Engage Targets with an M249 Machine Gun Using a Night Vision Sight, AN/PVS-4
Conditions: During darkness, given an M249 machine gun equipped with a mounted night vision sight,
AN/PVS-4, that has been zeroed to the gun; linked 5.56-mm ammunition; engageable targets in the
assigned sector of fire; and a requirement to engage the targets.
Standards: Fire the M249 machine gun to effectively engage targets in the assigned sector of fire. Apply
correct M249 machine gun target engagement techniques using night vision sight, AN/PVS-4. Engage
and hit each target.
1. Place night vision sight, AN/PVS-4, into operation.
2. Assume a bipod-supported prone position or a bipod-supported fighting position. (These are the
best positions for delivering effective M249 fire on targets when using the AN/PVS-4).
3. Detect and estimate range to the target.
4. Acquire a good sight picture. Adjust the weapon to place the correct aiming point (based on range to
target) on the center base of the target.
5. Use the center point between the two horizontal lines in the middle of the reticle as the aiming point
for ranges 0 to 300 meters.
NOTE: Aiming points for ranges from 300 to 800 meters appear as small dots in a vertical line down
through the center of the reticle.
a. Use aiming points 4 and 6 (400 and 600 meters) to fire at 400- and 600-meter targets,
b. Use aiming point 8 (800 meters) to fire at 700-meter targets.
c. Use aiming point 10 (1,000 meters) to fire at 800-meter targets.
6. Fire the weapon in three-round bursts at the rate of fire appropriate for the size of the target. Use
correct trigger manipulation techniques (pull the trigger straight to the rear and release it).
7. Apply the correct engagement technique based on target types.
a. Fixed fire. This is fire delivered against a point target (against one aiming point) when the depth
and width of the beaten zone covers the target completely.
b. Traversing fire. This is fire distributed in width by successive changes in direction by moving
the muzzle of the weapon to the left or right to distribute fire laterally. To make minor changes
in direction, shift the shoulders to the right or left to locate successive aiming points throughout
the width of the target area. For major changes, move the elbows and align the body to remain
directly behind the gun.
c. Searching fire. This is fire distributed in width by successive changes in elevation through
moving the muzzle of the weapon up or down to distribute fire in depth and choosing
successive aiming points throughout the target area. To make changes in elevation, move
elbows closer together (this lowers the muzzle) or farther apart (this raises the muzzle).
d. Traversing and searching fire. This is fire distributed in width and depth by successive changes
in direction and elevation. Combining traversing and searching fire provides good target
coverage. Make adjustments the same way you would for traversing or searching fire by
moving the muzzle of the weapon to the left or right to distribute fire laterally. To make minor
changes in direction, shift the shoulders to the right or left and choose successive aiming points
throughout the width of the target area. For major changes, move the elbows and align the
body to remain directly behind the gun.
8. Use observation of fire and adjustment of fire to place effective fire on the target.
a. Observation of fire. Observe bursts of fire by noting the strike of the rounds in the target area or
by observing tracers in flight.
b. Adjustment of fire. Use the adjusted aiming point method to quickly adjust fires without
adjusting the sight. If the initial burst misses the target, rapidly select a new aiming point the
same distance from the center of impact of the initial burst, but in the opposite direction. Fire a
9. Apply fire correctly to engage specific targets.
a. Point target. Engage point targets with fixed fire.
b. Area target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target area. Traverse and search to either flank,
then back to the opposite flank.
c. Linear target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target. Traverse fire from one flank to the other
to cover the entire target.
d. Deep target. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target, unless another portion of the target is
more critical or presents a greater threat. Search down to an aiming point in front of the near
end, then back up to an aiming point beyond the far end.
e. Linear target with depth. Initially aim at the midpoint of the target, unless another portion of the
target is more critical or presents a greater threat. Traverse and search to the flank closest to
your position, then back to the other flank to cover the entire target.
f. Moving target. To hit a moving target, estimate the speed of the target and the lead required to
hit it. Fire, then track the target as it moves. Adjust the lead by observing tracers and bullet
Evaluation Preparation: SETUP: Evaluate this task on a live-fire range. Have the Soldier fire Table III,
tasks 2 through 6 (FM 23-14, page 5-49). Evaluate the Soldier's ability to use correct engagement
techniques to engage specific targets. Provide the Soldier with equipment and materials required to fire
Table III, tasks 2 through 6.
BRIEF SOLDIER: Brief the Soldier on range safety, in accordance with the installation SOP. Tell the
Soldier to assume the bipod-supported prone position or the bipod-supported fighting position. Tell him
you are evaluating his ability to place effective fire on targets using the AN/PVS-4-equipped M249
Performance Measures GO NO-GO
1. Placed a night vision sight, AN/PVS-4, into operation. —— ——
2. Assumed a correct bipod-supported prone position or bipod-supported fighting —— ——
3. Detected and estimated the range to the target. —— ——
4. Placed effective fire on targets in three-round bursts at a rate of fire appropriate —— ——
for the size of the target.
5. Applied correct engagement techniques based on the types of targets. —— ——
6. Applied fire correctly to engage specific targets. —— ——
Evaluation Guidance: Score the Soldier GO if all performance measures are passed. Score the Soldier
NO-GO if any performance measure is failed. If the Soldier scores NO-GO, show the Soldier what was
done wrong and how to do it correctly.