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					 NASA                             Aerospace Medicine ^sprr^**.
                                  and Biology
                                  A Continuing
                                  Bibliography
                                                    ^S^
                                                                  NASA SP-7011 (257)
                                                            ^ff>^ April 1984


                                  with Indexes




   (NASA-SP-701 I (257))   AEROSPACE MEDICINE    AKD          N84-22146
   BIOLOGY:   A CONTINUING BIBLIOGRAPHY KITH
   INDEXES, SUPPLEMENT 257 (National
   Aeronautics aad Space Administration)        96 p          Unclas
   HC $7.00                                CSC1 06E 00/52      12928




  rospace Medicine & Bioloov
                                       & Biology
& Medicine & Biology Ae
dicine & Biology Aerospace to
ne & Biology Aerospace Media
Biology Aerospace Medicine & I
gy Aerospace Medicine & Biold
srospace Medicine & Biology
pace Medicine & Biology ~
Medicine & Biology Aerospace
cine & Biology AerospaceMec
& Biology Aerospace
                            ACCESSION NUMBER RANGES

             Accession numbers cited in this Supplement fall within the
             following ranges

               STAR (N-10000 Series)               N84-14109 - N84-16114

               IAA (A-10000 Series)                A84-15905 - A84-19348




This bibliography was prepared by the NASA Scientific and Technical Information Facility
operated for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration by PRC Government Information
Systems
                                                   NASA SP-7011(257)




AEROSPACE MEDICINE
       AND BIOLOGY
 A CONTINUING BIBLIOGRAPHY
        WITH INDEXES

             (Supplement 257)

  A selection of annotated references to unclassified
  reports and journal articles that were introduced into
  the NASA scientific and technical information
  system and announced in March 1984 in


      Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
      (STAR)
      International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA).




         Scientific and Technical Information Branch       1984
         National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                                   Washington, DC
         NASA SP-7011 and its supplements are available from the
         National Technical Information Service (NTIS). Questions on
         the availability of the predecessor publications, Aerospace
         Medicine and Biology (Volumes I - XI) should be directed to
         NTIS.




This supplement is available as NTISUB/123/093 from the National Technical Information
Service (NTIS), Springfield, Virginia 22161 at the price of $7.00 domestic; $1400 foreign.
                                INTRODUCTION


     This Supplement to Aerospace Medicine and Biology lists 331 reports, articles and other
documents announced during March 1984 in Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
(STAR) or in International Aerospace Abstracts (IAA). The first issue of the bibliography was
published in July 1964
      In its subject coverage, Aerospace Medicine and Biology concentrates on the biological,
physiological, psychological, and environmental effects to which man is subjected during and
following simulated or actual flight in the Earth's atmosphere or in interplanetary space.
References describing similar effects of biological organisms of lower order are also included.
Such related topics as sanitary problems, pharmacology, toxicology, safety and survival, life
support systems, exobiology, and personnel factors receive appropriate attention. In general,
emphasis is placed on applied research, but references to fundamental studies and theoretical
principles related to experimental development also qualify for inclusion
      Each entry in the bibliography consists of a bibliographic citation accompanied in most
cases by an abstract The listing of the entries is arranged by STAR categories 51 through 55,
the Life Sciences division. The citations include the original accession numbers from the
respective announcement journals. The IAA items will precede the STAR items within each
category.
      Six indexes -- subject, personal author, corporate source, contract, report number, and
accession number - are included.
     An annual index will be prepared at the end of the calendar year covering all documents
listed in the 1984 Supplements.
                AVAILABILITY OF CITED PUBLICATIONS

IAA ENTRIES (A84-10000 Series)
All publications abstracted in this Section are available from the Technical Information Service,
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc (AIAA), as follows Paper copies of
accessions are available at $8 50 per document Microfiche0' of documents announced in IAA
are available at the rate of $4 00 per microfiche on demand Standing order microfiche are
available at the rate of $1 45 per microfiche for IAA source documents

Minimum air-mail postage to foreign countries is $2 50 and all foreign orders are shipped on
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All inquiries and requests should be addressed to AIAA Technical Information Service Please
refer to the accession number when requesting publications

STAR ENTRIES (N84-10000 Series)
One or more sources from which a document announced in STAR is available to the public
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their acronyms or abbreviations are listed below If the publication is available from a source
other than those listed, the publisher and his address will be displayed on the availability line
or in combination with the corporate source line

      Avail     NTIS Sold by the National Technical Information Service Prices for hard copy (HC)
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                on page vn
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                number The pound sign is used without regard to the source or quality of the
                microfiche
                Initially distributed microfiche under the NTIS SRIM (Selected Research in
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                Subscription Section, Springfield, Va. 22161
                NOTE ON ORDERING DOCUMENTS. When ordering NASA publications (those
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      Avail. SOD (or GPO) Sold by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
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      Avail     NASA Public Document Rooms Documents so indicated may be examined at or
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(1) A microfiche is a transparent sheet of film, 105 by 148 mm in size containing as many as 60 to 98 pages of information reduced
to micro images (not to exceed 26 1 reduction)


                                                               IV
Avail     DOE Depository Libraries. Organizations in U S cities and abroad that maintain
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Avail   Issuing Activity, or Corporate Author, or no indication of availability. Inquiries as to
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                                  ADDRESSES OF ORGANIZATIONS



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                                      NTIS PRICE SCHEDULES

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A17                         376-400                                 29 50                             5900
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A22                         501-525                                 3700                              74 00
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1/      Add $1 50 for each additional 25 page increment or portion thereof for 601 pages up

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E-99 - Write for quote


N01                                                    3500                                            4500
                         TABLE OF CONTENTS

                                                                                            Page
Category 51    Life Sciences (General)                                                        73
      Includes genetics.

Category 52    Aerospace Medicine                                                             79
      Includes physiological factors,        biological   effects   of   radiation,   and
      weightlessness

Category 53   Behavioral Sciences                                                             91
      Includes psychological factors; individual and group behavior; crew training
      and evaluation; and psychiatric research

Category 54     Man/System Technology and Life Support                                      101
      Includes human engineering; biotechnology; and space suits and protective
      clothing.

Category 55    Planetary Biology                                                             122
      Includes exobiology; and extraterrestrial life


Subject Index                                                                                A-1
Personal Author Index                                                                        B-1
Corporate Source Index                                                                       C-1
Contract Number Index                                                                        D-1
Report Number Index                                                                          E-1
Accession Number Index                                                                       F-1




                                               VIII
               TYPICAL CITATION AND ABSTRACT FROM STAR


NASA SPONSORED                                                                                 -AVAILABLE ON
DOCUMENT
                                i                                                                 MICROCICHE

NASA ACCESSION
NUMBER            r    Ames Research Center, Moffett Field. Calif -*-
                   -•-THE GROWTH OF PARACOCCUS HALODENITRIFICANS IN A                            -CORPORATE
                        DEFINED MEDIUM                                                               SOURCE
TITLE-             -»-L I HOCHSTEIN and G A TOMLINSON (Santa Clara Univ.
                        Calif) Oct 1983^16 p
AUTHOR-               - (NASA-TM-84411, A-9487, NASM 1584411) Avail^NTIS HC
                        A02/MF A01 CSCL 06C-*-                                                  -PUBLICATION
                           A synthetic medium, consisting of inorganic salts and any of a               DATE
REPORT                  number of carbon sources, supported the aerobic growth of
NUMBER-                 Paracoccus halodemtnficans when supplemented with thiamine
                        The same medium plus a nitrogenous oxide supported anaerobic
AVAILABILITY            growth when additionally supplemented with methiomne The                     -COSATI
SOURCE                  observation that vitamin B12 or betame replaced methiomne                      CODE
                        suggested that P halodemtnficans had a defect in the cobalamm
                        dependent pathway for methiomne biosynthesis, as well as the
                        inability to synthesize betaine when growing anaerobtcalty
                                                                                   Author




               TYPICAL CITATION AND ABSTRACT FROM IAA




AIAA ACCESSION
NUMBER
                      BIOCHEMICAL CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING CARDIOTOXIC ~                                -TITLE
                      EFFECTS          [BIOKHIMICHESKIE           KRITERII        OTSENKI
                      KARDIOTOKSICHESKOGO DEISTVIIA]
AUTHORS-             -M P CHEKUNOVA and A D FROLOVA (Nauchno-lssledovatei sku                       AUTHOR'S
                      Institul Gigieny Truda i Profeabolevanii Leningrad.                         AFFILIATION
                      i Sanitariia (ISSN 0016-9900), May 1983, p 11, 12 In Russian
                      refs                                     "*                               -PUBLICATION
TITLE OF                  A set of biochemical methods charactenzing the biological                     DATE
PERIODICAL-           oxidation of heart muscle, the permeability of lysosome membranes
                      of the myocardium, and systems regulating metabolism processes
                      is examined with the aim of delineating the selectivity of cardiotoxic
                      effects The dose-time-effect relationship is assessed for the
                      example of cobalt It is recommended that short-term (two-week)
                      experiments be performed to predict the selectivity of the
                      cardiotoxic effects of metals                                     BJ
AEROSPACE MEDICINE
 AND                 BIOLOGY                                           A Continuing Bibliography (Suppl. 257)

                                                                                                                         APRIL 1984

                                51                                        not been descnbed previously The structure was elucidated by a
                                                                          combination of chemical and spectroscopic techniques An initial
               LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)                                    survey of selected methanogens failed to indicate the presence
                                                                          of this membrane lipid in any microorganism other than
                                                                          Methanococcus jannaschu                                  Author
Includes genetics.

                                                                          A84-16176
A84-15925                                                                 EFFECT OF ACUTE EXERCISE AND PROLONGED TRAINING
THE USE OF TOXINS IN THE CHARACTERIZATION OF THE                          ON INSULIN RESPONSE TO INTRAVENOUS GLUCOSE IN VIVO
NA(+) CHANNEL IN CARDIAC MUSCLE                                           IN RAT
S E FREEMAN, P J GRAY, A M. KEEGHAN, and M P BLADEN                       D E JAMES, K M BURLEIGH, E W KRAEGEN, and D J
(Defence Science and Technology Organization, Materials                   CHISHOLM (St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, Australia) Journal of
Research Laboratories, Ascot Vale, Victona, Australia) Toxicon,           Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise
Supplement (ISSN 0041-0107), no 3, 1983, p 153-156                        Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1660-1664
    The Na(+) channel in guinea-pig atrial muscle is investigted,         Research supported by the National Health and Medical Research
evaluating the effects of vanous toxins on the ability of 50-mM           Council of Australia refs
tnmethyloxonium tetrafluoroborate (TMO) to block the current flow
(as determined from action potentials derived by electronic
differentiation from microelectrode measurements) The results are         A84-16181
presented in a table and graph for tetrodotoxm (TTX, 5 microM),           ASSESSMENT OF RECOVERY FROM HYPERBARIC-INDUCED
edrophonium (Ed, 50 microM), atropine (200 nM), qumuchdinyl               SUBFERTILITY IN MALE MICE
benzilate (200 nM), neostigmme (1 microM), and Ed in combination          C J. DORE, M J HALSEY, S MONK, and B WARDLEY-SMITH
with post-TMO TTX The preparation was protected from the TMO              (Clinical Research Centre, Harrow, Middx, England) Journal of
effect by TTX or Ed but only partially by the other toxins It is          Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise
inferred that the carboxyl groups critical to action-potential            Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1709-1712
propagation are protected by TTX or Ed, and that the Na(+)                refs
channel is colocated with the muscannic receptor and/or AChE.
                                                             TK
                                                                          A84-16182
A84-15954* State Univ of New York, Stony Brook                            CRITICAL O2 TRANSPORT VALUES AT LOWERED BODY
ON THE EVOLUTIONARY CONSTRAINT SURFACE OF HYDRA                           TEMPERATURES IN RATS
L B SLOBODKIN and K DUNN (New York, State University,                     S M CAIN and W E BRADLEY (Alabama, University, Birmingham,
Stony Brook, NY) Biological Bulletin (ISSN 0006-3185), vol 165,           AL)     Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental
Aug 1983, p 305-320 Research supported by the Mobil Oil                   and Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p
Foundation, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, and NASA refs             1713-1717 refs
    Food consumption, body size, and budding rate were measured           (Contract NIH-HL-26927)
simultaneously in isolated individual hydra of six strains For each           Young male rats were exposed to 34 C temperatures and
individual hydra the three measurements define a point in the             increased ventilation to determine if arterial uptake of O2 increased
three dimensional space with axes food consumption, budding               in either normoxic, hyperoxic, or hypoxic conditions during mild
rate, and body size These points lie on a single surface, regardless      hypothermia and increased blood flow rates The heart rates,
of species Floating rate and incidence of sexuality map onto this         arterial pressure, rectal temperature, and blood O2 sample
surface It is suggested that this surface is an example of a general      concentrations were monitored Rectal temperatures of 34, 36,
class of evolutionary constraint surfaces derived from the                and 38 C were studied Insertion of a tracheal tube into the right
conjunction of evolutmary theory and the theory of ecological             ventncle permitted controlling the O2 input. The O2 uptake was
resource budgets These constraint surfaces correspond to                  significantly less in the rats at 34 C, and increasing the O2 transport
microevolutionary domains                                    Author       through the catheter did not alter the situation The data suggested
                                                                          that O2 transfer to the tissues is reduced in amounts corresponding
A84-16044                                                                 to the reduction in O2 requirements in hypoxic conditions
MEMBRANE LIPID FROM DEEP-SEA HYDROTHERMAL VENT                                                                                             MSK
METHANOGEN - A NEW MACROCYCLIC GLYCEROL
DIETHER
P B COMITA and R B GAGOSIAN (Woods Hole Oceanographic                     A84-16183
Institution, Woods Hole, MA)    Science (ISSN 0036-8075), vol             VENTILATION AND CSF IONS DURING HYPOCAPNIC HCL AND
222, Dec 23, 1983, p 1329-1331 refs                                       HN03 ACIDOSIS IN CONSCIOUS RABBITS
(Contract NIH-RR-00317, NSF OCE-80-24256)                                 E E NATTIE and G F BIRCHARD (Dartmouth College, Hanover,
    The membrane lipid of a new deep-sea hydrothermal vent                NH) Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental
methanogen, Methanococcus lannaschu, has been structurally                and Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p
charactenzed The hydrolyzed polar lipid of this archaebactenum            1748-1757 refs
is pnmanly (95 percent) a macrocyclic glycerol diether, which has         (Contract NIH-HL-28066)


                                                                                                                                             73
51    LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)

A84-16184                                                            A84-16934
VENTILATION AND CSF IONS DURING ISOCAPNIC HCL AND                    EXCESS SYNTHESIS OF DNA IN HELA CELLS AFTER
HNO3 ACIDOSIS IN CONSCIOUS RABBITS                                   GAMMA-IRRADIATION          AND       TREATMENT         WITH
E    E    NATTIE and R        REEDER (Dartmouth College,             N-METHYL-N'-NITRO-N-NITROSOGUANIDINE [IZBYTOCHNYI
Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Hanover, NH) Journal of          SINTEZ      DNK     V    KLETKAKH       HE     LA    POSLE
Applied Physiology Respiratc.y, Environmental and Exercise           GAMMA-OBLUCHENIIA                  I            OBRABOTKI
Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1758-1766           N-METIL-N'-NITRO-N-NITROZOGUANIDINEM]
refs                                                                 G B. BELOSTOTSKAIA and O V MALINOVSKI (Akademna Nauk
(Contract NIH-HL-28066)                                              SSSR, Lemngradskii Institut ladernoi Fiziki, Gatchma, USSR)
                                                                     Akademna Nauk SSSR, Doklady (ISSN 0002-3264), vol 268, no
A84-15188                                                            3, 1983, p 739-742 In Russian refs
INTERACTION BETWEEN NOREPINEPHRINE AND HYPOXIA
ON CAROTID BODY CHEMORECEPTION IN RABBITS
W. K MILSOM (British Columbia, University, Vancouver, Canada)
and T SADIG (Bnstol, University, Bristol, England) Journal of
                                                                     A84-16967
Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise           THE EFFECT OF IONIZING RADIATION ON THE METABOLISM
Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1893-1898
                                                                     OF BOUND SUGAR IN RABBIT AND RAT BLOOD [VLIIANIE
Research supported by the Natural Sciences and Engmeenng             IONIZIRUIUSHCHEGO            IZLUCHENIIA        NA     OBMEN
Research Council of Canada refs
                                                                     SVIAZANNOGO SAKHARA V KROVI KROLIKOV I KRYS]
(Contract NIH-HD-09457)
                                                                     G M GUSEINOVA and M M. NASIBOV (Azerbaidzhanskii
                                                                     Gosudarstvennyi Universitet, Baku, Azerbaidzhan SSR) Akademna
A84-16189                                                            Nauk Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, Doklady (ISSN 0002-3078), vol 39,
INFLUENCE OF HEAT STRESS ON EXERCISE-INDUCED                         no 5, 1983, p 67-69 In Russian refs
CHANGES IN REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW IN SHEEP
A W BELL, J R S HALES, R B KING, and A A FAWCETT
(Commonwealth Scientific and Industnal Research Organization,
Ian Clunies Ross Animal Research Laboratory, Prospect, New
South Wales, Australia) Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory,   A84-17276
Environmental and Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55,      ULTRASTRUCTURAL ASPECTS OF ACUTE ISCHEMIA OF THE
Dec 1983, p 1916-1923 refs                                           BRAIN IN THE CASE OF THE ADMINISTRATION OF
                                                                     NOOTROPIL (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY) [ULTRASTRUKTURNYE
A84-16663* Wright State Univ , Dayton, Ohio                          ASPEKTY OSTROI ISHEMII GOLOVNOGO MOZGA V
AN EXERCISE METABOLISM CHAMBER FOR MICE                              USLOVIIAKH                 PRIMENENIIA               NOOTROPILA
R M. GLASER (Wright State University, Dayton, OH) and H S.           /EKSPERIMENTAL'NOE ISSLEDOVANIE/]
WEISS (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH)     IN NAECON            N N BOGOLEPOV, E. I GUSEV, G S BURD, and S B BUKLINA
1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and Electronics          (II Moskovskn Gosudarstvennyi Meditsinskn Institut, Akademna
Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York,           Meditsmskikh Nauk SSSR, Moscow, USSR)                        Zhurnal
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p.          Nevropatologn i Psikhiatni im S S Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588),
1184-1189 refs                                                       vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 984-990 In Russian refs
(Contract NGR-36-008-004)                                                Electron microscopy of the sensonmotor cortex was investigated
                                                                     in 27 rats at different times (1, 3, or 7 days) after artena carotis
                                                                     communis occlusion Three groups of rats (five rats in each group)
A84-16725*      National Aeronautics and Space Administration.       were treated with nootropil (500 mg/kg daily) in accordance with
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                           the three time intervals, control rats were undrugged Brain neurons
THE EFFECTS OF REDUCED OXYGEN AND OF CARBON                          in rats treated with the drug were found to be better preserved
MONOXIDE ON PERFORMANCE IN A MOUSE POLE-JUMP
                                                                     than in untreated rats, and neuronal organelles in treated rats
APPARATUS                                                            had fewer signs of irreversible damage Membranes were better
D E CAGLIOSTRO and A ISLAS (NASA, Ames Research Center,              preserved in treated rats, and the fragmentation and vacuolization
Moffett Field, CA)     Journal of Combustion Toxicology (ISSN        of organelles were less pronounced It is suggested that the results
0362-1669), vol 9, Nov 1982, p. 187-193 refs
                                                                     are associated with the ability of nootropil to normalize the ATP
   The effects on reaction time and behavior were studied for        metabolism, to stimulate phospholipid synthesis and the nbosome
exposure to reduced oxygen concentrations in the presence and        function, and to increase the utilization of glucose The use of
absence of carbon monoxide Tests were run with Swiss Webster
                                                                     GABA derivatives in the case of acute brain ischemia is
mice in a pole-jump apparatus. The results show that reaction
                                                                     discussed                                                       B.J
times increase gradually with a decrease in oxygen (O2) to 10
percent O2 Below 10 percent O2 reaction times increase
dramatically and performance is degraded almost immediately. At
carbon monoxide (CO) concentrations of 500 ppm and reduced
O2 levels, reaction times are increased even more At CO              A84-17277
concentrations of 1000 ppm, performance is nearly completely         MECHANISMS OF PATHOLOGICAL AND REPARATIVE
degraded even without reduced oxygen levels             Author       PROCESSES IN BRAIN TISSUE CELLS IN THE POSTISCHEMIC
                                                                     PERIOD          ACCORDING         TO         DATA         OF
A84-16933                                                            ELECTRON-CYTOCHEMICAL         ANALYSIS       OF    NUCLEAR
RETARDED       FLUORESCENCE         OF     PIGMENT-PROTEIN           CHROMATIN AND RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS [MEKHANIZMY
COMPLEXES OF PHOTOSYSTEM I, BUILT INTO THE                           PATOLOGICHESKIKH I VOSSTANOVITEL'NYKH PROTSESSOV
LIPOSOMES        [O    ZAMEDLENNOI          FLUORESTSENTSII          V KLETKAKH TKANI MOZGA V POSTISHEMICHESKOM
PIGMENT-BELKOVYKH          KOMPLEKSOV      FOTOSISTEMY I,            PERIODE PO DANNYM ELEKTRONNO-TSITOKHIMICHESKOGO
VSTROENNYKH V LIPOSOMY]                                              ANALIZA           IADERNOGO          KHROMATINA             I
G SH VASHAKMADZE, I R VASILEV, G P KUKARSKIKH, D                     RIBONUKLEOPROTEIDOV]
N MATORIN, T E KRENDELEVA, and A B RUBIN (Moskovskn                  V V SEMCHENKO and S S STEPANOV (Omskn Meditsmskii
Gosudarstvennyi Universitet, Moscow, USSR)     Akademna Nauk         Institut, Omsk, USSR)   Zhumal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatni im
SSSR, Doklady (ISSN 0002-3264), vol 268, no 3.1983, p 723-726        SS Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 980-984.
In Russian refs                                                      In Russian refs


74
                                                                                              51    LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)

A84-17278                                                             A84-17300
ALLOTRANSPLANT OF EMBRYONIC CEREBRAL TISSUE INTO                      BLOOD FILLING OF THE ADRENAL CORTEX IN WHITE RATS,
THE BRAIN OF MATURE MAMMALS IN THE CASE OF HYPOXIC                    INTACT AND SUBJECTED TO ACUTE OVERHEATING
HYPOXIA [ALLOTRANSPLANTATSIIA EMBRIONAL'NOI TKANI                     [KROVENAPOLNENIE            KORY       NADPOCHECHNIKOV
MOZGA         V      GOLOVNOI       MOZG       VZROSLYKH              INTAKTNYKH          I     PODVERGNUTYKH           OSTROMU
MLEKOPITAIUSHCHIKH PRI GIPOKSICHESKOI GIPOKSII]                       PEREGREVANIIU BELYKH KRYS]
L V POLEZHAEV and M A. ALEKSANDROVA (Akademna                         M K PUGACHEV (Smolenskii Meditsmskn Institut, Smolensk,
Meditsinskikh Nauk SSSR, Moscow, USSR)               Zhurnal          USSR) Arkhiv Anatomn, Gistologn i Embnologn (ISSN 0004-1947),
Nevropatologn i Psikhiatni im SS Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588),          vol 84, June 1983, p 58-62 In Russian refs
vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 990-997 In Russian refs


A84-17282
POSSIBILITY OF THE APPEARANCE OF CELLULAR
STRUCTURES ON THE SURFACE OF THE VASCULAR PLEXUS,
REVEALED BY SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY                              A84-17766
[VOZMOZHNOSTI            VOZNIKNOVENIIA          KLETOCHNYKH          RADIATION BIOPHYSICS IN SPACE - TWO EXPERIMENTS ON
STRUKTUR NA POVERKHNOSTI SOSUDISTOGO SPLETENIIA,                      THE FIRST SPACELAB MISSION [STRAHLENBIOPHYSIK IM
VYIAVLIAEMYE           SKANIRUIUSHCHEI            ELEKTRONNOI         WELTRAUM - ZWEI EXPERIMENTE BEI DER ERSTEN
MIKROSKOPIEI]                                                         SPACELAB-MISSION]
A I KIKTENKO (Akademna Meditsinskikh Nauk SSSR, Moscow,               H BUECKER and G HORNECK (Deutsche Forschungs- und
USSR)      Zhumal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatni im SS Korsakova          Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut fuer Flugmedizin,
(ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 967-971 In Russian            Cologne, West Germany) DFVLR-Nachnchten (ISSN 0011-4901),
refs                                                                  vol 40, Nov 1983, p 17, 18 In German
    Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the              The scientific goals and apparatus of the Advanced Biostack
possible ways in which macrophages appear on the epithelial           expenment and the experiment on microorganisms and
surface of the cerebral vascular plexus in rats. Results support      biomolecules in free space flown on the first Spacelab mission
the theory that macrophages are formed in the blood flow or the       (fall, 1983) are charactenzed These expenments are seen as
connective tissue and that they subsequently penetrate through        continuations of the Biorack senes (on Apollo 16 and 17 and the
the epithelium of the vascular plexus onto its surface which is in    Apollo-Soyuz Test Project) and the NASA expenment, Microbial
contact with cerebrospmal fluid The structural stages of the          Response to Space Environment (Apollo 16); results of these
process are reflected in the present results                  BJ      experiments are summarized The Advance Biostack experiments
                                                                      concentrate on the effects of cosmic HZE particles on biological
                                                                      matenals of different complexity levels and in different stages of
A84-17290                                                             activity or development, using the Biostack design of alternating
THE       PRESENT         STATE       OF      CHRONOMEDICINE          sample and radiation-detector layers The microbe experiment
[KHRONOMEDITSINA NA SOVREMENNOM ETAPE]                                seeks to compare the earlier findings on the effects of 254-nm
F I KOMAROV         Sovetskaia Meditsma, no 6, 1983, p 3-8 In         UV radiation and space vacuum on bactenal spores to other regions
Russian refs                                                          of the UV spectrum A total of 316 samples are exposed to solar
   Current research on biological (particularly circadian) rhythms    radiation for 12 h                                              TK.
and on chronobiology and chronomedicme is reviewed
Chronopharmacology and chronotherapy is considered as a new
stage in clinical medicine It is concluded that chronomedicme is
a qualitatively new approach to clinical medicine, applicable not
only to the investigation of pathology in terms of function and
morphology, but also to the study of temporal links with the
environment.                                                    BJ    A84-17767
                                                                      DEVELOPMENT AND FUNCTION OF ORGANISMS IN
                                                                      WEIGHTLESSNESS - TWO EXPERIMENTS FOR THE FIRST
A84-17296                                                             GERMAN SPACELAB MISSION D1 [ENTWICKLUNG UND
CRYOFRACTOGRAPHY OF MICROVESSEL ENDOTHELIUM                           FUNKTION VON ORGANISMEN IN SCHWERELOSIGKEIT ZWEI
[KRIOFRAKTOGRAFIIA ENDOTELIIA MIKROSOSUDOV]                           EXPERIMENTE BEI DER DEUTSCHEN SPACELAB-MISSION
IA L KARAGANOV, G A. ALIMOV, V A MIRONOV, and A A                     D1]
MIRONOV (II Moskovskn Gosudarstvennyi Meditsmskn Institut,            J NEUBERT and V SOBICK (Deutsche Forschungs- und
Moscow, Ivanovsku Meditsmskn Institut, Ivanov, USSR)        Arkhiv    Versuchsanstalt fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, Institut fuer Flugmedizin,
Anatomn, Gistologn i Embnologn (ISSN 0004-1947), vol 84, June         Cologne, West Germany) DFVLR-Nachnchten (ISSN 0011 -4901),
1983, p 5-24. In Russian refs                                         vol 40, Nov 1983, p 19-22 In German
    The methodology of cryofractography is descnbed, and a critical        The scientific aims, principles and design of the STATEX and
analysis of cryofractographic data pertaining to the study of         Physarum expenment packages being designed for the D1 mission
blood-microvessel endothelium is presented. Particular attention is   (planned for June, 1985) are discussed STATEX will investigate
given to pathways of transendothelial transport in microvessels       the effects of microgravity on the development of the statohthic
                                                               BJ     organs of frogs (Xenopus laevis) in just-fertilized eggs and tadpoles
                                                                      of vanous ages The experimental apparatus is descnbed, and
                                                                      the operational protocol (including the 140-h growth penod) is
A84-17297                                                             illustrated with a block diagram The second expenment (part of
CYTOARCHITECTONICS OF FRONTAL AREA FIELDS OF THE                      the ESA Biorack) uses 16-mm film and a photodiode array, coupled
CEREBRAL CORTEX IN PAPIO HAMADRYAS AND MACACA                         with a light microscope, to observe the effects of microgravity on
RHESUS IN ONTOGENY [TSITOARKHITEKTONIKA POLEI                         the rhythmic contraction behavior of the actomyosin-contaming
LOBNOI OBLASTI KORY BOL'SHOGO MOZGA U PAVIANA                         vessel walls of the monocellular slime mold Physarum
GAMADRILA I MAKAKA REZUSA V ONTOGENEZE]                               polycephalum Both expenment packages employ centnfuges to
N S ORZHEKHOVSKAIA (Akademna Meditsinskikh Nauk SSSR,                 simulate earth gravity for the control groups, and their other major
Moscow, USSR) Arkhiv Anatomn, Gistologn i Embnologn (ISSN             components have been successfully tested in zero-gravity
0004-1947), vol 84, June 1983, p. 25-33 In Russian, refs              simulations on earth                                             TK

                                                                                                                                       75
51 LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)

A84-17775*       National Aeronautics and Space Administration            A84-18495
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                                REGULATION OF ARTERIAL PRESSURE UNDER NORMAL AND
OXYGEN REQUIREMENTS FOR FORMATION AND ACTIVITY                            PATHOLOGICAL                 CONDITIONS               [REGULIATSIIA
OF THE SQUALENE EXPOXIDASE IN SACCHAROMYCES                               ARTERIAL'NOGO DAVLENIIA V NORME I PRI PATOLOGII]
CEREVISIAE                                                                V A ALMAZOV, V A TSYRLIN, N P MASLOVA, A A TEMIROV,
L JAHNKE and H P KUEIN (NASA, Ames Research Center,                       and A V SHABROV Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 160
Extraterrestrial Research Div, Moffett Field, CA)        Journal of       p In Russian refs
Bacteriology (ISSN 0021-9193), Aug 1983, p 488-492 refs                      Mechanisms underlying the regulation of arterial pressure under
    The effect of oxygen on squalene epoxidase activity in                normal conditions and in cases of various types of arterial
Saccharomyces cerevisiae was investigated In cells grown in               hypertension (labile, stable, of renal origin, and of endocrine origin)
standing cultures, the epoxidase was localized mainly in the              are examined An analysis is made of the role of neurogenic
'mitochondria!' fraction Upon aeration, enzyme activity increased         mechanisms and humoral factors of blood circulation regulation in
and the newly formed enzyme was associated with the 'microsomal'          regulating arterial pressure in patients with arterial hypertension
fraction At 0 03 percent (vol/vol) oxygen, epoxidase levels doubled,      The significance of various parts of the central nervous system in
whereas the ergosterol level was only slightly increased                  regulating artenal pressure is examined Attention is given to
Cycloheximide inhibited the increase in epoxidase under these             mechanisms determining changes of blood minute volume and
conditions An apparent K sub m for oxygen of 038 percent                  vessel tonus dunng the development and stabilization of arterial
(vol/vol) was determined from a crude participate preparation for         hypertension                                                       BJ
the epoxidase                                                Author
                                                                          A84-18497
                                                                          FUNCTIONAL EVOLUTION OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS
                                                                          SYSTEM [FUNKTSIONAL'NAIA EVOLIUTSIIA TSENTRAL'NOI
                                                                          NERVNOI SISTEMY]
                                                                          E M KREPS, ED Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 65 p In
                                                                          Russian
A84-17820* Colorado Univ , Boulder
                                                                              Papers are presented on such topics as periodic phenomena
EFFECTS OF NITRIC OXIDE AND NITROGEN DIOXIDE ON                           in the sensorimotor cortex of rats and their relationship with
BACTERIAL GROWTH                                                          autogenic motor activity, the structural-functional organization of
R L MANCINELLI (Colorado, University, Boulder, CO) and C P                the forebrains of bony fishes, neuron responses of the sturgeon
MCKAY (NASA, Ames Research Center, Space Science Div ,                    middle brain to weak electrical stimuli, and functional characteristics
Moffett Field, CA) Applied and Environmental Microbiology (ISSN           of the auditory system of certain types of insect-eating mammals
0099-2240), July 1983, p 198-202 refs                                     Consideration is also given to polymorphism in the behavior of
     While it is generally thought that the bactericidal effects of NO    the Emys orbiculans turtle as it solves an extrapolation problem,
and NO2 derive from their reaction with water to form nitrous and
                                                                          the structure of the sturgeon forebram, and the genesis of the
nitric acids (Shank et al, 1962), this appears to be true only at         olfactory off-response in fishes No individual items are abstracted
high concentrations The data presented here suggest that at low           in this volume                                                     BJ
NO and NO2 concentrations, acids are not present in high enough
concentrations to act as toxic agents Reference is made to a
study by Grant et al (1979), which found that exposing acid forest        A84-18504
soil to 1 ppm of NO2 did not cause the soil pH to drop The                THE BLOOD-COAGULATION SYSTEM AND ADAPTATION TO
results presented here show that at low concentrations of NO              NATURAL HYPOXIA [SISTEMA SVERTYVANIIA KROVI I
and NO2, the NO is bactenostatic for some organisms and not               ADAPTATSMA K PRIRODNOI GIPOKSII]
for others, whereas NO2 may protect some bacteria from the                V A ISABAEVA Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 152 p In
inhibitory effects of NO Since it has been shown that bacteria            Russian refs
can divide while airborne (Dimmick et al, 1979), the present results         The effects of high-altitude conditions on the hemostasis system
suggest that NO at the low concentrations found in the atmosphere         of humans and animals are examined on the basis of data for the
can select for resistant bactena in the air and affect the viable         Tien-Shan, Alay, and Pamir mountain ranges Consideration is given
airborne bacterial population                                      CR     to the following problems the effect of mountain climate on the
                                                                          blood-coagulation       system,       ecological-geographic       and
                                                                          species-related characteristics of the blood-coagulation system in
                                                                          humans and animals on mountain ranges, the adaptive response
                                                                          of hemostasis dunng short-term and long-term adaptation to
                                                                          high-altitude conditions, and individual sensitivity and stability of
                                                                          blood coagulation with respect to the effect of high-altitude
A84-18493                                                                 conditions and extreme factors Adaptive changes occurring in
CELLS AT REST: PROPERTIES AND FUNCTIONS IN THE                            the blood-coagulation system under the effects of combined
ORGANISM [POKOIASHCHIESIA                  KLETKI: SVOISTVA I             environmental factors (hypoxia, temperature, etc) are examined
FUNKTSM V ORGANIZME]                                                      along with neurohormonal mechanisms for the regulation of the
O I EPIFANOVA, V V TERSKIKH, and V A POLUNOVSKII                          hemostasis function in the adaptation to high-altitude conditions
Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 184 p In Russian refs                                                                                     BJ
    The significance of the state of rest in the life activity of cells
is assessed An attempt is made to answer the questions, for               A84-18505
what reason and in what manner a cell has acquired the ability to         CHEMICAL ENZYMOLOGY [KHIMICHESKAIA ENZIMOLOGIIA]
interrupt periodically its reproduction and pass into a state of rest,    I V BEREZIN, ED and K MARTINEK, ED Moscow, Izdatel'stvo
in which it not only remains vital (i e, capable of reproducing) but      Moskovskogo Universiteta, 1983, 280 p In Russian
also becomes more stable to adverse environmental effects The                The relationship between fermentative (biological) and
state of rest is examined as a metabohcally active and reversible         homogeneous (chemical) catalyses is analyzed from a
state of the cell Attention is given to the significance of the           physicochemical, and similarities in their mechanisms are pointed
disturbance of normal regulation mechanisms for the aging and             out In addition to the theory of enzymes, the current and future
pathological growth of cells It is concluded that the ability of          applications of enzymes are discussed In particular, attention is
cells to pass into a state of rest with a special type of metabolism      given to the use of immobilized enzymes in organic synthesis,
may have developed in the process of evolution in connection              chemical analysis (the bioluminiscence method), medicine, and
with the experience of adverse environmental conditions, which            chemical industry No individual items are abstracted in this
did not provide for the active proliferation of cells              BJ     volume                                                       VL


76
                                                                                                 51    LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)

A84-18745                                                                N84-14661# Canada Inst for Scientific and Technical Information,
NEURONAL ORGANIZATION OF CONDITIONED-REFLEX                              Ottawa (Ontario)
BEHAVIOR               [NEIRONNAIA              ORGANIZATSIIA            SUGGESTIONS CONCERNING TECHNOLOGICAL RESEARCH
USLOVNOREFLEKTORNOGO POVEDENIIA]                                         AND DEVELOPMENT FOR THE PURPOSE OF INDUSTRIAL USE
B I KOTLIAR, V I MAIOROV, N O TIMOFEEVA, and V V                         OF MARINE ALGAE Final Report
SHULGOVSKII        Moscow, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 177 p In            B HAHN-HAEGERDAL 1983 26 p refs Transl into ENGLISH
Russian refs                                                             of Rept no 80-3445           National Swedish Board for Tech.
   Neuronal mechanisms of conditioned-reflex behavior are                Development, Lund (Sweden), 28 Oct 1981 p 1-25
examined on the basis of laboratory-model data Particular                (ISSN-0077-5606, NRC/CNR-IT-2071) Avail NTIS HC A03/MF
consideration is given to functional phenomena participating in          A01
the formation and realization of conditioned reflexes, the                   Selection of new algae species in respect to parasite and
neurosubstrate of the associative function of the brain, and the         disease resistance, adjustment to cultivation and harvest systems,
mtegrative properties of the nerve cell                      BJ          and the profitability in respect to the technologically important
                                                                         components, development of cultivation systems suitable for the
                                                                         Swedish conditions, joint cultivation of fish, mussels, oysters and
A84-18998                                                                crustaceans with algae, cultivation of algae in certain municipal
ELECTRICAL RESPONSES OF ANTERIOR ROOTS TO BULBAR                         waste      waters,    development      of     harvesting   systems,
PYRAMID AND LABYRINTH STIMULATION IN ANIMALS WITH                        methane-fermentation, fatty acid - hydrocarbon production as an
A    DENERVATED        LIMB    [ELEKTRICHESKIE         OTVETY            alternative to the methane fermentation, physical-chemical
PEREDNIKH KORESHKOV PRI STIMULIATSII BUL'BARNYKH                         properties of the manne polysacchandes in relation to their
PIRAMID I LABIRINTA U ZHIVOTNYKH S DENERVIROVANNOI                       technical properties, and marine algae as a food or fodder
KONECHNOST'IU]                                                           supplement are discussed                                       NW
I IA SERDIUCHENKO, P I SIABRO, and E A MAKII
(Dnepropetrovsk!! Meditsmskn Institut, Dnepropetrovsk, Ukrainian         N84-14662# Air Force Systems Command, Wright-Patterson AFB,
SSR) Fiziologicheskn Zhurnal /Kiev/ (ISSN 0201-8489), vol 29,            Ohio Foreign Technology Div
Nov-Dec 1983, p 679-683 In Russian refs                                  THE      ULTRASTRUCTURAL          ORGANIZATION         OF     THE
                                                                         BLUE-GREEN ALGA MICROCYSTIS AERUGINOSA KUETZ.
A84-18999                                                                EMEND. ELENK IN CONNECTION WITH TOXICOGENESIS
MORPHOFUNCTIONAL ORGANIZATION OF STRUCTURES OF                           A A AVAKYAN and O I BAULINA                24 Aug 1983       11 p
THE VENTRAL SURFACE OF THE MEDULLA OBLONGATA,                            Transl into ENGLISH from Zh Mikrobiol , Epidemiol Immunobiol
PARTICIPATING        IN THE      REGULATION OF         BLOOD             (USSR), v 49, no 8, Aug 1972 p 106-109 + 1
CIRCULATION [MORFO-FUNKTSIONAL'NAIA ORGANIZATSIIA                        (AD-A1 32540, FTD-ID(RS)T-0764-83) Avail NTIS
STRUKTUR               VENTRAL'NOI            POVERKHNOSTI               HCA02/MFA01 CSCL 06C
PRODOLGOVATOGO MOZGA, UCHASTVUIUSHCHIKH V                                    The majonty of strains of the blue-green algae Microcystis
REGULIATSII KROVOOBRASHCHENIIA]                                          aerugmosa produce a very strong toxin Water reservoirs, where
M I GUREVICH and A G. KARTSEVA (Akademna Nauk Ukrainskoi                 blue-green algae abound, become toxic The ultrastructure of this
SSR, Institut Fiziologn, Kiev, Ukrainian SSR)   Fiziologicheskii         algae contains the knowledge for toxin formation This necessitates
Zhurnal /Kiev/ (ISSN 0201-8489), vol 29, Nov-Dec 1983, p                 further study                                              Author
722-730 In Russian refs
                                                                         N84-14663# Rhode Island Univ , Kingston
                                                                         THE ROLE OF OXYGEN RADICALS IN BIOLOGY AND
A84-19028                                                                MEDICINE
TASK-RELEVANT LATE POSITIVE COMPONENT OF THE                             1983 24 p Conf held in Ventura, Calif, 7-11 Feb 1983
AUDITORY EVENT-RELATED POTENTIAL IN MONKEYS                              (Contract N00014-82-G-0107)
RESEMBLES P300 IN HUMANS                                                 (AD-A133053) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01 CSCL 06A
D L ARTHUR and A STARR (California, University, Irvine, CA)                 The chemistry of oxygen radicals, biological oxidations,
Science (ISSN 0036-8075), vol 223, Jan 13. 1984, p 186-188               biochemistry of oxygen radicals, antioxidants, biological impacts
refs                                                                     (prostaglandin/mflammation, cancer/pathology, and aging blood)
(Contract PHS-MH-14599-06, NIH-NS-11876-08)                              are discussed                                               NW
    A long-latency (300-milhsecond), vertex-positive component of
the event-related potential recorded from monkeys was present            N84-14664# Randomline, Inc , Huntingdon Valley, Pa
only when the eliciting stimulus was relevant to the task The            BEHAVIORAL AND PRENATAL EFFECTS OF 60-HZ FIELDS
amplitude of this component varied inversely with stimulus               Aug 1983 26 p
probability and was dissociable from motor responses       Author        (Contract DE-AC02-80RA-50293)
                                                                         (DE84-001126, DOE/RA-50293/1) Avail NTIS HC A03/MF
A84-19038                                                                A01
EVIDENCE FOR A CENTRAL COMPONENT OF POST-INJURY                              The purpose was to determine possible neural, behavioral, and
PAIN HYPERSENSITIVITY                                                    reproductive effects of low intensity 60-Hz electric fields on
C J WOOLF (University College, London, England) Nature (ISSN             mammals (rats) exposed in utero The tests used shortly after
0028-0836), vol 306, Dec 15, 1983, p 686-688 Research                    birth included negative geotaxis, the acoustic startle response,
supported by the Medical Research Council of England refs                surface nghting, in air righting, cliff avoidance, emotionality, and
    Stimuli causing injury to skin tissues often generate poststimulus   swimming endurance Vanations between the exposed and control
pain, increased sensitivity to stimuli, and pain following even          groups are discussed                                            DOE
innocuous stimuli, either through the sensitization of skin
nociceptors or an increase in the excitability of the central nervous    N84-15190#         Council for Scientific and Industnal Research,
system Because a sensitization of penpheral receptors occurs             Pretona (South Afnca)
after injury, a penpheral mechanism is widely held responsible for       BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
postinjury hypersensitivity An animal mode is presented in which         In its Activities of the National Chemical Research Lab p 1 9-28
the changes that occur in the threshold and responsiveness of            1982
the flexor reflex following penpheral injury are analogoous to the       Avail NTIS HC A07/MF A01
sensory changes found in man An electrophysiological analysis                 Research aimed at increasing basic knowledge of the factors
of the increased flexion reflex excitability shows it to anse in part    influencing digestion and metabolism in ruminants is descnbed
from spinal chord activity changes                                OC     Specific investigations include the number and types of


                                                                                                                                         77
51 LIFE SCIENCES (GENERAL)

fiber-digesting bacteria in the rumen of sheep fed increasing              metal surfaces Hydrophobicity of the bactena appears to control
amounts of maize gram, influence of starch and sugars on the               specificity of attachment Extremely thermophillc bactena appear
digestion of cellulose by rumen bacteria, the effects of pH, Na(+),        to be common on surfaces in contact with hot water Bactena are
and osmolality on the growth of rumen bactena, and the breakdown           well known as catalysts in anaerobic cornson processes Bactena
and synthesis of protein in the rumen                         MG           appear to play an important role in hydrogen embrittlement of
                                                                           metals Bacteria capable of producing large quantities of bactena
N84-15755*# Oregon Health Sciences Univ, Portland Dept of                  are found in microbial biofilms on metal surfaces          GRA
Neurology
COUNTERCURRENT DISTRIBUTION OF BIOLOGICAL CELLS
Final Report, 16 Nov. 1979 - 31 Dec. 1982
D E. BROOKS 1982 86 p refs                                                 N84-15758# Letterman Army Inst of Research, San Francisco,
(Contract NAS8-33575)                                                      Calif Toxicology Group
(NASA-CR-170958, MAS 1 26 170958) Avail NTIS HC A05/MF                     ACUTE        INTRAMUSCULAR          TOXICITY    (LD50)      OF
A01 CSCL 06C                                                               1,1'-TRIMETHYLENEBIS               (4-(HYDROXYIMINOMETHYL)
    Detailed physiochemical studies of dextran/poly(ethylene glycol)       PYRIDINIUM BROMIDE) MONOHYDRATE, (TMB-4) IN MALE
(PEG) two phase systems were earned out to charactenze and                 MICE Final Report, 9 Jun. - 1 Jul. 1982
provide understanding of the properties of the systems which               C W WHITE, L J SAUERS, T P KELLNER, and J T FRUIN
determine cell partition and the electrophoretic behavior of phase         Aug 1983 27 p
drops responsible for electric field dnven phase separation A              (AD-A133148, LAIR-158, TOXICOLOGY-SER-42) Avail NTIS
detailed study of the electrostatic and electrokmetic potentials           HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 06T
developed in these systems was earned out The salt partition                   The        acute        intramuscular     toxicity       of
was examined both in phase systems and with pure polymer                   1,1 '-tnmethylenebis4-(HYDROXYIMINO-METHYL) PYRIDINIUM
solutions via equilibrium dialysis and mechanism of sulfate, chloride      BROMIDE monohydrate (TMB-4) (TW006) was determined in male
and phosphate partition shown to be exclusion by PEG rather                ICR mice by using the single dose method LD1, LD50, LD95 with
than binding by dextran Salt partition was shown to have a strong          their 95% confidence limits were calculated by probit analysis
effect on the polymer compositions of the phases as well, an               The LD50 was 100 mg/kg with the 95% confidence limit (91
effect which produces large changes in the interfacial tension             mg/kg, 110 mg/kg) The TMB-4 formulation falls in the very toxic
between them These effects were characterized and the interfacial          range                                            Author (GRA)
tension shown to obey a power law with respect to its dependence
on the length of the tie line descnbmg the system composition on
a phase diagram The electrostatic potential differences measured
                                                                           N84-15759# OPTRA, Inc, Everett, Mass
via salt bridges were shown to obey thermodynamic predictions
                                                                           RAPID IDENTIFICATION OF MICRO-ORGANISMS
The electrophoretic mobilities measured were utilized to provide a
                                                                           M HERCHER and K MEAD Aug 1983 13 p
partial test of Levme's incomplete theory of phase drop
                                                                           (Contract DAAG29-82-C-0011)
electrophoresis The data were consistent with Levme's expression
                                                                           (AD-A132831, ARO-18828 1-LS-S) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
over a limited range of the variables tested                  Author       CSCL 06M
                                                                               Research reported here is concerned with an investigation of
N84-15756#          Washington Univ, Seattle        Bioelectromagnetics    two new fluorescent techniques for the rapid identification of
Research Lab                                                               microorganisms (1) membrane potential dyes for the discrimination
EFFECTS OF LONG-TERM LOW-LEVEL RADIOFREQUENCY                              of viable microorganisms in participate samples, and (2) a
RADIATION EXPOSURE ON RATS. VOLUME 1: DESIGN,                              proprietary immunofluorescent technique which will allow the
FACILITIES, AND PROCEDURES Final Report, Jun. 1980 - Dec.                  individual presence of several different antigens to be detected in
1982                                                                       a single measurement                                          GRA
A W GUY, C K CHOU, R B JOHNSON, and L L KUNZ
Sep 1983 83 p
(Contract F33615-80-C-0612, AF PROJ 7757)
(AD-A134079, SR-18-VOL-1, SAM-TR-83-17-VOL-1) Avail NTIS                   N84-15760# School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, Tex
HCA05/MFA01 CSCL 06R                                                       DURATION OF MEMORY LOSS DUE TO ELECTRON BEAM
    This is the first of a series of reports on the effects of long-term   EXPOSURE Final Report, Jan. - May 1983
low-level RFR exposure on rats The design, facilities, and                 T G WHEELER and B M TILTON Aug 1983 12 p
procedures for exposing 100 expenmental and 100 sham-exposed               (Contract AF PROJ 7757, U99QMXM)
rats to 2450-MHz pulsed electromagnetic fields are descnbed The            (AD-A132941, SAM-TR-83-33) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
rats were exposed to 10-microsecond pulsed microwaves at 800               CSCL 06R
pps and 8-Hz modulation for 21 h per day for 25 months at an                   Electron beam exposure has been shown to produce retrograde
average power density of 480 microwatts/sq cm The maximum                  amnesia (RA) The objective of this study was to determine the
specific absorption rate in rats was 0 4 W/kg Reports on individual        duration of memory loss upon electron beam exposure It is
endpomts are presented in subsequent reports                       GRA     important to know if exposure produces a memory loss of the
                                                                           events which occurred in the preceding 1 sec or memory loss of
N84-15757# Harvard Univ, Cambridge, Mass Lab of Microbial                  the preceding minute's events The task was a single-trial avoidance
Ecology.                                                                   paradigm The animal was placed in a small aversive chamber
THE ROLE OF MICROORGANISMS IN MARINE CORROSION                             After a 90-sec adaptation period, a door opened that provided
PROCESSES Annual Technical Report, 1 Jul. 1982 - 30 Jun.                   access to a large, dark, preferred chamber The time required for
1983                                                                       the animal to enter the preferred chamber was the measure of
R MITCHELL, M WALCH, and F TOMEI Apr 1983 46 p                             interest (T) Once inside the preferred chamber, a 1 -sec footshock
(Contract N00014-81-K-0624)                                                was delivered Following the footshock by some preset delay (delta
(AD-A133113, ATR-2) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 06M                        T), the animal was exposed to a 10-microsec, 10-rad electron
    This report describes research into the role of bactena in manne       beam (or X-ray) A second trial on the task was run 2 hr
cornson processes Dunng the past year we have studied four                 postexposure The second tnal consisted of placing the animal in
aspects of biological cornson, the mechanisms of attachment of             the aversive chamber and monitonng the time (T') required to
bacteria involved in cornson to metal surfaces, cornson by                 enter the preferred chamber If the electron beam exposure
extremely thermophillic bacteria, anaberobic cornson proceses, and         interfered with the animal's ability to recall the shock, T' would be
hydrogen embrittlement        Both quantitative and qualitative            greatly reduced as compared with the sham controls The exposure
differences in the attachment micro-flora were detected on different       delay times used were delta T = 1, 3, 5, and 10 sec             GRA

78
                                                                                                      52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

N84-15761#        Wisconsin Univ, Madison Dept of Medical                                                52
Physics
BONE BLOOD FLOW MEASURED BY (41)AR CLEARANCE                                              AEROSPACE MEDICINE
FORMED BY (44)CA(N,(-)) (41)AR
M S. ROSENTHAL, P M DELUCA, JR. D W PEARSON, and
R J NICKLES 1983 18 p refs                                               Includes physiological factors, biological effects of radiation, and
(Contract DE-AC02-76EV-01105)                                            weightlessness
(DE83-017600, DOE/EV-01105/304) Avail: NTIS HC A02/MF
A01
    A technique to measure regional inert gas washout in bone, in        A84-16177
vivo, by measuring (41)Ar clearance formed by fast-neutron               DYNAMICS OF CARDIAC OUTPUT AND SYSTOLIC TIME
activation of (44)Ca was developed Following fast neutron                INTERVALS IN SUPINE AND UPRIGHT EXERCISE
irradiation of whole rats, the perfusion-hmited clearance of (41)Ar      Y MIYAMOTO, J HIGUCHI, Y ABE, T HIURA, Y NAKAZONO,
was measured for both dead and living rats It is indicated that in       and T. MIKAMI (Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan) Journal
the clearance rate for the live rats the bone perfusion is in the        of Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise
range of 3 to 20 ml/100 Argon distribution volume             DOE        Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1674-1681
                                                                         refs
                                                                             Data on the dynamic response of cardiac output and systolic
                                                                         time intervals were gathered dunng supine and upnght exercises
                                                                         by a computer-based system A constant-current impedance
                                                                         plethysmograph was wired to the computer, two band electrodes
                                                                         around the neck, a third electrode around the thorax at the xyphoid
                                                                         level, and a fourth encircling the abdomen between the xyphoid
                                                                         and the umbilicus A constant current of 350 micro-A and 50 kHz
                                                                         was passed between the electrodes ECG monitoring was also
                                                                         performed Measurements were taken dunng upnght and supine
N84-15762# California Univ, Berkeley Lawrence Berkeley Lab               ergometer trials The results were analyzed in terms of transient
Biology and Medicine Div                                                 and steady-state responses There was no significant reduction in
LETHAL, POTENTIALLY LETHAL LESION MODEL                                  the difference between the supine and upnght positions The
S B CURTIS Jul 1983 25 p refs Presented at the 7th                       preloads are therefore the dominant factor in the circulatory
Intern. Congr. of Radiation Res, Amsterdam, 4-9 Jul 1983 and at          behavior The sympathetic stimuli excited dunng exercise did not
the 11th L H Gray Conf, Glasgow, 18-22 Jul 1983                          overcome the difference                                      M S K.
(Contract DE-AC03-76SF-00098)
(DE84-001325, LBL-16549, CONF-830782-2) Avail NTIS HC
A02/MF A01                                                               A84-16178
    A theoretical framework to descnbe the formation of lethal           INTERSUBJECT VARIABILITY IN GROWTH HORMONE TIME
mutations by radiation is presented Lesions that are repaired and        COURSE DURING DIFFERENT TYPES OF WORK
misrepaired are assumed to be the same In this model the same            J    RAYNAUD, A            CAPDEROU, J-P         MARTINEAUD, J
lesions cause both sublethal and potentially lethal damage               BORDACHAR, and J DURAND (Pans XI, Universite, Le
Potentially lethal damage is damage which may be modified by             Plessis-Robinson, Hauts-de-Seine, France)        Journal of Applied
alterations in postirradiation conditions Sublethal damage is cellular   Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
damage whose accumulation may lead to lethality. The expression          (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1682-1687 Research
of the damage and the kind of medium in which the cells are              supported by the Universitede Pans XI refs
placed dunng the repair penod is considered Fresh or growth                  The variability of response to vanous types of muscular exercise
medium (F-medium) is assumed to cause fixation of damage after           was examined with subjects selected for homogeneity of age,
about 3 hours, while no fixation occurs in conditioned medium            weight, and physical fitness A total of nine subjects were fitted
(C-medium).                                                     DOE      with a catheter in the antecubital vein, rested, and then performed
                                                                         ergometer exercise, with trials at different times covering exercise
                                                                         with restarting, heavy exercise, and continuous and intermittent
                                                                         exercise modes The lung volume, heart rate, immunoreactive
                                                                         human growth hormone concentration (IRHGH), and rectal
                                                                         temperature were monitored The onset and maximal value of the
                                                                         IRHGH were found to vary from subject to subject dunng the
                                                                         tnals The average values obtained were highly skewed by the
                                                                         presence of high values in any one performer It is concluded
                                                                         that averaged results drawn from measurements with high vanabihty
N84-16027*# Jackson State Univ , Miss Dept of Biology                    are to be approached cautiously regarding the generalized
A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF PLANKTON AND PERIPHYTON                          interpretations that can be made                              M SK
IN THE TURN BARGE CANAL AND BASIN AREA OF KENNEDY
SPACE CENTER, FLORIDA                                                    A84-16179*        National Aeronautics and Space Administration
G D BARNES In Alabama Univ Res Rept. 1983 NASA/ASEE                      Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif
Summer Faculty Fellowship program 26 p Dec 1983 refs                     HYPERVOLEMIA AND PLASMA VASOPRESSIN RESPONSE
Avail NTIS HC A99/MF A01 CSCL 06C                                        DURING WATER IMMERSION IN MEN
    While thirty-seven species of vanous groups of organisms were        J E GREENLEAF, J. T MORSE, P R BARNES, J SILVER, and
identified at the five stations at KSC, further sampling is needed       L C KEIL (NASA, Ames Research Center, Laboratory for Human
to further enumerate and identify phytoplankton and penphyton            Environmental Physiology, Moffett Field, CA) Journal of Applied
for the long term monitonng program and assessment for a                 Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology
probable polygeneration site Thallophyta, Cyanophyta coccoid and         (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1688-1693 refs
Chrysophyta pennate were the dominant organisms Chlorobium                   Immersion studies were performed on seven mildly dehydrated
was the most abundant Thallophyta Pennate diatoms were larger            male subjects to examine the effect of suppression of plasma
and more abundant at station one The absence of Skeletonema              vasopressm (PVP) on diuresis in water immersion The water was
costatum was surprising Stations four and five appear to be acid         kept at close to 34 5 C and the subjects remained in the water
marsh swales Rhabdoderma hneare, a Cyanophyta coccoid found              for 4 hr after sitting for 2 hr Na and K levels in the serum and
in acid lakes, was abundant in stations four and five.       A R H.      unne were analyzed, as were osmolality, red blood cell count.


                                                                                                                                          79
52 AEROSPACE MEDICINE

renin activity, total protein, albumin amounts, hematocnt, and         A84-16187
hemoglobin Plasma volume was monitored from samples drawn              HYPOHYDRATION AND HEAT ACCLIMATION - PLASMA RENIN
at specified intervals during immersion The plasma volume              AND ALDOSTERONE DURING EXERCISE
increased significantly 30 mm after immersion, but no PVP was          R P FRANCESCONI, M N SAWKA, and K B PANDOLF (U S
observed The dehydration induced elevated serum osmotic                Army, Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, Natick, MA)
concentrations It is concluded that the hydration condition before     Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and
immersion and the volume of fluid intake during immersion affects      Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p
the hemodilution during immersion                           M SK       1790-1794 refs
                                                                           The influence of various factors which may alter the hormonal
                                                                       response to exercise in heat was examined experimentally
                                                                       Attention was focused on the plasma renin activity (PRA) and
                                                                       d-aldosterone (ALD) behavior in response to exercise, heat
A84-16180                                                              acclimation, and heat stress Consideration was also given to
VENTILATORY           THRESHOLDS        DURING      SHORT- AND         hypohydration and to simultaneous occurrence of heat acclimation
LONG-TERM EXERCISE                                                     and environmental adaptation Eight male and eight female subjects
T REYBROUCK, J GHESQUIERE, A CATTAERT, R FAGARD,                       each participated in 12 trials, six before and six after heat
and A AMERY (Leuven, Katholieke Universiteit, Louvam,                  acclimation trials The post- and pre-test activities comprised
Belgium)          Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory,           exposure to thermoneutral, hot-wet, and hot-dry environments The
Environmental and Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55,        tests involved treadmill exercises for 140 mm each session Gender
Dec 1983, p 1694-1700 Research supported by the Instituut              had no significant effect, while hypohydration induced by 24 hr of
voor Wetenschappehjk Onderzoek in Nijverheid en Landbouw               abstinence from liquid intake before a test produced elevated PRA
refs                                                                   and ALD levels Heat acclimation moderated the increases in PRA
    An attempt was made to determine if trials involving long term,    but was ineffectual regarding the ALD All the variables affected
rather than graded, exercise are more suitable for identifying the     the PRA and ALD to a measurable extent                      MSK
underlying physical mechanisms that define a threshold beyond
which ventilatory variables increase continuously without ever
attaining a steady state Ergometer trials were performed by eight
male subjects, at first in short term modes, then in graded increase   A84-16344
and run duration gradient modes, and then in long duration modes       MODEL OF STATIC ACCOMMODATIVE BEHAVIOR IN HUMAN
Monitoring was carried out on the total oxygen uptake, the CO2         AMBLYOPIA
output, arterial blood CO2 partial pressure and pH, lactate            G K HUNG, J L SEMMLOW (IRutgers University, Piscataway,
concentration, and blood HCO3(-) concentration The ventilatory         NJ), K J CIUFFREDA, and S C HOKODA (New York, State
threshold was higher during the long duration exercise, possibly       University, New York, NY)         IEEE Transactions on Biomedical
due to a greater lactate clearance capability in the blood because     Engineering (ISSN 0018-9294), vol BME-30, Oct 1983, p
of the steady-state conditions The lactate concentration was           665-672 refs
probably a critical indicator on the maximal endurance performance,    (Contract NIH-EY-03709, NIH-EY-03541)
as was the ventilatory threshold for long-term exercise       M SK         A direct method for quantifying accommodative behavior in
                                                                       amblyopia is detailed in terms of an accommodative controller
                                                                       gam (ACG) value Experimental data are taken of the slope of the
                                                                       accommodative stimulus/response function, the accommodative
                                                                       bias, and the depth of focus A linear accommodation model is
A84-16185                                                              defined for calculating the ACG when the upper limit of the depth
FRUCTOSE AND GLUCOSE INGESTION AND MUSCLE                              of field is less than the stimulus level A nonlinear accommodative
GLYCOGEN USE DURING SUBMAXIMAL EXERCISE                                model is also provided for the accommodative responses of normal
L LEVINE, W J EVANS, B S CADARETTE, E C FISHER, and                    eyes and dominant eyes of amblyopes Experimentation is
B A BULLEN (Boston University, Boston, MA) Journal of Applied          described      which     demonstrates     a   consistently greater
Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and Exercise Physiology          accommodative response in dominant eyes than in the amblyopic
(ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p 1767-1771 Research               eyes of four subjects It is concluded that ACG is the primary
supported by Boston University and Hoffmann-La Roche Co                model parameter in reduced accommodative responses in
refs                                                                   amblyopic eyes, while the dead space operator also has an
                                                                       effect                                                     MSK


A84-16186                                                              A84-16935
EFFECT OF ACETAZOLAMIDE ON NORMOXIC AND HYPOXIC                        DETERMINING          THE TIME          REQUIRED FOR VISUAL
EXERCISE IN HUMANS AT SEA LEVEL                                        PERCEPTION - METHODS AND RESULTS [OPREDELENIE
R B SCHOENE, P W BATES, E B LARSON, and D J PERSON                     VREMENI ZRITEL'NOGO VOSPRIIATIIA - METODIKA I
(Washington, University, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, WA)       REZULTATY]
Journal of Applied Physiology Respiratory, Environmental and           A     M IVANITSKII and I A KORSAKOV (Vsesoiuznyi
Exercise Physiology (ISSN 0161-7567), vol 55, Dec 1983, p              Nauchno-lssledovatel'skn Institut Obshchei i Sudebnoi Psikhiatrn,
1772-1776 refs                                                         Moscow, USSR)             Akademna Nauk SSSR, Doklady (ISSN
   Double-blind crossover type trials were run with six male           0002-3264), vol 268, no 3, 1983, p 750-753 In Russian refs
subjects to examine the effect of acetazolamide on exercise                The experiment described is earned out on 24 healthy persons
parameters in normoxic and hypoxic conditions at sea level The         Sitting in a darkened, sound-absorbing chamber, the subject sees
subjects ingested either 250 mg acetazolamide or a placebo every       two flashes, the second coming 1 2 sec after the first In some
8 hr for a 24 hr period before ergometer trials ECG, oximetnc,         cases the flashes have the same brightness, in others the
end-tidal O2 and CO2 concentrations, O2 uptake, and CO2 output         brightness differs The subject registers his perception of identical
were recorded The acetazolamide produced an increase in rest           or differing brightness by the number of times he pushes a button.
and exercise ventilation in hypoxic conditions, where O2 saturation    The subject is also fitted with electrodes by which the slow electrical
was higher It is suggested that the acetazolamide may permit           activity of the visual part of the cortex is measured and amplified
longer endurance of submaximal exercise in hypoxic conditions          A change in the sign of the first denvative of the slow electrical
by allowing a greater uptake of O2 by the muscle tissues, as well      activity is found to be correlated with an incorrect opinion of the
as a higher ventilation rate                                M SK       brightness of the flashes                                         CR

80
                                                                                                    52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

A84-17008                                                              A84-17281
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL CORRELATES OF HYPERACUITY                         RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES AND QUANTITATIVE SPECTRUM
IN THE HUMAN VISUAL CORTEX                                             OF BLOOD PROSTAGLANDINS            IN PATIENTS       WITH
D M LEVI, R E MANNY, S A KLEIN, and S B STEINMAN                       HYPERTENSION        [REOLOGICHESKIE       SVOISTVA        I
(Houston, University. Houston, TX)        Nature (ISSN 0028-0836),     KOLICHESTVENNYI SPEKTR PROSTAGLANDINOV KROVI U
vol 306, Dec 1, 1983, p 468-470 refs                                   BOL'NYKH GIPERTONICHESKOI BOLEZN'IU]
(Contract NIH-R01-EY-01728, NIH-S07-RR-01747-09)                       Z A SUSLINA and V G VYSOTSKAIA (Akademna Meditsmskikh
    An electrophysiological con-elate of hyperacuity recorded from     Nauk SSSR, Moscow, USSR) Zhurnal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatrn
the human visual cortex is reported Subjects were exposed to           im. SS Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p
repetitive vernier patterns on a computer monitor, the stimulus        1033-1038 In Russian refs
being five bnght horizontal lines, each with three segments The
outer lines were displaced downward to introduce the vernier offset,   A84-17283
then returned to their parallel formation. The EEG data from the       MORPHOLOGICAL       CRITERIA      OF THE STRUCTURAL
subjects were averaged to correspond with the appearance of            ASYMMETRY OF CORTEX AND SUBCORTEX FORMATIONS
the vernier offset The amplitude of the positive deflection of the     IN THE HUMAN BRAIN [MORFOLOGICHESKIE KRITERII
recording trace vaned systematically with the magnitude of the         STRUKTURNOI ASIMMETRII KORKOVYKH I PODKORKOVYKH
offset The subthreshold of the displacement was established as         OBRAZOVANII MOZGA CHELOVEKA]
40 sec of arc, while 40 sec offsets produced significant responses     I N BOGOLEPOVA, V V AMUNTS, N S ORZHEKHOVSKAIA,
It is concluded that the visually evoked potentials recorded were      and L I MALOFEEVA (Akademna Meditsmskikh Nauk SSSR,
induced by the appearance of relative positional data in the vernier   Moscow, USSR)      Zhurnal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatrn im. SS
stimulus by breaking colineanty The results are considered             Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 971, 975 In
significant for studies of spatial vision                    M SK      Russian refs

                                                                       A84-17284
                                                                       LYMPHOCYTES IN THE HUMAN BRAIN [LIMFOTSITY V
                                                                       GOLOVNOM MOZGE CHELOVEKA]
                                                                       A I OIFA (Akademna Meditsmskikh Nauk SSSR, Moscow, USSR)
A84-17279                                                              Zhurnal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatrn im S S Korsakova (ISSN
DEVELOPMENT OF CAPILLARIES IN THE HUMAN BRAIN                          0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 975-982 In Russian refs
[RAZVITIE KAPILLIAROV MOZGA CHELOVEKA]                                    The role of lymphocytes in the brains of schizophrenics is
A V LOMAKIN and V M CHERTOK (Vladivostoksku Meditsinskn                considered Autopsies of 350 schizophrenics and 16 mentally
Institut, Vladivostok, USSR) Zhurnal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatrn        healthy subjects who died at ages ranging from 15 to 87 years
im SS Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p                revealed the presence, in nearly 90 percent of the cases, of sparse
1004-1007 In Russian refs                                              segmentary clusters of small lymphocytes in the adventitia of
    Gomon's method of alkaline phosphatase activity assessment         vessels in the medulla oblongata irrespective of the cause of death
and electron microscopy are used to investigate the development        The biological role of lymphocytes in the brain is considered from
of capillaries in auditory, motor, and visual areas of the cerebral    the point of view of immunological tolerance                    BJ
cortex in males ranging from 6-8 months of embryonic development
to 60-80 years in age It is found that the formation of cerebral       A84-17285
capillaries continues in the course of the entire life of a human      QUANTITATIVE HISTOENZYMOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL
male It is noted that the rate of capillary growth decreases with      STUDY OF ATHEROGENESIS STAGES IN HUMAN CORONARY
age, this feature being especially prominent in the 60-80 year age     ARTERIES       (BASED       ON        EARLY     AUTOPSIES)
range.                                                         BJ      [KOLICHESTVENNOE          GISTOENZIMOLOGICHESKOE             I
                                                                       BIOKHIMICHESKOE ISSLEDOVANIE ETAPOV ATEROGENEZA
                                                                       V    KORONARNYKH ARTERIIAKH              CHELOVEKA        /PO
                                                                       MATERIALAM RANNIKH VSKRYTII/]
                                                                       E M TARARAK, G L ZELTSER, KH K AMINEVA, V F
                                                                       TRIUFANOV, and T I BOLSHAKOVA (Akademna Meditsmskikh
                                                                       Nauk SSSR, Moscow, I Lenmgradskn Meditsinskn Institut,
A84-17280                                                              Leningrad, USSR)    Arkhiv Patologn (ISSN 0004-1955), vol 45,
THE ROLE OF AFFECTIONS OF THE MAIN ARTERIES OF THE                     no 6, 1983, p 14-19 In Russian refs
HEAD IN DISTURBANCES OF HEMOSTASIS AND THE
RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF THE BLOOD [O ROLI
PORAZHENII        MAGISTRAL'NYKH          ARTERII GOLOVY V             A84-17286
NARUSHENIIAKH           GEMOSTAZA          I    REOLOGICHESKIKH        CLINICAL-MORPHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE
SVOISTV KROVI]                                                         THYMICOLYMPHATIC CONDITION IN ADOLESCENTS AND
E S GABRIELIAN, IU S TUNIAN, S E AKOPOV, B G BALAIAN,                  ADULTS                       [KLINIKO-MORFOLOGICHESKAIA
and G O BAKUNTS (Erevanskn Meditsmskikh Institut, Yerevan,             KHARAKTERISTIKA                   TIMIKO-LIMFATICHESKOGO
Armenian SSR)         Zhurnal Nevropatologn i Psikhiatrn im SS         SOSTOIANIIA U PODROSTKOV I VZROSLYKH]
Korsakova (ISSN 0044-4588), vol 83, no 7, 1983, p 1010-1014            M S POPOV and O V ZAIRATIANTS (I Moskovskn Meditsinskn
In Russian refs                                                        Institut, Moscow, USSR) Arkhiv Patologn (ISSN 0004-1955). vol
    Platelet and erythrocyle aggregation was studied in blood          45, no 6, 1983, p 60-67 In Russian refs
passing through a chamber simulating an intact vessel and a vessel
which is either stenosed or pathologically convoluted Aggregate        A84-17288
formation was shown to increase dramatically in the case of the        LARGE MOLECULES IN SMALL DOSES [BOL'SHIE MOLEKULY
simulation of a vessel section with an altered blood-flow geometry,    V MALYKH DOZAKH]
this increase was much more pronounced when blood from patients        O LIBKIN       Khimna i Zhizn' (ISSN 0130-5972), July 1983, p
with cerebral dyshemias was used In patients with cerebral             13-18 In Russian
infarction, the antiaggregate activity of the blood passing through       A popular review of synthetic-polymer drug therapy is presented
the internal carotid arteries on the affected side was found to be     The nature of such drugs is considered in themselves and as
lower than in other sections of the blood stream The significance      earners, and a model of a synthetic-polymer drug is presented
of the disclosed features for the pathogenesis of cerebrovascular      Such drugs are examined as macromolecular therapeutic systems,
diseases is considered                                          BJ     and practical applications are discussed                       BJ


                                                                                                                                      81
52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

A84-17289                                                              A84-17298
SPRINT [SPRINT]                                                        SIGNIFICANCE OF AORTA-BRANCHING CHARACTERISTICS IN
M Z ZALESSKII Khimna i Zhizn' (ISSN 0130-5972), July 1983,             THE REGULATION OF REGIONAL BLOOD FLOW IN HUMANS
p 78-85 In Russian                                                     [ZNACHENIE OSOBENNOSTEI VETVLENIIA                    AORTY V
    The physiological bases underlying success in short-distance       REGULIATSII           REGIONAL'NOGO        KROVOTOKA           U
running (i e, sprint) are examined Particular consideration is given   CHELOVEKA]
to the biochemical mechanisms and energetics of muscular activity,     M A SRESELI and A G ORLOV (I Lenmgradskn Meditsmskn
and to the role of catecholammes in the psychophysiology of            Institut, Leningrad, USSR) Arkhiv Anatomn, Gistologii i Embnologii
sprint The question of a speed limit to the 100-m and 200-m            (ISSN 0004-1947), vol 84, June 1983, p. 33-38 In Russian refs
dashes is discussed                                              8J


