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					           Program Director/Principal Investigator (Last, First, Middle):

                                                          BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
          Provide the following information for the Senior/key personnel and other significant contributors in the order listed on Form Page 2.
                                        Follow this format for each person. DO NOT EXCEED FOUR PAGES.

  NAME                                                                         POSITION TITLE
  Diehr, Paula Katherine                                                       Emeritus professor of Biostatistics and Health
  eRA COMMONS USER NAME (credential, e.g., agency login)                       Services

  EDUCATION/TRAINING (Begin with baccalaureate or other initial professional education, such as nursing, include postdoctoral training and
  residency training if applicable.)
                     INSTITUTION AND LOCATION                                                 MM/YY                   FIELD OF STUDY
                                                                       (if applicable)

  Harvey Mudd College, Claremont, California                                BS                       1963           Mathematics
  University of California, Los Angeles,                                    MS                       1967           Biostatistics
  University of California, Los Angeles,                                    PhD                      1970           Biostatistics

Please refer to the application instructions in order to complete sections A, B, C, and D of the Biographical
A. Personal Statement.
The goal of this project is to evaluate and develop prognostic models of outcomes for persons with
intracerebral hemorrhage. I have done research in some relevant areas, including developing and evaluating
diagnostic and prognostic models for pneumonia, ankle fracture, headache, and ovarian cancer. I have also
worked extensively on methods to account for biases caused by failure to account for deaths, and by DNR
orders. I have worked with orders on methods to account for bias and confounding by indication. Although I
retired last year, I would be pleased to consult, as needed, with Drs. Tirschwell and Chan.

B. Positions and Honors

Assistant professor to professor of biostatistics, University of Washington, 1970-2009; emeritus professor 2009 ff.;
    professor of health services
Member, American Statistical Association
Recent member of APHA and Academy Health (prior to retirement)
Editorial Boards of: Medical Care, 1978-81; Health Services Research, 1987; Statistics in Medicine, 1994-;
Annual Review of Public Health, 1996-2000; Encyclopedia of Biostatistics, 1995-2003
Health Care Technology Study Section, National Center for Health Services Research, 1980-84
Mental Health Services Research Study Section, National Institute of Mental Health, 1986-90
VA Study Section, Health Services Research and Development Service Advisory Panel: U.S. Congress Office
      of Technology Assessment (OTA) Project, "Technology, Insurance, and the Health Care System," 1991-
      93; Institute of Medicine, 1994-1995, 1997-2001
Member, Board of Directors, Association for Health Services Research, 1992-95

Fellow, American Statistical Association, 1994
Fellow, Association for Health Services Research, 1996
Fellow, Amer Assn for the Advancement of Science, 1997
Distinguished Faculty, University of Washington School of Public Health, 2004.
Outstanding alumna, UCLA School of Public Health, 2008

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               Program Director/Principal Investigator (Last, First, Middle):

     C Publications (selected from 200 peer-reviewed publications), in chronological order

     David, below you’ll see all 196 of my published articles, you may choose the most recent, or whatever is best for
     you. Some that seem relevant to your work are as follows. BTW, if you just delete a reference you don’t want
     they will all renumber, so you had better use some other method for identifying the pubs that I am suggesting right

     Evaluation of diagnostic algorithms for pneumonia (22, 26); ankle (42); ovarian cancer (193); headache (11, 15, 16).

     Biases caused by not accounting for persons who die in longitudinal studies: #92, 132, 147, 148, 166

     The effect of DNR orders on the evaluation of a prevention trial (95)

     Methods that attempt to account for selection bias and confounding by indication in observational studies (145, 187, 196)

     a) Refereed research articles

1.       Diehr PK, Jackson K, Boscha MV: Access to medical care: Impact of outreach services on
         enrollees of a prepaid health care plan. J Health Soc Behav 16:326-39, 1975.

2.       Shortell SM, Richardson WC, LoGerfo JP, Diehr PK, Weaver B, Green K: The relationships among
         dimensions of health services in two provider systems: A causal model approach. J Health Soc
         Behav 18:139-59, 1977.

3.       LoGerfo JP, Dynes I, Frost F, Diehr P, Richardson W: Tonsillectomies, adenoidectomies and audits:
         Have surgical indications been met? Med Care 16:950-55, 1978.

4.       Jackson M, LoGerfo JP, Diehr P, Watts C, Richardson W: Elective hysterectomy: A cost benefit
         analysis. Inquiry 15:275-80, 1978.

5.       LoGerfo J, Efird R, Diehr P, Richardson W: Rates of surgical care in prepaid group practices and
         the independent setting: What are the reasons for the difference? Med Care 17:1-7, 1979.

6.       Williams SJ, Diehr P, Drucker WL, Richardson WC: Mental health services: Utilization by low
         income enrollees in a prepaid group practice plan and in an independent practice plan. Med Care
         17:139-51, 1979.

7.       Wood RW, Diehr P, Wolcott B, Slay L, Tompkins RK: Reproducibility of clinical data and decisions
         in the management of upper respiratory illnesses: A double-blind comparison of physicians and
         non-physician providers. Med Care 17:767-79, 1979.

8.       Diehr PK, Williams SJ, Shortell SM, Richardson WC, Drucker WL: The relationship between
         utilization of mental health and somatic health services among low income enrollees in two
         provider plans. Med Care 17:937-52, 1979.

9.       Diehr PK, Richardson WC, Shortell SM, LoGerfo JP: Increased access to medical care: The impact
         on health. Med Care 17:989-99, 1979.

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10.   Handsfield HH, Knapp JS, Diehr PK, Holmes KK: Correlation of auxotype and penicillin
      susceptibility of Neisseria gonorrhoeae with sexual preference and clinical manifestations of
      gonorrhea. Sex Transm Dis 7:1-4, 1980.

11.   Diehr P, Wood R, Barr V, Wolcott B, Slay L, Tompkins R: Acute headaches: Presenting symptoms
      and diagnostic rules to identify patients with tension and migraine headaches. J Chronic Dis
      34:147-58, 1981.

