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comparatives_adjectives and adverbs

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					                       Comparing things – Unit 7, page 67

comparatives (2) /superlatives (2 +) - adjectives
           Adjective               comparative              superlative
cheap                     cheaper                  the cheapest
light




big                       bigger                   the biggest
hot




friendly                  friendlier               the friendliest
easy




simple                    simpler                  the simplest
clever




famous                    more famous              the most famous
                          less famous              the least famous
expensive
stable




much                      more                     the most
little                    less                     the least
good                      better                   the best
bad                       worse                    the worst

Lindsey Haas/Stöbich/October 2010                                         ~ 1~
                         Comparing things – Unit 7, page 67

Rules for how to make a comparative/superlative out of an adjective

   ~ 1-syllable adjectives:  -er / the –est

   ~ 1-syllable adjective ending in a consonant and have a short-sounding vowel in front of
         the consonant: double the consonant before you add the endings  -er / the –est

   ~ some 2-syllable adjectives, esp. ending in -y: y -ier / the –iest

   ~ some common 2-syllable adjectives  -er / the –est

   ~ most 2-syllable and longer adjectives: more/less + adjective / the most/least + adjective

   ~ irregular forms: must be learned!



          The shelf life of KS 280/3 is shorter than the shelf life for KS 350/2
          The shelf life of KS 350/2 is longer than the shelf life for KS 280/3.


Comparing things which are the same

Sometimes when you compare things, you find they are the same.
      The shelf life of KS 207 is as long as the shelf life for KS 350/2




                                          adjective

                                 as                       as




Lindsey Haas/Stöbich/October 2010                                                        ~ 2~
                             Comparing things – Unit 7, page 67

Or they are not the same:

           The shelf life of KS 280/3 is not as long as the shelf life for KS 350/2




                                                               as

                                    not as
                                                      long



               The shelf life of KS 280/3 is shorter than the shelf life for KS 350/2




comparatives (2) /superlatives (2 +) - adverbs
You know about adjectives and adverbs: what the difference is, how to make an adverb from an
adjective. This means you can also compare adverbs without any trouble . How?

             adverb                        comparative                     superlative
quickly                           more/less quickly                 the most/least quickly
safely                            more/less safely                  the most/least safely
easily




badly                             worse                             the worst
well                              better                            best
little                            less                              the least
late                              later                             the latest

               KS 351 melts more quickly than LH 25149-30.

Practical applications

       -   get some (technical) data sheets for some Stöbich products. What can you say about the
           different ones? Make comparisons.

Lindsey Haas/Stöbich/October 2010                                                            ~ 3~

				
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posted:2/10/2012
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