Nouns

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					Nouns
Noun

    A word that names a person, place,
     thing, or idea
Jane
Pancake
Courage
Man
Dog
Patrick
Common Nouns

    Name any one of a class of person,
     place, thing, or idea

 Boy             City                Food
Proper Nouns

    Name a specific person, place, thing, or
     idea

 Bob              New York        Denny’s
Compound Nouns

  Two or more nouns that function as a
   single thing.
  Can be two individual words, words
   joined by a hyphen, or two words
   combined.

 Time capsule    great-uncle   basketball
Collective Nouns

    Name groups of people or things.

 audience class family herd crowd
Choose the Nouns

 1.   A hungry lion was roaming though the
      jungle looking for something to eat.

      A hungry lion was roaming through the
       jungle looking for something
2. He came across two men.



 He came across two men.
3. One man was sitting under a tree and
    reading a book; the other man was
    typing away on his laptop.

  One man was sitting under a tree and
   reading a book; the other man was
   typing away on his laptop.
4. The lion quickly pounced on the man
    reading the book and devoured him.

  The lion quickly pounced on the man
   reading the book and quickly devoured
   him.
5. Even the king of the jungle knows that
    readers digest and writers cramp!

  Even the king of the jungle knows that
   readers digest and writers cramp!
Possessive Nouns

    When you want to show that a noun
     owns something, you must turn the noun
     into a possessive.
Rules

 1.   With singular nouns, just and an
      apostrophe and an s.

      girl: girl’s doll
      student: student’s class
      Ronnie: Ronnie’s skateboard
2.   With plural nouns ending in s, add an
     apostrophe after the s, but do not add
     another s.

     girls’ doll
     students’ class
     cities’ laws
   With plural nouns not ending in s, add an
    apostrophe and an s.

    women: women’s books
    mice: mice’s tails
Reduce It!

  Reduce each of the following sentences to
   fewer words by using the possessive form.
  Example:
   The comedy routine of the Three Stooges
   aren’t funny to me.

     The Three Stooge’s comedy routines aren’t
     funny to me.
1.   The original name of Mel Brooks was
     Melvin Kaminsky.



     Mel Brooks’ original name was Melvin
     Kaminsky.
2.   The quack of a duck doesn’t echo, and
     no one knows why.

     A duck’s quack doesn’t echo, and no
     one knows why.
3.   The placement of the eyes of a donkey
     in its head enables it to see all four feet
     at all times.

     The placement of a donkey’s eyes in
     its head enables it to see all four feet at
     all times.
4.   The original name of Mickey Mouse
     was Mortimer Mouse.

     Mickey Mouse’s original name was
     Mortimer Mouse.
5.   The real name of Hulk Hogan is Terry
     Bollea.

     Hulk Hogan’s real name is Terry
     Bollea.
6.   The milk of a camel does not go bad.

     A camel’s milk does not go bad.
7.   In Fantasia by Disney, the name of the
     Sorcerer is Yensid, which is Disney
     spelled backward.

     In Disney’s Fantasia, the Sorcerer’s
     name is Yensid, which is Disney
     spelled backward.
8.   The urine of a cat glows under a black
     light.

     A cat’s urine glows under a black light.
9.   The favorite hobby of my mother-in-law
     is playing cards with her computer.

     My mother-in-law’s favorite hobby is
     playing cards with her computer.
10.   Keep the boss of your boss off the back
      of your boss.

      Keep your boss’s boss off your boss’s
      back.
Plural Nouns

  These are the rules for creating plural
  nouns:
   Add s to form the plural of most nouns.

    boy: boys
    girl: girls
    computer: computers
   Add es if the noun ends in s, sh, ch, or x.

    class: classes
    wish: wishes
    inch: inches
    fox: foxes
   If a noun ends in consonant y, change
    the y to i and add es.

    city: cities
    lady: ladies
    country: countries
   If a noun ends in vowel y, add s. (Words
    ending in quy (soliloquies) don’t follow
    this rule.)

    essay: essays
    monkey: monkeys
Nouns that end in O

  For nouns that end in O, you must look
   at the preceding letter to decide whether
   to add s or es.
  If the letter before the o is a vowel, just
   add s.

     radio=radios   stereo=stereos
   If the letter before the o is a consonant,
    you’d usually add an es.

     Potato=potatoes echo=echoes
                Veto=vetoes
 EXCEPTION: Nouns referring to music
  don’t obey this rule.
Change each of the following single
nouns to plurals.
 1.   Roach
      roaches
 2.   Alto
      altos
 3.   Cameo
      Cameos
4. Lily
   lilies
5. Cry
   cries
6. Kitten
   kittens
7.  Worry
    Worries
8. Soprano
    Sopranos
9. Tomato
    Tomatoes
10. Stereo
    Stereos
Words that end in f or fe

    Some words that end in f or fes must be
     changed to ves. Some can be formed
     with a simple s.

 Safe=safes            Thief=thieves
 Belief=beliefs        Knife=knives
 Chief=chiefs          Wife=wives
Compound Nouns

    For hyphenated and compound nouns,
     form the plural by adding s to the main
     word.

 Sister-in-law=sisters-in-law
 Leftover=leftovers
 Attorney general=attorneys general
Irregular Plurals

    Form the plural by changing letters within
     the word or adding letters within the word
     or to the end.

				
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