Installing Virtual PC

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					                                    Installing Virtual PC

Virtual PC (and Virtual Server) allow you to run other operating systems within Windows. It can be
downloaded from http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/winfamily/virtualpc/default.mspx .
The guest operating system is stored in two files, a vhd file and a vmc file. The vhd file (for more
information, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VHD_(file_format) )contains both the operating system
and any programs installed within it. Microsoft provides many of its products in this format for
evaluation purposes: http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/bb738372.aspx , and it is also very handy as a
backup format. Vista backup uses this format, which means that if you have the disk space to do so, you
can back up your system and then test it using Virtual PC or Virtual Server! The VMC file is the
configuration file for the Virtual PC and contains hardcoded information such as the NIC card address.

System requirements (from the Microsoft site)

The Virtual PC application requires a 400 MHz Pentium-compatible processor (1.0 GHz or faster
recommended), and requires approximately 35 MB of disk space. It runs on Windows Vista Business,
Windows Vista Enterprise, Windows Vista Ultimate, Windows XP Professional, or Windows XP Tablet PC
Edition, Windows Vista SP1 (Enterprise, Business, Ultimate), Windows XP SP3.

The real requirements for running Virtual PC are those necessary to support the guest operating systems
that you will run. Add the disk requirements for every guest OS you’ll install and add the memory
requirements for every guest OS you will run simultaneously, plus memory for the host OS. Below are
the requirements for some of the operating systems that can be run as a guest operating system. Virtual
PC can run most x86 operating systems, not just the operating systems listed below, in a virtual machine
environment.

                                                              Minimum
                                                      Minimum Hard-
  Guest Operating System
                                                      Memory Disk
                                                              Space


 Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition               64 MB      500 MB

 Windows Millennium Edition (Windows Me)             96 MB      2 GB

 Windows 2000 Professional                           96 MB      2 GB

 Windows XP Home Edition                             128 MB     2 GB

 Windows XP Professional                             128 MB     2 GB
                                                               Minimum
                                                       Minimum Hard-
  Guest Operating System
                                                       Memory Disk
                                                               Space

 Windows Vista Enterprise                             512 MB      15 GB

 Windows Vista Business                               512 MB      15 GB

 Windows Vista Ultimate                               512 MB      15 GB

 Windows Vista SP1 (Business, Enterprise, Ultimate) 512 MB        15 GB

 Windows XP SP3                                       256 MB      3 GB

 Windows Server 2008                                  512 MB      20 GB

 OS/2 Warp Version 4 Fix Pack 15, OS/2 Warp       64 MB           500 MB
 Convenience Pack 1, OS/2 Warp Convenience Pack 2

* Keep in mind that these are minimum requirements. Installing applications in a guest OS increases
requirements. Increasing memory beyond the minimum can result in significant performance increases.

** Includes OS/2 Warp 4 Fixpack 15, OS/2 Warp Convenience Pack 1, and OS/2 Warp Convenience Pack 2.




To install:

    1.   After verifying that your system meets the requirements, download the latest version of Virtual
         PC from http://www.microsoft.com/windows/products/winfamily/virtualpc/default.mspx .

    2. Install the Virtual PC program.

    3. Start the Virtual PC program and select the New button. This will start a wizard, shown below:
4. Hit the next button, which will bring up the following screen. Choose create a virtual machine,
   then hit next.
5. Give your virtual machine a name, and choose its location by using the browse button, then hit
   next:




6.   Select the operating system you are going to install; here I chose XP, then hit next.
7.   If desired, adjust the RAM the machine will use, or just hit next.




8.   On the next screen, select using a new hard disk, then hit next:
9.    Tell it the location for the new virtual hard disk, and also how big it should be (note that
     whatever you put here will be all the virtual operating system sees for hard disk space, and that
     the space will be allocated as “used” by your existing operating system.) Then hit next.




10. This should complete the wizard and generate the following screen. Just hit Finish:
11. Now make sure the new virtual machine has the correct settings by clicking on it and hitting the
    settings button. The following screenshot gives an example of modifying which network
    adapter the guest operating system will use:




12. Go back to the main screen, make sure you have the desired Virtual Machine selected, and hit
    start.
   13. Since there is no operating system installed, it will come up with a request to insert boot media
       (see screenshot below).




   14. Use CD menu to select CD drive

   15. Insert Windows XP disk

   16. Hit enter

   17. Windows setup will start.

   18. Accept the license agreement

   19. Allow it to use the full partition (should match what you allocated in the virtual machine)

   20. Allow it to format the partition using the NTFS file system

   21. Follow the prompts to complete the install.

Once you have completed the install, whenever you wish to use your “system within a system”, simply
start Virtual PC and then start the desired operating system. Enjoy!

				
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posted:2/9/2012
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