Clark County Hazard Mitigation by zhouwenjuan

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 46

									Clark County/City of Winchester
Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan




                                                  Prepared by
                      Bluegrass Area Development District • 2005
                        Clark County/City of Winchester
                        Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan

                                             Table of Contents

I.       Identifying Hazards................................................................................3

II.      Mitigation Strategy ................................................................................3

III.     Implementation of Mitigation Measures................................................4

IV.      Multi-Jurisdictional Mitigation Strategy................................................4

V.       Plan Maintenance Procedures ................................................................4

VI.      Monitoring, Evaluating and Updating the Plan .....................................4

VII.     Implementation Through Existing Programs.........................................5

VIII.    Continued Public Involvement ..............................................................5

IX.      Natural Hazard Assessment
         Floods.....................................................................................................6
         Tornadoes and Thunderstorms...............................................................9
         Earthquakes..........................................................................................13
         Winter Storms ......................................................................................16
         Landslides ............................................................................................19
         Karst Geology and Sinkholes...............................................................21
         Dam and Levee Failure........................................................................23
         Drought ................................................................................................25
         Wildfires ..............................................................................................27

                                                  APPENDICES

Appendix A-County Critical & Essential Facilities Map ...............................29

Appendix B-County Floodplain Map ..............................................................30

Appendix C-County Flood Data Index ............................................................31

Appendix D-County Tornado Touchdown Map..............................................36

Appendix E-County Tornado Data Index ........................................................37

Appendix F-County Thunderstorm Data Index ...............................................38


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Appendix G-Landslide Susceptibility & Incidence in Kentucky as
well as in Bluegrass Area Development District ............................................39

Appendix H-Earthquake Maps: New Madrid Hypothetical
Magnitudes, Seismic Hazards of Kentucky, and Peak Ground
Acceleration/Faults/Historic Earthquakes .......................................................41

Appendix I-County Winter Storm Data Index.................................................44

Appendix J-Committee Members List.............................................................45




                                                  2
Identifying Hazards

The Clark County area is vulnerable to a wide variety of natural hazards that threaten life
and property. These natural hazards include:

                   •   Earthquakes
                   •   Floods
                   •   Karst Geology and Sinkholes
                   •   Landslides
                   •   Tornados and Thunderstorms
                   •   Dam and Levee Failure
                   •   Drought
                   •   Winter Storms
                   •   Wildfires

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Team identified these Hazards
based on the historical evidence gathered from the Kentucky State Climatology Center,
the National Climatic Data Center, FEMA’s Hazard Mapping website, and the Kentucky
Geological Survey.

The appendices contain maps utilized by the county/city HMPDT in identifying and
profiling potential hazards for the planning area.

Mitigation Strategy

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Team was formed to develop a
hazard mitigation plan for the county and its jurisdictions. Committee members included
elected officials of the county government and each city government (or their designee),
disaster and emergency service managers, floodplain managers, disaster relief
coordinator city and county fire and police chiefs, health department officials, city
engineers, building inspectors, public schools superintendents, community action
organizations, senior citizens, non-profit organizations, local business, and others. The
committee looked at data regarding each individual hazard gathered and provided by staff
of the Bluegrass Area Development District (BGADD). BGADD staff also developed a
risk assessment for each individual hazard.

Utilizing background hazard information and “best available” hazard historical data, the
committee responded with overall goals and objectives that are needed to reduce or
eliminate the potential loss of life and/or property caused by each hazard. Once these
goals/objectives are identified, the committee looked at specific measures aimed at
fulfilling the goals and objectives. Various methods may be used to identify desirable
hazard mitigation projects such as success stories, consultation with mitigation experts,
and suggestions from ADD staff. Ultimately, objectives put into the plan will reflect the
needs of each jurisdiction. After inclusion of projects in the plan, review and approval of
the overall plan will be required at the local, regional, and state levels in addition to



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review and acceptance by FEMA. Implementation of any mitigation projects will be
dealt with when the necessity arises.

Implementation of Mitigation Measures

Prioritization will be based on the following: 1.) Critical need, 2.) Availability of funds,
and/or 3.) Schedule of project (e.g. 0-2 years, 3-10 years, or 11-20 years). Projects
should be, but are not limited to being prioritized based on a cost benefit review,
environmental soundness, and/or technical feasibility. Implementation will be done
through the cooperation of agencies both within the City of Winchester and those that
represent Clark County at large. Funds should be continuously sought out from various
sources and resources (human, technical, and logistical) will be used for implementation
of these projects, given the decision is made to follow through with construction or
implementation. With respect to implementation, projects should be administered by the
agency that has applied for the funds needed to complete the desired mitigation task or
project. However, City of Winchester and Clark County officials have the authority to
establish administration guidelines, timetables, and funding allocations with respect to
mitigation project implementation. Implementation efforts are based on project/action
plans drafted by the Bluegrass ADD derived from the input of subcommittees and the
Clark County Regional Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee. A list of these members
is provided in Appendix J.

Multi-Jurisdictional Mitigation Strategy

Currently there is no delineation of hazard mitigation projects between Clark County and
its incorporated municipality, the City of Winchester. Both bodies believe in a
cooperative effort in setting realistic goals, objectives, and mitigation actions that would
lessen the future cost(s) to property and human life in the event of a natural disaster.
Every effort will be made to ensure that end. Please refer to the “Identification and
Analysis of Mitigation Measures” section within each hazard assessment for some
proposed projects Clark County, the City of Winchester, or their respective agencies
could develop and implement if the decision is made to do so.

Plan Maintenance Procedures

The hazard mitigation plan requires a plan maintenance process. The following sections
address how the Winchester/Clark County Mitigation Plan will be updated and
maintained when necessary.

Monitoring, Evaluating, and Updating the Plan

In order to provide monitoring, evaluation, and updates to the mitigation plan every five
years, it has been decided by the Clark County Hazard Mitigation Development Team
that Winchester/Clark County EMA will administer these task(s). The Winchester/Clark
County Hazard Mitigation Development Team will review the plan as needed. A list of
committee members is provided in Appendix J.


                                             4
Implementation Through Existing Programs

Clark County and the City of Winchester should incorporate mitigation plan goals and
objectives, as well as mitigation actions/projects, into a program currently used, such as
comprehensive plans, transportation plans, and emergency response plans, as is feasible
and practical. This ensures cooperation between agencies with respect to planning if a
mitigation project is constructed or implemented at a later date. This also creates a
broader range of funding sources to seek out for mitigation projects. Funding for the
aforementioned hazard mitigation projects can be sought through the, but not limited to,
federal programs such as Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) and/or Pre-disaster
Mitigation Grant Program (PDM). Other funding opportunities will also be considered
with respect to implementing hazard mitigation projects in Clark County.

Continued Public Involvement

The Clark County and Bluegrass Regional Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee have
set out the following procedures for inclusion of public participation in the mitigation
plan maintenance process. When updates are required, whether by five-year cycle or
extenuating circumstances, public input will be solicited primarily via a public notice. A
committee (to be chosen at a later date) will review public input once it is received by a
set deadline. Upon review by the committee, which will include a vote to determine
relevance of public comments, public input will be considered on a case-by-case basis.




                                             5
Floods




         6
Floods
Mitigation Goals & Objectives

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Development Team identifies the following goals
and objectives for Clark County as a whole and the City of Winchester based upon the
risk assessment for the flooding hazard.

   Goal 1:    To lessen the number of injuries and deaths caused by flooding.

       Objective A: Keep people away from areas susceptible to flooding.

       Objective B: Since crossing flooded roadways is a major risk and one of the
                    major causes of death due to flooding, Clark County should ensure
                    that roadways that are susceptible to repeated flooding and all low
                    water crossings are clearly marked.

       Objective C: Begin an information campaign to educate the public about
                    locating their home or business in a flood-prone area.

