Drowning

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					        Drowning

Risk Reduction and Prevention
             Drowning
• Three main factors are involved in
  drowning incidents, acting either
  alone or in combination:
• Alcohol
• Insufficient skill
• Cold water immersion
            Drowning
• Drowning victims are usually young,
  male
• Where do most drownings occur?
   – Bodies of water
   – At home – bathtubs and swimming
     pools
• Most drownings take place
  (predictably) in the summer months.
     Drowning Prevention
• Swimming skills
• Supervision
• Barriers against trespass (not 100%
  effective)
• Account for pre-existing illnesses or
  conditions
• Use swimming aids
     Rules for Swimming
• Never swim alone or unobserved
• Never dive in unfamiliar waters
• Follow same precautions for
  drinking/driving
• Follow rules of the pool or beach
• Learn to swim
Countermeasures for Injury
        Control
•   Drown proofing – limitations
•   H.E.L.P.
•   HUDDLE
•   Clothing in water? Keep them on!
•   “Reach, throw, row, and go.”
•   Submerged automobile?
     If your car is still afloat
Release your seat belt (but not until you land. You
  won't survive the sinking car if you have not first
  survived the accident that put you in the water.)
Undo the door locks.
Get any passengers out of their belts and ready to
  escape.
Roll down the windows.
Get any children out the window first.
Follow them out.
Opening the door is a last resort. Open it only if you
  cannot, for some reason, get a window down.
   If the car is submerged
• There will be pressure on the door
  and windows, making it almost
  impossible to push the doors open.
• Air will be present for several
  minutes
• Roll down window and exit quickly
• May have to break glass
Countermeasures for Injury
        Control
• PFD’s – personal flotation devices
  – Help keep people afloat and face
    up out of water
  – Help lessen the likelihood of
    hypothermia if HELP is used
  – An absolute MUST for
    nonswimmers, but should be
    utilized for anyone in unfamiliar
    waters
  – Five types: I, II, III, IV, and V
            Boating Safety
•   Capsizing and Sinking
•   Collision
•   Falling overboard
•   Rules (especially if water is cold)
     – Stay with boat unless shore is very
       close
     – Reduce activity
     – H.E.L.P. or Huddle
       Boat Safety Tips
• Have a “boat plan” – let someone
  know what you’re doing
• Know boating “rules of the road”
• Make sure someone else on board
  can operate the boat
        Boat Safety Tips
• Have appropriate safety equipment
  on board
• Have PFD’s on board and insist that
  people use them
• Don’t abuse alcohol

				
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posted:2/11/2012
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