Racism 07 by HC12021010134


       Tools to Identify
Tools to Work to Undo Racism
Goal is Justice not Guilt
Brothers and Sisters to Us
      U.S. Catholic Bishops
    Pastoral Letter on Racism
  Distinguish Between
  Personal Prejudice
   and Personal Acts


Systemic and Institutional
 Preferences for Whites
If the KKK keeps people out of
school, we understand that as
 But if Fewer People of Color
 Can Afford to Attend Private
Schools, College and Graduate
   Schools Is that Racism?
                         Racism is
  “systematized oppression of one race of another.
    In other words, the various forms of oppression
  within every sphere of social relations—economic
        exploitation, military subjugation, political
  subordination, cultural devaluation, psychological
  violation, sexual degradation, verbal abuse, etc.—
      together make up a whole of interacting and
developing processes which operate so normally and
    naturally and are so much a part of the existing
institutions of society that the individuals involved are
           barely conscious of their operation”
             James Boggs, Racism and the Class Struggle 147-148.
Not Just White and Black
 Racial Justice
Economic Justice
 Gender Justice
 Are Intertwined
Racism is a sin
     Racism is a sin:

   a sin that divides the
       human family,
blots out the image of God
among specific members of
        that family,
      and violates the
fundamental human dignity
   of those called to be
   children of the same
Isn’t Racism Over?
  Because the Courts have eliminated
   statutory racial discrimination and
   Congress has enacted civil rights
legislation, and because some minority
 people have achieved some measure
               of success,
  many people believe that
racism is no longer a problem
      in American life.
  Distinguish Between
  Personal Prejudice
   and Personal Acts


Systemic and Institutional
 Preferences for Whites
Movement toward authentic justice
demands a simultaneous attack on
   both racism and economic
The continuing existence of
 racism becomes apparent

when we look beneath the
surface of our national life.
Look beneath the surface
 Bishops point to 5 areas that
 illustrate continuing racism:

       Criminal Justice
Opposition to Affirmative Action
 • African-Americans receive more and tougher
disciplinary action than their white counterparts,
           even for the same infraction.
   • Drop-out rate is far higher than their white
                counterparts' rate.
Housing Segregation Patterns
Opposition to Immigrants
Blacks comprise 13 percent of the national
    but 30 percent of people arrested,
        41 percent of people in jail.

      Human Rights Watch:
               Incarceration and Race
Opposition to Affirmative Action:

  Racism has been part of the social fabric of
   America since its European colonization.

   Whether it be the tragic past of the Native
Americans, the Mexicans, the Puerto Ricans, or
the blacks, the story is one of slavery, peonage,
  economic exploration, brutal repression, and
                 cultural neglect.

  None have escaped one or another form of
 collective degradation by a powerful majority.
Founders of Country?
     The educational, legal, and
financial systems, along with other
    structures and sectors of our
society, impede people's progress
 and narrow their access because
  they are black, Hispanic, Native
         American or Asian.
The structures of our society are
          subtly racist,
 for these structures reflect the
 values which society upholds.

They are geared to the success of
the majority and the failure of the
minority. Members of both groups
    give unwitting approval by
  accepting things as they are.
What is Structural Racism?
Importance of Structure
Can You Restrict With One Wire?
Depends on
 How You
Arrange the
Structural Racism Directs Us to
   Examine the Way the Wires
(Institutions) Are Interconnected
Perhaps no single individual is to

The sinfulness is often anonymous
       but nonetheless real.

The sin is social in nature in that
each of us, in varying degrees, is
Under the guise of other motives,
racism is manifest in the tendency
   to stereotype and marginalize
whole segments of the population
 whose presence perceived as a
   Racism is manifest also in the
  indifference that replaces open
 The minority poor
  are seen as the
byproduct of a post-
industrial society --
   without skills,
without motivation,
 without incentive.
     They are
expendable people.
Race Disadvantage
   We have long since grown
accustomed to thinking of Blacks
as being “racially disadvantaged.”

 Rarely, however, do we refer to
 Whites as “racially advantaged,”
even though that is an equally apt
 characterization of the existing
             Harlon Dalton
Race Advantage
  In my class and place, I did not
    recognize myself as a racist
because I was taught to see racism
only in individual acts of meanness
by members of my group, never in
    invisible systems conferring
 unsought racial dominance on my
          group from birth.

      Peggy McIntosh, 1988
Today's racism flourishes in the
           triumph of
  private concern over public

individual success over social

 and personal fulfillment over
    authentic compassion
How start to combat racism?
  Start with the understanding that
racism is “hard-wired” into our society
            and institutions.

It is like the electric wires in the walls,
              or the plumbing,
       or the air and heat ductwork.

 Invisible. Important. Always There.

  It is a life-long struggle for justice.
Be willing to move beyond your
          comfort zone
 Transformative Education

Educate Self and Community
  about history and reality
       of the barriers
    of structural racism

    How it affects us,
   How it affects others.
CREATE a safe environment for open and honest
Study Bishops Pastorals
“Brothers and
 Sisters All”
Listen to People of Color
  There are
resources for
  training &
 expert help
      Questions for Reflection
• Personal observations of examples of Prejudice
  Plus Power?
• Structural or Institutional Racism in
  community – Housing patterns? Criminal
  justice? Education – public & private?
  Employment? Response to Affirmative Action?
  Economic Justice, Gender Justice
• Not about guilt, but identifying and challenging
  unearned privilege and replace it with Justice.
Dr. Shawn Copeland and Bill Quigley

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