                                                                       A84-17299
A84-17291                                                              PATHWAYS OF LYMPH MOVEMENT IN THE CASE OF THE
ON THE INVESTIGATION OF THE HEALTH OF SEAMEN OF                        BLOCKING OF THE MEDIAL SUPERFICIAL LYMPHATIC
THE ARCTIC FLEET [NEKOTORYE VOPROSY IZUCHENIIA                         VESSELS OF THE LOWER EXTREMITIES [PUTI DVIZHENIIA
SOSTOIANIIA ZDOROV'IA MORIAKOV SEVERNOGO FLOTA]                        LIMFY PRI BLOKADE MEDIAL'NYKH POVERKHNOSTNYKH
N P BYCHIKHIN, G A ORLOV, V A POPOV, E F PISARENKO,                    LIMFATICHESKIKH SOSUDOV NIZHNEI KONECHNOSTI]
and T V VASILEVA (Arkhangel'skn Meditsmskn Institut, Severnaia         G V CHEPELENKO (Kurganskn Nauchno-lssledovatel'skn Institut
Tsentral'naia Basseinovaia Klmicheskaia Bol'mtsa, Arkhangelsk,         Ekspenmental'noi i Klimcheskoi Ortopedu i Travmatologn, Kurgan,
USSR) Zdravookhranenie Rossuskoi Federatsu (ISSN 0044-197X),           USSR) Arkhiv Anatomn, Gistologii i Embnologii (ISSN 0004-1947),
no 7, 1983, p 7-10 In Russian                                          vol 84, June 1983, p 50-57 In Russian
     A study of seamen of the Soviet Arctic fleet shows that the
morbidity of these seamen during voyages is dominated by
respiratory sicknesses, and cutaneous and subcutaneous
inflammations In 23-25 percent of the cases studied these              A84-17822*          National Aeronautics and Space Administration
conditions lead to a temporary loss of work capacity In addition,      Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif
it is shown that the long-term effect of low temperature combined      ALTERATIONS IN CALCIUM HOMEOSTASIS AND BONE
with high humidity causes neurovascular disorders of the extremities   DURING ACTUAL AND SIMULATED SPACE FLIGHT
in some of the seamen, something which should be considered in         T J WRONSKI and E R MOREY (NASA, Ames Research Center,
making an occupational selection for Arctic conditions          BJ     Biomedical Research Div, Moffett Field, CA)            Medicine and
                                                                       Science in Sports and Exercise (ISSN 0195-9131), vol 15, no 5,
                                                                       1983, p 410-414 refs
                                                                           Skeletal alteration in experimental animals induced by actual
A84-17292
                                                                       and simulated spaceflight are discussed, noting that the mam factor
ORGANIZATIONAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE                       contributing to bone loss in growing rats placed in orbit aboard
PROPHYLAXIS OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION AMONG                             Soviet Cosmos biosatelhtes appears to be diminished bone
TRANSPORT                                         WORKERS
                                                                       formation Mechanical unloading is seen as the most obvious cause
[ORGANIZATSIONNO-METODICHESKIE                     ASPEKTY
                                                                       of bone loss in a state of weightlessness Reference is made to
PROFILAKTIKI       ARTERIAL'NOI        GIPERTONII     SREDI            a study by Roberts et al (1981), which showed that osteoblast
RABOTNIKOV TRANSPORTNOGO UPRAVLENIIA]                                  differentiation in the penodontal ligament of the maxilla was
M L BEROV, A A ELGAROV, and A K GUCHEV
                                                                       suppressed in rats flown in space Since the maxilla lacks a
(Kabardmo-Balkarskn Gosudarstvennyi Universitet, Mimsterstvo
                                                                       weight-beanng function, this finding indicates that the skeletal
Zdravookhranenna         Kabardmo-Balkarskoi          ASSR,
                                                                       alterations associated with orbital flight may be systemic rather
Kabardmo-Balkarskoe Transportnoe Upravlenie, Nalchik, USSR)            than confined to weight-beanng bones In addition, the skeletal
Zdravookhranenie Rossuskoi Federatsu (ISSN 0044-197X), no 7,           response to simulated weightlessness may also be systemic
1983, p 10-13 In Russian
                                                                       (wronski and Morey, 1982) In suspended rats, the hmdlimbs lost
                                                                       all weight-bearing functions, while the forehmbs maintained contact
                                                                       with the floor of the hypokmetic model On this basis, it was to
A84-17293                                                              be expected that there would be different responses at the two
MEDICAL EXAMINATIONS OF WOMEN IN THE MEDICAL UNIT                      skeletal sites if the observed abnormalities were due to mechanical
OF A LARGE INDUSTRIAL PLANT [O MEDITSINSKIKH                           unloading alone The changes induced by simulated weightlessness
OSMOTRAKH ZHENSHCHIN V MEDIKO-SANITARNOI CHASTI                        in the proximal tibia and humerus, however, were generally
KRUPNOGO PREDPRIIATIIA]                                                comparable This evidence for systemic skeletal responses has
E. O BULATOVA, M A SOLOVEVA, O S CHUGAEVA, V F                         drawn attention to endocnne factors                             CR
KUZIN, and S L MURAVEVA           Zdravookhranenie Rossuskoi
Federatsu (ISSN 0044-197X), no 7, 1983, p 22-24 In Russian
                                                                       A84-18494
                                                                       SLOW NONELECTRICAL PROCESSES IN THE EVALUATION
A84-17295                                                              OF THE FUNCTIONAL CONDITION OF THE HUMAN BRAIN
THE EFFECT OF PROLONGED HYPOKINESIA ON THE                             [MEDLENNYE NEELEKTRICHESKIE PROTSESSY V OTSENKE
HEMODYNAMICS AND CONTRACTILE FUNCTION OF THE                           FUNKTSIONAL'NOGO SOSTOIANIIA MOZGA CHELOVEKA]
MYOCARDIUM IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC HEART DISEASE                     V B GRECHIN and V N BOROVIKOVA Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo
AFTER LIMB AMPUTATION [VLIIANIE DLITEL'NOI GIPOKINEZII                 Nauka, 1982, 176 p In Russian refs
NA GEMODINAMIKU I SOKRATITEL'NUIU                     FUNKTSIIU           The present work examines data pertaining to the dynamics of
MIOKARDA U BOL'NYKH ISHEMICHESKOI                     BOLEZN'IU        such slow nonelectncal processes in the human brain as oxygen
SERDTSA POSLE AMPUTATSII KONECHNOSTEI]                                 tension, complex resistance, local temperature, and the
V A LIUSOV, L N KAZNACHEEV, and N I KATYSHKINA                         extracellular activity of certain ions These characteristics are
(Tsentral'nyi Nauchno-lssledovatel'skn Institut Protezirovanna i       compared with other types of indicators, including EEG and
Protezostroenna, II Moskovskii Gosudarstvennyi Meditsmskn Institut,    neuronal activity Particular emphasis is placed on the possibility
Moscow, USSR)        Kardiologna (ISSN 0022-9040), vol 23, June        of using data concerning slow nonelectncal processes to elucidate
1983, p 63-66 In Russian refs                                          mechanisms of brain function dunng mental activity            BJ

82
                                                                                                    52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

A84-18755                                                              A84-18891
A HYGIENIC EVALUATION OF THE COMBINED EFFECT OF                        INDEPENDENCE OF ORIENTATION AND SIZE IN SPATIAL
THE THERMAL AND NOISE-VIBRATION POLLUTION OF THE                       DISCRIMINATIONS
ENVIRONMENT ON THE HUMAN BODY [O GIGIENICHESKOI                        C A BURBECK (SRI International, Menlo Park, CA) and D REGAN
OTSENKE KOMBINIROVANNOGO VOZDEISTVIIA TEPLOVOGO                        (Dalhousie University, Halifax, Canada) Optical Society of America,
I SHUMO-VIBRATSIONNOGO ZAGRIAZNENIIA SREDY NA                          Journal (ISSN 0030-3941), vol 73, Dec 1983, p 1691-1694
ORGANIZM]                                                              Sponsorship Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council
F M SHLEIFMAN, A A. MENSHOV, I D. TASHKER. V A                         of Canada refs
OSTROUKHOVA, N P BARANOVA, A L BARIL, and L B                          (Contract NSERC-A-0323, AF-AFOSR-78-3711,
KUTSENKO (Mimsterstvo Zdravookhranenna Ukramskoi SSR,                  F49620-82-K-0024)
Kievskn Nauchno-lssledovatel'skn Institut Gigieny Truda i                  This study of form vision explores the relationships between
Profzabolevanii, Kiev, Ukrainian SSR)    Problem/ Kontrolia i          orientation and spatial frequency in suprathreshold discrimination
Zashchita Atmosfery ot Zagnaznenna (ISSN 0135-2253), no 8,             tasks Orientation discrimination thresholds for sine-wave gratings
1982, p 91-94 In Russian refs                                          were 03-0.5 deg, much less than the roughly 10-24-deg
                                                                       onentational     bandwidth      of    channels,    spatial-frequency
                                                                       discrimination thresholds were 3-7 percent, much less than the
                                                                       roughly 1-2-octave spatial-frequency bandwidth of channels
                                                                       Spatial-frequency discrimination between two gratings was found
                                                                       to be as acute when the two gratings were orthogonal as when
                                                                       they were parallel Orientation discrimination between two gratings
A84-18813                                                              was as acute when the two gratings had the same spatial
BODY COMPOSITION (PERCENT FAT) AND HEAT STRESS OF                      frequencies as when they had different spatial frequencies Thus
WELL CONDITIONED YOUNG ADULT MALES                                     onentation and spatial frequency are independent dimensions at
M W RILEY, D. J COCHRAN, and A J SOUNDY (Nebraska,                     the discrimination stage of spatial information processing Author
University, Lincoln, NE)     IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 561-564
refs
    The physiological responses of heart rate, oxygen consumption,
sweat loss, rectal temperature and mean skin temperature were          A84-19000
monitored as eight well-conditioned young adult males were             EFFECT OF THE ACOUSTIC REFLEX OF INTRAAURAL
exposed to effective temperatures of 70 F, 80 F and 90 F The           MUSCLES ON THE LATENT PERIODS OF COMPONENTS OF
body fat contents of the subjects ranged from 11 3 to 34 percent       THE COCHLEOMYOGENIC POTENTIAL, RECORDED DURING
The subjects pedalled a 300 kilopond meters/minute load on a           SHORT-TERM         ACOUSTIC         LOADING         [VLIIANIE
bicycle ergometer for 25 minutes Results indicate that body fat        AKUSTICHESKOGO REFLEKSA VNUTRIUSHNYKH MYSHTS NA
or the percent of body fat squared have a statistically significant    VELICHINU     LATENTNYKH       PERIODOV KOMPONENTOV
effect on the dependent vanables of oxygen consumption/lean            KOKHLEOMIOGENNOGO                              POTENTSIALA,
body weight, change in heart rate, core-skin temperature gradient,
                                                                       ZAREGISTRIROVANNOGO PRI DEISTVII KRATKOVREMENNOI
and oxygen consumption/maximum oxygen consumption Author               ZVUKOVOI NAGRUZKI]
                                                                       T V SHIDLOVSKAIA and L N BUTENKO (Institut Otolanngologn,
                                                                       Kiev, Ukrainian SSR)    Fiziologicheskii Zhurnal /Kiev/ (ISSN
                                                                       0201-8489), vol 29, Nov-Dec 1983, p 746-749 In Russian
                                                                       refs

A84-18890
SPATIAL-FREQUENCY DISCRIMINATION AND DETECTION -
COMPARISON OF POSTADAPTATION THRESHOLDS
D REAGAN and K I BEVERLEY (Dalhousie University, Halifax,
Canada) Optical Society of Amenca, Journal (ISSN 0030-3941),           A84-19294#
vol 73, Dec 1983, p 1684-1690 Sponsorship Natural Sciences             COLOR MATCHES AND DISCRIMINATION FUNCTIONS FOR
and Engmeenng Research Council of Canada refs                          SELECTED HUES
(Contract NSERC-A-0323, AF-AFOSR-78-3711)                              F E WARD (Wnght State University, Dayton, OH), F GREENE,
    The effect of an adaptive sine-wave grating on spatial-frequency   and W MARTIN (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory,
discnmnation and contrast detection thresholds (DiT and DeT) is        Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
investigated experimentally, and the results are compared with         Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
model predictions Adaptive gratings were viewed monocularly by         Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
each of two subjects and replaced for bnef intervals by circular       249-253
sine-wave test fields of varying spatial frequency and contrast.            The purpose of this research was to investigate color
The results are presented in graph form and discussed Both DiT         discnmmation under conditions of ambient illumination that may
and DeT were elevated by adaptive-grating inspection, but the          reduce CRT display saturation and contrast Both the variability of
DiT maximum occurred at a test-grating spatial frequency about         color matching and the offsets from a match necessary for a 100
twice that of the DeT maximum Both increases were about halved         percent discnmmation difference were measured for four dominant
by rotating the test gratings between 7 and 17 deg from the            wavelengths each at five saturation levels Subjects were tested
adaptive onentation Models in which discrimination is determined       at low, medium, and high adaptation levels for both large and
by local processes with spatial interpolation, by the                  small test stimulus sizes In general, results for the low luminance
most-active-channel(s), or by the relative activities of               color matching conditions are in agreement with the published
psychophysical spatial-frequency channels (or size-tuned neural        literature For the high luminance and small field conditions, the
subumts) are introduced and considered in the light of the findings.   data suggest that color discnmmation should not be predicted
The first model can predict the results (if a 'stuck gnd' assumption   from the CIE Uniform Chromaticity Space data Color discnmmation
is made), but the second is unable to do so, the physiological         vanes dramatically with dominant wavelength, reds and greens
version of the relative-activity model is found most satisfactory      are more difficult to discriminate than yellows and yellow-greens
and elaborated                                                   T.K                                                                Author


                                                                                                                                        83
52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

A84-19295#                                                                A84-19303#
TIME     OF      DAY      VARIATIONS      IN     STEADY-STATE             INVESTIGATING THE STEADY STATE VISUALLY EVOKED
ACCOMMODATION TO SQUARE-WAVE GRATINGS                                     CORTICAL RESPONSE
T L AMERSON (US Naval Reserve, Medical Service Corps,                     A M JUNKER (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory,
Pensacola, FL)     IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,              Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) and K J PEIO (Systems Research
27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1              Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 254-258                  Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
refs                                                                      Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
    Time of day variations were studied both in the dark focus of         365-368 refs
accommodation and in steady-state accommodation All subjects                  Steady state visually evoked cortical responses were obtained
(n = 16) were measured in the morning and again 12 hr later               by smusoidally modulating fluorescent lights Sums of sine waves
The mean nighttime dark focus was 0 5 diopters (D) greater than           with a frequency range of 55 Hz to 49 Hz were presented
the morning value Overaccommodation to far targets (O D) and              simultaneously to subjects to allow a control theoretic examination
underaccommodation to near targets (3 20 D) occurred for both             of the describing function of the EEG response Subjects observed
4 2 and 8 4 cycle/deg square-wave gratings A shift in steady-state        the stimulus in a 'lights only' condition and were also tested viewing
accommodation was found with the nighttime values being                   the flickering lights while doing a video decision task presented in
somewhat greater (0 25 D) than the morning values          Author         the same field Results indicate that reconstruction of the describing
                                                                          function across several frequencies was consistent for replications
                                                                          of each condition Differences between the decision condition and
                                                                          lights only were observed around 9 5 Hz to 11 5 Hz Frequency
                                                                          dependent sensitivity to the evoking stimulus was observed, and
                                                                          individual differences were indicated in frequency sensitivity to the
A84-19296#                                                                evoking stimuli                                                 Author
ACCOMMODATION AND THE ACQUISITION OF DISTANT
TARGETS BY OBSERVERS WITH SUPERIOR VISION                                 N84-14166# Joint Publications Research Service, Arlington, Va
K MOFFITT (Systems Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH) IN Human                THE 5TH SYMPOSIUM ON GRAVITATIONAL PHYSIOLOGY
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14,        In its USSR Rept Space, No 25 (JPRS-84946) p 82-84             14
1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                Dec 1983 Transl into ENGLISH from Med (Moscow), 27 Jul
Society, 1983, p 259-263 refs                                             1983 p3 Symp held in Moscow, sponsored by the International
(Contract F33615-82-C-0511)                                               Union of Physiological Sciences
    An account is given of a series of experiments and                    Avail NTIS HC A07
demonstrations conducted to study how a pilot might use his eyes              Gravitational physiology and a wide range of problems for
to optimize target acquisition performance in different visual            aerospace environments were discussed The effect of gravitational
environments Uncorrected far acuity of at least 20/20 was a               loads and their changes on base mechanisms which determine
prerequisite Target acquisition tasks were performed while                the origin, development and sustaining of vital functions,
accommodation was simultaneously monitored with an infrared               gravitational effects in different systems of a living organism,
optometer The target was always small and located at optical              physiological, biological and morphological manifestations of the
infinity The average dark focus was more distant than is typically        effect of weightlessness and its modeling, and theoretical
reported and tended to shift outward with experience on the               approaches and real means of correction of disruptions caused
optometer When observers were provided with distance                      by changes in gravitational loads are outlined             EA K
information, half were apparently able to 'look through' near
peripheral texture in order to optimize accommodation accuracy            N84-14665#      Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,
and target detection performance Observers' abilities to shift            Natick, Mass
accommodation outward did not correlate with ability to look              EFFECTS OF ACUTE COLD EXPOSURE ON SUBMAXIMAL
through near texture Two observers were able to focus and                 ENDURANCE PERFORMANCE
defocus small targets on demand                               DH          J F PATTON and J A VOGEL 1983 20 p
                                                                          (AD-A132581, USARIEM-M-44/83) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
                                                                          CSCL 06S
                                                                             The purposes of this study were to assess VO2 max and
                                                                          submaximal endurance time to exhaustion (ET) during acute cold-air
                                                                          exposure Eight male subjects (X age =199 yrs) were alternately
A84-19298#                                                                exposed in groups of four to chamber temperatures of -f 20 C
CONTRAST SENSITIVITY PREDICTS TARGET DETECTION                            and -20 C for 30 hrs each A week was allowed between exposures
FIELD PERFORMANCE OF PILOTS                                               VO2 max was measured using a mechanically braked cycle
A P GINSBURG, J EASTERLY (USAF, Aerospace Medical                         ergometer ET was determined on the same ergometer using a
Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH), and D W                   17 mm - 3 mm exercise - rest schedule until the subject was
EVANS (U S Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO)                 IN    unable to maintain pedal rate The data support the contention
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October         that aerobic capacity is not altered by cold exposure but suggest
10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human                 a marked decrease in submaximal endurance performance It is
Factors Society, 1983, p 269-273 refs                                     postulated that this may result from a glycogen wasting effect
    Recent research has shown that contrast sensitivity, not visual       due to increased catecholamme release in response to the cold
acuity, can predict a pilot's ability to detect an air-to-ground target                                                                GRA
in a flight simulator A further study is reported that shows a
similar predictive power under actual field conditions Eighty-four        N84-14666#       Air Force Inst of Tech, Wnght-Patterson AFB,
U S Air Force pilots, seated at the end of a runway, typically in         Ohio
groups of ten/week, reported the detection of an approaching              ELECTROMYOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF THE PERONEOUS
T-39 |et aircraft under visibility conditions varying from 0 5 to over    LONGUS DURING BICYCLE ERGOMETRY ACROSS WORK
15 miles for 10 field trials The pilots' detection ranges were            LOAD AND PEDAL TYPE M.S. Thesis - North Carolina Univ.
correlated with their individual contrast sensitivities and standard      D L HOLT 1983 61 p
visual acuities Contrast sensitivity, not visual acuity, was found to     (AD-A132550, AFIT/CI/NR-83-24T) Avail NTIS HCA04/MFA01
be a good predictor of detection range These results have strong          CSCL 06E
implications for the creation of performance-related vision                  Lateral ankle injuries often result in residual disability Increasing
standards                                                       Author    the endurance of the peroneous longus may reduce this problem


84
                                                                                                       52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

Bicycle ergometry may increase the endurance of the peroneous           between the genders for HR, Tre and Msw dunng the tests In
longus, but the activity of the peroneous longus dunng pedaling is      the comfortable environment, HR, Tre and Msw were not generally
not known The purpose of this study was to analyze the                  significantly correlated (P>005) with V02 max In the hot-dry
electromyographic (EMG) activity of the peroneous longus across         environment, Tre and V02 max were significantly correlated
work load (1, 2, and 3 Kp) and pedal type (standard and medial          (r=058) when euhydrated before acclimation Also, HR was
support only) dunng pedaling The analysis included total, peak,         significantly related to V02 max before acclimation when
and phasic EMG activity per cycle EMG activity was monitored            eu-(r=-061) and hypohydrated (r=-060) as well as after
with bipolar surface electrodes arranged in a longitudinal              acclimation when eu- (r=-0 57) and hypohydrated (r=-0 67) These
configuration over the motor points The pedaling cycle was              data indicate that when euhydrated in the heat, aerobic fitness
monitored with a photo electric cell and the gait cycle was             provides cardiovascular and thermoregulatory benefits acclimation
monitored with a heel switch Gait data were used to normalize           However, when hypohydrated in the heat, cardiovascular benefits
the pedaling data Data from nineteen muscles were collected             are present for fit subjects both before and after acclimation, but
from eleven subjects, all adult males Results indicated that (1)        thermoregulatory benefits are not associated with fitness     GRA
increasing work load significantly increases the total, peak, and
phasic EMG activity, (2) modified pedals significantly increase the
total, peak, and phasic EMG activity, (3) the interaction between
work load and pedal type significantly increases the total and          N84-14670#        Air Force Inst of Tech, Wnght-Patterson AFB,
peak EMG activity, and (4) only pedaling with modified pedals           Ohio
results in EMG activity comparable to gait                    GRA       CONTROL DEVICE MANIPULATIVE BEHAVIOR, AROUSAL AND
                                                                        PERFORMANCE DURING A COMPENSATORY TRACKING TASK
N84-14667#          California Umv, Los Angeles              Dept. of   M.S. Thesis - New Mexico State Univ.
Psychology                                                              H. M ACOSTA Dec 1980 97 p
NEUROMAGNETIC LOCALIZATION OF TWO COMPONENTS OF                         (AD-A133921, AFIT/CI/NR-80-83T) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01
THE TRANSIENT VISUAL EVOKED RESPONSE TO PATTERNED                       CSCL 06D
STIMULATION                                                                 This study examined the relationships between control activity,
F RICHER, D S BARTH, and J BEATTY Apr 1983                       11 p   performance and arousal Experimental non-task load (arousal)
Presented at the 4th Intern Workshop on Biomagnetism, Rome,             manipulations failed to generate significant performance effects,
14-16 Sep 1982                                                          but did reliably affect at least one of three control-activity measures
(Contract N00014-76-C-0616, NR PROJ 201-207)                            employed, namely, integrated absolute control displacement, IACD
(AD-A132546, TR-32) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01 CSCL 06P                     The results offer support for a progression hypothesis This
    Corresponding electncal and magnetic components of the              hypothesis asserts that trends in control activity demonstrated at
brain's visual evoked response at 120 and 180 ms poststimulus           any given level of performance during skill development are
are examined Results show that both magnetic components are             paralleled by trends exhibited as arousal or, at least, non-task
localized in the superficial occipital cortex tangential to the scalp   stimulation increases Since performance failed to demonstrate a
The distribution of M120 suggests that the generators of the            decrement, a proposed set of related regression hypotheses could
electncal and magnetic components are related, but the electncal        not be tested                                             Author (GRA)
field recorded is an elaborate modification of that produced by
the source                                                     Author
                                                                        N84-14671#           Texas Umv, Austin            Dept of Chemical
N84-14668#       California Umv, Los Angeles Lab for Human              Engineering
Neurophysiology                                                         MATHEMATICAL SIMULATION OF DIVER PERFORMANCE Final
MAGNETOENCEPHALOGRAPHY                                                  Report, 1 Jul. 1976-31 Dec. 1982
J BEATTY, F RICHER, and D S BARTH 1 Sep 1983 35 p                       E H WISSLER 31 Aug 1982 13 p
Submitted for publication                                               (Contract N00014-76-C-0953)
(Contract N00014-76-C-0616)                                             (AD-A133844) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01 CSCL 06S
(AD-A132496, TR-30) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 06P                         This report summarizes the work accomplished during the six
   Under certain conditions the activity of large neurons within        years covered by this contract A mathematical model of the human
the brain may produce magnetic fields that are recordable at the        thermal system was developed, validated for accuracy under
scalp Such recording has been termed magnetoencephalography,            conditions typically encountered in Navy diving operations, and
the magnetic counterpart of electroencephalography In this paper,       applied to several problems of current interest The following
we describe some properties of brain magnetic activity and review       problems were analyzed (1) prediction of the performance of a
the recent application of magnetoencephalography to the study of        new passive diver thermal protection system developed at NCSC,
both normal human brain function and cases of cerebral                  (2) analysis of the lost bell problem of saturation diving, (3) analysis
pathology                                                    GRA        of heat stress in hyperbanc environments, and (4) prediction of
                                                                        survival time for vanous accidents involving immersion in cold
N84-14669#      Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,           water                                                    Author (GRA)
Natick, Mass
AEROBIC FITNESS AND THE HYPOHYDRATION RESPONSE
TO EXERCISE-HEAT STRESS
B A CADARETTE, M N SAWKA, M M TONER, and K B                            N84-14672#              Aerospace       Medical Research      Labs,
PANDOLF Aug 1983 24 p                                                   Wnght-Patterson AFB, Ohio Toxic Hazards Dw
(Contract DA PROJ 3E1-62777-A-879)                                      BIBLIOGRAPHY           OF      RESEARCH          REPORTS       AND
(AD-A132263, USARIEM-M-43/83) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                    PUBLICATIONS ISSUED BY THE TOXIC HAZARDS DIVISION,
CSCL 06S                                                                1957-1982
    This study examined the influence that aerobic fitness (V02         L. S EVANS, comp, S A MOVER, comp, and J A MOORE
max) had on final heat rate (HR), final rectal temperature (Tre),       Aug 1983 46 p
and total body sweat rate (Msw) when subjects exercised while           (Contract AF PROJ 6302)
euhydrated and hypohydrated (-5 0% from baseline body weight)           (AD-A133637, AFAMRL-TR-83-068) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01
Eight male and six female subjects completed four exercise tests        CSCL 06T
both before and after a 10-day heat acclimation program The                  The physiological effects of toxic hazards on animals and plant
tests were a euhydration and a hypohydration exposure conducted         life, the toxic effect of rocket propellants upon the environment;
in a comfortable (20 C, 40% rh) and in a hot-dry (49 C, 20% rh)         and the environment within spacecraft cabins and its effects on
environment Significant differences were not generally found            animals were studied                                           BG


                                                                                                                                            85
52 AEROSPACE MEDICINE

N84-14673#       Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass Dept of              Factors which influence individual and social behavior were
Physiology and Biophysics                                                  analyzed incorporate the human dimension into energy policy
SYMPOSIUM ON MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ORCADIAN                             Energy aspects in modern society encompass simultaneously a
SYSTEMS Final Scientific Report, 1 May 1981 - 30 Apr. 1982                 commodity, an ecological resource, a social necessity, and a
M C MOORE-EDE May 1982 31 p                                                collection of strategic materials, but citizens view these one at a
(Contract AF-AFOSR-0133-81; AF PROJ 2312)                                  time The potential for improved energy efficiency use is
(AD-A133636, AFOSR-83-0851TR) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01                       reviewed                                                      DOE
CSCL 12A
   This is the Final Scientific Report on a Satellite Symposium on         N84-14677# Fondazione Ugo Bordoni, Rome (Italy)
the mathematical modeling of Orcadian systems which was held               MODEL OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM
on June 21, 1981 in conjunction with the Annual Meeting of the
                                                                           FOR THE PERCEPTION OF CONTOUR ELEMENTS [MODELLO
Association for the Psychophysiological Study of Sleep in Cape             Dl COMPORTAMENTO DEL SISTEMA VISVIO UMANO PER LA
Cod, Massachusetts The purpose of the satellite symposium was
                                                                           PERCEZIONE DEGLI ELEMENT! Dl CONTORNO]
to present and critically review recently developed mathematical           R CUSANI (Rome Univ), G DIBLASIO (Rome Univ), A
models of the Orcadian timing system, with particular emphasis             ORLANDO, and F PAPA Dec 1982 42 p refs In ITALIAN
on human sleep-wake organization, as designed by various                   (FUB-44-1982) Avail NTIS HC A03/MF A01
investigators from both the United States and abroad who would                 The visual system is modelled as a receiver formed by an
be invited to participate                                     GRA          element for the processing of the signal (the retina), followed by
                                                                           a transmission channel (optical nerve) and a decision system (the
N84-14674# Naval Submarine Medical Research Lab, Groton,                   brain cortex) where the boundaries and the lines of the image are
Conn                                                                       recognized The assumed mechanism, suggested by decision
THE STABILITY OF VISUAL FIELD MEASURES WITH                                theory, is that of a maximum likelihood estimate in which after the
REPEATED TESTING Interim Report                                            identification of the presence of a contour element a procedure
C. L SCHLICHTING and R RODRIGUEZ 1 Sep 1983 10 p                           of parameter determination follows Experimental physiological
(Contract MR00001)                                                         results are used to determine the numencal parameters which
(AD-A132704, NSMRL-1008) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                            characterize the model The agreement between model and
CSCL 14B                                                                   experiment suggests that the human system works also with a
    Vitamin supplementation and deficiencies may affect the size           preliminary acquisition followed by a fine data acquisition with
of the area in which the human eye can see (visual field) Before           dynamic triggering The required presence of filters which limits
using this measure, however, it is important to determine how              the number of different structures that may be identified by the
reliable visual field testing is over several sessions The size of         human system suggests the possibility of reduction of the
the visual field was tested in ten subjects on five different days         redundency in the transmission or recording of images
Subjects with normal vision showed approximately two degrees                                                                    Author (ESA)
variation in visual field extent over the sessions This suggests
that the measure can be incorporated in the test protocol designed
to study the effect of vitamin supplementation during submarine            N84-14678# Jefferson Medical Coll, Philadelphia, Pa
patrols                                               Author (GRA)         ASSESSMENT OF ULTRASONIC B-SCAN IMAGING FOR
                                                                           DETECTION AND QUANTIFICATION OF ATHEROSCLEROTIC
N84-14675#        Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, Inc. Canoga Park,             LESIONS IN HUMAN CAROTID AND ILLOFEMORAL ARTERIES
Calif                                                                      AND IN ARTERIES OF ANIMALS Annual Report, Apr. 1982 -
THE DETECTABILITY OF REPETITIVE, PERIODIC IMPULSES                         Apr. 1983
Final Report, 1 Feb. 1980 - 31 Jan. 1983                                   B B GOLDBERG May 1983 68 p
R HORONJEFF, S FIDELL, and D GREEN May 1983 61 p                           (Contract N01-HV-2912)
(Contract DAAG29-80-C-0057)                                                (PB83-261123, NIH-N01-HV-2912) Avail NTIS HC A04/MF
(AD-A132744, BBN-5314, ARO-16729 5-LS) Avail NTIS                          A01 CSCL 06L
HCA04/MFA01 CSCL 06P                                                           The B-Scan Assessment program presents a new challenger
    Concern for predicting aural detectability of complex natural          for ultrasound in determining its ability to identify and quantify
sounds has generally focused on steady state tonal and broadband           atherosclerotic plaques in the carotid and femoral arteries As in
signals Procedures for calculating detectability of such signals           many modalities of diagnostic implementation in medicine, the state
are reasonably well established and validated Large errors of              of the art is enhanced by the trial and error experience and
prediction may occur, however, when these procedures are applied           repetition Con-elation of B-Scan with artenogram of the two vessels
to other classes of signals, such as high crest factor, short duration,    concerned has demonstrated that time and education could provide
impulsive wavetrains The experimentation described here was                essentially a nonmvasive workup of a stroke-prone patient Similarly,
intended to support analyses of detection performance that could           patients suffering from claudication clinically arising from diseased
lead to general quantitative procedures for predicting the audibility      femoral artenes might instead be scheduled for a non-invasive
of repetitive, periodic impulsive signals Three separate studies           study, than initially the invasive artenogram                    GRA
were conducted using similar procedures The first study quantified
the detectability of individual impulses The second study was              N84-14679# Applied Physics Lab, Johns Hopkins Univ, Laurel,
directed toward the detectability of multiple impulses of varying          Md
periodic repetition rates The third study explored hypotheses about        HUMAN REACTIONS TO ELF ELECTRIC AND MAGNETIC
detection strategies suitable for modelling the audibility of repetitive   FIELDS: AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY OF CURRENT
impulsive wavetrains.                                             GRA      LITERATURE, 3RD EDITION Final Report
                                                                           J P REILLY Jul 1983 95 p
N84-14676# National Academy of Sciences - National Research                (PB83-259648, PPSP/JHU/PPSE-T-27) Avail NTIS HC
Council, Washington, D C Committee on Behavioral and Social                A05/MF A01 CSCL 06F
Aspects of Energy Consumption and Production                                   The annotated bibliography lists current literature (since 1960)
ENERGY USE: THE HUMAN DIMENSION                                            which applies to human reactions to electnc and magnetic fields
P STERN, ed and E ARONSON, ed Mar 1983 347 p                               from 10 Hz to 100 Hz, with an emphasis on power frequency
(DE84-001405, DOE/NBM-4001405) Avail NTIS HC A15/MF                        fields This includes direct experimental work with humans,
A01                                                                        epidemiological studies, work which use animal studies to draw
   The nature and determinants of energy consumption,                      interferences about human reactions, studies concerning human
prevention, preparation, and response for energy emergencies and           dosimetry, and works which discuss means for human protection
plans for meeting energy needs at the local level are considered           This volume is an updated version of an earlier bibliography, first


86
                                                                                                        52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

published in July 1982, and revised in a second edition in July           N84-15765#         Tufts Univ., Boston, Mass      Musculo-Skeletal
1982                                             Author (GRA)             Research Group
                                                                          STRESS FRACTURES: THE REMODELLING RESPONSE TO
                                                                          EXCESSIVE REPETITIVE LOADING
                                                                          C. T RUBIN, J M HARRIS, B H JONES, H. B ERNST, and L
N84-14680#       Health Effects Research Lab, Research Tnangle            E LANYON 6 Jul 1983 7 p
Park, N C                                                                 (Contract DAAK60-83-C-0031)
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF RADIOFREQUENCY RADIATION:                           (AD-A130881) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01 CSCL 06E
REVIEW DRAFT, PARTS 1, 2 AND 3                                                The occurrence of stress fractures indicates a failure to maintain
D F CAHILLand J A ELDER Jun 1983 611 p refs                               an adequate match between bones structure and their functional
(PB83-262550, EPA-600/8-83-026A-PT-1/2/3) Avail NTIS HC                   requirement. Stress fractures occur both in well-trained athletes
A99/MF A01 CSCL 06R                                                       pushing for the limits of their performance, and in poorly-trained
    The document presents a critical and comprehensive review             people, particularly women, following an abrupt change or increase
of the available literature on the biological effects of radiofrequency   in the level of their physical activity The conventional view of the
(RF) radiation through 1980. The objective is to determine whether        etiology of the training up type of stress fracture is that the
the existing data base can contribute to the formulation of RF            remodelling processes are incapable of completing the necessary
radiation exposure guidance for the general public                        structural alterations before continued loading causes failure due
                                                          Author (GRA)    to fatigue in the bone matenal                                  GRA

                                                                          N84-15766# Colorado Univ, Denver Cardiovascular Pulmonary
N84-14681 North Carolina Univ., Chapel Hill                               Research Lab
OXYGEN INSUFFICIENCY AND ENERGY FAILURE IN BRAIN:                         INCREASED         METABOLISM         AND      DEAD SPACE AS
UNCOUPLING OF OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION AT LOW                            COMPONENTS OF VENTILATION AT HIGH ALTITUDE
OXYGEN CONCENTRATION Ph.D. Thesis                                         S Y HUANG, J K ALEXANDER (Baylor Univ), R F GROVER,
R D PEARLSTEIN 1983 106 p                                                 J T MAHER (Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine),
Avail Univ Microfilms Order No DA8316648                                  R E MCCULLOUGH, L G MOORE, J V WEIL, J B SAMPSON,
    The stoichiometry of oxidative phosphorylation at low oxygen          and J T REEVES (Army Research Inst of Environmental
concentration 5 micrometers has been measured in suspension               Medicine) 12 Jul 1983 21 p refs
of isolated mitochondria Employing a steady-state technique in            (Contract DAMD17-81-C-1057, NIH-HL-14985, DA PROJ
which respiration rate was experimentally controlled by either            3E1-162777-A-879)
oxygen or substrate limitation, flux-dependent variation in the           (AD-A130827) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01 CSCL 06S
phosphorylation efficiency (P/O ratio) of stimulated mitochondrial             Ventilatory acclimatization to high altitude results in alveolar
respiration was evaluated P/O ratio remained constant over a              hyperventilation, which is an increase in alveolar ventilation per
wide range of respiration rates in mitochondna limited by substrate       unit of carbon dioxide production and is associated with a fall in
availability In contrast, oxygen-limited mitochondria demonstrated        the PCO2 A measurement frequently made dunng acclimatization
a continuous decline in P/O ratio as respiration was increasingly         to high altitude is the total volume of air expired per minute, the
restncted This unique characteristic is proposed to anse as a             minute ventilation However, the relation of total to alveolar
consequence of the accumulation of electron in respiratory chain          ventilation and the influence of CO2 production on the latter at
cytochromes In several expenmental settings in which variation            high altitude is unclear We sought to determine the contribution
in the stoichiometry of oxidative phosphorylation was demonstrated,       of changes in metabolism and in dead space ventilation to the
intra-mitochondnal electron density was the only vanable uniformly        increase in minute ventilation observed with ascent and dunng
correlating with phosphorylation efficiency           Dissert Abstr       exposure to high altitude In 12 healthy male subjects taken from
                                                                          Denver, Colorado (1600 M) to Pikes Peak, Colorado (4300 M) for
                                                                          5 days, resting minute ventilation increased from low to high altitude
                                                                          (+35% by day 5) and artenahzed venous PCO2 fell Resting
N84-15763*        National Aeronautics and Space Administration,          metabolic rate (VCO2) increased 16% by day 5 and could account
Washington, D C                                                           for approximately half of the increase in minute ventilation The
AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY: A CONTINUING                              increases in ventilation on days 1,2 and 4 were positively correlated
BIBLIOGRAPHY WITH INDEXES (SUPPLEMENT 252)                                with increased CO2 production, they were not correlated with
1983 69 p                                                                 arterial oxygen saturation on any day Dunng exercise at high
(NASA-SP-7011 (252), NAS 1 12/77011(252)) Avail NTIS HC                   altitude, minute ventilation rose above low altitude values but less
A02/MF A01 CSCL 06E                                                       than 10% of the increase in ventilation could be attributed to
    This bibliography lists 204 reports, articles and other documents     increased CO2 production Dead space ventilation at high altitude
introduced into the NASA scientific and technical information             was the same as at low altitude in resting subjects              GRA
system in November 1983                                         Author
                                                                          N84-15767#      Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,
                                                                          Natick, Mass
N84-15764*#       National Aeronautics and Space Administration           THE EFFECTS OF DEHYDRATION ON PERIPHERAL COOLING
Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va                                      D E ROBERTS, J J BERBERICH, and R E DROEGE 1983
LOW X-RAY ABSORPTION ANEURISM CLIPS Patent                                27 p refs
Application                                                               (AD-A130838, USARIEM-M36/83) Avail NTIS HC A03/MF A01
R. M BAUCOM, inventor (to NASA) 10 Feb 1983 10 p                          CSCL 06S
(NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2, US-PATENT-APPL-SN-465363)                            Ten men were dehydrated by voluntary restnction of fluid intake
Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01 CSCL 06C                                         and by mile exercise over a 2-1/2 day period (body weight loss.
    An X-ray transparent and biological inert medical clip for treating   46%) Body weight returned to -16% and -03% of their starting
aneunsms and the like is disclosed as well as a process for its           weight 10 to 20 hours after rehydration, respectively, suggesting
production A graphite reinforced composite film is molded into a          the weight loss was fluid loss Measures of blood and urine
unitary structure having a pair of hourglass like cavities which are      constituents also were indicative of dehydration These 10
hinged together with a pair of jaws for grasping the aneurism             expenmental subjects expenenced a standard cold test pnor to
extending from the wall of one cavity A silicone rubber pellet is         and after dehydration and after rehydration The standard cold
disposed in the other cavity to exert a spring force through the          test consisted of sitting in a cold chamber (0 c) dressed in cold
hinge area to normally bias the jaws into contact with each other         weather clothing with nght hand bare for 2 hours. The fingers, but
                                                                 NASA     not the back of the hand, of the expenmentals were significantly


                                                                                                                                             87
52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

colder (P05) following dehydration and were slightly warmer            N84-15770# SRI International Corp, Menlo Park, Calif
following initial rehydration A group of 10 control subjects tested    SPATIOTEMPORAL             CHARACTERISTICS              OF     VISUAL
under identical conditions, but hydrated at all times, showed no       LOCALIZATION Annual Technical Report, 1 Jun. 1982 - 31
changes                                              Author (GRA)      May 1983
                                                                       C A BURBECK 15 Jul 1983 15 p
                                                                       (Contract F49620-82-K-0024, AF PROJ 2313)
                                                                       (AD-A133952, AFOSR-83-0832TR) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
                                                                       CSCL05J
N84-15768# Colorado Univ, Denver Cardiovascular Pulmonary                  A computer-based display system has been designed and built
Research Lab                                                           enabling the investigation of the processes underlying spatial
VARIABLE INHIBITION BY FALLING CO2 OF HYPOXIC                          localization Among the results obtained in the past year with the
VENTILATORY RESPONSE IN MAN                                            use of this device are (a) Eye movements play a significant role
L G MOORE, S Y HUANG, R E MCCULLOUGH, J B SAMPSON                      in spatial localization that is not limited to positioning the stimulus
(Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine), J T MAHER              array optimally on the retina (b) Neither retinal image drift nor
(Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine), J V WEIL, R            abrupt movement of the retinal image is sufficient to restore normal
F GROVER, J K ALEXANDER (Baylor College of Medicine),                  performance on a localization task when the effects of eye
andJ T REEVES 21 Jun 1983 17 p refs                                    movements on retinal image position are eliminated (c) Preliminary
(Contract DAMD17-81-C-1057, NIH-HL-14985, DA PROJ                      data indicate that localization is a very slow process, much slower
3E1-16777-A-879)                                                       than form detection In related work it has been shown that for
(AD-A130658, USARIEM-M32/83) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01                  some simple forms (sine wave gratings) the relative orientation of
CSCL 06S                                                               the stimuli does not affect ability to detect small differences in
    Acute hypoxia stimulates an increase in ventilation but the        their sizes and conversely a difference in size between two stimuli
resulting hypocapnia limits the magnitude of the increase Thus,        does not affect ability to detect a small difference in their
the hypoxic ventilatory response is usually measured during            orientations Further it has been found that the detection of small
isocapnia, but this may not reflect events at high altitude Possibly   differences in size between two objects is masked strongly by
the degree of inhibition by hypocapnia might depend on individual      stimuli consisting of fine lines but not by stimuli consisting of
ventilatory response to CO2 and thus vary between persons If           broader lines (high and low spatial frequency gratings respectively)
so, it might be useful to compare between individuals an isocapnic     It has also been found that eye movements are essential to the
hypoxic ventilatory response (PACO2 maintained by CO2 addition)        discrimination of objects on the basis of hue except in the yellow
with a response in which CO2 was not added and the PACO2 fell          region of the spectrum                                             GRA
to a variable extent (poikilocapnic hypoxia) We found in 14 healthy
persons that, although the poikilocapnic hypoxic ventilatory
                                                                       N84-15771# Saint Louis Univ, Mo School of Medicine
response positively correlated with the isocapnic hypoxic response,
                                                                       EXPERIMENTS ON FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE MUSCULAR
the relation was improved by a multiple regression which included
                                                                       FUNCTION IN MAN Final Report, Jul. 1980 - Sep. 1982
the negative association with the normoxic hypercapnic response        A R LIND, C A WILLIAMS, and M D HOFFMAN                         25 May
Thus the magnitude of the difference between the isocapnic and         1983 79 p
the poikilocapnic hypoxic responses related to the hypercapnic         (Contract AF-AFOSR-0221-80, AF PROJ 2312)
response (p less than 001) In those subjects with small
                                                                       (AD-A133928, AFOSR-83-0859TR) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01
hypercapnic responses, a falling CO2 during hypoxia had little         CSCL 06P
depressant effect on the hypoxic ventilatory responses        GRA
                                                                           Research was concerned with muscular function and fatigue
                                                                       The systemic cardiovascular responses are much the same when
                                                                       the contractions result in muscular fatigue, at which time the mean
                                                                       blood pressure is the same as it is in response to sustained
N84-15769#       Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,         isometnc contractions All the available evidence points to the
Natick, Mass                                                           same mechanisms being involved, centering around the reflex of
DIFFERENTIATED RATINGS OF PERCEIVED EXERTION AND                       chemical origin in active muscles There appears, however, to be
SELECTED         PHYSIOLOGICAL          RESPONSES       DURING         considerable differences in the local control of blood vessels when
PROLONGED UPPER AND LOWER BODY EXERCISE                                isometric contractions are pursued to fatigue on a continuous or
K B PANDOLF, D S BILLINGS, L L DROLET, N A PIMENTAL,                   on an intermittent basis In the present experiments we have shown
and M N SAWKA Oct 1983 26 p                                            that the constriction is neural in ongin and that metabolites which
(Contract DA PROJ 3E1-62777-A-879)                                     normally inhibit that constnction are unable to migrate through the
(AD-A134086, USARIEM-M-2/84) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01                    interstitial space to larger artenoles not in the direct vicinity of the
CSCL 06S                                                               contracting muscles The performance of very short bouts of
    This study examined whether prolonged exercise employing           rhythmic exercise can result in dramatic reductions of isometric
upper or lower body muscle groups led to significant alterations       endurance and, to some extent, isometnc strength The functional
in differentiated ratings of perceived exertion (diff RPE) Nine        consequences are obvious jobs calling for either isometric strength
volunteer males performed 60 mm of arm crank (AC) and cycle            or endurance can be senously impaired by previous rhythmic
(CY) exercise at similar absolute (ABS) and at similar relative        exercise The causes are only partially disclosed by our
(REL) exercise intensities There were no significant differences       experiments                                                        GRA
(P > 0 05) between AC and CY for oxygen uptake (VO2) during
the ABS tests (about 1 60 1/min) or in percent ergometer specific      N84-15772# University of the Pacific, Forest Grove, Oreg Coll
peak VO2 during the REL tests (about 60%) Diff RPE included            of Optometry
local RPE (muscle and joint exertion), central RPE (ventilatory        EVALUATION OF FACTORS PRODUCING VISUAL EVOKED
and circulatory exertion), and overall RPE During the ABS tests,       RESPONSE VARIABILITY Final Report, 1 Jun. 1982 - 31 May
the final means for all three diff RPE were lower (P < 0 05) for       1983
CY than AC exercise No differences (P > 0 05) were found dunng         R L YOLTON Jun 1983 41 p
the REL tests between AC and CY exercise for any of the diff           (Contract AF-AFOSR-0160-82, AF PROJ 2313)
RPE Local RPE was generally higher than central RPE Selected           (AD-A133917, AFOSR-83-0854TR) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01
physiological responses accounted for more total vanance in all        CSCL 06P
diff RPE for AC than CY exercise These data indicate that diff            Ten steady-state visual evoked responses (VERs) were
RPE may be more closely related to relative exercise intensity,        recorded from each of 47 normal, adult subjects For each subject,
and perceptual cues may be more readily monitored from smaller         the mean and standard deviation for the ten VER amplitudes were
muscle masses such as the upper body                        GRA        calculated and used to determine amplitude variability While some


88
                                                                                                      52    AEROSPACE MEDICINE

subjects produced extremely reliable VERs, data from the majority       N84-15775# Virginia Mason Research Center, Seattle, Wash
showed a considerable degree of variability A number of factors         INTERACTION OF ANTI-G MEASURES AND CHEST WALL
including trend, noise, attention, binoculanty, accommodation, eye      MECHANICS IN DETERMINING GAS EXCHANGE Annual
movements, artifacts and electrode placement were evaluated to          Progress Report, 1 Apr. 1982 - 31 Mar. 1983
determine their relative contributions to this variability Noise and    H I MODELL May 1983 40 p
trend factors produced a large proportion of the variability (62%)      (Contract F49620-81-C-0055, AF PROJ 2312)
while the other factors were found to be relatively insignificant       (AD-A133740, AFOSR-83-0808TR) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01
                                                         Author (GRA)   CSCL 06S
                                                                            Efforts during this reporting period have been directed in three
                                                                        areas (1) Examination of regional intrapleural pressure changes
                                                                        dunng +Gz stress in the pig, (2) Development of an inexpensive
                                                                        assist/control, volume limited animal ventilator, and (3) Determining
                                                                        the influence of chest wall motion on gas exchange dunng
                                                                        mechanical ventilation in dogs Studies assessing regional
N84-15773# New York Univ , New York                                     intrapleural pressure changes during +Gz stress in the dog were
PERCEPTION OF HIGHER DERIVATIVES OF VISUAL MOTION                       repeated in similar sized pigs to determine the role of chest wall
Interim Scientific Report, 1 Jan. - 31 Dec. 1982                        mechanics in determining these changes When the G-suit
L KAUFMAN and S J WILLIAMSON 23 Apr. 1983 5 p                           abdominal bladder was used, increases in regional intrapleural
(Contract AF-AFOSR-0050-82, AF PROJ 2313)                               pressure greater than those seen in analogous dog expenments
(AD-A133908; AFOSR-83-0831TR) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                    were observed These results imply that, as the chest wall becomes
CSCL 05J                                                                less compliant, the degree of lung compression attributable to
    This document descnbes a basic experiment involving the              +Gz stress without G-suit application should deminish In another
sensitivity of the visual system to the modulation of speed of          series of expenments, gas exchange dunng assisted and controlled
gratings moving in one direction across the visual field The gratings   ventilation were compared in an attempt to ascertain whether an
were of different spatial frequencies, had differnet average speeds,    active effort by chest wall muscles coordinated with inspiration
and the speeds were modulated at different temporal frequencies         can influence gas exchange The data obtained indicate that an
This was done in two stages using the method of adjustment We           mspiratory muscular effort enhances gas exchange Measured gas
also implemented a very sophisticated computer program allowing         exchange parameters suggest that this enhancement is the result
us to use a two-interval forced-choice paradigm in the context of       of a redistribution of perfusion rather than a redistribution of
a modified staircase method for accurately measunng thresholds          ventilation                                                     GRA
for change of speed and how they are affected by the foregoing
parameters, and others as well Findings indicated that for all
modulation frequencies, sensitivity to acceleration was uniform
across all spatial frequencies at low average speeds As average
speed increased, there was an increasing monotonic increase in
sensitivity for spatial frequency Acceleration is proportional to
modulation frequency as well as to the amplitude of the modulation
of speed                                                        GRA




                                                                        N84-15776# California Univ , Los Angeles Mental Retardation
                                                                        Research Center
N84-15774#         Army Medical Bioengmeering Research and              NEURONAL          ADAPTIVE        MECHANISMS           UNDERLYING
Development Lab, Fort Detnck, Md                                        INTELLIGENT INFORMATION PROCESSING Final Report
NEUROBEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF CARBON MONOXIDE (CO)                         C D WOODY May 1983 82 p
EXPOSURE IN HUMANS PROTOCOL 1 Final Report, 1981 -                      (Contract AF-AFOSR-0179-81, AF PROJ 2312)
1982                                                                    (AD-A133694, AFOSR-83-0834TR) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01
V A BENIGNUS, K E MULLER, C N BARTON, J D PRAH,                         CSCL 05J
and L L BENIGNUS Jan 1983 80 p                                              Acceleration of the rate of learning of a conditioned facial
(AD-A133891) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01 CSCL 05J                            movement was accomplished by adding electncal stimulation of
    The neural and behavioral effects of acute low level carbon         the hypothalamic region of the brain to presentations of
monoxide exposure are not well known but have been reported             conventional conditioned and unconditioned stimuli, confirming
to produce sensory and vigilance deficits Stage one of this             earlier Soviet observations of a comparable effect by such
research program is to establish a reliable paradigm for the            simulation The learning that resulted was both associative and
measurement of CO effects Dunng stage two concentration-effects         discriminative That is, learning was induced by a specific stimulus
functions are to be established. Stage three is concerned with          combination, the code depending on the order and interval of
the evaluation of the concentration effects functions in an actual      presentations of two different stimuli The learned response was
field (Army training) setting A total of 92 subjects were used in       then elicitable by a specific stimulus combination, the code
this double-blind study, 47 air-exposed controls and 45 subjects        depending on the order and specific input signal Research
exposed to 200 ppm CO for 1 5 hours In the confirmatory analyses        indicates that the pattern of cortical neuronal activity produced by
CO did not affect any behavioral measure Alpha-band EEG power           hypothalamic stimulation predicts loci of hypothalamic stimulation
may have been affected by this level and duration of CO exposure        that, when, stimulated, will succeed in accelerating learning. Present
Although the trends were subjectively reliable for each of two          studies are directed toward establishment of whether the
tasks on both EEG sites in both halves of the sample and in the         hypothalamic stimulation responsible for acceleration of learning
total group, the effect did not reach statistical significance          is punishing or rewarding This may, however, be of less
Vigilance, alpha-band EEG power and theta-band EEG power had            consequence in understanding what is going on than would
significant trends across time Apparently unless CO has some            specifying the coded molecular interactions that occur between
non-hypoxic effect, no cosistent vigilance decrement should occur       the chemical(s) released by hypothalamic stimulation and other
until COHb reaches about 13% There might be specific but minor          chemicals capable of modifying the transfer properties of the nerve
effects as low as 7% COHb Since these figures were based                cell It is these interactions that are thought to be primary in
upon extrapolations, they are subject to considerable error. GRA        controlling the potentiation of learning                Author (GRA)


                                                                                                                                          89
52 AEROSPACE MEDICINE

N84-15777#      Naval Submarine Medical Research Lab, Groton,          mechanisms are discussed Three experiments are presented
Conn                                                                   testing the usefulness of optical variables and invariants for
PROCEEDINGS OF THE 3RD TRIPARTITE CONFERENCE ON                        detecting changes in speed and altitude Our findings to date
SUBMARINE MEDICINE: FRANCE, UNITED KINGDOM AND THE                     provide a basis for the development of tests to evaluate candidates
UNITED STATES                                                          for flight training, the simulators with which pilots are trained, and
D R KNIGHT and K R BONDI 1 Jun 1983 190 p Conf                         improvement in sensitivity with training In addition, our approach
held 9-10 May 1983                                                     provides a sound empirical foundation from which to begin
(AD-A133150, NSMRL-SR-83-1) Avail NTIS HCA09/MFA01                     interactive expenments in which pilots control, rather than simply
CSCL 06S                                                               react to, the variables and invariants of optical stimulation     GRA
   The proceedings of the third tnpante conference on submanne
medicine are reported Five sessions were included in the 2-day
conference, namely, (1) (STANAG 1206) Maximum Concentrations
of Toxic Substances during Operational Conditions, (2)(STANAG
1184) Emergency Conditions at 1 ATA-Maximum Concentrations
in Conventional Submannes,(3)The Toxicology of Atmosphere              N84-15780#       Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,
Contaminants in Submannes,(4)Escape or Rescue Distressed               Natick, Mass
Submannes, and (5)Effects of Lifestyles aboard Submarines on           HEAT EXCHANGE FOLLOWING ATROPINE INJECTION
Human Performance and Function Participants included scientists        BEFORE AND AFTER HEAT ACCLIMATION
from the three nations-France, the United Kingdom and the United       M A KOLKA, W L. HOLDEN, and R R GONZALEZ                     Aug
States.                                                    GRA         1983 16 p
                                                                       (Contract DA PROJ 3M1-62734-A-875)
N84-15778#        Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, DC      (AD-A132618, USARIEM-M45/83) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
Office of Aviation Medicine.                                           CSCL 06O
INHALATION TOXICOLOGY. 3: EVALUATION OF THERMAL                            The effect of saline and atropme injection (2 mg, im) on eight
DEGRADATION           PRODUCTS          FROM     AIRCRAFT       AND    healthy, male subjects before and after heat acclimation was
AUTOMOBILE ENGINE OILS, AIRCRAFT HYDRAULIC FLUID,                      studied while each subject did treadmill walking in a hot-dry
AND MINERAL OIL                                                        environment Partitional calonmetnc analysis was done for the
C R CRANE, D C SANDERS, B R ENDECOTT, and J K                          periods in which maximum sweat inhibition occurred (30 mm) Mean
ABBOTT Apr 1983 19 p                                                   skin temperature (T sk), rectal temperature and heart rate was
(AD-A133221.FAA-AM-83-12) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                       continuously observed Evaporative loss from the skin was
CSCL 06T                                                               calculated by changes in body weight (Sauter balance), heat
    A malfunctioning seal in the gear-reduction box of a turboprop     transfer coefficients were defined by Nishi equations A prediction
aircraft engine could allow oil to enter the turbine's compressor      of sweat inhibition based on an analysis of heat storage and its
section, which is the source of bleed air used to pressurize the       effect on a theoretical temperature which can be graphed on a
cabin Oil, or its degradation products, could have a deletenous        psychrometnc chart, was developed A rational effective
effect on crew and passengers A senes of tests sponsored by            temperature (ET*) defined as the T sub 0 at the intersection of
the National Transportation Safety Board had examined the              the 50% rh which emcompasses total heat exchange was used
possibility that contaminated bleed air might contain toxic products   to compare the effects of atropme before and after heat
identifiable by chemical analysis, but none of the gases for which     acclimation The results show that heat acclimation reduced ET*
they analyzed were present in toxic concentrations However, the        by some 2 5 C when compared to the unacclimated state after
approach did not eliminate the possible presence of an additional      atropme injection Thus, heat acclimation reduces the hazards of
component with significant animal toxicity The research reported       heat stroke caused by exercise in the heat with atropme injection
here examined the toxicity of thermal degradation products from                                                                     GRA
aircraft lubricating oils and some related products Rats were
exposed to smoke from these products and relative toxicity
evaluated in terms of time-to-incapacitation and time-to-death The
carbon monoxide (CO) content of the smoke was measured and
this information, in conjunction with the animal response times,
was the basis for concluding that the decomposition of these oils      N84-15781#       Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, DC
did not produce any chemical species, other than CO, in quantities     Office of Aviation Medicine
sufficient to contribute to the total toxicity                 GRA     COLOR PERCEPTION AND ATC JOB PERFORMANCE
                                                                       E W PICKRELandJ J CONVEY Jul 1983 20 p
N84-15779#           Ohio State Univ, Columbus           Research      (AD-A132649, FAA-AM-83-11) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
Foundation                                                             CSCL 06N
OPTICAL FLOW AND TEXTURE VARIABLES USEFUL IN                                Current OMP policy and guidance requires demonstrated
SIMULATING SELF MOTION (2) Final Technical Report, 1 Feb.              job-relatedness and reasonable accommodation in the application
1982 - 31 Mar. 1983                                                    of physical qualifications The OPM has accomplished an analysis
D H OWEN Jun 1983 143 p                                                of the Air Traffic Control Specialist (ATCS) senes and
(Contract AF-AFOSR-0078-81, AF PROJ 2313)                              recommended development of functional color vision tests 'to
(AD-A133597, AFOSR-83-0807TR) Avail NTIS HCA07/MFA01                   reflect as closely as possible the functional color vision
CSCL 06P                                                               requirements of the specialty If the Pseudoisochromatic plate (PIP)
    This report outlines a program of research applying ecological     test is retained for prescreenmg to identify applicants for whom
optics to the study of visual information useful for detecting and     followup functional       performance testing      or   reasonable
guiding self motion dunng flight Techniques are presented for          accommodation is necessary, its use also must be standardized'
isolating optical sources of information by controlling simulated      This research is directed toward accomplishment of those
flight path and speed vanables in conjunction with ground surface      recommendations Standard Pseudoisochromatic (PIP) plate test
texture variables Problems encountered in the design of                was validated against performance of ATCS tasks, and it
experiments using higher-order ratios exhibiting constrained           demonstrated job relatedness and reasonable accommodation for
linkages are discussed, and several solutions are suggested A          application of physical qualification standards A functional color
case is made for the necessity of considenng the entire                vision test was created, but further development and validation
perception-(control) action cycle in the study of self-motion          would be needed before its operational use, and procurement
sensitivity, and implications of ecological optics expenments for      would be very costly as compared to the standard PIP tests that
the understanding of smart information-specifying visual system        are readily available to medical examiners                    GRA


90
                                                                                                    53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

N84-15782# Cornell Univ. Ithaca, N Y School of Applied and              and introduced into the chamber via the same ventun mixer
Engmeenng Physics                                                                                                                       DOE
BASIC VISION EVENTS Phase Report, Aug. 1981 - Aug. 1982
A. LEWIS 1 Aug 1982 17 p                                                N84-15786# Research Inst of National Defence, Umea (Sweden)
(Contract N62269-81-C-0744)                                             Dept 4
(AD-A132746, NADC-83050-60) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                      DOSE        CONVERSION            FACTORS         FOR       INHALED
CSCL 06P                                                                RADIONUCLIDES
   This investigation studied basic visual events in three particular   L SVENSSON Oct 1983 245 p refs
areas First, additional physical explanations for visual sensitivity    (Contract SSI/P103)
at 589 nm have been obtained which suggests that there may be           (FOA-C-40184-A3, ISSN-0347-2124) Avail NTIS HC A11 /MF
other monochromatic wavelengths with high visual sensitivity            A01
Second, new femtosecond lasers have been applied to elucidate               Dose conversion factors for internal dosimetry were computed
new, unresolved primary processes in visual transduction. Third,        and tabulated for inhaled radionuclides, using the International
fundamental mechanisms in a unique, rapidly adjustable light filter     Commission on Radiological Protection task group inhalation model
based on molecules used in visual systems have been studied             Computed dose conversion factors relate absorbed dose in human
                                                                GRA     tissue to inhaled activity with the time of integration as parameter
                                                                        Tabulated dose conversion factors include contributions from
N84-15783# Cornell Univ, Ithaca, NY. School of Applied and              naturally occurnng and manmade radionuclides such as activation
Engmeenng Physics                                                       products, fission products and actmides                  Author (ESA)
PRIMARY EVENTS IN VISION - INVESTIGATION OF BASIC EYE
RESPONSES Phase Report, Jun. 1982 - Jun. 1983                           N84-15787#         Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and
A LEWIS 30 Jun 1983 13 p                                                Development, Neuilly-Sur-Seme (France)
(Contract N62269-82-M-3270)                                             MEDICAL ASPECTS OF SURVIVAL:                  TRAINING FOR
(AD-A132747, NADC-83051-60) Avail" NTIS HCA02/MFA01                     AIRCREW
CSCL 06P                                                                T VERHEIJ Jun 1983 23 p refs              In FRENCH English
    The focus of this investigation is on the inter-relationship        version document was announced as N83-22999
between two chemical mediators in the amplification of light in         (AGARD-AG-283(FR), AGARD-AG-283(ENG),
vision-calcium and cyclic GMP Two questions were studied                ISBN-92-835-1442-4) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01
whether calcium affects both the activation and deactivation of            Maintenance of health, medical aid to survivors, general
the light dependent hydrolysis of cyclic GMP by phosphodiesterase       management of injuries, heat and cold exposure, specific injuries,
(PDE) in visual cells and the possible role of calmodulin in this       survival illnesses, and medical aspects of escape and evasion
activation and deactivation of POE                           GRA        are discussed                                             Author

N84-15784# Columbia Univ, New York Dept. of Psychology                  N84-15788#        Advisory Group for Aerospace Research and
SPATIAL LOCALIZATION IN STRABISMIC OBSERVERS Phase                      Development, Neuilly-Sur-Seme (France)
Report, 10 Jun. 1982 - 10 Jun. 1983                                     SLEEP AND WAKEFULNESS HANDBOOK FOR FLIGHT
L MATIN 10 Jun 1983 23 p                                                MEDICAL OFFICERS
(Contract N62269-82-M-3208)                                             A N NICHOLSON (Inst of Aviation Medicine, Farnborough,
(AD-A132748, NADC-83049-60) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01                      England) and B M STONE (Inst of Aviation Medicine,
CSCL 06P                                                                Farnborough, England) Nov 1983 103p In FRENCH Previously
   This report is an investigation of the way in which extraretmal      announced as N82-27972
eye position information (EEPI) is involved in the determination of     (AGARD-AG-270(FR)) Avail NTIS HC A06/MF A01
localization and the possibility of flexibility and/or adaptation in        Sleep and wakefulness related to aircrew and the aviation
the relation between the retinal image location (Rl) and EEPI           environment are discussed Eight topics are covered alertness
                                                                GRA     and sleep, sleep, Orcadian rhythms, shiftwork, transmendian flight,
                                                                        air operations and irregularity of work, disorders of sleep and
N84-1S785# Rochester Univ, N Y Dept. of Medicine                        arousal, and hypnotics                                       N W.
EXPOSURE CHAMBER FOR STUDIES OF POLLUTANT GASES
AND AEROSOLS IN HUMAN SUBJECTS:                          DESIGN
CONSIDERATIONS                                                                                           53
M J UTELL, P E MORROW, R W HYDE, and R M SCHRECK
(General Motors Research Labs, Warren, Mich)        1983 10 p
refs Presented at the Ann Meeting of Assoc. for Aerosol Res,                             BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Munich, 13 Sep 1983
(Contract DE-AC02-76EV-03490)                                           Includes psychological factors, individual and group behavior, crew
(DE84-001135, DOE/EV-03490/2335, CONF-8309167-2) Avail                  training and evaluation, and psychiatnc research
NTIS HC A02/MF A01
    An exposure chamber was designed and built at the University
of Rochester Medical Center for studies of human volunteers             A84-16653
exposed to gaseous and/or aerosol pollutants for periods of hours       SELECTING PERFORMANCE AND WORKLOAD MEASURES
to days. The 45 cu m chamber normally operates at an air change         FOR FULL-MISSION SIMULATION
rate of 10 cu m/mm with ranges in temperatures from 100 to              J J SKELLY and J C SIMONS (Systems Research Laboratones,
31 50C and relative humidity from about 25 to 85% Aerosols are          Inc, Dayton, OH) IN: NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National
produced by an eight-jet D-31 nebulizer, electrically neutralized       Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,
and introduced into the chamber inlet air via a ventun mixer and        1983 Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics
five ceiling diffuser inlets The aerosols can range in size from        Engineers, 1983, p 1082-1085.
submicron to several microns and final chamber concentrations              A sustained full-mission simulation of a B-52 emergency war
of 10 to several thousand micrograms per cubic meter can be             order mission has been designed with a view to producing a set
produced having a spatial variation within the chamber of + or -        of reliable operational baseline measurements representative of
5% of the mean The participate environment within the chamber           performance in a wartime mission The workload measurements
can be continuously monitored by a particle size analyzer and           were obtained using the subjective workload assessment technique
nephelometer and gas concentrations by chemical analyzers               and three physiological techniques selected on the basis of their
Pollutant gases are obtained as standardized compressed gases           unobtrusrveness     and previous validation in        operational


                                                                                                                                          91
53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

environments Together with the performance data, these workload          the inclusion of the three component scales in SWAT Implications
measures provided a sensitive index of effort associated with task       for use of subscale analyses as a diagnostic procedure are also
performance Further, the correlated measures of performance and          discussed                                                Author
workload should provide data on the cumulative effects of workload
as a contributing factor to the overall mission success        VL        A84-16657
                                                                         UTILITY AND UTILIZATION OF ADVANCED INSTRUCTIONAL
A84-16654                                                                FEATURES IN AIRCREW TRAINING DEVICES. I - TACTICAL
SECONDARY            TASK         WORKLOAD          ASSESSMENT           AIR COMMAND
METHODOLOGY                                                              D J POLZELLA (Dayton, University, Williams AFB, OH)              IN
M S CRABTREE (Systems Research Laboratories, Inc, Dayton,                NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and
OH) and C A SHINGLEDECKER (USAF, Aerospace Medical                       Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2
Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH) IN NAECON                   New York, Institute of Electncal and Electronics Engineers, 1983,
1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and Electronics              p 1108-1115
Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York,                   The Aircrew Training Device (ATD) is not merely a flight
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p               simulator It is also equipped with sophisticated hardware and
1086-1089 refs                                                           software capabilities, known as advanced instructional features
    Preliminary results of a comparative survey of secondary tasks       (AlFs), which permit a flight crew instructor to control, monitor,
used in workload metrics are presented The secondary tasks are           and record flight simulation training sessions A survey conducted
being assessed for possible inclusion in the Criterion Task Set          at five of the principal Tactical Air Command ATD sites revealed
described by Crabtree and Shmgledecker (1982)                  The       that instructors receive minimal training in the use of AlFs and
interval-production task (IPT), the Sternberg item-recognition test      that most features are rarely used In fact, many instructors were
(SIRT), and the embedded secondary task (EST) are described,             unaware that certain features were even available Although several
and experimental results are reviewed All three tests are found          AlFs were judged to have significant value in replacement and/or
to be viable workload metrics, with the choice among them                continuation training, it is clear that instructors will need to be
determined by the overall test goals and the work environment to         educated in their effective use                              Author
be tested IPT provides minimum intrusion and sensitivity to
operator strategies, SIRT, high diagnosticity, EST, low intrusion        A84-16658
and good operator acceptance                                   TK        THE INSTRUCTOR, COMPUTER MANAGED INSTRUCTION,
                                                                         AND THE FLIGHT SIMULATOR
A84-16655                                                                C MEYN (Logicon, Inc, Tactical and Training Systems Div, San
VISUALLY EVOKED RESPONSE FROM SUM OF SINES                               Diego, CA)      IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National
STIMULATION                                                              Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,
K J PEIO (Systems Research Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH)                1983 Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics
and A M JUNKER (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research                         Engineers, 1983, p 1120-1123
Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH)           IN NAECON 1983,              The incorporation of computer-managed instruction (CMI) into
Proceedings of the National Aerospace and Electronics                    the flight simulator is discussed CMI consists of those areas,
Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York,               commonly considered instructor or instructor aide functions, which
Institute of Electncal and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p                are capable of being assumed by a computer Standardized
1093-1098 refs                                                           functions, such as mechanical control of the trainer, training
    Steady state visually evoked cortical responses were obtained        syllabus control, and performance measurement, are all capable
by smusoidally modulated fluorescent lights Nine sine waves with         of being assumed by CMI An instructor support system (ISS) is
a frequency range of 7 75 Hz to 21 75 Hz were presented                  descnbed which, when connected to an aircraft simulator, provides
simultaneously to subjects to allow a control theoretic examination      many CMI functions Student records are retained in the system
of the transfer function of the EEG response Subjects observed           for review and debriefing functions, missions scenarios are
the stimulus in a 'lights only' condition and were also tested viewing   generated, and audit trails are maintained for statistical analysis
the flickering lights while doing a video decision task presented in     Procedures monitoring assesses sequences in such areas as flight
the same field Results indicated that reconstruction of the transfer     checklists and emergency procedures The future uses of CMI
function across several frequencies was consistent for replications      and the ISS are also examined                                  VL
of each condition Differences between the decision condition and
lights only were observed around 9 5 Hz to 11 5 Hz Frequency             A84-16661
dependent sensitivity to the evoking stimulus was observed, and          THE IMPACT OF DISPLAY SIZE ON CONTINUOUS AND
individual differences were indicated in frequency sensitivity to the    DISCRETE ANTICIPATORY CUES
evoking stimuli                                                 Author   S D DETRO and R P BATEMAN (Systems Research
                                                                         Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH) IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings
A84-16656                                                                of the National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton,
THE EFFECTS OF VARIATIONS IN TASK LOADING ON                             OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electncal
SUBJECTIVE WORKLOAD RATING SCALES                                        and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p 1147-1150 refs
F T EGGEMEIER (Wright State University, Systems Research                     An austere symbology set for a weapons release task was
Laboratones, Inc , Dayton, OH), J Z MCGHEE (Systems Research             evaluated in a 2 x 2, within subjects, factonai design to evaluate
Laboratones, Dayton, OH), and G B REID (USAF, Aerospace                  the effects of the length of the line and the mode (continuous
Medical Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH)          IN       versus discrete) of movement on weapons release accuracy.
NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and                   Twenty-four tactical pilots performed ten repetitions of the four
Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2             treatment conditions The task was for the pilot to push a weapon
 New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1983,      release button when he perceived a vertically growing line exactly
p 1099-1105 refs                                                         reaching a stationary horizontal line The dependent vanable was
    Twelve subjects (Ss) performed a memory update task at               the error in milliseconds Analysis of variance showed that there
several levels of stimulus presentation rate and memory load             was a significant interaction between the length of line and the
Subsequent to task performance, Ss rated the workload associated         mode of line movement, with the error for the longer discrete
with each condition using the Subjective Workload Assessment             mode much greater than other combinations The use of the shorter
Technique (SWAT) The results indicated that the three component          length tracking line significantly increased performance accuracy.
scales (time, effort, stress) of the SWAT procedure demonstrated         The continuously growing tracking line produced significantly
complementary sensitivity patterns to variations in memory task          greater accuracy than the symbology that grew in discrete steps
demands These sensitivity patterns are interpreted as supporting                                                                     Author