       Objective D: Ensure that Clark County Emergency Response personnel, local
                    Fire Departments and Law Enforcement officials have all the
                    necessary resources (employees and equipment) available to them
                    during a flood.

   Goal 2:    To lessen the financial costs due to damage from flooding.

       Objective A: Reinforce structures and properties in areas prone to flooding (for
                    example, along the Kentucky River).

       Objective B: Enact and enforce planning and zoning regulations that restrict
                    residential or commercial construction in flood-prone areas.

   Goal 3:    To lessen the amount of property loss and damage from flooding.

       Objective A: Through planning and zoning guidelines, deter Clark County
                    residents from locating their home in recognized flood plains or
                    flood-prone areas.

       Objective B: Through planning and zoning guidelines, assure that new Clark
                    County businesses are not built in flood-prone areas.

       Objective C: Consider seeking funds to buy out mobile home parks and/or other
                    locations (residential or commercial) in flood-prone areas.




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       Objective D: Ensure that roadway drainpipes and bridges are of a proper size
                    and stable in order to adequately facilitate the proper flow of
                    additional water during periods of wet weather and/or flooding.

       Objective E: Enact measures that reduce the repetitive loss of property due to
                    flooding (for example, have some regulatory or market incentive in
                    place to encourage residents and business owners to relocate after a
                    flooding incident).

Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Measures

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Team, based on the risk
assessment for the following hazards and in line with the stated goals and objectives for
each hazard, proposes the following projects for each hazard to eliminate loss of life and
property:

Flood Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or Projects

       •   Place “Caution, Roadway Floods” signs on flood prone-areas along Four Mile
           Road, Dry Fork Creek Road, Indian Creek Road, Jackson Ferry Road, Athens-
           Boonesboro Road.

       •   Develop an extensive information campaign to educate the public about the
           flood-prone areas in Clark County, informing them of the dangers related to
           flooding and the importance of not constructing homes and other facilities in
           the floodplain.

       •   Develop and implement a localized evacuation planning and management
           program to ensure that Clark County residents can safely seek higher ground
           in the case of flash flooding.

       •   Ensure that current planning and zoning ordinances, which restrict residential
           and commercial construction in a floodplain, are enforced.

       •   Continue to encourage the installation of adequate size storm drains and
           culverts throughout the city/county in order to ensure proper flow of water
           during a flash flooding event.




                                             8
Tornadoes and
Thunderstorms




      9
Tornadoes and Thunderstorms
Mitigation Goals & Objectives

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Development Team identifies the following goals
and objectives for Clark County as a whole and the City of Winchester based upon the
risk assessment for the tornado and thunderstorm hazard.

   Goal 1:    To lessen the number of deaths and injuries in a tornado or other
              significant weather event.

       Objective A: Continue to ensure that Clark County and its municipalities have
                    an adequate number of weather warning sirens, which are in proper
                    working order, for the purpose of warning the public and
                    potentially saving lives in the event of a deadly storm.

       Objective B: Continue to educate the public about the dangers of tornadoes and
                    what to do in the event of a tornado and other potentially deadly
                    storms.

       Objective C: Educate and inform children about the dangers of tornadoes and
                    other potentially dangerous storms.

       Objective D: Continue to seek funding for mitigation projects, such as safe
                    rooms in hospitals and nursing homes, in order to lessen the impact
                    a storm would have on these facilities.

   Goal 2:    Ensure that emergency responders (law enforcement, fire, EMS, and
              emergency management) have the resources at their disposal to properly
              respond and assist the public in the event of a tornado or other potentially
              life threatening storm.

       Objective A: Continue to supply emergency services with the equipment
                    necessary to perform their duties in a significant weather event.

       Objective B: Continue to ensure that emergency services has an adequate
                    number of trained personnel necessary to carry out their duties in
                    the event of a tornado or other dangerous storm.

   Goal 3:    To lessen the amount of property damage and the impact upon critical
              infrastructure such as roads, electricity, water supply, telecommunications,
              and sewer service in the event of a tornado or other destructive weather
              event.




                                           10
       Objective A: Encourage builders to reinforce structures during their construction
                    phase to lessen the amount of potentially deadly debris in the event
                    of a tornado.

       Objective B: Ensure that local infrastructure (water, sewer, gas, electrical, and
                    telecommunications) is protected (i.e. underground) as much as
                    possible in the event of a tornado or other storm.


Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Measures

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Team, based on the risk
assessment for the following hazards and in line with the stated goals and objectives for
each hazard, proposes the following projects for each hazard to eliminate loss of life and
property:

Tornado and Thunderstorm Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures,
Actions, and/or Projects

   •   Develop an information campaign to inform the public about what to do in the
       event of a tornado (e.g. go to the lowest level or center room in your home, leave
       all mobile homes, etc.).

   •   Publish brochures and/or pamphlets about what to do in the event of a tornado or
       other storm event in order to further educate the public. (Note: this could be an
       aspect of the information campaign).

   •   Ensure that the Emergency Operations Center is adequately staffed and that
       personnel can respond after a tornado or other severe storm in Clark County in
       order to carry out proper response actions as outlined in the Clark County
       Emergency Operations Plan.

   •   Look into supplying county residents with weather radios.

   •   Conduct a comprehensive evaluation of Clark County tornado shelters and
       otherwise designated storm shelter locations. Advertise the availability,
       proximity, and routes to tornado shelters throughout the county. Evaluate the
       number of shelters currently in place and look at establishing more throughout the
       county. Ensure that shelters will be open to the public when needed.

   •   Evaluate the number of designated recovery shelters throughout the county in
       order to serve the public in the aftermath of a tornado or severe storm.




                                            11
•   Evaluate the comprehensive storm siren plan for Clark County and ensure that all
    are in proper working order. Consider the installation of additional storm sirens
    where needed. Specifically, look at the installation of a storm siren on VanMeter
    Road.

•   Continue the progress of the early warning notification system such as SkyWarn
    and City Watch or other telecommunications system, in order to give residents an
    even earlier warning of approaching dangerous storms.

•   Encourage builders to utilize truss straps and other construction techniques that
    would presumably lessen the amount of destruction and flying debris in the event
    of a tornado or high winds.

•   Continue to work with FEMA officials and establish prompt, effective lines of
    communication in the event of a significant storm in the county.

•   Look at the possibility of constructing a tornado shelter at Rockwell Village.




                                        12
Earthquakes




     13
Earthquakes
Mitigation Goals & Objectives

The Winchester/Clark County Hazard Mitigation Development Team identifies the
following goals and objectives for Clark County as a whole and the City of Winchester
based upon the risk assessment for the earthquake hazard.

   Goal 1:    To lessen the number of injuries and deaths in the event Clark County
              experiences an earthquake.

       Objective A: Encourage people to not be in close proximity to weak structures
                    that would be in danger of collapsing and/or falling in the event of
                    an earthquake.

   Goal 2:    Educate the general public about earthquakes.

       Objective A: Educate local residents, through an information campaign, about
                    the risks and dangers of earthquakes in the Bluegrass Area.

       Objective B: Ensure that Clark County Emergency Response personnel, local
                    Fire Departments and Law Enforcement officials have all the
                    necessary resources (employees and equipment) available to them
                    in the event Clark County experiences an earthquake.

   Goal 3:    To lessen the future fiscal costs upon units of government as well as lessen
              the amount of property damage in the event Clark County experiences an
              earthquake.

       Objective A: Encourage builders to reinforce structures during the construction
                    phase in the event of an earthquake.

       Objective B: Look at the possibility of demolishing structures that would fall or
                    collapse in the event of an earthquake, to lessen the financial
                    burden for clean up on local government in the aftermath of an
                    earthquake.

       Objective C: Ensure that local infrastructure (water, sewer, gas, electrical, and
                    telecommunications) is protected as much as possible and that all
                    underground lines can be easily identified in the event of an
                    earthquake.




