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December ‘95 Volume 2&3 EAF Coastal Resource Maps A Newsletter of the Eastern African Coastal and Marine E n v i r o n m e n t R e s o u r c e s D a t a b a s e a n d A t l a s p r o j e c t (EAF/14) Funded by the Belgian Government Implemented by the Eastern African Action Plan of the Regional Seas Programme of UNEP The Eastern African Action Plan: An Overview t its Eighth Session held A workshop of experts was convened by UNEP in A in 1985, the Governing Council of the United Seychelles, in September 1982, to consider a draft Action Plan prepared by UNEP, based on the findings of the above mentioned mission. The experts reviewed the environmental problems of Nations Environment Programme the region, endorsed the draft Action Plan and (UNEP) called for the defined the priority programme of activities that they thought should be implemented within the development of an Action Plan for framework of the regional Action Plan. the Protection and Management of In accordance with the recommendations made at the Marine and Coastal the Seychelles Workshop, UNEP prepared the first Environment of the Eastern draft of the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and African Region. Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region and two Protocols, the first concerning The nine countries of the Eastern African Region: Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora, and the Comoros, France (La Réunion), Kenya, second concerning Cooperation in combating Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Marine Pollution in Cases of Emergency. UNEP Somalia, United Republic of Tanzania, and the subsequently convened a meeting of regional European Union (EU) agreed to cooperate within experts to discuss the draft Convention and the two the framework of the Eastern African Action Plan Protocols. for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment. The Taking into consideration the recommendations of Action Plan was initiated and coordinated by the the first meeting of experts, the Executive Director Regional Seas Programme of the Oceans and of UNEP convened a second meeting of experts in Coastal Areas Programme Activity Centre Nairobi, in November 1984, to consider the draft (OCA/PAC*) of UNEP. Convention and its Protocols. At the second meeting, the experts completed their discussions on A number of preliminary steps were taken by the draft Convention and its Protocols and UNEP towards the development of the Eastern African Action Plan. Contents They included a UNEP sponsored joint exploratory mission to all the 1 The Eastern African Action Plan: An Overview countries of the region, whose The EAF/5 project: Towards Integrated Coastal Management findings were then used to prepare and publish sectoral reports together 4 in Eastern Africa with an overview of the region's environmental problems. 7 EAF/14 Activities: Data collation and GIS development 9 EAF/14 Project Progress Update 2 Coastal Mapping recommended that a Conference of coastal environment of the region for the Plenipotentiaries be convened. conservation and management of the natural resources and promotion of the health and well- A Conference of Plenipotentiaries comprising being of the people living in the region. The representatives of the Governments of the region Action Plan is intended to provide a framework for was convened by the Executive Director of UNEP, regional cooperation to tackle problems concerning in Nairobi, in June 1985. The Conference adopted the region's marine and coastal environment. the Action Plan for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region and The Eastern African Convention signed the Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and and its Protocols Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Whereas the Eastern African Action Plan consists Region and two protocols: of coordinated arrangements to facilitate and foster (i) Protocol concerning Protected Areas and Wild cooperation among the States of the region, the Fauna and Flora; and Convention and its Protocols are intended to be a (ii) Protocol concerning Co-operation in legal obligation to which the States of the region Combating Marine Pollution in Cases of are bound and they provide a legal framework for Emergency. regional and national activities under the Action Plan to combat marine and coastal pollution. The Eastern African Action Plan The Action Plan and Convention, and projects therein also recognize and contributes to the The Eastern African Action Plan is a regional implementation of the Convention on Biological programme to develop and protect the marine and Diversity, and the emphasis given by the United Nations Conference on Environment and EASTERN AFRICAN ACTION PLAN LEGAL FRAMEWORK INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS Nairobi Convention Intergovernmental BUREAU UNEP Environment Fund Eastern African Trust Fund Secretariat OCA/PAC Special contribution to Trust Fund: (Regional Coordinating Unit, Seychelles) SIDA, Belgian Government Protocol Protocol concerning concerning cooperation in protected areas, combating marine wild fauna and pollution in cases of National Institutions UNEP -OCA/PAC Intl. Orgs./ UN Agencies National Focal Points flora emergency GLOBAL ACTIVITIES EAF/5: Protection and management of the marine and coastal areas in the Eastern African Region (INTEGRATED COASTAL AREA MANAGEMENT) Regional Office for Africa (ROA) Group of experts on