92
                                                                                                      53     BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

A84-18144#                                                               A84-18778
EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATION IN                           TRAINING SPATIAL SKILLS FOR AIR-TRAFFIC CONTROL
AVIONICS PROCEDURAL TRAINING                                             W. SCHNEIDER, M VIDULICH, and Y -Y YEH (Illinois, University,
D C HAGEMAN (American Airlines Training Corp, Fort Worth,                Champaign, IL)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
TX) American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Aerospace        26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa
Sciences Meeting, 22nd, Reno, NV, Jan 9-12, 1984 10 p refs               Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 10-14 refs
(AIAA PAPER 84-0516)                                                         Guidelines for microprocessor based skill trainers are presented
     Inertial navigation systems are an important component of           A training program for air traffic control (ATC) of rendezvous for
modern aircraft, and the capability to operate the inertial navigation   inflight refueling is descnbed The program seeks to optimize
system is a critical aircrew training system requirement The present     practice for developing automatic component skills The program
investigation has the objective to empirically determine the             sequences the trainee through 10 stages to develop spatial skills
capability of two-dimensional computer-assisted simulation to            for ATC The resulting training program can develop fast, accurate,
predict specific on-task competencies, and to contribute to              and reliable performance on the individual components with only
documented research on the effectiveness of two-dimensional              a few hours' training per component The proposed approach is
simulation in avionics procedural training One hundred pilot and         contrasted with current training methods The general applicability
flight engineer U S Air Force aircrew members participated in a          of the guidelines to microprocessor based skill trainers is
study The results of the study provide an empirical validation of        described                                                      Author
the capability of computer-generated graphic simulations of inertial
navigation system equipment to predict on-task competencies for
the performance of specific procedural tasks required to operate         A84-18779
inertial navigation system equipment                             G.R     YOKED DESIGN AND SECONDARY TASK IN ADAPTIVE
                                                                         TRAINING
                                                                         D F JOHNSON, R C HAYGOOD, and W M OLSON (Anzona
                                                                         State University, Tempe, AZ) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
A84-18760                                                                Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
CENTRAL CONTROL OF MOVEMENT TIMING                                       Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 21-24 refs
D A ROSENBAUM (Hampshire College, Amherst, MA)                  Bell         This paper describes two methodological innovations in the
System Technical Journal (ISSN 0005-8580), vol 62, Aug 1983,             study of adaptive training The first is the use of a yoked design
p 1647-1657 refs                                                         to insure that the average level of task difficulty for fixed-difficulty
     The mechanisms of movement timing are investigated Although         subjects is the same as the average level of difficulty reached by
the type of movement is restricted to simple finger sequences,           adaptive subjects The second is the demonstration of the feasibility
the experiment suggests that even when peripheral feedback is            of using a secondary (subsidiary, non-loading) task to furnish the
available, central programs play a controlling role in movement          adaptive criterion for changing the difficulty level of the primary
timing The basis for this conclusion is that the mean reaction           task The results of two experiments are reported Both experiments
time for the first of two responses is longer than the mean reaction     demonstrate the feasibility and utility of yoked design and
time for a single, isolated response, even when the time between         adaptation on secondary task performance in adaptive training
the first and second response exceeds one second That the                                                                                Author
lengthening of reaction times at such long delays is in fact
attributable to some aspect of the control of movement time is
indicated by the fact that the lengthening of reaction times is
greater when the mterresponse interval is controlled more precisely      A84-18780#
The data also allow for a relatively detailed model of the control       FLYING ABILITY AND UNDERSTANDING OF VEHICLE
of movement timing This model likens the selection and control           CONTROL DYNAMICS
of an mterresponse interval to the setting and running of a              J DE MAIO (USAF, Human Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB,
conventional alarm clock Here, the desired number, n, of clock           AZ) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
pulses is selected (during the reaction time), the clock is then         WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
allowed to produce the n pulses in such a way that the first             Factors Society, 1982, p 25-29 refs
response is triggered at the time of the first pulse and the second          Research investigated the ability of pilots of differing experience
response is triggered at the time of the nth pulse              CR       and capability to make vehicle control decisions Three groups of
                                                                         pilots and three groups of pilot trainees performed the Flight
                                                                         Decision-making Assessment Task (FDAT) The FDAT is a
                                                                         micro-computer based, discrete-time vehicle control task
A84-18777                                                                Differences in FDAT performance were found as a function of
QUARTERBACKS AS CORNERBACKS OR AMERICAN FIGHTER                          pilot capability Results are discussed in terms of pilot capability
PILOTS IN MIGS - A STUDY OF REVERSE ROLE TRAINING                        and of decision factors involved in vehicle control             Author
K R LAUGHERY, JR (Calspan Advanced Technology Center,
Boulder, CO) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,
Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,              A84-18782
CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 6-9                                   THE EFFECTS OF WARNING MESSAGE HIGHLIGHTING ON
    This study tested a training concept termed reversed-role            NOVEL ASSEMBLY TASK PERFORMANCE
training Reverse-role training involves practice by an individual        M A ZLOTNIK (California State University, Northndge, CA) IN
on tasks which he does not perform in the operational environment        Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
but his operational performance is dependent upon others                 October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
performing these tasks This can be best perceived in terms of            Factors Society, 1982, p 93-97 refs
game playing, such as air-to-air combat, whereby the player will            A review of examples and specifications relating to cntical
receive practice playing the opponent's position (e g, American          operating procedures revealed considerable vanation in
fighter pilots receiving training in Soviet aircraft) A study was        recommended standards for highlighting warning messages. An
conducted in which 32 subjects were trained to play a video              expenment was therefore conducted to examine the effectiveness
air-to-air combat game with each 'aircraft' having different             of vanous methods of highlighting warning messages contained in
performance charactenstics         Results indicated     significant     the instructions for a novel assembly task Findings indicated that
differences on a number of strategy measures and a probable              the presence of warning messages shortened task completion
interaction with aircraft type on the number of wins, losses, and        times and reduced error rates between the expenmental and control
draws.                                                      Author       groups                                                      Author


                                                                                                                                             93
53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

A84-18783                                                                  A84-18793
MITIGATION OF PERFORMANCE DECREMENT IN TRANSIENT                           VISUAL/PERCEPTUAL ASPECTS OF AN F-4G ACCIDENT
EXTREME HEAT                                                               R S KELLOGG (Dayton, University, Williams AFB, AZ) IN Human
P A HANCOCK (Illinois University, Champaign, IL) IN Human                  Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,         1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,                 1982, p 316-318
1982, p 137-141 refs                                                           On July 6, 1981, an F-4G aircraft participating in a Red Flag
    This paper examines the effect of operator skill level upon            tactical warfare exercise crashed in low lying mountains during
performance in transient extreme heat Previous work has indicated          terrain masking defensive maneuvers Careful examination of the
that task familiarity is beneficial in prolonging efficient performance    terrain in which the crash occurred has revealed a high potential
in elevated environmental temperature It is proposed that such             for visual/perceptual misinterpretation Sightings taken several
familiarity is subsumed by automated responses, with respect to            yards short of the impact point have shown that mountains in the
consistent components of individual task demands These                     background appear much higher than the impact point, although
components, developed through consistent mapping of stimulus               this point is actually 20 ft higher This disonentation of the F-4G
and response relationships, remain essentially unimpaired by the           crew with respect to spatial elevation is suggested to have been
thermal stressor In contrast, heat may induce potentially dangerous        the cause of the crash                                         OC
decrement in both inconsistent elements of practiced tasks and
performance in novel or emergency situations The automatic and
control processing framework may be applied to performance                 A84-18794*# San Jose State Univ, Calif
variation under alternate environmental stressors and is of potential      THE RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY OF FLIGHT TASK
importance to those who have occasion to require personnel to              WORKLOAD RATINGS
operate in non-optical environmental conditions                   Author   M E CHILDRESS (San Jose State University, San Jose, CA), S
                                                                           G HART (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA), and
                                                                           M R BORTOLUSSI (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State
                                                                           University, Blacksburg, VA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
                                                                           Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
                                                                           Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 319-323
                                                                           (Contract NCC2-34, NAG2-17)
A84-18785                                                                      Twelve instrument-rated general aviation pilots each flew two
AGE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING                                             scenanos in a motion-base simulator Dunng each flight, the pilots
J          MORAAL            (Centrale      Organisatie          voor      verbally estimated their workload every three minutes Following
Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappehjk Onderzoek, Instituut voor                  each flight, they again estimated workload for each flight segment
Zmtuigfysiologie TNO, Soesterberg, Netherlands)           IN Human
                                                                           and also rated their overall workload, perceived performance, and
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,         13 specific factors on a bipolar scale The results indicate that
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,                 time (a priori, inflight, or postflight) of eliciting ratings, period to be
1982, p 184-188 refs
                                                                           covered by the ratings (a specific moment in time or a longer
    In view of accumulated empirical evidence indicating that one          period), type of rating scale, and rating method (verbal, written, or
of the effects of aging is a slowing down of behavior, it is presently
                                                                           other) may be important variables Overall workload ratings appear
asked whether this slowing affects all subprocesses or stages of           to be predicted by different specific scales depending upon the
information processing, or whether it can be localized in one or
                                                                           situation, with activity level the best predictor Perceived
more specific stages An assessment of studies on the stage                 performance seems to bear little relationship to observer-rated
analysis of the reaction process leads to the conclusion that there
                                                                           performance when pilots rate their overall performance and an
is no converging empmcal evidence favoring one of the two
                                                                           observer rates specific behaviors Perceived workload and
alternative hypotheses Research findings are, however, noted to
                                                                           performance also seem unrelated                                     Author
support the assumption of a lowering of the signal/noise ratio
with increasing age (a lowering of the strength of the signals
coming from the sense organs to the brain, and from one                    A84-18797#
processing stage to another)                                     OC        REPRESENTING          HUMAN         COGNITION      IN    COMPLEX
                                                                           MAN-MACHINE ENVIRONMENTS
                                                                           C R HALE (BDM Corp , McLean, VA) IN Human Factors Society,
                                                                           Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA/October 25-29, 1982,
                                                                           Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
                                                                           p 334-338 refs
A84-18791*# Battelle Columbus Labs , Mountain View, Calif                  (Contract F33615-81-C-3620)
FLIGHT CREW PERFORMANCE WHEN PILOT-FLYING AND                                  The preliminary components of a model intended to identify
PILOT-NOT-FLYING DUTIES ARE EXCHANGED                                      and characterize the elements responsible for cognitive behavior
H W ORLADY (Battelle Columbus Laboratones, Mountain View,                  in complex man-machine environments are presented The
CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,               framework within which this is attempted is the N-squared diagram
WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human               (Lano, 1977) Nine F-16 pilots served as subjects An F-16 training
Factors Society, 1982, p 307-311                                           mockup is employed to work through the scenario developed for
(Contract NAS2-10060)                                                      the study Four levels of representation regarding a pilot's
     This study compares reports from the ASRS database depicting          interaction with his aircraft during a combat mission are identified
operational anomalies related to flight crew performance when              The functions making up the topmost level can be conceptualized
pilot-flying and pilot-not-flying duties were exchanged A greater          as a set of schemata through which the pilot manages the mission
number of near midair collisions, takeoff anomalies, and crossing          and controls his aircraft These schemata serve primarily as a set
altitude deviations were reported when the Captain was flying              of control programs within which the next level of representation
More altitude deviations, near midair collisions dunng approach,           is contained This next (second) level can be instantiated in order
and landing incidents occurred when the First Officer was flying           for the goals of the schemata to be realized At the third level of
There were differences in monitoring effectiveness and in the type         representation, each subroutine is expressed as a set of cognitive
and distribution of information transfer problems associated with          processes designed mainly to accomplish analytical goals At the
the anomalies In addition, a number of crew performance factors            lowest (fourth) level of representation are the elementary
were noted that were not affected by the exchange of duties                information processes It is noted that these are relatively invanant
Several of these were deemed important enough to be included               processes, the primary purpose of which is the manipulation of
as matter of general interest                               Author         data                                                            CR

94
                                                                                                        53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

A84-18806#                                                                These tendencies indicate that performance score decrements with
EFFECTS OF TASK STRUCTURES ON                            ATTENTION        increasing dot speed are due to a shortened planning honzon
ALLOCATION OPTIMALITY                                                                                                                OC
P S TSANG (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL) IN Human Factors
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle. WA, October 25-29, 1982,
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
p 465-469 refs                                                            A84-18817
(Contract N00014-79-C-0658)
                                                                          GENDER DIFFERENCES IN RESPONSE TO AMBIENT COLOR,
    The expenment reported examined the hypothesis that more              TASK COMPLEXITY AND PRESENCE OF EVALUATIVE
optimal allocations would occur between time-shared tasks that
                                                                          OTHERS
place heavy demands on common processing resources (similar               D J POND (Hams Corp, Melbourne, FL) IN Human Factors
task structures) than tasks that utilize separate resources (dissimilar   Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,
task structures) Two dual task configurations differing in their
                                                                          Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
degree of demand for common resources were employed The                   p 590-594 refs
structurally similar pairs consisted of two compensatory tracking             Sixty-four male and thirty-two female subjects each performed
tasks whereas the dissimilar pair consisted of a tracking and a           a CRT pursuit tracking task in one of the eight conditions created
short term memory task Demand for common resources was                    by combinations of task difficulty (simple versus complex),
further manipulated by employing four combinations of different           evaluative audience presence versus absence, and wall color (red
I/O modalities for the memory task. Relative use of the task-specific     versus green) Females recorded significantly higher error scores,
resources were manipulated through priority instructions and              were less aroused and more sensitive to ambient color than were
dynamic difficulty changes Results generally support the                  their male counterparts Further, audience presence was found to
hypothesis and suggest that certain dimensions that defined the           enhance male and impair female tracking performance Results
resources (stages of processing, I/O modalities, and processing           suggest that differentials in subject motivation may have affected
codes) assert greater influence on allocation optimahty than others.      the present research                                        Author
Implications for decisions on multitask designs were speculated
                                                                Author

A84-18808
MENTAL STRESS QUANTIFICATION AND IDENTIFICATION                           A84-18819#
DECISION MODELING                                                         GENDER DIFFERENCES AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES IN THE
A MITAL (Cincinnati, University, Cincinnati, OH) and O M. ULGEN           TRANSFER OF TRAINING OF BASIC FLYING SKILLS
(Michigan, University, Dearborn, Ml) IN. Human Factors Society,           T M MCCLOY and J F SWINEY (US Air Force Academy,
Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,                   Colorado Springs, CO)           IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
p 474-478 refs                                                            Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 602-604
     This paper describes an approach to quantify mental stresses         refs
The tool of fuzzy set theory is used to model the information                  Eighteen Air Force Academy cadets, ten male and eight
regarding the job (task) and operator's mental and clinical status.       females, participated in an expenment designed to investigate
Utilizing this concept, a model is developed to aid in decision           gender differences in the retention of basic flying skills, and the
making under those circumstances when an operator (responsible            transfer of training between several basic instrument maneuvers
for performing cntical tasks, such as monitonng ground support            Additionally, the utility of several cognitive factors in predicting
equipment) is under the influence of mental stress and his/her            flying performance was investigated The results indicated that
ability to continue on the job, without making fatal mistakes, is         males and females maintain basic instrument flying skills
temporanly compromised The objective of the decision model is             approximately equally well over an intervening penod as long as
to make the operator-task assignments based on the fuzzy operator         one year Additionally, gender differences in transfer of training
and task information matnces The decision alternatives are (1)            may result from different abilities required by the specific maneuvers
assign the operator to a non-cntical job, (2) give the operator           as opposed to failure to transfer previously learned skills Finally,
time off for recovery, and (3) let the operator continue on the job       certain cognitive measures exhibit definite utility in predicting flying
The model takes into account the physiological, the                       performance                                                      Author
psychological/behavioral, and the performance parameters and
dynamically reviews the operator status using the data base unique
to the individual                                            Author
                                                                          A84-18823#
A84-18809#                                                                AN INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES APPROACH TO SWAT SCALE
CHANGES IN MAZE-SOLVING ERRORS DUE TO STRESS                              DEVELOPMENT
S L WARD and R J POTURALSKI (USAF, Aerospace Medical                      G B. REID (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories,
Research Laboratory, Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH)             IN Human        Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH), F T EGGEMEIER (Systems Research
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,        Laboratories, Inc, Wnght State University, Dayton, OH), and T E
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,                NYGREN (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH)             IN Human
1982, p 479-482                                                           Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
     An examination is made of the use of maze-solving problems           1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,
as tools for the assessment of the effects of stress, which is            1982, p 639-642 refs
induced by limiting the amount of time available for subject input.           A refinement to the scale development phase of the Subjective
In the first of the expenments reported, the problem involved the         Workload Assessment Technique (SWAT) provides for forming
isolation of a particular maze configuration which would show             scales for homogeneous subject groups Groups are formed by
reliable and sensitive differences among a range of dot speeds            determining which of the three dimensions, time load, mental effort
The second expenment assessed the effect of repeated                      load or stress load subjects judge to be the most important
presentation on performance, and the last investigated the effect         contnbutor to workload The group scales are then transformed
of dot speed on maze performance using a 'within subject' design          into a SWAT scale that ranges from 0 for the lowest defined
together with the maze configuration chosen in the first expenment        workload condition to 100 for the highest workload condition This
In all three cases, dot speed increases yielded reliable performance      procedure should increase the precision of workload measurement
decrements The errors that occurred were typically errors of              while minimizing the effects of individual subject ranking errors
commission, rather than simple failures of motor coordination                                                                           Author


                                                                                                                                              95
53     BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

A84-18824#                                                              A84-18835#
SUBJECTIVE WORKLOAD ASSESSMENT IN A MEMORY                              THE EFFECTS OF NOISE ON PERFORMANCE OF A VISUAL
UPDATE TASK                                                             DISCRIMINATION TASK
F T EGGEMEIER (Wright State University, Systems Research                V J GAWRON (Calspan Advanced Technology Center, Buffalo,
Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH), M S CRABTREE, J J ZINGG                 NY) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
(Systems Research Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH), G B REID,             WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
and C A SHINGLEDECKER (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research                 Factors Society, 1982, p 816, 817 refs
Laboratories, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH)          IN Human Factors       (Contract NSF DAR-78-12722)
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,            The effects of noise on visual discrimination performance was
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,              investigated Eight subjects performed a line-judgement task at
p 643-647 refs                                                          three levels of noise (55, 70, 85 dBA) and two levels of task
   Twelve subjects performed a short-term memory task under             complexity (single and dual task) Although there was no reliable
several difficulty levels and rated the workload associated with        effect of noise on visual discrimination performance (i e, speed
each condition using the Subjective Workload Assessment                 and accuracy), there was, however, a reliable task complexity effect
Technique (SWAT) SWAT ratings proved more sensitive than                single-task (task performed alone) average response time was
memory error to task difficulty variations in all but one of the        reliably shorter than dual-task (task paired with itself) average
most difficult memory conditions Most importantly, SWAT ratings         response time                                                Author
demonstrated their greatest relative sensitivity at the lowest levels
of workload The results are interpreted as supporting the               A84-18837#
applicability of SWAT as a sensitive workload index           Author    DEVELOPMENT OF SENSITIVE PERFORMANCE MEASURES
                                                                        FOR SELECTION OF CREWS FOR FLIGHT TRAINING
                                                                        E M CONNELLY (Performance Measurement Associates, Inc,
                                                                        Vienna, VA) and B D SHIPLEY, JR (U S Army, Research Institute,
                                                                        Fort Rucker, AL)      IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
A84-18832*# North Carolina Univ at Greensboro                           26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings           Santa
SHORT-TERM MEMORY AND DUAL TASK PERFORMANCE                             Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 825-829
J E REGAN (North Carolina, University, Greensboro, NC) IN               Army-supported research refs
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                   It is pointed out that in the past measurement of mission
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                performance was limited to summary measures which provided a
Factors Society, 1982, p 803-807 refs                                   single score for the total mission Such summary measures are
(Contract NSG-2390)                                                     not sensitive to factors which influence moment-to-moment
    Two hypotheses concerning the way in which short-term               performance For instance, if a wind gust causes a large altitude
memory interacts with another task in a dual task situation are         error, the summary measure would not take into account the way
considered It is noted that when two tasks are combined, the            in which the pilot corrects the error It is argued that measurement
activity of controlling and organizing performance on both tasks        of the error recovery ability of a candidate pilot should permit an
simultaneously may compete with either task for a resource, this        improved prediction of subsequent aviation performance A
resource may be space in a central mechanism or general                 description is provided of a method of developing sensitive, system
processing capacity or it may be some task-specific resource If a       performance measures This method represents the part of an
special relationship exists between short-term memory and control,      effort to test the error recovery hypothesis An analysis model is
especially if there is an identity relationship between short-term      discussed, giving attention to the transition analysis method,
and a central controlling mechanism, then short-term memory             analyses on performance data, analytic procedures, and results
performance should show a decrement in a dual task situation                                                                           GR
Even if short-term memory does not have any particular identity
with a controlling mechanism, but both tasks draw on some               A84-18840#
common resource or resources, then a tradeoff between the two           VISUAL CHANNEL SENSITIVITY AND PILOT PERFORMANCE
tasks in allocating resources is possible and could be reflected in     IN A FLIGHT SIMULATOR
performance The persistent concurrence cost in memory                   R KRUK, D M REGAN, K I BEVERLEY (Dalhousie University,
performance in these experiments suggests that short-term memory        Halifax, Canada), and T M LONGRIDGE (USAF, Human
may have a unique status in the information processing system           Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB, AZ)           IN Human Factors
                                                               CR       Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,
                                                                        Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
                                                                        p 885-889 Sponsorship Natural Sciences and Engineering
                                                                        Research Council refs
                                                                        (Contract NSERC-A-0323, AF-AFOSR-78-3711)
A84-18833                                                                  In previous research significant correlations were found between
INDIVIDUAL     DIFFERENCES    AND      STIMULUS                         measures of sensitivity in certain hypothetical visual channels and
DISCRIMINABILITY IN VISUAL COMPARISON REACTION                          simulated landing performance under degraded visibility The
TIME                                                                    present study replicated the earlier findings, and extended the
D A DUPREE and C D WICKENS (Illinois, University, Urbana,               approach to a broader cross section of flight tasks An additional
IL) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,            psyche-physical test of superthreshold velocity discrimination was
WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human            found to exhibit significant correlation with formation flight precision
Factors Society, 1982, p 809-811 refs                                   and with manual weapons delivery performance                     Author
    Individual subjects' reaction time functions in a simple visual
companson task were found to be substantially correlated with           A84-18844
measures of spatial ability In an additional task requinng responses    TYPE OF TASK PRACTICE AND TIME-SHARING ACTIVITIES
to target stimuli flanked by stimuli associated with competing          PREDICT PERFORMANCE DEFICITS DUE TO ALCOHOL
responses, a sample of high spatial subjects showed little deficit      INGESTION
in performance, while a sample of low spatial subjects showed           A D FISK and W SCHNEIDER (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL)
large deficits in performance compared to reaction time to a target     IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
stimulus presented alone These results were interpreted in terms        October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
of the interaction between human aptitude and task requirements         Factors Society, 1982, p 926-930 refs
The experiments reported are part of an ongoing investigation of            The confusion regarding the situations in which performance
spatial ability and visual information processing             Author    will decline with alcohol intoxication is thought to denve from an


96
                                                                                                     53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

inappropriate classification of the information processes involved       experiments The scale is recommended for applications in which
in task performance The research reported here uses principles           overall mental workload is to be assessed               Author
of automatic/controlled processing theory to assess the effects
of alcohol The performance through automatic processing is only
slightly degraded by alcohol, the deleterious effect of alcohol is
more pronounced, however, in controlled processing tasks The             A84-19287#
results suggest that the type of practice and, therefore, the type       EXAMINATION OF WORKLOAD MEASURES WITH SUBJECTIVE
of information processing predicts the decline in performance            TASK CLUSTERS
caused by alcohol Alcohol bnngs about a general reduction in             W L DERRICK (U S Air Force Academy, Colorado Spnngs, CO)
resources and in the ability to share resources both within and          IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
between tasks                                                 CR         October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,
                                                                         Human Factors Society, 1983, p 134-138 refs
A84-19277#                                                                   Multiple measures of operator workload may fail to agree or
GENDER AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES IN THE ACQUISITION                        dissociate for a given task This study proposes a new method to
AND TRANSFER OF BASIC FLYING SKILLS - ANOTHER                            examine this dissociation for two categories of workload measures
LOOK                                                                     Subjective ratings and performance-based secondary tasks
T M MCCLOY, F R WOOD, and M N STOLLINGS (US Air                          Eighteen tasks of differential processing resource demand were
Force Academy, Colorado Spnngs, CO)              IN Human Factors        performed by subjects and rated according to workload similanty
Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,         Additive clustering analysis of the workload ratings produced
Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                     overlapping task clusters Three properties - performance, effort,
Society, 1983, p 6-8 refs                                                and input complexity explained the cluster solution Dissociation
    In previous investigations of gender differences in th acquisition   was found when tasks perceived as similar in workload did not
and transfer of basic flying skills, it had been found that there are    possess the same properties                                Author
certain perfomance differences Trying to account for these results,
the hypothesis had been advanced that the observed differences
are more likely a consequence of previous differential male and          A84-19288
female exposure to similar types of tasks, than some innate              THE EFFECT OF DELAYED REPORT ON SUBJECTIVE RATINGS
differences in motor abilities or learning rates The present             OF MENTAL WORKLOAD
investigation has the objective to obtain some information regarding     F T EGGEMEIER (Wright State University, Systems Research
the correctness of this hypothesis Fifteen male and 15 female            Laboratories, Inc , Dayton, OH), M S CRABTREE (Systems
cadets participated in the study On the basis of tests providing         Research Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH), and P A LAPOINTE
scores for the spatial relations and visualization factors, subjects     (Wnght State University, Dayton, OH) IN Human Factors Society,
were categorized into high, medium, and low scorers Five males           Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,
and five females with matching scors were selected to represent          Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
each of the three groups The results lend strong support to the          Society, 1983, p 139-143 refs
considered hypothesis                                            G.R         Forty-eight subjects performed a short-term memory task with
                                                                         several difficulty levels and provided either immediate or delayed
A84-19284#                                                               ratings of workload via the Subjective Workload Assessment
INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND AGE-RELATED CHANGES IN                        Technique (SWAT) Mean SWAT ratings did not vary significantly
TIME-SHARING ABILITY OF AVIATORS                                         as a function of delayed report, but a substantial number of subjects
R BRAUNE and C D. WICKENS (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL)             gave delayed ratings that were discrepant from their immediate
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,             ratings A counterbalancing effect in delayed ratings appears to
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,              have been a factor in the failure of the delay effect to reach
Human Factors Society, 1983, p 117-121 refs                              significance A secondary objective of this study was to examine
(Contract N00204-82-C-0113)                                              the sensitivity of SWAT in a between-subjects design SWAT ratings
    Performance in single task and dual task configurations was          varied significantly as a function of task difficulty manipulations,
examined across four different age groups to determine the               supporting the sensitivity of SWAT to the workload of the conditions
presence of an attention deficit hypothesis with increasing              used                                                          Author
chronological age Although a general slowing of performance could
be shown no interaction between age and dual task loadings could
be observed which is interpreted as negative evidence for the
attention deficit hypothesis A separate analysis revealed individual     A84-19290#
differences in time-sharing ability within age groups to be a            THE ASSESSMENT OF WORKLOAD - DUAL TASK
significant factor in dual task performance                  Author      METHODOLOGY
                                                                         A D FISK (AT & T, New York, NY), W L DERRICK (U S Air
A84-19286*#         Virginia Polytechnic Inst and State Univ,            Force Academy, Colorado Spnngs, CO), and W SCHNEIDER
Blacksburg                                                               (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
A VALIDATED RATING SCALE FOR GLOBAL MENTAL                               Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
WORKLOAD MEASUREMENT APPLICATIONS                                        Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
W W WIERWILE and J G CASALI (Virginia Polytechnic Institute              229-233 refs
and State University, Blacksburg, VA) IN Human Factors Society,                Dunng the last few years the utilization of mental workload
Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,                  considerations for human engmeenng decisions has increased
Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                     substantially Methods for assessing operator workload are related
Society, 1983, p 129-133 refs                                            to subjective opinions, physiological measures, and secondary or
(Contract NAG2-17)                                                       dual task methods Dual tasks methods attempt to index the spare
    The Cooper-Harper (1969) scale has been extensively used             mental capacity of the occupied operator, or, conversely, provide
for evaluation of aircraft handling qualities and associated mental      a suggestion regarding the amount of cognitive effort/resource
workload The scale is a 10-pomt scale with a decision tree A             demand of the pnmary task. In connection with the present
modified version of the scale, called the MCH scale, has been            investigation, it is argued that any dual task workload assessment
devised for the purpose of assessing workload in systems other           which implicitly or explicitly accepts certain assumptions will
than those where the human operator performs motor tasks;                produce ambiguous results Instead, attention is given to three
namely, where perceptual, mediations!, and communications activity       cntena which, it is felt, must be met to conduct valid workload
is preent. The MCH scale has been validated in three different           assessment employing secondary task methodology                GR


                                                                                                                                          97
53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

A84-19293*# Illinois Univ, Urbana                                          A84-19324
THE DISSOCIATION BETWEEN SUBJECTIVE WORKLOAD AND                           PERFORMANCE MEASURES FOR AIRCRAFT CARRIER
PERFORMANCE A MULTIPLE RESOURCE APPROACH                                   LANDINGS AS A FUNCTION OF AIRCRAFT DYNAMICS
C D WICKENS and Y-Y YEH (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL)                 E M CONNELLY (Performance Measurement Associates, Inc.,
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,               Vienna, VA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,                Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa
Human Factors Society, 1983, p 244-248 NASA-supported                      Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 911-915 refs
research refs                                                                  A theory of performance measurement for operator-controlled
    A theory of the dissociation between subjective measures of            systems is presented The theory permits a system performance
mental workload and performance is described The theory                    measure to be synthesized which scores performance on
proposes that subjective measures are heavily driven by the number         successive data samples based on the impact of the sampled
of tasks or task elements that a subject must perform concurrently         performance on the overall summary of performance The dynamics
However they are relatively less sensitive to whether these tasks          of the controlled element (the aircraft) is effectively removed from
compete for common or separate resources, and to the difficulty            the measurement even through the pilot continues to control the
of a single task, particularly if this difficulty is related to response   aircraft The development of measures for aircraft earner landings
factors Performance, on the other hand, is particularly influenced         as to the glide path and angle of attack control channels is shown
by single task difficulty of both a perceptual and response nature         The results suggest that the command display offers improved
and by resource competition between tasks A set of three                   glide path control, especially during daylight conditions The
experiments are descnbed to examine the dissociation between               technique permits the relationship between performance and
subjective difficulty measures and performance These experiments           factors that change dunng the flight to be determined It bypasses
employ different combinations of three tasks tracking, memory              time delays due to aircraft dynamics, permitting evaluation of
search, and a simulated air traffic control problem The results            performance on short flight intervals                            CD
supported all forms of dissociation predicted by the theory and
the implications of results to workload measurement are
discussed                                                         Author   A84-19326#
                                                                           VISUAL CUEING EFFECTIVENESS - COMPARISON OF
                                                                           PERCEPTION AND FLYING PERFORMANCE
                                                                           J DE MAIO, R BROOKS, J BRUNDERMAN (USAF, Human
A84-19307*#        National Aeronautics and Space Administration           Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB, AZ), and E J RINALDUCCI
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                                 (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA) IN Human Factors
HUMAN FACTORS IN SPACELAB - CREW TRAINING                                  Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,
M K JUNGE (NASA, Ames Research Center, Life Sciences Flight                Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
Expenments Project Office, Moffett Field, CA) IN Human Factors             Society, 1983, p 928-932 refs
Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,                De Maio and Brooks (1982) used a free modulus altitude
Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                       estimation task to evaluate the altitude cueing effectiveness of
Society, 1983, p 552-556                                                   flight simulator visual environments The present investigation
    At NASA-Ames Research Center's Life Sciences Flight                    extends the findings of De Maio and Brooks to more detailed
Expenments Project Office two payloads for the Shuttle Spacelab            visual environments, taking into account a study of the relationship
are currently in development The first payload, Spacelab-3, will           between altitude perception and flying performance Two
launch in November 1984 Unique life sciences hardware designed             expenments with Air Force pilots and instructor pilots as subjects
to support animals in 0-g will fly for the first time Flight crew          were conducted It was found that altitude perceptibility is a valid
training sessions for the Spacelab-3 astronauts began in June              metnc of the ability of a simulator visual display environment to
1982 Human factors involvement is extensive A thorough                     provide a pilot information needed to maintain altitude in low level
understanding of both the 1-g and 0-g environments is necessary            flight A potent cue for altitude perception is provided by the
The weightlessness of the space environment creates special                distribution, or flow, of environmental features                GR
conditions, eg, the time required for a 1 -g laboratory experiment
significantly increases in 0-g The transportation of objects in 0-g        A84-19329#
uses different techniques than on earth These considerations,              VISUAL PERCEPTUAL AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE FACTORS
plus others, are incorporated into the design of the Spacelab-3            INVOLVED IN LOW LEVEL, HIGH SPEED FLIGHT
crew training program                                       Author         R S KELLOGG (Dayton, University, Williams AFB, AZ), T
                                                                           LONGRIDGE (USAF, Human Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB,
                                                                           AZ), and M MILLER (USAF, Fighter Weapons School, Tucson,
                                                                           AZ) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,
A84-19320#                                                                 VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica,
PERSONALITY AND MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS OF U.S. NAVAL                         CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 941, 942.
ACADEMY GRADUATES AS INDICATORS OF AVIATION
MISHAP POTENTIAL
R. A. ALKOV, M S BOROWSKY, J A GAYNOR (US Naval                            N84-14682# Matenals Research Labs, Melbourne (Australia)
Safety Center, Norfolk, VA), and K MONTOR (U S Naval Academy,              A      PRELIMINARY         ASSESSMENT          OF     OBSERVER
Annapolis, MO)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,             EXPECTATIONS IN TARGET DETECTION TASKS
27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2               C J WOODRUFF and G S M WEBB Jul 1983 40 p refs
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 838-842                   (MRL-R-893, AR-003-306) Avail NTIS HC A03/MF A01
refs                                                                           The determination of soldiers' expectations as to what target
    The results of personality tests given to candidate naval aviators     features would cause detection of stationary MII3 vehicles was
were compared with accident rates of those aviators and the results        examined Results show that a scenano procedure is appropnate
are presented Those aviators with lower pilot factor aircraft mishap       A factor analysis of the expectations scales isolated four factors
rates are less-self-confident, low in leadership, either high or low       underlying the communality of these scales, however, there is
in pugnacity/sadism, intermediate in self-sufficiency vs. group            considerable unique vanance associated with each scale The
dependency, and lower in sex drive than those who have higher              interpretation of these factors is discussed, and modifications to
pilot factor rates Those who are more outgoing than reserved,              the scenano scales for future use are outlined Results of an
more family-onented, low in self-sentiment but neither too fearful         attempt to collect data on actual causes of detection dunng a live
nor fearless have lower overall mishap rates, regardless of mishap         exercise show that such data cannot be effectively gathered under
causal factors                                                    CD       these conditions                                            Author


98
                                                                                                     53     BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

N84-14683# Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social            N84-15790# Hawaii Unrv , Manoa
Sciences, Alexandria, Va                                                INFLUENCES ON GROUP PRODUCTIVITY. 2: FACTORS
TRAINING FEEDBACK HANDBOOK Final Report, Sep. 1982 •                    INHERENT IN THE PERSON. A BIBLIOGRAPHIC SYNOPSIS
Jan. 1983                                                               Interim Report
B L. BURNSIDE, B G WITMER, and D M KRISTIANSEN Jan                      S. OSATO, P E CAMPOS, N GOODMAN (St Peters College),
1983 87 p                                                               and D. LANDIS (Indiana Unrv - Purdue Univ) 15 Jul 1983 62
(Contract DA PROJ 2Q2-63743-A-794)                                      p refs
(AD-A132565, ARI-RP-83-7) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01                        (Contract N00014-83-K-0021)
CSCL 05!                                                                (AD-A131015, CARE-83-3) Avail NTIS HC A04/MF A01
    This handbook is designed to assist training developers and         CSCL05J
evaluators in structuring their collection of feedback Six methods          The present summary examines the effects of heterogeneity
of collecting feedback are descnbed, and practical guidelines for       on a group's productivity Heterogeneity has been defined on many
their application are offered Issues in the management and analysis     different dimensions without much consistency between workers
of feedback are also discussed                        Author (GRA)      For the sake of clanty, we have grouped the studies by the type
                                                                        of vanable used to define heterogeneity personality vanables or
                                                                        sociodemographic vanables In all the studies surveyed, these
                                                                        different vanables have served as the independent dimension
                                                                                                                                    GRA

N84-15099# Vliegbasis Volkel (Netherlands)                              N84-15791# Educational Testing Service, Pnnceton, N J
PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF THE                          COMPARISON OF IRT OBSERVED-SCORE AND TRUE-SCORE
PILOTING OF MODERN HIGH-PERFORMANCE COMBAT                              EQUATINGS
AIRCRAFT                                                                F M LORD and M S WINGERSKY Jul 1983 14 p
J C F AGHINA In AGARD Flight Mech and System Design                     (Contract N00014-80-C-0402)
Lessons from Operational Expenence 3 p Oct 1983                         (AD-A133871, ETS-RR-83-26-ONR) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
Avail NTIS HC A15/MF A01                                                CSCL 05J
    Since 1978 the Royal Netherlands Air Force has gained a lot             Two methods of 'equating' tests using item response theory
of expenence in handling a totally new aircraft, the F-16, which        are compared, one using true scores, the other using estimated
differs in many aspects from its predecessors Not only the pilots,      observed scores On the data studied, they yield almost
but the technicians too, had to adapt themselves to the new             indistinguishable results This is a reassuring result for users of
aircraft and they learned how to handle entirely new systems            IRT equating methods                                 Author (GRA)
The F-16 is a modern high performance fighter, like the F-4 and
the F-15, and has caused problems for the pilots in comparison          N84-15792# Massachusetts Inst of Tech , Cambndge Artificial
with former types, the F-104 and the NF-5 The extreme mobility          Intelligence lab LAB
of the aircraft produces not only a high gravity factor as such, but    VISUAL ROUTINES
also a rapid G onset rate, by which a number of gravity depending       S. ULLMAN Jun 1983 68 p
physiological problems have arisen in a very obvious way                (Contract N00014-80-C-0505, NSF MCS-79-23110)
Furthermore, as a result of many technological innovations applied,     (AD-A133634, AI-M-723) Avail NTIS HCA04/MFA01 CSCL
i e, aircraft's electronics, the pilot's task has also changed          05J
considerably, in particular with respect to the amount of information        This paper examines the processing of visual information
to be processed The question anses of whether new approaches            beyond the creation of the early representations A fundamental
should be introduced into the selection, the physiological standards,   requirement at this level is the capacity to establish visually abstract
the training, the supervision and the coaching of the operational       shape properties and spatial relations This capacity plays a major
pilots                                                         Author   role in object recognition, visually guided manipulation, and more
                                                                        abstract visual thinking The proficiency of the human system in
                                                                        analyzing spatial information far surpasses the capacities of current
                                                                        artificial systems The study of the computations that underlie this
                                                                        competence may therefore lead to the development of new more
                                                                        efficient processors for the spatial analysis of visual information
N84-15789*#         National Aeronautics and Space Administration,      It is suggested that the perception of spatial relations is achieved
Washington, D C                                                         by the application to the base representations of visual routines
A STUDY ON AIRBORNE INTEGRATED DISPLAY SYSTEM AND                       that are composed of sequences of elemental operations Routines
HUMAN INFORMATION PROCESSING                                            for different properties and relations share elemental operations
K MIZUMOTO, H IWAMOTO, S SHIMIZU, and I KURODA Sep                      Using a fixed set of basic operations, the visual system can
1983      19 p refs Transl into ENGLISH from Japan Air Self             assemble different routines to extract an unbounded variety of
Defence Force, Aeromedical Lab Reports (Japan), v 23, no 3,             shape properties and spatial relations A number of plausible basic
Sep 1982 p 77-88 Ongmal language document was announced                 operations are suggested, based primanly on their potential
as A83-26086         Transl by Kanner (Leo) Associates, Redwood         usefulness, and supported in part by empmcal evidence The
City, Calif                                                             operations discussed include shifting of the processing focus,
(Contract NASW-3541)                                                    indexing to an odd-man-out location, bounded activation, boundary
(NASA-TM-77338, NAS 1 15 77338) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF                    tracing, and marking The problem of assembling such elemental
A01 CSCL 05!                                                            operations into meaningful visual routines is discussed bnefly
    The cognitive behavior of pilots was examined in an expenment                                                                          GRA
involving mock ups of an eight display electronic attitude direction
indicator for an airborne integrated display Displays were presented    N84-15793#      Federal Aviation Administration, Oklahoma City,
in digital, analog digital, and analog format to expenenced pilots      Okla Civil Aeromedical Inst
Two tests were run, one involving the speed of memonzation in a         JOB ATTITUDES TOWARD THE NEW MAINTENANCE
single exposure and the other comprising two five second                CONCEPT OF THE AIRWAY FACILITIES SERVICE
exposures spaced 30 sec apart Errors increased with the speed           D J SCHROEDER and J R DELONEY Feb 1983 82 p
of memonzation Generally, the analog information was assimilated        (AD-A133282, FAA-AM-83-7) Avail. NTIS HCA05/MFA01
faster than the digital data, with regard to the response speed         CSCL 05!
Information processing was quantified as 25 bits for the first five         To determine the attitudes of Airway Facilities (AF) personnel
second exposure and 15 bits dunng the second            D.H K (IAA)     to the proposed New Maintenance Concept (NMC), an extensive

                                                                                                                                            99
53    BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES

questionnaire was mailed to all employees Of 11,569                      surprising and unexpected If the shock phase evokes heightened
questionnaires distributed, 6,976 were completed and returned            emotional-physiological arousal as in the case of startle,
Responses to the NMC questions were analyzed with respect to             information-processing ability may be impaired for approximately
employee characteristics, job satisfaction measures, shift work,         30 to 60 s following the stimulus event                    GRA
and general health variables This report summarizes the findings
from the NMC questionnaire and provides a technical
documentation of the completed study However, regular
consultation with Airway Facilities Service (AAF) officials was
conducted throughout the data analyses period for use in                 N84-15796# Army Training Development Inst, Fort Monroe, Va
management decisions regarding this developing concept Also,
                                                                         EVALUATION RESULTS FOR THE INTERACTIVE VIDEO
although the functions of AAF were formally assumed by the               COMPETENCY RECOGNITION SYSTEM Final Report, Dec. 1982
Systems Engineering Service (AES) and Program Engineering and
                                                                         - Mar. 1983
Maintenance Service (APM) in a reorganization effective October
                                                                         R AVANT, C A JOHNSON, and P BEST 30 May 1983 114
4, 1982, the older designation (AAF) will be used throughout this
report                                                     GRA           P
                                                                         (AD-A133052, TDI-TR-83-4) Avail NTIS HCA06/MFA01
                                                                         CSCL 05!
N84-15794# Ben Gunon Univ of the Negev, Beersheva (Israel)                   The Organizational Effectiveness Center and School (OEC/S)
Dept of Behavioral Sciences                                              at Ft Ord, CA, has been the training center for the Army's
A COMPARISON OF MAP LEARNING METHODS: MAP STUDY,                         Organizational Effectiveness Consultants since 1975 The
SIMULATED TRAVEL AND MIXED Final Report, 15 Sep. 1981                    effectiveness of such consultants appears to be dependent upon
- 14 Mar. 1983                                                           soft skills interpersonal competencies, rather than specific tasks
D LEISER 1 Jun 1983 42 p Presented at Israel Ergonomics                  which are performed In 1979, OEC/S and the Army Research
Soc Conf, 1983                                                           Institute contracted with McBer and Co. to develop a model of
(Contract AF-AFOSR-0244-81, AF PROJ 2301)                                the competencies which distinguish the superior from the average
(AD-A133544, EOARD-TR-83-14) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01                      consultant Eighteen of the 33 competencies identified in the McBer
CSCL 08B                                                                 model were considered by OEC/S to be potentially tramable in
    Two main methods of studying spatial networks were compared          the course The success of the training requires an understanding
travel in the network, using a computer simulation, and study of a       of the competencies and an ability, on the part of the trainers, to
map of the network Subjects were tested on their ability to              recognize if and when the competencies are being demonstrated
demonstrate efficient routes between points on the network, using                                                             Author (GRA)
the same computer simulation Study times, efficiency of the routes
and time characteristics of the performance were recorded
Findings include latency before beginning a simulated travel
increases with the origin-goal distance in map condition, but not
in travel condition In travel, latencies are shorted, but study times
longer than with the map method Variants of the basic methods            N84-15797# Office of Naval Research, London (England)
were also studied It was concluded that variations in the study          APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY IN EUROPE: AN ONR PERSPECTIVE
methods affect study time and performance characteristics                Assessment Report
Innovative study methods may produce significant improvement in          N A BOND, JR 27 Jul 1983 9 p
the performance, especially if care is taken to match study method,      (AD-A133093, ONRL-R-7-83) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
spatial task required, and individual characteristics           GRA      CSCL 05J
                                                                            This report is intended to alert American researchers to
N84-15795#        Federal Aviation Administration, Washington, DC        European developments in applied psychology The following areas
Office of Aviation Medicine                                              are examined interactive man-machine interfaces, combat
RATE OF INITIAL RECOVERY AND SUBSEQUENT RADAR                            reactions and stress, memory enhancement, large digital simulators,
MONITORING PERFORMANCE FOLLOWING A SIMULATED                             and human performance models                                 GRA
EMERGENCY INVOLVING STARTLE
R I THACKRAY and R M TOUCHSTONE Sep 1983 22 p
(AD-A133602, FAA-AM-83-13) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
CSCL 05J
     The present study employed auditory startle to simulate the         N84-15798# National Aerospace Lab, Amsterdam (Netherlands)
principal components (unexpectedness, fear, and physiological            Flight Div
arousal) that are common to many types of sudden emergencies             HUMAN VISUAL INFORMATION                 PROCESSING:       BASIC
and compared performance recovery following startle with recovery        VIEWPOINTS         FROM        PSYCHOLOGY        AND      HUMAN
following a nonstartlmg stimulus The subject's primary task was          ENGINEERING RESEARCH
to monitor a simulated air traffic control radar display Performance     R C VANDEGRAAFF and P H WEWERINKE 14 Jun 1982
recovery following the emergency (a radar failure signaled by either     15 p refs Presented at 2nd European Conf on Human Decision
a loud or low level noise) was assessed in terms of response             Making and Manual Control, Bonn, 2-4 Jun 1982 Revised
time and error rate on a secondary information processing (serial        (NLR-MP-82032-U) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01
reaction) task and also in terms of subsequent performance on                The constructivist-cognitive approach and human engineenng
the radar monitonng task Although the high intensity noise was           model approach to human visual perception are compared A
clearly startling, while subjects exposed to the lower intensity noise   multivanable decision making experiment on the engineering model
showed only a surprise reaction, subsequent performance of the           is summanzed Psychological models hypothesize that conceptual
two noise exposure groups differed significantly in only two             knowledge determines the perceptual expenence, or that
respects The variance of initial response times was greater in           perception is directly dictated by visual stimuli The human
the startled group, and this group had a higher frequency of             engineering approach is that the information processing involves
incorrect responses on the serial reaction task during the first         estimation of the environment which has to be perceived The
minute following stimulation A companson of these findings with          momentary perceived environment is compared with an expectation
those of other studies of simulated emergencies suggests that            of its state (which has to be generated by the observer) The
recovery time for simple perceptual-motor responses during the           outcome of the companson is the essential information (innovation),
initial shock phase of an emergency is quite rapid (on the order         used for further processing Engineenng model predictions of
of 1 to 3 s), and this appears to be independent of whether or           detection of abnormal operation of a dynamic process agree closely
not the emergency is startling and emotionally arousing or simply        with measurements (r = 0 86)                         Author (ESA)


100
                                                                          54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

                                 54                                            A84-16621#
                                                                               WIDE FIELD-OF-VIEW VISUAL DISPLAY TECHNOLOGY FOR
                                                                               FLIGHT SIMULATION
       MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE                                          H. E GELTMACHER and J C SEAT (USAF, Human Resources
                  SUPPORT                                                      Laboratory, Williams AFB, AZ) IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings
                                                                               of the National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton,
Includes human engineenng, biotechnology, and space suits and                  OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 . New York, Institute of Electncal
protective clothing.                                                           and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p 746-753 refs
                                                                                   Current wide field-of-view visual display systems deliver
                                                                               inadequate brightness and resolution necessary for advanced
A84-16343                                                                      combat simulation The Air Force Human Resources Laboratory
ELECTROCUTANEOUS STIMULATION WITH HIGH VOLTAGE                                 is developing display technologies to solve this problem These
CAPACITIVE DISCHARGES                                                          technologies are examined and compared with those incorporated
J P REILLY (Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, MD) and W D                      in existing visual display systems This includes descriptions,
LARKIN (Maryland, University. College Park, MD)               IEEE             advantages, and limitations of solid and liquid crystal light valves,
Transactions on Biomedical Engineenng (ISSN 0018-9294), vol                    fiber optic helmet mounted displays, light collimating techniques,
BME-30, Oct 1983, p 631-641 Research supported by the                          and stereoscopic viewing techniques A review of human eye
Maryland Department of Natural Resources and Canadian Electrical               requirements and the deficiencies in current systems is presented
Association refs                                                               Trends on the direction of display technology for simulators are
   This paper presents research on the sensory and electrical                  evaluated                                                     Author
properties of human subjects in response to electrical stimuli from
high-voltage capacitive discharges Threshold data for single
monophasic transient stimuli are analyzed The psychophysical
measurements are related to a neuroelectnc model with parameters
that depend on some of the basic properties of excitable
membranes                                                   Author             A84-16622
                                                                               TRADEOFFS IN THE IMPLEMENTATION                         OF LOCAL
                                                                               ILLUMINATION SOURCES IN THE REAL-TIME DISPLAY OF A
                                                                               VISUAL SCENE
                                                                               T L SMITH (Singer Co, Link Flight Simulation Div, Sunnyvale,
                                                                               CA) IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace
A84-16368                                                                      and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,1983 Volume
MANUAL CONTROL OF THE LINE OF SIGHT IN OPTICAL                                 2 New York, Institute of Electncal and Electronics Engineers,
SYSTEMS                                                                        1983, p 754-759 refs
M H MEHR (Measurement Systems, Inc., Norwalk, CT)                 IN               This paper presents an examination of tradeoffs involved in
Optical systems engineering III, Proceedings of the Conference,                the choice of a method for implementing the display of a local
Los Angeles, CA, January 20, 21, 1983 Bellingham, WA, SPIE -                   illumination source in the real-time simulation of a visual scene
The International Society for Optical Engineering, 1983, p                     Attention is generally restricted to the problem of simulating a
127-133 refs                                                                   single white illumination source in a raster-scan system The
    This paper discusses the human factors or ergonomic                        tradeoff analysis involves the estimation of the relative complexities
considerations related to the manual control of an optical line of             of the software, hardware, and visual database as the method of
sight The general concept of the human operator as an element                  implementation moves from (1) inclusion in the database itself to
in the servo loop is presented, along with some examples of how                (2) real-time manipulation of database elements to (3) manipulation
this concept has been used in the design of optical tracking devices           of visual elements in the image generation hardware It is assumed
'Aided Tracking' is described Comparisons are made between                     throughout that a visual database is of the hierarchical
commonly used force and displacement joysticks                Author           object-face-edge-vertex form Finally, the tradeoff analysis is
                                                                               reexammed with respect to the problems associated with the
                                                                               presentation of illumination sources which are (1) more than one
                                                                               in number, (2) dynamic with respect to either position or intensity,
                                                                               and (3) colored                                               Author
A84-16620
FLIGHT SIMULATION CUE SYNCHRONIZATION
B J WOYCECHOWSKY (Singer Co , Link Flight Simulation Div ,
Binghamton, NY) IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National
Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,                   A84-16623#
1983. Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electncal and Electronics                THE C-130 VISUAL SYSTEM - AN UPDATE
Engineers, 1983, p 740-745                                                     R G SPEER (USAF, Aeronautical Systems Div, Wnght-Patterson
    This paper addresses problems associated with reproducing                  AFB, OH)        IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National
flight cues in a flight simulator in a manner which provides sufficient        Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,
realism for effective training Left unattended dunng the design                1983. Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electncal and Electronics
process, the time delays associated with simulated cues will not               Engineers, 1983, p 769-775
match those in the actual aircraft, since in the simulator the controls            In 1978, the Air Force awarded a contract for the development
interface with a digital (or analog) computational system which                of a computer image generation (CIG) visual system for the C-130E
computes aircraft performance, while in the aircraft the controls              Weapon System Trainer (WST) The image generator was to be
interface with the actual aircraft control system and the real world           the most sophisticated CIG visual system ever built It was intended
environment Therefore, care must be taken in the design of flights             to build a system which could provide C-130 aircrews with a realistic
simulators to ensure that flight simulator cues have time delays               training related to ground operation, low level navigation, tactical
which are reasonably consistent with those expenenced in the                   airdrop, assault landing, takeoff, approach and landing, and
actual aircraft This paper discusses a proposed approach to the                operations dunng day, dusk, night, and vanous weather conditions
specification of aircraft simulator dynamic response, factors which            The major components of the visual system include the computer
should be considered in matching flight simulator dynamic response             image generation system, the display system, the data base, the
to actual aircraft dynamic response, and flight simulator cue                  instructor control subsystem, and the Development Engineenng
synchronization design considerations                           Author         Prototype Site (DEPS)                                           GR


                                                                                                                                                101
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-16659                                                               A84-16664
PICTORIAL FORMAT DISPLAY EVALUATION                                     CARDIOVASCULAR RESPONSES DURING SYSTEMATIC
J S HAWKINS, J M REISING (USAF, Flight Dynamics Laboratory,             VARIATION OF HEADGEAR LOADING PARAMETERS
Wright-Patterson AFB, OH), and J D GILMOUR (Boeing Military             D B REYNOLDS, C A PHILLIPS, J S PETROFSKY, H H
Airplane Co, Seattle, WA) IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of                HEATON, III, and D M HENDERSHOT (Wright State University,
the National Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH,          Dayton, OH)       IN NAECON 1983, Proceedings of the National
May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electrical and          Aerospace and Electronics Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19,
Electronics Engineers, 1983, p 1132-1138 refs                           1983 Volume 2 New York, Institute of Electrical and Electronics
    Current fighters use monochrome cathode ray tubes (CRTs) to         Engineers, 1983, p 1200-1209 refs
display aircraft status or flight information The Boeing 757 and            Experiments earned out to quantify the stress and fatigue of
767 jetliners and the Airbus A310 use color CRT displays, and           neck muscles, as measured by cardiovascular responses, are
the military services are buying full color CRTs for aircraft The       described The muscles were loaded statically and dynamically
widespread use of CRT displays in future cockpits is a fact How         through a systematic variation of fifteen headgear configurations
can these revolutionary display mechanisms be best used? This           These comprised five different combinations of center of gravity
paper discusses a simulation designed to evaluate full color,           and three different weights The subjects rotated their heads
computer-generated imagery formats for six kinds of displays flight,    laterally (from side to side) for 30 minutes in each of the 15
tactical situations, stores, emergency conditions, systems status,      headgear loading combinations Immediately thereafter, the subject
and engines It is the first of several simulation studies planned to    placed his head in an isometnc head dynamometer and exerted a
examine various missions and aircraft types Results indicate these      sustained right lateral neck contraction or forward neck contraction
formats can present highly complex data in an intuitive manner          at 70 percent of his maximum strength During this, the systolic
which observers can process efficiently Further investigations will     and diastolic blood pressures rose by an average of 40 percent
be aimed at refining specialized formats for specific mission           and the heart rate increased by an average of 20 percent The
applications                                                  Author    results confirm a significant cardiovascular response associated
                                                                        with fatiguing isometric neck muscle contractions              CR


A84-16660#
RESEARCH REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCED AIRCREW 3-D                          A84-16699
DISPLAYS                                                                EVALUATING NEW CONCEPTS FOR AIRCREW ALERTING
K R BOFF and G L CALHOUN (USAF, Aerospace Medical                       B L BERSON (Lockheed-California Co , Burbank, CA) Lockheed
Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH) IN NAECON                Horizons, no 14, 1983, p 20-26
1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and Electronics                 An experimental study was conducted to evaluate whether the
Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York,              addition of a time-critical display could facilitate a pilot's response
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p              to emergency situations, and, if so, to determine what combination
1139-1146 refs                                                          of display parameters would help pilot performance A visual flight
(Contract F33615-82-C-0511)                                             simulator with a separate display for time-critical warnings was
     Owing to the greater use of digital computers in avionics          used to study four principal design variables The data obtained
subsystems, more information can be made available to the pilot         indicated that a time-critical display would enable a pilot to respond
It is noted that conventional display techniques, coupled with these    to an emergency within the required response envelope Best pilot
larger amounts of data, may tax the pilot's ability to perceive,        performance was obtained when graphic guidance information was
interpret, and react to the information Stereoscopic devices that       presented in the pilot's primary field of view Graphic displays
permit a three-dimensional portrayal of information may increase        should be used, though with carefully developed formats, and with
pilot efficiency and system capability by taking advantage of the       any alphanumerics located to the right of the graphics It was
human's highly refined and well practiced sense of depth, which         determined that the display should provide guidance as opposed
is not used when viewing conventional two-dimensional displays          to status, information, and that voice messages should be used
The research program and facilities of the Human Engineering            to express time-critical warnings                                   JN
Division of the Air Force Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory
are described insofar as they relate to current investigations of
requirements for three-dimensional displays                      CR
                                                                        A84-17013
                                                                        SOME COMPARISONS OF ON-DISPLAY AND OFF-DISPLAY
                                                                        TOUCH INPUT DEVICES FOR INTERACTION WITH COMPUTER
A84-16662#                                                              GENERATED DISPLAYS
SMART STICK CONTROLLERS IN AN ACCELERATION                              D WHITFIELD, J M BIRD (Aston, University, Birmingham,
ENVIRONMENT                                                             England), and R G BALL (Royal Signals and Radar Establishment,
D W REPPERGER and J W FRAZIER (USAF, Aerospace Medical                  Malvern, Worcs, England)        Ergonomics (ISSN 0014-0139), vol
Research Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH) IN NAECON                26, Nov 1983, p 1033-1053 Research sponsored by the Civil
1983, Proceedings of the National Aerospace and Electronics             Aviation Authority of England refs
Conference, Dayton, OH, May 17-19, 1983 Volume 2 New York,                 The relative merits of on-display and off-display touch input
Institute of Electncal and Electronics Engineers, 1983, p               devices are discussed, together with the additional features of
1154-1161 refs                                                          computer-generated feedback and the means of confirming a
    In the side force maneuvering vehicles, the lateral G field (Gy)    selection Subjects' performances with on-display and off-display
may produce undesirable biodynamic effects on the pilot's body          devices are compared in three experiments with increasing target
which will influence the manner in which the pilot utilizes the         resolution requirements - menu selection, tabular display, and target
controllers in the aircraft Four designs based on different cntena      acquisition Performance, and subjective reactions, appear to be
are suggested here for a computer-controlled side stick a               no worse for the off-display input, although both devices are worse
vibration-isolation design, a circuit model, a negative biomechanical   than a rolling ball (tracker ball) for high resolution targets
stick, and a minimum workload stick The computer changes the            Charactenstic types of error with these devices are demonstrated,
dynamic characteristics of the stick based on one of the four           and no beneficial effects of enhanced computer-generated
possible designs, the design can be chosen for the objectives of        feedback are shown It is concluded that off-display continuous
the mission Two forms of biomechanical feedthrough are defined,         touch input carries no performance penalty over the on-display
and it is shown that negative biomechanical feedthrough improves        counterpart, and that its use is justified where its other advantages
tracking performance under Gy conditions                         VL     are apposite                                                   Author

102
                                                                        54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-17294                                                                    vestibular diseases and classification of normal vestibular function
STUDIES ON THE PROPHYLAXIS OF VIBRATION SICKNESS                             Some satisfactory results have been obtained                  Author
[OPYT PROFILAKTIKI VIBRATSIONNOI BOLEZNI]
T M RADZIUKEVICH, A. M MIKULINSKII, and A V EPISHIN                          A84-18589
(Gor'kovskn Nauchno-lssledovatel'skn Institut Gigieny Truda i                EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN OF A MODEL FOR THE DYNAMIC
Profzabolevann,             Gor'kovskaia             Oblastnaia              BEHAVIOUR OF PILOT CANDIDATES
Sanitarno-Epidemiologicheskaia    Stantsua,   Gorki,    USSR)                K     HENNING, P          IJEWSKI, and H           RAKE (Aachen,
Zdravookhraneme Rossnskoi Federatsu (ISSN 0044-197X), no 7,                  Rhemisch-Westfaehsche Technische Hochschule, Aachen, West
1983, p 34-36 In Russian                                                     Germany)       IN Identification and system parameter estimation
                                                                             1982, Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium, Washington, DC, June
A84-17856#                                                                   7-11, 1982 Volume 1 Oxford and New York, Pergamon Press,
DESIGN AND TESTING OF AN ADVANCED PRESSURE SUIT                              1983, p 621-626 refs
GLOVE                                                                           The dynamic behaviour of man in closed two-variable control
M CLAPP (MIT, Cambridge, MA) American Institute of Aeronautics               loops can be approximated satisfactorily by a quasilmear model
and Astronautics, Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 22nd, Reno, NV,                For uncoupled systems and the transmission channel eye-hand a
Jan 9-12, 1984 9 p refs                                                      data acquisition procedure has been developed, which supplies
(AIAA PAPER 84-0067)                                                         frequency responses of the human controller The dynamic
    A lightweight pressure suit glove, made of an elastic material,          behaviour of human controllers has been examined with the aid
was designed and constructed to apply a mechanical                           of a tracking simulator with stochastic disturbances as input signal
counterpressure to the human hand equal to the pressure of the               The input and output signals have been sampled and recorded
air that a human would breathe in a conventional pressure suit               by a process computer and evaluated by means of correlation
An interface was also built, allowing the lightweight glove called a         and Fourier analysis on a larger computer system The results of
skmsuit glove, to mechanically pressurize the hand in a                      the evaluations allow conclusions on the capability of pilot
partial-vacuum chamber while the rest of the body remained                   candidates to solve manual control tasks                      Author
exposed to normal atmosphere conditions The skmsuit glove
allowed the hand to be more mobile and dextrous than did a                   A84-18639
conventional pressure suit glove from an Apollo A7L-B pressure               MODELING AND IDENTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT PILOT
suit The skmsuit glove also afforded better tactile feedback than            MODELS VIA PARTITIONING ESTIMATION ALGORITHMS
an A7L-B glove, and was less fatiguing to wear Adverse health                D ANDRISANI, C F GAU, S M BOURNE (Purdue University,
effects on the hand due to exposure of the human skin to partial             West Lafayette, IN), and D G LAINIOTIS (Patras, University,
vacuum were not observed.                                    Author          Patras, Greece) IN Identification and system parameter estimation
                                                                             1982, Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium, Washington, DC, June
A84-18162#                                                                   7-11, 1982 Volume 2 Oxford and New York, Pergamon Press,
DIGITAL HEAD TRACKING AND POSITION PREDICTION FOR                            1983, p 1665-1670 refs
HELMET MOUNTED VISUAL DISPLAY SYSTEMS                                        (Contract N62269-81-C-0729)
B R SMITH, JR. (Singer Co, Link Flight Simulation Div,                           Three applications of the partition estimation theorem of
Bmghampton, NY; USAF, Human Resources Laboratory, Williams                   Lamiotis, the postulate/evaluate method, the parameter
AFB, AZ)      Amencan Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,             identification using partitioning, and the partitioning of process
Aerospace Sciences Meeting, 22nd, Reno, NV, Jan 9-12, 1984                   noise, are presented to estimate such parameters as feedforward
10 p refs                                                                    control inputs, time delays, and random forcing functions
(AIAA PAPER 84-0557)                                                         Mathematical pilot models are determined from transient responses
    This report discusses the systems that must be interfaced to             of a pilot hovenng a VTOL aircraft over a landing pad whichx
define the viewpoint and head orientation for a digital image                moved in discrete semirandom jumps while the vehicle was flying
generator used in flight simulation The digital position and attitude        in the presence of natural turbulence and measured synthetic
information is used to predict ahead to compensate for the inherent          turbulence                                                     JN
time lags in the system so that a pilot, using a helmet mounted
visual display, can see what is in front of him in real time The             A84-18751
report includes the limitations and assumptions made with each               METHODS OF BIOTELEMETRY [METODY BIOTELEMETRII]
system and then the approach taken by the author to determine                V P BAKALOV Leningrad, Izdatel'stvo Nauka, 1983, 176 p In
the interface algonthm used Although this study is tailored to the           Russian refs
hardware used in a specific application, much of the final data                  The basic principles and methods of biotelemetry are discussed
can be applied to other systems if properly modified          Author         in relation to vanous physiological studies, such as telemetry,
                                                                             telemonitormg, endoradioprobmg, and teletrackmg Attention is
A84-18572                                                                    given to errors and interference in biotelemetry, evaluation of the
MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR VESTIBULO-OCULAR REFLEX                               quality of biotelemetnc systems, their classification, and
Z SI-LAN (Beijing Medical College, Beijing, People's Republic of             optimization of biotelemetnc systems The functional structure of
China), Y LI-SHEN (Institute of Aviation Medicine, People's                  certain components of these systems, descnbed in terms of general
Republic of China), L KE-QIU, and Q GAO-XI (Beijing University,              operators, is examined In particular, the theoretical principles
Beijing, People's Republic of China) IN Identification and system            underlying the optimal algonthms for the selection, conversion,
parameter estimation 1982, Proceedings of the Sixth Symposium,               transmission, and processing of biotelemetnc information are
Washington, DC, June 7-11, 1982 Volume 1 Oxford and New                      discussed The discussion also covers some aspects of the
York, Pergamon Press, 1983, p 307-311 refs                                   telemetry of multidimensional biological parameters and noise
    A mathematical model for vestibulo-ocular reflex based on the            suppression techniques                                         VL
knowledge of physiology and anatomy has been provided It is
applied to certain patients who suffered from vestibular diseases            A84-18776
examined by vanous vestibular tests and to the normal subjects               HUMAN FACTORS SOCIETY, ANNUAL MEETING, 26TH,
who revealed different types of vestibular function According to             SEATTLE, WA, OCTOBER 25-29, 1982, PROCEEDINGS
their post rotational electronystagmography (ENG) their model                R E EDWARDS, ED and P TOLIN, ED (Boeing Co, Seattle,
parameters can be estimated and their traditional parameters can             WA) Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, 1033 p
be obtained by system identification and direct measurement                     Vanous aspects of human factors in technology are considered
respectively With these parameters, some discriminant functions              The topics addressed include training strategies and skill
can be established from the data of the subjects examined These              acquisition, industnal ergonomics, warning messages and pictorials,
discriminant functons can be applied to clinical diagnosis of                workplace design, designing for the handicapped, human-computer


                                                                                                                                             103
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

interaction through voice technology, computer systems, instrument       using the dialogue approach that proved easiest to use in the
scanning and workload, human factors research, aircraft displays         first experiment, and compared performance of voice I/O vs
research, cognitive processes, and physiological and biological          keyboard-display I/O in timeshared conditions with a simultaneously
research Also discussed are color in visual displays, workplace          performed flight control task Results showed that after an initial
assessment methodology, simulation fidelity and new training             training period with voice I/O pilots performed the flight control
technology, visual factors in aircrew training, advances in simulation   task with little or no disruption from the voice interactive data
technology, alcohol effects on performance and productivity,             entry task, but showed significantly higher degradation when
research in dynamic manual control, computer-aided human                 required to use the keyboard system                          Author
engineering, and visual performance in pilot instrument scanning
                                                                 CD

A84-18781                                                                A84-18787
EVALUATION OF CONTROL STATION DESIGN - THE CREW                          HUMAN FACTORS GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF SYNTHETIC
HUMAN ENGINEERING SOFTWARE SYSTEM                                        SPEECH DEVICES
R J JONES, C C VAN (Boeing Computer Services, Inc, Seattle,              T R EDMAN (Honeywell Technology Strategy Center, Roseville,
WA), and G L JONSEN           IN Human Factors Society, Annual           MN) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings             WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 40-43 refs              Factors Society, 1982, p 212-216 refs
   Computer simulation techniques are an attractive adjunct to                A review of the literature on synthetic speech devices is
human-subjects testing in the evaluation of the interface between        presented, including research on the intelligibility, comprehension
the operators of a complex machine and the control station at            and acceptability of synthetic speech, work on the use of synthetic
which they work The Crew Human Engineering Software System               speech in multitask situations, and studies of the function and
(CHESS) brings together a powerful collection of tools for analyzing     utility of synthetic speech for alarming and annunciation, and for
both control station geometry and procedure These tools permit           training and education Standard human factors references and
design evaluation to proceed before construction begins, and allow       guides for speech communication are examined for their
the comparison of many alternative designs across a variety of           applicability to modern synthetic speech technologies          JN
operating conditions at minimal expense CHESS has made an
important contribution to the evaluation of aircraft fightdeck design
at Boeing                                                      Author
                                                                         A84-18788#
A84-18784*# George Mason Univ, Fairfax, Va                               THE INFLUENCE OF S-C-R COMPATIBILITY AND RESOURCE
HUMAN FACTORS DIMENSIONS IN THE EVOLUTION OF                             COMPETITION ON PERFORMANCE OF THREAT EVALUATION
INCREASINGLY AUTOMATED CONTROL ROOMS FOR                                 AND FAULT DIAGNOSIS
NEAR-EARTH SATELLITES                                                    M VIDULILCH and C D WICKENS (Illinois, University, Champaign,
C M MITCHELL (George Mason University, Fairfax, VA)                 IN   IL) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                 Factors Society, 1982, p 223-226
Factors Society, 1982, p 155-159 refs ..                                 (Contract N00014-79-C-0658)
(Contract NAS5-26852)                                                        Stimulus/central processing/response compatibility defines the
    The NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center is responsible for the          optimum assignment of tasks to input modalities (auditory, A and
control and ground support for all of NASA's unmanned near-earth         visual, V) and output modalities (manual, M and speech, S) Spatial
satellites Traditionally, each satellite had its own dedicated mission   tasks are S-C-R compatible with visual/manual assignments Verbal
operations room In the mid-seventies, an integration of some of          tasks are compatible with auditory/speech assignments Ten
these dedicated facilities was begun with the primary objective to       subjects time-shared a spatial task of aerial threat evaluation with
reduce costs In this connection, the Multi-Satellite Operations          a verbal task of fault diagnosis All four i/o modality combinations
Control Center (MSOCC) was designed MSOCC represents                     of the threat task were performed while the fault task was performed
currently a labor intensive operation Recently, Goddard has              with A/M and V/M assignments The joint effects of compatibility,
become increasingly aware of human factors and human-machine             and competition between tasks for input and output modalities
interface issues A summary is provided of some of the attempts           were demonstrated When resource competition was held constant,
to apply human factors considerations in the design of command           the effects of compatibility were found to be enhanced in dual
and control environments Current and future activities with respect      task conditions When both influences varied they were
to human factors and systems design are discussed, giving                demonstrated to counteract in certain conditions and balance each
attention to the allocation of tasks between human and computer,         other's effect                                                Author
and the interface for the human-computer dialogue                 GR

A84-18786#
METHODOLOGY          FOR EXPLORING           VOICE-INTERACTIVE           A84-18789
AVIONICS TASKS OPTIMIZING INTERACTIVE DIALOGUES                          THE PERCEPTION OF FUCKER AND GLARE ON COMPUTER
S J MOUNTFORD, R A NORTH, S V METZ (Honeywell Systems                    CRT DISPLAYS
and Research Center, Minneapolis, MN), and N WARNER (U S                 S ISENSEE (Kansas State University of Agnculture and Applied
Navy, Naval Air Development Center, Warminster, PA) IN Human             Science, Manhattan, KS)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,       Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Humans Factors Society,              Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 281-284
1982, p 207-211                                                          refs
(Contract N62269-81-R-0344)                                                  Twenty-one subjects rated their discomfort due to direct glare,
    Two experiments were performed to investigate the most               reflected glare, and flicker while viewing a CRT display under
advantageous format for interactive dialogue between pilots of a         various conditions of ambient illuminance, video luminance, and
fighter aircraft and an on-board voice recognition and synthesis         video polarity The angle away from the CRT at which the subjects
system A representative task was chosen among those anticipated          first noticed flicker was also measured Levels of these design
to be performed using a multi-function display and control system        and environmental variables which minimize discomfort are
dunng high workload mission segments The first experiment                suggested Video luminance was shown to have the greatest impact
compared different methods of progressing through a 'menu driven'        on comfort Methods of reducing glare and flicker are discussed
sequence using voice I/O A second experiment was conducted                                                                           Author


