AA          ..............                         22,302,000     25,897,000
                                                                                             _.
                                                                                              26,822,000
                       ..............
         Reimbur!; ab l e .                                            ---            ---               ---
Personnel bene E i ts ...............                          1.678,OOO      1.834.000      -1.912,ooo
  NASA funded.. ...................                            1,678,000      1,834,000           1,912 ,000
  Reimbursable ...................                                     ---            ---              ---
T o t a l personne I c o s t s . . . . . . . . . . . .       23.980.000      27.731.000       28.734,,000
   N S funded..
     AA                 ...................                  23,980,000      27,731,000       28,734 ,000
   R e imbur s ab 1e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .             ---            ---              ---
Average Nuniber oE All Employees
  (Man Years).          ...................                         1,944        2,070               2.150
Personnel Cos_E            -   $28,734,000

          The p e r s o n n e l c o s t s f o r F 1966 are e s t i m a t e d t o be $1,003,000 above
                                                 Y
                                   Y
t h e requirement f o r F 1965, of which $925,000 i s f o r p e r s o n n e l c:ompeiisation
and $78,000 E x p e r s o n n e l b e n e f i t s , t o c o v e r t h e c o s t of 80 man y e a r s re-
                                                       Y                                        Y
s u l t i n g from f u l l y e a r employment i n F 1966 of p e r s o n n e l h i r e d i n F 1965.

T r a v e l and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n of Persons         -   $2,627,000

          There i s a s l i g h t d e c r e a s e below t h e F 1965 l e v e l f o r t r a v e l
                                                                     Y
                                                              Y
and t r a n s p o r t a t i o n of p e r s o n s d u r i n g F 1966. The e s t i m a t e i n c l u d e s
$2,322,000 f o r NASA employee t r a v e l , of which, $2,150,000 w i l l be
used f o r tlireGtion and c o o r d i n a t i o n o f program and a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
a c t i v i t i e s ; $10'7,000 f o r t h e c o n t r a c t c h a r t e r a i r l i f t s e r v i c e ; $30,000
f o r c o s t s re1:at:ing t o i n i t i a l d u t y s t a t i o n s , temporary assignments ant1
t r a n s f e r s ; axid !j35,000 f o r meetings of NASA t e c h n i c a l committees and work-
i n g p a n e l s . The b a l a n c e of $305,000 i s f o r non-NASA employee t r a v e l c l f
t e c h n i c a l and r e s e a r c h a d v i s o r y committees; and f o r c o s t s o f l o c a l t r a n s -
p o r t a t i o n and r e n t a l o f p a s s e n g e r motor v e h i c l e s .

T r a n s p o r t a t i c n i o f Things   -   $281,000

                 Y
        The F 1.966 estimate f o r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n o f t h i n g s i s p r o j e c t e d a t
$179,000 below t:he FY 1965 l e v e l p r i m a r i l y as a r e s u l t o f a r e d u c t i o n i n
t h e t r a n s p o r t . a t i o n o f e x h i b i t s and f o r c a r g o a i r l i f t c o s t s .

         The requ.j.rement of $281,000 i n F 1966 under t h i s o b j e c t c l a s s i n c l u d e s
                                                             Y
$140,000 f o r t:he domestic and o v e r s e a s shipment o f e x h i b i t s and spacemobiles;
$42,000 f o r t h e "cargo" p o r t i o n o f t h e c h a r t e r a i r l i f t service; $56,000 f o r
c o s t s o f t r a n s p o r t a t i o n of household goods and p e r s o n a l e f f e c t s ; and $43,000
f o r f r e i g h t , E,xpress, drayage and p a r c e l p o s t c o s t s o f shipments t o NASA
i n s t a l l a t i o n s , and r e n t a l o f t r u c k s from GSA.

                                                      Y
     The d i s t r , i b u t i o n of $281,000 i n F 1966 i n c l u d e s $221,000 f o r NASA-
wide s u p p o r t a n d $60,000 f o r H e a d q u a r t e r s o p e r a t i o n s .

