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									Honors Midterm
     Review
        2009-2010
Grammar Review
   Parts of Speech Review:
       Adverbs- a word that modifies something other
        than a noun (modifies an adjective, adverb, or
        verb)

           Examples:
               I walked slowly towards the bus.
               Your math midterm is tomorrow.
               The quarterback threw the football hard.
Parts of Speech Review
(cont’d)
   Prepositions
       Show how a noun or pronoun is related to another
        word in a sentence
           indicates things such as location, direction and
            possession:

           Example: in, with, from, about, to, of, above, on
               The boy with curly hair ate lunch in the park.

                                                       See list in grammar packet*
Prepositions- Examples
   The puppy is on the floor      The puppy is in the trashcan




   The puppy is beside the
    phone
Parts of Speech Review
(cont’d)
   Interjections
       are words or expressions used as an exclamation.

       Examples:
           Hurry!The bus is leaving!
           You finished the test early. Good!
           Hey! Get off of the chair!
Parts of Speech Review
(cont’d)
   Conjunction
       a part of speech that connects two words,
        phrases or clauses together


   FANBOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so)
Grammar Review II
   Paragraphs:
       Topic Sentence: a sentence that states the topic of its
        paragraph
       Main Idea: the most important point that a writer wishes to
        express…usually stated in the topic sentence
       Supporting Details: supports your main idea and follows
        the topic sentence
         3 types of supporting details
             Facts/statistics
             Sensory details
             Examples
       Clincher Sentence: The sentence that summarizes the
        point being made in a paragraph, usually located at the
        end.
Horror Unit Review
   Irony- an outcome of events contrary to what was, or
    might have been, expected.
       3 types:
         Verbal- words are used to suggest the opposite of what is
           meant
               the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its
                literal meaning: the irony of her reply, “How nice!” when I said I
                had to work all weekend
           Dramatic- occurs when the audience or reader knows more
            than the characters know.
           Situational- an event occurs that directly contradicts the
            expectations of the characters, the reader, or the audience.
Horror Unit Review II
   Mood: the feeling/emotions the reader gets
    from a specific passage or text

       Example:
           In the passage from “The Cask of Amontillado” where
            Montressor begins to bury Fortunato alive, the mood
            is both suspenseful and horrific.
Horror Unit Review III
   Point of View: the vantage point from which the
    story is told
       1st person: the speaker is a character in the text and tells it
        from his/her perspective (uses "I")
       2nd person: the narrator refers to one of the characters as
        "you", therefore making the audience member feel as if he
        or she is a character within the story.
       3rd person: each and every character is referred to by the
        narrator as "he", "she", "it", or "they", but never as "I" or
        "we" (first-person), or "you" (second-person).
         LIMITED: the narrator knows only the thoughts and feelings
           of a single character
         OMNISCIENT: the narrator knows the thoughts and
           feelings of all of the characters in the story,
Horror Unit Review IV
   Characters:
       Protagonist: the main character is the story… not
        always the “good guy”, but can be the hero of the
        story.
           Examples: Rainsford, Scout, Tessie, Hop Frog, etc.
       Antagonist: the character or force that opposes
        the protagonist. Not always the “bad guy”, but is
        the opposition.
           Examples: General Zaroff, Bob Ewell, The Lottery,
            The King
To Kill a Mockingbird Review
   Important Quotes

   Connotation/Denoation:
       denotation: a word’s dictionary definition
       Connotation: the feelings or emotions that are
        associated with a word
           Examples: love, hate, family, friendship
TKMB Review II
   Theme is the message about life that the
    author wants to convey to readers.

   Universal Theme: COMMON- transcends
    different cultures and time periods
       Example:
           Don’t judge a book by it’s cover!
           Everyone should be treated equally.
TKMB Review III
   Characterization:
       Static: a character who stays the same throughout the
        story
         Example: Bob Ewell, Atticus
       Dynamic: a character who undergoes a change during the
        course of a story
         Example: Mrs. Dubose, Jem
       Flat: a character who is 1 sided.
         Example: Bob Ewell, Miss Maudie
       Round: a multi-dimensional character who is complex…
        usually the protagonist
         Example: Scout, Boo Radley

								
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