Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association

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					Senior Army Reserve Commanders
          Association

                     Call to Duty: Army
                     Reserve Soldiers
                     Serving with Pride


                     BG Richard Sherlock
                       Deputy Chief,
                       Army Reserve



                                          1
Army Reserve Soldiers in Action




            (Click)




                                  2
         Vision Statement


The Army Reserve is a community-based
  federal operational force of skill-rich
Warrior-Citizens providing complementary
 capabilities for joint expeditionary and
           domestic operations.



                                            3
    Commander’s Intent


  It is my intent to ensure the Army
     Reserve continues to provide
relevant, joint warfighting capabilities
  wherever and whenever the Nation
                requires.



                                           4
          Components of Intent
 As an operational force, The Army Reserve
  will:
  -   Sustain a robust capacity and commitment to train, alert, and
      deploy units and individual Soldiers for expeditionary operations.
  -   Provide Title X first response capabilities for domestic operations.
  -   Provide capabilities to train the Army, Joint, and foreign forces.
  -   Develop and deploy unique value-added individual capabilities to
      complement Joint Force requirements.
  -   Execute ARFORGEN.
  -   Execute transformation.
  -   Develop our leaders.
  -   Improve and grow the mutual support for families and employers.
  -   Communicate our contract with the American people.
  -   Secure and optimize resources…structure, manpower, equipment,
      and financial.


                                                                             5
       Desired Endstate

   An Army Reserve with a culture that
 embraces continuous transformation, is
  capable of predictably and perpetually
  providing relevant operational forces to
 Combatant Commanders, and maintains
strong mutually supporting Warrior-Citizen
  relationships among Soldiers, families,
         employers, and the Army.



                                             6
Impact of the New Strategic Environment
           Desert Storm              PRC Operations                         NE/OEF/OIF
           Desert Shield            Bosnia, Kosovo, etc                Current and Projected

 90000

 80000
                                                                             Continuous Operational
 70000
                                                                                    Support
 60000

 50000

 40000

 30000

 20000

 10000

    0
                        6


                        0
      90


              91




                              01


                                     02


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                                                                        07


                                                                                08


                                                                                       09


                                                                                              10
                      99


                      00
    19


            19




                            20


                                   20


                                          20


                                                 20


                                                        20


                                                               20


                                                                      20


                                                                              20


                                                                                     20


                                                                                            20
                    -1


                    -2
                 92


                 97
               19


               19




                             Desert Storm & Shield -- 80,000 mobilized average time 220 days
                             PRC (Bosnia, Kosovo, etc) -- 20,000 mobilized average time 258 days
                             NE/OEF/OIF: 160,000 Soldiers mobilized average time 380 days

                                                                                                      7
          Army Reserve Support to ARFORGEN

            R/T - 1                R/T - 2                  R/T - 3                Ready                 Available
          INDIVIDUAL                                       COLLECTIVE
                                                                               External              Mobilize
                                                                              Evaluation and          Mob Station Validation
       • Individual Training   • Army Reserve         • External Evaluation   Validation at Combat    Deploy
       • Combat veterans       Function Exercise      • Units in Army         Training Center (or     Operational Mission
         reintegrate           (Squad / Crew /        Reserve Warrior         equivalent)
                               Team Training)         Exercise (Company        Battalion/Company
                                                      Team Training)          External Evaluation



      Available for Possible Homeland Security Missions              Mission in Theater                Locked in for
      (size of unit/parts of unit needed to vary)                        Identified                   Theater Mission



                1                     2                       3                       4                        5
                                                                                 VALIDATE
   RECONST / CONST                                                                                         DEPLOY
                                                   TRAIN                         CERTIFY



INDIVIDUAL TRAINING                                   COLLECTIVE TRAINING         SET FORCE            READY AVAILABLE FORCE


                                                                                                                                8
                           Army Reserve in the Past
                                   HQDA                                                                                     FORSCOM