R e n t s , Communjcations,and U t i l i t i e s           -   $2,218.000

          The FY 1966 estimate f o r r e n t s and communications r e f l e c t s a n e t
i n c r e a s e o f $160,000 o v e r F 1965
                                      Y               --
                                                $107,000 f o r r e n t s and $53,000
f o r communications.

          The n e t i n c r e a s e of $107,000 f o r r e n t s i n c l u d e s : 1) an i n c r e a s e $)f
$278,000 f o r r e n t a l of space t o house t h e NASA S c i e n t i f i c and T e c h n i c a l
                                                                            Y
I n f o r m a t i o n F . a c i l i t y on a f u l l y e a r b a s i s i n F 1966. T h i s space w i l l
be a c q u i r e d through t h e General S e r v i c e s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n d u r i n g t h e l a t Iter
p a r t o f F 1965. I n p r e v i o u s y e a r s , t h e r e n t a l o f space w a s i n c l u d e d AS
                 Y
a p a r t o f t h e c o n t r a c t w i t h Documentation, I n c . ; and 2) a d e c r e a s e o f
$171,000 f o r ic'ental of A P equipment.  D



                                                                                                 AO 4-8
          The i n c r e a s e o f $53,000 f o r communications c o s t s r e f l e c t s minor i n -
creases f o r 1oca1 telephone and exchange services, F e d e r a l Telecommuni-
c a t i o n s systems. l i n e s , t e l e g r a p h and TWX s e r v i c e and f o r postage c o s t s .

     The reqc.est o f $2,218,000 i n F 1966 i n c l u d e s $1,116,000 f o r NASA-wide
                                      Y
support and $1,102,000 f o r Headquarters o p e r a t i o n s .

         The fol. Lowing t a b l e r e f l e c t s changes f o r t h i s o b j e c t c l a s s i f i c a t . i o n :

                                                                                              Increase
                                                                                                 or
                                                                                              Dec rea=

                 Rent ;
                 ---- :                                                                     $+107,000
                    Space   ..................................                               +278,000
                    ADP equipment.    .........................                              -171,000
                                                                                                      ---
                    Other equipment    ........................                                       ---
                    O f f i c e equipment.......................
                 --- ic a t i o n s
                 C cirunun                                                                      5,@
                                                                                               +30J
                                          .......................
                    Leased l i n e s . . . .                                                   -16,000
                    1,oc:al telephone and exchange
                       service..    ............................                               +39,000
                                              ....................
                    Lorig d i s t a n c e t o 1 1s                                              -10,000
                                    ............................
                    E'TS c h a r g e s                                                         +10,000
                    Telegraph     ..............................                               +10,000
                  1m:. ...................................                                     +10,000
                  Postage ................................                                     +10,000

                    T o t a l . . ..............................

Printing      and Reproduction - $1,701,000

          The h'Y 1960 estimates r e f l e c t an i n c r e a s e o f $61,000 over J?Y 1965
f o r t h e s e s e r v i c e s . About 89 p e r c e n t , o r $1,511,000 of t h e $1,701,000
r e q u e s t e d CO\'f:r!j    p r i n t i n g c o s t s f o r NASA-wide s u p p o r t a c t i v i t i e s assoc i a t e d
w i t h t h e s c i e n t i . f i c and t e c h n i c a l documentation programs; such as p r i r t i n g
of s c i e n t i f i c arid t e c h n i c a l aerospace r e p o r t s c o v e r i n g world-wide i n t e r -
d i s c i p l i n a r y i:eport l i t e r a t u r e i n t h e aerospace f i e l d , s p e c i a l public:.tions
on r e s e a r c h program developments and i n t e g r a t e d r e p o r t s o f o r b i t a l , l t n a r ,
and p l a n e t a r y f l . i g h t s ; and proceedings of symposia and c o n f e r e n c e s on
s e l e c t e d s c i e n t i f i c t o p i c s ; and f o r p r i n t i n g of e d u c a t i o n a l media concerning
t h e Agency's program r e s u l t s i n formats s u i t a b l e f o r d i s s e m i n a t i o n t o t h e
e d u c a t i o n a l ccmmunity and t o t h e g e n e r a l p u b l i c . The remaining 11 per c e n t ,
o r $190,000, j s r e q u i r e d f o r Headquarters o p e r a t i o n s f o r p r i n t i n g and r e -
production of forms, r e g u l a t i o n s and g e n e r a l p r i n t i n g and reproduct-ior
services.