standard and reference material Marine Mammal Action Plan (MMAP) Global Resource Information Global Investigation of Pollution in the Marine Environment EAF/6: Assessment and control of pollution in the Database (GRID) (GIPME) coastal and marine environment Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) group of experts on the Global Sea-Level Observing System (GLOSS) EAF/7: Contigency planning in case of marine Information and Public Affairs Small Island Developing States (SIDS) pollution emergencies (IPA) Coral Reefs EAF/10: Coastal erosion and siltation Terrestrial Ecosystem Land-Based Sources Activities Branch(TEB) Fresh Water Integrated Coastal Area Management EAF/11: Environmental Impact Assessment Global Environment Facilities (GEF) Environmental Law and Group of Experts on Effects on Pollutants (GEEP) Institutions (ELI/PAC) EAF/14: Eastern African coastal and marine Group of Experts on Methods, Standards & Intercalibration environment resources database and atlas (GEMSI) 3 Coastal Mapping Development (UNCED), specifically on: recognized the importance of the Nairobi Convention on the Protection, Management and (i) Protection and Management of the Oceans, Development of the Coastal and Marine (ii) Education, Training and Public Awareness, Environment in Eastern African Region and related and protocols and encouraged Governments, which (iii) Information for decision makers. have not done so, to decide upon their ratification The Arusha Resolution or accession in the shortest possible time. The Arusha Resolution on Integrated Coastal Zone Management in Eastern Africa including Island Six priority projects (EAF/5, EAF/6, EAF/7, States (Arusha, Tanzania, April 1993) called for, EAF/10, EAF/11, and EAF/14), have been or are amongst others, the importance for the countries of being implemented within the framework of the the Eastern African Region to give emphasis to the Eastern African Action Plan. Their details are sustainable development and integrated expounded in the shaded box below. management of coastal areas for the primary benefit of coastal communities. The Resolution 4 Coastal Mapping tel: (254 2) 622029 Fax: (254 2) 622788 Paul Akiwumi, email: firstname.lastname@example.org Programme Officer UNEP-Water P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, KENYA The EAF/5 project: Towards Integrated Coastal Management in Eastern Africa he palm fringed beaches, the coral reefs, mangrove forests T and the deep, bright blue waters of EAF/5 : Protection and management of the marine and coastal areas Implementation: FAO, IOC, UNEP, IUCN, University of Rhode Island (USA), SIDA, Governments and Collaborating institutions of the EAF region Duration: October 1992- on-going outputs: details in page 4 EAF/6 : Assessment and control of pollution in the coastal and marine environment Implementation: FAO, IOC, WHO, IAEA Duration: 1990-1994 (monitoring projects have now been formulated and will be implemented within EAF/5 project) outputs: report on near-shore oceanographic studies and microbiological pollution profile of case study areas chosen by institutions in the region regional overview report of physical oceanographic conditions of near-shore coastal waters of the region report of quantitative estimates of land-based pollution studies in Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zanzibar, Madagascar and Seychelles report on model methods for pollution abatement for case-study sites EAF/7 : Contingency planning in case of marine pollution emergencies The project has been completed in Mauritius and is on-going in Tanzania EAF/10: Coastal erosion and siltation and EAF/11: Environment impact assessment Implementation: National Environmental Commission (NEC) Maputo, Mozambique (training and case study only). The implementation of the project will be carried out within the EAF/5 project in 1996 where deemed necessary. Duration: September 1993 - Jan 1994 (5 months) outputs: approach to coastal erosion problems developed, site specific case study report, where existing coastal erosion problems were assessed and solutions engineered, with emphasis on the application of appropriate technologies for developing countries, nationals from the region, including observers from Eritrea and Djibouti, were trained in the application of coastal erosion measures Environmental Impact Assessment case study report on Xai-Xai region of Mozambique coastal ecologists and related specialists in the region, trained in the application of EIA techniques on marine and coastal areas. EAF/14: Eastern African coastal and marine environment resources database and atlas Implementation: UNEP, Belgian Government, Governments and Collaborating institutions of the Eastern African region Duration June 1993- on-going outputs: government officials and technicians to be trained in the development and use of satellite data and GIS database develop an operational coastal resources GIS database production of resource maps and textbook GIS software and hardware to be installed at Lead Collaborating Institutions information campaign on the use of resource maps (through workshops and seminars) 5 Coastal Mapping the Eastern African coastal region The major activities of the EAF/5 project are those that are geared towards the development of suggest a natural serenity free of Integrated Coastal Area Management (ICAM) any degradation or pollution and is divided into four major components: problems. i. Development of coastal area management plans, ii. Environmental