A World In Flames
America and the World
The Rise of Dictators
• The treaty that ended WWI and the
economic depression that followed
contributed to the rise of dictatorships in
Europe and Asia.
• 1st major dictatorship in Europe
• 1919 Benito Mussolini founded Italy’s
Fascist Party. (anti-communist)
• Fascism = aggressive nationalism
• They believe the nation is more important
than the individual, and that a nation
became great by expanding its territory
and building its military.
• Backed by the
• 1917 – Bolshevik Party,
led by Vladimir Lenin,
set up Communist gov’t
throughout the Russian
• 1922 - Renamed Union
of Soviet Socialist
• One-party rule
• 1926 – Joseph Stalin
became the new
• 1927 – began to
• Millions who resisted
• New parties rose in
• Nazi Party was anti-
• Adolf Hitler, called for
unification under one
• Believed Germans
were part of a “master
race” destined to rule
• Felt Jews were
responsible for the
• 1933 Hitler appointed
• Storm Troopers
intimidated voters into
giving Hitler dictorial
• Many Japanese
wanted to seize
territory to gain
• 1931- w/o permission,
the army invaded
• Military took control of
America Turns to Neutrality
• The Nye Committee documented the
huge profits that arms factories had made
during the war.
• People believed this influenced America
• Americans began to support isolationism.
• Neutrality Act of 1935 – made it illegal for
Americans to sell arms to any country at
• Neutrality Act of 1937 – ctd. the ban and
required nonmilitary supplies from the U.S.
on a “cash and carry” basis.
• After the Spanish Civil
War began in 1936,
Hitler and Mussolini
signed an agreement
pledging to cooperate
on several issues.
• The following month Japan aligned itself
with Germany and Italy.
• Pact required the 2 countries to exchange
info about Communist groups.
• These 3 countries became known as the
FDR & Internationalism
• FDR supported internationalism – trade
b/w nations creates prosperity and helps
Japan Goes to War
• 1937 – Japan launched a full scale attack
• Roosevelt authorized the sale of weapons
to China, saying that the Neutrality Act of
1937 did not apply, since neither side
actually declared war.
End of Section 1
Next: Section 2
World War II Begins