"eLearning the Skill of Writing with AWLA"
eLearning the Skill of Writing with AWLA Pedro Pablo Sánchez Villalón I Seminario de Aprendizaje de Lenguas EEES UCLM, Facultad de Letras, Ciudad Real, 28-30 Nov. 2005 Overview Technologies Languages & ICT Receptive WWW Browsing Reading Listening @ Writing Language Interaction Productive Speaking Communication Face-to-face Information Introduction Language Learning & ICT • EU eLearning Program: – ‘developing skills such as the ability to communicate, to work in group, and to make use of the new technologies for all this’. (EU Commission, 2002). – Conventional Environment -> CALL & LMS -> TELL – Features: synchr/asynchronous, ubiquitous scenarios • The Web as a Reading Resource: – surfing/browsing, searching, selecting, reacting • The Web as a Writing Pad: – editing, collaborating, publishing, interacting • The Web as an eLearning space: – The AWLA System: Collaborative Writing Process in eLearning Scenarios: Skill-based Writing Tasks Infrastructure • AWLA: A Web-based Learning Appliance running on Scenarios: •No installation required –Software: DHTML & Perl CGI on Web (Wiki-like) •Client/Server interaction –Hardware: PC & Mobile Wireless computing –Environmental conditions: •Ubiquity (place: in-school/out-of-school) •Communication Synchronicity (time: same/different) •Social Interaction (individual/collaborative learning) –Focus on Participants •students as users, with roles. •teacher as learning designer, guide & evaluator. –Allowing the Writing Process • Not an LMS, but it allows content management & learning design, information access, communication by writing on the Web. Methodology • Goal focused on Learning Approach – Learning by writing (aimed at languages and other disciplines involving writing) • Writing process, based on tasks (scenarios) • Adaptable to disciplines, languages, levels – Blended learning (the teacher is essential) • using content, quizzes & access to information (CAI) • and Writing Practice & communication (interaction) helps to internalize information, to build knowledge, by learning to write by writing Vygotzky’s constructivism & Papert’s constructionism Analysis of Content- vs Skill-based Language Learning Content-based Language Learning Skill-based Language Learning –Courses & Textbook Materials (Enlaces en EOI) –Dictionaries, Grammar: OALD, • Reading: Cobuild – WebQuests: WebQuest.org –AudioVisual Materials – Reading Comprehension: –Software Programs: ACE, CNN, BBC •Diskettes, CD-ROMs, & Installable • Listening Software: : – ESL CyberLab –Tools: WIDA-Software (MS-DOS) – WebCasts –Content Tools:Hot Potatoes – With Watching Video: CNN,BBC –Internet: • Speaking (VideoConference , no application to eLearning) –Content: a4esl.org, • Writing (tutorials & email) –Reference: Dict., Grammars, –Content Tools: ExerciseMakers Learning Management Systems Communities of practice A repository of content & A set of learning resources: administrative resources European Schoonet Blackboard & WebCT AWLA Writing services on the Internet (Not for structured or guided learning) E-mail Communication – ePals.com – MyLanguageExchange 1 ->1 Bulletin Boards/Forums – phpBB on Websites 1 ->group On the Web – Blogs (individual) 1 ->many – Wikis (collaborative) 1<->many – MS SharePoint (proprietary) 1<->group • (Guided learning) – AWLA 1, group <->many, teacher Interface Users (learners) access facilities ◄ Easy entrance to the Website ◄ Easy, fast access to reading, writing and saving text information ◄ Collaboration (New Idea) ◄ Convertible to Word format Access to corrected version ◄ Editable with images (multimedia) Permanent display of the task ------------► Access to additional contents ► — ▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲▲ Access to language tools (menu) Access to communication facility: Chat based on the task channel Future developments • Integration into: –WebQuests –Virtual Learning Environments • AIOLE • CIVI-ERASMUS • Localization to languages other than English: –Spanish & German (already functional) –Italian & French (coming soon) WebQuests AIOLE & CIVI-ERASMUS VLE AWLA German & Spanish Interfaces Conclusions • The Web as a Writing Pad for Learning: – The AWLA Appliance: a set of online resources for learning with language. – Collaborative Writing Process in eLearning Scenarios: Skill- based Writing Tasks with designed conditions and actions (activities) to learn – Contribution: authentic,adaptable, flexible, blended learning. – Not an LMS, but it allows content management & learning design, information access, communication by writing on the Web. – And our next goal is to integrate these scenarios in VLEs • AWLA Website: http://chico.inf-cr.uclm.es/ppsv/awla.html