MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008 Server by yaohongm

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									  MCITP Guide to Microsoft
 Windows Server 2008 Server
Administration (Exam #70-646)

           Chapter 11
 Windows Server 2008 Virtualization
                            Learning Objectives

 • Understand server virtualization
 • Understand the advantages and disadvantages of
   virtual servers
 • Explain the features and requirements of Microsoft
   Hyper-V
 • Install Hyper-V
 • List the guest operating systems supported by
   Hyper-V



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,           2
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                Learning Objectives (cont’d.)

 • Use Hyper-V Manager to configure and manage
   virtual machines




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,    3
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                        What Is Virtualization?
 • Virtualization
       – Disguise the physical or individual hardware elements
         of computing to enhance or multiply resources
 • Types of virtualization
       – Server virtualization
             • Running multiple server operating systems on a single
               server computer
             • Example: Microsoft Hyper-V
       – Workstation or PC virtualization
             • Running multiple workstation operating systems on one
               computer

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                          4
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
            What Is Virtualization? (cont’d.)




                   Figure 11-1 Three virtual machines in one computer
                   Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                           5
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
            What Is Virtualization? (cont’d.)
 • Types of virtualization (cont’d.)
       – Application virtualization
             • Running single applications in their own virtual machine
               environments
       – Storage virtualization
             • Setting up multiple networked disk storage units to
               appear as one unit
       – Hardware or CPU virtualization
             • Having virtualization processes work inside a specially
               designed CPU



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                            6
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
            What Is Virtualization? (cont’d.)

 • Types of virtualization (cont’d.)
       – Network virtualization
             • Dividing a single network into multiple channels or
               bandwidths so it appears as multiple networks
 • Virtual server software
       – Software that enables a computer to house two or
         more operating systems
       – Example: Windows Server 2008 running Hyper-V




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                        7
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
            What Is Virtualization? (cont’d.)

 • Virtual server
       – Computer running virtual server software
 • Virtual machine
       – Each instance of an operating system running within
         the software




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  8
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
              Advantages of Virtual Servers

 • Enables server consolidation
 • Uses hardware effectively
 • Provides hardware independence
 • Enables using different operating systems on one
   computer
 • Provides effective development environments
 • Increases portability
 • Offers business advantages


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,         9
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
               Ability to Consolidate Servers

 • Reduce number of servers needed to run a
   business
 • Server proliferation
       – Requires more work in maintaining servers
 • Use of virtual servers
       – Enables an organization to consolidate servers into
         fewer physical computers
       – Saves money on personnel, space, security and
         energy


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  10
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                   Faster Server Deployment

 • Saves significant deployment time
       – For medium and large organizations that deploy many
         computers
 • Live migration and ability to use operating system
   images
       – Enable quick set up of a virtual machine




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,             11
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                   Uses Hardware Effectively

 • Make use of underutilized computers
 • Less expensive to add CPUs, memory, and disk
   resources to one larger hardware platform
       – Than buying multiple computers




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,     12
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
         Enables Hardware Independence

 • Operating system runs inside the virtual server
 • Hardware primarily important to virtual server host
   operating system
 • Advantages of freedom from hardware compatibility
   issues
       – Easier disaster recovery
       – Smoother hardware upgrades




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,        13
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Ability to Use Multiple Operating
                        Systems
 • Many organizations use a combination of operating
   systems
       – Such as Windows Server 2003, Windows Server
         2008, Linux, and UNIX
 • Virtualization enables:
       – Reducing number of servers with different operating
         systems




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  14
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Provides Effective Development
                   Environments
 • Organizations may purchase separate computers for
   software development and testing
       – Significant time spent adapting development software
         to a new computer system
 • Software packages can use a virtual machine to test
   the packages before bringing them into production




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,               15
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                           Increases Portability

 • Faster to port to another computer
 • System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM)
       – Helps with portability and in managing multiple
         computers with virtual machines
 • Virtual Server Migration Toolkit (VSMT)
       – Make an image of a server and set up that image on
         a new virtual machine
 • Import and export tools
       – Native tools that are automatically available in Hyper-
         V Manager

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  16
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                Offers Business Advantages

