NOSOCOMIAL ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT ORGANISMS - PowerPoint by pNhn2l4

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									    NOSOCOMIAL
ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANT
     ORGANISMS

MRSA: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
VRE: Vancomycin-resistant enterococcus
                MRSA
 Resistant to most antibiotics
 Found in health care facilities
    – hospitals
    – long term care facilities
    other care facilities
    Not a threat to healthy people
Why should YOU be concerned about
MRSA?

  Difficult   to contain

  Easily   spread

  Hard to     treat
Risk factors for MRSA infection
    Surgery
    Devices used in invasive procedures
    ICU or burn ward
    Age
    Treatment with multiple antibiotics
    Severe illness or disability
    Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
    Compromised immune system
    How is MRSA spread?
   Direct contact between health-care
    workers and clients.
    – Colonized vs. infected persons
 Health-care workers are the MAIN
  carriers.
 NOT usually spread through the air
How do I detect an infection of MRSA?


     Symptoms:
      – drainage from a wound
      – Fever and chills
      – increased White Blood Count
 Common sites of infection

 Respiratory tract
 Surgicalwounds
 Perineum or rectum
 Skin
How to stop the spread of MRSA

 Proper   hand-washing:
 – Before caring for each client
 – After removing gloves
 – Before leaving the client’s room
                VRE
 Hard   to treat

 Some forms of VRE pass on their
 drug-resistant genes!
Risk factors for VRE infection
 Severe illness
 Treatment with multiple antibiotics
 Abdominal or cardiac surgery
 Devices used in invasive procedures
 Age
 ICU
 Prolonged or repeated hospital stays
How does a VRE infection develop?
    Opportunistic

    Bacteria transmitted between clients
     and health care workers
     – colonized vs. infected persons
     Signs of VRE infection

 Drainage from a wound
 Fever and chills
 Increased White Blood Count
Hand-washing prevents spread of VRE

    Wash hands before patient care

    Wash hands after removing gloves

    Wash hands BEFORE leaving the
     patient’s room.
        MRSA AND VRE
    health-care workers play a role in
 All
 preventing the spread of these
 nosocomial infections.

 REMEMBER-WASH YOUR       HANDS

								
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