Distinguishing Characteristics of Gifted Students with Factors by l9xX2J

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									    Distinguishing Characteristics of Gifted Students with Factors

    Traditional            Characteristics of     Characteristics of     Characteristics of
    Characteristics        Culturally/            Low Socio-             Gifted Students
                           Linguistically         Economic               With Disabilities
                           Diverse Gifted         Gifted Students
                           Students
B   Ability to learn       May require more       Lack of                Often struggles to
A   basic skills quickly   repetition or          opportunities and      learn basic skills
S   and easily and         hands-on               access to school-      due to cognitive
I
C
    retain information     experiences at an      readiness materials    processing
    with less repetition   introductory level     may delay              difficulties; needs
S                                                 acquisition of basic   to learn
K                                                 skills                 compensatory
I                                                                        strategies in order
L                                                                        to acquire basic
L                                                                        skills and
S
                                                                         information

V   High verbal ability    May have high          Lack of                High verbal ability
E                          verbal ability in      opportunities may      but extreme
R                          native language;       delay the              difficulty in written
B
A
                           may rapidly acquire    development of         language area; may
L                          English language       verbal skills          use language in
                           skills if they                                inappropriate ways
S                          possess academic                              and at
K                          skills in their home                          inappropriate times
I                          language
L
L
S

R   Early reading          May demonstrate        Lack of                Frequently has
E   ability                strong storytelling    opportunities may      reading
A                          ability and ability    delay the              problems due to
D
                           to read                development of         cognitive
I
N                          environmental          verbal skills          processing deficits
G                          print in home
                           language
A
B
I
L
I
T
Y
O    Keen powers of            May display high         Strong                 Strong observation
B    observation               levels of visual         observational skills   skills but often has
S                              memory or auditory       which are often        deficits in memory
E
R
                               memory skills            used to “survive on    skills
V                                                       the streets”
A
T
I
O
N

S
K
I
L
L
S

P    Strong critical           Strong critical          Excels in              Excels in solving
R    thinking, problem-        thinking in primary      brainstorming and      “real-world”
O    solving and               language; often          solving “real-world”   problems;
B
     decision-making           solves problems in       problems; strong       outstanding critical
L
E    skills                    creative ways;           critical thinking      thinking and
M                              particularly             ability; rapid         decision-making
                               interested               decision-making        skills; often
S                              in solving “real-        skills                 independently
O                              world” problems                                 develops
L                                                                              compensatory skills
V
I
N
G

P    Long attention            Long attention           Persistent in areas    Frequently has
E    span – persistent,        span – persistent,       of interest usually    attention deficit
R    intense                   intense                  unrelated to school    problems but may
S
     concentration             concentration                                   concentrate for
I
S                                                                              long periods in
T                                                                              areas of
E                                                                              interest
N
C
E

Albuquerque Public School Gifted Task Force; developed by E. Nielsen (1999).
    Distinguishing Characteristics of Gifted Students with Factors

    Traditional            Characteristics of     Characteristics of      Characteristics of
    Characteristics        Culturally/            Low Socio-              Gifted Students
                           Linguistically         Economic                With Disabilities
                           Diverse Gifted         Gifted Students
                           Students
C   Questioning            Some culturally        Questioning             Strong questioning
U   attitude               diverse children are   attitude which may      attitude; may
R   Highly curious         raised not to          at times be             appear
I
O
    May appear             question authority     demonstrated in a       disrespectful when
S   challenging                                   confronting or          questioning
I                                                 challenging way         information, facts,
T                                                                         etc. presented by
Y                                                                         teacher
C   Creative in the        Often displays         Strong creative         Unusual
R   generation of          richness of imagery    abilities               imagination;
E   thoughts, ideas,       in ideas, art,                                 frequently
A
    actions; innovative    music, primary                                 generates original
T
I                          language, etc.; can                            and at times rather
V                          improvise with                                 “bizarre” ideas
I                          commonplace
T                          objects
Y
R   Takes risks            Degree of risk         Takes risks often       Often unwilling to
I                          taking may depend      without                 take risks with
S                          upon the familiarity   consideration of        regard to
K
                           of the situation       consequences            academics; takes
T                          based on different                             risks in non-school
A                          cultural                                       areas without
K                          experiences                                    consideration of
I                                                                         consequences
N
G