12.   Branch L, Jette A, Evashwick C, Polansky M, Rowe G, Diehr P: Toward understanding elders'
      health service utilization. J Community Health 7:80-92, 1981.

13.   Christensen-Szalansky J, Diehr P, Wood R: Phased trial of a proven algorithm at a new primary
      care clinic. Am J Public Health 72:16-21, 1982.

14.   Yergan J, LoGerfo J, Shortell S, Bergner M, Diehr P, Richardson W: Health status as a measure of
      need for medical care: A critique. Med Care 19(supplement):57-68, 1982.

15.   Diehr P, Wood R, Wolcott B, Slay L, Tompkins RK: On the relationships among headache
      symptoms. J Chronic Dis 35:321-31, 1982.

16.   Diehr P, Diehr G, Koepsell T, Wood R, Beach K, Wolcott B, Slay L, Tompkins R: Cluster analysis to
      determine headache types. J Chronic Dis 35:623-33, 1982.

17.   Polissar L, Diehr P: Regression analysis in health services research: The use of dummy variables.
      Med Care 20:959-66, 1982.

18.   Christensen-Szalansky J, Diehr P, Bushyhead J, Wood R: Two studies of good clinical judgement.
      Med Decis Making 2:275-83, 1982.

19.   Williams S, Diehr P, Richardson W, Drucker W: Limitations and exclusions in two provider systems
      with comprehensive care. J Insurance Risk 49:448-62, 1982.

20.   Koepsell TD, Helfand K, Diehr P, Gurtel A, Gleser M, Tompkins R: The Seattle evaluation of
      computerized drug profiles. I. Effect on provider time. Med Care 25:497-507, 1983.

21.   Longstreth WT, Diehr P, Inui T: Prediction of awakening after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. N Engl
      J Med 308:1378-82, 1983.

22.   Bushyhead JB, Wood RW, Tompkins RK, Wolcott BW, Diehr P: The effect of chest radiographs on
      the management and clinical course of patients with acute coughs. Med Care 21:661-73, 1983.

23.   Koepsell TD, Gurtel AL, Diehr PH, Temkin NR, Helfand KH, Gleser MA, Tompkins RK: The Seattle
      evaluation of computerized drug profiles: Effects on prescribing practices and resource use. Am J
      Public Health 73:850-55, 1983.

24.   Diehr P, Martin D, Price K, Friedlander L, Richardson W, Riedel D: Use of ambulatory care services
      in three provider plans: Interactions between patient characteristics and plans. Am J Public Health
      74:47-51, 1984.

25.   Diehr P, Williams S, Martin D, Price K: Ambulatory mental health services utilization in three
      provider plans. Med Care 22:1-13, 1984.

26.   Diehr P, Wood R, Bushyhead J, Krueger L, Wolcott B, Tompkins R: Prediction of pneumonia in
      outpatients with acute cough. J Chronic Dis 37:215-25, 1984.

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27.   Diehr P: Small area statistics: Large statistical problem. Am J Public Health 74:313-14, 1984.

28.   Evashwick C, Rowe G, Diehr P, Branch L: Factors explaining the use of health care services by the
      elderly. Health Serv Res 19:357-82, 1984.

29.   Welch WP, Frank RC, Diehr P: Health care costs in health maintenance organizations: Correcting
      for self-selection. In: Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research (R Scheffler,
      ed.). Greenwich: JAI Press, 1984, pp. 95-128.

30.   Richardson W, Martin D, Diehr P, Moore S, Riedel D: Consumer choice and cost containment: An
      evaluation of Safeco's United Healthcare Plan. US Dept HHS Publ, No. 03183, 1984.

31.   Diehr P, Price K, Williams S, Martin D: Use of somatic health services by patients who use or need
      mental health services in three provider plans. J Med Syst 9:389-400, 1985.

32.   Haglund C, Martin DP, Diehr P, Johnston R, Richardson W: Out-of-plan use by Medicare enrollees
      in a risk-sharing health maintenance organization. Health Care Financ Rev 7:39-50, 1985.

33.   Grazier K, Richardson W, Martin D, Diehr P: Factors affecting choice of health care plans. Health
      Serv Res 20:659-82, 1986.

34.   Longstreth W, Diehr P, Cobb L, Hanson R, Blair A: Neurologic outcome and blood glucose levels
      during out-of-hospital cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. Neurology 36:1186-91, 1986.

35.   Diehr P, Price K, Williams S, Martin D: Factors relating to the use of ambulatory mental health
      services in three provider plans. Soc Sci Med 23:773-80, 1986.

36.   Teitz C, Hermanson B, Kronmal R, Diehr P: Evaluation of the use of braces to prevent injury to the
      knee in collegiate football players. J Bone Joint Surg (A) 69:2-9, 1987.

37.   Chu J, Diehr P, Feigl P, Glaefke G, Begg C, Glicksman A, Hunter C, Ford L: The effect of age on the
      care of women with breast cancer in community hospitals. J Gerontol 42:185-190, 1987.

38.   Ford L, Hunter C, Diehr P, Frelick R, Yates J: Effects of patient management guidelines on
      physician practice patterns: The community hospital oncology program experience. J Clin Oncol
      5:504-511, 1987.

39.   Connell F, Diehr P, Hart G: The use of large data bases in health care studies. Annu Rev Public
      Health 8:51-74, 1987.

40.   Yergan J, Flood A, LoGerfo J, Diehr P: Relationship between patient race and the intensity of
      hospital services. Med Care 25:592-603,1987.

41.   Diehr P, Martin D, Leickly R, Krueger L, Silberg N, Barchet S: Use of ambulatory health care
      services in a preferred provider organization. Med Care 25:1033-1043, 1987.

42.   Diehr P, Highley R, Dehkordi F, Wood R, Krueger L: Prediction of fracture in patients with acute
      musculo-skeletal ankle trauma. Med Decis Making 8:40-47, 1988.

43.   Feigl P, Glaefke G, Ford L, Diehr P, Chu J: Studying patterns of cancer care: How useful is the
      medical record? Am J Public Health 78:526-533, 1988.

