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Tower Hamlets People and Society

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					Tower Hamlets People and Society

Information about population is available annually from the mid-year population estimates. These estimates are
only available by five year age bands at a local authority level, and do not provide the detailed breakdowns
available from the population information collected via the Census, last carried out in 2001. This section uses
both these sources of information to provide as broad a picture as possible of this area.

Latest estimates: mid-2003 population
According to the mid-2003 population estimates there were 206,600 people residing in Tower Hamlets, of
whom 51.3 per cent were male and 48.7 per cent were female. Children under five accounted for
approximately 8 per cent of the resident population of Tower Hamlets. This compares with almost 6 per
cent for England and Wales overall.

In mid-2003, 10.1 per cent of the resident population in Tower Hamlets were of retirement age (65 and
over for males or 60 and over for females) compared with 18.5 per cent in England and Wales.

 Mid-2003 estimates of population: percentage in age band




   1
       Please note that revised mid-2001 population estimates were published in September 2004, after ONS
       carried out an extensive program of research into population estimates for local areas. This culminated in
       the Local Authority Population Studies final report published in September 2004. Accompanying this report,
       were revised population estimates for mid-2001 and mid-2002 that incorporated the results of the Local
       Authority Population Studies. The 2003 dataset presented here incorporate all revisions made to the mid-
       2001 and mid-2002 estimates.


In the twenty years between 1982 and 2002 the population of Tower Hamlets grew by 44.1 per cent,
compared with an increase of 8.7 per cent for London region as a whole. Population density of Tower
Hamlets averaged 10,462 people per square kilometre, compared with an average of 4,679, for the region
and 380 people per square kilometre for England overall.

Census 2001
At the time of the Census in April 2001, the resident population of the Tower Hamlets local authority was
196,106 people, of which 50 per cent were male and 50 per cent were female. This compared with a
resident population in London of 7,172,091 people, of whom 48 per cent were male and 52 per cent were
female.

The average age of the population in Tower Hamlets was 31.8 years. This compared with an average age
for England and Wales of 38.6 years.

 Resident population: percentage in age band, April 2001




 Marital status: resident population aged 16 and over, April 2001
Ethnicity: percentage of resident population in each group, April 2001


                      Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
Ethnic Group -
                                      51.40            71.15                91.31
Percentages; White
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; White;                   42.91            59.79                87.49
British
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; White;                    1.95             3.07                 1.23
Irish
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; White;                    6.54             8.29                 2.59
Other White
Ethnic Group -
                                       2.48             3.15                 1.27
Percentages; Mixed
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Mixed;
                                       0.80             0.99                 0.46
White and Black
Caribbean
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Mixed;
                                       0.40             0.48                 0.15
White and Black
African
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Mixed;                    0.69             0.84                 0.36
White and Asian
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Mixed;                    0.60             0.85                 0.30
Other Mixed
Ethnic Group -
                                      36.62            12.08                 4.37
Percentages; Asian
or Asian British
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Asian
                                          1.53             6.09                 1.99
or Asian British;
Indian
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Asian
                                          0.76             1.99                 1.37
or Asian British;
Pakistani
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Asian
                                         33.43             2.15                 0.54
or Asian British;
Bangladeshi
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Asian
                                          0.90             1.86                 0.46
or Asian British;
Other Asian
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Black                        6.50            10.92                 2.19
or Black British
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Black
                                          2.66             4.79                 1.08
or Black British;
Caribbean
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Black
                                          3.36             5.28                 0.92
or Black British;
African
Ethnic Group -
Percentages; Black
                                          0.47             0.84                 0.18
or Black British;
Other Black
Ethnic Group -
Percentages;
                                          3.00             2.69                 0.86
Chinese or Other
Ethnic Group
Ethnic Group -
Percentages;
Chinese or Other                          1.82             1.12                 0.44
Ethnic Group;
Chinese
Ethnic Group -
Percentages;
Chinese or Other                          1.18             1.58                 0.42
Ethnic Group; Other
Ethnic Group




