Nouns Noun A word that names a person, place, thing, or idea Jane Pancake Courage Man Dog Patrick Common Nouns Name any one of a class of person, place, thing, or idea Boy City Food Proper Nouns Name a specific person, place, thing, or idea Bob New York Denny’s Compound Nouns Two or more nouns that function as a single thing. Can be two individual words, words joined by a hyphen, or two words combined. Time capsule great-uncle basketball Collective Nouns Name groups of people or things. audience class family herd crowd Choose the Nouns 1. A hungry lion was roaming though the jungle looking for something to eat. A hungry lion was roaming through the jungle looking for something 2. He came across two men. He came across two men. 3. One man was sitting under a tree and reading a book; the other man was typing away on his laptop. One man was sitting under a tree and reading a book; the other man was typing away on his laptop. 4. The lion quickly pounced on the man reading the book and devoured him. The lion quickly pounced on the man reading the book and quickly devoured him. 5. Even the king of the jungle knows that readers digest and writers cramp! Even the king of the jungle knows that readers digest and writers cramp! Possessive Nouns When you want to show that a noun owns something, you must turn the noun into a possessive. Rules 1. With singular nouns, just and an apostrophe and an s. girl: girl’s doll student: student’s class Ronnie: Ronnie’s skateboard 2. With plural nouns ending in s, add an apostrophe after the s, but do not add another s. girls’ doll students’ class cities’ laws With plural nouns not ending in s, add an apostrophe and an s. women: women’s books mice: mice’s tails Reduce It! Reduce each of the following sentences to fewer words by using the possessive form. Example: The comedy routine of the Three Stooges aren’t funny to me. The Three Stooge’s comedy routines aren’t funny to me. 1. The original name of Mel Brooks was Melvin Kaminsky. Mel Brooks’ original name was Melvin Kaminsky. 2. The quack of a duck doesn’t echo, and no one knows why. A duck’s quack doesn’t echo, and no one knows why. 3. The placement of the eyes of a donkey in its head enables it to see all four feet at all times. The placement of a donkey’s eyes in its head enables it to see all four feet at all times. 4. The original name of Mickey Mouse was Mortimer Mouse. Mickey Mouse’s original name was Mortimer Mouse. 5. The real name of Hulk Hogan is Terry Bollea. Hulk Hogan’s real name is Terry Bollea. 6. The milk of a camel does not go bad. A camel’s milk does not go bad. 7. In Fantasia by Disney, the name of the Sorcerer is Yensid, which is Disney spelled backward. In Disney’s Fantasia, the Sorcerer’s name is Yensid, which is Disney spelled backward. 8. The urine of a cat glows under a black light. A cat’s urine glows under a black light. 9. The favorite hobby of my mother-in-law is playing cards with her computer. My mother-in-law’s favorite hobby is playing cards with her computer. 10. Keep the boss of your boss off the back of your boss. Keep your boss’s boss off your boss’s back. Plural Nouns These are the rules for creating plural nouns: Add s to form the plural of most nouns. boy: boys girl: girls computer: computers Add es if the noun ends in s, sh, ch, or x. class: classes wish: wishes inch: inches fox: foxes If a noun ends in consonant y, change the y to i and add es. city: cities lady: ladies country: countries If a noun ends in vowel y, add s. (Words ending in quy (soliloquies) don’t follow this rule.) essay: essays monkey: monkeys Nouns that end in O For nouns that end in O, you must look at the preceding letter to decide whether to add s or es. If the letter before the o is a vowel, just add s. radio=radios stereo=stereos If the letter before the o is a consonant, you’d usually add an es. Potato=potatoes echo=echoes Veto=vetoes EXCEPTION: Nouns referring to music don’t obey this rule. Change each of the following single nouns to plurals. 1. Roach roaches 2. Alto altos 3. Cameo Cameos 4. Lily lilies 5. Cry cries 6. Kitten kittens 7. Worry Worries 8. Soprano Sopranos 9. Tomato Tomatoes 10. Stereo Stereos Words that end in f or fe Some words that end in f or fes must be changed to ves. Some can be formed with a simple s. Safe=safes Thief=thieves Belief=beliefs Knife=knives Chief=chiefs Wife=wives Compound Nouns For hyphenated and compound nouns, form the plural by adding s to the main word. Sister-in-law=sisters-in-law Leftover=leftovers Attorney general=attorneys general Irregular Plurals Form the plural by changing letters within the word or adding letters within the word or to the end.
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