                                           14
Identification and Analysis of Mitigation Measures

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Plan Development Team, based on the risk
assessment for the following hazards and in line with the stated goals and objectives for
each hazard, proposes the following projects for said hazard to eliminate loss of life and
property:

Earthquake Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or
Projects

   •   Develop a public information campaign (through the printing of brochures,
       pamphlets, or booklets) to educate the public about earthquakes in Clark County,
       informing them of the dangers and risks associated with earthquakes.

   •   Begin an information campaign in the schools to educate students about the risks
       and dangers of earthquakes (and other natural hazards) and what they should do in
       the event of an earthquake.

   •   Include in the comprehensive plan a measure to encourage builders to practice
       specific building techniques in the construction phase of structures within the
       City/County in order to address earthquakes.

   •   Identify critical infrastructure that would be vulnerable in the event of an
       earthquake.




                                            15
Winter Storms




     16
Winter Storms
Mitigation Goals & Objectives

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Development Team identifies the following goals
and objectives for Clark County as a whole and the City of Winchester based upon the
risk assessment for the winter storm hazard.

   Goal 1:    To lessen the number of injuries and deaths in the event of a winter storm
              event.

       Objective A: Ensure that Clark County Emergency Response personnel, local
                    Fire Departments and Law Enforcement officials have all the
                    necessary resources (employees and equipment) available to them
                    in the event Clark County experiences a winter storm.

       Objective B: Ensure that electrical utilities companies are capable of
                    maintaining service in the event of a winter storm.

   Goal 2:    Educate the general public about the dangers of winter storms.

       Objective A: Educate local residents, through an information campaign, about
                    the risks and dangers of winter storms.

       Objective B: Ensure that Clark County Emergency Response personnel, local
                    Fire Departments and Law Enforcement officials have all the
                    necessary resources (employees and equipment) available to them
                    in the event Clark County experiences a winter storm.

   Goal 3:    To lessen the future fiscal costs upon units of government as well as lessen
              the amount of property damage in the event Clark County experiences a
              winter storm.

       Objective A: Encourage the practice of burying utility services in the
                    construction of new subdivisions and business parks.

       Objective B: Encourage homeowners to trim trees on their property in the event
                    of a winter storm event.

       Objective C: Ensure that local infrastructure (water, sewer, gas, electrical, and
                    telecommunications) is protected as much as possible in the event
                    of a winter storm.




                                           17
Winter Storm Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or
Projects

   •   Develop a public information campaign (through the printing of brochures,
       pamphlets, or booklets) to educate the public about earthquakes in Clark County,
       informing them of the dangers and risks associated with winter storms.

   •   Begin an information campaign in the schools to educate students about the risks
       and dangers of winter storms.

   •   Encourage the practice of burying residential utility service(s) when ever possible
       or practical.




                                           18
Landslides




    19
Landslides
Landslides Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or Projects

   •   Areas that may be susceptible to landslides/rockslides are Athens-Boonesboro
       Road, Four Mile Road, River Road, Ford Road, Indian Creek Road, Epperson
       Road, Jackson Ferry Road, Bybee Road, and the Amster Grove area. Continue to
       ensure these areas of the city and county are properly maintained in order to
       prevent loss of life and property in the event of a landslide.

   •   Encourage the proper management of timbered areas throughout the county in
       order to prevent the improper deforestation of these lands, which leads to topsoil
       erosion and land sliding.

   •   Ensure that county roadwork crews have the necessary personnel and equipment
       to respond to county landslides on roadways.

   •   Educate the public through an information campaign about the dangers of
       unstable land and constructing homes and businesses on landslide-prone areas.




                                           20
Karst Geology and
    Sinkholes




       21
Karst Geology and Sinkholes
Karst Geology and Sinkholes Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures,
Actions, and/or Projects

   •   Educate the public about the dangers of sinkholes and the problems associated
       with constructing homes and businesses on unstable land and sinkhole-prone
       areas.

   •   Identify areas such as Combs Ferry Road and other places where potentially
       dangerous sinkholes exist and monitor their condition(s) on a regular basis.
       Ensure that local residents are aware of them and their potential danger.

   •   Continue the cooperative effort among Clark County GIS, the Bluegrass ADD,
       and the Kentucky Geological Society in order to adequately map all the sinkhole-
       prone areas in the county.

   •   Establish a sinkhole ordinance in the County to restrict construction in sinkhole-
       prone areas.

   •   Continue to educate the public of the dangers of karst geology and the problems
       associated with construction on karst-laden areas.




                                           22
Dam and Levee
   Failure




      23
Dam and Levee Failure
Dam and Levee Failure Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions,
and/or Projects

   •   Ensure local dams are inspected regularly.

   •   Ensure there is proper signage near and on dams to inform residents about the
       dam.

   •   Encourage the proper maintenance of older dams in order to ensure their safety
       and help prevent their failure.

   •   Continue to evaluate and monitor Lock 10 of the Kentucky River, which is
       nearing 100 years old. Follow the recommendations found in the study pertaining
       to Lock 10 conducted by the Army Corps of Engineers. Lock 10 is a major
       concern for local residents and local government officials not only because of the
       age of the structure, which is a safety concern, but this is also a major source of
       water for local residents. Its soundness is very important not only because of its
       inherent risk of failing, but also there are important water quality issues to be
       considered. Work to find a solution or an alternative to the utilization of this
       aging facility. Work to seek funds for its replacement or repair.

   •   Continue to encourage the relocation of local residents from the mobile home
       park at the base of the Waterworks Reservoir in northern Clark County.




                                           24
Drought




  25
Drought
Drought Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or Projects

   •   Ensure the county and its municipalities have in place, a necessary backup water
       supply in the event of a moderate to severe drought.

   •   Ensure water pump stations are in place and are in proper working order at the
       county and city water supply points. Also encourage the installation of backup
       pump stations in the jurisdiction.




                                          26
Wildfires




    27
Wildfires
Wildfires Hazard Proposed/Possible Mitigation Measures, Actions, and/or Projects

   •   Encourage that city and county fire departments have the necessary personnel and
       resources available to them in order to respond to grass and other wildfires
       throughout the county.

   •   Make an effort to ensure that more rural parts of the county have adequate water
       supplies in order to fight grass and other wildfires.

   •   Establish a County Official, such as a fire warden, to ensure city/county burn
       codes and laws are enforced.

   •   Establish/Continue the preventative burning program throughout the county as a
       mitigation measure against future wildfires.

   •   Establish better lines of communication between and among state officials with
       respect to wildfires. Encourage more cooperation from the state as well as a
       quicker and a more adequate response in the event of a wildfire in the county.
       Also, encourage more funding from the state for the purposes of fighting grass
       and other wildfires.

   •   Continue to encourage local government officials to establish a “No Burn”
       ordinance.

   •   Continue to educate the public about the dangers of forest fires and the proper
       maintenance of forested lands where residential structures are constructed.

   •   Encourage applying for the Kentucky Firewise Mitigation Grant, which enables
       local units of government and their agencies to obtain funds to study the problem
       of wildfires and carry out projects that mitigate against wildfires.

The Clark County Hazard Mitigation Planning Committee believes these projects to be in
line with our stated goals and objectives with consideration given to cost effectiveness,
feasibility, acceptability, and environmental soundness.