 • Lower hardware costs
 • Lower utility bills, including costs for running
   computers, air conditioning, and heating
 • Reduced staff costs
 • Reduced costs for space
 • Reduced software development costs
 • Reduced software implementation costs
 • Reduced costs for implementing systems on new
   hardware
 • More disaster recovery options
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,         17
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
             Disadvantages of Virtualization

 • Server hardware can be a single point of failure
       – Build in hardware fault tolerance and disaster
         recovery
 • Backing up all of the virtual machines on a single
   computer can be a much slower process
       – Compared to backing up a single server with a single
         operating system and no virtual machines




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,               18
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                           Features of Hyper-V

 • Ability to load 32-bit and 64-bit operating systems
 • Option to load Windows Server and Linux operating
   systems on the same computer
 • 64-bit performance for faster response,
   manageability, and security
 • Support for SMP computers
 • Enhanced access of the CPU, video, disk, and
   networking capabilities of the host computer
 • Supports a computer with up to 1 TB of RAM

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,        19
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
               Features of Hyper-V (cont’d.)

 •   Enables up to 384 virtual machines
 •   Supports a variety of attached storage devices
 •   Supports storage area networks
 •   Can perform network load balancing
 •   Can scale up to larger and faster hardware
     platforms and capabilities




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,         20
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
               Features of Hyper-V (cont’d.)

 • Provides the Hyper-V Manager for installation and
   management of virtual servers
 • Can take advantage of AMD-V and Intel VT CPU
   technology
 • Can take virtual machine snapshots of a particular
   virtual server state
 • Designed so that third-party vendors can develop
   tools and specialized utilities for Hyper-V



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,           21
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                    Requirements of Hyper-V

 • x64 computer
 • Processor with AMD-V or Intel VT
 • 64-bit version of Windows Server 2008 with Hyper-V
   included
       – Standard Edition, Enterprise Edition, or Datacenter
         Edition
 • Clean installation of the operating system
       – Not really required, but highly recommended by
         Microsoft
 • Data Execution Prevention (DEP) enabled
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  22
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Guest Operating Systems Supported

 • Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008
   Release 2 (R2) Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter,
   and Web Server (x86 or x64)
 • Windows HPC Server 2008
 • Windows Small Business Server 2008 and Windows
   Essential Business Server 2008 (x64 versions)
 • Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2003
   Release 2 (R2) Standard, Enterprise, Datacenter,
   and Web Server with SP1 or SP2 (x86 or x64)


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,     23
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Guest Operating Systems Supported
                 (cont’d.)
 • Windows Small Business Server 2003 (Standard
   and Premium Editions)
 • Windows 2000 Server and Windows 2000 Advanced
   Server (with Service Pack 4)
 • Windows 2000 Professional (with Service Pack 4)
 • Windows XP Professional (x86 with Service Pack 3)
   and Windows XP Professional (x64 with Service
   Pack 2)



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,     24
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Guest Operating Systems Supported
                 (cont’d.)
 • Windows 7 Professional, Ultimate, and Enterprise
   (x86 and x64)
 • Windows Vista Business, Ultimate, and Enterprise
   (x86 and x64)
 • SUSE Linux Enterprise Server version 10 and above
   (x86 and x64; with Service Pack 1)
 • SUSE Linux versions up through version 10 (x86
   and x64; with Service Pack 1)



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,     25
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                               Installing Hyper-V

 • Hyper-V role
       – Installed through Initial Configuration Tasks window
         or Server Manager
 • Activity 11-1: Installing Hyper-V
       – Objective: Learn how to install Hyper-V




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                   26
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                         Figure 11-3 Create Virtual Networks window
                         Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                          27
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                      Using Hyper-V Manager

 • With Hyper-V Manager you can:
       – Install virtual machines
       – Configure virtual machines
       – Manage virtual machines, including starting and
         stopping them
       – Manage network communications through virtual
         machines
       – Configure how virtual machines use the hardware
         available to them
       – Troubleshoot virtual machines

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,              28
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
     Installing Windows Server 2008 as a
                Virtual Machine
 • Use the New Virtual Machine Wizard
       – Specify:
             • Amount of RAM to allocate to the virtual machine
             • Network interface to use for the virtual machine
             • Virtual disk to use
 • Activity 11-2: Installing Windows Server 2008 as a
   Virtual Machine in Hyper-V
       – Objective: Learn how to create a virtual machine and
         install Windows Server 2008 in that virtual machine


