The Big6 The Process Model for Information Literacy Skills 1.1 Define the Problem What is the problem to be solved? Determine what is required of you in this assignment. Demonstrate an ability to select, narrow, or broaden the topic. 1.2 Identify the Information Needed Demonstrate your ability to pick out keywords embedded in the question or assignment. What type of information do you need to solve your problem? Do you need current or historical materials? Many or few sources? Demonstrate the ability to determine statements that require evidence for support. 2.1 Determine all possible sources. Determine all possible sources of information --Generate a list of potential information sources, text and human, for a given information problem. 2.2 Select the best sources of information Be aware of the need to tailor the amount of information to meet the specific needs • --CD-ROMs, online databases, books, a current PBS program,etc. • Ask your Library Media Specialists for help finding any good sources of information available in your library. 3.1 Locate Sources Determine where your sources are located: --in the classroom, library, or some other place? Are they organized alphabetically by topic or author, by the Dewey Decimal classification, or not at all? Are there electronic tools for access such as an online catalog or is the information itself available on the Web or some other electronic format? 3.2 Find Information within Sources Once you’ve located the source, you must find the specific information you need. Go to the INDEX! TABLE OF CONTENTS! MAPS----Electronic encyclopedias---- use the finding tools on a website (like SEARCH) 4.1 Engage (e.g., read, hear, view) the information in a source To gain useful and meaningful information from a source, you must read, listen, or view the information in some form. --Such as…demonstrating the ability to listen and comprehend….watch a TV news show and recognize relevant information…conduct an interview in person or via e-mail…read and understand various forms of graphs…interact with a Web site…. 4.2 Extract Information from a Source This will require the majority of your time. Determine what specific information is worth applying to the task? In other words, is it RELEVANT? ASK YOURSELF: Are you taking notes? Are you producing accurate citations of sources you are using? Are you summarizing concisely? Can you copy/paste only the information you will need? Can you download clip art? 5.1 Organize Information from Multiple Sources The key question in Synthesis is “HOW DOES THE INFORMATION FROM ALL THE SOURCES FIT TOGETHER?” You may have to… --Create chronological timelines and charts relating key dates and events---word process to revise the sequence, flow or outline of content in a paper, report, or project---combine inf. From a range of print and electronic sources and from your own notes---arrange and rearrange inf. using PowerPoint or other multimedia presentation software…and the list goes on… 5.2 Present Information How is the information best presented…written, graphic, oral, and multimedia? But, the most important aspects are still the same regardless of tool or format… Use information to draw conclusions Form judgments based one evidence Create a logical argument Organize and communicate in a way that makes sense Present a coherent whole. 6.1 Judge the Results (effectiveness). Is the task completed; is the problem solved? If your teacher gave you a rubric, can you recognize if you have met the criteria set forth? If it’s a science experiment, can you determine if you are on the right track? Have you met your own criteria…in other words, is it a reflection of good, quality work? 6.2 Judge the Information Problem-Solving Process In order to become better in your problem-solving abilities, you must learn to assess your own actions. How might you become more efficient? How might you save time and effort? How confident are you at your ability to assess your readiness for a test? Reflect on your level of personal effort and time spent during your work on the assignment.
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