                                           28
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                                                                                      /   60                                               -
                                                                                                                                           ,
                                                                                                                                           64
                                                                                                                                                        1960
                                                                                                                                                                                  Thomson

                                                                                               WINCHESTER
                                                                          1927
                                                                  Tebbs
                                                                                                                                                                                       Hedges
                                                           1923
                                                                              3371                                             #
                                                                                                                               S                15
                                                                                                                                                          9000
                                                                                                                                                                                    3368                   Schollsville
                                                                                                                                                                                                       1960
                                                                                               3370

                                                           Becknerville                                                                                      Pilot View
                                                                                          1923          627
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Kiddville
                                                                                                                  1923                                  89
                                                                                                                                                                                                    9000
                                                                       3371
                                                                                                                                                                                      15
                                                        Locust Grove                                                                                              Ruckerville
                                                         418           Hootentown                         Flanagan                 974

                                                                       #
                                                                       S              627
                                                                                                                                     Pinchem                                               Goffs Corner
                                                               Lisletown#
                                                                        S
                                                                        S
                                                                        #                             Elkin                                                    Agawam
                                                                                                                                                                     89

                                                                     #
                                                                     S                                                    Hunt                                                        Rabbit Town
                                                                                                                                                974                                          974
                                                                                                                                                                                                   Rightangle
                                             ## #
                                             S# S                                Ford          #
                                                                                               S                                                  Bloomingdale                       Trapp
                                              SS
                                                                                  #
                                                                                  S                                                                                                        3369


                                                                                                                                                                                MinaLog Lick                                FEMA Flooplain
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Locally Identified
     #
     S                                                                                                                                                                                 1028                                 Flood Hazard Area
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                S
                                                                                                                                                                                           Vianna
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          # Repetitive Loss Site
                                                                                                                                                                           89
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          S Other BGADD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Repetitive Loss Sites
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Approximate Scale:
m:/fema/mitigation/maps/clark/8x11maps.apr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           1 : 192,000 or 1" equals 16,000'
APPENDIX C-COUNTY FLOOD DATA INDEX

                                     Beginning
 BGADD        Source and               Date of Beginning                                                                 Property
 Counties     Item Code  Location(s)   Event     Time             Description of Event                 Deaths Injuries   Damage          Crop Damage    Total Cost
Clark        NCFLCLA01 Clark          5/5/1996  5:00 PM Flash Flood - Several roads were                 0       0                  $0             $0                $0
                         Countywide                      closed due to high water. A gas
                                                         station in Winchester had water half
                                                         way up the gas pumps.
Clark        NCFLCLA02 Winchester      5/28/1996   9:26 PM   Flash Flood - Several roads covered         0       0                  $0            $0                 $0
                                                             by high water.
Multiple     NCFLMUL05 23 total        3/1/1997    6:00 PM   4 to 9 inches of rain fell in less than     0       0       $5,100,000               $0     $5,100,000
BGADD                  counties; 9                           24 hours causing widespread flooding
counties:              of which in                           and/or flash flooding resulting in
Clark,                 BGADD                                 numerous water-covered and closed
Fayette,                                                     roads, evacuations and rescues. Most
Franklin,                                                    of these counties were declared
Garrard,                                                     disaster areas and given federal
Harrison,                                                    assistance. The exceptions were
Jessamine,                                                   Clinton, Cumberland, Garrard, Green,
Lincoln,                                                     Lincoln, Madison and Marion. Many
Madison,                                                     homes and businesses were affected
and                                                          during the flooding and flash
Woodford                                                     flooding. Damage amounts include
                                                             flooding and flash flooding totals
                                                             over the 2-day period.




                                                                         31
Multiple     NCFLMUL07 4 total       3/2/1997   12:30 AM Flash Flood - 1 to 2 inches of rain             0   0          $0    $0          $0
BGADD                  counties; 4                         falling on already saturated ground
counties:              of which in                         caused widespread flash flooding
Clark,                 BGADD                               across the county with many roads
Garrard,                                                   water covered.
Lincoln, and
Madison
Multiple     NCFLMUL08 9 total       3/2/1997   2:00 AM    Record to near record rainfall from early     1   0   $9,800,000   $0   $9,800,000
BGADD                  counties; 8                         March 1 through March 2 caused the
counties:              of which in                         highest flooding on the Kentucky River at
Anderson,              BGADD                               Frankfort since 1937 with the river
                                                           cresting at 45.2 feet at 1 pm EST March 3
Clark,                                                     (flood stage is 31 feet). Meanwhile,
Franklin,                                                  further south where rain totals were not as
Garrard,                                                   high, the flooding was only minor. The
Jessamine,                                                 river at Highbridge crested at 37.4 feet at
Madison,                                                   7 pm EST March 2 (flood stage is 30
Mercer and                                                 feet). At Ford, the river only reached 27.1
Woodford                                                   feet at 8 pm EST March 5 (flood stage is
Counties                                                   26 feet). Numerous rescues were made
                                                           during both the flash flooding and the
                                                           flooding along the Kentucky River. The
                                                           flooding was particularly bad along
                                                           Elkhorn Creek in Franklin county where
                                                           many two-story houses had water up to
                                                           the second floor and at least 75 rescues
                                                           were made. A 50-year-old man was killed
                                                           around 9 am EST March 2 as he
                                                           attempted to cross a flooded road. His car
                                                           was swept into Elkhorn Creek, a tributary
                                                           of the Kentucky River, and he drowned as
                                                           he attempted to swim for safety.




                                                                           32
Multiple   NCFLMUL09 10 total     3/5/1997       9:00 AM   Flash Flood - 1 to 2 inches of rain fell   0   0   $0   $0   $0
BGADD                counties; 10                          on top of already saturated grounds
counties:            of which in                           leading to widespread flash flooding
Boyle,               BGADD                                 with many roads water covered.
Bourbon,
Clark,
Fayette,
Garrard,
Jessamine,
Lincoln,
Madison,
Mercer and
Woodford
counties
Clark      NCFLCLA07 Southern     6/16/1997      9:00 PM    Flash Flood - Several roads were          0   0   $0   $0   $0
                     Portion of                             washed out in the southern part of the
                     Clark                                  county as around 2 inches of rain fell
                     County                                 in an hour period. A few roads in
                                                            Winchester were also water covered
                                                            for a brief time.
Multiple    NCFLMUL13 2 total        6/22/1998   4:30 PM   An area of thunderstorms moved             0   0   $0   $0   $0
BGADD                 counties; 2 of                       southeast across central Kentucky
counties:             which from                           producing widespread wind damage
Clark and             BGADD                                and spotty large hail. Barns were
Madison                                                    blown down in Stanford and Russell
                                                           Springs, while trees fell on houses in
                                                           LaGrange and Columbia injuring 2 in
                                                           LaGrange and trapping a family in
                                                           Columbia. Lightning caused a fire in
                                                           Westport that completely destroyed a
                                                           house. Also, bridges were washed out
                                                           in Westport and several locations in
                                                           Trimble county, while several roads
                                                           were under water across these and a
                                                           few other counties.




                                                                        33
Multiple     NCFLMUL14 10 total     7/20/1998    6:00 AM   East central Kentucky saw                  0   0   $0   $1,000,000   $1,000,000
BGADD                  counties; 10                        widespread flooding as anywhere
counties:              of which in                         from 3 to 6 inches of rain fell over a 3
Anderson,              BGADD                               hour span. Numerous roads were
Bourbon,                                                   closed due to high water across this
Clark,                                                     area, and many basements were
Fayette,                                                   flooded as well. Over 100
Franklin,                                                  evacuations were made to residence
Harrison,                                                  of mobile homes and apartments, and
Jessamine,                                                 a few rescues were also made as
Nicholas,                                                  motorists were trapped in high water.
Scott, and
Woodford
Counties
Multiple     NCFLMUL16 4 total      12/16/2000   5:00 PM  Rain earlier in the week had saturated      0   0   $0          $0           $0
BGADD                  counties; 4                        the ground over parts of central
counties:              of which in                        Kentucky. The ground had also been
Clark,                 BGADD                              frozen for a few days prior to this
Fayette,                                                  rainfall event, hindering runoff. A
Harrison and                                              low-pressure system over the
Scott                                                     southern plains brought warm, moist
Counties                                                  air into central Kentucky, producing
                                                          rainfall amounts up to 5 inches. There
                                                          were widespread reports of high
                                                          water and road closings throughout
                                                          central Kentucky, and in these four
                                                          counties, bridges were covered by
                                                          water.
Multiple      NCFLMUL19 3 Total     3/20/2002    10:00 AM Flash Flood - Several roadways were         0   0   $0          $0           $0
BGADD                   counties; 3                       closed by high water. There were
counties:               of which                          mudslides east of Winchester.
Clark,                  from                              Motorists had to be rescued from
Harrison, and           BGADD                             vehicles in Winchester.
Scott
Counties
Clark         NCFLCLA12 Winchester 7/2/2002      4:30 PM   Flash Flood - Water covered part of        0   0   $0          $0           $0
                                                           the Highway 1927 Bypass.