Religion: percentage of resident population in each group, April 2001


                         Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
People stating
                                         38.64            58.23                71.75
religion as: Christian
People stating
                                          0.99             0.76                 0.28
religion as: Buddhist
People stating
                                          0.79             4.07                 1.06
religion as: Hindu
People stating
                                          0.93             2.09                 0.50
religion as: Jewish
People stating
                                         36.40             8.46                 2.97
religion as: Muslim
People stating
                                          0.35             1.45                 0.63
religion as: Sikh
People stating
religion as: Other                        0.27             0.51                 0.29
religions
People stating                           14.19            15.76                14.81
   religion as: No
   religion
   People stating
   religion as: Religion                    7.44             8.66                 7.71
   not stated




  Datasets referenced
                           Data item                                 Source             Reference other than
                                                                                                 NeSS
  Resident population at June 2003: total Population                                    Region in Figures, Vol.
  percentage of males and females          Estimates Unit,                              9 (RiF9), Table 2.2,
  percentage in age band                   ONS                                          2.12
  Population change                        Population                                   Regional Trends No. 38
                                           Estimates Unit,                              (RT38), Table 14.1
                                           ONS
  Population density                       Population                                   RT38, Table 14.1
                                           Estimates Unit,
                                           ONS
  Resident population: total percentage of Census 2001,
  males, females percentage in age band ONS
  average age
  Marital status: percentage of each type Census 2001,
                                           ONS
  Ethnicity: percentage of each type       Census 2001,
                                           ONS
  Religion: percentage of each type        Census 2001,
                                           ONS



Health and Care

The 2001 Census asked people to describe their health, over the preceding 12 months as 'good', 'fairly
good' or 'not good'. People were also asked if they had any limiting long-term illness, health problem or
disability that restricted their daily activities or the work they could do.

The 2001 Census asked a question about any voluntary care provided to look after, or give any help or
support to family members, friends, neighbours or others because of long-term physical or mental ill-
health or disability, or problems relating to old age. In the Local Authority of Tower Hamlets, 8.6 per cent
of the resident population provided unpaid care compared to 10 per cent in England and Wales. Of the
people providing unpaid care, 27.8 per cent gave 50 hours or more per week, this compared with 20.9 per
cent in England and Wales.

  Percentage of resident population in each group, April 2001


                           Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
   General health:
                                           67.89            70.82                68.55
   Good
   General health:
                                           21.79            20.90                22.23
   Fairly good
   General health: Not
                                           10.32             8.28                 9.22
   good
   People with a
   limiting long-term                      17.19            15.49                18.23
   illness
   People of working
   age with a limiting             15.02              11.87              13.56
   long-term illness
   Households with one
   or more person with
                                   33.79              29.65              34.05
   a limiting long-term
   illness




Note: The percentage of households affected by limiting long term illness is calculated on a 'per
household' basis rather than the proportion of people overall.

The death rate in Tower Hamlets as indicated by the Standardised Mortality Ratio (SMR), was 115 in 2003
compared with a United Kingdom average of 100. This measure makes allowance for the differing age
structures of the population in different areas of the country. An area with a mortality ratio below 100
indicates a lower death rate than the national average.

In Tower Hamlets the total fertility rate (TFR) was 1.84, which is the average number of children that
would be born to a woman if she experiences the current age-specific fertility rates throughout her child-
bearing years; the national average TFR was 1.64 for the United Kingdom in 2002.

Benefits

There are two important benefits associated with health that are paid to people who need help with
personal care. They are the Disability Living Allowance and the Attendance Allowance.

The Disability Living Allowance is a benefit paid to people under 65, who are disabled, and need help with
personal care and/or getting around. In August 2003, 8,540 people in Tower Hamlets received this
benefit. This represents 4.5per cent of all people under the age of 65 living in the area, compared with 5.1
per cent of the population in England and Wales.

Attendance Allowance is paid to people aged 65 or over who are disabled, either physically or mentally,
and who need supervision or assistance with personal care over a prolonged period of time. In August
2003, 3,110 people in Tower Hamlets received this allowance, which represented 17.4 per cent of all
those people aged 65 and over living in the area; this compared with 14.4 per cent in England and Wales.

In August 2003, 12,265 people in Tower Hamlets between the ages of 16 and 65 claimed Incapacity
Benefit or Severe Disability Allowance because they had been unable to work for at least 28 consecutive
weeks because of illness or disability. Of these people, 13 per cent were under the age of 30.

