GRFC2007 GHKang by yOm8H3

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 25

									G R F C 2007




 Current Status and Prospect of
KORAIL Global Logistics Business

                 Kang, Gil-Hyun
               Senior Executive Director
                          &
               Chairman, WCRR2008
                    March 23 2007
                Contents



1. Current Status

2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

3. Status and Potential of Inter-continental
  Corridors

4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge


                                               2
1. Current Status of Logistics Business

 Overview of Railway Logistics (as of 2006)

                   Station       Train       Length       Freight Traffic
   Manpower                      Runs                                                     Fleet
                                                             Revenue
     3,821                                                43,340,000ton      Diesel Locomotive 381
 * Station 1,304
                                             3,060k
                       233           353                                     Electric Locomotive141
                                                 m         319.5billion      Freight Car   13,178
  * Driver 2,517



 Status and Prospect of Railway Logistics freight Traffic

    7500                                                      6770
    6500                                                         6748
                                                  5688
    5500                             4990
           4334        4589                                                           수송량(만톤)
                                                                            Freight Traffic (10 thousand ton)

    4500                                              5128                            수입(억원)
                                                                            Revenue (100 million KRW)


    3500                                   4279
                              3729
                3195
    2500
             2006       2008          2010         2012        2015
                                                                                                                3
1. Current Status of Logistics Business

 Freight Transport and Prospect                              ( land 6070%, sea 1020% )
  ⇒ For the last 30 years, road extension rose by about 8times while rail
    remained with a only 1.5 time growth.
    120000
                                                                                                  105050

    100000


     80000
                                                                                  70543



     60000                                                       52600
                                                 49617


     40000
                                                                                                       29000

                                       21512                                              20600
     20000                                               13199           11941
                         10453
              6178                        5792
                             4901            6392
                 3155           1923                                         37              60             90
                    1051                        18     4524   43                                     7730
                                  1                                 4167            5730
          0
                1970        1980         1990          2000         2005             2010            2020

                                       Road     Rail     Ship      Air
                                                                                                                 4
1. Current Status of Logistics Business

 In-land Traffic Volume (by Lines)
                                                  Total traffic Volume
                                                     41,670,000 ton
                                               2% decrease in last 5 years
                                                    (Yearly average)
                                                                   Inland traffic concentrated in
                                                                     Seoul-Ulsan-Busan Line
                          남부기지
     over 8 million ton
    6~7 million ton
    5 million ton
                                                                                                       5,630     13%
    3~4 million ton
                                                      Bukpyung       708               3%
                                                                      778              3%
    2~2.5 million ton                                                                               Thousand ton
                                          괴동선        Gwangyang           1,085         3%
                                                                                       3%             As of 2005
                                                                          1,109
    1~1.5 million ton                           Gwangyang Steel
                                                                          1,155 4%
                                          장생포
                                                      Yeocheon               1,355 5%
                                                                               1,679 5%9%
                                                Southern Freight                 2,056
                                         우암선                                             12%
                                                                                  2,198
                                                     Youngdong                             3,851
                        광양제철선
                                                                                                           17%
                                   여천선
                                                                                                   5,049
                                                         Central                                                           19%
                            광양항선                                                                               6,962
                                                                                                                       8,119
                                                                                                                               5
1. Current Status of Logistics Business

 In-land Traffic Volume (by Items)
                                              Cement, Container, Coal, &Fertilizer
                                               are the main items of Freight
                                               Transport
                                              Only Container traffic Increased
                                                                Ttraffic Volume by items
                                                                (as of 2005, thousand ton)
     over 8 million ton    남부기지                            minerals
     6~7 million ton                                        1,967     fertilizer
                                                              5%       5,540
     5 million ton                                                                cement
                                                          fuels         13%
     3~4 million ton                                                             15,160
                                                         2,402                     36%
                                                           6%       coal
     2~2.5 million ton
                                                                   6,566
                                                                            container
                                            괴동선                     16%
                                                                            10,034                       Increase
     1~1.5 million ton                                                        24%                          rate
                                            장생포                                            Cement        △4.1%
                                                                                           Container      6.6%
                                           우암선                                             Coal           △2.2%
                                                                                           Mineral        △4.8%
                          광양제철선                                                            Oil           △1.9%
                                     여천선                                                   Fertiliz er   △16.2%
                              광양항선
                                                                                           etc.          △5.6%
                                                  2001   2002      2003   2004   2005
                                                                                                               6
1. Current Status of Logistics Business