H   Unusual, often         Humor may be           May use humor to        Humor may be
U   highly developed       displayed through      become “class           used to divert
M   sense of humor         unique use of          clown,” to deal with    attention from
O
R
                           language and           stressful situations,   school failure; may
                           responses              and to avoid            use humor to make
                                                  trouble                 fun of peers or
                                                                          to avoid trouble
M   May mature at          Accepts                Often mature            Sometimes appear
A   different rates than   responsibilities in    earlier than age        immature since
T   same- age peers        the home normally      peers since they        they may use
U
                           reserved for older     must accept             anger, crying,
R
I                          children               responsibilities in     withdrawal, etc. to
T                                                 the home which are      express feelings
Y                                                 normally reserved       and to deal with
                                                  for older children      difficulties
                                                  or even adults;
                                                  inexperience may
                                                  make them appear
                                                  socially immature
I    Sense of                  May be culturally        Circumstances often     Requires frequent
D    independence; may         socialized to work       have forced the         teacher support
E
P    resist group work and     in groups rather than    student to become       and feedback in
E    prefer to work alone      independently            extremely               deficit areas;
N                                                       independent and self-   highly independent in
D                                                       sufficient              other areas;
E
N
                                                                                often appears to be
C                                                                               extremely
E                                                                               stubborn and
                                                                                inflexible


Albuquerque Public School Gifted Task Force; developed by E. Nielsen (1999).
    Distinguishing Characteristics of Gifted Students with Factors

    Traditional          Characteristics of    Characteristics of     Characteristics of
    Characteristics      Culturally/           Low Socio-             Gifted Students
                         Linguistically        Economic               With Disabilities
                         Diverse Gifted        Gifted Students
                         Students
E   Sensitive            May be sensitive      May be critical of     Sensitive regarding
M                        particularly to       self and others        disability area(s);
O                        racial or cultural    including teachers;    highly critical of
T
I
                         issues                can understand         self and others
O                                              and express            including teachers;
N                                              concern about the      can express
A                                              feelings of others     concern about the
L                                              even while             feelings of others
I                                              engaging in anti-      even while
T                                              social behavior        engaging in anti-
Y
                                                                      social behavior

S   May not be           May be perceived      Economic               May be perceived
O   accepted by other    as a loner due to     circumstances as       as a loner since
C   children and         racial/cultural       well as his/her        they do not fit
I
A
    may feel isolated    isolation and/or      giftedness may         typical model for
L                        inability to speak    isolate the student    either a gifted or a
                         English; entertains   from more              learning disabled
S                        self easily using     financially secure     student; sometimes
K                        imagination in        peers                  has difficulty
I                        games and                                    being accepted by
L                        ingenious play                               peers due to poor
L
                                                                      social skills
S

L   Generally exhibits   May be a leader in    May be a leader        Often leaders
E   leadership ability   the community but     among the more         among the more
A                        not in the school     non-traditional        nontraditional
D
                         setting;              students;              students;
E
R                        demonstrates          demonstrates           demonstrate
S                        “street-wise”         strong “street-wise”   strong “street-wise”
H                        behavior              behavior; often        behavior; the
I                                              excels in              disability may
P                                              brainstorming and      interfere with
                                               problem solving        ability to exercise
                                               around social          leadership skills
                                               issues
B    Wide range of             Interests may            Wide range of          Wide range of
R    interests                 include individual       interests that are     interests but is at a
O                              culturally related       often                  disadvantage in
A
D
                               activities               unrelated to           pursuing them due
                                                        topics/subjects        to process/learning
I                                                       addressed in school    problems
N
T
E
R
E
S
T

F    Very focused              Very focused             Very focused           Very focused
O    interests, i.e., a        interests, i.e., a       interests, i.e., a     interests, i.e., a
C    passion about a           passion about a          passion about a        passion about a
U
     certain topic to the      certain topic to the     certain topic to the   certain topic to the
S
E    exclusion of others       exclusion of others      exclusion of others    exclusion of others
D                                                       -- usually not         – often not related
                                                        related to school      to school subjects
I                                                       subjects
N
T
E
R
E
S
T

Albuquerque Public School Gifted Task Force; developed by E. Nielsen (1999).

								
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