44.   Diehr P, Leickly R, Tatarsky M, Hermanson B, Krueger L, Silberg N: Use of a preferred provider by
      employees of the preferred provider. Health Serv Res 23:537-554, 1988.

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45.   Yergan J, Flood A, Diehr P, LoGerfo J: Relationship between patient source of payment and the
      intensity of hospital services. Med Care 26:1111-1114, 1988.

46.   Freeman W, Hosey G, Diehr P, Gohded D: Diabetes in American Indians: Variation of prevalence by
      tribe in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington. Diabetes Care 12:282-289, 1989.

47.   Diehr P, Yergan J, Chu J, Feigl P, Glaefke G, Moe R, Bergner M, Rodenbaugh J: Treatment modality
      and quality differences for black and white breast cancer patients treated in community hospitals.
      Med Care 27:942-958, 1989.

48.   Martin DP, Diehr P, Price K, Richardson W: Effect of a gatekeeper plan on health services use and
      charges: A randomized trial. Am J Public Health 79:1628-1632, 1989.

49.   Diehr P, Cain K, Connell F, Volinn E: What is too much variation? The null hypothesis in small area
      analysis. Health Serv Res 24(6):741-771, 1990 ("Article of the year," AHSR, 1991).

50.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Wagner E, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Curry S, VonKorff M: Evaluating community-
      based nutrition programs: Assessing the validity and reliability of a survey of grocery store
      product displays. Am J Public Health 80:709-710, 1990.

51.   Bergner M, Allison C, Diehr P, Ford L, Feigl P: Early detection and control of cancer in clinical
      practice. Arch Intern Med 150:431-436, 1990.

52.   Diehr P, Grembowski D: A small area simulation approach to determining excess variation in dental
      utilization. Am J Pubic Health 80:1343-1348, 1990.

53.   Krueger L, Wood R, Diehr P, Maxwell C: Poverty and HIV seropositivity. AIDS 4:811-814, 1990.

54.   Diehr P, Silberg N, Martin DP, Arlow V, Leickly R: Use of a preferred provider plan by employees of
      the City of Seattle. Med Care 28:1073-1087, 1990.

55.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Curry S, Wagner E, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Kristal A: Community level
      comparisons between the grocery store environment and individual dietary practices. Prev Med
      20:250-261, 1991.

56.   Wagner E, Koepsell T, Anderman C, Cheadle A, Curry S, Psaty B, Wickizer T, Beery W, Diehr P,
      Ehreth J, Kehrer B, Pearson D, Perrin E, VonKorff M: The evaluation of the Henry J Kaiser Family
      Foundation's community health promotion grants program: design. J Clin Epidemiol 44:685-699,

57.   Koepsell T, Martin D, Diehr P, Psaty B, Wagner E, Perrin E, Cheadle A: Data analysis and sample
      size issues in evaluations of community-based health promotion and disease prevention programs:
      A mixed-model analysis of variance approach. J Clin Epidemiol 44:701-713, 1991.

58.   Deyo R, Diehr P, Patrick D: Reproducibility and responsiveness of health status measures:
      Statistics and strategies for evaluation. Control Clin Trials 12:142S-158S, 1991.

59.   Psaty B, Cheadle A, Curry S, McKenna T, Koepsell T, Wickizer T, VonKorff M, Diehr P, Perrin E,
      Wagner E: Sampling elderly in the community: A comparison of commercial telemarketing lists
      and random-digit dialing techniques for assessing health behaviors and health status. Am J
      Epidemiol 134:96-106, 1991.

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60.   Durham M, Beresford S, Diehr P, Grembowski D, Hecht J, Patrick D: Participation of higher users in
      a randomized trial of Medicare reimbursement for preventive services. The Gerontologist 31:603-
      606, 1991.

61.   Hedrick S, Johnson R, Inui T, Diehr P: Factors associated with participation in a randomized trial of
      adult day health care. The Gerontologist 31:607-610, 1991.

62.   Diehr P, Madden C, Fishman P, Cheadle A, Char P: Estimating county percentages of people
      without health insurance. Inquiry 28:413-419, 1991.

63.   Koepsell T, Wagner E, Cheadle A, Patrick D, Kristal A, Allan-Andrilla CH, Dey L, Martin DC, Diehr P:
      Selected methodological issues in evaluating community-based health promotion and disease
      prevention programs. Ann Rev Public Health 13:31-57, 1992.

64.   Volinn E, Mayer J, Diehr P, Van Koevering D, Connell F, Loeser J: Small area analysis of surgery for
      low back pain. Spine 17:575-581, 1992.

65.   Diehr P, Cain K, Kreuter W, Rosenkranz S: Can small-area analysis detect variation in surgery
      rates? The power of small-area variation analysis. Med Care 30:484-502, 1992.

66.   Diehr P, Koepsell T, Cheadle A, Psaty B: Assessing response bias in random-digit dialing surveys:
      The telephone-prefix method. Stat Med 11:1009-1021, 1992.

67.   Cain K, Diehr P: Testing the null hypothesis in small area analysis. Health Serv Res 27:267-294,

68.   VonKorff M, Koepsell T, Curry S, Diehr P: Multi-level analysis in epidemiologic research on health
      behaviors and outcomes. Am J Epidemiol 135 (10):1077-1082, 1992.

69.   Kosorok M, Omenn G, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Patrick D: Chronic conditions, falls and restricted
      activity days among older adults. Am J Public Health 82:1263-1267, 1992.

70.   Ehreth J, Diehr P, Durham M, Hecht J: A tool for administrative decision-making: predicting health
      status from management information system data. J Ambulatory Care Manage 15:30-39, 1992.

71.   Patrick D, Madden C, Diehr P, Martin DP, Cheadle A, Skillman S: Health status and use of services
      among families with and without health insurance. Med Care 30:941-949, 1992.

72.   Martin DC, Diehr P, Perrin E, Koepsell T: The effect of matching on the power of randomized
      community intervention studies. Stat Med 12:329-338, 1993.