 Traffic volume and Main items of Major
 Harbors of container traffic volume is handled in Busan,
 About 80%                                                                                              Gwangyang, Ulsan,
    and Incheon harbor.
   Rail traffic share is 10% at Busan, 20% in Gwangyang harbor
        Container Traffic Volume at Busan Harbor                        Container Traffic Volume at Kwangyang Harbor
                       (by modes)                                                         (by modes)
                                                                    1000 TEU
                                                      5,943 5,897                                                                                           839
 1000 TEU                                    5,399                                                                                         769
                          4,460     4,942                                                                                   631
        4,085    4,384                                                                                          558
                                                                                                   486
                                                                                         406
                                                                         311
                                                                                                                                         182               236
                                                                                  146            160        160         172
      593       650      551               636       631      686
                                 44580
                                                                        76      26             44         48          38
    129       116      119               122       105      75      2                                                                6                 1

                                                                    1999          2000           2001   2002           2003           2004             2005
      1999      2000     2001     2002      2003     2004    2005
                                                                                                   Ship Rail          Road
                          Ship    Rail    Road
             (Busan harbor)              (Kwangyang Harbor)                  Container Traffic Volume by major harbors
                 2005                          2005
                                                                             Increased by 8.8 % Yearly
            Sea          Rail            sea             rail                                                                                          8%
            1%           10%             0%             22%                   1000 TEU
                                                                                                       1,080
                                                                                                                  1,185
                                                                                                                              1,322            1,441
                                                                                                                                                       9%
                                                                               642         855

                                                                                                                  10,408    11,492         11,843
                                                                                           8,073       9,453
                                                                              7,540
                                                                                                                                                       78%

                    Air                         air                            2000        2001       2002         2003       2004             2005

                   89%                         78%
                                                                             Busan    Gw angyang   Incheon     Ulsan etc.



                                                                                                                                                                  7
2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

 Evolution of Asia’s port throughput
   In the matter of cost, Asia accounts for about 18% of the world import –export volume, and
   Korea takes up about 16% of Asian export volume. In the Asian region, Northeastern Asia
   takes a high proportion.
                                        10,000,000   9,123,515

                                         8,000,000
                                         6,000,000
                                         4,000,000              17% of World
                                                                 1,621,923                         17% of Asia
                                         2,000,000                             593,369   565,490     253,910
                                                -
                                                       w orld       Asia        China      Japan     Republic
                                                                                                     of Korea
                                                                     Source : Review of Developments in Transport
                                                                              in Asia and the Pacific (2005)
                                                                     Unit : USS Million




                                                                                                                    8
2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

 Port throughput by continents (Cargo volume of import and
  export)
                                                                     Import by continent

                                                        Other Area
                                                         기타지역         96
                                                                      78                         중량(천톤)
                                                                                              Weight ( 1000 ton)
                                                          Africa
                                                         아프리카            6,784                    ( million USD)
                                                                                              sum금액(백만물)
                                                                       2,946
                                                     South America
                                                           중남미                      24,513
                                                                           7,017
                                                        대Oceania
                                                          양 주                                           72,972
                                                                            10,971
                                                     North America
                                                              북미                  25,095
                                                                                     33,190
                                                           Europe
                                                              유럽              16,198
                                                                                     33,610
                                                       Middle East
                                                              중동                                                   120,628
                                                                                               47,395
                                                           Asia
                                                        아 시 아                                                      132,475
                                                                                                                   126,033