104
                                                                         54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-18790                                                                     that blur, noise, and their interactions, are statistically significant,
A COMPARISON OF VDT ANTIREFLECTION TREATMENTS                                 having a monotonic decrease of perceived image interpretabihty
J. K HABINEK, P M JACOBSON, W MILLER, and T W SLITHER,                        with image degradation In separate testing, the photointerpreters
III (IBM Corp, System Products Div, Rochester, MN) IN: Human                  extracted information from a selected subset of images, and
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,            exhibited a high correlation between scaling values and information
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,                    This suggests that information extraction performance can be
1982, p 285-289 refs                                                          accurately predicted from subjective quality judgments             OC
     Operators of video display terminals often cite specular screen
reflections as a major source of annoyance The current study                  A84-18798
used a legibility task to compare the effectiveness of three                  PARAMETRIC AND NONPARAMETRIC SIGNAL DETECTION
antireflection treatments nylon mesh filter, quarter-wavelength thin          MEASURES - PROS AND CONS
film coating, and direct surface etching Performance and                      C M BROWN (Lockheed Missiles and Space Co, Inc, Sunnyvale,
preference data revealed very little difference among the three               CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
treatments All were effective relative to an untreated polished               WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
glass screen when light sources were deliberately arranged to                 Factors Society, 1982, p 344-348 refs
produce unavoidable screen reflections                        Author              Several signal detection measures are discussed Their
                                                                              relationships and mtercorrelations are presented in an analysis of
A84-18792#                                                                    parametric and nonparametnc estimates from a signal detection
OPTICAL VARIABLES AS MEASURES OF PERFORMANCE                                  expenment It is suggested that, in agreement with the comparisons
DURING SIMULATED FLIGHT                                                       of Craig (1979), the nonparametnc measures A sub G, A-pnme
D H OWEN and R WARREN (Ohio State University, Columbus,                       and beta-prime can serve as good substitutes for d-pnme (signal
OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,                  detection sensitivity) and beta (response criterion) It is concluded
WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                   that nonparametnc measures should be used if there is reason to
Factors Society, 1982, p 312-315 refs                                         question the parametric assumptions                              JN
(Contract F49620-79-C-0070, AF-AFOSR-81-0078)
    It is assumed that when a pilot flies according to visual flight          A84-18799#
reference, control adjustments are made in order to control visual            AVERAGED                  CROSS-CORRELATIONS                   WITH
perception If so, the optical variables and invariants produced by            DIFFERENTIALLY-STABLE VARIABLES - FEWER SUBJECTS
the pilot can serve as dependent variables in research on                     REQUIRED WITH REPEATED MEASURES
information used in guiding flight Visual flight simulators provide           A C BITTNER, JR (U S Navy, Naval Biodynamics Laboratory,
an ideal experimental environment for exploring the optical                   New Orleans, LA), W P DUNLAP (Tulane University, New Orleans,
approach to the study of pilots' perception-action cycles Author              LA), and M B JONES (Pennsylvania State University, Hershey,
                                                                              PA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
A84-18795                                                                     WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
A STUDY OF DIRECT DISTANCE ESTIMATIONS TO FAMILIAR                            Factors Society, 1982, p 349-353 Navy-supported research
OBJECTS IN REAL-SPACE, TWO-DIMENSIONAL,                        AND            refs
STEREOGRAPHIC DISPLAYS                                                            The results obtained from earlier studies of the efficacy of
T M LIPPERT, D L POST, and R. J BEATON (Virginia Polytechnic                  averaging cross-correlations are generalized The generalized
Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA) IN Human Factors              expression for the efficiency of Fisher-z averaged cross-correlations
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,              is evaluated where reliabilities are common but not equal to the
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                    cross-correlation and where the numbers of repetitions of each
p 324-328 Research supported by the Virginia Polytechnic Institute            variable may be unequal The efficiency of estimating unaveraged
and State University                                                          cross-correlations from the cross-correlations between averages
    Stereographic displays are being considered or are under                  (sums) of variables is then examined by way of simulation An
development for a variety of military and civilian applications in            evaluation is made of the efficacy of averaging correlations by
which the visual simulation of depth is of prime importance A                 potential users It is found that averaging correlations between
study comparing direct distance estimations to familiar objects               repeated measures can compensate for limited numbers of
under impoverished stimulus conditions from a real-space setting              subjects The results presented provide a basis for evaluating
and two- and three-dimensional rear-projected color photographic              averaged correlations methodology for experimental applications
displays was conducted to determine their relative merits in                  with very modest subject sample sizes (10 or more)               CR
providing absolute depth information Results indicated similar utility
among the displays employed for the experimental task However,                A84-18800
observers rated their confidence in making distance estimations               METHODOLOGY AND THE USE OF DUAL AND COMPLEX-TASK
highest for the Stereographic display Some theoretical implications           PARADIGMS IN HUMAN FACTORS RESEARCH
and methodological problems are discussed                    Author           P L ACKERMAN and C D WICKENS (Illinois, University,
                                                                              Champaign, IL)   IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
A84-18796#                                                                    26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa
EVALUATION OF CRT-DISPLAYED DIGITAL IMAGERY USING                             Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 354-358 refs
SUBJECTIVE SCALING
B P CHAO, R J BEATON, and H. L SNYDER (Virginia Polytechnic                   A84-18801#
Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA) IN Human Factors              THE HUGHES DESIGN ANALYSIS SYSTEM AND INSTRUCTOR
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,              WORKLOAD IN OPERATIONAL TRAINERS
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                    A D COHEN (Hughes Aircraft Co, Ground Systems Group,
p 329-333 refs                                                                Fullerton, CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,
(Contract F49620-80-C-0057)                                                   Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,
    Quality judgments of blur and noise image degradation are                 CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 364-368
evaluated by means of a subjective scaling technique, in an                   (Contract N61339-81-C-0029)
investigation of the perceived interpretabihty of static, digitized               Computerized simulator trainers require varying degrees of
monochrome images displayed on CRTs Each of 10 digital image                  instructor participation in training exercises and student
scenes were degraded by five levels of blurring and five of noise,            performance evaluation An estimation of instructor workload before
yielding a set of 250 images for viewing by 15 US Air Force                   the system has been fully developed is essential for an effective
photointerpreters The interpretabihty of each image was rated on              functional allocation of human and computer capabilities One
a 10-point NATO scale. An analysis of the scaling values indicates            approach for estimating operator workload is simulation The


                                                                                                                                                 105
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

Hughes Design Analysis System (DAS) is an interactive and graphic        three activities to evolve two display concepts and associated
simulation package The present paper describes1 (1) how DAS              information processing algonthms for future simulator evaluation
has been used for an instructor workload analysis, (2) the analysis                                                                 Author
method, (3) the results, and (4) the recommendations given to
system designers                                            Author       A84-18805#
                                                                         IMAGE INTERPRETATION FOR SOFT-COPY DISPLAYS OF
A84-18802                                                                DIGITALLY DERIVED IMAGES
PILOT VISUAL BEHAVIOR AS A FUNCTION OF NAVIGATION                        R J BEATON, B P CHAD, and H. L SNYDER (Virginia Polytechnic
AND FLIGHT CONTROL MODES IN THE BOEING 757/767                           Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA) IN Human Factors
R E EDWARDS, P TOLIN, and G L JONSEN (Boeing Co,                         Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,
Seattle, WA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,             Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,              p 461-464
CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 441-445                               (Contract F49620-75-C-0055)
    This report presents data obtained from two line-oriented                The effects of manipulating image noise and image blur were
simulations conducted in the Boeing 757/767 simulators The               determined on an information extraction task using soft-copy
purpose of these simulations was to assess the impact of two             displays The participants in this study were 15 military
navigation- and two flight control modes on pilot visual behavior        photointerpreters from Langley Air Force Base, VA The empirical
during an entire flight, from takeoff to touchdown The two               findings indicated that the main effect of image noise was
navigation modes were the traditional VOR mode, in which a               statistically significant (p less than 0 002) as was the mam effect
compass rose was presented on the HSI, and the MAP mode, in              of image blur (p = 0 060) The noise by blur interaction was not
which a pictonal representation of the airplane's flight path was        statistically significant (p = 0 872) In general, image interpretation
presented on the HSI The flight control modes were manual and            performance decreased with increasing image noise and image
coupled flight The results indicated that (a) the electronic map         blur levels                                                    Author
did not alter the basic T' scan pattern, (b) the pilots' basic scan
pattern did not differ in the two navigation modes when flying           A84-18810
manually, (c) pilot scan patterns did vary as a function of flight       THE EFFECT OF ALTITUDE ON ABSOLUTE HEARING
control condition, with the basic 'T' scan pattern accurately            THRESHOLD LEVELS
charactenzmg pilot visual behavior in the manual mode but not in         I B MEKJAVIC, D SINCLAIR, D STEELE (Simon Fraser University,
the coupled mode, (d) several visual performance measures were           Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada), and N S LONGRIDGE (British
sensitive to changes in flight phase, navigation mode, and flight        Columbia, University, Vancouver, Canada)          IN Human Factors
control mode, and (e) no differences in pilot scan patterns were         Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,
observed between an EICAS-equipped cockpit and a cockpit with            Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
conventional engine instruments                              Author      p 488-492 refs
                                                                              The present study investigates the effect of hypobanc
A84-18803#                                                               environments on absolute hearing thresholds for pure tones at
COLOR DISPLAY FORMATS IN THE COCKPIT - WHO NEEDS                         octave frequencies between 250 Hz and 8 kHz Absolute hearing
THEM?                                                                    thresholds were obtained for ten subjects at ambient pressure
J     M      REISING (USAF, Flight           Dynamics Laboratory,        (732 mmHg) and at an altitude of 6500 feet (582 mmHg), relative
Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) and G L CALHOUN (USAF, Aerospace                to the laboratory Subjects were decompressed in a hypobanc
Medical Research Laboratory, Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH)              IN    chamber at a rate of 500 ft /mm and were subjected to the low
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                pressure environment for one hour before being compressed to a
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                 normobanc environment, at a rate of 300 ft /mm Absolute hearing
Factors Society, 1982, p 446-449 refs                                    threshold levels obtained at altitude, after the one hour exposure
    The evaluation of color computer-generated imagery formats           to the hypobanc ambient and on descent to normobanc conditions,
in a realistic environment is necessary in order to establish their      were compared with scores obtained prior to the hypobanc
operational benefit Subjective testing data show strong airborne         exposure In order to compare the frequency averaged threshold
system operator preference for color CRT formats, despite their          shifts at octave frequencies of 250 Hz, 500 Hz and 1 kHz, for the
virtual indistmguishability from black-and-white displays by objective   altitude and normobanc conditions, the audiometer was calibrated
measures The increasing complexity, dynamic character and                at ambient pressures of 732, 582 and 512 mmHg The results of
possibilities for symbology degradation anticipated for future CRT       the study indicate a slight increase in sensitivity of the audiometer
displays strongly recommend the development of color imagery             headphones with altitude and an insignificant difference between
formats Attention is given to the effects of a combination of smgle-     the mean frequency averaged threshold shifts for the pre-exposure
and dual-purpose color codes                                     OC      test and the three experimental conditions (at the onset of
                                                                         hypobana, after a one hour exposure to the altitude and on descent
A84-18804#                                                               to surface)                                                    Author
IMPROVED ELECTRONIC WARFARE DISPLAYS FOR ATTACK
AIRCRAFT                                                                 A84-18811
R J FARRELL, W L ANDRES, and J D GILMOUR (Boeing                         PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECT OF PARTIAL SPECTRUM LIGHTING
Co, Seattle, WA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,               ON THE HUMAN
26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa                D A ZABCIK and S B HOTTMAN Texas A & M University,
Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 450-454                       College Station, TX) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
(Contract N60530-80-C-0230)                                              26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings             Santa
    The goal of this study was to develop improved concepts for          Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 530-532 refs
the processing and display of electronic warfare (EW) information            An investigation is undertaken of physiological activity changes
to the crew of Navy attack aircraft The study was crew oriented          as a function of partial photic spectrum input to human subjects
in that the emphasis was on what information the aircrew needs           The activities tested were gnp strength, dexterity, and reaction
to respond most effectively to EW threats and how this information       time, and the independent vanables were blue, red, and tungsten
might be displayed for most effective use by the aircrew The             filament white lights Randomization of experimental conditions was
study involved four activities (1) identification and review of EW       used in order to average out all factors not accounted for in the
threat characteristics and threat warning sensor capability, (2)         experiment's design An analysis of test results offers no basis
determination of what information about EW threats is needed by          for the rejection of the null hypothesis that the three light sources
aircrews, (3) development and evaluation of several candidate            had no effect on phychomotor skills, strength, or continuous control
display concepts, and (4) utilization of the results of the previous     tasks                                                            OC

106
                                                                       54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-18812#                                                                  Black and White, (2) Totally Nonredundant, (3) Partially Redundant,
A     METHODOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF SUBJECT                               and (4) Totally Redundant. In addition to the traditional signal
INPUT/OUTPUT RELATED ERROR DURING VIBRATION.                                detection measures, subjective coding condition preference ratings
J C WOLDSTAD, A C BITTNER, JR, and J C. GUIGNARD                            were also recorded Generally, the objective performance measures
(U S Navy, Naval Biodynamics Laboratory, New Orleans, LA) IN                were influenced by practice However, neither the objective nor
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                   the subjective measures were affected by coding conditions A
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                    significant Coding Condition by Practice interaction on the
Factors Society, 1982, p 533-537 Navy-supported research                    percentage of correct responses was also found.              Author
refs
    An auditory-input/keypad-output system was evaluated for use            A84-18818#
as a performance test system that would be independent of                   TACTICAL GROUND ATTACK - ON THE TRANSFER OF
artifactual vibrational decrement Six young navy volunteers were            TRAINING FROM FLIGHT SIMULATOR TO OPERATIONAL RED
administered a non-cognitive auditory response task before, dunng,          FLAG RANGE EXERCISE
and after whole-body sinusoidal vibration Two were tested at each           R HUGHES, R BROOKS, D GRAHAM, R SHEEN, and T
of three vibration conditions (8 Hz/021 g(z)rms, 16 Hz/043                  DICKENS (USAF, Human Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB,
g(z)rms, and 32 Hz/085 g(z)rms) Results showed no direct                    AZ) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
decrement due to vibration, but a moderately significant                    WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
subjects-withm-conditions by frequency interaction This interaction,        Factors Society, 1982, p 596-600
paired with subjective measures taken dunng experimentation,                   A-10 pilots who rehearsed surface attack skills under high threat
pointed to a deficit in the keypad output system It was concluded           conditions in a flight simulator survived a significantly higher
that the system was not satisfactory for future experimentation             proportion of total RED FLAG missions than did pilots who did
and recommended that a modified input system be developed                   not receive the simulator training These data support the notion
                                                             Author         that simulator training may have a significant influence upon aircrew
                                                                            survivabihty in high density ground threat environments       Author
A84-18814
DEVELOPMENT OF A HUMAN ATLAS OF STRENGTHS                                   A84-18820
H A HAFEZ, C F. GIDCUMB, M J REEDER, M Y BESHIR,                            COMPANION TRAINER AIRCRAFT - ASPECTS OF DUAL
and M M AYOUB (Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX)             IN           QUALIFICATION
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                   T H KILLION (Dayton, University, Williams AFB, AZ) IN Human
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                    Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
Factors Society, 1982, p 575-579. Research supported by the                 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,
Douglas Aircraft Co and Andrulis Research Corp refs                         1982, p 605-609
    Male and female samples of 25 college students each were                    The use of a secondary aircraft for providing a part of the
assessed for dynamic and static maximal strengths at five body              continuation training for B-52 crew members has been considered
joints (elbow, shoulder, lower back, hip, and knee) in order to             A low cost business jet would serve as 'Companion Trainer Aircraft'
compile values for an atlas of operator strengths At the static, 5          (CTA) Two major assumptions are involved in the use of a CTA
rpm, and 25 rpm speeds of the tests, torque exertions began at              The first is that secondary aircraft training will transfer positively
different positions and covered a specified motion range for                to the primary aircraft Secondly, it is assumed that the aircrew
dynamic measurements Study results are discussed             OC             can attain and maintain proficiency in the second aircraft The
                                                                            present investigation is concerned with this second assumption A
A84-18815#                                                                  test was conducted with eight crews having expenence levels
EXPRESSIONS OF COLOR CONTRAST AS EQUIVALENT                                 which were generally representative of the overall B-52 crew force
ACHROMATIC CONTRAST                                                         The results of this test provide some indication of the process
D L POST, E B COSTANZA, and T M LIPPERT (Virginia                           and problems of skill acquisition in a secondary aircraft Conclusions
Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA) IN-             are limited because of the limited duration of the test          GR
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                    A84-18821#
Factors Society, 1982, p 581-585 refs                                       COMPANION TRAINER AIRCRAFT - CONCEPT DEFINITION
(Contract N00014-78-C-0238)                                                 AND EVALUATION
    Designers of color displays have no simple means to relate              R T NULLMEYER (USAF, Human Resources Laboratory, Williams
suprathreshold color contrast to performance because few of the             AFB, AZ)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,
requisite experiments have been performed This situation might              Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,
be alleviated if there were some means to re-express color contrast         CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 610-614 refs
in terms of an equivalent achromatic contrast, because this would               Attention is given to the design requirements, and evaluation
make relevant the extensive literature relating the latter to               of the B-52 flight training-supplementing T-39B Companion Trainer
performance A pair of experiments was conducted to explore                  Aircraft (CTA) concept This modified, low cost business jet was
and compare the relationships between color contrast, as                    to have provided training for the full B-52 crew complement,
represented by three uniform color spaces, and achromatic                   including the radar navigator, navigator, and electronic warfare
contrast The results suggest that a satisfactory transformation             officer, in addition to pilot and copilot The T-39B cockpit
can be derived, although additional research will be needed to              instrumentation was arranged to duplicate to the greatest possible
accomplish this                                             Author          extent the visual scan patterns of the primary instruments used
                                                                            on the B-52                                                  OC
A84-18816
REDUNDANCY IN CODING OF A VISUAL DISPLAY AS                                 A84-18822#
ASSESSED BY A SIGNAL DETECTION PARADIGM                                     KEYING LOGICS FOR ALPHANUMERIC KEYBOARDS AND
L J NAJJAR, M J PATTERSON, and G M. CORSO (Georgia                          HUMAN PERFORMANCE
Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA) IN Human Factors Society,             L C BUTTERBAUGH (USAF, Flight Dynamics Laboratory,
Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle. WA, October 25-29, 1982,                     Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                  Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
p 586-588 refs                                                              Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 634-638
    A signal detection paradigm was applied to performance of a             refs
visual search task under varying degrees of shape-color redundant               Four keying logics for the entry of alphanumenc characters
coding and two levels of practice The coding conditions were (1)            were evaluated for keying speed and accuracy. The logics were

                                                                                                                                             107
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

selected based on their compatibility with current keyboard designs         A84-18828
being used for the pilot-aircraft interface with communication,             USER-COMPUTER INTERFACE DESIGN OF A COMPLEX
navigation, and other aircraft subsystems A logic utilizing individual      TACTICAL DISPLAY TERMINAL
keys (36) for alphanumeric character keying was significantly faster        G I DAVIS and W S BADGER (Lockheed Missiles and Space
than three other logics which used push-button matrix (telephone)           Co, Inc, Sunnyvale, CA)        IN Human Factors Society, Annual
keyboards All logics were equally accurate, with an error rate of           Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
approximately 5 percent Significant performance differences                 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 768-771
among the three matrix keyboard logics were inconsistent                        The role of the user-computer interface becomes increasingly
                                                               Author       important with the growing complexity of command, control, and
                                                                            information systems Requirements related to the effective
A84-18825#                                                                  integration of human factors design principles in automated
STANDARDIZED TESTS FOR THE EVALUATION AND                                   command, control, and information systems are examined, taking
CLASSIFICATION OF WORKLOAD METRICS                                          into account the determination of the basic user-computer task
C A SHINGLEDECKER (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research                         allocation, the determination of the specifics of the user-computer
Laboratories, Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH), M S CRABTREE, and                   interface, and an analysis of the overall effectiveness of the
W H ACTON (Systems Research Laboratones, Inc, Dayton, OH)                   interface Attention is given to aspects of design implementation,
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                and design applications                                      Author
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
Factors Society, 1982, p 648-651 refs
    The development of advanced airborne military systems capable
of performing increasingly complex missions has led to a situation
in which system effectiveness may be compromised by the relatively
limited capabilities of human operators It becomes, therefore,
necessary to take into account, in the design process, the workload         A84-18829*#       National Aeronautics and Space Administration
which would be imposed on the human operator There arises                   Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif
consequently a growing requirement for a general workload                   EFFECT OF PERCEIVED THREAT ON AVOIDANCE
assessment methodology In order to devise a standardized                    MANEUVERS SELECTED WHILE VIEWING COCKPIT TRAFFIC
workload assessment technology for Air Force systems, a program             DISPLAYS
has been initiated to develop a workload metric evaluation                  J D SMITH and S R ELLIS (NASA, Ames Research Center,
methodology Attention is given to metric evaluation criteria, the           Moffett Field, CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
cntenon task set, aspects of task selection, perceptual input tasks,        26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa
central processing tasks, decision, and motor output task       GR          Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 772-776 refs
                                                                            (Contract NCC2-86)
A84-18826#                                                                      Ten airline pilots rated the collision danger of air traffic
TRANSIENT EVOKED POTENTIAL AND EYE MOVEMENT                                 presented on cockpit displays of traffic information (CDTI) while
RECORDINGS DURING SIMULATED EMERGENCIES                                     they monitored simulated departures from Denver They selected
G F WILSON (Wittenberg University, Springfield, OH) and R D                 avoidance maneuvers when necessary for separation Most evasive
ODONNELL (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research Laboratories,                    maneuvers were turns rather than vertical maneuvers Evasive
Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual                   maneuvers chosen for encounters with low or moderate perceived
Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings                collision danger were generally toward the intruding aircraft This
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 652, 653                   tendency lessened as the perceived threat level increased In the
     In order to test pilots reactions to emergency conditions while        highest threat situations pilots turned toward the intruder only at
flying a motion based simulator brain evoked potentials and eye             chance levels Some of the implications of the pilots'
movements were recorded Several emergency situations were                   turning-towards tendencies are discussed with respect to automatic
individually presented to the pilots at critical points of their missions   collision avoidance systems and coordination of avoidance
The pilots responded quickly to each type of emergency The eye              maneuvers of conflicting aircraft                           Author
movements showed that the pilots very efficiently responded to
the emergencies with their gaze patterns The evoked response
data supported this finding                                        Author

A84-18827#
NEW TECHNOLOGY FOR TRAINING - AN EVALUATION OF
THE AIR CONTROLLER EXERCISER (ACE)                                          A84-18830*# Tufts Univ , Medford, Mass
M E MCCAULEY, R W ROOT, and F A MUCKLER (Canyon                             FACILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR COCKPIT TRAFFIC DISPLAY
Research Group, Inc, Westlake Village, CA) IN Human Factors                 RESEARCH
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,            S L CHAPPELL (Computer Sciences Corp, Moffett Field, CA)
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                  and J G KREIFELDT (Tufts University, Medford, MA) IN Human
p 758-762                                                                   Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
(Contract N61339-81-C-0055)                                                 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,
     This paper describes the evaluation of an experimental                 1982, p 777-781
prototype training system called the Air Controller Exerciser (ACE)         (Contract NSG-2156)
The system was developed to demonstrate the use of new                          It is pointed out that much research is being conducted regarding
technologies for training including computer speech recognition             the use of a cockpit display of traffic information (CDTI) for safe
and generation, videodisc, automated instruction, automated                 and efficient air traffic flow A CDTI is a graphic display which
performance measurement, syllabus control, and speech-interactive           shows the pilot the position of other aircraft relative to his or her
simulation Empincal studies were conducted to determine the                 aircraft The present investigation is concerned with the facility
accuracy of the speech recognition system, validate the                     requirements for the CDTI research The facilities currently used
performance measurement system, and compare ACE with the                    for this research vary in fidelity from one CDTI-equipped simulator
traditional training program with a transfer of training test ACE           with computer-generated traffic, to four simulators with autopilot-like
reasonably showed the potential for the use of new technologies             controls, all having a CDTI Three groups of subjects were
in training However, a number of changes and improvements would             employed in the conducted study Each of the groups included
be necessary before ACE would be acceptable as an operational               one controller, and three airline and four general aviation pilots
training system                                               Author                                                                         GR

108
                                                                        54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-18831#                                                                   A84-18838
FLIGHT OPERATIONS SAFETY MONITORING EFFECTS ON THE                           SIMULATION AND TRAINING FOR AIRCRAFT CARRIER
CREW ALERTING SYSTEM                                                         LANDINGS - AN ECONOMICAL MULTIFACTOR APPROACH
D C HANSON, G P BOUCEK, W D SMITH (Boeing Commercial                         D P WESTRA (Canyon Research Group, Inc, Orlando, FL) IN
Airplane Co, Seattle, WA), S F CHIKOS (Douglas Aircraft Co,                  Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
Long Beach, CA), J F HENDRICKSON (FAA, Washington, DC),                      October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
W W HOWISON, and B L BERSON (Lockheed-California Co,                         Factors Society, 1982, p. 830-834 refs
Burbank, CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,                     The effects of six factors on carrier-landing training are
Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,                  investigated using the Visual Technology Research Simulator
CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 783-787 Sponsorship US                    (VTRS) The pilots chosen had no pnor earner-landing expenence
Department of Transportation                                                 The factors investigated are field-of-view, scene detail, platform
(Contract DOT-FA79WA-4268)                                                   motion, descent-rate cuing and training task (straight-m approaches
    The FAA has begun a study for the development of design                  vs circling approaches) After training under a certain factor-level
guidelines for aircraft alerting systems in the technology generation        combination, the subjects are tested on the day, wide-field-of-view,
beyond that of the 757/767 airliners Preliminary experimentation             circling task with motion and without descent-rate cuing It is found
led to the selection of two candidate systems for validation testing         that the simulator and training factors generally produce small
While System A provided automatic voice messages for all                     differences or no differences in transfer effectiveness Some
warnings, System B provided voice messages for warnings and                  advantages are seen in the wide-field-of-view and high-detail
cautions which were enunciated only upon selection by the pilot              conditions, but these effects are small and/or short-lived, generally
Validation testing yielded a single system concept which                     disappeanng after a few transfer trials Training with straight-m
incorporates charactenstics of both candidate systems, and which             approaches gives transfer performance that is equal to or better
has been substantiated by empirical, analytical, and pilot preference        than that produced by training with circling approaches No motion
data Interest then developed in the concept of a flight status               or descent-rate cuing effects on the transfer task are observed
monitor which would help the crew to resolve safety problems,                                                                                 CR
alerting them to operationally as well as mechanically abnormal
conditions                                                       OC


                                                                             A84-18839#
                                                                             APPLIED HUMAN FACTORS AND ITS IMPACT ON A
A84-18834                                                                    HELICOPTER NIGHT VISION SYSTEM CONFIGURATION
THE EFFECTS OF EXPOSURE TIME AND RETENTION TIME
                                                                             G P WALDROP, L B MCDONALD (McDonald and Associates,
ON LOCATION MEMORY IN VISUAL                        INFORMATION              Inc, Orlando, FL), W A BREITMAIER (U S Navy, Naval Air
PROCESSING                                                                   Development Center, Warmmster, PA), and T MITCHELL (US
L L SMITH (Central Flonda, University, Orlando, FL) and D H                  Navy, Pacific Missile Test Center, Point Mugu, CA) IN Human
LILES (Texas, University, Arlington, TX)       IN Human Factors              Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,             1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,
Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,                   1982, p 880-884
p 812-815 refs                                                                   A description is given of the simulator, which is a CH-53 cockpit
   Two expenments were conducted using sixty subjects The                    mounted on a six-degrees-of-freedom motion base A terrain model
task was to remember where black dots were positioned on a                   board and a camera probe are used to provide real-time simulation
polar gnd pattern Three experimental parameters were used                    of an infrared image for night flight The simulated infrared imagery
Stimulus Complexity, Exposure Time, and Retention Time The                   is projected on panel-mounted displays and superimposed with
results showed that the effects of both Exposure Time and Stimulus
                                                                             electronic flight symbology The simulation comprises four phases
Complexity were significant and non-linear The effect of Retention           The first simulation investigates whether the sensor should be
Time was not significant                                   Author            fixed or gimballed and whether or not a Doppler navigation system
                                                                             should be employed The second tests the sensor and field-of-view
                                                                             requirements The third phase examines hover symbology and
                                                                             tests helmet vs panel-mounted displays It also includes wide and
                                                                             narrow fields of view The fourth phase considers the usefulness
A84-18836#                                                                   of the control and display unit as a navigation aid             CR
REPEATED MEASURES OF INFORMATION PROCESSING
M M HARBESON, M KRAUSE, A C BITTNER, JR (U S Navy,
Naval Biodynamics Laboratory, New Orleans, LA), and R S
KENNEDY (Canyon Research Group, Inc , Orlando, FL) IN Human
Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29,
1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,                   A84-18841
1982, p 818-822 Navy-supported research refs                                 DYNAMIC PERCEPTION OF COMPUTER GENERATED VISUAL
    The suitability of information processing tasks for inclusion in         INFORMATION IN AN ALTITUDE CONTROL TASK
a battery of performance tasks is evaluated The evaluations                  T MITCHELL (Singer Co, Link Flight Simulation Div, Sunnyvale,
concern the statistical suitability of individual measures and their         CA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
uniquencess and economy of use The overall goal is to provide                WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
a basis for including tasks in the Performance Evaluation Tests              Factors Society, 1982, p 890-894
for Environmental Research (PETER) battery The tests are Baron's                  Investigations were conducted to determine what size (visual
Graphemic and Phonemic Analysis and Posner's Letter                          angle) of objects and where in the forward visual field objects
Classification The correlations of the basic measures tend to                should be placed to provide maximum effectiveness in a simple
become stable with sufficient practice, denved measures, however,            altitude control task Two expenments placed between 7 and 9
such as difference, slope, and ratio scores, do not attain stability         degrees below the horizon enabled significantly better altitude
The Baron and Posner tasks have high reliabilities and are higher            control and induced the least tendency to drift in altitude The
correlated with each other A preliminary analysis suggests that              two expenments investigated targets ranging from 2 to 20 degrees
both tests may be measunng the same thing It is concluded that               in honzontal visual angle This vanable did not prove to significantly
any of the Baron or Posner basic measures would be suitable for              affect altitude control or altitude drift Subject variance was
repeated measures testing                                       CR           significant in both expenments                               Author


                                                                                                                                             109
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-18842#                                                              A84-18846#
VISUAL SIMULATION REQUIREMENTS FOR AIRCRAFT                             PSEUDO-QUICKENING - A NEW DISPLAY TECHNIQUE FOR
ASPECT RECOGNITION AT REAL WORLD DISTANCES                              THE CONTROL OF HIGHER ORDER SYSTEMS
R S KENNEDY (Canyon Research Group, Inc, Orlando, FL), S                R GILL (Wnght State University, Dayton, OH), C D WICKENS,
C COLLYER (U S Navy, Naval Training Equipment Center,                   E DONCHIN, and R E REID (Illinois, University, Champaign, IL)
Orlando, FL), J G MAY (New Orleans, University, New Orleans,            IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
LA), and W P DUNLAP (Tulane University, New Orleans, LA)                October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,            Factors Society, 1982, p 936-939 refs
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                (Contract F49620-79-C-0233)
Factors Society, 1982, p 901-905 refs                                       The concept of the pseudo-quickened display is introduced as
   Computer-generated aircraft images displayed on a dome via           a technique for aiding the control of higher order systems In this
a variable resolution target projector have been used to examine        display the intensity of the cursor is employed as a cue for optimal
aspects of recognition sensitivity, or the distance at which subjects   switching of manual control input Performance on this display is
could determine the onentation of another aircraft Four different       compared with performance on an unaided, a quickened, and a
target luminances, and three background luminances, were                phase plane display Some advantages over the conventional
combined with four different levels of projector resolution in a        display in performance are demonstrated by all three aided displays
partial parametric study in order to assess the relative effects of     When all aided groups transferred to an unaided conventional
contrast, resolution, and bnghtness Although all mam effects were       display, only those trained wth the pseudo-quickened display
found to be significant, contrast accounted for the greatest variance   showed benefits of prior training This group also performed better
and brightness the least In the best condition studied, aspect          than those who trained only with the conventional display
recognition was conducted at more than 4 miles, while the most                                                                       Author
degraded conditions exhibited thresholds at 1 5 miles These figures
are comparable to those known to be required in outdoor training        A84-18848
ranges and in combat Individual differences in the four tested          THE MEASUREMENT OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL HAND MOTION
subjects' contrast sensitivity scores were predictive of their visual   BY THE USE OF V.T.R
performance on the target aspect recognition task                OC     N MIYASHIRO (Hokkaido Institute of Technology, Sapporo,
                                                                        Japan) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
                                                                        WA, October 25-29,1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
                                                                        Factors Society, 1982, p 945-949 refs
                                                                            The motion characteristics of reaching movements are
                                                                        investigated Motion pictures are taken from the front and lateral
                                                                        planes and the three-dimensional coordinates of the marked points
A84-18843#                                                              are read from the synthesized picture by a position analyzer
PERIPHERAL CUES AND COLOR IN VISUAL SIMULATION
                                                                        Calculations are made of the displacement, velocity, acceleration,
C L KRAFT, C. D ANDERSON, and C L ELWORTH (Boeing
                                                                        joint angle and three-dimensional motion path It is found that the
Aerospace Co, Seattle, WA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
                                                                        mean overall motion path length for all the experimental conditions
Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
                                                                        is approximately 115 percent of the linear distance The ratio of
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 906-910
                                                                        the movement along the height axis to the short linear distance is
(Contract F47620-79-C-0030)
                                                                        found to be larger than that of the long linear distance       CR
    Flight performance as affected by visual field size, scene
complexity and the use of color was measured in a Boeing 747
flight simulator The visual simulator was a computer generated          A84-18849#
imagery system (G E Compuscene) Three experiments involving             F-18 HUMAN ENGINEERING PROGRAM - A RETROSPECTIVE
different flight regimes were conducted using military C-141 pilots     VIEW
as test subjects Numerous parameters indicative of landing              L HITCHCOCK (FAA, Atlantic City, NJ), S C MERRIMAN (U S
proficiency were recorded and analyzed to establish visual scene        Navy, Naval Air Development Center, Warmmster, PA), J P
requirements                                               Author       MOORE (McDonnell Douglas Corp, St Louis, MO), and P FIELD
                                                                        (U S Marine Corps, El Toro, CA)        IN Human Factors Society,
                                                                        Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982,
                                                                        Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982,
                                                                        p 950-953
                                                                           The human engmeenng program features considered cntical
                                                                        to the F/A-18 were mission analysis, the institution and
A84-18845#                                                              management of a contractor/Navy team approach, multiple design
TRACKING BANDWIDTH MANIPULATIONS AND PROCESSING                         reviews, dynamic simulation of cntical mission segments, and the
RESOURCE COST                                                           development of ground support, testing, and training equipment
W L DERRICK and T M MCCLOY (U S Air Force Academy,                      Attention is given to the simulator and mockup development, and
Colorado Spnngs, CO)        IN Human Factors Society, Annual            to the contribution of U S Navy and Manne Corps pilots who
Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings            participated in the program's 'Aircrew Systems Advisory Panel'
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 932-935                After delivery of 25 F/A-18 aircraft, which have accumulated over
     The resource cost of tracking both low and high bandwidth          10,000 flight hours, no significant human engmeenng deficiencies
signals is examined in a way that employs different tasks and a         have been noted                                              OC
more powerful design than in the study by Wickens et al It is
hypothesized that the resource demand for the bandwidth                 A84-18850
manipulation is not localized in the early stages of processing         HUMAN OPERATOR SIMULATION IN THE COGNITIVE
(perceptual and central) but rather in the later stages (response       DOMAIN
execution) Employing the tenets of additive factors methodology,        F A GLENN, A L ZAKLAD, and R J WHERRY. JR. (Analytics,
it is also hypothesized that a secondary task defined a pnon as         Inc, Willow Grove, PA)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual
demanding response execution resources will interfere more with         Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings .
a primary tracking task when the signal bandwidth is high than          Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 964-968
when it is low The hypothesis that bandwidth increases demand           refs
response execution resources is not supported Expenmental                   An interim report is presented regarding a long-term effort to
methods and control are discussed as possible reasons for the           design, implement, and apply a general-purpose tool for simulation
failure                                                       CR        of the human operator and the system which he operates The


110
                                                                      54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

simulation tool involved is called the Human Operator Simulator            calibrations that use actual test data as a prerequisite to engmeenng
(HOS) The concept of HOS was originally articulated by Wherry              acceptance and usage is emphasized                                CR
(1968) HOS was originally mainly developed for an assessment
of system operabihty at early stages of the system design process
Attention is given to the structure of the HOS system, an example
illustrating the operation of HOS, and modifications suggested in          A84-18854*#        National Aeronautics and Space Administration
order to enhance HOS' cognitive capabilities. The representation           Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif.
of perceptual processes is considered along with the representation        CONTINGENCY IN VISUAL SCANNING OF COCKPIT TRAFFIC
of knowledge about complex hardware systems, the representation            DISPLAYS
of general knowledge, and the representation of attention     GR           S R ELLIS (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA)
                                                                           IN: Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,
A84-18851*# Analytics, Inc, Willow Grove, Pa                               October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human
VALIDATING       CAR - A            COMPARISON STUDY OF                    Factors Society, 1982, p 1005-1009 refs
EXPERIMENTALLY-DERIVED AND COMPUTER-GENERATED                                  A statistical method to identify reliable, repetitive scanning
REACH ENVELOPES                                                            patterns in the positions of visual fixations has been developed
R HARRIS, J BENNETT, and J STOKES (Analytics, Inc , Willow                 and applied to data from 8 airline pilots who monitored cockpit
Grove, PA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,                 displays of traffic information (CDTI) Their fixational transition
Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,                patterns between points of interest on the display showed
CA,      Human      Factors      Society,   1982,   p    969-973           deterministic, statistical dependencies generally associated with
Navy-NASA-supported research refs                                          symbols predicting future aircraft position These dependencies
    In the present investigation, Crewstation Assessment of Reach          constitute deviations from stratified random sampling of the visual
(CAR) results in the form of male hand reach envelopes were                information on the display, confirm the importance of future aircraft
generated and compared with an anthropometnc survey performed              position information for the use of CDTI, and provide objective
by Kennedy (1978) to determine the extent of the validity of the           support for the existence of 'scanpaths' in visual fixation patterns
CAR model with respect to experimentally-derived anthropometric                                                                          Author
data The CAR-generated reach envelopes extensively matched
the Kennedy envelopes The match was particularly good in the
areas to the front and side from which the reach ongmated
Attention is given to the crewstation model, the operator sample
population, the CAR analysis, aspects of validation methodology,           A84-18855*#          National Aeronautics and Space Administration
and the modeling of experimental parameters                  GR            Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va
                                                                           HOW A NEW INSTRUMENT AFFECTS PILOT'S MENTAL
A84-18852                                                                  WORKLOAD
EVAC        COMPUTER         SIMULATION       OF     PERSONNEL             R L. HARRIS, SR (NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton,
PERFORMANCE IN AIRPLANE EVACUATION                                         VA), J R TOLE (Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA),
D L PARKS and R A OSTRAND (Boeing Co, Seattle, WA)                         A R EPHRATH (Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc, Piscataway,
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,               NJ), and A T STEPHENS (Boeing Commercial Airplane Co,
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                   Seattle, WA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th,
Factors Society, 1982, p. 974-978. refs                                    Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica,
     The emergency evacuation, or 'EVAC' computer model has                CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 1010-1013 refs
been devised in order to reduce reliance on live evacuation tests              Display evaluation has generally been performed using reaction
with full passenger loads, which are at present required to                time experiments or subjective evaluations to determine which
demonstrate a new aircraft configuration's conformance to                  display is better suited for a particular application A new testing
regulatory criteria The model will demonstrate evacuation                  procedure combined with two analysis techniques of scanning
performance fidelity and credibility to the degree needed for              behavior have been used to evaluate two alternative display designs
acceptance as a valid evacuation test method, by developing a              in a realistic setting Tests were conducted in the Langley Research
literal step-by-step simulation of the evacuation process The              Center's General Aviation Simulator The results indicated that a
resulting model performance elements are based on a time-line              new bargraph type of vertical speed indicator located between
of evacuation performance events and of queuing behavior                   the attitude indicator and the altimeter is looked at more quickly,
similarity to task-timeline analysis techniques Performance time           appears to lower cognitive workload slightly, and was preferred
can be modified according to such individual cntena as age, sex,           over a conventional vertical speed indicator                 Author
and aggressiveness, or related to features of the environment or
systems, such as lighting, obstacles, and door size.         OC

A84-18853                                                                  A84-18856*#       National Aeronautics and Space Administration
APPLICATION OF PROMETHEUS III, SIMULATION OF HUMAN                         Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va
CRASH DYNAMICS FOR ENERGY ABSORPTION STUDIES                               THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING REAL-TIME EYE SCANNING
D W TWIGG and D L PARKS (Boeing Co, Seattle, WA) IN                        INFORMATION FOR PILOT TRAINING
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA,                  A A SPADY, JR (NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton,
October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings Santa Monica, CA, Human                   VA), D H JONES, G D COATES, and R H KIRBY (Old Dominion
Factors Society, 1982, p 979-983 refs                                      University, Norfolk, VA)      IN Human Factors Society, Annual
    Prometheus III is a computer model of the dynamic interactions         Meeting, 26th, Seattle, WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
between the seat and the restraint and between the system and              Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1982, p 1014-1017
the occupant dunng a vehicle crash The sled tests employing                    A study to evaluate the idea of providing pilots feedback on
instrumented anthropormorphic dummies which were used to                   their scan behavior as an mstrumentional training aid was
validate the model for engineering use are summarized In addition,         conducted jointly by NASA, Piedmont Aviation, and Old Dominion
progress that has been made in calibrating the model to explore            University The study used Langley's oculometer system to provide
the influence of seat flexure on energy absorption is surveyed             a real-time display of the trainee's scan to the instructor pilot in
Attention is given to some of the characteristics concluded to be          the aft part of the Boeing 737 training simulator at Piedmont The
important in achieving the calibration Also discussed are general          trainees' scan behavior was also video-taped for viewing by the
techniques for using the model to produce engmeenng tradeoff               instructor and trainee after each training session Based on
data, including the exploration of alternative seating concepts The        qualitative data obtained dunng the study, scan behavior feedback
need to verify the model's prediction capability on the basis of           was an effective tool for pilot training                    Author


                                                                                                                                           111
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-19276                                                                  determine the efficacy of digital image enhancement/restoration
HUMAN FACTORS SOCIETY, ANNUAL MEETING, 27TH,                               processes as measured by human performance Two tasks relevant
NORFOLK, VA, OCTOBER 10-14, 1983, PROCEEDINGS.                             to military photointerpretation were considered An information
VOLUMES 1 & 2                                                              extraction task required extraction of essential elements of
AT POPE, ED and L D HAUGH, ED                Meeting sponsored by          information, while a subjective quality judgment task required rating
the Human Factors Society and Institute of Electrical and                  an image in order to obtain its perceived mterpretabihty It was
Electronics Engineers Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society,             found that image degradations, blur and noise, deterred the quality
 1983, Vol 1, 626 p , vol 2, 475 p                                         of digital imagery for interpretation However, the quality improved
    Topics discussed are related to aviation training, nuclear power       when      the    degraded      images      were    processed     with
plant human factors, display quality and visual performance, noise,        enhancement/restoration techniques                              G R.
human factors perspectives, nuclear power plant ergonomics, voice
control and voice input techniques, human factors and aging, the
vibroacoustic habitability of space stations, workload, training           A84-19281#
research and issues, and data entry Other subjects considered              QUANTITATIVE MODELS OF IMAGE QUALITY
are concerned with human performance related to nucler power               R J BEATON (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,
plant safety, lifting, human factors modifications, pilot workload         Blacksburg, VA)      IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
assesment, transportation safety, visual information processing,           27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1
physiology and sports, robotics and the automated factory, training        Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p. 41-45 refs
methodology, pilot peformance and crew system assessment,                  (Contract F49620-75-C-0055)
behavioral decision making, and work structure and design                     Image quality metrics are to provide display system designers
Attention is also given to mdustnal occupational safety, training          or evaluators with an objective guideline for assessing the
effectiveness, human problem solving in complex environments,              performance of vanous system configurations in terms which,
ergonomic safety, computerized research methods, human factors             ideally, relate to human performance The present investigation is
in aviation safety, visual perception and pilot performance, and           concerned with the feasibility of several possible forms of
maintenance training                                            GR         image-dependent quality metrics The characteristics of image
                                                                           quality metrics are considered, taking into account the Perceptual
A84-19278                                                                  Equivalent Passband (PEP) metric, the Equivalent Width (EW)
TAILORING DAY SCENARIOS FOR NIGHT SIMULATION OF                            metric, the Squared Spatial Frequency (SSF) metnc, the Modulation
ADVANCED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS                                                  Transfer Function Area (MTFA), the Gray Shade Frequency Product
J C SIMONS and S B HOTTMAN (Systems Research                               (GSFP) metric, and the Integrated Constrast Sensitivity (ISC) metnc
Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual            Attention is given to the digital image database, the human
Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings               performance database, and noise and blur degradation           GR
Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
9-12
    This effort obtained mission planning factors and flight profiles
for a simulator evaluation of a proposed night/adverse weather             A84-19282
system Using two samples of pilots at two stages, generalized              FLIGHT STATIONS AND OFFICES OF THE FUTURE - HOW
day profiles were reduced to a set of specific night profiles for          SIMILAR WILL THEY BE
evaluating proposed equipment The double interview method used             R L WASSON (Sperry Corp, Blue Bell, PA) IN Human Factors
in this study can be applied to similar situations which include           Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,
diverse operational technique and strategies, but require a limited        Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
(but representative) number of flight profiles for a simulation            Society, 1983, p 85-88
evaluation of projected equipment (Acronyms are defined in the                Information creation and management are starting to become
glossary at the end of the text)                             Author        the major task elements for both the office worker and the pilot
                                                                           The computer technology which is enabling this will not only
A84-19279                                                                  improve performance but will lead to greater user satisfaction
AN APPROACH FOR TRAINING AIRCRAFT NIGHT ATTITUDE                           Research has been ongoing in both of these work environments
RECOGNITION USING MICROCOMPUTER CAI                                        Human factors personnel engaged in either area can benefit form
S B HOTTMAN and K E URBAN (Systems Research                                an increased sharing of their respective achievements    Author
Laboratories, Inc, Dayton, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p                  A84-19283#
13, 14                                                                     A COMPARISON OF MANUAL AND VOCAL RESPONSE MODES
    Ten subjects participated in a one-group pretest-posttest              FOR THE CONTROL OF AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
experiment designed to define the feasibility of using                     A J ARETZ (USAF, Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wnght-Patterson
microcomputer-based computer aided instruction (CAI) to tram night         AFB, OH)       IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,
aircraft attitude recognition Statistical analysis shows that signficant   Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa
improvement in scores occurred over the course of the study, but           Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 97-101 refs
enhancements are still desirable in both the CAI methodology                   It is pointed out that rapid advancements in the ability of
and presentation                                                 Author    computers to recognize speech have provided the technology for
                                                                           the application of voice control in the operation of complex systems
A84-19280#                                                                 The Air Force is considering, for instance, the use of voice control
EVALUATIONS OF DIGITAL IMAGERY PROCESSED BY                                in future fighter aircraft Thus, in situations in which pilots are
ENHANCEMENT/RESTORATION TECHNIQUES                                         reluctant to take their hands off the stick and throttle, voice control
B P CHAO (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University,             could be used to change the radio frequency The present
Blacksburg, VA)     IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,              investigation has the objetive to compare a vocal response with a
27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1               manual response in single task conditions, taking into account
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 36-40                     conditions in a fighter cockpit simulator Sixteen operationally
(Contract F49620-80-C-0057)                                                qualified male Air Force pilots served as subjects in the
   The extended capabilities of modern computers have led to               experiments In a low level terrain following phase when flight
new applications of digital image processing One application is            control of the aircraft is critical, the vocal response mode is found
concerned with an enhancement of image details to improve image            to be probably the most effective alternative since it has the least
mterpretabihty The present investigation has the objective to              impact on flight performance                                    Author


112
                                                                          54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-19285#                                                                     were drawn from taped conversations between aircraft and air
ASSESSING THE VALIDITY OF SWAT AS A WORKLOAD                                   traffic controllers (ATC) Twenty crewmembers performed
MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT                                                         subjective message comparisons and task rankings on the basis
S P BOYD (U S. Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, CO)                        of workload Information theoretic results indicated a broad range
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,                   of task difficulty levels, and substantial differences between captain
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 . Santa Monica, CA,                  and first officer workload levels Preliminary subjective data tended
Human Factors Society, 1983, p 124-128. Research supported                     to corroborate these results A hybrid scale reflecting the results
by the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University refs                of both the analytical and the subjective techniques is currently
    Investigations have been conducted to search for a subjective              being developed The findings will be used to select representative
metnc of mental workload (w/1) which yields an interval scale In               sets of communications for use in high fidelity simulation Author
the approach employed by the Subjective Workload Assessment
Technique (SWAT), conjoint analysis is used to derive an interval
w/1 scale based on three component dimensions, taking into
account time load, mental effort load, and psychologial stress load
SWAT methodology is based on the implicit assumption that people               A84-19297#
can accurately predict the amount of x/1 they would experience                 A      METHODOLOGICAL           INVESTIGATION         OF    THREE
under various levels of the three dimensions The present study                 PSYCHOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES FOR RAPID MEASUREMENT
has the objective to determine if the dimensions are subjectiely               OF CONTRAST SENSITIVITY
orthogonal Taking into account certain limitations, the obtained               A     P      GINSBURG (USAF, Aviation Vision Laboratory,
results do indicate that the subjective expenence of the three                 Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH), A C BITTNER, JR , M M HARBESON
SWAT dimensions lack subjective orthogonality                  GR              (U S Navy, Naval Biodynamics Laboratory, New Orleans, LA), and
                                                                               R S KENNEDY (Canyon Research Group, Inc, Orlando, FL) IN
A84-19289                                                                      Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October
TIME-COMPRESSED COMPONENTS FOR AIR-INTERCEPT                                   10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human
CONTROL SKILLS                                                                 Factors Society, 1983, p 264-268 refs
M VIDULICH, Y -Y YEH, and W SCHNEIDER (Illinois, University,                       Stability and sensitivity are evaluated for three methods of
Champaign, IL)         IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,               obtaining constrast gensitivity functions The contrast sensitivity
27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1                   function is a general method for assessing visual capacity The
Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 161-164.                      three methods for obtaining the functions are the Method of
     The study tested guidelines for the use of microprocessors in             Adjustment, Bekesy Tracking, and the Method of Increasing
training spatial skills for air traffic control The central issue was          Contrast For each method, a microcomputer-controlled video
the use of time-compressed simulation to aid the development of                display was used to generate five different stationary gratings 1,
skill in identifying turn points and rollout headings for aircraft Two         2, 4, 8, and 16 cycles per degree Individual contrast sensitivity
groups of subjects were used One group trained with a real-time                functions were determined for each of 13 observers over five
simulation of the task, while the second group trained with a                  days Analyses were conducted on reliabilities, means, and
time-compressed version of the task running about 20 times as                  vanances across frequencies, methods, and days The Method of
fast as real-time tnals Both groups were then tested in real-time              Increasing Contrast demonstrated near-largest or largest reliabilities
trials The results indicate that time compression can be a useful              over all frequencies across days In addition, it appeared
technique for increasing the efficiency of training              Author        differentially stable from the onset of measurement (significance
                                                                               level greater than 10) while both the Method of Adustment and
A84-19291#                                                                     Bekesy demonstrated differential instability (level less than 002)
PILOT       WORKLOAD         FACTORS        IN      THE     TOTAL              Based on the present findings, the Method of Increasing Contrast
PILOT-VEHICLE-TASK SYSTEM                                                      may be recommended as the method of choice                      DH
R K HEFFLEY (Manudyne Systems, Inc, Los Altos, CA) IN
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October
10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human
Factors Society, 1983, p 234-238 refs
(Contract N62269-82-R-0712)                                                    A84-19299*# Perceptronics, Inc , Woodland Hills, Calif
    This paper is based on a current study of pilot workload models            MODEL-BASED            ESTIMATION       AND        PREDICTION      OF
for crucial Navy flight tasks such as the carrier landing and                  TASK-IMPOSED MENTAL WORKLOAD
high-speed, low-level navigation The objective is to construct a               A M. MADNI (Perceptronics, Inc, Woodland Hills, CA) and J
more rigorous and complete view of the overall pilot-vehicle-task              LYMAN (California, University, Los Angeles, CA)             IN Human
system in order to describe how facets of pilot workload can be                Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14,
associated with elements of the system The purpose of the paper                1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
is to discuss workload features in a system context as a first step            Society, 1983, p 314-318 refs
to developing a more thorough workload prediction process for                  (Contract NAG2-216)
the design and operation of aircraft                         Author                Mental workload has been an area of intensive research for
                                                                               better than a decade One specific area of interest in aircrew
A84-19292*# Systems Research Labs, Inc , Dayton, Ohio                          related workload research is concerned with the development of
QUANTIFICATION OF CREW WORKLOAD IMPOSED BY                                     quantitative indices of workload in aircraft piloting tasks This paper
COMMUNICATIONS-RELATED TASKS IN COMMERCIAL                                     presents a model-based approach for quantifying mental workload
TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT                                                             in operational terms The suggested modeling framework is based
W H ACTON, M S CRABTREE, J C SIMONS (Systems Research                          on an interpreted Petn net characterization of a task in which
Laboratones, Inc, Dayton, OH), F E GOMER, and J S ECKEL                        'places' are equated to specific task-related activities and
(General Physics Corp., Dayton, OH) IN- Human Factors Society,                 'transitions' are viewed as internal or external forcing events It is
Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,                        shown that within this framework quantitative assessments can
Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                           be made of both cumulative and instantaneous workload associated
Society, 1983, p 239-243 refs                                                  with the performance of a task and its individual component
(Contract NAS2-11562)                                                          subtasks It is suggested that insights gained from analyzing
   Information theoretic analysis and subjective paired-companson              task-specific workload within this modeling paradigm can suggest
and task ranking techniques were employed in order to scale the                plausible explanations for reconciling discrepancies between
workload of 20 communications-related tasks frequently performed               subjectively        elicited     workload           estimates      and
by the captain and first officer of transport category aircraft Tasks          behavioral/performance measures                                 Author


                                                                                                                                                113
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-19300*# Purdue Univ, Lafayette, Ind                               A84-19304#
MEASURING PILOT WORKLOAD IN A MOVING-BASE                             PILOT ORIENTED PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT
SIMULATOR.            I     ASYNCHRONOUS             SECONDARY        J DE MAIO, H H BELL, and J BRUNDERMAN (USAF, Human
CHOICE-REACTION TASK                                                  Resources Laboratory, Williams AFB, AZ)         IN. Human Factors
B H KANTOWITZ (BITS, Inc, Purdue University, West Lafayette,          Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,
IN), S G HART (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field,             Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
CA), and M R BORTOLUSSI (BITS, Inc, West Lafayette, IN)               Society, 1983, p 463-467 refs
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,              A pilot-oriented automated performance measurement system
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,           (APMS) is descnbed APMSs reduce the volume of data from
Human Factors Society, 1983, p 319-322 refs                           flight simulators to an amount which is manageable and
(Contract NCC2-228)                                                   understandable       The   pilot-onented     APMS,      unlike  the
    The de facto method for measuring airplane pilot workload is      aircraft-state-onented APMS, defines measurement intervals based
based upon subjective ratings While researchers agree that such       on control inputs Control inputs are identified by discrete changes
subjective data should be bolstered by using objective behavioral     in flight path These intervals are psychologically relevant in that
measures, results to date have been mixed No clear objective          they begin with a goal-directed control input and end with a
technique has surfaced as the metric of choice It is believed that    countervailing input By relating performance in the pilot-defined
this difficulty is in part due to neglect of theoretical work in      intervals to state-defined intervals, it is possible to quantify
psychology that predicts some of the difficulties that are inherent   performance on given flight segments (e g, a level turn), and to
in a futile search for 'the one and only' best secondary task to      specify factors which lead to a given level of performance. D H
measure workload An initial study that used both subjective ratings
and an asynchronous choice-reaction secondary task was                A84-19305#
conducted to determine if such a secondary task could indeed          CREW SYSTEM ASSESSMENT METHODS APPLIED TO
meet the methodological constraints imposed by current theories       DERIVATIVE FIGHTER COCKPITS
of attention Two vanants of a flight scenano were combined with       G G. KUPERMAN (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research
two levels of the secondary task Appropnate single-task control       Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH), R W MOSS, and R A
conditions were also included Results give grounds for cautious       BONDURANT, III (USAF, Wright Aeronautical Laboratories,
optimism but indicate that future research should use synchronous     Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
secondary tasks where possible                               Author   Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
                                                                      Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
                                                                      473-477 refs
                                                                         Representatives from five Air Force Laboratories were tasked
                                                                      to perform an assessment of conceptual cockpit designs being
A84-19301#
                                                                      considered for a derivative, dual role fighter weapon system An
PILOT PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT METHODOLOGY FOR
                                                                      m-cockpit 'role playing' exercise, demonstrating the tasks of a
DETERMINING THE EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL AND OTHER                          composite weapon system mission scenano, was employed in
TOXIC SUBSTANCES
                                                                      obtaining expert subject opinion data                      Author
H L TAYLOR, J A DELLINGER, R F SCHILLING, and B C
RICHARDSON (Illinois, University, Urbana, IL) IN Human Factors
Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,      A84-19306#
Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                  MAGIC - RIDING THE CREST OF TECHNOLOGY
Society, 1983, p 334-338 refs                                         G D LIZ2A (USAF, Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson
(Contract F33615-83-K-0612)                                           AFB, OH), B HOWARD, and C ISLAM (BDM Corp, Dayton, OH)
   Equipment and methodology for determining the effects of toxic     IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
substances on pilot performance were evaluated using ethyl alcohol    October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,
as a reference substance, since its effects on flying performance     Human Factors Society, 1983, p 526-530
in a flight simulator are well known Four levels of ethyl alcohol         With the advent of integrated electronics displays in advanced
were administered to eight instrument trained pilots in a Latin       cockpit design, the role of dynamic mockups is becoming
Square within subjects design Significant performance decrements      increasingly important The human factors researcher can now
were found on instrument holding pattern, Instrument Landing          evaluate dynamic computer generated formats and real-time
System (ILS) approach, and Sternberg's choice reaction time           interactive control methods in preliminary crew station design
tasks                                                       Author    phases This ability to prescreen candidate display formats pnor
                                                                      to evaluation in high fidelity simulators is very cost effective Instead
                                                                      of being limited to conventional static capability, the rapid advances
                                                                      in micro-chip technology now allow more sophisticated research
                                                                      at the mockup level This paper describes the design of a dynamic
A84-19302#                                                            mockup which incorporates state-of-the-art microprocessors,
SPEED-ACCURACY TRADEOFFS IN SPATIAL ORIENTATION                       graphic systems, and voice capability                             Author
INFORMATION PROCESSING
R E SCHLEGEL (Oklahoma, University, Norman, OK) and W F               A84-19308#
STORM (USAF, School of Aerospace Medicine, Brooks AFB, TX             TIMELY APPLICATION OF ADVANCED HUMAN FACTORS TEST
) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,        AND EVALUATION TECHNIQUES DURING THE ACQUISITION
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA,           OF NEW AIR FORCE SYSTEMS
Human Factors Society, 1983, p. 359-363 refs                          M L FRAZIER (USAF, Operational Test and Evaluation Center,
(Contract F49620-82-C-0035)                                           Kirtland AFB, NM) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
    A study was conducted to further evaluate the Manikin Task,       27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 1
a test of spatial orientation information processing The objectives   Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 581-583
of the study were to determine the speed vs accuracy tradeoff             A model is proposed for the transfer of human factors
charactenstics of the task and to assess performance on the task      technologies for test and evaluation of modern Air Force systems
under the influence of ethyl alcohol. Response times and accuracy     A two-pronged effort is recommended to ensure the availability of
were measured on five subjects over a five-week period Analysis       appropriate technology for new Air Force acquisitions revise Air
of the data indicated a definite decline in accuracy corresponding    Force policies indicated in Air Force Regulation 800-15 and ensure
to a forced decrease in response time The effect of alcohol was       timely state-of-the-art human factors techology flow which parallels
evidenced by a change in the slope of the speed-accuracy tradeoff     the major system acquisition process An essential element in the
function                                                    Author    model is to establish liaison activities between the system test

114
                                                                       54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

and evaluators and the advanced developers and researchers                  A84-19312
                                                          DH                CONDUCTING SIMULATOR TRAINING                   EFFECTIVENESS
                                                                            STUDIES - LESSONS LEARNED IN THE F-16 SAMT
                                                                            EVALUATION
                                                                            J. A. FITZPATRICK, R J HRITZ. and J SMITH (Applied Science
A84-19309#                                                                  Associates, Inc., Valencia, PA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
USE OF LOW COST, LOW FIDELITY MOCKUPS FOR                                   Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14. 1983, Proceedings
PREPRODUCTION TESTING                                                       Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
C A BOHN (U S Navy, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent River,                  627-631
MD) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,                    A recent evaluation of simulator training effectiveness
VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings. Volume 1 . Santa Monica,              encountered many difficulties associated with the military field
CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 589-591                                  environment These problems arose despite careful planning The
    Two examples are given of the use of early laboratory-based             expenences of this study provide useful lessons on vanous topics,
testing of control/display systems Reliance on flight testing has           including the following obtaining equipment for evaluation
proven inadequate because the information-operator interface is             purposes, scheduling the study, interacting with military
too complex A quick fix is the use of low-fidelity mockups for              organizations, and general planning strategies            Author
rapid testing and methods development This can be both
cost-effective and responsive to the dynamics of the control/display        A84-19313
development cycle The first example presents the design of                  TRACKING WITH MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT RESPONSE
formats for a universal control/display layout to be used as a              FUNCTIONS
replacement for conventional pushbutton technology The second               J BERKHOUT and M STEDMAN (South Dakota, University,
presents testing designed to determine the amount and type of               Vermillion, SD)     IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting,
control/display required for a crewstation functional upgrade Both          27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2
examples are from the test and evaluation work being performed              Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p. 668-670
on a Navy patrol aircraft A laboratory is descnbed which is being           refs
developed to permit this approach to testing                    DH              Some situations where supenor tracking performance can be
                                                                            obtained using multiple independent response functions are
                                                                            discussed Such situations may be charactenzed by bnef duration
A84-19310#                                                                  and a very high accuracy requirement, together with a high cost
DEVELOPMENT OF A NAVAL AVIATION ANTHROPOMETRY                               penalty for errors of small magnitude, such as the delivery of
COCKPIT COMPATIBILITY PROGRAM                                               'smart' ordance Tests of bimanual tracking have shown that an
W F MORONEY and R E HUGHES (U S Navy, Naval Air Test                        optimum bimanual configuration would involve segregation of
Center, Patuxent River, MD) IN Human Factors Society, Annual                frequencies, with low-frequency activity tracked by the nondommant
Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings                hand and with the dominant hand reserved for fine adjustments
Volume 1 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p                   in the high frequency domain Social tracking, in which a subject's
592-596 refs                                                                response function becomes the forcing function for a second
    The present cockpit assignability program assumes that (1)              subject, and multivector tracking, which involves response function
                                                                            averaging, are discussed in terms of their interesting possibilities
the individual's anthropometnc data are correct and (2) that the
visual and reach requirements for each cockpit have been correctly          for training in motor skills acquisition                      C D.
defined Unfortunately, this is not necessarily the case The
three-pronged effort to resolve this problem includes (1) improving         A84-19314*# Georgia Inst of Tech, Atlanta
the quantity and quality of individual anthropometnc data, (2)              THE EFFECTS OF LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE UPON HUMAN
standardizing cockpit measurement techniques, and (3) combining             PROBLEM SOLVING IN A PROCESS CONTROL TASK
the data from both of the above into a decision making model.               N M. MORRIS and W B ROUSE (Georgia Institute of Technology,
The end result of these actions should be more appropriate                  Atlanta, GA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,
assignments to aircraft cockpits and better data for use in analysis        Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa
of accidents and ejections                                   Author         Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 690-694 refs
                                                                            (Contract NAG2-123)
                                                                                The effect of knowledge of a system on the performance of
                                                                            the operator has been investigated using PLANT, a genenc
A84-19311#                                                                  simulation of a process Four sets of written instructions
THEORETICAL DEVELOPMENT OF AN ADAPTIVE SECONDARY                            representing the what, how, and why of system control were utilized
TASK TO MEASURE PILOT WORKLOAD FOR FLIGHT                                   by groups of subjects who controlled PLANT in a variety of familiar
EVALUATIONS                                                                 and unfamiliar situations Wntten test results at the end of the
S G SCHIFLETT (US Navy, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent                     expenments showed that the instructions had no effect on the
River, MD) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,                  pnmary goal of production, but those groups receiving guidelines
Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings. Volume 1 Santa               for operation (the how) controlled the system in a more stable
Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 602-605 refs                     manner. Pnnciples (the why) had no apparent effect on the subjects'
    A senes of research projects were reviewed that formulated              performance There was no difference between groups in
the basis for the theoretical development and evaluation of an              diagnosing unfamiliar events                                   CD
adaptive secondary task to measure pilot workload The final flight
project established the technical feasibility of using a visual and         A84-19315*#        National Aeronautics and Space Administration
auditory item-recognition (Sternberg) task as a measure of                  Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif
sensory-response loading and reserve information processing                 CONFLICT RESOLUTION MANEUVERS DURING NEAR MISS
capacity while flying precision pitch maneuvers simulating terrain          ENCOUNTERS WITH COCKPIT TRAFFIC DISPLAYS
profiles The discrete item secondary task presented letters of the          E PALMER (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA)
alphabet at a rate driven by a scoring algonthm that adapted to             IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
the pitch error scores i.e, cross-coupled to the pnmary task The            October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA,
preliminary results indicate an appreciable increase in reaction            Human Factors Society, 1983, p 757-761
time and errors for the visual secondary task while flying the                 The benefits and liabilities associated with pilots' use of a
terrain avoidance pnmary task as compared to flying the same                cockpit traffic display to assess the threat posed by air traffic and
task under auditory task loading Preliminary conclusions support            to make small maneuvers to avoid situations which would result
the multiple resource model of information processing        Author         in collision avoidance advisones are expenmentally studied The


                                                                                                                                            115
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

crew's task was to fly a simulated wide-body aircraft along a            area m-trail following using CDTI Current experiments are
straight course at constant altitude while intruder aircraft appeared    evaluating cockpit procedures and crew workload aspects of
on a variety of converging trajectones The mam expenmental               self-separation tasks in a simulated full-system terminal area
variables were the amount and quality of the information displayed       environment This paper will summarize the results of the part-task
on the intruder aircraft's estimated future position Pilots were to      terminal area expenments and discuss the current full-system
maintain a horizontal separation of at least 1 5 nautical miles or a     simulation experiments involving active self-separation tasks
vertical separation of 500 ft, so that collision avoidance advisories                                                                 Author
would not be triggered The results show that pilots could usually
maneuver to provide the specified separation but often made
course deviations greater than 1 5 nm or 500 ft                  CD      A84-19319*#        National Aeronautics and Space Administration
                                                                         Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va
A84-19316*#       National Aeronautics and Space Administration          SIMULATION OF A COCKPIT DISPLAY CONCEPT FOR
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                               INCREASED AIRPORT CAPACITY
INFLUENCE OF A PERSPECTIVE COCKPIT TRAFFIC DISPLAY                       T S ABBOTT (NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA)
FORMAT ON PILOT AVOIDANCE MANEUVERS                                      IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
S R ELLIS (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field,                    October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA,
California, University, Berkeley, CA) and M W MCGREEVY                   Human Factors Society, 1983, p 777-781 refs
(California, Univensty, Berkeley, CA) IN Human Factors Society,              A research effort has been undertaken to determine the
Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,                  feasibility of employing a forward-looking cockpit display to provide
Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                     information that would enable aircraft to utilize reduced separation,
Society, 1983, p 762-766 refs                                            and hence increased runway capacity, through the application of
    The perspective projections of cockpit displays of traffic           multiple-ghde-path approach techniques The current study was
information on CRTs as a means of presenting vertical separation         an initial exploration into this concept in which traffic information
information to airline pilots were experimentally studied Identical      was added to a HUD format to allow the pilot to monitor the
sets of traffic encounters were viewed by pilots either using a          traffic situation and to self space on a lead aircraft during a
plan-view or perspective traffic display which presented identical       simulated single glide-path approach The results of this study
separation information The pilots maneuvered somewhat earlier            indicate that this display concept can provide sufficient information
with perspective displays and maneuvered more frequency in the           to the pilot for traffic monitonng and self separation Additionally,
vertical dimension Another feature of the maneuver pattern was           the pilots noted that an increase in situational awareness, relative
the absence of a tendency to turn toward an intruding aircraft           to conventional instrument flight, was provided by the traffic
The previously observed bias toward horizontal maneuver is               information on the display                                     Author
probably not based on the procedural reasons often given, but
probably reflects the poorer presentation of vertical separation on
previously used traffic displays                               CD        A84-19321#
                                                                         DESIGN FOR EFFECTIVE MAINTENANCE - SAFETY DATA
A84-19317*#         National Aeronautics and Space Administration        PROVIDE IMPORTANT DIRECTIONS
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                               J C SCHMITT (Harris Corp, Melbourne, FL) IN Human Factors
PRIMARY SEPARATION BETWEEN THREE AIRCRAFT USING                          Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,
TRAFFIC DISPLAYS                                                         Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors
S L CHAPPELL (Informatics General Corp, Moffett Field, CA)               Society, 1983, p 843-847
and E A PALMER (NASA, Ames Research Center, Man/Vehicle                  (Contract N62269-81-R-0771)
Systems Div, Moffett Field, CA)          IN Human Factors Society,           Portions of the Naval Safety Center Accident and Mishap Data
Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983,                  Base have been examined in order to formulate guidelines as to
Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors                     how safety data can be used to generate principles of human
Society, 1983, p 767-771 refs                                            factors design for the maintamer Sixty-six objective variables as
    The use of a sophisticated traffic and map display termed            well as narrative data from 5886 mishap cases were analyzed A
electronic flight rules (EFR) by general aviation pilots for pnmary      nonparametnc case selection model was developed, resulting in
seperation in low density airspace is studied The experimental           close examination of three specific clusters of similar cases Design
flights were made under four conditions with and without sensor          improvements (were clearly indicated for each, the methodology
noise in the traffic information and with and without communications     used to select them is extensible to other real-world data bases
for traffic coordination Pilots were required to maintain two miles                                                                      CD
honzontal and 500 ft vertical separation from other aircraft for 24
different traffic situations repeated randomly for each of the four
experimental conditions Of 1152 aircraft encounters 12 8 percent         A84-19323*# Georgia Inst of Tech , Atlanta
were in violation of separation mimmums In general, the effects          A COMPUTERIZED, PROCEDURAL AID FOR FLIGHT CREWS
of sensor noise were minimal, communications affected some of            J M HAMMER (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)
the measures, and the group effect was quite significant When            IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
pilots were able to communicate and coordinate their maneuvers,          October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA,
the time to resolve conflict was reduced                        CD       Human Factors Society, 1983, p 870-873 refs
                                                                         (Contract NAG2-123)
A84-19318*#        National Aeronautics and Space Administration             A computer program for detecting pilot error is descnbed The
Langley Research Center, Hampton, Va                                     program observes pilot actions through the aircraft controls and
SELF-SEPARATION IN TERMINAL AREAS USING CDTI                             state, and the actions are compared to those of a procedural
D H WILLIAMS (NASA, Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA)                script which can be considered a prescriptive model of the
IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,             procedural aspects of flight Pilot error is a discrepancy between
October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA,              the pilot actions and the scnpt The scnpt has a hierarchical
Human Factors Society, 1983, p 772-776 refs                              structure consisting of a single script at the highest level, scripts
    The Langley Research Center is participating in a pint               for the major phases of flight at the next level, scripts for procedures
NASA/FAA program designed to explore the potential benefits              to be executed dunng these phases, and procedure step scripts
and liabilities of Cockpit Display of Traffic Information (CDTI) for a   at the bottom The program interprets the aircraft data base in
broad range of applications As a pan of this effort, part-task           terms of the script, detecting errors of commission from a set of
piloted simulations have been conducted to determine the effect          allowed and disallowed changes stored with each script element
of vanous display parameters and separation cntena on terminal                                                                               CD

116
                                                                         54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

