21 st Century Teaching for 21 st Century Students by BAvGAL


									21st Century
Teaching for
21st Century


Brad Fountain
Discovery Education
―The illiterate of the 21st
 century will not be those who
 cannot read and write, but
 those who cannot learn,
 unlearn, and relearn.‖
                    - Alvin Toffler
  “This is a story about the big
public conversation the nation is
  not having about education…
whether an entire generation of
 kids will fail to make the grade
 in the global economy because
    they can’t think their way
   through abstract problems,
work in teams, distinguish good
information from bad, or speak
a language other than English.”

How to Build a Student for the
21st Century, TIME Magazine,
     December 18, 2006
Who are 21st Century Learners?
   •   As large in number as Baby Boomers
   •   Consumers- $150 billion annually
   •   Digital Media Users – 6 ½ hrs daily (Exposed to 8 ½ hours)
   •   Multi-taskers: online - phone - print
   •   Hyper-Communicators -socially & civically
   •   Gamers-interactive learning
   •   Risk-Takers
       –   Depersonalization
   •   Pursuers of ongoing education
   •   Futurists & Optimistic
   •   IQ is up by 17 points between 1947-2001 with most gains post 1972
Are They REALLY That Different?
• 21st Century Student‘s Brain
    – Neuroplasticity
        • 50 hours to affect change
        • Video games
    – Hypertext Minds
        • Point to Point vs. Linear
        • Breadth vs. Depth
    – Environmental Impact
    – Thinking Patterns
    – ADD or Disengaged

Marc Prensky – Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 2
What Are They Missing?
• Critical Thinking
   – Reflection
   – Evaluation
               Why 21st Century Skills?

                 Workforce Survey:
      “Are They Really Ready to

Released October 2, 2006, by The Conference Board, Corporate Voices
for Working Families, Partnership for 21st Century Skills, and the Society
for Human Resource Management groups.
          Why 21st Century Skills?

What skills are most important for job success
when hiring a High School graduate?
 Work Ethic                            80%
 Collaboration                         75%
 Good Communication                    70%
 Social Responsibility                 63%
 Critical Thinking & Problem Solving   58%
          Why 21st Century Skills?

Of the High School Students that you recently
hired, what were their deficiencies?

  Written Communication                 81%
  Leadership                            73%
  Work Ethic                            70%
  Critical Thinking & Problem Solving   70%
  Self-Direction                        58%
        Why 21st Century Skills?

What applied skills and basic knowledge are
most important for those you will hire with a
four-year college diploma?

 Oral Communication                  95.4%
 Collaboration                       94.4%
 Professional/Work Ethic             93.8%
 Written Communication               93.1%
 Critical Thinking/Problem Solving   93.1%
         Why 21st Century Skills?

What skills and content areas will be growing
in importance in the next five years?

 Critical Thinking                    78%
 I.T.                                 77%
 Health & Wellness                    76%
 Collaboration                        74%
 Innovation                           74%
 Personal Financial Responsibility    72%
So What Does
this Mean for
Teachers and
―If you are not prepared to be wrong,
you’ll never come up with anything
original. By the time students become
adults they have lost that capacity. And
national education systems are where
mistakes are the worst things you can
make. The result is we are educating
people out of their creative capacities.‖
                   - Sir Ken Robinson
New Definitions for Schools
• Schools will go ―from ‗buildings‘ to nerve centers,
  with walls that are porous and transparent,
  connecting teachers, students and the community
  to the wealth of knowledge that exists in the world
  while creating a culture of inquiry‖
• Teachers will go from primary role as a dispenser
  of information to orchestrator of learning and
  helping students turn information into knowledge,
  and knowledge into wisdom.

New Definition for Students
• In the past a student was a young person who went to
  school, spent a specified amount of time in certain
  courses, received passing grades and graduated. Today
  we must see learners in a new context:
   – First we must maintain student interest by helping them see
     how what they are learning prepares them for life in the real
   – Second we must instill curiosity, which is fundamental to
     lifelong learning.
   – Third we must be flexible in how we teach.
   – Fourth we must excite learners to become even more
     resourceful so that they will continue to learn outside the
     formal school day.‖
Being Literate Today Means…
•   Finding the information
•   Processing different media
•   Decoding the information
•   Analyzing the information
•   Critically evaluating the information
•   Organizing it into personal digital libraries
•   Creating information in a variety of media
•   Teaching the information to find the user
•   Filtering the information gleaned
Inquiry Learning
Dewey defines productive inquiry as that aspect of
any activity where we are deliberately seeking what
we need in order to do what we want to do. (Dewey,
1922 and Cook and Brown, 1999) In the net age we
now have at our disposal tools and resources for
engaging in productive inquiry – and learning – that
we never had before.
                                  -John Seely Brown
20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
20th Century Classrooms                                21st Century Classrooms