legislation, iii. Application of Geographical Information Systems Although by global standards, the seas of the (GIS), and Eastern African region (EAF) are relatively clean iv. Public awareness. and free of pollution, this may no longer hold true by close of the decade. Degradation of the marine These activities are accomplished through and coastal environment of the Eastern African national institutions mandated to manage the region has become a problem of increasing coastal environment, with the help of magnitude in recent years. The marine and collaborating governmental and non- coastal areas have been subjected to numerous governmental organizations. The project has the destructive human activities, among them obligation of training personnel from the region uncontrolled tourist and industrial development, in developing proper and viable coastal over-fishing and untreated sewage, which has led management plans. The EAF/5 project initially to the damage of unique ecosystems and habitats held training workshops to teach on integrated and threatened the human health and well-being coastal area management in all countries, but has of some countries in the region. now shifted emphasis from training in ICAM methodologies to ICAM practices. In recognition of the serious problems of marine and coastal degradation faced by the region, Governments of the Eastern African states: Comoros, Kenya, France (La Réunion), What is ICAM? Madagascar, Mauritius, Mozambique, Seychelles, Somalia and the United Republic of Tanzania saw Integrated Coastal Area Management is a need for the initiation of the coastal area continuous, proactive and adaptive process of management, to mitigate these destructive resource management for environmentally activities, leading to the sustainable use of the sustainable development in coastal areas. Because marine and coastal areas. The Governments coastal and marine areas produce and support prioritized a number of projects, under the Eastern multiple products and services, these areas cannot African Action Plan of the Regional Seas be used by any interest group exclusively. The Programme of United Nations Environment various sectoral activities (tourism, industry, Programme (UNEP), that could be of immediate fishery, trade, etc.) must be brought together to benefit. One of these is the on-going EAF/5 achieve a commonly acceptable coastal project on the “Protection and Management of the management framework. ICAM focuses on the Marine and Coastal Areas in the Eastern African linkages between these sectoral activities to Region”. achieve more comprehensive goals. In the present stage of development in all Eastern African The EAF/5 project was launched in 1992 by the countries, there exists a wide array of Eastern African governments in collaboration with environmental issues that fit into the overall the UNEP’s Regional Seas Programme in the concept of integrated management. region. The project, administered by the Oceans and Coastal Areas Programme Activity Centre The principle of Integrated Coastal Area (OCA/PAC) and implemented for OCA/PAC by Management is straight forward conceptually, but the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), complex in practice. Fundamental to ICAM is the has the main objective of developing national self- extensive requirement of the understanding of the reliance in all matters related to integrated relationships between coastal resources, their uses, development and management of the environment and the mutual impacts of development on the of the coastal areas. economy and the environment. Baseline data is therefore a vital ingredient in planning, policy formulation, implementation and performance 6 Coastal Mapping evaluation. This information base is currently were brought together to discuss the problems and being developed under the “Eastern African potential solutions for the pilot site in Kenya. coastal and marine environment resources Participants were able to scrutinize the document database and atlas project (EAF/14) initiated in presented by the Kenya Planning Team and June 1993 and administered by OCA/PAC. existing weaknesses were corrected. The inputs presented by the participants were positive and The EAF/14 project compliments part of the quite substantive especially in the fisheries section activities of the EAF/5 project and aims at which needs correction. There was a general providing decision makers, planners, coastal consensus on the need for additional maps and a managers and the general public alike, with a clear connection between demonstration activities planning and management tool for improved and the strategy. Other changes suggested regard environmental planning of coastal resources. emphasis and the relative priority of recommended actions. The Steering Committee received a multi- All Eastern African States, except Somalia and agency support to continue and expand the ICAM Réunion, are at different stages of implementation process in Kenya and legitimacy to the team’s of the EAF/5 project. further efforts. Kenya and Zanzibar Chwaka Bay in Zanzibar contains rural fishing The development of coastal zone management communities enjoying good environmental quality plans was initiated in Kenya and Zanzibar in 1994. and resource condition, but where tourism The EAF/5 project planning teams have prepared development is expanding rapidly. The EAF/5 management strategies for the Nyali-Shanzu- Zanzibar team will endeavour to meet the present Bamburi area in Kenya