                                                                                                        A0 4-9
                                                           Y
     About 9:3 pler c e n t , o r $1,577,000 o f t h e F 1966 estimate i s f o r ; , m i n t i n g
and a l l i e d services which w i l l be performed through Government source';. The
remaining 7 p e r c e n t , o r $124,000, i s f o r p r i n t i n g and p h o t o s t a t i n g t o be
done by c o m e r c i a l s o u r c e s .

Other S e r v Z L s      -   $19,875,000

       The FY :LO66 e s t i m a t e f o r o t h e r s e r v i c e s i s $3,108,000 h i g h e r thaii f o r
 Y
F 1965. The f o l l o w i n g t a b l e shows an a n a l y s i s o f t h e major i n c r e a s e : ;
i n t h i s area::

                                                                                          Increases

       NASA scj.t:nt:ific and t e c h n i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n
           fac.ilj.l:y,,     ................................                              $800,000
       Technical. documentation program.             ...........                          1,000,000
       S c i e n t i f i - c i n f o r m a t i o n systems development.                     200,000
       Preparat.j.on o f manuscript material f o r
           special.in:ed s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l
          p u b l i c a t i o n s and monographs..............                               490,000
       Audio v i s u a l p r o c e s s i n g / d e p o s i t o r y s e r v i c e .           180,000
                                                              .
       I n t e r n a t i o n a l g r a d u a t e f e l l o w s h i p program.                170,000
       Various minor a d j u s t m e n t s i n o t h e r
                                                        .......
          H e a d q u a r t e r s programs and p r o j e c t s                               268,000

            T o t a l . ...................................                             $3 ,108,000

        O f t h e n e t i n c r e a s e of $3,108,000, about 80 p e r c e n t , o r $2,490,000,
i s r e q u e s t e d f o r t h e s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n program. T h i s
includes :

       1.     $8b0,000 t o p r o v i d e f o r t h e documentation i n NASA's c o n t r a c t o r -
              o p e r a t e d S c i e n t i f i c and T e c h n i c a l I n f o r m a t i o n F a c i l i t y of t h e
              g r e a t l y i n c r e a s i n g volume of s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l d a t a r e -
              q u i r e d f o r d i r e c t u s e i n NASA's r e s e a r c h and development programs.
              The 'FY 1966 workload is expected t o be a t l e a s t 25% great:er t'ian
              t h e IFY 1965 l e v e l .

       2.     $:L,00~3,000 f o r documentation of world-wide a e r o s p a c e j o u r n a l
              l:ite:rature, p r i m a r i l y t o a l i g n t h e funding of a c o n t r a c t t o a
                                                         Y
              f u l l f i s c a l y e a r b a s i s i n F 1966. I n a d d i t i o n , i t would p r o -
              v i d e a , s m a l l expansion i n t h e program t o p r o c e s s t h i s l i t e r a t u r e
              for iinmediate u s e i n t h e NASA t e c h n i c a l programs. The g l o b a l
              outpu: o f a e r o s p a c e l i t e r a t u r e i s i n c r e a s i n g a t an a c c e l e r a t e t l
              rate,




                                                                                                     A 0 4-10
        3.    $200,000 f o r i n f o r m a t i o n systems development t o i n c r e a s e t h e
              e f f e c t i v e n e s s o f t h e NASA t e c h n i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n program and t 3
              permit t h e most economical i n t e r c h a n g e o f NASA computerized
              documentation o u t p u t w i t h t h o s e of Department o f Defense, Atonic
              Energy Commission, and o t h e r government a g e n c i e s .

