Western Civ II-Exam 2 Matching Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Louis Kossuth d. Toussaint L’Ouverture b. Louis XVIII e. Tupac Amaru c. Adam Smith ____ 1. King of France who issued the Charter of French Liberties ____ 2. Laissez-faire economist supported by early 1800 liberals Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Simón Bolívar e. Louis Philippe b. Miguel Hidalgo f. Clemens von Metternich c. Louis XVIII g. Pedro d. Louis Napoleon h. Toussaint L’Ouverture ____ 3. Ruler of France known as the “citizen king” ____ 4. President of the Second Republic who proclaimed himself emperor of France ____ 5. King of France who was restored to the throne by the Congress of Vienna ____ 6. Leader who dominated Austrian politics for more than 30 years Match each person with the correct statement below. a. John Calvin d. Lorenzo de’ Medici b. Henry VIII e. Niccolò Machiavell c. Leonardo da Vinci ____ 7. Religious reformer who believed in predestination ____ 8. Wealthy merchant and patron of the arts ____ 9. King who established the Church of England ____ 10. Italian painter and inventor ____ 11. Author of The Prince Match each term with the correct statement below. a. absolute monarch d. habeas corpus b. balance of power e. limited monarchy c. divine right ____ 12. Government in which a constitution or legislative body limits the monarch’s power ____ 13. A ruler who has complete authority over government and the lives of the people ____ 14. Principle stating that a person cannot be held in prison without being charged with a crime ____ 15. A distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from dominating ____ 16. The belief that authority to rule comes directly from God Match each term with the correct statement below. a. constitutional government d. natural rights b. enlightened despot e. physiocrat c. natural laws ____ 17. According to Hobbes and Locke, human nature was governed by ____. ____ 18. The powers of a(n) ____ are defined and limited by law. ____ 19. Joseph II was a(n) ____ because he used Enlightenment ideas to bring about political and social change. ____ 20. A(n) ____ believed that natural laws could be used to define economic systems. ____ 21. Life, liberty, and property are examples of ____. Match each term with the correct statement below. a. urbanization d. factories b. enclosure e. utilitarianism c. socialism ____ 22. The movement that increased farm production was called ____. ____ 23. ____ is the idea that the goal of society should be “the greatest happiness for the greatest number” of its citizens. ____ 24. According to ____, society as a group rather than individuals should own and operate farms and businesses. ____ 25. New inventions in the textile industry made it necessary to change from the “putting out system” to producing cloth in ____. ____ 26. The movement of people from the country to cities is called ____. Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Alexander II e. Otto von Bismarck b. an anarchist f. a refugee c. Francis Joseph g. William II d. Giuseppe Garibaldi h. Camillo Cavour ____ 27. “Follow me, you glorious Red Shirts, and together we will create an Italian republic.” ____ 28. “I am emperor of Austria, and the king of Hungary.” ____ 29. “Government should not exist.” ____ 30. “We will expel the Austrians from Italy.” ____ 31. “There is only one master in the Reich, and that is I.” ____ 32. “It is better to abolish serfdom from above than to wait until it is abolished from below.” ____ 33. “We fled from our village when a mob attacked and tried to kill us.” ____ 34. “Germany must be unified at any price.” Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Voltaire d. Baron de Montesquieu b. Adam Smith e. Thomas Paine c. Jean-Jacques Rousseau ____ 35. “I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” ____ 36. “Man is born free, but is everywhere in chains.” ____ 37. “It is against all reason to suppose that this Continent can long remain subject to any external power.” ____ 38. “There should be no government regulations on trade.” ____ 39. “In order to have liberty, it is necessary that the powers of the government be separated.” Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Benjamin Disraeli d. William Gladstone b. Frederick Douglass e. Emmeline Pankhurst c. Alfred Dreyfus ____ 40. Leader of the Conservative party and prime minister in Britain who fought for social reforms ____ 41. Leader of the Liberal party and prime minister in Britain who pushed for reforms in Ireland ____ 42. British suffragist leader who supported the use of violence ____ 43. Former slave who spoke out against slavery ____ 44. French army officer unjustly convicted of spying Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Alexander II d. Giuseppe Garibaldi b. Otto von Bismarck e. William II c. Francis Joseph ____ 45. German ruler whose foreign policy was aimed at acquiring an overseas empire ____ 46. Russian czar who freed the serfs ____ 47. Prussian leader who engineered German unity ____ 48. The emperor of Austria and king of Hungary ____ 49. Italian nationalist who helped to unify Italy Match each term with the correct statement below. a. balance of trade e. indemnity b. cash crop f. protectorate c. extraterritoriality g. trade deficit d. deforestation h. sphere of influence ____ 50. An area in which an outside power claimed exclusive investment or trading rights was called a(n) ____. Match each person with the correct statement below. a. Napoleon d. Olympe de Gouges b. Jacques Louis David e. Clemens von Metternich c. Maximilien Robespierre ____ 51. Leading painter during the French