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					      Chapter 19: Growth in the West
Section 3: Native Americans fight to survive
       The Buffalo (4):
A “4 legged shopping center”
             Uses for the buffalo
   Hide: clothing, tepees,
    carrying bags, shields
   Horns: spoons and other
    tools
   Belly: pails and bowls
   Tail and hooves:
    decoration
   Blood: food
   Brains and liver: eaten
    raw right after the kill
   Meat: dried for food
      When discussing Native
      Americans and the West:
   Reservation
                            Without knowing all
   Cholera             
                            of them: does this
   Epidemic                sound positive or
   Cavalry                 negative for the
                            Indians?
   Massacre … are
    used all the time
           Indians first moved:
   West of the               These Indian
    Appalachians              territories were seen
   West of the Mississippi   as buffers or barriers
    River                     between Indians and
   Up to the Rockies         Whites


   And…. Squeezed onto
    smaller and smaller
    pieces of land                  (See next slides)
What led the Plains Indians to
 death and/or reservations?
       One of the worst ways white men
        affected Native Americans is by
           killing most of their buffalo




1913-1938
      Why get rid of all the buffalo?
   Whites used them for
    food for those people
    building the railroads.
   They would
    sometimes just shoot
    the for the fun of it
    (as a sport).
   Or, they would shoot
    them so they
    wouldn’t get in the
    way of the trains that
    were starting to pass
    through the West
      “Custer’s Last Stand”
“The Battle of Little Bighorn (20)”
              There ended up being
              more raids and attacks
   One way to look for
    peace was to promise
    Native Americans
    some land on what
    we’d now call
    reservations (14/16)
(land set aside for Native Americans)
   One place given to
    these Native
    Americans was in the
    Black Hills of South
    Dakota
   Until…
   the U.S. government
    found out there was
    gold there, and they
    wanted it back
      Two other famous battles:

   The Sand Creek Massacre (13)
   Wounded Knee
            “Wounded Knee (30)”

    On that day, in an
    atmosphere of mutual
    distrust it took only the
    firing of one gun to begin
    the brutal killing of most of
    the 350 Indian men,
    women and children.
    Twenty-five of the 492
    soldiers and scouts were
    also killed. It has been
    called both a battle and a
    massacre, but what
    Wounded Knee has come
    to symbolize is a clash of
    cultures and a failed
    government-Indian policy;
    its effects still felt even
    today.
There were still about 50 times
  more whites than Indians
  (And those odds were growing)
Chief Joseph (25), Sitting Bull, Geronimo, Red Cloud
The Dawes Act (32) was passed by Congress


   It was intended to help out
    Native Americans
   by teaching them to live
    more of a lifestyle like
    white farmers did, but you
    can imagine how well that
    worked
          Chiksika (a Shawnee):
   “When a white army
    battles Indians and
    wins, it is called a
    great victory, but if
    they lose it is called a
    massacre.”

				
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