ADA Guidelines & Standards

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					ADA Guidelines & Standards

                     KNR 270
Access Board
   “Access Board” is federal agency responsible for
    accessibility design guidelines

   aka Architectural & Transportation Barriers Compliance
    Board

   Board is appointed by President
       ½ Board members are PWD

   Creates Guidelines
       Guidelines are the basis for standards
       Standards have legal authority and can be enforced
ADA Accessibility Guidelines
   ADAAG
   First published in 1991
   Established required design requirements for the
    construction & alterations of facilities in private &
    public sectors
   Provided scoping & technical requirements
   Approach, entrance, & use of major areas

   Basis for 1991 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
       Dept. of Justice
ADA Accessibility Guidelines
   Scoping requirements

       Require an accessible element must be provided

       Require minimum number or percentage of elements be
        accessible
           Number of van parking spaces
           Number of hotel rooms
           Number of TTYs
ADA Accessibility Guidelines
   Technical requirements

       Describe the characteristics of an accessible element
           Width of door
           Rise of ramp
           Threshold height (no more than ½”)
           Pressure to open door (not exceed 5 lbs. for exterior doors)
Standards after ADA Enacted
   ADA Standards for Accessible Design (1991)
       State & local government
       Public areas

   Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (1982)
       Architectural Barriers Act
       Federal

   ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings &
    Facilities (2004)
       All playing by same rules
       Consistency
       Worksheet answers
Access Board Rulemaking in Development
   Outdoor Developed Areas (trails)

   Passenger Vessels (cruise line)

   Emergency Transportable Housing (Katrina FEMS trailers)

   Shared Use Paths (hiker/biker trails)

   Classroom Acoustics
2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
Effective March 15, 2012
   Based on ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings &
    Facilities (2004)
       Generic changes to buildings & facilities (reach ranges, van parking, press
        boxes, toilets, etc.

   Earlier supplements added
       Recreation Facilities (2002)
       Play Areas (2000)
       Children’s Environments (1998)

   Additional DOJ requirements
       Assembly Areas (horizontal dispersion)
       Residential Dwelling Units
       Places of Lodging
Safe Harbor – Existing Facilities
   Elements that comply with 1991 Standards do not need
    to be modified to meet 2010 Standards unless those
    elements are altered on or after March 15, 2012.

   Safe Harbor does not apply to elements in existing
    facilities that were not subject to specific requirements
    for the 1991 Standards.

   “Project civic action”
       DOJ no longer waiting for complaints
       Going out and checking accessibility
Elements in 2010 Standards NOT Subject to
Safe Harbor
   Amusement rides                Saunas & steam rooms
   Recreational boating           Swimming pools, wading
    facilities                      pools, & spas
   Exercise machines &            Shooting facilities
    equipment                      Miscellaneous
   Fishing piers & platforms          Team or player seating
   Golf facilities                    Accessible route to bowling
                                        lanes
   Miniature golf facilities
                                       Accessible route in court
   Play areas                          sport facilities
Other Areas Addressed by Standards
   Service animals

   Other power-driven mobility devices

   Maintenance of accessible features

   Reservation made by places of lodging
Service Animals
   Defined as a dog that has been individually trained to do
    work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual
    with a disability

   Miniature horse may be an accommodation to someone
    who is blind & allergic to dogs

   Comfort or emotional support is not covered

   People with all types of disabilities can use service animals
    (autism, PTSD, mental illnesses)
Service Animals – Allowable Questions
   Is this service animal required because of a disability?

   What work or task has the animal been trained to
    perform?

   Can’t require written confirmation documentation
   Can’t make animal wear any type of equipment
   Can go to all areas of the public
   Can go in pool (seizure dog or physical support)
Other Power Driven Mobility Devices
   Golf carts
   Segways (preferred mode of many vets)
   Can be used indoors or outdoors
   Any area open for pedestrian use
   Convention halls
   Can have legitimate safety rules
       Speed limit
       Keep at certain distance
Other Power Driven Mobility Devices –
Allowable Questions
   Can’t ask about nature or extent of disability
   Can’t ask what disability is or why need device

   Can ask to provide credible assurance that device is
    required because of a disability
       Valid parking tag
       Credible verbal assurance
Play Areas
   Play components
   Accessible routes
   Surfacing
   Soft contained play structures
Recreation Facilities
   Amusement rides
   Boating facilities
   Fishing piers & platforms
   Golf courses
   Miniature golf courses
   Sports facilities
   Swimming pools & spas
Outdoor Developed Areas
   Trails
   Picnic & camping facilities
   Beach access routes
Play Areas
   A play area is a site that:
       Contains play components
       Designed & constructed for children
       Separated by age ranges for safety
           2-5 y/o; 5-12 y/o
       Each of the age areas must be evaluated separately for
        accessibility
Play Areas
   Ground level play components
       1 of each type must be accessible
       Where elevated play components are provided, ground level
        must equal at least 50% of the total number of elevated
        elements
           Except when there is a ramp to each elevated play area
       Must be integrated in the play area
Play Areas
   Elevated play components
       50% of elevated must be accessible
       Must provide ramp accessibility if 20 or more components

       If less than 20 a transfer station can be used
   Accessible routes
       At least 1 in playground
       Connect accessible play components
Play Areas
   Accessible surfaces
       Inside play area
           Must meet ASTM 1951-99 standards
               Laboratory test
           Poured in place rubber
           Rubber matting
           Some engineered wood fiber (Maintenance is key)
           Not wood chips, pea gravel, sand
           Rubber chips are questionable
Play Areas
   Accessible surfaces
       Outside play area
           ADAAG accessible route provisions apply
           Stable, firm, & slip resistant
Golf courses
   No major implications for design of course
   Golf cart passage
       Continuous passage
   Teeing grounds
       Where 1 or 2, at least 1
   Putting greens
       Designed so golf cart can enter & exit
Advance Notice of Proposed
Rulemaking
                    Availability of adapted golf
                     carts
                        Provide?
                        Number?
                    Recommend single rider
Swimming pools
   2 means of access into water (less than 300’ = 1
    means)
       Primary
           Lift
           Sloped entry
       Secondary
           Lift
           Sloped entry
           Transfer wall
           Stairs
           Transfer system
LAWSUITS
   Lawsuits are further defining ADA
   PGA vs. Casey Martin
   Others (DOJ)
ENFORCEMENT
   Access Board
   Department of Transportation
   Federal Communication Commission
   Equal Employment Opportunities Com.
   Department of Interior
   Department of Justice
How can I keep up?
   Internet
   Workshops
   Conferences
   Journal articles
   Consultants
   Networking
   News articles

				
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