Citizenship Past Exam Questions • by dfhdhdhdhjr


									             Past Exam Questions
•   “Mass media coverage can make or break a
    campaign.” Assess this statement with reference
    to any campaign designed to influence political
    decision making.
•   Referring to a campaign you know, evaluate the
    role of the media in contributing to its success or
•   “The media is too powerful in setting the political
    agenda in the United Kingdom”. Evaluate this
    campaign using examples.
           Learning Objectives
   To define the mass media
   To explore the different types of media
   To evaluate the power of the mass media
        What is the mass media?
   Television news
   Radio
   Newspapers
   Internet
   Magazines
The Daily Star Front Page
The Times Front Page
             At least three people
              have been killed in a
              suicide attack on a
              bakery in the popular
              Israeli Red Sea resort of
        Tabloids v Broadsheets
Broadsheets           Tabloids

The Guardian          The Sun
The Telegraph         The Mirror
The Financial Times   The Daily Star
The Times             The Express
The Independent       The Mail
The power of the media
              Consensual Model
   The media offer a narrow range of opinion on political
   The media is dominated by middle aged, middle class,
    Southern males.
   There is a bias in the content of the media.
   There is a cosy union between journalists, reporters and
    policy makers.
   The media reflect the dominant groups interests when
    it comes to politics.
   Those who own the media have close ties to the
                 Pluralist Model
   There is a balance in reporting of events in the media.
   The media reflect a variety of views.
   Newspapers are biased but newspapers have different
    views so there is a balance.
   Television and radio must be balanced at election time.
   The internet allows access to a range of opinions.
   The media is a business and has to sell newspapers.
    Appealing to the public is more important than
    anything else.
             Gun Control Network
           A media driven campaign
 Minimum age of 18 for the ownership, use and possession of all
 Ban on the sale, manufacture and import of all imitation guns
  and their possession in a public place.
 Certification of all deactivated weapons.
 Inclusion of airguns in certification system.
 One certification system for all legal weapons i.e. rifles, shotguns,
 Multi-shot rifles and shotguns to be banned.
 Practical or Combat shooting or any other shooting practice
  which involves the simulation of real life situations and/or the
  use of human shaped targets to be banned.
   The Gun Control Network was established in
    the wake of the horrific murders in Dunblane. It
    was set up by a group that included academics,
    lawyers and the parents of victims killed in
    Hungerford and Dunblane
  In February 1997 John Major’s Conservative government introduced
   legislation to ban handguns over .22 calibre and in November 1997, the new
   Labour government extended the ban to cover all handguns.
Internet Gun Sales
 GCN members monitor the advertising and sale of guns on the internet, an
   insufficiently regulated loophole through which weapons can easily fall into
   the wrong hands. GCN alerted e-Bay to the fact that despite company policy
   gun sales were taking place through its auction site. Subsequent discussions
   with e-Bay staff have ensured that the company has improved its policing
   procedures and the virtual elimination of all appearances of guns for sale on
   its site.
Controls over Airgun Sales
 Along with other campaigners GCN members have been lobbying the
   Government to place more restrictions on the availability and use of air
   weapons. The Violent Crime Reduction Act 2006 now requires that the
   purchase of all airguns must be through registered dealers.

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