                                                                         34
Clark   NCFLCLA13 Clark   2/16/2003   3:30 PM   Rain earlier in the week had saturated   0   0   $5,000   $0   $5,000
                                                the ground over parts of central
                                                Kentucky. The ground had also been
                                                frozen for a few days prior to this
                                                rainfall event, hindering runoff. A
                                                low-pressure system over the southern
                                                plains brought warm, moist air into
                                                central Kentucky, producing rainfall
                                                amounts up to 5 inches. There were
                                                widespread reports of high water and
                                                road closings throughout central
                                                Kentucky, and in these four counties,
                                                bridges were covered by water.




                                                             35
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          N
                  #
                  S
                                  County
                          ClarkPaths and Sites
                          Tornado




                                                                   1678
                                                                                                          Renick     627                    1961
                                                                                                                                                    LA    3
                                                                      Wyandotte
                                                                                                                                             N   CC
                                                                             .
                                                                             -
                                                                             ,                                                         (
                                                                                                                                       /   60                         Mt Zion

                                                                                                                                      .
                                                                             64

                                                                              (
                                                                              /   60                                                  -
                                                                                                                                      ,
                                                                                                                                      64
                                                                                                                                                                1             Thomson
                                                                                                                                                             A
                                                                                                                                                          CL
                                                                                                                                                   1960


                                                                                       WINCHESTER                                                   NC
                                                                   1927
                                                           Tebbs
                                                                                                                                                                                    Hedges
                                                   1923
                                                                      3371                                         #
                                                                                                                   S                       15
                                                                                                                                                     9000
                                                                                                                                                                                3368                   Schollsville
                                                                                                          NCCLA4
                                                                                                                                                                                                   1960
                                                                                       3370

                                                   Becknerville                                                                                         Pilot View
                                                                                  1923              627
                                                                                                                                                                                                 Kiddville
                                                                                                              1923                                 89
                                                                                                                                                                                                9000
                                                               3371
                                                                                                                                                                                  15
                                             Locust Grove                                                                                                     Ruckerville
                                                 418           Hootentown                             Flanagan                974

                                                                              627
                                                                                                                                Pinchem                                                Goffs Corner
                                                       Lisletown                                  Elkin                                                   Agawam
                                                                                                                                                                 89
                                                                                                                       Hunt                                                         Rabbit Town
                                                                                              LA1                                                               NCCLA
                                                                                      CC                                                   974                                  2        974
                                                                                                                                                                                               Rightangle
                                                                          Ford      N                                                        Bloomingdale                        Trapp
                                                                                                                                                                                       3369


                                                                                                                                                                            MinaLog Lick                          #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  S
                                                                                                                                                                                    1028
                                                                                                                                                                       89
                                                                                                                                                                                       Vianna
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Tornado Paths
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      # Tornado available)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      S (no path data Site
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Approximate Scale:
m:/fema/mitigation/maps/clark/8x11maps.apr
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       1 : 192,000 or 1" equals 16,000'
APPENDIX E-COUNTY TORNADO DATA INDEX

             Hazard    Source                             Begin    Description of Length (in Width (in
   County                          Location    Date                                                    Magnitude   Deaths   Injuries   Total Cost
              Type      Code                              Time        Event         miles)    yards)

Clark       Tornado   NCCLA1    Clark          4/3/1974   6:45 PM None Reported     15         33         F4         0         8                    $0

Clark       Tornado   NCCLA2    Clark         3/16/1982 12:45 PM None Reported       4        400         F2         0         1           $250,000

Clark       Tornado   NCCLA3    Clark         6/16/1982 11:00 AM None Reported      12         30         F2         0         4           $250,000

Clark       Tornado   NCCLA4    Clark         8/11/1983   2:50 PM None Reported      0         12         F0         0         0                    $0




                                                                  37
APPENDIX F-COUNTY THUNDERSTORM DATA INDEX

                                                                            Magnitude                      Property    Crop
    County         Location           Date        Time          Type                   Deaths   Injuries                        Total Cost
                                                                            (in knots)                     Damage     Damage
Clark        1 Winchester             5/27/1996   12:50 PM   T-storm Wind      52        0         0        $25,000        $0       $25,000
Clark        2 Winchester             5/28/1996    8:30 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        3 Winchester             6/12/1997    6:55 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        4 Winchester             8/17/1997    5:48 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        5 Winchester             5/19/1998    9:25 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        6 Winchester             5/31/1998    6:55 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0        $10,000        $0       $10,000
Clark        7 Becknerville           6/14/1998   10:40 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        8 Winchester             6/22/1998    4:30 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        9 Winchester             6/29/1998   11:05 PM   T-storm Wind      52        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        10 Boonesborough         4/20/2000    7:30 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        11 Winchester            6/14/2000    3:30 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        12 Winchester            7/10/2000   10:50 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        13 Winchester            9/20/2000    8:50 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        14 Winchester            11/9/2000    4:13 PM   T-storm Wind      70        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        15 Countywide             6/6/2001    5:35 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        16 Hootentown             7/3/2001    6:02 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        17 Winchester             7/8/2001    2:20 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        18 Ruckerville            7/8/2001    2:45 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        19 Winchester             7/8/2001    9:00 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        20 Winchester            8/23/2001    3:20 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        21 Winchester           10/24/2001    8:30 PM   T-storm Wind      65        0         0         $5,000        $0        $5,000
Clark        22 Ford                  4/21/2002    8:15 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        23 Winchester            5/28/2002    6:15 PM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        24 Countywide             5/5/2003    8:05 AM   T-storm Wind      60        0         0             $0        $0            $0
Clark        25 Winchester             5/9/2003    5:56 PM   T-storm Wind      50        0         0             $0        $0            $0
             Totals for Clark County                                                     0         0        $40,000        $0       $40,000




                                                                   38
 Landslide Susceptibility & Incidence in Kentucky
 The USGS has categorized areas of the conterminous U.S. based on two factors: probability of future landslide based on geology, and recorded
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               N


 occurrence of landslide in the past. These two studies have been synthesized into one spatial data layer which assigns areas different values
 based on both susceptibility and incidence.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   High     High landslide incidence (more than
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            15% of the area is involved in landsliding).

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Combo-Hi Highmoderate incidence.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  susceptibility to landsliding

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sus-High Highlow incidence.to landsliding
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            and
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  susceptibility

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Mod      Moderate landslide incidence (1.5 - 15%
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            of the area is involved in landsliding).
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Sus-Mod Moderate susceptibility to
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            landsliding and low incidence.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Low      Low landslide incidence (less than 1.5 %
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            of the area is involved in landsliding).