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                     29
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                          Figure 11-4 Hyper-V Manager
                          Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                           30
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                        Figure 11-6 Connect Virtual Hard Disk window
                        Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning



MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                          31
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Managing a Virtual Machine from the
           Connection Window
 • Manage tasks from menu and button bars in the
   connection window
 • First press CTRL+ALT+LEFT ARROW
 • Menu bar options in connection window
       –   File
       –   Action
       –   Media
       –   Clipboard
       –   View
       –   Help
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,      32
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Managing a Virtual Machine from the
       Connection Window (cont’d.)
 • Button bar options:
       – Press CTRL+ALT+DEL
       – Start the virtual machine
       – Turn off the virtual machine
       – Shut down the operating system
       – Save the current settings and shut down
       – Pause or reset the virtual machine
       – Take a snapshot to save the current virtual machine
         state
       – Revert to the last snapshot
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  33
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Managing a Virtual Machine from the
       Connection Window (cont’d.)
 • Activity 11-3: Shutting Down and Restarting a Virtual
   Machine
       – Objective: Learn how to shut down and restart a
         virtual machine




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,              34
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Managing a Virtual Machine from the
       Connection Window (cont’d.)




                          Figure 11-10 Shutting down
                          Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                           35
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                     Options
 • Right pane in Hyper-V Manager
       – Create a new virtual machine, add a new hard disk,
         and add a new floppy disk
       – Import a virtual machine from another computer
       – Configure the settings for Hyper-V
       – Configure the settings for virtual networks
       – Edit virtual disk settings via the Edit Virtual Hard Disk
         Wizard




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                    36
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Right pane in Hyper-V Manager (cont’d.)
       –   Inspect a virtual disk
       –   Start or stop the Hyper-V service
       –   Refresh the Hyper-V view in all three panes
       –   Remove a server
       –   Configure the view
       –   Manage a specific virtual machine




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,            37
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Manage specific virtual machine from the right pane
       – Options depend on if the virtual machine is started
 • Configuring Virtual Networking Options
       – Virtual network
             • Network on which virtual machines communicate
               through virtual links
       – Virtual networking options using Hyper-V Manager’s
         Virtual Network Manager
             • External virtual network
             • Internal virtual network
             • Private virtual network
MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  38
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)




                            Figure 11-11 Virtual Network Manager
                            Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                             39
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Activity 11-4: Using Virtual Network Manager
       – Objective: Explore Virtual Network Manager




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,         40
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
              Figure 11-13 Viewing the external virtual network properties
              Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                                41
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Configuring Hardware Options
       –   Add new hardware
       –   BIOS boot order
       –   Memory
       –   Processors
       –   Disk controllers
       –   Network adapter
       –   Serial ports
       –   Diskette drive


MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,   42
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Activity 11-5: Configuring Hardware
       – Objective: Configure the hardware associated with a
         virtual machine




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                  43
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
    Figure 11-14 Configuring physical memory used by a virtual machine
    Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                            44
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                         Figure 11-15 Configuring processors
                         Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                          45
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)
 • Taking a Snapshot
       – Save a snapshot of the current state of a virtual
         machine
       – Saves information
             • Processor state, memory contents, virtual machine
               data and settings, and virtual machine configuration
       – Intended for test situations and not as a replacement
         for backing up a live server




MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                         46
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
           Hyper-V Manager Configuration
                  Options (cont’d.)




                           Figure 11-17 Taking a snapshot
                           Courtesy Course Technology/Cengage Learning

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                            47
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)
                                          Summary

 • Server virtualization
       – Running multiple server operating systems on a
         single server computer
       – Has advantages and disadvantages
       – Accomplished using Hyper-V
             • Installed as a role through Server Manager
 • Hyper-V Manager
       – Start, stop, and manage multiple virtual machines
       – Configure a virtual network, hardware allocated to a
         virtual machine, and take snapshots

MCITP Guide to Microsoft Windows Server 2008,                   48
Server Administration (Exam #70-646)

								
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