and Chwaka Bay in challenge at the site of maintaining the good Zanzibar using the broad based bottom-up resource quality, sustaining the ability of the approaches for environmental planning and coastal resource base to provide livelihoods to the resource management. The pilot site in Kenya falls dependent coastal communities, and encouraging within one administrative district, Mombasa, and environmentally and culturally sensitive tourism. covers a coastal strip that encompasses: EAF/5 Zanzibar National Workshop will be held in part of the Mombasa Marine Park and Reserve March 1996 in Zanzibar. So far, the document is where resource use is intensifying, conflicts ready, the planning team is ready, and the country increasing and threats to environmental quality is ready to move forward. the greatest; the majority of the tourism dependent “North Comoros and Mozambique Coast” area; These two countries have prepared coastal profiles the Old Town portion of Mombasa Island after adopting a more traditional planning process selected by virtue of its historic and cultural based on the experiences from Coastal Area significance and its threat to the marine park and Management Programmmes of the Mediterranean reserve from sewage discharges; region. The emphasis has been to introduce and Tudor Creek area capturing all of mangrove develop the process of integrated planning and habitat bordering the creek and the nearby management of coastal areas through three phases: villages that are highly dependent on the (i) preparatory, (ii) implementation, and (iii) mangrove systems; and follow-up. The preparatory phase of the process is expected to be completed by end of 1995 in both the Kibarani-Kipevu solid waste dumping site for countries. This phase involves a number of Mombasa and the North Coast hotel industry. activities that include data collection, definition of The EAF/5 team in Kenya presented its strategies issues, programme formulation, as well as to a national audience on 5-7 December 1995. For upgrading of institutional capacities. the first time, many agencies and private groups 7 Coastal Mapping Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius EAF/5 planning team members have also been Seychelles, Madagascar and Mauritius have accorded opportunities to share the EAF expertise developed environmental profiles for selected sites with other global practitioners. For example, Dr. - Beau Vallon Bay, Tuléar and Flic en Flac B.A. Mwandotto from Kenya, Ms. Fatouma respectively. The EAF/5 planning team selection, Abdallah from Comoros, and Ms. Abdulrahman issue analysis, strategy formulation and Issa from Zanzibar participated in the Coastal Zone implementation process shall begin in 1996. '95 Workshop in Tampa, Florida, USA in July 1995. Regional network For ease of contact, a complete list of in-country Lead Collaborating Agencies, Coordinators and From the activities of the EAF/5 project, there is an national teams of experts associated with EAF/14 emerging wealth of coastal zone resource and EAF/5 projects is on page 11-13. managers, planners and experts. This expertise is shared through visits and intermission working sessions between the various Eastern African Dixon Waruinge countries. The EAF/5 project also encourages EAF/5 Project Coordinator participation of international experts in national UNEP-Water working sessions. For example, Dr. L. Joottun P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, KENYA from Mauritius, Mr. R.K. Ruwa from Kenya and tel: (254 2) 622025 Fax: (254 2) 622788 Mr. Edwin Grandcourt from Seychelles have email: email@example.com participated in working sessions in Kenya, Mozambique and Zanzibar respectively. The EAF/14 Activities: Data collation and GIS Development T EAF/5: PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT OF THE MARINE AND COASTAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE EASTERN PAP/RAC, FAO, (URI/USAID - Zanzibar, Kenya), GRID, UNEP, AFRICAN REGION DEVELOPMENT OF COASTAL Training – Erosion and siltation control measure – Environmental Impact Assessment – Integrated Coastal Area Management Focal Points, WHO, National PROFILE – Tools - GIS Institutions, IOC, IUCN – Environmental Economics – Development of coastal profile PAP/RAC, FAO, IUCN, GRID, UNESCO, IPA, (URI/USAID- DEVELOPMENT OF STRATEGY Database system Zanzibar, Kenya), WHO, – Computer hardware/software FUNDING ELI/PAC Development of GIS of pilot site DEMONSTRATION PROJECT – Digitizing tablet (URI/USAID- Zanzibar, Kenya), UNEP (OCA/PAC), IPA, National EAF/14 Resources GIS database and atlas Institutions, WORKSHOP TO ADOPT – Training in GIS techniques • Swedish International STRATEGY – Computer hardware/ GIS software Development Agency – Coastal GIS database developed (SIDA) DEVELOPMENT OF – Public awareness campaign PAP/RAC, UNEP (OCA/PAC), MANAGEMENT PLAN – Country resource maps • Government of Belgium FAO, National Institutions, Focal – Regional atlas (for EAF/14 project) Points, ELI/PAC, ROA DEVELOPMENT OF BANKABLE • UNEP Environment Fund Environmental legislation PROJECTS – Legislation law • EAF Trust Fund – Drafting legislation • USAID (Zanzibar-Kenya) SIDA, UNEP (OCA/PAC), ROA, – Institutional framework FAO DONORS MEETING Public awareness campaign – Documentaries – Music video National Institutions, IMPLEMENTATION OF ICAM – Radio scripts Governments, UNEP, Donor PLAN – Posters/ Booklets/ Competitions Agencies, Intl. Orgs, UN – National strategies Agencies Pollution control and abatement WORKSHOP ON GUIDELINES – Assessment and methodology PAP/RAC, UNEP (OCA/PAC), – Verification and monitoring programme FAO, National Institutions – Quantification of sources and loads AMENDMENTS OF GUIDELINES – Strategic action programme Physical Oceanography PAP/RAC, UNEP (OCA/PAC), – Oceanography survey techniques FAO, National Institutions DEVELOPMENT OF ICAM TOOLS – Near shore currents of EAF region – Monitoring oceanographic parameters 8 Coastal Mapping he necessity to manage the coastal These data are collected with specific purposes and their formats vary widely, including written and marine environment of the records, non-digital maps, satellite imagery, aerial Eastern African region is growing photographs and databases. rapidly as the need for Data collection exercise by the EAF/14 Working environmental protection and Group begins with compiling of a country status report on “coastal zone resources”. This report is conservation on one hand, and the a guiding torch in the acquisition and collation of increasing pressure of human existing data and information in the country. Data and information collected is later validated development activity, on the other by the in-country working group, upon hand, lead to conflicts between completion of the collation exercise. various different and often opposing resource uses. Digitizing Base Maps A comprehensive knowledge of the coastal Digitizing of base maps (topographical maps) is a resources and their uses is required before any time consuming activity as all information on the meaningful resolution of these conflicts can be maps must be fed into a computer with the help of achieved. This information must then be placed a digitizing tablet provided by the EAF/5 project in the hands of decision makers in a usable form (see page 4). Each EAF/14 Lead Collaborating so that they can intellectually address the interests Agency identifies a GIS database manager, who, of the various stakeholders and resource users. together with the EAF/14 in-country working group, transfers all information collected into the The EAF/14 project has a number of interlinked GIS database. activities which all add up to the final output of the project, that of developing an information tool for better resource management. In this issue a special pullout of the stages and activities of the Satellite Image Interpretation EAF/14 that lead to the development of the coastal GIS database and resource maps is Obviously, land cover maps are an important presented. source of information for planners and decision makers. The maps divide the national territory into a number of classes and subclasses e.g. urban, agricultural, rangeland, forest, and Data Collection wetlands. First, country base maps must be digitized to prepare way for production of Before initiation of the EAF/14 activities in any resource maps. Where land cover maps are of the Eastern African countries, each incomplete, out-of-date or non-existing, they must government accepts and nominates a national be developed by the EAF/14 project. How is this Lead Collaborating Agency, with expertise on the activity accomplished? coastal environment, to implement EAF/14 activities. The agency in turn nominates an In- To begin with, satellite images (usually Landsat Country Coordinator who establishes an in- geocorrected prints) as required for the region, country Working Group responsible for are purchased from international remote sensing searching, accessing and collation of data and agencies by the EAF/14 project. Photo- information on the coastal environment. interpretation of the satellite images, to produce land cover maps, is done by the EAF/14 Lead It is no doubt that much of the information on the Collaborating Agency. All efforts are usually coastal and marine environment in the EAF made to extrapolate most of the features region is in the possession of individuals, identified from the imagery for entering on the municipal and government departments, research GIS database. The land cover maps developed institutions, private institutions and universities. from the imagery must then be validated as 9 Coastal Mapping correct by way of a “ground-truthing” exercise by working group and others, have a more active role the national EAF/14 working group. as members of the database development team. Sometimes slight discrepancies arise between satellite and topographical maps. For example, the geocorrected Landsat TM satellite image map Production of Resource Maps of 1992 of the Kenya coast and the Kenya The development and adoption of the coastal topographical map of 1988 do not fit exactly environment database structure, as well as a along the coastline (baseline), possibly due to less compatible GIS structure (in ArcInfo format) is accurate cartography. The EAF/14 project, as the prerogative of UNEP-GRID. such, has no cartographic authority. In this case, the discrepancy was resolved in favour of the All data entered on the GIS database must topo maps. Similarly, mangroves land coverage thereafter be transferred onto maps. As soon as was clearly identified in satellite maps, and the the maps are available, they are then verified as discrepancy was resolved in favour of satellite correct and accurate by the same persons who map since it is a more up-to-date representation. entered the data in the first place. When this verification is complete the resource maps can go for final design, editing and printing. Developing the GIS Database Entering of data collected by the in-country The Kenya