Using nanotechnology to create new opportunities for the by HC12021100323


									Using nanotechnology to create
new opportunities for the
agricultural sector: The Alberta
Agricultural Research Institute

Stan Blade, Ph.D., P.Ag.
Alberta Agricultural Research Institute
Alberta Nanotech Showcase
November 21, 2008
 Alberta’s agricultural sector
 AARI strategic priorities
 Agriculture and Nanotechnology
 Current AARI investments
 New opportunities
Alberta Farm Gate Value (2007)
     Product      Value ($mil)
     Beef         3,104
     Canola       1,216
     Wheat        1,251
     Hogs           465
     Dairy          426
     Poultry        225
     Potatoes       152
     Barley         282
     Vegetables       77
     Pulses           82
The Alberta Agricultural
Research Institute

 AARI envisions a thriving agriculture sector
  and bioeconomy through innovation in
Strategic Direction

 Sustainable production- Invest in
  innovations which will address
  challenges and create opportunities
  throughout the value chain.
Global productivity has increased!

    Cited in: Slow Magic, IFPRI. 2001
Cereal Price Index, 1905-2000
      (All prices = 100 in 1960)

                           Source: von Braun, IFPRI, February 2008
Strategic Direction

 Food for Health- Create new
  opportunities for agriculture to create
  healthful products which meet the needs
  of consumers.
Innovation traits:
Value chains

 GROW                            Information



Genomics-aided identification of novel bio-catalysts

                          (natural rubber)

           Sesquiterpene lactone

                          Nootkatone - a key aroma
                       compound in the peel of grapefruit
Strategic Direction

 Industrial biorefining – Enhance
  Alberta’s capacity to convert biological
  feedstocks (biomass) to higher value fine
  chemicals, materials/fibres, heat and
  power-in addition to food and feed.
  Integrate existing Alberta strengths in
  agriculture, forestry and energy.
How can the bioeconomy change traditional
agriculture and agri-food business models?
   Potential for transforming agricultural biomass into new and differentiated products
    will lead to new relationships with traditional industrial manufacturers.
                                                                             Canadian Triticale Biorefinery
   Biorefineries will provide an
                                                                                                                 Industrial Uses
    opportunity to move from a “one-                                 Protein
                                                                    and Bran              Feed

    to-one” to a “one-to-many”                                       DDGS                Products

                                                                                                          Thermoplastics, polymer blends,
    product development ratio                                          Dry Starch
                                                                                                             adhesives, paper coatings,
                                                                                                            paper additives, flocculants,
   “One-to-many” biorefineries can                                                                         textile sizing, foam packing

    support economic growth along
                                                     Triticale        Glucose       Building blocks:
    the value chain and reduce                        Starch           Syrup         Ethanol, Citric
                                                                                                            Solvents, cosmetics, toiletries,
                                                                                                             polishes, pharmaceuticals,
                                                                                    Acid, Lactic Acid,
    market risk through output                                                      Sorbitol, Levulinic   electroplating agents, surfactants,
                                                                                                          adhesives, paints, plastics, fuels,
                                                                 C5 and C6            Acid, Xanthan
    flexibility                                                   sugars                Gum, etc
      Allowing higher-valued co-         Straw                                                               Biocomposite, wallboard,
                                                                   Cellulose                                   tile/bricks, resins, dyes,
       products to offset lower-valued                           Hemicellulose                                           energy

    … however, biorefineries need to move beyond primarily
    R&D to form a critical mass across Canada
                    Where is Alberta now?
Long Term Strategic Industry
$ billion    8                                                     2006
             6                                                     2010
                 Value-added Bioproducts   Food for    Primary
                     food                   Health    production

AARI investments

•Bovine genomics
•Value-added meats
•Canadian Triticale Biorefining Initiative
•Alberta Lipid Utilization Program
•Animal health
•Crop genetics
•New products from ag co-products
•Industrial products from biomass
Why do we need to invest
in innovation?
 New opportunities

            Source: GrowCanada Vision 2015
Nano-agriculture- What is
happening now?
  Helmut Kaiser Report (2002)- “More than 180
   applications are in different developing stages, and a
   few of them are already on the market. The nanofood
   market is expected to surge from $2.6B today to
   $20.4B in 2010.”
  Danish NanoFood Consortium
  Forbes (2005)- Heinz, Hershey Nestle and Unilever
   have made major research investments.
  Kraft Foods- NanoteK Food Consortium (2000)
     Physicists, engineers, molecular chemists
     15 universities and 2 U.S. national labs
     Goal: interactive, “smart” foods
Current research

  Clemson University (Latour et al.)-
   Adhesin-specific nanoparticles remove
   Campylobacter from poultry.
  Oregon State University (Simonsen)-
   cellulose nanocrystalline composites
  Cornell University ( Walter et al.)- use
   nanotags to track hydrological flows to
   address non-point source pollution.
2005 Early Stage Agrifood Nanotechnology R&D Inventory

                               Courtesy: J. Kuzma, 2005
AARI projects in Nanotech
  Novel tools to treat animal diseases-Singh (U of S) and
   Fenniri (U of A/NINT)- $139, 150
  Novel vaccine delivery tool- Aich (U of S) $85,800
  Micro/nanoencapsulation of flax-based nutraceuticals-
   Temelli (U of A)- $267,375
  Intelligent fertilizers using biosensors- Monreal (AAFC)-
  Using carbon nanotubes for plant biotechnology- Kav
   (U of A) - $224,250
  Continuous membrane filtration reactors- Bressler (U of
   A)- $258,750
 The Leduc Food
 Processing Centre

Alberta-$10-12 billion food processing

      •Value added products
      •Company incubator
National Institute for

  •The $120m National Institute for
  Nanotechnology (NNT)
  is located at the University of Alberta.

  •The Government of Alberta
  has recently announced a $130m
  Nanotechnology Strategy which
   includes a focus on agriculture.
Nano-agriculture applications

    Delivery of nutritional functions
    Controlled bioavailability of molecules
    Flavour release
    Taste and texture modification
    Food quality sensors
    Nanotags (traceability)
    Enhanced quality traits
    Detection of undesirable elements
    Smart packaging materials

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