The Love Apple by zhouwenjuan


									   February 2006

   Volume XIX

   Issue 2

                                        ng H

                                                   ster Ga
                                              ty Ma
                               The D

                                                            The Love Apple
                                 by Janet Nevil                                            Botanically, the tomato is a fruit or berry (it contains
                                                                                           seeds). Legally, the tomato is generally considered
                                 Now that the seeds have been started, you can sit         a vegetable. This determination was made in 1893
                                 back and enjoy a short history of the “love apple,”       when importer John Nix contended that the tomato
                                 better known as the tomato. Is it a vegetable or a        was not subject to the 10% tax imposed by Congress
                                 fruit?                                                    in the Tariff Act of 1883. The U.S. Supreme Court
  TEXAS COOPERATIVE                                                                        held that the tomato was to be considered a vegetable
      EXTENSION                  The story of the tomato is a tale of three                since it was usually eaten during the main course of
                                 continents: South America, Europe and North               a meal. They allowed it to be considered a fruit when
   10056 Marsh                   America. The ancestors of the tomato growing on           eaten out of hand or as a dessert.
        Lane                     the slopes of the Andes bore little resemblance to
    Suite B-101                  our modern day perennial. They were marble-sized,
   Dallas, Texas                 fuzzy berries with aromatic foliage which kept
                                 predators away. Tomatoes were first cultivated by
                                 the Mayans throughout Central America. The                          Gatherings
The Texas A&M Univer-            Mayans brought them to the great markets of
sity System, U.S. Depart-
                                 Chichen Itza in Mexico. Cortez and his band of
                                                                                              Annual Awards Ceremony
ment of Agriculture and
the County Commission-           conquistadors carried the xtomati seeds back to                 February 23, 2006
ers Courts of Texas Co-          Spain and the Mediterranean.                                            Lunch: 11:30 a.m.
operating Education pro-
grams conducted by the           When taken back to Europe, the new vegetables                          Meeting: 12:00 noon
Texas Cooperative Exten-
                                 quickly lost their glamour. The tomato was called
sion serve people of all
                                 “wolf peach” because of its evident membership
                                                                                              Our Board of Directors would like to
ages regardless of socio-
economic level, race,            in the plant family, Solanaceae, the night shades.                        make this a
color, sex, religion, handi-     Among the solanaceous plants Europeans knew                 Full-fledged APPRECIATION LUNCH
cap or national origin.
                                 well was another wolf plant, monkshood,                         Honoring all Master Gardeners
IN THIS ISSUE                    sometimes called wolfsbane, poisonous enough                       who volunteered during 2005.
BIRTHDAYS            4           to kill the wolf. Since the plant hailed from an exotic
CHECKLIST            5           place and bore a luscious, shapely, scarlet fruit,
                                 the tomato also became known as a potent                                SO…
CONDOLENCES          6
EARTH KIND TRAINING 3            aphrodisiac and acquired the name “love apple.”                     LUNCH IS ON US!
FARM DAY             2
                                 For years, love apples were cultivated solely as
GARDEN GATE          3
                                 ornamentals in greenhouses in northern Europe                  Updated Member Directories will be
GATHERINGS           1
                                 and England. Their negative reputation spread to                         distributed.
HOURS REPORT         7
                                 the United States, where the tomato plant was only
LOVE APPLE           1
                                 grown as a curiosity until well into the nineteenth
MARCH MEETING        2                                                                            Walnut Hill Recreation Center
                                 century. It is recorded that the tomato was grown