                                                                                                                                                                                             KENTON
                                                                                                                                                                                    BOONE                                                           Ohio
                                                                                                                                                                                                      CAMPBELL


                                                                                                                                                                             GALLATIN              PENDLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   BRACKEN
                                                                                                                                                                   CARROLL               GRANT
                                                                                                                                                            TRIMBLE                                                                MASON
                                                                                                                                           Indiana                                                                                                  LEWIS            GREENUP
                                                                                                                                                                                  OWEN                             ROBERTSON
                                                                                                                                                                  HENRY                                HARRISON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 BOYD
                                                                                                                                                     OLDHAM                                                                           FLEMING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                       NICHOLAS                                  CARTER
                                                                                                                                                                                            SCOTT
                                                                                                                                                                                FRANKLIN                      BOURBON                            ROWAN
                                                                                                                                           JEFFERSON            SHELBY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BATH
 GIS data from USGS site (http://nationalatlas.gov/lsoverm.html)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     West
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ELLIOTT     LAWRENCE
                                                                                                                                                                                    WOODFORD                                                                                                        Virginia
                                                                                                                                                                                                 FAYETTE                   MONTGOMERY
                                                                                                                                                            SPENCER      ANDERSON                                 CLARK                                     MORGAN
                                                                                                                          MEADE            BULLITT                                                                                         MENIFEE
                                                                                                                                                                                           JESSAMINE                                                                      JOHNSON          MARTIN
                                                                                                    HANCOCK                                                                                                                        POWELL
                                                                                                                                                     NELSON                      MERCER
                                                                    HENDERSON                                 BRECKINRIDGE                                                                                                                       WOLFE
                                                                                                                                                                                                          MADISON                                               MAGOFFIN
                                                                                                                                  HARDIN                       WASHINGTON                                                    ESTILL
                            Illinois
                                                                                       DAVIESS                                                                                   BOYLE        GARRARD                                      LEE                                  FLOYD
                                                       UNION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     BREATHITT                                      PIKE
                                                                   WEBSTER          MCLEAN                                                 LARUE              MARION
                                                                                                                                                                                         LINCOLN                         JACKSON        OWSLEY
                                                                                                  OHIO            GRAYSON
                                                                                                                                                                                                        ROCKCASTLE                                                      KNOTT
                                                CRITTENDEN                                                                                                   TAYLOR                                                                                          PERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                CASEY
                                       LIVINGSTON                     HOPKINS                                                       HART
                                                                                                         BUTLER                                    GREEN
                                                                                     MUHLENBERG                      EDMONSON                                                                                                          CLAY
                                                           CALDWELL                                                                                                                                                    LAUREL                          LESLIE             LETCHER
                                                                                                                                                                                            PULASKI
                BALLARD                                                                                                                                       ADAIR
                                                    LYON                                                                                                                 RUSSELL
                            MCCRACKEN                                                                            WARREN
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Virginia

                                                                                                                                  BARREN         METCALFE
                                        MARSHALL                                                                                                                                                                                    KNOX                    HARLAN
                 CARLISLE                                               CHRISTIAN
  Missouri
                                                                                      TODD       LOGAN                                                 CUMBERLAND
                                                           TRIGG                                                          ALLEN                                                    WAYNE                           WHITLEY
                                                                                                                                                                                                MCCREARY                                     BELL
                 HICKMAN     GRAVES                                                                      SIMPSON                           MONROE                     CLINTON

                                         CALLOWAY
             FULTON                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Data represented here is from USGS
                                                                                                                                             Tennessee                                                                                Landslide Incidence and Susceptibility in the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Conterminous United States, 2001.
                                                                                                                                             0                                      50 Miles                                          The purpose of this data set is to give the user
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      a general indication of areas that may be
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      susceptible to landsliding. It is not suitable for
Map prepared by Bluegrass Area Development District (2004) for FEMA-HAZUS Mitigation Planning                                                                                              m:/fema/mitigation/maps/landslide.apr      local planning or site selection.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           N
    Bluegrass Area Development District
          Landslide Susceptibility & Incidence
                                                                                                                                               (
                                                                                                                                               / 27



                                                                                            (
                                                                                            /    25               HARRISON
                                                                                                                                                       (
                                                                                                                                                       /62




                                                                                            .
                                                                                            -
                                                                                            , 75                                                                       NICHOLAS

                            ( (
                            / /
                                                                                 SCOTT                                         ( (
                                                                                                                               / /
                                                                                                                                                                 (
                                                                                                                                                                 /
                                                                                                                                62
                                                                                                                                               27
                               421
                                                127                                                                                                              68

                           FRANKLIN                                                                                                    BOURBON
                                                                       (
                                                                       / 460

                                                                                                                                                                  (
                                                                                                                                                                  /
                        .
                        -
                        ,
                                                                                                                                                                       460


                          64
                                                      (
                                                      /  60

                                                      WOODFORD     . (
                                                                   , /
                                                                FAYETTE
                                                                   -                                           75
                                                                                                                               27



                                                             (
                                                             /                      60
                                                                                                                                                        .
                                                                                                                                                        -
                                                                                                                                                        ,   64                (
                                                                                                                                                                              /60


        ANDERSON
           (
           /62
                                                               (
                                                               /                            68
                                                                                                                                                                 CLARK
                                            (
                                            /   127




                               MERCER                                             JESSAMINE                                               MADISON                                              POWELL
                                                        (
                                                        /68
                                                                                         (
                                                                                         /27

                                                                                                                                                 (
                                                                                                                                                 /     25

                                                                                                                                                .
                                                                                                                                                -
                                                                                                                                                ,75

                                        (
                                        /                                           GARRARD
                                                                                               (
                                                                                               /                                                 ((
                                                                                                                                                 //                            ESTILL
                                          150

                                                                                                 27                                                    25
                               BOYLE                                                                                                                             421




                                                        (
                                                        /127



                                                                                                   (
                                                                                                   /  150
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Road
                                                               LINCOLN
                                                                                   (
                                                                                   /
                                                                                                                                                                                                          City Limits
                                                                                    27
                                                                                                                                                                                                          County Line
                                                                                                                                                                            High landslide incidence (more than
                                                                                                                                                                   High     15% of the area is involved in landsliding).
                                                                                                                                                                                  susceptibility to landsliding
                                                                                                                                                                   Combo-Hi Highmoderate incidence.
                                                                                                                                                                            and
0                         10                            20 Miles                                                                                                                  susceptibility
                                                                                                                                                                   Sus-High Highlow incidence.to landsliding
                                                                                                                                                                            and
 LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: The Bluegrass Area
Development District has no reason to believe that
                                                          Data represented here is from USGS
                                                                                                                                                                   Mod      Moderate landslide incidence (1.5 - 15%
                                                                                                                                                                            of the area is involved in landsliding).
there are any inaccuracies or defects in information
   incorporated in this work, but BGADD makes no
     representations of any kind, including, but not
                                                          Landslide Incidence and Susceptibility in the
                                                          Conterminous United States, 2001.
                                                          The purpose of this data set is to give the user
                                                                                                                                                                   Sus-Mod Moderate susceptibility to
                                                                                                                                                                            landsliding and low incidence.
     limited to, the warranties of merchantability or
fitness for a particular use, nor any such warranties
   to be implied, with respect to the information or
                                                          a general indication of areas that may be
                                                          susceptible to landsliding. It is not suitable for                                                       Low      Low landslide incidence (less than 1.5 %
                                                                                                                                                                            of the area is involved in landsliding).
                   data furnished herein.                 local planning or site selection.           m:/fema/mitigation/maps/add-wide/landslide.apr
 New Madrid Hypothetical Magnitudes
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            N


 This map is a hypothetical representation of the effect of a magnitude 8.0 (Richter Scale) earthquake in the New Madrid area.
                                                                                                                                                                                                     Perceived Magnitudes
  The following is an abbreviated description of the 12 levels of Modified Mercalli intensity scale.                                                                                                                                                                             no
                                                                                                                                                                                                VIII VII VI V           IV                                                      data
  IV. Felt indoors by many, outdoors by few during the day. At night, some awakened. Dishes, windows, doors disturbed;
        walls make cracking sound. Sensation like heavy truck striking building. Standing motor cars rocked noticeably.
                                                                                                                                                  0                                                                      25                50                                100
  V. Felt by nearly everyone; many awakened. Some dishes, windows broken. Unstable objects overturned.                                                                                                                                                     miles
        Pendulum clocks may stop.
  VI. Felt by all, many frightened. Some heavy furniture moved; a few instances of fallen plaster. Damage slight.
  VII. Damage negligible in buildings of good design and construction; slight to moderate in well-built ordinary structures;