GIS Database working group include the direct copying of spreadsheets and other compatible data files into The Kenya coastal GIS database, currently the GIS software, as well as digitizing of hand located at the Kenya Marine and Fisheries drawn maps e.g. fishing grounds offshore. Under Research Institute, Mombasa, consists of a the guidance of UNEP-Global Resource collection of maps and tables in which more than Information Database (GRID) personnel, the sixty coverages are stored. The coverages database manager, who is also a member of the include information and data on the Kenyan Working Group, organizes the information into coastal and marine physical environment, road various layers (usually referred to as coverages), networks, rivers, land cover types (24 classes), each one representing a logical set of thematic protected areas, fishing grounds, fish landing data e.g. vegetation cover (mangroves, seagrass), points, population census, pollution sites, rivers, road network, localities, etc. biological diversity, industry, tourism, mining activities, historic sites, and the classification of In Tanzania Mozambique, Seychelles, Comoros, the entire coastline into 10 classes of oil spill Madagascar, Mauritius and Réunion, digitizing of sensitivity. base maps and basic topographical information will not be undertaken at the GRID facility in The following are the main coverages that have Nairobi, Kenya. Rather, it will be undertaken by been used to prepare the impressive sample copy an in country agency, contracted by the Lead of the resource map of Mombasa sheet developed Collaborating Agency. Likewise, entering of data from the GIS database. The sample resource map onto the GIS framework will be undertaken in- is on page 14. country by the working group members under the COVERAGE EXPLANATION guidance of the GIS database manager, with technical backstopping from GRID. Kebathy nearshore bathymetry Keelevat coastal elevation The entering of data on to the GIS framework, by Keland land use classification members of the working group, is a good way of Kemarprk marine parks and reserves associating the working group directly in the Kecomfsh commercial fishing grounds project. From the experiences of the Kenyan Keutilit service utilities - airfields, phase of the EAF/14 project, it is more useful for railway lines, ferry crossing the GIS hardware and software to be installed at Keinfra infrastructural network of roads each Lead Collaborating Agency right from the and tracks start. This ensures that from the onset, the 10 Coastal Mapping Kelight light houses for navigational Ketown coastal towns purposes Kequarry coastal quarries and mines EAF/14 Project Progress Update M. Khalif (on behalf of the Kenya Government), Phase I: Kenya (1993-1995) the Director of KMFRI, Dr. Ezekiel Okemwa, and a number of dignitaries from both the Government parastatals, departments and the s part of the activities of A the EAF/14 project, a computer training course private sectors. Together with the coastal GIS database, KMFRI received a high end Pentium computer with built-in CD-ROM, a printer, and official copies of GIS software (PC Arc/Info 3.4.2 in Arc/Info and ArcView for and ArcView 2.1). personnel of the Kenyan Lead In his speech, Mr. Nijskens encouraged Collaborating Agency, the Kenya governments in the Eastern African region to pursue policies that ensure integration as they Marine and Fisheries Research shared a common coastline. The Ambassador, Institute (KMFRI) was organized who is also the Belgian Permanent Representative to UNEP, said his government had spent over 25 between 11-22 September 1995. million shillings on the project in Kenya alone. The training focused on digitizing techniques in Accepting the database, Mr. Khalif said that the Arc/Info, the creation of GIS layers in Arc/Info, Kenya Government fully supported the and the display of GIS layers in ArcView. The comprehensive initiative of the EAF/14 project as training was conducted by the official dealer of it was “one of the most crucial means of starting Arc/Info and ArcView software for the Eastern any meaningful campaign at the coast”. Mr. African Region, Thunder and Associates Inc., Khalif said the database would create a scientific P.O. Box 40874, Nairobi. The course was understanding of the coastal resources and ensure successfully attended by Mr. J. U. Kitheka, Mr. a sustainable approach to its management. H. Ong’anda, Mrs. P. Ochieng and Mrs. W. Noting that a wide cross-section of people, among Mokabi, who will be responsible for updating the them politicians, administrators, planners, GIS database in future. The trainees were later resource managers and scientists were awarded with certificates. incorporated into the programme, the minister appreciated that this would effect a better Similar training courses will be arranged in 1996 understanding of the project by all key players in for personnel of the Lead Collaborating Agencies the government and private sector. Specifically, in Tanzania, Mozambique, Seychelles and Mr. Khalif noted that the Kenyan coastal Comoros. resources GIS database had been designed to Kenyan coastal resources GIS Database meet local needs. It was an enormous national transferred to KMFRI pride for Kenya to possess the database in the The official handing over ceremony of the currently competitive world of information EAF/14 project outputs in Kenya was held at the technology, the minister concluded. Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Institute, Mombasa, on 26 October 1995. The colourful The KMFRI database manager, Mr. Harrison occasion was presided over by the Belgian Ong’anda, will now be able to create maps of any Ambassador to Kenya, H. E. Mr. Renier Nijskens, site of the coastal area in Kenya at any desirable the Assistant Minister, Ministry of Research, scale. The database will help combat oil spills Technical Training and Technology, Mr. Ahmad and other marine disasters, and will be an 11 Coastal Mapping important planning tool for integrated coastal area timeframe of the project activities for phases II, management. In a short period, the last project III, IV and V. output consisting of five coastal resource maps at the scale of 1:250,000 together with an illustrated textbook on the coastal environment in Kenya, will be distributed within Kenya. Phase III (1996) Phase II (1995) Phase III will be initiated in 1996 in Mauritius, Madagascar and Réunion as soon as negotiations Phase II of the EAF/14 project focusing on with the respective governments for nomination Tanzania, Mozambique, and the island nations of of Lead Collaborating Agencies are Seychelles and Comoros will still be continuing accomplished. in 1996. The check-up table below shows activities accomplished so far, and below it, the In-Country Lead Collaborating Agencies, Coordinators and national Activity Keny Mozambiq Tanzani Seychel Comoro Mauritiu Madagas Réunion a ue a les s s car Nomination of Lead Collaborating Agency, LCA Setup of In-Country Working Group First project planning workshop To commence after Equipment and software to LCAs ordered ordered ordered ordered nomination of Lead Data collection and entry Collaborating Agency in Training in GIS techniques each country, around mid 1996 Development of coastal GIS database Development of land cover maps Public awareness campaign Production of resource maps printe G r e eographical Scope and Tim Fram of the E e AF/14 project Production of coastal printe Timetable of project activities at National Level environment textbook r Phase one Phase two Phase three Phase four Phase five 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D J F M A M J J A S O N D Project activites Project m anagem ent Kenya Mozambique Tanzania Seychelles om C oros Project Newsletter Reunion Madagascar Mauritius Somalia om C pilation of the regional coastal atlas Printing of the regional coastal atlas 12 Coastal Mapping teams of experts associated with EAF/14 and EAF/5 projects COUNTRY EAF/14 EAF/5 Kenya Marine and Fisheries Research Coast Development Authority (CDA) KENYA COLLABORA Institute P. O. Box 1322, Mombasa TING P.O. Box 81651, Mombasa tel: (254-011) 311119/224406 AGENCY tel: (254-011) 47 5151/7; fax: (254 11) Fax: 254 011 224411 47 2215; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org COORDINAT Dr. E. Okemwa , Director, KMFRI Dr. B.A.J. Mwandotto, Deputy Director, OR CDA WORKING Mr. H. Ong’anda, Senior Research Mr. H. Ong’anda, Senior Research GROUP Officer, KMFRI Officer, KMFRI MEMBERS Mr. S.M. Mwaguni, Environmental Mr. S.M. Mwaguni, Environmental Officer, CDA Officer, CDA Mr. D. Munga, Principal Research Mr. D. Munga, Principal Research Officer, KMFRI Officer, KMFRI Mr. S. Weru, Marine Ecologist, Kenya Mr. S. Weru, Marine Ecologist, KWS Wildlife Service (KWS) Dr. F. Kaloki, Coordinator People's Dr. M.J. Ntiba, Senior Lecturer, Zoology Participatory, CDA Department, University of Nairobi Mr. J. Kagwe, Senior Wildlife Officer, Mr. G.M. Wakaba, Warden, Mombasa CDA Marine Parks & Reserves, KWS Mr. M. Mwanyumi, Aquaculturalist/District Mr. K.K. Kairu, Principal Research Representative Officer, KMFRI Mr. R.K. Ruwa, Deputy Director, KMFRI Mr. M.N. Nguli, Principal Research Mr. J. Gitau, Chief Public Health, Officer, KMFRI Municipal Council, Mombasa Mr. E.O. Wakwabi, Principal Research Mrs. M.W. Mukira, District Fisheries Officer, KMFRI Officer, Fisheries Dept., Mombasa Mr. J.U. Kitheka, Senior Research Officer, KMFRI Institute of Marine Sciences (IMS) Department of Environment TANZANIA COLLABORA University of Dar es Salaam P. O. Box 811, Zanzibar TING P.O. Box 668, Zanzibar tel: 255 054 30298 AGENCY tel: (255 054) 30741 or 32128; Fax: (255 Fax: 255 054 30647 054) 33050; E-mail: email@example.com COORDINAT Dr. M.A.K. Ngoile, Director, IMS Mr. Abulrahman Issa, Director, OR Department of Environment (DoE) WORKING Dr. M. Ngoile, IUCN, Switzerland & Dir., Dr. M. Ngoile, IUCN, Switzerland & Dir., GROUP IMS IMS MEMBERS Mr. C. A. Muhando, Assistant Research Mr. C. Muhando, Assistant Research Fellow, IMS Fellow, IMS Dr. Julius Francis, Associate Director, Mr. Salim Mzee, Research Associate, IMS DoE Prof. A. Semesi, Head, Department of Mr. Suleiman M. Nasser, Terrestrial Botany, University of Dar es Salaam Ecologist, DoE Mr. Mohammed Adam, Head, Zanzibar Mr. Mlenga Juma, Sociologist, DoE Land Use Planning Unit Mr. Shijaak Mohammed, Coastal Mr. A. Shindika, Senior Fisheries Officer Ecologist, DoE (Statistics), Department of Fisheries Mr. Haji M. Ali, Assistant Coastal Mr. J. Daffa, Natural Resources Officer, Ecologist, DoE National Environment Management Ms. Asha Ali Khatib, DoE Council Dr. C. Horril, Technical Consultant, Tanga Coastal Zone Conservation and Development Project Mr. Gerald K. Mango, Director, Physical Planning and Research, National Land Use Planning Commission. 