       4.     $rC90,000 f o r p r e p a r a t i o n o f manuscript material f o r s p e c i . a l i z ~ ? d
              s c i e n t i f i c and t e c h n i c a l p u b l i c a t i o n s , handbooks, d a t a c c m p i l s t i o n s ,
              and ronographs on aerospace s u b j e c t s such as r a d i o p r o p a g a t i o i
              through r e - e n t r y systems, d e s i g n of m e t e o r o l o g i c a l sounding r o c k e t s ,
              s t a b i l i z a t i o n s t a n d a r d s f o r i n t e r p l a n e t a r y probes, space probe
              instrument a t i o n , sate1l i t e s c i e n t i f i c i n s t r u m e n t a t i o n , arid laiinch
              facilities.

          The remaining 20 p e r c e n t , o r $618,000, i n c l u d e s an i n c r e a s e o f
$170,000 f o r t h e I n t e r n a t i o n a l Graduate Fellowship program sponsored bq
f o r e i g n c o u n t r i e s and a d m i n i s t e r e d by t h e N a t i o n a l Academy of S c i e n c e s ;
$180,000 f o r s e r v i c e s i n connection w i t h t h e p r o c e s s i n g , i n d e x i n g , s t o r a g e ,
and d i s t r i b u t i o n o f audio v i s u a l material i n c l u d i n g maintenance of' c o n z r o l
over r e c e i p t 'cataloging and s t o r a g e o f f i l m ; and $268,000 f o r v a r i o u s i t e m s
such a s , r e l i a b i l i t y and q u a l i t y a s s u r a n c e s t u d i e s o f s e l e c t e d assessmc?nts
o f hardware d e s i g n , s e c u r i t y r e i n v e s t i g a t i o n program, t o x i c i t y s t u d i e s r e -
l a t i n g t o ithe NASA-wide o c c u p a t i o n a l medical program, and procurement pro-
grams, p o l i c i e s and procedures s t u d i e s .

        Of t h e t o t a l $19,875,000 r e q u e s t e d f o r t h i s o b j e c t c i a s s i f i c a t i o n i n
 Y
F 1966, about 94 p e r c e n t w i l l be used f o r NASA-wide a c t i v i t i e s and 6 p e r
c e n t f o r Headquarters O p e r a t i o n s .

S u p p l i e s and 1.latl.riais     -   $414,000

                                     Y
         The estirnste f o r F 1966 f o r t h i s c a t e g o r y i s $7,000 l e s s than i n
F 1965. Ihmtls requested a r e f o r t h e purchase of expendable and non-
 Y
expendable items such a s : o f f i c e s u p p l i e s and m a t e r i a l s , pamphlets a n t 1
documents f o r the t e c h n i c a l documentation and e d u c a t i o n a l s e r v i c e s programs,
p e r i o d i c a l s u b 5c.ciptions f o r t l i e l a w and t e c h n i c a l l i b r a r i e s , and photci-
g r a p h i c and d r s f : i n g s u p p l i e s .

         O f t h e $4L4,000 about 6 p e r c e n t , o r $23,000, i s used f o r NASA-wicle
a c t i v i t i e s and 9Li p e r c e n t , o r $391,000 f o r Headquarters O p e r a t i o n s .

Equipment -. $;!1+3,000

                                                                                  Y
          The FJ! 1966 e s t i m a t e r e f l e c t s a r e d u c t i o n from F 1965 requirements.
The p r i n c i p a l reason i s t h e n o n - r e c u r r i n g i t e m of $21,200,000 i n F 19t85
                                                                                                Y
f o r t h e purchase of ADP equipment ($20,587,000 f o r t h e J e t Propulsion
Laboratory and $613,000 f o r NASA Headquarters).                             I n addition, a reduction
of $91,000 i s e s t i m a t e d f o r t h e requirement f o r t h e purchase of miscel1.aneous
o f f i c e and othc?r equipment.
          The e s t i m a t e of $243,000 f o r o f f i c e and o t h e r equipment i n FY 1966
i n c l u d e s $74,000 f o r t h e procurement o f 10 r e p l a c e m e n t s f o r e x i s t i n g
spacemobiles and f o r t h e purchase of models and equipment needed i n s u p p o r t
o f spacemobile l e c t u r e r s . The b a l a n c e of $169,000 i s r e q u i r e d f o r purchase
of o f f i c e f u r n i t u r e and equipment f o r H e a d q u a r t e r s O p e r a t i o n s .