MG 2006 CONFERENCE 6                                                                                  10011 Midway Road
                                 in Thomas Jefferson’s garden at Monticello in 1781
Q AND A ON-LINE      2                                                                                  Dallas, TX 75229
                                 and featured in George Washington’s gardens at
ROBERT E. LEE SCHOOL 4                                                                                    214-670-7112
                                 Mount Vernon – strictly as ornamentals. Still
                                 suspicion lingered until, according to legend,                    (Enter from Midway Road)
                                 Robert Gibbon Johnson ate a ripe one on the steps
                                 of the Salem, New Jersey, courthouse in 1820. His
                                 survival marked the tomato as a rising star in
WHAT YOU MISSED 2                                                                                                              February 2006
                                 vegetable history.
WHO’S WHO            8
What You Missed                                                  Dallas County Farm Day - 2006
by Beverly Sutton
                                                                 Yep! It’s that time again! We need volunteers to assist at
What a great first Master Gardener meeting in January. Well      Dallas County Farm Day, May 9, 10 and 11, 2006, at the
over 100 people, including guests, attended. The tables were     Mesquite Championship Rodeo’s Resistol Arena.
gorgeous, the company delightful. Jill Burkholder’s slides
set the anticipation for Dale Groom’s presentation on the        For those not “in the know,” Farm Day is a major Extension
“Gardens and Glens of Scotland.” The pictures were               event when over 4000 fourth graders, their teachers and
breathtaking, and Dale Groom’s presentation informative.         chaperones tour six learning stations and learn about food
Marcia Gillen was a great hostess to our guests, Bunny           and fiber production in Texas. More importantly, they are
Williams does such a good job of everything she does. Susan      made aware of the important interdependence of urban
Flanagan said she did get some volunteers to help her for the    and rural populations.
Robert E. Lee school garden, and Linda Graves-Wilson
reported that she had received good feedback on the Web          What can you do? There’s something for everybody, and
Questionnaires. Carolyn Rozier distributed flyers                no job is insignificant. Sample jobs: making up teacher
advertising the 2006 Class into the hands of “dependable”        packets, setting up displays, serving pizza, directing
distributors.                                                    students and leading groups from one learning station to
                                                                 another, and assisting speakers with their presentations.
To All Master Gardeners                                          Who knows? You could be the next an ag. kinda
and Interns                                                      way! And it is an excellent way to make a positive impact
Subject:Telephone Desk Scheduling.                               on our youth’s attitude toward agriculture and earn a
                                                                 boatload of hours.
Effective February 2, 2006, I will be the only one that can
schedule or change a date or change a date. I am usually         Important dates to remember are:
available seven days a week, via email or mobile phone.          Wednesday, April 5, 2006 - Training/orientation - 10:00 a.m.,
                                                                 Dallas County Extension office Learning Center Classroom.
The monthly telephone desk calendar for February and             Wednesday, April 12, 2006 – Assemble teacher packets -
March are posted online. Scheduling for the April and May        10:00 a.m., same location as above.
calendar will be at the February meeting, or you may             Monday, May 8, 2006 - Walk through training, followed by
contact me either later that day or the next day, to schedule    set up – 9:30 a.m. to 12:00 or 12:30, Resistol Arena. Tuesday,
a date on the telephone desk. If you have lost the information   Wednesday & Thursday, May 9, 10, 11, 2006 – FARM DAY
on how to access the online calendars, just contact me for       events from 8:30 - 1:30 each day
help.                                                            Thursday, May 11, 2006 - Take down and clear out, 1:00 -
                                                                 3:00 (approx.)
James Hatcher                                         Sign up NOW
Mobile Phone-214-668-0840                                        Call Teresa Taylor at the Extension office (214) 904-3050
Tahoe Phone—210-381-96719 (will change soon)                     Or email
Home Phone—214-553-7763

