Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and

Document Sample
Hinduism and Buddhism Hinduism and Powered By Docstoc
					Hinduism and Buddhism
  Two Major Religions from India
   Grew out of Vedic religious traditions
   Karma, Dharma, Moksha
   Reincarnation
   Nonviolence / Ahimsa
               Hinduism: Origins
       No single founder
         Developed from the overlapping beliefs of Indus
          and Aryans as well as others
         Hinduism is one of the most complex religions
    Hinduism: Major Beliefs
       Everything in the universe is
        part of the unchanging, all
        powerful spiritual force called
       Hindus worship many gods that
        are part of the Brahman
         Brahma: the creator
         Vishnu: the preserver
         Shiva: the destroyer
        Hinduism: Major Beliefs
   Every person has an essential self or atman
    which is just another name for Brahman, and
    the ultimate goal is moksha, or union with the
    Brahman, thus reincarnation makes this
   Karma: refers to all actions of a person’s life
    that affect their fate in the next life, and
    Dharma: the religious and moral duties of an
    individual that help escape the wheel of fate.
             Hinduism: Sacred Texts
       Sacred Texts
         No single sacred text:
         Vedas, Upanishads, Ramayana, Bhagavad Gita,
          and Mahabharata
             Vedas and Upanishads recorded Hindu teachings
             The Bhagavad-Gita spells out many ethical ideas
              central to Hinduism such as ahimsa, or nonviolence.
               Prince Siddhartha Gautama
Buddhism:       enjoyed a happy life, married
 Origins        and had a son
               One day he left the palace and
                he saw suffering for the first
                time and set out to discover
                “the realm of life where there is
                no suffering or death
               One day he sat down to
                meditate for 48 days until he
                became enlightened and
                understood the cause and cure
                for suffering and pain he then
                became the Buddha
Buddhism: Major Beliefs
          Four Noble Truths:
            all life is full of suffering, pain, and sorrow
            The cause of suffering is the desire for things that
             are really illusions
            The only cure for suffering is to overcome desire
            The way to overcome desire is to follow the
             Eightfold Path
          Eightfold Path
            right views, right aspirations, right speech, right
             conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right
             mindfulness, and right contemplation.
          Through meditation a person might achieve
           enlightenment or Nirvana: the union with
           the universe and release from the cycle of
      Buddhism: Sacred Texts
   Buddhism spread by Buddha’s teachings
    and those of his disciples and
    monasteries grew as centers of learning.
   Some of his followers collected his
    teachings into the Tripitaka or “Three
    Baskets of Wisdom”
Buddhism Spreads
           Later split into two major
            schools of thought
             Theravada: more like
              Buddha’s original
             Mahayana: easier for
              everyday people to follow,
              and worshiped Buddha as
           Other Differences
   Buddhism rejected the priests, formal rituals,
    and existence of many gods
   Buddhists rejected the caste system offering
    hope of nirvana to all
            Religions of India Song
       To the tune of “Mary had a Little Lamb”
India has 2 religions             Unlike Hinduism, Buddhism
   Hinduism and Buddhism            rejects the caste system
Both believe in karma, dharma,    They offer hope to all who
   ahimsa, and reincarnation        want to achieve nirvana

Hinduism is the oldest religion   India has 2 religions
   with millions of gods but no      Hinduism and Buddhism
   founder                        Both believe in karma, dharma,
3 of the most important are          ahimsa, and reincarnation
   Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

Shared By: