HCJC Centre for Science Research and Talent Development

					          HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                     1 Apr 11




                                    Information booklet for students




1. About CenTaD

       Hwa Chong has always provided an integrated and rigorous science enrichment programme for
       our students. Every year, over 150 students are involved in overseas and local attachments,
       mentorship programmes and science research project work. We have also established good
       working relationships with a considerable number of overseas and local research institutions
       which provide invaluable support to the programmes under the HCI Centre for Science
       Research & Talent Development, CenTaD. These institutions include faculties in the National
       University of Singapore, colleges in Nanyang Technological University, Dundee University
       (Scotland) Research Institutes from A*STAR, GlaxoSmithKline (GSK), Pfizer, BASF, Chartered
       Semiconductor, as well as research arms of Defence Science Agencies.

       This year, we are pleased to offer our students opportunities to participate in CenTaD. Students
       will undertake a research project for about a year to work in any capacity agreed upon by the
       participating companies/ research laboratories and the College. They will be mentored by the
       research scientists from the external organizations as well as by their teachers from the College.


2. Frame work & General Guidelines

(i)     Building basic foundation for students

        Research Training Modules held over the course of the year aim to build a stronger foundation
        in science research for the students. The modules will comprise:
        (a) Bridging or basic workshops in specialised areas of science research
        (b) Advance research training for CenTaD projects conducted by external mentors.

(ii)    The Approach

        Research work may be investigative in nature and solves a particular research question or
        problem. Research to achieve a specific scientific/engineering objective may also be
        considered. The students could devise their own hypothesis for investigation or work on a
        project task designed by their external mentors. Research may be done in HCI’s Science
        Research Centre, SRC, or in external laboratories upon attachment to the external
        organisations.   They will be mentored by the research scientists from the external
        organizations as well as by their teachers from the College.

        Students are expected to keep a log of their research activities and regularly update their
        teacher-mentors on the progress of their research. A mid-review and evaluation will be
        conducted during the CenTaD Research Conference and a final written report is expected at
        the end of the research project. Students will be encouraged to participate in conferences,
        competitions and research symposiums where they can further present their research work to
        a wider audience.




                                                                                                       1
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)              1 Apr 11

3. Schedule of events

   (i)       Launch of CenTaD projects
             5 April 2011 (4:30 pm at College Auditorium)
             6 April 2011 (2:30 pm at College Auditorium)

   (ii)      CenTaD applications by students
             5 – 20 April 2011

   (iii)     Selection of students and assignment to project
             21 – 29 April 2011

   (iv)      Basic Skills Training
             Ongoing, throughout the year

   (v)       Research work during June and November / December breaks

   (vi)      Completion of research work by end December 2011

   (vii)     Report writing and Presentation
             January – March 2012


4. Eligibility of students

   Students will be selected from the JC One cohort. Each CenTaD project unit may comprise 1 - 4
   students. However, actual group size will be determined by their mentors.

   General criteria for selection of students include:
   (i) Interest and clear indication of full commitment
   (ii) Tutors' recommendations
   (iii) Academic results

5. Expectations of CenTaD research students

   (i)      Displays commitment and perseverance, and keeps to schedule.
   (ii)     Shows keen interest in the research.
   (iii)    Is always willing to learn.
   (iv)     Has initiative and able to work independently.
   (v)      Works well with the expert mentor, the teacher mentor and in a team.
   (vi)     Is organized and systematic.

6. Recognition & awards

   Upon successful completion of the programme with satisfactory reviews, students will be
   recognized accordingly.
    Certificate of participation
    Due acknowledgement on testimonials, CCA certificates and confidential references
    Projects, subject to approval, may be submitted for international & local competitions
    Presentations at college and external symposiums, locally and overseas




                                                                                                 2
          HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                  1 Apr 11

7. Application Procedures

   (i)     Obtain a copy of the Application Form from the students’ smb. Complete Sections 1 to 4 of
           the application form. For Section 4 – Personal Statement, please write a general
           statement on why you are interested in science research, why you are well-suited to do
           research work and how you could benefit from being in the CenTaD programme. Do not
           write a separate statement for each of your project choices.

   (ii)    Print out the information regarding your particulars, IP / O level results and current CCAs
           from ISP and attach it to the form.

   (iii) Make two extra photocopies of the completed form with the attachments (i.e. you should
         have 3 hardcopies in total).

   (iv) Submit the three hardcopies to college reception by 20th April or earlier. Please do not
        submit any softcopies.

   (v)     Obtain a copy of the Declaration of Participation Form from the students’ smb. Fill up this
           form and submit to college reception by 20 April 2011. Failure to submit this form will
           render your CenTaD application void.

   (vi) Interviews for short-listed applicants will begin as soon as possible. You will be contacted
        by the teacher mentor in charge of the project if you are selected for interview.

   (vii) The list of students selected for CenTaD projects will be announced by 29 April 2011.




                       Closing date is 20 April 2011, Wednesday at 12 noon.

                       Late and incomplete applications will NOT be considered




                                                                                                    3
       HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                        1 Apr 11

                                  CenTaD Programme for 2011
                                   Life and Medical Sciences Unit


LMS1 CenTaD-University of Glasgow, Scotland – application closed

Teacher i/c : Mrs Sim-Wang Hui Ming                                           No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
     To be decided
Students are expected to pay for board and transportation incurred. No course fee will be charged. Projected
cost is ~ S$4000. Teacher chaperone will accompany the students.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Interested in studying in UK Universities
      Taking H2 Biology




LMS2 CenTaD-University of Glasgow, Scotland – application closed

Teacher i/c : Mrs Sim-Wang Hui Ming                                           No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
     To be decided
Students are expected to pay for board and transportation incurred. No course fee will be charged. Projected
cost is ~ S$4000. Teacher chaperone will accompany the students.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Interested in studying in UK Universities
      Taking H2 Biology




                                                                                                        4
        HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                         1 Apr 11

LMS3 CenTaD-Origin Scientia – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Miss Shakeela                                                      No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
This project is solely conducted at the Science Research Centre (SRC) laboratories, HCI.
To be confirmed

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology




LMS4 CenTaD-Origin Scientia – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mrs Irene Lim and Miss Low KW                                      No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
This project is solely conducted at the Science Research Centre (SRC) laboratories, HCI.
To be confirmed

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology




LMS5 CenTaD-Dept of Ophthalmology, NUHS – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mrs Irene Lim and Miss Low KW                                      No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
To be confirmed

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology and H2 Physics




                                                                                                         5
        HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                             1 Apr 11

LMS6 CenTaD-Dept of Orthapedic Surgery, NUHS

Teacher i/c : Miss Lee Shan Shan                                                   No. of Students : 3

Project Title: Effect of Pulsed Electomagnetic Field on intervertebral Disc cells in 3-Dminesional Culture

Nature of Project:
Low back pain is a predominant cause of disability, with significant ensuing socioeconomic consequences.
Degenerative disc disease is the most common cause of chronic back pain. Current treatment involves
conservative management or surgical intervention which does not aim to restore disc function. Studies reveal
that low-frequency, low-energy pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) display several effects on a variety of
biological tissues, including bone and cartilage. Immersing cell types within an electrical field increase cell
proliferation, and facilitate tissue repair. PEMFs stimulate proteoglycan synthesis in vivo and in bovine adult
cartilage explants cultured in vitro. Recently, PEMF was reported to up-regulate intervertebral disc-cell matrix
synthesis and its effect was mediated through BMPs. To date, the response of PEMF to intervertebral disc (IVD)
is still poorly studied. For example, PEMF response to degenerated disc, different phenotype IVD cells (nucleus
pulposus, inner and outer annulus) and 3-dimensional cultures are yet to be investigated. A pilot study therefore
aims to investigates the effect of PEMF on normal intervertebral disc. Understanding possible abilities of PMEFs
to regenerate IVD cells may further probe research possibilities for IVD regeneration, and develop both non-
invasive technique to alter disc cell biology of patients and enhancement tools in tissue engineering to enhance
the growth of a tissue engineered intervertebral disc construct.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology




LMS7 CenTaD-Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), HCI

Teacher i/c : Miss Lee Shan Shan                                                   No. of Students : 2

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
This project centers around fieldwork.

Past year’s project aims to find the common herbs used in both medicines which are found in Singapore. This
will allow further investigation into the principles which operate behind the two schools of thought and the
possibility of substituting TCM herbs with Indian herbs in the course of TCM treatment. The project might be an
extension of the past year’s project.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Able to work outdoor to collect plant samples from different locations in Singapore
      Able to make visits to the Botanical Gardens and other relevant institutions
      Keen interest in medicinal herbs and their botanical properties
      Able to write and read in Chinese




                                                                                                             6
        HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                           1 Apr 11

LMS8 CenTaD-NParks

Teacher i/c : Mr Poh Meng Leng                                                    No. of Students : To be
                                                                                  confirmed
Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
To be confirmed

Pre-requisites for students:
    Keen interest in research work
       Able to work well independently and as a team
       Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology and Chemistry




CenTaD-IBN – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mr Poh Meng Leng and Miss Shakeela                                  No. of Students : 1 / project
                                                                                  (unless otherwise indicated)
                                                                                  (No of projects to be
                                                                                  confirmed)
Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
Possible Research Areas Under Cell and Tissue Engineering
              Collagen-Apatite Nanofoams as Bone Implants for Load-Bearing Applications
              Development of Bioartificial Renal Tubule Assist Devices
              Fibrous Scaffolds for Tissue Engineering
              Non-invasive Neural Imaging for Therapeutic Development (2 students can be admitted)
              Quantum Dots for Cell Imaging Applications
              Therapeutic Development for Liver Fibrosis and Cancer

Important Note:
1. To be admitted into IBN for research attachment, students are required to attend an interview with IBN
researchers for selection (training will be provided by Mrs Lim on how to to be successful in the interview)
2. Upon successful selection, IBN reserves the right to assign a research area to the student. This research area
may NOT be the one indicated as a research choice by the student.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Biology and Chemistry




                                                                                                            7
        HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                             1 Apr 11

                                     CenTaD Programme for 2011
                                        Chemicals & Materials Unit

CM1 CenTaD-SPMS, NTU

Teacher i/c : Dr Kelvin Tan                                                          No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Synthesis and reactivity of an organometallic cluster with a bifunctional ligand

Nature of Project:
Organometallic clusters offer multiple coordination sites for ligands which may be used to modify their reactivity.
The goal of this project is to synthesize an organometallic cluster with a bifunctional ligand and explore its
reactivity with various organic molecules.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible (eg, able to conduct independent background reading, willing to
       work long hours in a laboratory during school holidays)
      Taking H2 Chemistry




CM2 CenTaD- Singapore Membrane Technology Center, NTU

Teacher i/c : Mr Li Jiexun / Dr Kelvin Tan                                           No. of Students : 1

Project Title: Biofouling in Reverse Osmosis in Water Reclamation and Desalination

Nature of Project:
This study is looking into the basic understanding of biofouling phenomenon in RO spiral wound modules with a
lab-scale experimental set-up. The second objective of this study is to introduce novel biofouling controls.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Male student preferred




CM3 CenTaD- Singapore Membrane Technology Center, NTU

Teacher i/c : Mr Li Jiexun / Dr Kelvin Tan                                           No. of Students : 1

Project Title: Study of Membrane Fouling in Water Reclamation and Desalination using Non-Invasive Detection
Technique(s)

Nature of Project:
This study is looking into the basic understanding of membrane fouling phenomenon in a crossflow, flat sheet
experimental set-up. The second concurrent objective of the study is to be able to detect the fouling using non-
invasive techniques.

Pre-requisites for students:
    NIL




                                                                                                              8
        HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                              1 Apr 11

CM4 CenTaD- CBE, NTU

Teacher i/c : Dr Kelvin Tan                                                           No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Chiral resolution of pharmaceutical drugs

Nature of Project:
The chiral resolution ability of triazole-bonded chiral stationary phases will be investigated

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Chemistry




CM5 CenTaD- GSK – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mrs Lim-Chen Xintian                                                    No. of Students : 3

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
To be confirmed

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Chemistry




CM6 CenTaD- Singapore Chemical Sciences Fair – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mr Wee Chorng Shin / Dr Kelvin Tan                                      No. of Students : 5 groups of
                                                                                      3 to 5 members per group

Project Title: Students to propose projects based on given themes

Nature of Project:
Students to propose projects based on given themes.
This project is solely conducted at the Science Research Centre (SRC) laboratories, HCI.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Able to work well independently and as a team
      Inquisitive, committed and responsible
      Taking H2 Chemistry




                                                                                                               9
       HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)        1 Apr 11

CM7 CenTaD- YDSP – to be confirmed

Teacher i/c : Mr Benjamin Chan Kwong Ee                        No. of Students : variable

Project Title: To be confirmed

Nature of Project:
To be confirmed
Students will be attached to mentors under the YDSP program.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Singapore citizen or PR




                                                                                       10
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                               1 Apr 11

                                            CenTaD Programme for 2011
                              Photonics/Physics/Engineering/Computing Unit


PPEC1 CenTaD-NTU, BioRobotics (Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering)

Teacher i/c : Ms Emily Li                                                            No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Interactive Rehabilitation

Nature of Project:
The       road     to    recovery       via     rehabilitation     is     often     a     painful      and     boring
process        for    many       patients       with      injuries      and     diseases.       The       Biorobotics
Lab at Nanyang Technological University collaborates with the Singapore General Hospital to research and
development mechatronic rehabilitation systems that incorporate interactive media in neuro- and
musculoskeletal rehabilitation. One such project is the Pro-Balance, an intelligent balancing board for ankle
rehabilitation. The students will work closely with the researchers in NTU, the physiotherapists in SGH, and
engineers in the industry to investigate the effectiveness of interactive media in ankle rehabilitation.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Keen interest in research work
      Committed, independent and responsible (eg. able to conduct independent background reading, willing
       to work long hours collecting experimental data and doing analysis works during school holidays)
      Works well as a team player




PPEC2 CenTaD- NTU, Environment (Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre, R3C)

Teacher i/c : Ms Emily Li                                                            No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production from organic waste

Nature of Project:
Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) is a family of naturally-occurring biodegradable polyester/plastic synthesized by
and stored within microorganisms. PHA is commercially-valued for its biodegradability, biocompatibility, and its
manufacture from renewable resources. However, commercialization of PHA has been hampered by its cost. At
present, the industrial production of PHA occurs through the microbial fermentation of pure sugar. Hence, there
is a need to explore other cheaper feedstock. Organic waste presents an attractive source of nutrients for the
production of PHA.

“Waste to resource” is a current concept of waste management. Organic waste (e.g., food waste and horticulture
waste) is an extremely good feedstock for biological process as it contains high nutrient and energy. In this
project, we aim to identify the specific microorganisms for efficient PHA production under particular conditions.
There are number of benefits can be achieved upon the successes of this project, including 1) high-value PHA
material production, 2) reducing disposal costs and encourages recycling of waste, and 3) cost saving from
using conventional sugar.

For this project, the interested candidate will be developing a biotechnology for efficient recovery of nutrients
from complex organic waste (e.g., anaerobic digestion or composting), and subsequently hunting for efficient
PHA-accumulating microorganisms. The potential candidate should have a passion in finding practical solutions
to environment-related problems and possesses an interest in adopting an inter-disciplinary approach to the
research topic. This research topic will require the candidate to be cognizant in the areas of Chemistry and
Biological Sciences.




                                                                                                                  11
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                             1 Apr 11

Pre-requisites for students:
      Knowledge of basic microbiology
      Knowledge of basic molecular biology
      Knowledge of Chemistry
      Self-motivated, independent and responsible
      Keen on learning
      High commitment is required during school holiday (e.g., 4 days a week)




PPEC3 CenTaD-Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Environment (COI)

Teacher i/c : Ms Emily Li                                                           No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Water Quality Evaluation of Public Water Features

Nature of Project:
Objective
To determine the water quality of water samples taken from identified recreational water features for public use

Overview
Recreational water features are becoming more prevalent around Singapore. Examples include those at the
rooftop of Vivo City, Bugis Junction and Marina Barrage. At many of these recreational water installations
children, young adults can be seen playing in the water. How safe are these waters actually? This study aims to
evaluate the water quality of these recreational water features. The major contaminants, if any, found in this
study will be determined. Typical water quality parameters e.g. BOD, TOC, pH, TSS, TDS, Bacteria counts as
well as other specific contaminants such as DBPs and EDCs will be measured. Using statistical analysis the
students will determine the safety levels of the water features and offer insights into potential treatment methods
that can be used to treat the water.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Knowledge of basic biochemistry
      Self-motivated, independent and responsible
      Keen on learning
      Committed, independent and responsible (eg. able to conduct independent background reading, willing
       to work long hours collecting experimental data and doing analysis works during school holidays)
      Works well as a team player




                                                                                                                12
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                           1 Apr 11

PPEC4 CenTaD-Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Environment (COI)

Teacher i/c : Ms Emily Li                                                         No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Membrane Fouling in Microalgae Membrane Reactor

Nature of Project:
Objective
To monitor and study the membrane fouling in a microalgae membrane reactor

Overview
Microalgae have been around in nature since the beginning of Paleozoic era, which is more than 500 million
years ago. In water engineering, high and low concentrations of algae in water bodies can provide indirect clues
to the pollution that the water body is experiencing. One of the biggest problems, brought about by pollution in
water bodies is eutrophication, which is the sudden growth of algae species. This is typically due to the
discharge of pollutants rich in nutrients to the water body. In this project microalgae are grown in a controlled
manner in the membrane reactor to reduce the concentrations of nutrients in treated wastewater instead, before
discharge into the environment. Fouling of the membranes by the microalgae is critical in these reactors and this
project will examine the extent of microalgae fouling under different operating conditions.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Knowledge of basic biochemistry
      Self-motivated, independent and responsible
      Keen on learning
      Committed, independent and responsible (eg. able to conduct independent background reading, willing
       to work long hours collecting experimental data and doing analysis works during school holidays)
      Works well as a team player




PPEC5 CenTaD-Ngee Ann Polytechnic, Environment (COI)

Teacher i/c : Ms Emily Li                                                         No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Thermophilic Anaerobic Bioreactor for Industrial Wastewater Treatment

Nature of Project:
Objective
To treat industrial wastewaters which are discharged at high temperatures (> 37 deg C).

Overview
Anaerobic wastewater treatment is increasingly being used to treat industrial wastewater with high organic
loadings. In these systems anaerobic bacteria (biomass) is used to degrade the organics. However, research
has shown that thermophilic anaerobic bioreactors are more efficient than conventional anaerobic bioreactors. In
addition, immobilized biomass (i.e. biofilm) has a better resistance against environmental perturbations as
compared to freely suspended biomass. Therefore, it is anticipated an immobilized biofilm based thermophilic
anaerobic reactor will have significantly higher performance. This reactor has been developed and will be
operated by the students. During the reactor operation the students are required to measure and analyze the
soluble volatile fatty acids depletion rate, specific organic compounds concentration and biogass concentration
using a gas chromatography analyzer. In addition, the chemical oxygen demand (COD) of both the feed and
effluent will be measured according to standard methods (APHA (2005)).




                                                                                                              13
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                              1 Apr 11

Pre-requisites for students:
      Knowledge of basic biochemistry
      Self-motivated, independent and responsible
      Keen on learning
      Committed, independent and responsible (eg. able to conduct independent background reading, willing
       to work long hours collecting experimental data and doing analysis works during school holidays)
      Works well as a team player




PPEC6 CenTaD-Quantum Mechanics

Teacher i/c : Mr Gow Jong Seay Arthur                                               No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Quantum Mechanics

Nature of Project:
Students will work on a specific research topic in quantum mechanics under Dr. Yeo Ye from NUS Physics. Dr.
Yeo will provide some of the necessary theoretical background, but students are expected to do most of the
reading up on their own. Students will get to decide on their exact research topic under the guidance of Dr. Yeo.
Some numerical computation may be necessary.

The previous two groups have successfully finished their projects with their paper published in prestigious peer-
reviewed international journals on physics. Past projects included quantum teleportation and quantum
entanglement/decoherence.

Note that this is an extremely difficult topic. Please ensure that you have the necessary aptitude and attitude
towards extremely theoretical and mathematical physics before applying.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Strong interest in theoretical physics
      Must not be put off by complex mathematics
      Might need to have some programming knowledge
      Independent, committed and responsible
      Must be available almost every Saturday and during school holidays




PPEC7 CenTaD-School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, SP

Teacher i/c : Mr Lau Soo Yen                                                        No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Swarm Robots

Nature of Project:
Robots can be used in exploration or investigation of unknown terrains especially if the environment is
dangerous. It is customary to employ a sophisticated robot for such task. However, this approach is vulnerable
since a failure of the robot means failure of the entire mission. An emerging approach in robotics research is to
employ many simple robots that can collectively achieve a demanding task. Even the failure of some robots
should not affect the overall mission. Maneuvering such large systems poses new challenges in controlling them.
In our earlier work, a control strategy, namely triangular formation algorithm (TFA)), was developed and tested
using simulation tools. The TFA is a local interaction strategy which basically makes three neighboring robots to
form a regular triangular lattice. Simulation results show that swarm behaviors such as aggregation, flocking and
obstacle avoidance can be achieved successfully.

In this research proposal, we extend our initial study too further explore various aspects of swarm robotics.

                                                                                                                 14
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                                 1 Apr 11

Aggregation of sub-flocks: In this phase of study we consider that space is populated with more than one type
of swarm robots. Each sub-swarm aggregates with its own peers. A practical example would be a group of
uniform robot designed to explore and generate a map of the environment, while another group of identical
robots are designed to pick objects (mines, toxic material, plastic etc.) in that environment.

Flocking of sub--flocks: Current research in swarm robotics mainly deals with flocking behavior of single
swarm. Here, we are interested in more than one type of swarm robots in an environment flocking towards their
target without collision.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Strong mathematics background,
      Good programming skill.
      Knowledge in Breve or Matlab




PPEC8 CenTaD-School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, SP

Teacher i/c : Mr Lau Soo Yen                                                           No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Video Processor

Nature of Project:
Digital photography enabled many to explore their creativity and has become very popular. An important
advantage of digital photography is that there are vast opportunities to do post processing using a computer. It is
possible to further improve images, add effects, modify or distort with no additional cost, that is, creativity is not a
privilege to professionals only. There are many commercial or freeware image enhancing and processing tools
available in the market.
Recently, many digital camera manufacturers also incorporated video recording option in their design. However,
post processing software tools mainly provide utilities for video editing such as adding audio or trimming/colliding
video clips, transition effects between video clips etc. In this project, we are interested in developing a video
processing utility to improve the quality of recorded video clips. Desired features will be:

a) Filters for removing noise, correcting colours, colour filters, etc.
b) Cloning to remove stains left by dust/particle on sensor surface
c) Rotation, sheer, and distort
d) Reduce lens distortions.

This video utility program will be developed with Matlab and will support mainstream video formats.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Strong mathematics background,
      Good programming skill.
      Knowledge in Matlab and video editing softwares




PPEC9 CenTaD-Earth Observatory of Singapore

Teacher i/c : Mr. Kwek Wei Hong                                                        No. of Students : 3

Project Title: A comparative study of active volcanoes

Nature of Project:
We would like the students to come to EOS full-time for the month of June. They will then continue collaboration
as needed as they prepare for presentation of their results within your programme.


                                                                                                                     15
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                            1 Apr 11

Pre-requisites for students:
      Self-motivated & independent
      Keen on learning




PPEC10 CenTaD-NTU
Division of Physics & Applied Physics
School of Physical & Mathematical Sciences

Teacher i/c : Mr. Kwek Wei Hong                                                    No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Interferometric light beam combiner for beams with similar frequency and same polarizations.

Nature of Project:
It is impossible to overlap two beams with unity efficiency from two different lasers with similar frequencies and
the same polarization using passive optical components. However a potential way to achieve this goal would the
tailoring of a Mach-Zehnder type interferometer. The project aims towards the development of a compact and
reliable system which can fulfill the given task.

Pre-requisites for students:
      Self-motivated & independent
      Keen on learning




PPEC11 CenTaD- Global Foundries

Teacher i/c : Mr Samuel Tan                                                        No. of Students : 1

Project Title: Characterization of nano-particles for advanced CMOS applications

Nature of Project:
Software and Computing

Description: Crystalline nano-particles are able to provide information on the behavior of macroscopic samples of
similar materials because there is no data interference from grain boundaries and other defects. For
semiconductor-based technologies, nano-crystals in the sub-10 nm size range are often referred to as quantum
dots. These quantum dots have many applications and can be used for transistors, solar cells, LEDs and diode
lasers. The characterization of these nano-particles is thus of interest and we aim to develop a technique to
systematically investigate the properties of these nano-particles.

A basic method of characterisation of nano-particles has been developed using Matlab code. Student will
improve on the interface and if possible create a standalone program. In addition, statistical methods for
rigorously characterising large samples of nano-particles are to be investigated.

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Committed &responsible.
       Interest in learning to use Matlab and programming software




PPEC12 CenTaD- NUS, Physics


                                                                                                               16
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                          1 Apr 11

Teacher i/c : Mr Samuel Tan                                                      No. of Students : 6

Project Title: Physics Modeling based on experiments

Nature of Project:
Investigations based on adaptations of International Young Physicists Tournament series of questions.
Have an opportunity to represent our school in the Singapore Young Physics Tournament.

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Committed &responsible




PPEC13 CenTaD- NUS, Astronomy

Teacher i/c : Dr Lim Jit Ning                                                    No. of Students : 6

Project Title: Astronomy – liquid telescope

Nature of Project:
To design and build a liquid telescope
Make observations of the Sun and Jupiter

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Enjoy hands-on work
       Mechanically inclined
       Committed &responsible




PPEC14 CenTaD- NUS, Astronomy

Teacher i/c : Dr Lim Jit Ning                                                    No. of Students : 6

Project Title: Astronomy – radio telescope

Nature of Project:
To assemble a radio telescope
Make observations of the Sun and Jupiter

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Enjoy hands-on work
       Mechanically inclined
       Committed &responsible




PPEC15 CenTaD- NUS, Astronomy

Teacher i/c : Dr Lim Jit Ning                                                    No. of Students : 10
                                                                                                             17
            HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                          1 Apr 11


Project Title: Astronomy – Analysis of astronomical data from CLEA projects

Nature of Project:
Reference URL: http://www3.gettysburg.edu/~marschal/clea/CLEAhome.html

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Enjoy hands-on work
       Committed &responsible




PPEC16 CenTaD- BII, A*STAR

Teacher i/c : Dr Lim Jit Ning                                                      No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Artificial Vision

Nature of Project:
Students will work on individual project guided by mentor in the area of computer vision

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Committed &responsible




PPEC17 CenTaD- iCAN

Teacher i/c : Mr Arthur Gow                                                        No. of Students : 5

Project Title: Physics & Engineering

Nature of Project:
Design and implement engineering solutions based on nano/micro -electronics component.

Have an opportunity to participate in the International Contest on Applications in Nano/Micro Technologies

Pre-requisites for students:
       Keen interest in research work.
       Enjoy hands-on work
       Mechanically inclined
       Committed &responsible




PPEC18 CenTaD- IHPC, A*STAR

Teacher i/c : Dr Lim Jit Ning                                                      No. of Students : 2

Project Title: Personality psychology and digital games

Nature of Project:
In our day-to-day interactions with other people, we notice that there are some individuals who are always
sociable and friendly. Others appear reserved and shy. And there are yet others who are perpetually worried and

                                                                                                              18
           HCI CENTRE FOR SCIENCE RESEARCH & TALENT DEVELOPMENT (CenTaD)                             1 Apr 11

anxious about things. If asked, we would use personality traits to explain someone's tendency to engage in
certain types of behaviors, for example, how someone is an extravert because he/she has a tendency to be
talkative and friendly. In digital games, such as those involving role-playing where players are invited to immerse
themselves in a game world, we would like artificial digital game characters to exhibit coherent individual
differences just as humans do, so that such characters can be engaging, interesting, and believable. Students
will have the opportunity to experience two very different, but complimentary, research areas--personality
psychology, and games research. More specifically, students will study and learn about causal theories of
personality, hypothesis testing, conducting studies, and about designing computational models of personality in
digital game characters. Students may, pending progress, subsequently focus their research predominantly on
one of the two areas

Pre-requisites for students:
       Inquisitive, focused, and conscientious
       Committed and responsible
       Proactive, and able to work well in a team




                                                                                                                19

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:10
posted:2/7/2012
language:
pages:19