                                                                                Mark Your Calendars
              Questions and Answers Online                                       For March at the
              The HOME staff of the Dallas
              Morning News has partnered with                           Arboretum during Dallas Blooms
              the Master Gardeners HelpDesk to
              answer reader’s questions online.
                                                                               We will gather at the Arboretum
                                                                                     For the March 23
                                                                                 Master Gardener Meeting
                                                                                  Speaker: Jimmy Turner
                                                                                Director of Plant Research

                                                                                     Details in Next Issue
                                                                                      Of Helping Hands
       February 2006
A Look Beyond the Garden Gate                                    as a general manager and quality manager for both AT&T
                                                                 and Lucent, and her work required her to reside in Chicago,
Kim Andrews, Class of 2004                                       Eastern Maryland, and Colorado. She moved to Dallas in
By Teri S. Merrill                                               2003.

For the budding Master Gardeners who get anxious at the          Over the years, Master Gardeners have left the
thought of answering horticultural questions at the help         organization for a variety of reasons, including illness,
desk, Kim Andrews has two words: “house calls.” Master           child care issues, and/or work pressures. Kim says she
Gardeners in rural Eagle County, Colorado, answer                would like to find a way to bring these people back into
agricultural questions, in addition to the typical landscape     the program by being creative in ways that they can
and gardening concerns. And they take their knowledge            volunteer, such as serving as information resources,
even further; they make house calls when necessary, Kim          conducting research or working as mentors. “It doesn’t
says.                                                            necessarily have to be a public project, but we could still
                                                                 find ways for interested people to be part of the
One of the hardest aspects of that role was simply locating      organization instead of silently dropping out,” she notes.
specific homesteads or farms, because most were set back         As part of this endeavor, she hopes to keep the lines of
from the road or hidden by trees, she laughs. Kim isn’t          communication open so that everyone is aware of the
suggesting that the Dallas County Master Gardeners begin         opportunities in the organization. She would like to
trekking to sites in the area to diagnose brown patch or         compile a list of special projects for people in special
identify webworms. But she thinks all Master Gardeners           situations, so that all Master Gardeners are involved.
should take an active role in disseminating the best
horticultural information available to the public.               Kim has learned through her Master Gardener experiences
                                                                 that she loves interacting with the public. She enjoys the
Kim says there was another significant difference in the         quiet and solitude that her garden provides, but she thrives
Master Gardener program in Colorado: the time                    on the dynamics from working in groups, identifying goals
commitment was considerably less than is required here.          and resolving problems. We welcome Kim to the Board
That’s because at an elevation of 8,000 feet, there was only     and look forward to watching her thrive as her goals take
one growing season, and it lasted a mere three months. Kim       shape over the year.
says she was “amazed” to discover that Dallas has three
planting seasons and that gardens can burst with beautiful
color throughout the year.

