# Differentiated Lesson Plan - DOC

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```					                                Differentiated Lesson Plan

Teacher: Donna M. Petty                                        School: E. L. Wright Middle
Content Area: Science                                          Grade Level: 8
Title: Eclipses, Tides, and Moon Phases
Unit/Theme: Astronomy
State or National Standards:
8-4.4 Explain the motions of Earth and the Moon and the effects of these motions as they orbit the Sun (including
day, year, phases of the Moon, eclipses, and tides).
8-4.7 Explain the effects of gravity on tides and planetary orbits.
Brief Description of Lesson: The lesson begins with an Internet activity Birthday Moons where moon
phases take on a personal meaning as students find phases when they were born and shortly after. In the next
activity, Moon Phases, they use a model of the Earth and moon to explore how the shadows create the phases
of the moon and eclipses. The lesson continues with students reading about the history of calendars. They are
then asked to attempt to devise a new calendar, free of the problems current calendars have. After a discussion
of the notes the lesson concludes with a mathematics connection with tides, in which the see how the phases of
the moon affect tide levels and how these levels can even be used to determine how long it takes the moon to
revolve around Earth.
Length of Entire Lesson: 2 – 70 minute class periods
Lesson Goal/ Enduring Understanding: Explain the movements of both Earth and the Moon
cause resulting effects on Earth (be able to construct cause and effect models of Earth and lunar
movements with their results).
a. Interpret diagrams of the movements or the effects the result from the movement, e.g. solar
or lunar eclipses
b. Illustrate the phases of the moon in sequence
c. Identify periods of time related to Earth or lunar movements
Pre-Assessment
Method(s) used:                                                        Setting:Small Groups
Get teams to fill out KWL Charts answering the following questions:
1. What causes the shape of the moon to appear to change?
2. What causes solar and lunar eclipses?
3. What causes tides on the earth?
4. What are spring and neap tides?
Stage 1 - Generating Interest / Anticipatory Set/ Engage-Explore                               15 Minutes
a. Review & Background
(What skills from last lesson need rehearsing? What information do we need to create a context for today’s lesson?)
b. Raising the Level of Concern (Why the lesson is important to the learner.)
c. Goals & Objectives (Advance Organizer / Agenda)
Method(s) used:                                                                    Setting:Whole Class
Have students complete the Birthday Moons Internet Activity.
Formative Assessment of Performance
Teacher Observation / Student Participation
Stage 2 - Teaching the Content / Input / Modeling / Explain                                   Select Minutes
Purpose or Result of Stage 2 Activity/ Learner Outcomes:
To explain basic vocabulary & principles
Method(s) Used or Content Being Taught: (Materials are in Boldface) Setting:Select Setting
Go over notes and use the Earth-Moon SmartBoard Notebook file.
Formative Assessment of Performance
Teacher Observation / Student Participation
Stage 3 - Practicing with the Content / Elaborate-Extend                                          30 minutes
Purpose or results of Stage 3 activity/ Learner Outcomes:
Students will learn basics about moon phases, eclipses and tides.
Method(s) or Activities for Students: (Materials are in Boldface)                     Setting:Small Groups
Have students rotate between Labeling Eclipses and Tides on the Smartboard and doing the Moon Phases
activities in small groups.
Summative or Formative Assessment of performance
Check the activity sheet to provide feedback.
Method(s) for Addressing Misconceptions or Misunderstandings:

Stage 4 - Integrating the Content / Evaluate                                                     40 minutes
Purpose or results of Stage 4 activity/ Learner Outcomes:
By closely looking at tidal data, students will see when spring and neap tides occur and see how the lunar month
progresses around the earth and affects the time of high and low tides.
Method(s) or Activities for Students: (Materials are in Boldface)                     Setting:Whole Class
.Walk class through Changing with the Tides.
Summative Assessment of performance
Check activities and provide feedback. Unit test.
Lesson Closure & Reflection                                                                       5 Minutes
Have students reflect on main concepts on “ticket out”.
Anchor Activities:
Those who finish first will work on the Earth-Moon Pick-A-Lab.
Accommodations:
Each area below is a direct link to general classroom accommodations.
Each disability below is a direct link to general classroom accommodations specific for that disability.
Autism
Deaf - Blind
Deaf/Hard of Hearing
Emotional and Behavioral Disorder
Mild Intellectual Disability
Orthopedic Impairment
Other Health Impairments:
Attention Deficit Disorder/Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Tourette Syndrome
Significant Development Delay
Specific Learning Disability
Speech - Language Impairment
Traumatic Brain Injury
Visual Impairment
Cross-Curricular Connections:

Additional Resources (Speakers, Field Trips, etc):
TIPS – Month of Moons Parent-Involvement Activity

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