John Rolfe

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					               Questions and themes                                             Identifications
            you will cover on your own                               you must learn on your own



                               Chapter 1: The New Global World
1. Compare and contrast the native American peoples of              Calvinism                      Mercantilism
                                                                    Columbian exchange             Mound Builders
   Mesoamerica and North America                                    Early inhabitants              Price revolution
2. What factors prompted the large-scale migration from             Elizabeth I                    Primogeniture
   England to America?                                              Enclosure acts                 Puritans
                                                                    Matrilineal culture            Spanish Armada
3. How did Martin Luther’s religious doctrine differ from that of
   Catholicism?
           Chapter 2: The Invasion and Settlement of North America
1. How did providentialism (the idea that God was on their side)    Bacon’s Rebellion              New France
                                                                    Congregationalist Church       New Netherland
   shape the outlook and actions of British colonists?              Five Nations of the Iroquois   Powhatan
2. To what extent was religious diversity tolerated in the          House of Burgesses             (Opechancanough) War
   Chesapeake region?                                               Indentured servant             (1622)
                                                                    Jamestown                      Predestination
3. What distinguished the Separatists from the Puritans?            John Rolfe                     Pueblo (Pope’s) Revolt
4. What do the experiences of Anne Hutchison and Roger              Join-stock company             (1680)
   Williams indicate about religious toleration in New England?     Maryland Toleration Act        Puritan-Pequot War
                                                                    (1649)                         Sir Walter Raleigh
5. What were the possible political, economic, religious and        Middle Colonies                St. Augustine
   social causes of the Salem witchcraft trials?                                                   Virginia Company of
6. Why would King Philip's War be considered a turning point in                                    London
   colonial history?
          Chapter 3: Creating a British Empire in America, 1660-1750
1. Identify the differences between the proprietary colonies and    Currency Act (1751)            Navigation Acts (1651,
                                                                    Dominion of New England        1660, 1663)
   royal colonies.                                                  First families of VA (FFVs)    Quakers
2. New England expansion from the small settlement at               Middle passage                 South Atlantic System
   Plymouth to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut,           Molasses Act (1733)            Stono Rebellion
                                                                                                   William Penn
   Rhode Island, and New Haven
3. What was the British policy of salutary neglect? Why did the
   British follow this policy and what were its consequences?
                         Chapter 4: Growth and Crisis in America
1. To what degree did colonial governments tolerate religious       Albany Congress
                                                                    Calvinism
   freedom?                                                         Deism
2. Why would the Zenger Trial (1735) be considered a turning        George Whitefield
   point in colonial history?                                       Jonathan Edwards
                                                                    New Lights
3. Compare and contrast the ethnic complexity of New England,
   the Middle colonies, and the southern colonies
4. French and Indian War—course of War and the outcome
   (Treaty of Paris, 1763)
5. Tension between the settled East and the western
   backcountry—the Paxton Boys and the Regulator Movement
                              Chapter 5: Toward Independence
1. Just how much “British tyranny” did the colonies experience      Admiralty Courts               Lee’s Resolution
                                                                    Boston Massacre                Non-importation
   before the Boston Tea Party?                                     Boston Tea Party               Agreements
2. What were the new acts and taxes passed after 1763 and why       Coercive Acts                  Olive Branch Petition
   did the colonists find them offensive? (i.e., Sugar Act (1764)   Committees of                  Patrick Henry
                                                                    Correspondence                 Republican Virtue
   Stamp Act (1765) Quartering Act (1765) Declaratory Act           George Grenville               Rights’ of Englishmen
   (1766) Townshend Acts (1767) Intolerable Acts (1774)              Homespun cloth                  Sons of Liberty
                                                                     John Locke                      Virtual representation
   Quebec Act (1774))
3. What made the Boston Tea Party so different from earlier
   forms of colonial protest that it led the British to react with
   such ferocity?
4. Weigh the relative importance of economic and ideological
   motives of the colonial resistance movement.
               Chapter 6: Making War and Republican Governments
 1. Course of the War—The North, the Middle Colonies, and the        Benedict Arnold                 Marquis de Lafayette
                                                                     3/5ths Compromise               Minutemen
    South                                                            Bunker Hill                     Nathanael Greene
 2. Was Saratoga the turning point of the War?                       Ethan Allen                     Northwest Ordinances
 3. Why did Britain switch to a southern military strategy? Why      Federalist Papers               (1787)
                                                                     Great Compromise                Shay’s Rebellion
    did the strategy fail?                                           Hessians                        Treaty of Alliance (1778)
 4. African-Americans and Native Americans in the War                Invasion of Canada (1775)       Treaty of Paris (1783)
 5. What were the main differences between conservative state        Land Ordinance (1785)           VA Statute of Religious
                                                                     Lexington & Concord             Freedom
    constitutions, such as those of Massachusetts and New York,      (1775)                          Valley Forge
    and more democratic constitutions, such as Pennsylvania?         Loyalist exodus                 Virginia Plan
 6. How revolutionary was the American Revolution? What
    political, social, and economic changes did it produce?
 7. The ratification debate between the Federalists (the
    nationalists) and the Anti-Federalists. Both claimed to
    represent the true spirit of the Revolution—who was right?

