VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 18 POSTED ON: 2/9/2012
History of Physical Education An Overview of Development Physical Education Sport, & Fitness Watershed Periods – Muscular Christianity – Organized Sports Begin – Emergence of Professions – Academic Study of Sport, Fitness & Physical Education – Lifespan Fitness Before the Adelphi Conference First Start – Greek and Roman Roots Religious Restrictions U.S. Economic and Cultural Changes Muscular Christianity 1800-1850. Impact of Removal of Religious Sanctions. The Adelphi Conference November 1885 Clergy, Public School Administrators, Media, College Administrators, Physical Training Instructors, and Physicians Emergence of Our Profession Define the training of Physical Educators - Medical Training only was not sufficient. Developmental Stage - 1885 – 1930’s - Wide variety – Physical Education was an umbrella concept which included: ~ Physical training, culture, sport, gymnastics, and play. The Battle of the “Systems” Boston Conference 1889 – U.S. Commissioner of Education – Physical Education Legitimized An American System – Formed from the many different influences. Professional Development of Areas of Specialization 1900-1950 Physical Education Sport Fitness Dance New Physical Education Education through the Physical – Organic – fitness – Psychomotor – skill – Character – social – Intellectual – mental Organized Sports Emerge 1850-1900 Professional Sport Organizations Intercollegiate Athletics European Sports American Originals Beginnings of the Science of Physical Education Early beginnings it set the American System apart from Europeans Measurement and Prescriptive Exercise Research Oriented Crowded out by the New Physical education Academic Study of Sport, Fitness & Physical Education 1960-1970 Biomechanics Kinesiology Exercise Science Careers Lifespan Sport, Fitness and Physical Education Fundamental Change on Perception Wellness Movement Healthy People 2010 Lifespan Fitness Changing the Perspective of Life. “Are you making a living or a life worth living” Lifespan Era 1980-present day No age limits – Early activity. – Extensive opportunities – Masters programs – State Games No gender limits – Brought on by Title IX. Sport & Fitness Boom Changes this brings to Physical Education – positives • increased sport awareness • strength gains • increased skill level – negatives • burn-out • widens the skill level gaps Organizations of Your Profession AAPHERD WAHPERD NASPE Web sites Resources PE Central PELINKS4U Introduction to PE / HP Foundations of Your Personal Philosophy Belief Statements. Chapter Readings – The changing Philosophies of Physical Education. – The basis of your personal philosophy.