    DCAR/IMA
                                    CAR                                                                                        CG
                                                                                                                              USARC
       CCWO
                                                                   USAREUR                              CCWO
                                    DCAR                                                                                                             SJA
      AR CSM

                                                                                                    USARC CSM                                          IG
    CAR Staff                  Director of Staff
     Group                                                             7th                                                                             IR
                                                                    ARCOM
                                                                                                                                DCG
                       SHRRT                  FTS (Fwd)

                      G-3 (Fwd)                    CFMO
                                                                                                                            Chief of Staff
                                                                   USARPAC                    USASOC
                      G-4 (Fwd)               ESA (Fwd)                                                               G1                     G-5 Rear

                        G-5                   ARFP (Fwd)                                                           G-2/6                       ESA
                                                                       9th
                                                                                             USACAPOC
                                                                      RRC                                             G-3                      G-7
                      SJA (Fwd)                    PA & E
                                                                                                                      G-4                      G-8
                       GOMO                                                                                                                   ARFP
                                                                                                                   PAO                       (USARC)
                                                   TRADOC         CONUSAs (2)
                                                                                                                                               FTS


                                                                                                                                                                 &
  REGIONAL                                   INSTITUTIONAL         TRAINING         MILITARY                  AREA
                   ENGINEER                                                                                                         AVIATION                  MEDICAL
 READINESS                                      TRAINING           SUPPORT            POLICE                SUPPORT
                  COMMANDS (2)                                                                                                      BRIGADE                 BRIGADES (13)
COMMANDS (10)                                 DIVISIONS (7)       DIVISIONS (5)    BRIGADES (4)             GROUPS (5)




         REGIONAL
         READINESS                                                 THEATER                               MATERIEL              CORPS
                              TRNSPRTN               SIGNAL                            TSC
         GROUPS (3)                                                SUPPORT                              MANAGEMENT            SUPPORT
                              COMMAND              COMMANDS (2)                   (CONUS AUG) (2)
                                                                   COMMAND                               CENTER (2)          GROUPS (4)


                                                                                                                                                                       9
                                          Army Reserve Transformed
                                                                 HQDA
                                                                                           USARPAC                USAREUR/7TH Army
                                                                 (CSA)
          USACE
                                           FORSCOM
          IMCOM
            HRC
       (St. Louis / Ft. Knox)
                                                                 CAR                                                               377th Theater
                                                                                                                                    Cmd (FWD)
                                                                                    SIGNAL
       NETCOM                                                    USARC            COMMAND
                                             RRSC (4)                             (THEATER)           RSG PAC          C2 EUR (7TH)


 THEATER                      SIGNAL
                   JOINT THEATER (2)                        THEATER                                      THEATER       REGIONAL         SUSTAINMENT
                                           MED DEP SPT        AVN CMD          MIRC
                                                                                MDSC (2)
 ENGINEER                   COMMAND
                           ENGINEER             NETWORK     AVIATION                       USACAPOC        MP           SPT GRP             CMD
                                           COMMAND (2)
COMMAND (2)                 (THEATER)
                           COMMAND                          COMMAND                                      COMMAND          PR            (THEATER) (1)


  ENGINEER                       SIGNAL    OPERATIONAL                                     CACOM            MP                          SUSTAINMENT
 BRIGADE (4)                    BRIGADE    CMD POST (2)                                      (4)        BRIGADE (3)                     CMD (EXP) (5)


                                CHEMICAL
                                BRIGADE                                                                                                            TRADOC

                                                    BATTLE CMD              THE ARMY                   TRAINING           ARMY RESERVE
                                                     TRAINING                SCHOOL                    DIVISION             READINESS
             Oversight Key                           DIVISION             SYSTEM (TASS)                  (IET)               TRAINING
                                                      (BCTD)                 DIVISION                                       COMMAND
 C2
 OPCON
                                                                         MAN               OPS        DCG    DCG            DCG       DCG
                                                          BCST                      SUST
 ADCON                                                                   SPT               SPT         (E)   (W)             (E)      (W)