                  Chapter 7: Politics and Society in the New Republic
1.  Importance of Jay’s Treaty and Pinckney’s Treaty                 Aaron Burr                             Macon’s Bill No. 2
                                                                     Battle of Horseshoe Bend               Marbury v. Madison
2.  The Undeclared War with France                                   Battle of New Orleans (1815)           McCullough v.
3.  The Lewis and Clark Expedition                                   Battle of Tippecanoe                   Maryland
4.  What were some of the reasons why eastern families left their    Chesapeake & Leopard                   Midnight Judges
                                                                     Citizen Genet                          Neutrality
    farms to move West?                                              Dartmouth College v. Woodward          Proclamation (1793)
5. Aaron Burr and treason                                            Delegated/enumerated Powers            Oliver Perry
6. How did Native Americans attempt to resist the expanding          Fletcher v. Peck                       Tecumseh
                                                                     Florida Purchase Treaty (1819)         Treaty of 1818
    republic at the end of the American Revolution?                  Gibbons v Ogden                        Tripolitan War
7. What were the non-intercourse acts and the Orders on Council      Hartford Convention                    War Hawks
    and why did the fail?                                            Implied Powers                         Washington Irving
                                                                     Impressments                           Whiskey Rebellion
8. Course of the War of 1812 and the Treaty of Ghent                 Invasion of Canada (1812-1813)         XYZ Affair
9. Was the War of 1812 necessary?                                    James Fenimore Cooper                  Yeoman farmer
10. What were the causes of the collapse of the Federalist Party?
11. The Monroe Doctrine