73.   Diehr P, Cain K, Ye Z, Abdul-Salam F: Small-area variation statistics: Methods for comparing
      several diagnosis-related groups. Med Care 31(5):YS45-YS53, 1993.

74.   Curry S, Wagner E, Cheadle A, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Psaty B, McBride C: Assessment of community-
      level influences on individuals' attitudes about cigarette smoking, alcohol use, and consumption of
      dietary fat. Am J Prev Med 9(2):78-84, 1993.

75.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Curry S, Wagner E, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Kristal A: Can measures of the grocery
      store environment be used to track community-level dietary changes? Prev Med 22:361-372, 1993.

76.   Grembowski D, Patrick D, Diehr P, Durham M, Beresford S, Kay E, Hecht J: Self-efficacy and health
      behavior among older adults. J Health Soc Behav 34:89-104, 1993.

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77.   Rothman ML, Diehr P, Hedrick SC, Erdly W, Nickinovich DG: Effects of contract adult day health
      care on health outcomes and satisfaction with care. Med Care 31:SS75-SS83, 1993.

78.   Hedrick SC, Rothman ML, Chapko M, Ehreth J, Diehr P, Inui T, Connis RT, Grover PL, Kelly JR:
      Summary and discussion of methods and results of the adult day health care evaluation study.
      Med Care 31:SS94-SS103, 1993.

79.   Diehr P, Koepsell T, Cheadle A, Psaty B, Wagner W, Curry S: Do communities differ in health
      behavior? J Clin Epidemiol 46:1141-1149, 1993.

80.   Diehr P, Madden C, Martin DP, Patrick DL, Mayers M, Char P, Skillman S, Cheadle A, Fishman P,
      Hoare G: Who enrolled in a state program for the uninsured: Was there adverse selection? Med
      Care 31:1093-1105, 1993.

81.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Wagner E, Wickizer T, Curry S: An empirical exploration of
      the conceptual model underlying a community-based health-promotion program. International
      Quarterly of Community Health Education 13:329-363, 1993.

82.   Cheadle A, Pearson D, Wagner E, Psaty B, Diehr P, Koepsell T: The relationship between socio-
      economic status, health status and lifestyle practices among American Indians: Evidence from a
      plains reservation. Public Health Reports 109:405-414, 1994.

83.   Patrick D, Thompson D, Cheadle A, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Kinne S: Validity of self-reported smoking:
      Review and meta-analysis. Am J Public Health 84:1086-1093, 1994.

84.   Psaty B, Cheadle A, Koepsell T, Diehr P, Wickizer T, Curry S, VonKorff M, Perrin E, Wagner E: Race-
      and ethnicity-specific characteristics of participants lost to follow-up in a telephone cohort. Am J
      Epidemiol 140(2):161-171, 1994.

85.   Haselkorn J, Turner J, Diehr P, Ciol M. Meta-Analysis: A useful tool for the spine researcher. Spine
      19:2076S-2082S, 1994.

86.   Deyo R, Taylor V, Diehr P, Conrad D, Cherkin D, Ciol M, Kreuter W: Analysis of automated
      administrative databases to study patterns and outcomes of care. Spine 19:2083S-2091S, 1994.

87.   Volinn E, Diehr P, Ciol M, Loeser J: Why does geographic variation in health care practice matter?
      (Seven questions about conducting studies on geographic variation.) Spine 19:2092S-2100S, 1994.

88.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Curry S, Wagner E, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Kristal A, Patrick D: Assessing the
      validity of a survey of the restaurant health promotion environment. Am J Health Promot 9:88-91,

89.   Hasselblad V, Mosteller F, Littenberg B, Chalmers TC, Hunink MG, Turner JA, Morton SC, Diehr P,
      Wong JB, Power NR. A survey of current problems in meta-analysis: results from the AHCPR
      Inter-Port work group on literature review/meta-analysis. Med Care 33:202-220, 1995.

90.   Cheadle A, Psaty B, Diehr P, Koepsell T, Wagner E, Curry S, Kristal A: Evaluating community-based
      nutrition programs: comparing grocery store and individual-level survey measures of program
      impact. Prev Med 24:71-79, 1995.

91.   McBride C, Curry S, Cheadle A, Anderman C, Wagner E, Diehr P, Psaty B: School-level application
      of a social bonding model to adolescent risk-taking behavior. J Sch Health 65:63-68, 1995.

92.   Diehr P, Patrick D, Hedrick S, Rothman M, Grembowski D, Raghunathan TE, Beresford S: Including
      deaths when measuring health status over time. Medical Care 33:AS164-AS172, 1995.
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93.    Diehr P, Martin DC, Koepsell T, Cheadle A: Breaking the matches in a paired t-test for community
       interventions when the number of pairs is small. Stat Med 14:1491-1504, 1995.

94.    Cheadle A, Pearson D, Wagner E, Psaty B, Diehr P, Koepsell T: Assessing the impact of a
       community-based program targeting adolescent alcohol abuse on an American Indian reservation.
       Public Health Reports 110:439-448, 1995.

95.    Patrick D, Beresford S, Ehreth J, Diehr P, Picciano J, Durham M, Hecht J, Grembowski D:
       Interpreting excess mortality in a prevention trial for older adults. Int J Epi. 24:527-533, 1995.

96.    Koepsell T, Diehr P, Cheadle A, Kristal A: Invited commentary: Symposium on community
       preventive trials. Am J Epi 142:594-599, 1995.

97.    Madden CW, Cheadle A, Diehr P, Martin DP, Patrick DL, Skillman SM: Voluntary public health
       insurance for low-income families: the decision to enroll. J Health Politics Policy and Law 20:955-
       972, 1995.

98.    Diehr P, Martin DC, Koepsell T, Cheadle A, Wagner E, Psaty BM: Optimal survey design for
       community-intervention evaluations: cohort or cross-section? J Clin Epidemiology 48:1461-1472,

   99. Anderman C, Cheadle A, Curry S, Diehr P, Shultz L, Wagner E: Selection bias related to parental
          consent in research involving minors. Evaluation Review 19:663-674, 1995.