 COORD
 TECH EXP.
                                                                                       MTOE            TDA
                                                                                                                                                        10
         Areas of Concern

   Accelerating Transformation
   Manning the Force
   ARFORGEN Bridging Strategy
   Employer Support


These Concerns Affect All Components
            of the Intent

                                       11
      Impact of 2006 QDR on the Army Reserve

 Reconfiguring the Total Force: A Continuum
 of Service
  -   “To fight the long war and conduct other future
      contingency operations, joint force
      commanders need to have more immediate
      access to the Total Force. In particular, the
      Reserve Component must be operationalized,
      so that select Reservists and units are more
      accessible and more readily deployable than
      today.”

                                                        12
        The RC as an Operational Force


 “The Department [of Defense] will:
   -   Increase Presidential Reserve Call-up from 270 to 365
       days.
   -   Revise PRC authorities to allow activation of RC for
       domestic natural disasters
   -   Allow individuals who volunteer for activation to serve
       long periods on major HQs staffs as individual
       augmentees
   -   Develop select reserve units that train more intensively
       and require shorter notice for deployment



                                                                  13
   Ready Response Reserve Unit (R3U)
      Soldier Requirements to Join

 Report within 72 hours - deploy within 3-15 days

 Fully deployable

 TDY orders with per diem

 The service agreement will include the number of
  additional training days the Army will guarantee soldiers
  in R3Us




                                                              14
        Ready Response Reserve Unit (R3U)
             Value Added to the Army
   Potentially provides limited reduction in the need for involuntary mobilization
    of USAR soldiers under a particular mobilization authorization.

   Relieves AC OPTEMPO for known/predictable periods of surge.

   Promotes continuum of service by leveraging the population of USAR
    Soldiers who are willing to commit to more than 39 days, but less than 365
    days per year.

   Provides the Secretary of the Army with the ability to access USAR
    capabilities on short-notice without presidential authorization for reserve
    call-up (PRC) or partial mobilization.

   Reduces or eliminates post-employment/deployment training time for R3Us
    that are needed on a short-notice basis for combatant command
    requirements.

   Provides a test bed for assessing some future army manpower policies and
    strategies.


                                                                                      15
     Ready Response Reserve Unit (R3U)
      Value Added for Reserve Soldiers

 Increased skill proficiency based on training more than
  39 days, but less than 365 days per year.

 Increases potential of earning additional retirement
  points.




                                                            16
       Ready Response Reserve Unit (R3U)
           Army Reserve Pilot Units
   The USAR has selected candidates for ready response reserve units
    from existing force structure. USAR has selected units from existing
    structure in the following categories:
      - Category 1 - Early Entry Operations (short or no-notice): 342nd
        chemical company (bids)
      - Category 2 - Surge Operations (training base expansion) 1/321
        BCT BN, for initial entry training
      - Category 3 - Sustainment, Support and Stability Operations: 806th
        Dental Service Company
      - There will be a Joint Task Force Port Opening unit (fourth unit)
        added to this program.

    The Army will resource the R3Us to a C1 level of readiness no later
    than 30 SEP 2008. Prior to being called to active duty, the Ready
    Response Reserve Units will conduct on-going soldier readiness
    processing (SRP) and will be validated by FORSCOM prior to
    deployment.


                                                                            17
    Pro-Active Human Resource Management
   No longer does Personnel Management in STL belong to the Army
    Reserve, must work with Human Resource Command

   System demand on individuals vs. individuals demand on the system.

   Management to MRD, vs 20 AFS

   AGR as separate competitive category for promotion
   More opportunities for AR officers, AGR, IRR AND TPU
     -   Grad School
     -   BZ Promotions

   Senior Leader Development Office (SLDO)
     -   Assignments, management and utilization of current O6 COL inventory as
         well as the developmental assignments of the LTC (P) populations
     -   Intent of seamless assignment integration to a culminating assignment in
         the appropriate Branch or Functional Area.




                                                                                    18
Back Up Slides




                 19
                       AR CSS Unit buys
    • The Army Reserve is projected to obtain ~16K of space savings through
       generating force reductions and TTHS Account rightsizing.
    • AR intent is to quickly reinvest ~5K of those savings in Army Operational
    force shortfalls. 136 units: 5,145 spaces: ~$699M equipment costs.
These capabilities are “sweet-spot” units in that they meet Army programmatic shortfalls,
      address current operational shortfalls and have domestic emergency utility

   TRANSPORTATION                  QUARTERMASTER                   ORDNANCE
                                    • 3 POL CO HQ
   • 5 PLS TRK Cos                  • 3 POL Support Ops Plts
                                                                  • 15 Auto Maint Plts
   • 6 Inland Cargo Cos             • 3 Water Purification Plts   • 30 Wheeled VEH
   • 3 Auto Cargo Dets              • 4 POL Support Plts                   Maint Plts
   • 6 Trailer Transfer Tms         • 4 POL Equip Maint Plts
   • 7 Terminal Supervision. Tms    • 7 Assault Hoseline Tms
   • 7 Port Management Tms          • 3 Water Storage Plts
   • 1 Combat HET Co
                                    • 5 QM Support Co Hqs            45 units
                                    • 5 Support Ops Plts
                                    • 5 Subsistence Plts            915 spaces
                                    • 12 Area Support Plts
                                    • 2 MHE Aug Tms                   $121M
        35 units                       56 units
     2,646 spaces                   1,584 spaces
         $337M                                                              As of : 19 Dec 06
                                        $241M
                                                                                 * no cost
         U.S. Army Reserve
         Streamline Command, Control and Support
                                                             Military Intelligence
                                                             Readiness Command
  -Integrate with NETCOM, IMA and HRC
  -Command through operational HQs
                                                             Army Reserve
                                                             Medical Command
      88th Regional Readiness
       Sustainment Command         99th Regional Readiness
                                   Sustainment Command
                                                             Aviation Command

                                                             Theater MP Command

                                                             Joint Theater
                                                             Engineer Commands
63rd Regional Readiness
 Sustainment Command            81st Regional Readiness
                                Sustainment Command          Army Reserve Readiness
                                                             Training Command
                                                                                      21
Hurricane Katrina Relief Operations

              B Company, 5th Battalion, 159th Aviation
               Regiment, Fort Eustis, Virginia
                 -   138 hours in the first seven days
                 -   Carried 1,400 Soldiers and rescue workers
                 -   115,000 pounds of food and water
                 -   1.7 million pounds of sandbags
              206th Transportation Company, Opelika,
               Alabama
                 - 124 Soldiers
                 - Water and ice delivery
              647th Transportation Company, Laurel,
               Mississippi
                 - 120 Soldiers
                 - Debris removal in drainage lanes
              Army Reserve Contact Teams dispatched to
               evacuee shelters
                                                                 22
     Army Reserve Support to Global Operations

                                                     Germany            Bosnia, Kosovo
                 NORTHCOM                                               Balkans Rotation
                 Noble Eagle



                                            Italy                            Afghanistan
                                                                           Enduring Freedom

                                                                                                        Hawaii
                               Guantanamo   Israel
                                                                                           Kuwait
                                                                                                    Japan

                                                                                    Qatar
           Honduras
                                                                                                      Indonesia


             Columbia
                                               Jordan
                                                                                    Iraq
                                                                              Iraqi Freedom
               Ecuador
                                             Sudan
                                                                 Djibouti (HOA)
                                                               Enduring Freedom




Since 9/11, more than 166,000 Army Reserve Soldiers have deployed around the world.
              More than 6,900 are serving our Nation here at home today
                                                                                                                 23
       The Evolving Geopolitical Environment


 THEN                                NOW
 Discrete War                       Long War
 War as Exception                   Continual State of War
 Mobilization of RC as Exception    Mobilization of RC as Norm
 Whole Units                        Combined and Joint Units
 Mass over Time                     Ready Now
 AR-Supplementary Force             AR-Complementary Force
 Linear Battlefield                 Asymmetrical Battlefield
 Secure Rear Area                   No Secure Rear Area
 Theaters of War                    Global Operations




                                                                   24
United States Army Reserve: Operational

A Federal Operational Force:
 More than 20,000 Army Reserve Soldiers serving
  abroad with 6,900+ serving here at home
 More than 166,000 mobilized since 9/11
 131 have made the ultimate sacrifice

 Over 80 specialty areas not found in Active
  Component or Army Guard

 Consists of primarily specialized combat support /
  combat service support – for example, civil affairs,
  medical, psychological operations and engineering
  professions

                                                         25
    Army Reserve Priorities

 Provide Predictability To The Army While
  Supporting The Long War
   - Rebalance The Force To Support Operational
     Requirements
   - Maintain The Right Mix and Number Of Capabilities



 Provide Predictability to Soldiers, Families and
  Employers
   - Through ARFORGEN

   - Continuous Dialogue With Families, Employers and
     Communities


                                                         26
                    What’s Left in the Army Reserve

     Current AR Strength                                                                            Non Available
                                           -887            IMA Mobilized (- 1)                     #SOLDIERS    Reason
188,234 (Does not Include DEP of 6,264)
           (as of 3 Jan 2007)                                  AGR Deployed (- 0)
                                          -1,316                                                        1,881     Permanent Profile (- 86)

                                                           AGR Recruiters (- 27)                        993       SMP Cadets (-1)
               Previously Mobilized        -1,747
                MONTHS      #SOLDIERS                                                                   637       Pending Separation (-169
                                                           AGR Retention Spt ( 0 )
                                              -870                                                      453      Temporary Profile (+11)

                                          -28,693         Non Available (-2,226)                        592       Pregnancy (-42)
              18+       13,373
                                                                                                        122      No Family Care Plan (-22)
              12-       28,647            -57,234          Previously Mobilized (- 234)
                                                                                                                  Awaiting Completion of
               18                                                                                       8,501     Military Training (-1,940)
                                          -24,333          Currently Mobilized (- 639)
             6-12       10,983
                                                                                                        2,859     All remaining categories (-430
                                                               90 Days/ No Pay due (-8,283
              0-6         4,231           -4,017
                                                                                                       12,655           Unsatisfactory
                                          69,137               Available (+128)                                        Participants(+355)
                        57,234
                                                                                                       28,693    (-2,226)
                                                      -3,473          IMA Available (-16)

                                                     -11,321            AGR Available (-53)

                                          =          54,343           TPU Available (+1,757)



                                                                     Generating Force (TSD/Div (IT))
                                                      -12,767
                                                                                                       Leaves            35,395
                                                      -6,181         Health, Legal Professionals
                                                                                                                           (+95)
Army Reserve Contributions to Army
Capabilities (FY 07)
                       JAG                       100%
                       Training Divisions (IT)   100%
                       Training Divisions (TS)   100%
                       Civil Affairs              93%
                       PSYOPS                     88%
                       Chaplains                  81%
                       Medical                    52%
                       Quartermaster              51%
                       Info Ops                   50%
                       Transportation             50%
                       Chemical                   40%
                       AG                         37%
                       Public Affairs             34%
                       Strategic MI               31%
                       Engineer                   26%
                       Military Police            25%



                                                        28
Family Support for the Operational
Reserve
                    More than 166,000
                     Army Reserve Soldiers
                     mobilized since 9/11

                    Currently more than
                     28,000 Army Reserve
                     Soldiers deployed

                    Family support
                     programs must keep
                     apace with operational
                     climate


                                              29
All About the Soldier




                        30
Questions?




             31

				
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