The family members

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The family members Powered By Docstoc
					Chapter 25

     1. ______ theories begin with the premise that adults make choices, confront problems, and interpret reality
        in such a way as to define and express themselves and achieve as fully as possible.

     2. According to Abraham Maslow, people attempt to ______, that is, to achieve their full potential.

     3. According to Erikson, each new experience throughout life requires a reassessment of ______.

     4. The basic idea of ______ theory is that people of all ages need to know who they are even in the face of
        the inevitable experiences of aging.

     5. In identity ______, people adapt to new experiences by changing their self-concept, adjusting too much.

     6. Paul and Margaret Baltes emphasize that people can choose to cope with physical and cognitive losses in
        late adulthood through selective optimization with ______.

     7. As adults age, they are more likely to perceive and remember events in their lives with fondness and
        goodwill, demonstrating the ______.

     8. The trait that increases over time and is sometimes considered to be a sixth universal trait is ______.

     9. If neuroticism, the most worrisome of the Big Five traits, remains high in older adulthood, the worry and
        anxiety associated with it could contribute to ______.

   10. When the oldest generations are given limited roles and circumscribed opportunities in society in order to
       make way for upcoming generations, the culture is practicing age ______.

   11. ______ theories focus on the ways in which people organize themselves and are organized by society
       according to their particular characteristics and circumstances.

   12. ______ theory states that aging makes a person's social sphere increasingly narrow, resulting in
       relinquishment of roles, withdrawal, and passivity.

   13. According to ______ theory, each person copes with late adulthood in much the same way that he or she
       coped during earlier periods of life.

   14. Older adults who want to remain in their homes regardless of their health are expressing a desire to

   15. ______ is a program in which older people live on college campuses and take special classes.

   16. The one aspect of ______ participation that the elderly are less likely to engage in is door-to-door

   17. The major organization in the United States representing the elderly is the ______.

   18. The elderly are very concerned with ______ and tend to vote against any reduction in it, which is why it is
       sometimes called “the third rail” of domestic politics.

   19. The family members, friends, and peers who move through life together make up a ______.

   20. For many older people, a ______ is a buffer against many of the potential problems of old age.

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21. In comparing males to females, losing a spouse is more common for ______ and living without a spouse
    is somewhat easier for ______.

22. A ______ family consists of many generations but only a few members are in each generation.

23. The obligation by adult children to care for their elderly parents is known as ______.

24. A person who needs assistance with only one ADL may be considered ______.

25. Activities and actions that require some intellectual competence and forethought are referred to as ______
    activities of daily living.

26. Today, most of the frail elderly are cared for by ______.

27. ______ involves a professional caregiver temporarily providing care for an older person in order to give
    the family caregiver a break.

28. Most frequently, elder abuse is committed by a(n) ______.

29. An intermediate form of care for older adults is referred to as ______.

30. Currently, the national average cost of nursing home care for one year is ______.

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Answer Key

   1.   Self
   2.   self-actualize
   3.   identity
   4.   identity
   5.   accommodation
   6.   compensation
   7.   positivity effect
   8.   dependence over time
   9.   cognitive impairment
  10.   stratification
  11.   Stratification
  12.   Disengagement
  13.   continuity
  14.   age in place
  15.   Elderhostel
  16.   political
  17.   AARP
  18.   Social Security
  19.   social convoy
  20.   spouse
  21.   females; females
  22.   beanpole
  23.   filial responsibility
  24.   frail
  25.   instrumental
  26.   relatives
  27.   Respite care
  28.   adult child
  29.   assisted living
  30.   $75,000

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