I n s u r a n c e C l a i m s and I n d e m n i t i e s   -   $10,000

          The FY 1966 requirement i s e s t i m a t e d a t t h e same level as f o r FY 1965.
These funds a x e t o c o v e r payment o f claims of $2,500 o r less under t h e
p r o v i s i o n s of 2 8 U.S.C. 2672 f o r i n j u r y o r l o s s of p r o p e r t y , p e r s o n a l
i n j u r y , o r d e a t h caused by t h e n e g l i g e n t o r wrongful a c t o r o m i s s i o n of
any employee of NASA w h i l e a c t i n g w i t h i n t h e scope o f t h e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y
of h i s o f f i c e o r employment.




      762-046 0 - 6 5 - 2 4                                                             A0 4-12
                                             ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS

                                             FISCAL YEAR 1966 ESTIMATES

                                                  NORTH EASTERN OFFICE


MISSION AND CAPABILITIES:

         The North E a s t e r n O f f i c e was merged w i t h t h e E l e c t r o n i c s Research C e n t e r
e f f e c t i v e September 1, 1964. The f i s c a l y e a r 1965 and 1966 requi:cements of
t h i s o f f i c e a r e included w i t h t h e estimates f o r t h e E l e c t r o n i c s Research C e n t e r .

SUMMARY OF RE:SOIlRCES REQUIREMENTS:
                                                                   1964       1965              --
                                                                                                 1966

                                                                                  ---               ---
  Number of I’osLtions, end of y e a r .                               33
                                                                       30         ---               ---
  Average Number of A l l Employees..
  Administrativi? O p e r a t i o n s . .          ......        $379,000         ---               -..-
INSTALLATION DE SCRIPTION:
          The North E a s t e r n Off ice was l o c a t e d i n Cambridge , Massachusetts           .
ANALYSIS OF RESOURCES REQUIREMENTS BY OBJECT CLASSIFICATION:
                                                                   1964

   11.      P e r s orme 1 Compensation.             .....       $280,000
   12.      Personnel Benefits..                ........           20,000

               Tot:cil:, p e r s o n n e l    c o s t a . . ..   $300,000

   2 1.     Trave 1 and T r a n s p o r t a t i o n
               of l?ersons.,         ..............                27,000
   22.      Trant;portation of Things.                     ..       1,000
   23.      Rent:;, Communications,
               and U t i l i t i e s . . . . . . . . . . . . .     28 ,000
   24.      P:rinting and Reproduction..                    .       4,000
   25.      Other S e r v i c e s . . . . . . . . . . . . . .       3,000
               S e r v i c e s of o t h e r a g e n c i e s         3,000
   26.      S u p p l i e s and Materials          ......          10,000
   31.      Equipment       ...................                     3,000

               Total.....................
    JUSTIFICATION - B y OBJECT CLASSIFICATION :
                                                              Personnel D i s t r i b u t i o n



                                                                                   -
                                                                                   1964           -
                                                                                                  1965        .-1966


7      NASA-wide m p p o r t .                ................
      D i r e c t o r and s t a f f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
                                                                                  -
                                                                                      2
                                                                                     30


           Sub-total, support positions.                                ...       7
                                                                                      32

           T o t a l , peimanent p o s i t i o n s . . .                ...           32                       ---
      Other p o s i t i o n s :

           P o s i t i o n s under c o o p e r a t i v e
              t r a i n i n g agreements                 ...........                  --
           Other te~npoicaryp o s i t i o n s .                       ......       -1

    Total, a l l pmitions..                       ..............                      33

                                                                      Personnel Costs

                                                                                   1964           1965      - 1966
    Total P o s i t i g ~ .        .....................                                   33
     Permanent.........................
       ~
                                                                                           32
      Other.............................                                                    1

    Pe rs onne 1 Con= ns a t i o n :
       Annual cost. of permanent p o s i t i o n s
       Pay above the s t a t e d a n n u a l rate..
                                                                                $305 000
                                                                                       $

                                                                                     2 $000                        ---
       Lapses (deciuc:t)                ...................                       -39 .ooo
       N e t c o s t of permanent p o s i t i o n s . .
       Other p e r s m m e l compensation..
                                                                           .
                                                                        ....      268,000
                                                                                   12,000

           Total. ccxnpensation..                       ............              280,000
             NASA funded           ...................                            280 ,000
                                                                                           ---
             Reimbwcs;%ble            ..................
    P e r s o n n e l bene:fits.. ................
                                                                                                                   ---
                                                                                                                   --e
       NASA f u n d e d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
       Reimbursal, le. .....................