Revolution ____ 52. Austrian prince who wanted to restore the status quo of 1792 at the Congress of Vienna ____ 53. Jacobin revolutionary who led the Reign of Terror ____ 54. French emperor who dominated Europe in the early 1800s ____ 55. French journalist who demanded equal rights for women Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. ____ 56. Otto von Bismarck was responsible for the a. creation of the Zollverein. c. loss of the Franco-Prussian War. b. unification of Germany. d. rise of Napoleon III. ____ 57. As a result of the Treaty of Paris of 1763, North America was dominated by a. France. c. Britain. b. Spain. d. Portugal. ____ 58. Which of the following statements accurately describes the economic policy of mercantilism? a. It downplayed the role of government in stimulating economic growth. b. It discouraged the establishment of overseas colonies. c. It encouraged trade by abolishing laws that regulated trade. d. It was based on a belief that a nation’s real wealth was measured in its gold and silver treasure. ____ 59. Which of the following goals represents the ideology of nationalists? a. establishment of a homeland for people with a common heritage b. restoration of power to royal families c. acceptance of an established church d. tolerance for ethnic minorities ____ 60. The aim of Napoleon III’s foreign policy was to a. reestablish the French as a European power. b. keep France isolated. c. establish French neutrality. d. establish a balance of power with Britain. ____ 61. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen stated that a. all men were born free and equal in rights. b. all male citizens had the right to vote. c. male and female citizens were equal before the law. d. all citizens had to pay equal taxes. ____ 62. Which of the following helped Britian become a global power in the 1700s? a. its rich resources b. its strong navy c. its favorable climate d. its position next to mainland Europe ____ 63. Which of the following was the chief goal of the Congress of Vienna? a. to punish France c. to create a lasting peace b. to create a united Europe d. to strengthen Germany ____ 64. The artists of the Renaissance focused on a. humanistic concerns. c. the universe. b. the spiritual world. d. the Catholic Church. ____ 65. During the agricultural revolution in the 1700s, wealthy landowners increased food production by a. practicing enclosure. b. leaving part of the land unplanted every year. c. hiring more farmworkers. d. giving peasants bonuses. ____ 66. The bourgeoisie belonged to which of the following groups? a. the First Estate c. the Third Estate b. the Second Estate d. the aristocracy ____ 67. The revolution of 1905 broke out as a result of a. persecution of the Jews. b. the killing of demonstrators on Bloody Sunday. c. the freeing of the serfs. d. Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. ____ 68. How did the Industrial Revolution encourage imperialism? a. It made Europeans feel sorry for their “little brothers.” b. It created a need for land. c. It created a need for raw materials and markets. d. It made westerners feel obligated to improve the human species. ____ 69. Peter the Great forced Russians to accept social reforms that would make their culture more like that of a. Native Americans. c. Western Europeans. b. Chinese. d. Ottoman Turks. ____ 70. By the Edict of Nantes in 1598, Henry IV of France granted religious toleration to a. Catholics. c. Jews. b. Muslims. d. Huguenots. ____ 71. During the Reign of Terror, Robespierre tried to a. execute all French nobles. b. restore the Catholic Church. c. crush all opposition to the revolution. d. reinstate the monarchy. ____ 72. The Constitution of 1791 a. abolished the monarchy. b. established a new Legislative Assembly. c. gave the vote to all citizens. d. reestablished the old provinces. ____ 73. Which of the following helped British farmers increase food production in the 1700s? a. reducing the size of their farms b. improved farm machinery c. new kinds of crops d. the availability of more farmworkers ____ 74. The Stuart kings’ claims to absolute power were challenged by a. the Tudors. c. the Cavaliers. b. Parliament. d. the Church of England. ____ 75. Why does Darwin’s theory of evolution cause controversy? a. It disagrees with the biblical account of creation. b. It states that religion is a way for the state to control the masses. c. It denies the existence of God. d. It challenges the moral authority of the church. ____ 76. In the Boer War, the British fought descendants of which settlers? a. Asante c. Ottoman Turk b. French d. Dutch ____ 77. Montesquieu believed the purpose of the separation of powers was to a. make government more efficient. c. strengthen the monarchy. b. protect the liberties of the people. d. promote reform. ____ 78. How did Henry VIII react when the Pope refused to annul his marriage? a. He started a war. b. He took over the English church. c. He started the Reformation. d. He imposed fines on the Roman Catholic Church. ____ 79. Which of the following conditions during the Industrial Revolution supported Karl Marx’s ideas? a. There were a few wealthy business people while the majority of people were poor. b. More material goods were available. c. People were no longer threatened by famine. d. People left the countryside and moved to the cities. ____ 80. Which of the following resulted from the Thirty Years’ War? a. German states were united. b. The Hapsburgs gained power. c. France lost territory to Spain and Germany. d. The Netherlands and Switzerland became independent states.
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