Kim is the newest member of the Dallas County Master             Earth Kind Online Master Gardener
Gardener Board, responsible for overseeing public projects,
public relations, publicity and marketing for the program.       Training
She hopes to see all Master Gardeners become fully involved
in the organization and use their unique talents to improve      Earth Kind On-Line Master Gardener Training modules are now
the program. In her opinion, Dale Groom, TCE                     in place, along with electronic testing, to provide
Horticulturist/Master Gardener Coordinator, has been             information on a variety of environmentally friendly (Earth Kind)
pivotal in establishing this concept and identifying             practices for use in the home landscape and garden.
volunteers with special skills.
                                                                 The Earth Kind website is
Some of her volunteer activities as a Dallas County Master       EKOnLineModules.html
Gardener include working in the greenhouse and with
children’s educational programs at Texas Discovery               The goal is for all Texas Master Gardeners to increase their
Gardens; helping at the Texas State Fair with Little Hands       knowledge of Earth Kind practices. Upon completion of the
on the Farm; serving as coordinator for Coppell Community        training and testing, your extension agent will be notified
Gardens; and offering programs on composting and other           electronically of your participation.
topics through the Speaker’s Bureau.
                                                                 Expertise and development of this training is due to the time
Kim says she loves “doing it all” when it comes to gardening.    provided by extension horticulturists Don Wilkerson and Dan
She enjoys experimenting with plants and “playing in the         Lineberger.
dirt.” She says she relied on herbicides and pesticides in her
garden to control problems—until she took a class on             Excerpt from notice from Douglas F. Welsh, Ph.D.
organic gardening. The program taught her to see that            Professor and Extension Horticulturist
everything in the garden is part of a larger ecosystem. She      Texas Cooperative Extension
has learned much over the years about gardening in               The Texas A&M University System
different environments and adapting to change. She worked                                                    February 2006
The Teachable Gardener                                                Robert E. Lee Elementary School Project
by Patty Macsisak                                                     by Susan Flanagan
                                                                      Help us celebrate Robert E. Lee Elementary School’s (located
While working in the garden, I am painfully aware of the limits of    several blocks east of Greenville Avenue in Dallas at 2911 Delmar)
my expertise. For me, the title “Teachable Gardener” may be           75th anniversary next year by restoring their front landscape and
more realistic than “Master Gardener”.                                creating a wildlife courtyard. The landscape is dotted with missing
                                                                      bushes and trees and needs a Master Gardener update! A teacher
One of the basic gardening skills that continues to elude me is       at the school wants to utilize a now barren courtyard by planting
successfully starting plants from seed. Each spring, I dutifully      bird and butterfly attracting plants as well as EarthKind roses.
prepare little flats and plant seeds. In a few weeks, the seeds       We are also looking at water wise plants such as a desert willow
germinate, but frequently, the seedling stem rots and dies. “Seed     tree, a possumhaw holly tree and several crepe myrtles, as well as
Sowing and Saving,” a book in the Storey’s Gardening Skills           shrubs such as Italian jasmine, nandinas, yaupon hollies and
Illustrated series, was invaluable in identifying damping-off, the    others. So far parents, kids, and master gardeners have planted
fungal disease that was killing my seedlings.                         donated daffodil bulbs. Any plant donations, including Italian
                                                                      jasmine bushes, would be welcome.
Wasted time and money is a subject taken very seriously in my
household, so (once again) I waded through the fundamentals           Please call me at 972-669-0291 or email with
of sowing and saving seeds. Each topic - from testing seed            donations and/or help in planting. It would be great if you could
viability to collecting seed from the wild – is covered with Master   solicit plants from nurseries. This small, wonderfully run school
Gardening Tips, Hints for Success, and illustrations. Who would       has no budget for landscaping
have thought that a subject like “pricking out” could warrant a
full page and three illustrations?

The remaining chapters contain techniques for sowing and
saving seeds for specific vegetables, flowers and herbs. In
addition to widely available information (e.g., light requirements,
germination time, etc.), the author includes information about
seed harvesting, storage requirements and seed viability. There
were many surprises: did you know that bachelor button
centaurea cyanus seeds will germinate faster if sown in
moistened flats and refrigerated for five days? Or that dear,
forgiving moss rose portulaca grandiflora seeds will germinate
in soil as warm as 85ºF?                                                         MARCH BIRTHDAYS
                                                                                 4         Teri Merrill
After reading this book, it is easy to see my mistakes: poorly                   7         Ruth Irvin
sterilized soil, not enough heat or light, over watering, etc. More              8         Marcia Gillen
fundamentally, I’ve been planting little seeds, paying scant                               Lesia Stahl
attention and expecting big miracles. As the author reminds me,                  10        Lori Stone
“What seems like such a simple process in nature – a seed falls                  13        Eddie Payne
to the ground, is watered by rain and warmed by the sun –                        14        Guyneth Zimmerman
becomes a complex undertaking in human hands.”                                   16        Lynn Foster
                                                                                 17        Julia Rutledge
                                                                                 18        C.A. Hiscock
Seed Sowing and Saving: Step-by-Step Techniques for                              19        Pat Black
Collecting and Growing More Than 100 Vegetables, Flowers,                        21        Hugh Feagin
and Herbs, Carole B. Turner, Storey’s Gardening Skills Illustrated               23        Jane Thayer
series, Storey’s Communications, Inc.                                            24        Bee Dietemann
                                                                                 25        Glenn Farmer
                                                                                 28        Lyn Pesta
                                                                                 29        Bunny Williams

       February 2006
                          Gardeners Checklist for March
                             Average Date of Last Freeze in Dallas County: About March 15
!      Plant shrubs while the weather is still cool.
!      Plant cool season flowers such as alyssum, daisies, dianthus, and geraniums (mid to late March).
!      Plant seasonal vegetables (spinach, radishes, snap beans, cucumbers, lettuce, sweet corn, lima beans,
       mustard, tomatoes, and squash) when soil temperatures are warm enough for each variety.
!      Plant warmer season flowers such as marigolds and zinnias as the weather warms towards the end of the month.