100.   Diehr P, Madden CW, Cheadle A, Skillman S, Martin DP, Patrick DL: Will uninsured people
       "volunteer" for voluntary insurance? Am J Pub Health 86:529-532, 1996.

101.   Patrick DL, Martin DP, Madden C, Diehr P, Cheadle A, Skillman S: Dissatisfaction and disenrollment
       in a subsidized managed care program. Med Care Res and Rev 54:61-79, 1997.

102.   Diehr P, Psaty B, Patrick D: Effect size and power for clinical trials using years of healthy life as the
       primary endpoint. Stat Med 16:1211-1224, 1997.

103.   Martin D, Diehr P, Cheadle A, Madden C, Patrick D, Skillman S: Health care utilization for the Anewly
       insured:@ results from the Washington Basic Health Plan. Inquiry 34:129-142, 1997.

104.   O'Keefe G, Maier R, Diehr P, Grossman D, Jurkovich G, Conrad D: The complications of trauma and
       their associated costs in a level I trauma center. Arch Surg 132:920-924, 1997.

105.   Kristal AR, Andrilla CHA, Koepsell T, Diehr P, Cheadle A: Dietary instruments are susceptible to
       intervention-associated response-set bias. J Am Diet Assoc 98:40-43, 1998.

106.   Tell G, Lefkowitz D, Diehr P, Elster A: Relation between balance and cerebral magnetic resonance
       abnormalities in older adults. Archives of Neurology 55:73-79, 1998.

107.   Wickizer T, Wagner E, Cheadle A, Pearson D, Beery W, Psaty B, VonKorff M, Koepsell T, Diehr P:
       The community health promotion program in the west I: Program development and
       implementation. Milbank Mem Fund Q, 76:121-147, 1998.

108.   Diehr P, Patrick DL, Bild DE, Burke GL, Williamson JD: Predicting future years of healthy life for
       older adults. J Clin Epidemiology 51:343-353, 1998.

109.   Diehr P, Bild DE, Harris TM, Duxbury A, Siscovick D: Body mass index and mortality in non-
       smoking older adults: Results from the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am J Pub Hlth 88:623-629,
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110.   Goldberg HI, Wagner EH, Fihn SD, Martin DP, Horowitz CR, Christensen D, Cheadle A, Diehr P,
       Simon G: A randomized controlled trial of CQI teams and academic detailing: Can they alter
       compliance with guidelines? Joint Commission Journal of Quality Improvement. J Qual Improv
       24:130-142, 1998.

111.   Martin DP, Diehr P, Conrad DA, Davis JH, Leickly R, Perrin EB: Randomized trial of a patient-
       centered hospital unit. Patient Educ Couns 34:125-133, 1998.

112.   Taylor V, Anderson G, McNeney B, Diehr P, Lavis J, Deyo R, Bombardier C, Malter A, Asxcell T:
       Hospitalizations for back and neck problems: A comparison between the province of Ontario and
       Washington State. HSR 33:929-945, 1998.

113.   Kilbreth E, Coburn A, McGuire C, Martin DP, Diehr P, Madden C, Skillman C: Expanding access to
       the uninsured through small business and individual coverage initiatives: Utilization experience of
       state-sponsored insurance demonstration programs in Maine and Washington State. Inquiry
       35:250-265, 1998.

114.   Bradley KA, McDonell M, Koreli K, Kivlahan D, Diehr P, Fihn S: The AUDIT alcohol consumption
       questions: reliability, validity and responsiveness to change in older male primary care patients.
       Alcohol Clinical and Experimental Research 22:1842-1849, 1998.

115.   Malmgren JA, Koepsell TD, Martin DP, Diehr P, LaCroix AZ: Mortalilty, health services use, and
       health behavior in a cohort of well older adults. J Amer Geriatric Society 47:51-59, 1999.

116.   Feng Z, Diehr P, Yasui Y, Evans B, Koepsell TD: Explaining community-level variance in group
       randomized trials. Stat Med 18:531-556, 1999.

117.   Roussel A, Grembowski D, Novak L, Patrick D, Diehr P, Williams B. Primary care physician=s
       participation in managed care networks. J Ambulatory Care Manage 22:27-40, 1999.

118.   Diehr P, Yanez D, Ash A, Hornbrook M, Lin DY: Methods for analyzing health care utilization and
       costs. Annu Rev Public Health 20:125-144, 1999.

119.   Diehr P, Patrick D, Burke G, Williamson J: Survival versus years of healthy life: which is more
       powerful as a study outcome? Control Clin Trials 20:267-279, 1999.

120.   Gibson JP, Koepsell TD, Diehr P, Hale C: Increasing response rates for mailed surveys of Medicaid
       clients and other low income populations. Am J Epidemiol 149:1057-1062, 1999.

121.   Patrick DL, Grembowski D, Durham m, Beresford S, Diehr P, Ehreth J, Hecht J, Picciano J, Beery W:
       Cost and outcomes of medicare reimbursement for preventive services in an HMO. Health Care
       Financ Rev 20:25-43, 1999.

122.   Goldberg H, Neighbor WE, Cheadle A, Ramsey S, Diehr P, Gore E: A controlled time-series trial of
       clinical reminders: using computerized firm systems to make quality-improvment research a
       routine part of mainstream practice. Health Services Research 34(7):1519-1534, 2000.

123.   Madden CW, Mackay BP, Skillman S, Ciol M, Diehr P: Risk adjusting capitation: Applications in two
       populations. Health Management Science 3(2): 101-109, 2000.

124.   Unutzer J, Patrick D, Diehr P, Simon G, Grembowski D, Daton W: Quality adjusted life years in older
       adults with depressive symptoms and chronic medical disorders. (First place 1999 IPA/Bayer
       Research Awards in Psychogeriatrics). International Psychogeriatrics 12:15-33, 2000.

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125.   Grembowski D, Diehr P, Novak L, Roussel A, Martin DP, Patrick DL, Williams B, Ulrich CB:
       Measuring the Amanagedness@ and covered benefits of health plans. Health Services Research
       35:707-734, 2000.

