Docstoc

Myanmar

Document Sample
Myanmar Powered By Docstoc
					                                                Overview
                   Country                                           Union of Myanmar

                                      1/ Background Statistics
Human development index rank                      132 1
GNI per capita (PPP in US$)                       1,596 1
Life expectancy at birth (years)                  62.7 1

Mean years of schooling (years)                   4.0 1

Expected years of schooling (years)               9.2 1

Total population                                  47,963,000 2
                                          2/ Disability Statistics
Population of persons with disabilities           ..
Proportion of persons with disabilities to
                                                  2.32 per cent 3
total population
                                                  According to the Myanmar National Disability
Employment rate of persons with                   Survey 2010, less than 15 per cent of People with
disabilities                                      Disabilities were engaged in a productive livelihood
                                                  at the time of the survey. 3
Access to education                               ..
                                              3/ Definitions
Definition of disability                          No 4, a
Definition of persons with disabilities           ..
Categories of impairment                          ..
                     4/ Commitment to International Instruments on Disability
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities        No 5
(CRPD), and its Optional Protocol
Ratification of ILO Convention 159                No 6
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
                                                  No 7
on Cluster Munitions
Ratification or signatory of the Convention
on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling,
                                                  No 8
Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel
Mines and on their Destruction
                                           5/ Legal Framework
                                                  Constitution of the Union of Myanmar (2008, sect.
Constitutional provisions
                                                  32 and 344)
Disability-specific laws
                                                   Overview
                   Country                                              Union of Myanmar
Comprehensive                                        ..
                                                     Law on Rehabilitation and Employment of Persons
Sectoral
                                                     with Disabilities (1958)
Disability-inclusive laws                            Child Law (1993)
                                            6/ Policy Framework
Disability-specific policies
Comprehensive                                        National Policy (1975)
Sectoral                                             ..
Disability-inclusive                                 ..
                                        7/ Institutional Framework
The national coordination mechanism or               Department of Social Welfare under the Ministry of
disability focal point                               Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement
Sources:

    1. United Nations Development Programme (2010). Human Development Report 2010 (New York,
       UNDP).
    2. United Nations (2011). World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision, accessed from
       http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/index.htm on 27 July 2011.
    3. Department of Social Welfare (2010) Myanmar National Disability Survey 2010 (Yangon, Ministry of
       Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Government of the Union of Myanmar).
    4. ESCAP (2006). Questionnaire on the Mid-Point Review of the Implementation of the Biwako
       Millennium Framework for Action towards an Inclusive, Barrier-Free and Rights-Based Society for
       Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific (BMF), answers from the respective Government on
       file with ESCAP.
    5. United Nations (2011). “Convention and Optional Protocol Signatures and Ratifications”, on the
       United Nations Enable website, accessed from
       www.un.org/disabilities/countries.asp?navid=12&pid=166 on 17 October 2011.
    6. International Labour Organization (2011). “Convention No. C 159”, accessed
       from www.ilo.org/ilolex/cgi-lex/ratifce.pl?C159 on 17 October 2011.
    7. Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) (2008). “Ratifications and Signatures”, accessed from
       www.clusterconvention.org/ratifications-and-signatures on 17 October 2011.
    8. Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel
       Mines and on their Destruction (1997). “State Parties and Signatories”, accessed from
       www.unog.ch/80256EE600585943/(httpPages)/6E65F97C9D695724C12571C0003D09EF?OpenDo
       cument on 17 October 2011.

Notes:

    a. Although there is no official definition of disability in Myanmar as of yet, it is reported that the latest
       national household survey was based on the definition of the Convention on the Rights of Persons
       with Disabilities (CRPD), which puts forward the relation between impairments and barriers (ESCAP
       2009).



                                               Comprehensive

                                                1. Definitions
     a) Disability

..

     b) Persons with disabilities

..

     c) Categories of impairment

..