                                                                                                                                                                                                                   V
        considerable damage in poorly built or badly designed structures; some chimneys broken.                                       KENTON
  VIII. Damage slight in specially designed structures; considerable damage in ordinary substantial buildings with              BOONE
                                                                                                                                            CAMPBELL
        partial collapse. Damage great in poorly built structures. Fall of chimneys, factory stacks, columns,
        monuments, walls. Heavy furniture overturned.                                                                    GALLATIN




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             IV
                                                                                                                                          PENDLETON
                                                                                                                                                     BRACKEN
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                                                           CARROLL                GRANT



                                                                                                                                    V
    Abridged from The Severity of an Earthquake, a U. S. Geological Survey General Interest Publication.                                                TRIMBLE                                                         MASON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          GREENUP
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         LEWIS
    U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1989-288-913                                                                                                                              OWEN                      ROBERTSON
                                                                                                                                                               HENRY                            HARRISON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    BOYD
                                                                                                                                                  OLDHAM                                                                   FLEMING
                                                                                                                                                                                                              NICHOLAS                                CARTER
                                                                                                                                                                                        SCOTT
                                                                                                                                                                             FRANKLIN                 BOURBON                         ROWAN
                                                                                                                                                             SHELBY



                                                                                  VI
                                                                                                                                        JEFFERSON                                                                         BATH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ELLIOTT     LAWRENCE
                                                                                                                                                                                 WOODFORD
                                                                                                                                                                                            FAYETTE              MONTGOMERY
                                                                                                                                                       SPENCER        ANDERSON                          CLARK                                    MORGAN
                                                                                                                       MEADE            BULLITT                                                                                 MENIFEE
                                                                                                                                                                                        JESSAMINE                                                              JOHNSON      MARTIN
                                                                                                 HANCOCK                                                                                                                POWELL
                                                                                                                                                  NELSON                      MERCER
                                                                 HENDERSON                                 BRECKINRIDGE                                                                                                               WOLFE          MAGOFFIN
                                                                                                                               HARDIN                       WASHINGTON                              MADISON



                             VII
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ESTILL
                                                                                   DAVIESS                                                                                    BOYLE      GARRARD                                LEE                                 FLOYD
                                                    UNION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          BREATHITT                                  PIKE
                                                                WEBSTER          MCLEAN                                                 LARUE              MARION
                                                                                                                                                                                      LINCOLN                   JACKSON     OWSLEY
                                                                                               OHIO            GRAYSON
                                                                                                                                                                                                  ROCKCASTLE                                                KNOTT
                                             CRITTENDEN                                                                                                    TAYLOR                                                                                 PERRY
                                                                                                                                                                             CASEY
                                    LIVINGSTON                     HOPKINS                                                       HART
                                                                                                      BUTLER                                    GREEN
                                                                                  MUHLENBERG                      EDMONSON                                                                                                 CLAY
                                                        CALDWELL                                                                                                                                               LAUREL                       LESLIE             LETCHER
                                                                                                                                                                                        PULASKI
              BALLARD                                                                                                                                      ADAIR



VIII
                                                 LYON                                                                                                                 RUSSELL
                          MCCRACKEN                                                                           WARREN
                                                                                                                               BARREN       METCALFE
                                      MARSHALL                                                                                                                                                                           KNOX                    HARLAN
               CARLISLE                                              CHRISTIAN
                                                                                  TODD       LOGAN                                                  CUMBERLAND
                                                        TRIGG                                                          ALLEN                                                    WAYNE                    WHITLEY
                                                                                                                                                                                            MCCREARY                              BELL
              HICKMAN      GRAVES                                                                     SIMPSON                           MONROE                     CLINTON

                                       CALLOWAY
         FULTON                                           Map data taken from Central United States Earthquake Consortium 2004 (http://www.cusec.org)

Map prepared by Bluegrass Area Development District (2004) for FEMA-HAZUS Mitigation Planning
 Seismic Hazards of Kentucky
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        N

 A seismic hazard is the hazard associated with potential earthquakes in a particular area.
 The following information was obtained on the USGS Earthquake Hazards Program website.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Hazard Areas (% g)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            high
                                                                                                                                                                                          low
                                                                                                                                                                                                        2-4                 4-8               8 - 16          16 - 24

                                                                                                                                                                                                   0                 25                 50                               100
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       miles


                                                                                                                                                                                     KENTON
                                                                                                                                                                             BOONE
                                                                                                                                                                                             CAMPBELL


                                                                                                                                                                     GALLATIN               PENDLETON
                                                                                                                                                                                                        BRACKEN
                                                                                                                                                           CARROLL                GRANT
                                                                                                                                                    TRIMBLE                                                         MASON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     LEWIS            GREENUP
                                                                                                                                                                           OWEN                         ROBERTSON
                                                                                                                                                           HENRY                              HARRISON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BOYD
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          FLEMING
  Map taken from USGS site (http://eqhazmaps.usgs.gov)                                                                                        OLDHAM
                                                                                                                                                                                    SCOTT
                                                                                                                                                                                                          NICHOLAS                                 CARTER

                                                                                                                                                                         FRANKLIN                  BOURBON                          ROWAN
                                                                                                                                    JEFFERSON            SHELBY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      BATH
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ELLIOTT     LAWRENCE
                                                                                                                                                                             WOODFORD
                                                                                                                                                                                        FAYETTE                 MONTGOMERY
                                                                                                                                                   SPENCER        ANDERSON                              CLARK                                MORGAN
                                                                                                                   MEADE            BULLITT                                                                                  MENIFEE
                                                                                                                                                                                    JESSAMINE                                                              JOHNSON      MARTIN
                                                                                             HANCOCK                                                                                                                POWELL
                                                                                                                                              NELSON                      MERCER
                                                             HENDERSON                                 BRECKINRIDGE                                                                                                                 WOLFE        MAGOFFIN
                                                                                                                           HARDIN                       WASHINGTON                              MADISON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ESTILL
                                                                               DAVIESS                                                                                    BOYLE      GARRARD                                LEE                                 FLOYD
                                                UNION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       BREATHITT                                 PIKE
                                                            WEBSTER          MCLEAN                                                 LARUE              MARION
                                                                                                                                                                                  LINCOLN                   JACKSON        OWSLEY
                                                                                           OHIO            GRAYSON
                                                                                                                                                                                              ROCKCASTLE                                                KNOTT
                                         CRITTENDEN                                                                                                    TAYLOR                                                                                 PERRY
                                                                                                                                                                         CASEY
                                LIVINGSTON                     HOPKINS                                                       HART
                                                                                                  BUTLER                                    GREEN
                                                                              MUHLENBERG                      EDMONSON                                                                                                    CLAY
                                                    CALDWELL                                                                                                                                               LAUREL                       LESLIE             LETCHER
                                                                                                                                                                                    PULASKI
          BALLARD                                                                                                                                      ADAIR
                                             LYON                                                                                                                 RUSSELL
                      MCCRACKEN                                                                           WARREN
                                                                                                                           BARREN       METCALFE
                                  MARSHALL                                                                                                                                                                           KNOX                    HARLAN
           CARLISLE                                              CHRISTIAN
                                                                              TODD       LOGAN                                                  CUMBERLAND
                                                    TRIGG                                                          ALLEN                                                    WAYNE                       WHITLEY
                                                                                                                                                                                        MCCREARY                              BELL
           HICKMAN     GRAVES                                                                     SIMPSON                           MONROE                     CLINTON

                                   CALLOWAY
       FULTON                                         Map data derived from USGS website (http://eqhazmaps.usgs.gov)

Map prepared by Bluegrass Area Development District (2004) for FEMA-HAZUS Mitigation Planning
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 N
 Peak Ground Acceleration/Faults/Historic Earthquakes



