Breast-cancer is the most common type of cancer affecting women. One to eight women suffer from breast cancer, the effective treatment of which depends entirely on early detection. It is imperative for every woman to take a few breast-cancer screening tips to detect the problem early and take treatment on time. Here are 4 breast cancer screening guidelines recommended by doctors - 1. A mammogram is the most important breastcancer screening test. This is nothing but an X-ray of the breast that can detect the presence of cancer up to two years before symptoms are felt. A mammogram is a must at least once a year for women who are above the age of forty. 2. Yearly mammograms and an MRI is a must for women at a high risk of breast cancer from the age of thirty. 3. During a clinical breast exam or CBE, doctors will carefully check for any signs of breastcancer. They will check for changes in the shape and size of breasts, changes in the skin on the breast and surrounding areas such as redness, dimpling and rashes and any other abnormal changes such as discharge from the nipple and lumps. It is imperative for women between 20 and 30 to have a CBE once in three years during their regular health checkup. 4. Self-examining of the breasts once in a while is a good idea. You can do this once a month from the age of 20 to get familiar with the breasts. It is then easier to identify any abnormalities and changes that may occur. You can seek the help of your doctor to find out how to conduct breast self-exams. It is very important to be on the watch for any signs of breast cancer as the progression of this condition comes with various risk factors. Though most breastcancer patients cannot be linked to a specific cause, there are quite a few known factors that trigger this disease. You can learn how to deal with any related emergencies by taking the hazard communication training program. Women who have previously suffered from cancer of one breast are at a high risk of developing in the other too. With aging, women are at greater risk. Statistics show that at least eighty percent of breastcancers affect women above fifty years. Genetic mutations in women cause breast cancer. Women with mutations that include changes to the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are at a higher risk. Family history of breast cancer is another risk factor. Especially younger women are at a high risk of getting breastcancer if one of their family members like mother, daughter or sister suffers from this condition. Menstrual history and child bearing, especially late pregnancy enhances the risk of breast cancer. Other risk factors include menstruating for the first time very early, being childless and going through a late menopause. Early detection of breastcancer is the key to effective treatment of the disease. A regular breast self exam and periodical breast cancer screening goes a long way in minimizing risk.
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