Effects of the Enlightenment Ms. Phillips December 14, 2007 Global History Standards etc. Standards: 1,2,3,4,5 Objective: Swbat identify the lasting effects of the Enligtenment and its place in history. Motivation: Can one event really cause mass revolution for years to come? Aim and Do Now: Aim: What are the effects and legacies of the Enlightenment? Do Now: What are the key differences between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes? Voltaire Fought for freedom, tolerance, and reason by using satire to condemn intolerance and prejudice. Candide “I do not agree with a word you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Baron de Montesquieu Wrote: On the Spirit of Laws which said the best government is one that keeps any individual or group from gaining total control. Syllable Game Montesquieu: Separation of Powers 3 branches of government: Executive Legislative Judicial Montesquieu Quote: “Power should be a check to power” Jean Jacque Rousseau Committed to individual freedom against absolute rulers. “Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains.” Rousseau The only good government is one that is freely formed by the people and guided by society. From this to… Freedom Day: South Africa Challenge John Locke, John Locke, subcontinent Code, Law, Pax Romana, Sun King John Locke, Manorialism, Martin Luther 95 theses, Martin Luther, Martin Luther, Self- Sufficiency, Peter the Great Test your skills Manorialism, Subcontinent, Manorialism, Martin Luther, John Locke, Louis XIV India, India, John Locke, Martin Luther, Roman Peace, Subcontinent, Manorialism, Sun King, Natural Rights, Peter the Great, India, 95 theses, westernization, Louis XIV. Name that Philosopher Without governments to keep order there would be war of every man against every man. Power should be check to a power Man is born free but everywhere he is in chains Name That Philosopher People are to hand over their rights to a strong ruler in exchange for law and order. All people are born with natural rights. Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities. Impact of Philosophers Philosophers question divine rights, the union of church and state, and inequality among social classes Philosophers could not… Become active revolutionaries Rules In France it was illegal to criticize the Catholic church or the government! Aim and Do Now Aim: How did the Enlightenment spread throughout Europe and what impact did it have? Do Now: Were the ideas of the enlightenment philosophers important? How do you know? Cultural Diffusion The Enlightenment spreads through books, magazines, and word of mouth. Salons Spread the Word Salons are large rooms in mansions that are used for gathering spaces. People met to discuss behind closed doors. Denis Diderot His idea was to compile the works of many European scholars into one place. Denis Diderot Diderot called these books: Encyclopedias He began publishing them in 1751. Church Response The Catholic Church and the government ban the encyclopedia because it encouraged revolt. Middle Class The more literate middle class began to take to the ideas of the Enlightenment because it might _________ their lives. Changes in Art Baroque style to Neo-classical Art Artists used their work to convey messages and express ideas. Baroque Classified as detailed and ornate art. Neoclassical Art “new classics”, yet again a return to the classical era, simplicity was back. What are the “classics?” Music Organ/Choral Music changes to Classical music Mozart Beethoven Haydn Effect 1: Progress Human reason can work to solve social problems. Social Inequality Slavery Effect 2: Secular Outlook The Enlightenment leads to a rise of secular ideas as more people begin questioning the church and government. Why? Some religious mysteries were explained by math and science Religious intolerance was criticized by philosophers. Effect 3: The Individual We can look to ourselves to solve problems rather then relying on an absolute ruler or the church. Effect 4: Democratic Ideals Many began to feel that a government established by the people was best. Effect 5: Revolutions The ideas and theories of the Enlightenment encourages people to question the government, church, and social inequality. France The peasants who outnumbered the nobles began using Enlightenment ideas to question their social status. Summary: Packet How did the Enlightenment spread? Discussion ? Quick Write Which event was more significant, the Enlightenment or the Renaissance?
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