13 Coastal Mapping COUNTRY EAF/14 EAF/5 Office of Integrated Coastal Zone Management MOZAMBIQ COLLABORA Ministry for Coordination of Environmental Affairs, (MCEA) UE TING Av. Acordos de Lusaka, 2115 - C.P. 2020, Maputo. AGENCY tel: (258-1) 465843/48/51; Fax: (258-1) 465849; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org COORDINAT Mr. Francisco Mabjaia, Director of Planning and Research OR WORKING Mrs. Helena Motta, Coastal Zone Ms. Helena Motta, Special adviser for GROUP Adviser, MCEA ICAM, MCEA MEMBERS Mr. Abílio Murima, GIS Expert, MCEA Mr. Abilio Murima, GIS Specialist Mr. Custódio Voabil, Environmental Mr. Joao Mcavele, Sociologist Management Expert, MCEA Mr. Inao Novela, Physical Planning Mr. Alfredo Massinga, Coastal Zone Mr. Turque Abobacar, Socio-economist Expert, MCEA Mr. Gustavo Dgedge, Physical and Mrs. Suzana Saranga, Environment and Natural Environment Water Management Engineer, Mr. Abilio Mahumane, Tourism National Directorate for Water Affairs Development Mr. Albino Mahumane, Head of Mr. Francisco Fortes, GIS Specialist Department, National Directorate for Tourism Mr. Abel Horta, Institute for Hydrography and Navigation Mr. Atanásio Francisco, Head of Department, Ministry for Transport and Communication Mr. Costa Júnior, Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy Mr. Lufs Munguambe, Department of Statistics, Ministry of Finance and Planning Division of Environment SEYCHELL COLLABORA Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Planning & Environment ES TING P.O. Box 445, Victoria, Mahé. AGENCY tel: (248) 224644; Fax: 248-224500 COORDINAT Mr. L. Barbe Mr. G. Troian OR Environmental Impact Assessment Division of Environment Section Division of Environment WORKING GROUP MEMBERS Direction Générale de l'Environnement COMOROS COLLABORA Ministère du Développement Rural, de la Pêche et de TING l’Environnement AGENCY B.P. 41 Moroni tel: (269) 74 46 30, fax: 269-73-13 57 or 73-08 49, (Satellite) 873 161 6105 COORDINAT Mr. Aboubacar Tayffa Hassanali Mr. Aboulhouda Youssouf, OR Directeur Général Adjoint de Le Directeur Généra l’Environnement Direction Générale de l'Environnement Direction Générale de l'Environnement WORKING Ms. Ahamada Echata, Geographer Ms. Ahamada Echata, Geographer GROUP (Cartographer), independent consultant Mr. Yahya Mohamed, Chef de service MEMBERS and GIS database manager aménagement Mr. Yahya Mohamed, Chef de service Mr. Hassan Ali Hamadi, Deputy Director, aménagement Environment Mr. Aboulhouda Youssouf, Directeur Mr. Ahmed Said Solihi, Director General Général de l’Environnement of Fisheries Mr. Ambad Issouf, Institut National de Mr. Nasser Eddine S. Ali, Juriste 14 Coastal Mapping Recherches pour l’Agriculture, Pêche Mr. Mohssini Hassane El Bawarne, et environnement (INRAPE) Researcher Ms. Faouzia Mohamed, Science Mr. Ahmed Abdoulkarim, Oceanographer, environnementale, CNDRS National Education Mr. Sitti Attoumani, Tourisme Ms. Mohamed A. Faouzia, Biologist Mr. Mahabadi Boinali, Energy Ms. Masseande Allaoui, Directrice Mr. Oirdi Zahir, Fisheries Général Mr. Ali Mohamed Gou, CNDRS Centre National de Documentation, et de Recherche Scientifique (CNDRS) Ms. Fatouma Abdallah, Responsable du laboratoire de biologie, CNDRS Mr. Ainouddine Sidi, Historian, CNDRS COUNTRY EAF/14 EAF/5 Institut Halieutique et des Sciences MADAGAS COLLABORA marines CAR TING (Université de Tuléar) AGENCY B. P. 141, Toliara 601 Contact Focal Point: Mrs. Prof. Rakotovao Lala Henriette Directeur Centre National de Recherches sur l’Envionnement Ministre de la Recherche Applique au Developpement B.P. 1739, Antananarivo Tel: 261-2 23962/33985 Fax: 261-2 23469 COORDINAT Mara Eduard Remanevy, Directeur OR To commence after nomination of Lead Institut Halieutique et des Sciences Collaborating Agency in each country, Marines around mid 1996 (Université de Tuléar) WORKING Rabenevanana Man-wai, Directeur de GROUP Recherche, Institut Halieutique et des MEMBERS Sciences marines Christian Ralijaona, Bacteriologist, Institut Halieutique et des Sciences marines Miasa Eustache, Aquaculture Researcher, Institut Halieutique et des Sciences marines Daniel Ramapiherika, Valorisations des ressources et biotechnologie, Institut Halieutique et des Sciences marines Department of Environment MAURITIU COLLABORA Ministry of Environment and Quality of S TING Life AGENCY 2nd Floor - Ken Lee Tower Barracks Street - Port Louis Fax: 230 212 6671 COORDINAT R.H. Prayag OR Director, Department of Environment WORKING Dr. L. Joottun, Divisional Environmental GROUP Officer, MEMBERS Department of Environment R. Bheeroon, Scientific Officer, Fisheries and Marine Resources, Department of Environment RÉUNION 15 Coastal Mapping OCA/PAC* From January 1996, OCA/PAC merged with Freshwater Unit of UNEP and will henceforth be referred to as “Water”. EAF Coastal Resource Maps is a quarterly newsletter of the Eastern African Coastal and Marine Environment Resources Database and Atlas project (EAF/14) of the Regional Seas Programme of UNEP. This newsletter aims at informing collaborators, and any interested person, on the status of project activities in the Eastern African Region. Readers are encouraged to give comments on the newsletter and its effectiveness as a vehicle for information exchange. All communications should be directed to: The EAF/14 Project Coordinator EAF Database and Atlas UNEP-Water P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: (254 2) 622613, 622020, Fax: (254 2) 622788 E-mail: DIRK.VAN-SPEYBROECK@UNEP.NO The content of this newsletter does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of UNEP. Funded by the Belgian Government Implemented by the Eastern African Action Plan of the Regional Seas Programme of UNEP