A84-19325                                                                     A84-19330
KEYBOARD DESIGN VARIABLES EVALUATED DURING                                    EVALUATION OF SPEECH TECHNOLOGY FOR AUTOMATIC
DUAL-TASK MODE SELECTION                                                      TARGET RECOGNITION
M D HANSEN (Ford Aerospace and Communications Corp,                           S J MOUNTFORD, J SCHWARTZ, and K GRAFFUNDER
Houston, TX) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,                  (Honeywell Systems and Research Center, Minneapolis, MN) IN
Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings. Volume 2 Santa                 Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October
Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 924-927 refs                       10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human
    In the design of an aircraft cockpit, two problems of experimental        Factors Society, 1983, p 965-969, Abridged
interest are related to display location and panel design The                     A speech-interactive system is integrated with a prototype
present study is concerned with considerations regarding the                  automatic target recognizer The situation simulated is that of an
characteristics of a keyboard interfaced with a remote display                attack helicopter pop-up maneuver searching for several target
Twenty-four pilots participated as subjects in this study Attention           types The tasks dunng operational control of the target screener
is given to mean response time as a function of keyboard size                 involve pilot entry of navigation coordinates, targeting mode, target
On the basis of the obtained results, it is recommended that a                type, target selection and weapon preparation The sequence of
keyboard with large keys considered in the study should be used               tasks is evaluated experimentally with the aid of three different
in selecting modes with USAF approved flight gloves from a remote             modalities of interaction, namely speech recognition and speech
display                                                          GR           generation dialogue, speech recognition with visual prompting, and
                                                                              conventional visual-manual transactions The results suggest
                                                                              significantly better flight control performance dunng simultaneous
                                                                              speech-interaction for the targeting tasks The speech technology
                                                                              results indicate that there are selective performance benefits for
                                                                              the entire sequence of targeting tasks which are not apparent at
A84-19327#                                                                    the individual switch-closure level                              CR
COLOR CONTRAST METRICS FOR HEAD-UP DISPLAYS
D L POST (USAF, Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory,                        A84-19331#
Wnght-Patterson AFB, OH), T M LIPPERT, and H L SNYDER                         IS A PICTURE WORTH 1000 WORDS - WRITTEN OR
(Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg,             SPOKEN?
VA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,                  J S HAWKINS, J M REISING, G D LIZZA, and K A BEACHY
VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica,                   (USAF, Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH)
CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 933-937 refs                               IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA,
(Contract N00014-78-C-0238)                                                   October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA,
    The present investigation has the objective to further the                Human Factors Society, 1983, p 970-972 refs
understanding of relationship between color differences and human                 The effectiveness of pictorial format representation of
performance, taking into account a comparison of the practical                emergency procedures to aircrew members as compared to text
merits of several color spaces Two groups of college-age subjects             or voice has not been demonstrated before This study compares
were used in the expenments The first experiment simulated the                these variables in simulated combat missions Although the flying
viewing of a head-up display (HUD) by presenting colored stimuli              performance measures revealed no statisically significant
consisting of a simplified vertical situation display superimposed            differences between the presentation modes, strong subjective
on a static computer-generated background The second                          differences were found                                  Author
expenment used as background 10 color photographs which had
been digitized This approach was used to simulate normal HUD                  A84-19332
viewing conditions more realistically than in the first experiment.           DEVELOPMENT OF A HUMAN FACTORS METHODOLOGY FOR
                                                                GR            NASA-GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
                                                                              P M VAN BALEN and C M MITCHELL (George Mason University,
                                                                              Fairfax, VA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,
                                                                              Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa
                                                                              Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 980-984 refs
                                                                                  NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, realizing the importance
A84-19328                                                                     of the human-computer interface, has begun the process of
A COMPARISON OF ANALOG AND DIGITAL SCALES FOR USE                             integrating human factors considerations into system design A
IN HEADS-UP DISPLAYS                                                          methodology was needed to direct the process of incorporating
M L MOROZE and J. M KOONCE (Massachusetts, University,                        human factors recommendations into the design process and to
Amherst, MA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th,                  introduce human factors principles and procedures to Goddard
Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa                  projects To gather necessary background information for an
Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p 938-940 refs                       effective methodology, a diary was kept, recording the process of
     In the experiment described, subjects are taught to fly five             a Goddard human factors analysis The diary technique was
flight maneuvers using three different types of displays, namely a            effective in identifying    issues and steps relevant to the
traditional round-dialed instrument panel, a linear tape-type of              methodology This paper descnbes and evaluates the diary as an
heads-up display (HUD), and an HUD that employs digital symbols               information-gathering tool Finally, the methodology is summarized
for the flight parameters Once a predetermined level of proficiency           and its effectiveness evaluated                            Author
is achieved on each of the displays, the subjects are required to
execute each of the maneuvers on each of the displays while                   A84-19333
performing a secondary task This secondary task consists in                   CASE STUDY - DESIGNING THE ERBS CONTROL ROOM
reporting the presence of odd-even-odd sequences of digits from               L J STEWART, C M MITCHELL, and E D MURPHY (George
a continuous stnng of digits presented by a tape recorder It is               Mason University, Fairfax, VA) IN Human Factors Society, Annual
found that more tnals are required to learn the abstract display              Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings
than the traditional display When placed under the loading stress             Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human Factors Society, 1983, p
of monitonng the aural signals for odd-even-odd sequences while               985-989 refs
flying, the abstract display becomes significantly more difficult to             NASA Goddard Space Flight Center is the site of command,
fly than the traditional display It is pointed out that in designing          control, and communication support for NASA near-earth satellites
displays for operators, care must be taken to ensure not only                 Recently, human factors has been incorporated into the control
adequate performance under normal conditions but also under                   room design process The first project was the Earth Radiation
adverse stressful conditions                                    CR            Budget Satellite (ERBS). This paper summarizes the results of

                                                                                                                                              117
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

the ERBS human factors analysis, discusses the problems of              N84-14686#         Illinois Univ, Urbana Engineering-Psychology
human factors involvement in the Goddard design process, and            Research Lab
identifies and discusses issues likely to determine the effectiveness   PROCESSING PHENOMENA AND THE                         DISSOCIATION
of future Goddard human factors analyses                       Author   BETWEEN SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE WORKLOAD
                                                                        MEASURES
                                                                        M D VIDULICHandC D WICKENS Oct 1983 46 p
                                                                        (Contract N00014-79-C-0658)
A84-19334#                                                              (AD-A134050, UILU-EPL-83-2/ONR-83-2) Avail NTIS
OPTICAL FLOW AND TEXTURE VARIABLES USEFUL FOR                           HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 05E
DETECTING CHANGES IN SIMULATED SELF MOTION                                  Causes of dissociation between subjective workload
D H OWEN, L J HETTINGER, L WOLPERT, S B TOBIAS,                         assessments and objective performance were investigated A
                                                                        Sternberg memory search task was utilized Sternberg task
and R WARREN (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH)                IN
Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk, VA, October       configurations vaned in the automaticity of performance, stimulus
10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volume 2 Santa Monica, CA, Human               presentation rate, discernabihty of stimuli, and the value of good
Factors Society, 1983, p 996-1000 refs                                  performance Automaticity in Sternberg task performance was
(Contract AF-AFOSR-81-0078, F33615-83-K-0038)                           manipulated by using two independent sets of stimuli, one of which
    Several methods are presented for breaking linkages among           was consistently mapped (i e, targets were always the same) while
global optical flow and texture vanables in order to assess their       the other was inconsistently mapped (i e, targets changed over
usefulness in experiments requiring observers to distinguish change     tnals) Also, all Strenberg configurations were performed both as
in speed or heading of simulated self motion from events                single tasks and as part of dual task combinations (with a manual
representing constant speed or level flight Results of a senes of       control task) Dunng testing subjects rated all tnals on eight typical
studies testing for sensitivity to flow acceleration or deceleration,   bipolar rating scales The results were interpreted as supporting
flow-pattern expansion vanables, and the distribution of optical        cognitive-processing-based expenmentation in subjective workload
texture density are presented Theoretical implications for              assessment aimed at identifying differences between the cognitive
determining the metncs of visual self-motion information, and           processing accounting for subjective assessments and those
practical relevance for pilot and flight simulator evaluation and for   processes that produce performance                              GRA
low-level, high-speed flight are discussed                    Author
                                                                        N84-14687#         Naval Air Development Center, Warminster, Pa
                                                                        Aircraft and Crew Systems Technology Directorate
                                                                        A SERVO CONTROLLED RAPID RESPONSE ANTI-G VALVE
                                                                        R J CROSBIE 17 Oct 1983 19 p
N84-14684# Joint Economic Committee (U S Congress)                      (Contract W0584)
THE IMPACT OF ROBOTICS ON EMPLOYMENT                                    (AD-A134042, NADC-83087-60) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
Washington GPO 1983 34 p Heanngs before the Subcomm                     CSCL 09E
on Econ Goals and Intergovt Policy of the Joint Econ Comm,                  Current anti-G suits inflate under control of an anti-G valve
98th Congr, 1st Sess, 18 Mar 1983                                       and apply pressure to the abdominal and leg areas to prevent
(GPO-21-160) Avail Subcommittee on Economic Goals and                   blood pooling in the lower portions of the body The anti-G valves
Intergovernmental Policy                                                employ a spring and mass construction which regulates air flow
    The prospective impact of robotics on employment in the U S         to the suit in direct proportion to the amount by which the applied
are evaluated Robotics refers to the use of sophisticated               G force exceeds a nominal 2G breakout force This mechanical
programmable or computer-controlled robots to perform routine           method, however, does not permit rapid filling of the suit required
and repetitions tasks Supplying the number of trained assemblers,       during high onset G profiles generated by high performance VA/VF
technicians, maintenance personnel, programmers, and operators          aircraft This Center has designed, constructed, and tested a
is addressed Effects on employment are also addressed       NW          prototype servo controlled rapid response anti-G valve system
                                                                        This system, which employs a pressure transducer located in the
                                                                        valve outlet line but modified to represent the pressure in the
                                                                        anti-G suit as the feedback signal, is capable of pressunzing the
 N84-14685#        Illinois Univ, Urbana   Engineering Psychology       suit on a schedule which closely coincides with that of a rapidly
 Research Lab                                                           applied G profile In addition, this new valve is capable of improved
THE EFFECTS OF TASK STRUCTURES, DYNAMICS OF                             system reliability A senes of manned tests were conducted on
 DIFFICULTY CHANGES, AND STRATEGIC RESOURCE                             the NAVAIRDEVCEN human centnfuge to compare the protection
ALLOCATION TRAINING ON TIME-SHARING PERFORMANCE                         provided to relaxed and straining subjects exposed to rapid onset
 P TSANG and C D WICKENS Oct 1983 53 p                                  G-profiles by the current mechanical valve system and the servo
 (Contract N00014-79-C-0658, NR PROJ 196-158)                           valve system The servo valve system proved superior to the
 (AD-A134112, EPL-83-3/ONR-83-3) Avail NTIS HCA04/MFA01                 mechanical system exhibiting an average 0 5G tolerance
CSCL 05E                                                                improvement when the subjects were in a relaxed state and an
     A distinction was made between two aspects of time-shanng          average 1 3G tolerance improvement when the subjects were in
performance time-sharing efficiency and attention allocation            an M-1 straining state                                          GRA
optimahty The first one is concerned with the level of pint
performance of the time-shared tasks The second one is                  N84-14688# Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, Calif.
concerned with the consistency of protecting the high pnonty task       MINICOMPUTER ADMINISTERED TASKS IN THE STUDY OF
from vanations in the task demand Time-shanng performance was           EFFECTS OF SUSTAINED WORK ON HUMAN PERFORMANCE
then evaluated as a function of the task structures of the              Interim Report
component time-shared tasks and the strategic training of resource      D H RYMAN, P NAITOH, and C E ENGLUND                    Aug 1983
allocation Time-shanng efficiency was observed to decrease with         11 p
an increasing overlap of resources that the time-shared tasks           (AD-A133870; NAVHLTHRSCHC-83-21) Avail NTIS
utilized Results also tend to support the hypothesis that resource      HCA02/MFA01 CSCL 05J
allocation is more optimal when the time-shared tasks placed heavy         The measurements of changes in human performance dunng
demand on common processing resources than when they utilize            laboratory studies of long-term (sustained) continuous work penods
separate resources The verbal strategy instructions employed to         has been greatly facilitated with the introduction of computer
induce more optimal allocation were more successful for the task        administered and scored tasks This report documents six
pairs utilizing common resources than for those utilizing separate      minicomputer administered tasks and their scoring programs which
resources                                                     GRA       have been successfully used in the Sustained Operations research

118
                                                                        54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

program at the Naval Health Research Center The minicomputer                 distribution of a scene The extended Gaussian image allows us
system used in these studies was a MINC-11 (Modular                          to determine the attitude of the object based on the normal
Instrumentation Computer from Digital Equipment Corporation)                 distribution Visual analysis of an image consists of two stages
configured with A/D converter clock modules, two terminals and               The first stage segments the image into regions and determines
a printer The tasks were selected for measurement sensitivity to             the target region The photometric stereo system provides the
sleep loss and fatigue Four of these tasks involved measures of              surface normal distnbution of the scene The system segments
different types of reaction times The TRAP tasks measured the                the scene into isolated regions using the surface normal distnbution
response times of alternate pressing of two buttons, the Simple              rather than the brightness distnbution The second stage
Reaction Time task recorded response times to a visual stimulus,             determines the object attitude and position by comparing the
the Alpha-Numeric Visual Vigilance task measured response                    surface normal distnbution with the extended-Gaussian-image
latencies to correct and incorrect (disjunctive) visual signal               Fingers, with LED sensor, mounted on the PUMA arm can
detections, and the Four Choice Serial Reaction Time task                    successfully pick an object from a pile based on the information
measured reaction time involving correctness of choice to a visual           from the vision part                                  Author (GRA)
stimulus in one of four areas on a terminal screen Two other
tasks prevented via computer were the Logical Reasoning Task,
                                                                             N84-14692# Civil Aeromedical Inst, Oklahoma City, Okla. Civil
measunng correctness of complex mformaton processing, and a
                                                                             Aeromedical Inst.
Mood-Symptom-Fatigue and physiological state survey The task
                                                                             AN ANALYSIS OF POTENTIAL PROTECTIVE BREATHING
programs were wntten in assembly language (MACRO-11), and
                                                                             DEVICES INTENDED FOR USE BY AIRCRAFT PASSENGERS
the sconng-listing programs in Fortran IV The programs have been
                                                                             D DESTEIGUER and J T SALDIVAR May 1983 41 p
run on MINC-11/03 and 11/23 computers, with two double-density
                                                                             (AD-A132648, FAA-AM-83-10) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01
disk drives                                                 GRA
                                                                             CSCL 06K
                                                                                This report presents the results of tests performed to examine
N84-14689#       Air Force Inst of Tech, Wnght-Patterson AFB,                concepts for the development of a passenger-type protective
Ohio                                                                         breathing device which would provide protection from toxic
THE ABILITY TO PROCESS ABSTRACT INFORMATION M.S.                             smoke/fumes produced dunng an in-flight fire and afford some
Thesis                                                                       protection dunng emergency evacuations Data examined include
M L MOROZE Sep 1983 91 p                                                     expiratory PO2, PN2, PCO2, inspiratory PCO2, respiratory rates,
(AD-A133794, AFIT/CI/NR-83-51T) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01                       and respiratory volume for the devices tested                GRA
CSCL 05H
    The increasing use of technology in human-machine systems
has brought about the need to determine how the introduction of              N84-14693#       North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State
sophisticated technology impacts the human's performance How                 Univ, Greensboro Dept of Industrial Engmeenng
this technology interacts with the stress, workload, and information         COMPUTER AIDED TECHNIQUES FOR CREW STATION
processing capacity of the individual is discussed The technology            DESIGN, WORK-SPACE ORGANIZER-WORG, WORKSTATION
discussed is based on the use of advanced flight displays,                   LAYOUT GENERATOR-WOLAG
particularly the Head-Up Display, in the aircraft environment A              B M PULAT Jun 1983 39 p
study was conducted using three different methods of displaying              (Contract N00014-81-C-0320, NR PROJ 196-168)
the flight information to the operator It was found that, although           (AD-A132981) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 05E
all subjects could perform their flight tasks within pre-determined             This study reports the development of two more modules in
criteria, under a loading condition performance using a relatively           the Multi-Man-Machine Work Area Design and Evaluation System-
abstract presentation style was significantly poorer than                    MAWADES The Work-space Organizer-WORG, and the
performance using a more traditional, relatively concrete                    Workstation Layout Generator-WOLAC WORG is an interactive
presentation style                                     Author (GRA)          computenzed model, which prepares the layout of several
                                                                             workstations within a work-space The relative locations of the
N84-14690# Battelle Columbus Labs, Ohio                                      workstations are determined after link analysis (visual, voice and
CARBON DIOXIDE SENSOR TECHNOLOGY Final Report                                electronic communication) between stations WOLAG is also a
A A BOIARSKI, P P BALOG, R H BARNES, H J BYKER, G                            computenzed interactive model, designed to prepare layouts at
B GAINES, and P S RIEGEL Apr 1983 85 p                                       each station for sit-stand duty Displays and controls are laid out
(Contract N61331-82-C-0024, S0394SL)                                         sequentially on a panel based on system functions and operator
(AD-A133688, AD-F200054, NCSC-CR-102-83) Avail NTIS                          tasks The physical dimensions of the panel, along with panel
HCA05/MFA01 CSCL 06K                                                         sections and angles between sections, are determined after
    The current state of the art of carbon dioxide sensing technology        consideration of workspace geometry (anthropometnc vanables),
was examined in this task It was found that no current system                the visual space (visual field, eye-head movements, etc), and
can meet the desired requirements However, several approaches                locational pnonty zones Both modules collect evaluative measures
were identified which show promise. The overall summary of                   on the designs generated This data may be analyzed by a decision
approach used to identify the promising sensor concepts is provided          maker to choose the best design                               GRA
in this section along with the basic conclusions that were reached
regarding available sensor techniques Overall recommendations                N84-15056#         Dornier-Werke G m b H , Fnednchshafen (West
are also summanzed below to provide NCSC guidance regarding                  Germany) Avionics Dept
their consideration of future efforts                   Author (GRA)         THE LOCK-ON-BEFORE-LAUNCH WEAPON DELIVERY AND
                                                                             DISPLAY/CONTROL CONSIDERATION
N84-14691# Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambndge Artificial                 K. BOECKING              In AGARD        Advanced Concepts for
Intelligence Lab                                                             Avionics/Weapon System Design, Develop and Integration 15 p
PICKING UP AN OBJECT FROM A PILE OF OBJECTS                                  Oct. 1983 refs
K. IKEUCHI, B K P HORN, S NAGATA, T CALLAHAN, and O.                         Avail NTISHCA21/MFA01
FEINGOLD May 1983 29 p                                                          Investigations to provide basic test data to assess different
(Contract N00014-80-C-0505, N00014-77-C-0389)                                methods of target acquisition and missile seeker aiming and lock-on
(AD-A133631, AI-M-726) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01 CSCL                           are descnbed In addition, the pilot workload with different controls
06D                                                                          and displays was assessed and methods of reduction derived
    This paper descnbes a hand-eye system we developed to                    Further        different      weapon         information        and
perform the bin-picking task Two basic tools are employed the                weapon-video-display-systems and their           advantages and
photometric stereo method and the extended Gaussian image                    disadvantages were investigated The accuracy and speed of
The photometric stereo method generates the surface normal                   weapon aiming were especially evaluated                        MG


                                                                                                                                            119
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

N84-15096#           Centre d'Essais en Vol, Bretigny-sur-Orge          N84-15800# Office of Naval Research, London (England)
(France)                                                                ROBOT MANIPULATOR CONTROL
THE MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE IN NEW GENERATION                             J P BLACKBURN 7 Mar 1983 15 p refs
COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT [[.'INTERFACE HOMME - MACHINE                       (AD-A129365, R-1-83) Avail NTIS HC A02/MF A01 CSCL
DANS LES AVIONS COMMERCIAUX DE LA NOUVELLE                              05H
GENERATION]                                                                 A synthetic approach for calculating the control of robot
R GALAN In AGARD Flight Mech and System Design Lessons                  manipulators is given The initial control problem is broken down
from Operational Experience 11 p Oct 1983 In FRENCH                     into linear control and modelling problems The approach allows
Avail NTISHCA15/MFA01                                                   derivation of numerous schemes (adaptive or not) of control
    The history of the man machine interface from the very              proposed in the literature and suggests new schemes It is shown
beginning of aviation is reviewed and various trends for the last       that the problem of modeling is difficult but is less crucial if one
decade of this century are examined A simple glance reveals             can synthesize robust controls that are not sensitive to errors of
that the style of relations between aircraft and their crews evolved    modelling                                                       GRA
in a profound way and that a spectacular leap has taken place
over 80 yeas Centralization, new generation instruments, cathode
tubes, systems for flight management, display devices, and push
button technology are explored                     Transl by A R H
                                                                        N84-15801#       Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,
                                                                        Natick, Mass
                                                                        EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO PORTABLE LIQUID-COOLED
                                                                        UNDERGARMENTS IN REDUCING HEAT STRESS
                                                                        G F FONSECA Apr 1983 22 p
N84-15102*#         National Aeronautics and Space Administration       (Contract DA PROJ 3E1-62777-A-878)
Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif                              (AD-A133174, USARIEM-T-3/83) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
PILOT HUMAN FACTORS IN STALL/SPIN ACCIDENTS OF                          CSCL 06Q
SUPERSONIC FIGHTER AIRCRAFT                                                 The auxiliary cooling provided by each of two portable
S B ANDERSON, E K ENEVOLDSON (NASA Dryden Flight                        liquid-cooled undergarments was directly measured on a life-sized
Research Facility), and L T NGUYEN (NASA Langley Research               sectional manikin One undergarment (LCU 1) provided cooling
Center) In AGARD Flight Mech and System Design Lessons                  over the torso area, the other (LCU 2) provided cooling over the
from Operational Experience 10 p Oct 1983 refs Document                 torso and head areas The liquid contained in both undergarments
previously announced as N83-26856                                       was cooled by circulating it through an ice-filled compartment (i e,
Avail NTISHCA15/MF A01                                                  a heat exchanger) This manikin was dressed in a complete
    A study has been made of pilot human factors related to             chemical protective (CW) suit in MOPP 4 configuration Cooling
stall/spin accidents of supersonic fighter aircraft The military        rates (watts) were determined versus time for a completely wet
specifications for flight at high angles of attack are examined         (maximal sweating) skin condition during exposure to two hot
Several pilot human factors problems related to stall/spin are          environments In a chamber environment of 45 deg C, the average
discussed These problems include (1) unsatisfactory nonvisual           torso cooling rate over the first hour for LCU 1 is about 94 watts
warning cues, (2) the inability of the pilot to quickly determine if    which decreases to about 46 watts over the second hour of cooling,
the aircraft is spinning out of control, or to recognize the type of    for LCU 2 the average torso and head cooling rates were 81
spin, (3) the inability of the pilot to decide on and implement the     watts and 67 watts, over the first and second hours, respectively
correct spin recovery technique, (4) the inability of the pilot to      Only about 20 watts of cooling was still being provided over the
move, caused by high angular rotation, and (5) the tendency of          third hour of cooling by either portable               liquid-cooled
pilots to wait too long in deciding to abandon the irrecoverable        undergarment                                                   GRA
aircraft Psycho-physiological phenomena mfluencin pilot's behavior
in stall/spin situations include (1) channelization of sensor inputs,
(2) limitations in precisely controlling several muscular inputs, (3)
inaccurate judgment of elapsed time, and (4) disonentation of
vestibulo-ocular inputs Results are given of pilot responses to all     N84-15802#       Carnegie-Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, Pa Robotics
these problems in the F14A, F16/AB, and F/A-18A aircraft The            Inst
use of departure spin resistance and automatic spin prevention          A DISTRIBUTED CONTROL SYSTEM FOR THE CMU ROVER
systems incorporated on recent supersonic fighters are discussed        Progress Report
These systems should help to improve the stall/spin accident            A ELFESandS N TALUKDAR 27 Jan 1983 10 p Sponsored
record with some compromise in maneuverability                Author    in part by Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e
                                                                        Technologico and Institute Technologico de Aeronautica
                                                                        (Contract N00014-81-K-0503)
                                                                        (AD-A133201, AD-E000546) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
                                                                        CSCL 06D
                                                                            This paper describes a distributed control structure developed
N84-15799#       Oak Ridge National Lab, Tenn Instrumentation           for the CMU Rover, an advanced mobile robot equipped with a
and Controls Div                                                        variety of sensors Expert modules are used to control the operation
ROBOTICS-RELATED TECHNOLOGY IN THE NUCLEAR                              of the sensors and actuators, interpret incoming data, build an
INDUSTRY                                                                internal model of the robot's environment, devise strategies to
W R HAMELandH L MARTIN 1983 15 p refs Presented                         accomplish proposed tasks and execute these strategies Each
at the 27th Ann Intern Tech Symp on High Speed Photography,             expert module is composed of a master process and a slave
Videography and Photonics, San Diego, Calif, 23 Aug 1983                process, where the master process controls the scheduling and
(Contract W-7405-ENG-26)                                                working of the slave process Communication among expert
(DE83-017131,CONF-830874-22) Avail NTIS HC A02                          modules occurs asynchronously with the aid of a blackboard
    Similarities between teleoperators and robots are reviewed          Information specific to the execution of a given task is provided
Applications and development activities in teleoperated systems         through a control plan The system is distnbuted over a network
are summanzed on a worldwide basis Teleoperator developments            of processors Operating system kernels local to each processor
are examined for outer space, under water, and other hazardous          and an interprocess message communication mechanism ensure
environments The unification of a robot and a teleoperator system       transparency of the underlying network structure The vanous parts
into an autonomous, flexible machine is envisioned as the goal of       of the system are presented in this paper and future work to be
future telerobotic research                                  DOE        performed is mentioned                                Author (GRA)


120
                                                                        54   MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

W84-15803*# Carnegie-Mellon Univ. Pittsburgh. Pa Robotics                    M84-15805#       Carnegie-Mellon Unrv, Pittsburgh, Pa Robotics
Inst                                                                         Inst
THE STANFORD CART AND THE CMU ROVER                                          THE HUMAN SIDE OF ROBOTICS:                   RESULTS FROM A
H P MORAVEC 24 Feb 1983 40 p Sponsored in part by                            PROTOTYPE STUDY ON HOW WORKERS REACT TO A ROBOT
NASA and Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency and                       Interim Report
National Science Foundation                                                  L ARGOTE, P S GOODMAN, and D SCHKADE May 1983
(Contract N00014-81-K-0503)                                                  28 p
(NASA-CR-174502, NAS 1 26 174502. AD-A133207. AD-E000546)                    (AD-A133438, AD-E750844, CMU-RI-TR-83-11) Avail NTIS
Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 06D                                              HCA03/MFA01 CSCL 06D
    The Stanford Cart was a remotely controlled TV equipped mobile               This study examines workers' reactions to the introduction of
robot. A computer program was written which drove the Cart                   robots in a factory The study focuses on understanding workers'
through cluttered spaces, gaining its knowledge of the world entirely        psychological reactions to this new technology and to the manner
from images broadcast by an onboard TV system The CMU Rover                  in which it was introduced Workers reported that both advantages
is a more capable, and nearly operational, robot being built to              (lower fatigue) and disadvantages (increased downtime) were
develop and extend the Stanford work and to explore new                      associated with the introduction of the robot Over time, workers'
directions The Cart used several kinds of stereopsis to locate               beliefs about robots became more complex and pessimistic
objects around it in 3D and to deduce its own motion It planned              Production operators' jobs, as well as their interaction patterns
an obstacle avoiding path to a desired destination on the basis of           with other production and support workers changed with the
a model built with this information The plan changed as the Cart             introduction of the robot Consequences of these changes for
perceived new obstacles on its journey The system was reliable               increases in job stress are examined A set of strategies for
for short runs, but slow The Cart moved one meter every 10 to                introducing robots in the factory is discussed      Author (GRA)
15 minutes, in lurches. After rolling a meter it stopped, took some
pictures and thought about them for a long time Then it planned              N84-15806#        Carnegie-Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, Pa Robotics
a new path, executed a little of it, and paused again It successfully        Inst
drove the Cart through several 20 meter courses (each taking                 APPROPRIATE LENGTHS BETWEEN PHALANGES OF
about 5 hours) complex enough to necessitate three or four                   MULTIJOINTED FINGERS FOR STABLE GRASPING Interim
avoiding swerves, it failed in other trials in revealing ways The            Report
Rover system has been designed with maximum mechanical and                   T OKADAandT KANADE 22 Jul 1983 20 p
control system flexibility to support a wide range of research in            (AD-A133448, CMU-RI-TR-83-13) Avail NTIS HCA02/MFA01
perception and control It features an omnidirectional steering               CSCL 06D
system, a dozen onboard processors for essential real time tasks,                An appropriate arrangement of finger joints is very important
and a large remote computer to be helped by a high speed                     since the stability of grasping an object greatly depends on that
digitizing/data playback unit and a high performance array                   arrangement Multijomted fingers can grasp an object with many
processor Distributed high level control software similar in                 points of contact each of which is pressed against the object as
organization to the Hearsay II speech understanding system and               if wrapping up that object The amount of the wrapped up area
the beginnings of a vision library are being readied           GRA           and the form of the finger when an object is grasped are therefore
                                                                             important factors for determining the stability of grasping The
                                                                             authors propose the wrapping factor to be used for the evaluation
                                                                             of the stability of grasping by using these factors They consider
                                                                             twenty eight models for the finger having three joints, and perform
                                                                             a simulation of their ability to grasp various shapes stably Based
                                                                             on the simulation results, an appropriate arrangement of lengths
                                                                             between phalanges for a multijointed finger is presented      GRA

N84-15804#        Carnegie-Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, Pa Robotics              N84-15807#        Carnegie-Mellon Univ, Pittsburgh, Pa Robotics
Inst                                                                         Inst
POPEYE: A GRAY-LEVEL VISION SYSTEM FOR ROBOTICS                              IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTOMATIC FOCUSING ALGORITHMS
APPLICATIONS Interim Report                                                  FOR A COMPUTER VISION SYSTEM WITH CAMERA CONTROL
R BRACHO, J F SCHLAG, and A. C SANDERSON 4 May                               Interim Report
1983 40 p                                                                    J F SCHLAG, A C SANDERSON, C P NEUMAN, and F C
(Contract NSF ECS-79-23893)                                                  WIMBERLY 15 Aug 1983 90 p Sponsored in part by Navy
(AD-A133298, CMU-RI-TR-83-6) Avail NTIS HCA03/MFA01                          and Westmghouse Electnc Corp
CSCL 09B                                                                     (AD-A133492, CMU-RI-TR-83-14) Avail NTIS HCA05/MFA01
    A gray-level image processing system has been constructed                CSCL 09B
to provide capability for inspection, object orientation, object                 The POPEYE system is a grey level computer vision system
classification,and interactive control tasks in an inexpensive,              developed for research and development It provides a convenient
stand-alone system with moderate processing speed The POPEYE                 environment for research by coupling a powerful microprocessor
system offers a range of functions including algorithms for                  with a large base of support software The particulars of the
preprocessing, feature extraction, image modeling, focusing,                 system's hardware configuration and software support are given
automatic pan, tilt, and zoom, interactive communication with other          after an explanation of the desires which motivated its fabrication
devices, and convenient user interaction. The host processor is a            In addition to providing general computation and display capabilities,
Motorola 68000 processor with Multibus communication between                 the system provides open loop manual or software control over
pnncipal modules, an image data bus for acquisition and storage              the camera parameters of pan, tilt, focus, and zoom This offers
and a pipeline bus for image preprocessing and programmable                  many advantages over fixed arrangements such as the ability to
transform operations The software structure provides hierarchical            investigate focusing and elementary tracking algorithms. This work
control over multiple i/o devices, file management of system                 describes the implementation of several standard automatic
storage, an image management package and a vector package                    focusing algonthms on the POPEYE system and provides
Performance of the system is evaluated using convolution filters,            experimental evaluation and comparison This leaves the system
adaptive modeling, histogram modification, and connectivity                  with a valuable enhancement and provides a starting point for the
analysis Cellular logic operations, piecewise gradient segmentation,         implementation of a production focusing system There are many
automatic focusing, and adaptive spatial filtering examples are              possible uses for such a system, including robotic assembly and
descnbed in detail The system is being applied to a number of                inspection tasks One application is the development of industrial
practical industrial applications                      Author (GRA)          inspection algonthms for the Factory of the Future Project Part


                                                                                                                                              121
54    MAN/SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SUPPORT

of this project involved the inspection of fluorescent lamp mount      operator-system interaction are discussed A typical robot system
assemblies Algorithms for the automated inspection of the              cost analysis for one application is given                  DOE
assemblies are described which represent the solutions to difficult
inspection problems currently beyond the capabilities of commercial    N84-16051*#        Kansas Unrv, Lawrence Dept of Electncal
vision systems Suggestions for the implementation of a production      Engineering
focusing system are given alone with suggestions for possible          COMPUTER CONTROL OF A SEVEN DEGREE OF FREEDOM
hardware improvements to the POPEYE system                   GRA       MANIPULATOR ARM
                                                                       J STENSBY In Alabama Univ Res Rept 1983 NASA/ASEE
N84-15808# Human Performance Research, Inc, Goleta, Calif              Summer Faculty Fellowship Program 33 p Dec 1983
COMPUTER BASED LANDING SIGNAL OFFICER CARRIER                          Avail NTIS HC A99/MF A01 CSCL 08H
AIRCRAFT RECOVERY MODEL Final Report, Oct. 1977 - Jul.                     An algorithm for the computer control of a seven degree of
1980                                                                   freedom manipulator arm, termed the Hawk Control Mode, is
M. E MCCAULEY and G J BORDEN Sep 1983 70 p                             described The algorithm is segmented into two distinct parts One
(Contract N61339-77-C-0110)                                            part controls the extension, azimuth, and elevation of the wnst
(AD-A133507, HPR-101, NAVTRAEQUIPC-77-C-0110-1) Avail                  joint The second part controls the attitude of the terminal device
NTIS HCA04/MFA01 CSCL 09B                                              The two segments interact to achieve decoupling of wrist joint
    This report describes a two phase research effort to develop       translation and terminal device rotation                      MG
a two phase Landing Signal Officer (LSO) decision-making model
to serve as a performance criterion in an automated training system
In the first of the two-phase development effort, analytic methods                                      55
including observations, interviews, conferences and literature
reviews were used to collect data concerning the LSO functions                            PLANETARY BIOLOGY
and decision-making processes dunng earner aircraft recovery
operations                                                     GRA
                                                                       Includes exobiology, and extraterrestrial life
N84-15809# University of Southern California, Redondo Beach
Behavioral Technology Labs
A PERFORMANCE-BASED TECHNIQUE FOR ASSESSING                            A84-16939
EQUIPMENT MAINTAINABILITY Final Report                                 PHOTOLYSIS OF URACIL AND URIDINE IN THE PRESENCE
D M TOWNE, M C JOHNSON, and W H CORWIN Aug                             OF LUNAR SOIL [FOTOLIZ URATSILA I URIDINA V
1983 61 p                                                              PRISUTSTVII LUNNOGO GRUNTA]
(Contract N00014-80-C-0493, NR PROJ 196-165)                           E A KUZICHEVA and L V SMAGINA (Akademua Nauk SSSR,
(AD-A133518, TR-102) Avail NTIS HCA04/MFA01 CSCL 15E                   Institut Tsitologn, Leningrad, USSR)       Akademua Nauk SSSR,
    Previous research produced a computer-implemented model            Doklady (ISSN 0002-3264), vol 273, no 2, 1983, p 501-505 In
of corrective maintenance performance, based on a relatively           Russian refs
simple maximum-productivity rule for selecting maintenance                 A laboratory experiment was conducted to assess the influence
operations, and a relatively complex data base representing            of lunar soil (Luna-16 sample 1626) on the photochemical behavior
particular systems The model has been expanded to recognize            of uracil and undine It is shown that lunar soil has a catalytic
the impact of task-sequence context upon the actions necessary         effect in the photolysis of these two substances, leading to the
to accomplish tasks. Decisions at each stage of,a simulated            conclusion that the very low concentration of organic substances
maintenance requirements now reflect the effects of previously         in lunar rocks and dust is determined, in part, by the decomposition
performed work on the time and effort necessary to perform future      of these substances under the effect of solar UV radiation and
tasks Maintainability projections were generated for a digital         the catalytic effect of the regohth The results lead to the
infrared transmitter/receiver system, specially constructed to be      assumption that punnes, pynmidines, and hydrocarbons
configured in two functionally equivalent forms Ten electronics        synthesized in space or on the lunar surface have been subject
technicians worked to identify and resolve eight inserted              to considerable photochemical transformations                   BJ
malfunctions each, using built-in indicators and standard test
equipment The overall projections of maintenance times compared
well to the experimental data A measure of design complexity is
proposed for the evaluation of maintainability This measure, mean
number of indicators necessary to accomplish fault isolation, is
sensitive to multiplicity of fault modes and to the extent to which
fault symptoms are confounded at the maintamer interface GRA

N84-15810# Du Pont de Nemours (E I) and Co , Aiken, S C
LABORATORY ROBOTICS AT THE SAVANNAH RIVER
LABORATORY
G M DYCHESandS D BURKETT 1983 28 p refs Presented
at the Eastern Anal Symp , New York, 16-18 Nov 1983 Submitted
for publication
(Contract DE-AC09-76SR-00001)
(DE84-001760, DP-MS-83-43, CONF-831198-1) Avail NTIS HC
A03/MF A01
    Many analytical chemistry methods normally used at the
Savannah River site require repetitive procedures and handling of
radioactive and other hazardous solutions Robotics is being
investigated as method of reducing personnel fatigue and radiation
exposure and also increasing product quality Several applications
of vanous commercially available robot systems are discussed
involving cold (nonradioactive) and hot (radioactive) sample
preparations and glovebox waste removal Problems encountered
in robot programming, parts fixturing, design of special robot hands
and other support equipment, glovebox operation, and


122
                                                                                                                                    SUBJECT INDEX

AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY / A Continuing Bibliography (Supplement 257)                                                                                                APRIL 1984



       Typical Subject Index Listing


                                                             ACTIVITY CYCLES (BIOLOGY)                                          AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS
                                                                  Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism             Flight crew performance when pilot-flying and
                                                               — Russian book                               p 76 A84-18493        pilot-not-flying duties are exchanged p 94 A84-18791
                                                             ADAPTATION                                                              EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance
                                                                  Spatial-frequency discrimination and detection -                in airplane evacuation                    p111 A84-18852
                                                               Comparison of postadaptation thresholds                          AIRCRAFT APPROACH SPACING
                                                                                                            p 83 A84-18890           Time-compressed components for airnntercept control
ALGORITHMS                                                   ADAPTIVE CONTROL                                                     skills                                    p113 A84-19289
— Computational studies en the interpretation of structure        Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
                                                                                                                                     Primary separation between three aircraft using traffic
  and motion Summary and extension                                                                          p93 A84-18779
                                                                                                                                  displays                                  p116 A84-19317
  |AD-A131598|                        p27 N84 11746          ADRENAL GLAND
                                                                  Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact          Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI — Cockpit
                                                                                                                                  Display of Traffic Information            p 116 A84-19318
                                                               and subjected to acute overheating           p 75 A84-17300
                                                             AERODYNAMIC STALLING                                               AIRCRAFT CARRIERS
                                                                  Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic          Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An
                                                               fighter aircraft                            p 120 N84-15102        economical multifactor approach           p 109 A84-18838
                                              NASA                                                                                   Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as
                  REPORT        PAGE                         AEROSOLS
       TITLE                                ACCESSION                                                                             a function of aircraft dynamics             p 98 A84-19324
                  NUMBER       NUMBER                             Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and
                                             NUMBER            aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                      Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft
                                                               [DE84-001135]                                p 91 N84-15785        recovery model
                                                             AEROSPACE MEDICINE                                                   [AD-A133507]                              p 122 N84-15808
                                                                  Selecting performance and workload measures for               AIRCRAFT COMMUNICATION
                                                               full-mission simulation                      p 91 A84-16653           Quantification     of crew workload imposed by
The subject heading is a key to the subject content               Aerospace medicine and biology                 A continuing     communications-related tasks in commercial transport
of the document The title is used to provide a                 bibliography with indexes (supplement 252)                         aircraft                                   p 113 A84-19292
descriptor of the subject matter When the title is             [NASA-SP-7011(252)]                          p 87 N84-15763      AIRCRAFT COMPARTMENTS
                                                             AGE FACTOR                                                              Inhalation toxicology         3    Evaluation of thermal
insufficiently descriptive of the document content,               Age and information processing            p 94 A84-18785        degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine
the title extension is added, separated from the title            Individual differences and age-related changes in               oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
by three hyphens The (NASA or AIAA) accession                  time-sharing ability of aviators             p 97 A84-19284        [AD-A133221]                                p 90 N84-15778
                                                             AIR POLLUTION
number and the page number are included in each                                                                                 AIRCRAFT CONTROL
                                                                  Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and
entry to assist the user in locating the abstract in                                                                                 Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment
                                                               aerosols in human subjects Design considerations
                                                                                                                                                                             p 102 A84-16662
the abstract section If applicable, a report number            [DE84-001135]                                p91 N84-1S785
                                                             AIR QUALITY                                                             Flying ability and understanding of vehicle control
is also included as an aid in identifying the                                                                                     dynamics                                    p 93 A84-18780
                                                                  Proceedings of the 3rd Tripartite Conference on
document Under any one subject heading, the                    Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
                                                                                                                                     Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight
accession numbers are arranged in sequence with                United States                                                      simulator                                   p 96 A84-18840
                                                               [AD-A133150]                                 p90 N84-15777            Dynamic perception of computer generated visual
the AIAA accession numbers appearing first
                                                             AIR TRAFFIC                                                          information in an altitude control task
                                                                  Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers                                                          p 109 A84-18841
                                                               selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays                       A comparison of manual and vocal response modes
                                                                                                           p 108 A84-18829        for the control of aircraft systems        p 112 A84-19283
                                                                                                                                     Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task
                                                             AIR TRAFFIC CONTROL
                                                                                                                                  system                                     p113 A84-19291
ABILITIES                                                         Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display
                                                               research                                    p 108 AB4-18830           Pilot onented performance measurement
    Mitigation of performance decrement in transient
                                                                                                                                                                             p114 A84-19304
  extreme heat                             p94 A84-18783          Conflict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss
                                                                                                                                     Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction
ACCELERATION (PHYSICS)                                         encounters with cockpit traffic displays
                                                                                                                                  testing                                    p115 A84-19309
    Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion                                                      p 115 A84-19315
                                                                  Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format     AIRCRAFT DESIGN
  [AD-A133908]                             p 89 N84-1S773                                                                            F-18 human engineering program - A retrospective
ACCELERATION STRESSES (PHYSIOLOGY)                             on pilot avoidance maneuvers                p 116 A84-19316
                                                                  Primary separation between three aircraft using traffic         view                                       p110 A84-18849
    Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment                                                                           Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit
                                         p 102 A84-16662       displays                                    p 116 A84-19317
                                                                                                                                  compatibility program                      p115 A84-19310
ACCIDENT PREVENTION                                               Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI — Cockpit
                                                                                                                                     Keyboard design variables evaluated dunng dual-task
    The effects of warning message highlighting on novel       Display of Traffic Information              p 116 A84-19318        mode selection                             p117 A84-19325
  assembly task performance                p 93 A84-18782         Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased         AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT
ACCIDENT PRONENESS                                             airport capaaty                             p116 A84-19319            The lock-on-before-launch weapon delivery and
    Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval        AIR TRAFFIC CONTROLLERS (PERSONNEL)                                  display/control consideration             p119 N84-15056
  Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap              Training spatial skills for air-traffic control               AIRCRAFT LANDING
  potential                                p 98 A84-19320                                                   p93 A84-18778            Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as
ACCLIMATIZATION                                                   New technology for training - An evaluation of the air          a function of aircraft dynamics             p98 A84-19324
    Increased metabolism and dead space as components          controller exerciser (ACE)                  p 108 A84-18827           Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft
 of ventilation at high altitude                                  Time-compressed components for air-intercept control            recovery model
 [AD-A130827]                              p 87 N84-15766      skills                                      p113 A84-19289         [AD-A133507]                              p 122 N84-15808
ACETAZOLAMIDE                                                     Color perception end ATC job performance                      AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE
    Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic            [AD-A132649]                                 p 90 N84-15781           Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -
 exercise in humans at sea level           p 80 A84-16186         Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft           Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation — Simulated
                                                               recovery model                                                     Aircraft Maintenance Trainers              p115 A84-19312
ACID BASE EQUILIBRIUM
                                                               [AD-A133507]                                p 122 N84-15808           Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide
    Ventilation and CSF ions during hypocapnic HCI and
                                                                                                                                  important directions                       p116 A84-19321
  HNO3 aadosis in conscious rabbits        p 73 A84-16183    AIRBORNE EQUIPMENT
                                                                                                                                     Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of
    Ventilation and CSF ions during isocapnic HCI and HNO3        A study on airborne integrated display system and human
                                                                                                                                  the airway facilities service
 aadosis in conscious rabbits              p 74 A84-16184      information processing
                                                                                                                                  [AD-A133282]                                p 99 N84-15793
ACIDOSIS                                                       [NASA-TM-77338]                              p 99 N84-15789
                                                                                                                                AIRCRAFT MANEUVERS
    Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapnic HCI and        AIRBORNE/SPACEBORNE COMPUTERS                                           Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers
  HNO3 actdosis in conscious rabbits       p 73 A84-16183         The man-machine interface in new generation                     selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays
    Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapnic HCI and HNO3      commercial aircraft                         p 120 N84-15096                                                   p 108 A84-18829
 aadosis in conscious rabbits              p 74 A84-16184    AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION                                         Conflict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss
ACTIVITY (BIOLOGY)                                                Visual/perceptual aspects of an F-4G accident                   encounters with cockpit traffic displays
    Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of                                                   p94 A84-18793                                                    P115 A84-19315
 photosystem I, built into the liposomes                          Flight operations safety monitoring effects on the crew            Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format
                                           p74 A84-16933       alerting system                             p 109 A84-18831        on pilot avoidance maneuvers               p 116 A84-19316


                                                                                                                                                                                          A-1
AIRCRAFT PILOTS                                                                                                                                                           SUBJECT INDEX

AIRCRAFT PILOTS                                                       Assessment of ultrasonic B-scan imaging for detection                                       B
      Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via      and quantification of atherosclerotic lesions in human
  partitioning estimation algorithms         p 103 A84-18639        carotid and illofemoral artenes and in arteries of animals        B-52 AIRCRAFT
      Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task         [PB83-261123]                           p 86 N84-14678                Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual
  to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations                ARTERIOSCLEROSIS                                                      qualification                           p 107 A84-18820
                                             P115 A84-19311           Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study               Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and
AIRCRAFT SAFETY                                                    of atherogenesis stages in human coronary artenes (based             evaluation                              p 107 A84-18821
      Flight operations safety monitoring effects on the crew      on early autopsies)                    p 81 A84-17285              BACTERIA
  alerting system                            p 109 A84-18831                                                                               Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent
                                                                     Assessment of ultrasonic B-scan imaging for detection
      Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide                                                                            methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether
                                                                   and quantification of atherosclerotic lesions in human
  important directions                       p 116 A84-19321                                                                                                                      p73 A84-16044
                                                                   carotid and illofemoral artenes and in artenes of animals
      An analysis of potential protective breathing devices                                                                                Effects of ratnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bactenal
                                                                   [PB83-261123]                           p 86 N84-14678
  intended for use by aircraft passengers                                                                                               growth                                    p 76 A84-17820
  [AD-A132648]                               p119 N84-14692       ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE                                                  Biological chemistry                   p 77 N84-15190
AIRCRAFT SPIN                                                        Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain                    The role of microorganisms in marine corrosion
      Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic                                           p110 A84-18850                processes
  fighter aircraft                           p 120 N84-15102         Picking up an object from a pile of objects                        [AD-A133113]                              p78 N84-15757
AIRCRAFT SURVIVABIUTY                                              (AD-A133631)                           p119 N84-14691              BANDWIDTH
      Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from   ASTRONAUT TRAINING                                                      Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing
  flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise              Human factors in Spacelab - Crew training                        resource cost                           p 110 A84-18845
                                             p 107 A84-18818                                                                          BEARING (DIRECTION)
                                                                                                                p 98 A84-19307
ALDOSTERONE                                                                                                                               Spatiotemporal charactenstics of visual localization
      Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma reran and       ASYMMETRY                                                             [AD-A133952]                              p 88 N84-15770
  aldosterone during exercise                 p 80 A84-16187           Morphological criteria of the structural asymmetry of          BEHAVIOR
ALGAE                                                              cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain                      Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior —
      Suggestions concerning technological research and                                                         p81 A84-17283           Russian book                              p 77 A84-18745
  development for the purpose of industnal use of marine          ATROPINE                                                                 Behavioral and prenatal effects of 60-Hz fields
                                                                       Heat exchange following atropme injection before and             [DE84-001126]                             p 77 N84-14664
  [ISSN-0077-5606]                           p 77 N84-14661         after heat acclimation                                            BIAS
ALGORITHMS                                                          [AD-A132618]                                p 90 N84-15780             Processing phenomena and the dissociation between
     Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a        ATTACK AIRCRAFT                                                       subfective and objective workload measures
  computer vision system with camera control                           Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft         [AD-A134050]                            p118 N84-14686
  [AD-A133492]                              p 121 N84-15807                                                    p 106 A84-18804        BIBLIOGRAPHIES
     Computer control of a seven degree of freedom                                                                                         Human reactions to elf electric and magnetic fields An
                                                                       Physiological and psychological aspects of the piloting
  manipulator arm                           p 122 N84-160S1                                                                             annotated bibliography of current literature, 3rd edition
                                                                   of modern high-performance combat aircraft
ALKALOSIS                                                                                                                               [PB83-259648]                             p 86 N84-14679
     Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes                                                       p99 N84-15099
                                                                                                                                          Aerospace medicine and biology              A continuing
  in regional blood flow in sheep            p 74 A84-16189       ATTENTION                                                             bibliography with indexes (supplement 252)
ALLOCATIONS                                                            Effects of task structures on attention allocation               [NASA-SP-7011(252)]                       p 87 N84-15763
     Effects of task structures on attention allocation            optimality                                   p 95 A84-18806        BIFURCATION (BIOLOGY)
  optimality                                 p 95 A84-18806       ATTITUDE (INCLINATION)                                                   Significance of aorta-branching charactenstics in the
ALPHANUMERIC CHARACTERS                                                An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition     regulation of regional blood flow in humans
     Keying logics for alphanumenc keyboards and human              using microcomputer CAI — Computer Aided Instruction                                                          p82 A84-17298
  performance                               p 107 A84-18822                                                    p112 A84-19279         BIOASSAY
ALTITUDE ACCLIMATIZATION                                          ATTITUDE INDICATORS                                                      A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the
     The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural            A study on airborne integrated display system and human          Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space
  hypoxia — Russian book                     p 76 A84-18504        information processing                                               Center, Flonda                            p 79 N84-16027
ALTITUDE CONTROL                                                   [NASA-TM-77338]                              p 99 N84-15789        BIOASTRONAUTICS
     Visual cueing effectiveness - Comparison of perception                                                                                Development and function of organisms in
                                                                  AUDITORY PERCEPTION                                                   weightlessness - Two expenments for the first German
  and flying performance                     p 98 A84-19326           The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses                 Spacelab mission D1                       p 75 A84-17767
ALTITUDE SICKNESS                                                  [AD-A132744]                                 p 86 N84-14675
     Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory                                                                        BIOCHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND
                                                                  AUDITORY SIGNALS                                                         Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
  response in man
                                                                       The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses                squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  [AD-A130658]                               p 88 N84-15768
                                                                   [AD-A132744]                                 p 86 N84-14675                                                    p76 A84-17775
ALTITUDE SIMULATION
                                                                  AUDITORY STIMULI                                                    BIOCHEMISTRY
     The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold
                                                                       Effect of the acoustic reflex of mtraaural muscles on               Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent
  levels                                    p 106 A84-18810
                                                                   the latent periods of components of the cochleomyogenic              methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether
     Dynamic perception of computer generated visual                                                                                                                              p73 A84-16044
  information in an altitude control task                          potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading
                                                                                                                p83 A84-19000              Excess synthesis of DMA in HeLa cells after
                                            p109 A84-18841                                                                              gamma-irradiation          and        treatment       with
                                                                  AUDITORY TASKS
ANAEROBES                                                                                                                               N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidme       p 74 A84-16934
     Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the             A methodological investigation of subject input/output
                                                                   related error dunng vibration               p 107 A84-18812             Effects of nitnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bactenal
  squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae                                                                                       growth                                    p 76 A84-17820
                                             p76 A84-17775            Task-relevant late positive component of the auditory
                                                                                                                                          Chemical enzymology — Russian book
                                                                   event-related potential in monkeys resembles P300 in
ANIMALS                                                                                                                                                                           p76 A84-18505
     Bibliography of research reports and publications issued      humans                                       p 77 A84-19028
                                                                                                                                          The Role of Oxygen Radicals in Biology and Medicine
  by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982                        AUTOMATIC CONTROL                                                     [AD-A133053]                              p 77 N84-14663
  [AD-A133637]                               p 85 N84-14672            Implementation of automatic focusing algonthms for a                Biological chemistry                   p 77 N84-15190
                                                                   computer vision system with camera control                         BIOCLIMATOLOGY
ANTHROPOMETRY
                                                                   [AD-A133492]                                p 121 N84-15807            The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural
     Development of a human atlas of strengths
                                            p 107 A84-18814       AUTOMATIC CONTROL VALVES                                              hypoxia — Russian book                    p 76 A84-18504
     Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit            A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve                  BIOCONTROL SYSTEMS
                                                                   [AD-A134042]                                p 118 N84-14687             Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and
  compatibility program                     p115 A84-19310
                                                                  AUTOMATIC TEST EQUIPMENT                                              pathological conditions — Russian book
ANTIREFLECTION COATINGS
                                                                       Pilot onented performance measurement                                                                      p 76 A84-18495
     A companson of VDT antireflection treatments
                                            p 105 A84-18790                                                    p114 A84-19304             Central control of movement timing
                                                                  AUTOMATION                                                                                                      p93 A84-18760
AORTA
                                                                      A distributed control system for the CMU Rover                  BIODYNAMICS
     Significance of aorta-branching charactenstics in the
                                                                   [AD-A133201]                                p 120 N84-15802            Development of a human atlas of strengths
  regulation of regional blood flow in humans
                                                                  AVIONICS                                                                                                      p 107 A84-18814
                                             p82 A84-17298
                                                                       Pictonal format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659                 The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by
ARCTIC OCEAN                                                                                                                            the use of V T R — Video Tape Recorder
     On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic        Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D
                                                                                                                                                                                 p110 A84-18848
  fleet                                      p82 A84-17291         displays                                    p 102 A84-16660
                                                                                                                                          Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive
ARCTIC REGIONS                                                         Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics
                                                                                                                                        repetitive loading
     The effects of dehydration on penpheral cooling               procedural training
                                                                                                                                        [AD-A130881]                              p87 N84-15765
  [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767        [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                         p 93 A84-18144
                                                                                                                                      BIOELECTRIC POTENTIAL
ARGON                                                                 Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased                Determining the time required for visual perception -
     Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed           airport capacity                            p116 A84-19319           Methods and results                       p 80 A84-16935
  by(44)Ca(n.(-))(41)Ar                                                Keyboard design vanables evaluated dunng dual-task                 Task-relevant late positive component of the auditory
  [DE83-017600]                              p 79 N84-15761        mode selection                              p117 A84-19325           event-related potential in monkeys resembles P300 in
ARTERIES                                                               Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target             humans                                    p 77 A84-19028
     Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and              recognition                                 p117 A84-19330         BIOELECTRICITY
  pathological conditions -- Russian book                             The man-machine interface in new generation                         The use of toxins in the charactenzation of the Na(-i-)
                                             p 76 A84-18495        commercial aircraft                         p 120 N84-15096          channel in cardiac muscle                 p 73 A84-15925


A-2
SUBJECTINDEX                                                                                                                                                        CEREBRAL CORTEX

      Electrocutaneous      stimulation with high voltage               Significance of aorta-branching characteristics in the       CALIBRATING
  capacrtrve discharges                    p 101 A84-16343          regulation of regional blood flow in humans                           Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory
      Electrical responses of anterior roots to bulbar pyramid                                                 p82 A84-17298          [DE84-001760]                             p 122 N84-15B10
  and labyrinth stimulation in animals with a denervated                Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact    CAMERAS
  limb                                       p77 A84-18998          and subjected to acute overheating         p 75 A84-17300             Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a
      Neuronal adaptive mechanisms undertying intelligent         BLUE GREEN ALGAE                                                    computer vision system with camera control
  information processing                                                The ultrastructurat organization of the blue-green alga       [AD-A133492]                              p 121 N84-15807
  [AD-A133694)                               P 89 N84-15776         microcystis aeruginosa kuetz Emend Elenk in connection           CAPE KENNEDY LAUNCH COMPLEX
BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS                                                  with toxjcogenesis                                                    A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the
      Development and function of organisms                  in     [AD-A132540]                               p 77 N84-14662         Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space
  weightlessness - Two experiments for the first German           BODY COMPOSITION (BIOLOGY)                                          Center, Florida                             p 79 N84-16027
  Spacelab mission D1                         p 75 A84-17767            Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well
                                                                                                                                     CAPILLARIES (ANATOMY)
      Behavioral and prenatal effects of 60-Hz fields               conditioned young adult males              p83 A84-18813              Development of capillanes in the human brain
  [DE84-001126]                              P 77 N84-14664       BODY FLUIDS                                                                                                     p81 A84-17279
      Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation Review             The effects of dehydration on peripheral cooling
                                                                                                                                     CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM
  draft, parts 1, 2 and 3                                           [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767
                                                                                                                                          Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
  [PB83-262550]                              P 87 N84-14680       BODY MEASUREMENT (BIOLOGY)
                                                                                                                                      response to intravenous glucose in vrvo in rat
      Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                      Methods of biotelemetry — Russian book
                                                                                                                                                                                  p73 A84-16176
  exposure                                                                                                   p 103 A84-18751
                                                                  BODY TEMPERATURE                                                        Fructose and glucose ingestion and muscle glycogen
  [AD-A132941]                               p 78 N84-15760
                                                                        Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to             use dunng submaximal exercise               p 80 A84-16185
      Aerospace medicine and biology             A continuing
  bibliography with indexes (supplement 252)                        exercise-heat stress                                                  The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of
  [NASA-SP-7011(252)]                        p 87 N84-15763         [AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669         bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood         p 74 A84-16967
BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION                                                    Mathematical simulation of diver performance                 CARBON DIOXIDE
      On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra               [AD-A133844J                               p 85 N84-14671             Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory
                                              p73 A84-15954       BONE MINERAL CONTENT                                                 response in man
      Functional evolution of the central nervous system                Alterations in calcium homeostasis and bone dunng              [AD-A130658]                               p 88 N84-15768
                                              p76 A84-18497         actual and simulated space flight           p82 A84-17822        CARBON DIOXIDE CONCENTRATION
BIOLOGICAL MODELS (MATHEMATICS)                                   BONES                                                                   Carbon dioxide sensor technology
      Model of static accommodative behavior in human                   Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed            [AD-A133688]                             p 119 N84-14690
  amblyopia                                   P 80 A84-16344        by(44)Ca(n,(-))(41)Ar                                            CARBON MONOXIDE
      Mathematical model for vestibule-ocular reflex                [DE83-017600]                              p79 N84-15761              The effects of reduced oxygen and of carbon monoxide
                                            p 103 A84-18572             Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive         on performance in a mouse pole-jump apparatus
      Mental stress quantification and identification decision      repetitive loading                                                                                             p74 A84-16725
  modeling                                    p 95 A84-18808        [AD-A130881]                               p87 N84-15765              Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
      Mathematical simulation of diver performance                BRAIN                                                                exposure in humans protocol 1
  [AD-A133844]                               p 85 N84-14671             Slow nonelectrical processes in the evaluation of the          [AD-A133891]                               p 89 N84-15774
BIOMAGNETISM                                                        functional condition of the human brain — Russian book
                                                                                                                                     CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
      Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the                                                       p82 A84-18494
                                                                                                                                          Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of
  transient visual evoked response to patterned                         Task-relevant late positive component of the auditory
                                                                                                                                       headgear loading parameters               p 102 A84-16664
  stimulation                                                       event-related potential in monkeys resembles P300 in
                                                                    humans                                      p 77 A84-19028       CAROTID SINUS BODY
  [AD-A132546]                               P 85 N84-14667
                                                                        Magnetoencephalography                                            Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on
      Magnetoencephalography
                                                                    [AD-A132496]                               p 85 N84-14668          carotid body chemoreception in rabbits
  [AD-A132496]                               P 85 N84-14668
                                                                        Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent                                                        p74 A84-16188
BIOMETRICS
      Electrocutaneous stimulation with high voltage                information processing                                           CATALYSIS
  capacitrve discharges                     p 101 A84-16343         [AD-A133694]                               p 89 N84-15776             Chemical enzymology — Russian book
BIONICS                                                           BRAIN CIRCULATION                                                                                                p76 A84-18505
      Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model                           Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain       CATHODE RAY TUBES
  [DE84-001325]                              P 79 N84-15762         in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental           Pictorial format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659
      Visual routines                                                Study)                                     p74 A84-17276             The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT
  [AD-A133634]                                p 99 N84-15792            Development of capillaries in the human brain                  displays                                  p 104 A84-18789
BIOPHYSICS                                                                                                      p81 A84-17279              Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using
      Radiation biophysics in space - Two expenments on                 The role of affections of the mam artenes ol the head          subjective scaling                        p 105 A84-18796
   the first Spacelab mission                 p 75 A84-17766         in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                    Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs
BIOTECHNOLOGY                                                        properties of the blood                    p 81 A84-17280         them?                                     p 106 A84-1B803
      Suggestions concerning technological research and                 Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of
                                                                                                                                          Color matches and discnmmation functions for selected
   development for the purpose of industnal use of manne             blood prostaglandins in patients with hypertension
                                                                                                                                       hues                                        p83 A84-19294
   algae                                                                                                        p81 A84-17281
   [ISSN-0077-5606]                           p 77 N84-14661            Morphofunctional organization of structures of the           CATTLE
                                                                     ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in            Biological chemistry                    p 77 N84-15190
BIOTELEMETRY
      Methods of biotelemetry — Russian book                         the regulation of blood circulation        p 77 A84-18999       CELL DIVISION
                                            p 103 A84-18751       BRAIN DAMAGE                                                            Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
BLOOD CIRCULATION                                                       Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain         — Russian book                              p 76 A84-18493
      Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact      in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental     CELLS (BIOLOGY)
  and subjected to acute overheating          p 75 A84-17300         Study)                                     p74 A84-17276             Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
BLOOD COAGULATION                                                       Mechanisms of pathological and reparatrve processes            -Russian book                               p 76 A84-18493
      The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural         in brain tissue cells in the postischemic period according           Countercurrent distnbution of biological cells
  hypoxia--Russian book                       p 76 A84-18504         to data of electron-cytocnemical analysis of nuclear              [NASA-CR-170958]                           p 78 N84-15755
BLOOD FLOW                                                          chromatin and nbonucleoprotems              p 74 A84-17277             Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model
      The role of affections of the main artenes of the head            Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain     [OE84-001325]                              p79 N84-15762
  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                 of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia                 CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
  properties of the blood                     p 81 A84-17280                                                    p75 A84-17278             Functional evolution of the central nervous system
      Significance of aorta-branching characteristics in the            The role of affections of the main artenes of the head                                                     p76 A84-18497
  regulation of regional blood flow in humans                        in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological               CEREBRAL CORTEX
                                              p82 A84-17298          properties of the blood                    p81 A84-17280              Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the
      Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed                                                                              human visual cortex                         p81 A84-17008
                                                                        Lymphocytes in the human brain          p 81 A84-17284
  by (44)Ca(n,(-» (41)Ar                                                                                                                   Mechanisms of pathological and reparatrve processes
  [DE83-017600]                               p79 N84-15761       BREATHING APPARATUS                                                  in brain tissue cells in the postischemic penod according
                                                                        An analysis of potential protective breathing devices          to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear
BLOOD PLASMA
      The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of          intended for use by aircraft passengers
                                                                                                                                       chromatin and nbonucleoprotems              p 74 A84-17277
  bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood         p 74 A84-16967         [AD-A132648]                            p119 N84-14692               Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain
BLOOD PRESSURE                                                                                                                         of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia
      Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and                                                                                                                             p 75 A84-17278
  pathological conditions — Russian book                                                                                                   Development of capillanes in the human brain
                                              p 76 A84-18495                                                                                                                       p81 A84-17279
BLOOD VESSELS                                                     C-130 AIRCRAFT                                                           Cytoarchitectonics of frontal area fields of the cerebral
      Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on         The C-130 visual system - An update                              cortex in Papto hamadryas and Macaca rhesus in
  the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning                                              p 101 A84-16623                ontogeny                                    p 75 A84-17297
  electron microscopy                         P 75 A84-17282      CALCIUM                                                                  Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the
      Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium                     Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed              transient visual evoked response to patterned
                                              p75 A84-17296         by (44)Ca(n,(-)) (41)Ar                                            stimulation
BLOOD VOLUME                                                        [DE83-017600]                        p 79 N84-15761                [AD-A132546]                                p 85 N84-14667
      Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of         CALCIUM METABOLISM                                                       Evaluation of factors producing visual evoked response
  blood prostaglandms in patients with hypertension                   Alterations in calcium homeostasis and bone dunng                variability
                                              p 81 A84-17281        actual and simulated space flight    p 82 A84-17822                [AD-A133917]                                p 88 N84-15772


                                                                                                                                                                                             A-3
CEREBRAL VASCULAR ACCIDENTS                                                                                                                                                SUBJECTINDEX
CEREBRAL VASCULAR ACCIDENTS                                              Color matches and discrimination functions for selected           Computer aided techniques for crew station design,
      The role of affections of the main arteries of the head        hues                                        p83 A84-19294         work-space       Organizer-WORG, workstation           layout
  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                      Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit         Generator-WOLAG
  properties of the blood                     p 81 A84-17280         compatibility program                     p115 A84-19310          [AD-A132981]                              p119 N84-14693
CEREBROSPINAL FLUID                                                      Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format    COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION
      Ventilation and CSF ions during hypocaprac HCI and             on pilot avoidance maneuvers              p 116 A84-19316             The instructor, computer managed instruction, and the
  HNO3 acidosis in conscious rabbits          p 73 A84-16183             Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI — Cockpit        flight simulator                            p 92 A84-16658
      Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapnic HCI and HNO3                                                                                A companson of map learning methods Map study,
                                                                     Display of Traffic Information            p 116 A84-19318
  acidosis in conscious rabbits               p 74 A84-16184                                                                           simulated travel and mixed
                                                                         Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased
CEREBRUM                                                                                                                               [AD-A133544]                              p 100 N84-15794
                                                                     airport capacity                          p116 A84-19319
      Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on                                                                              Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft
  the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning               Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken? —          recovery model
  electron microscopy                         P 75 A84-17282         fighter aircraft cockpit display effectiveness in                 [AD-A133507]                              p 122 N84-15808
      Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of            emergencies                               p117 A84-19331         COMPUTER GRAPHICS
  cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain                COGNITION                                                              Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination
                                              p81 A84-17283              Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain             sources in the real-time display of a visual scene
CHEMICAL EVOLUTION                                                                                             p110 A84-18850                                                    p 101 A84-16622
      Photolysis of uracil and undine in the presence of lunar           Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and            The C-130 visual system - An update
  soil                                       p 122 A84-16939         transfer of basic flying skills - Another look                                                              p 101 A84-16623
CHEMORECEPTORS                                                                                                   p97 A84-19277             Some compansons of on-display and off-display touch
      Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on                    Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the           input devices for interaction with computer generated
  carotid body chemoreception in rabbits                             transient visual evoked response to patterned                     displays                                  p 102 A84-17013
                                              p74 A84-16188          stimulation                                                           Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet
CHEMOTHERAPY                                                         [AD-A132546J                               p 85 N84-14667         mounted visual display systems
      Acute        intramuscular     toxicity     (LD50)       of   COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY                                               [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                      p 103 A84-18162
  1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyimmomethyl) pyndinium                   Age and information processing          p 94 A84-18785            User-computer interface design of a complex tactical
  bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice                                                                                           display terminal                          p 108 A84-18828
                                                                         Representing human cognition in complex man-machine
  [AD-A133148]                                p 78 N84-15758         environments — for fighter pilot performance analysis                 Dynamic perception of computer generated visual
ORCADIAN RHYTHMS                                                                                                 p94 A84-18797         information in an altitude control task
      Symposium on mathematical modeling of arcadian                                                                                                                             p 109 A84-18841
                                                                         Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer        MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —
  systems
  [AD-A133636]                                p 86 N84-14673         of training of basic flying skills          p 95 A84-18819        Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive
      Sleep and wakefulness handbook for flight medical                  Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints          Communications                            p114 A84-19306
  officers                                                           from psychology and human engmeenng research                     COMPUTER PROGRAMS
  [AGARD-AG-270(FR)1                          p 91 N84-15788         [NLR-MP-82032-U]                          p 100 N84-15798             Computer aided techniques for crew station design,
CIRCULATION                                                         COLD TOLERANCE                                                     work-space       Organizer-WORG,        workstation    layout
      Pathways of lymph movement in the case of the blocking             Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal                  Generator-WOLAG
  of the medial superficial lymphatic vessels of the lower           endurance performance                                             [AD-A132981]                              p 119 N84-14693
  extremities                                 p 82 A84-17299         [AD-A132581]                               p 84 N84-14665        COMPUTER TECHNIQUES
CLEARANCES                                                          COLLISION AVOIDANCE                                                    New technology for training - An evaluation of the air
      Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed                Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers             controller exerciser (ACE)                p 108 A84-18827
  by (44)Ca(n,(-» (41)Ar                                             selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays                       A computerized, procedural aid for flight crews
  [DE83-017600]                               p 79 N84-15761                                                   p 108 A84-18829                                                   p116 A84-19323
CLINICAL MEDICINE                                                        Conflict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss                     Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects
      Clinical-morphological      characteristics      of    the     encounters with cockpit traffic displays                          of sustained work on human performance
  thymicolymphatic condition in adolescents and adults                                                         p115 A84-19315          [AD-A133870]                              P118 N84-14688
                                              p81 A84-17286              Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format         A distnbuted control system for the CMU Rover
      The present state of chronomedicme                             on pilot avoidance maneuvers              p116 A84-19316          [AD-A133201]                              p120 N84-15802
                                              p 75 A84-17290        COLOR                                                             COMPUTER VISION
      On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic         Color contrast metncs for head-up displays                        The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT
  fleet                                       p82 A84-17291                                                    p117 A84-19327          displays                                  p 104 A84-18789
      Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips                            COLOR CODING                                                           Picking up an object from a pile of objects
  [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                     p 87 N84-15764             Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs              [AD-A133631]                              p119 N84-14691
CLIPS                                                                them?                                     p 106 A84-18803             POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics
      Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips                                 Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed          applications
  [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                     p 87 N84-15764         by a signal detection paradigm            p 107 A84-18816         [AD-A133298]                              p 121 N84-15804
CLOTHING                                                            COLOR VISION                                                           Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a
      Effectiveness      of    two     portable    liquid-cooled         Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic        computer vision system with camera control
  undergarments in reducing heat stress                              contrast                                  p 107 A84-18815         [AD-A133492]                              p 121 N84-15807
  [AD-A133174]                               p 120 N84-15801             Gender differences in response to ambient color, task        COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION
COCHLEA                                                              complexity and presence of evaluative others                          Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics
      Effect of the acoustic reflex of mtraaural muscles on                                                      p95 A84-18817         procedural training
  the latent periods of components of the cochleomyogemc                 Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation                 [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                        p 93 A84-18144
  potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading                                                        p110 A84-18843              Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable
                                              p83 A84-19000              Color matches and discrimination functions for selected       variables - Fewer subjects required with repeated
COCKPIT SIMULATORS                                                   hues                                        p83 A84-19294         measures — for human factors evaluations
      The instructor, computer managed instruction, and the              Color perception and ATC job performance                                                                p 105 A84-18799
  flight simulator                            p 92 A84-16658         [AD-A132649]                               p 90 N84-15781             The Hughes design analysis system and instructor
      The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning             COMBAT                                                             workload in operational trainers          p 105 A84-18801
  information for pilot training             p 111 A84-18856             Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from         EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance
      A comparison of manual and vocal response modes                flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise           in airplane evacuation                    p111 A84-18852
  for the control of aircraft systems        p 112 A84-19283                                                   p 107 A84-18818             Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash
      Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative               Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect            dynamics for energy absorption studies
  fighter cockpits                           p 114 A84-19305         recognition at real world distances       p 110 A84-18842                                                   p111 A84-18853
      MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —                      COMBUSTION PRODUCTS                                                    A companson of map learning methods Map study,
  Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive                 Inhalation toxicology        3   Evaluation of thermal        simulated travel and mixed
  Communications                             p114 A84-19306          degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine          [AD-A133544]                              p 100 N84-15794
COCKPITS                                                             oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil                  CONCENTRATION (COMPOSITION)
      Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D                 [AD-A133221]                               p 90 N84-15778             Proceedings of the 3rd Tripartite Conference on
  displays                                   p 102 A84-16660        COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT                                                Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
      Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                       The man-machine interface in new generation                   United States
                                             p 102 A84-16699         commercial aircraft                       p 120 N84-15096         [AD-A133150]                                p90 N84-15777
      Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs              COMPARISON
                                                                                                                                      CONDITIONED REFLEXES
  them?                                      p 106 A84-18803             Comparison of IRT observed-score and true-score
                                                                                                                                           Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior —
                                                                     equatings
      Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers                                                                                 Russian book                               p77 A84-18745
                                                                     [AD-A133871]                                p 99 N84-15791
  selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays                                                                                     CONDITIONING (LEARNING)
                                                                    COMPUTATION
                                             p 108 A84-18829                                                                               Mitigation of performance decrement in transient
                                                                         Visual routines
      F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective                 [AD-A133634]                                p 99 N84-15792        extreme heat                                p 94 A84-18783
  view                                       p110 A84-18849         COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN                                             CONFERENCES
      Validating      CAR - A companson               study of           Evaluation of control station design - The crew human             Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,
  expenmentally-denved and computer-generated reach                  engmeenng software system                 p 104 A84-18781         WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings
  envelopes — Crewstation Assessment of Reach                            Validating CAR - A companson study of                                                                   p 103 A84-18776
                                             p111 A84-188S1          expenmentally-denved and computer-generated reach                     Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,
      Flight stations and offices of the future - How similar        envelopes — Crewstation Assessment of Reach                       VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volumes 1 & 2
  will they be                               p 112 A84-19282                                                   p111 A84-18851                                                    p112 A84-19276