  Datasets referenced
                          Data item                           Source         Reference other than
                                                                                    NeSS
  State of health: percentage of population             Census 2001,
  and households                                        ONS
  Provision of unpaid care: percentage of               Census 2001,
  population                                            ONS
  Standardised Mortality Ratio                          Vital Statistics, RT38, Table 14.1
                                                        ONS
  Total Fertility Rate                                  Vital Statistics, RT38, Table 14.1
                                                        ONS
  Disability Living Allowance                           DWP
  Attendance Allowance                                  DWP
  Incapacity Benefit or Severe Disability               DWP
  Allowance



Deprivation
The Indices of Multiple Deprivation combine information relating to income, employment, education,
health, skills and training, barriers to housing and services and crime into an overall measure of
deprivation.

A score is calculated for each area; a low score indicates greater deprivation - the most deprived Lower
Layer Super Output Area or Local Authority is indicated by a rank of 1. According to the 2004 English
Indices of Multiple Deprivation, Tower Hamlets has an overall rank of 4 out of 354 local authorities. It has
a rank of 8 on the income measure.




  Indices of Deprivation, 2004


                         Tower Hamlets
   Indices of
   Deprivation: Local
   Authority                                4
   Summaries, Rank of
   Average Score1
   Indices of
   Deprivation: Local
   Authority                                8
   Summaries, Rank of
   Income Scale1
   Indices of
   Deprivation: Local
   Authority                               34
   Summaries, Rank of
   Employment Scale1


   1
       The population denominators presented in these data were created specifically for the Indices of
       Deprivation 2004. They relate to an estimate of the total population 'at risk' of experiencing a given type of
       deprivation. Therefore they do not represent total population counts or population breakdowns for areas
       and should not be used as such.


  Datasets referenced
           Data item           SourceReference other than NeSS
  Index of Multiple DeprivationODPM



Economic Activity

Percentage of resident population aged 16
to 74 in each group, April 2001
                                                                      Tower                              England and
                                                                                        London
                                                                      Hamlets                            Wales
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                  active:                       36.02            42.64           40.55
                                                  Employees Full-
                                                  time
                                                  Males aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                  active:                        6.26             3.70            3.35
                                                  Employees Part -
                                                  time
                                                  Females aged
                                                  16-74:
                                                  Economically
                                                                                 7.82            13.26           19.95
                                                  active:
                                                  Employees Part-
                                                  time
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                                                 6.03             8.97            8.28
                                                  active: Self-
                                                  employed
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                                                 6.59             4.36            3.35
                                                  active:
                                                  Unemployed
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                                                 3.40             2.96            2.57
                                                  active: Full-time
                                                  student
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically               7.68             9.81           13.61
                                                  inactive: Retired
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                                                 8.91             6.57            4.70
                                                  inactive:
                                                  Student
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                  inactive: Looking             10.29             7.17            6.51
                                                  after home /
                                                  family
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically
                                                  inactive:                      6.45             4.57            5.52
                                                  Permanently sick
                                                  / disabled
                                                  People aged 16-
                                                  74: Economically               7.59             4.34            3.12
                                                  inactive: Other




Of the people in Tower Hamlets who were of working age (i.e. those aged 16 to 64 for men or 16 to 59 for
women) the employment rate was 57.5 per cent during the Summer of 2004 (June to August), compared
with an average for Great Britain of 75 per cent. Over the same three months in 1999, the number of
people in employment in Tower Hamlets as a proportion of those of working age was 59.2 per cent and
the rate for Great Britain was 74.7 per cent.

According to the 2001 Census, of the people in Tower Hamlets who were unemployed, 10.64 per cent
were aged 50 and over, 13.99 per cent had never worked and 33.05 per cent were long-term
unemployed.

Other information on unemployment can be obtained from analysis of work-related benefits.

 Claimants of work-related benefits, September 1999 and 2004
In September 2004, 25.9 per cent of people claiming work-related benefits in Tower Hamlets had been
doing so for more than 12 months; this compared with 27 per cent in September 1999.