126.   Wagner E, Wickizer T, Cheadle A, Psaty B, Koepsell T, Diehr P, Curry S, VonKorff M, Anderman C,
       Beery W, Pearson D, Perrin E: The Kaiser Family Foundaiont Community Health Promotions
       Grants Program: Findings from an outcome evaluation. Health Services Research 35:561-589,

127.   Diehr P, Williamson J, Patrick DL, Bild DE, Burke GL: Patterns of self-rated health in older adults
       before and after sentinel health events. J Am Geriatr Soc 49:36-44, 2001.

128.   Feng Z, Diehr P, Peterson A, McLerran D: Selected statistical issues in group randomized trials.
       Annual Review of Public Health 22:167-187, 2001.

129.   Longstreth WT, Diehr P, Manolio TA, Beauchamp NJ, Jungreis CA, Lefkowitz D, O’Leary D: Cluster
       analysis to identify patterns of findings on cranial magnetic resonance imagine of the elderly: The
       Cardiovascular Health Study. Archives of Neurology 58:635-640, 2001.

130.   Reiber GE, Smith DG, Carter J, Fotieo G, Deery G, Sangeorzan J, Lavery L, Pugh J, Peter-Riesch B,
       Assal JP, del Aguila M, Diehr P, Patrick DL, Boyko EJ. A comparison of diabetic foot ulcer patients
       managed in VHA and non-VHA settings. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development.
       38:309-317, 2001.

131.   Goldberg HI, Deyo RA, Taylor VM, Cheadle AD, Conrad DA, Loeser JD, Heagerty PJ, Diehr P. Can
       evidence change the rate of back surgery? A randomized controlled trial of community-based
       education. Effective Clinical Practice 4:95-104, 2001.

132.   Diehr P, Patrick DL, Spertus J, Kiefe CI, McDonell M, Fihn SD. Transforming self-rated health and
       the SF-36 Scales to include death and improve interpretability. Medical care 39:670-680, 2001.

133.   Cheadle A, Wagner E, Walls M, Diehr P, Bell M, Anderman C, McBride C, Catalano R, Pettigrew E,
       Simmons R, Neckerman H. The effect of neighborhood-based community organizing: results from
       the Seattle Minority Youth Health Project. Health Services Research 36:671-689, 2001.

134.   Diehr P, Patrick DL. Probabilities of Transition among Health States for Older Adults. Quality of
       Life Research 10:431-422, 2001.

135.   Diehr P, Newman AB, Jackson SA, Kuller L, Powe N. Weight modification trials in older adults:
       What should the outcome measure be? Controlled Clinical Trials in Cardiovascular Medicine 3:1-18,
       2002. [On line at]

136.   Lumley T, Diehr P, Emerson S, Chen L. The importance of the normality assumption in large public
       health data sets. Annual Review of Public Health 23:151-169, 2002.

137.   Diehr P, Williamson J, Burke G, Psaty B. The aging and dying process and the health of older
       adults. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 55:269-278, 2002.

138.   Grembowski D, Martin DP, Diehr P, Patrick DL, Williams B, Novak L, Katon W, Deyo R, Dickstein D,
       Engelberg R, Goldberg H. Managed care, access to mental health specialists, and outcomes
       among primary care patients with depressive symptoms. Journal of General Internal Medicine
       17(4):258-269, 2002.

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139.   Maciejewski M, Smith MA, Diehr P, Herbert P. Common methodological terms in health services
       research and their synonyms. Medical Care 40: 477-84, 2002.

140.   Pogach LM, Charns M, Wrobel J, Diehr P, Robbins J, Reiber G. Coordination improves foot care for
       patients with diabetes. Transition Watch 5:4-6, 2002.

141.   Herrman H, Patrick DL, Diehr P, Martin M, Fleck M, Simon G, Buesching D, the LIDO group.
       Longitudinal investigation of depression outcomes in primary care in six countries: the LIDO study.
       Functional status, health service use and treatment of people with depressive symptoms.
       Psychological Medicine 32:889-902, 2002.

142.   Pizacani B, Martin DP, Stark MJ, Koepsell TD, Thompson B, Diehr P. Household smoking bans:
       which households have them and do they work? Prev Med 36:99-107, 2003.

143.   Grembowski D, Martin DP, Diehr P, Patrick DL, Williams B, Novak L, Katon W, Deyo R, Dickstein D,
       Engelberg R, Goldberg H. Managed care, access to specialists, and outcomes among primary care
       patients with pain . Health Serv Res 38:1-19, 2003.

144.   Raghunathan, T. E., Diehr, P. K., & Cheadle, A. D. Combining aggregate and individual level data to
       estimate an individual level correlation coefficient. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics
       28:1-19, 2003.

145.   Brumback B, Greenland S, Redman M, Kiviat N, Diehr P. The intensity score approach to adjusting
       for confounding. Biometrics 59:274-285, 2003.

146.   Chisholm D, Diehr P, Knapp M, Patrick D, Treglia M, Simon G, on behalf of the LIDO group.
       Depression status, medical comorbidity, and resource costs: evidence from an international study
       of major depression in primary care (LIDO). British Journal of Psychiatry 183:121-131, 2003

147.   Diehr P, Patrick DL. Trajectories of health for older adults over time: accounting fully for death.
       Annals of Internal Medicine, 2003. Regenstrief Conference. Annals of Internal Medicine 2003;

148.   Diehr P, Patrick DL, McDonell MB, Fihn SD. Accounting for deaths in longitudinal studies using the
       SF-36: the performance of the Physical Component Scale of the Short Form 36-Item Health Survey
       and the PCTD. Medical Care 2003; 41:1065-1073.

149.   *Engels JM (Jean Mundahl), Diehr P. Imputation of Missing Longitudinal Data: a comparison of
       methods. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2003; 56:968-976.

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150.   Wrobel JS, Charns MP, Diehr P, Robbins JM, Reiber GE, Bonacker M, Haas LB, Pogach L. The
       Relationship between provider coordination and diabetes-related foot outcomes. Diabetes Care
       2003; 26:3042-3047.