A-4
SUBJECT INDEX                                                                                                                                                                              DYES

   The 5th Symposium on Gravitational Physiology                  CYTOLOGY                                                               Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch
                                      p84 N84-14166                   Excess synthesis of ONA in HeLa cells after                    input devices for interaction with computer generated
   Symposium on mathematical modeling of Orcadian                   gamma-irradiation          and        treatment         with     displays                                     p 102 A84-17013
 systems                                                            N-methyl-N'-mtro-N-nitrosoguanidine p 74 AB4-16934                   A companson of VDT antireflection treatments
 [AD-A133636]                         p 86 N84-14673                   Mechanisms of pathological and reparative processes                                                        p 105 A84-18790
   Proceedings ol the 3rd Tripartite Conference on                  in brain tissue cells in the postischemic period according           A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects
 Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                  to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear             in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographs
 United States                                                      chromatin and nbonudeoproteins             p 74 A84-17277        displays                                     p 105 A84-18795
 [AD-A133150]                         p90 NB4-15777                    Cytoarchitectonics of frontal area fields of the cerebral
                                                                                                                                         Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
CONGRESSIONAL REPORTS                                               cortex in Papio hamadryas and Macaca rhesus in
                                                                                                                                     control modes in the Boeing 757/767
                                                                    ontogeny                                   p 75 A84-17297
   The impact of robotics on employment                                                                                                                                           p 106 A84-18802
                                                                      Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
 [GPO-21-160]                        P11B N84-14684                                                                                      Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs
                                                                    — Russian book                             p 76 A84-18493
CONSOLES                                                                                                                             them?                                       p 106 A84-18803
   Keyboard design variables evaluated during dual-task                                                                                  Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft
 mode selection                        p 117 A84-19325                                                                                                                            p 106 A84-18804
CONSTRAINTS                                                                                                                              Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally
   On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra                DATA PROCESSING TERMINALS                                          derived images                               p 106 A84-18805
                                        p73 A84-15954                  A companson of VDT antireflection treatments                      Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic
CONTRAST                                                                                                      p 105 A84-18790        contrast                                     p 107 A84-18815
     Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic            User-computer interface design of a complex tactical
                                                                                                                                         Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed
  contrast                                 p 107 A84-18815          display terminal                          p 108 A84-18828
                                                                                                                                     by a signal detection paradigm               p 107 A84-18816
CONTROL BOARDS                                                    DECISION MAKING
                                                                                                                                         Keying logics for alphanumenc keyboards and human
     Evaluation of control station design - The crew human             Flying ability and understanding of vehicle control
                                                                                                                                     performance                                  p 107 A84-18822
  engmeenng software system                p 104 A84-18781          dynamics                                   p 93 A84-18780
                                                                       Mental stress quantification and identification decision          Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers
CONTROL EQUIPMENT                                                                                                                    selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays
                                                                    modeling                                   p 95 A84-18808
     Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and                                                                                                                            p 108 A84-18829
                                                                       Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints
  performance dunng a compensatory tracking task
                                                                    from psychology and human engineenng research                        Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display
  [AD-A133921]                               p 85 N84-14670
                                                                    [NLR-MP-82032-U]                         p 100 N84-15798         research                                     p 108 A84-18830
CONTROL SIMULATION
                                                                       Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft             Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter
     Experimental design of a model for the dynamic                 recovery model                                                   night vision system configuration            p 109 A84-1S839
  behaviour of pilot candidates            p 103 A84-18589
                                                                    [AO-A133507]                             p 122 N84-15808             Dynamic perception of computer generated visual
     Evaluation of control station design - The crew human        DECISION THEORY                                                    information in an altitude control task
  engineenng software system               p 104 A84-18781             Model of the behavior of the human visual system for                                                       p109 A84-18841
CONTROL STICKS                                                      the perception of contour elements — image processing                Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
     Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment         [FUB-44-1982]                              p86 N84-14677                                                      p 110 A84-18843
                                           p 102 A84-16662        DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS
                                                                                                                                         Pseudo-quickenmg - A new display technique for the
CONTROLLED ATMOSPHERES                                                 Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on
                                                                                                                                     control of higher order systems              p110 A84-18846
     Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                 Submanne Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
                                                                                                                                         Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic
  Submanne Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                  United States
                                                                                                                                     displays                                     p111 A84-18854
  United States                                                     [AD-A133150]                               p90 N84-15777
                                                                                                                                         How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload
  [AD-A133150]                               p90 N84-15777        DEHYDRATION
                                                                                                                                                                                  p 111 A84-18855
COOLING                                                                Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma reran and
                                                                                                                                         A methodological investigation of three psychophysical
     The effects ot dehydration on peripheral cooling               aldosterone dunng exercise                 p 80 A84-16187
                                                                                                                                     techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity
  [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767            Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
                                                                                                                                                                                  p113 A84-19297
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE                                             exercise-heat stress
                                                                                                                                         MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —
     Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study          [AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669
                                                                                                                                      Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive
  of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based            The effects of dehydration on penpheral cooling
                                                                                                                                     Communications                               p114 A84-19306
  on early autopsies)                        p81 A84-17285          [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767
                                                                                                                                         Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction
                                                                  DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID
CORRELATION                                                                                                                          testing                                      p 115 A84-19309
                                                                       Excess synthesis of DNA in HeLa cells after
     Comparison of IRT observed-score and true-score                                                                                     Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format
                                                                    gamma-irradiation           and        treatment       with
  equatings                                                                                                                          on pilot avoidance maneuvers                 p116 A84-19316
  [AD-A133871]                               p 99 N84-15791         N-methyl-N'-ratro-N-nitrosoguamdine        p 74 A84-16934            Pnmary separation between three aircraft using traffic
                                                                       Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model
CORROSION                                                                                                                            displays                                     p116 A84-19317
                                                                    [DE84-001325]                              p 79 N84-15762
     The role of microorganisms in marine corrosion                                                                                      Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI — Cockpit
                                                                  DEPENDENT VARIABLES
  processes                                                                                                                           Display of Traffic Information              p 116 A84-19318
                                                                       Optical vanables as measures of performance dunng
' [AD-A133113]                               p78 N84-15757                                                                               Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased
                                                                    simulated flight                          p 105 A84-18792
CRASHES                                                                                                                              airport capacity                             p 116 A84-19319
                                                                  DETECTION
     Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash                                                                            Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception
                                                                       The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses
  dynamics for energy absorption studies                                                                                             and flying performance                        p 98 A84-19326
                                                                    [AD-A132744]                               p 86 N84-14675
                                           p111 A84-18853                                                                                Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken? —
                                                                  DEXTRANS
CREW PROCEDURES (INFLIGHT)                                                                                                           fighter aircraft cockpit display effectiveness in
                                                                       Countercurrent distnbution of biological cells
     A computerized, procedural aid for flight crews                                                                                 emergencies                                  p 117 A84-19331
                                                                    [NASA-CR-170958]                           p 78 N84-15755
                                                                                                                                         The lock-on-before-launch weapon delivery and
                                           p116 A84-19323         DIAGNOSIS
                                                                                                                                     display/control consideration                p119 NB4-15056
CREW STATIONS                                                          A performance-based technique             for assessing           The man-machine interface in new generation
     Validating   CAR      - A companson            study of        equipment maintainability
                                                                                                                                     commercial aircraft                         p 120 N84-15096
  expenmentally-denved and computer-generated reach                 [AD-A133518]                              p 122 N84-15809
                                                                                                                                         Spatiotemporal charactenstcs of visual localization
  envelopes — Crewstatoon Assessment of Reach                     DIGESTING                                                          [AD-A133952]                                  p 88 N84-15770
                                           p111 A84-18851              Biological chemistry                    p77 N84-15190             A study on airborne integrated display system and human
     Computer aided techniques for crew station design,           DIGITAL DATA                                                        information processing
  worts-space     Organizer-WORG, workstation            layout        Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally       [NASA-TM-77338]                              p 99 N84-15789
  Generator-WOLAG                                                   derived images                            p 106 A84-18805      DISTANCE
  [AD-A132981]                             P119 N84-14693         DIGITAL SYSTEMS                                                        Spnnt — physiology of short-distance running
CREW WORK STATIONS                                                     Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet                                                    p82 A84-17289
     Evaluation of control station design - The crew human          mounted visual display systems                                       A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects
  engineenng software system               p 104 AS4-18781          [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                      p 103 A84-18162         in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic
     Right stations and offices of the future - How similar       DIGITAL TECHNIQUES                                                  displays                                    p 105 A84-18795
  will they be                             p 112 A84-19282             Evaluations of digital imagery processed by                 DIURNAL VARIATIONS
CROSS CORRELATION                                                   enhancement/restoration techniques                                   Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation
     Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable                                                   p112 A84-19280          to square-wave gratings                      p84 AS4-19295
  vanables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                DISPLAY DEVICES                                                  DIVING (UNDERWATER)
  measures — for human factors evaluations                             Wide field-of-vtew visual display technology for flight           Mathematical simulation of diver performance
                                           p 105 AS4-18799          simulation                                p 101 A84-16621        [AD-A133844]                                  p 85 N84-14671
CRYOGENIC COOLING                                                                                                                  DOSAGE
                                                                       Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination
     Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium                                                                                         Acute        intramuscular       toxiaty      (LD50)      of
                                                                    sources in the real-time display of a visual scene
                                             p75 A84-17296                                                                             1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyiminomethyl) pyndinium
                                                                                                              p 101 A84-16622
CUES                                                                                                                                  bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice
     Right simulation cue synchronization                              The C-130 visual system - An update
                                                                                                                                      [AD-A133148]                                 p 78 N84-15758
                                           p 101 A84-16620                                                    p 101 A84-16623
                                                                                                                                   DOSIMETERS
CULTIVATION                                                            Pictorial format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659                Dose conversion factors for inhaled radionudides
     Suggestions concerning technological research and                 Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D                 [FOA-C-40184-A3]                             p 91 N84-15786
  development for the purpose of industrial use of marine           displays                                  p 102 A84-16660      DYES
  algae                                                                Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                       Rapid identification of micro-organisms
  [ISSN-0077-5606]                           p77 N84-14661                                                    p 102 A84-16699         [AD-A132831]                                 p 78 N84-15759


                                                                                                                                                                                              A-5
DYNAMIC MODELS                                                                                                                                                           SUBJECT INDEX

DYNAMIC MODELS                                                       Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken? —              Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes
   Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via       fighter aircraft cockpit display effectiveness in                 in regional blood flow in sheep             p 74 A84-16189
 partitioning estimation algorithms     p 103 A84-18639           emergencies                             p117 A84-19331               Spnnt — physiology of short-distance running
DYNAMIC RESPONSE                                                     Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                                                             p82 A84-17289
   Tracking with multiple independent response functions          Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                    Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well
                                        p115 A84-19313            United States                                                     conditioned young adult males               p 83 A84-18813
                                                                  [AD-A133150]                             p90 N84-15777               Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
                                                                     Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng        exercise-heat stress
                                                                  performance following a simulated emergency involving             [AD-A132263]                                p 85 N84-14669
                                                                  startle                                                              Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
ECOLOGY                                                                                                                             physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
     On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra              [AD-A133602]                            p 100 N84-15795
                                                                                                                                    body exercise
                                               p73 A84-15954    EMPLOYMENT
                                                                                                                                    [AD-A134086]                                p 88 N84-15769
     A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the           The impact of robotics on employment
                                                                                                                                       Expenments on factors that influence muscular function
  Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space                [GPO-21-160]                            p118 N84-14684
                                                                                                                                    in man
  Center. Flonda                               p 79 N84-16027   ENDOTHELIUM                                                         [AD-A133928]                                p 88 N84-15771
ECONOMIC IMPACT                                                      Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium                       Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on
     Energy use The human dimension                                                                        p 75 A84-17296           Submanne Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
  [DE84-001405]                                p 86 N84-14676   ENERGY CONSUMPTION                                                  United States
EDUCATION                                                            Energy use The human dimension                                 [AD-A133150]                                p90 N84-15777
     Training spatial skills for air-traffic control              [DE84-001405]                            p 86 N84-14676         EXOBIOLOGY
                                               p93 A84-18778    ENERGY SOURCES                                                         Aerospace medicine and biology               A continuing
     Time-compressed components for air-intercept control            Energy use The human dimension                                 bibliography with indexes (supplement 252)
  Skills                                      p 113 A84-19289     [DE84-001405]                            p 86 N84-14676           [NASA-SP-7011(252)]                         p 87 N84-15763
     Training feedback handbook                                 ENZYME ACTIVITY                                                   EXPERIMENT DESIGN
  [AD-A132565]                                 p 99 N84-U683         Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic                   Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
     Evaluation results for the interactive video competency      exercise in humans at sea level          p80 A84-16186                                                        p 93 A84-18779
  recognition system                                                                                                              EXPERIMENTATION
                                                                     Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma reran and
  [AD-A133052]                                p 100 N84-15796                                                                          Bibliography of research reports and publications issued
                                                                  aldosterone dunng exercise               p 80 A84-16187
EFFECTIVENESS                                                                                                                       by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982
                                                                     Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
     Evaluation results for the interactive video competency                                                                        [AD-A133637]                                p 85 N84-14672
                                                                  squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  recognition system                                                                                                              EXPOSURE
                                                                                                           p76 A84-17775
  [AD-A133052]                                p 100 N84-15796                                                                          Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
                                                                     Chemical enzymology — Russian book
EFFERENT NERVOUS SYSTEMS                                                                                                            endurance performance
                                                                                                           p76 A84-18505
     Magnetoencephalography                                                                                                         [AD-A132581]                                p 84 N84-14665
                                                                ENZYMOLOGY
  [AD-A132496]                                 p 85 N84-14668                                                                          Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
                                                                     Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study
EFFICIENCY                                                                                                                          exposure in humans protocol 1
                                                                  of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based
     Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain                                                                               [AD-A133891]                                p 89 N84-15774
                                                                  on early autopsies)                      p 81 A84-17285
  Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen                                                                                Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and
                                                                EPITHELIUM
  concentration                                p 87 N84-14681                                                                       aerosols in human subjects Design considerations
                                                                     Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on
     The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty                                                                         [DE84-001135]                               p 91 N84-15785
                                                                 the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning
  changes, and strategic resource allocation training on                                                                          EYE DISEASES
                                                                  electron microscopy                      p 75 A84-17282
  time-shanng performance                                                                                                              Model of static accommodative behavior in human
                                                                EPOXIDATION
  [AD-A134112]                                p118 N84-14685                                                                        amblyopia                                   p 80 A84-16344
                                                                     Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
ELECTRIC FIELDS                                                                                                                   EYE EXAMINATIONS
                                                                  squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
     Behavioral and prenatal effects of 60-Hz fields                                                                                   Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation
                                                                                                           p76 A84-17775
  [DE84-001126]                                p 77 N84-14664                                                                       to square-wave gratings                     p 84 A84-19295
                                                                ESTIMATING
     Human reactions to elf electnc and magnetic fields An
                                                                     Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via     EYE MOVEMENTS
  annotated bibliography of current literature, 3rd edition
                                                                  partitioning estimation algonthms       p 103 A84-18639              Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
  [PB83-259648]                                p 86 N84-14679
                                                                ETHYL ALCOHOL                                                       control modes in the Boeing 757/767
ELECTRIC STIMULI                                                                                                                                                               p 106 A84-18802
                                                                     Type of task practice and time-sharing activities predict
     Electrocutaneous stimulation with high voltage
                                                                  performance deficits due to alcohol mgestion                         Transient evoked potential and eye movement
  capacitrve discharges                       p 101 A84-16343
                                                                                                           p96 A84-18844            recordings dunng simulated emergencies
ELECTRO-OPTICS
                                                                EVACUATING (TRANSPORTATION)                                                                                    p 108 A84-18826
     Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs
                                                                     EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance                 Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic
  them?                                       p 106 A84-18803
                                                                  in airplane evacuation                  p111 A84-18852            displays                                   p111 A84-18854
ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY
                                                                EVALUATION                                                             The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning
     Investigating the steady state visually evoked cortical
                                                                     Keyboard design vanables evaluated dunng dual-task             information for pilot training             p111 A84-18856
  response                                     p 84 A84-19303
                                                                  mode selection                          p117 A84-19325
ELECTROMYOGRAPHY                                                                                                                       Spatiotemporal characteristics of visual localization
                                                                EVOKED RESPONSE (PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY)
     Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus                                                                             [AD-A133952]                                p 88 N84-15770
                                                                     Visually evoked response from sum of sines
  dunng bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal                                                                                   Spatial localization in strabismic observers
                                                                  stimulation                              p 92 A84-16655
  type                                                                                                                              [AD-A132748]                                p 91 N84-15784
                                                                     Transient evoked potential and eye movement
  [AD-A132550]                                 p 84 N84-14666
                                                                  recordings dunng simulated emergencies
ELECTRON BEAMS                                                                                            p 108 A84-18826
     Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                    Investigating the steady state visually evoked cortical
  exposure                                                        response                                 p 84 A84-19303
  [AD-A132941]                                 p 78 N84-15760        Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the          F-18 AIRCRAFT
ELECTRON MICROSCOPY                                               transient visual evoked response to patterned                        F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective
     Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on      stimulation                                                       view                                   p110 A84-18849
  the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning        [AD-A132546]                             p 85 N84-14667         FAST NEUTRONS
  electron microscopy                          p 75 A84-17282        Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and                 Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed
ELECTRONIC AIRCRAFT                                               performance dunng a compensatory tracking task                    by (44)Ca(n,(-)) (41)Ar
     A study on airborne integrated display system and human      [AD-A133921]                             p85 N84-14670            [DE83-017600]                           p 79 N84-15761
  information processing                                             Evaluation of factors producing visual evoked response       FATIGUE (BIOLOGY)
  [NASA-TM-77338]                              p 99 N84-15789     vanability                                                           Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
ELECTRONIC WARFARE                                                [AD-A133917]                             p 88 N84-15772           endurance performance
     Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft   EXAMINATION                                                         [AD-A132581]                            p 84 N84-14665
                                              p 106 A84-18804        Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of         FEEDBACK
ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY                                                 a large industrial plant                  p 82 A84-17293             Training feedback handbook
     Electrocutaneous stimulation with high voltage             EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY                                                 [AD-A132565]                            p 99 N84-14683
  capacitrve discharges                       p 101 A84-16343        Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin   FERTILITY
     Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the        response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat                       Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced
  human visual cortex                          p 81 A84-17008                                              p73 A84-16176            subtertility in male mice               p 73 A84-16181
                                                                     Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
     Evidence for a central component of post-injury pain                                                                         FIELD OF VIEW
                                                                  in supine and upnght exercise            p 79 A84-16177
  hypersensrtrvity                             p 77 A84-19038                                                                          Wide field-of-view visual display technology for flight
                                                                     Intersubject vanability in growth hormone time course
     Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent                                                                            simulation                             p 101 A84-16621
                                                                  dunng different types of work            p 79 A84-16178
  information processing                                                                                                          FIGHTER AIRCRAFT
                                                                     Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term
  [AD-A133694]                                 p 89 N84-15776     exercise                                 p 80 A84-16180              Pictonal format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659
EMERGENCIES                                                          Fructose and glucose mgestion and muscle glycogen                 The impact of display size on continuous and discrete
     Transient evoked potential and eye movement                  use dunng submaximal exercise            p 80 A84-16185           anticipatory cues -- head-up display symbology for fighter
  recordings dunng simulated emergencies                             Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic                aircraft weapons delivery               p 92 A84-16661
                                              p 108 A84-18826     exercise in humans at sea level          p 80 A84-16186              The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource
     EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance               Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma reran and          competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault
  in airplane evacuation                      p111 A84-18852      aldosterone dunng exercise               p 80 A84-16187           diagnosis                              p 104 A84-18788


A-6
SUBJECT INDEX                                                                                                                                                                       HEART RATE

      Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from            Conflict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss                  GAS EXCHANGE
  flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise              encounters with cockpit traffic displays                               Interaction of anti-G measures and chest wall mechanics
                                              p 107 A84-188t8                                                      p115 A84-19315          in determining gas exchange
      A comparison of manual and vocal response modes                      Primary separation between three aircraft using traffic         [AD-A133740]                             p 89 N84-15775
  for the control of aircraft systems         p 112 A84-19283          displays                                    p116 AB4-19317         GAS TRANSPORT
      Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative                 Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI — Cockpit             Critical O2 transport values at lowered body
  fighter cockpits                            P114 A84-19305           Display of Traffic Information              p116 A84-19318          temperatures in rats                     p 73 A84-16182
                                                                           Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased          GLARE
      Visual perceptual and human performance factors
  involved in low level, high speed flight                             airport capacity                            p116 A84-19319             The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT
                                                                           A comparison of analog and digital scales for use in            displays                                p 104 A84-18789
                                               p98 A84-19329
                                                                       headship displays                           p 117 AS4-19328
      Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic                                                                           GLUCOSE
                                                                           Optical flow and texture variables useful in simulating
  Tighter aircraft                            p 120 N84-15102                                                                                 Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
                                                                       self motion (2)
FINGERS                                                                                                                                    response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
                                                                       [AD-A133597)                                 p 90 N84-15779
      Central control of movement timing                                                                                                                                            p73 A84-16176
                                                                     FLIGHT SIMULATORS
                                               p93 A84-18760                                                                              GLYCOGENS
                                                                           Flight simulation cue synchronization
      Appropriate lengths between phalanges of multi|ointed                                                                                   Fructose and glucose mgestion and muscle gtycogen
                                                                                                                   p 101 A84-16620
                                                                                                                                           use dunng submaxmal exercise             p 80 A84-16185
  fingers for stable grasping                                              Utility and utilization of advanced instructional features
  [AD-A133448]                                p 121 N84-15806                                                                             GRATINGS (SPECTRA)
                                                                       in aircrew training devices I - Tactical air command
                                                                                                                                              Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation
FIRES                                                                                                               p92 A84-16657
                                                                                                                                           to square-wave gratings                  p 84 A84-19295
      An analysis of potential protective breathing devices                The reliability and validity of flight task workload
                                                                                                                                          GRAVITATIONAL EFFECTS
  intended for use by aircraft passengers                              ratings                                      p 94 A84-18794
                                                                                                                                              The 5th Symposium on Gravitational Physiology
  [AD-A132648]                                p119 N84-14692               The Hughes design analysis system and instructor
                                                                                                                                                                                    p 84 N84-14166
FLICKER                                                                workload in operational trainers            p 105 A84-18801
                                                                                                                                          GROUND BASED CONTROL
      The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT                  Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from
                                                                                                                                              Human factors dimensions in the evolution of
  displays                                    p 104 A84-18789          flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise
                                                                                                                                           increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth
FLIGHT CONTROL                                                                                                     p 107 A84-18818
                                                                                                                                           satellites                              p 104 A84-18784
      Flying ability and understanding of vehicle control                  Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display
                                                                                                                                              Case study - Designing the ERBS control room — Earth
  dynamics                                     p93 A84-18780           research                                    p 108 A84-18830
                                                                                                                                           Radiation Budget Satellite              p117 A84-19333
      Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight         Development of sensitive performance measures for
                                                                                                                                          GROUND STATIONS
  control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                  selection of crews for flight training       p 96 A84-18837
                                                                                                                                              Human factors dimensions in the evolution of
                                              p 106 A84-18802              Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight
                                                                                                                                           increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth
      Individual differences and age-related changes in                simulator                                    p 96 A84-18840
                                                                                                                                           satellites                              p 104 A84-18784
  time-shanng ability of aviators              p 97 A84-19284              Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect
                                                                                                                                              Case study - Designing the ERBS control room — Earth
      Pilot onented performance measurement                            recognition at real world distances         p 110 A84-18842
                                                                                                                                           Radiation Budget Satellite              p117 A84-19333
                                              p114 A84-19304               Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and
                                                                                                                                          GROUND SUPPORT SYSTEMS
      Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as             transfer of basic flying skills - Another look
                                                                                                                                              Development of a human factors methodology for
  a function of aircraft dynamics              p98 A84-19324                                                        p97 A84-19277
                                                                                                                                           NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
FLIGHT CREWS                                                               Tailonng day scenanos for night simulation of advanced
                                                                                                                                                                                   p117 A84-19332
      Utility and utilization of advanced instructional features       aircraft systems                            p112 A84-19278
                                                                                                                                          GROUND TESTS
  in aircrew training devices I - Tactical air command                     An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition
                                                                                                                                              Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction
                                               p92 A84-16657           using microcomputer CAI — Computer Aided Instruction
                                                                                                                                           testing                                 p 115 A84-19309
      Flight crew performance when pilot-flying and                                                                p112 A84-19279
                                                                                                                                          GROUP DYNAMICS
  pilot-not-flying duties are exchanged p 94 A84-18791                     Flight stations and offices of the future - How similar
                                                                                                                                              Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent
      Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew           will they be                                p112 A84-19282
                                                                                                                                           in the person A bibliographic synopsis
  alerting system                             p 109 A84-18831              Measunng pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I
                                                                                                                                           [AD-A131015]                             p 99 N84-15790
      EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance                Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task
                                                                                                                                          GROWTH
  in airplane evacuation                      p 111 A84-18852                                                      p114 A84-19300
                                                                                                                                              Intersubject vanability in growth hormone time course
      Quantification      of crew workload imposed by                      Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception
                                                                                                                                           dunng different types of work            p 79 A84-16178
  communications-related tasks in commercial transport                 and flying performance                       p 98 A84-19326
                                                                                                                                          GYNECOLOGY
  aircraft                                    p 113 A84-19292        FLIGHT STRESS (BIOLOGY)
                                                                                                                                              Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of
      Medical aspects of survival Training for aircrew                     Sleep and wakefulness handbook for flight medical
                                                                                                                                           a large mdustnal plant                   p 82 A84-17293
  [AGARD-AG-283(FR(]                           p 91 N84-15787          officers
FLIGHT FITNESS                                                         [AGARD-AG-270(FR(]                           p 91 N84-15788
      Pilot performance measurement methodology for                  FLIGHT TRAINING
                                                                           Utility and utilization of advanced instructional features
                                                                                                                                                                       H
  determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic
  substances                                  p114 A84-19301           in aircrew training devices I - Tactical air command               HAND (ANATOMY)
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTS                                                                                                  p92 A84-16657             Design and testing of an advanced pressure suit glove
      Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                         Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics         [AIAA PAPER 84-0067]                    p 103 A84-17856
                                              p102 A84-16699           procedural training                                                    The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by
FLIGHT RULES                                                           [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                         p 93 A84-18144         the use of V T R — Video Tape Recorder
      Primary separation between three aircraft using traffic              Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and                                                     p110 A84-18848
  displays                                    p116 A84-19317           evaluation                                  p 107 A84-18821        HEAD MOVEMENT
FLIGHT SAFETY                                                              New technology for training - An evaluation of the air             Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of
      Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers                controller exerciser (ACE)                  p 108 A84-18827         headgear loading parameters             p 102 A84-16664
  selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays                    FLIR DETECTORS                                                           Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet
                                              p108 A84-18829               Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter            mounted visual display systems
      Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew           night vision system configuration           p 109 A84-18839         [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                    p 103 A84-18162
  alerting system                             p 109 A84-18831        FLUORESCENCE                                                         HEAD-UP DISPLAYS
      Conflict resolution maneuvers during near miss                       Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of              The impact of display size on continuous and discrete
  encounters with cockpit traffic displays                             photosystem I, built into the liposomes                             anticipatory cues — head-up display symbology for fighter
                                              p115 A84-19315                                                        p74 A84-16933          aircraft weapons delivery                p 92 A84-16661
FLIGHT SIMULATION                                                          Rapid identification of micro-organisms                            Color contrast metncs for head-up displays
      Wide field-of-view visual display technology for flight          [AD-A132831]                                 p 78 N84-15759                                                 p117 A84-19327
  simulation                                  p 101 A84-16621        FOCUSING                                                                 A companson of analog and digital scales for use in
      Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination                Implementation of automatic focusing algonthms for a             heads-up displays                      p117 A84-19328
  sources in the real-time display of a visual scene                   computer vision system with camera control                             The ability to process abstract information
                                              p 101 A84-16622          [AD-A133492]                                p 121 N84-15807         [AD-A133794]                            p119 N84-14689
      Selecting performance and workload measures for                FRACTOGRAPHY                                                         HEARING
  full-mission simulation                      p 91 A84-166S3              Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium                        The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold
      Alterations in calcium homeostasis and bone during                                                            p75 A84-17296          levels                                  p 106 A84-18810
  actual and simulated space          flight   p 82 A84-17822        FRANCE                                                               HEART DISEASES
      The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource                    Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                     The effect of prolonged hypokmesia on the
  competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault            Submanne Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                    hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium
  diagnosis                                   p 104 A84-18788          United States                                                       in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb
      Optical variables as measures of performance dunng               [AD-A133150]                                 p90 N84-15777          amputation                               p 82 A84-17295
  simulated flight                            p 105 A84-18792        FREE RADICALS                                                        HEART FUNCTION
      Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight         The Role of Oxygen Radicals in Biology and Medicine                Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
  control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                  [AD-A133053]                                 p 77 N84-14663         in supine and upnght exercise            p 79 A84-16177
                                              P106 A84-18802                                                                                  The effect of prolonged hypokinesia on the
     Transient evoked potential and eye movement                                                                                           hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium
  recordings dunng simulated emergencies                                                                                                   in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb
                                              p 108 A84-18826                                                                              amputation                               p 82 A84-17295
      Pilot performance measurement methodology for                  GAS DETECTORS                                                        HEART RATE
  determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic                    Carbon dioxide sensor technology                                      Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
  substances                                  p 114 A84-19301         [AD-A133688]                       p119             N84-14690        in supine and upnght exercise            p 79 A84-16177


                                                                                                                                                                                                 A-7
HEAT ACCLIMATIZATION                                                                                                                                                  SUBJECT INDEX

HEAT ACCLIMATIZATION                                                Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the         Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and
     Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma renin and        human                                    p 106 A84-18811         pathological conditions — Russian book
  aldosterone during exercise              p 80 A84-16187           Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and                                                       p76 A84-18495
     Heat exchange following atropme injection before and        aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                HUMAN PERFORMANCE
  after heat acclimation                                         [DE84-001135]                              p 91 N84-15785           Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of
  [AD-A132618]                             p90 N84-15780        HUMAN BODY                                                        cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain
HEAT TOLERANCE                                                      Expenments on factors that influence muscular function                                                    p 81 A84-17283
     A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the         in man                                                              Development of a human atlas of strengths
  thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment       [AD-A133928]                               p 88 N84-15771                                                  p107 A84-18814
  on the human body                        p83 A84-18755        HUMAN FACTORS ENGINEERING                                            Subjective workload assessment in a memory update
     Mitigation of performance decrement in transient               The effects of vanations in task loading on subjective        task                                        p 96 A84-18824
  extreme heat                             p 94 A84-18783        workload rating scales                     p92 A84-16656            Short-term memory and dual task performance
HELICOPTER PERFORMANCE                                              The impact of display size on continuous and discrete                                                     p 96 A84-18832
     Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter        anticipatory cues -- head-up display symbology for fighter          Type of task practice and time-sharing activities predict
  night vision system configuration       p 109 A84-18839        aircraft weapons delivery                  p 92 A84-16661        performance deficits due to alcohol mgestion
HELMET MOUNTED DISPLAYS                                             Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                                                              p 96 A84-18844
     Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet                                              p 102 A84-16699           Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing
  mounted visual display systems                                    Design and testing of an advanced pressure suit glove         resource cost                             p110 A84-18845
  [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                    p 103 A84-18162        [AIAA PAPER 84-0067]                      p 103 A84-17856           Evaluations      of digital imagery processed by
HELMETS                                                             Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,         enhancement/restoration techniques
     Cardiovascular responses during systematic variation of     WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings                                                                       p112 A84-19280
  headgear loading parameters             p 102 A84-16664                                                  p 103 A84-18776           Color contrast metrics for head-up displays
HEMATOLOGY                                                          Evaluation of control station design - The crew human                                                   p117 A84-19327
     The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural      engineering software system               p 104 A84-18781           Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
  hypoxia ~-Russian book                   p 76 A84-18504           Human factors dimensions in the evolution of                  endurance performance
HEMODYNAMIC RESPONSES                                            increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth              [AD-A132581]                               p 84 N84-14665
     Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes        satellites                                p 104 A84-18784           Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and
  in regional blood flow in sheep          p 74 A84-16189           Human factors guidelines for the use of synthetic speech      performance dunng a compensatory tracking task
     The effect of prolonged hypokmesia on the                   devices                                   p 104 A84-18787        [AD-A133921]                               p85 N84-14670
  hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium           The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource                The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty
  in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb             competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault        changes, and strategic resource allocation training on
  amputation                               p 82 A84-17295        diagnosis                                 p 104 A84-18788        time-sharing performance
     Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and               Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable        [AD-A134112]                              p118 N84-14685
  pathological conditions — Russian book                         vanables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                    Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects
                                           p 76 A84-18495        measures — for human factors evaluations                         of sustained work on human performance
HEMOSTATICS                                                                                                p 105 A84-18799        [AD-A133870]                              p118 N84-14688
     The role of affections of the mam arteries of the head         Methodology and the use of dual and complex-task                 Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on
  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological              paradigms in human factors research                              Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
  properties of the blood                  p81 A84-17280                                                   p 105 A84-18800         United States
HETEROGENEITY                                                       The Hughes design analysis system and instructor              [AD-A133150]                               p 90 N84-15777
     Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent         workload in operational trainers          p 105 A84-18801           Color perception and ATC job performance
  in the person A bibliographic synopsis                            Keying logics for alphanumeric keyboards and human            [AD-A132649]                               p 90 N84-1S781
  [AD-A131015]                             p 99 N84-15790        performance                               p 107 A84-18822           Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitoring
HIGH ALTITUDE BREATHING                                             User-computer interface design of a complex tactical          performance following a simulated emergency involving
     Increased metabolism and dead space as components           display terminal                          p 108 A84-18828        startle
  of ventilation at high altitude                                   Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter          [AD-A133602]                              p 100 N84-15795
  [AD-A130827]                             p 87 N84-15766        night vision system configuration         p 109 A84-18839           Evaluation results for the interactive video competency
     Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory       F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective                recognition system
  response in man                                                view                                      p110 A84-18849         [AD-A133052]                              p 100 N84-15796
  [AD-A130658]                             p 88 N84-15768           Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain                Applied psychology in Europe An ONR perspective
HIGH ALTITUDE ENVIRONMENTS                                                                                 p110 A84-18850         [AD-A133093]                              p 100 N84-15797
     The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural         Validating    CAR - A companson                study of      HUMAN REACTIONS
  hypoxia — Russian book                   p76 A84-18504         expenmentally-denved and computer-generated reach                   Central control of movement timing
HIGH ALTITUDE PRESSURE                                           envelopes — Crewstation Assessment of Reach                                                                  p 93 A84-18760
     The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold                                                   p111 A84-18851            An individual differences approach to SWAT scale
  levels                                  p 106 A84-18810           Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,         development — Subjective Workload Assessment
HIGH TEMPERATURE ENVIRONMENTS                                    VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volumes 1 & 2               Technique                                   p 95 A84-18823
     Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes                                                  p112 A84-19276            Human reactions to elf electnc and magnetic fields An
  in regional blood flow in sheep          p 74 A84-16189           Flight stations and offices of the future - How similar       annotated bibliography of current literature, 3rd edition
     Mitigation of performance decrement in transient            will they be                              p 112 A84-19282        [PB83-259648]                              p 86 N84-14679
  extreme heat                             p94 A84-18783            MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —                         Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects
HISTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS                                           Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive           of sustained work on human performance
     Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study       Communications                            p114 A84-19306         [AD-A133870]                              p118 N84-14688
  of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based         Human factors in Spacelab - Crew training                        Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of
  on early autopsies)                      p 81 A84-17285                                                   p98 A84-19307         the airway facilities service
HISTOLOGY                                                           Timely application of advanced human factors test and         [AD-A133282]                               p 99 N84-15793
     Development of capillaries in the human brain               evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air              Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitoring
                                           p81 A84-17279         Force systems                             p114 A84-19308         performance following a simulated emergency involving
HOLDERS                                                             Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit         startle
     Appropriate lengths between phalanges of multijomted        compatibility program                     p 115 A84-19310        [AD-A133602]                              p 100 N84-15795
  fingers for stable grasping                                       Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide           The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
  [AD-A133448]                            p 121 N84-15806        important directions                      p 116 A84-19321        study on how workers react to a robot
HORMONE METABOLISMS                                                 Keyboard design vanables evaluated dunng dual-task            [AD-A133438]                              p 121 N84-15805
     Intersubject vanabilrty in growth hormone time course       mode selection                            p 117 A84-19325       HYDRAULIC FLUIDS
  dunng different types of work            p 79 A84-16178           Visual perceptual and human performance factors                  Inhalation toxicology         3   Evaluation of thermal
     Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng          involved in low level, high speed flight                         degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine
  water immersion in men                   p 79 A84-16179                                                   p98 A84-19329         oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
     Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma reran and          Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken? —          [AD-A133221]                               p 90 N84-15778
  aldosterone dunng exercise               p 80 A84-16187        fighter aircraft cockpit display effectiveness in               HYPERBARIC CHAMBERS
HUMAN BEHAVIOR                                                   emergencies                               p 117 A84-19331           Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced
     Representing human cognition in complex man-machine            Development of a human factors methodology for                sub-fertility in male mice                  p 73 A84-16181
  environments — for fighter pilot performance analysis          NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center                                HYPERKINESIA
                                           p94 A84-18797                                                   p117 A84-19332            Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
     Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)                Case study - Designing the ERBS control room -- Earth         response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
  exposure in humans protocol 1                                  Radiation Budget Satellite                p 117 A84-19333                                                    p 73 A84-16176
  [AD-A133891]                             p 89 N84-15774           Model of the behavior of the human visual system for         HYPERSOMNIA
     Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of         the perception of contour elements — image processing               Symposium on mathematical modeling of Orcadian
  the airway facilities service                                  [FUB-44-1982]                              p 86 N84-14677        systems
  [AD-A133282]                             p 99 N84-15793           Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic     [AD-A133636]                               p 86 N84-14673
     The human side of robotics Results from a prototype         fighter aircraft                         p 120 N84-15102        HYPERTENSION
  study on how workers react to a robot                         HUMAN PATHOLOGY                                                      Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of
  [AD-A133438]                           p 121 N84-15805            Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain    blood prostaglandms in patients with hypertension
HUMAN BEINGS                                                     of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia                                                             p81 A84-17281
     Slow nonelectrical processes in the evaluation of the                                                  p75 A84-17278            Organizational and methodological aspects of the
  functional condition of the human brain — Russian book            Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness              prophylaxis of arterial hypertension among transport
                                           p82 A84-18494                                                   p 103 A84-17294        workers                                     p 82 A84-17292


A-8
SUBJECT INDEX                                                                                                                                                               MACROPHAGES

    Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and             INDOOR AIR POLLUTION                                               KNOWLEDGE
 pathological conditions — Russian book                                 Proceedings of the 3rd Tripartite Conference on                The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem
                                           p76 AS4-1S495            Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                solving in a process control task     p 115 A84-19314
HYPERTHERMIA                                                        United States
    Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact       [AD-A133150]                                pBO N84-15777
 and subjected to acute overheating        p75 A84-17300         INDUSTRIAL SAFETY
    Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well              Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
 conditioned young adult males             p83 A84-18813                                                      p 103 A84-17294       LABYRINTH
                                                                 INERTIAL NAVIGATION                                                      Electncal responses of anterior roots to bulbar pyramid
HYPERVOLEMIA
                                                                        Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics       and labynnth stimulation in animals with a denervated
    Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng
 water immersion in men                    p 79 A84-16179           procedural training                                               limb                                         p 77 A84-18998
                                                                    [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                        p 93 A84-18144      LANDING SIMULATION
HYPOCAPNIA                                                       INJURIES
    Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapnic HO and                                                                                      Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An
                                                                        Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus            economical multifactor approach             p 109 A84-18838
 HNO3 aadosis in conscious rabbits         p 73 A84-16183           dunng bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal
HYPOKINESIA                                                                                                                               Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
                                                                    type                                                                                                          p110 A84-18843
    The effect of prolonged hypokinesia on the                      [AOA132550]                                 p 84 N84-14666
 hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium                                                                            LEARNING
                                                                 INSOMNIA                                                                 Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent
 in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb                     Symposium on mathematical modeling of arcadian
 amputation                                p82 A84-1729S                                                                              information processing
                                                                    systems                                                           [AD-A133694]                                 p 89 N84-15776
HYPOTHALAMUS                                                        [AD-A133636]                                p 86 N84-14673
                                                                                                                                    LEG (ANATOMY)
    Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent          INSTRUCTORS                                                              Pathways of lymph movement in the case of the blocking
 information processing                                                 The Hughes design analysis system and instructor              of the medial superficial lymphatic vessels of the lower
 [AO-A133694]                              p 89 N84-15776           workload in operational trainers          p 105 A84-18801         extremities                                  p 82 A84-17299
HYPOTHERMIA                                                      INSULIN                                                            LETHALITY
    Cntical O2 transport values at lowered body                         Effect of acute exerase and prolonged training on insulin         Acute       intramuscular       toxiaty       (LD50)       of
 temperatures in rats                      p 73 A84-16182           response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat                     1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyiminomethyl) pyndimum
HYPOXIA                                                                                                         p73 A84-16176         bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice
    Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic              INTERACTIVE CONTROL                                                  [AD-A133148]                                 p 78 N84-15758
 exerase in humans at sea level            p80 A84-16186                Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch              Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model
    Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on                 input devices for interaction with computer generated             [DE84-001325]                                p 79 N84-15762
 carotid body chemoreception in rabbits                             displays                                   p 102 A84-17013
                                                                                                                                    LIFE SCIENCES
                                           p74 A84-16188                Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics               The 5th Symposium on Gravitational Physiology
                                                                    tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                                                                         p84 N34-14166
    The effects of reduced oxygen and of carbon monoxide
                                                                                                               p 104 A84-18786
 on performance in a mouse pole-jump apparatus                                                                                      LIGHT (VISIBLE RADIATION)
                                           p74 A84-16725                MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —                          Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the
    Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain      Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive             human                                      p 106 A84-18811
 of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia                   Communications                             p114 A84-19306       LINE OF SIGHT
                                           p75 A84-17278         INTERFACES                                                               Manual control of the line of sight in optical systems
    The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural              User-computer interface design of a complex tactical                                                      p 101 A84-16368
 hypoxia — Russian book                    p76 A84-18504            display terminal                           p 108 A84-18828      LIPIDS
    Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory           The man-machine interface in new generation                       Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent
 response in man                                                    commercial aircraft                       p 120 N84-15096          methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether
 [AD-A130658]                              p 88 N84-15768        INTOXICATION                                                                                                      p73 A84-16044
                                                                        Type of task practice and time-sharing activities predict   LIPOPROTEINS
                                                                    performance deficits due to alcohol mgestion                          Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
                                                                                                                p96 A84-18844          photosystem I, built into the liposomes
                                                                        Pilot performance measurement methodology for                                                              p74 A84-16933
IDENTIFYING                                                                                                                         LIQUID COOLING
                                                                    determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic
    Rapid identification of micro-organisms                                                                                               Effectiveness       of    two     portable      liquid-cooled
                                                                    substances                                 p114 A84-19301
  [AD-A132831]                              p 78 N84-15759                                                                             undergarments in reducing heat stress
ILLUMINATORS                                                     IONIZING RADIATION
                                                                                                                                       [AD-A133174]                               p 120 N84-15801
    Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination               Excess synthesis of DMA in HeLa cells after
                                                                    gamma-irradiation            and        treatment        with   LOGICAL ELEMENTS
  sources in the real-time display of a visual scene                                                                                      Keying logics for alphanumenc keyboards and human
                                           p 101 A84-16622          N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidme         p 74 A84-16934
                                                                                                                                       performance                                p 107 A84-18822
IMAGE ANALYSIS                                                          The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of       LOSSES
    Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using               bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood         p 74 A84-16967            The effects of dehydration on penpheral cooling
  subjective scaling                       p 105 A84-18796              Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                   [AD-A130838]                                p 87 N84-15767
    Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally        exposure                                                        LOW COST
  derived images                           p 106 A84-18805          [AD-A132941]                                p 78 N84-15760            Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction
    Quantitative models of image quality                          ISCHEMIA                                                             testing                                    p 115 A84-19309
                                           p112 A84-19281               Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain      LOW TEMPERATURE
IMAGE CONTRAST                                                       in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental          The effects of dehydration on penpheral cooling
    A methodological investigation of three psychophysical           study)                                     P 74 A84-17276         [AD-A130838]                                p87 N84-15767
  techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity              Mechanisms of pathological and reparatrve processes         LUBRICATING OILS
                                           P113 A84-19297            in brain tissue cells in the postischemic penod according            Inhalation toxicology         3    Evaluation of thermal
    Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field             to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear              degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine
  performance of pilots                     p84 A84-19298            chromatin and nbonudeoprotems              p 74 A84-17277         oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
    Color contrast metrics for head-up displays                                                                                        [AD-A133221]                                p 90 N84-15778
                                                                        The effect of prolonged hypokinesia on the
                                           p117 A84-19327            hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium        LUMINAIRES
IMAGE ENHANCEMENT                                                                                                                         Visually evoked response from sum of sines
                                                                     in patents with ischemic heart disease after limb
    Evaluations of digital imagery processed by                      amputation                                 p82 A84-17295          stimulation                                  p 92 A84-16655
  enhancement/restoration techniques                                                                                                LUNAR SOIL
                                           p112 A84-19280                                                                                 Photolysis of uracil and undine in the presence of lunar
IMAGE PROCESSING                                                                                                                       soil                                       p 122 A84-16939
    Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using                                                                               LUNGS
  subjective scaling                       p 105 A84-18796                                                                                Interaction of anti-G measures and chest wall mechanics
                                                                 JOINTS (ANATOMY)
    Evaluations of digital imagery processed by                                                                                        in determining gas exchange
  enhancement/restoration techniques                                  The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by
                                                                   the use of V T R — Video Tape Recorder                              (AD-A133740]                                p 89 N84-15775
                                           p112 A84-19280                                                                           LYMPH
    Picking up an object from a pile of objects                                                         p110 A84-18848
                                                                                                                                          Clinical-morphological        characteristics       of    the
  [AD-A133631)                             p 119 N84-14691       JOINTS (JUNCTIONS)
                                                                                                                                       thymicolymphatjc condition in adolescents and adults
    POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics                    Appropriate lengths between phalanges of multijointed
                                                                                                                                                                                    p81 A84-17286
  applications                                                     fingers for stable grasping
                                                                   (AD-A133448)                         p 121 N84-15806                   Pathways of lymph movement in the case of the blocking
  [AD-A133298]                             p 121 N84-15804                                                                             of the medial superficial lymphatic vessels of the lower
IMAGING TECHNIQUES                                               JUDGMENTS                                                             extremities                                  p 82 A84-17299
    Assessment of ultrasonic B-scan imaging for detection             Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
                                                                                                                                    LYMPHOCYTES
  and quantification of atherosclerotic lesions in human           exposure in humans protocol 1                                          Lymphocytes in the human brain            p 81 A84-17284
  carotid and illofemoral arteries and in artenes of animals       [AD-A133891]                          p 89 N84-15774
  [PB83-261123]                             p 86 N84-14678
IMPULSES
                                                                                               K                                                                   M
    The detectability of repetitive, periodic impulses
  [AO-A132744]                              p86 N84-14675                                                                           MACROPHAGES
IN-FLIGHT MONITORING                                             KEYING                                                                Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on
     Flight operations safety moratonng effects on the crew         Keying logics for alphanumenc keyboards and human                the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning
  alerting system                          p 109 A84-18831        performance                        p 107 A84-18822                 electron microscopy                     P 75 A84-17282


                                                                                                                                                                                                A-9
MAGNETIC FIELDS                                                                                                                                                    SUBJECTINDEX

MAGNETIC FIELDS                                                    The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty        A companson of map learning methods Map study,
    Human reactions to elf electnc and magnetic fields An       changes, and strategic resource allocation training on        simulated travel and mixed
 annotated bibliography of current literature, 3rd edition      time-shanng performance                                       [AD-A133544]                              p 100 N84-15794
 [PB83-259648]                              p 86 N84-14679      [AD-A134112]                             p118 N84-14685     MENTAL PERFORMANCE
MAINTAINABILITY                                                    Processing phenomena and the dissociation between             The effects of variations in task loading on subjective
    A performance-based technique for assessing                 subjective and objective workload measures                    workload rating scales                      p 92 A84-16656
 equipment maintainability                                      [AD-A134050]                             p118 N84-14686          Representing human cognition in complex man-machine
 [AD-A133518]                             p 122 NB4-15809          The ability to process abstract information                environments — for fighter pilot performance analysis
MAINTENANCE                                                     [AD-A133794]                             p119 N84-14689                                                   p94 A84-18797
    A performance-based technique for assessing                                                                                  Effects of task structures on attention allocation
                                                                   Computer aided techniques for crew station design,
 equipment maintainability                                                                                                    optimality                                  p 95 A84-18806
                                                                work-space       Orgarazer-WORG, workstation layout
 [AD-A133518]                             p 122 N84-15809                                                                        Mental stress quantification and identification decision
                                                                Generator-WOLAG
MAINTENANCE TRAINING                                                                                                          modeling                                    p 95 A84-18808
                                                                [ AD-A132981 ]                           p 119 N84-14693
    Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -                                                                        An individual differences approach to SWAT scale
 Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation — Simulated           The man-machine interface tn new generation                development — Subjective Workload Assessment
                                                                commercial aircraft                      p 120 N84-15096      Technique                                   p 95 A84-18823
 Aircraft Maintenance Trainers            p 115 A84-19312
    Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide         Applied psychology in Europe An ONR perspective               Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification
 important directions                     p116 A84-19321        [AD-A133093]                             p 100 N84-15797      of workload metncs                         p 108 A84-18825
MAN ENVIRONMENT INTERACTIONS                                   MANIPULATORS                                                      The effects of exposure time and retention time on
    The present state of chronomedicine                            Robotics-related technology in the nuclear industry        location memory in visual information processing
                                            p75 A84-17290       [DE83-017131]                            p 120 N84-15799                                                 p 109 A84-18834
    Repeated measures of information processing — in               Robot manipulator control                                     Repeated measures of information processing — in
 operator performance tests               p 109 A84-18836       [AD-A129365]                             p 120 N84-15800      operator performance tests                 p 109 A84-18836
MAN MACHINE SYSTEMS                                                Computer control of a seven degree of freedom                 Type of task practice and time-shanng activities predict
    Smart sticK controllers in an acceleration environment      manipulator arm                          p 122 N84-16051      performance deficits due to alcohol ingestion
                                          p 102 A84-16662      MANUAL CONTROL                                                                                             p96 A84-18844
    Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch           Manual control of the line of sight in optical systems        Assessing the validity of SWAT as a workload
 input devices for interaction with computer generated                                                   p 101 A84-16368      measurement instrument — Subjective Workload
 displays                                 p 102 A84-17013          Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing            Assessment Technique                       p 113 A84-19285
    Expenmental design of a model for the dynamic               resource cost                            p 110 A84-18845         A validated rating scale for global mental workload
 behaviour of pilot candidates            p 103 A84-18589                                                                     measurement applications                    p 97 A84-19286
    Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via       Pseudo-quickenmg - A new display technique for the            The effect of delayed report on subjective ratings of
 partitioning estimation algonthms        p 103 A84-18639       control of higher order systems          p 110 A84-18846
                                                                                                                              mental workload                             p 97 A84-19288
    Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,          Validating CAR - A comparison study of                        The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology
 WA, October 25-29, 1982, Proceedings                           experimentally-derived and computer-generated reach                                                       p97 A84-19290
                                          p 103 A84-18776       envelopes — Crewstation Assessment of Reach                      The dissociation between subjective workload and
    Evaluation of control station design - The crew human                                                P111 A84-18851       performance A multiple resource approach
 engmeenng software system                p 104 A84-18781          A companson of manual and vocal response modes                                                         p98 A84-19293
    Human factors dimensions in the evolution of                for the control of aircraft systems      p 112 A84-19283         Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed
 increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth           MAPS                                                           mental workload                            p 113 A84-19299
 satellites                               p 104 A84-18784          A companson of map learning methods Map study,                Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects
    Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics         simulated travel and mixed                                    of sustained work on human performance
 tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                         [AD-A133544]                             p 100 N84-15794      [AD-A133870]                               p118 N84-14688
                                          p 104 A84-18786      MARINE BIOLOGY                                                    The ability to process abstract information
    Human factors guidelines for the use of synthetic speech       On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra            [AD-A133794]                               p119 N84-14689
 devices                                  p 104 A84-18787                                                 p73 A84-15954          Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent
    The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT            Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent             information processing
 displays                                 P 104 A84-18789       methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether               [AD-A133694]                                p 89 N84-15776
    Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using                                                     p73 A84-16044          A study on airborne integrated display system and human
 subjective scaling                       p 105 A84-18796          The role of microorganisms in marine corrosion             information processing
    Representing human cognition in complex man-machine         processes                                                     [NASA-TM-77338]                             p 99 N84-15789
 environments — for fighter pilot performance analysis          [AD-A133113]                              p78 N84-15757          A companson of map learning methods Map study,
                                            p 94 A84-18797         A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the      simulated travel and mixed
    User-computer interface design of a complex tactical        Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space              [AD-A133544]                               p 100 N84-15794
 display terminal                         p 108 A84-18828       Center, Flonda                            p 79 N84-16027
    Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain                                                                       MESSAGE PROCESSING
                                                               MATERIALS HANDLING
                                          p110 A84-18850                                                                         Age and information processing           p 94 A84-18785
                                                                   Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory
    Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash    [DE84-001760]                            p 122 N84-15810    MESSAGES
 dynamics for energy absorption studies                                                                                          The effects of warning message highlighting on novel
                                                               MATHEMATICAL MODELS
                                          p111 A84-18853                                                                      assembly task performance                   p 93 A84-18782
                                                                   Expenmental design of a model for the dynamic
    Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic           behaviour of pilot candidates            p 103 A84-18589    METHODOLOGY
 displays                                 P111 A84-18854           Symposium on mathematical modeling of circadian               Development of a human factors methodology for
    How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload        systems                                                       NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
                                          p111 A84-18855        [AD-A133636]                              p 86 N84-14673                                                 p117 A84-19332
    Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,          Model of the behavior of the human visual system for     MICE
 VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volumes 1 & 2             the perception of contour elements — image processing            Acute       intramuscular      toxicity       (LD50)      of
                                          p112 A84-19276        [FUB-44-1982]                             p 86 N84-14677      1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyiminomethyl) pyndmium
                                                               MAZE LEARNING                                                  bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice
    A comparison of manual and vocal response modes
                                                                   Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress               [AD-A133148]                                p 78 N84-15758
 for the control of aircraft systems      p112 A84-19283
                                                                                                          p95 A84-18809     MICROCOMPUTERS
    Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task
                                                               MEDICAL EQUIPMENT                                                 An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition
 system                                   p 113 A84-19291          Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips                         using microcomputer CAI — Computer Aided Instruction
    Pilot onented performance measurement                       [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                   p 87 N84-15764                                                 p112 A84-19279
                                          p114 A84-19304       MEDICAL SCIENCE                                                   MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology —
    Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative           The Role of Oxygen Radicals in Biology and Medicine        Microcomputer Applications of Graphics and Interactive
 fighter cockpits                         p 114 A84-19305       [AD-A133053]                              p 77 N84-14663      Communications                             p 114 A84-19306
    Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction    MEDICAL SERVICES                                             MICROCYSTIS
 testing                                  p 115 A84-19309          Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of          The ultrastructural organization of the blue-green alga
    Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task       a large industrial plant                  p 82 A84-17293      microcystis aerugmosa kuetz Emend Elenk in connection
 to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations                  Medical aspects of survival Training for aircrew           with toxicogenesis
                                          p115 A84-19311        [AGARD-AG-283(FR(]                        p 91 N84-15787      [AD-A132540]                                p 77 N84-14662
    Tracking with multiple independent response functions      MEMBRANES
                                                                                                                            MICROORGANISMS
                                          p115 A84-19313           Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of         On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra
                                                                photosystem I, built into the liposomes                                                                   p73 A84-15954
    The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem
 solving in a process control task        p 115 A84-19314                                                 p74 A84-16933
                                                               MEMORY                                                            The role of microorganisms in manne corrosion
    A comparison of analog and digital scales for use in                                                                      processes
                                                                   Subjective workload assessment in a memory update
 heads-up displays                        p117 A84-19328                                                                      [AD-A133113]                                p78 N84-15757
                                                                task                                      p96 A84-18824
    Development of a human factors methodology for                 Short-term memory and dual task performance                   Rapid identification of micro-organisms
 NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center                                                                         p96 A84-18832       [AD-A132831]                                p 78 N84-15759
                                          p117 A84-19332           The effects of exposure time and retention time on       MICROPROCESSORS
    Case study - Designing the ERBS control room — Earth        location memory in visual information processing                 Time-compressed components for air-intercept control
 Radiation Budget Satellite               p117 A84-19333                                                 p 109 A84-18834      skills                                     p113 A84-19289
    Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and              Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                  Implementation of automatic focusing algonthms for a
 performance dunng a compensatory tracking task                 exposure                                                      computer vision system with camera control
 [AD-A133921]                               p 85 N84-14670      [AD-A132941]                              p 78 N84-15760      [AD-A133492]                               p 121 N84-15807


A-10
SUBJECT INDEX                                                                                                                                           OPERATOR PERFORMANCE

MICROSTRUCTURE                                                       Optical flow and texture variables useful in simulating        NEURONS
     The uluastructural organization of the blue-green alga       self motion (2)                                                        Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain
  microcystis aeruginosa kuetz. Emend Elenk in connection         [AD-A133597]                                p 90 N84-15779          of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia
 with toncogenesis                                               MOTION SIMULATION                                                                                                p75 A84-17278
  [AD-A132540]                                p 77 N84-14662         Optical flow and texture variables useful for detecting             Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior —
MICROWAVES                                                        changes in simulated self motion           p118 A84-19334           Russian book                                p 77 A84-18745
     Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation     MOTIVATION                                                         NEUROPHYSIOLOGY
  exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                  Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval                   Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain
  procedures                                                      Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap                  in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental
  [AD-A134079]                                p 78 N84-15756      potential                                   p 98 A84-19320          study)                                      p74 A84-17276
MIG AIRCRAFT                                                     MUSCLES                                                                 Functional evolution of the central nervous system
     Quarterbacks as comerbacks or American fighter pilots           Acute       intramuscular       toxiaty      (LD50)    of
                                                                                                                                                                                  p 76 A84-18497
  in Mpgs - A study of reverse role training                       1.1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyiminomethyl) pyndmium
                                                                                                                                         Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior —
                                               p93 A84-18777      bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice
                                                                                                                                      Russian book                                p 77 A84-18745
                                                                  [AD-A133148]                                p 78 N84-15758
MILITARY AIR FACILITIES                                                                                                                  Electrical responses of anterior roots to bulbar pyramid
     Timely application of advanced human factors test and           Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
                                                                                                                                      and labynnth stimulation in animals with a denervated
 evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air           physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
                                                                                                                                      limb                                        p 77 A84-18998
  Force systems                              p 114 A84-19308      body exercise
                                                                  [ AD-A134086]                               p88 N84-15769              Morphofunctional organization of structures of the
MILITARY AIRCRAFT                                                                                                                     ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in
     Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit           I nteraction of anti-G measures and chest wall mechanics
                                                                                                                                      the regulation of blood circulation         p 77 A84-18999
 compatibility program                       p 115 A84-19310      in determining gas exchange
                                                                  [AD-A133740]                                p89 N84-15775         NIGHT FLIGHTS (AIRCRAFT)
     Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task                                                                               Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter
  to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations               MUSCULAR FATIGUE
                                                                     Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of           night vision system configuration          p 109 A84-18839
                                             p115 A84-19311                                                                              Tailonng day scenanos for night simulation of advanced
                                                                  headgear loading parameters                p 102 A84-16664
MILITARY HELICOPTERS                                                                                                                  aircraft systems                           p112 A84-19278
     Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter            Experiments on factors that influence muscular function
                                                                  in man                                                                 An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition
  night vision system configuration          p 109 A84-18839                                                                          using microcomputer CAI — Computer Aided Instruction
                                                                  [AD-A133928]                                p 88 N84-15771
MILITARY OPERATIONS                                                                                                                                                              p112 A84-19279
     Visual perceptual and human performance factors             MUSCULAR FUNCTION
                                                                     Effect of the acoustic reflex of intraaural muscles on         NITRIC OXIDE
  involved in low level, high speed flight                                                                                               Effects of mtnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bacterial
                                               p98 A84-19329      the latent periods of components of the cochleomyogemc
                                                                  potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading               growth                                      p 76 A84-17820
     A preliminary assessment of observer expectations in                                                                           NITROGEN DIOXIDE
  target detection tasks                                                                                      p83 A84-19000
                                                                                                                                         Effects of nitnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bacterial
  [MRL-R-893]                                 p98 N84-14682          Expenments on factors that influence muscular function
                                                                                                                                      growth                                      p 76 A84-17820
MILITARY PSYCHOLOGY                                               in man
                                                                  [AD-A133928]                                p 88 N84-15771        NOISE TOLERANCE
     Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification                                                                            A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
  of workload metrics                        p 108 A84-18825     MUSCULAR STRENGTH                                                    thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
MILITARY TECHNOLOGY                                                  Development of a human atlas of strengths                        on the human body                           p 83 A84-18755
     The C-130 visual system - An update                                                                     p 107 A84-18814
                                                                                                                                         The effects of noise on performance of a visual
                                             p 101 A84-16623         Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus               discnmmation task                           p 96 A84-18835
     New technology for training - An evaluation of the air       dunng bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal                NOREPINEPHRINE
  controller exerciser (ACE)                 p 108 A84-18827      type                                                                   Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on
     Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target         [AD-A132550]                                p 84 N84-14666          carotid body chemoreception in rabbits
  recognition                                p117 A84-19330      MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM                                                                                           p74 A84-16188
MINERAL METABOLISM                                                   Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive         NUMERICAL CONTROL
     The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(-i-)     repetitive loading                                                     Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment
  channel in cardiac muscle                    p 73 A84-15925     [AD-A130881]                                p87 N84-15765                                                      p 102 A84-16662
MINERAL OILS                                                     MYOCARDIUM                                                              Computer control of a seven degree of freedom
     Inhalation toxicology         3    Evaluation of thermal        The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(+)           manipulator arm                            p 122 N84-16051
  degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine        channel in cardiac muscle                   p 73 A84-15925
  oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
                                                                     The effect of prolonged hypokmesia on the
  [AD-A133221]                                p 90 N84-15778
                                                                   hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium
MINICOMPUTERS
                                                                   in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb
     Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects                                                                        OCULAR CIRCULATION
                                                                  amputation                                  p82 A84-17295
  of sustained work on human performance                                                                                                Mathematical model for vestibule-ocular reflex
  [AD-A133870]                               p 118 N84-14688     MYOELECTRIC POTENTIALS                                                                                     p 103 A84-18572
MISSION PLANNING                                                     Effect of the acoustic reflex of intraaural muscles on
                                                                                                                                    OCULOMETERS
     Selecting performance and workload measures for              the latent periods of components of the cochleomyogemc                The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning
  full-mission simulation                      p 91 A84-166S3      potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading             information for pilot training         p 111 A84-18856
     Tailoring day scenarios for night simulation of advanced                                                 p83 A84-19000
                                                                                                                                    ONBOARD DATA PROCESSING
  aircraft systems                           p112 A84-19278                                                                             A computenzed. procedural aid for flight crews
MITOCHONDRIA
     Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain                                          N                                    OPERATOR PERFORMANCE
                                                                                                                                                                            p116 A84-19323

  Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen                                                                                 Selecting performance and workload measures for
  concentration                                p 87 N84-14681    NAVIGATION AIDS                                                     full-mission simulation                 p 91 A84-16653
MOBILITY                                                             Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics            Secondary task workload assessment methodology
     The Stanford cart and the CMU Rover                          procedural training                                                                                        p92 A84-16654
  [NASA-CR-174502]                           p 121 N84-15803      [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                        p 93 A84-18144            Organizational and methodological aspects of the
MOLECULAR BIOLOGY                                                    Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight    prophylaxis of arterial hypertension among transport
     Large molecules in small doses — synthetic polymers          control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                workers                                 p 82 A84-17292
  as drugs                                     p 81 A84-17288                                                p 106 A84-18802            A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
MORPHOLOGY                                                       NAVY                                                                thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
     Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain          On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic      on the human body                       p 83 A84-18755
  in the case of the administration of nootropil (Experimental    fleet                                       p82 A84-17291             Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
  Study)                                       p74 A84-17276         Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit                                                   p93 A84-18779
     Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on      compatibility program                      p 115 A84-19310            The effects of warning message highlighting on novel
  the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning       NECK (ANATOMY)                                                      assembly task performance               p 93 A84-18782
  electron microscopy                          p 75 A84-17282        Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of             Mitigation of performance decrement in transient
     Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of          headgear loading parameters                p 102 A84-16664         extreme heat                            p94 AB4-18783
  cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain                                                                                    A comparison of VDT antireflection treatments
                                                                 NERVES
                                               pB1 A84-17283                                                                                                                p 105 A84-18790
                                                                     Electrical responses of anterior roots to bulbar pyramid
     Clinical-morphological        characteristics   of    the                                                                          Mental stress quantification and identification decision
                                                                  and labyrinth stimulation in animals with a denervated
  thymicolymphatic condition in adolescents and adults                                                                               modeling                                p 95 A84-18808
                                                                  limb                                        p 77 A84-18998
                                               p81 A84-17286                                                                            A methodological investigation of subject input/output
     Cytoarchitectonics of frontal area fields of the cerebral   NEUROLOGY
                                                                                                                                     related error dunng vibration          p 107 A84-18812
  cortex in Papio hamadryas and Macaca rhesus in                     Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of                Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed
  ontogeny                                     p 75 A84-17297     blood prostaglandms in patients with hypertension
                                                                                                                                     by a signal detection paradigm         p 107 A84-18816
     Significance of aorta-branching charactenstics in the                                                    p81 A84-17281             Individual differences and stimulus discnmmability in
  regulation of regional blood flow in humans                        Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of             visual comparison reaction time         p 96 A84-18833
                                               p82 A84-17298      cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain                    The effects of noise on performance of a visual
     Functional evolution of the central nervous system                                                       p81 A84-17283          discrimination task                      p 96 A84-18835
                                               p76 A84-18497         Functional evolution of the central nervous system                 Repeated measures of information processing — in
MOTION PERCEPTION                                                                                             p76 A84-18497          operator performance tests             p 109 A84-18836
     Optical flow and texture variables useful for detecting         Behavioral and prenatal effects of 60-Hz fields                    Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain
  changes in simulated self motion           p 118 A84-19334      [DE84-001126]                               p 77 N84-14664                                                p110 A84-18850


                                                                                                                                                                                            A-11
OPTICAL PATHS                                                                                                                                                        SUBJECT INDEX

    Tracking with multiple independent response functions       PERCEPTUAL ERRORS                                                   Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
                                          p115 A84-19313             Determining the time required for visual perception -       physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
    The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem          Methods and results                        p 80 A84-16935      body exercise
 solving in 8 process control task        p 115 A84-19314       PERCEPTUAL TIME CONSTANT                                         [ AD-A134086]                              p 88 N84-15769
    Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as             Determining the time required for visual perception -      PHYSICAL FITNESS
 a function of aircraft dynamics           p 98 A84-19324         Methods and results                        p80 A84-16935          Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
    Processing phenomena and the dissociation between           PERFORMANCE TESTS                                                exercise-heat stress
 subjective and objective workload measures                          Design and testing of an advanced pressure suit glove       [AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669
 [AD-A134050]                             p118 N84-14686          [AIAA PAPER 84-0067]                     p 103 A84-17856      PHYSIOCHEMISTRY
    The ability to process abstract information                      Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress                   The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(-i-)
 [AD-A133794]                             p 119 N84-14689                                                                        channel in cardiac muscle                  p73 A84-15925
                                                                                                             p95 A84-18809
    Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints                                                                            Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapmc HCI and
                                                                     Individual differences and stimulus discnmmability in
 from psychology and human engineering research                                                                                  HNO3 acidosis in conscious rabbits         p 73 A84-16183
 (NLR-MP-82032-U]                         p 100 N84-15798        visual companson reaction time              p96 A84-18833
                                                                                                                                    Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapnic HCI and HNO3
OPTICAL PATHS                                                        Timely application of advanced human factors test and       acidosis in conscious rabbits              p 74 A64-16164
    Manual control of the line of sight in optical systems        evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air            Fructose and glucose mgestion and muscle glycogen
                                          p 101 A84-16368         Force systems                            p 114 A84-19308       use dunng submaximal exercise              p80 A84-16185
OPTICAL TRACKING                                                PERSONALITY                                                         Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic
    Manual control of the line of sight in optical systems           Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent         exercise in humans at sea level            p80 A84-16186
                                          p 101 A84-16368         in the person A bibliographic synopsis                            Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes
OPTIMAL CONTROL                                                  [AD-A131015]                               p99 N84-15790        in regional blood flow in sheep            p74 A84-16189
    Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics         PERSONALITY TESTS                                                   Mechanisms of pathological and reparative processes
 tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                              Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval           in brain tissue cells in the postischemic penod according
                                          p 104 A84-18786        Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap              to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear
ORIENTATION                                                      potential                                  p98 A84-19320        chromatin and nbonucleoprotems             p 74 A84-17277
    Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect          PERSONNEL                                                           Counlercurrent distnbution oi biological cells
 recognition at real world distances      p110 A84-18842             Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of         [NASA-CR-170958]                           p 78 N84-15755
    Independence of orientation and size in spatial               the airway facilities service                                 PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS
 discnmmations                             p 83 A84-18891         [AD-A133282]                              p 99 N84-15793          Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced
OXIDATION                                                       PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT                                             subfertility in male mice                 p 73 A84-16181
    Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain                 Training feedback handbook                                     Cntical O2 transport values at lowered body
 Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen            [AD-A132565]                              p 99 N84-14683       temperatures in rats                       p 73 A84-16182
 concentration                             p87 N84-14681             Evaluation results for the interactive video competency        Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on
OXYGEN CONSUMPTION                                                recognition system                                             carotid body chemoreception in rabbits
    Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term            [AD-A133052]                             p 100 N84-15796                                                  p74 A84-16188
 exercise                                  p80 A84-16180        PERSPIRATION                                                        The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of
    Cntical O2 transport values at lowered body                      Heat exchange following atropme injection before and        bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood        p 74 A84-16967
 temperatures in rats                      p 73 A84-16182         after heat acclimation                                            On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
    Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected     [AD-A132618]                              p 90 N84-15780       fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
 physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower        PETRI NETS                                                          Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact
 body exercise                                                       Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed       and subjected to acute overheating         p 75 A84-17300
 [AD-A134086]                              p 88 N84-15769         mental workload                          p113 A84-19299           Slow nonelectrical processes in the evaluation of the
OXYGEN IONS                                                     PHARMACOLOGY                                                     functional condition of the human brain — Russian book
    The Role of Oxygen Radicals in Biology and Medicine              Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain                                                 p82 A84-18494
 [AD-A133053]                              p77 N84-14663         In the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental        The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold
OXYGEN METABOLISM                                                 Study)                                     P 74 A84-17276      levels                                    p 106 A84-18810
    An exercise metabolism chamber for mice                          Large molecules in small doses — synthetic polymers            Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the
                                           p74 A84-16663          as drugs                                   p 81 A84-17288       human                                    p 106 A84-18811
                                                                PHOSPHORYLATION                                                     The 5th Symposium on Gravitational Physiology
    Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
                                                                     Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain                                                       p 84 N84-14166
 squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
                                                                  Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen             Bibliography of research reports and publications issued
                                           p76 A84-17775                                                                          by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982
                                                                  concentration                             p 87 N84-14681
    Increased metabolism and dead space as components           PHOTOCHEMICAL REACTIONS                                          [AD-A133637]                               p 85 N84-14672
 of ventilation at high altitude                                                                                                    The effects of dehydration on peripheral cooling
                                                                     Basic vision events
 [AD-A130827]                              p87 N84-15766                                                                         [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767
                                                                  [AD-A132746]                              p 91 N84-15782
                                                                     Primary events in vision - investigation of basic eye          Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
                                                                  responses                                                      physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
                                                                  [AD-A132747]                              p 91 N84-15783       body exercise
                                                                PHOTOGRAMMETRY                                                   [AD-A134086]                               p 88 N84-15769
PAIN SENSITIVITY                                                     Quantitative models of image quality                       PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS
     Evidence for a central component of post-injury pain                                                  p112 A84-19281           Methods of biotelemetry — Russian book
  hypersensrtrvity                          p 77 A84-19038      PHOTOINTERPRETATION                                                                                        p103 A84-18751
PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION                                             Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally       Physiological and psychological aspects of the piloting
     Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via    derived images                            p 106 A84-18805       of modem high-performance combat aircraft
  partitioning estimation algorithms      p 103 A84-18639       PHOTOLYSIS                                                                                                  p99 N84-15099
PARASITES                                                            Photolysis of uracil and undine in the presence of lunar   PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES
     Suggestions concerning technological research and            soil                                     p122 A84-16939           Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
  development for the purpose of industrial use of manne        PHOTOMETRY                                                       response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
  algae                                                              Picking up an object from a pile of objects                                                            p73 A84-16176
  [ISSN-0077-5606]                          p 77 N84-14661        [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691           Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
PARTITIONS (MATHEMATICS)                                        PHOTOSYNTHESIS                                                   in supine and upnght exercise              p 79 A84-16177
     Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via        Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of          Intersubject vanability in growth hormone time course
  partitioning estimation algonthms       p 103 A84-18639         photosystem I, built into the liposomes                        dunng different types of work              p 79 A84-16178
PASSENGER AIRCRAFT                                                                                          p74 A84-16933           Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng
     EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance          PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY                                               water immersion in men                     p79 A84-16179
  in airplane evacuation                  p 111 A84-18852            Chemical enzymology — Russian book                             Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of
                                                                                                            p76 A84-18505        headgear loading parameters               p 102 A84-16664
PASSENGERS
                                                                PHYSICAL EXERCISE                                                   Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well
     An analysis of potential protective breathing devices
                                                                     An exercise metabolism chamber for mice                     conditioned young adult males              p 83 A84-18813
  intended for use by aircraft passengers
                                                                                                            p74 A84-16663           Evaluation of factors producing visual evoked response
  [AD-A13264S]                            p 119 NB4-14692
                                                                     Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal                vanability
PATHOGEN ESIS                                                                                                                    [AD-A133917]                               p 88 N84-15772
                                                                  endurance performance
     Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study                                                                          Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
                                                                  [AD-A132581]                              p 84 N84-14665
  of atherogenesis stages in human coronary artenes (based                                                                       exposure in humans protocol 1
                                                                     Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus
  on early autopsies)                       p 81 A84-17285                                                                       [AD-A133891]                               p89 N84-15774
                                                                  during bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal
PATTERN RECOGNITION                                               type                                                          PHYSIOLOGICAL TESTS
     Model of the behavior of the human visual system for         [AD-A132550]                              p84 N84-14666           The effects of reduced oxygen and of carbon monoxide
 the perception of contour elements — image processing               Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to           on performance in a mouse pole-jump apparatus
 [FUB-44-1982]                             p 86 N84-14677        exercise-heat stress                                                                                       p74 A84-16725
     Picking up an object from a pile of objects                 [AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669          Development of a human atlas of strengths
 [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691             Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive                                                p 107 A84-18814
PEDALS                                                            repetitive loading                                                Spatial-frequency discnminatjon and detection -
     Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus           [AO-A130881]                              p87 N84-15765        Companson of postadaptatton thresholds
 during bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal                 Increased metabolism and dead space as components                                                      p83 A84-18890
 type                                                             of ventilation at high altitude                                   Evidence for a central component of post-injury pain
 (AD-A132550]                              p&4 N84-14666          [AD-A130827]                              p 87 N84-15766        hypersensidvity                           p 77 A84-19038


A-12
SUBJECTINDEX                                                                                                                                                          PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY

PILOT ERROR                                                          PILOT TRAINING                                                            Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
      A computerized, procedural aid for flight crews                      Quarterbacks as cornerbacks or American Tighter pilots                                                     p 103 A84-17294
                                              p 116 A84.19323          in Migs - A study of reverse role training                         PROSTAGLANDINS
PILOT PERFORMANCE                                                                                                   p 93 A84-18777             Rheologjcal properties and quantitative spectrum of
      Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment               Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training             blood prostaglandins in patients with hypertension
                                              p 102 A84-16662                                                       p93 A84-18779                                                      p81 A84-17281
      Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                         Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from      PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
                                              p 102 A84-16699          flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise                 Mathematical simulation of drver performance
                                                                                                                   p 107 A84-18818         [AD-A133844]                                p 85 N84-14671
      Quarterbacks as cornerbacks or American Tighter pilots
                                                                           Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer
  in Migs - A study of reverse role training                                                                                              PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
                                               p93 A84-18777           of training of basic flying skills           p 95 A84-18819             Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
                                                                           Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual                     photosystem I, built into the liposomes
      Flying ability and understanding of vehicle control              qualification                               p 107 A84-18820
  dynamics                                     p 93 A84-187BO                                                                                                                          p74 A84-16933
                                                                           Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and
      Methodology for exploring voice-interactive avionics                                                                                PSYCHOUNGUISTICS
                                                                       evaluation                                  p 107 A84-18821
  tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                                                                                                       Repeated measures of information processing — in
                                                                           Development of sensitive performance measures for
                                              p 104 A84-18786                                                                               operator performance tests                p 109 A84-18836
                                                                       selection of crews for flight training       p 96 A84-18837
      Right crew performance when pilot-flying and                         Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An      PSYCHOLOGICAL EFFECTS
  ptlot-not-flying duties are exchanged        p 94 AB4-18791          economical multifactor approach             p 109 A84-18838             A comparison of map learning methods Map study,
      Optical variables as measures of performance dunng                   The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning                simulated travel and mixed
  simulated                flight             p 105 A84-18792          information for pilot training              p 111 A84-18856          [AD-A133544]                              p 100 N84-15794
      Visual/perceptual aspects of an F-4G accident                        Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and          PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS
                                               p94 A84-18793           transfer of basic flying skills - Another look                           Physiological and psychological aspects of the piloting
                                                                                                                    p97 A84-19277           of modem high-performance combat aircraft
      The reliability and validity of flight task workload
                                                                           Tailoring day scenarios lor night simulation of advanced                                                    p99 N84-1S099
  ratings                                      p 94 A84-18794
                                                                       aircraft systems                            p112 A84-19278               Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
      Representing human cognition in complex man-machine
                                                                           An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition     exposure in humans protocol 1
  environments — for fighter pilot performance analysis
                                                                       using microcomputer CAI — Computer Aided Instruction                 [AD-A133891]                               p 89 N84-15774
                                               p94 A84-18797
                                                                                                                   p112 A84-19279              The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
      Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
                                                                     PILOTS (PERSONNEL)                                                     study on how workers react to a robot
  control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                      Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic        [AD-A133438]                              p 121 N84-15805
                                              p 106 A84-18802          fighter aircraft                            p 120 N84-15102        PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS
      Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer     PLANKTON                                                                   Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification
  of training of basic flying skills           p 95 A84-18819              A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the            of workload metncs                        p 108 A84-18825
      Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification         Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space                         Short-term memory and dual task performance
  of workload metncs                          p 108 A84-1882S          Center, Flonda                               p 79 N84-16027                                                     p96 A84-18832
      Transient evoked potential and eye movement                    POLYETHYLENES
                                                                                                                                                Repeated measures of information processing — in
  recordings dunng simulated emergencies                                   Countercurrent distribution of biological cells
                                                                                                                                            operator performance tests                p 109 A84-18836
                                              p 108 A84-18826          [NASA-CR-170958]                             p 78 N84-15755
                                                                     POLYMERS                                                                   How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload
      Development of sensitive performance measures for
                                                                           Large molecules in small doses — synthetic polymers                                                        p111 A84-18855
  selection of crews for flight training       p 96 A84-18837
                                                                       as drugs                                     p 81 A84-17288              Accommodation and the acquisition of distant targets
      Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight
                                                                     POPULATIONS                                                            by observers with superior vision          p 84 A84-19296
  simulator                                    p 96 A84-18840
                                                                           Energy use The human dimension                                       A methodological investigation of three psychophysical
      Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
                                                                       [DE84-001405]                                p 86 N84-14676          techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity
                                              p t t O A84-18843
                                                                     POSITION (LOCATION)                                                                                              p113 A84-19297
      Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic
                                                                           Spatiotemporal charactenstics of visual localization                 Companson of IRT observed-score and true-score
  displays                                    p111 A84-188S4
                                                                       [AD-A133952]                                 p 88 N84-15770          equatings
      How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload                 Spatial localization in strabismic observers                     [AD-A133871]                               p 99 N84-15791
                                              p111 A84-18855           [AD-A132748]                                 p 91 N84-15784        PSYCHOLOGY
      Individual differences and age-related changes in              POSITION INDICATORS                                                        Applied psychology in Europe An ONR perspective
  time-sharing ability of aviators             p 97 A84-19284              Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display                [AD-A133093]                              P100 N84-15797
      Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task            research                                   p 108 A84-18830        PSYCHOMETRICS
   system                                     p 113 A84-19291        PREDICTIONS                                                                Parametric and nonparametnc signal detection
      Accommodation and the acquisition of distant targets                 Companson of IRT observed-score and true-score                   measures - Pros and cons — of psychometnc models
   by observers with superior vision           p 84 A84-19296           equabngs                                                                                                      p 105 A84-18798
      Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field              [AD-A133871]                                p 99 N84-15791
                                                                                                                                                Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic
   performance of pilots                       p 84 A84-19298        PRESSURE EFFECTS
                                                                                                                                            contrast                                  p 107 A84-18815
      Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed                Assessment of recovery from hyperbaric-mduced
                                                                        subfertihty in male mice                    p 73 A84-16181              Subiectrve workload assessment in a memory update
   mental workload                            p113 A84-19299
      Measuring pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I          PRESSURE SUITS                                                         task                                       p96 A84-1B824
  Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task                              A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve                       Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification
                                              P114 A84-19300            [AD-A134042]                               p118 N84-14687           of workload metncs                        p 108 A84-18825
      Pilot performance measurement methodology for                        Interaction of anti-G measures and chest wall mechanics              Repeated measures of information processing — in
   determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic                   in determining gas exchange                                         operator performance tests                p 109 A84-18836
   substances                                 p114 A84-19301            [AD-A133740]                                p89 N84-15775               Color contrast metncs for head-up displays
      Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial orientation                PRESSURIZING                                                                                                     p117 A84-19327
   information processing                     p 114 A84-19302              A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve                 PSYCHOMOTOR PERFORMANCE
      Pilot oriented performance measurement                            [AD-A134042]                               p 118 N84-14687              Central control of movement timing
                                              p114 A84-19304         PROBLEM SOLVING                                                                                                   p93 A84-18760
      Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task                Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress                         Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the
   to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations                                                                 p95 A84-18809            human                                    p 106 A84-18811
                                              p115 A84-19311               The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem                 Pseudo-quickemng - A new display technique for the
      Conflict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss                     solving in a process control task          p 115 A84-19314           control of higher order systems          p 110 A84-18846
   encounters with cockpit traffic displays                          PROCESS CONTROL (INDUSTRY)
                                              p115 A84-19315                                                                                    A validated rating scale for global mental workload
                                                                           The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem              measurement applications                  p 97 A84-19286
      Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format         solving in a process control task          p115 A84-19314
  on pilot avoidance maneuvers                p 116 A84-19316                                                                                   Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial orientation
                                                                     PROCUREMENT MANAGEMENT                                                  information processing                   p114 A84-19302
      Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as
                                                                           Timely application of advanced human factors test and                A companson of analog and digital scales for use in
   a function of aircraft dynamics             p 98 A84-19324
                                                                        evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air               heads-up displays                        p117 A84-19328
      Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception
                                                                        Force systems                              p114 AIM-19308
   and flying performance                      p 98 A84-19326                                                                             PSYCHOPHYSICS
      Visual perceptual and human performance factors                PRODUCTION ENGINEERING                                                     Electrocutaneous stimulation with high voltage
   involved in low level, high speed flight                                The human side of robotics Results from a prototype               capaatrve discharges                     p 101 A84-16343
                                               p98 A84-19329            study on how workers react to a robot
                                                                                                                                                Parametric and nonparametnc signal detection
      A study on airborne integrated display system and human           [AD-A133438]                               p 121 N84-15805
                                                                                                                                             measures - Pros and cons — of psychometnc models
   information processing                                            PRODUCTIVITY                                                                                                     p 105 A84-18798
   [NASA-TM-77338]                             p 99 N84-15789              Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent                  Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic
PILOT SELECTION                                                         in the person A bibliographic synopsis                               contrast                                 p 107 A84-18815
      Experimental design of a model for the dynamic                    [AD-A131015]                                p99 N84-15790               A methodological investigation of three psychophysical
   behaviour of pilot candidates              p 103 A84-18589        PROPHYLAXIS                                                             techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity
      Development of sensitive performance measures tor                    Organizational and methodological aspects of the                                                           p113 A84-19297
   selection of crews for flight training      p 96 A84-18837           prophylaxis of arterial hypertension among transport              PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
      Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval                 workers                                     p 82 A84-17292              Symposium on mathematical modeling of arcadian
  Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap                       Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of              systems
   potential                                   p98 A84-19320            a large industrial plant                     p 82 A84-17293          (AD-A133636]                              p 86 N84-14673


                                                                                                                                                                                               A-13
QUALIFICATIONS                                                                                                                                                       SUBJECTINDEX

                                                                     Measuring pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I        The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
                                                                  Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task                   study on how workers react to a robot
QUALIFICATIONS                                                                                             p114 A84-19300       [AD-A133438]                          p 121 N84-15805
   Color perception and ATC job performance                          Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial orientation               Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory
 [AD-A132649]                           p 90 N84-15781            information processing                   p114 A84-19302       [DE84-001760]                         p 122 N84-15810
QUALITY                                                         READING                                                        RUNNING
   Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using                 A companson of map learning methods Map study,                Spnnt — physiology of short-distance running
 subiectrve scaling                    p 105 A84-18796            simulated travel and mixed                                                                           p82 A84-17289
QUALITY CONTROL                                                   [AD-A133544]                             p 100 N84-15794
   Quantitative models of image quality                         REAL TIME OPERATION
                                       p 112 A84-19281
                                                                     Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination
                                                                  sources in the real-time display of a visual scene           SAFETY DEVICES
                                                                                                           p 101 A84-16622          Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash
                                                                RECOVERY                                                         dynamics for energy absorption studies
RADIATION ABSORPTION                                                 Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng                                              p111 A84-18853
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation       performance following a simulated emergency involving        SAFETY MANAGEMENT
 exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                startle                                                           Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide
 procedures                                                       [AD-A133602]                             p 100 N84-15795       important directions                     p116 A84-19321
 [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-1S756      REDUNDANCY ENCODING                                            SATELLITE GROUND SUPPORT
RADIATION DOSAGE                                                     Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed           Human factors dimensions in the evolution of
    The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of         by a signal detection paradigm           p 107 A84-18816       increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth
 bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood        p 74 A84-16967      REFLEXES                                                         satellites                               p 104 A84-18784
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation          Mathematical model for vestibulo-ocular reflex                 Development of a human factors methodology for
 exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                                                         p 103 A84-18572       NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
 procedures                                                     RELIABILITY                                                                                               p117 A84-19332
 [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-15756           The reliability and validity of flight task workload           Case study - Designing the ERBS control room — Earth
    Dose conversion factors for inhaled radionuclides             ratings                                    p94 A84-18794       Radiation Budget Satellite               p117 A84-19333
 [FOA-C-40184-A3]                           p 91 N84-15786      RELIABILITY ANALYSIS                                           SCANNING
RADIATION EFFECTS                                                                                                                   Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic
                                                                     Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable
    Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the                                                                     displays                                 p111 A84-18854
                                                                 vanables - Fewer subjects required with repeated
 human                                     p 106 A84-18811                                                                     SCHIZOPHRENIA
                                                                  measures — for human factors evaluations
    Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation Review                                                                           Lymphocytes in the human brain          p 81 A84-17284
                                                                                                           p 105 A84-18799
 draft, parts 1, 2 and 3                                        REMOTE CONTROL                                                 SCORING
 [PB83-262550]                              p 87 N84-14680                                                                          Comparison of IRT observed-score and true-score
                                                                     Robot manipulator control
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation                                                                      equatings
                                                                  [AD-A129365]                             p 120 N84-15800
 exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                                                                               [AD-A133871]                               p 99 N84-15791
                                                                     The Stanford cart and the CMU Rover
 procedures                                                                                                                    SEA LEVEL
                                                                  [NASA-CR-174502]                         p 121 N84-15803
 [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-15756                                                                          Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic
                                                                REMOTE HANDLING
    Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                                                                                 exercise in humans at sea level            p 80 A84-16186
                                                                     Robot manipulator control
 exposure                                                         [AD-A129365]                             p 120 N84-15800     SEATS
 [AD-A132941]                               p 78 N84-15760                                                                          Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash
                                                                REPETITION
    Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model                                                                                      dynamics for energy absorption studies
                                                                     The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses
 [DE84-001325]                              p 79 N84-15762                                                                                                                p111 A84-18853
                                                                  [AD-A132744]                              p 86 N84-14675
RADIATION TOLERANCE                                             RESOURCE ALLOCATION                                            SENSITIVITY
    The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of                                                                           Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion
                                                                     The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty
 bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood        p 74 A84-16967                                                                       [AD-A133908]                              p89 N84-15773
                                                                 changes, and strategic resource allocation training on
RADIO FREQUENCIES                                                time-shanng performance                                            Basic vision events
    Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation Review
                                                                 [AD-A134112]                              p 118 N84-14685       [AD-A132746]                              p 91 N84-15782
 draft, parts 1, 2 and 3                                        RESPIRATION
 [PB83-262550]                              p 87 N84-14680                                                                     SENSORIMOTOR PERFORMANCE
                                                                     Dose conversion factors for inhaled radionuclides              A methodological investigation of subject input/output
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation
                                                                  [FOA-C-40184-A3]                          p 91 N84-15786       related error dunng vibration            p 107 A84-18812
  exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and
                                                                RESPIRATORY PHYSIOLOGY                                              Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng
  procedures
                                                                     Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term          performance following a simulated emergency involving
  [AD-A134079]                              p78 N84-15756
                                                                  exercise                                   p 80 A84-16180      startle
RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES
                                                                     Critical O2 transport values at lowered body                [AD-A133602]                             p 100 N84-15795
    Dose conversion factors for inhaled radionuchdes
                                                                  temperatures in rats                       p 73 A84-16182
  [FOA-C-40184-A3]                          p 91 N84-15786                                                                     SERVOCONTROL
                                                                     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapmc HQ and                A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve
RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS
                                                                  HNO3 acidosis in conscious rabbits         p 73 A84-16183      [AD-A134042]                             p118 N84-14687
    Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory
                                                                     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapnic Hd and HNO3
 [DE84-001760]                             p 122 N84-15810                                                                     SERVOMECHANISMS
                                                                  acidosis in conscious rabbits              p 74 A84-16184
RADIOBIOLOGY                                                                                                                        A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve
                                                                     Morphofunctional organization of structures of the
    Excess synthesis of DNA in HeLa cells after                                                                                  [AD-A134042]                             p118 N84-14687
                                                                  ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in
 gamma-irradiation           and        treatment        with                                                                  SEX FACTOR
                                                                  the regulation of blood circulation        p 77 A84-18999
  N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguamdme        p 74 A84-16934                                                                          Development of a human atlas of strengths
                                                                RESPONSES
    Radiation biophysics in space - Two expenments on                Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent                                                  p 107 A84-18814
 the first Spacelab mission                 p 75 A84-17766        information processing                                            Gender differences in response to ambient color, task
RADIOGRAPHY                                                       [AD-A133694]                              p 89 N84-15776       complexity and presence of evaluative others
    Low X-ray absorption aneurism clips                         RETINAL IMAGES                                                                                              p 95 A84-18817
 [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                    p 87 N84-15764           Spatiotemporal characteristics of visual localization          Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer
RANDOM SAMPLING                                                  [AD-A133952]                               p 88 N84-15770       of training of basic flying skills         p 95 A84-18819
    Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable           Spatial localization in strabismic observers              SHAPES
 vanables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                [AD-A132748]                               p 91 N84-15784          Visual routines
  measures — for human factors evaluations                      RHYTHM (BIOLOGY)                                                 [AD-A133634]                               p 99 N84-15792
                                           p 105 A84-18799           The present state of chronomedicine                       SHEEP
RATINGS                                                                                                      p75 A84-17290          Biological chemistry                    p 77 N84-15190
    The reliability and validity of flight task workload        ROBOTICS
                                                                                                                               SHOCK
 ratings                                    p 94 A84-18794           The impact of robotics on employment                           Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng
    Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected     [GPO-21-160]                             p118 N84-14684        performance following a simulated emergency involving
 physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower             The Stanford cart and the CMU Rover                         startle
 body exercise                                                   [NASA-CR-174502]                          p 121 N84-15803       [AD-A133602]                             p 100 N84-15795
 [AD-A134086]                               p 88 N84-15769           The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
                                                                                                                               SIGNAL DETECTION
RATS                                                             study on how workers react to a robot
                                                                                                                                    Parametnc and nonparametnc signal detection
    Behavioral and prenatal effects of 60-Hz fields              [AD-A133438]                              p 121 N84-15805
                                                                                                                                 measures - Pros and cons — of psychometnc models
 [DE84-001126]                              p 77 N84-14664           Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a
                                                                                                                                                                          p 105 A84-18798
                                                                 computer vision system with camera control
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation                                                                    SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
                                                                 [AD-A133492]                              p 121 N84-15807
 exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                                                                                  Clinical-morphological       charactenstics     of     the
                                                                     Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory
 procedures                                                                                                                      thymicotymphatic condition in adolescents and adults
                                                                 [DE84-001760]                             p 122 N84-15B10
 [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-15756                                                                                                                  p81 A84-17286
                                                                ROBOTS
REACTION TIME                                                        Robotics-related technology in the nuclear industry       SINE WAVES
    Central control of movement timing                           [DEB3-017131]                             p 120 N84-15799          Visually evoked response from sum of sines
                                            p93 A84-18760            Robot manipulator control                                   stimulation                                p 92 A84-16655
    Age and information processing          p94 A84-18785        [AD-A129365]                              p 120 N84-15800     SIZE (DIMENSIONS)
    Individual differences and stimulus discnminability in           A distnbuted control system for the CMU Rover                  Independence of onentation and size in spatial
 visual companson reaction time             p 96 A84-18833       [AD-A133201]                              p 120 N84-15802       discriminations                            p 83 A84-18891


A-14
SUBJECTINDEX                                                                                                                                                          TEST CHAMBERS

SKIN (ANATOMY)                                                        Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well       SYSTOLE
     Evidence for a central component of post-injury pajn           conditioned young adult males         p 83 A84-18813               Dynamics of cardiac output and systole time intervals
  hypersensrtwity                           p 77 A84-19038            Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to             in supine and upnght exercise         p79 A84-16177
SLEEP DEPRIVATION
     Sleep and waKefulness handbook for flight medical              [AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669
  officers                                                             Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive
  [AGARD-AG-270(FR)1                        p 91 N84-15788          repetitive loading
SMOKE                                                               (AD-A130881]                               p87 N84-15765       T-39 AIRCRAFT
     An analysis of potential protective breathing devices             Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hyponc ventilatory          Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual
  intended for use by aircraft passengers                           response in man                                                  qualification                           p 107 A64-18820
  [AD-A132648]                            p 119 N84-14692           [AD-A130658]                               p 88 N84-15768      TARGET ACQUISITION
SODIUM                                                                 Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                    Accommodation and the acquisition of distant targets
     The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(+)         Submarine Mediane France, United Kingdom and the                 by observers with supenoi vision         p 84 A84-19296
  channel in cardiac muscle                 p 73 AB4-15925          United States                                                        Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field
SPACE FLIGHT STRESS                                                 [AD-A133150]                               p 90 N84-15777        performance of pilots                    p 84 A84-19298
     Alterations in calcium homeostasis and bone during           STRESS (PSYCHOLOGY)
                                                                                                                                         A preliminary assessment of observer expectations in
  actual and simulated space flight         p 82 A84-17822             Mental stress quantification and identification decision
                                                                                                                                     target detection tasks
SPACE FLIGHT TRAINING                                               modeling                                   p 95 A84-18808
                                                                                                                                     (MRL-R-893]                              p 98 N84-14682
     Human factors in Spacelab - Crew training                         Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress
                                                                                                               p95 A84-18809             The lock-on-before-launch weapon delivery and
                                            p 98 A84-19307
                                                                       An individual differences approach to SWAT scale              display/control consideration           pi 19 N84-15056
SPACE ORIENTATION
     Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial orientation                development — Subjective Workload Assessment                   TARGET RECOGNITION
  information processing                  p114 A84-19302            Technique                                  p 95 A84-18823            Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect
SPACE PERCEPTION                                                       Assessing the validity of SWAT as a workload                  recognition at real world distances     p 110 A84-18842
     Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-0                 measurement instrument — Subjective Workload                         Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation
  displays                                p 102 A84-16660           Assessment Technique                     p113 A84-19285          to square-wave gratings                  p 84 A84-19295
     A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects   SUBMARINES                                                             Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target
  in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic                    Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                recognition                             p 117 A84-19330
  displays                                 p 105 A84-18795          Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the              TASK COMPLEXITY
     Spatial-frequency discrimination and detection                 United States                                                        Secondary task workload assessment methodology
  Companson of postadaptation thresholds                            [AD-A133150]                               p90 N84-15777                                                  p92 A84-16654
                                            p83 A84-18890         SULFATES                                                               Visually evoked response from sum of sines
     Independence of orientation and size in spatial                   Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and           stimulation                              p 92 A84-16655
  discriminations                           p 83 A84-18891          aerosols in human subjects Design considerations
                                                                                                                                         The effects of vanations in task loading on subjective
     Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception          [DE84-0011351                              p91 N84-15785
                                                                                                                                     workload rating scales                   p 92 A84-16656
  and flying performance                    p 98 A84-19326        SULFURIC ACID
                                                                       Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and               Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
     Visual routines
                                                                    aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                                                          p 93 A84-18779
  [AD-A133634]                              p 99 N84-15792
SPACE SUITS                                                         [DE84-001135]           '                  p91 N84-15785             The effects o< warning message highlighting on novel
     Design and testing of an advanced pressure suit glove        SUPERSONIC AIRCRAFT                                                assembly task performance                p 93 A84-18782
  [AIAA PAPER 84-0067]                     p 103 A84-17856             Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic         The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource
SPACEBORNE EXPERIMENTS                                              fighter aircraft                         p 120 N84-15102         competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault
     Radiation biophysics in space - Two experiments on           SUPINE POSITION                                                    diagnosis                               P 104 A84-18788
  the first Spacelab mission                p 75 A84-17766             Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals            Flight crew performance when pilot-flying and
     Development and function of organisms in                       in supine and upnght exercise              p 79 A84-16177        pilot-not-flying duties are exchanged p 94 A84-18791
  weightlessness - Two expenments for the first German            SURFACE FINISHING                                                      Methodology and the use of dual and complex-task
  Spacelab mission D1                       p 75 A84-17767             A companson of VDT antireflection treatments                   paradigms in human factors research
SPACECRAFT CONTROL                                                                                            p 105 A84-18790                                                p 105 A84-18800
     Development of a human factors methodology for               SURFACE PROPERTIES                                                     Effects of task structures on attention allocation
  NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center                                     On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra                optimality                               p 95 A84-18806
                                           p117 A84-19332                                                      p73 A84-15954             Mental stress quantification and identification decision
SPACELAB PAYLOADS                                                      Morphofunctional organization of structures of the             modeling                                 p 95 A84-18808
     Radiation biophysics in space - Two expenments on              ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in           Gender differences in response to ambient color, task
  the first Spacelab mission                p 75 A84-17766          the regulation of blood circulation        p 77 A84-18999        complexity and presence of evaluative others
     Development       and function of organisms in               SURFACE VEHICLES                                                                                            p95 A84-18817
  weightlessness - Two expenments for the first German                 A preliminary assessment of observer expectations in              The effects of noise on performance of a visual
  Spacelab mission D1                       p 75 A84-17767          target detection tasks                                           discrimination task                       p 96 A84-18B35
     Human factors in Spacelab - Crew training                      [MRL-R-893]                                p 98 NB4-14682            Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing
                                            p98 A84-19307         SURGERY                                                            resource cost                           p 110 A84-1B845
SPEECH                                                                 Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips                                Examination of workload measures with subjective task
     Human factors guidelines for the use of synthetic speech       [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                    p 87 N84-15764        clusters                                  p 97 A84-19287
  devices                                  p 104 A84-18787        SURVEYS                                                                The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology
SPEECH RECOGNITION                                                     Training feedback handbook                                                                              p97 A84-19290
     Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics            [AD-A132S65]                               p 99 N84-14683            Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task
  tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                               Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of            system                                 p113 A84-19291
                                           p 104 A84-18786          the airway facilities service                                        The dissociation between subjective workload and
     New technology for training - An evaluation of the air         [AD-A133282]                               p 99 N84-15793        performance A multiple resource approach
  controller exerciser (ACE)               p 108 A84-18827        SURVIVAL                                                                                                     p98 A84-19293
     Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target              Medical aspects of survival Tranmg for aircrew                    Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed
  recognition                              p117 A84-19330           (AGARD-AG-283(FR)]                         p 91 N84-15787         mental workload                        p113 A84-19299
STATISTICAL TESTS                                                 SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT                                                     Measuring pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I
     Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable            Mathematical simulation of diver performance                   Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task
  variables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                 [AD-A133844]                               p 85 N84-14671                                                p114 A84-19300
  measures — for human factors evaluations                        SYNCHRONISM                                                            Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task
                                           p 105 A84-18799             Flight simulation cue synchronization                          to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations
STEADY STATE                                                                                                  p 101 A84-16620                                                p115 A84-19311
     Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation         SYNTHESIS (CHEMISTRY)                                                  Keyboard design vanables evaluated dunng dual-task
  to square-wave gratings                   p 84 A84-19295             Excess synthesis of DNA in HeLa cells after                    mode selection                         p 117 A84-19325
STEREOPHOTOGRAPHY                                                   gamma-irradiation           and        treatment        with   TASKS
     A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects     N-metliyl-N'-nitTO-N-nitrosoguanidine      p 74 A84-16934            Short-term memory and dual task performance
  in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic               SYSTEM EFFECTIVENESS                                                                                         p96 A84-18S32
  displays                                 p 105 A84-18795             Is a picture worth 1000 words - wntten or spoken? —         TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT
STIMULATION                                                         fighter aircraft cockpit display effectiveness in                    Wide field-of-view visual display technology for flight
     Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent            emergencies                               p 117 A84-19331         simulation                             p 101 A84-16621
  information processing                                          SYSTEMS ENGINEERING                                                    Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative
  [AD-A133694J                              p89 N84-15776              An exercise metabolism chamber for mice                        fighter cockpits                       p114 A84-19305
STOICHIOMETRY                                                                                                  p74 A84-16663       TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
     Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain                  User-computer interface design of a complex tactical              Timely application of advanced human factors test and
  Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen             display terminal                          p 108 A84-1B828         evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air
  concentration                             p 87 N84-14681             Case study - Designing the ERBS control room — Earth           Force systems                          p114 A84-19308
STRESS (PHYSIOLOGY)                                                 Radiation Budget Satellite                p117 A84-19333       TELEOPERATORS
     Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic vanation of        SYSTEMS SIMULATION                                                     Robotics-related technology in the nuclear industry
  headgear loading parameters              p 102 A84-16664             Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain              [DE83-017131]                          p 120 N84-15799
     A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the                                                      p110 A84-18850       TEST CHAMBERS
  thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment             The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem              An exercise metabolism chamber for mice
  on the human body                         p 83 A84-W55            solving in a process control task         p115 A84-19314                                                   p74 A84-16663


                                                                                                                                                                                        A-15
TEST EQUIPMENT                                                                                                                                                            SUBJECTINDEX

     Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and         TOXICITY                                                                Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and
  aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                     Acute       intramuscular         toxicity     (LD50)   of     transfer of basic flying skills - Another look
  [DE84-001135]                             p 91 N84-15785          1,1'-trimethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyimmomethyl) pyndimum                                                         p97 A84-19277
TEST EQUIPMENT                                                     bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice                       TRANSIENT RESPONSE
     Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction       [AD-A133148]                                   p 78 N84-15758         Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the
  testing                                  p 115 A84-19309       TOXICITY AND SAFETY HAZARD                                           transient visual evoked response to patterned
TEXTURES                                                               An analysis of potential protective breathing devices          stimulation
     Optical flow and texture variables useful for detecting       intended for use by aircraft passengers                            [AD-A132546]                               p 85 N84-14667
  changes in simulated self motion         p 118 A84-19334         [AD-A132648]                                  p119 N84-14692     TRANSMISSIVITY
     Optical flow and texture vanables useful in simulating      TOXICOLOGY                                                              Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips
  self motion (2)                                                      The use of toxins in the charactenzation of the Na(-t-)        [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                    p 87 N84-15764
  [ AD-A133597]                             p 90 N84-15779         channel in cardiac muscle                      p73 A84-15925     TRANSPLANTATION
THERAPY                                                                Bibliography of research reports and publications issued          Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain
     Large molecules in small doses — synthetic polymers           by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982                           of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia
  as drugs                                  p 81 A84-17288         [AD-A133637]                                   p 85 N84-14672                                                 p75 A84-17278
THERMAL ENVIRONMENTS                                                   Inhalation toxicology        3       Evaluation of thermal   TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT
     A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the           degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine              Right operations safety monitonng effects on the crew
  thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment         oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil                    alerting system                           p 109 A84-18831
  on the human body                         p 83 A84-18755         [AD-A133221]                                   p 90 N84-15778         Quantification    of crew workload imposed by
THERMOREGULATION                                                 TRACKING (POSITION)                                                  communications-related tasks in commercial transport
     Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes              Examination of workload measures with subjective task          aircraft                                  p113 A84-19292
  in regional blood flow in sheep           p 74 A84-16189         clusters                                       p97 A84-19287
     Mathematical simulation of diver performance
  [ AD-A133844]                             p 85 N84-14671
                                                                       Tracking with multiple independent response functions
                                                                                                                 p 115 A84-19313                                 u
     Heat exchange following atropine injection before and             Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and
  after heat acclimation                                           performance dunng a compensatory tracking task                   ULTRASONIC SCANNERS
  [AD-A132618]                              p 90 N84-15780         [AD-A133921]                                   p 85 N84-14670        Assessment of ultrasonic B-scan imaging for detection
THREAT EVALUATION                                                                                                                     and quantification of atherosclerotic lesions in human
                                                                 TRACKING PROBLEM
     The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource                 Gender differences in response to ambient color, task          carotid and illofemoral artenes and in artenes of animals
  competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault                                                                           [PB83-261123]                            p 86 N84-14678
                                                                   complexity and presence of evaluative others
  diagnosis                               p 104 A84-18788                                                         p95 A84-18817     UNDERWATER PHYSIOLOGY
THREE DIMENSIONAL MOTION                                               Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing                  Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng
     The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by                                                                             water immersion in men                    p79 A84-16179
                                                                   resource cost                                 p 110 A84-18845
  the use of V T R — Video Tape Recorder                               Pseudo-quickemng - A new display technique for the           UNITED KINGDOM
                                          p110 A84-18848                                                                                Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on
                                                                   control of higher order systems               p 110 A84-18846
THRESHOLDS (PERCEPTION)                                                                                                               Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
                                                                 TRADEOFFS
     Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the             Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination          United States
  human visual cortex                       p 81 A84-17008                                                                            [AD-A133150]                             p90 N84-15777
                                                                   sources in the real-time display of a visual scene
     The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold                                                                            URACIL
                                                                                                                 p 101 A84-16622
  levels                                  p 106 A84-18810              Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial orientation                  Photolysis of uracil and undine in the presence of lunar
     Spatial-frequency discrimination and detection -              information processing                        p114 A84-19302       soil                                    p 122 A84-16939
  Comparison of postadaptation thresholds                        TRAINING AIRCRAFT                                                  USER REQUIREMENTS
                                            p83 A84-18890              Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual                     Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D
     A methodological investigation of three psychophysical        qualification                                 p 107 A84-18820     displays                                 p 102 A84-16660
  techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity             Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and
                                          p113 A84-19297           evaluation                                    p 107 A84-18821
     Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion           TRAINING ANALYSIS
  [AD-A133908]                              p 89 N84-15773             Training spatial skills for air-traffic control
THYMUS GLAND                                                                                                      p93 A84-18778     VALIDITY
     Clinical-morphological      characteristics    of     the         Development of sensitive performance measures for                 The reliability and validity of flight task workload
  thymicolymphatic condition in adolescents and adults             selection of crews for flight training         p 96 A84-18837      ratings                                   p 94 A84-18794
                                            p81 A84-17286              Evaluation results for the interactive video competency      VARIABILITY
TIME DEPENDENCE                                                    recognition system                                                    Intersubject variability in growth hormone time course
     Ventilator/ thresholds during short- and long-term            [AD-A133052]                                  p 100 N84-15796      dunng different types of work             p 79 A84-16178
  exercise                                  p80 A84-16180              Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft        VENTILATION
TIME LAG                                                           recovery model                                                        Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory
     Central control of movement timing                            [AD-A133507]                                  p 122 N84-15808      response in man
                                            p93 A84-18760        TRAINING DEVICES                                                     [AD-A130658]                              p88 N84-15768
TIME RESPONSE                                                          Utility and utilization of advanced instructional features   VESTIBULAR NYSTAGMUS
     The effects of exposure time and retention time on            in aircrew training devices I - Tactical air command                  Mathematical model for vestibule-ocular reflex
  location memory in visual information processing                                                                p92 A84-16657                                                p 103 A84-18572
                                          p 109 A84-18834              New technology for training - An evaluation of the air
TIME SHARING                                                                                                                        VIBRATION EFFECTS
                                                                   controller exerciser (ACE)                    p 108 A84-18827
     Effects of task structures on attention allocation                                                                                  Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
                                                                       The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning                                                       p 103 A84-17294
  optimality                                p 95 A84-18806         information for pilot training                p 111 A84-18856
     Type of task practice and time-sharing activities predict                                                                           A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
                                                                 TRAINING EVALUATION
  performance deficits due to alcohol ingestion                                                                                       thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
                                                                       Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics
                                            p96 A84-18844                                                                             on the human body                         p 83 A84-18755
                                                                   procedural training
     The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty        [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                           p 93 A84-18144         A methodological investigation of subject input/output
  changes, and strategic resource allocation training on               Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and            related error dunng vibration            p 107 A84-18812
  time-sharing performance                                         evaluation                                    p 107 A84-18821    VIBRATION PERCEPTION
  [AO-A134112]                            p118 N84-14685               Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -             Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
TISSUES (BIOLOGY)                                                  Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation — Simulated                                                     p 103 A84-17294
     Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed           Aircraft Maintenance Trainers                 p 115 A84-19312    VIDEO DATA
  by (44)Ca(n.(-» (41)Ar                                         TRAINING SIMULATORS                                                    The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by
  [DE83-017600]                             p 79 N84-15761             The C-130 visual system - An update                            the use of V T R — Video Tape Recorder
TOLERANCES (PHYSIOLOGY)                                                                                          p 101 A84-16623                                               p110 A84-18848
     Effects of long-term low-level radio-frequency radiation          The Hughes design analysis system and instructor             VIDEO EQUIPMENT
  exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                workload in operational trainers              p 105 A84-18801         A companson of VDT antireflection treatments
  procedures                                                           Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An                                               p 105 A84-18790
  [AD-A134079]                              p 78 N84-15756         economical multifactor approach               p 109 A84-18838    VISION
TOUCH                                                                  Tune-compressed components for air-mtercept control               Basic vision events
     Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch          skills                                        p113 A84-19289       [AD-A132746]                              p 91 N84-15782
  input devices for interaction with computer generated                Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -
  displays                                 p 102 A84-17013                                                                               Primary events in vision - investigation of basic eye
                                                                   Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation — Simulated
TOXIC HAZARDS                                                      Aircraft Maintenance Trainers                 p115 A84-19312
     Bibliography of research reports and publications issued                                                                         [AD-A132747]                             p 91 N84-15783
                                                                 TRANSFER OF TRAINING
  by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982                                                                                              Spatial localization in strabtsmic observers
                                                                       Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from
  [AD-A133637]                              p 85 N84-14672                                                                            [AD-A132748]                             p 91 NB4-15784
                                                                   flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise
     An analysis of potential protective breathing devices                                                       p107 A84-18818     VISUAL ACCOMMODATION
  intended for use by aircraft passengers                              Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer        Model of static accommodative behavior in human
  [AD-A132648]                            p 119 N84-14692          of training of basic flying skills             p 95 A84-18819      amblyopia                                p 80 A84-16344
     Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on                    Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual                     Time of day variations in steady-state accommodation
  Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                qualification                                 p 107 A84-18820      to square-wave gratings                  p 84 A84-19295
  United States                                                        Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An        Accommodation and the acquisition of distant targets
  [AD-A133150]                              p90 N84-15777          economical multifactor approach               p 109 A84-18838      by observers with superior vision        p 84 A84-19296


A-16
SUBJECT INDEX                                                                                                                                                                            YEAST

VISUAL ACUITY                                                          Investigating the steady state visually evoked cortical        WORK CAPACITY
     Electrophystological correlates of hyperacuity in the          response                                   p 84 A84-19303             On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
  human visual cortex                       p 81 A84-17008             Optical flow and texture vanables useful for detecting          fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
VISUAL DISCRIMINATION                                               changes in simulated self motion          p 118 A84-19334             Organizational and methodological aspects of the
     Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic            Spatiotemporal characteristics of visual localization           prophylaxis of arterial hypertension among transport
  contrast                                 p 107 A84-18815          [AD-A133952]                               p 88 N84-15770          workers                                    p 82 A84-17292
     Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed              Optical flow and texture vanables useful in simulating             Processing phenomena and the dissociation between
  by a signal detection paradigm           p 107 A84-18816          self motion (2)                                                    subjective and objective workload measures
     The effects of noise on performance of a visual                [AD-A133597]                               p 90 N84-15779          [AD-A134050]                              p118 N84-14686
  discrimination task                       p 96 A84-18835        VISUAL TASKS                                                        WORK FUNCTIONS
     Spatial-frequency discrimination and detection -                  Gender differences in response to ambient color, task              Computer aided techniques for crew station design,
  Comparison of postadaptation thresholds                           complexity and presence of evaluative others                       work-space      Organizer-WORG, workstation            layout
                                            p 83 A84-18890                                                      p95 A84-18817          Generator-WOLAG
     Independence of orientation and size in spatial                   Individual differences and stimulus discnminability in          [AD-A132981]                              p 119 N84-14693
  discriminations                           p 83 A84-18891          visual companson reaction time              p96 A84-18833         WORKLOADS (PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY)
     Color matches and discrimination functions for selected           The effects of exposure time and retention time on                 Selecting performance and workload measures for
  hues                                      p83 AB4-19294           location memory in visual information processing                   full-mission simulation                    p 91 A84-16653
VISUAL FIELDS                                                                                                 p 109 A84-18834             Secondary task workload assessment methodology
     The stability of visual field measures with repeated              The effects of noise on performance of a visual                                                            p 92 A84-16654
  testing                                                           discnmination task                          p 96 A84-18835            The effects of vanations in task loading on subjective
  [AD-A132704]                              p 86 N84-14674             visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight    workload rating scales                     p 92 A84-16656
VISUAL FLIGHT                                                       simulator                                   p 96 A84-18840            The reliability and validity of flight task workload
     Optical variables as measures of performance dunng                Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect              ratings                                    p 94 A84-18794
  simulated flight                         p 105 A84-18792          recognition at real world distances       p 110 A84-18842             The Hughes design analysis system and instructor
     Dynamic perception of computer generated visual                   Examination of workload measures with subjective task           workload in operational trainers          p 105 A84-18801
  information in an altitude control task                           clusters                                    p 97 A84-19287            An individual differences approach to SWAT scale
                                           p 109 A84-18841             Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field            development — Subjective Workload Assessment
     Peripheral cues and color in visual simulation                 performance of pilots                       p 84 A84-19298         Technique                                  p 95 A84-18823
                                           p110 A84-1B843              Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial onentation                     Subjective workload assessment in a memory update
VISUAL PERCEPTION                                                   information processing                    p114 A84-19302           task                                       p96 A84-18824
     Determining the time required for visual perception -             Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints               Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification
  Methods and results                       p 80 A84-16935          from psychology and human engineenng research                      of workload metrics                       p 108 A84-18825
     Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the          [NLR-MP-82032-U]                          p 100 N84-15798             Short-term memory and dual task performance
  human visual cortex                       p 81 A84-17008        VITAMINS                                                                                                        p96 A84-18832
     Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet          The stability of visual field measures with repeated               How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload
  mounted visual display systems                                    testing                                                                                                      p111 A84-18855
  [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                     p 103 A84-18162          [AD-A132704]                               p 86 N84-14674             Assessing the validity of SWAT as a workload
     The effects of warning message highlighting on novel         VOICE CONTROL                                                        measurement instrument — Subjective Workload
  assembly task performance                 p 93 A84-18782             Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics             Assessment Technique                      p113 A84-19285
     The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT            tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                                A validated rating scale for global mental workload
  displays                                 p 104 A84-18789                                                    p 104 A84-18786          measurement applications                   p 97 A84-19286
     Optical vanables as measures of performance dunng                 A companson of manual and vocal response modes                     Examination of workload measures with subjective task
  simulated flight                         p 105 A84-1S792          for the control of aircraft systems       p 112 A84-19283          clusters                                   p 97 A84-19287
     Visual/perceptual aspects of an F-4G accident                VOICE DATA PROCESSING                                                   The effect of delayed report on subjective ratings of
                                            p94 A84-18793              Human factors guidelines for the use of synthetic speech         mental workload                           p 97 A84-19288
     Dynamic perception of computer generated visual                devices                                   p 104 A84-18787             The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology
  information in an altitude control task                                                                                                                                         p97 A84-19290
                                           p 109 A84-18841                                                                                Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task
     Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
                                           p110 A84-18843
                                                                                                w                                      system                                    p113 A84-19291
                                                                                                                                          Quantification of crew workload imposed by
     A methodological investigation of three psychophysical       WAKEFULNESS                                                          communications-related tasks in commercial transport
  techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity                                                                             aircraft                                  p113 A84-19292
                                                                      Symposium on mathematical modeling of arcadian
                                           p113 A84-19297                                                                                 The dissociation between subjective workload and
                                                                   systems
     visual perceptual and human performance factors                                                                                   performance A multiple resource approach
                                                                   [AD-A133636]                              p 86 N84-14673
  involved in low level, high speed flight                                                                                                                                        p98 A84-19293
                                                                      Sleep and wakefulness handbook for flight medical
                                            p98 A84-19329                                                                                 Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed
                                                                   officers
     Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the                                                                                mental workload                          p113 A84-19299
                                                                   [AGARD-AG-270(FR(]                        p 91 N84-15788
  transient visual evoked response to patterned                                                                                           Measunng pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I
  stimulation                                                     WAR GAMES                                                            Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task
  [AD-A132546]                              p 85 N84-14667            Quarterbacks as comerbacks or American fighter pilots                                                      P114 A84-19300
     The stability of visual field measures with repeated          in Migs - A study of reverse role training                             Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task
  testing                                                                                                    p93 A84-18777             to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations
  [AD-A132704]                              p 86 N84-14674        WARNING                                                                                                        p115 A84-19311
     Model of the behavior of the human visual system for             The effects of warning message highlighting on novel                Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus
  the perception of contour elements — image processing            assembly task performance                 p 93 A84-18782            during bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal
  [FUB-44-1982]                             p 86 N84-14677        WARNING SYSTEMS                                                      type
     Picking up an object from a pile of objects                      Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                     [AD-A132550]                               p 84 N84-14666
  [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691                                                   p 102 A84-16699               Processing phenomena and the dissociation between
     Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion            WATER IMMERSION                                                      subjective and objective workload measures
  [AD-A133908]                              p 89 N84-15773            Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng               [AO-A134050]                              p118 N84-14686
     Optical flow and texture vanables useful in simulating        water immersion in men                    p 79 A84-16179
  self motion (2)                                                 WATER QUALITY
  [AD-A133597]                              p 90 N84-15779            The ultrastructural organization of the blue-green alga
     Basic vision events                                           microcystis aeruginosa kuetz Emend Elenk in connection
  [AD-A132746]                              p 91 N84-15782                                                                            YEAST
                                                                   with toxicogenesis
     Pnmary events in vision - investigation of basic eye                                                                                 Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
                                                                   [AD-A132540]                              p 77 N84-14662             squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  responses                                                           A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the
  [AD-A132747]                              p 91 N84-15783                                                                                                                   p76 A84-17775
                                                                   Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space
     Spatial localization in strabismic observers                  Center. Flonda                            p 79 N84-16027
  [AD-A132748]                              p 91 N84-15784
                                                                  WEAPON SYSTEMS
     Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints
                                                                      Timely application of advanced human factors test and
  from psychology and human engineenng research
                                                                   evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air
  [NLR-MP-82032-U]                         p 100 N84-15798
                                                                   Force systems                            p114 A84-19308
VISUAL SIGNALS
     Visually evoked response from sum of sines                   WEAPONS DELIVERY
  stimulation                               p 92 A84-16655            The impact of display size on continuous and discrete
     Visual/perceptual aspects of an F-4G accident                 anticipatory cues — head-up display symbology for fighter
                                            p94 A84-18793          aircraft weapons delivery                 p 92 A84-16661
     Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception            The lock-on-before-launch weapon delivery and
  and flying performance                    p 98 A84-19326         display/control consideration           p 119 N84-15056
VISUAL STIMULI                                                    WEIGHTLESSNESS
     Visually evoked response from sum of sines                       Development      and function       of organisms in
  stimulation                               p 92 A84-16655         weightlessness - Two experiments for the first German
     A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects    Spacelab mission D1                       p 75 A84-17767
  in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic                   The 5th Symposium on Gravitational Physiology
  displays                                 p 105 AS4-18795                                                   p84 N84-14166


                                                                                                                                                                                           A-17
                                                                                                 PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY / A Continuing Bibliography (Supplement 257)                                                                                                APRIL 1984



           Typical Personal Author
                Index Listing

                                                                  ALIMOV, G A.                                                     BALL, R. G
                                                                       Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium                      Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch
                                                                                                               p75 A84-17296        input devices for interaction with computer generated
                                                                  ALKOV, R A.                                                       displays                                  p 102 A84-17013
                                                                       Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval           BALOG, P P
BARKER, R
                                                                    Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap                  Carbon dioxide sensor technology
— Integrated Cuing Requirements (ICR) study Feasibility                                                                             [AD-A133688]                              p119 N84-14690
                                                                    potential                                  p 98 A84-19320
 analysis and demonstration study
                                                                  ALMAZOV, V A.                                                    BARANOVA, N P.
 [ADA131039I                         p32 N84-10758
                                                                       Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and                 A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
          I                                 T                       pathological conditions                    p 76 A84-18495       thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
                                                                                                                                    on the human body                           p83 A84-18755
                                                                  AMERSON, T 1-
                                                                       Time of day vanations in steady-state accommodation         BARIL, A. L
                                                   NASA             to square-wave gratings                    p84 A84-19295            A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the.
                    REPORT         PAGE          ACCESSION        AMERY, A.                                                         thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment I
        TITLE
                    NUMBER        NUMBER                               Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term            on the human body                           p 83 A84-18755 |
                                                  NUMBER
                                                                    exercise                                   p 80 A84-16180      BARNES, G D
                                                                  AMINEVA, KH K.                                                        A preliminary survey of plankton and penphyton in the I
                                                                       Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study         Turn Barge Canal and basin area of Kennedy Space I
Listings in this index are arranged alphabetically by               of atherogenesis stages in human coronary artenes (based         Center, Flonda                             p 79 N84-16027 |
                                                                    on early autopsies)                        p 81 AB4-17265      BARNES, P R.
personal author The title of the document provides
                                                                  AMUNTS, V V.                                                          Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressm response dunng I
the user with a brief description of the subject                       Morphological criteria of the structural asymmetry of         water immersion in men                     p 79 A84-16179J
matter The report number helps to indicate the                      cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain             BARNES, R. H
type of document listed (e g, NASA report,                                                                     p81 A84-17283            Carbon dioxide sensor technology
translation, NASA contractor report) The page and                 ANDERSON, C D                                                      t AD-A133688]                            p 119 N84-14690 |
                                                                       Peripheral cues and color in visual simulation              BARTH, D S
accession numbers are located beneath and to the
                                                                                                              P110 A84-18843            Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the I
nght of the title Under any one author's name the                 ANDERSON, S. B                                                     transient visual evoked response to patterned
accession numbers are arranged in sequence with                        Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic     stimulation
the AIAA accession numbers appearing first                          fighter aircraft                         p 120 N84-15102         [AD-A132546]                               p 85 N84-14667
                                                                  ANDRES, W. U                                                          Magnetoencephalography
                                                                       Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft      [AD-A132496]                               p85 N84-14668
                                                                                                              p 106 A84-18804      BARTON, C N
                                                                  ANDRISANI, D                                                          Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
                                                                       Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via      exposure in humans protocol 1
                                                                    partitioning estimation algorithms        p 103 A84-18639        [AD-A133891]                               p 89 N84-15774
ABBOTT, J K                                                       ARETZ, A. J                                                      BATEMAN, R P
     Inhalation toxicology         3   Evaluation of thermal           A comparison of manual and vocal response modes                  The impact of display size on continuous and discrete
  degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine          for the control of aircraft systems       p112 A84-19283         anticipatory cues                          p 92 A84-16661
  oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil                                                                                  BATES, P W
                                                                  ARGOTE, L.
  [AD-A133221]                                p 90 N84-15778                                                                            Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic
                                                                       The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
ABBOTT, T S.                                                        study on how workers react to a robot                            exercise in humans at sea level            p80 A84-16186
     Simulation of a cockpit display concept for increased          [AD-A133438]                             p 121 N84-15805       BAUCOM, R M
  airport capacity                          p 116 A84-19319                                                                             Low X-ray absorption aneunsm clips
                                                                  ARONSON, E.
ABE, Y                                                                 Energy use The human dimension                                [NASA-CASE-LAR-12650-2]                    p 87 N84-15764
     Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals         [DE84-001405J                              p 86 N84-14676      BAULINA, O. I
  in supine and upright exercise              p 79 A84-16177                                                                            The ultrastructural organization of the blue-green alga
                                                                  ARTHUR, D L
ACKERMAN, P L.                                                         Task-relevant late positive component of the auditory         microcystis aeruginosa kuetz Emend Elenk in connection
     Methodology and the use of dual and complex-task               event-related potential in monkeys resembles P300 in             with toxicogenesis
  paradigms in human factors research                               humans                                     p 77 A84-19028        [AD-A132540]                               p 77 N84-14662
                                            p10S A84-18800                                                                         BEACHY, K A.
                                                                  AVAKYAN, A. A.
ACOSTA, H M                                                            The ultrastructural organization of the blue-green alga          Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken?
     Control device manipulative behavior, arousal and              microcysbs aeruginosa kuetz Emend Elenk in connection                                                      p117 A84-19331
  performance dunng a compensatory tracking task                    with toxicogenesis                                             BEATON, R J
  [AD-A133921]                                p 85 N84-14670        [AD-A132540]                               p 77 N84-14662           A study of direct distance estimations to familiar obiects
ACTON, W H                                                        AVANT, R                                                           in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic
     Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification          Evaluation results for the interactive video competency       displays                                  p 105 A84-18795
  of workload metrics                       p 108 A84-18825         recognition system                                                  Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using
     Quantification of crew workload imposed by                     (AD-A133052)                             p 100 N84-15796         subjective scaling                        p 105 A84-18796
  communications-related tasks in commercial transport                                                                                  Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally
                                                                  AYOUB, M M.
  aircraft                                  p113 A84-19292                                                                           derived images                            p 106 A84-18805
                                                                       Development of a human atlas of strengths
AGHINA, J C F                                                                                                                           Quantitative models of image quality
                                                                                                             p 107 A84-18814
     Physiological and psychological aspects of the piloting                                                                                                                   p112 AB4-19281
  of modem high-performance combat aircraft                                                                                        BEATTY, J

AKOPOV, S E.
                                              p99 N84-15099
                                                                                               B                                        Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the
                                                                                                                                     transient visual evoked response to patterned
     The role of affections of the main artenes of the head                                                                          stimulation
  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological               BADGER, W S.                                                       (AD-A132546]                               p 85 N84-14667
  properties of the blood                     p 81 A84-17280          User-computer interface design of a complex tactical
                                                                                                                                        Magnetoencephalography
ALEKSANDROVA, M A.                                                 display terminal                       p 108 AS4-18828
                                                                                                                                     [AD-A132496]                               p 85 N84-14668
     Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain   BAKALOV, V P                                                     BELL, A. W.
  of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic hypoxia                    Methods of biotelemetry             p 103 A84-18751               Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes
                                              p75 A84-17278       BAKUNTS, G. O                                                      in regional blood flow in sheep            p74 A84-16189
ALEXANDER, J K                                                        The role of affections of the main artenes of the head       BELL.H H
     Increased metabolism and dead space as components              in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                   Pilot onented performance measurement
  01 ventilation at high altitude                                  properties of the blood                  p 81 A64-17260                                                     p114 A84-19304
  [AD-A130827]                                p 87 N84-15766      BALAIAN, B G                                                     BELOSTOTSKAIA, a B
     Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilator/        The role of affections of the main artenes of the head            Excess synthesis of DNA in HeLa cells after
  response in man                                                  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                 gamma-inadiation            and        treatment         with
  [AD-A130658]                                p 88 N84-15768        properties of the blood                 p 81 AB4-17280            N-methyt-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine p 74 A84-16934


                                                                                                                                                                                         B-1
BENIGNUS, L. L.                                                                                                                                           PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

BENIGNUS, L. L                                                      BOND, N A., JR                                                   BURLEIGH, K M.
     Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)                     Applied psychology in Europe An ONR perspective                 Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
  exposure in humans protocol 1                                       [AD-A133093]                            p 100 N84-15797         response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
  [AD-A133891]                                p 89 N84-15774        BOND), K R                                                                                                   p73 A84-16176
BENIGNUS, V. A.                                                          Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on              BURNSIDE, B. L.
     Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)                 Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the                   Trammg feedback handbook
  exposure in humans protocol 1                                       United States                                                   [AD-A132565]                               p 99 N84-14683
  [AD-A133891]                                P 89 N84-15774         [AD-A133150]                               p90 N84-15777        BUTENKO, L. N
BENNETT, J                                                          BONDURANT, R. A., Ill                                                Effect of the acoustic reflex of intiaaural muscles on
     Validating CAR - A companson                   study of             Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative          the latent penods of components of the cochleomyogemc
  expenmentally-denved and computer-generated reach                   fighter cockpits                         p114 A84-19305          potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading
  envelopes                                 p111 A84-18851          BORDACHAR, J                                                                                                 p83 A84-19000
BERBERICH, J J                                                           Intersubject variability in growth hormone time course      BUTTERBAUGH, L C
     The effects of dehydration on peripheral cooling                 dunng different types of work             p 79 A84-16178           Keying logics for alphanumeric keyboards and human
  [AD-A130838]                                p 87 N84-15767        BORDEN, G J                                                       performance                               p 107 A84-18822
BEREZIN, I. V.                                                           Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft       BYCHIKHIN, N P
     Chemical enzymology                      p76 A84-18505           recovery model                                                     On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
BERKHOUT, J                                                           [AD-A133507]                            p 122 N84-15808         fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
     Tracking with multiple independent response functions          BOROVIKOVA.V N                                                   BYKER, H J
                                            p115 A84-19313               Slow nonelectncal processes in the evaluation of the            Carbon dioxide sensor technology
BEROV, M L.                                                          functional condition of the human brain                          [ AD-A133688]                             p 119 N84-14690
     Organizational and methodological aspects of the                                                           p82 A84-18494
  prophylaxis of artenal hypertension among transport               BOROWSKY, M S.
  workers                                     p 82 A84-17292             Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval
BERSON, B l_                                                          Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap
     Evaluating new concepts for aircrew alerting                     potential                                 p 98 A84-19320       CADARETTE, B. A
                                            p 102 A84-16699         BORTOLUSSI, M. R                                                      Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
     Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew              The reliability and validity of flight task workload          exercise-heat stress
  alerting system                           p 109 A84-18831           ratings                                   p 94 A84-18794         [AD-A132263]                              p 85 N84-14669
BESHIR, M Y                                                              Measunng pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I        CADARETTE, B S
     Development of a human atlas of strengths                       Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task                          Fructose and glucose mgestion and muscle glycogen
                                            p 107 A84-18814                                                                            use dunng submaximal exercise             p 80 A84-16185
                                                                                                               p114 A84-19300
BEST, P                                                             BOUCEK, G P                                                      CAGLIOSTRO, D E
     Evaluation results for the interactive video competency             Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew           The effects of reduced oxygen and of carbon monoxide
  recognition system                                                 alerting system                           p 109 A84-18831        on performance in a mouse pole-jump apparatus
  [AD-A133052]                              p 100 N84-15796         BOURNE, S M.                                                                                                 p 74 A84-16725
BEVERLEY, K I                                                            Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via    CAHILL, D F
     Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight    partitioning estimation algorithms        p 103 A84-18639            Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation Review
  simulator                                   p96 A84-18840         BOYD, S P                                                         draft, parts 1,2 and 3
     Spatial-frequency discrimination and detection -                    Assessing the validity of SWAT as a workload                 [PB83-262550]                              p 87 N84-14680
  Companson of postadaptation thresholds                             measurement instrument                   p113 A84-19285         CAIN, S M
                                              p83 A84-18890         BRACHO, R.                                                           Critical O2 transport values at towered body
BILLINGS, D S.                                                           POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics               temperatures in rats                       p 73 A84-16182
     Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected       applications                                                    CALHOUN, G L.
  physiological responses during prolonged upper and lower            [AD-A133298]                            p 121 N84-15804             Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D
  body exercise                                                     BRADLEY, W. E                                                      displays                                 p 102 A84-16660
  [AD-A134086]                                p 88 N84-1S769             Critical O2 transport values at lowered body                     Color display formats m the cockpit - Who needs
BIRCHARD, G F.                                                       temperatures in rats                       p 73 A84-16182        them?                                     p 106 A84-18803
     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapnic HCI and              BRAUNE, R                                                        CALLAHAN, T
  HNO3 acidoas in conscious rabbits           p 73 A84-16183             Individual differences and age-related changes in                Picking up an object from a pile of objects
BIRD, J. M                                                           time-shanng ability of aviators            p 97 A84-19284         [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691
     Some compansons of on-display and off-display touch            BREITMAIER, W. A.                                                CAMPOS, P E.
  input devices for interaction with computer generated                  Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter             Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent
  displays                                  p 102 A84-17013          night vision system configuration         p 109 A84-18839         in the person A bibliographic synopsis
BITTNER, A C , JR                                                   BROOKS, D E                                                       [AD-A131015]                               p99 N84-15790
     Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable              Countercurrent distribution of biological cells             CAPDEROU, A.
  variables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                  [NASA-CR-170958]                           p 78 N84-15755            Intersubject variability in growth hormone time course
  measures                                  p 105 A84-18799         BROOKS, R                                                         dunng different types of work              p 79 A84-16178
     A methodological investigation of subject input/output              Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from
  related error dunng vibration             p 107 A84-18812                                                                          CASAU, J G.
                                                                     flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise              A validated rating scale for global mental workload
     Repeated measures of information processing                                                               p107 A84-18818
                                            p 109 A84-18836                                                                           measurement applications                   p 97 A84-19286
                                                                         Visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception
     A methodological investigation of three psychophysical          and flying performance                     p 98 A84-19326       CATTAERT, A
  techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity          BROWN, C M                                                           Ventilator/ thresholds during short- and long-term
                                            p113 A84-19297               Parametric and nonparametnc signal detection                 exercise                                   p 80 A84-16180
BLACKBURN, J P.                                                      measures - Pros and cons                 p 105 A84-18798        CHAO, B P
     Robot manipulator control                                      BRUNDERMAN, J                                                         Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using
  [AD-A129365]                              p 120 N84-15800              Pilot onented performance measurement                        subjective scaling                        p 105 A84-18796
BLADEN, M P                                                                                                   p114 A84-19304              Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally
     The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(+)              visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception        derived images                            p 106 A84-18805
  channel in cardiac muscle                   p 73 A84-15925         and flying performance                     p98 A84-19326             Evaluations of digital imagery processed by
BOECKING, K                                                         BUECKER, H.                                                       enhancement/restoration techniques
     The lock-on-before-launch weapon delivery and                       Radiation biophysics in space - Two experiments on                                                     p112 A84-19280
  display/control consideration             p119 N84-15056           the first Spacelab mission                 p 75 A84-17766       CHAPPELL.S L.
BOFF, K. R.                                                         BUKUNA, S B                                                           Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display
     Research requirements for advanced aircrew 3-D                      Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain       research                                  p 108 A84-18830
  displays                                  p 102 A84-16660          in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental          Pnmary separation between three aircraft using traffic
BOGOLEPOV, N N.                                                      study)                                     p74 A84-17276         displays                                  p116 A84-19317
     Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the bran          BULATOVA, E O
                                                                                                                                     CHEPELENKO, G V.
  in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental            Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of             Pathways of lymph movement in the case of the blocking
  Study)                                      p74 A84-17276          a large industrial plant                   p 82 A84-17293         of the medial superficial lymphatic vessels of the lower
                                                                    BULLEN, B. A.
BOGOLEPOV A, I. N                                                                                                                      extremities                               P 82 A84-17299
                                                                         Fructose and glucose mgestion and muscle glycogen
     Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of                                                                             CHERTOK, V M
                                                                     use dunng submaximal exercise              p 80 A84-16185
  cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain                                                                                      Development of capillanes in the human brain
                                                                    BURBECK, C A.
                                              p81 A84-17283                                                                                                                      p 81 A84-17279
                                                                         Independence of onentation and size in spatial
BONN, C A.                                                           discriminations                            p 83 A84-18891       CHIKOS, S. F
     Use of low cost, low fidelity mockups for preproduction             Spatiotemporal charactenstics of visual localization             Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew
  testing                                   p115 A84-19309           [AD-A133952]                               p 88 N84-15770        alerting system                           p 109 A84-18831
BOIARSKI, A. A.                                                     BURD, G S                                                        CHILDRESS, M E.
     Carbon dioxide sensor technology                                    Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain           The reliability and validity of flight task workload
  [AD-A133688]                              P119 N84-14690           in the case of the administration of nootropil (Expenmental       ratings                                   P 94 A84-18794
BOLSHAKOVA, T. I                                                     Study)                                     p74 A84-17276        CHISHOLM, D J
     Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study          BURKETT, S D                                                          Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
  of atherogenesis stages in human coronary artenes (based               Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory          response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
  on early autopsies)                         p 81 A84-17285         [DE84-001760]                            p122 N84-15810                                                     p73 A84-16176


B-2
PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX                                                                                                                                             FRANCESCONI, R. P.