                                                                     Export by continent
                                                         기타지역
                                                        Other Area    169
                                                                      415
                                                           양 주
                                                         대 Africa     3,305                      중량(천톤)
                                                                                              Weight ( 1000 ton)
                                                                        6,018
                                                                                                 금액(백만불)
                                                                                              sum ( million USD)
         Export: 118 million ton (284 billion USD)   South아프리카
                                                          America     3,692
                                                                        6,203
         Import: 399 million ton (261 billion USD)           중동
                                                          Oceania     4,599
                                                                          12,241
             Surplus : 23 billion USD (2005)                          6,031
                                                            중남미
                                                     North America
                                                                            14,987
                                                              북미      14,569
                                                           Europe                           44,789
                                                              유럽      10,794
                                                       Middle East                            52,853
                                                         아 시 아                     74,745
                                                            Asia                                                    146,914

                                                                                                                              9
2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

 Trend Import Export Volume by Country
 Export to Major Countries
 61,915




                 41,343          sum금액(백만불) USD)
                                     ( million
                                    중량(천톤)
                                 Weight ( 1000 ton)
       31,333

                               24,027
                                                                                                                                               Busan New Harbor
                                    16,133    15,531
                     13,636
                                                             10,863       10,304
                                                                                          7,407
                                                     4,282                                              5,339          5,0465,027
                                                                  3,214                        3,622
                                                                                 1,439                          698
  Ch i n a        US K         Ja p a n      Ho n g Ko n g   Taiw an      G e r ma n y   S ingapore       UK          In don e s ia

 Import from Major Countries                                                                                                   The major exporter and importer,
                                                       sum ( million USD)
                                                                                                                                   the U.S. Japan, and China
                                                       Weight ( 1000 ton)       69,512
                                                                                                                                      Take up about 46%.
                                                              금액(백만불)
                      56,769                                  중량(천톤)
                                                                                                                               The trade with the U.S. and China
  48,403
                                                                                                                                         record surplus
                                                    40,934                                                                  with $30.5bil. and S23.2bil. Respectively
                 38,648
                                                                                                                                   but with Japan, $24.3bil.
                               30,586                                                                      30,470
                                                                 24,469                                                               Deficit is recorded.
        21,393
                                    16,874 16,106
                                                             10,018       9,859           9,774         8,184          8,050
                                                                                                  930                        1,635

  Ja p a n                       US A                          UA E                      G e r ma n y                  Taiw an

Source : KMI
                                                                                                                                                                        10
2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

 Import Export Trend by Major Harbors
     Busan port is one of the 5 ports in the world now, dealing with about 80% of the total
   container export volume, and as a terminal of Asian Landbridge, it will play an important role
   with the future TKR connection.
   Source : KMI
                                                                             2006 Container Handling of Worlds’ 5
                                                                                      Biggest Harbors
             Etc.                        Ulsan
             28%                         22%                     3,000     2,480         2,374         2,171           1,826
            Incheon          Busan      Gwangyang                2,000                                                                    1,203
            13%              17%              20%                1,000
                                                                     -
                                                                         S i n ga pr e   Hon g       S h a n gh a i S h e n z e n        Bu s a n
                                                                                         Kon g


                                                                                         Export
                                                            14,904
      Exp
                                                                                                   Oil 21%
      Imp
                                   10,661                                                 etc.         Car                      Import
   Unit: 10,000ton     9,098                                                              47%          17%


    6,192                                       6,672                                                                     etc.
               5,540                                                                             Chemic Steel             31%             Oil
         4,675                                                                                    al 7% 8%                               41%
                                                        3,708
                               2,717                                                                                 Co a l s
                                                                                                                                    Mi n e r
                                            1,596                                                                     14%
                                                                                                                                     als
                                                                                                                                     15%

      Busan          Ulsan     Gwangyang     Incheon      Etc.
                                                                                                                                                    11
2. Trend of Korean Import Export Logistics

 Container Export through Busan Harbor




                                             12
3.    Status and Potential of Inter-continental Corridors


 Import/Export Volume to Fareast Russia : (TSR)
  Export Volume(160000 TEU)                                                       Apportioned rate of import volume
       Share by Harbors     Vanino                        7%
                                                                                       [127000 TEU] by port                                                7%
                                                                                                                                       Vanino           Busan
                                                          Busan                                                                 2%               From Korshakov
                                                    To Korsakov Port                                                           Busan
                                                                                                                           From Banino