                                                                            Historical Earthquakes
                               Fault Lines
                               (KGS)                            #
                                                                Y           (US National Atlas)
                                                                            includes year and magnitude

                                        Peak Ground Acceleration
                                                                                                                                                                                                        KENTON
                    16-20 11-15            10         9          8            7          6             5      4          3                                                                      BOONE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                CAMPBELL


                                                                                                                                                                                        GALLATIN               PENDLETON
                                 0              25                     50                                   100
                                                                                       miles
                                                                                                                                                                                                                           BRACKEN
                                                                                                                                                                              CARROLL                GRANT
                                                                                                                                                                       TRIMBLE                                                         MASON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            LEWIS             GREENUP
                                                                                                                                                                                              OWEN                         ROBERTSON
                                                                                                                                                                              HENRY                              HARRISON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         BOYD
                                                                                                                                                                 OLDHAM                                                                    FLEMING
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             NICHOLAS                                       CARTER


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                       SCOTT

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      ##
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      YY
                                                                                                                                                                                            FRANKLIN                           1980        5.03
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         ROWAN
                                                                                                                                                       JEFFERSON            SHELBY                                   BOURBON               4.60
                                                                                                                                                                                                                               1988               BATH                    ELLIOTT     LAWRENCE
                                                                                                                                                                                                WOODFORD                           1990
                                                                                                                                                                                                           FAYETTE
                                                                                                                                                                      SPENCER        ANDERSON                              CLARK MONTGOMERY                         MORGAN
                                                                                                                                                       BULLITT                                                                             MENIFEE                                  JOHNSON
                                                                                                                                        MEADE

                                                                                   #
                                                                                   Y
                                                                                                                                                                                                       JESSAMINE                                                                                 MARTIN
                                                                                                              HANCOCK                                                                                                                  POWELL
                                                                                       4.60                                                                      NELSON                      MERCER
                                                                            1925                                        BRECKINRIDGE                                                                                                                     WOLFE
                                                                                                                                                                                                                   MADISON                                                MAGOFFIN
                                                                            HENDERSON                                                         HARDIN                       WASHINGTON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  ESTILL
                                                                                                DAVIESS                                                                                      BOYLE      GARRARD                                   LEE                                   FLOYD
                                                            UNION
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                BREATHITT                                 PIKE
                                                                       WEBSTER                MCLEAN                                                   LARUE              MARION
                                                                                                                                                                                                     LINCOLN                   JACKSON       OWSLEY
                                                                                                            OHIO              GRAYSON
                                                                                                                                                                                                                 ROCKCASTLE                                                     KNOTT
                                                 CRITTENDEN                                                                                                               TAYLOR                                                                                     PERRY
                                                                                                                                                                                            CASEY
                                        LIVINGSTON                          HOPKINS                                                             HART
                                                                                                                   BUTLER                                      GREEN
                                                                                               MUHLENBERG                       EDMONSON                                                                                                    CLAY
                                                             CALDWELL                                                                                                                                                         LAUREL                             LESLIE             LETCHER
                                                                                                                                                                                                       PULASKI

         #
         Y
              BALLARD

                                                            #
                                                            Y
                                                      LYON                                                                                                                ADAIR
           1883        4.60                                                                                                                                                          RUSSELL
                                                     1850

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Y
                              MCCRACKEN                         4.90                                                         WARREN                                                                                                      KNOX
                                                                                                                                              BARREN       METCALFE                                                              1976

        #
        Y
              CARLISLE                    MARSHALL                            CHRISTIAN                                                                                                                                                       3.80                  HARLAN
      1878                                                                                     TODD        LOGAN
                    4.20                                     TRIGG                                                                                                 CUMBERLAND                  WAYNE                       WHITLEY
                                                                                                                                      ALLEN                                                                                                          BELL
                                                                                                                                                                                                           MCCREARY

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   #
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Y
                               GRAVES                                                                              SIMPSON                             MONROE                     CLINTON

       #
       Y
              HICKMAN
    1916                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 1954            4.30
                                           CALLOWAY

       #
       Y
             3.80
             FULTON                                          Kentucky fault data provided by Kentucky Geological Survey, derived from Geologic Map of Kentucky, 1988.
    1858     4.20




Map prepared by Bluegrass Area Development District (2004) for FEMA-HAZUS Mitigation Planning
APPENDIX I-COUNTY WINTER STORM DATA INDEX

                                                                                                    Begin    Description of
  County    Source Code                       Counties Affected                          Date                               Deaths Injuries   Total Cost
                                                                                                     Time       Event
Clark      NCWSCLA1       Adair, Allen, Anderson, Barren, Bath, Bourbon, Boyle,          1/6/1996   3:00 PM Heavy Snow        0       0                    $0
                          Breckinridge, Bullitt, Butler, Casey, Clark, Clinton,
                          Cumberland, Edmonson, Estill, Fayette, Fleming, Franklin,
                          Garrard, Grayson, Green, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Hart,
                          Henry, Jefferson, Jessamine, Larue, Laurel, Lincoln, Logan,
                          Madison, Marion, McCreary, Meade, Menifee, Mercer,
                          Metcalfe, Monroe, Montgomery, Nelson, Nicholas, Ohio,
                          Oldham, Powell, Pulaski, Rockcastle, Rowan, Russell,
                          Scott, Shelby, Simpson, Spencer, Taylor, Trimble, Warren,
                          Washington, Wayne, Whitley, Woodford


Clark      NCWSCLA2       Adair, Allen, Anderson, Barren, Bourbon, Boyle,                2/3/1998   6:00 PM Heavy Snow        3        4                   $0
                          Breckinridge, Bullitt, Butler, Casey, Clark, Clinton,
                          Cumberland, Edmonson, Fayette, Franklin, Garrard,
                          Grayson, Green, Hancock, Hardin, Harrison, Hart, Henry,
                          Jefferson, Jessamine, Larue, Lincoln, Logan, Madison,
                          Marion, Mercer, Metcalfe, Monroe, Nelson, Nicholas,
                          Ohio, Oldham, Russell, Scott, Shelby, Simpson, Spencer,
                          Taylor, Trimble, Warren, Washington, Woodford

Clark      NCWSCLA3       Anderson, Bourbon, Boyle, Clark, Fayette, Franklin,           2/15/2003   7:00 PM Ice Storm         1        0      $26,300,000
                          Garrard, Harrison, Jessamine, Madison, Marion, Mercer,
                          Nicholas, Scott, Washington, Woodford




                                                                          44
APPENDIX I-COMMITTEE MEMBERS LIST

          Member Name                       Title/Affiliation
    John Myers          Clark County Judge-Executive
    Dodd D. Dixon       Mayor, City of Winchester
    Ed Burtner          City of Winchester City Manager/ 911 Coordinator
    Gary Epperson       Clark County Disaster and Emergency Services Manager
    Maynard McGever     Clark County Fire Department
    Ray Caudill         Clark County Sheriff's Office
    Carlene Whitt       Clark County Sr. Health Environmentalist
    Robert G. Blanton   City of Winchester Planner
    Vernon Azevedo      Winchester Municipal Utilities
    Stephen Berry       Clark County GIS
    Kevin Montgomery    KY Utilities
    Terry McKinney      American Red Cross
    Paul Elkins         Clark Regional Medical Center
    Len Midden          Clark County Health Dept.
    Eddie Williams      Bellsouth
    Logan Weiller       Area 13 Coordinator
    Jim Nickel          Clark County Citizen
    Robert Hollins      Winchester Ctr. For Health & Rehab
    Everett Woodruff    Clark County Citizen
    Bob Ratliff         Commissioner
    Frank Hicks         Clark County Extension
    Paige Adkins        Clark County Citizen
    Conard Young        Clark Co. Schools
    Paul Richardson     State Highway Department
    Philip Vaughn       Clark County Citizen
    Bob Castle          Clark County Citizen




                                45

								
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