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Fitness Is…

VIEWS: 2 PAGES: 18

									History of Physical Education

   An Overview of Development
Physical Education Sport, &
Fitness
 Watershed Periods
  – Muscular Christianity
  – Organized Sports Begin
  – Emergence of Professions
  – Academic Study of Sport, Fitness & Physical
    Education
  – Lifespan Fitness
Before the Adelphi Conference
 First Start – Greek and Roman Roots


 Religious Restrictions


 U.S. Economic and Cultural Changes
Muscular Christianity
                  1800-1850.



                  Impact of Removal of
                   Religious Sanctions.
The Adelphi Conference
 November 1885
 Clergy, Public School Administrators,
  Media, College Administrators, Physical
  Training Instructors, and Physicians
Emergence of Our Profession
  Define the training of Physical Educators
   - Medical Training only was not sufficient.
 Developmental Stage
   - 1885 – 1930’s
   - Wide variety – Physical Education was an umbrella
   concept which included:
       ~ Physical training, culture, sport, gymnastics,
       and play.
The Battle of the “Systems”
 Boston Conference 1889
  – U.S. Commissioner of Education
  – Physical Education Legitimized


 An American System
  – Formed from the many different influences.
Professional Development of
Areas of Specialization
                1900-1950
                Physical
                 Education
                Sport
                Fitness
                Dance
New Physical Education
 Education through the Physical


  –   Organic – fitness
  –   Psychomotor – skill
  –   Character – social
  –   Intellectual – mental
Organized Sports Emerge
 1850-1900
 Professional Sport Organizations
 Intercollegiate Athletics
 European Sports
 American Originals
Beginnings of the Science of
Physical Education
 Early beginnings it set the American
  System apart from Europeans
 Measurement and Prescriptive Exercise
 Research Oriented


 Crowded out by the New Physical
  education
Academic Study of Sport, Fitness
& Physical Education
 1960-1970
 Biomechanics
 Kinesiology
 Exercise Science Careers
Lifespan Sport, Fitness and Physical
Education

 Fundamental Change on Perception


 Wellness Movement


 Healthy People 2010
      Lifespan Fitness
Changing the Perspective of Life.
 “Are you making a living or a life
          worth living”
Lifespan Era
 1980-present day
 No age limits
  – Early activity.
  – Extensive opportunities
  – Masters programs
  – State Games
 No gender limits
  – Brought on by Title IX.
Sport & Fitness Boom
 Changes this brings to Physical Education
  – positives
     • increased sport awareness
     • strength gains
     • increased skill level
  – negatives
     • burn-out
     • widens the skill level gaps
Organizations of Your Profession
 AAPHERD
 WAHPERD
 NASPE
Web sites Resources
 PE Central
 PELINKS4U
 Introduction to PE / HP
Foundations of Your Personal
Philosophy
 Belief Statements.


 Chapter Readings
  – The changing Philosophies of Physical
    Education.
  – The basis of your personal philosophy.

								
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