                                                                                           26%
                    22%                                                                                3%
                                                                                           Busan     Sokcho
                   Busan
                                                                                  From Vladivostok
              To Vladivostok

                                                                                                   46%

            54%


                                                                                      6%                         6%       3%
     5%                 7%     3%

   Ulsan
   울산항     Busan
            부산항      Masan Gwangyang
                      마산항   광양항
                                                                                  Ulsan
                                                                                   울산            Busan
                                                                                                  부산            Masan
                                                                                                                마산      Gwangyang
                                                                                                                          광양

     To Vostochiny Port                                                               From Vostonich
                                       112
                       Ulsan
                                                                                                                Ulsan                            Banino
                                                                                                                                        7%
                     Busan                                          수출
                                                                   Export                                                              Corshakov 2%
                   Masan                                                                                      Busan
                                             79                    Import
                                                                    수입                                   Masan
                   GY
                                                                                                         GY
                                                                                                                                        Vladivostok

                                                     35     37                                                                                        Vostonich
                                                                                                                                          29%
                                                                                                                                                       62%
                                                                     10     9
                                                                                  2         3

 Source : Korea                         Vostonich
                                       보스토치니         Vladivostok
                                                    블라디보스톡            Korshakov
                                                                     코르샤코프            Banino
                                                                                      바니노
Customs Service
                                The2005 record of export /import volume by port
                                                                                                                                                                  13
3.   Status and Potential of Inter-continental Corridors

 Current Status and Prospect of TSR Traffic Volume (1,000
  TEU)
   160
                                     154


      140                                                                                125

      120                                                   109

      100
                                             75                                                             Korea
        80                                                                                                  China
                                52                                                                          Japan
        60      49                                                              64

        40
                                                                  27
        20                                        18
                         10              8              8              9             9
                                     8
                     1
          0
                 2000          2001           2002          2003           2004          2005


ㅇ In case of Korea, it showed 26% average growth from 2000-2004, but following the TSR charge rise[30%] after
  2005, the volume is on the declining trend.
  (For each FEU from Busan to Finland : $3500~39004600~5000)
    - Charge adjustment and condition improvement was reflected from Feb. 2007, the volume is expected to
  increase in 2007.
ㅇ If competitiveness on freight charge on sea transportation, improvement of logistics infrastructure such as freight car
  supply and port facility expansion, and simplification of customs could be acquired to optimize the TSR route, the
  volume is expected to increase by 700,000 TEU for the future.
                                                                                                                            14
  3.    Status and Potential of Inter-continental Corridors

  Rail-Ship-Rail Complex Logistics Business (Korea-Japan)



                                                                                         TSR
                                                                  TMGR          TMR

                                                           TCR




    Current Main Route

ㅇ Mainly by Surface (TKR is not linked yet)
                                                        Comparison between TSR and Sea route (based on 1 FEU)
ㅇ Main route : Busan, Gwangyang  Vostonich  TSR
                                                                          through TSR                   through sea
ㅇ Other route : Incheon, PyeongTaek  China  TCR
                                                                  Distance Duration             Distance Duration
                                                                                      fare($)                       fare($)
ㅇ TSR Corridor : Korea65%, China30%, Japan5%                        (Km)      (day)               (Km)      (day)
                                                        Korea-                                   About
  Korea(electronics), China(clothing), Japan(Carpart)             11,000     16~22     4,600                  30    3,500
                                                        Finland                                  21,000                   15
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

 Building Rail Infrastructure link with Shipping
 [Port connection railway
    - The new Busan port and Kwangyang port
      was completed with the branch line.
                                             Sokcho Port
                      의정부

                      서울                           Donghae Port
           인천
                      수원                      사북
                                        제천


                                             영주

                 예산        조치원

                            대전
                                   김천             The new Pocheol Harbor
                      호남선    경부선
                 군산
  KunJang Port     익산                        대구    영천    Pocheol Harbor
                     전주