                         Chapter 8: Creating a Republican Culture
1. The role of women in the new republic                             American Colonization Society
                                                                     Baptists
2. The impact of the American Revolution on slavery                  Burned-Over District
3. How did republican ideas shape parent-child interactions,         Deism
   marriage, and intellectual life?                                  Gsbriel Prosser
                                                                     Manumission
4. To what degree had a distinct American identity begun to          Market Economy
   emerge by 1820?                                                   Methodists
                                                                     Missouri Compromise
                                                                     Panic 1819
                                                                     Perfectionism
                                                                     Republican Motherhood
                                                                     Sentimentalism
                             Chapter 9: Economic Transformation
 1. What roles did state and national government play in the             Awful Disclosures              Nativism
                                                                         Erie Canal                     Order of the Star-Spangled
    development of America’s transportation networks?                    Gag Rule (1836)                Banner
                                                                         Interchangeable Parts          Positive Good Theory
                                                                         Know-Nothing Party             Robert Fulton
                                                                         Lowell System                  Samuel Slater
                                                                         National Road                  State mercantilism
                             Chapter 10: A Democratic Revolution
 1. Compare and contrast the views of Jackson and John                   Cherokee Nation v. Georgia     Ordinance of Nullification
                                                                         Compromise Tariff of 1833      Panic of 1837
    Marshall with respect to the status and rights of Native             Five Civilized Tribes          South Carolina Exposition
    Americans                                                            Force Bill                     Spoils system
                                                                         Independent Treasury Bill      Workingmen’s Party
                                                                         Indian Removal Act             Anti-Masonic Party
                                                                         Maysville Road Veto            Tippecanoe and Tyler too
                                                                         National Republicans           Trail of Tears
                                                                         Nominating Conventions         Worcester v. Georgia
                                Chapter 11: Religions and Reform
 1. Transcendentalism and utopian communities                            American colonization          Nat Turner’s Revolt
                                                                         society                        Oneida Community
 2. American Renaissance: literature and the Hudson River                Bloomerism                     Ralph Waldo Emerson
    School                                                               Brigham Young                  Seneca Falls Convention
 3. To what extent were the reform movements an expression of            Dorothea Dix                   Sentimentalism
                                                                         Elizabeth Cady Stanton         Seventh Day Adventists
    the belief in liberty?                                               Grimke Sisters                 Shakers
 4. To what degree were the reform movements an expression of            Harriet Tubman                 Sojourner Truth
    optimism or pessimism?                                               Henry David Thoreau            Susan B. Anthony
                                                                         Horace Mann                    Temperance Crusade
                                                                         John Humphrey Noyes            Underground railroad
                                                                         Joseph Smith                   Unitarians
                                                                         Maine Law of 1851              Walt Whitman
                                                                         McGuffey’s Reader              William Lloyd Garrison
                                                                         Methodists
                                                                         Mormons
                                 Chapter 12: The South Expands
1. Settlement of Texas
2. The Lone Star Rebellion—from the Alamo to San Jacinto
3. Concerning the issue of slavery, in what ways did the Upper
   South differ from the Lower South
4. Is it fair to say that the United States was two distinct societies
   by 1860?
                   Chapter 13: Expansion, War, and Sectional Crisis
1. Life on the Oregon Trail                                              “Conscience” Whigs             Higher Law
                                                                          “Fifty-four Forty or Fight”   Jefferson Davis
2. The settlement of California                                          Beecher’s Bibles               John Bell
3. Why did President Polk go to war with Mexico?                         Border Ruffians                John Breckenridge
4. Why did the war become so divisive in Congress and the                Doughface Democrats            Lecompton Constitution
                                                                         Forty-niners                   Ostend Manifesto
   nation?                                                               Free Soil Party                Personal Liberty Laws
5. The War with Mexico—course of the War                                 Gadsden Purchase               Seventh of March Speech
6. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo                                           Freeport Doctrine              Webster-Ashburton Treaty
                                                                         Halls of Montezuma             Young Guard
7. What issues did the Compromise of 1850 resolve?
8. Who benefited more from the terms of the Compromise of
   1850: the North or the South?
9. Impact of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom
Emergence of the Republican Party
                                 Chapter 14: Two Societies at War
1. The fall of Atlanta                                                   “Total war”                    Merrimack & Monitor
                                                                         African Americans at War       Union Party
2. Sherman’s march through Georgia                                       Copperheads                    Women at War
3. The draft—North and South                                             Copperheads                    Appomattox
                                                                         Crittenden Compromise
4. New York City Draft Riots                                       Habeas corpus


