What does it mean to
“begin with the end in mind”?
We have to know where we are going so
we can get there!
Why do we set goals?
Gives us direction
An end to work towards
Something to be proud of
Something to be committed to
Reasons why people do not set
1. Predictability – many people feel threatened by
2. Conditioning – habit.
3. Belief in miracles – many people sit back and wait for
miracles to happen.
4. Fear of losing – many people do not set goals because
they are afraid they will be criticized for not reaching
5. Fear of winning – can you handle the new behavior of
6. Over Expectations – setting your goals too high
enables you to say “I know I can’t reach that goal, so I
won’t even try.”
An event, circumstance, object, or
condition a person strives to attain.
When do we set goals?
Before sports seasons
Before a project
For a school year, semester or nine weeks
How do we set goals?
As group or teams
Writing them down
Nine Goal Areas to Work On…
Spiritual - What are your goals for peace
of mind, search for meaning and spiritual
Personal - What are your goals for
enhancing your relationships (with
parents, friends, teachers, others)?
Learning/Education - What would you
like to know more about? What skills do
you want to develop?
Status and Respect - To which
affiliations do you want to belong? From
whom do you want respect?
Nine Goal Areas to Work On…Cont’d
Leisure/Hobbies - What activities (hobbies,
sports, travels) would you like to learn more
about (or to do more of)?
Fitness/Health/Well Being - What are your
goals for your physical fitness and overall
Financial - What are your goals for having
enough money to do the things you want to do?
Job/Career - kind of job would you like? What
are your goals for productive work and career
Community Service/Serving Others - What
are your plans to do “good works” within your
neighborhood and community, and to help
Secrets of Successful
Write down your goals.
Set priorities among your goals. Decide which
ones are more important than others.
Focus on one goal and one activity at a time.
Use your goals to guide decisions about what
you will do with your time and energy. Choose
activities that achieve your objectives.
Secrets of Successful
Goal Setting cont’d
Decide what you want to do, possess, share,
Set both short term and long term goals
Realize that some of your short term goals will
probably be aimed at directly increasing your
ability to achieve your long term goals
List goals in each area of your life: Social,
financial, cultural, educational, professional,
physical, spiritual, intellectual, family, hobby
Goals should be SMART!
Specific – individuals sometimes have trouble
achieving goals because they are vague or
Measurable – a way to check progress.
Agreed upon – Group goals need to be the result
of the group process. (when not in groups this can also be ATTAINABLE)
Realistic – Because failure is so discouraging, it
is important that goals can actually be achieved.
Timely – some sort of time frame.
Types of Goals
Short term – daily, weekly or monthly
objectives that you set to help you
eventually accomplish your long term
Intermediate – this school year, 6 months
to 2 years type goals…
Long Term – ultimate visions that you
want to accomplish.
How is a group goal different from
an individual goal?
Should be created by all the members
Should be understandable and acceptable
to all the members
Should be beneficial to all the members.
Setting Goals in Groups
Dream your wildest dreams. Fantasy is the desire to challenge the status quo. What do you
want to accomplish?
Look at the facts involved with your dream/goal. Ask yourself how hard are you willing to work?
What will I sacrifice? What risks will I accept? Be honest with yourself – and consider all the
Clarify the needs and purposes that are the basis of your goals. Strike a balance between F
and R stages. Be specific. Ask yourself: Is it specific? Is my goal attainable? How will I know
when it is accomplished? Set the goal high but realistic.
Plan your attack by generating the possibilities and narrowing the alternatives. Break down
larger goals into smaller steps. Play on your strengths – set a plan for achievement and follow
it! Always keep the goal in mind.
Process the results. This is not a last step… evaluation should be continuous. What did I do
well? What should I improve? What did I learn? How can I apply this to future endeavors? What
did I accomplish? Be sure to emphasize the positive.
Benefits of Goal Setting:
1. Improves your self-image (or self-image of the group).
2. Makes you aware of your strengths, which can be used to overcome
obstacles and provide solutions to problems.
3. Makes you aware of your weaknesses so you can begin to improve them
and make them into your strengths.
4. Gives you a sense of past victories and provides stimulus for present
success. (motivation and morale)
5. Helps you visualize. Plan actions to achieve the goals you sent and then
carry them out.
6. Makes us feel committed.
7. Forces you to set priorities. Priorities establish direction to your pursuits.
8. Helps individuals and groups measure progress and see where you/it
has to go.
9. Makes you responsible for your own life. Makes your group responsible
for its own success or failure.
10. Serves criterion to sharpen decision making.