                                                    The new Ulsan Port              < The plan to build high-speed logistics railway
                                                  삼랑진
                                         한림정                                                          network>
                                          진영        부전                                         Distance
                            광양항                                           Project                           Period     Cost(100mil.won)
                 송정리                            Busan Port                                       (km)
                      순천              The new Pusan Port            The new Busan port
                 보성                                                 connection railway            3.1        ’03~’08         1,147
                                 여수
                                                                  The new Busan beltline
                                                                          railway                 9.4        ’06~’10          623
 The new Mokpo Port                                               The western Kwangyang
                                                                  port connection railway         7.0        ’04~’09         1,762
                                                                                                                                          16
 4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

 To build rail-exclusive CY and integrated freight terminal
                                                            Integrated freight terminal
      Rail exclusive CY                                   Under operation : 3 integrated terminals: Gunpo,
                                                           EuiwangICD(’93)Yangsan(’00)Jangsung(’05)
                                                          Under construction : 3 integrated terminals-
     Susaek Station                                        Cheongwon(’09), Chilgok(‘09), Paju(’11)
   Integrated logistics
          base
   100,000TEU container의정부
                                                           Northern Metropolitan (Paju)
                                                             3mil. Ton of General freight
                       서울
             인천
                       수원                       사북             Metropolitan (Gunpo, EuiWang)
                                        제천
                                                                  5mil.ton
                                                                                                      Youngnam Region(Chilgok)
                                               영주
                                                                   Central Region(Chungwon, Yeongi)                     3.6mil.ton
                  예산        조치원                                        2mil.ton
                             대전
                                   김천        Gumi Rail CY ,
                       호남선 경부선               Yakmok station                                           4mil. ton
                  군산                     170,000TEU
                    익산                           영천                                                   Busan (Yangsan)
                                              대구
                      전주                                           Honam Region(JangSung)

                                                                   5mil.ton                                              Busan Port
      Hanam station
                                                   삼랑진
            CY                           한림정
       150,000TEU                         진영         부전
                  송정리                                                                          Kwangyang
                                                                                                  Port
                       순천
                  보성
                                  여수     Sinchangwon station CY
                                             150,000TEU


                                                                                                                                      17
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

 To increase the capacity of Kyeongbu line in the case of the
  2nd phase KTX
                                                                         Goyang
                                                                         Deport

                                                                     Seoul                            Seoul
                                                                                  Siheung
                                                                                  KwangMyun
                                                                                       g
                                                                                    CheonanAsa
                                                                                         n
ㅇContainer transportation volume of Kyeongbu line container is
  around 660,000TEU
                                                                                    Daejeon
                                                                         Daejonjochajan
ㅇ If operation is done centering on CVL cargo train after the 2nd              g
                                                                             SeoDaejo
  phase KTX in 2011, 1.9mil. TEU at maximum can be
                                                                                 n               Dongdaegu
                                                                                            Okchun
  transported.                                                                                        Dongdaeg
                                                                                    Iksa                      u
                                                                                                Shindong
  The remaining capacity of 38times from Suwon to Chonan                              n                           Gyeongju
  could be used to operate 54 trains, with one-way trip daily.
  (round trip 108 trains *30 cars*2TEU*300day=1.94mil. TEU)
                                                                               Gwangj
                                                                    Sonjungr     u
ㅇ To bolster logistics infrastructure of Kyeongbu likne,
                                                                        i                                  Busan
  expansion of CY and to use continuous welded rail [CWR]                                 Routes
  will be proceeded together.                                Mokpo                          Phase 1
  Expansion of CY (Centering on Yakmok, Sojeongri, and                                      Phase 2
  Hwadeok CY) // CWR: main line clearance distance :
  increased 400~500M  600M
 4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge
 Cargo volume between North Korea and South Korea
(Size of trade and trend of cargo volume)
           Trend of Variation on inter-                                                                                                         Route of North→South
                                                                                                                                80~90%
           Korea trade amount by year                                                                                                                  Volume

            $ 1 mi .                                  13% average
                                                                                                                                10~15%
1 ,5 0 0                                              growth yearly                                                  1 ,0 5 6