!      Prune back overgrown vining ground cover such as English ivy and Asian jasmine to encourage new compact
!      Remove winter-damaged tips from shrubs and other ornamentals.
!      Allow foliage on spring bulbs such as daffodils to die back and dry before removing, to recharge plants for next

Plant Care
!      Fertilize established shade trees and shrubs before spring growth begins.
!      Fertilize pecan and fruit trees before bud break.
!      Begin pecan tree zinc treatments at bud break.
!      Check new growth on ornamental plants weekly for aphids and scale insects and treat if necessary.
!      De-thatch your lawn if it has more than two inches of thatch.
!      Mow fescue lawns, now growing vigorously, at three to five day intervals.
!      Fertilize fescue lawns in early March (if you didn’t do it in February).
!      Divide fall flowering plants, such as asters and mums.
!      Continue to protect tender plants from late freezes.

  From The Speakers Bureau
  Bunny Williams

  7, 14, 21, 28    The four-part “Conservation Series – Micro Talks” was successful due to the efforts of Steve Houser, Jane
                   Bartosiewicz, Brad Sandy, James Hatcher, Dean Brown and Lynn Martin.
  7                Dean Brown spoke to the Parker Garden Club on “Shade Gardening”
  10               Jane Bartosiewicz talked about “Landscaping with Natives – Hidden Values” to the Native Plant Society
  14               Kim Andrews discussed “Composting” with the First Men’s Garden Club of Dallas
  17               Jane Bartosiewicz introduced “Butterfly Gardening” to the Gardeneers Garden Club
  21               Teresa Taylor coordinated Junior Master Gardener Training at the Florence Community Center
  26               Rosa Schachle talked on “Herbs: Growing & Culinary Use” to Freestone Gardeners and Master Gardeners
  27               Dione Lineberry provided information on “Containers, Pots & Growing” to MOPS
  28               Marian Buchanan presented “The Scented Geranium – Herb of the Year” to the Herb Society of America at
                   North Haven Gardens
  28               C.A. Hiscock gave “Floral Arranging in Winter” at the Dallas Arboretum

                                                                                                             February 2006
Spring Dallas Home and Garden Show                                   2006 Texas Master Gardener
March 3-5, Market Hall                                               Conference
IH-35E (Stemmons Freeway) at Market Center Blvd.
                                                                     “Sharing Our Garden Heritage”
You will love the Spring Dallas Home and Garden Show and will        May 4-6, 2006, College Station, Texas
want to play a part in the best Master Gardener Home and
Garden Show opportunity.
                                                                     Open to all Master Gardeners and hosted by the Brazos
We need your volunteer help during the following openings:           County Master Gardeners Association. The conference begins
                                                                     with a reception at the George Bush Presidential Library and
Friday           March 3 2 to 8 PM                                   Museum, followed by workshops and tours, a program by
Saturday         March 4 10 AM to 8 PM                               special guest speaker Dr Ben Welch, Mays School of
Sunday           March 5 11 AM to 6 PM                               Business, TAMU, and educational seminars highlighting
                                                                     “Sharing Our Heritage.”
Please pick a 3 to 4 hour time that you can volunteer, contact me
and we’ll set you on the schedule. This is the biggest booth we      Further information can be found on the Texas Master
have ever had and we will need people especially during the rush     Gardener web site, Calendar
times in the middle of Saturday and Sunday afternoon.                of Events.