                                        2. Legal framework

     a) Constitutional provisions

            Constitution of the Union of Myanmar, 2008
             [English] – [Burmese]

        “The Union shall: a) care for mothers and children, orphans, fallen Defense Services
         personnel’s children, the aged and the disabled; b) ensure disabled ex-Servicemen a
         decent living and free occupational training.” (Myanmar 2008, sect. 32)

        “[A] law shall be enacted to provide assistance and care for disabled Defense Services
         personnel and the families of deceased or fallen Defense Services personnel.” (Myanmar
         2008, sect. 344)

     b) Disability-specific laws and regulations

     i. Comprehensive disability-specific laws and regulations

..

     ii. Sectoral disability-specific laws and regulations

            Law on Rehabilitation and Employment of Persons with Disabilities, 1958
             [English] – [Burmese]

     According to the JICA Country profile (JICA 2002), the Law is under review to include more
provisions and services for persons with disabilities.

     c) Disability-inclusive laws and regulations

            Child Law, 1993
             [English] – [Burmese]

     The Child Law has a section on children with disabilities that education and other assistances
should be provided by the Government (ESCAP 2009).


                                       3. Policies and plans

     a) Disability-specific policies and plans
      i. Comprehensive disability-specific policies and plans

      According to the JICA Country Profile (JICA 2002), the Government’s National Policy since
1975 includes provisions for the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities and their reintegration in
productive activities after rehabilitation. Rehabilitation programmes are implemented to encourage
self-reliance and decrease dependency of persons with disabilities.

     The National Policy laid down by the Government since 1975 includes the following
statements:

1.     Seeking various ways and means for the rehabilitation of disability.
2.     Re-integration of persons with disabilities in the production activities after the rehabilitation
   period.
3.     Implementation of the rehabilitation programmes to encourage self-reliance of persons with
   disabilities and decrease dependency.

      Under this policy, the current activities regarding disabilities are as follows:

a.      Prevention of disabilities through immunization for polio and other debilitating diseases.
b.      Limited special education for persons with disabilities.
c.      Limited vocational training opportunities.
d.      Lack of national data on disabilities.
e.      Small-scale experiments with community-based programmes.
f.      Limited job opportunities for persons with disabilities.” (JICA 2002)

      ii. Sectoral disability-specific policies and plans

 ..

      b) Disability-inclusive policies and plans

 ..


                   4. Institutional framework and Government focal point

           Ministry of Social Welfare Relief and Resettlement

     The Ministry of Social Welfare Relief and Resettlement “is responsible for the social
rehabilitation, education, vocational training, training for care providers for persons with disabilities,
establishment of disability-related laws and committees.” (JICA 2002)

     The Department of Social Welfare is the focal point for disability issues. Activities include (1)
community based rehabilitation with NGOs and INGOs, including providing technical aids and
processing of permissions, (2) institutionalized rehabilitation, including running of six special
schools for persons with disabilities, (3) capacity development, including encouraging self-help
groups and self-help organizations (ESCAP 2009).

      Website: www.myanmar.gov.mm/ministry/MSWRR/main.htm


                                            5. Useful links
Eden Centre for Disabled Children, Myanmar
www.edencentre.org


                                         6. References

Department of Social Welfare (2010) Myanmar National Disability Survey 2010 (Yangon, Ministry
of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Government of the Union of Myanmar).

ESCAP (2009). "Accessibility and challenges faced by persons with disabilities in Myanmar",
Mission Report, 3-4 September 2009.

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) (2002). "Country Profile on Disability – Union of
Myanmar", accessed from
http://siteresources.worldbank.org/DISABILITY/Resources/Regions/East-Asia-
Pacific/JICA_Myanmar.pdf on 27 July 2011.

Myanmar (1993) The Child Law, accessed from www.blc-
burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/lr_e_ml93_09.html on 27 July 2011.

________ (2008). Constitution of the Union of Myanmar, accessed
from www.scribd.com/doc/11977490/Myanmar-Constitution-2008-En on 27 July 2011.

                                                                   Last updated: 17 October 2011.

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:30
posted:2/8/2012
language:
pages:5