151.   Grembowski D, Ulrich CM, Paschane D, Diehr P, Katon W, Martin D, Patrick DL, Velicer C. Managed
       care and primary physician satisfaction. Journal of the American Board of Family Practice 2003;

152.   Diehr P, Beresford SAA. The relation of dietary patterns to future survival, health, and
       cardiovascular events in older adults. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2003; 56:1224-1235.

153.   Meischke H, Diehr P, Rowe S, Cagle T, Eisenberg M. Evaluation of a public education program
       delivered by firefighters on early recognition of a heart attack. Evaluation and the Health
       Professions 2004; 27:3-21.

154.   Fihn SD, McDonell MB, Diehr P, Anderson SM, Bradley KA, Au DH, Spertus JA, Burman M, Reiber
       GE, Kiefe CI, Cody M, Sanders KM, Whooley MA, Rosenfeld K, Baczek LA, Sauvigne A. Effects of
       sustained audit/feedback on self-reported health status of primary care patients. 2004. Am J Med.
       Feb 116:241-8.

155.   Pizacani B, Martin DP, Stark MJ, Koepsell TD, Thompson B, Diehr P. A prospective study of
       household smoking bans and subsequent cessation related behaviour: the role of stage of change.
       Tob Control. 2004. 13:23-28.

156.   Andresen EM, Diehr PH, Luke DA. Public health surveillance of low-frequency populations. Annual
       Review of Public Health. 2004; 25:25-52.B.

157.   Ciechanowski P, Wagner E, Schmaling K, Schwartz S, Williams B, Diehr P, Kulzer J, Gray S, Collier
       C, LoGerfo J. Community-integrated home-based depression treatment in older adults: a
       randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2004; 291:1570-1577.

158.   Ohldin A, Derleth A, McDonell M, Young B, Diehr P, Kiefe C, Fihn S. Ethnic differences in
       satisfaction and quality of life in veterans with ischemic heart disease. 2004. Journal of the
       National Medical Association 2004; 96:799-808.

159.   Ebel BE, Mack C, Diehr P, Rivara FP. Lost working days, productivity, and restraint use among
       occupants of motor vehicles that crashed in the United States.
       Inj Prev. 2004 Oct;10(5):314-9.

160.   Arterburn DE, McDonell MB, Hedrick SC, Diehr P, Fihn SD. Association of Body Weight with
       Condition-Specific Quality of Life in Male Veterans. Amer J of Medicine. 2004; 117:738-746.

161.   Yasui Y, Feng Z, Diehr P, McLerran D, Beresford S, McCulloch CE. Evaluation of community
       intervention trials via generalized linear mixed models. Biometrics 2004;60:1043-52.

162.   Grembowski DE, Paschane D, Diehr P, Katon W, Martin D, Patrick DL. Managed care and patient-
       rated quality of specialty care. Med Care Res Rev 2005; 62: 31-55.

163.   Diehr P, Chen L, Patrick D, Feng Z, Yasui Y. Reliability, effect size, and responsiveness of health
       status measures in the design of randomized and cluster-randomized trials. Contemporary Clinical
       Trials. 2005; 26:45-58. B.

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164.   Reiner A, Diehr P, Browner B, Humphries S, Jenny N, Cushman M, Tracy R,Walston J, Lumley T,
       Newman A, Kuller L, Psaty B. Common promoter polymorphisms of inflammation and thrombosis
       genes and longevity in older adults: The Cardiovascular Health Study. Atherosclerosis 2005;

165.   Fan VS, Reiber GE, Diehr P, Burman M, McDonell MB, Fihn SD. Functional status and patient
       satisfaction: a comparison of ischmic heart disease, obstructive lung disease, and diabetes
       mellitus. J Gen Intern Med 2005;20:452-459.

166.   Diehr P, Johnson LL, Patrick DL, Psaty B. Methods for incorporating death into health-related
       variables in longitudinal studies. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2005;58:1115-1124.

167.   Diehr P, Johnson LL. Accounting for missing data in end-of-life research. J Palliat Med.
       2005;8 Suppl 1:S50-7.

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168.   Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Grembowski DE, Diehr PK: Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use
       by Insured Patients with Diabetes in Washington State. Journal of Alternative and Complementary
       Medicine 2006; 12:71-77.

169.   Meischke H, Diehr P, Rowe S, Cagle A, Eisenberg M. A community intervention by firefighters to
       increase 911 calls and aspirin use for chest pain. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2006; 13: 389-

170.   Crane HM, Van Rompaey SE, Dillingham PW, Herman E, Diehr P, Kitahata M. A single-item
       measure of health-related quality-of-life for HIV-infected patients in routine clinical care. AIDS
       Patient Care STDs 2006; 20:161-174.

171.   Diehr PH, Derleth AM, McKenna SP, Martin ML, Bushnell DM, Simon G, Patrick DL, the LIDO group.
       Synchrony of change in depressive symptoms, health status, and quality of life in persons with
       clinical depression. Health Qual Life Outcomes 2006; 4:27.

172.   Berke EM, Ackerman RT, Lin EH, Diehr PH, Maciejewski ML, Williams B, Patrick MB, LoGerfo JP.
       Distance as a barrier to using a fitness-program benefit for Managed Medicare Enrollees. Journal
       of Aging and Physical Activity, 2006, 14:313-323.

173.   Lind BK, Abrams C, Lafferty WE, Diehr PK, Grembowski DE: The effect of complementary and
       alternative medicine claims on risk adjustment. Medical Care 2006; 44: 1078-1084.

174.   Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Diehr PK, Grembowski DE: Use of complementary and alternative
       medicine providers by fibromyalgia patients under insurance coverage. Arthritis Rheum 2007;

175.   Grembowski D, Paschane D, Diehr P, Katon W, Martin D, Patrick DL. Managed care and patient
       ratings of the quality of specialty care among patients with pain or depressive symptoms. BMC
       Health Services Research 2007; 7:22.

