Major Religious Movements by z98N082J

VIEWS: 182 PAGES: 30

									MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

The Second Great Awakening and The Social Gospel
     By: Emily Morton , Jade Lumpkins and Jeremy Vogt
TOPIC
   Most major religious movements reflect
    significant shifts in religious beliefs and
    produce important social changes. Apply this
    generalization to The Social Movement and
    One of the following : A. Seventeenth century
    Puritans B. The First Great Awakening C. The
    Second Great Awakening
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

    The religious movements of the late 1800’s
    and the early 1900’s reflect the significant
    shifts and changes in the beliefs of the people,
    through The Second Great awakening and the
    Social Gospel Movement which help produce
    significant social changes such as the
    introduction of new religious groups such as
    the Mormons, The Young Men’s Christian
    Association and the Salvation Army.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




    The Second Great Awakening
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS CON’T
   The Second Great Awakening
     Brought about in at the end of the eighteenth centaury
      through a fear that secularism was taking hold of the
      country.
     It was also a reaction to rationalism and a steady
      decrease in church goers.
     Timothy Dwight was an early revivalist who struggled to
      purify Yale college Which was said to by Lyman Beecher
      to be a “Hotbed of Infidelity.”
         Hehad a service of revivals the captivated the students and
         as a result spread though the rest of New England.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS CON’T

   The Second Great Awakening
     The   revival camps
       These camps were in the woods and people would flock
        to them four multiple days for spiritual reawakening.
       These camps usually run by clergy men who became
        known for their powerful sermons that were easy for the
        people of that time to relate to.
       These camps were common in the south.

       The creators of these camps were the Presbyterians, the
        Methodists and the Baptists.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS
The
Revival
Camps
in the
South
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   The Second Great awakening
     The   Protracted Meetings.
       Conducted   once a year and they usually lasted a couple
        weeks.
       There would be 2 or 3 preaches a day

       Would address the ancient penitence and they would
        gather on anxious bench at the front of the church so
        that they could be prayed over by the congregation.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

            The Second Great Awakening
              Charles   Grandison Finney
                He  was the times most successful
                 preacher, and theologian.
                He was the main player in the creation
                 of extreme revivals.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS
                      A byproduct of the second
                       great awakening was the
                       creation of the church of
                       Jesus Christ of Latter-day
                       saint or the Mormons.
                         Their founder, Joseph
                          Smith, said that when
                          he prayed in the woods
                          he saw a vision of God
                          and his son and they
                          told him to form a new
                          church that followed
                          their will.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

 The results of the second great awakening were
  numerous.
 It brought about the creation of many new
  churches and social reform groups.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




       The Social Gospel
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   The Social Gospel
     This movement was in reaction to the complex
      social changes that were occurring in the late
      1800’s, and many topics were addressed such as
      legislation that should be passed to solve social
      problems while others would discuss organized
      charity.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

                Social Gospel
                  Reverend  Henry Beech was
                   a pastor of a Plymouth
                   congregational church in
                   Brooklyn.
                       He believed in success,
                        Social Darwinism and the
                        unworthiness of the poor .
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   Social Gospel
     Unlike Henry Beecher’s beliefs, many churches
      responded to the needs of the people through
      community service and care for the unfortunate.
     Organizations such as the Young Men’s Association
      and the Salvation Army were created to help less
      fortunate
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   The salvation army was formed in London,
    England in 1878 and came to the U.S. the next
    year
     The salvation army was created as an evangelical
      organization that was devoted to community service
      and taking care of the less fortunate.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVMENTS

   The Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA)
    was also created in England and moved to the
    U.S. in the 1850’s.
     Itwas created in order to bring Christianity into
      practice through various means.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

 After the conclusion of the civil wars, people
  desired to have religion relate to their modern
  way of life.
 In order to accomplish this, many churches
  acquired such things like gyms, libraries lecture
  rooms ect.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

                  An early Young Men’s
                  Christian Association an
                  America that served African
                  Americans in New York City
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS
   Social Darwinism was the belief that human
    society and institutions passed through a
    process known as natural selection.
     This belief came about not through Darwin but
      through his follower and the first proclaimed
      prophet of Social Darwinism, Herbert Spencer.
     Natural selection was the belief of “The survival of
      the fittest”
     He also believed that the society evolved for the
      better.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




  Charles Darwin     Herbert Spencer
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   Reform Darwinism focused on a point that
    Darwin and Spencer left out in their
    explanation of evolution which was the human
    brain.
     This belief was brought about by Lester Frank Ward
     He believed that people could control their
      evolution because of their brain.
     Humanity could control the process of humanity.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




                  Lester Frank Ward
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   Pragmatism was a philosophical principle
    formed in William James’s book Pragmatism: A
    Name for some Old Ways of Thinking.
     Pragmatist  believed that ideas would gain their
     validity from its social consequences .
     John Dewey became the chief philosopher after
     the death of William James.
        JohnDewey believed that ideas were the instruments for
        action.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




  John Dewey        William James
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   Jane Addams Created the hull house which
    served the community in many ways such as
    providing
     Education

     Medical   care
     Housing

     Recreational     activities.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS




   Jane Addams        The Hull House
MAJOR RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

   Conclusion
     The  Second Great Awakening and the social Gospel
      had many profound affects on the society because
      of the creation of new churches that were based on
      helping the community and the less fortunate.
WORK CITED
   http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/twenty/tkeyinfo/socgosp
    el.htm
   http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1091.html
   http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://special.lib.umn.edu
    /ymca/images/afamimages/ya000063.jpg&imgrefurl=http://special
    .lib.umn.edu/ymca/guides/afam/afam-
    history.phtml&usg=__ynjiBVLac272T1oe8j2TyW22Ulo=&h=478&w=3
    79&sz=21&hl=en&start=5&um=1&tbnid=k4m89yafjHCEkM:&tbnh=
    129&tbnw=102&prev=/images%3Fq%3DThe%2Bfirst%2Bymca%2Bi
    n%2Bamerica%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dstrict%26um%3D1&safe=st
    rict
   http://www.nndb.com/people/013/000094728/herbert-spencer-1-
    sized.jpg
   http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1666.html
WORK CITED

 http://www.fogcityjournal.com/wordpress/wp-
  content/uploads/2009/02/charlesdarwin.jpg
 http://images.encyclopedia.com/getimage.asp
  x?id=2801898&hero=yes
 http://www.wagingpeace.org/menu/programs/
  youth-outreach/peace-heroes/img/jaddams.jpg
 America: A Native History

								
To top