Between September 1999 and September 2004 the number of young people aged 18 to 24 years who
were claiming work related benefits increased by 32.3 per cent in Tower Hamlets, compared to a reduction
of 30.7 per cent in Great Britain overall.

In August 2003, there were 7960 claimants of the Jobseeker's Allowance in Tower Hamlets. The
Jobseeker's Allowance (JSA) is payable to people under pensionable age who are available for, and
actively seeking, work of at least 40 hours a week. Figures produced here are those only for people
claiming income-based Jobseeker's Allowance.

In August 2003, there were 25545 people claiming Income Support in Tower Hamlets; of these 1 per cent
were aged under 20. Income support was introduced on April 11th 1988 and can be paid to a person who
is aged between 16 and 59, is not working 16 hours or more a week, and has less money coming in than
the law says they need to live on.

In August 2003, 19 per cent of the population in Tower Hamlets over the age of 16 benefited from Income
Support payments.

  Datasets referenced
                          Data item                                 Source         Reference other
                                                                                     than NeSS
  Percentage of resident population aged 16 to 74 Census 2001,
  in each group by type of activity               ONS
  Employment rate of working age                  Labour Force                    Regional First
                                                  Survey, ONS                     releases,
                                                                                  Labour Market
                                                                                   Trends
  Unemployment: age and length unemployed                      Census 2001,
                                                               ONS
  Claimant Count unemployment percentage                       Claimant            Nomis
  claiming: more than 12 months age 18 to 24                   Count, ONS
  years rate
  JSA Claimants with children or age breakdown DWP
  Income Support claimants                        DWP
  Percentage of population benefiting from income DWP                              RT38, Table 14.7
  support payments



Students, Education, Skills and Training

In Tower Hamlets, 12 per cent of the resident population were school pupils or full-time students aged 16
to 74 years, according to the Census in April 2001. This compared with 5.1 per cent of the population in
England and Wales.

Tower Hamlets is located in the Local Education Authority of Tower Hamlets, part of the London region. In
the academic year 2003/04, 47.8 per cent of pupils in Tower Hamlets achieved 5 or more GCSEs graded
A* to C, compared to an average for England of 53.7 per cent.

Over the last five years, standards in education, as shown by the Standard Assessment Tests (SATs),
have also improved in respect of younger students in the area. In Tower Hamlets the proportion of pupils
achieving at least level 4 at Key Stage 2 (KS2) (the anticipated level of attainment for pupils aged 11 in
their final year at primary school) has changed from 62 per cent in 1999 to 75 per cent in 2004 for
Mathematics and from 57 per cent to 77 per cent in respect of English.

 Percentage of pupils achieving SATS and GCSE results, academic years 1998/99 and
 2003/04.
   1
       Please note: these data are presented on LEA boundaries based on the location of the school rather than
       the pupil's home address.
   2
       Please note: these data are presented on LEA boundaries based on the location of the school rather than
       the pupil's home address. Information for cells with potential disclosure issues have been suppressed using
       the following symbol '..'


  Qualifications: percentage of resident population ages 16 to 74, April 2001


                            Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
   People aged 16-74
   with: No                                 34.26            23.73                29.08
   qualifications
   People aged 16-74
   with: Highest
                                            29.63            30.99                19.76
   qualification attained
   level 4 / 5




Note: Level 4/5 includes First degree; Higher degree; NVQ levels 4 and 5; HNC; HND; Qualified Teacher
Status; Qualified Medical Doctor; Qualified Dentist; Qualified Nurse; Midwife; Health Visitor.

In London 82 per cent of sixteen year olds continued to participate in post-compulsory education,
compared with 78 per cent in England and Wales.

  Datasets referenced
                        Data item                               Source              Reference other than
                                                                                           NeSS
  Percentage aged 16 to 74 years in full-                    Census 2001,
  time education                                             ONS
  Percentage achieving results: GCSE                         DfES         RT38, Table 14.4 DfES
  passes Key stage 2                                                      Web releases
  Qualifications of resident population                      Census 2001,
                                                             ONS
  Percentage participating in post-                          Census 2001,
  compulsory education                                       ONS



Housing and Households

In Tower Hamlets there were 78,530 households in 2001. 99 per cent of the resident population lived in
households. The remainder of the population lived in communal establishments. A communal
establishment is one providing managed residential accommodation, for example in supervised hostels,
hotels, large hospitals and prisons.

