Effects of the Enlightenment by 499Yn9

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									 Effects of the
Enlightenment
        Ms. Phillips
  December 14, 2007
      Global History
Standards etc.
   Standards: 1,2,3,4,5

   Objective: Swbat identify the lasting effects of
    the Enligtenment and its place in history.

   Motivation: Can one event really cause mass
    revolution for years to come?
Aim and Do Now:
   Aim: What are the effects and legacies of the
    Enlightenment?

   Do Now: What are the key differences
    between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?
Voltaire
   Fought for freedom, tolerance, and reason by
    using satire to condemn intolerance and
    prejudice.
Candide
   “I do not agree with a word you say, but I will
    defend to the death your right to say it.”
    Baron de Montesquieu
   Wrote: On the Spirit of Laws which said the best
    government is one that keeps any individual or
    group from gaining total control.
Syllable Game
   Montesquieu: Separation of Powers
   3 branches of government:
       Executive
       Legislative
       Judicial
Montesquieu Quote:
   “Power should be a check to power”
    Jean Jacque Rousseau
   Committed to individual freedom against
    absolute rulers.
       “Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains.”
    Rousseau
   The only good government is one that is freely
    formed by the people and guided by society.
From this to…
Freedom Day: South Africa
Challenge
John Locke, John Locke, subcontinent

Code, Law, Pax Romana, Sun King

John Locke, Manorialism, Martin Luther

95 theses, Martin Luther, Martin Luther, Self-
  Sufficiency, Peter the Great
Test your skills
   Manorialism, Subcontinent, Manorialism,
    Martin Luther, John Locke, Louis XIV

   India, India, John Locke, Martin Luther,
    Roman Peace, Subcontinent, Manorialism,
    Sun King, Natural Rights, Peter the Great,
    India, 95 theses, westernization, Louis XIV.
Name that Philosopher
   Without governments to keep order there
    would be war of every man against every
    man.

   Power should be check to a power

   Man is born free but everywhere he is in
    chains
Name That Philosopher
   People are to hand over their rights to a
    strong ruler in exchange for law and order.

   All people are born with natural rights.

   Those who can make you believe absurdities
    can make you commit atrocities.
Impact of Philosophers
   Philosophers question divine rights, the union
    of church and state, and inequality among
    social classes
Philosophers could not…
   Become active revolutionaries
Rules
   In France it was illegal
    to criticize the Catholic
    church or the
    government!
Aim and Do Now
   Aim: How did the Enlightenment spread
    throughout Europe and what impact did it
    have?

   Do Now: Were the ideas of the enlightenment
    philosophers important? How do you know?
Cultural Diffusion
   The Enlightenment spreads through books,
    magazines, and word of mouth.
Salons Spread the Word
   Salons are large rooms
    in mansions that are
    used for gathering
    spaces. People met to
    discuss behind closed
    doors.
Denis Diderot
   His idea was to compile the works of many
    European scholars into one place.
Denis Diderot
   Diderot called these books: Encyclopedias
   He began publishing them in 1751.
Church Response
   The Catholic Church and the government ban
    the encyclopedia because it encouraged
    revolt.
Middle Class
   The more literate middle class began to take
    to the ideas of the Enlightenment because it
    might _________ their lives.
Changes in Art
   Baroque style to Neo-classical Art
   Artists used their work to convey messages
    and express ideas.
    Baroque
   Classified as detailed
    and ornate art.
Neoclassical Art
   “new classics”, yet
    again a return to the
    classical era, simplicity
    was back.

   What are the
    “classics?”
Music
   Organ/Choral Music changes to Classical
    music
       Mozart
       Beethoven
       Haydn
Effect 1: Progress
   Human reason can work to solve social
    problems.
       Social Inequality
       Slavery
Effect 2: Secular Outlook
   The Enlightenment leads to a rise of secular
    ideas as more people begin questioning the
    church and government.
    Why?
   Some religious
    mysteries were
    explained by math and
    science

   Religious intolerance
    was criticized by
    philosophers.
Effect 3: The Individual
   We can look to ourselves to solve problems
    rather then relying on an absolute ruler or the
    church.
Effect 4: Democratic Ideals
   Many began to feel that a government
    established by the people was best.
Effect 5: Revolutions
   The ideas and theories of the Enlightenment
    encourages people to question the
    government, church, and social inequality.
France
   The peasants who outnumbered the nobles
    began using Enlightenment ideas to question
    their social status.
Summary: Packet
   How did the Enlightenment spread?
Discussion ? Quick Write
   Which event was more significant, the
    Enlightenment or the Renaissance?

								
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