1 ,0 0 0                                                                                         642 724 697
                                                                                                                                1~5%
                                             287 252 308 222                   333 425 403
  500                        111 173 187 195
             19        13
                                                                                                                             1%이하
      0
             '89       '90   '91    '92   '93   '94   '95   '96    '97   '98   '99   '00   '01    '02    '03   '04     ' 0 5년 도



                                                                                                                                                                       2.8%


            The trend of cargo volume                                                             6,795 5,848
                  by year [ship]
    천톤
   1000 ton                                                                                                                              1.7%   87%
           남→북  North
           South                                                                                                                   3%
                   북→남  South
                   North
                                                                                     1,056       1,048     1,108
                   총 물동량
                   Total Volume                       984                                                              947
                                                                                     899         841
       765                                            781
                                                                  703      641
                                   611                                                                     625
                                            558                   547
       477                                                                                                 483
                                   361      396                            402
       288             336
                       188         250                203                  239                   207
                       148                  162                   156                157

    '95         '96           '97         '98     '99       '00          '01     '02        '03         '04          '05
                                                                                                                        년도
                                                                                                                                                                              19
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge
 To promote the inter-Korean railway connection
                                         Russia
                  China




                                                                                            Dorasan
                                                                                            Station




                                                                                           Jaejin
                                                                                           Station
 Connection of track and station construction of Kyeongui line(Dorasan-Kaesung),
  and Donghaeline(Jaejin-Kumkangsan) is mostly completed.
 To promote trail operation of train and full commencement for commercial operation in the future.
                                                                                                      20
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

 To introduce the rail-sea-rail international integrated
  transport business between Korea and Japan
 ㅇ To promote connected transportation through the strategic alliance between KORAIL, JR Freight, ltd.
    And ship builders
 ㅇ Using 12’container, on-time transportation between Seoul and Tokyo within 60 hrs. [5days by sea]
 ㅇ Trial transportation in ’07 and commercial operation in Apr. ’07 is planned.
                   Korea




                                                                                       Japan

                UIWANG ICD

                                   8hrs by sea (18hrs)        JR 22hrs ( 5hrs for           Tokyo
                                                              custom clearance)


                                                                        OSAKA
                     Busanjin
                    Station CY                                      Seoul(Euiwang) →Busan (rail transport : 6hrs)
Korail 6hrs
                                     HAKATA                         - Shuttle, Clearance, Shipment : 18H
                                                                    Busan →Hakada (by sea : 8hrs)
                                                                    - loading, clearance, Shuttle : 5H
                                                                    Hakada → Tokyo (rail transport: 22hrs


                                                                                                                     21
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

□ On-discussion Business between Korea to China
   (Train ferry project between Korea-China)
ㅇ Target Section: To review the promotion of the train ferry project between Incheon,
 [Pyeongtak]-YeonTae[Wihae], China
 Incheon Harbor                                       Pyungtaek Harbor




□ Project in Feasibility Study (Undersea Tunnel Korea-Japan)
ㅇ A Large scale project between
 Kyushu ~ Iki Island ~ Tsushima Island ~ Guejae Island (235km)
     Busan        Route Plan of K-J Undersea Tunnel
Korea
                  Tsushima
Masan                                      Japan
                                    Iki

      Guejae
                                            Karatsu

                                                                                        22
4. Rail Infrastructure for Asian Landbridge

 To estmiate demand in connection of inter-Korean and
  Continental railway
 ㅇ Freight Transportation volume                                      (unit: 1,000ton/yearly)

    Classification          2006             2010             2015             2020
    Inter-Korean
                            414              598              1,269            1,943
    trade
    Connection to
                           3,905            5,137             8,447           10,812
    Continent
        Total              4,319            5,735             9,716           12,755
  ※ Source: Korea Traffic Research Center <Research on traffic demand and cost analysis on
           inter-Korean railway>, 2005


               Dream of Asian Landbridge



                                                                                                23
WCRR 2008 in Seoul


8th World Congress on Railway
Research
May 18 ~22 Seoul, Korea
 Please Submit
 Abstract
 by May 16, 2007
Thank you !

								
To top