Note: There is free admission and free parking to all DCMG
volunteers for this event.                                                       ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

City of Dallas Water Utilities-Conservation Division, who will                             “mas-ter”
share our booth, has inserted a coupon about our booth in every
February water bill, and they and their advertising agency will
promote Water Wise – Earth Kind gardening. The Show
Management, in their marketing promotions, will promote Dallas              One who tends a garden
County Master Gardeners.
                                                                         And reports service hours ASAP
Chamblee Roses of Tyler will provide Earth Kind Roses(tm) for us
to sell to benefit the Dallas County Master Gardener Association.

Dallas, Collin and Dallas County Master Gardeners will be involved
                                                                      Have you reported YOUR hours?
in this three day event.
Water Wise Landscape, Earth Kind Landscape Management and
Roses, Fire Wise Landscaping and other on-stage presentations
will be conducted on the DCMG Stage throughout the show.

Brad Sandy, Home & Garden Shows Volunteer Coordinator
                                                                          DCMGA - SPEAKERS BUREAU
                                                                          To get e-mail updates on upcoming activities,
Condolences                                                               provide the following information:
                                                                          name, e-mail address, phone #:
Bonnie Reese, Stacy Reese’s wife and Master Gardener
Class of 1987, recently lost her mother. Our thoughts and                 Interested in becoming a speaker?
condolences are with you, Bonnie.                                         Interested in supporting the speakers bureau?
                                                                          Have a topic you think would be a good program?
                                                                          CONTACT: BUNNY WILLIAMS, 972-248-9826
Leslyn Kirkpatrick, Class of 2002, passed away Thursday,
January 26. She was a dedicated worker for three years
with the Multiple Career Magnet Center. The MCMC group                    Need a speaker for your club or organization:
                                                                          CONTACT THE MG HELP DESK: 214-904-3053
suggest that you raise a toast and enjoy a margarita in her

       February 2006
              Dallas County Master Gardener Hours Report Form

1.       Indicate your name and month submitted.
2.       Column 1 – month/day/year.
3.       Column 2 – Brief description of project.
4.       Column 3 – Check if education (E) hours are to be credited.
5.       Column 4 – Check if volunteer (V) hours are to be credited.
6.       Column 5 – Indicate the number of hours (HRS) to be credited including any
         preparation time and travel time. Travel time is not to be included for education
         hour credit. Hours are reported in quarter hour increments (2.0, 3.25, 4.5, etc.).
7.       Refer to the MASTER GARDENER MANAGEMENT GUIDE for complete
         information on reporting education and volunteer hours.
8.       Hours should be submitted monthly. Reports may be mailed to Tig Thompson,
         placed in the Volunteer Hours Coordinator folder at the Texas Cooperative Extension
         - Dallas County.


     NAME ___________________________               MONTH ________________________
DATE                  PROJECT DESCRIPTION                                    E      V     HRS

                                                                                         February 2006
                     Who’s Who
                       2006 OFFICERS
Beverly Sutton        PRESIDENT
Kimberly Andrews      1ST VICE PRESIDENT
Judy Nation           TREASURER
Carolyn Rozier        DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION
Mary Ann Moreland     EDITOR
Michelle Monse        ASSISTANT EDITOR
Joanne Donnelly       ASSISTANT EDITOR
Virginia Salter       DESIGN EDITOR
Lou Ann Prasifka      PROOFREADERS
Carolyn Bush
Patsy Day
Judy Smith            PUBLICATION
Brenda Cunningham     E-MAIL DISTRIBUTION

Susan Flanagan, Kim Andrews, Joanne Burdin, Beverly
Sutton, Tig Thompson, Patty Macsisak, Teri Merrill, Bunny
Williams, Brad Sandy, CONTRIBUTORS

          Texas Cooperative Extension

          The Texas A & M University System

          10056 Marsh Lane - Suite-B-101

                            ng H
          Dallas, Texas 75229-6006

                     H elpi

     February 2006

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