    T o t a l p e r s o n n e l c o s t s . . .............                                          ---
       NASA funded .......................                                                           ---           ---
       R e imburs a'b l e . .....................                                                    --e




    Average 'Number of A l l Employees
      (Man Years)               .......................                                     30
                                                                                                           A 0 4-14
                                                                                                NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION

                                                 STAFFING SUMMARY                                            ORGANIZATION AND STAFFING CHART
                                                                       -
                                                                       65       66
                                    Excepted                               3        3                          WESTERN OPERATIONS OFFICE
                                    GS-16                               1        1
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        -
                                    GS-15
                                    GS- 14
                                                                       15
                                                                       49
                                                                                15
                                                                                49                                                                                              I        NASA RESIDENCY OFFICE

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            JPL

                                                                                                                                                                                                                              661
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      I
                                    .-__-
                                    A l l o t h e r GS
                                    W d s C
                                              n - ---3
                                              DUdLU
                                                                      333
                                                                      - -
                                                                       - -
                                                                               333
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    ?             ?   !
                                    Tprrt-1    Dr.rm-.r--t            1.n~     /.nq
                                    *"b.QI     *L.LLLLcb.*C..*C       -tUI     -rUL
                                                                                                                                                                                    A l l o t h e r GS
                                         Temporary                    - -
                                                                       5 5
                                    Total                             406      406
                                                                                                    I                  DIRECTOR                      IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII


                                                                                                                                   -
                                                                                                                                   65      66
                                                                                                        Excepted                    2        2   1
                                                                                                        O t h e r GS               -       -5
                                              PROFESSIONAL STAFFING
                                                                                                    I
                                                                                                                                   5
                                                                                                                                                                                I                        NASA-0                       I
                                                                      -
                                                                      65       -
                                                                               66
                                                                                                        Total                       7        7
                                                                                                                                                                            I       GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   65
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2         ..I 2
                                     O t h e r GS

                                     Total
                                                                       -
                                                                       2

                                                                       2
                                                                                -
                                                                                2

                                                                                2
                                                                                                                                                                            I       GS-14
                                                                                                                                                                                    O t h e r GS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    6
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  - -
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    129
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  129             "I
                                                                                                                                                                                    Total                         137        137



                            I                                                           I                                                                           I                                                                     1
                                                                  I                                            I
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          I
                   CONTRACT MANAGEMENT                                         TECHNICAL DIVISION
                                                                                                                                                          LEGAL DIVISION                                                    F INANC IAL MANAGEMENT              1
                                    -
                                    65        66                                               -
                                                                                               65       66                                                                                  -                                      DIVISION
         Excepted                    1
                                     -
                                                1
                                                -                     GS-16                     1        1
                                                                                                                                           GS-15
                                                                                                                                                                                    -
                                                                                                                                                                                    65      66
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              - 65      66
         GS-15                                                                                                                                                                       2        2
                                                                      GS-15                     4        4
                                                                                                                                           GS-14                                                                   GS - 14                       1       1
         GS-14                                                                                                                                                                      4       4
                                     6         6                      GS-14                    25       25
                                                                                                                                           O t h e r GS                             -
                                                                                                                                                                                    4       -
                                                                                                                                                                                            4
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   O t h e r GS               - 23      23
         O t h e r GS               -
                                    48        -
                                              48                      O t h e r CtS            -        -
         Total                      55        55                      Total
                                                                                               52
                                                                                               82
                                                                                                        52
                                                                                                        82                                 Total                                    10      10