Time-based                                             Outcome-based
Focus on memorization of discrete facts                Focus on what students KNOW, CAN DO and ARE
                                                           LIKE after all the details are forgotten
Lessons focus on lower level of Bloom’s Taxonomy       Learning is designed on upper levels of Bloom’s –
    – knowledge, comprehension and application             synthesis, analysis and evaluation
Textbook-driven                                        Research-driven
Passive learning                                       Active learning
Learners work in isolation – classroom within 4 walls Learners work collaboratively with classmates and
                                                          others around the world – the Global
Teacher-centered: teacher is center of attention and   Student-centered: teacher is facilitator/coach
    provider of information
Little or no student freedom                           Great deal of student freedom
Fragmented curriculum                                  Integrated and Interdisciplinary curriculum
Grades averaged                                        Grades are based on what was learned
20th Century vs. 21st Century Learning
Low expectations                                     High expectations – “If it isn’t good, it isn’t
                                                     done” We expect, and ensure, that all students
                                                     succeed in learning at high levels. Some may go
                                                     higher – we get out of their way to let them do that.

Teacher is judge. No one else sees student work.     Self, Peer and Other assessments. Public audience,
                                                     authentic assessments.

Curriculum/School is irrelevant and meaningless to   Curriculum is connected to students’ interests,
the students.                                        experiences, talents and the real world.

Print is the primary vehicle of learning and         Performances, projects and multiple forms of media
assessment.                                          are used for learning and assessment.

Diversity in students is ignored.                    Curriculum and instruction address student
Literacy is the 3 R’s – reading, writing and math    Multiple literacies of the 21st century – aligned to
                                                     living and working in a globalized new millennium.
Why change is needed…
In the 20th century, the approach to education was to focus on ‗learning-
about‘ and to build stocks of knowledge and some cognitive skills in the
student to be deployed later in appropriate situations. This approach to
education worked well in a relatively stable, slowly changing world where
students could expect to learn one set of skills and use them throughout
their lives. Careers often lasted a lifetime. But the 21st century is quite
different. The world is continuously changing at an increasing pace. Skills
learned today are apt to be out-of-date all too soon. When technical jobs
change, we can no longer expect to send a person back to school to be
re-trained or to learn a new profession. By the time that happens, the
domain of inquiry is likely to have morphed yet again.

                                               -John Seely Brown
Other Cultures
• Korea
  – Little time reading newspapers or watching TV. Life
    moves at the speed of the net and being connected is
    the only way to remain current
• Japan
  – Laptops are viewed as dinosauric technology. The cell
    phone provides the privacy and instant connectivity
    individuals crave
What will the future hold?

      Future Forces Affecting Education
Putting it into
Where do I Start?

   Back to School with the Class of Web 2.0
Tools of the Trade
• Online Collaborations
   –   Blogs
   –   Wikis
   –   Google Docs/Spreadsheets
   –   Skype
   –   Flickr
   –   RSS
• Digital Storytelling
   –   Photostory 3
   –   Movie Maker 2
   –   Adobe Premiere Elements/iMovie
   –   Audacity
   –   Freeplay Music
Tools of the Trade
•   Google Earth
•   Podcasts
•   Bubbleshare
•   Slideshare
•   Innertoob
•   NewsMap
•   Toondoo
What does it look like?
• Cross-Curricular Projects on the Web
  – Johnny Appleseed Project
  – Journey North
• Classroom Blogs
  – Mr. C‘s Class Blog
  – The Secret Life of Bees
• Classroom Podcasts
  – Room 208
  – RadioWillowweb
What does it look like?
• Google Earth
  – Grapes of Wrath Google Earth Littrip
  – Coral Reef Temperatures
  – Tree Coverage Percentage
• Wikis
  – Vicki Davis
  – Tim Frederick
• Technospud
How can I help my school?
• Professional Development Needs Assessment
• MILE Guide
• How to Bring Our Schools Out of the 20th Century
• Engauge
• Visions 2020
• Building the Perfect School
Some good reads…
• Blogs
  –   2 Cents Worth – David Warlick
  –   Teach42 – Steve Dembo
  –   The Strength of Weak Ties – David Jakes
  –   Moving at the Speed of Creativity – Wes Fryer
  –   Weblogg-ed – Will Richardson
  –   Dangerously Irrelevant – Scott McLeod
  –   Beth‘s Thoughts on Technology in the Classroom – Beth Knittle
• Books
  –   Tested – Linda Perlstein
  –   Don‘t Bother Me Mom—I‘m Learning! – Marc Prensky
  –   A Whole New Mind – Daniel Pink
  –   The World is Flat – Thomas Friedman
  –   What Video Games Have to Teach us About Literacy and Learning
      – James Paul Gee
What Will You Do to Make A

             Brad Fountain

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