                                  Chapter 15: Reconstruction
1. Impeachment of Andrew Johnson                                   10 Percent Plan            Lincoln’s 2nd Inaugural
                                                                   Black Codes                Address
2. Origins of the “New south”—manufacturing and                    Civil Rights Bill (1866)   Race Riots (1866)
   industrialization                                               Compromise of 1877         Radical Republicans
3.
   Reconstruction amendments: 13th, 14th, 15th                     Congressional Elections    Seward’s Folly
4.                                                                 (1866)                     Tenure of Office Act (1867)
   Republican state governments: achievements and failures         Force Acts                 Wade-Davis Bill
5.
   Political corruption and scandals—Credit Mobilier and the       Freedmen’s Bureau          Scalawags
   Whiskey Ring                                                    Johnson Governments        Carpetbaggers
                                                                   Ku Klux Klan Act           Horace Greeley
                           Chapter 16: Conquering a Continent
1. Environmental impact of western settlement: destruction of      Carlisle Indian School     Homesteaders
                                                                   Century of Dishonor        Joe Glidden’s Barbed Wire
   the great bison herds                                           Crime of 1873              Munn v Illinois
2. Government policy toward American Indians—Dawes                 Exodusters                 Sand Creek Massacre
   Severalty Act                                                   Farmer’s Alliance          Little Big Horn
                                                                   Ghost Dance
3. Economic crisis in the 1890s: Pullman strike, Coxey’s Army
                               Chapter 17 : Industrial America
 1. What factors promoted the emergence of the labor               14th Amendment &           John D. Rockefeller
                                                                   Corporations               JP Morgan
    movement?                                                      American Tobacco           Molly Maguires
 2. How did the goals and practices of the AFL resemble and        Company                    National Labor Union
    differ from those of the Knight of Labor?                      Bessemer Process           “New Immigrant”
                                                                   “Birds of Passage”         New South
 3. How were women affected by the rise of industrial              Blacklisted                Railroad Strike (1877)
    capitalism?                                                    Chinese Exclusion Act      Samuel Gompers
 4. How did patterns of immigration to the United States           Closed shop                Sojourners
                                                                   Farmers’ Alliance          Yellow-Dog Contracts
    change between 1840 and 1900?                                  Frederick Taylor
                                                                   Haymarket Riot
                                                                   Homestead Strike
                                                                   Interstate Commerce Act
                                  Chapter 18: The Victorians
1. In what ways was the rise of sports representative of broader   Billy Sunday               Salvation Army
                                                                   Booker T. Washington       Social Darwinism
   changes in American society and culture?                        Cult of Domesticity        Social Gospel
2. In what ways does the city growth we study in this chapter      Eugenics movement          Tuskegee Institute
   intersect with the industrial developments treated in the       Gibson Girl                WCTU
                                                                   Herbert Spencer            WEB Dubois
   preceding chapter?                                              John Muir                  YMCA
3. What were some of the changes in women’s lives and public       Literary realism &
   activities during this period?                                  modernism
4. What political reform goals did women pursue in this era?
5. What factors contributed to the rise of literary realism and
   modernism? What are some examples?
                  Chapter 19: Rise and Reform of Industrial Cities
 1. What engineering innovations were necessary for the            Comstock Laws              Settlement house movement
                                                                   Dumbbell tenement          Tammany Hall
    construction of skyscrapers?                                   Hull House                 Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
 2. What new forms of popular culture arose during this era?       Jane Addams
 3. What role—positive and negative—did political machines         Muckrakers
    play in city governments?
 4.
                         Chapter 20: Populists and Progressives
1. What were some of the legal devices that were used in the       Bully Pulpit               Hepburn Act
                                                                   Clayton Anti-trust Act     Jim Crow
   south to disenfranchise black voters?                           Coxey’s Army               Literacy test
2. What were the political, economic, and social causes of the     Cross of Gold Speech       Lochner v. New York
     Populist Movement?                                            Elkins Act                    New Freedom
                                                                   Eugene Debs                   Pendleton Act
3.   What were some of the innovations that expanded democracy Federal Reserve Act               Plessy v. Ferguson
     during the Progressive Era?                                   Garfield assassination        Robert Lafollette
4.   Class matters in America. But in what specific ways did class Grandfather clause            Square Deal
                                                                   Grange Movement               William Jennings Bryan
     matter in the development of progressivism?                   Granger Laws
5.   Why do historians regard the election of 1896 as one of the
     decisive elections in American history?
6.   What did the Election of 1912 indicate about progressivism
     in the United States?
7.   What factors account for Woodrow Wilson’s victory in 1912?
8.   How is the Pendleton Act associated with President
     Garfield’s assassination?