The average size of households in Tower Hamlets was 2.5 people compared with an average of 2.4 people
for England and Wales.

 Type of Household: percentage of each type, April 2001
Tenure: percentage of households, April 2001


                       Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
Owner occupied:
                                        7.76            22.05                29.46
Owns outright
Owner occupied:
Owns with a                            19.62            33.51                38.76
mortgage or loan
Rented from:
Council (local                         37.39            17.12                13.24
authority)
Rented from:
Housing Association
                                       15.12             9.09                 5.95
/ Registered Social
Landlord
Rented from: Private
landlord or letting                    15.55            14.34                 8.72
agency
Rented from: Other                      2.98             2.93                 3.22




Percentage of households living in type of accommodation, April 2001


                       Tower Hamlets           London           England and Wales
Accommodation
type: Whole house
                                        1.03             6.04                22.77
or bungalow:
Detached
   Accommodation
   type: Whole house
                                            2.25              19.13                31.58
   or bungalow: Semi-
   detached
   Accommodation
   type: Whole house
   or bungalow:                            12.98              25.93                26.04
   Terraced (including
   end terrace)




In the Local Authority of Tower Hamlets, 83.6 per cent of households were accommodated in flats or
maisonettes, and a further 0.1 per cent lived in caravans or other mobile or temporary structures; this
compared with 19.2 per cent and 0.4 per cent respectively for England and Wales on average.

Between 2002 and 2003 average dwelling prices in London increased by 7.6 per cent, compared with
England where the average rise was 12.2 per cent. The average increase in price was 11.1 per cent
between 1997 and 1998 in London, compared with 8.1 per cent increase over the same period for
England.

  Average dwelling prices £s, 2002


                           Tower Hamlets           London             England and Wales
   Changes of
   Ownership by
   Dwelling Price, Price
                                      402,944               466,011              208,435
   Indicators by
   Dwelling Type:
   Detached - Mean1
   Changes of
   Ownership by
   Dwelling Price, Price
   Indicators by                      299,501               259,299              119,748
   Dwelling Type:
   Semi-detached -
   Mean1
   Changes of
   Ownership by
   Dwelling Price, Price
                                      248,666               237,830              103,351
   Indicators by
   Dwelling Type:
   Terraced - Mean1
   Changes of
   Ownership by
   Dwelling Price, Price
                                      216,914               203,793              138,762
   Indicators by
   Dwelling Type: Flat -
   Mean1
   Changes of
   Ownership by
   Dwelling Price, Price              222,835               234,535              138,370
   Indicators for All
   Dwellings: Mean1
   Social Housing
   Rents, All Dwellings:                    67.2              61.75                       ..
   LA Net Rent2


   1
       Due to a policy requirement, the 2001 dataset was originally referenced to 1998 geographic boundaries. In
       accordance with the agreed policy for Neighbourhood Statistics, this dataset has now been referenced to
       the 2003 Census Area Statistics wards, local/unitary authorities, GORs and countries.
   2
       All of the rent values quoted are weekly rents and are in UK Pounds.


Note: Social Housing Rents described in the table above refer to the average rent paid on a weekly basis

In April 2001, 56.8 per cent of households in Tower Hamlets did not have a car or van, compared to an
average of 26.8 per cent in England and Wales. Households with access to two or more cars or vans
accounted for 6.3 per cent of all households in Tower Hamlets, this compared to an England and Wales
average of 29.4 per cent.

  Datasets referenced
                  Data item                           Source            Reference other than
                                                                               NeSS
  Number of households                          Census 2001,
  Average size                                  ONS
  Percentage in communal
  establishments
  Type of households
  Tenure of property                            Census 2001,
  Type of accommodation                         ONS
  Change in average dwelling prices             Land Registry        RiF9, Table 7.11
  Dwelling prices by type of property           Land Registry
  Local authority rent                          Census 2001,
                                                ONS
  Percentage with cars or vans                  Census 2001,
                                                ONS

				
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