Sentence Object

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					                         Sentence Object (Complement)



Object or complement sentence serves to complete the predicate or verb. The location of the object
after the verb phrase. Sentence object is to answer the question 'what' (what), and 'whom' (who).
Almost all of which can be used as the subject line, it can also be used as an object of the sentence.
Perkecualianya only in the form of pronoun (ie of the subject pronoun becomes objeck reciprocal
pronoun or pronoun), and the word there. If there are words after the verb, there serves as a modifier.


So, in general, object sentence can be:


  A. Single nouns (examples 1-3)
  2. Noun phrases (Example 4-6)
  3. Noun clauses (Example 7-9)
  4. Object pronouns (eg, 10-12)
  5. Reciprocal pronouns (eg, (13-15)
  6. Infinitives (samples 16-18)
  7. Gerunds (samples 19-21)


Here are just three examples given for each element of a sentence that can be used as an object of the
sentence. To see how to use and more detailed examples of the elements of the sentence, please click
the link respectively.


Example:


  A. Reduced We need lime to soil acidity. (We need a lime to reduce soil acidity). Note: it also means
lemon lime. I usually add lime on my meat ball soup. (Meat ball soup = meatballs).
  2. Plants absorb water and Nutrients from soil (plants absorb / absorb water and nutrients from the
soil).
  3. She saw John at the movie last night. (He saw John in the movie theater last night). Another
example of the use of single nouns as a complement can be read on the topic: Single nouns.
  4. My father drives an old car. (My father was driving an old car).
  5. He wants to drink some water. (He wanted to drink a little / some water).
  6. John bought a new laptop yesterday. (John bought a new laptop yesterday). Another example of
the use of noun phrases as a complement can be read on the topic: Noun phrases.
  7. I still do not know how to make her fall in love with me. (I still do not know how to make him fall
in love with me). Use the preposition with if the following expression fall in love, not to.
  8. It seems a That she is studying hard. (It appears that he was studying hard).
  9. They have not Decided What They should do. (They have not decided what they should do).
Another example of the use of noun as a complement clause can be read on the topic: Noun clauses.
 10. Do you love her?
 11. He sent me his pictures. (He sent me pictures of her).
 12. We will invite them. Another example of the use of object pronoun as a complement can be read
on the topic: Object pronouns.
 13. My sister cut herself. (My sister was injured (eg by a knife) for its own negligence). He was less
careful to use a knife.
 14. That arrogant man is very proud of himself. (Cocky guy was very pleased with himself).
 15. You all take care of yourselves. Note: Use yourselves if you plural. Another example of the use of
reciprocal / reflexive pronoun as a complement can be read on the topic: Reciprocal pronouns.
 16. The doctors have Decided to operate the patient.
 17. We need to go out to buy some food.
 18. Marini began to write a poem. (Poem = poetry). Another example of the use of infinitives as
complement can be read on the topic: Infinitives.
 19. The boy has not admitted stealing my calculator. (Steal = steal)
 20. My cousin regretted not coming here. (Cousin = cousin; regret = sorry).
 21. We are looking forward to your coming back to this blog soon. (Look forward to = look forward /
forward). Another example of the use of gerunds as a complement can be read on the topic: Gerunds.


Note: Example 2 contains a compound object, namely water and Nutrients. Instead, the example 8
contains two objects, namely object or indirect object indirect (ie me) and the direct object or direct
object (ie his pictures). How to use direct and indirect object will be discussed in the next post. Please
stay tuned.


Are all the sentences need or have any object sentence? The answer is NO. It can be found in the
intransitive sentence, as in the following example:


  A. The price of Fertilizers is sharply Increasing. (Fertilizer prices are rising sharply). This sentence
contains only: S + V + adverb, but no object.
  2. Photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts. (Fotosinthesis take place in the chloroplast). This
sentence contains only: S + V + modifier of place (ie in choroplasts). Contrast with: photosynthesis to
take place requires chloroplasts.
  3. Dani, Yeyes and I did not go to a restaurant last night. (Dani, Yeyes and I did not go to a restaurant
last night). Contrast with: Many artists have built Their Restaurants to cover expenses when They are
no longer being artists.
  4. The bank Closes at 2 o'clock. (The bank was closed at 2).
  5. The sun always Rises in the east. (The sun always rises in the east).
Associated with intransitive and transitive sentences, there are three pairs of verbs of the most
confusing and most often used as test materials (including the TOEFL test). Verbs in question are: raise
vs rise, lay vs lie, and set vs. sit. These three pairs are discussed in the transitive verbs / intransitive
verbs.




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