176.   Cagle AJ, Diehr P, Meischke H, Rea T, Olsen J, Rodrigues D, Yakovlevitch M, Amidon T, Eisenberg M.
       Psychological and social impacts of automated external defibrillators (AEDs) in the home. Resuscitation
       2007; 27:432-438.

177.   Diehr P, Derleth A, Cai L, Newman AB,. The effect of different public health interventions on longevity,
       morbidity, and years of healthy life. BMC Public Health 2007; 7:52 “Highly Accessed” rating from Biomed

178.   Diehr PH, Lafferty W, Patrick DL, Downey L, Devlin S, Standish LJ. Quality of life at the end of life.
       Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. 2007; 5:51. “Highly Accessed” rating from Biomed Central.

179.   Diehr P, Derleth A, Newman AB, Cai L. The number of sick persons in a cohort. Research on aging 2007;

180.   Diehr P, Yanez D, Derleth A, Newman Anne B. Age-specific prevalence and years of healthy life in a
       system with 3 health states. Statistics in Medicine 2008; 27:1371-1386.

181.   Hindorff L, Rice KM, Lange LA, Diehr P, Halder I, Walston J, Kwok P, Ziv E, Nievergelt C, Cummings SR,
       Newman AB, Tracy RP, Psaty BM, Reiner AP. Common variants in the C-reactive protein (CRP) gene in
       relation to longevity and cause-specific mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study.
       Atherosclerosis 2008;197:922-930.
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182.   Diehr P, O’Meara ES, Fitzpatrick A, Newman AB, Kuller L, Burke G. Weight, mortality, years of healthy life
       and active life expectancy in older adults. J American Geriatric Soc. 2008; 56:76-83.

183.   Pizacani B, Stark MJ, Martin D, Koepsell TD, Thompson B, Diehr P. Longitudinal study of household
       smoking ban adoption among households with at least one smoker: associated factors, barriers, and
       smoker support. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2008; 10:533-540.

184.   Bell JF , Zimmerman FJ, Diehr PK. Maternal Work Attributes and Birth Outcome Disparities. Maternal and
       Child Health Journal 2008;12:415-426.

185.   Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Devlin SM, Andersen MR, Diehr PK. CAM provider use and expenditures by
       cancer treatment phase. American Journal of Managed Care 2008;14:326-334.

186.   Cai L, Schenker N, Lubitz J, Diehr P, Arnold A, Fried LP. Evaluation of a method for fitting a semi-Markov
       process model in the presence of left-censored spells using the Cardiovascular Health Study. Statistics in
       Medicine 2008; 27:5509-5524.

187.   Starks H, Diehr P, Curtis JR. The challenge of selection bias and confounding in palliative care research.
       Journal of Palliative Medicine 2009; 12:181-187.

188.   Fitzpatrick AL, Kuller LH, Lopez OL, Diehr P, O’Meara ES, Longstreth WT, Luchsinger J. Midlife and late-
       life obesity and the risk of dementia: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Archives of Neurology

189.   Downey L, Diehr P, Standish LJ, Patrick DL, Kozak L, Fisher D, Congdon S, Lafferty WE. Might massage
       or guided meditation provide “means to a better end?: primary outcomes from an efficacy trial with
       patients at the end of life. Journal of Palliative Care 2009; 25:100-108.

190.   Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Diehr PK, Grembowski DE. Chiropractic use by urban and rural residents with
       insurance coverage. Journal of Rural Health 2009;25;253-258.

191.   Hubbard RA, Inoue L, Diehr P. Joint modeling of self-related health and changes in physical function.
       Accepted by JASA November-2008. Online July 2009

192.   Kurland BF, Johnson LL, Diehr PH. Longitudinal data with follow-up truncated by death: match the
       analysis method to research aims. Statistical Science 2009; 24:211-222.

193.   * Devlin SM, Diehr PH, Andersen MR, Goff BA, Tyree PT, Lafferty WE. Identification of ovarian cancer
       symptoms in health insurance claims data. Journal of Women’s Health, 2010; 19:number 3.

194.   * Thielke S, Diehr P, Unutzer J. Prevalence, incidence, and persistence of major depressive symptoms in
       the Cardiovascular Health Study. Aging and Mental Health 2010; 14:168-176.

195.   Lind BK, Lafferty WE, Tyree PT, Diehr PK. Comparison of health care expenditures among insured users
       and nonusers of complementary and alternative medicine in Washington State: A cost minimization
       analysis. J Altern Complement Med 2010; 16:411-417.

196.   Diehr P, Hirsch CH. Health benefits of increased walking for sedentary, generally healthy older adults:
       using longitudinal data to approximate an intervention trial. Journal of Geontology: Medical Sciences;
       Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (2010) doi: 10.1093/gerona/glq070 First published online: May 19, 2010

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D. Research Support [only the first one is current]

 N01 HC85079                  (R Kronmal)                        6/1/2009         5/31/2011   1.2 calendar
 "Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) - Transition Phase"
The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) is a multi-site, longitudinal epidemiological study of
atherosclerosis and CVD in the elderly, now in its 17th year of funding. This is a response to an RFP
for a business proposal only to continue the study for another three years, continuing telephone
contact only with the participants, and data collection of medical events.

1R01 HL74098-01A1 (T Rea)                                        6/1/2009         5/31/2010   2.4 calendar

 "Home Automatic External Defibrillator Training for High-Risk Patients"
Using 300 sets of patients at high-risk of cardiac arrest and their family members, this study will test
four AED training programs (instructional video, video with self-efficacy, face-to-face instruction with
self-efficacy and face-to-face instruction with self-efficacy and perceived control) to determine which
one achieves optimal skills retention and psychological adjustment among heart disease patients and
the their families.


                      (P Diehr)                                   10/1/2005 9/30/2009
Dept. of Veterans Affairs

Dr. Diehr will serve as biostatistical consultant and co-investigator for two provider-randomized clinical trials:
"Improving Management of Chronic Stable Engine (Stephan Fihn, PI) and Improving the Quality of End-of-Life
Communication for Patients with COPD" (David Au, PI).

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