CHOU, C K.                                                      OELONEY, J R                                                       ELFES.A.
     Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation          Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of               A distributed control system for the CMU Rover
  exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and               the airway facilities service                                      [AD-A133201]                              P 120 N84-15802
  procedures                                                      [AD-A133282]                               p 99 N84-15793        ELGAROV, A. A.
  [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-15756     DELUCA, P M, JR.                                                        Organizational and methodological aspects of the
CHUGAEVA, O. S.                                                       Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed            prophylaxis of arterial hypertension among transport
     Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of         by<44)Ca(n.(-))<41)Ar                                              workers                                     p 82 A84-17292
  a large industrial plant                    p82 A84-17293       [DE83-017600]                              p 79 N84-15761        ELUS. S R.
CIUFFREDA, K. J.                                                DERRICK, W L                                                            Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers
     Model of static accommodative behavior in human                  Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing                selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays
  amblyopia                                   P 80 A84-16344      resource cost                             p110 A84-18845                                                     p 108 A84-18829
                                                                      Examination of workload measures with subjective task
CLAPP, M.                                                                                                                               Contingency in visual scanning of cockpit traffic
                                                                  clusters                                   p97 A84-19287
     Design and testing of an advanced pressure suit glove                                                                           displays                                  p111 A84-18854
                                                                      The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology                Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format
  [AIAA PAPER 84-0067]                      p 103 A84-17856
                                                                                                             p 97 A84-19290
COATES, G D                                                                                                                          on pilot avoidance maneuvers              p 116 A84-19316
                                                                DESTEIGUER, D
     The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning                                                                             ELWORTH, C L
                                                                      An analysis of potential protective breathing devices             Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
  information for pilot training            p 111 A84-188S6       intended for use by aircraft passengers
COCHRAN, D J                                                                                                                                                                   p110 A84-18843
                                                                  [AD-A132648]                              p119 N84-14692
     Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well                                                                        ENDECOTT, B R.
                                                                DETRO, S. 0                                                             Inhalation toxicology         3   Evaluation of thermal
  conditioned young adult males               p 83 A84-18813          The impact of display size on continuous and discrete          degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine
COHEN, A. D.                                                      anticipatory cues                          p92 A84-16661
     The Hughes design analysis system and instructor                                                                                oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
                                                                DIBLASIO, a                                                          [AD-A133221]                               p 90 N84-15778
  workload in operational trainers          p 105 A84-18801           Model of the behavior of the human visual system for
                                                                                                                                   ENEVOLDSON, E. K
COLLYER, S. C                                                     the perception of contour elements
                                                                                                                                        Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic
     Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect           [FUB-44-1982]                              p86 N84-14677
                                                                                                                                     fighter aircraft                          p 120 N84-15102
  recognition at real world distances       p110 A84-18842      DICKENS, T
                                                                                                                                   ENGLUND, C E
COMITA, P. B                                                          Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from
                                                                                                                                        Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects
     Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent               flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise
                                                                                                                                     of sustained work on human performance
  methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether                                                           p 107 A84-1881B
                                                                                                                                     [AD-A133870]                              p118 N84-14688
                                              p 73 A84-16044    DONCHIN, E                                                         EPHRATH, A. R.
CONNELLY, E M.                                                        Pseudo-quickening - A new display technique for the
                                                                                                                                        How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload
     Development of sensitive performance measures for            control of higher order systems           p 110 A84-18846                                                    p111 A84-18855
  selection of crews for flight training      p 96 A84-18837    DORE, C J                                                          EPIFANOVA, O. I
                                                                      Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced
     Performance measures for aircraft earner landings as                                                                               Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
                                                                  subfertility in male mice                  P 73 A84-16181
  a function of aircraft dynamics             p 98 A84-19324                                                                                                                     p76 A84-18493
                                                                DROEGE, R E
CONVEY, J. J                                                                                                                       EPISHIN, A. V
                                                                      The effects of dehydraton on penpheral cooling
     Color perception and ATC |0b performance                                                                                           Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
                                                                  [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767
  [AD-A132649]                               p 90 N84-15781                                                                                                                    p 103 A84-17294
                                                                DROLET, L. L
CORSO, G. M                                                                                                                        ERNST, H B.
                                                                      Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
     Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed                                                                               Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive
                                                                  physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
  by a signal detection paradigm            p 107 A84-18B16                                                                          repetitive loading
                                                                   body exercise
                                                                                                                                     [AD-A130881]                                p87 N84-15765
CORWIN, W H                                                       [AD-A134086]                               p 88 N84-15769
     A performance-based technique for assessing                                                                                   EVANS, D W.
                                                                DUNLAP, W P.
                                                                                                                                        Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field
  equipment maintainability                                           Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable
  [AD-A133518]                              p 122 N84-15809                                                                           performance of pilots                      p 84 A84-19298
                                                                  variables - Fewer subjects required with repeated
                                                                                                                                   EVANS, L S.
COSTANZA, E B                                                      measures                                 p 105 A84-18799
                                                                                                                                        Bibliography of research reports and publications issued
     Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic           Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect
                                                                                                                                     by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982
  contrast                                  p 107 A84-1881S       recognition at real world distances       p110 A84-18842           [AD-A133637]                                p 85 N84-14672
CRABTREE, M. S.                                                 DUNN, K.
                                                                                                                                   EVANS, W J
     Secondary task workload assessment methodology                   On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra
                                                                                                                                        Fructose and glucose ingestion and muscle gfycogen
                                              p 92 A84-16654                                                 p 73 A84-15954           use dunng submaximal exercise              p BO A84-16185
     Subjective workload assessment in a memory update          DUPREE, D A.
  task                                        p 96 A84-18824          Individual differences and stimulus discnminability in
     Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification     visual companson reaction          tame    p 96 A84-18833
  of workload metrics                       p 108 A84-18825     DURAND, J
                                                                      Intersubject variability in growth hormone time course       FAGARD, R
     The effect of delayed report on subjective ratings of
                                                                  dunng different types of work              p 79 A84-16178             Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term
  mental workload                             p97 A84-19288
                                                                DYCHES, G M.                                                         exercise                                   p 80 A84-16180
     Quantification    of crew workload imposed by                    Laboratory robotics at the Savannah River Laboratory         FARRELL, R. J.
  communications-related tasks in commercial transport            [DE84-001760]                             p122 N84-15810              Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft
  aircraft                                  p 113 A84-19292
                                                                                                                                                                               p 106 A84-18804
CRANE, C R                                                                                                                         FAWCETT, A. A.
     Inhalation toxicology         3   Evaluation of thermal                                                                            Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes
  degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine                                                                           in regional blood flow in sheep            p 74 A84-16189
  oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil               EASTERLY, J.
                                                                                                                                   FEINGOLD, O
  [AD-A133221]                               p 90 N84-15778         Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field
                                                                                                                                        Picking up an object from a pile of objects
CROSBIE, R J.                                                    performance of pilots                       p84 A84-19298
                                                                                                                                     [AD-A133631]                             p 119 N84-14691
     A servo controlled rapid response anti-g valve             ECKEL, J S.
                                                                                                                                   FIDELL, S.
  (AD-A134042]                              p118 N84-14687          Quantification of crew workload imposed by
                                                                                                                                        The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses
CURTIS, S. B                                                     communications-related tasks in commercial transport
                                                                                                                                     [AD-A132744]                               p 86 N84-14675
     Lethal, potentially lethal lesion model                     aircraft                                   p113 A84-19292
                                                                                                                                   FIELD, P
  [DE84-001325]                               p 79 N84-15762    EDMAN, T R
                                                                                                                                        F-18 human engineering program - A retrospective
                                                                    Human factors guidelines for the use of synthetic speech         view                                      pi 10 A84-18849
CUSANI, R
                                                                 devices                                    p 104 A84-18787
     Model of the behavior of the human visual system for                                                                          FISHER, E C
                                                                EDWARDS, R. E.                                                          Fructose and glucose ingestion and muscle gfycogen
  the perception of contour elements
                                                                    Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 26th, Seattle,            use dunng submaximal exercise              p 80 A84-16185
  [FUB-44-1982]                               p86 N84-14677
                                                                 WA, October 25-29.1982. Proceedings
                                                                                                                                   FISK, A. D
                                                                                                            p 103 A84-18776             Type of task practice and tme-shanng activities predict
                                                                    Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
                                                                                                                                     performance deficits due to alcohol ingestion
                                                                 control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                                                            p96 A84-18844
DAVIS, G I.                                                                                                 p 106 A84-18802
                                                                                                                                   FISK, A. D
    User-computer interface design of a complex tactical        EGGEMEIER, F T.
                                                                                                                                        The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology
 display terminal                      p 108 A84-18828              The effects of variations in task loading on subjective                                                     p97 A84-19290
DE MAIO, J                                                       workload rating scales                      p 92 A84-16656
                                                                                                                                   FITZPATRICK, J A.
    Flying ability and understanding of vehicle control             An individual differences approach to SWAT scale
                                                                                                                                        Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -
 dynamics                               p 93 A84-18780           development                                 p 95 A84-18823
                                                                                                                                     Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation
    Pilot onented performance measurement                           Subjective workload assessment in a memory update                                                          p115 A84-19312
                                       p114 A84-19304            task                                        p96 A84-18824         FONSECA, G. F
    visual cueing effectiveness - Companson of perception           The effect of delayed report on subjective ratings of               Effectiveness     of    two      portable   liquid-cooled
 and flying performance                 p 98 A84-19326            mental workload                            p97 A84-19288           undergarments in reducing heat stress
DELUNGER, J A.                                                  ELDER, J. A.                                                         [AD-A133174]                              p 120 N84-15801
    Pilot performance measurement methodology for                   Biological effects of radiofrequency radiation Review          FRANCESCONI, R. P
 determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic               draft, parts 1, 2 and 3                                               Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma rerun and
 substances                            P114 A84-19301             [PB83-262550]                              p 87 N84-14680          aldosterone dunng exercise                 p80 A84-16187


                                                                                                                                                                                           B-3
FRAZIER, J. W.                                                                                                                                          PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

FRAZIER, J W                                                    GRAFFUNDER, K                                                     HARBESON, M M
    Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment            Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target             Repeated measures of information processing
                                           p 102 A84-16662        recognition                               p117 A84-19330                                                     p 109 A84-18836
FRAZIER, M L.                                                   GRAHAM, D                                                              A methodological investigation of three psychophysical
    Timely application of advanced human factors test and             Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from     techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity
  evaluation techniques dunng the acquisition of new Air          flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise                                                      p113 A84-19297
  Force systems                            p 114 A84-19308                                                  p 107 A84-18816       HARRIS, J M
FREEMAN, S. E                                                   GRAY, P J                                                              Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive
    The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(+)            The use of toxins in the charactenzation of the Na(+)          repetitive loading
  channel in cardiac muscle                 p 73 A84-15925        channel in cardiac muscle                  p 73 A84-1592S         [AD-A130881]                                p87 N84-15765
FRUIN, J T                                                      GRECHIN, V B                                                      HARRIS, R
    Acute       intramuscular     toxicity      (LDSO)   of                                                                            Validating CAR - A comparison study of
                                                                      Slow nonelectrical processes in the evaluation of the
  1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyimmomethyl) pyndmium                                                                               experimentally-derived and computer-generated reach
                                                                  functional condition of the human brain
  bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice                                                                                        envelopes                                  p 111 A84-18851
                                                                                                             p82 A84-18494
  [AD-A133148]                              p 78 N84-15758      GREEN, D                                                          HARRIS, R l_, SR
                                                                      The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses                How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload
                                                                  [AD-A132744]                               p 86 N84-14675                                                    p111 A84-18855
                                                                GREENE, F                                                         HART, S G
                                                                                                                                       The reliability and validity of flight task workload
GABRIELIAN, E S                                                       Color matches and discrimination functions for selected
                                                                                                                                    ratings                                     p 94 A84-18794
     The role of affections of the mam arteries of the head       hues                                       p83 A84-19294
                                                                GREENLEAF, J E                                                         Measuring pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I
  in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological                                                                                 Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task
  properties of the blood                   p 81 A84-17280            Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng
                                                                  water immersion in men                     p 79 A84-16179                                                    p114 A84-19300
GAGOSIAN, R B                                                                                                                     HAUGH, L. D
     Membrane lipid from deep-sea hydrothermal vent             GROVER, R F
                                                                      Increased metabolism and dead space as components                Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,
  methanogen - A new macrocyclic glycerol diether                                                                                   VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volumes 1 & 2
                                            p73 A84-16044         of ventilation at high altitude
                                                                  [AD-A130827]                               p 87 N84-15766                                                    p 112 A84-19276
6AINES, G B                                                                                                                       HAWKINS, J S
     Carbon dioxide sensor technology                                 Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilator/
                                                                  response in man                                                      Pictonal format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659
  [AD-A133688]                            p119 N84-14690                                                                               Is a picture worth 1000 words - wntten or spoken?
GALAN, R                                                          [AD-A130658]                               p 88 N84-15768
                                                                GUCHEV, A K                                                                                                    p 117 A84-19331
     The man-machine interface in new generation                                                                                  HAYGOOD, R C
  commercial aircraft                     p 120 N84-15096             Organizational and methodological aspects of the
                                                                  prophylaxis of artenal hypertension among transport                  Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
GAO-XI, Q                                                                                                                                                                       p93 A84-18779
     Mathematical model for vestibule-ocular reflex               workers                                    p 82 A84-17292
                                                                GUIGNARD, J C                                                     HEATON, H H,lll
                                          p 103 A84-18572                                                                              Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic vanation of
GAU, C F                                                              A methodological investigation of subject input/output
                                                                  related error dunng vibration             p 107 A84-18812         headgear loading parameters                p 102 A84-16664
     Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via                                                                     HEFFLEY, R K
  partitioning estimation algonthms       p 103 A84-18639       GUREVICH, M I
                                                                      Morphofunctional organization of structures of the               Pilot workload factors in the total pilot-vehicle-task
GAWRON, V J                                                                                                                         system                                     p 113 A84-19291
     The effects of noise on performance of a visual              ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in
                                                                  the regulation of blood circulation        p 77 A84-18999       HENDERSHOT, D M
  discrimination task                       p 96 A84-18835                                                                             Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic vanation of
GAYNOR, J A                                                     GUSEINOVA, G M
                                                                      The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of         headgear loading parameters                p 102 A84-16664
     Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval                                                                            HENDRICKSON, J F
  Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap              bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood        p 74 A84-16967
                                                                GUSEV, E. I                                                            Flight operations safety monitonng effects on the crew
  potential                                p 98 A84-19320                                                                           alerting system                            p 109 A84-18831
GELTMACHER, H E                                                       Ultrastructural aspects of acute ischemia of the brain
                                                                  in the case of the administration of nootropil (Experimental    HENNING, K
     Wide field-of-view visual display technology for flight                                                                           Expenmental design of a model for the dynamic
  simulation                              p 101 A84-16621         Study)                                     p74 A84-17276
                                                                GUY, A W
                                                                                                                                    behaviour of pilot candidates              p 103 A84-18589
GHESQUIERE, J                                                                                                                     HERCHER, M
     Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term               Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation
                                                                                                                                       Rapid identification of micro-organisms
  exercise                                  p 80 A84-16180        exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and
                                                                  procedures                                                        [AD-A132831]                                p 78 N84-15759
GIDCUMB, C F                                                                                                                      HETTINGER, L. J
     Development of a human atlas of strengths                    [AD-A134079]                               p 78 N84-15756
                                                                                                                                       Optical flow and texture vanables useful for detecting
                                          p 107 A84-18814                                                                           changes in simulated self motion           p 118 A84-19334
GILL.R
     Pseudo-quickenmg - A new display technique for the
                                                                                             H                                    HIGUCHI, J
                                                                                                                                       Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
  control of higher order systems         p 110 A84-18846       HABINEK, J K                                                        in supine and upnght exercise               p 79 A84-16177
GILMOUR, J D                                                                                                                      HITCHCOCK, L
                                                                     A comparison of VDT antireflection treatments
     Pictorial format display evaluation p 102 A84-16659                                                                               F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective
                                                                                                         P10S A84-18790
     Improved electronic warfare displays for attack aircraft   HAFEZ, H A.                                                         view                                       p110 A84-18849
                                          p 106 A84-18804            Development of a human atlas of strengths                    HIURA, T.
GINSBURG, A P                                                                                            p 107 A84-18814               Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
     A methodological investigation of three psychophysical     HAGEMAN, D C                                                        in supine and upnght exercise               p 79 A84-16177
  techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity           Effectiveness of two-dimensional simulation in avionics      HOFFMAN, M D
                                          P113 A84-19297         procedural training                                                   Expenments on factors that influence muscular function
     Contrast sensitivity predicts target detection field        [AIAA PAPER 84-0516]                     p 93 A84-18144            in man
  performance of pilots                    p 84 A84-19298       HAHN-HAEGERDAL, B                                                   [AD-A133928]                                p 88 N84-15771
GLASER, R M                                                         Suggestions concerning technological research and             HOKODA, S C
     An exercise metabolism chamber for mice                     development for the purpose of mdustnal use of manne                  Model of static accommodative behavior in human
                                           p74 A84-16663         algae                                                              amblynpia                                   p 80 A84-16344
GLENN, F A                                                       [ISSN-0077-5606]                         p 77 N84-14661          HOLDEN, W L.
     Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain          HALE, C R                                                              Heat exchange following atropine injection before and
                                          p110 A84-18850             Representing human cognition in complex man-machine            after heat acclimation
                                                                 environments                             p 94 A84-18797            [AD-A132618]                                p 90 N84-1S780
GOLDBERG, B B
                                                                HALES, J R S                                                      HOLT, D L
     Assessment of ultrasonic B-scan imaging for detection
                                                                     Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes              Electromyographic analysis of the peroneous longus
  and quantification of atherosclerotic lesions in human
                                                                  in regional blood flow in sheep         p 74 A84-16189            during bicycle ergometry across work load and pedal
  carotid and illofemoral arteries and in artenes of animals
                                                                HALSEY, M J                                                         type
  [PB83-261123]                            p 86 N84-14678
                                                                     Assessment of recovery from hyperbaric-mduced                  [AD-A132550]                                p 84 N84-14666
GOMER, F E                                                                                                                        HORN, B K P
                                                                 subfertility in male mice                p 73 A84-16181
     Quantification of crew workload imposed by                                                                                        Picking up an object from a pile of objects
                                                                HAMEL.W R
  communications-related tasks in commercial transport                                                                              [AD-A133631]                               p119 N84-14691
                                                                     Robotics-related technology in the nuclear industry
  aircraft                                p113 A84-19292                                                                          HORNECK, G
                                                                 [DE83-017131]                          p 120 N84-15799
GONZALEZ, R R                                                   HAMMER, J M                                                            Radiation biophysics in space - Two expenments on
     Heat exchange following atropine injection before and          A computenzed, procedural aid for flight crews                  the first Spacelab mission                  p 75 A84-17766
  after heat acclimation                                                                                 p116 A84-19323           HORONJEFF, R
  [AD-A132618]                             p 90 N84-15780       HANCOCK, P A.                                                          The detectability of repetitive, penodic impulses
GOODMAN, N                                                           Mitigation of performance decrement in transient               [AD-A132744]                                p 86 N84-14675
     Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent         extreme heat                             p 94 A84-18783          HOTTMAN, S B
  in the person A bibliographic synopsis                        HANSEN, M D                                                            Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the
  [AD-A131015]                             p99 N84-15790             Keyboard design variables evaluated dunng dual-task            human                                      p 106 A84-18811
GOODMAN, P S                                                     mode selection                          p117 A84-19325                Tailonng day scenarios for night simulation of advanced
     The human side of robotics Results from a prototype        HANSON, D C                                                         aircraft systems                           p112 A84-19278
  study on how workers react to a robot                              Flight operations safety moratonng effects on the crew            An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition
  [AD-A133438]                           p 121 N84-15805         alerting system                         p 109 A84-18831            using microcomputer CAI                    p 112 A84-19279


B-4
PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX                                                                                                                                                                LANDIS, D.

HOWARD, B                                                         JONES, D. H.                                                        KIRBY, R. H.
     MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology                            The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning                   The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning
                                          p 114 A84-19306           information for pilot training             p 111 A84-18856          information for pilot training             p 111 A84-18856
HOWISON, W W                                                      JONES, M B                                                          KLEIN, H P
     Right operations safety monitoring effects on the crew            Averaged cross-correlations with differentially-stable              Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the
  alerting system                         p 109 A84-18831           variables - Fewer subjects required with repeated                   squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae
HRtTZ,R J                                                           measures                                   p 105 A84-18799                                                      p76 A84-17775
     Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -        JONES, R. J.                                                        KLEIN, S. A.
  Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation                          Evaluation of control station design - The crew human               Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the
                                          p115 AB4-19312            engineering software system                p 104 A84-18781          human visual cortex                         p 81 A84-17008
HUANG, S Y                                                        JONSEN, G. U                                                        KNIGHT, O R.
     Increased metabolism and dead space as components                 Evaluation of control station design - The crew human               Proceedings of the 3rd Tnpartite Conference on
 of ventilation at high altitude                                    engmeenng software system                  p 104 A84-18781          Submarine Medicine France, United Kingdom and the
 [AD-A130827]                              p 87 N84-15766              Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
                                                                                                                                        United States
                                                                    control modes in the Boeing 757/767                                 [AD-A133150]                                p90 N84-15777
     Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory                                                  p 106 A84-18802
 response in man                                                                                                                      KOLKA.M A.
                                                                  JUNGE, M K
 [AD-A130658]                              p 88 N84-15768                                                                                  Heat exchange following atropine injection before and
                                                                       Human factors in Spacelab - Crew training
HUGHES, R                                                                                                       p98 A84-19307           after heat acclimation
     Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from                                                                          [AD-A132618]                                p 90 N84-15780
                                                                  JUNKER, A. M
 flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise               Visually evoked response from sum of sines                     KOMAROV, F I
                                         p 107 A84-18818            stimulation                                 p 92 A84-16655             The present state of chronomedicme
HUGHES, R E.                                                           Investigating the steady state visually evoked cortical                                                      p75 A84-17290
     Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit          response                                    p 84 A84-19303        KOONCE, J M
 compatibility program                   p 115 A84-19310                                                                                   A companson of analog and digital scales for use in
HUNG, G. K                                                                                                                              heads-up displays                         P 117 A84-19328
     Model of static accommodative behavior in human                                            K                                     KORSAKOV, I. A.
 amblyopia                                 p 80 A84-16344                                                                                  Determining the time required for visual perception -
HYDE, R W                                                         KANADE, T                                                             Methods and results                         p 80 A84-16935
     Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and               Appropnate lengths between phalanges of multijomted            KOTLIAR, B I
 aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                   fingers for stable grasping                                            Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior
 [DE84-001135]                             p 91 N84-15785           [AD-A133448]                              p 121 N84-15806                                                       p77 A84-18745
                                                                  KANTOWITZ.B H
                                                                        Measunng pilot workload in a moving-base simulator I          KRAEGEN, E W
                                                                    Asynchronous secondary choice-reaction task                            Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin
                                                                                                              p114 A84-19300            response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat
IJEWSKI, P                                                                                                                                                                          p73 A84-16176
                                                                  KARAGANOV, IA L.
     Expenmental design of a model for the dynamic                                                                                    KRAFT, C. L.
                                                                       Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium
  behaviour of pilot candidates            p 103 A84-18589                                                     p75 A84-17296               Penpheral cues and color in visual simulation
IKEUCHI, K                                                                                                                                                                         p110 A84-18843
     Picking up an ob|ect from a pile of objects                  KARTSEVA, A G
                                                                        Morphofunctional organization of structures of the            KRAUSE, M
  [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691                                                                                  Repeated measures of information processing
ISABAEVA, V A.                                                      ventral surface of the medulla oblongata, participating in
                                                                    the regulation of blood circulation        p 77 A84-18999                                                      p 109 A84-18836
     The blood-coagulation system and adaptation to natural                                                                           KREIFELDT, J. G
  nypoxia                                    p 76 A84-18504       KATYSHKINA, N I.
                                                                       The effect of prolonged hypokmesia on the                           Facility requirements for cockpit traffic display
ISENSEE, S                                                                                                                              research                                  p 108 A84-18830
     The perception of flicker and glare on computer CRT            hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium
                                                                    in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb                KRENDELEVA, T E
  displays                                 p 104 AB4-18789
                                                                    amputation                                 p 82 A84-17295              Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
ISLAM, C
                                                                                                                                        photosystem I, built into the liposomes
     MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology                       KAUFMAN, l_
                                                                       Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion                                                            p74 A84-16933
                                           p114 A84-19306
ISLAS, A.                                                           [AD-A133908]                               p 89 N84-15773         KREPS, E M.
     The effects of reduced oxygen and of carbon monoxide         KAZNACHEEV, L N                                                          Functional evolution of the central nervous system
  on performance in a mouse pole-jump apparatus                                                                                                                                     p76 A84-18497
                                                                       The effect of prolonged hypokmesia on the
                                             p74 A84-16725          hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium           KRISTIANSEN, D M
IVANITSKII, A. M                                                    in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb                     Training feedback handbook
     Determining the time required for visual perception -          amputation                                 p 82 A84-17295           [AD-A132565]                                p 99 N84-14683
  Methods and results                        p 80 A84-16935       KE-QIU, L                                                           KRUK, R
IWAMOTO, H                                                             Mathematical model for vestibule-ocular reflex                      Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight
     A study on airborne integrated display system and human                                                  p 103 A84-18572           simulator                                   p 96 A84-18840
  information processing                                          KEEGHAN, A M                                                        KUKARSKIKH, G P
  [NASA-TM-77338]                           p 99 N84-15789             The use of toxins in the characterization of the Na(+)              Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
                                                                    channel in cardiac muscle                  p 73 A84-15925           photosystem I, built into the liposomes
                                                                  KEIL, l_ C                                                                                                        p74 A84-16933
                                                                                                                                      KUNZ, L. L.
                                                                        Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressin response dunng
                                                                    water immersion in men                     p 79 A84-16179              Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation
JACOBSON, P M
                                                                                                                                        exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and
    A companson of VDT antireflection treatments                  KELLNER, T P
                                                                                                                                        procedures
                                          p 105 A84-18790              Acute        intramuscular     toxicity     (LD50)    of
                                                                                                                                        [AD-A134079]                                p 78 N84-15756
JAHNKE, L.                                                           1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydioxyiminomethyl) pyndimum
                                                                                                                                      KUPERMAN, G G
    Oxygen requirements for formation and activity of the           bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice
                                                                                                                                           Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative
  squalene expoxidase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae                   [AD-A133148]                               p 78 N84-15758
                                                                                                                                        fighter cockpits                           p 114 AB4-19305
                                            p76 A84-17775         KELLOGG, R. S.                                                      KURODA, I
JAMES, D E                                                             Visual/perceptual aspects of an F-4G accident                       A study on airborne integrated display system and human
     Effect of acute exercise and prolonged training on insulin                                                p94 A84-18793            information processing
  response to intravenous glucose in vivo in rat                        visual perceptual and human performance factors                 [NASA-TM-77338]                             p 99 N84-15789
                                            p73 A84-16176            involved in low level, high speed flight                         KUTSENKO, L. B
JOHNSON, C A.                                                                                                  p98 A84-19329               A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
    Evaluation results for the interactive video competency       KENNEDY, R. S.                                                        thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
  recognition system                                                   Repeated measures of information processing                      on the human body                           p 83 A84-18755
  [AD-A133052]                            p 100 N84-15796                                                     p 109 A84-18836         KUZICHEVA, E. A.
JOHNSON, D F                                                                                                                               Photolysis of uracil and undine in the presence of lunar
                                                                       Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect
    Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training                                                                                soil                                      p 122 A84-16939
                                                                    recognition at real world distances       p 110 A84-18842
                                            p93 A84-18779                                                                             KUZIN.V F
JOHNSON, M. C.                                                         A methodological investigation of three psychophysical
                                                                    techniques for rapid measurement of contrast sensitivity               Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of
    A performance-based technique for assessing                                                                                         a large industrial plant                    p82 A84-17293
  equipment maintainability                                                                                   p113 A84-19297
  [AD-A133518]                            p 122 N84-15809         KIKTENKO, A. I
JOHNSON, R B                                                            Possibility of the appearance of cellular structures on
    Effects of long-term low-level radiofrequency radiation         the surface of the vascular plexus, revealed by scanning
  exposure on rats Volume 1 Design, facilities, and                 electron microscopy                        p 75 A84-17282         LAINIOTIS, D G.
  procedures                                                      KILLION, T H                                                             Modeling and identification of aircraft pilot models via
  [AD-A134079]                             p 78 NS4-15756              Companion trainer aircraft - Aspects of dual                     partitioning estimation algonthms       p 103 AB4-18639
JONES, B H                                                          qualification                             p 107 A84-18820         LANDIS, D
    Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive        KING, R B                                                                Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent
  repetitive loading                                                   Influence of heat stress on exercise-induced changes             in the person A bibliographic synopsis
  [AD-A130881]                             p87 N84-15765            in regional blood flow in sheep            p 74 A84-16189           [AD-A131015]                             p99 N84-15790


                                                                                                                                                                                               B-5
LANYON, L. E.                                                                                                                                              PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

LANYON, L. E.                                                            Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilator/     MERRIMAN, S. C
      Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive          response in man                                                       F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective
   repetitive loading                                                 [AD-A130658]                               p 88 N84-15768          view                                     p110 A84-18849
   [AD-A130881]                                p87 N84-15765         MAIOROV, V I                                                      METZ.S.V.
LAPOINTE, P A.                                                           Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior               Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics
      The effect of delayed report on subjective ratings of                                                      p77 A84-18745           tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues
   mental workload                             P 97 A84-19288        MAKII, E A.                                                                                                  p104 A84-18786
LARKIN, W D                                                              Electncal responses of antenor roots to bulbar pyramid        MEYN, C
      Electrocutaneous stimulation with high voltage                  and labynnth stimulation in animals with a denervated                 The instructor, computer managed instruction, and the
   capacitave discharges                     P 101 A84-16343          limb                                       p77 A84-18998          flight simulator                           p 92 A84-16658
LARSON, E B                                                          MAUNOVSKI, O V                                                    MIKAMI, T
      Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic                                                                                       Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
                                                                          Excess synthesis of DNA in HeLa cells after
   exercise in humans at sea level             pBO A84-16186           gamma-irradiation           and       treatment          with     in supine and upnght exercise              p 79 A84-16177
LAUGHERY, K R., JR                                                                                                                     MIKULINSKII, A. M.
                                                                       N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidme       p 74 A84-16934
      Quarterbacks as comerbacks or Amencan fighter pilots                                                                                  Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness
                                                                     MALOFEEVA, L. I                                                                                              p103 A84-17294
   in Migs - A study of reverse role training
                                               p 93 A84-18777             Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of
                                                                                                                                       MILLER, M
                                                                      cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain
LEISER, D                                                                                                                                   Visual perceptual and human performance factors
                                                                                                                 p81 A84-17283
      A comparison of map learning methods Map study,                                                                                    involved in low level, high speed flight
   simulated travel and mixed                                        MANCINELLI, R L                                                                                               p98 A84-19329
   [AD-A133544]                              p 100 N84-15794              Effects of mtnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bacterial      MILLER, W
LEV), D M                                                             growth                                     p 76 A84-17820             A companson of VDT antireflection treatments
      Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the          MANNY, R E                                                                                                   p105 AB4-18790
   human visual cortex                         P 81 A84-17008             Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the        MILSOM, W. K
LEVINE, l_                                                            human visual cortex                        p81 A84-17008              Interaction between norepinephrme and hypoxia on
      Fructose and glucose ingestion and muscle glycogen             MARTIN, H L                                                         carotid body chemoreception in rabbits
   use during submaximal exercise              p 80 A84-16185            Robotics-related technology in the nuclear industry                                                       p 74 A84-16188
LEWIS, A.                                                             [DE83-017131]                             p 120 N84-15799        MIRONOV, A. A.
      Basic vision events                                            MARTIN, W                                                              Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium
   [AD-A132746]                                p 91 N84-15782            Color matches and discrimination functons for selected                                                    p75 A84-17296
      Pnmary events in vision - investigation of basic eye            hues                                       p83 A84-19294         MIRONOV, V A.
   responses                                                         MARTINEAUD, J -P                                                       Cryofractography of microvessel endothelium
   [AD-A132747]                                p 91 N84-1S783             Intersubject vanability in growth hormone time course                                                     p75 A84-17296
LI-SHEN, Y                                                            during different types of work             p 79 A84-16178        MITAL, A
      Mathematical model for vestibulo-ocular reflex                 MARTINEK, K.                                                           Mental stress quantification and identification decision
                                             p 103 A84-18572                                                                             modeling                                   p 95 A84-18808
                                                                         Chemical enzymology                     p 76 A84-1850S
LIBKIN, 0                                                                                                                              MITCHELL, C M.
      Large molecules in small doses           p 81 A84-17288        MASLOVA.N P
                                                                                                                                            Human factors dimensions in the evolution of
LILES, D. H                                                              Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and                increasingly automated control rooms for near-earth
      The effects of exposure time and retention time on              pathological conditions                    p76 A84-18495           satellites                               p 104 A84-18784
   location memory in visual information processing                  MATIN, L                                                               Development of a human factors methodology for
                                             p 109 A84-18834             Spatial localization in strabismic observers                    NASA-Goddard Space Right Center
UNO, A. R                                                             [AD-A132748]                               p 91 N84-15784                                                   p117 A84-19332
      Expenments on factors that influence muscular function         MATORIN, D N                                                           Case study - Designing the ERBS control room
   in man                                                                 Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of                                                   p117 A84-19333
   [AD-A133928]                                P 88 N84-15771          photosystem I, built into the liposomes
                                                                                                                                       MITCHELL, R
LJPPERT, T M                                                                                                     p74 A84-16933
                                                                                                                                            The role of microotganisms in manne corrosion
      A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects     MAY, J G.                                                           processes
   in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic                     Visual simulation requirements for aircraft aspect              [AD-A133113]                              p78 N84-15757
   displays                                  p 105 A84-1879S          recognition at real world distances       p 110 A84-18842        MITCHELL, T
      Expressions of color contrast ss equivalent achromatic         MCCAULEY, M E.                                                         Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter
   contrast                                  P107 A84-18815               New technology for training - An evaluation of the air         night vision system configuration        p 109 A84-18839
      Color contrast metncs for head-up displays                       controller exerciser (ACE)               p 108 A84-18827
                                             p117 A84-19327                                                                                 Dynamic perception of computer generated visual
                                                                          Computer based landing signal officer earner aircraft          information in an altitude control task
LIUSOV, V A                                                            recovery model
      The effect of prolonged hypokinesia on the                                                                                                                                  p109 A84-18841
                                                                       [AD-A133507]                             p 122 N84-1S808
   hemodynamics and contractile function of the myocardium           MCCLOY, T M                                                       MIYAMOTO, Y.
   in patients with ischemic heart disease after limb                                                                                       Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals
                                                                          Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer
   amputation                                  p 82 A84-17295                                                                            in supine and upnght exercise              p 79 A84-16177
                                                                       of training of basic flying skills        p95 A84-18819
LIZZA.G D                                                                Tracking bandwidth manipulations and processing               MIYASHIRO, N
      MAGIC - Riding the crest of technology                           resource cost                            p 110 A84-1884S             The measurement of three-dimensional hand motion by
                                             P114 A84-19306               Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and          theuseofVTR                              p 110 A84-18848
      Is a picture worth 1000 words • written or spoken?              transfer of basic flying skills - Another look                   MIZUMOTO, K.
                                             P117 A84-19331                                                      p97 A84-19277              A study on airborne integrated display system and human
LOMAKIN, A. V                                                        MCCULLOUGH, R. E                                                    information processing
      Development of capillanes in the human brain                        Increased metabolism and dead space as components              [NASA-TM-77338]                           p 99 N84-15789
                                               p81 A84-17279          of ventilation at high altitude                                  MODELL, H I
LONGRIDGE, N S.                                                        [AD-A130827]                              p 87 N84-15766             Interaction of anti-G measures and chest wall mechanics
      The effect of altitude on absolute heanng threshold                Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory       in determining gas exchange
   levels                                    P 106 A84-18810           response in man                                                   [AD-A133740]                              p89 N84-15775
LONGRIDGE, T                                                           [AD-A130658)                              p 88 N84-15768        MOFFITT, K
      Visual perceptual and human performance factors                MCDONALD, L. B                                                         Accommodation and the acquisition of distant targets
   involved in low level, high speed flight                              Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter            by observers with supenor vision           p 84 A84-19296
                                               p98 A84-19329           night vision system configuration        p 109 A84-18839        MONK, S
                                                                     MCGHEE.J Z.                                                            Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced
LONGRIDGE, T M.
      Visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight       The effects of vanations in task loading on subjective          subfertility in male mice                  p 73 A84-16181
   simulator                                   p 96 A84-18840         workload rating scales                     p 92 A84-16656
                                                                                                                                       MONTOR, K.
                                                                     MCGREEVY, M W
LORD, F M                                                                                                                                   Personality and motivational factors of U S Naval
                                                                          Influence of a perspective cockpit traffic display format      Academy graduates as indicators of aviation mishap
      Companson of IRT observed-score and true-score
                                                                       on pilot avoidance maneuvers             p116 A84-19316           potential                                  p 98 A84-19320
   equatings
                                                                     MCKAY, C P
   [AD-A133871]                                p 99 N84-15791                                                                          MOORE-EDE, M C
                                                                          Effects of mtnc oxide and nitrogen dioxide on bactenal
LYMAN, J                                                                                                                                    Symposium on mathematical modeling of arcadian
                                                                       growth                                    p76 A84-17820
      Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed          MEAD, K                                                             systems
   mental workload                           P113 A84-19299                                                                              [AD-A133636]                              p 86 NB4-14673
                                                                          Rapid identification of micro-organisms
                                                                       [AD-A132831]                              p 78 N84-15759        MOORE, J A.
                                                                     MEHR.M H.                                                              Bibliography of research reports and publications issued
                               M                                          Manual control of the line of sight in optical systems         by the Toxic Hazards Division, 1957-1982
                                                                                                                p 101 A84-16368          [AD-A133637]                              p 85 N84-14672
MADNI, A. M                                                          MEKJAVIC, I B                                                     MOORE, J P
    Model-based estimation and prediction of task-imposed                The effect of attitude on absolute heanng threshold                F-18 human engmeenng program - A retrospective
 mental workload                       p113 A84-19299                  levels                                   p 106 A84-18810          view                                     p110 A84-1B849
MAKER, J T                                                           MENSHOV, A A.                                                     MOORE, L G
    Increased metabolism and dead space as components                     A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the               Increased metabolism and dead space as components
 of ventilation at high altitude                                       thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment          of ventilation at high altitude
 [AD-A130827]                           p87 N84-15766                  on the human body                         p 83 A84-18755          [AD-A130827]                              p 87 N84-15766


B-6
PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX                                                                                                                                                         PULAT, B. M.

    Variable inhibition by falling COS of hypoxic ventilatory    NICKLES, R. J                                                     PARKS, D l_
 response in man                                                      Bone blood now measured by (41)Ar clearance formed                EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance
 [AD-A130658]                              p 88 N84-15768          by (44)Ca(n.(-)) (4l)Ar                                           in airplane evacuation                    p 111 A84-18852
MORAAL.J                                                           (DE83-017600]                           p79 N84-15761                Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash
    Age and information processing         p 94 A84-18785        NORTH, R. A.                                                        dynamics for energy absorption studies
MORAVEC, H. P                                                        Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics                                                       p111 A84-18853
    The Stanford cart and the CMU Rover                            tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                          PATTERSON, M. J
 [NASA-CR-174502]                        p 121 N84-15803                                                  p 104 A84-18786               Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed
MOREY. E. R.                                                     NULLMEYER, R. T.                                                    by a signal detection paradigm            p 107 A84-18816
    Alterations in calcrum homeostasis and bone during               Companion trainer aircraft - Concept definition and
                                                                                                                                   PATTON, J F
 actual and simulated space Hight          p82 A84-17822           evaluation                             p 107 A84-18821
                                                                                                                                        Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
                                                                 NYGREN, T. E.
MORONEY, W F                                                                                                                         endurance performance
                                                                     An individual differences approach to SWAT scale
    Development of a naval aviation anthropometry cockpit                                                                            [AD-A132581]                               p 84 N84-14665
                                                                   development                             p 95 A84-18823
 compatibility program                    p 115 A84-19310                                                                          PEARLSTEIN, R. D.
MOROZE, M. L.                                                                                                                           Oxygen insufficiency and energy failure in brain
    A comparison of analog and digital scales for use in                                                                             Uncoupling of oxidatrve phosphorylation at low oxygen
 heads-up displays                        p117 A64-19328                                                                             concentration                              p 87 N84-14681
    The ability to process abstract information                  ODONNELL, R. D.                                                   PEARSON, D W
 [AD-A133794J                            p119 N84-14689               Transient evoked potential and eye movement                       Bone blood now measured by (41)Ar clearance formed
MORRIS, N. M.                                                      recordings dunng simulated emergencies                            by(44)Ca(n,(-))(41)Ar
    The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem                                                     p 108 A84-18826         [DE83-017600]                              p79 N84-15761
 solving m a process control task         p 115 A84-19314        OIFA, A. I.                                                       PEIO, K. J.
MORROW, P E.                                                          Lymphocytes in the human brain          p 81 A84-17284            visually evoked response from sum of sines
    Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and          OKADA.T                                                             stimulation                                p 92 A84-16655
 aerosols in human subjects Design considerations                     Appropriate lengths between phalanges of multijointed             Investigating the steady state visually evoked cortical
 [DE84-001135]                             p 91 N84-15785          fingers for stable grasping                                       response                                   p84 A84-19303
                                                                   [AD-A133448]                              p 121 N84-15806
MORSE, J. T                                                                                                                        PETROFSKY, J. S.
                                                                 OLSON, W. M.
    Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressm response dunng                                                                                   Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of
                                                                      Yoked design and secondary task in adaptive training
 water immersion in men                    p 79 A84-16179                                                                            headgear loading parameters               p 102 A84-16664
                                                                                                              p93 A84-18779
MOSS, R. W                                                                                                                         PHILLIPS, C. A.
                                                                 ORLADY, H W
    Crew system assessment methods applied to derivative                                                                                Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic variation of
                                                                      Flight crew performance when pilot-flying and
 fighter cockpits                         pi 14 A84-19305                                                                            headgear loading parameters               p 102 A84-16664
                                                                   pilot-not-ftying duties are exchanged p94 A84-18791
MOUNTFORD, S. J                                                                                                                    PICKREL. E. W.
                                                                 ORLANDO, A.                                                            Color perception and ATC job performance
    Methodology for explonng voice-interactive avionics               Model of the behavior of the human visual system for
 tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                                                                                              [AD-A132649]                               p 90 N84-15781
                                                                   the perception of contour elements
                                          p 104 A84-18786                                                                          PIERSON, D. J
                                                                   [FUB-44-1982]                              p 86 N84-14677
    Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target                                                                                Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic
                                                                 ORLOV, A. G
 recognition                              p117 A84-19330                                                                             exercise in humans at sea level            p80 A84-16186
                                                                      Significance of aorta-branching charactenstics in the
MOYER, S. A.                                                                                                                       PIMENTAL, N A.
                                                                   regulation of regional blood flow in humans
    Bibliography of research reports and publications issued                                                                            Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
                                                                                                              p 82 A84-17298
 by the Tone Hazards Division, 1957-1982                                                                                             physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower
                                                                 ORLOV, G A.
 [AD-A133637]                              p 85 N84-14672                                                                            body exercise
                                                                      On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
MUCKLER, F A.                                                                                                                        [AD-A134086]                               p 88 N84-15769
                                                                   fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
    New technology for training - An evaluation of the air                                                                         PISARENKO, E. F
                                                                 ORZHEKHOVSKAIA, N &
 controller exerciser (ACE)               p 108 A84-18827                                                                               On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
                                                                      Morphological cntena of the structural asymmetry of
MULLER, K E.                                                                                                                         fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
                                                                   cortex and subcortex formations in the human brain
    Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)                                                                                POLEZHAEV, L. V
                                                                                                              p81 A84-17283
 exposure in humans protocol 1                                                                                                          Allotransplant of embryonic cerebral tissue into the brain
                                                                      Cytoarchitectomcs of frontal area fields of the cerebral
 [AD-A133891]                              pB9 N84-15774                                                                             of mature mammals in the case of hypoxic tiypoxia
                                                                   cortex in Papio hamadryas and Macaca rhesus in
MURAVEVA, S. L.                                                                                                                                                                 p 75 A84-17278
                                                                   ontogeny                                   p 75 A84-17297
    Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of                                                                           POLUNOVSKII, V A.
                                                                 OSATO, S
 a large industnal plant                   p 82 A84-17293                                                                               Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
                                                                      Influences on group productivity 2 Factors inherent
MURPHY, E 0.                                                                                                                                                                    p76 AB4-18493
                                                                   in the person A bibliographic synopsis
    Case study - Designing the ERBS control room                                                                                   POLZELLA, D J.
                                                                   [AD-A131015]                               p99 N84-15790
                                          p117 A84-19333                                                                                Utility and utilization of advanced instructional features
                                                                 OSTRAND, R A.
                                                                                                                                     in aircrew training devices I - Tactical air command
                                                                      EVAC computer simulation of personnel performance
                                                                                                                                                                                p92 A84-16657
                             N                                     m airplane evacuation
                                                                 OSTROUKHOVA, V A.
                                                                                                             p111 A84-18852
                                                                                                                                   POND, D J
                                                                                                                                        Gender differences in response to ambient color, task
NAGATA, S.                                                            A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
                                                                                                                                     complexity and presence of evaluative others
     Picking up an object from a pile of objects                   thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
                                                                                                                                                                                p95 AB4-18817
  [AD-A133631]                             p119 N84-14691          on the human body                          p 83 A84-18755
                                                                                                                                   POPE, AT.
NAITOH, P                                                        OWEN, D H
                                                                                                                                        Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting, 27th, Norfolk,
     Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects          Optical vanables as measures of performance dunng
                                                                                                                                     VA, October 10-14, 1983, Proceedings Volumes 1 & 2
  of sustained work on human performance                           simulated night                           p 105 A84-18792
                                                                                                                                                                               p112 A84-19276
  [AD-A133870]                             p 118 N84-14688            Optical flow and texture vanables useful for detecting
                                                                                                                                   POPOV, M. S
NAJJAR, L J                                                        changes in simulated self motion          p 118 A84-19334
                                                                                                                                        Clinical-morphological       charactenstics      of    the
     Redundancy in coding of a visual display as assessed             Optical flow and texture vanables useful in simulating
                                                                                                                                     thymicotymphatic condition in adolescents and adults
  by a signal detection paradigm            p 107 A84-18816        self motion (2)
                                                                                                                                                                                p81 A84-17286
                                                                   (AD-A133597)                               p go N84-1S779
NAKAZONO, Y.                                                                                                                       POPOV, V A.
     Dynamics of cardiac output and systolic time intervals                                                                             On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
  in supine and upnght exercise              p 79 A84-16177                                                                          fleet                                      p82 A84-17291
NASIBOV, M. M.                                                                                                                     POST, D L
     The effect of ionizing radiation on the metabolism of       PALMER, E.                                                             A study of direct distance estimations to familiar objects
  bound sugar in rabbit and rat blood        p 74 A84-16967          Connict resolution maneuvers dunng near miss                    in real-space, two-dimensional, and stereographic
NATTIE, E. E.                                                     encounters with cockpit traffic displays                           displays                                  p 105 A84-1S795
     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng hypocapnic Hd and                                                      p115 A84-19315               Expressions of color contrast as equivalent achromatic
  HNO3 aadosis in conscious rabbits          p 73 A84-16183                                                                          contrast                                  p 107 AB4-18815
                                                                 PALMER, E. A.
     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapmc HCI and HNO3                                                                               Color contrast metrics for head-up displays
                                                                     Pnmary separation between three aircraft using traffic
  aadosis in conscious rabbits               p 74 A84-16184                                                                                                                    p 117 A84-19327
                                                                  displays                                 p116 A84-19317
NEUBERT, J                                                                                                                         POTURALSKI, R. J
     Development      and function ol organisms             in   PANDOLF, K. B
                                                                                                                                        Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress
  weightlessness - Two expenments for the first German               Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma remn and
                                                                                                                                                                                p95 A84-18809
  Spacelab mission D1                        p 75 A84-17767       aldosterone dunng exercise                p 80 A84-16187
                                                                                                                                   PRAH, J D
NEUMAN, C P                                                          Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to                  Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)
     Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a        exercise-heat stress                                               exposure in humans protocol 1
  computer vision system with camera control                      [AD-A132263]                              p 85 N84-14669           [AD-A133B91]                               p89 N84-15774
  [AD-A133492]                             p 121 N84-15807           Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected     PUGACHEV, M. K.
NGUYEN, I- T                                                      physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower               Blood filling of the adrenal cortex in white rats, intact
     Pilot human factors in stall/spin accidents of supersonic    body exercise                                                      and subjected to acute overheating         p 75 A84-17300
  fighter aircraft                         p 120 N84-15102         [AD-A134086]                             p 88 N84-15769         PULAT, B M.
NICHOLSON, A. N                                                  PAPA, F.                                                               Computer aided techniques for crew station design,
     Sleep and wakefulness handbook for flight medical               Model of the behavior of the human visual system for            work-space Organizer WORG, workstation                 layout
  officers                                                        the perception of contour elements                                 Generator-WOLAG
  [AGARD-AG-270(FR)]                         p 91 N84-15788       [FUB-44-1982]                             p 86 N84-14677           [AD-A132981]                              p119 N84-14693


                                                                                                                                                                                           B-7
RADZIUKEVICH, T. M.                                                                                                                                        PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

                               R                                    ROOT, R W                                                         SCHLICHTING, C L.
                                                                        New technology for training - An evaluation of the air              The stability of visual field measures with repeated
RADZIUKEVICH, T M                                                    controller exerciser (ACE)             p 108 A84-18827             testing
     Studies on the prophylaxis of vibration sickness               ROSENBAUM, D A.                                                     [AD-A132704J                                  p 86 N84-14674
                                            p 103 A84-17294             Central control of movement timing                            SCHMITT, J C
RAKE, H                                                                                                      p 93 A84-18760                 Design for effective maintenance - Safety data provide
     Experimental design of a model for the dynamic                 ROSENTHAL, M S                                                      important directions                         p116 A84-19321
  behaviour of pilot candidates             p 103 A64-18569             Bone blood flow measured by (41)Ar clearance formed           SCHNEIDER, W
RAYNAUD, J                                                           by(44)Ca(n,(-))(41)Ar                                                  Training spatial skills for air-traffic control
     Intersubject vanability in growth hormone time course           [DE83-017600]                           p 79 N84-15761                                                           p93 A84-18778
  during different types of work              p 79 A84-16178                                                                                Type of task practice and time-shanng activities predict
                                                                    ROUSE, W B
REAGAN, D                                                                                                                               performance deficits due to alcohol ingestion
                                                                        The effects of level of knowledge upon human problem
     Spatial-frequency discnmination and detection -                                                                                                                                  p 96 A84-18844
                                                                     solving in a process control task      p 115 A84-19314
  Comparison of postadaptation thresholds                                                                                                   Time-compressed components for air-intercept control
                                              p83 A84-18890         RUBIN, A. B
                                                                                                                                        skills                                       p113 A84-19289
REEDER, M J                                                             Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of               The assessment of workload - Dual task methodology
                                                                     photosystem I, built into the liposomes                                                                          p97 A84-19290
     Development of a human atlas of strengths
                                            p 107 A84-18814                                                  p 74 A84-16933           SCHOENE, R B
REEDER, R                                                           RUBIN, C T                                                              Effect of acetazolamide on normoxic and hypoxic
     Ventilation and CSF ions dunng isocapnic HCI and HN03              Stress fractures The remodelling response to excessive          exercise in humans at sea level               p80 AS4-16186
  acidosis in conscious rabbits               p 74 A84-16184         repetitive loading                                               SCHRECK, R M
REEVES, J T                                                          [AD-A130881]                            p87 N84-15765                  Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and
     Increased metabolism and dead space as components              RYMAN, D H                                                          aerosols in human subjects Design considerations
  of ventilation at high altitude                                       Minicomputer administered tasks in the study of effects         [DE84-001135]                                 p91 N84-15785
  [AD-A130827]                                p87 N84-15766          of sustained work on human performance                           SCHROEDER, D J
     Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory        [AD-A133870]                           p118 N84-14688                  Job attitudes toward the new maintenance concept of
  response in man                                                                                                                       the airway facilities service
  (AD-A130658J                                p 88 N84-15768                                                                            [AD-A133282]                                  p 99 N84-15793
REGAN, D                                                                                                                              SCHWARTZ, J
     Independence of orientation and size in spatial                                                                                        Evaluation of speech technology for automatic target
  discriminations                             p 83 A84-18891        SADIG, T                                                            recognition                                  p117 A84-19330
REGAN, D M                                                               Interaction between norepmephnne and hypoxia on              SEAT, J C
     visual channel sensitivity and pilot performance in a flight     carotid body chemoreception in rabbits                                Wide field-of-view visual display technology for flight
  simulator                                   p96 A84-18840                                                       p 74 A84-16188        simulation                                   p 101 A84-16621
REGAN, J E.                                                         SALDIVAR, J T                                                     SEMCHENKO, V V
     Short-term memory and dual task performance                         An analysis of potential protective breathing devices              Mechanisms of pathological and reparative processes
                                              p96 A84-18832           intended for use by aircraft passengers                           in brain tissue cells in the postischemic penod according
REID, G B                                                             [AD-A132648]                               p119 N84-14692         to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear
     The effects of variations in task loading on subjective        SAMPSON, J B                                                        chromatm and nbonucleoprotems                 p 74 A84-17277
  workload rating scales                      p 92 A84-16656             Increased metabolism and dead space as components            SEMMLOW, J L.
     An individual differences approach to SWAT scale                 of ventilation at high altitude                                       Model of static accommodative behavior in human
  development                                 p 95 A84-18823          [AD-A130827]                                p 87 N84-15766        amblyopia                                     p 80 A84-16344
     Sub|ective workload assessment in a memory update                                                                                SERDIUCHENKO, I IA.
                                                                         Vanable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory
  task                                        p96 A84-18824                                                                                 Electncal responses of antenor roots to bulbar pyramid
                                                                      response in man
REID, R E                                                                                                                               and labyrinth stimulation in animals with a denervated
                                                                      [AD-A130658]                                p 88 N84-15768
     Pseudo-quickenmg - A new display technique for the                                                                                 limb                                          p77 A84-18998
                                                                    SANDERS, D C
  control of higher order systems           p110 A84-18846                                                                            SHABROV, A V
REILLY, J P                                                              Inhalation toxicology         3   Evaluation of thermal
                                                                      degradation products from aircraft and automobile engine              Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and
     Electrocutaneous      stimulation with high voltage                                                                                pathological conditions                       p 76 A84-18495
  capacitrve discharges                     p 101 A84-16343           oils, aircraft hydraulic fluid, and mineral oil
                                                                      [AD-A133221]                                p 90 N84-15778      SHEEN, R
     Human reactions to elf electric and magnetic fields An                                                                                 Tactical ground attack - On the transfer of training from
  annotated bibliography of current literature, 3rd edition         SANDERSON, A C
                                                                         POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics                 flight simulator to operational RED FLAG range exercise
  [PB83-259648]                               p 86 N84-14679                                                                                                                         p 107 A84-18818
REISING, J M                                                          applications
                                                                      [AD-A133298]                               p 121 N84-15804      SHIDLOVSKAIA, T V
     Pictorial format display evaluation p 102 A84-166S9
                                                                                                                                            Effect of the acoustic reflex of intraaural muscles on
     Color display formats in the cockpit - Who needs                    Implementation of automatic focusing algonthms for a
                                                                                                                                        the latent penods of components of the cochleomyogenic
  them?                                     p 106 A84-18803           computer vision system with camera control
                                                                      [AD-A133492]                               p 121 N84-15807        potential, recorded dunng short-term acoustic loading
     Is a picture worth 1000 words - written or spoken?
                                                                                                                                                                                      p83 A84-19000
                                            p117 A84-19331          SAUERS, l_ J
REPPERGER, D W                                                                                                                        SHIMIZU, S
                                                                         Acute        intramuscular      toxicity     (LD50)     of
     Smart stick controllers in an acceleration environment                                                                                 A study on airborne integrated display system and human
                                                                      1,1'-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyiminomethyl) pyndimum
                                            p 102 A84-16662           bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice                        information processing
REYBROUCK, T                                                          [AD-A133148]                                p 78 NB4-15758        [NASA-TM-77338]                               p 99 N84-15789
     Ventilatory thresholds during short- and long-term             SAWKA, M N                                                        SHINGLEDECKER, C. A
  exercise                                    p 80 A84-16180             Hypohydration and heat acclimation - Plasma renm and               Secondary task workload assessment methodology
REYNOLDS, D B                                                                                                                                                                         p 92 A84-16654
                                                                      aldosterone dunng exercise                  p 80 A84-16187
     Cardiovascular responses dunng systematic vanation of                                                                                  Subjective workload assessment in a memory update
                                                                         Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
  headgear loading parameters               p 102 A84-16664           exercise-heat stress                                              task                                          p96 A84-18824
RICHARDSON, B C                                                       [AD-A132263]                                p 85 N84-14669            Standardized tests for the evaluation and classification
     Pilot performance measurement methodology for                                                                                      of workload metncs                           p 108 A84-18825
                                                                         Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected
  determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic                  physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower         SHIPLEY, B D, JR
  substances                                p114 A84-19301            body exercise                                                         Development of sensitive performance measures for
RICHER, F                                                             [AD-A134086]                                p 88 N84-15769        selection of crews for flight training        p 96 A84-18837
     Neuromagnetic localization of two components of the            SCHIFLETT, S G                                                    SHLEIFMAN, F M
  transient visual evoked response to patterned                          Theoretical development of an adaptive secondary task              A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
  stimulation                                                         to measure pilot workload for flight evaluations                  thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment
  [AD-A132546]                                p 85 N84-14667                                                     p115 A84-19311         on the human body                             p 83 A84-18755
     Magnetoencephalography                                         SCHILLING, R F                                                    SHULGOVSKII, V V
  [AD-A132496]                                p 85 N84-14668             Pilot performance measurement methodology for                      Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior
RIEGEL, P S                                                           determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic                                                              p 77 A84-18745
     Carbon dioxide sensor technology                                 substances                                 p114 A84-19301       SI-LAN, Z.
  [AD-A133688]                              p 119 N84-14690         SCHKADE, D                                                              Mathematical model for vestibulo-ocular reflex
RILEY, M W                                                               The human side of robotics Results from a prototype                                                         p 103 A84-18572
     Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well           study on how workers react to a robot                           SIABRO, P I
  conditioned young adult males               p 83 A84-18813          [AD-A133438]                               p 121 N84-15805            Electncal responses of antenor roots to bulbar pyramid
RINALDUCCI, E J                                                     SCHLAG, J F                                                         and labynnth stimulation in animals with a denervated
     Visual cueing effectiveness - Comparison of perception              POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics                 limb                                          p 77 A84-18998
  and flying performance                      p 98 A84-19326          applications                                                    SILVER, J
ROBERTS, D E                                                          [AD-A133298]                               p 121 N84-15804            Hypervolemia and plasma vasopressm response dunng
     The effects of dehydration on penpheral cooling                     Implementation of automatic focusing algonthms for a           water immersion in men                        p 79 A84-16179
  [AD-A130838]                                p 87 N84-15767          computer vision system with camera control                      SIMONS, J C
RODRIGUEZ, R                                                          [AD-A133492]                               p 121 N84-15807            Selecting performance and workload measures for
     The stability of visual field measures with repeated           SCHLEGEL, R E.                                                      full-mission simulation                       p 91 A84-16653
  testing                                                                Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial onentation                     Tailoring day scenarios for night simulation of advanced
  [AD-A132704]                                p 86 N84-14674          information processing                     p 114 A84-19302        aircraft systems                             P 112 A84-19278


B-8
PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX                                                                                                                                                              WALCH, M.

      Quantification of crew workload imposed by                 STOKES, J                                                           TRIUFANOV, V f
  communications-related tasks in commercial transport                Validating CAR - A comparison                  study of             Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study
  aircraft                                 P113 A84-19292          experimentally-derived and computer-generated reach                 of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based
SINCLAIR, D                                                        envelopes                                pm      A84-18851          on earty autopsies)                       p 81 AB4-17285
     The effect of altitude on absolute hearing threshold        STOLUNGS, M N                                                       TSANG, P
  levels                                   p 106 A84-18810            Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and               The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty
SKELLY, J J                                                        transfer of basic flying skills - Another look                      changes, and strategic resource allocation training on
      Selecting performance and workload measures for                                                         p97 A84-19277            time-sharing performance
  full-mission simulation                   p 91 A84-16653       STONE, B M.                                                           [AD-A134112]                            p118 N84-14685
                                                                      Sleep and wakefulness handbook for flight medical              TSANG, P S.
SLOBOOKIN, L. B
                                                                   officers                                                               Effects of task structures on attention allocation
      On the evolutionary constraint surface of hydra
                                                                   (AGARD-AG-270(FR)]                         p 91 N84-1S788           optimality                                p95 A84-18806
                                            p73 A84-15954
                                                                 STORM, W F
SMAGINA, L. V                                                                                                                        TSYRUN, V A.
                                                                      Speed-accuracy tradeoffs in spatial onentatton                      Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and
      Photolysis of uraal and undine in the presence of lunar      information processing                    p 114 A84-19302
  soil                                     p 122 A84-16939                                                                             pathological conditions                   p 76 A84-18495
                                                                 SUSLINA, Z. A.
SMITH, B R.JR.                                                                                                                       TUNIAN, IU S.
                                                                      Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of
      Digital head tracking and position prediction for helmet                                                                            The role of affections of the main artenes of the head
                                                                   blood prostaglandins in patients with hypertension
  mounted visual display systems                                                                                                       in disturbances of hemostasis and the rheological
                                                                                                              p81 A84-17281
  [AIAA PAPER 84-0557]                     p 103 A84-18162                                                                             properties of the blood                   p 81 A84-17280
                                                                 SUTHEH, T W., Ill
SMITH, J                                                              A comparison of VDT antireflection treatments                  TWIGG, D W
      Conducting simulator training effectiveness studies -                                                  p 105 A84-18790              Application of Prometheus III, simulation of human crash
   Lessons learned in the F-16 SAMT evaluation                   SVENSSON, L.                                                          dynamics for energy absorption studies
                                           p115 A84-19312             Dose conversion factors for inhaled radionuclides                                                        p111 A84-18853
SMITH, J D                                                         [FOA-C-40184-A3]                           p 91 N84-15786
      Effect of perceived threat on avoidance maneuvers
   selected while viewing cockpit traffic displays
                                                                 SWINEY, J. F
                                                                      Gender differences and cognitive abilities in the transfer                                   u
                                           p 108 A84-18829         of training of basic flying skills         p 95 A84-18819
SMITH, L L                                                                                                                           ULGEN, O M
      The effects of exposure time and retention time on                                                                                 Mental stress quantification and identification decision
  location memory in visual information processing                                                                                     modeling                                   p 95 A84-18808
                                           p 109 A84-18834                                                                           ULLMAN, S
                                                                 TALUKDAR, S N                                                           Visual routines
SMITH, T L
                                                                      A distnbuted control system for the CMU Rover                   [AD-A133634]                                p 99 N84-15792
      Tradeoffs in the implementation of local illumination
                                                                   [AD-A133201]                              p120 N84-15802
   sources in the real-time display of a visual scene                                                                                URBAN, K E
                                                                 TARARAK, E M.                                                           An approach for training aircraft night attitude recognition
                                           p 101 A84-16622
                                                                      Quantitative histoenzyrnological and biochemical study           using microcomputer CAI                   p112 A84-19279
SMITH, W D
                                                                   of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based
      Flight operations safety monitoring effects on the crew                                                                        UTELL, M. J
                                                                   on early autopsies)                         p 81 A84-17285
  alerting system                          p 109 A84-18831                                                                               Exposure chamber for studies of pollutant gases and
                                                                 TASHKER, I D
SNYDER, H L.                                                                                                                           aerosols in human subjects Design considerations
      Evaluation of CRT-displayed digital imagery using               A hygienic evaluation of the combined effect of the
                                                                   thermal and noise-vibration pollution of the environment            [DE84-001135]                              p91 N84-15785
   subjective scaling                      p 105 A84-18796
                                                                   on the human body                           p 83 A84-18755
      Image interpretation for soft-copy displays of digitally
                                                                 TAYLOR, H. L.
  derived images                           p 106 A84-18805
                                                                      Pilot performance measurement methodology for
      Color contrast metrics for head-up displays
                                           p117 A84-19327          determining the effects of alcohol and other toxic
                                                                   substances                                p114 A84-19301          VAN BALEN, P M
SOBICK, V                                                                                                                                 Development of a human factors methodology for
                                                                 TEMIROV, A. A.
      Development and function of organisms in                                                                                         NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center
   weightlessness - Two experiments for the first German              Regulation of arterial pressure under normal and
                                                                   pathological conditions                     p 76 A84-18495                                                      p117 A84-19332
   Spacelab mission D1                       p 75 A84-17767                                                                          VANDEGRAAFF, R. C
                                                                 TERSKIKH, V V
SOLOVEVA, M. A.                                                                                                                           Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints
      Medical examinations of women in the medical unit of            Cells at rest Properties and functions in the organism
                                                                                                               p76 A84-18493           from psychology and human engmeenng research
   a large industrial plant                  p 82 A84-17293                                                                            [NLR-MP-82032-U]                            p 100 N84-15798
                                                                 THACKRAY, R I
SOUNDY, A. J                                                                                                                         VASHAKMADZE, G SH
      Body composition (percent fat) and heat stress of well          Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng
                                                                   performance following a simulated emergency involving                  Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
   conditioned young adult males             p 83 A84-18813                                                                            photosystem I, built into the liposomes
SPADY, A. A., JR                                                   startle
                                                                   [AD-A133602]                              p 100 N84-15795                                                        p74 A84-16933
      The effectiveness of using real-time eye scanning                                                                              VASILEV, I R
   information for pilot training          p 111 A84-188S6       TILTON, B. M
                                                                                                                                          Retarded fluorescence of pigment-protein complexes of
SPEER, R G                                                            Duration of memory loss due to electron beam
                                                                                                                                       photosystem I, built into the liposomes
      The C-130 visual system - An update                          exposure
                                                                                                                                                                                    p 74 A84-16933
                                           p 101 A84-16623         [AD-A132941]                                p 78 N84-15760
                                                                                                                                     VASILEVA, T. V
SRESELI, M A.                                                    TIMOFEEVA, N O                                                           On the investigation of the health of seamen of the Arctic
      Significance of aorta-branching charactenstics in the           Neuronal organization of conditioned-reflex behavior             fleet                                        p82 A84-17291
   regulation of regional blood flow in humans                                                                 p 77 A84-18745
                                                                                                                                     VERHEIJ, T
                                             p82 A84-17298       TOBIAS, S B                                                              Medical aspects of survival Training for aircrew
STARR, A.                                                             Optical flow and texture variables useful for detecting          [AGARD-AG-283(FR)J                           p 91 N84-15787
      Task-relevant late positive component of the auditory        changes in simulated self motion          p 118 A84-19334         VIDULICH, M
   event-related potential in monkeys resembles P300 in          TOLE, J. R                                                               Training spatial skills for air-traffic control
   humans                                    p 77 A84-19028           How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload                                                          p93 A84-18778
STEDMAN, M                                                                                                    p111 A84-18855              Time-compressed components for air-intercept control
      Tracking with multiple independent response functions      TOLIN, P                                                              skills                                      P113 A84-19289
                                           p115 A84-19313             Human Factors Society, Annual Meeting. 26th, Seattle,          VIDULICH, M D
STEELE, 0                                                          WA, October 25-29, 1982. Proceedings                                   Processing phenomena and the dissociation between
      The effect of altitude on absolute hearing threshold                                                    p103 A84-18776           subjective and objective workload measures
  levels                                   p 106 A84-18810                                                                             [AD-A134050]                                p118 N84-14686
                                                                      Pilot visual behavior as a function of navigation and flight
STEINMAN, S. B                                                                                                                       VIDULILCH, M
                                                                   control modes in the Boeing 757/767
      Electrophysiological correlates of hyperacuity in the                                                                               The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource
                                                                                                              p 106 A84-18802
   human visual cortex                       p 81 A84-17008                                                                            competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault
                                                                 TOME), F
STENSBY, J                                                                                                                             diagnosis                                   p 104 A84-18788
      Computer control of a seven degree of freedom                   The role of microorganisms in manne corrosion
                                                                                                                                     VOGEL, J A.
   manipulator arm                         p 122 N84-16051                                                                                Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
STEPANOV, S S.                                                     [AD-A133113]                            p78 N84-15757
                                                                 TONER, M. M                                                           endurance performance
      Mechanisms of pathological and reparative processes                                                                              [AD-A132581]                                 p 84 IM84-14665
  in brain tissue cells in the postischemic penod according          Aerobic fitness and the hypohydration response to
                                                                   exercise-heat stress                                              VYSOTSKAIA, V G
  to data of electron-cytochemical analysis of nuclear                                                                                    Rheological properties and quantitative spectrum of
  chromatin and nbonucleoproteins            p 74 A84-17277        [AD-A132263]                            p 85 N84-14669
                                                                                                                                       blood prostaglandins in patients with hypertension
STEPHENS, A. T.                                                  TOUCHSTONE, R M                                                                                                    p81 A84-17281
      How a new instrument affects pilot's mental workload           Rate of initial recovery and subsequent radar monitonng
                                           p111 A84-188S5          performance following a simulated emergency involving
STERN, P                                                           startle
                                                                   [AD-A133602]                           p 100 N84-15795
                                                                                                                                                                  W
      Energy use The human dimension
  [DE84-001405]                              p 86 N84-14676      TOWNE, D M.                                                         WALCH, M.
STEWART, L. J                                                        A performance-based technique for assessing                        The role of microorganisms in manne corrosion
      Case study - Designing the ERBS control room                 equipment maintainability                                          processes
                                           p117 A84-19333          [AD-A133518]                           p 122 N84-15809             [AD-A133113]                    p78 N84-15757


                                                                                                                                                                                               B-9
WALDROP, G. P.                                                                                                                   PERSONAL AUTHOR INDEX

WALDROP, G P.                                                    WILLIAMSON, S. J
    Applied human factors and its impact on a helicopter              Perception of higher derivatives of visual motion
 night vision system configuration          p 109 A84-18839       [AD-A133908]                               p89 N84-15773
WARD, F E                                                        WILSON, G. F
    Color matches and discrimination functions for selected          Transient evoked potential and eye movement
 hues                                        p83 AB4-19294        recordings dunng simulated emergencies
WARD, S L.                                                                                                 p 108 A84-18826
    Changes in maze-solving errors due to stress                 WIMBERLY, F C
                                             p95 A84-18809            Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a
WARDLEY-SMITH, B                                                  computer vision system with camera control
    Assessment of recovery from hyperbanc-mduced                  [AD-A133492]                             p 121 N84-15807
 subfertility in male mice                   p 73 A84-16181      WINGERSKY, M S
WARNER, N                                                            Comparison of IRT observed-score and true-score
    Methodology for exploring voice-interactive avionics          equatings
 tasks Optimizing interactive dialogues                           [AD-A133871]                               p 99 N84-15791
                                            p 104 A84-18786      WISSLER, E H
WARREN, R                                                             Mathematical simulation of diver performance
    Optical variables as measures of performance dunng            (AD-A133844]                               p 85 N84-14671
 simulated flight                           p 105 A84-1B792      WITHER, B G
    Optical flow and texture vanables useful for detecting           Training feedback handbook
 changes in simulated self motion           p 118 A84-19334       [AD-A132565]                               p 99 N84-14683
WASSON, R. L.                                                    WOLDSTAD, J C
    Flight stations and offices of the future - How similar          A methodological investigation of subject input/output
 will they be                               p112 A84-19282        related error dunng vibration            p 107 A84-18812
WEBB, G S M                                                      WOLPERT, L
    A preliminary assessment of observer expectations in              Optical flow and texture vanables useful for detecting
 target detection tasks                                           changes in simulated self motion         p 118 A84-19334
 [MRL-R-893]                                 p 98 N84-14682      WOOD, F R
WEIL, J. V.                                                           Gender and cognitive abilities in the acquisition and
    Increased metabolism and dead space as components             transfer of basic flying skills - Another look
 of ventilation at high altitude                                                                             p97 A84-19277
 [AD-A130827]                                p87 N84-15766       WOODRUFF, C J.
    Variable inhibition by falling CO2 of hypoxic ventilatory         A preliminary assessment of observer expectations in
 response in man                                                  target detection tasks
 [AD-A130658]                                p88 N84-15768         [MRL-R-893]                               p 98 N84-14682
WEISS, H S                                                       WOODY, C D.
    An exercise metabolism chamber for mice                           Neuronal adaptive mechanisms underlying intelligent
                                             p 74 A84-16663        information processing
WESTRA.D P                                                         [AD-A133694]                              p 89 N84-15776
    Simulation and training for aircraft earner landings - An    WOOLF, C J.
 economical multifactor approach            p 109 A84-18838           Evidence for a central component of post-mjury pain
WEWERINKE, P H                                                     hypersensitrviry                          p 77 A84-19038
    Human visual information processing Basic viewpoints         WOYCECHOWSKY, B J.
 from psychology and human engmeenng research                         Flight simulation cue synchronization
 [NLR-MP-82032-U]                           p 100 N84-15798                                                p 101 A84-16620
WHEELER, T. G                                                    WRONSKI, T J
    Duration of memory loss due to electron beam                      Alterations in calcium homeostasis and bone during
 exposure                                                          actual and simulated space flight         p82 A84-17822
 [AD-A132941]                                p78 N84-15760
WHERRY, R J, JR
    Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain
                                            p110 A84-18850
                                                                 YAN, C C
WHITE, C. W.                                                         Evaluation of control station design - The crew human
    Acute        intramuscular      toxicity     (LD50)     of     engmeenng software system                  p 104 A84-18781
 1,r-tnmethylenebis (4-(Hydroxyimmomethyl) pyndmium              YEH, Y -Y
 bromide) monohydrate, (TMB-4) in male mice                          Training spatial skills for air-traffic control
 [AD-A133148]                                p 78 N84-15758                                                    p93 A84-18778
WHITFIEUD, D                                                         Time-compressed components for air-intercept control
    Some comparisons of on-display and off-display touch           skills                                     p113 A84-19289
 input devices for interaction with computer generated               The dissociation between subjective workload and
 displays                                   p 102 A84-17013        performance A multiple resource approach
WICKENS, C D                                                                                                   p98 A84-19293
    The influence of S-C-R compatibility and resource            YOLTON, R L
 competition on performance of threat evaluation and fault           Evaluation of factors producing visual evoked response
 diagnosis                                  p 104 A84-18788        variability
    Methodology and the use of dual and complex-task               [AD-A133917]                                p 88 N84-15772
 paradigms in human factors research
                                            p 105 A84-18800
    Individual differences and stimulus discnminability in
 visual companson reaction time              p 96 A84-18833      ZABCIK, D. A.
    Pseudo-quickemng - A new display technique for the                Physiological effect of partial spectrum lighting on the
 control of higher order systems            p 110 A84-18846        human                                    p 106 A84-18811
    Individual differences and age-related changes in            ZAIRATIANTS, O V
 time-shanng ability of aviators             p 97 A84-19284           Clinical-morphological     characteristics     of    the
    The dissociation between subjective workload and               thymicorymphatic condition in adolescents and adults
 performance A multiple resource approach                                                                    p81 A84-17286
                                             p 98 A84-19293      ZAKLAD, A. L.
    The effects of task structures, dynamics of difficulty            Human operator simulation in the cognitive domain
 changes, and strategic resource allocation training on                                                     p110 A84-18850
 time-sharing performance                                        ZALESSKII, M Z.
 [AD-A134112]                               p118 N84-14685            Spnnt                                  p82 A84-17289
    Processing phenomena and the dissociation between            ZELTSER, G L.
 subjective and objective workload measures                           Quantitative histoenzymological and biochemical study
 [AD-A134050]                               p118 N84-14686         of atherogenesis stages in human coronary arteries (based
WIERWILE, W W                                                      on early autopsies)                       p 81 A84-17285
    A validated rating scale for global mental workload          ZINGG, J J
 measurement applications                    p 97 A84-19286           Subjective workload assessment in a memory update
                                                                   task                                      p 96 A84-18824
WILLIAMS, C A.
                                                                 ZLOTNIK, M A.
    Experiments on factors that influence muscular function
                                                                      The effects of warning message highlighting on novel
 in man                                                            assembly task performance                 p 93 A84-18782
 [AD-A133928]                                p88 N84-15771
WILLIAMS, D H
    Self-separation in terminal areas using CDTI
                                            p116 A84-19318


B-10
                                                                                         CORPORATE SOURCE INDEX

AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY / A Continuing Bibliography (Supplement 257)                                                                                              APRIL 1984



         Typical Corporate Source
               Index Listing

                                                               Army Medical Bloenglneering Research and                          Canada Inst for Scientific and Technical Information,
                                                                 Development Lab, Fort Detrick, Md.                                Ottawa (Ontario).
                                                                   Neurobehavioral effects of carbon monoxide (CO)                    Suggestions concerning technological research and
                                                                 exposure in humans protocol 1                                     development for the purpose of industrial use of marine
                                                                 [AD-A133891]                               p 89 N84-15774         algae
 CORPORATE SOURCE
                                                               Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social                   [ISSN-0077-5606]                         p 77 N84-14661
                                                                 Sciences, Alexandria, Va.                                       Carnegie-Mellon Unrv, Pittsburgh, Pa.
                                                                   Training feedback handbook                                         A distributed control system for the CMU Rover
                                                                 [AD-A132565]                               p 99 N84-14683         [AD-A133201J                            p120 N84-15802
Air Force Human Resources Lab, Brooks AFB, Tex                 Army Research Inst of Environmental Medicine,                          The Stanford cart and the CMU Rover
— Flying training R8D (Research and Development) at the          Natlck, Mass.                                                     [N AS A-CR-174502]                      p 121 N84-15803
  Air Force Human Resources Laboratory                              Effects of acute cold exposure on submaximal
                                                                 endurance performance                                               POPEYE A gray-level vision system for robotics
  |AD-A130250|                        p 3' N84 10752                                                                              applications
                                                                 [AD-A132581]                               p84 N84-14665
         1                                 T        -'             Aerobic fitness and the hypohydrataon response to
                                                                 exercise-heat stress
                                                                                                                                  [AD-A133298]                             p 121 N84-15804
                                                                                                                                     The human side of robotics Results from a prototype
                                                                 (AD-A132263]                               p 85 N84-14669        study on how workers react to a robot
                                                                   The effects of dehydration on peripheral cooling               [AD-A133438]                             p 121 N84-15805
                                               NASA
                  REPORT         PAGE                            [AD-A130838]                               p 87 N84-15767           Appropnate lengths between phalanges of multijointed
       TITLE                                 ACCESSION
                  NUMBER        NUMBER                              Differentiated ratings of perceived exertion and selected     fingers for stable grasping
                                              NUMBER
                                                                 physiological responses dunng prolonged upper and lower          [AD-A133448]                             p 121 N84-15806
                                                                 body exercise                                                       Implementation of automatic focusing algorithms for a
                                                                 [AD-A134086]                               p 88 N84-15769        computer vision system with camera control
                                                                    Heat exchange following atropme injection before and          [AD-A13349Z]                             p 121 N84-15807
                                                                 after heat acclimation                                          Centre d'Essais en Vol, Bretlgny-sur-Orge (France).
                                                                 [AD-A132618]                               p90 N84-15780            The man-machine interface in new generation
Listings in this index are arranged alphabetically by               Effectiveness      of    two     portable    liquid-cooled    commercial aircraft                      p 120 N84-15096 j
corporate source The title of the document is used               undergarments in reducing heat stress                           CMI Aeromedlcal Inst, Oklahoma City, Okla
to provide a brief description of the subject matter             [AD-A133174]                             p 120 N84-15801            An analysis of potential protective breathing devices |