                                   Chapter 21: An Emerging World Power
1.   Why did it become untenable for the United States to adhere “Work or fight”                 New Freedom
                                                                   100% Americanism              Nineteenth Amendment
     to its traditional isolation from world affairs?              Alfred Thayer Mahan           Open Door Policy
2.   The debate over the annexation of Hawaii                      Boxer rebellion               Pancho Villa
3.   Spanish-American War—course of the war.                       Clayton Anti-Trust Act        Reservationists
                                                                   Committee on Public           Russo-Japanese War
4.   How did Theodore Roosevelt acquire Panama?                    Information (G. Creel)        Schenck v United States
5.   What were the causes of World War I, and how did the war      Federal Reserve Act           Sedition Act
     progress on the Western Front?                                Federal Trade Commission      Spanish flu
                                                                   Food Administration (H.       Steelworkers Strike (1919)
6.   Is it fair to say that progressivism shaped America's         Hoover)                       Sussex Pledge
     involvement in World War I—why the United States entered Four-Minute Men                    Tampico Incident
     the war, how the nation fought, and Wilson's plan for peace? Frederick Jackson Turner       Underwood Tariff
                                                                   Frontier Line                 Victory Gardens
7.   What were the political, economic, and social effects of the  Great Migration               War Industries Board (B.
     war?                                                          Henry Cabot Lodge             Baruch)
8.   How did Roosevelt, Taft, and Wilson differ as architects of   Irreconcilables               Zimmerman Telegram
                                                                   Lusitania
     American imperialism?                                         National War Labor Board
                            Chapter 22: Wrestling with Modernity
1. In what ways was the Roaring Twenties a backlash to the            Al Capone                  Marcus Garvey
                                                                      Babbitt                    Margaret Sanger
   Progressive Era?                                                   Birth of a Nation          Old Guard Republicans
2. The 1920s is often viewed as a return to isolationism. In what     Clara Bow                  Palmer Raids
   ways did the United States remain involved in world affairs?       Dollar Diplomacy           Pan-Africanism
                                                                      Ernest Hemingway           Reconstruction Finance
3. What were some of the unique features of the Presidential          F. Scott Fitzgerald        Corporation
   election of 1928?                                                  Five-Power Naval Treaty    Red Scare
4. What were the origins of jazz and what role did it play in the     Flappers & Vamps           Sacco & Vanzetti
                                                                      Four Power Treaty          Sinclair Lewis
   culture of the 1920s?                                              Harlem Renaissance         Spanish Flu
5. What were the main cultural conflicts of the 1920s? Are they       Hawley-Smoot Tariff        Tariff 1922
   the same or different from the “culture wars” of the present?      (1930)                     Teapot Dome Scandal
                                                                      Hoover Dam                 The “Lost Generation”
6. This chapter is titled “Wrestling with Modernity.” What was        Immigration restrictions   The Birth of a Nation
   especially “modern” about the 1920s that made the decade           Jazz Singer                Trickle-Down Economics
   stand out from previous years?                                     Kellogg-Briand Pact        Youth Culture
                                                                      Langston Hughes            Welfare capitalism
7.                                                                    Lost Generation
                 Chapter 23: The Great Depression and the New Deal
1. How did President Hoover respond to the economic                   21st Amendment             FDIC
                                                                      AAA                        Federal Securities Act
   emergency? Why did he choose the course of action he did?          Bank Holiday               First Hundred Days
2. What problems in the American economy were exposed by              Brain Trust                National Industrial
   the crisis of the Great Depression? To what extent did those       CCC                        Recovery Act
                                                                      Court Packing              National Recovery
   economic problems reflect social problems, especially social       CWA                        Administration
   inequality?                                                        Dust Bowl                  Schechter Poultry Corp. v.
3. In what ways did Roosevelt's personality, values, and political    Economic Bill of Rights    U.S
                                                                      Emergency Banking Relief   Second New Deal
   style affect the policies and programs of the New Deal?
4. Some historians have seen the New Deal as an evolution of       Act                         “Soak the Rich” Tax
                                                                   Fair Employment Practices   Social Security Act
   Progressivism, but others have argued that it represented a     Commission                  Wagner Act
   revolution in social values and government institutions. What                               WPA
   do you think?
5. What changes took place during the depression era with
   respect to the lives of women, workers, and racial and ethnic
   minorities? What role did the New Deal play?
                                 Chapter 24: The World at War

                                    Chapter 25: The Cold War

                        Chapter 26: Triumph of the Middle Class

                          Chapter 27: The Civil Rights Movement

                Chapter 28: Liberal Crisis and Conservative Rebirth

                                      Chapter 29: The 1970s

                             Chapter 30: Conservative America

                                    Chapter 31: Global society

				
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